FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. "n- [Rr::i.7TEI::S AXD PRESS ASSOCIATION TELEGRAMS.] 4 FRANCE. > ERSAILLES, Friday afternoon.—Reported -spu-acy of Monarchists parties is formally denied. Yesterclay the Foreign Ministers again announced to M. De Remusat that their respective govern- ments were unable to modify the treaties of commerce. PARIS, Friclr.y.—Rentes, 53f. 8oe. REPORTED ROYALIST CONSPIRACY. [FROM THE" DAILY XEV/S CORRESPONDENT.] PARIS, Thursday Night.—Great uneasiness is evinced by the heavy fall at the Bourse. The fall was greater on the Boulevard at a later hour. There is much talk of a Royalist scheme to put Marshal MacMahon in the place of M. Thiers. The says that M. Thiers has abundant evi- dence of a conspiracy, and has taken measures to put it down. The rumour is contradicted, how- ever, in many quarters, that MacMahon has been I sent away for a month en conj/c. The Due de Broglie is said to be the leader of the conspiracy. After M. Thiers left, a, pitiful Byzantine contest took place on the election of a reporter. Seven voted for M. Scherer, who wanted to put in the report a phrase in praise of M. Thiers and seven for the Due de Broglie, who, while voting for the Treaty, wants to blame, or at least snub him. The tie will be settled to-morrow, by the vote of M. Bompard, now absent. The Assembly resumed the adjourned debate on the tax on commercial transactions. M. Pouyer-Quertier supported M. Thiers' views on raw materials, which he thought the best of all possible taxes but considered negotiation with foreign countries should precede the vote. M. Thiers, in a few short observations, successfully rebutted an attempt of M. Johnston to put him in contradiction with himself. THE NETHERLANDS. THE HAGUE, Friday.—In the new Cabinet, M. de Vries is Minister of Justice, M. Geertrund of Interior, M. Gerickefor Foreign Affairs, and Count Van Lainburg, Interum of War. DENMARK THE COPENHxCGEN EXHIBITION. ["TIMES" TELEGRAM]. COPENHAGEN, Thnrsday.-To-daya Congress of Scandinavian statesmen and scientific celebrities was opened at Christiansborg Palace to discuss certain prominent questions of political economy. The King and Crown Prince were present. The abolition of the existing Mint system, and a transi- tion to the English or the German gold coinage system were proposed. SWEDEN. STOCKHOLM, Thursday.—The Ministerial crisis in Norway has been terminated by the appoint- ment of Canon Essendrop, Minister of Public Works, and Captain Segelcke Minister of War. ROUMANIA. BUCHAREST, Thursday.—The Conservative jour- nals rejoice in An avoidance of a conference on the Roumanian Jews. AUSTRIA AND RUSSIA. VIENNA, Friday.—The lfreuse of to-day states that the news of the establishment of a Russian Consulate General at Pesth is confirmed, and that M. de Blumer, the secretary of the Russian Lega- tion at Dresden, will probably be selected for the post. TURKEY. GREAT CONFLAGRATION. CONSTANTINOPLE, Thursday.—An extensive fire broke out this morning in a district of Scutari, principally inhabited by poor persons, and up to the present time 1000 houses are burnt down.
GENERAL INTELLIGENCE. SUPPOSED LOSS OF THE ROTHESAY. The Rothesay, bound for Calcutta, has Leya lost, with, it is feared, the captain and sixteen seamen, iEXPLOSION ON BOARD A SCHOONER. On Thursday, a serious explosion occurred on board the schooner Border Maid, belonging to Berwick, lying in Shields HarbOlft: co d laden, bound to Port Mahvn. One of the crew, on going into the forecastle, struck ft light, and immediately an alarming explo-iou took place. -It was caused by the generation of gas the coals in the hold. THE NEW RECORDER OF WELLS. Mr. J./E. Hogers, deputy chairman of the Somerset Sessions, and member of the Western Circuit, is stated to he appointed Recorder cf Wells. SHOCKING RAILWAY ACCIDENT.—FOUR MEN KILLED.. A collision took place yesterday on the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway, between LaYf Row and Gi'slimd. Some platelayers were working an engine and ballast train between these stations, when a mineral train came up at ordinary speed, dashed into the other train, and killed four platelayers and injured two others.
SEVERN AND WlrE RAILWAY AND CANAL BILL. The select committe of the House of Lords appointed to consider this Bill resumed their inquiry yesterday, the Duke of Montrose in the chair. Mr. Gicnville Somer- sett Q.C., Mr. Pemberton, and Mr. Tbesiger appeared for the promoters, and Sergt. Sir M. Wells and Mr. Saunders appeared on behalf of the Coleford Company, and Mr. Denison, Q.C., and Mr. Pemberton for the Great Western Company. Sir MOEDAUNT WELLS addressed the committee and endeavoured to show that there was not a bona fide in- tention on the part of the company to make the line, and that this had already been shown—viz., the way in which they had endeavoured to accommodate the district. Mr. GRANVILLE SOMEKSKT assured the committee, in reply, that the company had every intention of carrying out the work, and, further, that they were permanently in a position to do so. The Committee having consulted, passed the pre-. amble of the Bill, and a discussion then took place, as to whether running powers ought to bo given to the Great Western Company. Ultimately the committee decided to grant running powers, and the Bill was then ordered to be reported.
WILLS AND BEQUESTS. The WILJ of the Most Honourable John Charles, Maiquis Camden, of Bayliam Abbey, Kent; Wilderness Park, Sevenoaks; an I 93, Eaton-square, was proved in her Majesty's Couit of Probate,, under Sir Tfiomas Pliillipjw, Bart., M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A.T.P., and D. L., late of Middle Hill, W orcester, and Tliirlestaine House, Gloucester, was proved in the London Court, on the 19th ult., under personalty. He devises his Tliirlestaine estate for the benefit of his daughter X;>therinc, wife of the Rev. John E. A. Fenwick B.A„ and their children, He directll that hM collection of MSS., library, articles of virtu, pictures, medals, rinis-, and curiosities descend as heirlooms, and that no rare books be taken out 01 the library' and especially that no bookseller or stranger shall be allowed to arrange them, but that the whole shall be under the entire direction of his said daughter and son-in-law and further, that 110 Roman Catholic ehall ever bo admitted to uispect his library, books, or MSS. He entreats his execu- tor, Naniuel Gael, to ninke a complete catalogue of his ancient charters and old deeds, he being a most competent person to do so. He wishes his type, printing presses, and materials to be used in finishing his works and printing his manuscripts, being collections from several counties, in octodecimo, duodecinio, quarto, and folio; and his inedited historical works, some being unique; Rogers and Sons to he continued tho printers, and he leaves to the father AND cnch of the sons JE50 a year while so engaged. He bequeaths to cach of his executors, so long as they may act, A year. He devises certain landed estates to his distant cousin Chnries Phillipps, and there are bequt-8ts to his cousins John and George Phillipps. He leaves his wincs and other consumable storM to his daughter Xathcrine, and appoints her residuary legatee of his pro- perty, real and personal.—The will of Mr. David Lyon of Orosvcnor-stroet. and of South-street, Park-lane; Goring Hall, PUSSES; and Ealentem Castle, Forfar, N.B. was provell11 Loudon, on the 24th ult., under £160,000. He has left several legacies of £ 10,(XX) each to his nephew., nieces, and cousins, iree of dutj.Illustrated Londoh c
THE VALUE OF OLD has not been in the papers, but there is NO reason why it should not bc. A very neat speech is attributed to a very great person.' Somebody, at the opening of the Bethnal-green Exhibition, expressed a doubt of the wisdom of nrlritifr to please the lower classcs by shewing them high-class works of art. The answer was that these days of strikes the exhibition might make the artisans think well of old masters."—" Nothinj in the Papers in Illustrated LcnJi II Xeus.
A periodical, called the Economista di Roma, is now published in Rome, and contains papers upon finance, agriculture, commerce, trades, public works, and statistics. M. Rochtfort has been authorised, says the Consti- tutionnel, to collect all the materials necessary for anting an anecdoticat history of the Second Empire. The cannon cast at the expense of the Steele for the defence of Paris during the first siege has bpen pre- sented by the Imperial Government to the Museum of Nuremberg* The Rev. Rarnuel Martin, rpinister of .Westminster Chapel, Buckingham-gate, yas. presettedbyhiafriends' on Wednesday night with two thousand guineas, on the occasion ef his completing the thirtieth year of his ministry there. Mr. Samuel Morley, M.P., mde the presentation. R
HOUSE OF LORDS.—FRIDAY. Their Lordships met at five o'clock. MILITARY DEPOT AT OXFOUT). The Marq'ii- of SALISBURY asited the Under Sec, retary or War whether his atten Im hall been called to the proposed establishment of a Military depot at Oxford* and to the strong objections expressed by the University to this measure. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE said that different j proposed centres had been considered, but it was not in his power to state the course the War Office Would ulti- mately pursue in regard to Oxford and other places. If Oxford district was decided upon, the depot would be at least two or three miles from the University. Most of the men would be married (hear, luar) The Duke of MAHLBOROUGH said that as the noble marquis had gone so far, perhaps he would say where the- site of the depot was to be. The Marquis of LANSDOWNE said no site had been fixed upon. Lord ""SANDHURST resented the insinuation of the noble marquis (Salisbury) that the military element would demoralise Oxford. After a few words from the Dukes of Richmond and Northumberland, 1.- The Marquis of SALISBURY said he had made no imputation on the officers of the army. The subject then dropped. THE SCOTCH EDUCATION BILL. The Duke of ARGYLL rose to move the second read- in" of the Education (Scotch) Bill. The Duke or RICHMOND said before the noble duke proceeded he had to present petitions praying that the Bill be rejected unless materially amended (laughter). The Duke of ARGYLL said before the arrival of the | noble duke opposite he had presented several petitions praying the House to pass the Bill. In moving the second reading, the noble duke said it was only recently the country awoke to the fact that the people had largely outrun the means of education, and a Bill was passed providing for the education of every child in the country. That Bill was essentially a compromise. In the case of Scotland a different state of things existed, There was little or no,desire for denominational education. Indeed, there had only been one attempt, and that had been by an accident to establish a denominational system and the Free Church which had made that attempt, was now anxious to get rid of the system as aIL useless burden. Then, as to compulsion, as far back as 1494 there was the compulsory system of education in force in Scot- land, but the operation of the system was confined to the eldest sons of freeholders the present Bill would refer to all. It was also proposed in th, present measure to retain the old Scotch policy of having a board in each parish, but the election of the board would involve not upon a few proprietors, but on the community of the parish. He next dealt with the clauses of the Bill which refer to religious and secular education, and said that it was an absolute necessity where there was com- pulsion, that there should be a time table conscience clause. Any fill which would attempt to turn out of the schools the Westminster confession of faith would be very distasteful to the people of Scotland. He held there could be no religious teaching without the teaching of dogma and therefore while this was a part of the scheme, the utmost guarantee would lie given to every parent that his children would receive secular instruction. On these and other positive merits possessed by the Bill., he hojoed their lordships would agree to the second reading. Tite Duke of RICHMOND criticised various clauses of the Bill, and said that while he should not oppose the second reading of the Bill, he should ask their lordships to agree to certain amendments in committee. He regretted that the parochial system, which had done so much in Scotland, was to be abolished, and he said he had looked in vain for any recognition of reli- gious eduction in the Bill. He a)so objected to the Edu- cation Board being-located in Whitehall, and should move that the Board should meet in Seotiand. The object of the members of the House ou his side would be to secure to the Scotch people the best possible system of secular and religious education (cheers). The Earl of AIHLIE said if the opposition had taken any other course than that which had just been announced, he should have been very sorry, for they would have placed themselves in a very unsatisfac- tory position before the country. He was glad to know that there would be no serious opposition to the Bill. Lord MONTEAG-LE hoped the principle approved of in this measure would be adopted wheu the case.of Ire- land was considered. Lord CRANMORE said there was no necessity for the Bill whatever, because education in Scotland was now higher than it is in Prussia, where education is compulsory.. The Bill was then read a second time. MISCELLANEOUS. The Court of Chancery (Funds) Bibl passed through committee, with amendments the Elementary Education Act (1870) Amendment Bill was read a third time and passed the Sites for Places of Worship and Schools Bill was read a sccond time the Infant Life Protection Bill, and the Boundaries of Counties (Ireland) Bill passed through committee, The-House adjourned at 8.5 p.m.
HOUSE OF COMMONS.—EHIDAY. The Speaker took the Chair at two o'clock. GRAND JURY PRESENTMENTS (ICELAND) BILL. In reply to Capt. AKCFJDALL, The MaYquisof HARlINGrTON stated that he believed there was some hope, although a very small one, that the second reading of the Grand Jury Presentments (Ireland) Biil might be proceeded with that day, and if not he hoped it might bo taken at an early date, although he thought there was little likelihood of the Bill becoming law at this late period of the session. Nevertheless, he thought it desirable that there should be a discussion upon it in order that the opinions and wishes of the hon. mem- bers might be elicited upon the subject. SALARIES OF THE IRISH POLICE. The Marquis of HARTINGTON, in reply to Mr. P. J. Smyth and Mr. Maguire, stated that complaints of the Royal Irish Constabulary and the Dublin Metropolitan Police on the subject of their salaries would be referred to the commission about to be appointed to investigate similar complaints from Civil Service officers in Ireland. He hoped in a few days to be able to furnish the names of the commissioners. COMMISSION FOR DROGHEDA ASSIZES. Mr. WHI1 WORTH asked if it were true. as reported, that the Irish Executive, for the first time since the com- missions have been issued, had omitted the name of the Mayor of Drogheda from the precept for holding the ensuing assizes for that county town, and, if so, if the Attorney General for Ireland would state the reason why ? Colonel STUART-KNOX also asked whether the Mayor of Drogheda referred to was the same person as the Mr. Simcofc, who, on the requisition of certain justices of the peace and others, as stated in a placard which he (Colonel Knox) held in his hand, called a public meeting to enable the inhabitants to express their disapprobation of the unwarrantable attack made on the Archbishop of Tuam, the Bishops of Galway and Clonfert, and various members of the' Roman Catholic clergy in the recent judgment delivered by Mr. Justice Jveogh on the Galway election petition; and if so, whether the Attorney- General thought that such a person was fit to be associ- ated with her Majesty's judges in the commission for the forthcoming assizes. The ATTORNEY GENERAL for Ireland expressed a hope tllat the hon. member for Drogheda would renew his question on a future day as he had not yet been able to procure the information nec-jssary to answer it. With regard to the question of the hon. and gallant member opposite, he had no more means than the gallant gentle man himself of knowing, whether the person named in the placard was the same as the person referred to by the hon. member for Drogheda, and with respect to the question.did he consider that gentleman fit to occupy a position which would associate him with the judges he must decline to answer that question at so short a notice as he had receive J, and in the absence of further informa- tion. THE CATTLE PLAGUE. In reply to Mr. SAMUDA, Mr, FOSTER stated that an order appeared in that day s Gazette providing for the admission of cattle from Schleswig Holstein, without the necessity of being slaughtered at the port of landing, upon proper certifi- cate that they were free from disease, and did not come from the prescribed districts. MONASTIC AND CONVENTIONAL INSTI- TUTIONS. In reply to Mr. NEWDEGATE, The SPEAKER said that it would be contrary to the rule and practice of the House, to receive an amendment of what he had given notice to the effect that the second reading of the Monastic and Conventual Institutions Bill be taken in lieu of first order of to-day, as it appeared on the notice. MINES (COAL) REGULATION BILL. The House then went into Committee on the Coal Mines Regulation Bill. Clauses proposed by Mr. BRUCE, exempting from proceedings, owners, agents, and managers who satisfy the Inspector that they have used diligence, and providing that no offence under the Bill shall be prosecuted by any other person than an Inspector, were agreed to, as also was a Clause proposed by Mr. F. J. Powell, fixing a maximum penalty of JE1 on parents and guardians neglecting to send children to school Considerable discussion took place upon a new Clause moved by Mr. Liddell, providing for the election of boards of examiners, granting certificates of competency under the Bill." The Clause provided that the boards should be constituted under the superintendence of a Secretary of State, that each board should consist of nine members, one to be appointed by the Secretary of State, three to be practical mining engineers, and three to be mine owners to be elected by the mine owners of the dis- trict, and the remaining two to be miners, to be elected by miners of the districts. Mr. BRUCE regarded the clause as likely to be much too cumbrous in its operation, and argued that it might with safety be left to the institutions 8f civil engineers in the mining districts to appoint the examiners, three for each district, who should grant the necessary certificates of competency. The Clause was eventually withdrawn. Mr. BROGDEN moved the insertion after clause 34, of a Clause providing that the owner or agent of every colliery shall transmit a monthly report to the Inspector. Mr. PEASE pointed out that the returns asked for would be so voluminous that they could never be read; and Mr. Bruce having also objected to the proposition as both useless and unwieldy, the motion was withdrawn. The preamble was afterwards agreed to, and the Bill as amended was ordered to be reported to the House. The House went into committee on the Metalliferous Regulation Bill, and had proceeded as far as clause 23, when progress was reported. The Local Government Board (Ireland) Salaries Bill passed through Committee, and the other business being got through, the sitting was suspended at seven until nine o'clock. THE EVENING SITTING. OUR RELATIONS WITH EGYPT. The House resumed at nine o'clock. Mr. BAILLIE COCHRANE called attention to our commercial relations with Egypt.- He oontended at great leagth that under the present capitulation the position of foreign residents in Ejjvnt. aa regards their civil and com- mercial interests, especially in the matter of acquiring land and introducing capital, wera most unsatisfactory. He urged the abolition of the present system of consular jurisdiction over diiferent nationalities, and appealing to the Ambassadors at the Porte, and of successive foreign secretaries, argued (iii favour of the establishment of a. single tribunal independent of all interference.. He con- tended that the capitulations hadbecDme unsuitable to the. present state of things and after pointing out the dis- satisfaction and distrust which they created, the enormous interests England had in Egypt, asked whether the Government would use their best endeavours.to induce the Porte, who was the paramount power, and with whom all thes'e reforms must originate, to complete the judicial reforms, to which all the powers had assented, and could with aJittl¿ pre&l1re on tbe point be established at once. Mr. A. GUEST illustrated the result of the present system.. Lord ENFIELD briefly explained the steps which had been taken to improve the state of those in Egypt and" which had been accurately stated by the hon. member in 11)(j9, The different po -vers appointed commissions, and the corn- missioners, after pointing to the unsatisfactory state of things under the capitulation, unanimously recommended the establishment of one tribunal over all nationalities and other reforms, and to carry them out, the new code had been prepared by the Khedive at the instance of the French "and English Governments, which he hoped would soon come into operation- Mr. WHALLEY had on the paper a notice to call attention to the Tichborne prosecution, and the Home Secretary 10 instruct the Solicitor to the Treasury to investigate any evidence brought under his notice, with the view of bringing it forward, whether material for the prosecution or the defence, but [LKFT SITTING.]
Correspondence. The publication of letters does not necessarily imply Editoriltl concurrence with the views expressed.
DR. TRENCH AND DISSENT. To the Editor of the SOUTH WALES DAILY NEWS. SIR,—There is a misleading verbal error in my letter of to-day. In the sixth paragraph the words" overthrow- ing the Church," are put, instead of over-throwjing the Church." By inserting this correction you will oblige, Yours, &c., July 5. ALETHEIUS.
THE TORY MEETING IN THE SOPHIA GARDENS. To the Editor of the SOUTH WALES DAILY NEWS. SIB,—I am much surprised to think that a political meeting will take place during the show week. I think it most deplorable. On Wednesday the tradesmen and assistants m the town will like to have a holiday, and", among other places, they will desire to take their visitors to the beautiful Sophia Gardens. How can a Liberal do so with pleasure, or the non-political ? Who would like to have political views forced on their notice at such a time ? I agree with yon that the project is alike ill-timed and deserving of reprehension. As for Lord Bute, I don't believe he has been consulted in the matter, or he would assuredly have refused to patronise the affair.— Yours, &c., A TRADESMAN. High-street, July 5, 187.
THE CONSERVATIVE FETE. To the Editor of the SOUTH WALES DAILY NEWS. Sin,—I think we might have expected of Lord Bute that his lordship would have set an example of good feel- ing on the occasion of the visit of the Royal Agricultural Show to Cardiff. But what is the case ? The walls of the town are placarded with bills, setting forth that a Tory fete is to take place on Wednesday, (the holiday) in the very middle of the Show week, with the permission of Lord Bute Sir, I feel- profoundly disgusted. I sup- pose we shall have the publicans getting up a demonstra- tion the Good Templars a procession the Liberals a monster meeting; the Dissenters an agitation against the Establishment and the Church Defence a furore This act of flagrant stupidity and ignorant obtrusion of political matters upon the public at such a time, will bring Cardiff into contempt. By all means let the Tories monopolise our so-called public gardens at seasonable times, but don't let us have the town turned into a political bear garden during the how week. At all events, if we mus have such a demonstration, let the other sectaries andt parties agree t( bring out their forces, and then we shall have a Carnival ivideed I hope Lord Bute will re-con- sider this matter, and that he will not consent to exclude the general public from the Sophia Gardens in order that his Tory friends may make merry at the expense of dis- respect to the community.—Yours faithfully. A LIBERAL. Roath, July 5, 1S72.
THE PROPOSED INVITATION 10 THE PRINCE OF WALES. SIR,—I should esteem it a favour if you would allow me the benefit of your widely-circulated and influential columns for the purpose of laying before the public a plain and simple statement of facts. On the oOth March last a requisition, numerously signed, was sent to the Mayor of this town (C. W. David, Esq.), requesting him to call a public meeting for the purpose of making arrangements to invite the Prince of Wales to be present at the opening of the forthcoming meeting of the Royal Agricultural Society. When the matter was brought before the Town Council the request of the ratepayers was refused, and to impress upon the Mayor the importance they attached to such request, the following letter was addressed to him on the 22nd May last, and signed by aljout DO of those who signed the ori- ginal requisition. Bute Docks, Cardiff, 22nd May, 1872. C. W. David, Esq Mayor of Cardiff, Sir,—We the undersigned having placed our signatures to a memorial respectfully requesting you to convene a public meeting for the purpose of taking into considera- tion the invitation of the Prince of Wales to the Agricul- tural Show, to bf held in this town in July next, were surprised at the report of what occurred in respect of this matter at the meeting of the Council held on the 13th instant. We would ask you to reconsider the conclusion arrived at by that meeting, and we think it would most assuredly be more gratifying to His Royal Highness to be invited by the unanimous voice of the people publicly expressed, than in any other manner. We think also that it would be more satisfactory to the whole population to know that it was from them personally that the invitation proceeded. We hope for these reasons you will comply with our request, and convene a public meeting at your earliest convenience, for by so doing we think you will consult the best interests of the town, and conduce to that good feeling and satisfaction of everyone so essential to the success of any such occasion as the one under con- sideration." To which the following letter was received from the Mayor in reply :— Cardiff, May 23, 1872. Dear Sir,—I am in receipt of your letter and enclo- sure, which I will lay before the Town Conncil at their next meeting.—Truly yours, "Mr. S. Marks." "CHAS. W. DAVID." And there the matter rests. There has been no notice of any such letter having been produced by the Mayor, or any one else, for the consideration of the Council. The memorial and the letter are quietly shelved, and the wishes of nearly a hundred of the leading ratepayers of this town are disregarded with a coolness quite re- freshing at this season of the year. The written promise of his Worship to me of the 23rd May is evidently of not much more worth than he paper upon which it is written, as no practical results will have floweclfrom it. I will not comment any further "n these facts, but will leave them to speak for themselves, and the public at large to draw their own conclusions.—I am Sir your obedient servant, SOLOMON MARKS.
AGRICULTURISTS AND THEIR LABOURERS. To the Editor of the SOUTH WALES DAILY NEWS. SIR,—Now that the Royal Agricultural Show is about meeting at Cardiff, I trow it would not be inopportune to 1 invite attention to this important question. Much has been spoken and written upon the abject position of the labouring class in some counties in England, and much may also be said and written about them in many coun- ties in Wales. In nine cases out of ten the only remedy suggested by the lords of the soil is the erection of decent cottages. What does this imply? In the nrst place, the improvement and consequent increased value of the estate upon which such dwel- lings are erected, and presumptively increased rental will fe demanded from the tenant farmer. There are many extensive landlords in Glamorganshire that never lay out a penny in drainage, outhouses, or any other buildings upon their estate, without imposing an increased rental of five to seven and a half per cent. upon the out- lay This being so, how can the tenant farmer be ex- pected to improve his holding, and increase his labourer's wages ? That neat and decent cottages are desirable cannot be denied, but will the occupier's loaf grow bigger, and other domestic necessaries become more abundant ? Certainly not It will rather place him in a more enslaved position. Suppose a case—often too true-to be winked at. and of too fre- quent occurrence to be denied-a. dispute or disagreement arises between employer and employed. The cottage tenure is on the same terms as the labour contract, i.e., subject to a. week or a month's notice, or, indeed, often immediate dismissal. What is the labouring man to do in the event of no other service appearing speedily at hand ? The only alternative is to sell or remove his furniture forthwith until both house and service are obtained. Then, what is the tenant farmer to do in the face of ad- vanced rental ? He has sons and daughters who are neces- sarily compelled to toil as substitutes for the labourer their education is neglected, they are not taught any trade or profession. Hence when they come of age to settle in life. they have again no alternative but to take some menial employment upon a railway, at a mill or warehouse, or some other service. A farm for each child, parents cannot procure, and emigration to many is objec- tionable. To get the former, it depends either upon the highest bidder or favour and affection, whether the holding be worth anything or not. Many first-class agriculturists have been obliged to abandon this cherished pursuit, and it is thoroughly well- known by landowners that thousands of farmers' sons cannot get any holding at any cost, on anything like remunerative terms—to say nothing about tenant rights, leasehold or annual occupancy, the game laws, and many other obnoxious conditions. How can the position of the farmer and his labourer be improved to any extent do- mestically and socially ? Surely not by erecting cottages onlii. Now. sir, Agricultural Shows and Labourers' Friendly Societies, and Ploughing Matches are very well; but what is there in them to advance the intellectual and sodal condition of both V No incentive in the shape of prizes to foster education, to improve leisure hours. Why not offer, in conjunction with these institutions tangible prizes for proficiency in education and practical informa- tion that immediately concern their respective interests In conclusion, let me hope the subject will command the attention of the more influential agriculturists at this forthcoming meeting.—Yours, Src. WILLIAM YORATH. 9, Mansel-street, Swansea.
The brother of the King of Portugal, a pupil of has recently made an appearance as a tenor at one of M. Thiers'* last soirees. The nobleman sang an air from T Ilrr, Gama, on unpublished opera of his own composition. <
GLAMORGANSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. ] ■FBIDAX. THE COURTS OPENED THI$MORNING AT TEN O'CLOCK. FIRST COURT.—(BEFORE MR. R. O. JONES (CHAIRMAN) AND the Rey. H. H. RICHARDS ) STEALING A WATCH AT SY.'AXSEA. Wm. Stephens ( 6), butcher, was chargcd with stealing a watch, the-property of Thomas Xern, at Swansea, on June 20th, 1872. Mr. Coleridge prosecuted. This was the case already reported in our columns, in which the prisoner, after disinterring the watch from a hole in which he had concealed it, commenced to destroy it by throwing stones at it. The jury found the prisoner guilty, but he was recommended to mercy upon the score of his youth. The Court sentenced him to three months' -imprisonment. Major Knox informed the Court that the boy had already been convicted for theft, and had undergone four mouths' imprisonment. The Cowrt then increased the sentence to six months' imprisonment. I ALLEGED LARCENY AT NEATH. Charlotte John, on bail, a quiet-looking, respectably dressed crirl, a domestic servant, was charged with steal- ing a pair of boots, value 8s. 6d., the property of Charles MunSey and George Oliver, at Neath, on the Gjth May, 1S72. Mr. Dilwyn prosecuted, and Mr. Coleridge de- fended. The lady in whose employ the prisoner was, sent her to the shop of the prosecutors for some boots on approbation. A dozen pairs were sent, from which one was selected, and the others sent back by the prisoner. She omitted either wilfully, or through accident, to re- turn one pair, and the following day she was seen in another boot-maker's shop trying to exchange the pair of boots for another. To this statement of the charge it wa.s answered that the pair of boots were not returned .1 through pure oversight, and when, the next day, the pri- soner discovered the pair of boots in the house, she took them for a pair of Jier sister's, which she had been re- quested to exchange. An excellent character was given the prisoner, and the jury acquitted her. The decision was received \vith applause in a crowded court, whose sympathies appeared entirely with the prisoner. DISCHARGED. David Evans (35). moulder, and Mary Ann Evans (3S), his wife, were charged with stealing £13, the property of Mary Jones, at Aberavon, on the 22nd ult. Mr. Dilwyn prosecuted. Mary Ann Evans pleaded guilty. The male prisoner emphatically denied his guilt, but Superin- tendent Iiowlett was called, and stated that prisoner had admitted to him that he had taken the purse, but he did not know that it was Miv. Jones's purse, but the money found upon him was his own he had saved it a little at a time. At the conclusion of the evidence, the Chairman stated that there was no evidence to establish the charge, and he directed the jury to return a verdict of not guilty. Prisoner was acquitted, and the wife was sentenced to eight months' imprisonment at Swansea. THEFT BY A SAILOR. Henry Warner, a foreign sailor, was charged with stealing three half-sovereigns, eight half-crowns, and a florin, the properlY of Mr. Thomas Howe, landlord of the Globe Inn, Newton, on the kith April last. Mr. Arthur Williams prosecuted. On the afternoon of the 13th April prisoner called at prosecutor's house, and asked to be ac- commodated with lodgings that night. The landlord agreed to give him a bed, and showed him the room, where there was a chest of drawers, which contained a tin box, in which Mr. Howe had placed, previous to pri- soner entering the house, three half-sovereigns, eight to ten half-crowns, and a florin. Prisoner stayed in the room a little over an hour, and then came down, stating that he was going to see a countryman, a Belgian, at Aberavon. Prosecutor's wife Was out at the time. The money was missed that evening, and when prosecutftr next saw the prisoner, he charged him with the theft, which he denied. A purse found upon the prisoner contained two half-sovereigns, eight or nine half- crowns, and some coppers. Mrs. Howe's evidence showed that among the money in the box was a half-crown which had a particular mark on it; and the same half-crown was found among the money in the prisoner's purse. Sentenced to four months' imprisonment. THEFT AT CARDIFF. Clement Howell (36), wheelwright, and David Evans (48), a labourer, were charged with stealing three pigs' heads and a piece of cheese, the property of Mr. Charles Bradley, a trader between Bristol and Cardiff. Ir. B. F. Williams prosecuted. Prisoners were employed by the prosecutor to discharge vessels, and they had access to where the stolen bacon and cheese were kept. The pigs' heads and cheese were wrapped up in one of the pri- soner's coats, and in a piece of sacking, and left in a smith's shop, belonging to Mr. Sneezum. It was clearly proved that the prisoners were the persons .who left the stolen goods at the smith's shop, where they were found by a Bute Dock police officer- The jury found them guilty. A previous conviction at Cardiff was proved against each of the prisoners. In 1867 the prisoner Howell was also sen- tenced to 12 months' imprisonment at Taunton for steal- ing fowls. The prisoner Howell was sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment, and Evans was sentenced to 6 months' imprisonment. STEALING AN UMBRELLA. John Williams was charged with stealing an umbrella, the property of Mr. D. Weston Evans, on the ?3rd of May last. Prosecutor, who is a Clerk in the employ of Mr. W. P. Stephenson, auctioneer, Cardiff, was in a railway carriage at Rhymney on the date mentioned, and he placed the umbrella, which then bore his name, in the rack in the carriage When he got to Cardiff the umbrella was missing, and some days afterwards it was seen in the prisoner's po-jsission.^ Sentenced to one month's imprisonment at Cardiff, with hard labour. COAL STEALING AT CARDIFF. Thomas Meredith (50), a boatman, in the employ of Messrs. Powell's Duffryn Co., was charged 'with stealing 1-lcwt. of coal, the property of his employers on the loth May last. William Mitchell (67\ a coal dealer, at the North-road,, was also charged with receiving the coal well knowing the same to be stolen. Mr. Dunn prose- cuted, and Mr. B. F. Williams defended. The facts of the' case have already appeared- The jury after delib- erating half-an-hour, found a verdict of guilty, and the prisoners were both sentcncad to 12 months' imprisonment with hard labour. The Court rose at 7.10. SECOND COURT. Before Mr. J. C. FOWLER (deputy chairman) and Mr. GRIFFITH PHILLIPS. _POCKET PICKIVG AT NEATH. Charles Grimshaw (22), described as a vocalist, and John King (17), a jewel case maker, were charged with stealing A purse and money, the property of Margaret Jones, at Neath, on June 10th, and upon a further indictment they were charged with attempting to steal from the person of Eliza Jones, a purse and money at Neath, June 5th, 1872. Mr. B. Francis Williams prosecuted, and Mr. Arthur Williams defended. The case was one of picking pockets. The jury found the prisoners guilty upon the first charge, and they were sentenced to six months' imprisonment each. Mr. B. F. Williams offered no evidence upon the second indictment, and upon that the prisoners were acquitted. A STATION MASTER CHARGED WITH EMBEZZLING 4D. Frederick Hartley, a young man of 19, who was formerly station master at Llansamlet, upon the Swansea Vale RaIlway, was indicted for embezzling two sums of 2d.. the property of his employers, the Swansea Vale Com- pany, on May 25th, 1872. Mr. B. Francis Williams pro- secuted. The sums in question were the amounts of excess of fares between Birchgrove and Llansamlet, and the allegation was, that the defendant, having received the sums should have made a return the next morning, and sent the money in to the company, instead of which he appropriated it to his own private use- The prisoner denied that he had received excess, and said that it must have been given up at Glais, the next station. This statement, which was his sole defence, was shaken by the evidence of Mr. Legg, accountant of the company, from which it appeared that prisoner had said that he had not accounted for the money because he did not know what he had done with it. The jury returned a verdict of not guilty, and prisoner was acquitted. CHARGE OF STEALING LEAD. John Power was charged with stealing a quantity of lead, value 4s., the property of Messrs. H. H. Vivian and others, at Llangyfelach, on the 14th May last. Mr. Coleridge prosecuted, and Mr. B. F. Williams defended. Prisoner was a furnaceman a.t the Messrs. Vivian's works at the place mentioned, and on the day named in the charge he was met by a police constable carrying a bundle, which was found to contain lead. The prisoner made an attack upon the officer, but upon the latter taking put his st?ff, Power went quietly to the police station. The lead 22lbs. weight, was identified as being the property of the prosecutors. Prisoner's defence was that he had picked up the lead on a bridge which he had to cross coming from the works. The jury retired and returned a verdict of not guilty, and prisoner was therefore acquitted. VIOLENT ASSAULT ON A YOUNG WOMAN AT CARDIFF. John Paradise (32), a fireman, of imperfect education, was charged with wounding and unlawfully assaulting Susan Holland, at Cardiff, on the 20th May last. Mr. O. H. Jones prosecuted, and Mr. Coleridge defended the prisoner. On the night mentioned in the charge, the complainant, a friend, and a young man, were returning from Cardiff to Canton. They left St. Mary-street about ten o'clock, and when they arrived near the Westgate Hotel, the prisoner, and a number of other persons inter- fered with them. Prisoner followed them so far as Mr. Treseder'S, wanting to fight the complainant's young man, who refused to comply with h:s request. Prisoner then took hold of Alien, and threw her down, and after- wards, according to her statement, kicked her. The evi- dence given at the police-court, and which we published at the time, was recapitulated, and after addresses from the learned gentlemen on both sides, Mr. Fowler summed up the facts, and the jury returned a verdict of guilty of common assault. Mr. Coleridge applied that THE Court would consider a fine sufficient punishment instead of committing the prisoner to gaol upon a common assault, No one regretted more than the prisoner the injuries the complainant received. Mr. Fowler stated they could not accede to the applica- tion. He would be sentenced to three calendar months' imprisonment with hard labour at Cardiff. Mr. Cole- idge asked if the Court had power to sentence a prisoner to hard labour for common assault. Mr. Fowler stated that they had the power, and it was absolutely necessary to protect peaceable inhabitants, for if they did not do so there would be no security to the public. The Court rose at 6.30.
THE EXPERIMENTS UPON THE GLATTON. The experiments on the turret-ship Glatton took place yesterday afternoon off Portland. The first Palliser shot from a 12-inch 25-ton gun muzzle-loader, pene- trated the plate several inches, bat remained embedded in the armour. A bole about 18 inches in diameter was made, the adjoining plate was more or less started, and a large bolt forced off the inside. Two of the inside plates were torn from their rivets, and a large part cut off, but neither guns nor machinery were disturbed in the slightest degree. The second shot hit the Glatton turret between the ports, penetrating to a depth of thirteen inches, thus failing to get through the plates, though it loosened the bolts for several inches. The shot rebounded on to the dock. The trial is con- eidered very favourable to the turret system.
A VISIT TO EPPS'S COCOA MAN"ACrORY.-Through the kindness of Messrs. Epps, I recently had an opportunity of seeing the many complicated and varied processes the Cacao bean passes through ere it is sold for public use, and, being both interested and highly pleased with what I saw during my visit to the maaufact tory, I thought a brief account of the Cocao, and the way it is manufactured by Messrs. Epps, to fit it for a wholesome and nu- tritious beverage, might be of interest to the readers of Land fnd Wat,-r.&e article in Land anti Water, Oct. 14th. sigi
THE ÉKGINEvIEN OF THE STEAM COAL COLLIERIES. THE SHORT TIME MOVEMENT. Yesterday an interview took place at the Royal Kofi- Cardiff, between the members of the South "Wal.-s cud the delegate* of the eugmemeu iu their -employ. Mr. John Nixoa sided, and the lllpmLCni 'of HIP .association present were :—Messrs. D. Davis, J. O. Biches, S. W. Keliv, D. Davies, G. Brown, G. Wilkinson, T. Webb, 1). Griffiths, and A. Dalziel, secretary. The delegates were Messrs. Will iam Wliitcombe, representing Aber- gwawr; Thomas Shanklin, Duffryn; Olho Cook, Aberaman John Jones, Maindy; and William Jone?, Park. There delegates were accompanied by several of their fellow workmen, and also by one or two enginemen, who, because they represented non-arbitra- tion collieries were not allowed to take part in the pro- ceedings. j The purpose of the interview on the part of the dele- gates was to make an application for the adoption of the eight hours' system. They pointed ont that only two men were stationed at the engines of the'rarious collieries, and as the engines were worked continuously, each engineman had to work twelve hours at a stretch, whether it were at night or by day. Their duties were important, requiring the sharpest attention and the greatest care and tbey urged that twelve hours was too long for a man to be kept at work who had that trying and responsible work to ùo. What they wanted was that three engiuemen should be employed, instead of two as at present, so that each might go on for an eight hours' turn. The members of the Association, without entering into the merits of the application, at once pointed out to the delegates that the enginemen were included with the colliers in the deed of arbitration, and that no al- j teration in existing arrangements could be made with them as a body, until the condition of the award was complied with, and an alteration tookpJace in the iron- works. They appeared, however, to recognise that there was something in the men's statement about over work, for they made an offer to the following effect, and this they stated was a change they had resolved upon, and would carry out at once, independent of any decision which might be come to upon the general question, or in regard to this'application. In future they would introduce the eight hours' mnit to engine- men employed at winding engines in all collieries where upwards of 300 tons of coal was raised per day. This arrangement, it was distinctly understood, would flffect 'not the men at pumping engines, or at small collieries, hut only those employed at the large collier- ies before-mentioned, and it was agreed to, not as a concession to the application of the men, but as a matter of wise policy, and to secure greater safety, and better management of the engines than might have existed hitherto, when men were worked for such long hours. The delegates still strongly supported the general claim for eight hours. They denied that they were under the arbitration, or were ever regarded as being under the arbitration until now, or that they were parties to the reference or the award. Mr. Wliitcombe, the principal speaker, said they had held aloof from the colliers during the strike and the arbitration, and this statement that they were governed by the arbitration award came upon them by surprise. The Association, after a great deal of conversation had taken place upon the point, suggested that the clause in the award in reference to dispute, should be put in force, and that Mr. Macnamara, the umpire, should be requested to state .whether or not the enginemen were included in the arbitration. The delegates were very firm in their refusal to submit the point to further arbitaition, but after the matter had been discussed at some length, they re- tired to consult together, and the adjournment for lunch was taken at the same time.. On the return of the members and delegates* Mr. NIXON, before they proceeded to business, said ho understood that one of Mr. Davis's collieries had stopped work in consequence of the demand made for eight hours a day by the colliers themselves, and he wished to read for the information of the colliers and the public, what Mr. Halliday, the President of the Amalgamated Association, had said of the eight hours' system among the colliers. This was contained in a statement of Mr. Hallidav's views, drawn up by Lord Elcho, yiven to him (Mr. Nixon) by his lordship, and headed—" Notes of my interview with Mr. Holiday, June 2U, 1872." It was ?.s follows■ -1st.—Thi collieries under arbitration—i.e., the Steam Collieries—have made no move for an increase of wages, and will stand by their bargain. for 20 per cent, comes from collieries outside the arbitration arrangement. eight hours' demand can only properly be made after legal notice. It is a general movement throughout the western mining districts of the country. The collieries under the arbitration should only move in this matter in the event of the iron works doiny; so. 4th.—The eight hours demand means eiylit hours actual labour, exclusive of meal tiir.ej. Mr. WHITCO^j'ce, returning to the matter of the inter- view, said they had consulted together, and were still unanimously of opinion that the enginemen were not under the arbitration, and they felt that it was useless to present the pioposal of the masters to the workmen, whom they (the delegates) represented. Mr. Nixox remarked that the speaks* seemed to be taking it upen. himself to say whi.t would suit the opinions of all the men of the Bhoodda and Aberdare valleys. The proposition of the masters was a yerfecily fair one. There was a dispute, and the masters proposed to settle the dispute in the only way open to them—by arbitration. There could be no doubt but that some of the enginemen considered t-hemselvfts parties to the arbitration because several of them signed the agrfe- ment with the award'. The men employed by Mr. Kelly and Mr; Davis all signed it. » Mr. WntTCOHBE said therV were twenty-two of the men present that day, and among them there were only two who had signed the agreement. Mr. NIXON Those two admit that they signed the agreement, and yet you refuse to refer it to arbitration. Mr. WHITCOMBE As an individual I am quite willing to refer it hack. Mr. NIXON Don't you think there may be other individuals among the men actuated by the same reasonable feeling. Mr. WHITCOMEE I don't think so. Mr. NIXON I am sorry you should think other indi- viduals less reasonable than yourself. As reasonable men I put it to you. Here is a dispute, which we pro- pose shall bo submitted to arbitration, and the only alternative is a strike. Are you prepared to say, We will strike;" because if 60, ve shall know what to do. You come to us and say "If you will not give us certain things we will strike." Mr. WHITCOJIEB That is in consequence of what we have been told this morning. As I said before, we had no idea that this question of arbitration would come forward. We were instructed to come here and ask for the eight hours, and nothing of the arbitration was ever mentioned. We don't intend to stop the works with- out notice we have given notice. When we come here you bring forward a matter that is quite foreign us. I declare to you that we knew nothing of tbe arbi- tration, and did not know that we were considered under the arbitration (hear, hear from the delegates). I declare to you we wiil not have it that wfc are under the arbitration (hear, hear). We have now only one alternative. Mr. NIXON What alternative is that ? Mr. WHITCOMBE We ask you for the eight hours, and you do not grant it to us, and we will not be responsi- ble for what may follow. Mr. NIXON We know what will follow you are going to stop work. We are not afraid of that. We have had the works stopped before, and however un- fortunate it may be, for yourselves as well as us, if it comes to that we can have them stopped again. B-e- collect yon are going away refusing to refer the dispute between us to a third party. Mr. WHITCOMBE We are going away under the im- pression that you have introduced a subject quite foreign to us, and that we have heard nothing about it before. We were requested to come here to settle the question, and if we were to settle it we ought to have been told what would be brought before us. Mr. D.DAVIKS remarked that the enginemen were either under the arbitration or they were not. If they were, they must abide by the award of the arbitra- tors. If they were not, then the masters could consider this application. But as honour- able men, the masters were bound to adhere to the award, and could not make any arrangement with the engineers which would supersede it. Mr. WHITCOMBE said the delegates could not give a decided answer. They must see those whom they re- presented, because the point was altogether new. They would leave the matter now, and could not be respon- sible for what might folio w. Mr. NIXON told the speaker not to use threats. Mr. WHITCOMBE disclaimed any intention of threat- ening the masters, and did net want things to proceed to extremities, but -did not know what they could do now. Mr. ROSSER, an engineman for 32 yeais, said he knew well the difficulty they were going into. They did not want to strike. The men could not live" without the masters, and must have work somewhere. They had come there to settle the matter if possible, but had been met by an entirely new matter. They had kept at work before when the colliers had struck, and had refused to join the colliers in their strikes, and it was hard now that they should be told that they were bound by the arbitration to whieh they wette not parties. Mr. WHITCOMBE thought it was useless to continue the discussion. Other members of the delegation spake, but the opinions on either side remained unchanged, and at last it was seen that no result couli follow the inter- view until the delegates had consulted the general body of the enginemen with regard to what they termed the new point. It was understood that meetings should be called in each valley to-day (Saturday) to consider their position; and that the definite reply of the men should be sent to the secretary, Mz. Dalziel. A statement of the master's argument was drawn up to be submitted by the delegates to the meetings and the masters, with a view of encouraging the men to give the matter full consideration, stated their willingness to allow the notice, the terms of which bad now nearly expired, to stand over, if it was so desired. The interview, which lasted four hours, ended at three o'olock. The delegates had lunch provided by their employers, and their expenses were paid.
Tbe proprietor of the Printers' Register bas purchasfd the Setrxpaper Pits*, which will now be incorporøt, d with that wpll.i>ondnctttd and useful trade orgui. We see it this month ent*r.s on its tenth year of publication.
CARDIFF. wires have been xkJldèdto the Show and an office opened adjoin- ing the principal entrance irom "v. Ii'.eu mestyiges can be despatched to all pans of the United Kingdom at the usual charge of one shilling for twenty word-. Continen- tal ami foreign telegr ins also accepted at the usual pub- li-ihed tariff rates. PtKST-oFFKE ARRANGEMENTS.—From the 8th to the 27th instant the following arrangements will be in operation, namely :—The Post-office will be open daily (Sunday ex- cepted) from 8 a.m to 8 p.m. for telegraph business. Money orders will be issued daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. There will be three deliveries daily by letter carriers to the implement sheds and offices, namely At 8 and 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. Letters addressed to the stock sheds may be had upon application at the Post-office. The letter-box will be cleared at 11 a.m. for London day mail, 4 p.m. for north mail, and 7 j m. for London night mail. SAVINGS BANK.—The half-yearly meeting of this useful institution was held yesterday at the Bank. There were present Alderman Pride (in the chair), Alderman Thos. Lvans, and Messrs. Graskell, Joy, John Rowe, Jonas W atou, and E. Whiff en. The Chairman opened the meeting by referring to the satisfactory condition of the bank, and then enumerated various items in the accounts, \r it_appeared that, iu tlie half-year ending the May, 1872, there had been an increase of capital amounting to £5,682 Us. 5d, Alderman Evans moved that the accounts be received and allowed. This was seconded by Mr Gaskell and carried unanimously. A vote of thanks to the Chairman—moved by Mr. Whiff en, seconded by Mr. Howe, and cordiallyaffirmed--closed the proceedings. J SCHOOL FOR DEAF and Dnm, LLANDAFF.—Mr. Mel- ville begs to acknowledge with gratitude the following as- sistance Mr. Hesketh Gwrych Castle, Mr. Job Payie^, Llandaff, 10s. Mr. E. Beavan, Bute Docks, La i;i> _s. 1 -> ai'd coals at cost price Mr. K. Waring- ton, I.C.S., Greenwich, £ 1 Rufus, per Rev. D. Howell, ^1>n-1sec Mr- Locli, builder, Cardiff, 5s, Mrs! Clarke, Welshpool N.W., 2s. Gd. Mr. G. S. Stowe, Castle Cardiff, £1 Is., and building fund £lls. collected Jiy Miss Down, Gladstone-place, Albion-road, Canton, us. W; Lewis, Esq.,Elmsfield, Bridgend. 2; Mrs. Martyn lvennard, Crumlin Hall, Crumlin £22s. Miss Mesham, Pontryffryd, parcel of illustrated books for tne children's library, and £10; Mrs. Ward Llandaff-place, supply of kitchen vegetables Mr. Glaves' Canton Cross Brewery, ditto Mr. Thomas, Whtchurch, ditto; Miss Thompson, Preswylfa, Llandaff, basket of strawberries Mrs. Artaud, Angel-street, Cardiff, balls sfor little girls. Further aid is much needed, and will be very thankfully received. POLICE COL RT. —There were no prisoners for trial at the police eciurt yesterday. A few summonses were heard but thvy possessed no feature of interest.
NEWPORT. BOROUGH POLICE. The usual Police-court being re- quired as a voting-room yesterday,, the court had to t in a small room adjoining. Several cases were consequently summarily disposed of, and others remanded. HAKEOUR COMMISSIONERS. — Owing, to the School Board election, the usual monthly meeting of the commis- sioners was postponed till Thusday next.
SWANSEA. LECTURE.—On Thursday evening the Rev. Thomas Levi delivered a lecture in Welsh at Greenhill chapel. Alderman Phillips occupied the chair, and there was i a fair attendance. The subject of the lecture was the Land. of Canaan," and the reverend lecturer gave an interesting account of a recent visit which he paid to a land around which many sacred associations cluster. The .-peaker illustrated his remarks by some large maps. At the close a cordial vote of thanks was awarded to Mr. Levi fur his able lecture, and to Mr. Phillips for presiding. POLKE COURT, Yesterday, (before Mr. R. Richard. ) blizalieth Perkin, charged with being drunk andincapable 1U Ji^er^°°"s^reet, was discharged on payment of costs. ORKHOUSE C A.SE.—George Nicholls was charged with tearmg up his clothes whilst an inmate of the Work- Horn e. The charge was proved, and as the prisoner could not give any explanation of his conduct, he was sent to the House of Correction for six weeks' hard labour SURETIES OF THE PEACE. Mary Ann John applied ior sureties of the peace against William John It ap- peared that the parties had been on bad terms for some time past, and John threatened to do the complainant some serious injury. The defendant had been bound over for similar conduct in September, 1870. He was now ordered to find two sureties of JB5 each, and be bound over in hi own recognisance in the sum of .£10 to be of good behaviour for the next three months. ::> EMPLOYER AND EMPLOYED.—Thomas Griffiths was sum- moned by Mr. Thomas Phillips for leaving his employ- ment without giving the necessary notice. The com- plainant, who is an iron founder, said that on the Sth June he engaged the defendant at weekly Wages. There was nothing said at the time as to notice, but a week later he told the defendant that he should expect a month's notice, or that if he discharged him (defendant) he would give a month's wages. The defendant offered no objection, and continued to work. After being at work two days last week the defendant left without giving any notice, and went to work at higher wages elsewhere. The defendant urged that he did not have to give notice, because nothing was said about notice when the contract was entered into. The defendant was ordered to pay a penalty of 10s. and 8s. Gel. costs. SUPPORT OF A STEP-DAVGHTER.—William Bio .vett was summoned by Mr. Superintendent Allison for the sup- port of his step-daughter, who is an inmate of a Reforma- tory at LiveipooL The defendant said he had several children, and couVl only afford to contribute 9d. a week. Mr. Allison said he had reported this offer to the Rev. Sidney Turner, the Government Inspector, who directed him to take proceedings, as the defendant was in a posi- tion to contribute a larger sum. The Mayor asked the defendant if he could not pay Is. a week. Mr. Allison said he could'not accept Is. a week. If the defendant did j not pay a reasonable sum the child would be a burden upon the ratepayers. When a child was sent to a Reformatory it was desirable the parents should feel that they had not got rid of the responsibility, otherwise there would be an inducement to parents to allow their children to fall into crime, so as to get them sent to a reformatory. The Bench eventually ordered the defendant to contribute 5s. a-week. Mr. Allison said he would report to the Government Inspector, but be did not think the amount would be accepted. ROBBING A TILL.—Henry Gregor, a youth, was charged with robbing a till, at the Vivian's Arms. The barmaid saw the lad on the covoiter. placing his hand in the till, about nine o'clock yesterday morning..She raised an alarm, and the boy ran away. He was pursued, and given into custody. The boy had been before the court on two previous occasions, and he was now sent to gaol for two months with hard labour. The Mayor advised the pri soner to lead an honest life, and offered to give him employment when his time has expired.
ABERDARE. FOUND DROWNED.—At half-past eight o'clock on the morning of the 4th inst., a man named John Griffiths, discovered the body of a child floating-in the canal, about 300 ya^ds above the Deep Duffryn Pit, and near the resi- dence of the Hon. H. A Bruce. It proved to be the body of a boy nine years of age, named Methusalem Thomas, son of Evan Thomas, a collier residing -at 25 Cliff-street, Mountain Ash. Deceased was seen playing on the canal bank the previous afternoon, and it is pre- sumed he accidentally fell into the water. An inquest will be held on the body.
TREDEGAR. HIGH PRICE OF MEAT.—A meeting was held on Wed- nesday evening on the mountain, Georgetown, Tredega.r, to take into consideration the most extravagant and high price of meat, and to adopt some measurer of get a reduc- tion of the same. The meeting was well attended, and resolutions were passed not to purchase any meat until it is sold at a lower price.
RHYMNEY. THE STRIKE.—On Thursday night open-air meetings took place in relation to this unhappy controversy, when hundreds of colliers and miners assembled together. The meeting was addressed on the matter in dispute by several workmen, when ultimately a motion was brought forward, and unanimously passed, that work should not be resumed until a. satisfactory guarantee was procured from the directors that no alteration would take place in the price of house coal, as intimated in the notices. We are given to understand that the chief cause of the miners being out is a discrepancy between them and the mineral agent as to the number of cwts. henceforth required to the ten of mine, breakage, &c., considered. Mr. D. Thomas, the mineral agent, attended the meeting for the purpose of endeavouring to settle the dispute by amicable arrangements. The meetings were presided over by Messrs. Richard Jones and John Davies.
BRECON. THE BiBLE SOCIETY.—We have been requested by the Rev. Henry Griffiths to contradict a statement recently made in this paper in regard to his connection with the above society. The mistake seems to have arisen from the fact that he, in conjunction with many others, has been assisting in advocating the claims of the society at several meetings throughout various parts of the princi- pality,
MERTHYR. A PICKPOCKET.—Mary Ann Knight, alias Francis, a well-known character here, who has been previously before the bench," but has hitherto escaped conviction, was arrested yesterday for picking pockets in High-street. It appears that she fell into conversation with a woman while looking in a shop window, and Sergeant Davies, who happened to be passing by, heard the woman calling out that she had been robbed. He immediately started in pursuit of Knight, who had suddenly disappeared, and succeeded in overtaking her in Bridge-street, where he arrested her, and in a basket which she was carrying were found coins answering to those which the woman said she had lost. The purse was discovered to have been dropped down a grating. Knight will be brought before the magistrate to-day.
MURDER IN THE ISLE OF MAN. At the special general gaol delivery, held on Thurs- day, at Castle Bushen, Castletown, Isle of Man, John Hewish was found guilty of the murder of his father, at Suiby, in March last. Depmster Drinkwater sentenced him to death in due form. No day was fixed for the execution.
COURT MARTIAL. The Court Martial held to enquire into the cause of the late collision between theMinotaur and Beilerophon ended in the temporary suspension of the sailing- masters of the latter vessel. The damages sustained by both vessel were serious, and will take a fortnight to repair.
AJLancashire and Yorkshire Railway train was thrown off the line near Todmorden yesterday, owing, it is1 said, to the excessive speed at which it was travelling over the points at Hallroye junction. The engine wag thrown down a embankment and several carriages ran off "1" 1: ■ ately the passengers escaped serious injury.
MPW BAXTER ANIX DISESTABLISHMENT. A correspondencs between Mr. W. E. Baxter and one 0* his constituents, a Mr. James Addison, has been published in the Ihmdee Advertiser. Mr. Addison, writing before Mr Miall brought forward his late motion in the House said:— Mr. Canning threw up his seat in tbe Cabinet rather than vote against Catholic emancipation, and Sit Robert Peel vacated Oxfbrd when he changed his view! on that subject. Hitherto I have been one of youi most strenuous supporters, a.ndplo trust that you wilt maintain the character of a conscientious Dissentei at this time. If Mr. Gladstone is so foolish as not tc allow this to be an open question, let him lose the ser- vices of one of the ablest, and most efficient members ot his Government rather than that" wo should be put to th< painful necessity of discarding our highly esteemed repre sentative. I do not expect success at this time, but lei our voice be heard in the right direction. We will not be satisfied by your absenting yourself, but fully expect that you will both speak (which you are so well qualified- to do) and vote. In reply, Mr. Baxter sent the following letter:— Treasury, S.W., 29th June, 1872. Dear Sir.—I have reada with great interest and atten- tion your conscientious and friendly letter of the 2Tth You will observe from the enclosed notices that Mr. Minll's motion on Tuesday not for the disestablishment of the English Church; even if that were so, I am afraid that you and I are not quite at one—not pn the subject generally, because I am as decided a Voluntary as ever I was—but on the course which ought to be pursued at th( present time. In the first place, you compare great men with small. Mr. Canning and Sir R. Peel, by taking decisive measures when important questions were on the verge of settlement, contributed greatly to their success; whereas a humble person like myself might resign to- morrow on Mr. Miall's motion, and only get laughed at, without benefiting the cause. Liberals are apt to exalt too many matters into being "vital," and at a time when our opponents are carrying seat after seat we must take care not to play into their hands by giving a place in the programme of the party to questions not yet quite ripe fox legislative action Towards the close of the year 186& Mr. Gladstone took, office, and announced his intention to in- troduce a series of measures, which the Tories pronounced to be of the most revolutionary character, and impossible for any Government to cany through Parliament. Before the next general election takes placc I expect that every one of those measures .,};:¡1l1mve become Jaw. No such legislative success has in en achieved in our day, and I have .not the slightest intention of resigning my post in a Ministry which has done so much for the Liberal cause, because it is beyond their ;><>vor, tho people not being prepared for it, to establish ]>; rfect l-eligious equality in England as well as, in Ire- d — Believe me, yours truly, W. E. BAXTER.
LAW AND POLICE. Tm Hmn OF TI'.T', LATV, MR W. F. WINDHAM.—At Tice-CiiancellorV. Court yesterday, an application was •n:i.dc on behalf of the heir at law (now :m infant) of the <• -Jobrated Mr. Windham. It WHS sought to obtain a pro <4 order to piesent a memorial to tho Bishop of Nor- v. -h for the union of the rectory of Barmingham North- wood, v.ith a population of 32 persons;, and worth £ 150 a of wiiich the young Win ham is the patron, with the parish of Town-I3armin?ham, with n population of 150, and worth JS140 a year. The- presentation of the living ■wouM bo vested alternately in the patrons. The Vioer made the 1no jonnlÎ order as prayed, there being no opposition. OrnciAi. IITNTJTF.S.—IMPORTANT QRNSTIOX OF LIBJEL.— The Court of Common Pleas "avc judgment yesterday in ihe c.1S of Ernwoo t v. Harrison, which raised the qmss- li-n of privilege in publishing an official minute. On the "'Hh of November, 1^70, a minute wns prepared by the Lord of the Admiralty, relating to the loss of the Unptrun. It contained a letter from Sir Spencer Robin- son, the Comptroller of the Navy, who referred to a proposal of the plaintiff t.o convert wocden vessels into ir^n-clads, and stated that "the plans would have no '.v-iglit from the known antecedents of th. author." This minute, including Sir Spencer's letter, was published in a pamphlet by the defendant, and the pin in tiff thereupon brought an action against him for damages, complaining that- the passage quoted wrs libellous. Mr. Justice Grove (who differed from the reft of the Court) cttu not consider that the publication was privileged as a matter of national or public importance. thought that it was a matter for the consideration of II. jury. Mr. Justice AYilles delivered tbe judgment of ile majority of the court, who upheld the nonsuit of the plaintiff cm tbe irronnd that the publication was privileged. Were it hold otherwise, then the press could not 03 at liberty te report or comment upon any proceedings of tbe Army, Nnvy, Church, or Parliament. THE EKSTOXSIBTI-ITIES OF A EAII.WAY COMPAXT.— Judgment was given by the Court of Common Pleas yea- terday iu a cas. in which the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway Company disputed tbeir liability compensate a passenger on the ground that their porter was not acting within the scope of his authority, when he inflicted certain injuries on the p .ssenger. The plaintiff got into n carriage to go home, wholi the porter dragged him out, telling him it was the wrong train, although it was the correct train, and the plaintiff fell on the platform, sustaining serious injuries. The Ourt held that someone must remove passengers from crrhges in which they had no right to be; but as porter eironeously exerted that power with undue violence the company must be responsible for the act of their servant. BIU-.ACH OF PUOMISK IN HUMBLE LIFE.—The suit of rilcher v. Hawkes, instituted on accuni of alleged breach o¡ promise, and just heard in the Court of Queen's Rencb, h.-M some novel characteristics. The plaintiff, Elizabeth l'iic1tcr. was II. young woman who worked nti he bookbind- ing trade, and the defendant was a cabinetmaker, working ia the neighbourhood of Whitechapel. The Jlarties became acquainted in April, 1871. On tlie 30th of May they took > a walk together, w11en tile defendant, who was a widower with one child, asked her if she would bè- I'n:I;C hi, wie. She replied thnt he appealed to be toG hr.sty, and asked for a month's interval for consideration. ()11 the following day (Sunday) he called on her, and on that day they attended church together in the "morning ami in the evening. After that he was treated as one of the f.im'ly. and on the 28th she introduced him to her friends as her future husband. On the 29th they went together to Southend, and on He journey be presented her with an engaged ring. On the 30th they visited ber father's grave at IIford'. About five cr six weeks after he sent sorLC srticles of furniture to her mother's house in anticipation of the marriage, which was to take place at Christmas. On the 17th July he wrote to the plafu- as My dear Eliza," and concluded with my lore to you, from your loving John." On the 24th he took the plaintiff to his house, and, producing a wadding ring, said it belonged to his first wife, and added, "I wonder if it will fit you;" but she replied, I should prefer a new one." In a letter from Margate he gave her a description of a swimming match he had had. The letter concluded, "With my love to you, I remain for ever, John." On the I 0t11 November, 1871, however, lie wrote, "Eliza, permit me to tell you that I thin'k it is best for you aad mo that our short engagement should come to a close. I shall not be here very long. If you wish to say anything to me about this letter I shall be at Spier-street on Wednesday night for that purpose.—Believe me to be your well-wisher. John," The defendant described himself as a working cabinet maker, earning about a week, and living in a room at 2s. Cd. per week, and the action was described as one brought in the spirit ef resistance to crush a hard-working, industrious man. He denied the manner in which they became acquainted, but he admitted he kept com- pany with her, and gave her the ring. He positively denied that he ever promised to marry lie-, or that,ahe was at his house, or that he offered her his deceased wife's ring. The plaintiff's statement about the furniture WM incorrect. Tn his letter of the 6th November, "with the simplicity of a child," he wrote the word engagement," not knowing its meaning. Plain8ifi"came to his shop anel said, in reference to the letter of the 6th November, "What's the meaning of this letter, you wretch? I'll ml1ke you pay for it." The IlctivnwM then commenced. He never thought of marriage, and the- words short engagement did not mean 1\.1¡ engagement to marry, but walking out together.—The learned counsel for the defen- dant expressed a hope that Home day these iictions would be abolished, but the letLmed Judge, in summing up,' ex- pressed another hope that if they were abolished mam who treated a woman in such a shameful way as to hreak his promise without cause would be brought within the criminal law.—The jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff —damages, £25..
The Taima has arrived at Kingstovcn with the GIst Regiment from Canada. A fog trumpet is to be placed at Roche's Point instead of the present bell signal, in conaequence of the stranding of the Guion steamer Nevada. ) At a meeting of the Presbytery of the Iruk Presbyterian Church, on Thursday, the conduct of Admkai Hornby iu opening the Channel Fleet to the public left Sunday was strongly condemned./ TAXING IT COOLLY.—An Englishman and a Greiman were travelling together in a diligence, end both smoking. The German did all in his power to draw his companion into conversation, but to no purpose at one moment he would, with a superabundance of politene^ apologise for drawing his attention to the fact that ttie aah of his cigar had fallen on his waistcoat, or a spark wee endangering hi. neckerchief. At length the Englishman exclaimed, Why the dickons can't you leave me ilnat ? Your coat tail has been buming,for the last ten but I didn't bother you about it." CHOLERA INTELLIGENCE.—The report of the appearance of cholera in Uessarabia (at Khotino) is oon- firmed. Fifty-three persons are fetateft to hum ben attacked since ita outbreak, of whom eleven have died; and, in view of the outbreak of cholera in places near Odessa, orders have been giver, to erect wards in hospital and quarantine buildings in Odessa for persoM who may be attacked there. Cholera is aleo reported to have broken out at Krementchork on the Dnieper, and on the borders of the Government department of which Odessa is the principal seat. The disease at KIaotineIl stated to be of the true Aaiatic type, the patients goffering. • though in some cases mildly, from cramps and vomiting^ and'diarrhoea oollapee occuring in a few hours. Oases Me reported to have occurred in Odessa itself. The disease is abo said to exist at Kiaff Khober, Kicbineff, Ekatetinslar, and Kherfcon. The Journal of St. Petersburg states since the cwnmeneement of the epidemic of cholera in Kiew to Jane 28th, the cases have been 2^28; the reoowiee, 715; deaths, 1,032; cases under ti—taunt, 531. Å- quarantine of ten day. has been ordered to be impoeed at Constantinople and Salina on all arrivals has Russian ports. The master of a British ressel ia reported to hare died at St. Petersburg of cholera.—British, Journal. The first number of a medical journal in Turkish hM just been published at Conatantinbple. aev.t. works have also been published there in the Turkish language.—Medical limes and Oazette. At the Birmingham hhtic OSes, A Tlumte" twenty-seven persons were summoned by Mr. »a-Aj.. th' clerk to the Birmingham School Board, te not sending their children to school in accordanoe wish the provisions of the Elementary Education Act. firoioat cases fines of 2s. 6d. rod eoists were imposed.