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-----------.DEATH ON A LADDER.





NORTII WALES QUARRY, MEN'S UNION. LABOUR DAY AT FESTINIOG. The twenty-fifth annual demonstration and conference of the North Wales Quarry- men's Union was held on Monday at Fes- ^Tt^he conference in the morning, the re- tiring president (Mr T. W. Thcma-s) tocK the chair and was supported by Daniel (organising secretary) and W. liams (financial secretary), and a large c. dance of delegates. THE ANNUAL REPORT AND BALANCE SHEET.. Mr D. R. Daniel submitted his report and I Jmce *~t, and said that they met u^der very favourable circumstances. leace reigned between masters and men and the trade was in a flourishing state He could not, however, report so tavourabb < to the it ate of the union, for the ^'ork™(;' had not taken the opportunity offered to them in eood times to prepare for a ramy day in a trade union way by strengthening then financial position. They could not congratu- late themselves that they bad succeedec during the past year in keeping pace with ihe other ranks of the great labour army of S: kiSdom. He regretted to find that the nuarrymen,speaking generally, had not- taken iv-mt'v-e cf the provisions of the Workmen s Compe-^ they f °Uld' ^"bTtv the union had undertaken the responsibility of obtaining legal assistance for them gratis. He wished to impress upon every workman the necessity of taking a deep interest m the I \n,1 working of this Act. Some cnange* taken place in the officers of the union durin^ the pa?t year. Mr W. J. Pairy, the arbitra- tor had! resigned after several years of ft"t ftd'i.d very^aluable services, and the Coun- cU Had ta Jn stop, to Ml the vacancy Three gentlemen had been nominated, and r George Brymer, J.P., Carnarvon, had been elected The funds cf the union had be- increased1 bv several hundreds of pounds and lnort.j^tju U%Y .L i fVipro this was accounted tor oy had been no labour disputes during the year. They had also contributed £ 400 towards the relief of other workmen (hear, hear). The balance sheet fhowed that, the receipts the year, inch,ding £ 736 in hand at the end of last year, amounted to £ -1/6 13s The subscriptions of members were £ 101U 16s 9d, After paying all prises for the year there was a balance at the bank of £ lo<o 18s Id, which, included in the othei of the union, brought up the latter to £ 1 4 1<JMrdD. Lloyd Humphreys submittejl his report as auditor, financial secretary upon the neM; and hen «ork he had accomplished counts it could be position of the union had.gwJ?h during the year, 'f"1.5-, Rnt they cculd had more than doubled. • not close their eyes to the fact ljtt_ would be very much larger ac union that hundreds of workmen left the u when thev saw the clouds passing away. THE CHAIRMAN'S ADI'ii^SS. The retiring president, Mr T. W. Thomas, said that his reason for selecting "The con- dition of success" as his subject feared there was strong re^on to think that the elements of disintegration had once "l appeared in their ranks. There were differ- ent opinions as to what really accounted for their want of success as a union.. tributed it to sectarian jealousies, others the increase in the union contribution from 6d to Is per month. A third section attri- buted their want of success to the changes which had been made in their officers. For his own part, he was not prepared to agree entirely with the views of either of those ,-Mii-ee sections. What they advanced as primary were really secondary causes, the S7of a greater evil hitherto unto- closed. He attributed their want of suc- cess to their unwillingness to conform the essential elements of success. He te^re however, that in spite of the virtue^, of m dependence, generosity, and courage quarry men lacked a sense of proportion in the for- mation of character. Summing up, the speaker said that the real causes of the failure of the union must be looked for in a i want of loyalty on the part of the quarry- men, and an unwillingness to make any per- sonal sacrifices. A vote of cordial thanks was passer, to the chairman for his address and for his ser- vices in the presidential chair during the yeThe Festinio- Lodre recommended that the expenses of the different oaaes. as we as the salaries of the officers shoula be aken out of the general fund. The proposal was rejected. The Glyn M Lodge. Dmcrwic recom- mended that the monthly payments of the me mbers be reduced from Is to Twelve voted for the motion approving the recom- mendation, and, amid loud cheer-, it agreed that the ccntribution. should not be ° On the motion of Mr Griffith Edwards (Bethesda), seconded! by Mr ^>e^pr. it was decided that the union should nffili- nted' with the National Federation of Traces Unions. T Mr WT. Abraham,, M.P. ("Mabon ), who was accorded a very hearty reception, com plimented the meeting highlv upon the pass- in? of the aforegoing resolution. The meeting proceeded to the appointment of officers for the year, who were elected as follows:—President, Mr Richard Griffitli (Fe,tinio-) vice-presidents, :Mf'r W. W. Tores (LTi.nllyfni) and Thomas Wi liam^Vu- linm<; (Glyn I ssf): financial seeretarv. W. H. Williams; auditors. Messrs Owen W. Prit- chard (Groeslon) and Robert Davies (Gerlan). I PUBLIC MEETING. At. half-past one o'clock the workmen as- sembled in the Market square and formed a procession, a^d marched to the apartments procession, a.d marched to the apartments of Mr Owen M. Edwards, the Liberal candi- date for the representation of Merioneth in place of the late Mr Thomas Ellis, and es- corted him to the Assembly Roc-m, where the demonstration was held. Mr Daniel read a. telegram from Mr Lloyd Gecrse, M.P., who, wiring from Aberys- twyth, stated tha.t he regretted that he could not reach Festiniog in time for the I meeting. Mr T. W. Thomas then took the chair. The Chairman moved a resolution express- ina: sorrow at the death of Mr Thomas Ellis, M.P.—Mr Griffith seconded the motion, which was carried unanimously by the aud- ience rising en masse. On the motion of Mr W. R. Evans, chair- man of the Perrhyn Strike Committee, sec- onded by Mr Morris Nanney Jones, a reso- lution on old-age pensions was carried, the former remarking that politicians of all shades. were practically committed to the principle of the measure. I Mr William Williams, of Penrliyn, moved the third resolution, recommending the fede- ration of trades unions, and Mr R. J. Wil- liams seconded. Mr W. Abraham, M.P., was called upon to support, and met with an enthusiastic re- ception. He said the salvation of the army of labour in the country depended upon the attainment of three direct objects, which were to be looked for through union among workmen. The first was an endeavour to maintain and uphold a fair wage, which was equivalent to saying a living wage, not for the day only, not from hand to mouth, not for the summer season only, but for the whole period of the working man's life (ap- plause). The second was due protection for the life and limb of the workman while en- ( gaged in labour, and the third was to shorten he hours of toil to a reasonable limit. Had they any precise object for shortening the hours of labour? The first object was to shorten the hours of labour from whatever they might be at present to an eight-hour dav in the case of men engaged in dangerous l' 11 _L_l "rY'L:). occupations, wnere aii tue pnv^a,i were requisite for the due protection of life, sight, hearing, and feeling (cheers). These were the great objects of trades unionism m Great Britain, and nothing less than these would satisfy the Quarrymen's Union (cheers). To attain this object they needed in active a.nd well-directed operation three grades of unionism-local union, union of classes of workmen, and a general combina- tion of trades. Before speaking on the sub- ject of trades-union federation, he would say a word upon the other resolutions which had been adopted!. In regard to the protection of life and limb, he regarded the most lIll- portant step that had been taken in the » direction was contained in their resolution dealing with the Workmen's Compensation » Act. The principle of this Act was a great ( one. This was the first time that the work- j men's claims as such had been recognised by the Legislature. Now the workman, as a necessary part of the machinery requisite for the production cf wealth, was taken into con- sideration (cheers). A workman must really approach the verge of suicide before the em- ployer could refuse to pay compensation (cheers). He would, however, warn tnose who were addicted to drunkenness that the higher court ha dnow decided .y definitely that if a. man was under the influence of drink met with an accident he could not claim com- pensation (hear, hear). All the benefits of the Act were offered to the workmen without the payment of a single contribution. Why, then, should workmen be so blind to then own interests a,to contract themselves out of the Act under any scheme proposed by the employers? Dealing with the proposed Federation of Trades Unions the coping- stc.n,3 cf trades unionism, Mr Abraham averred that the tyranny, the injustice, and the oppression cf capital in the present day urgently demanded such a combination on the part of labour. They h id passed a reso- lution statins that they were in sympathy with the Federation, and the only wav i11 which they could carry that out would be through the local organisations, and unless they were true to these they could never achieve the grander object. Mr Abraham concluded his address with an eloquent and forcible appeal to the non-unionists and wavering to join the association and stand loyally side by side with their comrades for the achievement of the aims of unionism. Mr Owen M. Edwards, who was received with great enthusiasm, dealing with the question cf combination, pointed out that workmen had a perfect legal right to com- bine that it was not a privilege or a favour but a right: aud that it was expected of them that, they should combine. That law was reallv based on the consciences of the pecple, the Royal Commission having re- ported that it was not right to make criminal £. by law that which was m itseit innocent, ioi example, the combination of workmen. One creat element of success in combination was the character of the leaders (hear, hear). Ccmbination was worthless without loyalty to their leaders en the part, of the men. He (Mr Edwards) was one of the labourers cf Merioneth (cheers), but he would rather h*ve all his fellow-labourers travail u-der 1 another century of oppression than have 'hem free and comfortable, having betrayed their leaders (cheers). After a feeling re- ference to the late Mr Thomas Ellis, -f Edwards went on to say that he believed in greatly strengthening the provisions cf the I Conciliation Act by embodying in it some of thJ features of Mr Bryce's Conciliation Bill. | Proceeding, Mr Edwards pointed out tnc necessity of protecting their children, and I ) said that if Providence ever honoured h-i in the power of defending any c.ass of his fellow-beings he would use that power for the defence of children under five or six years of age. In conclusion, Mr Edwards __1_ urged the quarrymen to colour tneu with their love for literature and wi^h their religion. His friend Dr Evans and ..mselt, and some others whom they knew, were go- in^ to Harlech Castle on the morrow (laugh- ter). He had to abstain that day from talk- ing politics. He would not give the same pledge with Tespect to Harlech (renewec laughter). He would, however, say that m accepting the nomination for the Parliamen- tary representation of the county he had un- dertaken ,a responsibility which he felt to be immense. In going to the 2 ^Har- lech he found consolation m the fact that he 1__£.1.¿. was going there and entering upon tne straight from ^e inspiration of that great I gathering of his fellow-workers in his own native county (prolonged cheers). On the motion of Mr D. Williams, seconded bv Mr John Williams, \nys, a vote of thanks was passed to the chairman and the speakers, and the meeting closed. Simultaneously a great overflow was held in the Market Hall beineath, the chair being taken by the Rev David Lloyd, Wesleyan minister, of Festiniog. Mr O. 1_ Edwards waa among the speakers.



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