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FOREIGN SUMMARY. The war in Mexico appears to be taxing the energies of the Emperor of the French more than was at first anticipated. He has, it is said, presided at more than one Cabinet Council when the subject has been discussed, and is, of course, resolved to prosecute the enterprise with the utmost vigour. An army of 30,000 men is to be forwarded to the scene of operations the Mexicans may therefore reckon upon a somewhat severe chastisement for their little defeat of the French arms. The first instalment of men have been already sent off, and they are to be landed, not at Vera Cruz, but at Tampico, which is considered more healthy. General Forey has been appointed Commander in Chief of the whole army. Some members of the French Senate, as well as certain Paris journals, of course find a pretext for condemning England in connection with the Mexican affair. The Marquis 4e Boissy has chosen to charge England with perfidy in withdrawing from the con- vention, and strongly denounces her as being still the bitter enemy of France. The French journals do not copy the articles published by English papers upon the subject and as the people of Paris are thus kept in comparative ignorance of the true bearings of the question, the views of the hostile Marquis are said to find favour extensively among them. It may be hoped, however, that wiser and more moderate councils prevail in official quarters. The French Chamber have passed all the clauses of the budget, with the exception of that imposing a tax upon carriages. It was rejected on a division 73 voting for the tax, and 175 against it. It is said that when the result was known the members be- trayed some alarm at the independence they had shown, and it is thought they will be asked to recon- sider their vote. In that case it is very likely they will revoke their decision,as they will not be supported in their opposition by the general public, who would rather have seen the unpopular increased sugar tax rejected, but which was passed by 190 against 36 votes. The new Ministry of Electoral Hesse has at length been completed. On the publication of the names of the persons composing it the greatest excitement arose, as it was said they were all devoted adherents uf the unpopular constitution of I860. This suspicion and unpopularity will possibly be removed by the announcement in an extra edUion of the Cassel Gazette that the Elector has sa^fconed the constitution of 1831 and the electoral law of 1848. The news received by the last Bombay mail is not marked by any important events. The state of affairs at Cabool was not satisfactory, and was the cause of much uneasiness, but it begins to be allowed that Persia has no hand in the present troubles. The health of Bombay was far from good, and there had been a good many cases of cholera. The monsoon, however, was at hand, which would lower the present high temperature and produce a more healthy state. The work of reducing the expenses of the army in Austria goes smoothly forward. Long debates have resulted in the adoption of the propositions of the Commission relative to the war budget. The first of these propositions is as follows :—" Considering that the interests of the state and a wise policy imperiously demand that we should maintain the strictly defensive, a state which requires a much smaller effective than that set down for the service of 1862 considering the diminution of the expense of the army which has already taken place or is being achieved, the military budget for the year 1862 is reduced to 135,300,000 florins. The public treasury will contribute to this 121,905,000 florins, and the rest is to be provided by the revenues of the military administration. The city of Belgrade is reported to continue in a very disturbed state, and many shocking incidents to be daily occurring. The peasants who were sum- moned in defence of the city against the Turks, have plundered indiscriminately the native and foreign merchants The result has been that martial law has been proclaimed, and is being vigorously carried -out. According to the French Moniteur, the Turkish Government had recalled the commandant of the garrison, and sent Ahmet Effendi to make a searching inquiry into the circumstances which led to the conflict. M. Catargi, the President of the Council for Wallachia, was assassinated on Friday as he was leaving the Chamber of Deputies at Bucharest. The cause was not known, nor the assassin discovered. The news brought by the Europa from New York, which comes down to the 12th inst., is decidedly fa- vourable to the Confederates in Virginia, while it is discouraging to them on the Mississippi. On the 6th a severe fight took place between the hostile naval forces before Memphis, which ended in the defeat of the Confederates, and the subsequent sur- render of Memphis to the Federal commander. As a counterpoise to these continued losses on the Mis- sissippi the Confederates are again making head in Tennessee and Kentucky. General Smith was said to be marching on Nashville with a large force, which gathered strength as it advanced and the Kentuckians were making preparations to afford aid to the force, which was expected to reach the northern limits of their state. Before Richmond General M'Clellan was nearly at a standstill, and his move- ments appeared paralysed. While the Confederates have, as far as we .can judge from the Northern accounts, gained another victory over the enemy in the "Shenandoah Valley, the Federals, it would seem, emboldened by the arrival of General Fremont and his force at Harrisonburg, heedlessly pursued the retreating force pt General Jackson, fell into an ambuscade, and suffered severely. The Federals being reinforced, again pursued, when General Jack- son made a grand dash against General Shield's advance, which was hurrying to General Fremont's assistance, and compelled him, with great loss, to fall back on the main body. General Jackson then quietly resumed his retreat, burning the bridges in his rear. All the accounts agree in stating that the Confederates are determined to make a stand at Richmond. The Federals are said to have com- menced the attack of Charleston. The later advices by the Bohemian describe no material change in the situation of affairs. The City of New York brings dates to the 14th June. By her advices we learn that General Halleck reports officially that General Beauregard, with the main body of the Confederate army of the South West, had retreated upon Okolana, as originally reported. He has lost from 20,000 to 30,000 men by death, capture, desertion. and other casualties. He still commands a force of from 80,000 to 90,000 men. It is reported that he has despatched a portion of his force to the aid of General Kirby Smith at Knoxville in Tennessee, and that Nashville is in danger. General Stonewall Jackson has made good his retreat from the Valley of the Shenandoah, though closely pursued by Ge- nerals Banks, Shields, and Fremont, and has es- caped over the Blue Ridge Mountains en route to Richmond, In the House of Commons on Wednesday, Sir Geo. Bowyer moved the second reading of the Inns of Court Government Bill, and contended that the powers claimed by the Inns were essentially politi- cal, and such as ought not to be vested in them. He thought, also, that their revenues were so high as to call for Goverment interference. The hon. member alluded to several cases, such as those of the late Daniel Whittle Harvey, Mr. Digby Sey- mour, &c., and proposed several resolutions for limiting and abridging the powers at present en- joyed by the Benchers. Mr. Collier moved That the Bill be read a second time that day six months." A long debate followed, interesting only to members of the legal profession, when Sir G. Grey said that the House was incompetent to deal with a question of so personal a nature, and Sir George Bowyer withdrew the bill.

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