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BXXttROftS OF AN F. MIGRANT SHIP. Reri'le Crne^'ps inflicted upon the unfortunate pas- 5JF8' ^'ie s^ip James Foster, jun. have pro- lefler .mrirh excitement in New York. The ship tin verP°0' 0n ti e 19tli of December, and had an (ja13silally long and most tempestuous passage of 76 j ys. g]ie started with 146 steerage passengers, shi' w'10rn) together with 12 of the crew, died of q ^ever during the voyage. When the vessel was p ara0tined at New York 46 of the 142 surviving a 8sengers were either affected with the fever or di- r''Qea, or suffering from general debility, and had 0 ^6 sent to the hospital. But 36 out of the whole lifiber were regarded as in good health, and more than half of these were small children. The sick- les was not owing to the overcrowding of the shin, to the rough weather, illtreatment, and the bad food. The ship served out food in a raw state once a week, leaving the passengers to cook it at the ship's galley as they best could. Many did not ?T hfWJ° I Whlle others entirely relin- SHFR/THEYTKITSARNEWTO^U T""T ingthe state of affairs institntorl ^rn- and had the boatswain np8*ltQte.d an investigation, arrested on the oh aril' £ afpentfr> and third mate passeno-ers Th ?e °f brutal treatment of the mate disappeared6(^r™str0Dg) andthe first discovered after 3 days search the police beino- ajpt arres^ed them on the charge, both an qqf- ^hen found. The investigation revealed m- r ounding amount of mingled brutality and l ^tttne. Aaron Levi, a passenger, testifies that L n°^ receive half the amount of food the con- tract calls for that on complaint to the first mate lie was beaten that lie could not get enough fuel, and frequently had to throw the food overboard for want of fuel to cook it; that he complained to the captain and lie was answered with curses that the boatswain had ordered him out in the middle of the night to help to work the ship; and that lie had frequently seen the officers beat the passengers. Teddy Wilson said that the carpenter had beaten him, very severely injuring him; that the passengers were not furnished with enough water, and when they got water it was not good, and that he had seen the officers strike the passengers. He also made similar complaints with Levi about the food and fuel. Michael Gannon testified that he shipped as a Passengers' cook, but lie was compelled to do sea- man's duty, and the carpenter beat him nearly every his body being covered with scars and bruises. The first mate also knocked him down and kicked Lin,, doing it once when he was in the surgeon's room getting medical attention. He had seen the w*Vhenter beat a cook named Stokes on the head afte a laying pin, and Stokes had died 14 days cei r^arc^s> as he believed from the injuries he re- witlf a'30 saw carpenter beat a passenger died f Stick in the coal-locker, and this passenger Wat r0m ^le e^t3ets °f it* complained of the er a&d food. Other similar statements were made Passengers and seamen, and since the vessel ived two have become insane and three died in 'Ospital, while the recovery of several others is espaived of. John O. Southard, one of the crew, w ioi died on the 11th of March, just after being ancied, made an ante-mortem statement, in which lie says that he was one of the seamen, that durino- the voyage he was inhumanly beaten and ill treated by the third mate, that the third mate was directed by the captain and first mate to beat him with belaying pins, and that he was at the time the statement was made suffering from this treatment. At this stage the case was taken in hand by the New York Commissioners of Emigration, who determined to make an example of the culprits and an in- vestigation is now being conducted before the Com- missioners, developing" testimony of the character of that above stated, and showing that the pas- sengers during their long and stormy voyage must have lived in a perfect hell on earth. The develop- ments" made have caused a profound sensation, and, as the ship sailed under American colours, new measures to remedy the evils under which immi- grants suffer in crossing the Atlantic are demanded of the Congress. The New York Times says, "Each new development of the cruelties practised on the passengers of the ship James Foster, jun. makes the case worse than before. All the responsible parties deserve to be hung." And the New York Herald is °f opinion that the cruelties practised "are worse than anything that ever characterised the African slave trade. than anything that ever characterised the African slave trade.


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