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OUR LONDON LETTER. rBY om: OWN CORRESPONDENT]. LONDON, WEDNESDAY NIGIIT. Death of Gordon—Manner and Time not Accurately Known—Bearing of his Death on the Soudan Campaign-Tltrkey and Italy—Public Opinion on the Rumoured Alliance. The most mournful news of all has just been made public this morning. Many a breakfast table was overcast with gloom, when the death of Gordon was read out. Many a heart beat faster as the Daily Neivs was opened, and as the black lines caught the expectant eye, the question at once suggested itself, What, can it be that lie is dead ? Without naming him, everybody knows who he is. Then the brief telegram is glanced over, and the longer biography follows. Ah too true courage and pure manliness have been over- powered at last: a most beautiful character has ta,llen the victim of savage fanatics. General Gordon's individuality was a strange combination of undaunted bravery and humble devotion he was a fearless soldier and a pious Christian. The world always finds a difficulty in understanding such men; the critics are at their wit's end to account" for them. Muttering something or other to as many as care to listen to their twaddle, the critics pronounce wfth gravity that men like Gordon are not men of the world "-a phrase which conveys to my mind the idea of the most despicable meanness. What sort of animal is this so-called man of the world ?" As far as I can make out, he is a man whose most sacred rule of conduct is his stomach, and whose highest guiding- star is his ledger. Surely, not by suoh little men is the world governed the history of nations is certainly not moulded by :such mean, calculating souls. No, the true "men of the world," if the unhappy phrase is to be used at all, are men of large views and triumphant ideas, men who see far and clearly, and who dare many things in order to achieve some things. One of these was General Gordon, and our feeling to-day, as we hear of the termination of his brilliant and extraordinary career, is that of the most unbounded and most unqualified admiration. As yet we have no very accurate knowledge as to the manner and time of General Gordon's death. The Standard's special correspondent states that he died in the general massacre of January 2<!tb, while Renter puts the date as late as February 4th. that is, this day week. As to the manner of the brave General's sad end, it is said, somewhat vaguely, that he was attacked by his own men as he came out of Government House, or out of his own room. A more pressing question than that, however, is the bearing of Gordon's death on the Soudan campaign. The weightiest motive for an imme- diate advance on Khartoum hasnow been removed. Gordon can no longer be rescued he is beyond our reach. Shall we march against the Mahdi all the same ? or shall we wait for his advance north- wards, and for the coolness of the autumn ? To march southwards at the present moment, and under present circumstances, is a most risky ex-periment to try, and apparently an unnecessary and inexcusable courting of dan- ger. The natural man calls out for a revenge, doubtless; and the man political insists that the Mahdi must be smashed. But neither the revenge nor the smashing need be inflicted in a hurry; active service in the Soudan during summer means a twofold death to English soldiers—death from Soudani spears and death from Soudani climate. We can wait till the autumn, and the revenge will be as sweet and the smashing as effectual then as now. Of the many diplomatic issues that are involved in this complicated Egyptian question, possibly the most delicate is the attitude of England towards Turkey on the one hand, and towards Italy on the other. The situation, though by no means regarded as dangerous, is yet watched by political observers with anxious interest. Turkey, as do jure ruler of Egypt and the Soudan, is naturally desirous of I seeing the English soldiers clearing out of those countries, and, while they remain there, to assist them in the military work now carried on, as that would give an appearance of de facto suzerainty. Italy has always been very friendly with us, and would like nothing so well as following the example of the Crimea, to fight side by side with us on the deserts of the' Soudan. Supposing that we thought fit to accept of aid in our task of smashing the Mahdi, whose good services would it be best to choose, Turkey's or Italy's ? Both powers are ready and willing to help us; we need only to raise our little finger, and their transports steam down the Mediterranean without delay. Public opinion is divided on the point the Spectator pleads with great warmth on behalf of Italy, and goes so far as to congratulate Earl Granville on his success in form- ing the alliance. The Pall Mall, on the contrary, advocates the claims of Turkey, a word from whose Sultan would exercise immense religious influence amongst the followers of the Mahdi; Turkey too, this journal contends, could supply us with camels, which we sorely need, whereas Italy could not. The Daily News, generally at variance with its Liberal rival, the Pall Mall. thinks that Turkey has no sort of moral right to have a voice in the government of Egypt, and declares that Turkish rule in the European provinces is one of the foulest blots in history." But there is no prospect of a choice between the two powers being forced upon us in all proba- bility, the intention of the Government is to prosecute the Soudan campaign without any aid. The dangers of alliance are many. It would. possibly, lead the Soudanese to think that. alone, the English are too weak to conquer them and it might give rise to endless diplomatic difficulties. In their determination to avoid such dangers as these, the Government will doubtless receive the unanimous approbation of the country; and it is evident that our sending ten thousand men to reinforce Wolseley means that no aid, either from Turkey or from Italy, is to be accepted.