ESTABLISHED 1837. WILLIAM HUGHES ATS~D SON, "THE OLD PORK SHOP," WILLIAAI HUGHES & SON beg to inform the public generally that theyhave purchased 3å horse power Otto Silent Gas Engine," and a Gardener's Simplex Silent Sausage Machine," which they have placed in the Shop. where cu-to:ners can see the quality of the Meat used, and the chopping of same. This will prove a novelty, and will ensure: the purity and excellence of the Meat used. OChdE AND SEE THEM MADE. E V E R Y B 0 D y SIIOUJ.D TRY T 1-11", 1 It CELEBRATED FRESH EVERY MORNING. !5i 259 & 261 HIGH-STREET, BANGOR. QUAI 4F-GE ABLE .,s; ILITY SIO lp & R Corom E N D E Df3Y DOCTORS ANALYSTS C H E M SUITABLE FOR SPRING. SUMMER, AUTumrq & N T E R THIS preparation is now extensively taken throughout the country by pntients suffering from debility, ner- vousness. and general exhaustion, aad if any value be attached to human testimony, the efficacy of this medicine has been successfully established. Its claims Iwe been tested and proved by the medical profession and others. and corroborated by the written testimonials of emiaent men. The Quinine Bines contain not only a suitable quantity of Quinine in each dose, but the active principles of the following well-known herbs—saraparilla, saffron. gentian. lavender, daudelion, and burdock. The use of Quinine is well-known, but it has never been satisfactorily combined with these preparations, until, after overcoming considerable difficulties, the Proprietor was able to secure a perfectly uniform preparatioa, combining all the essen- tial properties of the above plants in their n eatest purity and concentration. It is now established as a family medicine, and is increasing in popular favour the more it is known and tested. Gwilym Evans's Quinine Bitters is a tonic Pick-me-up," scientifically mixed in happy proportions. GWILYM EVANS' T I N QUININE BITTERS, Being a vegetable "Pick-me-up," is strongly recom- mended for nervous diseases, such as undue anxiety, despondency, fainting fits. neuralgia, and nerve pains generally. Has been taken with gieac permanent results for INDIGESTION IN ITS DIFFERENT FORMS 'x such as sick head-ache, heartburn, cramp, flatulency. sense of fulness and oppresion after earing, drowsiness, and pains in the region of the heart. Has successfully treated (after all known preparations had failed) severe casas of affections of the chest, such as common colds. bronchitis, asthmatic colt's, shortness of breath, spitting of blood, ic. Mr Gwilym Evans can supply by post the names of patients in almost every district in Wales acd West of England, who have tried his Quinine Bitters, and who are glad at any time to give full particulars of the benefits they have themselves received. Be not persuaded to try any other preparation, as there arc numerous imitators of all genuine and success- ful medicine. KOTE,-The name GWILYM EVANS, F.C.S., M.P.S., on Stamp and Label. Sold by all Chemists in 2s !)d and 4s 6d Bottles, and Cases containing three 4s 6d Bottles, at 12s 6d per Care or from the Proprietor, 4s Gd bottles and 12s 6d Cases carriage free Parcels Posts, under cover. GWILYM EVANS, SALES BY AUCTION OF HOUSEHOLD F URN" IT U LiE, LIBRARIES, PAINTINGS, UN'Gil AVINGS PLATE, &c. IN-DOOR AND OUT-DOOR EFFECTS, FARM PRODUCE, LIVE AND DEAD STOCK, &c., Personally conducted with guaranteed satisfaction, in all parts of thu country, on moderate terms, with IMMEDIATE settlements, BY W. WATSON ROBINSON, HOUSE AND ESTATE AGENT AUGTIONEER AND VALUER, 264, HIiiH-STREET, BANGOR Instructions for the above respectfully solicited 259 ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE, LAMPETER. SCHOLARSHIPS AND EXHIBITIONS. THE ANNUAL EXAMINATION FOR SCHOLAR- SHIPS AND EXHIBITIONS will begin on THURSDAY, SEPT. 2GTH, 1863. A recent resolution of the College Board has largely augmented the value and number of the Lampeter Scholarships. Of these, at: least, the following will then be offered for competition (A) Schobllships-one of £ 60, one of .£.0, one of f40. two of £ 30, one of £:!5. two of £:?4, and one of £ 20, (ft) Exhibitions—one of £ 1.3, one of £ lt, one of £ 12, at least, five of £ 10, and several of £ 5. Additional vacancies will also occur. Candidates can oftt." themselves either for the general examination in eight subjects, or for a special examination in any of the following :—Classics, Mathematics, Theo- loo-y "Natural Science (Physics, Chemistry, or Biology). Modern History, Hebrew, Welsh, French, and German. For subjects and further details see Lampeter Memoranda published early in January. Applj to the Principal. REYNOLDS' GOUT GPECIFIC, he Oldest, Safest, and most Effectual Remedy. nEYNOLDS' GOUT GPECIFIC, FOR GOUT; -TSEYXOLDS' J^OUT GPECIFIC. FOR RHEUMATISM. I OUT uRBY-NOLDS' SPECIPIO, FOR SCIATICA. rjEYN OLDS' OUT gPECIFIC," FOR LUMBAGO. Rig G OUT s PECIFLC, FOR ALL NEURALGIC COMPLAINS. DR BREWSTER (for many years one of the leading "physicians in Paris) writes:—"I have prescriced 4 REYNOLDS' GODT SPECIFIC in all cases of Rheumatic Affections. and find it an infallible Remedy. I have always had great pleasure in reccomtnending it, and consider it a afe and invaluable Medicine." REYNOLDS' QOUT GPECIFIC, ESTABLISHED 70 YEARS. Sold in Bottles. 2s t),I, åfi.d 4s G,1. by Messrs Barclay and son, 5, Farrington-street, E.C., and all chemists. v i In lias been pleased to ficccyt A eoov of thV K.-V dition of the work entitled Ptotterv ;:111 J'o-celain A Guide to Collectors, bv Mr Fmicr!k Litchfield. th<- «*vU-knowii expert in LoUoi. pott cry. That the book lias cojjie as a boon i" proved by ,UE tart that sine j's iirs: ]!'iolicauon by JIV'sors. rt> and Son. it 3^ "two new editions have been called tor.— CoV.J ■- Journal. | r FHMT CLASS AVVAM in L IT IF YOU WANT A GOOD PIANO Ij r =- co TO CRANE &■ SONS pay special attention to the Easy payment System, and have sold thou- sands of instruments throughout the country on these ad, antageous terms. The prices they charge on the I- Easy Payment System are, in most cases, consid- erably less than the prices asked for net cash by other Louses for inferior intstruments. CRANE & SONS buy for prompt cash. saving Discounts, and therefore, offer to the Public Intru- ments in many cases, Cheaper than ordinary dealers have to pay for them, who sell perhaps one instru- ment in a week, and consequently must get as much profit on that one as Crane & Sons expect on Three Instruments. CRANE & SONS challenge this assertion, and will pay the Railway Fare of any person coming to Liver- pool, providing same does not exceed 5 per cent of the perchase money. This is a fair offer. One of the many Testimonials spontaneously sent to Crane &, Sons:- Carnarvon, North Wales, August 1883 n GENTLEMEN,—I cannot help expressing m'y great satisfaction with the Instrument you have sent me The sweet* ess and power of tone is always what has been wanted by me.-I am youia truly, r- i ™0S EVANS. To Crane <5c Sons, Liverpool. JDRGAN S &HARMONIDMS! ME THE BEST & CHEAPEST EVER a OFFERED TO THE PUBL fC > t j PRICES WILL ASTONISH ] TiiE TRA E S 'FROF 3: f- FOR SALE OR HI RE-A V2—from 10/-monthly I SENT TO ALL PARTS OF THE KINGDOM J L4- -CEEE333EEfr-H DENBTGHSHIKE INFIRMARY. MONTH ENDING November 30th, 1884. IN-PATIENTS Admitted 8 Dis^liar^ed (> Cured 4 Kelieved 2 1 Dead 0 Irreimlaritv 0 M»de-<)uit-j>atioiits 2 Eeinain n tin' House n; OUT-PATIENTS Admitted 133 .Discharged 05 Cured fa Relieved 2 Dead Jrre^u arity .Made pi patients .A limited since Jan. (Casualties 47 j THE DOROTHEA QUARRY ACCIDENT RELIEF HU ND. OWING to the calamity which occurred at the above Quarry, when seven men were killed and another badly injured, a considerable number of sympathizers met together to consider what could be done to aid the afflicted families, consisting of seven widows and twenty- two orphans, who have been left quite unprovided for and the only one saved is so severely hurt tha.t he will be totally disabled for a considerable time. Six of the men arc still under the debris and covered by fathoms of water; and a considerable time will elapse before the bodies can be recovered. As the fatality is without precedent in the Nt.ntlle Quarries, and thus naturally creates more sympathy, it was resolved to appeal to the Public for their kind support. Further subscriptions will be thankfully reeeived by the following gentlemen :— REV. R. THOMAS, Chairman. W. W. HUGHES, Treasurer, N. & S. W. Bank, Penvgroes. W. HERBERT JONES, Secretary. £ s. D. The Dorothea Co. (1st instalment). 100 0 0 Mr J A A Williams, Glanbeuno, (princi- pal proprietor) 100 0 0 J W Gwynne-Hughes, Tregib, Llan- deilo 30 0 0 Cornelius Davies, Carnarvon 25 0 0 CoNorthandSouthWaIesBank 20 0 0 Mr W. Rathbone, M.P. 10 10 0 „ Norman Davies, Carnarvon 10 10 0 II J E Nanney, J P., Gwvnfryn 10 10 0 Hugh Pugh, J.P., Carnarvon 10 10 0 Owen T Owen, Dorothea 10 10 0 R. Davies, M.P., 5 5 0 Coedmadoo Slate Co., Nantlle 5 5 0 Mr H ilobertson, M.P., Corwen 5 5 0 Messrs Davies, Sons and Co.. Liverpool 5 5 0 Air W J Parry, Coetmor Hall, Bethesda 5 5 0 T Lewis, B. and C. Welsh Slate Co., Nantlle 5 5 0 Love Jones-Parry, M.P., 5 0 0 T Williams. Vron, Carnarvon 5 0 0 Welsh National Newspaper Co. 2 2 0 Genedl Publishers 2 2 0 Mr John H. Roberts. Diuas, Llanwnda 2 2 0 T Jones, B. and C. \\elsh Slate Co., Nantlle 2 2 0 ..RGrlmth. ditto ditto 2 2 0 Morgan Richards, ditto 2 2 0 Williams. ditto ditto 2 2 0 „ G Williams. Slate Merchant, Carnarvon 2 2 0 J J Evans. Brynderwen, Bethrsda 2 2 0 Rev 1) L Williams, Llanvruda 2 2 0 Mr Robert Williams. Talysarn 2 2 () Messrs Morris and Jones, 20, Water Street, 2 2 0 Li\erpool 2 2 0 Mr II Rogers Williams, Carnarvon 110 Jt D Williams. Carnarvon 110 E Roberts. M.D., Penygroes 1 1 0 „ W Wr Hughes, N. and S. W. Bank, 1 1 0 Penygroes 1 1 0 Robert Newton, Carnarvon 1 1 0 W W Newton, Carnarvon 1 1 0 Walter Hughes, J.P., Carnarvon 1 1 0 ()wen Jones, Talysarn 1 1 0 T LI Jones, ditto 1 1 0 „ It Owen, Welsh Slate Co., Festiumg 1 1 0 W Jones, Felin Gerrig, Llanllyfni 1 1 0 J B Allansoa, Solicitor, Carnarvon 1 10 David Thomas, Gwynfrvn, Llanrwst 110 D Evans Owen, Liverpool 1 1 0 \V Bayne. Bangor 1 1 0 Rev John Jones, Pwllheli 1 1 0 Messrs Breese, Jones, and Casson, Portmadoc 110 Mr E Y Payne, Slate Merchant, Birming- ham. 110 Rev Evan Davies, Llanllyfni 1 1 0 Messrs Gee and Son, Denbigh 1 1 0 Owen Evans and Son, Carnarvon 110 W Hughes and Son, Bangor 1 0 0 Rev R Thomas, Llanllyfni 0 10 6 Mr Joliu Paul, Slate Merchant, Talysarn 0 10 G John Williams, Coal Merchant, Bangor 0 10 0 J W Jones, If, Chapel Walk, Manchester 010 6 Rev O G Owen(Alafon) 0 10 0 Mr T Acland, Clynog ••• 0 10 0 Daniel Thomas, Hafod Groeslon 0 10 0 T Roberts, Shop Nantlle 0 10 0 J Jones, Stag's Head inn, Penygroes 0 5 0 W Chambers. Victoria, Peuygri.es 0 5 0 J Roberts, Manchester House, Llanllyfui 0 5 0 E Roberts, Slate Merchant, Talysarn 0 5 0 L Wilson Roberts, Llanberis 0 5 0 Rev W J Davies, Taurallt ••• 0 5 0 Mr Watkin Williams, S. Terrace, Carnarvon 0 5 0 „ R J Hughes, Shop, Rhostryfan 0 5 0 Messrs WW Jones and Son, Llanllyfni 0 5 0 Mr David Griffith, Nebo. Llanllyfni 0 2 G ..GWPrichard.Penygroes 0 2 0 Recieved in the Charity Boxes as follows One. 2s ten, Is twenty-seven, Gd; nine, :)ù; two hundred and forty, Id; seventy- six, 2 11 1 The Herald list, subscriptions al- re ad v received :— £ S. D. Sydney Platt, BryuyneuaÜd, Llan- fairtfcliau 500 F Lloyd Edwards, X anhoron, Pwll- helli 5 0 0 J D Whitehead, Glangwna, Car- narvon i) 0 0 R Puglie-Jones, Criccieth 3 3 0 Pierce and Williams, Golden Goat 330 Hugh Jones, solicitor, Carnarvon 3 3 0 Albert. Wood, Conway 3 3 0 W T Poole, Gwynfa, Carnarvon 2 2 0 Col II Piatt, Gorddinog, Llanfair- fechan 2 2 0 J Menzies, Menai Bank, Carnar- von. 3 2 0 Morgan Lloyd, Q.C., M.I. London 200 W Dew and Family, Biynbras Castle, Carnarvon 2 0 0 H Bulkeley-Price, The Moorings, Menai Bridge 1 1 0 Capt. Stewart, Bryntirion, Bangor 110 J. Armour Hughes, Solicitor, Car- narvon 1 1 0 Ellis Jones, 61, Botanic-road, Liver- pool ••• 1 1 0 Hugh Roberts, Solicitor, Carnar- von. 1 1 0 J. Evans and Company, Herald Office, Carnarvon 0 10 0 Richard Thomas, Estate Agent 0 10 0 B. T Ellis. Rhydllech, Pwllheli. 0 10 0 W Morgan, Vice-Principal Training College, Carnarvon 010 0 Mrs Rimmer, Bryn Peris. Carnarvon 050 R Lloyd Jones, Surveyor, Carnarvon 0 5 0 G H Humphreys, Old Bank, Carnar- von 0 5 0 J Williams. Madrvn, Pwllheli 0 5 o A Svmpathiser though in bonds 050 Capt. Jones. Ferry Stores, Anglesey 0 5 0 J T Morris, Penyclogwyn, Cwmyglo 0 2 V, David Williams, Portdinorwic 0 2 (j Gwilyrn Hughes, Herald Office, Car- narvon 0 2 6 J Black, at A and G Taylor, Photo- graphers, Cs-raarvon 0 2 6 £ 11 3 6 "DONALD CAMERON, MERCHANT, TAILOR, AND GENERAL OUTFITTER. CATHEDRAL BUILDINGS, 205, HIGH STREET, BANGOR. PATTERNS, PRICES, AND DIRECTIONS FOR SELE-\IEASULIEA '£ NT SENT OX APPLICATION. THE Directors of a London Joint Stock Co. require a District MANAGER for Carnarvon. Salary £ 120 per annum. A preference wiil he awarded the candi- date (otherwise eligible) who is prepared to hold fifteen shares (£:2) fully paid, in the Capital of the Company. —Address. /Secretary," 171, Queen Victoria Street' London. E.C. TERM S OF SUBSCRIPTIONS PAID IN ADVAN Forwarded by Post,—One Year, Gs.Gd.; Half-year, Hs. 3d.; One Quarter, Is. 7^d.: Foreign Postage extra. Delivered by Messenger:—One Year, 4s. 4d.; Half-year, 2a.2d.;0ne Quarter, Is. Id. TO CORRESPONDENTS. CORRECTION.—IN a report of (Jonway Petty Sessions last week we stated that a pulpil teacher at Pcumaen- mawr Brittish School was fined for assault. This was erroneous, the teacher fined belonging to another school. TO ADVERTISERS. We beg to draw the attention of adver- tisers generally to the facilities afforded by the NORTH WALES OBSERVER AND EXPRESS for giving publicity to adver- tisements. The circulation of the OB- SERVER AND EXPRESS is larger than that of any other Englislb paper published in North Wales. For the publication of annonncements requiring to be brought before the eyes of the upper or middle classes there is not in North Wales a better medium than the OBSERVER AND EXPRESS. Advertisements intended for insertion in THE NORTH WALES OBSERVER AND EXPRESS can be received at the Bangor Office, York Place, up to the hour of Pub- lication, and at the Carnarvon Office, New Harbour, up to 12 noon on Thursday. All communications intended for inser- tion must be adelressed-Editor, OBSER- VER AND EXPRESS, Bangor. All business letters to be directed, an remittances made payable, to D. Edwards, OBSERVER AND EXPRESS Office, Bawjor. THE NOHTH WALES OBSERVER & EXPRESS may be had in London at the Establislinment of MR J. W. RAYNER, DEVEREAL'X COURT, ESSEX STREET, STRAND. IMPORTANT,! SPECIAL BENSON'S NEW PATENT (No. 4658), "LUDGATE" WATCH, SILVER x GOLD 5. 5. 12, IS A "SPECIAL STRENGTH" SILVER ENGLISH LEVER MY BEST LONDON MAKE, WITH THREE-QUARTER PLATE MOVEMENT. JEWELLED THROUGHOUT. CHRONOMETER BALANCE, WITH DAMP AND DUST PROOF PATENT RING BAND, AND EXTENDED BARREL, IN MASSIVE STERLING SILVER DOME CASES WITH CRYSTAL GLASS FRONT WINDS &TETS HANDS & OPENS AT BACK, MAKINO IT A BETTER WATCtf THAN ANY £ 10 WATCH IN THE MARKET, ITS Q ADVANTAGES OVER 'TIlE OLD AND FAULTY FULL PLATE BEING ENORMOUS. AS THE •< LUDG.-vTE WATCH WILL LAST ONE H UNDRED YEARS, IT NEVER BREAKS, AS IT CANNOT BE OVERWOUND, AND XEVEH NEEDS EXPENSIVE REPAIRS. IS A BETTElt TIMEKEEPER, IS A BETTER WATCH, AND IS BETTER VALUE THAN ANY OTHER WATCH SOLD FOR -C10 IN TOWN OR COUNTRY. WILL STAND ltOUGH USAGE OF ALL KINDS, AND IS THEREFORE THE BEST WATCH AND EQUALLY SUITED FOR WORKMEN, RAILWAY MEN, MINERS, GENTLEMEN, BOYS, AND ALL WHO REQUIRE A PERFECT WATCII OF EXTRA STRENGTH FOR HOME, INDIAN OR COLONIAL USE. MADE IN THREE SIZES, AS UNDER: WORKMEN S LARGE SIZE. (As SKKTCH). MINERS'& RAILWAY MEN'S, EXTRA LARGE SIZE, AND FOR GENERAL WEAR, MEDIUM SIZE. SENT FREE AND SAFE AT OUR RISK TO ALL PARTS FuR £5 5. 0 (ASH OR P. o. 0., PAYABLE AT G. P. O. PRICE IN 18-CARAT GOLD CRYSTAL GLASS CASES TWELVE GUINEAS. SPECIALLY NOTE that J. W. BENSOX is the only Maker of a Three-Quarter Plate English Watch for 1:5 5s., and that our Patent Ludgate" Watch, cannot be had through, or of any Watch- maker in the Kingdom. Any infringement of the Patent Rights will be proceeded against. A Book explaining the advantages of this Watch over the Full Plate English Wat ches sold by all other makers, will be sent Post Free on application, to J. W. BENSON, WATCHMAKER TO II. M, THE QUEEN, THE STEAM FACTORY, 62 AND 64, LUDGATE HILL, E.C., AND 25, OLD BOND STREET, W., LONDON. Illustrated Pamphlets of Watches from £ 2 to .£500, Gold and Silver Jewellery, Clocks (House, Chime and Turret), and Musical Boxes, Free on Application. CLUB ASSOCIATIONS. — FOREMEN, SECRE- TARIES OF FRIENDLY SOCIETIES, AGENTS, and others will find their Incomes considerably increased by establishing Clubs, for the New Patent Ludgate Watch, as it is worth from t5 to £10 more than any English Watch sold, aud therefore bound to supersede all others in the Market.
LIBERAL ORGANIZATIONS. AT this time, when a change of so much importance and of so radical a character in the electoral machinery of the country is about being effected, it is evident that political associations have a great work before them, and it behoves every Liberal Association especially to be prepared for such contingencies as may arise under the altered state of things. The Conservatives are, as usual, noting carefully the signs of the times," and are accor- dingly earnestly bestirring themselves in active measures for organizing their forces with a view to secure the interests of the party. We, however, :are more con- cerned as to what the Liberals are doing for the purpose of adapting their organizations to the new state of things. Procrastinat-ion is the greatVeakness of: Liberals they are too apt to al'ow themselves to fall into a state of self- complacent satisfaction with the victories they win, and drift into inertness and indifference, and often when a crisis comes they are taken by surprise and unprepared—their forces in disorder, and their organizations out of joint with the particular exigencies of the occasion. Why this should be so invariably the charac- teristic of Liberalism, it is difficult to under- stand. The Tories are always able to steal a march upon the Liberals in any case of political emergency, owing to the invariably superior compactness of their organizations. Things in Wales in this respect are not an exception to those which prevail in other parts of the kingdom. Our wish, however, is to sound a note of warning, and to call the attention of Welsh Liberals to the urgent necessity there is just now for overhauling the various exist- ing organizations, and seeing to their being up to the special requirements of the new electorates. It will be necessary for the con- stitution of every Liberal Association throughout the country to undergo a thorough re-arrange- ment. The foundations of the political superstructure are altered, hence it cannot be too soon to adapt the building to the newibases. But in some cases jaot only have the bases been altered, but the boundary lines as well; such is the case with regard to Denbighshire and Car- narvonshire. These counties are placed in a peculiar position by the process of division they are, as regard their electorate, to undergo. This calls for a corresponding change in the composition of their respective political asso- ciations. Take for example the Carnarvonshire Liberal Association. This agency acts as one for registration and general purposes, but acts I as two in cases of peculiar importance, such as the election of candidates, &c. Evidently, this arrangement cannot continue any longer Henceforth, the work required can only be done by three distinct associations, one for each electoral division of the county, and one for the borough. Whilst Carnarvon was the political centre of both the borough and county constituency, it was easy enough for the one association to act for both. Not so now. It cannot be expected that the northern division will look to Carnarvon as its centre, seeing the latter is situated outside of its boundary. Furthermore, Carnarvon itself being situated in a corner of the southern division, it is but natural to expect that that division even will look to having the basis of its operation situated more centrally. For the boroughs, however, it is evident no place can be more suitable and convenient than Carnarvon Hence it is clear there must be henceforward three associations. We are exceedingly anxious to see some speedy action taken in the direction, namely, of joining these distinct associations in the respective electoral districts. Is the old association expected to take the initiative ? If so, we trust there will be no unnecessary delay in the matter. Important questions require immediate attention. First of all, means should be adop c1 for ascertaining the opinion of the several districts as to which of the various candidates now before them are the men of their choice. Who can ascertain this important matter so well as an association thoroughly representative of the district for which it acts Then there should be no delay in forming such with a view to deciding the above impor- tant question. Then, again, the constituency will consist of a large influx of law material, much offit very ignorant and inexperienced in political action. Should not some measures be adopted for spreading political intelligence amongst the class from which the new voters will be drawn ? The suggested new associations might with much propriety and benefit to the new electorates undertake to organize a systematic courses of lectures upon the political questions likely to come before Parliament in the im- mediate future. Let these lectures be delivered broad-cast over the land. The Tories no doubt will endeavour to secure the support of the agricultural populations at the next elections with the ery of a tax upon foreign wheat. This is a cry likely to take with the farmers. Surely Liberal Associations should lose no time in employing its machinery to educate and enlighten the new rural voters on this im- portant matter. We yield to none in our zeal for Disestablishment and Disendowment, but there are, we fear, questions agitation upon which must takelprecedence of even this. Simply because they are questions which by their plausibility and their more immediate bearing upon the pecuniary interests of the farmers and agricultural labourers are likely to take z, wit h|these classes and lead them en masse to vote Tory. Much work lies before Liberal Associa. tiousfor the next twelvemonth in diffusing right and proper views on this ,matter throughout the length and breadth of the agricultural districts. The new voters should be told plainly that instead of listening to the siren voice of their landlords suggesting a restora- tion of the Corn Laws, thoy should agitate strenuously for tenant rights and a universal lowering of rents that herein and herein only lies the true remedy for the agricultural depression so universally complained of just now. We trust that we have made out a strong case for immediate action in the r, direction of the formation of Liberal Associa- tions for each new electoral district.
.ft.. WONDERS IN WALES. WALES is celebrated far and wide for the beauty of her landscapes, her picturesque vallevs, her glens, falls, and torrents for the grandeur of her mountain slopes, her echoing caverns, her rugged rocks, her warbling streams and for the harmonious blending of multitudinous forms of the beautiful which is surpassed but by few countries in the world. But the wonders which Wales presents are by no means coi fined to the natural world. The intellectual, moral, religious, and social condition of the people presents, to a reflective mind, peculiarities of a very striking kind. It is difficult for us to see ourselves as others see us. We are as insensible to our moral characteristics as we are to the natural beauty of our hills and dales. Familiarity, if it does not breed contempt, breeds indifference. We cease to wonder at phenomena which the daily routine of life brings perpetually under our observation. The homely natives wonder why Englishmen and others are so stupid as to put themselves to the trouble of tiavelling long n Z3 distances to come and see what appears to them to be anything but a novelty. This is quite natural, and is not referred to as a wonder." A, little introspection, self-examination, or whatever else individual taste may choose to term it, may prove instructive, and therefore ought to prove enter- taining in the best sense- Tiiere are very many strange phenomena upon which it might be pro- iitable to touch if our space permitted, but w; shall content ourselves at present with a few observations upon some two or three of them. Is it not a singular characteristic that the clergy of the Established Church in Wales should be Tories almost to a man? This is true, apart from the question of Disestablishment. That they should be opposed to Disestablish- ment is perhapsgnot so much to be wondered at, but that they should be so universally opposed to the progress of the democracy in general politics is, to our mind, a somewhat striking phenomenon. We believe there is nothing like the same proportion of Conserva- tives amongst the same class of men across the border. In a return issued some time ago the politics of the Bishops was defined, and from this return it would appear that their lord- ships are pretty equally divided on political questions, at least nominally. Those marked as Liberals do not, as far as we know, assert their Liberalism to any great extent, though it must be acknowledged that the Franchise Bill recently passed received the support of the large majority of them in the House of Lords. Then the rank and file of the English clergy contain many staunch Liberals in general poliLics. But in Wales nobody, somehow or other, expects to find a parson on the side of the people. Why is this ( Are the conditions of clerical life such as to absolutely prohibit the growth of Liberalism and to foster the development of Toryism ? To all appearance, the hypothesis is justifiable. The bulk of the Church-going people in Wales consists oi members of the aristocracy, land proprietors, and such like, and these for the most part are rank Tories. The clergy probably mix more in the society of these members of their con- gregations than any other they find their in- terests more closely identified with those of the 1, upper ten" than with those of the lower million, and hence their views of things in general become assimilated to those of their powerful friends. These conditions prevail so generally that the strange general result before alluded to is easily accounted for, in part at least. Why the result should be so general, and the influence of surrounding conditions so absolute in one direction, is one of those perplexing questions which for the present must remain open. How is it that some of them do not see that by championing the rights of the people they would be vastly increasing their own influence for good and popularizing the offices of the Church which they profess to love so well, and which they see has so little hold upon the masses of the people ? How can they ever expect to win the sympathy of the people when they themselves stand in the way of all popular movements for the promotion 0:' the people's welfare ? He that hath ear& to hear let him hear By some people the political Dissenter is looked upon as a very objectionable member of the community, and as a freak of modern political development. But what seems to us an inexpressibly more curious phenomenon is the Conservative Dissenter. The very idea almost provokes a smile of incredulity. That there should be amongst a community, which owes everything most dear to it to the Liberal- ism of the country, any one whose very in- stinct does not teach him the falsity of such a position is one of the modern wonders of Wales. The number of such is by no means large, indeed they form but a very small fraction of the community—just the exception which proves the rule. So inconsistent is it considered, that is the hybrid combination of Toryism and Dissent, by the public opinion of the country, that its production is uniformly attributed to some cause other than that of high principle-tbe power of the purse, for example. Money can do wonders there is no doubt, and sometimes produces this wonder undoubtedly, but not always. There are Dis senters who are Conservatives for othe r reasons of a higher kind, though ho w they have become such is a puzzle to most of