irtfi, ^lurn'agcfi atrir BIRTHS. Evans-Feb. 20, be wife of Mr Owen Evans, jun., coal-merchant, Carnarvon, of a son. Hitchings—Feb. 19, at Paris House, Carnarvon, the wife of Mr Wm. Hitchings, of a daughter. Hughes-Feb. 21, at New London House, Holy- head, the wife of Mr H. Hughes, of a son. Jones-Feb. 21, at 22, Eastlake-street, Liverpool, the wife of Mr Richard Jones, late of Port Di- norwic, of a daughter. Jones-Feb. 22, at Porth-y-dwr, Ruthin, the wife of Mr William Jones, of a daughter. Jone3—Feb. 19, the wife of Mr W. A. Jones, Na- tional School, Llanfair, Anglesey, of a daughter. Parry-Feb. 23, the wife of Mr W. W. Parry, Glan Meirion, Nantmor, Beddgelert, of a daughter (still-born). Williams—Feb. 20, the wife of Mr John Williams, Peniel-terrace, Nantmor, Beddgelert, of a son. Williams—Feb. 18, the wife of the Rev J. C. Wil- liams (Cambro Tudwal), Corris, of a daughter. MARRIAGES. Hughes-Hughes-Feb. 23, at Bryn'rodyn Chapel, by the Rev John Jones, Bryn'rodyn, assisted by Mr G. T. Edwaids, registrar, Mr J. R. Hughes, traveller, London, only son of the late Mr Ro- bert Hughes, of Liverpool, to Miss Ellen, second daughter of the late Mr Henry Hughes, Llwyn- y. gwalch, near Carnarvon. Jones-Davies-Feb. 22, at St Paul's Church, St Paul's-square, Liverpool, by license, Captain John Jones, Carnarvon, to Catherine Margaret Davies, second daughter of the late Mr 0. Davies, Red Lion, Carnarvon. Jones—Jones—Feb. 2'), at the Registrar's Office, Carnarvon, by Mr W. R. Whiteside, Mr Robert Jones, Ebenezer, to Miss Catherine Jones, Knocking,—both of Llanddeiniolen. Owen-Owens-Feb. 23, at the Registrar's Office, Carnarvon, Mr Robert Owen, draper, Talysarn, to Miss Catherine Ann Owens, Church-street, Carnarvon. Owens—Roberts—Feb. 23, at the Registrar's Office, Carnarvon, Mr John Owens, Pant-y- celyn, Llanllyfni, to Miss Anne Roberts, 'Rallt- felen, Penygroes Parry-Williams-Feb. 19, at Dysgwylfa Chapel, Clwt-y-bont, by the Rev Ellis James Jones, M.A., and Mr W. R. Whiteside, Mr William Parry to Miss Jane Williams,—both of Clwt-y- bont, Llanddeiniolcn. Prichêlld-Griffith-Feb. 20, at the Registrar's Office, Carnarvon, by Mr W. R. Whiteside, Mr William Prichard, Clwt-y-bont, to Miss Ann Griffith, Ebenezer,—both of Llanddeiniolen. Roberts-Davies-Feb. 14, at the Congregational Chapel, Maes-neuadd, Llanaelhaiarn, Mr Ro- bert Roberts, New-street, Trevor, to Margaret, daughter of Mr Thomas Davies, Ty'r Capel. This being the first marriage solemnized at the above chapel, the happy pair were presented with a handsome Bible. Roberts—Jones—Feb. 24, at the Registrar's Office, Carnarvon, Mr William Roberts to Miss Eliza- beth Jones,—both of Vale View, Talysarn. Thomas-Janes-Feb. 18, at the Calvinistic Metho- dist Chapel, Clydach, Monmouthshire, by the Rev D. Mills, Llanelli, assisted by the Revs W. Jones, Cendl, and John V. Jones, Llanelli, brother of the bride, the Rev Moses Thomas, Resolven, to Miss Jones, eldest daughter of Mr John Jones, Cwmduar Villa, Clydach, near Abergavenny. DEATHS. Beaton—Dec. 8, at North Gage, Oneida County, N. Y., America, Maggie, daughter of Cornelius and Elizabeth Beaton, aged 11 years, 1 month, and 29 days. Mrs Beaton was born at Llys-y- gwynt, Llanddeiniolen, Carnarvonshire, and her father resides at present at Liverpool. Davies-Feb. 20, at his residence, Glyndwr-view, Daere-hill, Rock Ferry, aged 35, Mr Edward Davies, partner in the firm of Messrs J.'and E. Davies, builders, Birkenhead. Davies-Feb. 21, aged three years and a half, Margaret Susannah, the little daughter of Mr Abel and Margaret Davies, Beacon's Hill, Den- bigh. Edwaras-Jan. 5, at Brooklyn, N. Y., America, Nathaniel, son of the late Mr John M. Edwards, formerly of Denbighshire, aged 51. Elliot-Feb. 8, at Cairo, Lady Elliot, and Feb. 12, Sir Thomas Fredk. Elliot, G.C.M.G., from typhoid fever, contracted, as it is supposed, at Naples. He was son of the late Right Hon. Hugh Elliot, governor of Madras, and brother of the first Earl of Minto and of the Dean of Bris- tol. Born in 1808, Jie entered the Colonial Office in 1825, and, after serving in positions of distinction, he was Under Secretary for the Colonies from 1847 to 1868. Lady Elliot, who was his second wife, was the second daughter of the late Admiral Sir Robert Howe Bromley, Bart. Evans—Jan. 29, at Marcy, N. Y., America, aged 62, Mr Richard Evans. Bethania. Deceased was born at Rhedynog, Pwllheli, where some of his relatives reside at present. Evans—Feb. 15, aged 72, Mrs Catherine Evans, the wife of the late Mr David Evans, Peniel, Festiniog. Griffith—Feb. 25, at Glandwr-terrace, Garth, aged 63, Sydney, relict of Mr William Griffith, Rofft Villa, Upper Bangor. Griffiths-Feb. 21, at her residence, 20, Caledonia- street, Liverpool, in her 69th year, Hannah Griffiths. Higginson-Feb. 12, aged 76, the Rev E. Higgin- 8011., Unitarian minister, Swansea. Hughes-Feb. 13, at'Coedan, Rhoscolyn, aged 84, Mrs Catherine Hughes. Ince-Feb. 22, at Pool Park, aged 79, Mr John Ince, for the last 52 years superintendent of re- pairs on the Pool Park estate, North Wales. Jones-Feb. 14, at Wern Bach, Eglwys Bach, aged 92, Catherine Jones, widow of the late Mr John Jones, Bryn-y-fawnog Bach. Jones—Feb. 16, Mrs Eleanor Jones, the beloved wife of Mr James Jones, Ty'nrhos, Llanbabo, Anglesey, and only daughter of Mr Richard Hughes, Coeden, Llanfecheil. Jones-Feb. 8, at Frondirion, Mynydd y Cilgwyn, aged eleven months, Laura Anne Jones, only daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Jones. Jones—Feb. 10, aged 10, Jane E. Jones, the be- loved daughter of Mr John W. Jones, painter, Edmund-street, Festiniog. Jones-Feb 20, after but three days' severe ill- ness, Robert Evan Jow's, eldest son of Mr Wil- liam Jones, Britannia-terrace, Bethania, Fes- tiniog, aged 23. Jones-Feb, 14. at his resideuce, Maencoch, Llan- wnda, aged 73, Mr Wm. Jones. Jones—Feb. 21, in her 3rd year, Elizabeth Jane, youngest daughter of Mr Owen Jones, Mill-lane, Liscard, Cheshire. Owen-Feb. 22, at 18. Rodney-street, Birkenhead, aged 65, Mr Griffith Owen, carpenter, native of Dolgelley. Ridge-Feb. 17, Mr Emmanuel Ridge, Mount- terrace, Corris, aged 29. Roberts-Feb. 18, aged 28, Elizabeth, the wife of Mr Owen Roberts, Toll-bar, Llanfair P. G., and eldest daughter of the late Mr Thos. Williams, Stag Cottage, of the above place. Also, on Saturday, the day of deceased's burial, the in- fant daughter of deceased, aged nine weeks, and was buried the same day with her mother at the churchyard of the above parish. Thomas—Jan. 7, at the residence of her son, Mr W. E. Thomas, Sheridan, Madison Co., Mon- tana, America, Mrs Dolly Thomas, aged 75. Mrs Thomas and her husband, with five children, emigrated to America from Llanrwst, about thirty years ago. "Williams—Feb. 2, of typhoid fever, aged 18, Mar- garet Williams, eldest daughter of Mr William Williams, Ty Uchaf, Llangoed. Williams- Feb. 16, aged 98, Mr Wm. Williams, Llangennach. Deceased joined the 90th Regi- ment of Light Infantry March 15, 1807. He was in the army for 24 years and 111 days. Williams-Feb. 16, aged 66, Mrs Williams, widow of the late Rev John Williams, Llanelli. Williams-Feb. 24, aged 38, Mrs Mary Williams, widow of the late Mr Wm. Williams, butcher Hole in -1 b e w all street, Carnarvon. Williams-Feb. 10, Elizabeth Williams, wife of Mr Hugh Williams, Cwm, Llanaelhaiarn, aged 63. Williams-Jan. 20, at Ty Uwds, Rhoscolyn, Angle- sey, aged 92, Mrs Mary Williams, mother of the late Captain Morris Williams, Greengate-street, Carnarvon, who was one of the three men drowned some time ago in the Menai Straits opposite Carnarvon. Williams—Feb. 25, aged 68, Mary, wife of Mr John Williams, Gwynfryn, Upper Bangor. Williams—Feb. 17, at his residence, Plas Uchaf, Llannefydd, Rhyl, in his 82nd year, Mr Henry Williams; much respected. Williams—Feb. 23, at 117. Vine-street, Liverpool, aged 77, Martha, relict of Mr Enoch Williams. Williams—Feb. 20, at Beaufort, South Wales, aged 24, Jane Williams, late of 87, Opie-street, Everton, Liverpool.
TO CORRESPONDENTS. THE ORCHARD HOUSE V. YOUNG ALBIO-IS. -Enough has already been said upon the subject of the late match. AMATOR JUSTITIYK.—We had sufficient reason for withholding your letter. The facts of the case have already been published in our columns. Though sympathising with the victim, you will not suppose this entails an obligation to take up other people's quarrels.
THE IDES OE MAROH IN RUSSIA. As the fatal ides of March for the Russian Czar draw on, anxiety is naturally increased as to what is to happen on the 25th anniversary of Czar Alexander's accession. If we are to credit the Nihilists, it is to be a day of darkness and bloodshed,—a day, in fact, to be remembered in the Russian calendar for ever after I as Black Tuesday. The chiefs of the police in St. Petersburg- Generals Drentchu, Gourko, and Zouroff,- have received notices from the Nihilist committee that they need not trouble them- selves to make any arrangements for illuminations at the approaching festivities, as the Revolutionists are preparing such an illumination as has not been seen since the days when Nero burnt Rome. Such blind terrorism as this will deceive no one, least of all such experts in the black arts of Revolu- tionary conspirators as the Russian police by this time must have become. Still, it will give the Czar and his circle a bad time of it till the anniversary is over; and at present, as far as we may judge by reports, the only result of this recent outbreak of Nihilism in its most violent form is to throw forward all mention of Constitutional reforms into an indefinite future. The Czar has been steeled to pity by the fact of this pitiless slaughter of his faithful Finlanders, and no one about him would so much as dare to mention anything like a liberal reform at present. All this is very melan- choly, and leads us to fear that the evil will only go on growing until it has reached its crisis, and actually struck out the life which has been so often aimed at. It is the more to be deplored since personally the Czar Alexander has not only given no offence to the Nihilists, but has actually stood between the police and their victims.. It is perfectly well known in Russian circles that the Third Department has for some time exercised a kind of fatal fascination over the Czar himself, and he has been lead to lean on the protection of the police more than he ought to have done. The result of this is, of course, disastrous to him in every sense of the word. Not only does it cut him off more and more from the natural support of the sovereign in the love and confidence of his people, but it also throws him helplessly on the protection of some of the vilest of mankind. There may be a certain cynical truth in the axiom about setting a thief to catch a thief; but in the majority of cases the thief-catcher who is taken from that class comes to an understanding with those whom he is engaged to hunt down, and the result is the majesty of the law is affronted in the very person of those who are set to uphold it. It is not for us to say one word in mitigation of the horror which Nihilism arouses; but let us be just to human nature. Monsters of wickedness are no more generated at present in Russia than in France during the Reign of Terror. But the term explains itself. Terrorism is a state of things which, while it lasts, exposes human nature to the most abj ect andsometimes revolting excess of cruelties. It breeds a Barrer, who is such an adept in lying that mendacity almost rises to the level of a fine art, and a Danton, whose rant is that of a Termogent. As for Robespierre, with his sea-green eyes and his sickening cant about philantropy and the Supreme Being, we may regard him as the climax of the whole, a product as unique as the Revolu- tion which spawned him. If we would desire that Russia should not pass through such a blood-bath as this, let us hope that Nihilism will be dealt with in some better way than ty mere repression, and with this last hope we look forward with anxiety to Tuesday next.
NOTES OF THE WEEK. The abominable case which came before the county magistrates at Carnarvon on Saturday last affords another instance of the gross immorality of the district from Llandwrog to Penygroes. Cases of affilia- tion and debauchery are as flagrant in this locality as were those of brutality in another part of the county a few months ago. We need not here recapitulate the facts, but it is our duty to point out to those who are the ministers of morality in these districts, the frequent recurrence of abominable offences which occur as in refutation of our boast of Hen wlad y menyg gwynion." It is not in the power of justices of the peace to correct such a disgraceful state of things ex- cept so far as the infliction of punishment is capable; but there are those who, being nearer the domestic affairs of the people, profess to influence more directly their morals and religion. We do not put this offence at the door of the ministers of reli- gion of Penygroes district, but it does seem strange such inhuman outrages as the one referred to should occur in a locality so richly blessed in spiritual ministrations, and that the leading characters in the case were parties who occupy a prominent posi- tion in connection with some of the chapels in the district. It is uncertain as yet whether the lucky gentleman who was appointed Registrar- general the other day will accede to the wishes of the Social Science Conference, to include in the next census the religious views of every inhabitant. The Liberation Society a few weeks ago passed the resolu- tion that strenuous opposition would be made to such a proposal, and we observe that Mr Henry Richard in a recent speech disapproved of the proposal. The reason given is that it would be unfair, and mis- leading towards Nonconformists, as it is an- ticipated all who belong to no denomina- tion whatever could probably be classed as belonging to the Church of England. There is assuredly more sectarianism than reason in such a statement, for we do not suppose the census papers would indicate that every inhabitant must hold a religion of some sort. If provision is made for such a classi- fication, it should embrace at the same time a division for "Neutrals," and this would be as significant as any other result. We are of opinion the proposal will have the approval generally of men of all creeds and classes. The Conservatives of Montgomeryshire, not content with the strong- opposition which will be made to their Tory repre- sentative at the next election, have decided that they will contest the Montgomery Boroughs now represented by the Hon. F. Tracy. The sorry figure which the Tory candidate cut in 1878 ought to be suffi- cient reason for their abandoning the idea unless it can be shown that political opin- ion in these boroughs has entirely changed, which certainly is not the case. The candi- date whom the Tories desire to honour is Mr Pryce Jones, the celebrated dealer in Welsh and other cloths, of Newtown. Mr Pryce Jones, who has been a successful man in business, has been cautious enough not to jump at the offer made him, but inti- mated that he would make up his mind by the 18th March. We can only hope his sagacity will be equal to his ambition, and that he will devote his energies to fortify the endangered Tory seat for the county rather than enter upon the Quixotic task of contesting the Boroughs. « A Bangor contemporary has got hold or invented a story "that Earl Dalhousie has refused to contribute a single penny towards the election expenses of Lord Ramsay at Liverpool, because he did not approve of his candidature, and that the Liverpool Radicals are taking the hat around to collect towards the expenses of the election." We do not suppose many people would believe that our contemporary could thrust itself so much into the privacy of Earl Dalhousie's affairs as to know any secrets passing between him and his son. But as a matter of fact Lord Ramsay is by no means badly provided for. Whether the Liverpool Liberals have any need to take the hat around is very doubt- ful, but if their candidate had a rich uncle, who was a brewer, and who in addition to paying the whole of the election expenses, was going to present his nephew with fifty thousand pounds to set up in style in London, such would be unnecessary. The halfpenny collection, which the Chrmicle intends to start, may be perhaps more advantageously reserved towards the expenses of the Tory candidate for Carnarvonshire. It is said that 70,000 persons have already signed petitions in favour of Mr Roberts' Sunday Closing Bill, so that the hon. mem- ber will speak in Parliament pretty well supported by the voice of the population. The only substantial reason to be brought to oppose the bill will be that of the alleged impossibility of separate legislation for Wales. But as yet, we have seen no indi- cation as to where this impossibility exists. It was possible to obtain Sunday Closing in Scotland and in Ireland, in neither of which countries it can be said the voice of the population was so generally given in its favour. We have received a copy of the Bill, which contains four clauses, and is as follows:— A BILL TO PROHIBIT THE SALE OF INTOXICATING LIUUORS ON SUNDAY IN WALES. Whereas the provisions in force against the sale of fermented and distilled liquors during certain hours of Sunday have been found to be attended with great public benefits, and it is expedient and the people of Wales are desirous that in the principality of Wales those provisions should be extended to the other hours of Snnday Be it therefore enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same as follows 1. In the principality of Wales all premises in which intoxicating liquors are sold or exposed for sale by retail shall be closed during the whole of Sunday. 2. The Licensing Acts, 1872-1874, shall apply in the ease of any premises closed under. this Act as if they had been closed under those Acts. 3. This Act shall come into operation with res- pect to each division or place in Wales on the day next appointed for the holding of the general annual licensing meeting for that county or place. 4 This Act may be cited as the Sunday Closing (Wales) Act, 1880. Mr Osborne Morgan has kindly taken up the cause of an unfortunate man named Edward Jones, who was convicted at Llangollen on a charge of illegal fishing. He was fined JE5 and £1 for each fish he had caught, amounting in all to 110 15s or in default to two months' hard labour. The bench refused to allow him time to pay this enormous amount and the man is now un- dergoing imprisonment. Very strong evidence was brought forward at the hear- ing of the case purporting to prove that the man at the time he was alleged to have been caught poaching was seen in his own house. But the bench believed the testimony of the watcher. In reply to Mr Osborne Morgan in the House of Commons, the Home Secretary stated that the matter had been gone into thoroughly by the Bench, who were perfectly satisfied they had come to a right decision. Since he heard from the Bench of Magistrates a petition had been presented in which it was stated that some- body else had confessed to the deed; it was possible, therefore, that a mistake had been committed, and in such circumstances it was his duty to make inquiries. These had already been instituted. A London telegram informs us that Dr Pierce, of Denbigh, has signified his inten- tion of not contesting the county of Den- bigh at the general election. It is fortunate for Dr Pierce that he has listened to the sober dictates of wisdom, for without bene- fitting his party he would only have taken upon himself a forlorn hope. Dr Pierce is a man who has attained to a high position and is universally respected, but his eminent qualifications as doctor would stand him no purpose as a statesman. We have been as- sured from a credible quarter, that the idea originated by the worthy doctor being pressed on the subject by four leading Con- servatives, and one of the four is the gentle- man who is so anxious for an excuse to con- test the county as a Con-orvative 1 It is alike fortunate for the Conservatives as for Dr Pierce that this dodge has failed to succeed in splitting the Liberal cause. ♦ The Sunday Closing Question is engaging universal and well-deserved attention. It was the subject of discussion at a meeting of the Church Association at Wrexham the other day, when there was a remarkable diversity of opinion upon the merits of the bill. Mr Clayton, who introduced the sub- j ect, regarded the opening of public hoifses on Sunday as an infringement of the sacred character of the day. Licensed victuallers would be very glad to have the day to them- selves, and he could see no reasonable ob- jection to the proposal, while from the moral as well as the religious aspect, it would be the greatest benefit to the community at large. General Townshend shared in this view, stating that the phrase, "You cannot make people sober by Act of Parliament," sounded rather smart, and he supposed that was the reason it was so often used; but he did not see why they should not make people sober by Act of Parliament as well as make them anything else by Act of Parliament. The Legislature had established School Boards to make them learned by Act of Parliament, sanitary laws to make them healthy by Act of Parliament, and labour laws to make them idle by Act of Parliament. One or two gentlemen thought no party feeling should be allowed to stand in the way of supporting Mr John Roberts' measure. But there were others who took a different view even on this point, whilst another section thought it should be objected to because separate legis- lation for Wales was impossible. Mr Trevor Parkins thought Sunday closing was one of those desirable things which are utterly im- practicable. The most novel idea was that propounded by Mr Lewis, a learned solicitor of Wrexham, who was opposed to any legis- lation on the ground that they could not make people sober by Act of Parliament, and that much more good might be done by the example and the teaching of the clergy. But it is just there the whole meetings seems I to have gone wide of the subject. It is not so much a question of making people sober by Act of Parliament as it is a question of Sabbath observance, in which sense the Association in question might have much more beneficially dealt with. Lord Derby has identified himself with the Coffee Tavern Movement, and at a meeting in London this week he made some practical remarks as to the cost of our national intemperance. His Lordship said he was in favour not only of local option, but of personal option. As the matter stood, in many places a working man had no choice between drinking beer and going dry. He believed that the coffee tavern movement, like other good undertakings, would meet with much opposition when it became big enough. He wondered how many working men thought that every time they spent threepence on beer or spirits they swallowed a square yard of good agricultural land. Supposing that for ten years, out of our national drinking bill of £ 140,000,000, we saved £ 60,000,000, that would amount to the purchase of ten million acres, or one- eighth of the whole soil of the island. When they purchasd sixpenny-worth of spirits they handed over fivepence to the Chancellor of the Exchequer.
We do not necessarily identify ourselves with the sentiments of our correspondents.
THE CARNARVON STEEPLECHASES,— MAGISTERIAL BILINGSGATE. SIR,-I was present at the above meeting on Thursday last, and enjoyed the sport, such as it was but an event took plaee which I infer has been suppressed by the reporters, and possibly hushed up by others interested. For the consolation race, at the close of the pro- ceedings, two well matched horses werd entered, and it was said some heavy betting had been laid on. Both animals went well, and Lightning took the lead, but on approach- ing the water-leap on the first round it refused the fence, and had to be forced considerably before it went over. Whilst this was going on the other horse came up and got such a head- way that Lightning," despite continued use of the spurs, failed to overtake. Aftertheraceacor stable observedthe patch of blood on the horse's side, and called the attention of the Inspector of the Society for Preventing Cruelty to Animals to it. The inspector and the constable exa- mined the horse in the paddock, and the owner, who seemed irritated, called the attention of some of the gentlemen interested in the races to the matter. On this a gentleman who holds a high position as a county magistrate interposed, and visited the officers with the most exquisite bit of Billingsgate I ever heard; it was such that I believe the officers were frightened. I know not whether the officer will make out a case, but what prompts me to write is to call attention to the fact that a magistrate should so violently exonerate a wrong by abusing a man in the execution of his duty. The language used was too choice for reproduction, but the principle involved is an important one. How could this "magistrate" deal with a poor huckster charged for working a donkey with a small bruise in the leg ? I venture to believe he would fine him heavily, and deservedly too. This horse was much abused. I consider such a flagrant case as this should be fully exposed, and the electors of a certain constituency will do well to bear this in mind in case they are asked to give their suffrages to a man whose vocabulary is more suited for Billingsgate than Westmins- ter.—Yours, A MODERATE SPORTSMAN. THE CLWYD CHAMBER OF AGRICUL- TURE AND THE AGRICULTURAL COMMISSION. SIR,—The Vale of Clwyd Chamber of Agri- culture is of opinion that the state of agriculture in North Wales has improved during the last 15 years. To some extent this is the case, particularly in the breeding of horses and the introduction of a superior class of cattle but can anyone out of the Chamber cry "Hear, hear to the dictum of one of the speakers that no part of the world has advanced so much within the last 15 years!" If this be so, Government may well reply, What a contented and prosperous vale. Here at least there is no need for a commission of enquiry. See the pastures are clothed with flocks, and the valleys also are covered with corn When the Chamber saw themselves as others do not see them, and cheered the fond delusion of their superlative progress, did they forget America and the colonies, and the astonishing life and activity of these formidable competitors. True enough, Wales has made some advance, but has the advance been commensurate with the wants of the population ? How far has this advance been checked and hindered by privileged land laws, by an abominable system of game pre- serving, by the unjust law of distraint, where- by rents have been unduly kept up, by with- holding compensation for tenants' improve- ments, and by a vexatious interference with the liberty and independence of the tenant in the management and disposal of his crop. To these impediments may be added a heavy poor rate and a burdensome tithe rent charge, amounting in many parts of the Principality to 10s per acre, and seldom falling below 5s. These grievances are carefully ignored by this sapient Commission which prefers to probe the ills of suffering agriculturists by means of a whimsical assortment of pointless and gossiping questions. Let me recommend the Clwyd Chamber of Agriculture to repress for the present all patriotic pride in their fertile locality, however fine a thing that may be in its proper place. Let them look at genuine facts and tell the Government plainly that the country has not progressed and is not progress- ing in a manner sufficient to keep up a fair equilibrium of profits with the American whose business is free and unfettered that unless a remedy be found for the difficulties that beset English agriculture, farmers must continue to go to the wall in increasing numbers, as they have done during the past three years. It has been stated on good authority that they have lost £100,000,000 of their capital in one year. What amount have the landlords lost? What have the bishops and clergy lost out of the fat livings of the Church ? Seasons will roll on as they have ever done in an uncontrollable variety of good and bad, but how long will farmers supinely submit to hear speeches, answer questions, and receive advice about their troubles, instead of combining to send men to Parliament who would really look to their interests ? This is the true remedy. It is one in their own hands, and if firmly exercised would make short work of this dallying Commission and set them free in the race with the great transatlantic opposition. 20th Feb., 1880. A.B. RUTHIN TOWN COUNCIL. SIR,—I quite endorse the suggestion by the Ruthin correspondent that Mr Lewis Jones should be asked to fill the existing vacancy in the Council —if he has not already consented. No better candidate could be found in the town than Mr Jones, and I believe he is the man that the rate- payers would return, were he opposed. We want educated men in the Council-men who can speak, and not mere dummies. I am glad to see, sir, that the affairs of this body are being conducted more satisfactorily of late, and I trust the rate- payers will bear in mind that to have good government we must have good representatives.— Yours obediently, J. H. Ruthin, Feb. 24th. THE LLANBERIS BATHING MACHINES Stit,-The quaint and quiet little hamlet of Llanberis-just now enjoying that well-earned repose which. precedes the busy summer—increases in popularity year by year. The alpine bluffs that tower above the unruffled waters of the great lake, have been admired by tourists from all parts of the globe. It is gratifying to find the inhabitants fully alive to the requirements of the place. New and commodious houses and cosy hotels, comfort- ably, if not very luxuriously furnidhed, are here in abundance. There is ample provision made for those who desire to the attractions of mountain and glen; but I am of opinion that the beautiful lake might be made more serviceable if u supply of good pleasure boats were provided. I do not know whether bathing in the lake is indulged in to an appreciable exteut, during the season; but i have an impression that I observed five or six cabins, suspiciously like bathing machines without wheels, standing on the margin of the lake, and close to the high road, before the village is reached from the Carnarvon side. Perhaps the oldest inhabitant" will enlighten my ignorance on the "bathing machine" question.—Yours. XNAFSACK.
RUTHIN V. MOLD. A match will be played between these clubs at Mold, to-morrow (Saturday). Kick off, 3.15 p.m. ROVERS, CONWAY, V. ST. DAVID'S, LLANDUDNO. These clubs met at Llandudno on the 21st., and when time was called, the game stood in favour of the Rovers by three goals and one disputed to none. THE WELSH ASSOCIATION CHALLENGE CUP. The final tie for this cup will be played at Wrexham on the 13th of March, between Ruthin and the Druids (Ruabon). WELSH CHALLENGE CUP. The tie between the Newtown White Stars and the Druids in this competition was decided on Saturday, at Oswestry, the Druids winning by three goals to one. The final tie, which will de. cide the possession of the cup for the ensuing year, has to be played between the Druids and Ruthin.
The New York Herald says: A distur- bance, attended by rains and south winds, veering west, strong or gales, will arrive on the British and Norwegian coasts between the 28th inst. and 1st prox. The Atlantic will be stormy north of latitude 35.
SIR W. W. WYNN'S HOUNDS MEET ON Saturday, Feb. 28 Whitchurch Racecourse Monday, March 1 Bangor Wednesday, March 3 Pulford Friday, Marco;). Bahttrch Saturday, March 6. Ightfield Each day at 10. 30. THE FLINT AND DENBIGH HOUNDS MEET ON Saturday, Feb. 28 .Hafodunos At 10.30. ANGLESEY HARRIERS MEET ox Saturday, Feb. 28. Llangwyllog Station At 11.30.
THE LIVERPOOL MUNICIPAL ELECTION. The Genedl in an editorial on the above says It cannot now be doubted for a moment that Liverpool is the home of uncompromising Toryism. Notwithstanding the spirit of reform which tem- porarily siezed the town in November last, it is now evident that she has relapsed into her nor- mal political condition, and is in a fair way of neutralising all the good she then accomplished. That a powerful reaction has set in since Novem- ber is manifested in the return of three Tories at the municipal election on Wednesday last. The Tories succeeded in unseating Messrs David Hughes aud Stephens, and thus compelled them to enter into a second contest, and the result has been most emphatically a Tory victory. The parties stood thus at the close of the poll R. Galloway (C.) 8044 D. Hughes (L.) 6596 Tory majority 1448 Dr Marsh (C.) 1026 T. E. Stephens (L.) 988 38 The same result attended the contest in North, Toxteth, where a Tory candidate headed the poll with a majority of 372. It is true that in the- latter case the position of the parties has not been reversed, yet it indicates how well the town has- clung to its traditional policy. This election sheds an unmistakeable light upon the Toryism of Everton. It was here that Mr Whitley received his main support, and it was from this locality that he derived his hope in the hour of his elec- toral trial. Everton has proved that it adheres as staunch as ever to its mistaken and mischievous policy. Mr Hughes posses.,ed many advantages —an umullied character, and a perfect knowledge of the ward and its requirements, but they availed nothing. Everton is not however to be considered lost, as it contains 7000 good men and true, who. refuse to bow the knee and own no allegiance to the Tory Baal. These men should not rest until they have succeeded in becoming a majority. In future no effort should be spared to educate the Tories in the superior principles of Liberalism, and wean them from the purblind policy which they now cherish then will Everton turn frolm the Toryism and Imperialism of the present Government. It is reported that Dr Marsh, who wrested the seat from Mr Stephens, is in danger- of losing it again in consequence of bribery and., other corrupt practices. THE LIBERAL PARTY IN CARNARVON- SHIRE. The Genedl Gymreig for this week contains a letter in reference to the organisation of the Liberal party in Carnarvonshire. Subjoined, are- a few quotations in 1868, the Liberals fell upon the Conservatives suddenly, and the victory was gained unexpectedly. By 1874, the Con- servatives were prepared, but not so the Liberals, and consequently they lost the battle. Many are the conjectures why it was lost, and doubtless it is difficult to account fully, as various causes had conglomerated. Since then, a small number of faithful adherents had been plodding along, and to their efforts alone is due the present satisfactory state of the register. But in no "frise can that small number be designated as representing the whole county, neither that their influence upon it extends far. The leaders oj the party were all the time conspicuous by their absence, and thus they are again. We have strong reasons for stating that the notion which prevails among those leaders is, that it is better to leave everything, and work strenuously when the time of election comes. But we believe that a greater error cannot be committed, if this is the plan which will be adopted at the forthcoming general election. This plan worked fairly in 1868, when the Conservatives were devoid of organisation but now their ar- rangements are perfect, it will never succeed. The great lesson taught by the Birmingham sys- tem is, that complete arrangements are required in order to succeed, and in all those places where they have been carried out, they have been of in- estimable value. Perhaps the Birmingham sys- tem could not be carried out in Carnarvonshire and similar places, but there are other systems which might be made to meet the circumstances of the county, and they ought to be tried in earnest. But what is our present condition? It appears that the arrangements, with the exception of a few places, are quite loose indeed, it is questionable whether there are arrangements of any description in many localities. A short time ago, one or two warm meetings were held, but it appears now they were only a flash, and that they were productive of nothing practical, with the exception of securing a promise by Mr Jones- Parry to come forward as a candidate. It is absurd to think that the heat of an election will make everything up. It will certainly take a long time to secure com- plete and effective arrangements, and whilst the Liberals will be searching for people to work, the Conservatives will have canvassed every elector in the county. This is the truth, and there can be no help for it. We don't see why it should be borne. The organization ought to be so perfect that every Liberal voter in the county had been canvassed, and could be secured within forty-eight hours after the declaration of the election. Why not hold one meeting at Carnarvon to present Mr Jones Parry to the electors, and afford him an opportunity to express his opinion on the leading topics of the day ? If one meeting only were held, it would be a starting point to awaken the electors and to rouse the whole county to prepare for battle. Whatever was the feeling of the county in 1874, there is no doubt that it is now thoroughly Radical, if it got fair play. The Conservatives are ready, and there are proofs that they have been canvassing for some months, and that they resort to their artifices, as usual. Unless an early change comes, one can venture to predict a strong probabi- lity that the Liberals will again lose Carnarvonshire in the General Election, and if it is lost, the cause of the defeat will rest upon the leaders of the party."
Sir H. R. Colley has been appointed Governor and High Commissioner of Natal, and Commander of the troops in the south-eastern district, in succession to Sir Garnet Wolseley and Henrv Bulwer. Advices from St. Petersburg state that the four labourers who occupied the basement storey of the Czar's Palace, where the explosion occurred, have been found, and their innocence in the affair seem established. In the Paine trial the judge concluded his summing up at 4.33 on Wednesday, and the jury retired. After an absence of one hour and a quarter, they returned into cnurt with a verdict of manslaughter against Pame, and he was sentenced to penal servitude for life. Brigandage is again rife in Turkey. Col Synge and his wife have been seized by brigands in Salonica, and are now detained by these ruffians, who demand heavy ransom. Sir Henry Layard has despatched the gunboat Rapid to Salonica,