A SURRY WONDER iiigh street, (iulldford. The pic- turesque old High street of G:11 i lid ford, ;vith its his- corio project- ing clock, presents a de- lightful old time aspect, andSurreyites .11 ay be par- doned for considering it the prettiest treet scene in England. Falcon road Is one of the i -43°r?- Dlo^ern roads in Guildford, and at No. i "ves Mrs R. Styles, a stout matronly Proud mother of ten children, t u >'ears a§° September," said she .Surrey Times" reporter, "I was very ill h influenza, and I never seemed to get er that attack, although previously a rong woman. 1 was for months unable to i0 "'y housework. When the influenza ft me I suffered dreadfully from palpita- °h of the heart and nervousness, and had kK Paiw> in my head that I thought I i °uld go out of my mind. In addition, I rheumatic pains in my limbs, and life as getting a misery. Medical treatment unsuccessful, and I really felt as it I dying. While I was in this critical con- ation a book was left at my house telling the plftues of Dr Williams' Pink Pills for Pale and I resolved to try a box. I am ery glad that I did, for at the end of a week found there were doing me good. In a °rtnight I felt a different woman,and now I 0l*t think I ever felt so well in my life before "certainly never better. The palpitation ? the heart has gone, and the pains in my **ead and limbs have likewise disappeared. Jy neighbours are amazed at the wonderful change in me, but I can safel. say that it is eJ»tirely due to those pills and to nothing else." Mrs Styl es also mentioned the case otf a •lend, a dressmaker, who complained of general weakness, and her eyes paining her. r*fter a course of Dr Williams' Pink Pills, sh» has derived wonderful benefit. Mrs Styles (concludes the reporter) gave one the idea of a strong active person, the very reverse of an invalid. It is because fortify and strengthen the system that the- pills are unlike any other medicine, alld this shows the importance of always ettillg the genuine pills, which are sold only In a pink wrapper, bearing in read the full frame, "Dr Williams' Pink Pills for Pale "eople." In case of doubt, it is better to send direct to Dr Williams' Medicine Co., 46? Holborn Viaduct, London, enclosing the Price, 2s 9d for one box; 13s 9d for six boxes. The disorders they have cured include allæmia, loss of appetite, palpitation, short- ness of breath, early decay, all forms of fe- male weakness, hysteria, paralysis, loco- motor ataxy, rheumatism, sciatica, scrofula, 1"lekets, chronic erysipelas, consumption of the bowels and lungs. These pills are not a Purgative, and contain nothing that could 'tijure the most delicate.
BARMOUTH VIVISECTION.—On Thursday a public meeting was held at Barmouth to constitute a Welsh section of the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection. Mr R. Lloyd Price (Bala) presided.—The following letter was read from the Rev rl. Price Hughes (Lon- don), addressed to Miss Atkinson (Ty ny- ffynon): "Dear Madam,—I have always been, and I am increasingly, opposed to the prac- tice of vivisection. I believe that any pos- sible or speculative gain to physical science Is outweighed a thousand times by the de- moralising effect of the practice upon the hearts and consciences of vivisectionists, on Medical and other students, and the public at large. I am very glad to hear that it is intended to form a Welsh section of the Union for the Abolition of Vivisection. I 8111 sure that when once the facts of the case are made known to my fellow-countrymen they will utterly condemn the cruel and de- moralising practice. I am too much occu- pied to take any active part in the move- ment, but my name, if it is of any use, is freely at your v^s^c'isal.—Yours sincerely, H. Price Ruglies.Miss Frances Power Cobbe, president of the British Union, ex- plained the object of the Union, and spoke of the cruelties caused by vivisection. She proposed the following resolution That vivisection is an abominable sin, and that it must be abolished."—The Rev Z. Mather seconded and Dr IJjighes and Ceonel St. Clair supported the resolution, which was carried unanimously.-The Rev E. Hughes propos?d-Tha.t a W) t'sh section of the British Union for the Abolition cf Vivisection be constituted."—The proposition was car- ried. and the following were appointed Officers: -President, Mr R. Lloyd Price (Bala) vice-presidents, Mrs Rathbone, Mrs Talbot (Barmouth), Mrs Foulkes (Rhyl), Miss Gwenllian Thomas (Brecon), the Rev E. Hughes (Barmouth), and the Rev H. Price Hughes (London); treasurer, Mrs Edwin Blakey; secretary;. Miss Blanehe Atkinson.
One of the most readable articles in the July issue of the "Windsor Magazine" is that on Haslemere as a. literary centre. Some good auecdqtes are told concerning the many distinguished men whose names are asso- clated with the place, and the following may be new to manv of our readers. "One Sunday Lord and Lady'Tennyson were resting in the drawing-room, when they were alarmed to see a pair of legs suddenly dangling from an acacia tree on the lawn. The explanation of this unceremonious visit was, on inquiry, quickly forthcoming. The possessor of the limbs in question had climed up the tree to "Catch a sight of the poet! Tennyson thor- oughly entered into the spirit of personal incidents similar to the forthgoing, and took pleasure in relating them to his friends. One concerning the Prince of Wales and the page boy much amused him. With characteristic kindness the poet once engaged a lad from some charity school as page boy. One day the Prince of Wales called, and this youth answered the dcor. 'Is Mr Tennyson in P the Prince inquired. 'S'pose he is, and s'pose he isn't?' the urchin replied. 'Well, I want to know,' good-humouredly replied H.R.H. 'tell him the Prince of Wales wishes to see him.' The garb of an English gentleman did not accord with the youth's notions of royalty. Putting his thumb to his ncse and spreading out his fingers, he said, 'You don't take me for a'Johnny "Green, do you ?' The Prince, with his usual bonhomie, thoroughly enjoyed the boy' blunder."
CRICCLTH COUNCIL. A meeting cf this Council was held on Sat- urday evening. Present: Messrs T. Bur- nell (chairman), R. P. Thomas (vice-chair- man), Robert Thomas, W. G. Evans, T. E. Palmer, J. T. Jones, John Jones, O. T. Williams, Dr Davies, J. W. Bowen, W. Watkin, J. W. Roberts, H. Humphreys, Evan Jones, O. Parry, J. Tobias (assistant clerk), and M. Wiliams (surveyor). FINANCIAL. The finance committee recommended the payments of bills amounting to £ 47 10s 6d. There was an item of 6s 8d in dispute. It was overtime allowed H. Woodward for watching the concrete during the night.— The amount was ordered to be paid. The supplemental pay sheet came to zLl2 7s. The engineer certified that the sea wall contrac- tor was entitled to £ 150 on account. On the motion of Mr R. Thomas, seconded by Mr W. G. Evans, it was agreed to pay that amount.—The Clerk said that the amount of fees in connection with the application for the loan of over £ 2000 towards the sea wall was E21 10s; stamp, X3 2s 6d. STATISTICS. Births during the month, 1; deaths, 4. There was no infectious diseases of any kind during the month. MR GLADSTONE. Mr Herbert Gladstone-, M.P., wrol3 acknowledging the vote of sympathy passed by the Council with the Family of the late Mr W. E. Gladstone.—Mr Robert Thomas moved that the letter be recorded on the minutes.—Mr Evan Jones seconded and it was agreed to. A BANKRUPT'S MONEY. The Clerk had written to the Official Re- ceiver respecting £ 57 16s which belonged to a bankrupt who had done work for the Coun- cil, and which amount was still due to him for that work. The Official Receiver advised the Council not to part with the money for the present. v RAILWAY ARRANGEMENTS. The Cambrian Railways Company acknow- ledged the receipt of an application from the Council for improvement in the train arrange- ments. The matter would be considered by the Company.—A letter was received from another railway company stating that the request oi the Council could not be granted, but adding that other conveniences would be granted during the summer months. CYCLISTS. The Cyclists Touring Club asked whether the Council insisted upon all drivers of vehicles carrying lighted lamps. Had the Council any bye-laws? Mr J. T. Jones The County Council have had the matter under consideration. When that Council passes anything upon the mat- ter we may be able to adopt it here.—Re- marks were made by Mr O. T. Williams, Mr R. Thomas, and Dr Davies, and the matter was allowed to drop. CRICCIETH CHARITIES. Mr T. E. Morris, the As istant Charity Commissioner, informed the Council that his report regarding the Criccieth Charities was published. He wanted the fcot to be made well known in the parish. ADVERTISING. Llandudno Council asked if this Council would guarantee a sum not less than R20 if a bill was brought before Parliament, giving power to local authorities to devote a portion of the rates to advertise the town.—Dr Da- vies was favourable to such a course.—Mr 0. T. Williams said a committee bad been ap- pointed to receive contributions towards that object. As a Council they could not grant any money out of the rates.—The Chairman We cannot interfere.The Committee found out that the inhabitants had no interest in the matter.—Mr J. T. Jones: If they are going fcr an Act of Parliament, it will be very expensive.—Mr R. Thomas: There will be preliminary expenses, supposing the bill never became law.—The matter dropped. AN EXCHANGE OFFERED. A Council in Flintshire offered for sale a steam roller.—Mr Palmer The roa.ds are too steep here for a steam roller. They are well rolled already.—Mr Evans: Suppose we offer to exchange our old watering cart for the steam roller? (loud laughter).—Mr R. Thomas I should second a proposal to sell the watering cart, but not exchange it.- Mr Evans: It is useless.The offer was de- clined. A BAND'S APPLICATION. Mr Claude Linton wrote asking for per- mission to sing and play on the promenade during the summer months. He had a band of three gentlemen and one lady. They were first class instrumentalists and operatic singers, all well dressed, off and on the stage (roars cf laughter).—The Council had no power to gfant permission. THE CONGO INSTITUTION. The Rev T. G. Williams, of the Congo In- stitution, Colwyn Bay, asked the Council to permit him to held a public meeting at the Town Hall in August.—Mr Robert Thomas said that they should only charge a nominal sum.—Dr Davies mentioned 2s 6d.—3Ir Bowen seconded.—Passed. GAME LICENSES. Game licenses were granted to Mr J. W. Roberts and -r W. Owen. DINAS STONES. Mr W. G. Evars asked for permission to take building stones from Dinas.—The usual charge used to be 6d per cubit foot.—The application led to a lively discussion.—Mr H. Humphreys proposed that the price bo re- duced.—Mr O. T. Williams Why reduce the amount new Ev.an Jones: We should not put anything in the way of Criccieth get- ting on. There are plenty of build'ng stones in the quarry,—enough for 50 years.—Mr H. Humphreys: The small broken stones can be used on the road.—Mr R: P. Thomas We should remember that there are no stones to be had on the shore new. Mr J. T. Jones: No stones should be allowed to be taken unless paid for. Other people have paid for stones there.—Mr R. P. Tho- mas Where will builders get stones ? Must they go to LlfinffcrddP Can they go to Parci u M,awr?-Mr Palmer: How about b-.s.mj?—The -Chairman:: The builders blast themselves.—Mr Evans The pric- is too dear for the stones. The west side is better. The stones there are cheap for 6d. —Mr R, Thomas wanted to know what prcfit was made on the stcnes in the past. They should not go in for making profit, but should safe-guard the interest of the ratepayers. They should bear in mind that Mr Evans was a member cf the Council, ond it did not look well for him to be there when th s matter was being discussed.—The Clerk said that on one occasion zE12 royalty had been paid for the place, but the Council recsived nothing On another occasion the sum of £ 12 Is 6d W,18 paid as royalty, whilst the Council re- ceived £ 15.—Mr J. T. Jones: We had nothing last year.—Mr R. Thomas: We should charge a fair price all round.—Mr Evans I cannot give 6d.—Mr Evan Jcnes: It is irore expensive tc open the quarry at this end.—Mr 0. T. Williams Why should we allow a reduction now ? I am net against building, but I want everyone to be en the same level. We should bear in mind that if we reduce the charge now, we may be sus- pected of unfairness, beacuse Mr Evans is a member of the. Council. No rea- on has yet been given for making any reduction.— Mr Evans The fact that Mr Evans will not work the quarry unless he gets a. reduction is a sufficient reason.—Mr J. T. Jones: Mr Evans ought to retire.—Mr Evans: I am quite willing to do so.-He then left the room.—Mr R. Thomas said that in all cases of this kind, when any change was proposed, a notice of motion shculd always be given.— After further remarks the Council resolved to adhere to the old terms. HACKNEY CARRIAGES, &c. Mr O. T. Williams brought in the report of the Improvements Committee, and pro- posed the various items seriatim. The bye-laws governing hackney carriages, &o., were based upon similar bye-laws elsewhere. The Committee had -one through them care- fully. Each authcrised driver would wear a, badge, and the trap would have a number. The fares would be published on a card in- side the vehicle. The maximum fare al- lowed was higher than what was charged at present.—Mr W. Williams then gave parti- culars of the fares.—Mr J. Jones: Is the driver to adhere to these prices? Who is to see that the prices are not exceeded ?— Mr O. T. Williams: The list of fares will be put up in the vehicle. Any deviation from that list is to be reported to the Council.— Mr J. Jones I know better than you about carriages and horses (laughter). What ibout donkeys ?-NIr Williams: They are also down. Two donkeys, 9d, one donkey, 6d (loud laughter).—Mr J. T. Jones: Any rule about a mule? (more laughter).—Mr J. W. Roberts: Do you restrict as to age?—Mr J. Jones: What! A donkey's age (renewed laughter).—Dr Davies: Expenses will run high. Who will have to pay?—Mr Wil- liams 0, no. Hardly any costs.—Dr Da- vies There is the printing, &c.—Mr Hum- phreys: How will it benefit the town?—Mr W illiams It will protect visitors,—that is one benefit. There will be a nominal charge paid for the badges.—Mr R. P. Thomas ob- jected to the maximum being put higher than was the highest fare now charged.—Mr Williams: It is only put to show that the amount cannot be exceeded.—A discussion on the various items charged at present fol- folowed. Mr Palmer (an Englishman) com- plained that he could not understand what was proceeding, as the talk was in Welsh.— The Chairman explained to him.—Mr Palmer made certain suggestions, and proposed that the car proprietors should be consulted.— Mr Humphreys seconded, and it was passed. SPEED OF CYCLISTS. The committe,, put the speed of cyclists when passing through the town at six miles an hour.—Dr Davies said that notices to cyclists should be put up at the entrances to the town.—Aissed. BATHING AND THE FORESHORE. Mr Williams said that the time had come that they should have the control of the fore- shore, and so be in a position to regula-te bathing and boating. They should take a lease cf the foreshore from the harbour de- partment of the Board of Trade, for El rent, and pay royalty for each load of stones or gravel that might be taken. That would be better than the present unsatisfactory state of affairs. Stoneswere being already carried from the place. Anyone could give information that would stop it. Mr Wil- liams would trust to the honesty of every builder that whenever he wanted stones from the shore, that he would keep a proper account of the loads.—Mr Evans What of the sea weeds?—Mr Williams: That is free. The Council should consider the question in its face, with all its advantages and disad- vantages. By paying 4d per load royalty, and the rent, the Council could ha.ve con- trol over the beach.—Mr Palmer said that they were in a cleft whatever they did. He would rather let things be as they were. They were already saddled with plenty of embankments. He moved that they should drop the whole thing.—Mr Humphreys agreed with Mr Palmer. Fourpence for one load appeared small, but what of 60 or 80 loads ?—The Clerk said that he had been re- quested to ask for an explanation of Clause 8 of the lease. The Beard of Trade had given him the explanation. No stones or gravel were to be removed from the shore without permission from the Council or the consent cf the Board of Trade.—Dr Davies Are not stones a protection to our property ?-Ilr E. Jones There is no harm done. At least it was said by Mr Douglas, who is an authority upon, such matters.—Mr J T Jones thought that removing the stones weakened the de- fence cf the land—Mr J W Roberts: What amount does the Beard of Trade ask for the place?—Mr J. T. Jones: One pound rent and 4d per load for stones, &c.—Mr Evans: Many thousands of tons of gravel and sand come up with the tide, nnd we may as well let Criccieth people get them as to let the gravel and sand be take l to Morfa Bvchan. 31 r j. Jones believed that people could be stepped carrying anything from the beach.— Mr Watkin I think we ought to get the management of the befeb. I second Mr Williams.—The resolution was passed. LIBERALITY. The estimate for putting the Maes Brook in order was £ 5.-—Dr Davies thought trees would be of no gcod there, unless protected. Mr J. T Jones premised trees and labour, and Mr R Thomas did the same Mr Bowen also promised to help CIRCUSES AND SHOWS. A long discussion took place arising from the recommendation cf the committee to throw open the Maes to shows and circuses. Mr R. Thomas believed that the committee had acted ultrr. vires, and moved that the committee's recommendation be not adopted. —Mr Humphreys seconded.—Mr J. W. Ro- berts seconded the recommendation. After a warm debate, the committee's recommenda- tion was adopted by a majority.—Mr R. Thc- mas said that it was « serious mistake.- Further on it was resolved to exempt fair days from the rule.—Mr Evans asked if a switchback came there for a week, and if a fair was held there during that week, what would the Council do ?—Mr R. Thomas Clear it out.—Mr Evans: It would be very unfair. BATHING NOTICES. Mr Palmer said that unless they had ccn- trol over the beach, they might as well not put up any notices. They could not enforce any bye-laws.—Mr J. T. Jones Yes, above the highwater mark.—Mr 0. T. Williams said that the notices would be always up.- Mr Palmer condemned the proposal to im- pose a penalty unless the bathing machines were a certain distance apart. It was only a trap. The visitors went in front of the machines. Mixed bathing prevailed there. The rules would enly bring ridicule upon all. He moved that the recommendation cf the committee be not adopted.—There was no seconder.—The recommendation was passed. A NEW RATE. A rate of 3s 6d in the pound was made. WANTED—A TRANSLATION. The "Pistyll'' below Sncwdon View was un- sightly, and instructions were given for the necessary work to he done.—Mr Evans asked what was the English wcrd fcr "Pistyll. The Clerk Some cjdl ;t "a pub" (laughter) A PERMANENT COMAIITTE9 Mr Watkin moved the suspension cf the standing orders, in crder to propose a re- solution. He proposed that a permanent committee cf tho Council should form a fin- ancial commit tec-.—Mr Palmer seconded. Passed.—The following were ,lppcinted:- Me jsrs Bur^el!, J. T. Jcnes, Palmer, O. T. Wiilhins. and Watkin. LOVER'S LANE Mr Evans proposed that Mr J. T. Evans should be asked to grant land to widen the entrance into Lever's Lane.^—Mr J. T. Jones said that he had m-.de an offer years ago. Mr Greaves should also be approached.—Mr Evans Ycu should show an example.—Mr J. T. Jones said that he war prepared to do his share.—Mr Bowen said that they should ac- cept Mi Jones's promise. MAES TY'NYGELLHESG. The ground rents cf the proposed new houses were again discussad. Mr J. T. Jones demanded that the minutes of the com- mittee and the council dealing with the matter should be read. The Clerk did so, and also read the names of those present. At the Council meeting there were present Messrs R. Thomas, W. Williams, Dr Davies, H. Humphreys, Evan Jones, Captain E. Jones, J. T. Jones, Marks, O. T. Williams, and R. P. Thomas. Mr J. T. Jones had proposed and Mr R. P. Thomas seconded that the ground rents should be as adopted.— At a subsequent meeting a motion was made to rescind all former resolutions on the matter This was proposed by Mr Burnell, seoonded by Mr Williams.—Mr J. T. Jones said that no one protested.—Mr R. P. Thomas said that Mr Humphreys was a member at the time and did not protest.—Mr Humphreys: I wanted to build at the time.—Mr O. T. Williams said that the Rev J. Owen claimed the first offer to build in the place.-Tlierl a discussion ensued as to the revising the rents. Mr J. W. Roberts wanted to know who was to pay the expenses already incurred in level- ling, c. ?-Mr J. T. Jones said that the Council were to make the road and the drain there. Mr J.T. Jones strongly animadverted upon the reference that had been made by Mr Owen about the dead, and went on to to describe the nature of the work that should be done at Maes Ty'nygellhe&'g.-Mr R. Tno- ma.s asked what was the position of the Coun- cil ? Had they not promised to meet Mr Owen. —Mr O. T. Williams said that if the Council s offer was not accepted, it fell through.-Mr Evans wanted to have the rents revised, and the amounts reduced, rather tbaii ratepayers should suffer loss. He showed what heavy losses would follow unless the land was let.-Mr Hum- phreys seconded Mr Evans.—Mr R. P. Tho- mas: Is it right that an applicant for a site should second the proposal?—Mr Hum- phreys: I am not now an applicant.—Mr Bowen said that they should consider the in- terest of the ratepayers. Land was getting very scarce there now. A perpetual lease was different from other leases. He moved that the resolutions already passed by the Council be adhered to.'—Mr Evans: But think.-Mr J. T. JQnes: Order, order. You have spoken before. '-Mr Evans: Why should you shcut "Order, order!" at me all the time. You must not do so. I tell you. J- T. Jones: I can call you to order. 3j.i Evans You have no right to call me to order.-Mr Jones Yes, yes.-Tlie Chair- man intervened, and said he would call for -order. Mr R. P. Thomas seconded the mo- tion proposed by Mr Bowen.—Mr J. T. Jones said that he was glad that Mr Bowen had proposed the motion. It was what others had done before. The seconder of the proposal to reduce the rents was present a,t the meeting when the rents were settled. -For rescinding the previous resolutions and revising the rents, õ vcted against 9. -On the motion cf Mr Bowen, it was resolved t0A^1VtUie first offer "f a Plot to Mr Owen. —Mr Evan Jones seconded.—It was decided to advertise in the "Genedl Gymreig" that building sites were to be had at Maes Ty'n- ygellhesg.
BREACH OF PROMISE CASE Owen v. Jones.—On Thursday, in the Court of Appeal, composed of Lords Justices A. L. Smith, Rigby, and Vaughan Williams, there was down for hearing the application of the plaintiff, Miss Jane Ann Hughes Owen, ot Portmadoc, for a new trial of her action for alleged breach of promise of mar- riage against Captain Thomas Owen, also of the same place. The action was tried at Car- narvon Assizes, before Mr Justice Channell and a common jury, and resulted in a verd'ict and judgment for the defendant. Mr Bowen Rowlands, Q.C., and Mr Ellis Griffith were counsel for the appellant, and Mr S. Evans and Mr Trevor Llovd appeared for the res- pondent. Mr Bowen Rowlands said, although he had been briefed in the case, he knew absolutely nothing about it. He was not at the trial at Carnarvon, the plaintiff, Miss Owen, then being represented by Mr Ellis Griffith. That gentleman was now, however, engaged in the Consular Court at Tangier, where he was de- fending certain persons on a charge of smug- gling arms into Switzerland. Therefore it was desirab.e that the case should be post- poned for the present. Lcrd Justice Smith: What do the other side say ? Mr S. Evans said that he should object to any further postponement, the case having been deferred until that date to suit the con- venience of the plaintiff. Mr Bowen Rowlands Your solicitors were assenting parties; and I have not been in- structed in the case, nor has the London soli- citor. Lord Justica Smith As the other side objects and you do not wish to go on with the appeal, then it must be struck out. Mr Bowen Rowlands: I am not prepared to argue the case in Mr Ellis Griffith's ab- sence. It is an action for breach of promise of marriage by Miss Owens, and it was tried before Mr Justice Channe'I, with a common jury, and I believe everybody in court was extremely astounded at the verdict which the jurv gave, and which was for the defendant. Lord Justice Vaughan Williams You can argue the appeal very well from the papers, and you will not be embarrassed by an incon- venient memory, as you were not at the trial (laughter). Lord Justice Smith: I see from the notes made by Mr Justice Channell at the trial that he made a statement to Mr Ellis Griffith which would necessitate his presence during the arguments here. Mr Bowen R-owlands said that Mr Ellis Griffith would return to this country by the 5th or 6th of July. The court then ordered the case to stand out of the list for the present, the plaintiff to pay the costs of that application. Mr Bowen Rowlands: The; defendant's counsel consented to the case standing out of the list until after the 23rd inst. Lord Justice Smith: You ?re not ready to go on with the case, and we direct that you pay the costs of the other side in coming here to-day. The case stands over until the new trial list, to be heard after the 6th July Order accordingly.
PORTHMADOC POLICEJ COUR,T.-Or Friday, b:fc.v Messrs R. M. Greaves (chairman), J. E. Greaves, J. R. Prichard, W. Lowson, and T. Burnell. DRUNKENNESS AND CRUELTY TO A HORSD,-WI-Iti,a,m Hughesy hawker, Car- narvon, was charged with having been drunk and riotous on May 14th. Hj was also charged with cruelly beating a horse.—P.C Rowlands deposed to seeing the defendant in High street, late at night, drunk and riotous. He had a horse and trap. He took the butt end of a whip and crucllv beat the horse, which was going all right. There was no reason whatsoever for beating the animal. The defendant was locked up. Two boys, who were with the defendant, took charge of the horse and trap.—Sergeant ones said that Hughes savagely beat the hcr-e with the butt end of the whip.—Defendant was fined 20s and 12s costs for drunkenness, fid 20s and 14s costs for the crusty, or 14 days im- prisonment for each offence.—Inspector Dowty represented the S.P.C.A. DRUNKENNESS.—John Pu h and Samuel Pugh, two- brothers living with their parents at Saw-mill terrace, were "roved to be drunk and riotous by P.S. Jones. Fined 5s costs 8s 6d, each—WJliam Jones, Pen- rhyndeudraeth, and Job Thomas, East Avenue, did net appear to answer a similar charge against them.—Two brothers, Huga and Thomas Jones, quarrymen, Highgate, Llanystumdwy, pleaded guilty to being drun': and creating a disturbance at the Brynh'r Arms Inn, Criccieth, on the 23th May.— P.C. Owens was called into the house by the landlord and D. Davies, and saw the defend- ants in the kitchen creating a row. Force had to be used to eject them. They had been supplied with a glass cf beer by the publican. -There being previous convictions against Hueh Jcnes, he was fired- 15s, ccsts, 8s 6d._ The Bench believed that Thomas Jones bad been misled by his brother, and decided to give him another chanCL-B.. R. Jones, the tenant of the public house, was chanred with supplying beer to H. and T. Jones. Mr John Humphreys defended.-P.C. Owens ad that he saw the brothers Jones in the house. They were drunk. The defendant toldl deponent that he had given them a g'ass of b^er. The house was full, there being a musical festival in the town that dav.-—Crcss-exam necl: R. R. Jones intended to summon H. i-e: T. Jozies.—Hugh Jcneo sa-d tli-t he was served with a glass of beer by R. R. Jones b it wit- ness was not drunk.—The charge wfi, dis- missed.
Do not accept any bott'e which does not bear the bbel. WHEATLEY'S HOP BIT- TERS. It is absolutely the Best Non- intoxicating Drink, and has gained the High- est Award over ali Competitors. The PROGRAMME of the Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales will be ready shortly. Price, 6d. Pest free, 8d. May be had of all Booksellers, or from the Publishers—The Welsh National Press, Company, Limited, Carnarvon.
MR WILLIAM HENRY PREECF. C,8, F.R.S. This-week we take from the current issue of "Answers" the following sketch cf another Carnarvonite, Mr W. H. Preece, Penrhos: HE GAVE US THE TELEPHONE. THE PHONOGRAPH, AND THE ELECTRIC BELL. When the telephone was first getting into work the Queen was anxious to test its powers, and accordingly arrangements were made to put Osborne, Portsmouth, and Lon- don in telephonic communication with one another. With this in view, it was arranged that a band should play in London at nine o'clock, so that Her Majesty might hear the music. Some slight mishap occurred to fhe Osborne section of the wire, and the Queen's coming was delayed. The musicians, after playing some time, were dismissed. Shortly after, great consternation was caused by the receipt of a wire from Osborne, stating that Ti: HAD ARRIVED, and was ready to hear the music. What was to be done? The band had departed, and there was no way of getting another! On a hasty impulse, the gentleman in charge decided to see what he could do in the way of a band, and hummed "God Save the Queen" through the telephone. Then he inquired. if her Majesty had recognised the tune. "Yes," was the reply; "it was the National Anthem, but very bad:y slaved." The "band" which played so badly on that occasion was Mr W. H. Preece, C.B., the Chief Engineer and Electrician to Her Majesty's Post Office. Not content with such a record, Mr Preece has won success and dis- tinction in many directions. The place which he occupies in the estimation of his fel'ow- engineers is shown by the fact that they have elected him as President of the Institution of Civil Engineers. So Mr Preece will enjoy the double distinction of being the first. Civil servant and the first electrical engineer who has received this high honour. But the hon- our is well deserved. Mr Preece has further the peculiar dis- tinction of having introduced three of the most useful of modern inventions into Eng- land-the telephone, the phonograph, and the electric bell. Further, he was one of the very first-Lord Armstrong being the first- to introduce the electric light into his own house. The electric bell had its home in France, where Mr Preece saw it at the house of the famous optician Bre-net. In England the first tinkle of the electric bell was heard in 1867, in the house of Sir Francis Truscott, where it wasiPut up by Mr Preece himself. Mr Preece was also the chief apostle of the block system, to the general adoption of which we owe the comparatively safety cf our railway travelling. But perhaps his most useful work was the introduction cf "duplex telegraphy" in 1855. On all subjects electrical Mr Preece is the first authority, and his book on telegraphy is far and away the best and' mcst compre- hensive. He has done more than any man living to bring the engineering department of the Postal Telepraph Service to its pre- sent state cf efficiency, and has charge of the erection anI maintenance of all the Govern- ment telegraphs and telephones of the United Kingdom, and ALL THE SUBMARINE CABLES controlled or owned by this country. What this means may be realised when the figures are given. Of cables there are 2643 miles, 2 containing 9354i miles of wire; while of tele- 2 graphs there are no less than 38,749f miles, 4 containing 270,581 miles of wire, which last year had 79,423,556 messages flashed through them. The telegraphic staff numbers no less than 5369. From this exacting work Mr Preece is doomed to retire next year owing to the age limit, and it will be difficult to fill his place with one who knows the whole sys- tem from its inception. The extraordinary development, of tele- graphy in Mr Preece's time is shown by the fact Jth at. when he first entered the Post I Office the number of words transmitted was onlv 120 a minute. Now, no less than 600 words a minute can be sent between London and Birmingham; 450 between London and Dublin; while 120 a minute can be sent as far as Rome! Mr Preece says that his life has been a ouiet one; yet few men's deeds have done more to bring about revolutions. Electri- city has done more to revolutionise the world than anything else, and Mr Preece is its chief priest. He was born among the Welsh hills —at Carnarvon, in 1834. At eleven it was his good fortune to be TAKEN BY THE FAMILY DOCTOR to hear the great scientist Faraday at the Royal Institution. So Kntereste)] was he that he begged to be taken to all the other lectures of the course, and from 1846 to 1853 he heard all those famous lectures. He little thought when he heard the first lecture that he would one day be Faraday's assistant. But it came about. Mr Preece was first intended fcr the Army. But his father's death rendered it necessary for him to earn his living. He was educated at King's College, and entered the office of Mr E. Clarke, chiefly known as the engineer of the Britannia Tube across the Menai Straits. When Mr Clarke became engineer to the Electrical Te'egrapli Companv. Mr Preece became greatly interested in electri- city. He was engaged in laying down scme underground wires between Liverpool and Manchester, and in the operations some re- markable scientific facts- were developed. Faraday and the Astronomer Royal were called on to investigate them, and Mr Preece was attached! to them in the conduct of the ensuing experiments. At twenty Mr Preece had charge cf the southern district of the Electric Telegraph Company; then he became superintendent of one district of the South-Western Railway's telegraphs, and finally, when the existing telegraph lines became the property of the State, Mr Preece became a. Civil servant. First he was a divisional engineer. In 1877 he was appointed chief electrician, and in 1892 engineer-in-chief and electrician. His faithful and valuable services have been re- warded by a C.B., conveyed in 1894 in an autograph letter by the G.O.M., who wrote it ( ON HIS BOth BIRTHDAY. Mr Preece has in his office at the G.P.O. a most interesting little case, which summar- ises in a vivid way that great advance which electrical science has made during the Queen's reign. First of all there is a piece cf fossil telegraph, which was laid in. 1837 on what was then calkd the London ard Fir- mingham Railway, between Euston and Cam- niingham Railway, between Euston and Cam- den. The wires are inserted in a thick block cf wood. By the side of this block is the beautiful little ivorv tnob which the Queen touched when she sent her Jubilee message I round the world, and the silk-ccvered wires which were attached to the handle. But the most interesting feature about this incident was that the current which the Queen started when she pressed the knob passed' through the eld postal to^graph. which w -s bid in ILR37-tl,e first that was laid. Mr Prem? bed the wires fastened to each end cf it, and in that wrv made the years 1837 and 1897 to icin in ^\r>TVG THE QUEEN'S MESSAGE to the ends of the world. Mr Preece tells a curious story about the telephone, which somewhat like that told about the Queen and the National Anthem. The very first i-etiire, he gave on the tele- phone was at the Royal Institution in May, 1878. By way of experiment and illustra- ti"ll, he arranged a circuit to Southampton, f Tfli W&h. I
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CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS' TRAIN SERVICE. From our advertising columns it will be seen that the Cambrian Railways Company announce extensive alterations in their Train Service on and after July 1st. Express Trains will be run to Aberystwyth, To yn. Barmouth, Harlech, Portmadoc, Criccieth, Pwllheli, and all Coast Stations, in connec- tion with Fast Trains from London, Birming- ham. Wolverhampton, Liverpool, Manches- ter, Oldham, Preston, Stcckport, Crewe, and all the chief towns in England, Scotland, trd Wales. On July 1st, the whcle of the Combined Rail and Coach Tours on the Cambrian Coast come into operation, and parties intending to visit the Coast should obtain a programme gratis, at all Stations, giving full particulars (f all the Touri. f
f"T-ToI(-,il, DULCEMONA TEA|Fr*h. CHAICE DULCEMONA TEA) Young. CHOICF, DULCEMONA TEA | Invigorating. Is 6d to 3s per lb., cf all Grccers. One teaspoonful goes twice as far as ordin- ary tea. The PROGRAMME cf the Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales will be ready shcrily. Price, 6d. Pest free, 8d. May be had of all Booksellers, or from the Publishers—The Welsh National Press, Company, Limited, varnar^ott.
WELSH EDUCATION AT Tfli P iRIS EXHIBITION CONFERENCE AT SHREWSBURY. A conference of Welsh edudcationists was held at the Music Hall, Shrewsbury, on Fri- day afternoon, at the invitation of the Edu- tion Sub-committe3 of the Royal Commis- sion for the Paris Exhibition, of which the Prince of Wales is president. The chairman of the Welsh Sub-committee is Dr Isambard Owen, while Mr A. C. Humphreys-Owen, M.P., and Mr A. G. Legard, chief inspector of schools in Wales, are vice-chairmen.—Dr Isambard Owen presided at the Conference, and amongst these present were Sir George Kekewich, the Hon. Mrs T. M. Bulkeley Owen, Mrs Humphreys-Owen, the Hon. George Kenyon and Mrs Kenyon, the Vicar of Welshpool, Mr Cadwaladr Davies, Prin- cipal Viriamu Jones, the Hon. W. N. Bruce, Principal Reichel, Principal Rhys, and others. Telegrams regretting absence were received from Mr Humphreys-Owen, Major Pryce Jones, M..c., and Lady Verney. The chairman said education was going to be made a very prominent feature of the Paris Exhibition of 190U, and it was thought desirable by the Education Sub-committee of the Royal Commission that each of the tour countries of Great Britain and Ireland should have its own Committee to prepare for the Exhibition (applause). It was thought well to call a conference of Welsh education ists that the Welsh Sub-committee might be formally appointed and commissioned. The Provisional Committee who had called that meeting had several suggestions to make on the character of Welsh exhibits. He thought that they would be able to represent Welsh education with much more fulness than the English, because education in Wales was --hmore a matter of public organisation than it was, unfortunately, in England (ap- plause). They suggested in the first place, that a history of Welsh education should be prepared as a sort of handbook of the whole question. The history would trace the pro- gress of education in Wales, giving some ac- count of the old endowed grammar schools, the founding of Lampeter and the other theo- logical colleges, the results of Lord Aber- dare's inquiry in 1870, the establishment of the elementary, technical, and intermediate schools, of the University Colleges of Wales, of North Wales and of South Wales, and fin- ally of the University of Wales (applause). The history ought to include a reference to that eminently educational system, the Welsh Sunday School—(applause)—and to the Eisteddfod—(applause),—and not only of the National Eisteddfod, but the whole system of eisteddfodau. It was also sug- gested that they should endeavour to com- pile a complete Bibliography of Welsh edu- cation, so that it might be readily accessible to anyone who wished to consult it. He further suggested that there should be al- bums of photographs of the educational buildings in each county of Wales (hear, hear),—and it was possible they might show some of their educational appliances in ac- tion by means of photographs. They might, send specimens of work actually done in the institutions, and that applied more particul arly to the elementary schools, and in a less degree to the intermediate schools, but least of all to higher education. He thought it should not be made a commercial exhibition, but an exhibition of what had been done by public bodies for education—(applause). He hoped that before the exhibits were shipped for Paris in September, 1899, they would be shown in Wales or in London (applause). The position of such an exhibition was a sub- ject for that Conference to discuss. Sir George Kekewich said those present would agree that at-all events Wales was an educational nation (applause), and they wished Great Britain to be represented as an educational nation at Paris (hear, hear). They wanted their exhibits to invite com- parison with those of other nations (ap- plause). He wished to have a complete par norama of educational systems, so that pec- ple who visited the exhibition should be able to see at a glance what they were dcing for education from the Universities down to the humblest schools. Principal Rhys (Oxford) proposed—"That this meeting approves of the proposal to ar- range for a representation of Welsh educa- tion in the education section of the Paris Exhibition of 1900, and that those present undertake to co-operate to the best of their power to render such a representation com- prehensive and thorough." He suggested that music should be represented by a Welsh choir (applause). Principal J. F. Roberts (Aberystwyth) se- conded the resolution, which was supported by the Rev Aaron Da vies, of Pontlottyn, and ca rried unanimously Principal Viriamu Jones proposed that an Executive Committee be appointed. Mr Legard, in seconding, remarked that a Welsh choir might sing into a phonograph, which might be taken to the exhibition (laughter and "Oh, oh)"). The motion was carried, and a Committee was appointed, which included the members of the Provisional Committee. The Hon. G. T. Kenyon proposed that ar- rangements should be made for holding a preliminary exhibition in the country before the exhibits went to Paris. He thought they might do something to get people to contribute portraits of the founders of Welsh education, which would be exhibited at home at a preliminary exhibition if tb" were not sent to Paris. He proposed that the Com- mittee be empowered to make arrangements for a preliminary exhibition. Mr Cadwaladr Davies seconded the mo- tion, Wjiicli was carried. The Chairman, in concluding the Confer- ence, expressed the condolence of the Con- ference with Mr T. E. Ellis, M.P., in his ill- ness, and the hope that he would speedily be restored.
and ordered a bugler of the Royal Engineers to sound from that place the ordinary mili- tary call, because they come out very dis- tinctly over a great distance. Having at the right time satisfied himself that the bugler was playing, Mr Preece handed the instru- ment to Lord Tennyson, who astonished him by saying that he could hear nothing except a sound like the pattering cf hail! Mr Preece the listened, and certainly seemed to hear the bugle-calls: but no one else could, and so he went on with the lecture xle afterwards discovered that the people and ?wa^Pt°n,htd Tistake" the ^em^ and that the only bugle-calls he heard were by 1118 "pagination. He expected ? ?r i and—heard them! But since then he has always got more than one brain to verify bis telephone exnerlm^nts. curious experience Mr Preece has had—tnat of answering his letters by cable when out at sea In 18.59 the cable between rtsmouth and Alderney had broken, and one of the cable-boats went out to repair it, -*ir rreece being on board. When the broken ends were found—and it is quite easy to te] within a short distance where a cable is broken-an instrurne^. was attached to one end, and communici. »1 made with Southampton, and so to London. Mr Preece's letters were then telegraphed to him, and the replies telegraphed back. The cable was then repaired. Of course, Mr Preese has n tremerdjus belief in the future of electricity, especially as a means of traction and for the utilisation of the waste forces of Nature. For instance, he thinks that the cataracts 01 the Ni'c m-gbt, by means of electricity, be made a means cf iddigating the now waste lands of E-vpt. He is also greatly interested in what is called wireless telegraphy." already communi- cations are being passed at a distance of eighteen miles without wires, and Mr Preece is of opinion that ic will be quite possible to communicate with France in the same way In Mr Preece's delightful house at Wi'm- bledon there are evidences on every hand of his belief in electricity. You may see a flat- iron, ateakete and curling-tongs a!I heated by e ectncity; but the curling-tong, are not used by Mr Preece. The lighting & 6 ,'°'Use ls entirely by electricity generated SP?t' an(* the electric light in his bed- TlITi, years to.his ,ife- Five hours' ,P s always sufficied for him, so when he wa es m the morning he turns the light on T vLWith pen and nearly A DAYS TVORK BEFORE HE GETS UP. T ,mon £ the beautiful things at Gothic l^odge—a house built by Lady Anne Lindsay the author of "Auld Robin Gray," and i„ ie Captain Marryat wrot many of his amous nove s is a model ship, lighted with miniature electric lamps, and with a flash- light, also a doli's house similarly lighted. In addition to his other manifold qualïi- cati. ns, Mr Preece is a most chining speaker and lecturer.