PRINCIPLES OF SUCCESS IN LIFE. The following able and interesting paper was read la.st week by Mr W. Rathbone, M.P., on the occasion of the annual distribution cf prizes at the Liverpool Institute. Knowing that it will prove of great interest to our readers, we publish it in extenso: Mr Rathbone, who was received with applause, said —It is with great diffidence that I address you this evening, on an occasion on which you have been accustomed to listen to men distinguished in politics, in education, in literature, and in science. Formerly, when the kind partiality of my friends of the Institute offered me this honour, I declined it on the ground that I 'iad no experience in the work of education. I had aJd I have no message to deliver whose freshness might atone for the want of that eloquence which can make even old commonplaces attractive. But I have had s,ome experience of the results of education upon young men. During thirty years of mercantile life, foI. owed by fifteen years of political life, I have studied th >se results with watchful and unceasing interest. Thus my only hope of justifying my presence here to- night is to deviate from precedent and tell you what my experience has led me to believe are the principles or" success which will enable you to turn to good account the admirable education which you have enjoyed here. This course, I have been assured, will be satisfactory to your directors, and I shall do my best to follow it out. 1 deeply feel the responsibility of speaking to the YOUIJ£! a.bout the practical principles cf conduct. For upon their observance or disregard of those principles it depends whether their lives shall be successes or failures, shall prove a blessing or a curëe to themselves, to their fellows, and to their country (hear, hear). I feel that such an address upon tnis subject as some men could sdve would be invaluable. I feel, too, how incapable I am of doing justice to the subject. Yet I am not without hope that my words to-night may be of use. The maxims of success upon which I shall dwell to-night, have no claim to novelty, but as they have helped me, so I hope that they may help you. What I mean by success in life, I hope hereafter to make more clear by one or two examples of success achieved by persons with very ditferent talents, education, and opportunities. For the present it is enough to say that by success I do not understand merely success in enlarging your income or improving your position in society. That success, indeed, if fairly won, is legitimate and honourable. But a far nobler success lies in doing well your own appointed work, in making the most of the faculties you possess for the benefit of others as well as yourselves, in trying to make yourselves as refinesi and as wise and as good as you can (hear, hear). n This success is within the reach of all who earnestly "'j c c strive after it. We cannot all become rich we cannot all become eminent. But we can all become better and more intelligent than we are. We can all do something for our family, our friends, and our neigh- bours (applause) we can all raise our own class perhaps the more nobly whilst remaining in it; we can all be good citizens of a great country (applause). This success I should most of all desire for those in whom I was most deeply interested; and it is concerning the principles of this success that I would mainly speak to you to-night. The most powerful aid to success I had almost said its first condition—is faith faith that you can and will accomplish that which you have set your hand to do, that which you have to do. Faith removes mountains of difficulties, for it enables a man to make, and to presevere in making, the efforts and sacrifices necessary to success. Without faith in your own efforts you cannot inspire others with confidence, and if you cannot cam their confidence, you must not look for their zealous client assistance. Thus faith is indispensable even to those whose end of action is low or unworthy, it is an end simply of personal ambition. When someone told Napoleon Bonaparte that what he wished was impossible, Never let. tne hear that stupid word again," was Napoleon's reply. Confident in himself, and impartng the same con- fidence to his generals, and even to the common soldier, he conquered Europe and attained to power greater than that of any other modern ruler. But his faith was narrow and mean in its object; a faith chiefly in his own power to gratify his own desires; and his career displays the most dazzling success, and the most tragic failure in history. He might have wielded for good the vast forces of liberated France he might have lived in power and died in glory and have left his country at the head of European civilisation. He died in exile, deserted and betrayed; and he left France depopulated, impoverished, and crushed under the invader's heel (applause). Another great soldier and statesman exemplifies a larger and sounder faith than that which inspired Bonaparte. Washington "believed, not in himself only, but also in liberty, in justice, in unselfish patriotism (applause). Far less gifted than Bonaparte, he achieved a far more real success. Tie became the foremost founder of a great and free community, "hich has been preserved from many a danger by the tradition which he bequeathed of faith not only in one's own power, but in the power of principle. Of cours ■ we cannot all be Washingtons. We cannot all be men of genius we cannot all find great opportunities or fill large spaces in history. All the more on that account do we need the sustaining belief, the knowledge that if we do thoroughly our work, however humble, we shall accomplish real good for ourselves, and real good for the world. My own e xperience is that the things which I have been told we"e impossible were the very things in which I suet ceded best—the very things upon whose accom- plishment I look back with most satisfaction (applause). The a.-gumecta by which men convince themselves that they cannot do their work are usually the sugges- tions of cowardice or laziness. To hearken to such suggestions is to court failure and ruin. For a. man is not a machine of so many horsepower he is a force incalculable by others, incalculable even bv himself a force that mows by being exerted and multiplies itself at everv victory. Four Latin words embody the g-rand secret of the most, practically successful people the xvorld ever saw— Possunt quia posse videntur. They can because they think they can. Having then got our work to do, and having faith that we can do it, we must next remember the maxim What thv hand findeth to do, do it with thy might. A very bid time is coming for those who fail to (o ,v>. All classes in this country are or are becoming educated All civilised countries have become or are fast becoming free and intelligent. England will have to sn'stain in the future a foreign competition far more severe than she has known in the past. English- men will compete with one anoLher more sharply than ever. In thi, deepening conflict there will be. no r^hrce tor those who do just enough to escape blame or just enough, as they think, to get through, and gain a bare success. well-being will, I hope, be more widely diSttsed tl n at anv further period but the prosperity am ti e well-behto- will only be for those who are re,)d> to take unwearied pains. And this will be especially true of those who work with the head rather than 'with the hand. Even were it otherwise. evea. if we lCNdd afford to do our work ill, se f-respect shou uur.Jse US do it well. It were almost better to sit wit h f,d .,j hands and starve than to live by selling seamed work (applause). Everybody s self-respect is bound uo with doing as well as he can whatever o undertake* to do. Every stroke of work tells-te s in turning out better work; tells in making the ■craftsman more expert; tells in favour of Ins reputa- tion. his happiness, his success, m the be*„ sense of the -word No honest endeavour towards perfection in -cne-. art or profession can ever be thrown away Work itself is a pleasure to a man who takes a pride in it. and does it well, whilst to one without ambition to excel, and eager only to ha^e it o f)f always a task and a bore (applause). i+tnn nf doing one's very utmost is, then, a prime on* suecL. Another habit or quality no ess condiicne t success, and no less valuable in itse 1f, is slllgleness of mind—the looking things straight m the face am 2L. them a* thev are. Thus ttw man who no impting of feeling or interest to bias nm u I -'J- -r whether a particular action be right or dec,dim cours! through life by a chart fat wrong, s. V e se(j u:cn of most powerful or subUe mtel tQ thg rudent ordering of our n-StJ affairs ^'lir. would choose his profession ariVdit must see hi.n^if as he is, know Ins own taients ■aright mubt see oscillate between an ex- audhis owndeU^Uweening self-contidence. Cessive huni'i^y ami an uv „r„fp<j«ion which he And lie whe profession constantly before has chosen must keep n sp which offer themsslves to our choice ana i :iniv<sr,aj causes them are among the greatest ,g QRe wfty> T)t our unliappiuess. Wh third and perhaps interest another, inch^ nature contrary u all, a man •uartiea to time but ill who has so many ditterent panic please (applause). The states of man, Like to a little kingdom, suffers than The nature of a revolution. •One h«d better settle on a way of life which is not the very beat one might have chosen, than grow old without determining ones choice, and go out of the world before one has resolved to live in lt (aj,I ;U 't There is but one method oi set',ling out solve, at ie»t iut £ particulate that is by aTuermg steadfastly to one great end as the chief and ultimate aim of all our pursuits. Again, the same quality which enables us to tix upon our object is equally needful in the right selection of means. To see how far an expedient. will take us, in what way an instrument can be of use to us, what result may be expected from a given amount of time and trouble spent.—to know, in short, what we may expect from the resources at our disposal, all this is impossible without singleness of eye, without the turn for seeing things as they are, not as our hopes or fears, our likings or our dislikings re- present them to be. Furnished with this quality, a man of but common ability is much more likely to do well than the cleverest man who has now one object and now another, who snatches at every chance, tries every manoeuvre, and travels hard all day to find himself at evening pretty well in the same place he left in the morning (applatisej I may appear to have been using the word "faith" in the unauthorised sense of self-reliance, but the faith I have faith in is the faith that whatever ought to be done can be done; that whatever it is our duty to do we can do it; and to that faith at ,east the criticism does not apply (applause). Yet another virtue is, in respect of success, perhaps the test rewarded of all. I mean patience. Patience is not a virtue which comes naturally to most of us in yiuth, yet without it anything worth doing is rarely accomplished. I remember to have heard a great lawyer and judge say that we should not send to the bar anyone who had more tliau .?200 a year, for he would not have the patience to wait for success. And in ccvimerce patience is just as much needed as in the law. I believe that the experience of most men who have worked hard, and not altogether unsuccess- fully, is the same as my own—that for the firs' few years they worked persistently with little or no tangible result, but that. subsequently some part of their work, not always that on which they chiefly built their l opes, amply repaid all their labours. And this remind-} me that patience means patience to work and wait—for patience must be the reverse of inaction- -patience must leave no stone unturned. "Sow in the morn thy seed; at eve hold not thy hand." If you persevere in acting upon this exhorta- tion you may lose a good deal, but, sooner or later, some seed will return the reward of your work into your bosom. To some men the reward of patience and of thoroughness—their opportunity in life—comes late, so late that., ]f they lack patience, it. finds them, after all, unprepared. When opportunity comes, there is often no rime for preparation, and the greatest successes are the most frequently secured, by those whom opportunity has found prepared—not because they had foreseen or had any suspicion of the nature of the chance which would be given them, or of the direction from which it would come, but because they had the faith and the patience to cultivate assiduously the means at their disposal, and to do thoroughly what their hand found to do (applause). When opportunity comes to such men it finds them not con- fused, undecided, uncertain of their own powers—cer- tain porhaps, that, such as they are, they are out of condition-but, on the contrary, knowing what they know and knowing it thoroughly, conscious that such faculties as they have are bright, that whatever work the utmost cultivation of their powers can enable them to do that they are ready to do now not with a few months' or days' grace for preparation,Jbut now. A very remarkable instance of patience was afforded by the career of a merchant from whom I received many valuable lessons in the principles of sound commerce. He was the son of a man owning a stone-ledge, or, as we should call it, a quarry, at a small seaport in one of the New England States. A lad without means, he entered the office of a merchant in Boston, mastered his business in detail as well as in principle, put in practice all the maxims I have been suggesting; but for many years found little or no result to himself of all his industry and all his prudence. When more than forty years of age he had with great pains saved up a very small capital. The chance came at last. A commercial house failed. His accumulated experience and vigilance showed him that the failure was from speculations outside their business, and that the failure gave an opening for a great undertaking. The same qualities had secured for him the confidence of powerful and influential friends. He availed himself of the chance to his own benefit. His twenty-five years of apparently almost fruitless work had trained him for the opportunity, and had given him the means of availing of it. He died a millionaire, at the head of one of the first houses in Europe. There is a tide in the affairs of man Which, taken at the Hood, leads on to fortune. Omitted, all the voyage of their life is bound in shallows and in miseries. We must take the current when it flows, Ur lose our ventures. (applause). Our age is sadly too fond of short-cuts to success. It is eager to enjoy but averse to patient labour. Believe me, this is a very dangerous temper of mind. Great ability is more conspicuous, more easily recognised than industry. The imagination of youth perversely loves to dwell on eaey success. Yet many a success which you attribute to genius is really due to an infinite capacity for taking pains. Even where great ability without patient industry does achieve a seeming success, i(iab success commonly draws after it failure in one form or another. The shores of life are strewn with wrecks of men who have discarded patience and industry for shorter courses—wrecks in which not only fortune but happiness and health and character have been lost. To name in- stances of such failure would be invidious, but I could till a book with those which come within myown experience. No maxim, perhaps, is more generally acknowledged or more generally disregarded than the maxim that He who striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things." I am not going to weary you with an argument directed to prove that a man who puts no control upon his eating and drinking lessens his chance of success, and bears his punishment in impaired health and exhausted powers, that we dig our graves with our teeth." Men are, per- haps. too much inclined to construe temperance in a very restricted sense, and to think themselves temperate so tougastheydonotgctdruuk. Mostmenwhobavethe means to do so live, I fear, more luxuriously than is really good for them. But every man should always be in training; he should always b; in his best condition and this means that he should be rigidly moderate in all In all that affects our higher life, our intellect aild our character, perfect self-control is the beginning and the end. The poet Burns, who spoke from bitter experience, says:- Know, prudent, cautious self-control Is virtue's root. And self-control has as much to do with success as with virtue. As partner in a large firm, I have had for 25 years the selection and superintendence of many young men who passed through our office. I think I may say that in the whole course of those 25 years I never found a young man who was good for nothing without also finding, sooner or later, that not want of ability but want of self-control was the root of his incapacity. So often did I make this discovery that at length I came to assume it as a rule. If a young fellow's work was un- satisfactory, I would say to hfm, Look here, you are not doing your work well. I am sure that, in one way or another, yon are going wrong, and if you do not pull up, you will have to go" (applause). I do not mean to say that everyone who is temperate and pure becomes wealthy aud powerful, or that vicious men are never known to succeed. But I do repeat that temperate self-control in ways not generally recognised makes for success, and success" of the most practical kind. With reference not only to virtue and happiness, but to such success, I have learnt to attach much more importance than is usually attached to avoiding all that is impure and un wholesome in thought, in books, in companions, and in cnndnct. Be not misled, by cant phrases about seeing life, into making personal acquaintance with vice aud vicious people, or visiting their haunts. You will not be seeing life, but you will he courting death for everything in yourselves whose life is most precious. Not by "blunting in unworthy company the fine edge of your feelings and faculties, but by living with the best aud purest men and women you know will you come to understand men, to judge them correctly, and to work well with them. And if mixing' with the intemperate and impure does nothing for any useful knowledge of mankind, still more surely does it impair energy and application. It is always the most dangerous of experiments. 4i Let him that thinketh he staudeth take heed lest he fall." Need- lessly to place himself in temptation because he relies UP on his own virtue is the worst error a man can com- mit. However strong we may think ourselves, it is only by shunning temptation that we can be safe. Temptations which we may not shrink from, tempta- tions which cross our clear path of duty—.these we can and must face, and conquer. But these tempta- tions are quite enough to exercise the must vigorous character. Beware also of sailing too near the wind, of treading on doubtful ground. if right and wrong a¡re put clearly before men and women and they ar., definitely asked to choose which they would do, r ^rly all would choose the right. It is on doublful ground on which we commonly take our that steps cowards evil. Therefore, when you hear anyone say, Oil, jyell, perhaps it is not. quite correct according to the atriMest rules, but there can be no harm in it," re- member the ords of St. Paul, lie Lnat doubteth is damned a he eat." Qne might add. He that doubteth will often be degraded or even ruined if he allow himseif to take courses of whose rectitude he is not sure The mention of the rashness in choosing our I company juad foraiug ow U»bita bungs vividly to my remembrance the very different careers of two com- panions of my youth. One was by no maans clever, and, although diligent, seemed not to possess that peculiar energy and enterprise which naturally iead to great success, but he was temperate and pure. His friends knew that, under circumstances of great temp- tation, he could never be led into auy^acts of iutemper- auce or vice. They felt secure that, in new suiroundings and away from all oversight and control, they might trust their fortunes and honour safely iu his keeping. Their confidence placed him in a position where he justified it and achieved eminent success. He is now wealthy and useful and respected, and, in his old age, enjoys undiminished the aifectionate regard of the friends of his youth. When first 1 knew the other, he had just come to London with brilliant hopes. He belonged to a very wealthy and powerful family, he possessed unusual ability, he had received an excellent education, he hid been guarded from all evil com- panions or communications. Success in business, success in politics was within his reach. But he lacked self-control. It amused him to see life, as the phrase goes. He was most indignant when I urged upon him that if he amused himself by associating with vicious men and women he must in', the end, become like them. Could I suppose, he asked, that he could fall under their influence, merely because sometimes, after his day's work it diverted him to go among them and see their ways? I answere-l that be could not touch pitch without defilement (hear, hear). Within two years he had thrown away his chances. Others took his place, and now enjoy tie wealth and power which might have been his; and when I last heard of him, he was living on a pittance from his family (applause). Here was a man who trusted in his own force of character, in the reiined tastes developed by oducation, in the refined com- pinions of his own society to keep him virtuous among the degraded people who revolted whilst they amused him; and you have heard how far his confidence was justified. It is so very easy to deprave our likings and from vicious associations to vicious actions there is but one short step. To burn away in mad water the divine aromas and plainly celestial elements of our existence to change our holy of holies into a pl"e of riot to make the soul itself hard, impious, barren purely a day is coming when it will be known a what virtue is in purity and continence of life. How divine is the blush of young human cheeks how high, beneiicient, sternly inexorable if forgotten, is the duty laid not on women only, but on every creature with regard to these particulars."—CARLYLE'S FREDERICK II., Bk. ti, Ch. 3. Finally, I should like to say a word or two upon the importance of using well your spaie timo. It is only by a strict economy that we can get out of our few spare hours all the improve- ment. aad enjoyment which they can possibly afford. Men who are most punctual in the conduct of their business often waste hours in reading trashy news- papers and frivolous books, or in talking the stalest, stupidtst, dreariest gossip. Such men may succeed iu business, but they do not succeed in life they do not make the most of life. You may, perhaps, be inclined to say-We have so little leisure. I would answer in the words of a great German poet, "Time is endlessly long; and I might quote Mr Mathew Arnold, who says, "Some of us waste all our time— most of us waste much of it but all of us waste some." For strong, healthy men and women, the best repose is found in ohange of employments. We all know that great discoveries have been made, and great books have been written, by men who were not at all professed men of science or of letters. I think that almost all the important mechanical inventions of the last hundred years were made by men who had to work hard for a bare living. So much can be done with the hours which most of us throw away. Uf course, great inventions, great dicoveries, great works of literature and art, are reserved for a few men of genius. But there are many ways in which every intelligent person can use his spare time to some purpose. He may take his share in local government he may interest himself in all sorts of charitable and philanthropic undertakings. The best public work is done by the busiest men. It is from them rather than from people with nothing to do that we expect counsel and help in all endeavours to advance the general good (applause). Again, every intelligent man may use his spare time in carrying on for himself the education which he received at school or college-iii adding to his knowledge, in improving his tates, and so helping to make social and domestic life more rational, and graceful, a-,i(i lively. In doing tnis he does more important work than many of us imagine. Half the temptations of existing society are temptations only to gross and ignorant, men and even other temptations are very much weakened for those who have a variety of innocent and exciting diver- sions. Until quite lately it was assumed that such diversions were only for rich people. But now they are within the means of everyone who thinks about the disposal of his lighter hours. We have libraries and museums and galleries; we have plenty of the. best music. It is our own fault if we do not use these advantages to the utmost (applause). In the opening part of this address I spoke shortly of success as I understood it. There are two kinds of success which are above all things necessary. In the first place a man ought to do well his own work in life. Thus, if he is a joiner, he ought to be a good joiner; if lie is a merchant, he ought to be a good merchant. If not, those who depend upon him suffer, and his work and those who use it suffer. A bad merchant tends to multiply bad merchants and bad clerks a I)a(i rivet,er I may cause the loss of a fine ship and of hundreds of lives. No man knows how far may go or how lom- may continue the effect, of a single piece of bad work. In the second place, a man 'night to bring up well his children, if he have auy. Success in this, as in his work is the first duty of every man. He who fails in either way is indeed a failure. Yet disastrous failure in either or in both may go along with success in business. For a man may succeed ill business by means that degrade himself and his fellows; lie may I y c;ain wealth by means that disqualify him for a right use of it or enjoyment; his wealth may only serve to lure his children into debauchery and ruin. Wealth, indeed, has too often had this effect. Surely, ilien, the only success worth striving for is success in using our talents ami our opportunities so as most to further the goodness and the happiness, not of our- selves and of our happiness only, but of all whom we I can help or benefit. One or two examples may help to make my meaning clearer. I know of few suc- cessess equal to that of the successful head-master of a great school like this (applause). Think bow wist, hew incalculable his influence for good in turning out men well equipped for life men with high principle and high intelligence to guide them in their own work, and to influence others iu widening circles for ever. The successful head-master of one our great- est public schools once expressed himself in conversa- tion with me, as if lie almost envied the position of a member of Parliament. I could not help expressing my surprise, and I argued, We only make laws, I am afraid, often very bad laws but you make law- makers." My view seemed strange to him; but I had the best of the argument. A very remarkable instance of success in a very different path of life is given by Mr Sedley Taylor in his interesting book upon profit sharing. It is that of the Parisian house painter and decorator, Leclaire. Leclaire was born the son of a country shoemaker. After working in the fields and as a mason's boy, he arrived in Paris penniless at the age of seventeen. He apprenticed himself to a house painter, and in ten years became a master. As soon as lie had secured his own footing in the trade lie turned Irs mind to improving the condition of those who worked in it. His first step was to seek a substitute for white lead, which he found injurious to their health. This he succeeded in doing. Much impressed with the uncertainty of their position, he went on to found a system by which every man in his employment received as a bonus a part of the profits of his trade. For the regular and permanent workmen, he also established a Mutual Aid Society, supported at first by the voluntary contributions of members, but subsequently by the receipt of another con- siderable portion of the profits. His workmen thus not only became partners in the business, but also secured a large addition to their wages, as well as an ample pro- vision for old age, sickness, or accident. Between 18-12 and 1872, when he died a rich man worth £48,000, Leclaire had paid the sum of £ 44.000 in houses to his workmen and in contributions to their Mutual Aid or Provident Society (applause). His business is now carried on by two managing partners chosen by the workmen out of their own numbers. It has a capital of £ 16,000, belonging half to the managing partners, and half to the Mutual Aid Society. The Mutual Aid Sooiety now owns a capital of .£G2,00iJ, including its share in the capital of the business. It has 105 ni 'mbers, besides 52 who are living upon their retired allowances. To the regular v.wkituui it secures large yearly bonuses upon his aggregate wages all the advantages of an ordinary bjnefit club a life pension of rC48 per annum payable on his completing his fiftieth year of life and his twentieth year of work for the concern; one half of his pension continued to his widow for her life a sum of £4:0ptlyable to his family at his death, and the certainty that he, if he be disabled, and his family if he be kiiled, by any accident occurring ia the course of his employment, vail | not be left without permanent, moans of support (applause). More than ten years have passed since Leclaire died, and his Mutual Aid Society continues not merely to prosper, but even to improve. You will easily understand how great arc its moral as well as material effects. Not only is every workman iu the concern secured against distress, but hs feels himself a partner ia the concern, respousible for its character and interested for its success. Such a concern attracts steady aud well-conducted men, and con- j firms them in steadiness and good c ad :c Aud you j will admit, 1am sure, that the man who combined with his own prosperity the prosperity uf those who worked for him. the man who continues to benefit his class for years after his death, is in the fullest seuse of the word a successful man (applause). But my last and humblest instance of success is to my mind, the means being con- i sidercd, the most telling of all. Kitty Wi kinsun was the wife of a cotton porter in my father's employment. and at that time a cotton porter's wages were, I think, only 18s or 2Js a week. Having only one child of her own, Kitty and her husband adopted, brought up, and educated upon their scant wages no less than thirteen orphans. When the cholera broke out in 18bl, a panic ensued, and there were riots not quite so bad. but very like those which have recently troubled the south of Europe. Kitty, however, knev. no fear when work was to be done. She nursed the sick and got others to do the same she faced and shamed the rioters she established in her own cellar a washhouse where the poor of the neighbourhood could do infected and other washing. The knowledge of the good thus done led the late rector. Mr Campbell, my father and mother, and others, to advocate the establishment of public baths and washhouses. To Kittv's example we owe the:r establishment (applause). No one in Liverpool did more than that pour woman to check the spread and to promote the cure of cholera in its first and worst outbreak in Liverpool (applause). With the example of the great things she did with her small means, will anybody ever use again that stupid word li impossible (applause) ? Is there anybody here pre- sent who, if he has faith in the right, if he does it with his might, if he is steadfast and patient, if he exercises self-control and self-denial, if he suffers nothing low or foul, does no doubtful act. treads on no doubtful ground, and, where possible, shuns temptations, but can make a true man of himself, help on what is good, check what is evil, aud so in the noblest sense succeed. To leave the world something better than we found it; each of us can do that aud that is success (loud applause).
ST. DAVID'S COLLEGE, LAMPETER. SPEECH DAY OF THE COLLEGE SCHOOL. On Friday, the conclusion of the first year of the new school attached to St. David's College was cele- brated by a large gathering of the parents and friends of the pupils, in the College Hall. Principal Jayne was in the chair, and the attendance included the masters of the school, the professors of the college, and a large number of the leading inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood. Mr J. J. Lloyd Williams, M.A., the tutor-in-charge, read a report, which embodied the history of the new undertaking, and an account of its actual condi- tion. During the year 74 boys had entered the school, 62 of whom had been under instruction during the past term of the rest, five had entered the col- lege, one gaining an exhibition, and others had ob- tained opportunity in banks and other places of busi- ness. The loss of Mr H. C. Ridges, M.A., who had accepted an important position under the Colonial Office at Singapore, was to be replaced by the ap- pointment of Mr G. A. Schrumpf, B. es Lettres of the University of France, and for several years modern language master at Tettenhall College, Wolverhamp- ton. and who is one of the sub-editors of Murray's great English dictionary. Mr Sclirumpf will also take the modern language lectureship in the college. Mr W. Hunter, Scholar of Gonville and Cauis Col- lege, Cambridge, has been appointed to an additional mastership. As Mr Hunter took his degree of M.A. at the University of Edinburgh in first class mathe- matical honours, and also graduated high in the second class of the classical tripos at Cambridge, lie will be a most valuable addition to the school staff. To meet the rapidly-increasing demand in the schools large additions would at once be made to the school buildings. He must thank their friends in the neighbourhood for their kindness and support to their new venture. Mr C. H. Sampson, B. A., Fellow and Tutor of Brasenose College, Oxford, then read his report as examiner, which was a very satisfactory one. He spoke very highly of the general classical and mathe- matical work of the school, and particularly signalled out the work of some boys for special commendation. The three bovs who had offered higher mathematics had gone as far as he could wish boys of their age to go, and he believed that, if they persevered in their work, they might well aspire to the highest honours that his university awarded in their subject. Among the lower boys there was a good deal of promise. In fact, the boys of the lower division in elementary mathematics'had in some cases done better than those of the middle division. In conclusion, he said that he should watch with great interest the future course of a school that had commenced so auspiciously. Lieutenant-Colonel Lewes of Llanclear then pro- ceeded to distribute the prizes. In the course of an able speech lie pointed out the valuable service which the school would render, not only to the college, but also to the whole of Central Wales. Good schools were a most pressing want in Wales, and the college board was to be congratulated for their enterprise and success in meeting this want. lIe commended the breadth and variety of the curriculum, both in the college and school, and expressed his satisfaction that the education was not confined to the old classical lines, which would, perhaps, not be very useful out- side professions, but that it also offered a solid and practical training for those who were going to devote their lives to trade and commerce, and, what was more important still in that part of the country, to agricul- ture. He was pleased also that they had got over the religious difficulty, and that all creeds and classes were equally represented in the school (applause). The prize list was as follows iI Form V.—Harford exhibition to the best boy in school, E. J. Lloyd. Classical prize, David Marsden. Mathematical prize (given by Professor Julley), Win. Lewis. Form IV.—General prize, J. K. Davies. Form III.—General prize, C. Hanrette. Form II.-Getieral prize, David Lloyd. Special prizes.—Divinity, 1st prize (given by Mr Tyler of Gernos), M. J. Lloyd 2nd prize (given by Principal Jayne), T. Pownall Owen lower prize (also given by the Principal), J. Wynne Davies. Chemis- try (given by Colonel Evans, Highmead), Basil Jayne. Mathematics, middle division, not awarded; lower Division, C. Hanrette; with an extra prize to John Davies of Lampeter. Principal Jayne then proposed a vote of thanks to Colonel Lewes. He said that he quite agreed with Colonel Lewes that education ought not to make every one rush en masse into professional life. Edu- cation ought to do as much good to a shoemaker as to an archbishop. If all the boys in that school wanted to be clergymeu, or doctors, or lawyers, the sooner it was shut up the better. The college hoped it would get many hoys from the school, but he wished it to be distinctly understood that they hoped that every bov in the school would take his capital to the best market. They wanted to give a sound education to the great mass of boys who were going early in life into business, not only to work up a few to get ho- nours in colleges and universities. He exhorted 11 •. boys to have a strong esprit tie corps, and be proud of their school. Vice-principal Davey seconded the resolution, Colonel Lewes briefly replied. Mr It. C. Ridges, M.A., who received quite an ova- tion, then briefly bade farewell to his pupils and col- leagues, and said that it had been quite a pleasure to work among them. The proceedings concluded with the boys' speeches. The "French Drill" of some of the sma'ler boys and the Trial Scene from Pickwick, acted in character, were especially successful.
EARTHQUAKE IN SPAIN. Later accounts of the earthquake on the even- ing of the 28th instant state that it caused great damage and loss nf life in the provmeos of Malaga and Granada, several places being parti alb destroyed. The Mayor of Albaqueros reported that many parts of the town were in ruins, and that 150 persons were believed to have been killed. At Arenas del Rey 40 persons were killed. Serious accidents were reported from other towns. So far as can be ascertained at pre- sent, the number of persons who have lost their lives in consequence of the earthquake in Anda- lusia is 200. The town of Granada has suffered much from the shocks, though nobody was killed. The Alhambra has not been damaged.
--p- CARNARVONSHIRE & ANGLESEY INFIRMARY WEEKV REPORT, Dec. Ljth, 1884. In-Patients 16 Total ruuiber of Out-Patients admitted since October 25th, 1884 187 „ „ during the past week d2 Home Patients 45 Visitors for this week—Mrs Williams, and Right Rev Lord B' = hop. Hon. Physician Dr. Richards. Hon Surgeon a Dr. Hughes. I K, INLAND JONES, House Surgeon.
MARRIAGE REJOICINGS AT LLAN- FAIRFECHAX. Llanfairfechan, a watering-place which owes its progress in a marked degree to the Platt, M.P. for Oldham, was on Wednesday c< as a welcome home from their wedding tour of Mr and Mrs Sydney Piatt (nee Miss Marshall, of Hartford. Cheshire Mr aud Mrs Sydney Piatt arrived from London by the afternoon train, anv were received at the railway state ui, winch, w;t •: its approaches, was tastefuliy decorated, by :L procession made up of the local lodge of Odd- fellows,, the school children, the committee, and a large body of local tradesmen and residents. The horses were taken from the brougham, which was drawn through Llanfairfechan, passing en route under a number of elaborately constructed arches, to Bryn-y-Neuadd. the seat of Mr Sydney Platt. The arches bore mottoes in Welsh and English, expressing good wishes towards the newly-married pair, and were very creditable to the good taste and handiwork of Mr Eastwood, Bryn:y-Neuadd gardens, that erected near the entrance to the mansion conspicuously display- ing the colours of the Bryn-y-Neuadd Cricket Club—chocolate, old gold, and light blue—de- servedly coming in for a good admiration. The arch owed its design to Mr Steele, the secretary of the club—of which Mr Sydney Platt is the 1 president—and its erection to Mr John Williams, Plas Monai. The National Schools were also tastefully decked out, under the supervision of Mr Griffith. There was scarcely a house which did not display a flag of some description. The Llanfairfechan brass band. which owes its origin to the liberality of Colonel Platt, the bridegroom's brother, headed the procession and played "Auld Lang Syne" and Home Sweet Home. On arriv- ing- atBryn-y-Neuadd. the Rev P. Constable Ellis, -M.A.. rector of Llanfairfechan, read the following address, which, bound in album form, was supplied by Messrs Nixon and Jarvis, Bangor. I "To SYDNEY PLATT, ESQ. My clear Sir,-Ou behalf of your friends and neigh- bours, I have much pleasure in expressing to you how greatly we rejoice that you have selected for yourself a bride who will, we trust, be a source of increased happiness to you, and we offer to you both our baarty congratulations and good wishes that your union may secure the mutual society, help, and comfort that one ought to have of the other, both in prosperity and adversity. \Ye cannot but be sensible how largely those entrusted with the gifts "f wealth and social elevation have it in their power to raise or to lower the moral tone of their dependents and neighbours by their own example and mode of living and we therefore pray that amidst all the allurements of wealth both your bride and your- self may never forget the Giver of all good things, but so live together in this life that in the world to come you may have everlasting life." Mr Sydney Piatt, in reply, said that three years had passed since he took up his residence at Bryn-y-Nenadd. On that occasion, the time when lie came of age, he was then presented with an address, which he regarded rather as a tribute of affection for the son of a father who had done so much for Lanfairfechan. But the present welcome he might take as being really intended for his wife and himself. He had to thank them, not merely for their good wishes, but also for the handsome present which was included in his wedding gifts, and to assure them that his wife and himself looked forward with pleasure to their residence amongst their kind friends of Llanfair- fechan (cheers). Hearty cheers were then given for Colonel and Mrs Henry Platt, Colonel Marshall (the bride's father), and Captain and Mrs Lempriere. At dusk the place was illuminated, and a num- ber of bonfires blazed on the beach and along the summits of the mountain range which forms a picturesque background to Llanfairfechan. The wedding present from the inhabitants of Llanfairfechan was a magnificent silver loving- cup surmounted with a figure of Mercury. The school children presented Mrs Sydney Piatt witn 11 school children presented Mrs Sydney Piatt witn a richly-bound copy of The Songs of England, Ireland and Wales." The arrangements were admirably carried out by a committee, of which the Rev P. Constable Ellis was the chairman, Ireland and Wales." The arrangements were admirably carried out by a committee, of which the Rev P. Constable Ellis was the chairman. and Mr Baker the honorary secretary, with Cap- tain Leinpriere, agent of the estate Messrs David Williams, Madryn; Robert Hughes, Bod- londeb; W. Owen, Llysgwynt W. Roberts, Llan- erch Riclid. Jones, W. L. Griffith. John Griffith. Robert B. Roberts, John Williams, R. Roberts (Post-office), George Jones. EvanHumphreys, W. Humphreys, E. J. Briggs. R. Luck ^chairman of the Local Board), T. Hughes (Castle Hotel), George M'Mechan, J. O. Jones, and J. Eastwood. DINNER TO TENANTS. On Tuesday evening,the tenants of the Brynynen- add estate, together with a few friends, numbering in all about 500, were entertained to dinner in a loft above the granary. Amongst those present we noticed Mr nud Mrs Sydney Piatt, Colonel Henry Platt, Captain John Platt, Captain Sykls, Captain Lempriere, Mr E. V. Birley. Mr J M. Baker, Revs. 1'. C. Eibs, W. R. Jones, J. Griffith, Thompson Jones, E. Hughes, Dr. Robert Williams, Mr and Mrs Hum- phreys. Councillors Ed. Jones and Samuel Evans, Mr John Hughes and Mr Phillip E, Jones, Bangor Messrs David Williams, Madryn Farm; R. Luck, J. L!oyd, Cottage; John Edwards, chemist; R. Humphreys, John Evans (Carnarvon); Robert Hughes, W. Hughes, Noble (station-master), Wilshire (organist), J. O. Jones J. Briggs. Owen Griffith, R. B, Roberts, chemist; Daniel Davies, —. Davies, Penmaen Villa; — Evans, quarry agent; Robert Thomas (clerk to the Local Board): Steele, E. Humphreys, Eastwood (head gardener); Win. Humphreys (estate painter), &'c. The catering had been entrusted to Mr Thomas Hughes, Castle Hotel; Mr Harrison. Llanfairfechan Hotel, and Mr John McMichau, Penybryn Inn. Much sympathy was felt for Mr McMichan, whose wife died suddenly that morning. The room had been elegantly decorated with ever- greens by Mr Eastwood, and suitable mottoes had been erected by Mr Humphreys, painter, conspicu- ously amongst which was a view (painted by him) of Brynyneuadd, with crest and shields, including those of Col. Marshall and Mr Sydney Piatt, bearing the motto virtute et labors, and the words Lou? life aud happinness to the married uouple." In bold letters across the room was the text Heaven alone mates hearts, that death alone can sever." Much promin- ence was also given to the following verses Llwyddiant a phob llawenydd—i'r ddau Eiddunaf oes ddedwydd Ruoell pin nef, a'i uawdd yn rhydd A'r Arglwydd fyddo en llawenydd. Oh 1 bless, as erst of old, The bridegroom and the bride; Bless with the holier stream that flowed Forth from Thy pierced side. I Sydney Platt Y11 nabob sut v bo—llonder A llawndev lle'r ele A'i gymar fwyn gymero Eirian'r Ion i'warwamo. The loft, had been specially lit for the occasion, the gas fittings having been entrusted to Messrs R. Jones and Son, Bangor and Llanfairfechan. The apperauce of Mr and Mrs Sydney Platt was the signal for loud cheering. The loyal toasts having been duly honoured, the president (Mr Sydney Platt) proposed" The Army, Navy and Reserve Forces." Th3 army and navy appealed to them at the present time with more in- terest than usual, as the army was eugaged in active operation in Egypt, and that their campaign should prove successful, and that they should return home with glory was the unanimous wish of all (applause). Col. Piatt, who was enthusiastica ly received, on behalf of the array and reserve forces, tendered his grateful thanks, and saidhc folii somewhat of an usurper, as his friend and brother-in-law, Capt. Sykes, of the Royal Engineers, was there, and whose health he was sure they wo'Id drink most h-artdy, along wilh thit of his brother John Platt, captaiu in the militia (applanse). They all took the greatest interest, or ought to, in the forces of tLe country, because what else hid they to look after their interests and defend the coasts of Great Britain and the whole of their colonies ? It would be a bad day for this country if the Army, Navy, and Reserve forces ceased to be kept up to their proper pitch of perfection, and he was sure they would all sympathise with the army now at work in Egypt, and join in the hope that they would return home with glory, aud settle for ever the question of the Soudan (appiaa >■). The Rev. P. C. Ell:~ pr iposed the toast of the evening, namely, The health of the bride and bridegroom (loud applause). He was sure it was a source of great happiness and comfort to them all that Mr Syduey Platt I found for himself a bride so promising (hear, hear). They all knew what Mr Sydney Platt was, and the way in which he had acted towards them was an outward expres- sion of his kindness of heart, and of a thoroughly kind disposition (applause). In character he was unassuming and modest, and would not hold himself apart from his fellow-men as many would were they to be trusted with the income he was supposed to possess .(hear, bear). He had been most kind to the poor, and, indeed, to the whole of the parish, and it was no wonder they showed their ad- miration for him. and the loyal manner in which he was received at the railway station last week was sufficient to please every one. and he (the speaker; never saw the parish more united than it was on that occasion. Let them hope that the example of such a husband would have an influence upon his wife, and that she would in all things bear out that high character which Mr Sydney Piatt had earned for himself whilst amongst them (applause), They wished them both long life and happi- ness. The paiish of Llanfairfechan, to some persons accustomed to the world, so to speak, of fashionable life, appeared tame and uninteresting, but he hoped the parish would have that attraction for Mr and Mrs Stdney Platt as to be able to secure their presence among them (applause). The toast was drunk with musical honours, the LJan- fairfechan brass band. which was in at;en .lance, striking up a lively air. Mr Sydney Piatt, who was loudly applauded, sa: 1 that had he the tongue of the most eloquent orator that ever lived, he could never express to them the gratitude of his wife and himself for the kindness shown to them. It was impossible for them to advance out of the park gates without witnessing these manifestations, and seeing how kind, spontaneous, and unanimous. was the welcome ac- corded them. It reminded him of the old adage, Fellow- feeling makes us wondrous kind," and he thought that mariiage in that village would be attended with unmixed blessing (applause). He thanked them again aud again for their great kindness and goodwill. Mr Richard Luck, in proposing The health of Mrs Platt," of Werneth Hall, Oldham, said it would be impertinent in him to attempt to speak in too high terms of Mis Platt, who was a most exemplary wife. The toast having been drunk with musical honouis, Colonel Platt said he need scarcely tell them how pround he felt in standing up to respond for his mother (hear, hear). He had ueard from her tint day, and she begged him to say that she was over- whelmed with the kindness she had received from them all, and in thinking of her throughout these festivities, and she toid him she felt far prouder to see the honour done to her sors than if it were done to her (applause). She had been an excellent mother to than all—(hear, hear)-a very large family—and she naturally felt proud that her sons had all married well, and her daughters too, and .vere an united family, and seemed to get on without any serious quarrels (hear, hear, and applause). They were, of cours a, very glad to see each other. lie should take great care to report to his mother the enthusiastic manner in which they received the mention of her name (applause). Mr Leicester rose to propose the health or a gentle- man who was a comparative stranger—almost an entire stranger to all present, namely, Colonel Mar- shall. It was about 40 years since he (Mr Leicester) had known him, and he was a man that they had only to know to respect (hear, hear). There was no name in Cheshire that stood higher than that of Colonel Marshall, and in the course of his life (the speaker's) he never heard a word of disrespect said about him. He was a. large landed proprietor, and a large em- ployer of labour, and the senior magistrate on the bench of Northwich district. As a landlord he was kind and considerate, and as a master he was looked upon as a friend. As a magistrate he endeavoared to carry the scales of justice even. He was not. who would encourage vice or crime, but inflict such punish- ment as the case required. He might mention that he well remembered the time when the present Colonel Marshall was married, but he little thought then he should live to see the wedding festivities of an off- spring of that union, and especially to attend the celebration in North Wales, as he had never seen North Wales then. However, it gave him great pleasure to think that Mr Piatt had chosen a bride from a good old stock. They had fin old saying in Cheshire which was, Always choose a bird from a good nest," and he was sure Mr Sydney Piatt had got a bird from a good nest (hear, liearl. In conclusion, he hoped Mr and Mrs Sydney Piatt's life would be as happy as that of Colonel and Mrs Marshall had been. The toast was drunk right merrily. Captain John Piatt proposed the health of their worthy rector, the Rev. P. C. Ellis, who wa> one of the most conscientious churchmen in England (hear, hear). He had lived amongst them now for a number of years and they knew him well and appreciated his allility and kindness of heart (applause). In responding, the Rev. P. C. Eiiis said, that although he was not without appreciating the per- sonal compliment paid him, he always looked upon it as certain respect accorded to the Church of which he was a defender (hear, hear). If there was one I thing he was afraid of it was popularity, u-r he be- lieved when a man had gained popularity it was a sure proof that he had betrayed his trust. Captain Lempriere next proposed the health of Colonel Platt, whom they all knew as a good land- lord, a good farmer, and a good friend (hear, hear). The toast was duly honoured, and Colonel Platt thanked them heartily for the enthusiastic manner in which they had received his name, and which showed that his life amongst them so far had not been spent in vain ("no, no," and hear, hear), He con- sidered that. his particular line of li;> was the farming interest (hear, hear). The present were bad times for the farmers, he regretted to say, as well as for many other interests throughout Great Britain, but lie hoped that farmers would not be led away by the claptrap of people who mostly lived in towns and knew little about country interests. He had no doubt but that they would pull through it. He then urged upon them to promote the growth of stock in preference to wheat. When he replied on behalf cf the Army he meant to address himself to the young men present. He had the honour of be- longing to the old and distinguished regiment—the 4th battalion of the Royal Welsh Fusilliers (hear, hear). People had au idea that only disreputable men joined the militia, but that was a mistake, and he advised young men to join the battalion. He concluded by proposing the health of Mr R. Luck, chairman of the Llanfairfechan Local Board, who responded and spoke in eulogistic terms of the Piatt family. In proposing the tenants on the Brynyneaadil estate, coupled with the names of Mr Robert Hughes and Mr William Roberts. Mr Sydney Piatt said that whatever were the feelings existing in other parts of the country between landlords and tenants there at Llanfairfechan perfect harmony prevailed (hear, hear). He hoped it was their wish,as it was his, that such harmony would continue in the future (applause). Mr Robert Hughes respanded. No doubt they were all very glad their worthy laudiord had been so wise as to take to himself a wife, because a good wife—a wife who filled that name—wasjone of the greatest,blessing8 a man could have in this world (hear, hear), and they had every reason to believe that their landlord had been fortunate in this respect. Although she was not one of the tallest of Eve's daughters, they hoped quality would make up for the quantity (loud laughter and applause). As Welsh tenants they could claim to be as loyal as Scotch- men, and a little more so than Irishmen (laughter). He then proposed the health of Capt. Lsmpriere, who had earned the respec' of all, and as far as he (Mr Hughes) personally knew him. he was a man who liked to do justice between landlord and tenant (applause). Capt. Lempriere returned thanks, and said he had always met with the most unvarying kindness from the people of Llanfairfechan, and it was a source of great gratification to him to see so many gathered together. Now that they had a new tenant at Brynyneuadd, they hoped she had taken a very long lease (laughter and applause). Three cheers were then given to Col, Piatt, Mr and Mrs Sydney Piatt, and Capt. John Platt, as they left the room.
COR WEN. BAZAAR.—Mr H. Bever Robertson, of Pale itai (son of Mr Robertson, opened a bazaar on Tuesday week, in aid of the tnnds of the British School. The baztar was kept open until Tuesday last. when the sum of £:25:3 h;td been secured. The object in view will thus be obtained. Tnere was a dent of .aud the building is in want ot thorough repair. Al' the XOilC uiformist denominations united, and each chapel furnished a stall, and the healthy competition proved very stimulating and successful. Our town and parish stands at a great disadvantage in not havi jg a School Board. It is remarkable that those who object tithe formation c)" a Board mviiij to the expense, are the most baokwa-d in coatrdJllt ft towards n voluntary school. LTTBKAHY MEETING — On Christmas Day,a literary meeting was held at the Calviaist.c -Methodist chapeL Mr T. Jones of Bry;um!yn, acted as con- ductor, and Mr W. Hywelfryn Jones as adjudicate r of the singing. The evening meeting was well attended,
A rSEFUL CHRISTMAS PRESKXT. — A six ;>.>d parcel of Birkett's celebrated 2s Teo, hi'-ii cannot be equalled at much more money, carriage p,«id io auv address in the United lviugdum. Birkett's Stores, Baugor,