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WEDNESDAY, JULY 3, 1872. .



THE GELLIGAER CHARITY. It was urgei in favour of establishing a School Board for the above parish, that such a body was essential if the valuable Charity of Eaward Lewis was ever to be of srr.eral bemfit to the inhabitant?. Since the death of the donor it in cleitr the clergy-iiol one of whom was placed in the trnst, laymen only being appointed by' Mr. Lewis—had laid their hands on the endowment and diverted the stream to ferfciliKe-'tbe soil of the Estab- lishment. The management having jested with the Bishop of thV'Diocese, Ind other dignitaries, many of the Dissenters were sceptical that the endow- ment would ever cliange hands. Some time back, 1 however, the, Dissenting ratepayers memorialised the Endowed School Commissioners, and the result is a sheille, UpOll the whole,of a tery satisfactory character. It will be in the recollection of our readers that Mr. Richmond, Secretary to the Commissioners, attended at Gelligaer, and bad a long conference with the parishioners, when the leaiiiia, features of the new scheme were carefully gone into, and we ara happy to observe that with some not very serious items the scheme, as now printed, is substantially the same. ,The Scheme provides that 1; the object of. this Foundation shall be to advance. the educa- tion of boys and girls by means of a school, or schools, in the parish of Gelligaer, and otherwise." It repeals and abrogates all other uses to which the funds of the trusts had been hitherto applied. The governing body shall consist of ten persons, seven of whom shall be representative or elected Governors, and three Co-optative. The representative Governors shall be elected-three by the School Board of Gelligaer, one by the School Board of Bedwelty, one by the School' Board of Mynyddislwyn, and two by the Board of Guar- dians of the Poor Law Union of Merthy Tydfil. They slifdl remain in office for five years, and be re-eligible. The Co-optative Governors shall hold office for seven yeai-s, and' be re-ehgible. Thd following persons are no- ruinated by the Commissioners for the first time, being two instead of those to be appointed by the Guardians, the others being the three Co-optative Governors :— Samuel Homfray, George William Griffith Thomas, George Thomas Clark, Henry Lynch Blosse, and Charles Herbert James, the fourforroer being the present Trus- o tees of the Charity. The meetings of the Governors shall be held at least twice a year, and in the paiish of Gelligaer. The school shall be carried on in the pre- sent scho d buildings at Pontaberpengam; and it suall be a day and boarding school] under the con- trol of one Head Master, who shall not hold any other emolument or office his salary shall be 2100 a year, with head money of not less than £ 1 yearly for each boy. Boys alid girls shall be admitted withojut reference to their place of birth or residence by pay- meat of fees, as may be fixed by the Governors, not less than 12, and not more than ze5 per annum. Pay- for boarders, apart from the tuition fees,, shall be at the rate of E20 in a hostel, or JG35 in the Master's house 'in the year. No extras allowed. Children will be ad- mittcd from-nine, and remain until fifteen years of age. The Scheme provides also for the efficisrit exami- nation of Illl candidates by the Head Master; admission and periodical examinations by inspectors appointed by tlio Governors. A yearly sum of not less than £ 200, three-fourths of which for the benefit of the children belonging to the parish of Gelligaer,. and one-fourth for the parishes of Bedwellty and Mynydysllwjn, to be applied in aid of tuition by means of total or partial exemption from the payment of tuition fees, and other valuable privileges to the children of those parishes, all to be ttie-result of merit in the candidates. Preference, in all cases, to be given to the children 6f the parish of Gelligaer, and also to candidates from the elementary schools, to secure the double object of attracting good scholars to the school of this foundation, and applying a stimulus to the elementary schools. With the above exceptions the school will be open and free to all comers. Other premises may be provided within the parish of Gelligaer, and a separate school for girls. Provision Ls made for religious education, but not to be compulsory on any child. An allowance is made of Y,100 a year for for five years to the schools under the Elementary Education Act, which have hitherto beeii assisted from the funds of this Charity, but after that tc cease for ever. Provision as also made to indemnify the present Lecturer upon his vacating the post. Evidently the objectionable portions of this scheme arc the retention of the Trustees who are residing at too great a distance from the locality immediately concerned, the one being in a remote part of the county of Glamorgan, and the other equally so in the county of Monmouth: In all conscience there are sufficiently capabln and qualified gentlemen to be found with in a more limited radius, whilst Mr, Clark, of Dowlais, and Mr. G. W. G. Thomas, of the Heath, or rather, of Ystrad Mynach, are sufficient to represent the old Trust, and to give any needful in- formation of the past which the new Governors may require. It is also equally contrary to the spirit of the will of the donor as the new scheme itself that £ 500 of the charity funds should be applied for the advanpe- luetit of Church schools in the parish, the Trustees having formerly refused any aid to the British schools established in the parish. This is clearly at variance with the whole scheme, and also unjust to the Dissenting inhabitants of tho parishes. Passing some minor blemishes, we congratulate the populations of this important district, and cspecialiy the parish of Gelligaer, that at last, in spite of every effort on the part of the Rector and his friends -to defeat the just claims of Dissenters, justice has triumphed, and that much sooner than the most sanguine antici- pated. Now, an important duty devolves upon, not only the various Sschool Boards, but also upon the in- habitants of the parishes immediately interested. At the meeting of parishioners previously mentioned herein it was thought preferable that the Governors should, be elected direct by the ratepayers, and that chiefly for that reason that it was not known that such important appointments would be placed at the disposal of the School Board at the time of the first election. The Scheme as now proposed, places, not only the educational fate o the children of the poor in the ;hands of, the School Board, but also the sons-;nd daughters of all classes, It is clear that the ratepayers should express their views unequivocally as to the action of the School Boards iu this-matter. We are of the opinion that i the election of the Governors is to be placed in the hands of the School Boards as proposed, the y.,res ent Boards should be dissolved, and an opportunity given to the ratepayers to elect persons in whom they could entrust, not only to deal with a Foundation of tln value of some Y,1,300 per annum, but also the edu- cation of: young persons, to an extent and so different in quality that every possible care should be taken in their selection. In thus referring to the present mem- hers of tho Board, let us not be taken as casting any reflection upon their qualifications, but simply elucida- ting the importance of their position, as differing from that which they were placed in at their first election. No ratepayer of the interested ;parishes can fail to see if this Scheme be carried out, how important it will be to appoint proper men on the School Board. And as to the School Boards, the members cannot fail to perceive the great responsibility upon them to appoint qualified persons for Governors. There may be gentlemen among themselves well worthy of the post; but we perceive a degree of selfishness in that course. We conceive the proper position of the Board is to watch the proceedings of the Governors, and simply reward or otherwise, the faithful by re- election, or the withdrawal of their confidence. Doubt- less. this will be the course pursued by the School Board of Gelligaer, upon whom devolves the heaviest portion of the responsibility. As to the election of two of the Governors by the Board of Guardians of Merthyr Tydfil, we cannot perceive what they have to do with the matter, more than the' Poor-law Unions of Bedwellty or Newport. :It is not' to be supposed that the Merthyr Board will give special attention to I the action of the governors, knowing that not until seven years 1:;v(e passed away, will they be called upon to elect two Governors of this Charity, and so on, once in five years. Instead of three, evidently the parish of Gelligaer should elect five of the Governors. But we would also congratulate the two counties of lamorgan and Monmouth upon the realisation of this Scheme. A Charity, the bsneilt of which has been con- finel to a remote corner of one parish only,'and there supplying the smallest amount and the merest- elements of elucation to the poorest c'asq, is now to be thrown open to all boys raid girls wherever they may come from, and the training contemplated is not to consist only of the best English education, but also to include modern, languages, Latin, vocal music and science, in connection with the Science and Ai-fc Department of the Committee of Council. For this extraordinary and precious change it is right we should bear in mmd, wo are not indebted to the Conservative element, to these that arrogate to them- .selves the character cf being superlatively the pre meters of education, but to those who, galled by suet injustice, appealed to an authority too powerful to b) .bribed or intimidated. Let those who have alreadt accomplished so much, persevere until the whoJa scheme is perfected, and they will be rewarded in the benefit conferred on generations yet unborn.

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