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I i -.E ROYAL TOUR.

» THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR.

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» THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR. The hirt ry of the war in South Africa during the rast twelve months has been for the most p \rt a repetition of the incidents of the last hree months of 1900-—perpetual chasings o fugitive commando", successive captures o larger or smaller bodies of the enemy, ra ed by Boer captures of parties of our own roope, and by a borst of indecisive skirmishes n which now one side and now the other f peared to get tie best of things. But alway- there has been a slow, steady, wearing do n of the enemy s resources, and, in spite of he rebel accessions to their ranks from Cape '-olony, an equr.Hy steady diminu- tion of th j numbers. Perhaps the most dramatic t the reverses sustained by our troops wa. that at Brakenlaagte in October, in, which ( al. Benson lost his life. At the j sw- tiiur as they hunted the Boer com- j mandos ov troops hav-e 4been engaged in a syjrtemati clearance of the means of sub- sistence f m the country side, in the hope of ini kin, 'he roving tactics of the Boers no longer po ble from lack of supplies. This iias beep liowed up latterly by the estab- lishment ? lines of blockhouses intended to prevent e paaage, of the enemy into districts ready settled. By this means Mr. Broc ck, the Secretary for War, was able tom in November that there had already b n bhut in 14,700 square miles of thq Tr;in vaal and 17,000 square miles of the Orar o River Colony. In the same speech t impending despatch was an- nonneed a large body of fresh troops to replace s "le of the war-worn men already ) tbyre. reeult of this clearing policy has been the necessity of providing for the non- combatant population which it deprived of the means of subsistence. This has been done by the establishment of a number of great concentration camps at various points on the railway line in the Transvaal, the Orange. River Colony, Cape Colony, and NataL Owing to defective accommodation, epidemics, and the Boer ignorance of the laws of sanitation, the mortality in these camps, especially amcng the children, has been terribly high. Miss Emily Hobhouse, who drew attention to the state of things there, has sinco been presented by the mili- tary authorities from landing in South Africa., and legal procc-edmes have resulted. The continued presence of Boer raiders in Cape Colany has been considered to render impossible the maintenance of Parliamentary government there, and the public service has been carried on by the warrants of the Governor. Martial law was also extended on Oct. 9th throughout the whole of the Colony, including Cape Town. In February last a meeting took p)::<\? bstween Lord Kitchener and Commandant General Botha, at which the former sketched terms of sur- render with which Botha seemed satisfied." When. however, these. term." had been sub- mitted to and revised by Mr. Chamberlain and presented to Botha in their new form, that General declared himself unable even to submit the-m to his Government for con- sideration. Since then the Boer lenders have declared that nothing but the granting of complete independence will induce them to lay down their arms. In May Sir Alfred Milner visited this country on leave of absence, and was given a peerage.

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