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Mulish LANDIiestoranON LEAGUE.














DEMONS TRATION AT CARMARTHEN. IMPOSING PROCESSION. SPEECHES BY LORD KENSINGTON, M.P., SIR J. JONES JENKINS, M.P.. MESSRS HENRY RICHARD, M.P., MORGAN LLOYD, Q.C., M.P., W. R. 3. POWELL, M.P., LEWIS MORRIS, M.A., AND OTHERS. CARUAKTHBN, Tuesday.—The lovely weather of the past few days and also of to-day did much to ensure and to increase the very large attend- ance which had been expected at to-day's demon- stration ever since the event was announced. The affair was taken up with a great deal of enthusiasm in all the districts of the county, and the idea of giving the inhabitants of Carmarthen- shire an opportunity of speaking in one united voice 011 the subject of the present political crisis was generally regarded as an excellent one. Special trains were run on the Great Western Railway from all districts of the county served by that line, and cheap fares were granted on the Central Wales line, and a very large number of the country people came to town by road from the districts unserved by rail- ways. No certain information is available as to the exact number which visited the town, but something like 2,700 tickets were issued for the trains from the Llanelly district, about 1,200 from Whitland and the neighbourhood, and something approaching 1,000 from Llandovery and inter- vening places. Many of the places of business in town were closed, and most of the employers of labour suspended work for to-day:s event. The organising committee, with Mr J. F. Morris, its hon, secretary, met on the Parade at 1.30, in order to arrange the procession. The Liberals of the town, and those of the visitors who had ar- rived in town, also gathered on the Parade at that time, and on the arrival of the later trains the order of procession was formed as follows:— Mr Marks' Brass Band. Bearer of Blue Flag. Members of Parliament with the Demonstration Com- mittee and the Kxeuutive of the Llanelly Liberal Association. Dissenting Ministers of Town, and County. Glogue Brass Band. Bearer cof Banner. Residents of IJanboidy and district. Llanelly Brass Band. Bearer or Banner. Residents of l.tineily and district. Llaudilo Brass Baud. Bearer of Banner. Residents of Llandilo and district. Kidwelly Brass Band. Bearer of B«fn:ier. Residents, f Kidwelly and district. The route of procession lay along the East Parade, through the New-ioad into Priory-street (where the processionists were joined by a body of 140 horsemen, who brought up the rear), and thence through King-street, Guildhall-Square, Lammas-street, to the Fusiliers' Monument, Water-street, and back through Catherine-street to Alderman Norton's field (adjoining the cattle market), where a large stage had been erected. A large number of the public men of the town and country, with several ladies, occupied the plat- form, while the audience, which could not have numbered less than 5,000, and probably was nearer 6,000 persons, was conveniently ranged in a semi-circle around the platform, the banners and bannerets which were a conspicuous feature in the procession forming a background. The following are a few of the very numerous mottoes and devices which were carried iu the procession:—" Have faith in the People." Clear's Corporation," ReslJect Law, not Privi- lege," "Away with Privilege," "The People shall be heard," A Vote for the Country as weU as tho Town," "The Peers or the People; which?' Among the more striking of the devices were several with black edges and other emhlems oi mourning, the inscription on one, which bore a ClImn, with the date 1-884, being The House of Lords Requiescat." On another, shaped as a coffin-plate—"In memory of the House of Lords," and on a third The Funeral March of the House of Lords." After the chairman and ti e members of Parlia- ment had taken their seats on the platform, and before the speaking commenced, the group was photographed by Mr Henry HowelL The choice of a chairman was an exceedingly happy one, that office being filled by MrD. Pugh, of Manoravon, who formerly s&t for this county in the House gf Commons. In rising to open the proceedings, The CHAIRMAN was received in a very hearty manner. He said he had one regret in occupying that position, namely, that the honour of pre- siding over that magnificent meeting had not fallen into abler hands. They were there to sup- port the enfranchisement of two millions of householders in counties, who were shortly to be placed on a level with their brethren in the towns. (Loud applause.) The working classes were the strength of the country in peace and war, and they deserved their enfranchisement as a reward for their worth and their services to the country. (Cheers.) The country were united in demanding the franchise, and if they went out with a candle like Diogenes to look for a man opposed to the Fran- chise Bill,they would not find one. (Laughter and cheers.) They were all united in the matter, and there was 110 reason why the measure should be delayed. (Applause.) Mr W. R. H. PowiSLL, M.P., who was received with loud and continued applause, moved the first resolution, which was; as follnws — That thits meetin¡( expresses its unabated confidencocJ in the present Government, congratulates tlieni 011 having .;arrietl the Franchise Bill through the HOU:<6 of Commons, anti 011 their decision t" call an autumn session for the purpose of again considering the bill, and trusts that Afr Gladstone wiH not consent to a dissolution of Parliament uutil the bill has become law, this meeting being of opinion,that the power of dissolving Parliament rests solely in the Crown to he exercised by the advice of the executive Government, and not by the dictation of the House t f Lords. The hon member said the demonstration of that day was worthy of the cause they had come to uphold, and he was delighted to meet them as one of their representatives. In refer- ring to his conduct in the Houso during the past session, Mr Powell inciden- tally mentioned that of the 25 divisions in the earlier "stages of the Franchise Bill he was present a 23. The bill was a great and kng-withheld measure of justice to the working classes, in whose good sense and patriotism the Liberal party had every reliance. (Cheers.) They could not see why a man should be a worse citizen and a less desirable subject because he was admitted to the exercise of an undoubted right. In that connection he would remark that an influential journal circulating in those western counties had thought right to charge him with having dis- played a want of charity towards his political opponents in the speech which he trade at C wmaminan the other day. No public man could object to fair criticism, but he was bound to say that the Wester a Mail had made a charge against him which was wholly unsupported by the facts of the case. When he stated that Lord Randolph Churchill's views on the subject of the county franchise hail undergone a remarkable metamorphosis during the passage of the bill through the House of Commons, he stated what was an historical fp-ct. He did not blame Lord Randolph for his insight into futurity and his boldness in declaring the change in his convic- tions so far from doing so, he (Mr Powell) was sanguine enough to hupe that the day might not be distant when he would be found devoting his undoubted talent in a nobler mission than the bolstering up of exploded Tory notions. (Cheers.) Lord Randolph had done much good in his day aud generation, and would do still more when he told his order that they would best consult their own interest by joining their fellow subjects in the recognition of the fundamental principle of the greatest good for the greatest number. If the Cardiff print which had called him (Mr Powell) to account would only exert its influence to bring about a thorough good feeling among all classes of the people by the extirpation of intolerance and the spirit of ascendancy, it would assist in the great work which the Liberal party had set themselves to do and which they meant to accomplish altogether, irre- spective of forebodings and croakings about in- calculable evils in the future.( Loud and continued applause.) In his concluding remarks, Mr Powell pointed out some of the anomalies of the present system of representation, and said that the cor- rection of these and other matters to be dealt with in the Redistribution Bill made it impossible to discuss that measure and the franchise in the same session. As to the future, he anticipated that by the time Parliament again assembled the Peers would have learned that the paths of justice and moderation were also the paths of safety. (Loud applause.) Meanwhile the Liberal party, which mig-ht be saId to have mherlted the accom- plishment of the great work of human progress, would not be diverted from its purpose, and he knew that Wales would continue to occupy a foremost place in the great struggle for the rights and liberties cf the people. (Loud and prolonged applause.) Sir J. JONES JEKKTNfI, M.P., who was received with applause, seconded the motion, and said that when they considered the magnitude of the Frau- chise Bill it was not surprising th it it was exciting such interest all over the country. The Conser- vatives expressed a great desire for the extension of the franchise, but they could not accept such professions when they considered the action of that party. (Hear, hear.) As to the future action of the Conservative party, the Peers could only retrace their steps by acknowledging th -ir mistake and deserting Lord Saiis; >ury again, as they had done before, and by following the dic- tates of their own judgment and good sense. Lord Salisbury had, hoA-ever, taken care to put his case clearly, so as to strengthen the waverers or shame them from deserti.ig J¡:m, and he had told thriin that if they receded now they would only possess a merely" empty power," and be held in undisguised contempt. If the Peers did not yield, t.he ie.ult would be that the House of Lords would eit ier be rt-voli hed, or hv ir::h f"bn ¡p":1'j)t1uePii ss -> 1 hut the voice of the people should be heard in that august assembly, (Cheers.) The motion was put and carried with a great shout of ayes" and cheers, just a few n as" being heard here and there. Lord KENSINGTON acknowledged tho vote 011 behalf of the Government. His lordship, who I spoke with difficulty in consequence of a severe cold, said he would not have tllisd the oppor- tunity of witnessing the grand scene which was before him that day, and he had some feelings of justifiable pride in having the honour of holding a subordinate position in her Majesty's Govern- ment, and iu the privilege of standing before them to acknowledge the vote of confidence which they had just passed, (Applause,) It was by votes at such meeting as those that the Govern- ment received the support which they had asked for and received, and which would enable them to carry the measure which they had at heart. (Cheers.) They would be glad to know that Wales was at tho back of the Government. (Re- newed applause.) Mr HNRY RICHARD, M.P., who was received with much enthusiasm, and who spoke first in Welsh and afterwards in English, moved the second resolution, as follows :— That this meeting records its emphatic protest against the action o. the II .use of Lords in declining to pass lie Franchise Bill, which affects only the representation of the people in the House of Commons, a'i. 1 w. hi.l wa passed in that House by over- whelming majorities of the people's representatives. In the course of his remarks the hon. gentle- man said he owed them a sort of apology for being present that day. (No, no.) He had no sort of connection in Carmarthenshire—(A voice You are the member for Wales")—but he ca'ine in obedience to the request of his hon. friends whom he so highly esteemed, and who so well represented them in the House of Commons— Mr Powell and Sir Jones Jenkins. (Loud applause.) They had two questions before them—the fate of the Franchise Bill and the fate of the House of Lords. The preliminary question, whether the people of England wanted the bill had been effectively answered by the hundreds of thousands who had assembled all over the country to demand the passiug of the bill. (Cheers.) The House of Lords had raised questions which would not have been raised but for their action. They were now on their trial before the tribunal of the public opinion of the country,and not for the first time. The country had to consider not only the particular offence with which the peers were now chaiged, but the long series of previous offences from which the country had suffered grievously. There was a long list of previous convictions, but the country, acting in its judicial capacity, had hitherto returned the verdict which some wicked person once attributed to a Welsh jury, "Not guilty, but don't do it again." The country had been very long suffering with the House of Lords, but the time was coming, and m'ght already have arrived, when the ver- dict would be, t. Guily, upon my honour." There must be no compromising concessions. It would be a poor recompense to the people of the country for the travail which they had under- gone in bringing up such a body of opinion in support of the Government—it would be a poor requital if, after all, any step should be taken which would give them into the hands of Lord Salisbury. (Cheers.) His friend Lord Kensing- ton would take it as the message of the great meeting at Carmarthen to the Government, Stand fino; don't yield one step. Hold on, aud the millions of England aud Wales are at your backs." (Prolonged cheering.) Mr LEWIS MOBHIS, M.A., seconded the resolu- tion, and said that if he had missed seeing that magnificent,orderly, and representative assembly of Carmarthenshire men and women, he should have regretied it to his latest day. (Cheers.) He was a little more moderate than some people, and did not think that the funeral of the House of Lords had come just yet. It might come some day, but it had not come now. (A voice Another chance.") Just so; they had another chance. People had a considerable respect for English peers. There was not a mau living who would not feel gratified to walk down the street arm and arm with a peer. (Langht r.) That was stupid and unreasonable, no doubt, but it seemed to be human nature as at present constituted. (Renewed laughter.) Referring to the composition of the House of Peers, Mr Morris said the 44- Irish and Scotch representative peers were all and always extreme Tories, and he thought something should be done to neutralise their influence aud votes. In dealing with the political, social, and educational ad vantages which the franchise would enable the working classes to obtain for themselves, Mr Morris defined a Liberal as one who- cared for other people, and a Torv as-one who only cared for himself. (Cheers.) The resolution was carried without disseut. Mr MORGAN LLOTD, Q.C., M.P., who spoke entirely in Welsh, mowd the third resolution :— 1'hat the House of Lord" being for the m'3t part an hereditary chamber, has of late years put its.1! so much in opp Ritim to the wishes of the pea de, and to the progress ofhenetic;al legis atim, that thb meet- ing considers tha the time as arrived when soin. organk chmge should b; nude iu the constitution of that House, so as to king it into harmony with the principles of popular and representative government, and that such change should be mainly in the direc- tion ot p ting an end to hereditary succession as regards its legislative functions. The hon. member, wlw was very heartily reo ceived, said he was glad to find that the earnest- neM and erttllllsiasm in support of Mr Gladstone's Government which he had witnessed at crowded meetings in North Wales were equally manifest in that gn at assembly. (Cheers.) Her Majesty's G (1\ ernllJent had 1111 nioio faitluul 8ulJfJvrters in any part of the kingdom than in the Principality of Wales, and there was no part of the United Kingdom where Liberal principles were so triumphant and so much in the ascendant as at the present moment amongst their countrymen. (Cheers.) Most of tliein remembered the time when the majority of the Welsh members were Conservatives, and the history of the country for two centuries showed that whatever political changes might take pace in England and Scotland, the Welsh people had always remained faithful adh rents oi the Tory paity. Now what good had the Tories ever done to the people of Wales during their two cenLmies of dominion ? Could they point out lme single benefit which they had conferred upon the country during that period ? The Tory party could reckon upon the support of the great hou.-e-, and the great houses ordered their tenants to the poll, Thope days had gone hy, The Welsh people had asserted their independence, and even ,-the leaders of the Tory party now condescended to pay attention (,0 tlJem, (Laugh- ter and applause.) The attention with which they wore now honoured by the Tory leaders was not confined to the long-deferred visits of ex- Cabinet Ministers to Wales, but at the great meetings in Scotland one great leader spoke of the Welsh as a political peopJe, and deigned to answer a speech made by a Welsh member at Swansea while the other great leader suggested that Wales was over-represented with 15 borough members, whilst Glasgow had only two—a re- 1IIark, the significance ot which would be duly appreciated by the Welsh people, and taken as a warning of the fate Lord .Salisbury had in store for them. The Tories despaired of reducing the number of Liberal members for Wales except by a reduction of the number of seats. But Lord Salisbury would not succeed in that object, for as they had fought for their freedom so they would also fight for their electoral rights. (Loud cheers.) He appealed to them, the electors of Carmarthenshire, to accept Lord Salisbury's cliallenare, by not only returning tb.ir present excellent member, Mr Powell, at the head of the poll at the next general election, as they had done before, but by returning two Liberal members, and thus completing the Liberal representation ol South Wales. (Loud and Continued cheering.) in the present crisis was iu vol ved not only the question of the franchise, but alo the still more impoitant question whether a free people were to submit to the dictation of au hereditary and unrepresentative chamber which claimed to dic- tate terms to the nation, 'md to determine the tim wJwJI,and the circumstances under which, an appeal to the people is to to take place. Such a preposterous clailu was new in their history, Imt it it were allowed it would create a precedent dangerous to their liberties. (Cheers.) The diffi- culty haù, however, arisen not so much becau.e the House of Lords possessed power and privi- leges, but because the Tory party and the Tory leaders had a preponderating influence there, and resolved to abuse the powers and privileges con- ferred upon them by the constitu- tion to serve party purposes and to secure party ends. (Cheers.) The Tory Oppo- sition to the Franchise Bill was a disastrous, discreditable, and complete failure, (Loud ap- plause.) The struggle between the two parties was for power, and the Tory peers had shown themselves ready to risk the position of the House, to strain the constitution, and, if neces- sary, join hands with Mr Parneil in order to force a general election. Lord Salisbury's object was to turn out the Government, and he was un- scrupulous as to the means he employed. But he would not succeed in his object as the nation was not with him, and when the genera! election took place he would be driven to admit that it was so. (Loud and prolonged applause.) Alderman WAHUKN, J P., chairman of the demonstration committee, seconded the resolu- tion, which was carried enthusiastically. Mr W. DAVIKS, M.P., moved, and the Rev. JOHN JOXE-, Fehnfoel, seconded, the concluding resolution :— That this meeting xpresses its disappointment/witl1 the sluw progress malle by the House of Commolls in transacting the necessary busine s of the country, attributable in a great measure to the où-tructiun caused by the Oppositiun in availing themselves ot the forms of the H..use, which at present afford too great facilities for the hindrance of useful leeisiation. This meeting, thei efore, trusts Ihat her Majesty's Govern- mellt will make strenuous efforts to bring about such all alteration in procedure as will ensure tile proper carrying out of work of legislation, and pledges itself to use its undivided exertions to return to the next Parliament a colleague who will join Mr Powell ill supporting Liherallwinci le- and poHey, This having hem also agreed to, a most success- ful meeting was brought to a close with a vote of thanks to the chairman and to the orgmisers of the demonstration. Our Whitland correspondent writes — Never before in the history of this country has this dis- trict mustered in such strong force as it did on Tuesday to swell the Liberal numberless throng who attended the county demonstration at Car- marthen. The occasion is generally oelieved to have b8en even In.,rp. po1'n1ar than the assembling of the First Parliament in Whitland, "Yn yr Hen Dy Gwyn ar Dâ. (ill the Old White Hutwe on Tave). The Llangivdwen and Login eontin- genfcs..irrived by the 11_4-5 a.m. train, and having formed into a. procession at the >ltat"II1, marched through the principal streets, headed by the Llall- fyrnach bra-s baud, and banners with most suitable mottoes, such as "Trech gwlad nag arglwydd," "Ymladdwn, gorchtygwn," Cyf- iawnder a fyuwn," alld another in deep mourn- inK bOi-e the iolJowmg inscription in imposing letters—" In mcmoriam of the House of Lords," and on the opposite side—"Fy oymuniad olaf." Paid a mi fel y cryrhavvyf cyn fy myned ac na byddwyf mwy" (Salisbury). Another of very large, size from the Lianboidy district was sent up to Carmarthen.and bore the following inscriptions A vote for the county as well as the town," and Etholfraint i'r wlad yu gystal ac i'r dref." At 12,0 p.m. the special train from Ciynderweu drew up, and after me time the crowds found seats, some extra carriages having deen put on, and at 12-4-0 p.m. the special train of 20 crowded coaches left to swell the throng from other districts. About 400 booked from t.he Whitland station alone, which is a sign ficaut proof of the interest taken throughout the district in this important movement.















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