THE SITUATION AT PLEVNA. Perilous Position of Osman Pasha. Plevna Completely Surrounded. PORADIN, Oct. 26.—Yesterday the Grand Duke Nicholas inspected the battlefield at Gorny, Dubnik, and the positions captured by us near that place. Our troops are greatly' encouraged by the victory. All, from the-, general down to the common soldier,. behaved like heroes. Our loss is 2500 men, that of the Turks being nearly as large. Eighty Turkish officers were taken prispners, and we also captured one standard and four guns. (From the London Telegraph.) VIENNA, October 26 (Night).-The plan of. General Todleben is being carried out in itsi. entirety. Wnatever may be the want of mili- tary knowledge of superior Russian officers as a mass, Todleben has established a reputa- tion beyond dispute. He has waited patiently for the reinforcements necessary to corn. plete the investment of Plevna, and has in person directed the siege works. There is every reason to suppose that Osman Pasha's glorious defence draws near its last scene. I hear from Constantinople that the situation of Osman Pasha at Plevna is thought highly dangerous. There has been, I am in- formed, considerable exaggeration in the num- bers of men stated to be under his command. At no time have his forces exceeded 40,000 men, and these must have been much reduced. I also hear that Turkey is hard pressed for- men as well as for money. She has made ft splendid defence. THE CAMPAIGN IN ASIA. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 28 (4. p.m.)—Ghazi Mukhtar Pasha, after effecting a junction with Ismail Hakki Pasha, concentrated his forces at Koprikoi, on the road to Erzerum, and is await- ing the approach of the purniing Russians. Mukhtar Pasha's position is reported to be of great strength. ST. PETERSBURG, Oct. 28th.-A telegram from Igdyr announces that three columns of the Erivan division have pursued Ismael Pasha and occupied his former positions as far as Tscher- sula. The Turkish rear guard opened a can- nonade against the Russians from the heights, of Alikotschak, especially directing their fire upon the column of General Dewell. The darkness and a .mist which enveloped the country prevented General Dewell from turn- ing the enemy's right flank. The Russians lost five men, and a case of ammunition was; blown up. CONSTANTINOPE, Oct. 28. (Afternoon). —Mr. Layard has received official information that Ismail Hakki Pasha has united his forces consisting of forty battalions, with those of Ghazi Mukhtar Pasha. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 28 (Evening).-A, despatch from Ismail Hakki Pasha to the Seraskierate, dated 27th inst.. (morning), says: —"We have arrived at Emerkoi, and shall continue our march to Koprikoi, distant one hour's march from Herime. Regiments of Russian cavalry, pursuing us, made an attack yesterday upon our artillery, which was en- camped at Vellboghaz. Our first cavalry regi- ment forced the Russians to take to flight, and abandon the horses they had captured. They lost 150 killed." Ghazi Mukhtar Pasha, tele- graphing on the 27th inst., announces his having effected a junction with Ismail Hakki Pasha, near Yenikot. Junction of the Turkish Forces. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 27 (1.49 p.m.) Mukhtar Pasha now occupies exactly the same position as he held before his victory at Zewin. His right wing is at Koprikoi, and his left behind Zewin. Twenty-eight bat- talions, which have been despatched from here, will reach Zewin on Wednesday. Ismail Hakki has effected a junction with Mukhtar Pasha. As the latter had accumulated large stores at Yenikoi, he is amply supplied with ammunition and provisions. The Russians find the greatest difficulty in transporting provisions to the Soghanli-jDagh. The' troops that ad- vanced upon Zewin had "five days ratIOns in their knapsacks. At present^ it is impossible for them to bring up their artillery. Notwith- standing the fact that the Turks have suffered a most serious defeat, it is premature to assert that the Asiatic campaign is lost to them. The apprehensions expressed in England are scarcely justified by facts.—Correspondent of ike Observer. ERZERUM, Oct. 27 (9.20 p.m.)—Ghazi Mukh- tar Pasha has driven back the vanguard of the Russian army before Keschezar, and pursued it as far as the Miliduz road. He is expected to- morrow at Koprukoi, where Ismail Hakki Pasha arrived to-day. The latter general, during his retreat, had an encounter with a Russian squadron at Delibaba. The Russian attack on his caravan of ammuni- tion was repulsed by Ahmed Bey, commander of the 6th cavalry regiment. The Russian division is still at Sarikmisch, with its van- guard at Miliduz. General Tergukassoff is in front of Bayazid. His cavalry has made a re- connaissance behind that town on the Berguire connaissance behind that town on the Berguire road. FIGHTING IN THE SHIPKA PASS. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 20 (Evening).—Sulei- man Pasha telegraphs as follows, on the 27th inst. to the Seraskierate44 There has been an artillery and musketry engagement between our troops posted on the island of Soha, before Silistria, and the enemy's forces on the opposite bank of the Danube. Our losses were insignifi- cant. Nothing of note has occurred in that direction." Raouf Pasha, telegraphing yester- day from the Shipka Pass, states that there have been artillery and infantry engagements along the whole line, and that the Russians suffered considerably, while the Turkish loss was slight. TIFLIS, Oct. 27 —Intelligence received from Igdyr states that during the night of the 19th to the 20th mst. Ismail Pasha left his positions unobserved. Prior to their retreat the Turks burned 240 cartridge boxes. Three sotnias of Cossacks and two squadrons of dragoons started in pursuit of the enemy, and having crossed the frontier, encountered a body of Turkish cavalry near the Missonna Pass. The Turks withdrew in haste to the mountains on the Ojadin road. On the 21st, Prince Baratoff made reconnaissances half way along the road without meeting with the enemy. General Tergukassoff, with the main body of his army, advanced slowly on account of the irregular nature of the ground. M. GESHOFF STILL A PRISONER. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 28 (Noon). — Mr. Maynard, the American Minister, has sup- ported Mr. Layard's representation in favour of M. Geshoff, as the latter has been appointed United States Consul. The Porte, however, refused to recognise the nomination on the grounds that the gentleman in question is an Ottoman subject, and cannot therefore be a consul of a foreign power, and moreover that the appointment did not reach Philoppopolis until after M. Geshoff had been arrested. The affair will probably be settled shortly. In the meantime M. Geshoff remains a prisoner at Philippopolis. THE CAMPAIGN IN ASIA. Occupation of Bayazid. ERZBRUM, Oct. 27 (Evening).—The military situation here is at present very critical. Ismail Pasha, with 8000 men, has arrived at Koprikoi, via Delibaba, and a great battle is imminent. ST. PETERSBURG, Oct. 29.-The Golos of to- day publishes the following telegram:— 44 ALEXANDROPOL, Oct. 27.-General Loris Melikoff's main body has occupied Kars-Tchai Valley and the neighbouring heights, and is blockading Kars. General Tergukassoff con- tinues to pursue the troops of Ismail Pasha in the direction of Erzerum, while General Hei- man is crossing the Saganlagh in order to cut off the retreat of the Turks. Bayazid is occupied by the Russians. The inhabitants of Kagisman have made their submission to the Russian military authorities." THE RUSSIANS IN PURSUIT OF ISMAIL j i1 PASHA. ■■•■I'• (RUSSIAN OFFICIAL DESPATCH.) RUSSIAN HEADQUARTERS, WISNIKOI, Oct. 28.— The detachment of Russian troops under the command of General Tergukassoff, who since the 18th inst. was pursuing Ismail Pasha, who retreated towards Erzerum, was on the 25th inst. near Kara Kilissa in sight of the enemy's rear-guard. The latter withdrew with his main body of troops on the 25th inst. to Seidihan. A special detachment of the main body of the operating Russian army corps was despatched on the 22nd inst. from Tikma, under the com- mand of General Heimann, beyond the Saganlagh to Khorasan and Koprikoi. T OFFICIAL DESPATCHES. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 29 (5.20 p.m.)—Ghazi Mukhtar Pasha, in a despatch to the Seras- kierate, dated 27th inst., announces that the Russians are encamped on the Azap river, three hours' march from his headquarters Dervisch Pasha, telegraphing to the Seras- kierate from Batum on,the 2Gth inst., says he has ascertained that the enemy's corps con- fronting him has been reinforced by four battalions of infantry, with some batteries of artillery. CONSTANTINOPLE, October 29 (5.20 p.m.)—A despatch from Chefket Pasha to the Seras- kierate, dated Orchanie, Saturday, announces that the Russians, while setting fire to Gradieh- nitza, were attacked and defeated, with a loss of 60 men hors de combat. Yesterday there was an engagement on the road between Orchanie and Plevna. A body of Russian troops are at Slatitza, south of the Balkan pass, and in the rear of Orchanie. CAPTURE OF A TURKISH PASHA AND SEVERAL OFFICERS. BUCHAREST, Oct. 29.—Yesterday a body of Russian troops attacked and carried the Turkish position at Telis. One Pasha, several officers, and seven companies of Turkish soldiers were taken prisoners. Three cannons were also captured. RUSSIANS MARCHING ON SILISTRIA. SILISTRIA, Oct. 29.—A strong body of Rus- Bians, with siege artillery, is approaching here. Bazardjik is still unmolested. THE MORALITY OF THE RUSSIAN ARMY. A Russian report states that only four Rus- sian soldiers have been executed for military offences since the mobilisation. THE BATTLE OF GORNY DUBNIK. The Investment of Plevna. (RUSSIAN OFFICIAL DESPATCH.) ST. PETERSBURG, Oct. 29.—Our loss in the recent engagement near Gorny Dubnik was 2500 men killed and wounded, including, so far as at present ascertained, 84 officers, of whom 17 were killed. Major-General Baron Seddeher was wounded, two standards and four guns were captured from the enemy. The troops, engaged in the battle were the Paulow-Moscow and Finland regiments, the Chasseurs riflemen, the foot and mounted Grenadier Guard, and the t,.it brigade of artillery. BUCHAREST, Oct. 28 (Evening).-The affair at Gorny Dubnik seems to have been a more serious affair as regards fighting than I could at first have supposed. When General Kriloff was there there was only a small earth- work, which the Turks appeared to have constructed in haste as a sufficient obstacle to cavalry, but one that would have stopped a strong force but a few minutes. The Turks must have strengthened and reinforced it since then. It is situated near the road in the middle of a plain, on a very slight emi- nence, and possesses no natural advantages of position. As the Turks have established aline of these posts to keep open the road, thev can- not put a large number of troops in any one without weakening the armv in Plevna. Thev probably had five or six thousand men here, yet the Russians acknowledge a loss of twenty. five hundred men, which only shows the terrible effect of breech-loading arms properly handled. Nevertheless the Russians took it, and as they had surrounded the place before attacking it no part of the garrison could escape. All were either killed or taken prisoners. As the Russians report that two thousand prisoners were taken, the Turkish loss would probably be between three and four thousand killed. The result of the affair is to show that the Turks cannot keep the road open by this system of small detached forts. There has been a rumour here that the Turks have re- captured part of the positions, but this I do not credit. The Turks could not have a large force near there, and as there are two divisions of the Guard over the River Vid, it is not likely that the Turks could have recaptured anything from them. The investment is complete. Everything now depends on two eventualities- the amount of provisions in Plevna, and, on the second hand, the approach of winter. If Osman has no great supply of food, then he will have to abandon Plevna soon. If he has. all will depend on the winter. If it is a hard and frozen winter, with snow, the Russians can keep up the investment until spring. If it is. on the contrary, soft and rainy weather, then the Russians will find it very difficult te keep up the siege.—Daily News telegram. THE BOMBARDMENT OF RUSTCHUK. J*. Engagement between Circassian Cavalry and Bulgarians. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 30 (7.20 p.m.)-Sulei- man Pasha telegraphs to the Seraskierate under yesterday's date as follows A Russian de- tachment which made its appearance on the island opposite Slobozia has been repulsed. The cannonade which is being kept up by the enemy against Rustchuk does not cause any damage to the town. A Russian cavalry and an infantry regiment have occupied Tzourza, and two other regiments have entered Culchij, near Solonik." Reouf Pasha, tele- graphing to the Seraskierate from the Shipka Pass yesterday, says:—44 One thousand Bulgarians have attacked the fortifications at Maraguedik, but were repulsed with a loss of ten men killed. A body of Circassian cavalry, which had been sent out for the purpose of re- connoitring the Turpan Pass, attacked and defeated fifteen hundred Bulgarians who were defending Tchika\oassi. The Circassians killed six hundred Bulgarians, captured twelve hundred head of cattle, and burned two villages."
THE SITUATION ON THE LOM. THE DEATH OF PRINCE SERGIUS. (RUSSIAN OFFICIAL DESPATCH.) BOGOTA, Oct. 28.-Reconnaissances were made on the 24th inst. by six columns of our troops, to ascertain the enemy's position behind the Lom. They started in the direction of Bassarboro and Yovan Tchiflik, and marched from Koshara to Kadikoi from Tabatchka to Nissova, from Kazelevo to Sole- vik, and by way of Gerovitza to Konstanza. The Russians met with a determined resistance near Bassarboro, but near Jovan Tchiflik the Turkish outposts were driven back to the right bank of the Lom. In this encounter Prince Sergius of Leuchtenburg fell. A ball penetrated the rim of his cap near the cockade, and then lodged in his head. Death was instantaneous. Near Kosh- ova the Russians crossed the Kara Lom and # occupied its left bank. During a skirmish on this occasion an ammunition case, which was struck by a piece of shell, exploded in the presence of the Grand Duke Sergius Alexandrovitch. Near Nissova the Turkish outposts and a position of the Turkish chain of investment were driven back. Near Solenik the Turkish pickets were alarmed, and skirmishing continued during the whole day. The Turkish posts were driven back from Zerontza as far as the village of Kostang. The Czarewitch personally visited the outposts in front of the enemy's position on horseback. As soon as the object of the reconnais- sance, namely, to ascertain the strength of the enemy's position, had been at- tained, the troops received orders to withdraw. The entire Russian loss in this affair was four officers and 300 men. These losses were principally sustained near Bassarboro, Yovan Tehiflik, and Koshara. THE INVESTMENT OF PLEVNA. Another Russian Victory. (RUSSIAN OFFICIAL DESPATCH.) BOGOT, Oct 29.-Yesterday the troops of the guard under the command of General Gourkc surrounded the Turkish fortified position near Telisch, on the Sophia road, and opened upon the enemy a cannonade from 72 guns. After two hours' bombardment the garrison of Telisch, consisting of seven tabors of troops and three guns, under the command of Liwa Ismail Cheki Pasha, capitulated and surrendered their arms. About 800 men succeeded in making their escape. The remainder, including Ismail Cheki Pasha and upwards of 100 officers. are at present in the redoubt near Gorny Dubnik, but will be set at liberty. The Turkish commander and some officers prefer, however, to remain prisoners. The tioops who took part in the cap. ture of Telisch consisted of a brigade each from the 2nd and 3rd infantry division of the Guard, a brigade from the second cavalry division of the Guard, and a brigade of Circassian Cossacks. Our loss in infantry was one man killed and 15 wounded. The Uhlan regiment which attacked the enemy's infantry had six officers and about 50 men wounded. Our other losses are not exactly known, but are certainly unimportant." (Daily News telegram.) BUCHAREST, Oct. 29--The Orient, one of the Bucharest papers, publishes to-day the follow- ing telegram: Simnitza, Oct. 29 (Morn- ing).-Official news has been received here of a second victory by the Russians at Tilisch. The position fortified by the Turks has hAA-n taken by the troops under the command of General Gourko. The victors have made many prisoners, among whom are a Pasha, seven tabors of Nizams (battalions of infantry), and a great number of officers. The Russians have also captured three cannon and a convoy of waggons, loaded with munitions of war, food, and medicines. The cannonading before Plevna continues." VIENNA, Oct. 29-The Russians before Plevna have captured 800 Turks near Tilisch. The Turkish deserters from Plevna are again in- creasing in numbers. THE CAMPAIGN IN ASIA. VIENNA, Oct. 29.—A telegram from Erzerum states that Ghazi Mukhtar has altogether a force of thirty-six thousand men, Ismail Hakki Pasha, who joined him at Koprikoi, brought sixteen thousand with him, but these latter are mostly raw recruits and Kurds, in whose steadiness little reliance can be placed. The Russians are operating in three bodies, and are hardly strong enough to attack the com- bined Turkish forces. The rebellion in Daghe- stan is spreading, and approaches Tiflis. The Kachetians have joined the rebels. To-day's mail from Constantinople leaves no doubt as to the depressed state of public feeling which the Turkish reverses in Asia have brought about.— Standard. ST. PETERSBURG, Oct. 30.—The Golos of to. day publishes the following telegram e. "Visinki, Monday. General Heimann has effected a junction with General Tergukassoff. Their united forces are in pursuit of Ismail Pasha, and are at present bivouacking near Hassam Kaleh." RUSSIA AND GREAT BRITAIN. ST. PETERSBURG, Oct. SO (Afternoon).—The Agenoe Russe of to-day points out the observa- tions made by the Golos with regard to an article which recently appeared in the Times, saying that the Russian successes in Turkey do not threaten British interests. The Golos declared that the I ivies might have gone further and affirmed that Russia never even entertained the idea of injuring British interests either in Turkey or in Central Asia. The Agence adds that the British Cabinet are now perfectly aware of this fact, and it would be desirable if public opinion in England were likewise convinced. A TURKISH ACCOUNT OF MR. GLAD- STONE'S ANTECEDENTS. CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 29.—A great discovery has been made according to the Zermr and Bassiret, a Turkish newspaper. Mr. Gladstone is of Bulgarian descent. His father was a pig dealer in the vilayet of Kustendje. Young Gladstone ran away at the age of sixteen to Servia, and was then, with another pig dealer, sent to London to sell pigs. He stole the pro- ceeds, changed his name from Trozadin to Gladstone, and became a British subject. Fortune favoured him till he became Prime Minister. Gladstone has no virtues. Gold is his god. The Ottoman Government offered him five tliou&and pounds to put their finances in order, but subsequently withdrew the offer, and his vexation at this, combined with his bad Bulgarian nature, caused his opposition to the Turks. The surname Gladstone means lust for gold, and was given to him on account of his failings in that respect.—Daily News.
At the Surrey Sessions an ex-superintendent of police named George Barrett, against whom a previous conviction was proved, was, for having stolen money from the house where he had lodged, Sentenced to seven years' penal servitude; and Jane Sidaons was, for cruelty to her step-daughter, a child eight years old, ordered two years' hard labour. A steam tramway car, the invention of Messrs. Kitson and Co., of the Airedale Foundry,Hunslet, was tried last week in experimental runs on the Leeds tramway to Kirkstall, During the trial neither steam nor spiokp was visible, and it is stated that the steam car can draw as many as three cars on a level line. The experiment is said to have been successful.
A MARRIAGE FRUSTRATED. At Lincoln City Police-court, last week, before the Mayor (Mr. P. P. Dickenson), Emily Emma Wright, a well-dressed young woman, was charged on a warrant with making a false declaration to procure her marriage with one George Taylor. The accused was formerly barmaid at. one of the principal inns in Lincoln, and subsequently went to Market Rasen, where she became acquainted with Taylor. Afterwards she returned to Lincoln and made a statuatory declaration, in which she affirmed that her affianced was over 21 years of age, and that her place of residence for the month previous hod been at her mother's in one of the tboroughfamia Lincoln. The falseness of these statement* WM discovered only in the nick of time, and an official from the Superintendent Registrar's office was despatched to stop the marriage, and found the intended bride and bridegroom in the act of de- parting for chapel, where the service was to have been performed. It was shown that the accused had special means of knowing the real age of her lover, and that she herself, up to the 4th of the present month, rented a house in Market Rasen. -The bench gave her the benefit of the doubt which existed in their minds, and dismissed the case, certifying, however, for the costs of the prosecution.
THE BALACLAVA COMMEMORATION. The survivors of the gallant Six Hundred" celebrated the anniversary of the Balaclava charge on October 26th by dining at the Freemasons' Tavern. They were presided over by Mr. G. Loy Smith, late regimental sergeant-major 11th Hus- sars, who was supported by Captain Norton, R.H.A., and 114 of the Six Hundred." The men assembled from all parts of the United Kingdom, the 11th Hussars being the best represented. The the 11th Hussars being the best represented. The numbers present were made up as follows:— 4th Light Dragoons, 22; 8th Hussars, 13; 11th I Hussars, 41; 13th Hussars, 18; and 17th Lan- cers, 20. Only a small proportion of the men wore her Majesty's uniform, but they displayed with pride the medals which testified to their prowess on the battle-field. The men numbered amongst them 175 medals and bars innumerable, also two French medals and three Legions of Honour. During the evening the chairman presented to each of the Light Brigade present a steel engrav- ing representing Lord Cardigan leading the first liue, consisting of the 13th Hussars and the 17th Lancers, into the "Valley of Death." The en- gravings were the gift of Lady Cardigan, and it may be mentioned that her ladyship has provided a sufficient number of prints to present one to each survivor of the Light Brigade. The usual dinner of the officers who took part in the memor- able engagement took place at Willis' Rooms, King street, St. James'.
—— THE LATEST VATICAN SCANDAL. (From the Times.) ROME, Oct. 23.—On the subject of Father Curci's disgrace the following is what I have been able to gather from the very best sources. This distin- guished writer and orator is in trouble not on account of his homilies on the Gospel, but for a letter or pamphlet by him addressed to the Pope, and published some time ago in the Univers, in which he set forth his doctrine to this effect: he advised the Pope to throw the temporal power overboard as a cargo heavy enough to be sure to sink St. Peter's barque in the end. He recommended the acceptance of accomplished facts, and the ox- pediency of placing the Christian Republic under the protection simply of Christ. This letter, of which to render it more readable to the Pope, Curci printed, as he says, only two copies, met with the Pope's approbation, and Monsignor Mercurelli wrote to Curci in the Pope's name that his Holiness was pleased to express his satisfaction. Upon this Curci published first -I tlion another pamplilel in the same sense, and the homilies which he continues to publish are also consistent with the same views, Some indiscreet person stole from the Pope's writing table the famous letter, and M. Veuillot printed it in the Univert. Thereupon arose an outcry against the error and scandal of this pub- lication, involving a contest between Curci and the General of the Jesuits, Father Beckr. The obnoxious letter was brought for judgment before the congregation of the Index." Curci, greatly excited, has been going about in the North of Italy holding conferences and making acquaintances among the Liberal Lombard clergy, so that it is natural to expect that he may turn out a second Lamennais, or at least a second Montalembert.
A PRIZE FIGHT IN LONDON. Sadler's Wells Theatre was last week the scene of a glove fight, for JE50 aeide, between two well- known pugilists. In this form attempts have re- cently been made to revive pugilism in London, and three of these so-called boxing matches have' taken place, one of them at Sadler's Wells Theatre about two months ago, and two at Cambridge Hall, Newman street, Oxford street. The battle that took place last week had been extensively advertised. The combatants, named respectively James Goode and Michael Rees, were well known as former members of the prize ring. Some idea of the patronage that was expected on this occa- sion may be gathered from the fact that the prices charged for admission ranged from a guinea for a stall, 10s. for dress circle, to 5s. for pit and gal- lery. The encounter was advertised to commence at eight o'clock, and long before that hour the theatre was besieged by a large crowd. At a quarter to ten o'clock, when the fight commenced, the building was fairlv well filled. The centre of the stage was occupied by the 24 feet ring proper to pugilistic encounters, and at the time mentioned the combatants, accompanied by their backers and friends, appeared upon the* scene. Rees was at- tended by a pugilist named Baldock, while Goode bad secured the services of his father, an old fighter, and one Tom Tyler, who in former days has often fought. A referee having been ap- pointed, the gloves were brought forth, and the men, stripped to their waists, took up their posi- tions, encouraged by their backers and friends. Silence having been called, the combatants shook hands, and the set-to commenced. It was from the first evident that the fight would be a severe one. For three rounds, each lasting three minutes, the combatants did their best to punish each other, the fighting being fast and furious. At the end of the third round it was whis- pered that an accident had occurred to Goode, and before the fourth round was concluded the nature of the accident was plainly visible. Goode had broken his right arm just above tli6 wrist, The proceedings should have been stopped at this stage, but the disabled man was allowed to fight for lh. 50m. with a broken arm. It became appa- rent to every person present that the poor fellow had sustained an accident, for after the fourth round he never once raised his right arm, either to strike a blow or to defend himself. Thus disabled and evidently suffering acute pain, Goode came up to time for 29 rounds in all to meet the punishment of his antago- nist. Rees, however, did not force the fight; but, remained in his.own corner, from which no taunt- ing of Goode could draw him. At length, after the battle had waged with unequal fortune for lh. 53m. 25s., a body of polioe belonging to the G division forced their way into the theatre, and, clambering upon the stage, stopped what was to all intents and purposes-the fact that the men wore boxing gloves only excepted—a regular prize fight, resembling in many of its incidents the contest between Sayers and Heenan. The spectators, who during the progress of the combat had been greatly excited, separated witfiout dis- turbance.
Messrs. Smith, Elder and Co. will publish, early in December, the third volume of Mr. Theo- dore Martin's Life of the Prince Consort." In the present aspect of the Eastern Question and the Russo-Turkish Campaign, the forthcoming volume will prove interesting, embracing, as it does, the period of the Crimean war. The London Artists' Association has founded a Lyric, Musical, and Arts Conservatoire, on the basis of the institutions at Paris, Brussels, and Milan, to assist artists, to establish competitions and to award scholarships, and to give, periodi- cally, concerts. The names of some well-known professors, native and foreign, are attached to the prospectus.
MR. BUTT, M.P. & HIS CONSTITUENTS. A requisition is about to be presented to Mr. Butt, M.P., from the Home Rule electors of the city of Limerick, inviting him to visit the con- stituency and address them personally before the meeting of the National Conference on Home Rule. It will be remembered that in consequence of the excited state of public feeling on the" ob- struction agitation two months ago, Mr. Butt's electoral committee deemed it advisable that he should then abstain from personally addressing the. constituency, and suggested that he should do so by letter. Should the hon. gentleman now consent to visit Limerick he is to be accorded a public reception and an address of confidence.
THE RECENT HURRICANES IN THE ATLANTIC. Scarcely a day passes without some additiona. evidence being received of the disastrous character of the late gales in the Atlantic, and the Helen Scott, which has just arrived at Liverpool, reports having experienced the full fury of the recent heavy weather. On the 14th instant, as she was coming from Bombay to Liverpool, the wind in- creased with extraordinary rapidity, throwing ner on her beam ends, sweeping everything movable from the deck, starting the figure-head, and smashing the skylight and the cabin windows. The weather continued with little or no abate- ment up to the 16th, when it moderated. The vessel fortunately righted without any loss of life.
KING VICTOR EMMANUEL AND MR. STANLEY. The London Telegraph publishes a communica- tion, of which the subjoined is a translation, from the President of the Italian Geographical Society: 44 On the 25th inst. I wrote requesting you to offer my telicitations to Mr. Henry Stanley, in my own name and in that of the Italian Geographical Society. I have a new request to make to-day; it is to beg you to insert in your esteemed and widely-circulated journal the following message: His Majesty the King of Italy, honouring the intrepidity of Mr. Henry M. Stanley in his journey down the Congo, and viewing the great consequences which must ensue for commerce and for civilisation in Equatorial Africa, has bestowed upon him a special gold medal.' Have the goodness to communicate to Mr. Stanley this gracious determination of his Majesty, acquainting him at the same time that the medal and the letter enclosing it will be at once prepaied, through the means of the Italian Geographical Society, and will be sent to his Majesty's Ambassador in London, to be handed to Mr. Stanley when he shall have arrived."
THE TRADE OF TURKEY. (From the limes.) Much has been said about the trade of Turkey. The fact, indeed, is that 6,000,000 tons of ship- ping enter the Turkish ports every year, while no more than 4,000,000 tons enter Russian ports. But while the tonnage is thus considerably in excess on the side of Turkey, it appears that the actual foreign trade of Turkey is but about one-third of the foreign trade of Russia in Europe. This apparent discrepancy may be easily ex- plained. The coasting steamers of the several lines that trade with Turkey-two or three British lines, the Austrian Lloyd's, the Russian line, the Egyptian, and the Turkish itself-call from port to port, so that a 3teamer may halt at a dozen places between Trebizond and Jaffa, and at each place the tonnage is regularly entered, though the goods discharged may be inconsiderable. The entry of a steamer does not mean the unloading of its cargo, but of so much as two or three lighters may carry away, the cargo brought being distributed at the several ports of call and replaced by another collected from them. In this way the real tonnage of traffic is many times multiplied in the tonnage of entries; and a false appearance of commerce is created. The real trade of Turkey is deplorably small compared with what it might be, and though the same may be said of Russia, it arises from different causes. The false commercial policy of Russia prevents the developement of a commcrce which has languished in Turkey under irregular taxation and arbitrary government. But in ex- amining the material power of resistance of a nation we can only take into account what exists. Vast natural capabilities go for nothing, and are no more than untold treasures which may be lying un- known and inaccessible at the bottom of the sea. Tried by the test of its actual condition, the power of Turkey to provide the machinery of war in another campaign must appear to be extremely doubtful. Is Russia in any better condition? This is a question upon which we do not propose now to enter; but it is suggested in reference to it that in an international struggle the power to outlive au adversary by three months means, so far as the two belligerents are concerned, an in- definite superiority.
THE HERESY AMONGST THE JESUITS. (From the Timet.) ROME, Oct. 21.—It is reported that ths General of the Company of Jesus conteinpJatos or threatens the expulsion of Father Curci from the ranks of that militant Order. Father Curci has been for many years the editor of the Civitta Catto- lica, the most renowned religious organ published in Italy under the patronage of the Vatican. As a sacred orator, as well as a writer, Father Curci was looked upon as the brightest luminary both of the Order of Jesuits and of the Roman Church. It seems that what the Vatican was once disposedk o call a political heresy has crept into the writing and preaching of the eloquent father, who has not been as blindly devoted to the cause of the temporal power as the Pope expects his zealous champions to be. He has in several instances been forbidden to preach, and his writ- ings have been put on the index, or are in danger of being so dealt with. In all probability, the Pope will intimate to this now refractory disciple of Loyola what he openly said to bis predecessor in apostacy. Father Passaglia—" Yon are a mepe stone set up on the cornioe of the temple, an ornament to its facade, so long as you abide in your place; but the moment you fall from it you bury yourself in the dust of the highway, and the world ceases to see you or to hear of you." It is to be hoped that Father Curci may prove, if not a more formidable, at least a more consistent ioe to the Vatican than Father Passagiia has been, for hitherto all these priestly dissenters or rebels, beginning with the ill-fated Cardinal d'Andrea, after going the length of an almost open declaration of war lose their courage when the hour of trial comes, and solicit a reconciliation with that Power with which. however, it is always more fatal to make peace than to be at war. In the case of Father Pas- saglia the metaphorical language of the Pope was certainly prophetic. It seems destined that no Italian priest can ever arise, combining the daring of Father Hyacinthe with the strength of character and deep conviction of Canon Dollinger. I have been assured that Father Curci is now re- siding at Frascati in a convent or country house belonging to the Jesuits. My information leaves it doubtful whether he is detained there or whether he has taken up his quarters in that establishment of his own accord. In the latter case it is natural to suppose that Father Gurci has not relinquished his hope of a reconciliation with his superiors. In the former case it would seem that the General of the Order has not yet come to any determination about Father Curci's expul. aioD:
A MONSTBB CHEESE.—Canada claims to have produced the largest cheese on record. From the Ingersoll Factory has been turned out a cheese weighing 70001bs. It was Oft. 10in. in diameter, 3ft. in height, and 21ft. in circumfo^uce. It re- quired one milking of 7000 cows, or 35 tons 01 milk, to produce it. It is announced that the Turkish Compassionate Fund is not connected with any society for the relief of Turkish soldiers, but that it has been raised for the purpose of affording assistance to fugitive men, women, and children, Jews, Chris- tians, and Mussulmans, without reference to creed, in Adrianople, Shumla, Philippopolis, and the surrounding districts, the funds being remitted direct to Mr. Layard, the Ambassador at Con- stantinople. The Prince of Wales has been paying a visit to the Duke of Grafton, at his Grace's Suffolk seat. The strike in the cotton trade at Bolton, which has lasted eight weeks, and which has thrown twelve thousand hands idle, is at end. PROROGATION OF P ARLUMEXT. A proclamation appears in last week's Gazette formally proroguing Parliament until the 19th of December. A mass meeting of the North Staffordshire miners was held at Hanley on Oct. 25th. It was reported that the voting was largely in favour of a strike. The union repudiates the action of the men. The Postmaster-General has requested the friendly assistance of the United States Post Office Department in putting a stop to the reprehensible conduct of sending live Colorado beetles to this country. On the 26th October a meeting of the inhabi- tants of Selby was held, at which it was decided that, on the approaching visit of the Prince of Wales to that place, a public reception should be given to him. At the Court Leet at Lewes, last week, Mr. Henry C&d and Mr. Wynne E. Baxter were chosen high constables for the ensuing year. Mr. Baxter has just served as under-sheriff of London and Middlesex, and is the first solicitor who has been elected to the position. The Royal Humane Society has voted its silver medallion, the highest reward granted by the com- mittee for saving or attempting to save life, to the four men through whose bravery and perseverance, on the occasion of the Tynewydd Colliery inunda- tion, the release of the five men who had been nine days imprisoned was due. One of the perils of mixed marriages is illus- trated in a case disposed of before Mr. Raffles at Liverpool, when Joseph Wright was sent to gaol for six months for breaking an iron saucepan on his wife's head. He is a Protestant and she is a Roman Catholic, and they quarrelled because she persisted in sending the children to a Roman Catholic School. At the inquest, on Oct. 25th, as to the North- ampton railway collision, evidence was given that the needles in the signal-boxes were blocked, and that no communication could be made except by means of a gong. This was sounded from both sides of the Bedford road crossing, but the signal was not understood by the gatekeeper, who there- fore took no notice of it. A few days since a desperate scene was wit- nessed in Nassau street, Dublin. A young man named Michael Zoghlan, a coach trimmer, was walking in the street mentioned when he suddenly took a long knife out of his pocket and dashed the blade three or four times into his throat, inflicting frightful wounds. The blood sprouted out on the pavement, and he fell senseless, and was conveyed to the hospital. It is expected that he cannot re- cover. Marlborough House has been recently so thoroughly overhauled that all anxiety on the score of its bad drainage may, it is said, now be dismissed. At Sandringham, since the illness of the Prince of Wales, a special supply of pure water is furnished to the royal table from two springs on the estate, which, though small, pro- duce very pure water. The house has also been thoroughly ventilated. The drains were examined by Mr. Rawlinson, who removed all the cess- pools. ROMAN CATHOLIC SEE or KERRy.-The election of a successor to the late Dr. Moriarty in the Roman Catholic See at Kerry took place last week, in the cathedral, Killarney, under the presidency of Archbishop Croke, of Cashel, Metropolitan of Munster. Forty eight parishes were represented. The votes were taken by ballot, resulting as follows:—The Rev. Professor Maccarthy, V. P., Maynooth, Dignissimus; Archdeacon Higgins, V.G., Kenmare, Dignior; and the Ven. Dean Neville, V. G., Cork, Dignies. CHARGE OF HOUSEBREAKING AGAINST BOTS. — Mark Henry Lewis, Fred. Cox, Geo. Edwin Cox, Fr6d. West, and George Curry were charged at the Bristol Polioe court, last week, with breaking into the shop of Nathaniel Palmer, Stokes Croft, Bristol, and stealing four dark lanterns, the con- tents of the till, and other property. Lewis was discharged from the prosecutor's service for dis- honesty. He climbed through the attic window soon after midnight, committing the theft while his companions waited outside. The property was found in their possession. The boys were committed for trial. BISHOP ELLICOTT ON THE COSFESSIONAL,-The subject of Bishop Ellicott's visitation address at Cirencester, on the 25th Oct., was the confessional, which he strongly condemned as unauthorised by the Prayer Book, fraught with terrible dangers to the Church, and certain to hasten the separation of Church and State by a people who would not submit to priestly assumption on the part of the clergy. If confession became generally advocated the last sand of the Established Church would be running, and the end would be very near at hand. But this would not be. Sacramental confession neither is nor ever will be (said his lordship) the doctrine of our orthodox and reformed church. FRIENDS AND RELATIVES.—When Mr. Tegg pub- lishes a new edition ot his interesting book, Wills of their Own," he may find a basis for a new chapter in the following true story:—A few days ago a man, who had long maintained the appear- ance of great poverty, died in Berlin, leaving be- hind him a fortune of 35,000 marks. He also left a will, in which he directed that, with the exception of 3000 marks, the whole of his property should be given to the authori- ties of his native place in Bavaria. It was further directed that the 3000 marks should be divided in eq ualsums among nine of his relations and one friend with whom, as he said in his will, he had formerly had a difference. It was stipu- lated that none of these legatees was to follow his coffin, and the relatives striotly observed this stipulation. But the friend, mindful of old times, quietly went to the churchyard, and, on the coffin being lowered, threw in three handfuls of dust. This friendly act has met with substantial reward, for on further search a codicil was found, directing that, in the event of any of the ten legatees disregarding the injunction not to follow the coffin, the contumacious one should receive the bulk of the fortune otherwise left to the town. The authorities of the native town do not disguise their conviction that the friend knew all about this codicil. But, however that be, he is to have the fortune.—May fair. "THE CLAIMANT" IN HIS NEW QUARTERS.—The reason for taking Orton to Portsea is in no way connected with the health of the convict, neither has it been made, as reported, in the ordinary course of'convict routine. The fact is, that Castro did not get on so well with the prison officials at Dartmoor. He was full of complaints and griev- ances, and was frequently being punished for in- subordination. In these circumstances, it was de- termined. to try the effect of change of scene and surroundings. Though the convict has lost 8st. since his incarceration in Newgate h6 enjoys good health, and since his removal has even been cheerful. The Portsea Prison is not a manufacturing establishment, the inmates feeing for the most part engaged upon the public works in the neigh- bourhood. There are, however, 20 men who are employed as tailors in making and mending the convicts' clothes, and to the number of these Castro will be added. At Dartmoor he was en- trusted with a sewing machine; but as there is only one at Portsea, and that is engaged, he will be compelled to do his tailoring with the needle for some time. He is, how- ever by no means a novice with the needle, and on his arrival he exhibited the clothes in which he was dressed as a specimen of his handiwork. He has been promised the machine the first time it is at liberty. From the moment of his entering his new residence he was put on the extra dietary scale. In consequence of the somewhat circum- scribed spaoe at the Portsea Prison, Castro will not be allowed the privilege, which he enjoyed at Dartmoor, of taking his regulation exercise by himself, but will be compelled to take his walks with the rest of the inmates. On Friday, Oct. 26, previous to attending mass, he made his first appearance in the exercise grounds. He formed part of the ordinary sections of three, and ap- peared to be soon on the best of terms with the- rest o* the convicts.—Tum«.