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WORKMEN'S TOPICS. MORE TARIFF EXPOSURES. By MABON, M.P. to >ne London newspapers that claims j> ,e the real leading spokesman of the Tariff °Hn movement seems to be experiencing a j0'arly unhappy time of it. The Trade «« j^^ls continue to poke fun at the so-called „ |Nuiry now being conducted by the gg Express," and the latest to join in a tlj exposure of the methods employed by Protectionists' organ is the.monthly il- ajj. ra,ted journal of the shoe, leather, and ^trades, Called under the very appro- name, Footwear." This journal points tjj 'tat in connection with the leather trades 1^. "Express" sent out 328 Circulars 0 £ evitable that a certain number iplies would be favourable, and Biit^ kity of these even respond to the o/^st f°r estimated figures. Then upon the Of tb es furnished by this infinitesimal section by 0fv^Fa^e) ignoring altogether figures given tlj- iier firms as to the estimated damage to the result is worked out. In the trade it has been found out that the Jrer responding to the 328 circulars sent were only 153 and of these less than half «i favourable, and 39 firms went into figures, by °°twear continues its telling exposure eHj, irking that the total number of firms PresJ">e^ m the trade, according to the Ex- S9 is 2,100. Yet upon the estimate of these posiH S' en-tirely based upon preiudicial sup- port aQ estimate for the whole trade is the ,°ut, and there at the top of the column is announced in fat figures that Tariff is thr.°rrrL would provide work—would the K ^Qrd used. There is no beating about k&blJ*" might or may or pro- or anything of that kind but Provide work for over 28,000 extra £ 57,07c w^ose weekly wages would aggregate Of ci ,!>» or a yearly increment in the wage bill TV!8? «Pon £ 2,000,000. b^^ trade writer thinks that if the idea had lt*o,?f?b°died in a Gilbert and Sullivan opera ?Qo<n havc served the useful purpose of a Wjoke. bU £ jje gayg^ when such blundering Pab,?i^acies are passed off as serious political "■ fiaaA+ni' ceases to be funny and becomes by^r of regrret. This expert winds up that "It is certain that we could tetfaiCeaU our own boots, but it is eaually Uok 'bat we could never stop all importa- tion. f ootwear. But if we did would the addi- lti 190 work represented by the-import value of £ ?> as quoted by the Express itself, &0Qcisupply work to the extent of ^ati, Even if we taxed leather, and the way, one understands from an .stlc Tariff Reform editor, who at the expressed his disgust at the Daily 8hoii|jS3 farce, it is not proposed to do, we Pie surely annihilate or very seriously enp- VWT11export trade of £ 2,000,000 in boots, and CW a+T°ut the estimates of the firms who de- that a tax on leather would result in a >Hiw.l0a of their staffs, and a consequent di- *Hy h l0Q of wages, and above all, why should *oW ?^sPaper in pursuing its inquiry ab- ^tha-7 ignore figures furnished by opposed » Tifc « aiming'at obtaining unprejudiced Mm !?l*able details—the fact that it does so, «k without any scruple, proves that the in view is not an honest one. Pointing Out the Better Way. atA.:Ce more the Conservative vans have on their summer campaign." They ^,1 am informed, painted red, white, —" certa'nly aa improvement'' on the vrci'- painted with the lying Jut the t«3r £ S? Reform means work for all." tian rpal may be more apparent ^Gs ar .ls Qo^r quite noticeable that the ?Wtv*T?Pped ™th gramophones and ^<JHs o r!7 1 tecords of speeches, band selec- ^e'&vl801^' These van conductors must £ e1ce tr> vu- estimate of people's intelli- u their toT1 that they can convert workmen fL^kliricrthinking by means of these k yh3^T^bals and brass soundings" when u hitherto failed by the voices of hu- « y they are cunning in it all, for tnarf 1101(1 spell-bound some men pc.or^g children by some telling musical i^Pt a11# gramophones, long enough to ^Hsiooi their dnpes to listen to the *°il, voices produced from the speaking jj*pable r_ m many cases there are some very h > th ^eakers inside to supply the omission, h?' these several instruments will Plahto time that making the outside of „tV clean proves that the inner side syxntoms of decay. A ^The Remedy" in New York. v^ss'atv,^ra<1.e butcher in New York sends of 7tQat interesting commentary on the wnoxilrtieH remedy in his trade in that world- M ^ytaen?.c^ty, as regards both prices and em- k ^eftt"Tvi^ the shape of a cutting from the N that^e ^0lirnal." It records the fact, he YorL-8everal hundreds of the butchers in Khave been forced to close their es- P^siQe^^ts and temporarily to go out of J? because of the advance of from 1 id A*Ust."PeE, Pound on beef made by the big v -That all general provisions, particu- stables and groceries havc risen in K ^he C^ace °f the Patten wheat corner but jf36 °f meat, the results as summarised bv the P^ident of the New York State branch £ be Butchers' Association are likely Gag ^51°1'e serious still. Meat," he says, Xhe a 'uxury to the poor man. h 0n P°°r man has been able to get meat fh^s jV .a week, but with this new rise in ?*'< impossible for him to get it at » °f alUiW'" probably close about one quar- h* thei- he butchers in Greater New York v* ai-e 7^00 of them to go out of busi- K ^t r»,r trouble is that five men control the arv ^et of the country. The butcher 3 271 ^Pealed to Mr Taft to abolish the taiiflE of e,r. Cent on beef. That is the only solu- » he situation, because with the tariff 1 c°uld be imported from Argentine at a,Ii(i the Beef Trust would be forced to 5 *hi8 i Prtce." in horrible, if altogether true. America °Pinion the richest country, and with 1 ^ttvP n °f the Mother Country, the best !?t p? in the world. The Protection- ist rfi 'the working man, and, L possible for the poor once it ? and now not at all, And ?*kea believed that the tariff which Jje '■ his proposterous tyranny possible is fc^^k 'tj dy for all our evils in this country. »' riio £ ven' fortunately, it lies with the teiiled themselves to Bay whether this ii y shall be applied or not. b'J:b:l a. Century of a Nation's Figures. ft ^°rian of the future will havereason to 'v to Mr John Burns' Soci al Blue f CeQtly issued by the local Government .^ou' ^hich will provide him .with a vast of ,o £ information as to how the average vl* day lives, at what age he marries, h httaily children are born unto him, and Spends on their education, what ill- ^vep?e c°ntract«, and at what age he dies. yfeature of industrial life is examined llvi'tir- magnifying glass of the 4. Sical an(l the useful summary of socio- Jy e,j, °^edge. In 1874, the cost of elemen- ts tb0 cation was about 4d a year per head Population, and it is at the present time ^^ivin e small indication shows that we are value for the money. For before the a 0 &ia°^ ^ct of 1870, out of every 1,000 men SM 225 could not sign their name3, a every 1,000 women 312 were similarly M The proportion has fallen to 14 men ) v*1 in every 1,000. years the number of agricultural decreased by 64 per cent. Dur- u?8 ittriT years the general standard of wages ea^*>l by 40 per cent, and the cost of S a house rent and rates, which have T f*318 decreased by 24 percent. The 1 f Pei^^tions in savings banks rose from £ 1 ls IT to £ 5 5s 6d, and in forty years the j «Ut in f U t° tax, has increased 68 per cent. in thirty-five years the average rates of jhe p0,,J^'Ve Rone up from 4s ljd to 7s 0 £ d in and the cost of the indoor pauper fu^oo^vf6*1 by 70 per cent, and that of the a y is a Per cent- One person out of a Ce of -^rmanent pauper, and the maintairi- Poor costs every one of us on an L Id per annum. Progress evidently ^°at of !yf Price. Wi thin half of a century the indoor pauper has increased by 76 P Cenf' anc^ that of the outdoor pauper by 52 ^Path thafc is due to more elaborate and ?e*kiD etic treatment. Moreover, practically >l°ii jj, n° children now 1 eceive their educa- M This, I argue, is not a y Years' progi^ss, and happily We are not ruined yet. I% i Al'h& R the bet feature of the trade returns « i"avy increase in raw cotton, wooland ^Ported. This is a fairly safe index of tho Vity in tbe textile and other trades. JJ^ed foment, the corner is not yet quite ef(I a" exports are still down but Tariff t«**t Dl?e^5 who may be inclined to seize ^"i^ 3 be the last occasion for the TMnrTli«inr» on fhr> ruin by free trade should be caUtioua in their lamentation. The trade figures for May are almost exactly the same as those for the same month in the record year 1904, twelve months after Mr Chamberlain had assured us that we were all ruined together. Our progress to- ward? national bankruptcy—with rmporte for the five months still at £ 250,000,000, and ex- ports just under £ 150,000,000-must seem fear- fully slow even to the Protectionists.
Barry Dock Sensation. 1 -4 YOUNG WOMAN SHOOTS HERSELF. FRENZIED BY IDLE TONGUES. At Barry Dock on Tuesday afternoon a sen. sation was created in Evans-street by the appearance of a young girl named Mary Ellen Ellwood (19), with blood streaming from a wound on the right side of her head. She ran into the house of Mrs Mary Newbury screaming and crying, apparently in great distress. A crowd gathered very quickly, excited by the reports which quickly spread. As she got into the house, however, Miss Ellwood produced a revolver, and in reply to the questions, I I What is the matter? What have you been doing? she is said to have replied, I have been up in the wood and have shot mvself." She was placed on a chair, and Dr. Bray was summoned. P.C. Grace and Inspector R. H. Thomas arrived on the scene witlhn a few minutes. In the house a Mrs McGnwan also questioned the injured girl. Asked, What made you do it ? she replied, it is stated, "I did it because people are talking about me." It was found that the wound was not so serious as was at first feared, the bullet having grazed the side of the temple, inflicting a wound of little more than superficial character, ex- tending several inches. Accompanied by friends, she was able to walk to the Accident Hospital, where she was admitted and at pre- sent remains. Mrs Ellwood, the young woman a mother, stated that her daughter left the house about 3.30 p.m., simply remarking, 1 am going out." Within an hour she returned, so she could not have lost much time in going to the wood. Apparently, her daughter was troubled over some statements «ade about her in the locality, but there was nothing to dis- turb her peace of mind that was known to the family. The revolver belonged to her brother, and had been in the house since his return from America some time ago. Mr W. J. Havard, 13, Evan-street, Barry Dock, states that the girl who shot herself at Barry on Tuesday did not go to his house, and that he was not connected with the affair in any way.
TRECYNON YOUTH'S SUICIDE. Run Down in Health. A sad suicide took place on Tuesday morning at Trecynon, a young collier named William Isaac Jones, Harriet-street, Trecynon, Aber- dare, cutting his throat with a pair of scissors from ear to ear. The deceased, who was 26 years of age, resided with his parents, and was out on strike from the Dyllas Colliery for some six months, uptil the recent settlement. He had run down in health, and his medical adviser, who saw him on Friday, advised his parents to be careful of him,* as his condition was somewhat precarious. He was, however, in good spirits on Sunday, attending the services at the chapel as usual, and on Monday, in com- pany with his father, Mr Daniel Jones, collier, took a long walk. After retiring to bed on Monday night he seems to have got up, for his father heard him crying downstairs, and rush- ing down he found he had severed the wind- pipe with a pair of scissors Dr. Bankes was at once sent for, but the young man died about 6 o'clock on Tuesday morning.
LACKED CORROBORATION. William and John Abbott, father and son of Caerphilly, were charged at the local court on Tuesday with obstructing P.C.s King and Mackinnon in the discharge of their duty on June 5th. Mr Sydney Jenkina defended. The evidence was that the police officers were taking Frank Abbott, the son of Wm. Abbott into ousiody. In the atce" a I"ge crowd cam- gregated. una thle police alleged that the father and son interfered and tried to get their pri- soner away. Prisoners denied having made any attempt whatever to get the prisoners away, and several witnesses were called by Mr Jenkins to show that the father tried rather to pursuade his son (the man in custody) to go quietly with the police. But when prisoner shouted to his father to take his false teeth, which he said were choking him, one of the officers arrested the father. The Bench considered the evidence of the police lacked corroboration, and defendants were discharged.
OIL CASKS ABLAZE. A picturesque blaze was witnessed by the residents of Llanishen and disteicVjust before midnight. One of the trucks of a mineral train proceeding up the Rhymney Valley was ob- served near Llanishen Station to be on fire. The train was stopped immediately, and the burning truck was uncoupled and run into a siding. The contents were 12 casks of oil for use in collieries, and, as may be imagined, when the oil got thoroughly alight, as it did very quickly, quite a magnificent spectacle was pre- sented. Many people rushed from their dwel- lings to observe the sight. Huge tongues of flame shot up to a great height. There being no hope of saving the truck, the fire was allowed to bum itself out. By midnight there was little left of the wagon except smouldering ashes. The fire is believed to have been caused by a spark from the engine.
IN THE SAME STALL. At Tredegar County Court on Tuesday, before Judge Owen, Walter Rogers, butcher, Cwm, claimed damages in respect of the loss of a mare from Thomas Webber, licensee of the Golden ■ Lion Inn, Ebbw Vale. Mr Ivor Bowen (instructed by Mr J. R. Jacobs), for the claimant, said that Rogers and a friend named Morgan rode two cobs up to Ebbw Vale and wanted to stable them in defendant's stable. Both were put in the same stall, and when they returned later plaintiff's mare was found to have been kicked. He alleged negligence on the part of defendant's servants in not having properly tied up the horses. For the defence it was submitted that there was no negligence as plaintiff had agreed to both cobs being placed in the same stan, and that the animals had been properly tied up. His Honour gave judgment in favour of the claimant, saying there was negligence in put. ting both animals into the same stall. He awarded claimant Eig with costs.
AMAZING, ALLEGATION. The Daily Dispatch London correspon- dent writes :—1 understand that a question which is likely to produce a sensationis to be asked in the House of Commons on Thursday. It will be put to Mr Lloyd George by Mr Arthur Sherwell, one of the advocates of tem- perance. Mr Sherwell will ask if it is true that when the Inland Revenue authorities were heavily pressed with the burden vOt administer- ing the Old-age Pensions Act a.^un?berof brewers took advantage of the difficulties of the service by reducing the specific gravity of their beer, thus defrauding the revenue. The question also implies that the officials at Somerset House, on discovering the practice, inflicted enormous fines, which the brewers paid without a protest. T am told that one firm paid no less than S,1,500 as a compromise fi-qe."
MAN BEFORE MANDATE. Dr. Macan, master of University College, Oxford, writing to The Times," points out that the University is not an ordinarv con- stituency, and that the University in selecting a burgess look beyond the party test and con- sider the man before the mandate, not Tariff Reformers only but Home Rulers and Radicals agree that Lord Hugh Cecil in himself would be almost an ideal representative of Oxford University. s> Commenting on the above "The Times says:—Lord Hugh. Cecil has been chosen in a perfectly open and regular manner, and it will not be less than deplorable if the Unionists allow themselves to divide their forces because he is not a Tariff Reformer. We are sorry he is not, but we should be much more sorry to oppose his election because he is not.
l THE ALTERNATIVE, I am guilty under great provocation," said Joseph Smith, a Llanbradach collier, who was summoned for assault by Eliza Hopkins at Caerphill-y on Tuesday. Complainant said that on June 7th defendant struck her with a belt; she fell and became insensible. Her husband said his wife was bleeding from the back of the head.—Defendant (sharply) That's a lie, for it was on the F-ide of the head. (Laughter.) Defendant said complainant became aggressive towards him, and eventually he struck at her. She thought she could take a rise out of him.- The Chairman (Dr. Thomas) You are fined dEl or 14 days.—Defendant: Fourteen days, cir ?—The florV" With linrl labour.
Welsh Monuments. I CRICKHOWELL CASTLE. Though so little is known about the Castles of Wales, Crickhowell shares the distinction of being one of which the least is known, for the simple reason that it was destroyed very early in the history of Wales, and was never restored. About two miles from the town of Crick- howell," says a popular work on the Castles of Wales, is an earth-work, probably prehistoric, which has been known from time immemorial as Crug Hywel. Who the eponymous Hywel may have been, or what deeds of daring he may 't, have performed in the camp are alike forgotten, but the market town and Castle have taken their name from his entrenchment. When Bernard de N cui Marchc conquered Brychei- niog in the 12th century, he granted the manor of Criekhowell to a follower$> £ his, one Hum- phrey de Bourghil, who probably built a castle. This fortress was stormed in the year 1172 by Seissyllt, son of Rhirydd, Hie Wolf,' Prince of Powis.' From the De Bourghils Crickhowell passed to a younger branch of the Turbervill's of Coity. Sir Edmund Turbervill was a Kingsman in the long war between Henry III- and his Barons, and was a faithful servant to Edward 1. By the marriage of Sir Hugh's daughter, Sybil, with Grimbold de Pauncefote, the lord- ship passed to that family. In the revolt under Owain Glyndwr, though the Castle of Crick- howell was taken and destroyed, young Grufudd ap Owain was defeated with great loss in the immediate neighbourhood. The Pauncefote family were sturdy Lancastrians indeed, Hugh de Pauncefote, i)1 failure of issue, left his lands to King Reury VI., this ensuing, the manor fell to the Crown. Edward IV. granted the property to Sir William Herbert, of Raglan, whom he subsequently created Earl Plymouth. By bis marriage, with the La.dy Elizabeth Herbert, the manor fell to Sir Charles Somerset, afterwards made Earl of Worcester, from whom it has descended to its present proprietor, his Grace the Duke of Beaufort." It seems probable and it is generally ac- cepted that the castle was never restored after its destruction in the 15th century by Owain Glyndwr's forces. It covered a space of about eight acres, the buildings, including the wards, probably occupying a fourth of that ground. On the artificial mound, still known as the Castle Tump, was the Donjon, and the old views of this tower showed that it was a rectan- gular structnre of four stories. The Castle played no important part in the history of Wales, though its owners were very prominent figures. Of this district Giraldus says, 11 We leave others to tell the story of the constant excesses which have arisen in our time among the dwellers in these parts against the governors of castles, and the cruel retaliation of the governors against the natives." — 7——— ■' CRICKHOWELL CASTLE. —Photo by Valentine.
SEQUEL TO DIVORCE. Llanfoist Trader's Affairs. At the first meeting of creditors of Edmund Lewis, storekeeper, Llanfoist, Abergavenny, at Newport onweduesday,fai a gross liabilities were given as X240. The deficiency was returned at the same amount. Damages given against me as co-respondent in divorce proceedings was given as the cause of debtor's position. According to the Official Receiver, debtor had assisted his mother in her business as chemist and stationer at Aberkenfig, and had left for Glasgow in company with a married woman, who took with her over E100, which she with- drew from her banking account. In August, 1908, both were arrested and charged with stealing the money, which the woman's hus- band claimed as his. Both were acquitted. The husband instituted divorce proceedings and a decree nisi was made last month, with an award of E200 against the debtor as co- respondent, together with the costs. The Official Receiver remains trustee.
COLONIAL OUT-O'-WORKS. A phase of the unemployed problem was illustrated at Newport on Wednesdaywhen Thos. kirby (Liverpool), Walter Foster (Melbourne), Robert Cleghorn (New South Wales), George B. Preston (Adelaide), Joseph Wilson (Glas- gow), John Bennie (Edinburgh), John Piercy (BqbilaJ, Itochwd Dqggan (Sunderland), and John Roach fW exford) wece charged with sleeping in a shed at Ebbw Bridge, the pro- perty of Lord Trcdegar. The majority of the defendants explained that they were sailors, and had been looking for a syhip at Cardiff and Newport. but there are no chance for us against foreigners," one of them explained. Another explained that he was a Colonial seaman, and that it was very hard lines for him when he came to the old country to be locked up. All he had done was to look for a job. They were fined 5s each or one day's imprisonment.
A" FALL" AT PENTRE COLLIERY Two Workmen Injured. Between shifts on Wednesday night two workmen named William Flooks, Yatrad-road, timberman, and William Keast, Queen-street, assistant timberman, met with a serious acci- dent at the Pentre Colliery, Pentre, Rhondda, through a fall of roof. The men were proceed- ing to their work when a large stone and a quantity of debris fell upon them. Flooks sustained fractures of the leg and thigh, and Keast was injured badly about the head, the frontal bone of which was fractured. Both the injured men were soon extricated from beneath the fall, and conveyed to their respec- tive homes in stretchers after first aid had been rendered by the colliery ambulance men. Keast lies in a critical condition.
THE COMING OXFORD CANDIDATE. Lord Hugh Cecil, who has been invited to become one of the candidates for Oxford University, was educated at Eton and Univer- sity College, Oxford, where he was a light of the Union. In a character sketch of Lord Hugh Cecil, Mr H. W. Lucy writes :—" Lord Hugh preserves in a utilitarian twentieth cen- tury the character of the imperious cleric of Inquisition days. Had he been born in the time of Queen Mary he would probably have been burned at the stake as a rank Protetant. Had his appearance been deferred till the reigh of Queen Elizabeth he would undoubtedly have I Lord Hugh Cecil. I been executed for Papistical tendencies. In whatever state it might have pleased Pro- vidence to call him at or about this highly- controversial epoch, he would have been in the minority, bent, at whatever cost, on saving the souls of the majority." More closely than any other of the Salisbury sons, Lord Hugh resembles the late Marquess. There are many men of both Houses still living who remember the Lord Robert Cecil as Member for Stamford possessing the same pale, ascetic face as that with which Lord Hugh Cecil confronts indiffer- ence to the interests of the Church.
"MAD FREAK." Billiard Marker's Fraud. At Nottingham on Wednesday Horace Welton, billiard marker, was charged on remand with impersonating Inspector Drew, of Scot- land Yard, and also representing himself as an emissary sent by Mr Lloyd George to specially inquire in relation to the Budget proposals in their bearmg on the cigar manufacturing trade. The circumstances have already been reported. Prisoner pleaded guilty to a mad freak." He was committed to prison for a month for obtaining a sovereign by false pretences. The case of impersonating the detective was ad- journed generally and a charge of obtaining money from a hospital porter was not pro- ceeded with.
On Wednesday an accident befel a child, Peter Robinson, aged li years, Sloon-street, Swansea. The little fellow was playing near the slip close to the Swansea Sands, when he fell and was struck by trucks which were being shunted. The lad's arm was almost severed, and he was immediately taken to the hospital for trr") truant.
SHEBEENING AT OARDIFF. At Cardiff on Wednesday summonses were preferred against Thomas Fry, shopkeeper, and John Gibbs, collier, for selling beer in Somerset-street on Sunday, May 30th, with- out a licence. Mr Sydney Jenkins appeared for Fry, and Mr Woosey prosecuted. P.C. William Thomas said that he watched the house from 9 a.m. till About 11* a.m., and saw women leave with bulky things hidden under their shawls. He enfeted ti»c premises and found in two cupboards in the kitchen 72 full flagons of beer and ten empty ones. The de- fendants were next-door neighbours, and when Gibbs was accosted be said The beer belongs to Fry." This Fry denied! Fry said he and his wife were staunch 11 T.T.V" and would not allow such a thing in their house. Gibbs de- nied that he sold, beer to people, and said that some collier friends usually called there and they drank a lot. (Laughter.) Fry and Gibbs were flned iC5 each, inclusive.
THE REPERTORY THEATRE. At the Coronet Theatre Londoners have an opportunity of seeing Miss Horniman's com- pany from the Gaiety Theatre. Manchester, the first reportory theatre in Great Britain. Under the direction of Mr Iden Payne, this little band of players have for abont two years pro- duced new and vital p'r-T/n; with the working principle that unity is of greater Miss Horaiman. I importance than the starring of individual actors, so that the heroine of one evening may be the housemaid of the next. The plays which Miss Horniman's company are performing at the Coronet are Widowers' Houses," by Bernard Shaw The Vale of Cbntent, by Sudermann; The Silver Box," by John Galsworthy; The Feud," by Edward Garnett; and When the Devil was 111 and The Three Barrows," both by Charles M'Evoy.
POOR LAW ADMINISTRATION. BOARDS OF GUARDIANS VINDICATED. South Wales Conference Resolution. Major General Lee, R.E., J.P., presided at the resumed conference of the South Wales and Monmouthshire Poor Law representatives at Penarth on Wednesday. Mr Herbert Davey, secretary of the Associa- tion of Poor Law Unions, read a paper on the report of the Royal Commission on Poor Law. The discussion was continued by the Rev. Morgan Da vies (Llandilo) and the Rev. Elias Edwards (Bedwellty), the latter saying he desired from the Local Government Board in- spectors a definition of the term adequate relief." As for unemployment, he was entirely in favour of a system of State insurance. The Rev. T. B. Williams, Criekhowell, said he was one of those who felt that it was a great mistake to do away with School Boards, which were, however defective, capable of doing. and had done, excellent, honest work. (Hear, hear.) What had been done in educational matters would be repeated in poor-law administration if the recommendations of the Commission wbre adopted and Boards of. Guardians abolished. (Hear, hear.) Mr George James, Haverfordwest; Mr John Williams, Brecon Mr T. Dutfield, Newport; and Mr A. G. Williams, poor-law inspector, continued the discussion. The Rev. T. B. Williams, Criekhowell, sub- mitted a resolution at the close that the con- ference viewed with extreme dissatisfaction the proposals in the report of the Poor-law Com- missioners for the extinction of Boards of Guardians, on the ground that such a change would not be conducive to economy, efficiency, or the better care of the poor. The motion, seconded by the Rev. D. Jones, vicar of Pembrey, was unanimously accepted.
A DOCKSMAN'S WEDDING. At the Roath-road Wesleyan Church, Cardiff, on Wednesday the marriage took place of Mr Henry Davies, eldest son of Inspector Ben Davies, and Miss Alice Haywood, only daugh- ter of Mr George Haywood, builder, of 30, Penylan-road, Cardiff. The interesting cere- mony was witnessed by a large number of the relatives and friends of the contracting parties, and during the afternoon the newly-married couple left Cardiff for their honeymoon. The bridegroom, who is known in local commercial circles, holds the position of chartering clerk at the Cardiff office of Mr Hugo Stinnes, the well- known large German colliery proprietor and coal merchant, and while in the service of the Societe Commerciale at Cardiff he was a few years ago awarded the Cardiff Chamber of Commerce Travelling Scholarship, given for proficiency in French to Docks students attend- ing the evening classes at the Cardiff Univer- sity College.
WOMAN SENTENCED TO DEATH Recommendation to Mercy. At Warwick Assizes on Wednesday, before Mr Justice Lawrance, Elizabeth Perry, aged 60, was sentenced to death for the murder of Agnes Summershy at Aston as the result of performing an illegal operation upon her. The jury added a recommendation to mercy. Leave ) to appeal was eiven.
SUICIDE WITH SCISSORS. The Trecynon Tragedy. Mr R. J. Rhys held an inquest at Trecynon onWednesday touching the death of Wm. isaac J ones, aged 25, who committed suicide yester- day. David Jones, father of deceased, said about 2 o'clock in the morning he was awakened by another son, who called out that someone was bad downstairs. Witness went down, and in the pantry found deceased lying on the floor with blood flowing from the throat. The deceased had commenced work a short time ago, and had complained to him from time to time of the nature of the stall in which he worked. P.S. Hopkins said he found a pool of blood in the pantry and a pair of scissors. Deceased by this time had been put on a table. There was a gash on the throat, and the windpipe had been severed. The jury returned a verdict of "Suicide while temporarily insane."
ALLEGED INDECENT ASSAULT. Accused Committed for Trial. At the U, anelly Police Court yesterday Eddie George Williams, Brook Cottage, Dafen, was summoned for indecently assaulting Mary Ann Edwards. Mr W. Howell appeared for the defence. Mary Ann Edwards, Brynffynnon, Ðryri, said that she was single and 26 years of age. She was returning home on the evening of the 9th inflt. when she was approached by defendant, who was staggering. He spoke to her, but she took no notice of him, and con- tinued to walk up towards Trallwn-road. Defendant followed and acted indecently to- wards her. She managed to release herself from him, but defendant ag ain overtook her and assaulted her. Prisoner, who reserved his defence, was committed for trial at the Quarter Sessions, bail being allowed, himself in E20 and another surety of 120.
BABY'S BODY IN SACK. A Maesteg Mystery. Whilst some lads were playing on the side of the New Works Pond, Maesteg, on Wednesday, they found the dead body of a child. It had been enclosed in a coal sack, inside of which was also a stone weighing about 41bs. The body was in an advanced state of decomposi- tion, and must have been in the wateit for about three months. Dr. Kirkby, who made a post- mortem examination, found that it was the body of a female child, fully developed, but owing to the stage of decomposition he could not say whether it had a separate existence.
WORK WITH ONE EYE P Before Judge Owen at Pontypool on Wednes- day John Henry Edwards, collier, of Aberbeeg, claimed compensation at the rate of £1 per week from December 14th last from Messrs Partridge, Jones, and Co., in respect of an accident in which, among other injuries, the applicant had his left eye damaged whilst, ramming a hole with explosive. Mr Ivor Bowen was for the applicant, whilst Mr Parsons represented the respondents. His Honour said he did not see why applicant could not work as a collier with the use of only one eye, and gave an award for the amount offered by the respondents—8s 7d.
KEEPER OF THE JEWEL HOUSE. General Sir Rohert Cunliffe Low, G.C. B., who has been appointed Keeper of the Jewel House, Tower of London, in succession to the late Sir H. H. Gough, V.C., served throughout the Indian Mutiny, and was present at the sieges and capture of Delhi and Lucknow. He served in the Afghan War of 1878-80, and was Chief I Sir Pobert-Cunliff e Low. Director of Transport in the march from Kabul to Candahar. General Low was in charge of a brigade in the Burmese Expedition of 1885-8, and 1895 he commanded the relief force in the Chitral Expedition. From 1898 until 1903 he commanded the forces in the Bombay district.
SHIP'S COOK. r A Cardiff Summons. George James Castle, master of the ss. Silver Wings, was summoned at Cardiff onWednesday for leaving Dunkirk on the 22nd September without carrying on board a certificated cook. Mr Gilbert Robertson defended. Mr Arthur Vachell, who prosecuted, said the master desired to take a man named Ferguson as cook, but he did not possess the necessary requirements. A man named Aitken was signed on as cook and Ferguson as steward, but as soon as the master was at sea he trans- posed the positions. Mr Robertson said the Board or iraae naa nov proveci rerguson was tif not a certificated cook and the Stipendiary ultimately dismissed the summons.
On Tuesday night at a meeting hqjd at Jeru- salem Vestry, Aberkenfig, it was decided to "form a liberal and Labour Association. Mr D. Thomas presided, and addresses were deli- vered by the chairman and the agent, Mr W. G. Davies. Alderman T. J. Hughes was elected president, Mr D. Thomas treasurer, and Mr C. H 11 T'1'i" <;('1".t.'1ry pro tern. #
LIBERAL it CAVE.55 Another Budget Meeting. M.P.'s SECRET CONFERENCE. Proposed Amendments. Names of Some of the Malcontents The Press Association says another meeting of Liberal members averse to the land tax pro- posals of the Finance Bill (the so-called Liberal Cave ") was held on Wednesday at the House of Commons, the attendance being somewhat larger (numbering about 30) than on the previous occasion. Very little of what took place has been allowed to transpire, but it is understood that various amendments to Part 1. of the Finance Bill were discussed, among them being a suggestion that as a com- promise any taxes levied on land, or, at all events, the large proportion of their yield, should be handed over to the local authorities in relief of rates. Sir E. Tennant presided, and those present included Mr Lvulph Stanley, Mr Lough, Mr A. E. W. Mason. Mr Beauchamp, Dr. Napier, Mr Whitbread, Sir Dickson Poynder, Sir T. Whit- taker, Mr Paulton, Mr Rees, Sir Clifford Cory, Mr Everett, Sir T. Glen-Coats, Mr Nicholson, Mr Harold Cox, Mr W. M. Henderson, Mr Brocklehurst, Mr Ridsdale, Mr Raphael, and Mr Cecil Beck. Several members who attended Tuesday's meeting state that their attitude to the new taxes is critical rather than definitely. hostile, and that their chief desire is to secure provi- sions by which particular hardships can be avoided. A large proportion, it is pointed out, have voted in the past for the taxation of land values, Mr Horatio Myer, whose name has been mentioned in connection with the revolt," desires it to be stated that he has attended none of the meetings, and is ih no way associated with the movement. Liberals stronly in favour of land taxation are devising measures for strengthening the hands of the Government, and a meeting con- vened by Mr Wedgwood and Mr Morrell was held yesterday with this object. This was, however, only preparatory to a larger meeting, which has been summoned for to-day. Nationalist Opposition. Mr J. Redmond presided at a meeting held by the Nationalist party, at which it was de- cided unanimously that an amendment to the Finance Bill should be placed on the paper directed to securing that the yield of the land taxes in ciach local area in Ireland or a sum at lpast equal in amount, should be given for purposes of local government in such area Mr J. Redmond on Wednesday gave notice of the following instruction to Committee on the Finance Bill:—" That it be an instruc- tion to the Committee that they have power to insert clauses in the Bill in accordance with the provisions of the Act of union to allow Ireland the special exemptions and abatements provided for in that statute, so as to ensure that her taxation shall not, exceed the relative taxable capacity as compared with that of Great Britain.' The Nationalists are determined fully to dis- cuss every part of the Finance Bill in regard to its application to Ireland, and arrangements are being made with a view to securing a large attendance of the party during the debates on the Bill, however prolonged. Budget and Universities. On Wednesday Mr Lloyd George received at the House of Commons a deputation from the Universities at Oxford and Cambridge in rela- tion to the proposed land taxes. The deputa- tion included the Vice-Chancellors of both Universities, and the four members forthe Uni- versities were all present. For Cambridge the Vice-Chancellor and the master of St. John's addressed the Chancellor of the Exchequer, while the spokesmen for Oxford were the Vice- Chancellor and Mr Price, treasurer of Oriel. Questions were raised as to the effect of the Budget on Universities and colleges as land- owners. The deputation urged the desirability of relieving Universities and colleges from the new taxation, and in the alternative asked that Universities and colleges, their gardens and recreation ground should not be subject to the tax on undeveloped land. Mr Lloyd George, in reply, intimated that it would be made clear that exemptions as to pleasure grounds would extend to colleges and also their recreation grounds. On the other matters raised before him he reserved a final decision until he had fuller information. CARDIFF "OFF LICENCE" HOLDERS AND THE BUDGET. Mr F. J. Crouch presided on Wednesday at a meeting of Cardiff off licence holders held at the Queen's Hotel to protest against the provi- sions of the Finance Bill. Mr Crouch said that his present licence cost him £20 143 Id, and the licence under the Bill would cost him JE70 5s. He was not tied to any brewer, and he should refuse, because he had to pay this increased licence duty, to pay any more for his beer in the same way that tied houses would be compelled to. He contended that whilst the brewer would have to pay the increased duty on the tied house, he, being free, would have to pay his own. On the motion of Mr Maddocks, seconded by Mr Cummings, the following resolution was passed :—(1) That this meeting of the Cardiff and District Off Licence Holders' Association, having read the Finance Bill, respectfully calls the attention of the Chancellor of the Ex- chequer to tpe extremely harsh provisions of this Bill as it relates to off licence holders, which, if enforced, must inevitably cause a considerable proportion of off licence holders to relinquish business which, by the present provisions of this Bill, would be ruinously unprofitable. (2) That this meeting strongly protests against the proposed new basis for licence duties upon the assessment or annual value, and expresses the earnest hope that the Chancellor will main- tain the present basis of licence duty, viz., a fixed charge, and obtain such extra licence dufy as he may require by increasing the rate of the fixed charge without altering the present basis. (3) And that these resolutions be for- warded to the Prime Minister, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the local member of Par- liament." Mr Maddocks, calling attention to the fact that all licence holders, being equally inter- ested in the Trade should act together in this matter, moved that they co-operate with the Licensed Victuallers' Association and hold a united meeting of protest. It was suggested that other members of the association might object to this course, and it was agreed to leave the matter in the hands of the chairman.
DESTRUCTIVE TRAMPS. At Neath onWednesday Geo. Bushby and Chas Smith, labourers, were charged with sleeping out at the Pontwalby Brick Works, Glyn Neath, last night and doing wilful damage to the extent of JE5. David Williams, the manager, said defendants had done damage to a large number of specially shaped bricks, throwing the work back for three days. Defendants pleaded guilty, and were each sent to prison for ten days for the vagrancy and one month with hard labour for the damage.
MERTHYR CHAMBER OF TRADE. A Sensitive Protest. At a meeting of the Merthyr Chamber of Trade on Tuesday night, Mr C. W. Davies, president, presiding, a resolution was passed declaring that the present public and private lighting arrargements for Merthyr Vale were inadequate, and offering support to the Mer- thyr Vale Chamber in their efforts to secure an improvement. It was decided to ask the Mer- thyr Electric Traction Company to provide shelters at their terminals. Dr. W. W. Jones protested against, what he called the extrava- gant and unjustifiable language used by the town clerk in appearing before the magistrates to prosecute a number of persons for doing damage at Cyfarthfa Park and Castle on Sun- day, the day following the public opening. It made his blood boil with indignation to read in the Press that some unruly boys and un- manageable youths who had misbehaved them- selves had been described as fiends incar- nate." Mr A. J. Howfield, J.P., joined in the protest.
PRINTING CENTENARY AT ABERYSTWYTH. The first printing press was set up in Aber- ystwyth in May, 1809, and an exhibition of early printed books, etc., is being held in the vestibule of the Free Library at Aberystwyth. The first press was laid down at the Mansion of Hafod, a few miles away, and here Thomas Johnes, the friend of Chantrey, directed the printing of Broquieres' Travels." Messrs James and Williams were the first to start a -4. 1.f" .1. 4. .3 4.1- ptixiULLLg uusxiitroa iu tue vuwu, auu mey ercu up an office in the house of James. The latter was the pastor of the Welsh Baptist Chapel, and in the old records of that church the fact of the printing office being opened is recorded. It was not until the fifties that periodicals began to appear. and of those then started only the Observer remains, and it enters upon its 52nd hrear this week. Many literary curiosities arc also shown, including the lock of Swinburne's hair, which he gave to Mr Geo. J. Powell, of Nanteos. The ovTvhsti'~>n on ^"dn^dnv. -V V
WELSH GLEANINGS. News and Views in Lighter Vein. Mr J. Herbert Lewis, M.P has accepted the position of first president of the newly-formed Welsh Society of Certificated and Associated Liberal Agents. The Rev. J. D Jones, Bournemouth, re- turned from a month's visit to the Italian Lakes on Friday. He purposes devoting prac- tically the whole of the coming year, as chair- man of the Congregational Union of England and Wales, to the advocacy of the Underpaid Ministry Fund. One of the highest golf courses in Wales is that of the Morlais Castle Club at Merthyr Tydfil, which stands over 1,000ft. above sea level. That Welsh has uses for business purposes is seen at Caerphilly. New premises erected for Lloyds Bank have the sign upon the wall in high rehef, Ariandy Lloyd." Mr Richard Lloyd, uncle of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, was absent from the recent ceremony at Llanystumdwy. He keeps away from all functions of the kind. The return of Lord Anglesey to Beaudesart, the family seat in Staffordshire, has given much satisfaction in the Lichfield district, as the place had usually been either let or closed for more than half a century. A really striking feature of a drive through the Vale of Aeron at this season is the magnifi- cent show of broom at Brvnog. These are now in their glory, and range from crimson to pure white on either side of the road for a distance of over a mile. Mr Charles H. Motmsey, formerly surveyor to the Carmarthenshire County Council, has emi- grated to Portage la Prairie, in Canada, where he has started in business as an architect and structural engineer. The Cardiff Infirmary opened in 1837 with 42 in-patients, 1,074 out-patients, and an income of 16l4 Is. In 1908 it had 2,245 in-patients, 16,323 out-patients, and an income of Z2,102 17s 7d, but an expenditure of il5,849 Is 8d. This paragraph is published as a hint to the generous. Mr Edward Thomas, J.P., Cardiff, will read a paper on" Caravanseri: ancient and modern, afloat and ashore," at the annual conferce of the Temperance Caterers' Association at Douglas, Isle of Man, to-day. If the ex-alder- man introduces some of his best American hotel stories the Temperance Caterers are in for a good time. Mr Haldane recently spent a night at Dol- gelley, and sat himself in the window of one of the principal hotels. Many people mistook him for Professor Anwyl. Bee-keeping was a popular industry in the Rhondda in the olden days, and hardly a cot- tage but had its hive in the back garden. Nowadays colliers turn their attention to breeding pigeons and whippets. Carmarthen is one of the few towns in South Wales that is making no progress. In 1&31 its population was 9,955, and 70 years afterwards- the date of the last census-it had increased by 81, a fraction over one a year. Walking the boundaries is by no means obso- lete in Wales, for the Laaigharne Corporation continues the custom once every three years. They did so this year, starting at 6 in the morn- ing and finishing at 4 in the afternoon. There is in the park behind Cyfarthfa Castle at Merthyr Tydfil one of the loveliest little lakes in South Wales. It lies between a splendid plantation and the upland meadows. In shape it is oval, and with its fringe of fine trees and wooded island, it is a gem worth a journey to see. The members of the Breconshire Education ComnMttee have decided to recognise the ser- education rendered by Vice-Principal T. Rees, M.A., of the Memorial College, Brecon, by presenting him with a testimonial on his departure to take up the duties of Prin- cipal of Bala-Bangor Congregational College. Glamorgan is the home of Welsh industry, and the chief of all is colliery work. Years ago many items in colliery equipment could not be obtained in Wales nowadays Glamorgan can, in its very varied manufactories, provide almost everything necessary to carry on a colliery, from an aerial ropeway down to the smallest detail. The Rev. Glyn Davies, of Rhyl, made a timely observation when at the recognition services of a brother minister he said that one of the great blots on the churches of the present day was the tittle-tattle which church members indulged in concerning their minis- ters. They were butchered at fashionable At homes and mutilated over the tea cups. Apropos the meeting to promote a memorial o the author of Hen Wlad fy Nhadau at j Pontypridd, a correspondent inquiries why the last verse is left out of the Welsh Pageant book of words. He asks whether Os treisiodd y gelyn fy nglwad dan ei droed, Mae hen iaith y Cymry mor fyw ac erioed," is too strong a sentiment for the promoters of the page-ant 1 Let us hope not. I Some time ago the telephone was installed between the signal cabins on a small branch railway in South Wales. An elderly railwayman, Welsh to the marrow, had occasion to use the installation, and commenced to shout in Welsh to his neighbour some miles away. The result was that he could not be understood. No wonder, indeed," exclaimed a comrade who was with him in the box; English you must speak in that telephone." English was tried in chastened tones, and the result was satisfac- tory. Nor was the cosmopolitan character of the parties all that was brought to light. A licence was refused to one man because he was alleged (inter alia) to have broken his wife's leg. She had called the attention of the authorities to' the matter some time previously, but now, in order to secure the licence, she indignantly denied that she had been injured at all. Another woman, who had also been beaten, said that it was done simply in her husband's fun, and she was master of him now. He got the licence, and was led away by his wife in triumph. Before the days of railways in Wales there were carrier systems by means of waggons, which converged at certain points in the King- dom. So far as South Wales was concerned, the Cambrian Waggon Company was a hun- dred years ago one of the chief carriers, wag- gons starting from Worcester, and going via Hereford, Brecon, and Llandovery, to Carmar- then. The same company's Bristol waggons served Newport and Abergavenny direct, but goods to or from Cardiff or Swansea were sent by boat. A series of fly-waggons, belonging to George North and Co., also served, coming down direct from Manchester via Shrewsbury to Monmouth, and served Tenby, Pembroke, and Milford districts. For many years past Mrs D. M. Richards, of Wenallt, Aberdare, has taken an active part in public life. She has now ceased to be a member of the Aberdare Education Committee, to which she was co-opted as the first lady mem- ber in 1903, and a number of her friends con- sidered the present a suitable occasion upon which to make her a testimonial in recognition of her services to education and on the Board of Guardians. Mr William Thomas, the chief con- stable of Aberdare, has been approached upon the matter, and there can be no doubt but that Mrs Richards's long service to the public will be suitably recognised.
NEWPORT, INTRUDER. Newport police have received a report that the Salisbury Club, Corporation-roa d, has been broken into. About 1.30 a.m. on Monday Mrs Gale, stewardess, heard a noise downstairs. She promptly threw up the window, and saw a man trying to effect an entrance. She asked him what he wanted, but he made no reply, and took to his heels in the direction of Witham- street. Mrs Gale's ordeal was trying, for, to reach the telephone, she had to pass through the room where the body of her husband was lying. The police were on the scene withiu 10 minutes, and an examination of the premises showed that beyond a broken window no damage had been done. Later in the morning Mr Christopher Corbett, draper, Corporation-road, was aroused by a strange noise on his premises. On going down- stairs he found that the doors of his premises had been opened, but nothing was missing. The police are making enquiries.
BODY ON SWANSEA SANDS. A body picked up on the Swansea sands on Monday evening has been identified as that of Francis Davies (61). residing at Rodney-street, Swansea, who had a grown-up family. The man was picked up about 200 yards out in a line from Skettv-lane. Deceased's family attach some importance to the fact that a bruise was found over the left eye and blood around the eye and nose but this is believed to have been caused by a fall prior to death. Deceased was a fisherman until about two years ago, but lately had been employed in the I No. lgang at the tin sheds, Prince of Wales Docks. The sum of 7s lid was found on the I