LIVERPOOL SH A FT E SB U RY HOTEL, AOUNT PLEASANT, three minutes' walk from Central and Lime Street Stations, and about ten minutes from Landing Stage. FIRST CLASS TEMPERANCE HOTEL, with Moderate Charges. IJlectrie Light. 100 Rooms- Night Sorter LLANBEDROG, PWLLHELI. GLYNYWEDDW HALL AND GROUNDS. T HIS Shtely Mansion, with its famous Picture Galleries and delightful GTounds, is one of the prettiest placos in Carnarvonshire. OPEN DAILY FROM 10 A.M. Admission, Sixpence. Combined Tickets the interesting Mar- ine Tram rid"" to and fiom Llanbedrog and Pwllheli, and admission to Grounds and Galleries, One Shilling. 350 THE FARMER AND STOfiK A BREEDER. Enlarged to 28 PAGES WEEKLY. Price One Pennv. MOST ENTER PRISING. Each number contains many brilliant and practical Articles on the FARM, DAIRY, HORSES, CATTLE, SHEEP, PIGS POULTRY( VETERINARY. Also the Latest Telegrams from all the principal London and Provincial Mariits. BEST ILLUSTRATED. Illustrations are a speciality, each nnsube* containing many Illustrations of the Lead- ing Prize Winners, &c., and printed in Colours. MOST ENJOYABLE. Among the many new features in a JImne Department, which includes first-class Short Stories, Useful Hints, Cookery, Fashions (Il- lustrated), Fancy Work, Answers to Cor- respondents. &c. THE FARMER AND STOCKBREEDER IS THE BEST ADVERTISING MEDIU3 Of all Newsagents and BooRstalls, One Penny Weekly. Post Free for Six Months, 3s. 3d. Per annum, 6s. 6d. FARMER AND STOCKBREEDER, 190, FLEET STIUIET, LONDON, E.C. ESTABLISHED IN 1836. FOR THE PROTECTION OF TRADE. MERCANTILE OFFICES (STUBB'S Ltd.), 42. GRESHAM STREET, LONDON, E.C. Subscribers, by tHa^ning timely information, through S T UB B S THE STATUS ENQUIRY DEI ARTMENT MAY AVOID MAKING BAD DEBTS. Every Trader should read ju STUBE'S WEEKLY GAZETTE, With which is issued a Supplement contain- ing LrST OF CREDITORS Under All the Important Failures. THE COMMERCIAL REGISTERS Contain more than NINE MILLION ENTRIES. DEBTS RECOVERED PROMPTLY, And paid over to Subscribers on Tuesday and Friday in each week. o.ACBES AT CHARLES STREET CHAMBERS, CARDIFF, 1 and 2, SWAN- SEA ARCADE, SWANSEA, Aberdeen, Birmingham, Bradford, Brighton, BristoL Belfast, Cork, Dublin, Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Hull, Leeds, Liverpool, London Manchester. Newcastle, Norwich, Notting- ham. Plymouth, Portsmouth, Sheffield, Sun- derland. SUB-OFFICES.—Blackburn, Cambridge, Derby, 2xeter, Gloucester, Grmsby Hali- fax, Hanley, Huddersfield, Ipswich, Leices- ter, Limerick, Londonderry, Middlesboro', Newport (Mon.), Northampton, Oxford, Preston, Reading, Southampton, Stockton- on-Tees, Walsall, Torquay, Waterford, Wol- verhampton Worcester^ York. LLANBEDROG, PWLLHELI. GLYNYWEDDW HALL AND GROUNDS. f|iHIS Stately Mansion, with its famous Picture Galleries and delightful Grounds, is one of the prettiest places in Carnarvonshire. OPEN DAILY FROM 10 A.M. Admission, Sixpence. Combined Tickets the interesting Mar-. ino Tram ride to and from Uanbedrog and Pwllheli, and admission t: "bounds and Galleries, One Shilling. 350 PERIS AND PADARN VALe. R. A. HUGHES (Alarch Gwyrfai. BILLPOSTER, TOWN CRIER, AND BILL DISTRIBUTOR, LLANBERIS. By appointment of the District and Parish Councils. Owner of the Chief Posting Sta- tions, all in the most prominent parts of Llarberis nnd surrounding districts for six isilea round. All orders entrusted to my care shall h,- promptly attended to "nd ex- ecuted. NANTLLE VAL3S. W. GRIFFITH DAVIES. liillposter, Town Crier, BiU Distributor, PENYOROES, R.S.O. BiIlpostir. contracted it the most moder. ate terms at R4nygroei, Talygarn. Nantlle, Llanllyfni, &c. All orers carefrajly and nromptly executed. OWEN ROBERTS, TREMADOC, BILLPOSTER PARISH COUNCIL AND PORTMADOC DISTRICT. Also Auctioneers and Concert Posters, &c., &c. Also Distributor. -^0s^ers i fynv o Dremadog i Rnyd-ddu, Penrhvndeudraeth, Gam DoL benmaen, Ac., am bris rhesymol. Tehr sylw dyladwy i'r post. Mae yn klyw yn ymyl Post Office, re- madoc. Bales' GDLP MEOAL Dublin aak&M I s ? wonderfnl water Iproofer for "oots and Har- ness. Sot eens and pre- serves the leather. Flea sant odour, allows polish- ing with blacking. 22 Exhibition Hishfst Awards. Tins, 2d, 6d, Is, and 2s of Bootmakers, Saddler frc-mon^ers. &c. flXeEiirctory DULWICH LONDON WANTED, Ac. QUARRY FOREMAN. — Wanted for Granite Quarrj, first-class exper- ienced Foreman thorough knowledge of setts and monumental blocks essential; liberal treatment to good man; stage age, experience, salary expected, &c. — No. 97, Keith and Co., Edinburgh. 386 XI" ANTED, for a few weeks, an Office Bov; must be good quick writer. Send address in own handwriting to No. 382, "Observer" Office. OFFERS w AXTED;-fummplet Mineral Water Plant, with Gas Engine, and all the accessories as required by the trade; all being good as new. Only one season in use. For particulars apply to QualtWugh and Co., Bridge Works, Dou- glas, Isle of Man. 385 WAiNTED,-Immediately- an experienced Young Lady, for the Fancy Dept.— Apply, with full particulars, to Brymer and Davies, Carnarvon. 339 A PZ GUINEAS Upright Grand Piaii (iron flamej. Excellent condition, for half price or nearest offer.M?nim at Humphreys, Bookseller, Portmadoc. 308 RESIDENCE, North Wales, on or nea- Coast. Penmaenmawr district pre- ferred. Wanted tc rent or purchase, an at- tractive Property with Land.—Walter Tren- grouse, 110, Osniaston road, Derby. rv:' OOKS, Housemaids, and Generals, wit-i C good references, Wanted at once; servants' fee when suited.—Apply or write 108, Upper Stanhope street, Prince's road Liverpool. 261 SPLENDID OPPORTUNITY. A first-class Agency appointment i vacant; application should be made by trustworthy man; active. Previous agency experience not essential. address, "Energy," office of this journal. 312 ri ASTELLMAI, NEAR CARNARVON. —To be Let Furnished Apartments, consisting of two Entertaining Rooms and several Bedrooms, Kitchen, Bath-hot and cold; H miles from Carnarvon. View of sea and motiiitains.-Appiv, David Roberts. Vy ANTED,—A Country Cottage or small House, furnished, within easy reach of Carnarvon for one or two months (or longer). Terms must be moderate. A little rough shooting would be an addition. —Apply, ivl. C. Verdoy, 2, Esplanade.Water- loo, Liverpool. 338 A PERSON of respectability and energy may hear of a high-class Agency without outlay. Good remuneration to suitable man. Address "Rate" Office of this 686 •psnjnojp I LANDUDNO (Queen of Watering-places). —To be Let, COURT ROYAL, Craig- ydon modern well-built House; four Re- ception-rooms, 13 Bedrooms; pcssession at once: rent £ 70; grand seta and mountain view; two mins. from Seashore. Also two good SHOPS, modern bllilt, with House at- tached, to be Let, together or separate; each House contains three Entertaining- rooms and eight Bedrooms, Bathroom, &c.; immediate possession.—Apply, S. Bartley, Compton House, Llandudno." 335 APARTMENTS. To all having Apart- ments to Let.—Do rot lose pounds by having your Apartments empty when for 13 <or three weeks 2s) you can have a 30 word advertisement in Lo^n Suburban newspapers circulate in Lr 'en c,uxurban districts which each year • h-vuf.ands of visitors to Southend ard hf-. Watering Places on the Coast. Name of papers: Layton, Leytonstone, West ^m, Wan- stead, Woodford Forest Late, Manor Park and Ilford EÃt-ess, and Independent. —Address, Publisher "Independent" Office, Leytonstone, Londcn, N.E. S08 THE WAR. A N Original Photograph taken by J. Kings! y, Photographer, Carnarvon, of Driver J. Williams, D.S.O., who dis- tinguished himself in locovering one of the lost guns in the Battle of Colerso, size 9 by 11 inches, for framing may be had for Is 6d post free. 387 REGISTRY OFFICE, 1 120, HIGH STREET, PORTMADOC. Y mae gan Mrs Humphreys leoedd da i Cooks, housemaids, waitresses, laundry maids, a generals, i enethod parchus. An- foner stamp am rcebiad. 324 MR JOHN HUGHES, ARCHITECT, SURVEYOR, AND CIVIL ENGINEER (Engineer for Pwllheli Pier), k PWLLHELI AND COLWYN PAY. HAZELMERE, LAWSON ROAD, COLWYN BAY. SALEM PLACE, PWLLHELI. 341 CYCLES, CYCLES, BARGAINS, 1500 CYCLES! Free to any address, the most interesting and complete list of 1,500 Machines POST FREE. Single Machine at Wholesale Trade Price. New and Secord-hand Machines frcm 30s each. 500 New, latest 1900, Gent's .'reumatic Safeties. Marvellous Prices. 500 Ladies' New, latest 1900 pat- tern—Single Machine at Wholesale Price. Write for large List. Post Free to any- one. Agents wanted. Marvellous Bar- gains. Send for List. WARRILOW & Co., Cycle Manufactures, Weston-super- mare, • -m — [SULPHATE OF AMMONIA. incomparably the Best and Cheapest form of Nitrogen and Ammonia. ,1IiV Produces LARGER Crops than are obtained from the fse of any other form of Artificial Nitrogen. See Beports of Experiments at Dalmeny (Nitieteentli Cmitury for November, 1899). Pre luces crops of HIGHER FEEDING VALUE than are obteinable by the use of any other Mpnure. Produces Roots and Tubers of conspicuously BETTER KEEPING QUALIT1Y than are srrown by any other nitrogenous manure. Produces BET fER QUALITY OF MALTING BARLEY than is obtained from the use of any other Manr-e tested at Rolhamsted. For Pampl^ets and ether information on the subject, apply to- I W- G. BT.AGDEN, Chairman,! ULPHATE of AMMONIA Committee, 4, Fenchnrnh Arenue, London, E. O. | DRUNKENNESS CURED without patient's knotrled^ It .s a safe acd Certain cure. Thou.sanaa have been cured and happiness restored in their families. Remedy sent post free for If Gd1.—Mr A. Courtney, Medical Botanist, Stafford House. Remedy sent post free for If Gd1.—Mr A. Courtney, Medical Botanist, Stafford House. ■IT, -z&:Portsznpu-Iu ,1 MESSRS W. DEW AND SON. t COUNTY OF CARNARVON. PARISH OF LLANBEBLIG. SALE OF THAT VALUABLE FREE- HOLD RESIDENCE AND LAND known as THE GLYNAFON ESTATE. MESSRS W DEW AND SON WIN OFFER FOR SALE BY PUBLIC AUCTION at the SPORTSMAN HOTEL, CARNARVON, on SATURDAY, MAY 5th, 1900, at TWO o'clock in the afternoon, the above FreeholdResidence and Land divided into lots as follows — a. r. p. Lot 1.—Glynafon Residence, Gardens, Carriage Drive, Shrub- bery, &c., Gardener's Cottage, Cowhouse, Stable, Coach House and Land. The residence is very comfortable and pleasantly situated, and is very substantial- ly built, and contains large En- trance Hall, Breakfast, Dining, and Drawing Rooms, Six Bed- rooms, Bath Room, and other Domestic Offices, and the Land attached is of superior quality. The views from here ar charm- ing, and the Property is conven- iently placed, as it is only about 3! miles from the Tpwn of Car- narvon, and within a few min- utes' walk of the Narrow Gauge Railway Station at Waenfawr, and there is good River and Lake Fishing in the neighbour- hood. The Water supply is ob- tained from the" Carnarvon Water Main, which runs through the property 13 3 6 Lots 2, 3, and 4. Valu- able Accommodation Lands or Building Sites, very pleasantly and conveniently placed, ad- joining Lot 1, and containing. 14 2 7 28 1 13 Particulars, Plan and Conditions of Sale may be obtained of Messrs Carter, Vincent, and Douglas Jones, Solicitors, Carnarvon and Bangor; at the Auctioneers' Institute, 57, Chancery Lane, London, W.C.; or of the Auctioneers, Wellfield, Bangor, and Trinity square, Llandudno. MR ROBERT PARRY. COUNTY OF CARNARVON. PARISH OF LLANRUG. SALE OF A VERY DESIRABLE FREE- HOED FARM. M ROBERT PARRY is instructed to SELL BY AUCTION, at the CAS- TLE HOTEL, CARNARVON, on SATUR- DAY, MAY 5th, 1900, at 2 p.m. (subject to conditions then and there to be read), all that FREEHOLD FARM called "Bryn- gwyn Bach," in the Parish of Llanrug, and now in the occupation of Mr R. Jones, con- taining by admeasurement 4 acres or there- abouts, with House and Buildings. This Farm is very conveniently situated within half a mile of Pontrhythallt Station and abuts on the High Road. The land is of a very good quality.- Immediate possession may be had. For further particulars apply to Messrs Lloyd George and George, Solicitors, Cric- cieth and Portmadoc; to W. Morris Jones, Solicitor, Portmadoc; or to the Auctioneer, 3, Salem terrace, Pwllheli. 358 PENYGROES. GWYLFA, SNOWDON STREET. Mae MR R. PARRY wedi ei gyfarwyddo ga» Mr J. T. Owen, am ei fod yn ymad- ael, i WERTHU AR AUCTION, yn y lie uchod, DYDD MAWRTH, MAI 8fed, 1900, yr holl STOCK-IN-TRADE, yn cynwys Grocery yn ei holl ganghenau, Ironmongery mewn amrywiaeth mawr, Car, Merlan, a Set o Harness, Chaff Cutter, Gwrtaith, &c., yn nghyda rhan o Ddodrefn y Ty. Telerau: Arian Parod. Yr Auction i ddechreu am 2 o'r gloch. 3, Salem terrace, Pwllheli. 359 MR. J. G. JONES. GLYNAFON TERRACE, WAENFAWR Bydd 1\1 R J. G. JONES yn GWERTHU AR c' 4 AUCTION, Dydd GWENER, MAI 4ydd, 1900, yr oil o DDODREFN Y TY, yn cynwys Piano, bron yn newydd; Cwpbwrdd Gwydyr, Cloc Mavi r, Gwlau, Byrddau, Cad- eirnu, Ornaments, &c., &c. Y Sale i ddechreu am 5 o'r gloch yn yf hwyr. Am fanylion pellach ymofvner a'r Ar- werthwr, Tower Buildings. 356 SALES BY MR D. M. ROBERTS. BERLIN HOUSE, PORTMADOC. .i-L-ORTANT SALE OF BUSINESS PREMISES. MR D. r. ROBERTS has been instructed to Sell by Public Auction, on the premises, on Friday, May 11th, 1900, at 1.30 p.m., subject to the' conditions of Sale to be then and there read. All that HOUSE AND SHOP, known as Berlin House, High street, P-)rt- madoc, now in the occupation of Mrs Ro- berts (who is leaving the neighbourhood). The above well-known and centrally-situ- ated Business Premises are held under lsase for an unexpired term of 33t years, at the annual ground rent of t5 4s. Immediate possession can be given. For further particulars apply to Mr D. M. Roberts, Architect and Surveyor, Conway, or to Messrs Jones & Jones, Solicitors, Port- madoc, or to vkessTs Lloyd George & George, Solicitors, Criccieth and Portmadoc. 372 CAMBRIAN RAILWAï QUARRYMEN'S DEMONSTRATION AT CARNARVON, MONDAY, MAY 7th, 1900. On the above date an Excursion will be run to CARNARVON as under: — Times of starting from Dyffryn, 7.20 a.m.; Llanbedr and Pensarn, 7.30, third- class return fare, 3s.; Harlech, 7.40; Tal- sarnau, 7.50, 2s 9d; Penrhvndeudraeth, 7.55.; Minffordd, 8.10; Portmadoc, 8.15; Criccieth, 8.25, 2s 6d. Returning from Carnarvon same day at 6.0 p.m. First-class Tickets issued at Double the Third-class Fares. Children under Three years of age, Free; Three and under Twelve, Half Fare. No luggage allowed. Further information regarding Excursion Trains and Tourist Arrangements on the Cambnan Railways can be obtained from Mr W. H. Gough, Superintendent of the Line, Oswestry. C. S. DENNlSS, General Manager. OswesUy, April, 1900.. | J. PARRY JONES. DINAM FAWR, CAE'RGEILIOG, ANGLESEY. IMPORTANT SALE OF LIVE AND DEAD FARMING STOCK, SUPERIOR HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, &c. Vf R H. PARRY JONES has been L favoured with instructions by Mr Hugh Owen (who is giving up Farming), to SELL BY PUBLIC AUCTION, at the above Farm (distance about It miles from Valley Station), on WEDNESDAY, May 9th, 1900, the whole of the FARMING STOCK, &c., comprising six fine Milch Cows (t calve about the date of Sale), four fine two year old Steers, five promising Yearlings, seven Sheep (some with Lambs), one Sow with Litter of Pigs, one strong useful Cart Mare (eight years old in foal), Horse Power, strong Cart and Frame, Cart Gear, Leading Gear, two sets of Plough Gear, Hay Rake, a fine Chaff Cut- ter (Cambri^), practically new, with all latest improvements; new Turnip Engine, Heel Rake, Hornsby Digger Plough (also with appliances for converting into Double Plough), Scotch Plough, Zig Zag Harrow, Wood Roller and Frame, a fresh Weigh- ing Machine (by Avery), new Turnip Drill, Mowing Machine (in good order), Pig Troughs, Sundry Tools, Churn with fit- tirgs, strong Dog Cart, the whole of the Dairy Utensils, and several other Sundry Lets, the selection of splendid and sub- stantial HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE, comprise Walnut Frame Drawing-room Suite, Seven Pieces, in Crimson Velvet; Walnut Octagon Table, Overmantel, Coal Vase, Brass Rail Fender, Fire Brasses, Ashpans, a Square of Brussels Carpet with border, Skin Rug, Solid Oak Hall Stand with Brass Pegs, several fine Oil Paint- ings, all Brass Bedsteads, W ov Wire Mat- tresses, Wool Mattresses, prime Goose Feather Beds, several Brass and Iron Bedsteads and Palliasses, Pillows and Bolsters, Bedding, a beautiful solid Wal- nut Wood Bedroom Suite, comprising a superior 3ft. 6in. Wardrobe with shaped Bevelled Mirror Doors, Pedestal Cupboard Dressing Drawers, Marble Top Washstand with Towel Rail and Pedestal Cupboard combined, two Chairs, Toilet Glasses, Dressing Tables, Washstands, Toilet Ware, Tea Ware, Earthenware Loo Table, Lace Curtains and Poles, a fine old Oak Kitchen Dresser in good preservation, very old eight-day Clock, the appoint- ments of Kitchen, Pantry, Culinary Uten- sils, &c. Sale to commence at ELEVEN a.m. prompt.—For further particulars apply to the Auctioneer, Old Market place, Holyhead. 371 MARKET HALL YARD, HOLYHEAD. TO OAR OWNERS, HOTEL AND LIVERY STABLE PROPRIETORS. "ll/TR H. PARRY JONES has been in- iU structed to SELL BY PUBLIC AUCTION at the above Yard, on SATUR- DAY, May 12th, 1900, a Large and Varied Collection of Carriages, Cars, Spring Cart, New and Second-hand Harness, &c., comprising a Fine Rustic Gig. Lome Gig, several Strong Dog Carts, Waggonettes, Phsetons, Ralli Car, Market Oar, a Fine Brougham (in good order), Light-running Float, Spring Carts, Four Sets New Har- ness (various sizes), several Sets of Second- hand Harness, and several other sundry Lots. Persons wishing to include Lots for Sale at the above will please apply to the Auctioneer, Old Market place, Holyhead, before May 10th, 1900. 370 CARNARVON COUNTY SCHOOL. SUMMER TERM. THE School re-opens at the new premises, Bethel Road, Carnarvon, on 1st May, For further particulars apply to the Head Master or to the undersigned, J. HENRY THOMAS, Clerk to the Governors. Carnarvon, 30th April, 1900. BOROUGH OF PWLLHELI. fPHE Town Council of this Borough are *• prepared to receive applications for the following appointments, viz.: (A) Assistant Overseer and Collector of Poor and General District Rates. Annual Salary, £100. Age limited, 45. Guar- I antee £ 500. (B) Collector of Water Rates at a commis- sion of 7! per cent. on all collections up to R400, and 9 per cent. on all collections above that sum. Guarantee, R200. Applications endorsed "Collector," to be forwarded to me on or before the 7th day of May, 1900. Canvassing will disqualify candidates. EVAN R. DAVIES, Town Clerk. Pwllheli, 30th April, 1900. 384 CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. On and after May 1st, Second Class Tickets at slightly above Third Class Fares will be issued between all Stations on the Cambrian Railways. C. S. DENNISS, General Manager. Oswestry, April, 1900. MRS J. KNIBBS, 280, HIGH STREET, BANGOR In retiring' from Business as a CHINA and GLASS DEALER, wishes to thank her numei I cos 'patrons for the generous support given to her during the long period she has been trading, and begs to inform them that she has DISPOSED OF THE BUSINESS aa a going concern to J. G. FINNEY, of LONGTON, STAFFORDSHIRE, Who hopes, by diligent attention, to merit a con- tinuance of the favours shown to her. FOR POTATOES AND BEST VALUE nr rjlBA AND (JOFPBE, ff,ROCERI;ES, pROVISllONb, FLOUR & FEEDING gTUFFS TRY W. G. Evans's Stores, Old London House, 199, HlfiH STREET, BANGOR. Wholesale Potato Department, Tele- Corn Mills, and Address— Flonr Warehouse— "UODTJCE," W il i. Ju a it Ji Jti £ Bangor. W il i. Ju 13,9 Bangor. R' Lliw GLAS | eckitt's Y GOREU /IV r RHArAF. R A C K H A M S '1 J.. .;i,:JA. LIVER PILLS • DR BELL'S TREATISE ON LIVER, p. 121.—I believe I shall not -err in saying, that when Disorder of the Liver have taken in what are called I Bilious Complaintsthey lay the foundation of more than half the Consumption which occurs in this country. R ACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS Have been before the Public over 50 years. Cure all Diseases of the Liver. R ACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS Are worth their weight in gold. R ACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS Cure Jaundice, Lumbago, &c. R ACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS One Box will prove to any sufferer their extraordinary value. R ACK]EIAM'S LIVER PILLS For Gravel, Scurvy, and Scrofula. R ACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS These Pills are prepared tasteless. Ar good for Dropsy and Nervous Disorder S> R ACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS Are unequalled for Blotches and Skin Dis- eas JJACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS JL%p For any Diseases produced indirectly through the Liver they will effect a safe, speedy, and permanent cure. R ACKHAM'S LIVER PILLS For Femalo Disorders nothing can surpas them. R ACKHAX'S LIVER PILLS Sold in Boxes, Is ld and 2s 9d by all Chemists and Patent Medicine Vendors in the United Kingdom. Beware of Imitations, and see that the Portrait of the Inventor is on the lid of each Box. Sole Proprietors-J. CHAPMAN & COMPANY, LTD. QUEEN STREET NORWICH. I Cure Fits. You are not asked to spend any money to test whether my remedy does or does not cure Fits, Epilepsy, St. Vitus' Dance, &c. All you are asked to do is to send for a FREE bottle of medicine and to try it. I am quite prepared to abide by the result. A Valuable and Safe Remedy approved by the Medical Profession. H.G. ROOT, 28, Endsiolgh Odns., LONDON. t WATM tk HAW fOm WW »AV1 WfflL "J *91 iM <HH« «•*(■!• WICK Mr & PLATBD VATCM. •*» » CHAIN ML CHAIN far 1) 4MM PWKUM of KJ W— O BLU1HS at HWIMW wit yaur hL> /rv Ml TURW 1M1U4IBI >UW of Cauatr. wL/lAoSr kf ntam ■»! *« will ferwud tb« VioiM*, port mR Hi a IwiiriMlUB IM IU nifwr W1«fi5L BLUIMS Co. (DuwbauTril HW m-t aSTwood, a.B. I 0 PnporttI tmitr Mtitaat JtMtftMtttm. FERRU-COCOA EMRICHE8 THE BLOOD. TBEE SAMPLZS SJlNT TO ALL On Application (mentioning 94it Paper) to th* FERRU-COCOA MANUFACTURIHG CO. LTD. JIll, GOSWIGLL BOAD. LONDON, K.O. The cc MONA" <1 I ROLL-TOP DESKS. J oAm'mensecapacity'" 83 12s. Bd. Send for catalogue of AND UPWARDS. Office Sc Library Furniture LLOYD OWEN & CO., 4■ 135-139, FIXJBUHY PAVBXKST, LONDON, E.C. A'g
THREE STEPS IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION. The past week has witnessed in this dis- trict quite a number of Educational Con- ferences at which some highly important questions, ultimately effecting th)e futurel questions, ultimately effecting t100 future interests of Wales and of Welsh Education I have been discussed. We desire to briefly refer to three of these, relating respectively to the three grades of educational institu- tions, elementary, intermediate, and col- llegiate. In connection with elelmentary schools, Mr E. Gray, M.P., hias been holding a num- ber of conferences in different parts of North Mr E. Gray, M.P., has been holding a num- ber of conferences in different parts of North Wales, and among them one at Bethesda I and another at Conway. The chief purpose of thefce conferences was to deal with the question of irregular attendance at school— of these conferences was to deal with the question of irregular attendance at school- an evil to which Mr Gray attributed, and perhaps rightly, the fact that foreign countries who pay more attention than we do to popular education, are able to beat us in the markets of the world, and even to crowd our home markets in this country withi their manufactures. The prevalence, wd had almost said, the universality, of the legend "Made in Germany," ia a sufficient proof that Mr Gray was right as regards this last statemeni, of fact, whether he was or was not in tho conclusion hie drew from it. Hispoint was that it was in every respect false and foolish economy to starve our ¡ schools, in buildings, equipment, or staff. Money expanded on these would, he main- tained, be a thousand-fold repaid later on. Parents d,) their children an irreparable in- jury by restricting too scope1 of their future career ir life by limiting their early educa- j tion. Speaking at Conway, he said that Bethesia Elementary School budldjfigs would in Switzerland, be hardly deemed good enough for a cowshed. Whether hie said -,o at Bethesda or not we cannot say. If he r idr't, he ought to have done. It is a sha Jie to a community like that of Beth- esda, tiat it should be content to go on year afi er year without a School BoaTd. The I spirit which has made that not only possible, but He ?itable, is responsible also for some at least of tbe grievances of which th Pen- > rhyu qi arrymen are again complaining. Taking the question of school attendance, and the necessity of appointing an efficient attendance officer, he proved by actual figures, that this would be an actual direct money gain to the locality. He instanced the case of Bethesda, where somewhere from 25 to 30 per cent. of the children are absent every day from school. If, he sadd, the average attendance in the Bethesda district could be raised only 10 per cent., it would bring in from the Government grant every year a f urthier sum of £ 270—and this would t pay the salary of an attendance officer three timets over. It should be remembered in this connec- tion that it is not only the children who ab. sent themselves from school who suffer from this evil. If it were so we might the more easily afford to put up with it. But the other children who attend regularly are also retarded in their progress by having to wait for these slower ones to catch them up. Ic is just like General French's cavalry in South Africa. After he has made a successful dash with hismen,- he is compelled to wait for days on end for the slower moving infantry to come up. Pre- cisely so is it in the Elementary Schools of Wales, where the bright scholars, by re- gular attendance, push rapidly forward, the whole class is suddenly pulled up because these 'irregular children cannot keep up I with the pace,—and the whole class must reach the examination together! I These considerations should stiffen the I back of the public in insisting upon apply- ing, if necessary, very drastic measures to ensure regular attendance. The Central Board held its half-yearly meeting at Carnarvon, and showed its zeal if not its common sense by sitting until late at night. Although a number of import- ant questions were practically shunted part- ly from want of time, partly from want of the will to deal with them, much necessary work was done. The most important ques- tion that came before tne Board, however, the training of pupil teachers, was prac- ( tically shirked. Nevertheless what the Cen- ( tral Board may find itself unfitted to deal ] with,other educational bodies must face.The problem presented by the question of the training of pupil teachers is too big and in- volved a one to be dealt with in a single paragraph, and must be left until an ar- ticle or a series of articles may be devoted to its consideration. But meanwhile we may say generally that the country expects more from the Intermediate Schools than they have yet given us. The outlay upon these institutions has been, is, and will con- tinue to be, enormous; and so far we are afraid the publ'ic are coming to feel that the country has had no adequate return for its outlay. It will be better for the authorities of these schools to frankly meet this feeling than, by ignoring it, serve to in- tensify it. Yesterday (Wednesday) at Rhyl was held what is in some respects the most important of the whole series of meetings. Inis was summoned by the authorities of the North Wales University for the purpose of taking steps to secure the establishment of a School of Mines in connection with the Col- lege. As to the desirability of such a de- partment there can be no question. Why is it and the question has been asked be- fore in our columns-why is at that at the Penrhyn Quarries, at theDinorwic Quarries, and all over the country, the higher engin- neering positions are' held by strangers? There can be but one answer because Welsh youths have not been afforded the facilities for aoquiring the expert know- ledge when they frequently possess a great- er degree of practical experience. Mr Wil- liam Griffith, of South African fame, is never weary of impressing upon his fellow countrymen that any amount of remunera- tive positions in the Colonies, Africa and Australasia, are open to Welshmen who can show qualifications as mining experts,—and that no country in the world presents bet- ter national facilities than Wales for enabl- ing her sons to acquire such knowledge. But from lack of educational facilities the natur- al advantages of the country are lost, and her children have perforce to be content to see the stranger superseding them in posi- tions they themselves ought to have held. It is this defect in our system which the authorities of the North Wales University College now propose to make good. It will, of course, involve a heavy outlay. But it will be money well spent. If the coun- try is alive to its own interests, owners of mining property, public bodies, and others, will readily come forward to assist in "what is probably one of the most practically valu- able projects whic the College has yet launched.
NOTES OF THE WEEK, A short while ago the Pwllheli Town Council resolved to confer the freedom of the borough upon Sir George White, the hero of Ladysmith, as a mark of their ap- preciation of his valour. Sir George, however, has replied, stating that he must deny himself the pleasure of going to Pwllheli, because he was resting at home for a short time preparatory to going again, on foreign service. If the Pwilbeli Town Council are anxious to confer the freedom of the borough upon someone we would suggest that they offer the honour to one of the many distinguished Welsh- men who have served their country faith- fully and well. The "Cambrian News" says that Mr Lloyd George, M.P., who spoke at Car- narvon last week, has unquestionably rendered Wales a great service by insis- ting on the right to speak his mind, and that Professor Hughes will have ample cause to remember the Carnarvon meet- ing. Mr George's speech at the Guild Hall was generally admitted to be a masterly one, but a Conservative contemporary has thought fit to describe it as "pothouse oratory!" The writer's invectives, which -3 coo ridiculous to be taken seriously, show plainly that Mr George's argumenjts have struck home. f ♦ At Conway, on Saturday, Mr E. Gray, M.P.,—who appeared in the role of an im- perialist at Bangor the other week—ad- dressed a meeting of teachers, upon the subject of the irregular attendance at the elementary schools of North Wales. A resolution deploring the irregularity of attendance, and calling upon the local authorities to take immediate steps to remedy the evil, having been carried una- nimously. Mr Gray said it was a marvel to him that Wales should have attempted to build up her excellent county schools upon a rotten foundation, because every observer of educational work would agree that to hope for good technical institutes and good technical schools there must be a foundation well laid in the primary schools of the country. The Central Welsh Doard met for the first time at Carnarvon on Friday, the meetings being held in the ne<v Intermed- iate School, which was informally opened on Tuesday. A variety of subjects were discussed, not the least interesting being the teaching of Welsh history in the schools. It was argued that Welsh child- ren were ignorant of the history of their own country. The absence of proper text-books was stated to be the reason for this, but one or two of the speakers thought that Professor Lloyd's historical readers would supply the want in a great measure. There was a short discussion upon a motion by Mrs Humphreys Owen that examination in vocal music for pupils between the ages of twelve and sixteen be not choral, but confined to solos, duets, or three-voice pieces. She urged that indivi- aual tuition was necessary, and quoted the opinion of some prominent choir-masters to the effect that the choir boys rarely had voices when they became adults. The proposition was, however withdrawn, one speaker holding that if passed the pro- posal would tend to destroy singing in the schools. The opinions of choir-masters do not apply to elementary and intermediate schools, where only music of the simplest kind is sung. The London correspondent of the "Wes- tern Mail" says that the question which many members of Parliament asked Mr Lloyd George on his return to the House of Commons was—how did he escape from the or cafe? But to their query Mr Lloyd George would give no definite reply. All that he would say was that, whilst the crowd surrounded the cafe until two or three in the morning, he him- self was tucked up in bed hours before. Evidently there was some backstairs creeping, but where and how must remain a mystery. "I understand" (continues the correspondent) "that the 'bard of the house,' as he likes to be called, is putting certain incidents of the demonstration into verse. Their publication should pro- vide interesting reading." Mr Lloyd George took part in a dis- cussion on local taxation In the House of Commons on Tuesday night. He de- nounced the idle system known as "grants in aid," and condemned even more strong- ly the method of this Government of picking and choosing certain favoured sections of the community for this form of assistance. The speech, according to the writer of the London Letter the "Liver- pool Daily Post," was "full of information and argument, bristling with telling party points, and enlivened by flashes of unex- pected repartee."
."Y Genlnen." The April number of "Y Geninen," just issued, contains a remarkable article from the pen of Mr Edward Foulkes, of Llanberis, a well-known Welshwriter, on "Thd War: The meditations of the man in the street." He says that the present war is the result of the Imperialist spirit of the English in its worst and latest form. The Celts are a part of the empire, for better and for worse, but thte englishman is the chief partner- the "predominant partner," as he himself says when that will answer his purpose; and this chief partner is responsible for the war and the shlame and loss that will follow it for a long time. The conscience and the voice of Wales condemn the war, and so do nearly all the Welsh newspapers and nearly all the Welsh members. Why does Wales con- demn the war ? Chiefly bc4cause she is against war. The Wol-,h people have ceased to be a warlike nation, and thely can never look upon war as a just means of settl- ing national disputes. The article, which is a lengthy one, contains indictmetats against those who may be responsible for the war. Among the other articles of interest in the numbe'r is one by Mr Marchant Wil- liams, B.A., om "The Normal Colleges of Wales." It teems with information on a subject on which the majority of Welshmen hteive very little knowledge. Professor T. Rees, M.A., writes upon "Deism and the new Theology." Cranogwen upon "The re- ligion of Wales in the next century; and the Rev J. Daniel, B.A., on "Strathclyde.' Other writers include well-known Welsh literateurs.
SPRING 1900. Messrs Ogg Brothers, the well-known warehousemen, of Paisley road, Toll, Glasgow) are issuing a very neat and comprehensive budget of oargains for the present season. Messrs Ogg Brothers are letter order specialist, and on receipt of a post-card they will be pleased to send to any address in Wales a copy of their budget of bargains. In this book will be found descriptions of the latest fashions together with the very low prices for which they are supplying the gnods to tlieir Eumqreua customers.