Zeppelin II. Destroyed. CRASH AFTER MANY HOURS' FLIGHT. NEARLY 1,000 MILES COVERED. Berlin, Sunday, 9 p.m.—Count Zeppelin beat every existing record in the navigation of steer- able balloons to-dav, when he accomplished the brilliant performance of travelling on board the Zeppelin It., which replaces the balloon de- stroyed at Echterdingn, from Friedrichshafen. Lake Constance, to BitterfcJd, a distance of about 456 miles as the crow flies, without a stop. The Count steered the vessel himself, and was accompanied by two engineers and a crew of seven men. When he left Friedrichshafen on Lake Con- stance at 9.42 last night it was not known that the Count intended to carry out an endurance trial, as the weather conditions were not alto- gether favourable. The sky was overcast, and there was a strong wind. The population around Lake Constance is so used to ascents that no notice was taken when the craft flew over the town going northward. This morning the people of Treuchtlingen awoke at 6.45 to hear a noise of propellers over- head, as the airship passed rapidly over the town. A card was dropped out which expressed the Count's satisfaction at the conditions, and Baid he was voyaging to Nuremberg. The craft appeared over that city^to which it Was its first visit at 8.15. Then after going through some manoeu vres, during which a card Was thrown out, saving the airship would hke In water at Lake Dutzenteich, which, however, she did not-do, and saying she had used a con- siderable quantity of benzine, the voyage was continued. The altitude was occasionally changed, but the airship generally remained about 600 feet from the earth. The route followed passed over Erlanger, Baireuth, Hof Plauen, Zwickau, Leipzig, and Rome. Over several cities, the Count executed the most interesting manoeuvres, which were Witnessed by tens of thousands, especially at Leipzig, where the Zeppelin II. Spared above the roofs for thirty minutes. Bitterfeld was reached at ten minutes past' seven, and shortly afterwards Count Zeppelin topped a card notifying his intention to turn hack. The reports received here of the balloon's rapid progress towards the capital gave rise to the anticipation that the Count intended to Carry out his frequently-expressed intention of paying a surprise visit to Berlin, and every preparation was made for his landing on the Tempelhofen parade ground. Count Zeppelin's new airship Zeppelin II. has come to grief. The Count, with his two engineers and a crew o seven en, con- tinued the trial excursion during the night. Having remained aloft for about 40 hours, and covered a distance of nearly a thousand miles, Zeppelin II. crashed into a tree during a descent and was seriously damaged.
STORY OF THE FLIGHT. In all secrecy Zeppelin II. was prepared for flight on Saturday night at Manzell, on the Lake of Constance, and it was evidently in- tended to make a journey to Berlin. Count Zeppelin, with a full complement of eight men, ascended at 9.42. and the airship disappeared in the direction towards Ulm, without any persons, except those favoured few who were sworn to secrecy, knowing any- thing of the Count's intention. Disappearing in a north-easterly direction, persons who Witnessed his ascent were led to believe that It Was merely another of the trial trips which have been recently made. Towards midnight, however, as the Count did not Veturn, a rumour grew with increasing persistency that he haa • embarked at last on the long talked of fligntto Berlin. From various telegrams received in Berlin "from different towns along the route describing the excitement caused by the ap- pearance of the airship with its searchlights, it became evident that the rumour was not without foundation. On starting the meteorological condition were favourable, south winds prevailing, On Sunday morning, as the sun rose, the airship Was sighted at Trenchtlingen, flying low, with fount Zeppelin in the car. After having ascer- tained the name of the town by means of a megaphone, Count Zeppelin threw out a tele- gram addressed to Herr Colsnn, director of the Zeppelin Company, bearing the following message ;— Splendid morning all's well. Strong and adverse winds as well as rain during night. Shall arrive at 8.30 Nuremberg." The news was telegraphed to Nuremberg, where the streets were filled with expectant spectators. Being Sunday, thousands of those Who would have been "otherwise employed awaited the arrival of the airship with breathless excitement. At a quarter-past ight a small golden point was seen in the far "stance to the south-east, which increased in il with amazing rapidity, eventuallly reveal- a.If,seli: as the airship. Passing at a very high lng 1e over the town, the count, after execut- disapt) ascending and descending manoeuvres, of Erlaifd towards the east in the direction telegram v Count Zeppelin threw another it should of the car with the direction that contents of ttfent to Friedric hshafcn. The r> ^ssace wore as follow :— Rest JZ«ppelin intei/S Lfcciki fl^. to take in WiN landing at Dutzen- impossible, there Ik This, however, was about. • so many boats I he message also denoted tnotor reservoirs were leaking. f- the beniine Reached towards half-past eight, dangen was ter to nine the airship continuèat; a quar- across Grafenberg, Bayreuth, and as flight railway towards Hof, it being enthusiafi the cheered by the passengers of the numelly crowded excursion trains. At half-past the airship was over Bayreuth, and was greeted by the population with Hurrahs," church bells being rung and salutes being fired py cannon. At this point, Count Zeppelin's intention of reaching Berlin appeared a cer- tainty, especially as at twelve o'clock an official telegram was received in Berlin confirming the fact. The receipt of the news in the Prussian capital produced a wild scene of enthusiasm, Which subsequent events showed to be prema- ture, as the airship, on reaching Bitterfeld, Seventy miles from the capital, turned back. Bitterfleld was reached at 7 o'clock on Sun- day evening, when the great airship circled nd the Parseval (balloon hall. At the same *ime a note was dropped to the ground con- taining the following :— tL Zeppelin II., over Bitterfeld .May 30th,1909, decided to return all in best order. Count Zeppelin also sent a similar message to tois wife. Despite the fact that the Count had then created a new record by his 24 hours' flight, and his distance of 390 miles, much re- gret was felt that the voyage had not been pro- longed to Berlin. It was expected that a land- ing_ would be effected on the Tempelhofer Plain, where the Kaiser himself waited for hours until informed of the change in the air- Ship's plans, when his Majesty returned to Potsdam. It i3 the prevalent opinion that either Count Zepplin felt himself unable to reach Berlin, or that. despite an official tele- gram which reached his Majesty, he was un- aware of the Emperor's expectations. t Description of Zeppel i nil. The new cruiser is constructed somewhat differently from any of its predecessors, numerous improvements and innovations j based on the latest experiences gained having been inclnded. The airship has a length of over 400ft. and a diameter of 42ft., and its aluminium frame is divided into 17 cells with isolated balloonettes. The two m<5tors of 110 both belong to the old airship. The cubic capacity of Zeppelin II. is 1,500 cubic metres, or 250 cUQic metres more than that of Zeppelin I. The total weight amounts of 22 cwt. Both the aluminium cars belong to the old airship, and arc far more roomy than on the Zeppelin taken over by the Army. Underneath the cars are attached huge indiarubber mat- tresses, in order to deaden the shock of the airship when landing. The front car contains all the aeronautical apparatus, and both cars are connected by a gangway. Almost directly behind the front car a shaft with a rope ladder is constructed through the airship, and leads to a platform, th top of which is fitted with meteorological apparatus for the purpose of "taking observations. Quite a different svstem. of horizontal planes, which lends stability to the airship, from that hitherto used, has been adopted.
NO GOpD TO ANYBODY." An inquest was held on Monday at the. Victoria Cottage Hospital, Abergavenny, before Mr J. B. Walford, coroner, touch- ing the death of May Margaret Jenkins, ■otherwise Williams, aged 27, a domestic- servant at Holy Trinity Vicarage, Aber- gavenny. Tha Rev. J. R. Phillips, R.D., vicar of Holy Trinity, said that the deceased had been in his service for about 18 months. She was a well-behaved girl, and had fairly good health, but she struck him as being men- tally weak. She was subject to periodical fits of depression. He saw her on Friday morning last, when she apeared to be in great mental agony. He advised her to go across to the almshouses and see Miss Woods, who would cheer her up. Witness's wife conducted the girl to the door and saw her on her way to Miss Woods. Witness went for the doctor. There Was a note written in pencil, which the de- ceased bad given to her fellow-servant to give o Mrs Phillips. It ran ;—" My poor dear mother, dear Mrs Phillips and Master,—For- give me for this very rash deed, but nobody knows what I am suffering. I am no good to anybody on this earth. God forgive me. I can't sleep at night." Dr. Foley said that the deceased was a patient of his, and was subject to periodical fits of depression. The jury returned a verdict of Suicide by taking carbolic acid whilst of unsound mind.
.£6 FOR "TAX "CLOCK. At Farnham on Saturday a large wooden tax clock was sold by auction for £6.. Such clocks are very rare, and are interesting from the fact that they were the outcome of a tax put upon clocks and watches in 1789, but re- Pealed nine months later on account of its un- popularity. In some towns the principal inns provided clocks, so that the inhabitants might know the time while evading the tax.
Britishers in Paris. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE BANQUET. Paris, Saturday.—The British Chamber of Commerce here held its'35th annual banquet to-night at the Continental Hotel. Mr Walter Behrens, the president, occupied the chair, among the principal guests were the British Ambassador and Lady Feodorovna Bertie, Sir Samuel Evans (Solicitor-General for England) and Lady Evans, Sir William Holland M P., Mr Henniker Heaton, M.P., Sir Albert Rollit, Sir H. Austn Lee Senator Dupont (president of thc_ Foreign Exhibitions Committee), Senator d Estournelles do Con- ^tint the Hon. Hector Faber (Commissioner- General of Canada), MM Klotz and Gerald (president and vice-president of the Customs Commission), M. Monduit (president of the Paris Chamber of Commerce), the Italian com- mercial attache, and the presidents of the Russian, American, Italian, Austrian, and Belgian Chambers of Commerce in Paris. The hoalths of the King and President Fallieres were drunk with musical honours. The President next proposed in cordial terms The Health of his Majesty's Ambas- sador. Sir Francis Bertie," who briefly re- SPIndgiving the toast of The Government of the Republic," the President noted the fact that the efforts of the Chamber todevelop the commercial relations between France and Great Britain had received frequent recogni- tion at the hands of eminent Frenelf statesmen. On the present occasion thf Minister of Com- merce, M. Cruppi, was prevented from attend- ing bv a recent domestic bereavement* but both he ajid the Minister of Foreign Affairs were represented. The Government of the Republic knew the ardour and sincerity with which the British Chamber of Commerce devoted itself to all questions calculated to render more intimate and more fruitful the community of thought, sentiment, and aspiration which was known as the entente cordiale. and of which last year's Anglo- French Exhibition was a worthy demonstra- tion Mr Behrens proceeded to refer to the apprehension excited in British commercial circles by the revision of the French Customs tariffs, and remarked that the British Cham- ber of Commerce had too high an opinion of the foresight and judgment of the men who presided over French affairs not to indulge the hope that the operation in question, if carried out, would be of such a character that it would in no way hamper the commercial intercourse of the two countries. That confidence in the friendly intentions of the French Government enabled him to contemplate- this question, which was a very serious one, without misgiv- ings. fCheers.) Baron d'Estournelles de Constant, respond- ing to the toast of Our Guests," paid an elo- quent tribute to the work done by the British Chamber of Commerce in preparing the way for and promoting the entente cordiale, which was now bearing such excellent fruit. it menaced no one, but was a guarantee of peace for all. No responsible being in England., France, or Germany wished for war, but con- flicts between nations often sprang out of trivial incidents or popular passion. He had seen Great Britain and France on brink of war over Siam in 1903, not because either nation desired war, but through sheer heedlessness. The English people did not know what war meant, for they had never in the memory of man ex- perienced an invasion. Great" Britain, France, and Germany had every interest in coming to an understanding and forming with the rest of the civilised States an association against war. That was the task of the immediate future, and should be the crowning work of the Anglo-French entente.1 (Cheers.) M. Monduit, the newly-elected president of the Paris Chamber of Commerce, responding to the same toast, declared that he and all his colleagues adhered to the policy of his prede- cessor, the late Georges Lefevre, i.e., the main- tenance of a strong and profound friendship with England in the economic as well as the political field. These sentiments were now the patrimony of both countries, and they must watch that they were in no wise impaired on either side of the Channel. Their common liberal principles were at the present moment being subjected to a severe assault. Whether these attacks were inspired by avowed Protec- tionism or assumed the fallacious form of Customs duties, they appeared to them equally dangerous, since they had identical conse- quences. Protection led to more Protection— one country seeking compensation and the other responding with reprisals. Confident of the effect of their united and vigorous action in a question so grave, he drank to the pros- perity of British and French commerce, which was inseparable from the success of their in- dustries and the grandeur/of their respective nations.—Reuter. Mr Henniker Heaton's Protest. Paris, Sunday.—Lady Feodorovna Bertie and Mr Henniker Heaton were not present at the banquet of the British Chamber of Com- merce last night as first reported. Mr Henniker Heaton, who has invariably attended the banquet in past years, wrote to Mr Bebreos saying that in future he would decline all such invitations until a penny postage rate had been established between Great Britain and France. -Reuter.
His Gifts to the Poor TO BE REDUCED BY HALF. RECTOR AND THE BUDGET. An Amazing Outburst. The rector of Buirwell, near Attleborough, in Vorfolk, in a letter in the Parish Magazine for '112', says :— Budt last the Chancellor has introduced his of Comjvhich is being discussed in the House result of is and criticised by the country. The beer, whilst ?. dearer tobacco, possibly daarer gone up in pReat many commodities have Budget ever proo It is the most vindictive brewing interest aipd in my memory. The hit, and manv houslicense holders are hard without compensation, will have to be closed for throwing out the their revenge last Session—land valios areLicensing Bill death duties increased-hese will '"atv taxed, burden of the and-inc)me tax inoto the which leaves little or no margin in case od, The Navy is in such a state that Lord Charles Beresford has demanded an inquiry. It has been absolutely starved. The Army is only a shadow of what it was. The Volunteers have disappeared, and are replaced by a so-called Territorial army, which is 300,000 men short of what is considered necessary for the defence of this country. It's a sham it's a farce. The Government have introduced a Bill for the Disestablishment and Disendowment of the ancient Church in Wales. Stables for Horses.' By so doing they have determined upon their verdict before hearing the evidence of the Royal Commission, which has not yet issued its report—so un-English—rob God, despoil His Church, turn the churches into stables for horses, and the cthedrals into places for hold- ing political meetings and museums, deprive the Church of the ancient endowments given by our ancestors for the spiritual work of the Church of Christ, use its moneys for any secu- lar purposes than what it was given to the Church for. All this is done for the good of the Church Oh, how greatly have we fallen Why, the Church in Wales is the only thriving religious body. All the sects are complaining bitterly, their adherents are falling away; chapels built to hold their hnndreds are being depleted, and why? Because the Nonconfor- mist in W als has turned the House of Prayer into a house of merchandise, and the people are sick of it. The Radicals say they have a man- date, but, curiously enough, at the last elec- tion, with the exception of Mr Lloyd George, not one of the Radicals elected in Wales ever mentioned anything about Dises- tablishment or Disendowment in their addresses; yet, forsooth, they have a mandate. It's time the country awoke up out of its dream. Wake up, England and send thefee men who are taxing the country up to tho hilt, which means unemployment for the working class, to the right-about at the next General Election. I know it is true the Government must have money, but then they were elected for retrenchment and reform. Where is their retrenchment, I ask, when the Budget last year was the highest that has ever been known in this country, and this year 16 ,millions more ? As for reform, that means destroying an ancient Church, and trying to deprive the children of the religious education their parents desire. The result of the policy of the present Government, then, has consisted -first, in economising on the Services, and spending money in old age pensions then in discovering that the country is in danger then in pretending it is not really in danger, only that it might be then in denying that a Navy and an Army are as imporrtant for de- fensive purposes as social reforms and, finally, by stating that next year' much more would be spent upon the Navy—out of a visionary surplus. I I His Great Regret! In consequence of renewed taxation and in- creasing rates, I shall be obliged to reduce all subscriptions by half, and, what I regret more ithan anything, my annual gifts to th poor at Christmas."
ORANGE DISEASE. Reference is made in a report issued on Saturday on the trade of the consular district of Seville to the continued spread of the orange disease, which has caused much aety. The disease is brought about by the action of a tiny insect, which is prolific, and is said to produce j five generations in the space at one year. So far damage to the trees has been slight, but as the insect feeds upon the sap they must eventually suffer. A kind of red scale is fortned, under cover of which the pest feeds upon the peel. The oranges gradually become covered with hard dark spots, which render them useless for export and reduce their market value. As the majority of oranges at Seville are of the bitter kind, and are used in the manufacture of marmalade, it is important that the peel should be clean and in good condition. This important matter has been referred to a Government Commission, and numerous experi- ments have been carried out both under its auspices and those of private individuals.
CIVIL LORD'S STATEMENT. Mr Lambert, M.P., Civil Lord of the Ad- miralty. speaking on naval matters at Bishop's Nympton on Monday said it might reasonably be asked why he who knew something about agricultural matters was appointed to the Board of Admiralty instead of a man acquainted with naval matters. The answer was that what was wanted there was some amount of common sense rather than preconceived opinions, and common sense was not denied even to the countryman. The successes of the naval profession did not find their way to the House of Commons. The real naval expert had not time for politics. He was a fighter, not a talker, and as in other walks of life oftentimes the emptier the tub the greater the noise made. People were thinking more nowadays about the Navy, and the more they thought the more they would be convinced that a supreme fleet was a supreme national necessity. Nothing should be per- mitted to interpose between the nation and that ideal. That ideal, however, cost money, but the present Budget proposals would sufficiently provide for the present and future naval needs. Referring to the naval esti- mates debate he said so far from Germany having 17 Dreadnoughts ready by .Tuly, 1911, only 11 had as yet been ordered, so that to have 13 ready by April, 1911, and four more in July following was an impossibility.
SIX NEW SUBMARINES. The month of May has furnished a record in the delivery of submarines to the British Navy. Apart from those built at the Chatham Dock- yard, the firm of Vickers, Sons, and Maxim, of Barrow and Sheffield, have delivered six during May. On May 5th there left Barrow the submarine tender. Vulcan. which took away the C 22," C 23," and C 24 sub- marines. These proceeded north to Campbel- town, and thence south to Portsmouth. The C 21 has since joined these, and last week- end the C 25 and C 26," accompanied by the destroyer Vulture, left Barrow for Ports- mouth. It may be that they will be required in the next manoeuvres. The whole of these vessels, it is said, are to proceed to Dundee, where they will be attached to the Vulcan. A submarine flotilla is to have its base there.
GOVERNMENT AND fRIENDLY SOCIETIES. Mr Lloyd George has addressed the follow- ing important letter to the president of the Friendly Societie's Conference on the Govern- ment's proposals for State insurance :— Treasury Chambers, Whitehall, 26th May. Dear Mr Duncan,—In accordance with my pro- mise to the committee of the Friendly Societies' Conference, who have been good enough to assist me in the inquiries which I have been making on behalf of the Government into in- surance against invalidity, sickness, etc., I take this opportunity of writing you a few words which the committee are fully at liberty to place before the 'members of the great Friendly Societies at their Whitsuntide meet- ings. Permit me in the first place to express my deep sense of obligation to the committee of the conference for the readiness with which they have placed their services at my dis- posal. It would have been difficult for me to make progress without their help, and I have greatly appreciated the!1 frank and open way in which they hp.ve met me and discussed these complicated questions. We held, as you; of course, remember, several meetings during the autumn,and only adjourned the3e when we had reacheda point-at which further progress could not well be made until an actuarial investiga- tion into the various suggestions made had been completed. It is not necessary or per- haps desirable that I should now go into detail into these suggestions, but I think I may say this much, at least, that the meetings were most fruitful in enabling us to appreciate each other's point of view and to discuss f-reely the position of the Friendly Societies in regard to a scheme of State insurance and the means by which they might best be brought into co- operation with it. You will perhaps have done me the honour of reading what I said on this subject when I made my Budget state- ment in the House of Commons. I then laid down the principles by which the Government, in my judgment, must be guided in, framing any scheme of the kind. Among the most important of these I placed my conviction that no scheme would be tolerable which would inflict the least damage on those great organi- sations which are already doing such highly beneficent work in this country. May I take this opportunity of repeating that I regard as essential in whatever scheme we may finally adopt that we "should not merely most carefully safeguard the interests of your societies, but that the State should ensure their active co- operation in the working out of the scheme ? I greatly hope that in the course of the Whitsun meetings the FriendlySocieties will see their way to appoint a small representative body who will have powers to discuss with me the details. On the scheme of State assurance against invalidity; &c., you will recollect that this is a matter which you and your colleagues pro- mised to lay before your members.—Ever sincerely, D. Lloyd George."
COLOUR-BLINDNESS AT SEA. Is there anything more disappointing ta a man of ordinary capability to find that, not- withstanding all other qualifications, he is beaten in his efforts by that most unfortunate thing, colour-blindness. Luckily, the disadvantages of colour-blind- ness are restricted to certain professions, but that does not mitigate the despair caused to the individual who suffers. The question is one that has been long de- bated, but officers in the mercantile marine were never so dissatisfied over it as they are now. They contend vigorously that the pre- sent condition of affairs is most unsatisfactory, and through the Imperial Merchant Service re Guild are pressing for reform. How officers are disheartened is indicated by the secretary of that organisation. In one case, a second mate, named Walter H. Glover, feerved in that capacity on board a London steamer. When he presented him- self for a first mate's certificate, however, he was declared to have failed in colour vision, although he httd passed a. similar examination eighteen months before. It was not until the Board of Trade ordered a Local Marine Board Ciluiry- with a view, to, taking away Mr cide èer.tificate as second niate (and in- was procftiuslivelihood) that expert evidence p qvpte satisraMio fhow Mr Glover's sight was Mr Glover's ce Another test followed, and Even more extract returned. John Trattles. Hia '&Wf is the c<fse of Mr- discovered only after he bSi^ colour-blindness, examination, led to all sortS^ce" passed the examinations, notwithstanding twlelays and outcome of which his certificate was^CCf^ful The President of the Board of Trade de-WO, to interfere, and the matter is to be brougik. before Parliament. These two cases have caused considerable annoyance, and it is hoped that one result of the attention which is to be called to them will be a very much clearer interpretation of what is colour-blindness, and a little more security for officers, whose examination is already keen enough.
H.M.S. 'BOADICEA. I) The navigation 'party1 for the unarmoured cruiser Bo&aicea, numbering about 220 ratings, arrived at Pembroke Dock from Chatham by train on Saturday morning, and after being entertained to breakfast at the Market House, proceeded on board the ship, which has been lying at* the Carr Jetty since she was undocked a week ago. During the interval about 700 tons of bunker coal have been put on board. Yesterday the ship was moved to the Weare Buoy, Milford Haven, and to-day (Tuesday) she will be swung at the buoy for the adjust- ment of compasses. On Wednesday she will proceed to sea for the 24 hours' acceptance trial of the turbine machinery, and upon its completion on Thursday will return to the Weare Buoy. While there, the trial of the magazine cooling arrangements, which will be commenced during the acceptance machinery trial, will be concluded. On Friday the navigation party will return to Chatham. On Wednesday, the 9th prox., Captain-Superintendent G. H. B. Mundy will inspect the ship, which by that time will have been thoroughly completed, and on the following day she will be commis- sioned for service in the Home Fleet, even- tually relieving the Topaze as flagship of the commodore of the first torpedo flotilla.
WATCHMAN ATTACKED. Attracted by the furious barking of his dog in one of the wings of the building in the small hours of Sunday mbrning, George Head, caretaker at Palmer's Stores, Hammersmith, hastened to make investigations. Suddenly a tall man, armed with a heavy iron bar, rushed at him and struck him repeatedly on the head, inflicting a serious wound and felling him to the ground. Head lay unconscious for some time, but eventually, though weak and drenched in blood, he rang an electric bell and summoned his wife, who was in bed on the top floor. She, promptly called in the police, but a close search failed to disclose the assailant, the amount of whose booty, thanks to the care- taker's interference, was very small. Head, after being treated at the hospital, was removed to his home. He is not believed to be in any danger.
SECOND "CULLINAN. This week's South African mail contains news of the finding of a second Cullinan," or at least a diamond of wonderful size and beauty, on a Kimberley farm. The diamond has, it is reported, been smuggled out of the country, and is now on its way to Europe. The news of the find leaked out in a rather unusual manner, through the arrival of three men at Johannesburg, supplied with letters of credit to various storekeepers. Two of them even- tually returned to Kimberley, whil4 the third travelled to Lourenco Marques with the stone. If found on a private, farm, a diamond secures a larger price for the owner when smuggled out of the country, for thereby it escapes the Government royalty.
Magnificent Racing. BIG YACHTS' DUEL. Shamrock's Brilliant Feat. The Swansea Bay and Bristol Channel Yacht Club regatta was revived after an inter- val of several years under circumstances that point to the fixture -,becoming a per- manent one of recognised importance. ilt could hardly ]jC otherwise, for the committee, with an enterprise which has greatly impressed the yachting world entered on the movement with such spirit and determination as to make the demand for a fixture one not to be ignored. Prompted by Mr Fred Andrews, the unwearying secretary of the Bristol Channel yacht Club, Successive Mayors of Swansea, wtth the vice-com- modore of the club, have worked per- sistently for the fixture, and when the giving of it hung in the bal ance, they under- took not only to give prizes which are admittedly the most valuable offered anywhere in the kingdom, but at great cost to tow the yachts from Dover to Swansea and thence again to Cork, so as to ensure those racing cracks which are now in commission losing neither of the fixtures whose place in the I.Y.R.A. fixture list has long been permanent. Sir Thomas Lipton came opportunely to the assistance of iNIr Andrews at the critical moment, and other yacht owners rallying round, the committee of the I.Y.R.A. agreed, and this year's fixture was made.. As to the continuance of the fixture there can now be little doubt. The yacht owners who in such large numbers flocked to the scene are as much impressed by the exceptionally fine sailing advantages offered in Swansea Bay as by the splendid yachting instincts displayed by the community. And then the valuable prizes are by no means to be ignored. Thus it is that the public have only to maintain their determination to make the coveted annual fixture certain. This was agreed by all the lOO-GUINEA CUP. Photo. A. and G. Taylor, Swansea. owners who assembled at Swansea in such force on Saturday, and so great was the cer- tainty of the I.Y.R.A.'s acquiescence that even the most suitable date was freely discussed. Npne suggested that Swansea could be expected on each occasion to go to the expense of two long tows of the dozen or so yachts which are on their racing tour, and a happy way out of this difficulty is seen. One or two regattas are being revived in Ireland, and these can be attended, and Swansea included on the route followed by the racing cracks from the Clyde to Falmouth for the South Coast racing. 'In that case the fix- ture if given-an(i there is every indication of it-will in future be about the last week in June. Apart from its enterprise and its zeal the committee was more than fortunate in the weather. Overnight great anxiety prevailed. The wind was high and the weather thick, and there were serious thoughts of abandonment. So gloomy was the outlook that the yacht owners discussed what they should do, a they all agreed with that fine sportsman Sir Thomas Lipton that if the racing could not take pjace on Saturday the people of Swansea should not be disappointed. There should, they agreed,, only be a postponement. One and all agreed that at all costs they would stay till the Monday, and race then. Here history would have repeated itself, for on the last occasion when Swansea had real yacht racing in its magnificent bay; the fixture then lor a Saturday had to be postponed, jwr'that occasion the King's yacht Britannia- the German'tempeTor's yacht Meteor, with Boany others, were towed round from Kingston in a gale which bAd not ^■J^ted on the day fixed for the regatta. The King, the Emperor, and all concerned agreed to a postponement til 1 the Monday. Fin6 Scene in the Bay. But no* postponement was necessary this time. The day broke clear with a splendid breeze, and from an early hour Swansea and the Mumbles were alive with people determined to proceed afloat to see the sport. Daybreak saw the bay alive with racing craft, while outside was a line of torpedo destroyers, and further out still were visible the graceful lines of Sir Thomas Lipton's famous steam yacht Erin. She had arrived overnight with the Shamrock in tow. and there lay the beautiful cutter with hull of green to indicate her nationality. Near by lay her rival White Heather II.-a yacht which is so nearly the equal of the Shamrock that up to Satur- day she had this season beaten her three times,out of five. These two yachtstwere the centra of attraction, but there were many more equally famous in the yachting world—if not more so. t For instance, a cutter lying some distance off was the old Bloodhound, certainly the most famous yacht afloat. She was built no less thíln 35 years ago for the Marquis of Ailsa, and after a famous career as a racer disposed of by him. Last year the marquis re-purchased her, and there was no prouder man on Saturday than his Lordship as he saw his old favourite, which has won a prize every -time she has started this season, win one more race at Swansea. L SharnPork v. White Heather. L "But in yachting circles main interest centred vfjthc duel between the Shamrock and the two Re-ather. The rivalry between these since t extraordindry. It has continued rock was bdws o, when the present Sham- the three Sha the Shamrock is not one of the America Cup. whi.c!; have competed for rock IV. save for the ight be called Sham- she shall be knpwn her owner that Built entirely for racing inho^^113 Shamrock, different in size and rating f ters. she 1S Cup challengers, but that she is !.qleca racing boat is apparent from the fact last season won as many prizes as all the reswIS the yachts in her class put together. That Z0- White Heather II.„her rival, fought duel lafter duel with the Shamrock last season, and to enable her to do so still more effectively this her owner had. several alterations made with the object of giving her a bigger sail area. The change has evidently been for the better, for tip to Saturday White Heather had to her credit three wins to two by the Shamrock. On Saturday Shamrock drew up to a dead level and now the two stand Three all after a race in Swansea Bay, which racing experts agree was the truest racing test of the season. The wind was W.N.W.—a stiff breeze—while the sea was what a yachtsman describes as °vi a l,^ndsman as "Uncomfortable." That all the conditions were ideal for yacht racing no one can gainsay, and that the racing was magnificent is equally beyond question. Here again the capabilities of the Bay as providing a perfect course came as an add itional advantage. Every phase of a yachtsman's skill and of a yacht's capabilities are tested by it. Starting from a mark off the Swansea Pier, the course runs to the Greengrounds, then to the Mixon, then to Pwll Ddu, then there was a reach to Oysterledge, a run right across the Bay to the Port Talbot Fairway, and then home. This course for the first-class yachts had to be gone over three times till 51 miles were covered—and covered they were in less than six hours. The course was slightly shorter for the 15-metre class—the yachts which after all put up the prettiest race-and it bad to be curtailed in one or two of the other classes. But the big yachts fought their duel the full distance and were able to cover it easily and expeditiously. It may fairly be said that never was there yacht racing under more ideal conditions, and barely a more successful regatta. For this we cannot too highly congratulate all con- cerned—and especially the Clerk of the Weather. Details :— RACE FOR YACHTS of the I.Y.R.A., 23 METRE (75.4ft.) CLASS.-lst prize Cup, value 100 guineas, presented by the town of Swansea and £ 60 added; 2nd prize, £ 40 j 3rd prize, S20. Course No. 1, three times round about 51 miles. 'Starters,:— Shamrock.. ;Sir Thomas Lipton, Bart. White Heather IT Mr Myles B. Kennedy. The start took place from the committee boat, in which were, Lieutenant-Colonel J. Edwards Vaughan. (vice-commodore of the Bristol Channel Yacht ~Club), as officer of the day, Sir Fred Andrews, (secretary), and Mr James Madge (one of, the Sailing Com- mitted). The official handicapper (Mr B. Heekstall Smith) watched the, racing from Sir Thomas Lipton's sfeam yacht Erin. The start was slightly after time. Shamrock ,had the advantage at the start owing to White Heather going the wrong side of the mark and having to be recalled, thus losing 70 seconds. Both crossed on the starboard tack and so well was White Heather handled by Captain Bevis that when the first mark was reached she had reduced Shamrock's starting advantage by 30 seconds. Shamrock, admir- ably handled by Captain Sycamore (of America Cup fame), held the windward position, and when the Pwll Ddu mark was reached this told immensely in her favour. Up till then both vessels flew along not far apart with all sails set and single-reefed mainsails. But the windward position told at the mark boat, and Shamrock materially improved her position. On the reach out to the Oysterledge mark the Shamrock added a jib topsail, an example followed by White Heather when, nearly two minutes later, she round the same mark. From Oysterledge Shamrock, which had increased her advantage to nearly two minutes, set her spinnaker. In doing so the huge mass of canvas must have caught on something, for a large rent was visible as the immense area ballooned out to the breeze to almost bursting point. Again White Heather followed suit, and soon those sufficiently far out to witness the duel had the privilege of viewing the magnificent spectacle of two great waves of canvass flying across the outer borders of the Bay at a speed estimated at quite 12 knots an hour. There was a distance now of about a mile between the two, but the first round was oniy half completed, and as it had to be gone over twice more it was still either's race. Port Talbot buoy was reached at the following times H. M. S. Shamrock 12 15 26 White Heather 12 18 3 And the first round finished- H. Al. S. Shamrock 12 35 26 White Heather 12 37 41 The second round was a repetition of the first. The circumstances were almost precisely the same, save that the wind got a little more to the westward. The Shamrock increased her lead by about the same proportion of time as she had to har advantage in the first. The times at the conclusion of the second round were:— H. M. S. Shamrock 2 28 59 White Heather 2 33 41 The third and final round was run with an equal absence of incident, and a race which is generally agreed to have been the most per- fect and thorough racing test imaginable finished as follows, with Shamrock a winner by 5min. 32sec. H. M. S. Shamrock. 4 24 9 White Heather 4 29 41 RACE FOR YACHTS of the I.Y.R.A. 15 METRE (49-2ft.) CLASS.—Prizes presented by the ladies of Swansea. First prize, silver salver, value 50 guineas, and JE30 addea money second prize, 430 and third prize, S15, Course No. 2, three times round, about 38 miles. Entries:- Mariska .Mr A. K. Stothert. Ostara Air W. P. Huston. Ma'oona MrAlmeric Paget. Vanity Watson, Payne and Renn. Tuiga Duke de Medinacelli. This was the race of the day. The first four started. Vanity was first across the line on the weather of Mariska. Ostara bore away to avoid being across the line too soon, and crossed beam and bpam on Ma'oona's weather. These, four yachts went off in a cluster, and kept so close together throughout the first round that there was little over a minute between first and last on its completion. Vanity, however, soon lost her advantage, and eventually dropped into last place, Mariska getting the lead, and Ostara getting second position. The first round was timed H. M. S. Mariska 12 44 52 Ostara 12 45 11 Ma'oona 12 45 41 Vanity 12 46 7 Ostara rounded the mark much smarter than the others, 'and kept up to windward better. Mariska lost a lot of ground on get- ting to round the mark, and receded to second place, a position she was unable to improve on as the race progressed. Times on completing second round :— H. M. S. Ostara 2 24 40 Mariska 2 26 22 Ma'oona. 2 27 24 Vanity. 2 29 21 On the third round Vanity gave up, and the race concluded :— H. M. S. lst-Ostara 4 4 58 2nd-Mariska 4 7 44 3rd-Ma'oona 4 8 54 HANDICAP (not to exceed 30 seconds per mile) for EX-52 FOOTERS.—Course No. 2, three times round, about 38 miles. First prize, JE55 second, E25 third, JE15. Entries; Gauntlett..Messrs F. and C. H. Last. Maymon Mr G. Terrill. Camellia Hall-Say. Sonya. Mr N. T. Kershaw. The final round was timed H. M. S. 1—Gauntlett. 4 25 28 2.-Maymon 4 34 5 3.—Camellia 4 37 4 HANDldAPS FOR YACHTS EXCEEDING 50 TONS, T.M., according to Lloyd's Yacht Register—1st prize, M: 2nd prize, X25; 3rd prize, Z10. Course No. 1, three' times round, about 51 miles. Starters :— Tons. Carina cutter 69 Mr A. L. Pearse Bloodhound, .cutter 40 Marquis of; Ailsa Joyce. yawl 44 Mr G. Bradley This class was stopped on the second round, when the times were :— Carina, 2nd. 4 7 33 Bloodhound, 1st -4 10 20 Joyce, 3rd 4 37 43 On time allowance, Bloodhound was the wiwaer.by Si minutes 35 seconds. | On account of the shortening of the course the time-, allowance was reduced one-third, and Carjna thus had to allow Bloodhound 11 minutes 20 seconds and Joyce 15 minutes. HANDICAP FOR YACHTS of 50 tons T.M. 1 and under, 'according to Lloyd's Yacht Register.—First prize, jE40 2nd, X20; 3rd, -tio. Entries:- Tons. Asthore cutter 5 Mr W. G. Mason Silver Spray cutter 6 Mr W. Wheeler Lorna V.cutter 4 Major Penn Curzon Granuaile..cutter 10 Mr R. MacNeil Grouper ..cutter 17 Capt. Quilter The starters were Grannuile, Lorna V., and Asthore. Lorna could not weather the line for some minutes, and the day was not a suitable 'one for her, 60 she gave up. Asthore later on followed suit, and Grannaile alone finished. RACE FOR KETCH-RIGGED BONA FIDE TRAWLERS.—To be mailed in fishing trim. The starters were Varuna, Sabrina, Girl Alice, Reliance, and Antelope. This race was not so exciting as usual, and it has been tecided to listve another one to-day. Result I-R,eliance 3 19 51' 2-Varnn a 3 27 1 3- Sabrina 3 27 10 4-Girl Alice 3 27 38 5—Antelope 3 29 li This ffiiisheff the racing fixtures. Several of the racing yachts left Swansea early QIl. Sunday morning.
THE SECOND DAY'S RACING. Monday was the concluding day of the Swan- sea Bay and Bristol Channel Yacht Club Re- gatta, and was as successful from most points of view as the Saturday's racing. The shore sports excited considerable interest, the pro- gramme being of a very varied and interesting character. They were held at the Mumbles, and attracted a record crowa, the fullest resources of the Mumbles Railway Company being in- sufficient to cope with the demands of the pub- lic. Chief interest was centred in the races got up for men-of-war's men, which were most keenly contested. The wind was light, and necessitated the re- duction of the various courses. This especially affected the trawlers, whicn took a long time -A theoysteriedge buoy, andahe ^.ting out to the Oysterledge buoy, and »the afterwards failing lighter still, the boats m .5 up for a long time off Port Talbot. brought the Regrettable Over—n^ing. In connection with the race for over 15 tons, therewas some regrettable pver^^rd. ing at the start. It appears that just as Marquis of Ailsa's famoiis old yacht Blooa- hound was going over the line and passing close under the stern of the committee boat a tug, flying the Yacht Club burgee, got herself on her weather and proceeded to steam down the line. At the same moment a steam yacht which had previously received orders to get under way, not seeing the Bloodhound, began to move ahead and almost collided with the Bloodhound on the lee side. Fortunately the master of the steam yacht saw his error, and was able to go astern in time to avoid a collision. This, of course, hampered the Bloodhound consider- ably, and she crossed the line one minute and 35 seconds late. The programme also included races for skiffs, fbr boats of two tons and not exceeding 15 1k>ns, for boats belonging to the Swansea Bay Sailing Club, half-decked boats, and boats of the Llanelly lft. on waterline class. Result& For TRAWLERS.—First prize, La, and prize value X8 for owner second prize, L5, and prize value jE5 for owner third prize, £ 4, and prize value £3 for owner fourth pri$o, iC3, and prize value t2 for owner also X2 to; every other boat that finishes. Course A, twice round, 26 miles. 1, Reliance 2, Girl Alice 3, Antelope 4, Varuna 5, Sabrina. The wind was too light to give the trailers an opportunity of exhibiting their qualities, and it was decided to reduce the course to one round. Even then the race, which began at 11, did not conclude till after 4 o'clock. HANDICAP for yachts over 15 tons T.M. according to Lloyd's Yacht Register. First prize, E20 2nd prize, 98 3rd prize, E3. I o Course A. three times round, 39 miles; Name. Rig. Tons. Owner. Bloodhound .Cutter 40 Marquis of Ailsa Grouper Yawl 17 Capt. Quiller Joyce Yawl 44 G. Bradley Carina Cutter 69 A. L. Pearse Grouper, was unable to get from Ilfracombe in time, consequently only three started. The yachts all started under jack yarders, and there was a beat out against a light southerly wind to the Oysterledge Buoy. From there Carina had a long lead to Port Talbot, and be- fore, the first round was completed the wind fell very light, and it was decided to reduce the course. The times on the first round were H. M. S. Carina l 40 57 Bloodhound 1 48 0; Joyce 2 3 4 When the yachts started on the second round they struck a calm, and were hung up for some time, but eventually they got aw$.y, with a breeze off the land, Bloodhound beihg. lucky enough to catch the breeze first and taking the lead, which she maintained to the end. Result:— H. M. S. 1.—Bloodhoun d 5 34 57 2.—Carina 5 39 9 Joyce did not finish in time. On the shortened course Carina was scratch. Blood- hound was allowed 7min. 48sec. and Joyce 19min. 30secs. HANDICAP for Yachts of 2 tons and not ex- ceeding 15 tons T.M. according to Lloyd's Yacht Register. First prize £10, 2nd X5, 3rd JE2. Course C, three times round, 16t miles. Merlin.cutter 10 E. S. Naerui) Ranee cutter 4 C. H. Vickerman Asthore .cutter 5 W. Graves Mason Lettie .cutter 4 C. M. Lewis Granuaile cutter 10 Robt.M.Neil Mermaid II.yawl C. E. Moore Florence. cutter 7 J. Chellau and W. E. Jones Stork. yawl 8 metre H. Jones Rosa .cutter 6.8 rtg. J. Ford Dot cutter 3 Major Penn Curzon Dorn. cutter 7 T.M. H. Brown This race was a very pretty one, and resulted as follows:— H. M. S. 1. Granuaile (scratch) 4 20 13 2. Stork (15 minutes) 4 41 40 3. Ranee f28 minutes). 4 56 56 Other yachts came in in the following order :— Dora, Rosa, Asthore. Mermaid, Dot, Mabel, and Lettie. HANDICAP for Boats belonging to the Swan- sea Bay Sailing Club; 1st prize SS, 2nd £ 4, 3rd £ 2 course twice round, 11 miles. Starters:— Star. Cutter 21ft. W. A. Birchall Kelpie Cutter S. J, Saunders Cariad. Yawl W. Alorgan. Violet. Cutter H. Davies Lily A. Morgan This was a very pretty race, which resulted as follows: M. S. Kelpie (second) 26 24 Violet (third) 3 36 23 Star (winner) 3 39 57 Cariad 3 48 4 For SlUMBLES Skiffs-lst prize, JE5 and cup value 15 2nd, C6 3rd, £ 3. Course, twice round, 16 miles. Four started, and the result was: 1, Emmeline 14 S.A. Jenkin J. Evans 2, Temperance Star 58 S.A.Tl. W. Lloyd 3, Fleetwing .162 S.A.Jenkin J. Evans 4, Pathfinder 195 S.A.. D. W. Lloyd In-the class for boats of the Llanelly 16ft. on waterline class, Mr Theo. Jenkins's Dabehick had a sail over. The flotilla, of scouts, destroyers, and torpedo boats which have been at Swansea over the regatta left at 1.0 Tuesday morning.
FERNDALE HORSE SHOW. Favoured with fine weatlfer, there was a record attendance at the 15th annual horse show at the Darran Park, Femdale, on Whit- Monday, under the presidency 'of Colonel Henry Lewis, J.P., D.L., M.F.H., Green- meadow, near Cardiff. The show has earned the title of the Welsh Islington, and the excel- lence of the catalogue and the quality of the horses fully maintained its well deserved repu- tation of being classed with one of the best shows in the United Kingdom. The judges were Col. E. C. Curre (Chepstow), and T. Bowen Da vies (The Orchard, Rugby), saddle horses; H. Webster (Yedingham). F. Baguley (Moreton- in-Marsh), and Wm. Jones (Cardiff), harness horses; H. Yorath (Talybont), and Roes Thomas (Boverton), cart and colliery horses Dr. W. David, M.F.H. (Pontypridd), J. D. Williams, M.F.H. (Clydach Court), Albert Tre- harne (Pontypridd), R. Llewellyn (Dreswonno), and Edgar Treharne (Pontypridd), jumping. The secretarial duties were in the capable hands of Mr W. T. Davies, Ferndale. The President's Address. In his presidential address at the luncheon, Colonel Lewis complimented the committee upon the excellence of the programme, and re- marked that it was a show that had done an immense amount of good. Horse breeding, he regretted to say, was losing ground in the United Kingdom, and from statistics they would find that last year there had been a shortage of something like 12,030 foals. It must be remembered that they had an army which was supposed to be mounted and guns drawn, but unless something was done to help the breeding of suitable horses we should be placed in a serious position. He had had experience in purchasing horses for the Territorial Army, and found himself in competition with German buyers who purchased three-year-olds, whilst Britain was buying four-year-olds. The remedy he suggested was to put a poll tax on horses and a double tax on all mares exported from the United Kingdom. He would like to see more breeding of the valuable old Welsh cob, serviceable for Territorial and other purposes, and he trusted that by next year the move- ment would be encoumged. Mr David Rees, veterinary surgeon, re- sponded. Mr Leonard Llewellyn proposed The Judges," and Colonel Curre, in respond- ing, said he was pleased to be present at a show which was so splendidly managed. Ap- plause.) Jumping Competitions. In the jumping competitions some fine per- formances were witnessed. Blink Bonny, owned by Mr Glentross., Frome,- cleared the whole of the fences in fine, style, and was awarded the first prize. Mr EvKn-Jones's, Manoravon, Lln.. dUo, Greyi Ligls-fc -wrtts beaten by Mr A. M&t- thews's, Swansea, Torch Fire, a very pretty animal. Miss G. Burston, Taunton, proved a popular winner with Heathfield Squire in the best harness horse (open) competition, and she also won with Mel Valley Spring Chicken in the best pony class, and Action Again in the cobs and hackneys (open ridden).
LLANELLY HORSE SHOW AND PARADE. The Llanelly tradesmen's third annual horse horse show and parade, which was held at Stradey on Whit-Monday, proved a great attraction. The band of the 4th Battalion Welsh Regiment discoursed a splendid pro- gramme of music. The officials were:—Presi- dent, Mr David John, Felinfoel secretary, Mr Davidson Thomas hon. treasurer, Mr Evan Owen hon. solicitor, Mr Gwilym Price. The judges were :—Turnouts, Mr Thomas Nicholas, Port Talbot, and Mr D. Evans, Newcastle Emlyn trotting and racing, Mr Frank Nevill, and starter, Mr T. P. Jones. Chief awards:- Tarn- out, open to brewers, railway carriers, &c.-I and 2, Felinfoel Brewery Co.. Ltd. Single horse turn-out. open to brewers railway carriers. <fcc.—1, J. B. Harries; 2, Felinfoel Brewery Co., Ltd.: 3, T. P. Jones. Single horsi turn-out, open to wholesale provision, hay and corn merchants—1, Evan Jones 2, W. Phillips and Co. Single horse turn-ont, open to wholesale iron- mongers and oil merchants-I, T. I\ Jones; 2, Bevan and- Hoberts 3, Bryn Chemical Co. Single horv tum-out, open to general hanliersand d merchants—1, T. P. Jonfes 2, J. Jenkins and Sons 3, J. Chester. Turn-out, general hauliers and coal merchants—1, T. P. Jones; 2. Richard Griffiths, Llwynrhilwg; 3, Glynea Colliery Co., Turn-out, furnishers, drapers, outfitters, and cabinetmakers—1, T. Morgan and Son 2, D. Evans 3, Llanelly Laundry Co, Turn-out, retail ironmongers and oil T. P. Jones; 2, Hotwill and Co. 3, Bavanand Roberts. Turn-out, bakers and rontectioners-l, R. Lane 2, W. Williams aud Sons 3, John Thomas. Turn-out,milk vendors—1, Williams, Clochyrie; 2, L. Havard 3, Richards, Llanliiedi. Turn- out. greengrocers, fruit merchants, &c.-I, C. Callaghan; 2 and 3, A. Chidzey and Sons. Turn-out, greengrocers, fruit inerchants 1, H. Whittaker 2, J. H. Ley 3. J. A. Res. Private single-harness turn-out-1, k. Job 2, D. T. Griffiths; 3, A. G. Jones.
NATIONAL THOUGHTLESSNESS. Sir Oliver, Lodge, presiding over a confer- ence on the question of Ethical RdjgioUs Teaching in Training Colleges at the Bir- mingham University on- Saturday, said he voiced the general feeling of the country ibat the scope of primary education for the averse J 3>uth did not so closely contemplate tte? kind 0( life that a youth would have to lead as it might ^p. Life, he would be much more human, much more attractive, if the average person were trained into, having more consideration for others, more intelligence as to the meaning of life, with more reasonableness in regard to his general behaviour and this, he supposed, might be called the ethical training. He was very much struck by the thoughtlessness, self- conscioiisness and general ill-behaviour of the mass of people one encountered. It was. how- ever, only showf in small things, and was not in the least vicious. The wag goner who sauntered along the centre 'of the road, not leaving sufficient room for anyone else to pass, the dropping about of orange peel and other thoughtless actions like these were all signs of a want of ethical training.
LEGACIES FOR BOYS. Mr Thomas Coupland Morris, a calico printer of Dislev, Cheshire, whose estate has been sworn for probate at £ 48,886 gross, left £ 1,000 to his brother, to be applied by him in any manner he may think fit for the improve- ment in physical development of the boys of Stockport. I desire to record that I have given such legacy," the will adds, in the earnest hope that it may awaken the town authorities of Stockport to the urgent neces- sity of further efforts in the same direction." Mr Morris also left £ 500 to the Stockport Gratonaar School for the extension or im- provement of the playing fields connected with the school, it being my wish to do what I can for the advancement of the open-airphysi- cal recreation of the boys of the school."
NEW PEAL OF BELLS. The new peal, consisting of six bells, pre- sented at a cost of nearly £ 1,000 bv Captain and Mrs Chappell, of Greenhill, to St. Mary's TDhurch, Whitchurch, was formally dedicated on Saturday. In the unavoidable absence of the Lard Bishop of Llandaff, through the death of his sister, the service was conducted by the Ven. Archdeacon Edmondes, assisted by the vicar, Rev. L. Lloyd Davies, M.A., and the Rev. E. Davies. After service in the church a procession was formed to the belfry, where each bfcll was suitably dedicated in turn. During the evening the bells were rung con- tinuously for a couple of hours. •
Bath and West Show. INTERESTING FORESTRY EXHIBITS. No complaint could be made as regards the meteorological Conditions at Exeter on Satur- day, whea the Bath and West of England and Southern Counties Society entered upon the fourth day of the show. The stock were paraded morning and afternoon, and the various competitions were witnessed by a large number of people. As in the previous days the driving and jumping competitions were well- atteirded. Hundreds of people also watched with the closest attention the butter-making and milking, and the manner in which many of the competitors acquitted themselves reflected the greatest credit. The President, of the Society, in moving the adoption of the report at the annual meet- ing on Friday, made special reference to the splendid exhibits of forestry, art manufac- tures, and lace. Forestry as an integral part of the show appears to have come to stay. The study is a fascinating one full of instruction at every turn, and is faced with great possibilities. The educational value of the section cannot be overestimated, and is likely to do much to increase the value of landed estates through greater attention being paid to the growing of the most suitable timber. The eight well-filled classes show the widespread interest that is 'taken in the subject. Among a variety of highly interesting exhibits is a large series of micrographs, showing, on a largely magnified scale, the formation of various timbers. Miss E. C. Talbot, of Margam Park, South Wales, has some beautiful specimens of larch plants, which have shown recovery after having been damaged by fire. There are 20 acres of such plants of five years' growth, which in 1906 accidentally caught fire and were apparently destroyed. The burnt portions were cut down, but the plants are now growing well. The portions of Miss Talbot's collections of the greatest interest are some samples of creo- soted timber (beech, birch poplar, and syca- more). Some stakes are shown, which the creosote has thoroughly permeated, that have been on the ground for five years, and will probably, according to well-known judges, last for a further 10 or 15 years. In their natural state they would have soon rotted away. Some tabulated results of investigations are shown on the length of time necessary to immerse different timbers in creosote in order to render them immune from decay. Examples are exhibited where apparently the fluid has not. penetrated to the centre of the stake, only the outer part being discoloured. Professor Voelcker found that although the darker fluid bad not permeated the who thickness, the apparently unaffected part had been rendered immune from fungoid growths. The value of this information is the saving that c&n be effec- ted in the use of creosote without lessening the permanence of the wood after treatment. Another interesting exhibition is the repre- sentative of 25 different varieties of trees, with the cones and seed. The Bristol Museum of Natural History and the Department of Economic Biology, University College, have an instructive and unique display of insect and other pests, mounted to show their life history, food habits, and the damage they do. The attendance was 20,000, as compared with 16,154 at Dorchester on the fourth day last year,25,938 at Newport in 1907, and 40,678 at Swansea in lOOt, and 18,435 at Cardiff in 1898. Awards:— Trotting.—Mare, stallion, or gelding, under 15 hands, for speed and action—1, L. Smth. Stroud, Polomus: 2, Butcher and Weight, Bristol. Lady Gordon. Shoeing and Shoemaking.—Cart horse—4, F. Young, Porth, South Wales. Nag horse—1, H. J. Lewis, Tonypandy: r., F. R. Whithocn. Shoemaking or turning.—1, H. Morgan, Lian- arthney; r., H. Jones, Chepstow. Butter-ma1..ing.-For men and women-i. Miss R James, Monmouth 2, Miss J. James, Monmouth. Jumping.—Mare or gelding, not over 13>2 h.h.—1, L. Smith, Stroud. The glorious weather which prevailed at Exeter on Monday was no doubt responsible for the splendid attendance at the last day's show of the Bath and West of England and Southern Counties. Despite the strong counter attractions in the city and district there was every prospect of the attendance being a record one for the West of England town. By noon no less than 12,561 had passed through the turnstiles, this number being con- siderably ahead of the total for the last day at the Swansea and Newport shows, and about one-half of the total when the show was held at Cardiff in 1898. There were very few com- petitions be udgcd. the most popular being the Jumping and driving, but the butter- making and milking competitions also proved great attractions, especially to the visitors from the surrounding districts. Numerous excursions were run by both the Great Western and South-Western Companies, and each train brought a full complement of visitors. By four o'clock close upon 23,000 had paid for admis- sion. Awards:— Milking.—Women, 18 years of age and over— 1, Miss R. James, Usk. Shoeing.—Nag horse shoeing by smith under 25 years of age—1, D. J. Lewis, Tonypandy r., F. R. Whitehorn, Ebbw Vale. Shoe mating or turning—r., H. Jones, Chepstow.
URBAN DISTRICT COUNCILS. Welsh Association Formed. Mr Henry W. Spowart, town clerk. Llanelly, took the initiative in calling a conference of representatives of Urban District Councils at Llandrindod Wells, on Whit-Mon- day. Sir J an>es Edwards (chairman of the Llandrindod Wells Urban District Council) presided, and there were about thirty gentle- men present representing a considerable num- ber of Welsh Councils. W Mr W. Howells, Burry Port, moved That the representatives of the Welsh Urban Dis- trict Councils here present are of opinion that it is desirable to form an association of the Urban District Councils in Wales, and that such association be formed accordingly, and that the representatives here present resolve to recommend their respective Councils to join the association." Mr T. Taylor, Pontypridd, seconded. The resolution was carried unanimously. Mr E. T. Jones (Llanelly) moved That a Provisional Committee be formed of not more than one representative from each Council present or which may have signified its ap- proval of the scheme for the formation of a Welsh Association, be appointed to consider and prepare draft rules for the association and report to a future conference." Mr Lambert (Porthcawl) seconded, and the resolution was carried. Mr D: C. Davies, Llandrindod, moved the election of Mr H. W. Spowart as secretary pro tem. Mr W. Howella, Llanelly, seconded, and the motion was carried.
RAGLAN PUBLICAN FINED. At Raglan on Saturday, C. G. Price, of the Ship Inn, Raglan, was summoned for allowing gaming onlli" licensed premises on May lst. Mr H. S. Lyne, Newport, prosecuted on behalf of the police, and Mr W. J, Everett, Ponty. pool, defended. The evidence showed that a young police officer from Scotland, P.C. McPherson, happened to join the Monmouth- shire Constabulary, and was sent in plain clothes to the Ship on Saturday night, May 1st. He posed as a gardener looking for work, and even went so far as to engage a bed. He saw several men playing cards, including the landlord, and saw money pass. Many wit- nesses were called for the defence. These stated they had played cards in the home but not for money or money's worth. After a hearing extending over three hours, the Chair- man (Mr Bosanquet) announced that the magistrates had decided to convict, and de- fendant would be fined £5 and costs.
CONSTABLE'S COURTSHIP. Harold Bottoms was summoned at Oldham on Saturday for furiously driving a motor cycle. A constable said defendant" whizzed along so rapidly that it was impossible to dis- Ungiiish the number of the cycle; while another vitness declared that Bottoms passed him as though shot out of a cannon." On the other haid, witnesses called by the defendant said the was moderate. Thtofficer questioned by Mr W. Lees (defen. ding), said he was not aware that any ill- feeling existed between defendant and a certain butchei. He (witness) was friendly with the butcher. Mr Leers: As a matter of fact, you are court- ing the butcher's sister ? Witness (blushing): Er very likely. (Laughter.) Very like!y Aren't you quite sure of it. then ?—Well, I don't think it has anything to do with the case. Defendant was fined 5s and costs.
SKETTY AND BOARD OF TRADE. At a meeting of the newly-formed Sketfey Ward Ratepayers' Association, held under th presidency of Mr H. S. Cook, it was agreed that the adoption of rules be postponed until > future meeting, to enable the ratepayers of Dunvant and KiUay to discuss them. The Chairman gave an account of the visit of their deputation to the Board of Trade on the drainage question, and expressed surprise that a reply had not yet been received. The secre- tary was afterwards instructed to write to the Board of Trade pressing for something definite. Mr R. F. Brown said that Mr J. Williams, M.P., had told him that the Local Government Board had sanctioned the loan, and was sur- prised the District Council had not been notified.
CHASE OVER ROOFS. Four boys who had broken into the ware- house of D. R. Evans, wholesale grocer of Bear-alley, Farringdon-street, London, by crawling under the large iron gates at the en- trance of Messrs Babcock and Wilcox, engineers, were captured on Sunday. The smashing of glass attracted the attention of the wife of the caretaker of Messrs Babcock and Wilcox, and her husband informed the police, who surrounded the place. The boys were caught after a chase over the roofs of several buildings.