I COULD BUT KNOW. A reply to "Sylvius" in the Observer and Expres of last week. Ah I did hear—though whispered low— Your words of love but did I know, Or e'en surmise You looked upon my gentle face, My beauty and my humble grace, With lover's eyes ? Or that, when we are far apart,— You bear mine image in thy heart, Ah did I know ? I recollect, one morning bright, With eyes as piercing as the light You stared at me And what those cunning looks could mean To one befoie you'd never seen, Best known to thee. If I were ever asked to tell, I'd answer with the query-" Well, Did I not know ? Ah don't you know, albeit all skill, Expressions of the features will The truth unfold, And don't you know, no fact can vie The fact that in the human eye The heart is told. Thus, where thy imute soul was wrought, Thy very secret hidden thought I could but know. But, fond admirer, can there be For you no reciprocity In love's an air ? Be not faint-hearted—take good cheer, Approach, and try your fortune, dear,— Do not despair. And when again we're passing by, You read the language of my eye— Then you will know. JULIA. Bangor, Feb. 2nd, 1885.
GRAND CONCERTS AT BANGOR. It is seldom that the citizens of Bangor have extended to them such musical treats as those given at the Penrhyn Hall, on Friday last, when morning and evening concerts of high class character w. re held. The artistes were: Miss Mary Davies (London), Miss Marian Williams (London), Miss Annie Hope (Carnarvon), Mr William Davies (Bangor Cathedral), Mr James Sauvage, Mr Theodore Lawson (violin), Dr. Roland Rogers (pianoforte and conductor), and Miss Annie Roberts (organist of Llandegai Church). With such a display of talent, success was a foregone conclusion, but the atten- dance, especially in the eveuiug, exceeded the most sanguine expectations. The morning pi oceediug* commence 1 with a pianoforte an I vioiiu sonata (Schubert), by Dr. Rogers and Mr Lawson in a most artistic style. The rendering of Heaven and Earth'' (Tinsuti), by Miss Annie Hope, who possesses a contralto voice of remarkable richness, was excellent, and she was loudly applauded. Miss Marian Williams, whose appearance was the signal of enthusiastic applause, sang the recit. and air Ecco il punto, o Vitellia," Non piu di fÏori" (Mozart), with marked success, whilst Mr Davies rendered "The Erl King" (Schubert), with capital effect, and Miss Annie Roberts gave a brilliant per- formance of the solo pianoforte (a) Melody in F (Rubinstein), (b) Polish Dance (Scharwenka). The songs (a) "Thou art like unto a flower" (Rubin- stein), (6) May I)-w" (Sterndale Bennett), by Miss Mary Davies, elicited rounds of applause, and she was obliged to respond. In the trio, 0 Memory (Leslie), the Mis-es Williams, Hope, and Mr Davies were eminently successful. As usual, Mr Lawson acquitted himself with wonderful ability in the solo violin Ziguenerweisen (Sarasatj). Miss Aunie Hope saug The Little Organ Buy" (Cowen) with remarkable sweetness, and was encored. Miss Marian Williams was in grand form in the rendering of the air (song of Ruth), Entreat me not to leave thee" (Gounod), and her fine display of vocal qualities won for her a loud encore, which she gracefully acknowledged. The song 0 that we two were maying" (Gounod), by Miss Mary Davies, was magnificently rendered. The other items were: Pianoforte and vioiiu, "Sonata" (Handel), Dr. Rogers and Mr Lawson duet, "Su l'aria" (Mozart), Miss Mary Davies and Miss Marian Williams, after which the proceedings terminate I. In the evening there was a crowded attendance, every available space in the hall being occupied. The reserved seats, which extended to nearly the middle of the room, were filled and all the front seats were occupied long before the concert com- menced. In fact, the crowd was so great that the sale of ticket- at the booth had to he abaDdoced, and numbers of persons were unable to gain admis- sion. The assembly included visitors from Bethesda, Beaumaris, Carnarvou, Llanberis, Menai Bridge, and the surrounding neighbourhood. The music again was of high class quality, the artistes being in the best of humour. The programme commenced with the trio O Memory," by Miss Marian Williams, Miss Hope, and Mr Davies. In coming forward to sing •• Lullaby" (Vincent Morgan), Miss Mary Davies had an enthusiastic welcome. Her rendering was, as usual, perfect, and highly appreciated. Mr James Sauvage, who also met with a warm reception, sang the air, Revenge, Timotheus cries" (Haudei) in fine style, and was loudly applauded. Similar compliments fell to Dr. Rogers and Mr Lawson for the pianoforte aud violin sonata. Miss Marian Williams gave an agreeable rendering of Entreat me not to leave thee," followed by "To Maledine" (F. L. Moir), full of expression, by Mr W. Davie3. Miss Annie Roberts' pianoforte solo "Romance and Etude" (Henselt), was most praiseworthy, and Miss Annie Hope was lustily encored for her rendering of Heaven and Earth." She responded with Daddy. We cannot speak in too eulogistic terms of the manner in which Miss Mary Davies sang "Swinging" (Hartog). The sweetness of melody and delicacy of expression was exquisite and fairly enraptured the assembly, and Miss Davies, after repeated cheering, responding with Penny for your thoughts." Mr James Sauvage sang "MorfaRhuddlan" (J.Thomas' collection), witn such dramatic effect that he was compelled to re- appear, when he gave "Friar of Orders Grey." Miss Marian Williams gave The river of years (Marztals), full of pathos and expression, and the loud encore which she received proves her still to be a favourite with a Bangor audience. Mr Lawson's violin performance of Polonaise was a further testimony of his wonderful artistic skill. The duet "Su I'aria" (Mozart) was delightfully rendered by Miss Mary Davies and Miss Minan Williams, and the same remark may be applied to Miss Hope for her song, "The Little Organ Boy. Miss Mary Davies gave "Y Cwch Colledig" in a beautiful style, her articulation of the Welsh words being eminently distinct. Mr James Sauvage's greatest success was undoubtedly the rendering of Simon the Cellarer," when, to use a common expression, he fa.!rly brought down the house. In response he gave A Vicar's song." Mr William Davies sang Good bye" with telling effect, and the programme closed with the trio "My Ildy the Countess" (Cimarom), by the Misses Mary Davies, Marian 1 Williams, and Annie Hope, and the sitigiug of the "National Anthem" terminate 1 the proceedings. It should be stated that Dr. Rogers ably conducted the concerts, and accompanied ad the artistes. The platform had been tastefully decorated with plants irom Penrhvn Castle, but the general appear- ance ot the hall, with gymnastic apparatus placed across the walls, was anything but satisfactory, and its dilapidated condition is not at all agreeable to a respectable audience.
MENAI BRIDGE. On Monday, before Captain Verney and other magi- strates William Hughes, Llandudno, was summoned for assaulting Elizabeth Hughes, Penygroes. Mr S. R. Dew was for the complainant, aud Mr H. Lloyd Carter, Carnarvou, for the defendant. The summons was dismissed.
CUHKI) IN A FHW DAYS, (JOIiSS, BUNIONS, AND ENLAKflKD ToK JOINTS Dollar's Corn alld Bunion Plasters are the only red remedy! Th„-y .litter from all Platen., .Shields, or Compo- itiom evc'i" invented. By instantly softening the callous surruuadin,'the p;ii i (joes at one;, th; corn soon lollowins Bunions aud enlarged joints require mc.re tmie for perfect ure, hut the removal is certain and relief instant,mum. Any boots may lu! worn with comfort three hours after appoint Delar's Piasters oa no account persuaded to buy any other Boxes, Is li t each, sold by all Caenust. Port tree 11 stamps Bedfor Laboratory, JSayley-street,Jxmdoa W.C.
OPENING OF THE CHEMICAL LABORATORIES. The chemical and physical laboratories of the Uni- versity College of North Wales were formally opened by Sir William Thomson on Monday afternoon last. There was an attendance of about 500 ladies and gen- tlemen. Amongst those present we noticed :—Sir Wm. and Lady Thomson, Mr Richard Davies, M.P. (lord- lieutenant of Anglesey), and Mrs Davies, Sir Charles and Lady Isham, Colonel the Hen. W. E. Sackville- West, Colonel Platt (mayor of Bangor), Mr W. Ratli- bone, M P., the Dean of Bangor, Archdeacon Evans, Captain and Mrs Verney, Colonel M'Instry, Mr Lewis Lewis (mayor of Carnarvon) and Mrs Lewis, Principal Reichel, Canon J. Pryse, the Revs. Samuel Davies, James Donne, N. R. Williams Griffith, D. W. Thomas, Owen Evans, Abel J. Parry, J. Hillier, John Wil- liams, Ellis Edwards, G. W. Griffith (Llautihangel Esceifiog), W. R. Saunders, Daniel Rowlands (princi- pal of the Normal College), Dan Davies, John Morgan; Miss Mary Davies, London Mr and Mrs John Price (Normal College), Mr J. Thomas, Mr and Mrs J. R. Davies, the Misses West, Mr and Mrs Arthur Wyatt, Miss Wyatt, the Misses Vincent, Dr. J. Richards, Dr. Emyr Owen Price, Dr. Owen (Llangefni), Dr. Hughes (Penmaenmawr), Captain Savage, Messrs Charles Pierce, Thomas Lewis (Gartherwan), W. Francis Williams, Meshach Roberts, R. R. Rathbone, R. H. Pritchard, J. Pritchard, J. Willmann, W. I'ughe, T. J. Humphreys, Eran Williams (Market-place), W. A. Darbishire, D. Cameron, T. Hathawaye, R. Newton, J. Glynne Jones, H. Lloyd Jones, D. Griffith Davies, J. Griffith (Beehive), Robert Hughes (Plasllwyd), Saml. Evans, Hugh Jones, W. Rowlands, — Roberts (inspec- tor of schools), Edward Jones (Brynmeirion), T. T. Marks (Llandudno), K. W. Douglas, Hugh Williams, J. Eo Roberts, W. Thomas, E. Jones (coachbuilder), W. Cadwaladr Davies (registrar), and the staff of the college. The new laboratories and lecture theatres occupy a site west of and contingent to the university buildings proper, and are on the site of the extensive stables, coachhouse, and yard of the old Penrhyn Arms Hotel. These new buildings, which measure 120 feet by 80 feet. (increasing the southern frontage of the college to 300 feet), include two lecture theatres, each 3:1: feet by 34 feet by 19 feet high, divided from each other by a corridor 5 feet wide. The walls dividing the above, and supporting the roof by principals and movable partitions, when removed will give a spacious hall 7t) feet by 31 feet, for distribution of prizes and other public demonstrations. Students' laboratories, com- bustion room, and balance room occupy the western side, and in the central portion on main floor are pro- fessors'laboratories and private rooms, preparation and apparatus rooms, &c., for the respective departments. Over the central portion just described is another floor, containing magnetic room, in the construction of which no iron is used, optical and photometric room, photographic room, spectroscopic and gas ana- lysis rooms. Flats, which are approached by stair- cases from this floor, are provided on the roofs for open-air experiments. With a few unimportant al- terations, the basement has been utilised for work- shops, stores, &c. The whole of tlig old drains have been removed from this part of the premises, and an entirely new system laid down to meet the require- ments of new laboratories, & Externally, the buildings have been erected on the south front with ashlar limestone, and the other elevations are finished with cement, to correspond with the old buildings. The style of architecture which characterised the old buildings has also been preserved in the new a bolder treatment has, however, been adopted. The entrance doorway to these departments is in this front, and is emphasised by a semi-circular arched head, with simi- larly arched side-lights, and crowned by a boldly- mounted cornice and pediment. Other features, such as the projecting bay of physical lecture theatre, and the dormer of optical room, are also finished with moulded cornices. The contract for these additional buildings was entered into July 16th, 1884, with Mr Evan Williams, builder, Bangor. The fittings for the laboratories were also entrusted to the same contrac- tor. All the alterations, additions, and fittings were designed by and carried out under the supervision of Mr Richard Davies, architect, Bangor. In planning the laboratories and fittings, advantage was taken of the experience of Professors Dobbie and Gray, who readily gave their valuable assistance. Mr John Hughes acted as clerk of works. Before the proceedings commenced, Mr Richard Davies, M.P., who occupied the chair, introduced the Mayor of Bangor (Colonel Henry Platt) to Sir Wm. Thomson. The Mayor of Bangor then said they could not al- low such an opportunity to pass by without asking his (Sir Wm. Thomson's) permission to present him with an address, which he would ask the Town Clerk to read. Mr R. H. Pritchard next read the address as fol- lows To Sir William Thomson, D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S.> Foreign Member of the Institute of France Pro- fessor of Natural Philosophy in the University of Glasgow; Fellow of St. Peter's College, Cambridge. Sir,—We, the Mayor, Aldermen, Councillors, and Burgeses of the City of Bangor, desire to take this opportunity of welcoming you amongst us on an oc- casion of so much interest and importance. We feel, sir, that it was no slight honour that was conferred upon the city of Bangor when it was se- lected as the home of the University College of North Wales. We sincerely trust that the future will justify the selection, and that that the college will become a centre of education for the whole of North Wales— of that higher education which all classes of the people have shown themselves so anxious to promote. We recogni&e in you, sir, one of the most distin- guished representatives of the scientific side of that higher education, and we venture to hope that the work to be carried on in these buildings will be done in a spirit which shall be worthy of true science. In that case the authorities of the college will have been justified in asking you to preside at the inauguration of these buildings. We bid you a cordial welcome to the City of Bangor on behalf not only of ourselves and the inhabitants of our own neighbourhood, but also of the whole of the people of North Wales. (Signed by the Mayor and Town Clerk). Sir William Thomson, in reply, said: Mr Mayor, Aldermen, and Councillors of the borough of Bangor,— I thank you most sincerely for the great kindness and the great honour which you have done me in presenting me with the address which I hold in my hand, and which you have just read. I feel the kindness deeply, as I never thought of your honouring me in this way. It is altogether unexpected, and I feel much regret I had not an opportunity of preparing a suitable reply for what you have done. I am exceedingly glad to see that your presence here to-day shows the great interest you take in the city over which you govern. In the great work which is now being commenced in connection with the University College of North Wales, I hope the objects of its founders will be fulfilled, and I am sure such will be the case when we find the support and assistance which is given by the municipal authority of the borough (cheers). I beg to tender you my warmest thanks (cheers). The Chairman: I regret exceedingly the absence, on this occasion, of the noble president (Earl Powis) of the Court of Governors. His presence to-day, as always, would have done so much honour to our gathering and to receive our distinguished guest (cheers). I also regret the absence of the Right Hon. George Osborne Morgan. Therefore, in their Absence, it devolves upon me in my capacity as one of the vice-presidents of this North Wales College to express our heartfelt welcome to Sir William Thomson on the present occasion, who, as we all snow, stands in the first rank of the gre tt scientific men "f this great scientific age of ours—(cheers)—as a mathsmaticiau, as a natural philosopher, and especially as an electrician his famous name is kuowu all over our land. I have now the honour of calling upon Sir Wm. Thomson to take this chair, and to preside over this meeting (cheers) Sir Wm. Thomson, who was received with loud and prolonged applause, said he felt the honour they had done him on this occasion, one of great importance, and lie wished they had some one more competent to preside and more suitable to deliver an inaugural ad- dress. lie was afraid he must confine himself to something not at all worthy of the greatness of the occasion, which was almost the opening of the uni- versity, though not quite so, because the real opening of the college took place some months ago, and the present was the opening of a novel working depart- ment of the college. He should not be able to give anything of what could be properly considered an in- augural "address, and lie should confine himself more especially to the department with which he was most intimately acquainted -the laboratory. What was a laboratory ? A laboratory to a scientific man was his place of labour. In its widest sense the laboratory of the naturalist, the botanist, the zoologist, and the geo- logist was the face of this beautiful world. They see and appreciate the wonders of Nature, but they must do more than describe or represent what they see. They must have recourse to the appliances of the laboratory, properly so called. The microscope, for instance, reveals more than could be learned by the naked eye. The geologist takes his specimen to the cliemiot, and discovers what its properties are. lie brings it to the physical laboratory and discovers other properties. If it is a crystal, he investigates its effect in polarising light, measures the exact angle of its facets, and seeks to know exactly which are its various properties. The special object for which they were assembled was the opening of the chemical and physi- cal laboratories which had been formed in connection with the University College of North Wales, in which students might bo brought together, and instead of devoting their attention to reading books and depic- turing objects be taught to work practically. The University of Glasgow was, however, justly entitled to the credit of establishing the great modern plau of giving students practical work in a laboratory—a duty which had been hitherto coutined to bookwork or to lectures illustrated by diagrams. The first laboratory established at Glasgow was founded by his namesake, Thomas Thompson (though no relation) the great chemist and mineralogist, and now they were re- garded as an absolute necessity at every university. To this physical branch of scientific research, a great development had been given by Liebig, who brought together all the young chemists of his day and whose laboratory at Geissen was in full and flourishing acti- vity between the years 1841-4.5, and was still carrying out the object of the great founder. One of those chemists, now living, and who was young forty years ago, had told him the other day that Liebig's laboratory looked like an old stable. Well, the buildings in which they were now assembled were, lie was informed, ori- ginally an old stable —(hear, hear)-and if Liebig's laboratory, looking like an old stable, had brought about such splendid results for the whole world, what then might be expected from those who would enjoy the advantages afforded by the well equipped build- ings of which the North Wales College could boast? (hear, hear). What would Liebig have given for such appliances and facilities as now existed and for such admirably appointed lecture rooms ? (hear, hear). In respect to the development of physical laboratories, although not liking to appear egotistical, he should like to refer to his own action. When he took the chair of natural philosophy in the university, he found there were some instruments which were literally very old. Some of them had been more than a century in the place, and none less than fifty years. He well re- membered the mahogany on them crumbling away in one's hands (laughter). Well, year after year the students came to him to study dynamo-electric and electric magnetism—what was known of it at that time but he had no facilities for experimental inves- tigation, still less for practical work amongst the stu- dents. The physical laboratory at the University of Glasgow had its origin in this way. He had occasion to make some investigations regarding the electro- dynamic properties of matter. Previous investiga- tions had led him up to certain phenomena, an answer to which could generally be obtained by further expe- riments. For two or three years he worked on, and still no answer came. The students came to him not. very well prepared but they showed a desire to work and the large majority of the classes had really very hard work, for, in addition to their college duties, they were, many of them, taking private pupils, they had had to support themselves, and many of them, not a few of them, Welsh, were studying for the ministry (cheers). The laboratory at Glasgow was not a plea- sant lounge or a place for agreeably whiling away a few hours of the day it was a class-room in which really good work was being done. The students worked manfully, and, if not acquiring much science during the first twelve months, they learned a good deal of patience and perseverance (hear, hear). The hours spent in a physical laboratory was no waste of time (hear, hear). Speaking to many old students who were now engaged in religious works, he had found that after a lapse of many years they had al- ways recalled with interest and pleasure the experi- mental work in which they had engaged, that the time so expended had not been wasted, but that it had helped them to educate themselves into habits of ac- curacy and perseverance (hear. hear). Dogged per- severance must mark physical investigation (hear, hear). The work must be persevered with woek by week, day by day, it must proceed without stopping, without even flagging (hear, hear). It must be pur- sued until all was ready, and then apply the test. The student must persevere, and success would be his re- waid—(hear, hear)-for although the object sought might not be obtained, stiil there was no failure in physical science. If purs io vith intelligence and perseverance something must reward the investiga- tion. We were now advancing with a methodical and corsistent system, and there were published ex- cellent text books showing the methods of working at the laboratories at King's College, London, and the (Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge. The physical laboratory system had become quite universal, and every university had its department of physics, and must possess a well equipped physical laboratory. He rejoiced to find that in this respect the University Col- lege for North Wales was determined not to lag be- hind, but determined to keep abreast of the older uni- versities (hear, hear). He was informed by his friend, Mr Cadwaladr Davies, that there had been a univer- sity at Bangor-is-y-coed, in Flintshire, not many miles from the city of Bangor, but not a city, because it possessed n either a biskop li.r a mayor (laughter). It had, however, the honour of having the first uni- versity which was known in North Wales. That in- stitution had its bard, and, according to him, it had at one time 2100 students. It was destroyed, however, by Ethelfred, King of Northumbria, and the conse- quence was that UOU of the Dark Ages ensued (laughter). Another bard advocated the foundation of another university for Wales in the time of Henry VII., and Richard Baxter, not a bard, but a Puritan divine, reported to the then Government under Crom- well in favour of an university for Wales—(cheers)—but Cromwell died before action was taken, and nothing was done until nearly two hundred years had passed, when an active desire sprung up, and co-operation among all classes had resulted in the foundation of the present college (cheers). Their institution might be a university, or it might be one of a number of federated colleges, but so long as it did the work, what did the name matter? They were affiliated to the London University, and that institution had tilled a want that had long been felt. But they should not rely solely upon its examinations. The teaching should be con- ducted with reference to the examinations agreed upon by their professors and by the professors of other Welsh colleges. It was the greatest mistake for them to imagine that the examin- ing of the students should not be the work of the teacher. As often as the teacher meets his students he should speak to them and examine thorn (hear, hear). There should certainly be an examination every week. The French called a lecture a conference, aud the idea was true. There should be written examinations for such subjects as mathematics and chemical formula, but they should never omit viva voce tests of the pupil's know- ledge (hear, hear). He concluded by wishing their Uni- versity College every success, and he trusted that the laboratories which they were opening that day might be found of value in promoting and aiding the study of science (loud cheers). Colonel West: Ladies and Gentlemen,—Now de- volves upon me the task which I am sure will meet with your most. cordial reception. It is that we, on behalf of the Court of Governors of the Council and Senate and Students of the North Wales College, and all of us here to-day, do tender our best thanks, I may say our deep gratitude, to Sir William Thomson on his coming amongst us to-day (cheers). Ladies and gentlemen, the North Wales College is a young insti- tution, and, like everything else which is young, whether nations or institutions or individuals, we should look up for instruction and for guidance to those who have gone before us in the same line— (cheers)—those who can speak to us with authority derived from wholesome research and experience (cheers). And to whom could wo look for that gui- dance and experience than to the distinguished philo- sopher who has come amongst us to-day, and to whose words we have listened with such intense interest (cheers). I believe, ladies and gentle- Ulen, that the University College of North Wales has a great future before it —(cheers)—and I feel confident that scientific study in that future will play no secon- dary part—(hear, hear)—and I rejoice that this build- ing should have been formally inaugurated to-day by 11 y one of the leading leaders of scientific thought, and I am sure professors and students will go forth from this day inspired and stimulated by the words they have heard from Sir William Thomson, and will be proud that their labours have been opened under such auspices (cheers). I will not detain you longer ex- cept by stating that if this college is to hold a firm place among the educational institutions of this country it can only till tli;it place by those who are concerned in its education building up tiie foundation by looking up to t!io.<_» older institutions, of which they have heard spoken, and by taking them as example and profiting by their experience (cheers). Professor Gray said he had much pleasure in second- ing the proposition. Sir Wm. Thomson, by coming there that day had conferred a great honour, not only on the North Wales College and the city of Baugor, but to the Principality at large (cheers). The enthusiasm of the Welsh people needed no stimulus, and he could con- ceive of nothing more spiriting than the presence amongst them and the encouraging words of one of the greatest scientific thinkers of the day (cheers). On behalf of his colleagues and himself they consideted it a great honour that the scientific work of that institution should be in- augurated by a scientist of Sir Wm. Thomson':) standing. He felt that a great responsibility had been laid upon the scientific professors that day by the erection and opening of that laboratory, and they must be imbued, not only with the spirit of scientific research and investigation, but be actively engaged in its pursuit (cheers). He regretted exceedingly that Professor Dobbie was not present, but he had, unfortunately, been called away by beareavement. The motion was passed unanimously. Sir Wm. Thomson, in reply, said he was deeply grate- ful to them, and it was a great pleasure to him to be amongst them that day. He felt naturally much interest in their new University College if f r no other reason that three of its scientific staff were former pupils of his own —(cheers)—Professors Henry Jones, Gray, and Dobbie -all of whom had attended th3 natural philosophy class under him, and all of whom were splendidly competent of doing the work which had been entrusted to them (hear, hear). For nine years Professor Gray had given him valued, unwearied, and most successful assistance, and he could assure then that it had been a very great blow to lose him. He was glad that in the person of his three old students, a link was being formed between the University of Glasgow and that which he hoped soon to be established in Wales (cheers). On the motion of Principal Reichel, seconded by Professor Phillips, a cordial vote of thanks was also accorded "The visitors." Dr. Haughton, senior lecturer at Trinity College, Dublin, in acknowledging the compliment, said the first experimeat he had made in the laboratory was that of finding out that there were 416 Welsh ladies and gentlemen welcoming Sir William Thomson (laughter). The next question for solution was what particular thing brought him (the speaker) there that day (renewed laughter), and he had -one to the con- clusion that as nobody told him why he had to fiud a reason for himself. He was asked, he supposed, because he was a senior lecturer in Trinity University College, Dublin. He had the honour of holding that very distinguished position, but he was not allowed to lecture (laughter), but to superintend. Had he known he would have to speak there that day he would have brought some statistics with him, but he could say that the Welsh students who had come under his notice at the University College, Dublin, were amongst the most industrious and the most intelligent. If they in Bangor failed, he knew the blame would not rest with the students, but with the professors. For more than 40 years he had been teaching, training, educating and conversing with young men, and he knew young men thoroughly. He knew their good points and their bad points. He reid them by their bright eyes and their eager faces, and he saw before him the highest and best omen of the prosperity of that college (cheers). It was a 1 very well to have an address by a man like Sir William Thomson, but it depended upon themselves what the future of the college should be. If he jud^-d rightly, he read in their visages a determination, with proper regard to religion, to make the college a success (cheers), and would keep the torch of knowledge alive in North Wales, and let it be their duty and pride to hand it down undimmed, and to show that the time had come for the establishment of that University for North Wales, to which he wished every success (cheers). Professor Barrett (Trinity College, Dublin) also offered a few remarks in acknowledgment of the vote of thanks. Professor Dumpridge (Aberystwyth) also replied, and regretted that there was not an abler representa- tive of the staff of his college present that day. He regretted also that there was no one present from Cardiff College. He wished there could be more active co-operation between the three Councils and the three Senates (cheers), for nothing would be more conducive to the interests of the colleges than co-operation. Mr W. Rathbone, M.P., who met with a warm reception, proposed a vote of thanks to the Building Committee (inoluding Mr W. A. Darbishire and the Rev. Samuel Davies), the architect, contractor, and the workmen, to whose united care they owed the fact that the college now possess d one of the best labora- tories in the United Kingdom (cheers). Mr Darbishire had been most regular in his attendancp, and had devoted two d-tys often to come over to see how the work was proceeding. Capt. Verney, in seconding the motion, said they must not forget the workmen (cheers). The building in which they met was erected by Welsh workmen, who worked not only for wages, but from a desire to have a hand in th<j progress of education in the Principality. The movement had been taken up not by a few wealthy persons, but by the mass of the people, who had contributed not only their shillings, but also their pence, and the enthusiastic desire for education by every class could not be more fairly crowned them by the presence of Sir William Thomson (cheers), whose name was known everywhere where science was revered (cheers). Mr W. A. Darbishire and the Rev. Samuel DaTies having replied in suitable terms the proceedings termi- nated.
CONVERSAZIONE. A conversazione was given in the eveaing by Prin- cipal Reichel and the members of the Senate, when the laboratory was visited by about 500 guests. During the evening scientific experiments were con- ducted by Professor Gray and Dr Macgowan, which were interspersed with music by Miss Miry Davies (London), the Misses Sack ville West, Miss Ridgway, Mr Barlow, Mr Lionel West (violin), Miss C. Davies, Mr Wait, and Mr Dodd, all of whom were accorded a lit arty vote of thanks,on the motion of Dr Haughton, seconded by Colonel West. The lefreshments were supplied on this, as well as the following evening, by the Misses Jehu, High-street, and their catering gave entire satisfaction, there being au abundaut supply of delicious viands.
WORKMEN'S CONVERSAZIONE. — PROPOSED LECTURERS FOR WORKMEN. On Tuesday evening the workmen who had been employed in the construction of the laboratories, &c.. together with their wives, children, and "sweethearts,' f.umbering over 300, had a conversazione, the chair being occupied by Principal Reichel, Mr W Cadwaladr Davies acting as conductor. The proceedings com- menced with the.sin.jin,; of "Hen WUd fy Nhadau," the audience joining in the chorus. The Chairman, after a few introductory remarks, called upon Mr W. Cadwaladr Davies (registrar) to address the assembly in Welsh. He spoke of the great political power placed in the hands of the work- ing classes. In Wales they were placed within the reach of the means of higher education. To possess equal privileges with other classes meant the inheri- tance of the same duties and obligations, and, therefore, the workman, whilst blessed with equel rights, was no longer entitled to special consideration. -Just the same as the Principality of Wales, which had hitherto been deprived of equal educational advantages with other parts of the kingdom, must in future be compared by the same tests as other nationalities, and no allowance would be made, as in times past, for its im- perfect and disadvantageous circumstances. II j fully believed that the workmen of North Wales, from what he had seen of them in connection with the higher edu- cation movement, were prepared to exercise their rights in the spirit of forbearance and self-control, and he had no fear that any class of the community would suffer injus- tice at the hands of the class in which the reins of power had practically been placed. He exhorted th m to take advantage of the means of culture which had been placed within their reach, so that they might exercise the civic rights with advantage to themselves and to the great commonwealth, whose historic il traditions and glorious memories were now placed under their care and guardian- ship (cheers). Professor Gray next delivered an address, in which he referred to the devotion which had been shown by the workmen in their labours, and to the extreme courtesy which had always been extended to hiir. during his daily visits amongst them. He also pointed out the strong tendency amongst employes of the present time to scam- per over work which, in all cases, was not well done— (chcers)-and it was necessary, in all true labour, that the workman should take pride in his work (cheers). He also referred to the complete system of technical educa- tion in Germany and other foreign parts, where scientific principles were not only treated, but the people were actually instructed in handiwork of every description. It was necessary that workmen should become acquainted with the scientific principles which underlaid their work, in order that they might hold their own with workmen of other countries. In conclusion, Professor Gray stated that it was proposed to introduce a series of lectures to workmen at a nominal fee on such scientific subjects as would be interesting to workmen, namely, the electric light or the electric telegraph (cheers). Principal Reichel stated that the proposed lectures would be announced in the papers in due time. Professor Henry Jones, speaking iu the veruaculai, said he was proud, as a Welshman, to hear Professor Gray and Mr Cadwaladr Davies express themselves in such complimentary terms of the honest work done by his fellow-countrymen in connection with the college. It was a noble feeling, and one which he should be delighted to possess when his work on earth was about to be finished. The man who did his work honestly, no matter in what station of life, was the most noble being in the world (cheers). The North Wales College had been established for the sake of the workmen of 11 the Princi- pality, aud they ill Baugor ha.d been most liberal with their subscriptions, but he must confess—and he bad I determined to call them to account whenever he had the opportunity of doing so in public. though they un- happily who were present that evening had to bear the reproof-he must confess that in ont sense they were not worthy of having a college in their midst. During the last term Principal Reichel delivered popular lectures on History and Professor Phillips delivered lectures on Botany. At Carnarvon Principal Reichel had over 100 members in his class—(cheers)—and Professor Phillips had a similar muster at Llanrwst (cheers). At Bangor, however, the attendance at the two classes did not num- ber fifty. They might well not cheer that remark- (laughter) -but, really, sach a state of things was shame- ful. They were living, as it were, in the light of know- ledge, but saw it not. He would like to see the work- men of Wales realising the fact that these colleges were established for their sake, and the advantages they had of acquiring the principles of their work, and not ac- cording to the law of finger and thumb'' (cheers). He urged them to avail themselves of the opportunities afforded by the college, and interest themselves in its success, and see that their children were regular in their attendance at the elementary schools (cheers). If they we)M as fond of education as the people of Scotland were they would have 2000 students in their colleges instead of 200 (loud cheers). Scientific experiments were conducted, and the follow- ing contributed to the enjoyment of a. most pleasant evening:—Mr John Thomas (concertina), Mr D. 0. M. Roberts (violin). Mr Paul Dodd (pianoforte), students, Professor Phillips sung the popular Welsh song, Mentra Gwen," the audience joining heartily m the chorus. Songs were also given by Mr W. E. Thomas, Garth, and Miss Jones. The experiments by Prof. Gray, Mr D. M. Lewis, and Dr. Macgowau were watched with great interest. A number of students acted as stewards on Monday evening.
PORTDINORWIC NOTES. By NOSIRROME. Captain Cuttle's definition of being something was to be nautical, his dictum being that indivi- duals or places are nothing if not nautical. This is fully illustrated at Port Dinorwic, for every- thing and everybody are, in the most complete sense of the term, decidedly nauti.al,-the ves- sels at anchor in the straits and moored in the harbour, the decaying shells of worn-out vessels lying on the beach, the knots of sailors gathered about the quay, all testify to its nautical impor- tance. We may go a little further, and find the very clothes-poles in the gardens of the houses are made out of superannuated spanker booms and gaffs the clothes-lines are composed of the atrouds from old wire rigging, while many of the tenants, being retired ship masters, exhibit their strong affection for their former calling by setting up miniature masts ani top- masts with rigging and backstays all complete, the forestay secured to the garden wall. No doubt, as they sit in fine weather in the garden. enjoying their pipes, they imagine they are head- ing up for the straits. The hen-roosts are framed with old oars, and roofed and sided with old and disused hatch covers, and the rain kept out with old sou'westers and oilskins. Decrepid galley stoves lie about, minus their feet, and are utilised for cooking the food for the domestic animals which abound. The great question here is how does the wind blow ? is the glass falling ? the tapping of the barometer being the first duty in the morning, this article being considered the most important and necessary adjunct of every household, the furnishing being eonsidered in- complete without it. The ladies, too, are all im- bued with the nautical spirit of the place, and enter into the peculiar experiencei and manifes- tations with the chic of ancient mariners. Th e is not at all to be surprised at, seeing they are so closely connected by family ties with those who seek their fortunes on the rolling waves. There is an exquisite and beautiful unity of feel- ing one with another among the people, which exhibits itself in a practical way on the occasions of marriages, births, or deaths; the joys of one are the joys of all, and in the hour of sorrow or deeper affliction there is no stint of sympathy or help to each other. This does not pause here, for its expansion is extended to the dumb ani- mals of God's creative power. The rooks and fowls of the air seem to feel this affinity of feel- ing and sympathy. The rooks in their predatory excursions in search of food never by any chance interfere with that of the domestic fowls, and from their habit of settling down upon the tops of the clothes-poles look as though donned in full canonical costumes, and appear to be engaged in delivering long and exciting harangues to the chicks in the garden beneath, who are, we must say, rather inattentive to the remarks addressed to them. The dogs here, too, might be superan- nuated government officials; their languid air and general appearance is auggestive of private means of their own, their manners denote gentle birth and breeding. They gambol about during the day, and are seen gravely discussing the cur- rent topicii in language suited to their position and capacity. Like all the townsfolk, they re- turn to the privacy of their homes at reasonable hours, and do not disturb the silence of the night. There is a great want here of playground space and suitable encouragement for the boys, and a most crying want of postal facilities. We have only to realise the fact that there is only one delivery and one despatch daily to and from this place. From this it can easily be understood that there is some red tape officialism at work to allow such a state of things to continue in these go-ahead and enlightened days, while places of far less commercial importance have several de- liveries and despatches each day. We have only to loVv at the fleet of shipping in the harbour, awl i; msider the interests of the many, to feel convinced that this absence of postal facilities must be attended with great inconvenience and positive loss to a large and important class of people.
FOOTBALL. DRUID3 V. CARNARVON.—Owing to the late arrival of the Druids, play in this semi-final tie in the North Wales and Border Counties Challenge Cup, at Wrexham, on Saturday, did not com- mence nntill half-past three o'clock. The Druids kicked off. and five minutes from the start Howe scored the first goal for Carnarvon. Seven minutes afterwards Powell equalised matters. The next quarter of an hour saw nutters pretty even then Doughty increased the Druids' score to 2 goals, and finally the Druids won by 3 goals to 1. The other tie in the semi-final, between North- wich Victoria and Oswestry, will be played next Saturday at Crewe. LLANRWST v, RHYL,.—This match in the North- ern Welsh Association Cup tie (semi-final) was played on the ground of the latter, and resulted in a win for the home taam 2 goals to 1. The winners were minus two of their best forwards, viz., T. Vaughan and W. H. Roberts. COLWYN BAY v. BANGOR ATHLETIC.—Played on Saturday at Colwyn Bay. The Athletic, having won the toss, chose to play with the wind and ground in their favour, and scored five goals during the first half. Upon change of ends, however, in the space of two or three minutes Colwyn Bay scored a goal. Just at this time, unfortunately, the ball was burst, and as this was the second one that had been burst in the match, another one was not immediately forthcoming; so owing to this and tae incle- mency of the weather it was agreed to leave the match drawn. LLANDUDNO GLODDAETH ROVERS v. BANGOR.— A match was played between the above-mamed clubs on the ground of the former, the Rovers winning by 3 goals to nil. For the home team, J. Rowlands, R. and M. Hersee, W. Jones, and F. Lewin played well. while for the visitors D. Jones, W. Lewis, E, Lawis, and M. Hewitt (goal- keeper) showed to most advautage.
BRUSHES, SPONGES, LEATHERS, &c.—Call and sec Birkett's choice assortment. A few soiled ones at les than half cost (to clear). Birkett's City and County3 Supply Stores, Bangor. CHEAP NOURISHMENT.—Fourteen large Breakfast Cups of strong, reliable Cccoa can be made from a Six- penny Packet of Cadbury's Cocoa Essence. Ask for Cadbury's, and do not be imposed upon.
POLITICS IN ANGLESEY. SPEECHES BY MR RATHBONE, M.P., AXD MR. R. DAVIES, M.P. The annual general meeting'of the Anglesey Liberal Association was held on Tuesday at Llangefni. Mr Hugh Lewis, J.P., Bodedern Lodge, presided, the attendance including the Lord-lieutenant (Mr R. Davies, M.P.), Mr W. Rathbane, M.P., Captain Verney, Messrs Pennant Lloyd, R, R. Rathbone, J. R. Davies, T. Jones (Menai Bridge) J. Morgan (Cad- nant) W.Thomas (general secretary); J. D. Jones, A. M'Killop, It. Williams (Amlwch); D. Roberts, R. D. Williams (Carnarvon) Revs. J. Donne, W, Lloyd (Holyhead); J. Hiilier, &c. The president, having opened the meeting, called upon Mr Richard Davies, M.P., who was very enthusiasti- cally received. He said I am sure that we little thought --any of us—when the enthusiastic meetings in con- nection with the Franchise demonstration were held here all over the country, a few months ago, that the aspect of affairs would be so completely changed in so short a time. The country was at that time filled with strife and debate. The House of Lords and the nation-the great bulk of the nation—stood angrily facing one another as opposing forces. I remember well how combative the temper of our meeting at Llan- gefni was, and how even Mr Henry Richard "the apostle of peace," did his best to rouse our spirits and incite us to fight that battle to the last (hear, hear). The obstruction of the House of Lords threatened to be as uncompromising in the future as it had been in the past, while the country seemed to grow more and more resolute that the power of that irresponsible assembly to trample on the just and legitimately expressed will of thtt country should in some way or other be done away with (hear, hear). But what a change we have had since November. Instead of strife and debate we have peace and goodwill (hear, hear). The storm subsided far more rapidly than it arose, and we have already had the pleasure of seeing the Franchise Bill entering the harbour like a ship under a full sail, none the worse for all the contrary winds it had encountered (hear, hear). And now, looking but a little ahead, we see the Redistribution Bill also spreading its sails and preparing for a start, with every prospect of a fair and prosperous voyage. This happy result was, as you know, brought about by what seems now to be the most natural and common- sense arrangement possible—a kind of arbitration process between the Government and Lord Salisbury and his party, and though, to secure this agreement between the rival powers, a measure of compromist was unavoidable, it was a compromise hardly des#rv-» ing the name so far as we Liberals were concerned, for it involved not even the slighest surrender of princi- ple on the part of our Government (hear, hear). We can see how steadily, throughout all the agitation of last year, Mr Gladstone kept his aim fi^ed (i4 the passing of the Reform Bill in its entirety—the Fran- chise Bill first, and the Redistribution Bill as soon after as might be possible (hear, hear). He sought no more party victory, but to pass the Bill, and the whole Bill—(hear, hear)—-and though wo Liberals feel hopeful, and even confident, that this great constitu- tioual reform will add greatly to the strength and acti- vity of our party, still that is by no means its direct object. The object of the present Reform Bill, like those that went before, is to give the nation a better chauca to express its will--to make the House of Commons a mora fair aad adequate representative of the desires and convictions of the people (hear, hear), And Mr Gladstone's keen eyes and practical good sense told him that this object would be far more effectually attained if the question could be lifted above all party considerations, and so have the benefit of the united wisdom and experince of the best men on both sides. The result has thoroughly vindicated the wisdom of his tactics (hear, hear). The Redistri- bution Bill is allowed by uuiversal consent to be more thorough, more comprehensive, more radical, I may say — (hear, hear)—than had ever been expected, or than would have been at all possible, exoept for this united actiea of the two great parties in the State (hear, hear). Taken together with the Franchise Bill, it goes a long way towards rectifying the balance of things in our representative system—certainly not before there was need. A glance at some of its figures shows what inequalities abound in our present system, and how thoroughly out of proportion to their population the representation of our largest and most popular constituencies has always been hitherto. The Bill gives London 37 additional members; it gives to the counties of Lancashire and Yorkshire respectively fifteen and sixteen additional members besides the very numerous additions it makes to the representations of all the large towns in those and other northern counties. In Wales, on the other hand, we have to congratulate ourselves that our number of members is not diminished by the new arrangement (hear, hear). Wales, like Ireland, has had under the old system more members in proportion to its popula- tion than either England or Scotland, and there was some apprehension among the Welsh members—es- pecially when it was known that Lord Salisbury and his party had a finger in the pie—that Wales might might be a loser under the new hill. But instead qf reducing the number of Welsh or Irish members, the bill solves the diffieulty of giving their due share to England and Scotland by increasing the total number of the House of Commons from 658 to 670 (hear, hear). But, though Wales, as a whole, escapes, we, as a county, are not so fortunate. Our Anglesey Boroughs, I am sorry to say, come into the list of boroughs whose population at the last census did not exceed 15,000, and which the Bill proposes to disfranchise the householders in them having to be merged in the county electorate. And as the addition of our borough population to the county will not raise the population above 50,000, we cannot claim a second member for the county either. This is a matter of much regret to us all, and very specially so in connec- tion with my honourable friend the member for the boroughs, whose unavoidable absence from among us to-day is, for many reasons, a great disappointment to this meeting (hear, hear), He has served his con- stituents diligently and faithfully for many years; and they, in return, have shown him every confidence and respect at all times, so that I am sure this threatened breaking-up of the connection must be a severe trial on both sides (hear, hear). I hear there is a proposal to memoralise the Government with the hope of rescuing our Anglesey Boroughs from this sentence of disfranchisement, on the ground that their population comes so very near the required standard. I shall be very glad should such au attempt be success. ful, though I must confess I do not feel very hopeful about it. There are so many other constituencies suffering just like ourselves, and it would ba a difficult thing for the Government to know where and when to stop, if they began to make changes of this kind. With respect to my honourable friend Mr Morgan Lloyd, however, I sincerely hope that if Anglesey is compelled to let him go—that his parliamentary con- nection with Wales may not be severed—that in this respect the loss of Anglesey may not by the loss of Wales also (hear, hear). We are all more pleased to see Mr Rathbone here to-day, more grateful to hi'n for co ning, than I can possibly say. He is already over- worked sadly, and I know he came at a considerable sacrifice of time and convenience, to show his sympathy with the Liberal cause in Anglesey. I believe we Welshmen will never know half of what we owe to Mr Rathbone, especially in educational matters (choers), He seems to me always to want to do as miuh as ever he can, and to say as little about it as ever he can—(hear, hear)-and I am very glad that we in Anglesey have an opportunity here to-day to give him a welcome- croesaw calon"—and to show how heartily and gratefully we appreciate all he has done and is doino- on our behalf. As long as he lives I hope Mr Rathbone will be a Welsh member, giving us his valuable help in securing for Wales all the good we hope to get from the future Parliaments (hear, hear). You are all, I dare say, like myself, often speculating as to what will be the result of so great a change in the constitutional basis of our Government, now that we have secured the Franchise Bill, and that we may look upon the Redis- tribution Bill also as practically sccured—a change that transfers the governing power of the country ouce and for all from the hands of all privileged classes as such, into the hands of the people at large. As Mr Chamberlain said at Ipswich the other day,°" For good or for evil, democracy has establish ;d itself in tbeVat of authority, the government of the mmy will be substituted for the government of the few." Well, I trust the result will be for good-(hear, hear)-and we are encouraged in this hope by our experience of the past. The present century has seen two Reform Bills passed in England before the present one, and the main purpose and result of each of them was to increase the power and influence of the people in State affairs and who can doubt but that the consequence of this was the greatly increased prosperity and progress of the nation generally ? (hear, hear.) After the Reform Bill of 1832 we had Free Trade, and you may be sure we shall not go back on our course and turn to the trash of Fair Trade-(hear, hear)—after the Reform Bill of 1884-5. After the Reform Bill of 1868 we had more good things than I have time even to name-the Disestabliahment of the Irish Church, the Education Bill, and other measures. Just com- pare the state of things in Wales 30 years ago with our condition now—our day schools, our three colleges, our Intermediate Education Bill—whijh is coming,