WELSH PLACE NAMES. Mr Herbert Lfwis has on many an ccea>ion tendered Wales no inconsiderable service in the House (of Commons, not so much by taking a prcsainent part in full dress debate -though in this respect he has bcme his full share of responsibility as a Welsh representa- tive—as by the raising of questions apparent- ly small -tind comparatively unimportant in themselves when superficially regarded, but Nrhio-h, on closer an dfuller examisiat ion, prove to haw a, really important and essential bear- ing osi the whole question of Welsh Nation- ,alism. His latest essay in this respect is the 'question which he will put to-morrow (Frrfiay) night in the Hou-si-, to Mr Hanbury, as Tepresenting the Postmaster General. The question is a simple amfl a very practical OJre, touching what is a very substantial ievance to a large number of the inhabi- tants of the Principality. Mr Lewis proposes to ask what the Post 'Office authorities are prepared to do to meet not only national sentiment, but the actual 'needs of no inconsiderable proportion of Her Majesty's subjects in the Principality. Owing to the supinerress of a past generation, Oiany of the old Welsh place names have, so far as officialdom is ^concerned, practically disappeared. and their plarce has been usurped by a Saxon or Anglicised monstrosity. It is not always that there is such excuse, not 1ro say justification, for the substitution, as in the case of, say, Holyhead for Caergybi, of Cardiff for Caerdydd, of Swansea for Aber- tawe, or even of Portdrnorwic for Felin Hdfi, or Menai Bridge for Porth Aethwy. But whether the substitution of a more or less excusable and a more or less generally Understood English for the old historic Welsh name can be justified or net, the fact remains that in a large number of instances the officially recognized na.me of a place is not the popularly recognized one; and even where it is, there is a Welsh name havirg historic associations with the place and local- ity which English officialdom superciliously ignores in a manner worthy of Saxon Phil- istinism. For instance, a letter addressed to Caergybi, instead of to Holyhead, would 111 all probability be delayed in transmission, as a portion of tribute which Welsh Nation- alism has to pay to English redtape ignorance. There are eases on record where letters ad- dressed to Caerfyrddin have taken a week In transmission, while letters addressed to Abertawe or Caerdydd have been actually re- turned to the sender, marked "Cannot be delivered owing to insufficient address. Now Mr Herbert Lewis proposes a very simple and common sense solution for this difficulty. He does not desire, as possibly some rabid nationalists would, the com- plete and absolute discontinuance of English names which more or less lengthy usage has Olore or less established, but he contends for the recognition, side by side with the Eng- lish name, of the recognised Welsh name. lIe wishes this recognition to be formal and official, and to be manifested by giving the Welsh nalfce side by side with the English name in the official Post Office Guide. While we heartily approve of Mr Herbert Lewis's action, we must confess that we have very little hope of seeing his present effort crowned with success. The Ministry which brought all its forces into play to defeat Mr Bryn Roberts's very sensible suggestion that a lack of knowledge of Welsh should be an absolute disqualification to presentment to a Church living in Wales, can hardly be ex- pected to recognize,in so important a Govern- ment department as the Post Office^ that the Welsh language is still a living force in the Principality. It is perfectly true that there are means by which even a Conservative Government ^'ith a majority of a hundred and fifty at its "ack may be influenced. But those means Can hardly be expected to Be resorted to by a people so indifferent to these matters as a large section of the Welsh people have proved themselves to be. We will undertake to say that to a large pc rtion of the Calvinistic Meth- Odlsts, for instance, the General Assembly of that important Connexion were held this year at Newport, and not at Casnewydd! Welsh people themselves have fellen into the habit, we will say the regrett- able habit, of calling these places by their English rather than their Welsh, names, and that to a large proportion of the inhabitants of North Wales such place names as Casnew- Ydd, Castellnedd, and Abertawe, would afford no clue to the actual localities; while an Equally large portion of South Walians would he equally ignorant of what is meant by Tre- ffynon Porth Aetbwy, and Caer Gybi! What is needed is some organization to take up the matter of the preservation and official recognition cf the old Welsh names. is not a day too soon to do so. Indeed lt naay, and in many cases probably is, already tco late to remedy the evil. Railway companies and English speculators have been great transgressors in the past, and their transgressions have not only been forgiven but popularised. Thus we shall probably fcever see Porth Aethwy take the place of Menai Bridge, or Aber Maw that cf Bar- mouth, or even Felin Heli that of Port Din- orwic. But we may, at least, prevent further Vandalism of the kind to which the North Wales Narrow Guage Railway authorities have shown a tendency to commit themselves. Solomon Andrews has something to answer for in giving the high sounding, but Unmeaning name of Fairbourne to thef VateriTItg'placeof the future-in front of Arth- £ g. He would have had more still to answer Qr had he succeeded in his attempt to in(Juce_ the Welsh people to consent to calling Pwll- heli "Saltpool!" Mr Corbett at Towyn can hardly be regarded as a shade better in call- his new Towyn "Towyn-on-Sea," as though a "Towyn" could be anywhere except on sea! J^e shall next hear of "Snowdon on the fiills!" Y At the present moment the inhabitants of rjjandrillo-yn-Rhos are much exercised over ^he question of a suitable Anglicised name their locality. As compromises Rhos-on- ^Ga, Rhes Trillo, and similar absurdities have ?een suggested. The authorities who ab- ,reviated Llansantffraid Glan Conwy into Jl^ple "Glan Conwy" have some excuse for heir action but Llanfair P.G. is a senseless 0ttibinat!cn to which the Welsh people should tleVer have submitted. But let not our readers be too hasty in their 4eqtlieseence with our criticism.- Let them p°k a little nearer home. Take the case of J^rnarvon for instance. Why should we i ave sucfi" nonsensical street names as Eng- road, and Warfield road, and the like ? j hy not give these new streets names more .V harmony with the locality and its associa- te? Some District Councils in North i, ales have already gone so far as to rename ,?e whole of the streets within their jurisdic- and given each a characteristically elsh name, possessing some local or historic s"Ss°ciation. A Welsh Society for the Pre- ^^ation and Recognition of Welsh Place ^Tajnes has certainly ,a mission in the world. niess it be brought into existence before the tew tiolooo bridge is built across the Aber develope the Coed Helen Estate, we may fo^°t to sees Carnarvon in the future trans- th ^nt° a simple and modest suburb to new town beyond the Aber, which, pre- tio ably, will be known to the next genera- .n»a Die Shon Dafyddites as Euston ughes' Town)-on-the-Sands! t y;
I NOTES AND COMMENTS, The present week is one Wc iltf devoted to Educational field days. The University Col- lege of North Wales hoists its annual gather- ing the executives of the Baptist and of the Congregational Theological Colleges of North Wales hold their annual sittings; the annual Entrance and Scholarship Examinations of the County Schools of Carnarvonshire are held; and, taken all in all, the county from end to end is immersed in educational busi- ness. What are CaTnarvonshire Temperance organisation's ;doing ? We note that the Chief ConstaWe of Merionethshire reports a deplorable increase in the convictions for drunkenness. This increase jn the number of convictions is not due to any increased ac- tivity or stringency on the part of the police authorities, but to an actual increase of drui&eaness which, according to the Chief Constable, :appears to be "spread pretty gene- rally over the county." A deputation of the Merionethshire Temperanc3 Association at- tended the meeting of the Joint Police Com- j Initiee, ."to recommend a survey of the pub- lie htmses in the county," whatever that amay1 mean.. It, at all events, indicates that the temperance organisations of Merionetthshire do something more than pass formal and; prcms resolutions- We have no sympathy with that semblance of morality which is con- tent with praying—and doing nothing. If the praying be accompanied by waftrdhinrg, and 'both be followed by good honest work, all well and good. Otherwise And so the Portmadfoc Light Railway scheme has entered upon another ehsapter in its history. It was inevitable, as a. result of the recent e'ection, that the new Urban District Council should formally counten- ance the scheme for a Light Railway. The Council had conditionally sanctioned the loan of P,1750 in aid of the Portmadoc, Beddgel- ert. and Rhyd-ddu Light Railway. The con- ditions attached to the loan are first that the Treasury should make a "substantial" free grant in aid' of the line second, that the Glaslyn Rural District Council should grant a loan of £1500, and the County Council of zC5000 and, th.raly. that these loans should form the fi;st charge upon the property of the railway, while the Counc-is lending ^e money should be entitled to representation on the Board of Directors. These condi- tions cannot be condemned as lacking in stringency or wanting in the necessary safe- guards to the ratepayers. The multiplication of local authorities is not without its drawbacks. Judging by-what transpired at last Saturday's meeting of the Carnarvon Board of Guardians it would ap- pear that some of these authorities have too much and others not enough work to do. The Board of Guardians, for instance, feels the calls upon its time so much reduced that in future it will meet only once a month, in- stead of once a fortnight. On the other hand certain overseers are evidently over-worked for they have been unab!e to pay in their con- tributions in time. The Guardians have to meet County Council precepts to the extent of E1387,nd have, no funds to draw upon. The parishes, on the other hand, are in ar- rear to the extent of R1480. Thus, in round numbers, if the parishes paid up promptly the Guardians would be able to meet their own liabilities, and have £100 to the good so far as these precepts are concerned. The securing of the services of trained nurses for the out-door sick poor in the various divis- ions of the Union is a step which will com- mend itself to all. The first step-towards the carrying into effect of the" new scheme for the public light- ing of Bangor seems to have been taken oil Tuesday last, when an Inspector of the Local Government Board held an enquiry into the proposed loanis. The enqufry appears to have been almost purely formal, for there was no opposition, and the Council conse- quently had matters all their own way. The present enquiry had only to do with the pro- posed loans for the projected improvements in the gas supply of the town, but it was in- cidentally mentioned that the Electric Light- ing scheme would in due course follow. One fact, however, transpired which should give the ratepayers food for serious thought, and that was that the present outstanding public loans amount to t3 6s 8d for every pound in the rateable value of the borough. That is to say, if the City Fathers wanted to pav off the existing loans, they would re- quire a rate of L3 6s 8d in the pound to meet their liabilities. The Memoirs just published of a former Vicar of Carnarvon—Canon Thomas, and of his son, the late Vice-Principal of Jesus Col- lege. Oxford, possess more than a local in- terest. The occasional S¡=de light thrown upon Old Carnarvon manners and customs in the father's Memoirs are at once instruc- tive and amusing. But though better known at Carnarvon than his son, Canon Thomas never attained so wide a popularity in the Principality at large as did his son, the Rev Llewelyn Thomas, late Vice-Principal of Jesus College. His nomination by the Crown to a resident canonry at St. Asaph did but little to compensate him for the dis- appointment of missing the Principalship of the College of which he had been virtual head for seven or eight vears prior to Dr Harper's death. The book will well repay careful perusal, even by those who were not privileged to know personally either of the' subjects of the memoirs.
>4. pwi-LrtELi. A TRIP.—The members of jthe English Cbopel Sunday School-ha&a tr^last; Thurs- day to Beddgelert. C. E. S.—At the last meeting (f the C. E. S. Penmount, Mr J. O. Wil!iams and Mr W. Price Owen read! papers on "Joseph" and "Daniel." Mr John Williams, auctioneer, presided. SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION MEETING. —The C.M. Sunday School Union meeting was held at Pentreuchaf on Sunday week. Mr S. Roberts, Mr W. W. Jones, Fourcrm- ses, and Mr Evan Parry, Ysgubor Wen, we. e re-elected chairman, secretary, and treasur- er, respectively. The Rev William Jones, M.A.. was the catechist. MR DENNISS.-—Mr C. S. Denniss. man- ager of the Cambrian Railway, visited here last week, on matters of importance con- nected with the town. FISH.—Manv tons of fi..11 were sent off last week. Laree number of boats are now fully employed in fishing.
A centrifugal pump dreuger has lately been set to work for bringing up sand from the hereof the Mawddach estuary, between Dol- gellev and' Barmouth, with the object of de- termining whether gold can be extracted in paying quantities. The result of this ex- periment on a, large scale (says H.M. Inspec- tor of Mines for North Wales) will be awaited with anxiety by those who are interested in the gold resources of the Principality; whilst the bolder scheme of extracting gold from sea water, now being dealt with by the Bull Gold, Extracting Company at Barmouth, is one which will claim a still larger portion of the public interest. THE PROGRAMME of the National Eis- teddfod is to be ready on the 11th of July, but if possible it will be published earlier. (Hughes' Town)-on-the-Sand§ I
University College of North Wales. CLOSING CEREMONY. The closing ceremony of the College took place on Wednesdav. when a large and fash- ionable audience thronged the new College Hall. The proceedings were presided over by Mr W. Rathbone (president of the Col- lege), who was supported on the platform by Dr Alexander Hill, M.A., M.D., Master of Downing College, and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, Dr Isambard Owen, Senior Deputy Chancellor of the Uni- versity of Wales, Principal Reichel, and the professors and lecturers of the College. The President, in opening the proceed- ings, said that -3 had great pleasure in again congratulating the College upon its conti- aiued success (hear, hear). Principal Reichel,in reviewing the Session said that on several previous occasions he had prefaced his remarks upon the work of the session by stating that it had been one of growth and development, and the same re- mark must be repeated this year (cheers). There had been a marked increase in the number of students taking the degree course of study, and the proportion of students who had matriculated before entrance was much, larger than in previous years. This might be attributed (1) to the operation of the new, County Schools which were now beginning to make themselves felt, (2) partly to the attractiveness of the curriculum of the Uni- versity of Wales, (3) and partly also to the encouragement given to the women side by the opening of a Women's Hall. The found- ation and growth of Welsh education was, if they believed" such aft authority as Mr Fearon, the secretary of the Charity Com- mission, the most remarkable educational achievment in modem history (cheeJrs. At present there were about 7000 pupils in the 80 or 90 County Schools already es- tablished. At Bangor the historical -school of Friars', with its noble tmditions, was be- ing erected on a new site, and would have buildings worthy of the town and more suit- able for those who sought education therein. Having referred to the policy which the Col- lege had adopted of throwing its strength into the degree courses of the Welsh Univer- sity, the Principal congratulated the town upon having founded a hostel for wo- men students. It had added to the archi- tectural appearance of a eity which, in spite of ecclesiastical traditions, was none too rich in fine public buildings (laughter). The hall provided accommodation for 54 stu- dents. It was felt, however, that further accommodation would have to be provided! (hear, hear). The day training service had been most admirably carried out, and the agricultural side of the college had received a development in the acquisition of a farm near Llangefni, towards the equipment of which the Drapers' Company had made a most liberal grant, as had also two of the county councils. Great attention was also being paid to the study of electric engineer- ing, which had for some years been carried on single-handed by Dr Gray, who subse- quently received the assistance of Dr Taylor Jones. This detail of an important work had been supplemented by the liberality of Sir Henry Tate, who bad ever been a muni- ficent benefactor of Welsh education (ap- plause). He much regretted the loss the college was about to sustain. in the removal of Mr Hudson Williams, assistant teacher in modern languages. He was about to leave them for the Liverpool Institute in prepara- tion for school work in some of the intermed- iate schools that were now springing up in Wales. The Principal concluded his review by referring to the formation of an Old Stu- dents' Association, which he wished every, prosperity. <, The Principal read the following awards made by the Senate in June, 1898, upon the results of the work of the Session 1897-98 — I.—FIRST YEAR STUDENTS. Alice E. Smith, exhibition of £15 raised to de25. Fanny Ellis, exhibition of t25 raised to O. II.—SECOND YEAR STUDENTS. Guy Barlow, exhibition of J615 raised to t20'. R. M. Kinsey, exhibition of tl5 raised to JE20. Mary E. Owen, exhibition of L20 raised to R25. John Griffith, Tate exhibition of Rio raised to t20. John Griffith Jones, exhibition of £ 15. Ellis J. Roberts, Tate exhibition of JE1 renewed for a third year. Janet M. Fernie, exhibition of L15 re newed for a second year. Aline B. Grapel, exhibition of £10 renewed for a second year. Eiddon Rhys Jones, exhibition of £10 re- newed for a second year. Charles W. Perfest, exhibition of £10 re- newed for a second year. ni.—THIRD YEAR STUDENTS. Horatio. Nelson, exhibition of LIO. William Roberts, exhibition of £ 10. J. H. Wimons, exhibition of 910. M. E. Phillips, award of R5. IV.—FOURTH YEAR STUDENTS. Allan Baguley, exhibition of LIO. In caSe any of'thejforegoing awards'jshpuld ~tfcoH>e taken up," the siynjbhus left at the dis- posal of..tBe Senate wjl.jbe dfcvotea-1$the fqainatfcn oft wo exhibitions, not exceeding 4t-M £10 each in value, to be given to E. P. Strutt and M. H. Taylor, and, should funds permit, of an award of E5, to be given to E M. McDonald. R. A. Jones,s prize, Guy Barlow. Awards to Day Training Students, Wo wen Ella Edmonds, £ 10; Rhoda H. Smith £ 5. Men: R. F. D. Longford, £5; A. H Rowlands, 25. Special award to second year student O. R. Hughes, 95. All the above awards are for one year, and are conditional upon pursuance next year session by the student concerned of a course of study approved by the Senate. *The t5 grant of the Old Students' Asso- ciation is assigned to this exhibition. ADDRESS BY DR HILL. Dr Hill, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, delivered an address on "Old Ways and New in Education," a verbatim report of which will be found in another page. VOTE OF THANKS. Dr Isambard Owen, who was received with cheers, said that the President had honoured him with the task of moving a resolution, which he did most willingly. The President, from Parliamentary experience, would bear him out when he said that it was always very pleasant to be in the majority and still more pleasant when one was sure of a unanimous vote, as he (the speaker) was at that present moment—(hear, hear)—for he was going to ask them to support him in a cordial vote of thanks to Dr Hill for the address to which they had had the pleasure of listening (hear, hear). It was a resolution which he was asked to move in so many capacities that he was in fCàr of leaving cut something that he ought to say. v In Dr Hill he had the pleasure of meeting not only the Vice-Chancellor of his (the speaker's) old University, but the Master of his own College, and a very dis- tinguished member of his own profession, and in all these capacities he had learned to re- gard Dr Hill with profound admiration and respect. As a Vice-Chancellor he was told that he was leaving his mark upon the con- duct of affairs in Cambridge, and as a Master cf Downing College he knew that he had in- fused a new spirit into that institution that had made it different from what it was before be began his reign (hear, hear). He had done this in spite of very serious difficulties arising from that lack cf funds which was now so common at Cam- bridge as the result of agricultural depression. He was asked to move the resolution (1) as a representative of the University of Wales; (2) owing to the regrettable illness of the Vice-Principal, as a. representative of the University College of North Wales; and (3) he was asked to syeak in the name of the medical profession of North Wales. He (Dr Owen) used to know something of the medical profession of North Wales when he indulged in a, pursuit called colective investigation and he had pleasant recollections of several visits paid to the ineetingsof the North Wales branch of the British Medical Association. He found this to be one of the most efficient branches of the whole association, the organ- iser (Dr Jones-Morris (Portmadoc), who was a member of the Council of the College, being well-known to those present. Of the North Wales College and the University of Wales he could speak from more recent knowledge. That day they were receiving from the re- presentative of one of the oldest Universities in Europe a visit to the youngest University in the United Kingdom, but though so young yet he thought they might claim that what had been done up to the present afforded some reasonable hopes of future success (cheers). They cbuld not vie with Oxford and Cambridge in the splendour of their buildings or in the magnificence of the sur- roundings amid which the buildings were placed-or rather in the magnificence of the immediate surroundings, for he thought Dr, Hill would admit, that the surroundings of Cambridge could scarcely <<e with the magni- ficent mountains of their own. But univer- sities were not made of buil^ngs—they were not constructed of brick and mortar—(hear, hear)—they were made of men and women. He said women with hesitation, for he feared that that was a somewhat delicate subject with the Vice-Chancelor of., j Cambridge (laughter). Of the men and' women to whom they looked for the making of the University of Wales they had, at any rate at present, no lack. Lately he went through some of the statistics of matriculation in the.University of Wales, and, although only in their fourth year of operation, he found that during the i,rst three years the Univer- sity had been at work no less than 430 under- graduates had entered its doors (hear, hear). The matriculation number had been rising from year to year, and the number of 1897 had only been exceeded in the Victoria Uni- versity by that of the same year, and had not been exceeded in the University of Lon- don for 21 years after it had been established (hear, hear). He was glad to see that they had again to record a considerable increase in the number of candidates for matricula- tion this year. The number of candidates, including those who matriculated in virtue of equivalent examinations amounted to no less than 485 up to the present date. Of the College he was sure that Dr Hill would carry back some favourable impression, if only for the deep and intelligent interest with which the students had listened throughout to the address. Dr Owen then formally moved the resolutions. Professor Gray, who was received with much cheerip" by the students, seconded the motion .on behalf of his colleaguesi and: he might also say on behalf of the students. The motion having been unanimously ad- opted, Dr Hill briefly acknowledged, and referred to Dr Owen as one who had done as much as anybody to bring distinction upon Downing College. GARDEN PARTY. At the close of the ceremony a garden party was given by the President and the Principal in the College grounds. Selection of music was played by the NantUe Vale Sil- ver Band, and the final ties of the students' lawn-tennis tournament was clayed off on the College court.
Births, Marriages, and Deaths BIRTHS. Hughes—June 23, at Pilgrim's Rest, Lyden- burg, Transvaal, South Africa, the wife of Mr Hugh Hughes, mining engineer, formerly of Llanrug, near Carnarvon, of a daughter. Jenkins-June 21, the wife of Mr John Jen- kins, Blaenau Festiniog, of a daughter. Owen-At Gwenallt, Carnarvon, on Satur- day, 25th June, the wife of Mr J. Trevor Owen, M A., of a son. Roberts--J tIDe 18, the wife of Mr Moses Ro berts, Picton terrace, Blaenau Festiniog of a daughter. MARRIAGES. Jones—Pritchard—June 24, at the regis- trar's office, Bangor, by Mr Benjamin Jones, deputy-registrar, David Jones, Glasinfryn, Bangor, to Margaret Ellen Pritchard, Hafodty Uchaf, Tregarth. en—-Hjight*fr—Tune. 24,. at the" Methodist clutpel, Mpnai* Bridge, by the Revs Edr ward Humphreys and T. Hughes," Edward, the' son of Edward Owen, St. Domingo Vale, to Margaret, the daughter of Ed- ward Williams, 62, Dacy rOad,—-both of Liverpool. Oliver—Jones—June 25, at the registrar's office, Bangor, b- Mr Benjamin Jones, deputy-registrar, Thomas Oliver, Douglas Hill, to Catherine Jones, Caerfron, Dou- glas Hill, Bethesda. Parry—Jones—June 23, at St. Paul's chapel Bangor, by the Rev Richard William Jones, Aberystwyth, and Mr Lewis Mor- ris, Captain Hugh Parry, 49, Hill street, Bangor, to Miss Ellen Jones, Brynhyfryd, Tregarth. Williams—Jones—June 21, at the Stowell Memorial Church, Salford, by the Rev T. A. Schonberg, Mr J. Williams, Plas Coch, Llanberis, to Nurse Martha Jones, Nurs- ing Institute, Bangor. DEATHS. Hughes June 23, at Tandinas, Llan- ddeiniolen, aged 43 years, Mr Robert Henry Hughes. Jones—June 23 annah, the wife of Mr J. Jones, 11, Crown street, Carnarvon, aged 27 years. Jones—June 23, aged 57 years, Mr Evan Jones, Fronheulog, Llandwrog Uchaf, and father of the Rev R. E. Jones, Newbor- ough. Jones—June 26, aged 43 years, Dorothy, the beloved wife of Mr Thomas Jones, 6, William's terrace, Llanberis. Peters-June 29, at the Southern Hospital, Liverpool, Miss Lizzie Peters, 14, Eleanor street, Carnarvon, aged 29. Williams—June 22, aged 46, William Wil- liams, son of the late Crotain Morris Wil- liams, Brynglas, Llanfaglan. Williams—June 21, aged 69 vears, Babom. Williams, 22, Newry street, Holyhead, formerly Qf Market street^ Carnarvon.
lOCAL GOVERNMENT ENQUIRY AT BANGOR. Mr W. O. E. Meade-Kmg, Lccal Govern- ment Boa-"?! Inspector, held an inquiry at the Penrhyn Hall, Bangor, on Tuesday, with reference to an application by the City Coun- cil for powers to borrow £ 2500 for the erec- tion of a new gasholder, £500 for a new scrub- ber washer at the gasworks, and E300 for additional gasworks, and P,150 for municipal offices purposes. The Deputy Town Clerk (Mr J. A. Rodway) supported the application on behalf of the Corporation. The atten- dance included Aldermen Thomas Lewis and D. Cameron, Councillors David Williams and J. E. Roberts, Messrs! J. Gill (borough surveyor), E. Smith Owen (borough accounts ant), and J. Smith (gas manager). The Deputy Town Clerk, in laying before the inspector the details of the respective amounts sought to be borrowed, said that the t2500 was required for the erection of a two- lift gasholder in place of the existing single lift holder. The present storage room at the gas works was only equal to 112,000 cubic feet of gas, which by means of the proposed two-lift holder would be increased to 183,000 cubic feet. The maximum manufacturing capacity of the works was equal to 240,000 cubic feet per day, but that could not be reached by the present storage room. The maximum daily consumption was 223,000 cubic feet, and there was a large annual in- crease. In pointing out the necessity for this increase in the storage capacity, the Deputy Town Clerk quoted from a. report made in February, 1895 by Mr Newbiggin, an expert who was at that time instructed to report to the City Council upon. the gas- works. Replying to the Inspector, the Borough Accountant said that the total outstanding loans of the Corporation amounted to R127,350, the assessable value of the borough being £ 38,327. The Gas Manager (Mr J. Smith) corrobor- ated the figures given by the Deputy Town Clerk. He said that the erection of the new gasholder would be done by contract. The water tank of the present holder would be used, its sides being raised eight feet. With regard to the new scrubber-washer, estimated to cost £500, Mr Smith said this was intended to replace the small plant now in use, and for which they would be allowed £ 70 by the contractor for the new plant. The new scrubber-washer would be equal to purifying one million cubic feet of gas per day, the object of getting such a large one being to assist their present; purging plant. /Til The Borough Surveyor, Mr Gill, then handed in plans of the sites of the proposed new additions, &c. The Deputy Town Clerk then referred to the site a.t the bottom of Well street, which was intended to be utilised for gasworks and municipal offices purposes. He said that this plot of land was subject to certain re- strictive covenants in favour of the Bishop of Bangor for the time being and his succes- sors. At the outset this land was., intended as a site for the electric light works, but in the meantime another piece of land, more favourable, had come into the market and which the Corporation had decided to pur- chase and had applied to the Local Govern- ment BoarcLfor sanction to borrow the money necessary for the purpose. The inquiry re- specting that was standing over pending the requisite plans being prepared. As to the Well street site, the Bishop of Bangor at the time it was proposed to erect thereon the electric light works, entered into a deed of arrangement with the Corporation, agreeing to the erection of the works upon this land, provided the buildings were sightly and were certified to be so by his own architect, and subject also to there being no nuisance from smoke, vibration, or noise. It was certified that there would be no such nuisance. Since that time the Bishop's illness had made it impossible for him to be consulted as to the modification of the scheme. Therefore, all that was at present intended with regard to this site was to use a part of it for the pur- pose of municipal offices and the remainder as a store yard in connection with the gas- works. The Deputy Town Clerk, in reply to the Inspector, said that the Well street site had been purchased and paid for, the conveyance having been completed on April 1st. The vendor was Lord Penrhyn, and the pur- chase price was £400. The Corporation had also to pay zC50, two years interest owing to the lapse of that period of time since the signing of the contract to purchase, and the development of a scheme for the utilisation of the land. This concluded the evidence, and the Deputy Town Clerk having pointed to the urgency of the Corporation being enabled to erect the new gasholder so as to be in readiness for next winter, the inquiry ter- minated.
BANGOR SCHOOL BOiRD. A meeting of this board was held on Mon- day evening when there were present Princi- pal Price (in the chair), Professor R. W. Phillips, M.A., Dr E. O. Price, Dr Richard Jones. Mr W. Lloyd Jones, Mr Charles Pozzi, and Mr A. C. Downs (the clerk). ST. PAUL'S SCHOOL. 'The head teacher of the mixed school re- ported that the number of children on the registers this month was 425, as against 421 the corresponding month last year. He drew attention J;o the insufficient acc^jnmoda-. -fion at his "s^ool, and sijggested the erec- tion of a large- room at the corner of the new play ground %r lone class, together with the cookery class, and for a clttss in woodwork, if necessary.—It was decided to refer the consideration of the matter to a special meet- ing of the Board, to be held on Monday, the 11th July next. The head teacher of the infants' school re- ported that the number of children on registers this month was 165 as against 154 the corresponding month last year. The Clerk read the inspectors' annual re- port on these schools which was as follows: —Mixed School: Taken as a whole the ag- gregate work of this large school is very satisfactory, both as regards quality and the methods of instruction employed. The upper classes shewed remarkable proficiency in mental arithmetic, algebra, geography, and history. Much credit is due to the Head Master for his strenuous efforts to promote punctuality of attendance. I am glad to observe that the, first standard class-room has been duly furnished with desks; and I hope to find the largest class-room another year equally well furnished. Iii-se year's re- marks respecting the two other class-rooms are still applicable.Infants School: This department is well conducted and uniformly well taught. The structural alterations and additions have been completed, and both rooms are well lighted and otherwise admir- ably improved in all respects. The cloak- room is well designed, thoroughly well built and exceedingly well arranged. The erec- tion of new offices suitably arranged for in- fants* will complete all the requirements of this department. The Clerk reported that the total amount of the grant earned and paid to the Board for the year 1897 and 1898 was k487 14s, as against the sum of R452 19s 6d earned for the previous year. Great satisfaction wis expressed by tb Board at the very favourable reports gained I J: the sebwk; and it was resolved to con- gratulate the head teachers and staff on the success which had attended their efforts. Tenders were submitted to the Board for a pair of iron gates to be erected at the en- trance to the infants' school, and ultimately that of Messrs R. Priohard and Son, iron- mongers, Bangor, was accepted as being the lowest. EXTENSION OF PLAYGROUND. The Clerk produced the contract between the contractor (Mr W. Parry) and the Beard, and it was decided to affix the steal of the Board thereto.—Tenders were also submitted for the execution of the work required in connection with the removal of the partition between the class-rcoms No. 3 and 4, as re- quired by the Education Department, and the tender of Mr Wm. Parry, builder, Ban- gor, was accepted. PAINTING, CLEANING, &c. Tenders for the above work required to be done at these schools during the mid-summer vacation were laid before the Board, and the lowest, that of Mr Thomas Edwards, painter, was accepted. GARTH SCHOOLS. The report of the head master of the mixed school was read. He stated that the number of children on the registers this month was *256, as against 233 the corresponding month last year. He also reported that Her Ma- jesty's Inspectors, Messrs Hands and Mat- thews, had visited his school during the month, and had expressed themselves very favourably on the work done, Mr Hands making special mention of the handwriting and neatness of the exercises throughout the school. The head teacher of the infants' school re- ported hat the number of children on the registers this month was 159, as against 167 the corresponding period last year. She- also stated that H.M.I. Mr Matthews had visited her school during the month and that he remarked at the close of his inspection, "Very good work has been done, and that things were going on very well indeed." The tender of Mr Richard Jones, painter, was accepted fcr painting and cleaning the school during the midsummer vacation. GLANADDA INFANTS' SCHOOL. The head teacher of this school reported that the number of chilren on the registers this month was 256, as against 212 last year. MisS Williams also reported that H.M.I. Mr Hands had inspected her school, when he stated that "descipline and tone were ex- cellent and the work was well advanced." He also drew attention to the over-crowded condition of the babies' room. PUPIL TEACHERS' CENTRE. The head teacher (Mr T. E. Jones), in his report, stated that the classes had been doing good work during the month and the attend- ance of the Board's pupil teachers had been satisfactory. PROPOSED NEW MIXED SCHOOL AT GLANADDA. Mr Harold Hughes, the architect, at- tended before the Board, and submitted and explained the plans he had prepared, as in- structed, for the proposed new school, and it was resolved to refer the matter to the special meeting of the Board to be held on the 11th proximo. CARNARVONSHIRE INTERMEDIATE SCHEME. It was resolved to attach the seal of the Board to the voting paper nominating the Chairman of the Board, Principal Price, as the School Boards' representative governor on the County Governing Body. RESIGNATION OF COLONEL WEST. The Clerk submitted a letter from Col. the Hon. W. E. Sackville West, formally re- signino, his seat as a member of the Board. A letter to the Chairman was also read from him expressing the sincere regret he felt on leaving, and assuring the Board that he would ever remember the kindly relations which had subsisted between the members of the Board and himself.—It was resolved to accept the resignation of Col. West with very great regret, and the Chairman said he was sure that all the members of the Board would sincerely reciprocate the kind sentiments ev- pressed by Col. West. CONGRATULATIONS TO THE VICE- CHAIRMAN. The Chairman said that the members pre- sent would be pleased to hear that their vice- chairman, Prof. R. W. Phillips, M.A., had been made a Doctor of Science of the Lon- don University, and it was resolved to offer the congratulations of the Beard to Prof. Phillips on the honour conferred upon him. ATTENDANCE OF CHILDREN. Dr Price submitted a notice to parents and others the Attendance Committee had drawn up setting forth the requirements of the law concerning the attendance at school of children between 13 and 14 years of age, and it was decided to have the notice printed and posted up in the schools under the Board.
BANGOR SUNDAY SERVICES. CHT7RCH OF E^GMND The Cathedral (English). The Rev the Canon in .Residence. (Welsh). Revs W. Edwards, J ~r Davies, B.A. St. James s (English) Rev W.Edwards,M-A and Rev D. R. Pugh M A St Mary's (English; Revs T. Edwin Jones' M A „ (Welsh) aDdB.Thom«,B.A St. David's (Welsh) Rev T Lewis Jones. B.A. (English Evening Service).. Rev T. Lewis BAPTIST. English Chapel Penuel Ainen, Glanadda CAI.VIMSTIC MfcTHO! 1ST Princes Road (English) Rev E P Jones, B,A Tabernacle Rev T J Wheldon, B A Twrgwyn Rev R Eames Williams, T> I TT'II Holyhrad Puik HiU Rev H Rawson Uliams, 0 jBettwsycoed Hirael Rev R Joties, Bryn'refail Glanadda Rev J W Jones, Car- -narviou English-ChSpel MrE Ojren, Pen- maenmawr Horeb Revs Phillip Price, R LI Jones St Paul's Mr R Roberts, Mr W R Williams Hirael 2, Rev R L1 Jones: Mr J Williams Glanadda Rev R LI Jones, Mr G Roberts COXGBEOATIONALIST8. Ebcnezer Rev E Jones Hirael Rev T. Griffiths, Bethania ROMAN CATHOLIC. St Mary's Rev Father Ratcliffe Last week there arrived in the Straits a small passenger paddle steamer "Queen of the Tees." It has been purchased by Alder- man Thomas Lewis, J.P., Gartherwen, and it is stated that it will run between Llandud- no and Trefriw, and' a!so between the former place and Carnarvon. PREACHING SERVICES.-The annual preaching services in connection with the Penuel Baptist Chapel were held on Sunday and Monday, the officiating ministers being the Revs P. Williams (Pedr Hir), Bootle; and J. Davies, Birkenhead. The services were well attended. ALLEGED MALICIOUS WOUNDING.— At a special police court on Monday, Ann I Williams, Panton street, was brought up on remand charged with unlawfully and mali- ciously wounding and inflicting bodily harm upon John M'Laughlin, with whom she co- habited.—Inspector Rowlands prosecuted on behalf of the police.—Evidence was given to the effect that the accused struck M'Laughlin in the eye with a pair of tongs, inflicting such injuries that, upon medical examination, it was found necessary to re- move the eye. The accused was committed for trial to the Quarter Sessions. CONCERT.—At the Tabernacle C.M. Chap#1!- OJ) ovenine. a concert held m aid ul the Muth Wales colliers. The Mayor (CoundillcIr H. Hughes) p're^idt d. j Part was taken ia the prccocdings by the' Pontycymer Male Voice Choir, under the leadership of Mr Buttler, and Mr L. T. James, together with a number of local singers. The proceedings concluded with the singing of "Hen wlad fy nhadau." ALLEGED ATTEMPTED SUICIDE.— On Saturday afternoon an old man named Hugh Lewis, a. scavenger in the emplov of the Corporation was discovered in a refuse depot of the Corporation with his throat cut. The man, who bad only one arm, had ap- parently inflicted the wound himself, an old blunt table knife, covered with blood, being found in the yard. Information was given to the police, and Inspector Rowlands and a constable at once came upon the scene. Dr Richard Jones jwas also sent for, and upon his advice the injured man was conveyed to the Carnarvonshire and Anglesey Infirmary, where the wound was attended to by Drv R. Jones and Farley. In the opinion of the medical gentlemen the injuries are not likely to prove fatal unless complications follow. PETTY SESSIONS. Tuesday, before Messrs 1. Lewis (chairman), H. Clegg, J. E. Roberts J. Hughes, T. Roberts, and the Mayor (Mr H. Hughes) TRANSFER On the 'application of j license of the Menai Inn -Bethesda, was transferred from Mr J d' Jones to Mr J Pritchard, and that of' the Menai Bridge Vaults from Mr T. G. William* lvelf k F' R?ddy" Mr Dew a2so ap- plied for the transfer of the license of British HoS t0P mRr of the Cr°™ Hotel, Pwllheli. The application was granted. The grocers' license of the Gwalia^ Stores Llanfairfechan, was trans- ferred to Mr R. A. Wright. HIGHWAY ACT.-John Roberts, Glan- adda, was summoned for leaving a horse and Th VnfattInCled in lhe at Gerizim. The defendant was fined 10s and costs. P C o5 proved the case. A DOG CASE. William Thomas Wil- iiams, Kyffin square, was summoned for keeping a dog without a license. The case had been adjourned from the previous court for the attendance of a witness to whom the defendant said the dog belonged. The de- ffeen3" f^°TuSai,d h<J had take* out t 2sCe £ Tid etLd°g- The W- SUNDAY DRUNKENNESS.—Michael MDoughan, Bethesda, was summoned, for S?,n! H aml disorderiy «t Llandegai on Sunday. He was fined 5s costs. P C « proved the case. RIDIXG BICYCLES WITHOUT LIGHT. -John Henry Williams, Bethesda, was sum! oned for riding a bicycle without light Defend^t was fined 2s 6d including «g £ P.C. 37 proved the case.-William Jones, Llanfairfechan, was summoned for a similar hams Temperance Hotel, Bangor was mm- moned for allowing his chimney to take fire and was ordered to pay 2S 6d including cos £ P.C. 71 proved the offence THE GARTH HOTEL.—Mr S. R. n sa;d that he had an application to the Garth Hotel. Recently he asked for temporary authority to sell en behalf of si collect that he then made a SltL?^ T how M'Burney had been d^^Z i JST&SS" rthir ■*«" that"?"1 °yhe informaMo'n suppled to him although' Site tte Dew) to take proceedings for false imprison- ment, it now transpired that tVi^ J?. had not been finall/di^dIf and^ rKT,A"S™ felt ZTi to bruig to a termination the agreement toeh existed between them and M'Burney and place another person in charge of the house. £ r Geo. Bell, who had been Z the service of Lord Penrhyn for some years had frnm\?^r bllsiness and had purchased was now in possession. The anoint;™ Wore, was that the Bench sho"Sd tons' cha^tiT8* "\Mr M-EvidenS, 2 4 character having been tendered, the Bench granted the application. TOWN E,?°ESpT BLACKGUARD IN —EHen Caulfield, Kyffin square applied under the Married Women? Act' 1895, for an order of the Bench to live apart from hor husband on the -ouiid of cruelty and neglect. The applicant, who appeared a respectable person, said that her husband came home continually under the influence of drink, and never gave her a half- penny towards maintaining herself and her children. This she was able to do by her own industry. He often abused her, and nail on two occasions turned her out of the f0"86- Shf ^ow declined to cohabit with y asked for a separation order — sergeant Breese deposed to remonstrating with the husband when in witness's presence he turned the wife and children out of door, at night. Witness told the man, who was under the influence of drink, that his con- duct was cruel, and asked where did he think his wife and children could go to at such a late hour of the night. His reply was that they could go to the d-. Wit- neS5 added that Caulfield was a habitual drunkard, and he could conscientiously say that he was the biggest blackguard in the town. On the other hand, his wife was a hardworking and sober woman.—The Bench granted the order asked for, gave the wife the custody of the children, and ordered the husband to contribute 7s weekly towards their maintenance. DRUNKENNESS. For this offence Owen Williams wr-is fined 2s ëd and costs. NEW MAGISIRATE. -.Captain Lem- Pfiere qualified as a magistrate in virtue of his offiee as Chairman of t Llanfairfechan District Council.
CARNARVONSHIRE) QUARTER SESSIONS. These sessions are being held this (Thurs- day) morning, before the Lord Lieutenant (Mr J. E. Greaves), chairman; Mr J. Bryn Roberts, M.P., vice-chairman, and a large bench of magistrates. In addressing the grand the foreman, whom was Dr Dobbie, Bangor, the chairman said that the county was to be complimented upon the lightness of the calendar. The cases were four in number, and three of them were certainly of a very trivial character.— He (the chairman) ventured to call the atten- tion of the public to the appeal about to be made on behalf of the Discharged Prisonerf Aid Society, and to express a hope that it might meet with general response. The work which the society did, was a truly good and charitable one. He could confid- ently commend the society to the support and sympathy of the county. NEW MAGISTRATES. Mr Jonathan Davies, Portmadoc, and Dr H. Jones Roberts, Penygroes, qualified as magistrates for the county. o TRIAL OF PRISONERS. Ann Williams, Bangor pleaded guilty to a charge of maliciously wounding John M'Laughlin. Mr Dew, who prosecuted on behalf%of the police, said that the prisoner struck M'Laughlin in the eye with a poker inflicting injuries of such a nature that the lD lC 1 I eve had to be removed. She was sentenced to e three months' imprisonment with hard labour. T J J (lno A youth, named Owen Owen. Llandudno, va* sent in<r money from a shop a, the pmce. I 0 [PROCEEDING, j