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SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS. A great deal of useful work has been done 1D the course of the year in various depart- ments of science. Among the most im- mediately useful investigations are those into the introduction of arsenic into various articles of human consumption. This has been traced amongst other sources to impure sulphuric acid used in the manufacture of glucose, and to anthracite and coke used in the preparation of various food stuffs. Dr. Koch has thrown welcome doubt upon a theory which has long en troubling us, namely, that tuberculosis can be transmitted to man by the milk or the beef of an infected cow. The metal aluminium is slowly press- ing forward, and proving itself useful in new and important ways. Aerial navigation has made distinct progress, M. Santos Dumont having successfully steered his air ship from St. Cloud round the Eiffel Tower and back. Wireless telegraphic apparatus has been fitted to Atlantic liners, and the Campania and Lucania have been able to communicate in mid-ocean, though quite out of sight of onelanotber. A terribly costly lesson has been taught its in the matter of the con- struction of torpedo boat destroyers, and r'2 even more costly lessons have been learnt in military science, and a great impetus given to invention, through the war. A most important conflict, big with consequences for the future of electric traction, has been that between the champions of direct and poly- phase current for the underground, now decided in favour of tho former. In pure science also much work has been done which, however, is apt to be of less general interest than that of a more practical nature. In biology and botany new species have been discovered, some filling important gaps in the evolutionary order. Some interesting j speculations as to the relations, of the de- velopment of the brain and the shape of tho sku!! have been called forth by extensive head measurements conducted mainly by Frenchmen. Lord Kelvin has suggested a theory which indicates that the total amount of matter in the universe may be about equal to 1,000,000,000 times that contained in our sun. Professor G. Forbes suggests the existence of a large planet beyond Neptune. Interesting infoTTnation as to the pre-Grecian and other old inhabitants of Crete has been obtained bv excavations in that island, and the Antarctic regions are being invaded by British and German expeditions acting in co-operaticn.

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A Fortunate Cardiff Woman.

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I Developments at Pontypridd.

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