TDASS AND C O.'b PALE AND MILD A LEa. SEASON BREWINGS JJASS AND |}ALE AND T^JILD ^LE8. SEASON BREWINGS Xay now be had in Prime Condition, ln~ Casks or Bottles, of F ULTON TMINLOP, AND CO; CARDIFF. lftd
t HAG, Li lrBE-ST TRY IT.
WORKMEN'S TOPICS. (By MABON, M.P.)
THE MINERS AND THE LABOUR PARTY. The figures of the voting of the millers on the question of whether the Miners' Federation should be affiliated to the Labour party are thorough an 1 decisive, and they are a good deal in one direction. Evidently the opinion of the miners themselves on this question of elffiliation has undergone a considerable change since the last ballot was taken. Then there was a large majority, although not by any means an overwhelming one, against adhesion to the Labour party but by this time, however, the great bulk of the miners seem to favour the .step that they formerly rejected. The position in South Wales is not quite so overwhelming as one could expect it to be, considering that the whole Executive Committee agreed to,and recommended, affiliation. Another factor that brought about this almost unanimous deci- sion was the fact that the president, Mr E. Edwards, in his speeches at the annual confer- ences, has sone so strongly in favour of unity In Parliamentary representation. True, Derby- shire and North Wales and some other smaller districts are understood to hold out somewhat strongly against the change. Still the larger districts, such as Scotland, Yorkshire, and South Wales, approve of affiliation more strongly than ever. Although I cannot but hold the opinion that the Miners' Federation is big enough and IItrong enough to stand by itself, and not likely to gain anything by committal to the cause of any political party, yet it cannot be 4aid that Liberals have cause to view with any alarm, as far as principles go, the im- nendiner development. They know the miners too well. It is considered, doubtless, by the bulk of those who voted in favour of affilia- tion that the cause of Labour will be more vig- orously and consistently upheld by the unity of the Labour forces in Parliament than it can under the existing dual system. Still a more cigorous prosecution of Parliamentary life and work will denote no change of policy or'of principles on the part of the Liberal party, with the exception that more Labour questions will demand first place. Hence both parties to the old compact will stand to benrfit by more visrour and a constant policy of the Labour party in Parliament. Moreover, it is well known that there is very little to choose between the miners' M.P.'s and the men who practically guide the policy. of the Labour party in Parliament—men of the Henderson and Shackleton tyne. Both are equally demo- cratic, both hold identical views as to reforms that most urgently require promotion on be- half of the workers, and both; as far as room allows, habituallv sneak from the same side of the House and vote in the same lobby. The truth of the matter is, the miners' leaders have everything in common with the men that set the pace of the Labour party. Loss is heard of these men than of the extre- mists, because extremists naturally get them- selves more talked about than moderate folk but, after all, the moderate folk are the people that prevail at Westminster as a rule, and the moderate folk anions the Labour party are likely to prevail more than over with the miners on their side. Although I am not a believer in the idea that the miners when they are there are "nine to kill themselves over the thingine of the noliev of the Labour party— no: for they will find that with their com- bined strength they will be none too strong to push forward all necessary sturdy democratic measures, and, what is more, most of the turners' leaders that T have known have had strong evolutionary tendencies. Still, when the npxt General Election comes, the Mirers' i'-ariers ranks will in all probability by the absence of soaae of the old stalwarts that led the miners ternary a. successful struggle for the better- ment of the working conditions in the mines of our country, as well as the amelioration of the industrial and social conditions of the miners and a number of those struggles are- no less appreciable because they were peace. fully accomplished. The Value of Afforestation, Once the question of employing out-of- works gets proper hold of the public mind, with a sympathetic President at the Local Government Board directing the affair pro- perly and enthusiastically, a. way out of several difficulties now surrounding the ques- tion will be found. One becomes, bit by bit, really interested in this question of finding employment for the unemnloyed by watching its development, and also of the schemes pro- posed for the purpose, much more so than one can by simply studying the matter from a standpoint of a district, or districts, where there are no real unemployed troubling our smile, or demanding our consideration. Happy is the Principality that can go on its indus- trial way without begging doles from relief funds, nor from the President of the Local Government, Board, for the purpose of feeding its unemployed. Calmly watching the proceed- ings of the Royal Commission on Coast Erosion a week ago. I found very interesting evidence— which, by the wav, will be of great interest. to the South Wales district ere long-was being given by a gentleman from Leeds, who drew attention to a timber famine- which he said was threatened by the increas- ing scarcity of timber. The witness stated that during the last 12 or 15 years the prices of English timber had been lower as far as the chief grades were concerned, but that the fall in prices had been due to the importation of foreign timber, that importation was still going on and increasing, that the outside world was being depleted of timber, and that the timber imported was nothing so valuable as that 25 years ago—that in fact in comparison it was no better than third class. The world, he argued, was living on its canital in the matter of timber, instead of upon its income, and he would not be surprised to find that 50 years tyence the price of timber was increased also bv 50 per cent. He also. in formulating a scheme for affores- tation. said that well-managed schemes could be made into very profitable investments. During the planting season only 12 men would be wanted to plant 150 acres, and the average unemployed labour would be of very little use just then. But the most hopeful part of affores- tation was the employment which would fol- low in its train in the creation of new indus- tries. In addition to there being a supply of better and more suitable timber, the agricul- tural labourers would be kept in the country, and there would not be the present influx of unemployed men from the country into the towns. Afforestation on these lines would. moreover, prove a most admirable investment for the State, and there was ample land in the United Kingdom which can be profitably and suitably used. In T-enlv to members of the Commission, the witness stated that on afforestation works the unemployed were utilised to some extent, but that they were found in some cases to be physically unfit, although they improved after they had been employed for some time. On the sand dunes around the coast of this coun- try he was certain that a commercially paying Stock of timber could be grown. The quality of timber on the market was decreasing be- cause the cream of it had been consumed. With regard to the use of unemployed labour for afforestation purposes, he said that in this work he employed the men who knew their work, and paid them wnIl lor it. He would not em- ploy the average unemployed workmen at any price, because the bulk of them either would not try. or could not learn how to plant trees. Generally they would go out for a day OT two, and when a cold wind began to blow they Wanted to go back home as quickly as possible. This is the case, and will be for some time, evidently, anfl cannot help being so. It is unsuitable work for men who have for a long time been unfed, starved and improperly clad. and who are unfit for the exposure to wet and cold inclement weather. But let them have a little time and some sym- pathy, and I am convinced that by far*the larger number of them will be found to sur- vive, and to once more become useful, comfort- able, and grateful members of society.
INDIANS IN SOUTH AFRICA. Johannesburg, Tuesday—A revival of the Indian agitation is threatened. Mr Gandhi, the well-known Indian barrister, has written to the Go vernrnent asserting that if the Asiatic Registration Act is not repealed its non- repeal will be contrary to the agreement reached on January 30th, when the principle of registration of Indians in a modified form was accented by the Government, and the prosecutions and penalties under the Act were suspended. Mr Gandhi further asks that his voluntary application fey registration shall be returned. He is also recommending other Indians to do the same. The chairmen of the Indian Association and of the Islamic Society have written to the Government in siJnj ar terms. With regard to this new deve-opment, "Reuters correspondent is informed that the Transvaa Government denies having given fuBy undertaking to repeal the Act.—Reuter,
A Winchester Riot AMAZING VAGARIES OF A MOB. King Arthur's Statue Pulled From Its Base. MAYOR AND THE RIOT ACT. v The City ofWinchesterwas from Monday night until Tuesday morning in the hands of a mob who were incensed because the authorities had removed an iron railing around a Russian gun which was regarded as a trophy. Many win- dows, including those of the Mayor, and the public lamps were smashed, while the pageant ground was raided and the properties thereon were thrown into the river. The military were paraded in reserve, and the Mayor, it is said, contemplated reading the Riot Act, but order was ultimately restored on a promise being made by the Mayor that the railing should be replaced. The scanty reports that came through early on Tuesday as to the all-nightriotatWinchester gave but little idea of the amazing nature of the affair. Later details show that the town for a time was completely in the hands of an in. furiated mob, bent on all sorts of mischief. The trouble concerns a Russian gun, re- garded as a trophy, which has always occupied a prominent position in the town. The autho- rities have, on previous occasions, attempted to remove it elsewhere, and always their efforts have met with determined opposition on the part of the townsfolk. Some years ago a terri- fic riot took place as the result of such a pro- posal, and now history has repeated itself. A fortnight ago the Council decided to re- move the railing round the gun, and immedi- ately a letter of protest was sent to the Mayor, who promised to bring it before the Council, but in the meantime somebody blundered. The order to remove the railings was confirmed, and the fat was in the fire. A huge meeting of townspeople was held and inflammatory speeches delivered by local orators. One of the most eloquent agitators was hoisted shoulder high by the mob, which immediately made a rush for the Mayor's house and promptly showed its temper by smashing all the windows of the residence. Then the crowd embarked on a wholesale destruction expedition. Every window and street lamp they came across they smashed. Statue Torn From Base. The unfortunate members of the Corporation had their residences specially singled out, and the glazier's little bill for each should be worth having. Tired of window-smashing, they made a rush to the pageant ground, where Winches- ter's great pageant is to take place. They seized the huge decorative chariot that is the prominent figure in the pageant, and pushed it along the streets, burning straw in it on the way. After doing it other indignities they pushed it into the river, where, to all accounts, it still remains. Then the mob took possession of various guns and ran them up and down the streets, to the terror of nervous householders. Lastly, the imposing statue of King Alfred attracted their attention. They detached it from its granite base, and waited to see if the huge mass would fall, but it only toppled. When it does fall people would do well not to be near. By this time the county chief con- stable thought it was time the Mayor showed himself, and after the manner of various kings mentioned in history, endeavoured to pacify the crowd. Your place." he told the Mayor, is on the Town Hall steps." The Mayor, however, decided to send for the military, but on the way they were stopped by other orders. Then he sent for the military, again, but once more they were stopped on the way. Three times this occurred. Finally the military authori- ties, thinking someone was playing a game with them, declined to budge. This is the only amusing part of the riot. Ultimately the Mayor capitulated to the mob. He said the railings should be restored, and once again the old cathedral town of Win- chester is quiet, but nearly every residence has its windows broken, while the town lamps are also smashed. The statue of King Alfred topples, the pageant guns lie about the streets, and the famous chariot is in the river. The Press Association Winchester corres- pondent, teegraphing at 9.30 on Tuesday night, says :-A crowd of 1,000 assembled again to-night. Appeals have been made to them to go away by the Mayor, Sir Bamfylde Fuller, and the man Dumper who has been enrolled as a special constable, but at the time of telegraphing the crowd still remains near the municipal buildings, and there has been some window-smashing. The military have been confined to barracks since 7 o'clock. Alto- gether nearly 300 special constables have been sworn in.
PORTUGUESE AND BOERS. Remarkable Charges. Major Rocadas, who commanded the vic- torious expedition against the Guamata tribes, and has recently returned to PortugaTfrom Angola, has been interviewed with respect to the reported existence of slavery in that pro- vince. He confirms the reports, and asserts that the Boers, who have a separate colony to themselves, continually make excursions into the interior, in alliance with neighbouring native tribes, and capture all the negroes they can lay their hands on. They describe their pri- soners as the spoils of war." The natives are brought down to the coast by the Boers, and are there sold to the Portu- guese native recruiting stations," at prices ranging from JE14 to E30 per head. It is evi- dent that the Portuguese authorities are con- nivant, for they allow the Boers to carry on the slave traffic on Portuguese territory, and even buy the natives from them. It seems that thousands of negroes are thus captured and sold yearly, the Boers making great profits
WANDERER'S PLIGHT. Strange Lapse of Memory. On Tuesday ayoung man, giving the name of Arthur HiU. went to the Guildhall Police Station, Swansea, and said he wished to be taken care of. He said he had been in the Car- diff Infirmary observation ward, and remem- bered being allowed to go out, but howand when he got to Swansea he could not tell. He said he was passing under a railway arch at Port Tennant when an engine came along and brought him to himself. He had lost all memory and did not know where he was. He mentioned this to the man on the ehgine, who saw that he was taken, to the police station. He subsequently said he had JB28 with him when he started now he had not a ha'penny. The man is said to be an electrical engineer, and well connected. He has since been medic- ally examined, and it has been discovered that he ys subject to periodical fits, absentmmded- negs, and loss of memory. He was taken to the Union Infirmary, pend. ing investigations at Cardiff.
PLAGUE STRICKEN VENEZUELA. Paris, Saturday.-A private telegram re- ceived in Paris to-day states that during the past month the plague at La Guayra. Vene- zuela, has carried off 60 victims. Drastic pre- cautions are being taken to prevent the spread of the disease. President Castro has had the town surrounded by tropps who have strict orders to fire on any persons attempting to leave. Two gunboats are also patrolling the coast with orders to fire on boats leaving the port. The stricken inhabitants are confined in leper houseS. The same telegram announces that 5,000 Colombians are marching on the Venezuelan frontier.-Central News.
ARAB'S ENGLISH WIFE. An English girl, Eliza Mahommed, wife of an Arab boarding-master, living in Maria- street. was brought before Messrs J. Herbert Cory and W T. Symonds at Cardiff on Wed- nesday on a charge of attempted suicide by taking a quantity of liquid ammonia that morning. P.C. Leonard Davies stated that he was called to prisoner's house about 10 o'clock and took charge of a bottle produced, out of which about four tablespoonfuls had been taken. When charged at the station she said she had not been feeling well lately. Dr. J. J. Buist stated that prisoner attempted a similar act about 12. months ags¡w when she seemed strange in her manner. Prisoner was discharged with a caution.
I TARNISHED HIS RECORD. Charles Williams, a labourer, left his bicycle outside the Heath Hotel, Whitchurch-road, and David Morgan (36), who was said to be a very respectable wprking man, living in Manor- street, came along, stole the bicycle, and changed the handle-bars. Detective-Sergt. DicKs later saw the bicycle in the yard of the Eagle Hotel, Adam-street, and charged Mor- gan with stealing it from outside the Heath Hotel. Yes I took the machine," he re- plied. The magistrates bound him over as a first offender.
A young woman entered a rublic-house at Merthyr on Tuesday afternoon and swallowed some salts of lemon from a, packet which she carried with her. She quickly lost conscious- ness, and Dr. Ernest Ward was summoned, the young voman being subsequently removed to the workhouse infirmary, where she now lies. It is believed that she will recover.
-I- 1 AUTRES TEMPS. 11 f THE NEW INVASION. SPIRIT OF NAPOLEON (on the cliffs at Boulogne): The French President landing in England! Things must have changed since my time Cartoon by Sir F. C. Gould. (Published by arrangement with the Westminster Gazette.")
Bedroom Outrage. CARDIFF ARRESTS. FIRST CASE SINCE" CAT SENTENCES The mate of a steamship' at present lying at Cardiff narrated an exciting adventure to the Cardiff Stipendiary on Tuesda y, when three men —Wm. Phillips, David McCarthy, and Henry j John Cheek,and a young woman.,Hettie Evans, were jointly charged with stealing about 33s from him with violence.. Prosecutor stated that he met the female prisoner in St. Mary-street.at about a quarter to twelve on Monday night, and accompanied her to a house in Severn-road, Canton. They retired to a bedroom,and shortly afterwards the three male prisoners entered the room and attacked him. Cheek had a brass bar, or poker, in his hand, and whilst witness was struggling with one of the other men he received a vio- lent blow on the head from behind. His eye and nose were cut, and one of his ribs was broken. He smashed a couple of the bedroom windows to attract the attention of the police, and then lost consciousness. When be recovered his senses, be found that his money-had dis j appeared from his pocket. He had previously given the girl' two half-sovereigns, leaving i him with about 33s. Dr. Pittard, describing prosecutor's injuries, said the wounds in the face were probably caused by a brass bar produced, and the frac- tured rib was probably the result of a kick. Miss Walters, female searcher at the Canton Police Station, said that when she searched the female prisoner, the latter handed her 3s 9 Jd, and witness found a half-sovereign in her stocking. j P.C. Jenkins (B 19), who met prosecutor at about 1 o'clock in the morning in Severn-road, and returned with him to the house, said the door was opened by Phillips, and he found the girl and McCarthy sitting in the dark in the kitchen. Cheek he found more than an hour afterwards in the garden at the back, crouch- ing under a gooseberry bush. He also found the bar produced in the garden. It had blood- stains at one end. Mr Alex. W. Morris, who appeared for Phillips, intimated that he proposed to call two of the other prisoners on his client's be- half, and his Worship put the case b&ck until late in the afternoon. Subsequently Mr Morris admitted, in reply to his Worship, that he could not quote an authority for calling prisoners to give evidence in a fellow-prisoner's favour, and said he would put his client in the witness-box. Phillips was then sworn, and told an extra- ordinary story. He said he became tenant of the house last March, went to sea in April, and returned last week. He went down to the house early on Monday evening, and found the door open, He fastened the door. and re- turned again late at night, when he found the other three prisoners there. He knew nothing of the outrage, and did not see the prosecutor until the policeman brought him there. McCarthy also went into the box and told a long story, which differed in several essentials from that of Phillips. I' At this stage his Worship remanded the prisoners. Wm. Phillips (35), David McCarthy (20), Henry John Cheek (26), Hettie Evans (21), were again before the Cardiff Stipendiary on Wednesday charged with stealing 33s from Max Weaver, mate of a steamer now in Cardiff, when in a house in Severn-road on May 26th. The case had been adjourned for evidence in defence to be obtained. Mr Morgan appeared for the woman, Mr Alex. Morris was for Phillips, and Mr Harold Lloyd was for McCarthy. No further evidence was submitted, prisoners being committed to the Assizes. Bail was re- fused. J t
TOLLGATE KEEPER KILLED. At Rye, Sussex, on Wednesday Mrs Martin, aged 70, wife of a toll collector, endeavoured to close the gate spanning the military road when a motor-car dashed into the gateway and hurled the old lady a distance of several yards. The occupants of the car rendered every assistance, but Mrs Martin died. Another report says the deceased ran to open the gate for an approaching motor car, and it swung back on her with considerable force, knocking her down and inflicting such severe injuries that she died shortly after- wards.
STUCK IN HIS THROAT. The lad, Doherty, residing at Buncrana, County Donegal, who recently swallowed a toy balloon with whistle attached, which stuck in his throat in such a position that every time he breathed he whistled and which could not be reached by the surgeons, unexpectedly got rid of the obstruction on Monday in a fit of coughing.
Newport Bridge Widening p • » IMPORTANT ALTERNATIVE SCHEME. Deputation to Lord Tredegar. According to a report of the Newport Cor- poration Parliamentary Committee, issued on Wednesday, the committee have further con- sidered the .contemplated widening or recon- struction of Newport, bridge. ;The Borough Engineer said that the bridge could not be widened on both sides except at enormous cost, but that a widening could be effected on the northern ,side With a reasonable measure of safety, and that lfhilst the widening works were in progress it -sfould be necessary for a temporary bridge to! be. provided somewhere near to Newport bridge. It was suggested that instead of Newport bridge being widened, a new bridge should be constructed from between the Castle towers, which Viscount Tredegar had offered as a site for the new technical institute, to the other side. It was also suggested that in the event of a new bridge being constructed, the existing bridge should remain for the use of foot passengers, and possibly tramway traffic. The committee decided that a deputation should wait on Lord Tredegar upon the sub- ject of the Castle site, and that the question be deferred in the meantime.
MEASURED HALF-MILE. Cardiff Motorists Fined. Before the Cardiff Stipendiary on Wednesday Wm. Harry, of Penapkh, was summoned for driving a motor-car *'A"the Newport road on Sunday, May 3rd, at a speed exceeding 20 miles an hour. Mr F. W. Ensor^Town Clerk's Office) prose- cuted and said that the car driven by defend- ant passed over a measured half mile at a speed of over 24 miles an hour. Sergeant Dix said when served with the summons defendant replied Surely I was not going too fast then. There were not many people on the road." A fine of 10s and costs was imposed, his Worship stating that consideration must be given to the breadth of the road and the very light traffic thereon. There was a similar summons against H. H. Wilson, of Sully, for covering the same stretch of road at a rate of 27 miles an hour on the same day. Mr F. C. Shackel, for the defence, brought evidence to the effect that defendant was proceeding very slowly because he knew there was a trap set. Defendant having been previously fined for reckless driving a fine of E5 and costs was im- posed. Francis R. Green pleaded guilty to exceed ing the speed limit at the same time and place and said that he did not think he was going too fast. The rate stated was 25 miles an hour. Fined 10s and costs. Harry Woolom, who spoke with a Somerset shire accent, said he had driven in all parts of the country and had never had any complaint made against him. His speed over the fateful half-mile on the Sunday afternoon was stated to have been at the rate of 26 miles an hour. Having a clean record defendant was fined 10s and costs.
RUNAWAY HORSES. Plucky Cardiff Policeman. The horse attached to a waggon belonging to Messrs Clayton, and driven by Mark Oram, 3, Minny-street, bolted down North. road -about 2.30 on Wednesday afternoon. The driver kept his seat, but was unable to stop the horse. At the crossing near St. John's-square P.C. W. Clarke (14A) jumped at the horse's head and succeeded in gripping the bridle. He was dragged from the corner to the entrance to High-stret Arcade, and, regaining his feet, succeeded in stopping the runaway without anyone being injured. Mr Matthews, of the Rummer Tavern, Duke-street, who witnessed the scene, said that in all probability the con- stable's plucky and prompt action averted a serious accident, there being so much traffic near that spot at the time. On Wednesday evening a horse attached to a van engaged with the 6M Bazaar bolted in Holton-road, Barry. and after knocking down a sunblind at the shop of Mr Mathews, draper, it continued its career down the street, where there was a large number of people about. It was secured, however, before going very far and no one was injured.
STIFF FINES FOR PARENTS. At Cardiff on Wednesday a number of parents were summoned at the instance of Mr Thomas Matthews, vaccination officer, for non-com- the order of the \Jourt to get their children' vaccinated. The Stipendiary im- posed the full penalty in each case—20s.
Disaster at Sea. LOSS OF VESSEL AND 18 LIVES. £ American Schooner Out in Two. Halifax (Nova Scotia), Wednesday.—A lamentable collision occurred in the Bay of Fundy late last night, when, during a dense fog, the steamer Boston, belonging to the Dominion Atlantic Railway Company, ran down and sank the American fishing schooner Fame. So thick was the fog that when sighted by the Boston the Fame was only a few yards off, right across her bows, and before the engines could be reversed the steamer crashed into the schooner amidships cutting, her completely in two. The Fame sank almost immediately and 18 out of her crew of 20 perished. The bows of the Boston cut right through a cabin in which eight of the schooner's crew were asleep, all of them being instantly crushed to death. Other members of the crew managed to gain the deck, but all were sucked down with the sinking vessel with the exception of two, who succeeded in clinging to some wreck- age and were picked up half an hour later by a boat sent out from the Boston in search of survivors.—Central News. A cable message from Lloyd's agent at Yar- mouth (Nova Scotia) received on Wednesday, states that 16 lives were lost. A further message from Lloyd's agent states that the crew of the Fame who were drowned included all the officers,- excepting two. Four of the crew are missing, having left in boats and not since heard of. The Fame was a United States schooner and the Boston a British steamer. Lloyd's Finisterre Semaphore reports that the Greek steamer Lamyron stranded on Cor- ticeiras Rock, north of Mar de Fuera beach, at 8 p.m. on Tuesday and became a total loss. All hands were saved and landed at Finisterre.
PEARL NECKLACE STORY. In the King's Bench on Wednesday Mdlle. Irma Lorraine, a music-hall artiste, sued The Sketch for libel. It was stated that on December 26th, 1906, there appeared among other portraits on the page of The Sketch entitled Our wonderful world a portrait of the plaintiff, and ltneath was the following A French jeweller supping with Mdlle. Lorraine requested the actress to place a pearl necklace round her neck, and asked whether it suited her. His next move was to sue the actress in courton the ground that she had promised to purchase the necklace. Counsel stated that The Sketch corres- pondent had apparently sent a portrait of the wrong lady. Defendants had inserted an apology, and in their defence they admitted that the paragraph was defamatory. Plaintiff, giving evidence, said theparagraph had caused her great annoyance in private and in her business, because managers liked to see how a lady they engaged conducted herself outside the theatre. She had never been in Paris. In cross-examination witness was asked how she thought the paragraph had damaged her, and she replied she considered it said that she stole the necklace, that she went off with it. Plaintiff added she was engaged to be married to a gentleman of high position, and she con- sidered that to say she had supper with a jeweller and that he had put a necklace round her neck was in itself an insult. The, bearing was adjourned.
MARVELLOUS ESCAPES. At Newport on Wednesday William Good- win, Sir Garnet Wolseley Inn, Pontypool, was charged with driving a horse and carriage furiously in MaJpas-road, Newport. Defendant was described by Mr J. Moxon, solici- tor, who witnessed the event, as whipping the horse, which was gallopin along the road as if it was on a race- course. He collided with the railings, and five people in the carriage were thrown headlong. P.C. Vatcher, Henry Abber, and Miss Nellie Hughes also spoke to witnessing defendant whipping the horse, and of the marvellous escapes of those in the carriage and the people on the pavement. Defendant, who said that his horse shied," was fined the maxi- mum penalty, 40s.
BURGLARY AT NEW TREDEGAR. About three o'clock on Wednesday morning the office of Mr T. Wiseman, fishmonger, New Tredegar, is reported to have been bur- glariously entered. P.C. Wilkes arrived on the scene, and an unknown man was found on the premises and arrested.
WHY NOT P And a little child shall lead them." Cartoon by Sir F. C.-Goold. (Published by arrangement with the Westminster Gazette.")
Britain and the Congo. MISSIONARIES AND KING LEOPOLD. Spirited Diplomatic Action. A Parliamentary White Paper was issued on Wednesday night respecting applications made to the Government of the Congo Independent State by certain British Protestant mission- ary societies for new sites for mission stations. Sir A. Hardinge, British Minister at Brussels, was instructed by Sir Edward Grey to support the application made 'by two of these societies-The Congo Bulolo Mission and the Baptist Missionary Society. M. De Cuvelier, replying on August 13th, stated that if the property desired belonged to the State the Government was not in a posi- tion to decide whether it should assent to the sale until it had obtained the necessary infor- mation from the local administration. I may add," M. De Cuvelier added, that the sympathy of the Congo Govern- ment cannot be extended to all the Protestant missions equally, as the agents of some of them have adopted in regard to the chief of the State an attitude of opposition which has assumed a most repre- hensible form and method of expression. Mem- bers of the two missions which are the subject of your Excellency's note have publicly alluded to the King Sovereign as an in- human monster,' a devil incarnate,' and have accused him of the most odious crimes. The Government cannot but ask itself whether persons animated by such sentiments are precisely those best qualified to inculcate in the natives the respect they owe the estab- lished institutions while teaching them the precepts of Christian charity." Sir A. Hardinge reported in February that he had had two interviews with M. de Cuvelier, who informed him that in view of the impend- ing annexation of the Congo State to Belgium the Congo Government did not now intend to offer for sale any lands under the decree of June 3rd, 1905. The British Minister told M. De Cuvelier that the attitude of the Congo Govern- ment was equivalent to a confession of un- friendliness to British missionary work, and that the manner in which the Congo Govern- ment had dealt with the whole question con- stituted a practical disregard of British treaty rights. On March 2nd Sir Edward Grey wrote ap- proving Sir A. Hardinge's language and in- structed him to request the Congo Govern- ment to give an assurance in writing that should annexation not be voted before the end of May they would without further delay sell to British missionaries suitable sites. M. De Cuvelier replied on March 20th that in previous interviews he had given the assur- ance that in event of annexation being delayed the Congo Government would examine the measures to be taken for dealing with the sale or lease of domain lands without delay. Article 2 of the treaty of 1884, he added, did not constitute an obligation on the State to sell to private persons any land it might suit them to select. Sir A. Hardinge, in a final despatch, dated April 4th, said he had not claimed this obli- gation. All he had maintained was that inas- much as the Congo Government had appro- priated the greater part of the lands available for sale within its territories its refusal to alienate any portion of such lands to British Protestant missionary societies had, by making it impossible for the latter to use the rights secured by Article 2, practically nullified these rights.
UNFORTUNATE DISPUTE AT BARRY. On Monday over 100 men employed at Messrs Rank's Atlantic Flour Mills, Barry, declined to go to their work as usual in consequence of two men having been given notice to leave the service of the company. Mr Harry Rogers, local organiser of the Dockers' Union, to which organisation the men belong, states that the two men were given notice because they interested them- selves in their Union, and that the majority of the millers are already enrolled. The number on strike is 118. The whole of the mill, however, is not rendered idle. The strikers held a meeting near the mills and decided to continue their attitude until the Union is officially recognised by the mana- ger of the mill. Mr Rogers says that the men have come out on their own initiative, and not on the advioe of himself or any of the Union officials. On behalf of the employers it is contended that the .men have acted quite illegally in ceas- ing work without giving the customary 14 days' .notice. At a meeting of the men on Monday evening in private a resolution was unanimously passed declining to return to work until the settle- ment of the grievances as presented to the manager of the mills (Mr Winter) had been agreed upon between the Union officials and Mr Joseph Rank.
THE STRIKE ENDED. The following declaration was affixed to the door of the flour mill of Messrs Rank, Barry, onWednesday :—" We, the undersigned, repre- senting the employees of Joseph Rank, Ltd., Barry, stopped work under a misunderstand- ing, but having had an interview with Mr Joseph Rank, the chairman of the company, we return to work perfectly satisfied with the result of same. (Signed) C. Toms, D. Stewart, R. Hudson, A Hambrook, F. Stanley, J. Dent." Mr Joseph Rank, managing director of the firm, came down from London on Tuesday and met the men onWednesday, and terms of settle- ment were agreed upon, the men to resume work on Thursday morning. Statement by Mr H. Orbell. Interviewed on Wednesday, Mr H. Orbell, secretary of the Dockers and RiversideWorkers' Union, stated that immediately the employees came out on strike he got into communication with Mr Joseph Rank. The men knew, he said, that the fact of their ceasing work was quite contrary to the statutory rules of the Union, and therefore the strike was wrong. In the absence of Mr Ben Tillett he came to the conclusion that the only right thing to do, whilst recognising that the men had most severe grievances, was to tell the men that what had been done was done entirely on their own responsibility, and that the Union could not give them anysupport in the matter. The mill men said they recognised that, but stated that on account of the treatment they alleged they had been receiving at the time they could not stand it any longer. He (Mr Orbell) then got into communication with Mr Rank, and the latter replied that he preferred dealing with the men direct, although he had nothing to say against the Union. Ultimately Mr Jpseph Rank, sen., met the deputation on Wednesday morning, and as a result of that interview Mr Rank promised that if the men would put their grievances in writing he would would put their grievances in writing he would investigate them personally, the men to go back to work in their former positions, and that no difference whatever should be made to any of them on account of the position they had taken up at the time of the dispute. A mass meeting of the men afterwards unani- mously agreed to accept the recommenda- tions, placing the fullest confidence in the promise of Mr Rank that their case would be properly dealt with. A resolution, Mr Orbell added, of confidence in the Union was also passed.
LIFE-SAVING AWARDS. SEQUEL TO BRAVE ATLANTIC RESCUE Cardigan Captain Honoured. At the last monthly meeting of the Liver- pool Shipwreck and Humane Society a silver life-saving medal and illuminated vote of thanks were awarded to Captain Thomas Jones, of Borth, Cardigan, and commander of the Dominion liner Turcoman, and a silver medal, vote of thanks, and a pair of binocular glasses to Chief Officer P. Phelp Williams, of 3, Springfield Avenue, Shirehampton, Bristol, and the sum of iE2 each to the members of the Turcoman's lifeboat crew for their courage and bravery in rescuing the crew of 25 men of the French barquentine Bearne et Bretagne on March 27 last in mid-Atlantic during a heavy gale.
NARROW THOROUGHFARE. A deputation from Ebenezer Church, whose opinions were voiced by the Rev. H. X Hughes, pastor, waited upon the Car- diff Watch Committee on Wednesday to protest against the erection of a garage with a public hall above in close proximity to their church. Paradise- place, it was pointed out, is only nine feet wide between the kerbs, and Ebenezer-street only 15ft. wide from wall to WalL—The Chair- man (Councillor J. T. Richards) promised the deputation the committee would do all they could for them.-After a discussion as to the powers of the Watch Committee the matter was deferred pending the report of the town clerk.
ASYLUM PATIENTS. Transference at Whitchurch. Eight lusty attendants and an inspector from the Whitchurch, Cardiff, hospital for mental diseases, quickly conveyed 34 lunatics from the joint Counties Asylum, Carmarthen, in brakes on Wednesday, and entrained them very quietly on the line at a point somewhat removed from the town station itself. The lunatics had two private saloons, and were placed in them without trouble. The majority of them were Cardiff patients, who had been detained at Carmarthen pending the comple- tion. of the Whitchurch Asylum.
''——— Welsh Gossip. Mr Thomas Jones, postmaster of North Shields, formerly postmaster of Pontypool, has been appointed postmaster of Hereford. His brother, Mr J. D. Jones, is postmaster of Carmarthen. The Rev. T. C. Williams, Calvinistic Methodist minister at Menai Bridge, has been offered and has accepted the chaplaincy of the Territorial Forces in Carnarvonshire. Mr Williams will thus be the first Nonconformist chaplain of the new force. Cymro writes :—Gwyneth Vaughan, whose portrait heads an appreciation of her in Y Brython for this week, is said to have founded as many as 143 branches of the British Women's Temperance Association during 1903-6. Mr Alan Roberts (son of the late Rev. J. Alun Roberts, B.D., formerly pastor of Ebene- zer Congregational Church, Cardiff), who is the senior student of New College, Hampstead, London, has accepted a call to" the pastorate of the Booking Congregational Church, Brain- tree. 4! A new departure at the annual meetings of the Welsh Congregational Union in July at Rhosllanerchrhugog will be a special session exclusively for ministers to discuss the diffi- culties of the ministry in Wales. This Cwrdd y Brodyr," if successful, will be made a feature of the annual union meetings in future years. Ambulance brigades are at present organised in most of the districts of South Wales. Hitherto Aberdare has lagged somewhat behind, but the new High Constable, Dr. E. J. Trevor Jones, is now taking the matter up, and is arranging to hold a meeting to initiate the formation of a brigade. Ambulance classes have been very successful in Aberdare and district, and as there are some hundreds of medallionists belonging to the St. John Ambu- lance Association"; in the town, there ought not to be any difficulty in organising a very efficient brigade. Father Hayde, of Cardiff, speaking at a meeting in support of the Licensing Bill in Liverpool, last week, is reported to have characteristically expressed himself in wit and joke, finishing up with an appeal for work. He told the audience that a certain Scot who had lost the train began blaming his watch. Said he to an Irishman "rve no faith in this watch at all." Be dad," an- swered Pat, methinks it's not faith you want in it, but works." The Sunday Circle publishes a photo- graph of the members of the St. John Men's Bible Class, Aberdare, one of the largest Bible classes in the county, numbering close upon 100 members. The photograph was taken when the Rev. E. V. Kissack was curate at Aber- dare and teacher of the class. Mr Kissack was recently appointed vicar of Grantown-on- Spey, Scotland. The class includes amongst its members Mr W. Knapman, at one time a tradesman at Swansea, but who is living retired at Aberdare. Though now 91 years of age he attends the class regularly. When the design of a bear was suggested for the seal of the Penarth Council some contro- versy arose as to the proper meaning of the word Penarth," several contending that the second syllable was garth "—a headland, and not bear. The seal and arms of Kidwelly (Carmarthenshire) represent a cat with fierce eyes and tail, standing upright—a weird figure. It is an example of amusing confusion, the ancient name of Cattas having had some connection with a cat. Bwlchvdd Mon," of Colwyn Bay, says that his attention was called lately to an Eisteddfod chair with the following words carved on it:— Welsh Wyth. A native born Prince. Edward Tey. Black Prince. Presented King Edward ye 3rd, 1593." He would like to know in what town in Wales this chair was won, and by whom. It was bought in an auction in London some time ago, and a magnificent chair it iSt considering its age. J It is said of the late Mr Tobit Evans that he was such a keen Welsh enthusiast that he would never enter a Welsh chapel if by chMtCC the name outside happened to be in JïnglW. and that if he heard an English tarmac de livered in a Welsh service, he would at onoe get up and walk oat, frowning. Peaee be to his soul This fact reminds us of the late Michael D. Jones, of Bala, who invariably while travelling in^Wales asked for a railway ticket in Welsh. His demand for a" tocyn mynd-a-dwad nearly paralysed an English official on one occasion. The Rev. Edward Humphreys, of Birken- head, who is retiring from the chairmanship of the First North Wales Wesleyan Methodist District, is one of the ablest ministers of the connexion. A native of Montgomeryshire, he was ordained at the Manchester Conference in 1871, and during his. ministry of thirty-seven years has had charge of the principal circuits of his denomination in North Wales. In 1899 he was elected president of the Connexional Cymanfa for the whole of Wales, being the first to fill that office, and the same year he was elected one of the Legal Hundred." Not DiSmaYAd. An amusing incident happened to the lady members of the Welsh deputation to the Prem er concerning drinking clubs. In the morning of that day suffragettes had raided Mr Asquith at Downing-street, and when later three Welsh ladies told the watch-dog police- man at St. Stephen's that they were members of a deputation to the Prime Minister he curled up his lip and promptly barred their way into the House of Commons until they secured an M.P. to be responsible for their conduct. This formality being overcome, it was thought best by the ladies that they should not speak as members of the deputa- tion, but the Premier thought differently. When the male speakers had had their say, Mr Asquith courteously asked if the ladies had anything to say, and the result was an exceed- ingly happy speech from Mrs Principal Edwards, of Cardiff. The Family Harp in Wales. In his book, The History of the Harp," Mr John Thomas mentions the family harp of a gentleman as one of the three lawful harps of Wales. At one time every mansion house in Wales had its harpist, and in many an old dining hall the harp strings were stored high up on the hooks fitted for the saddles and bridles. The custom died out in the days of the Georges, but many of the old harps are still in existence. They are, of course, roughly made of beech and pitchpine, with curious shaped keys made by the country blacksmith. A correspondent has one of these harps bought at a country sale for a few shillings, which has the arms of an old Monmouthshire family painted on the front. This harp is at least two hundred years old, and the inside was filled with a mass of knotted ends of old harp strings. j Old Penygarn Church, The Rev. H. David, Baptist minister, of the Tabernacle Church, Pontypool, is now writing the history of old Penygarn Church, the old Baptist meeting house in the district. Some very remarkable men ministered in this church, which was founded early in the 18th century. The first pastor was the famous Miles Harry, who established the first print- ing press in the eastern portion of Wales. Two of the early pioneers of religious activity in America emigrated from this church, Morgan Rhys and John Evans, Benwyn. Another John Evans followed him, one df the famous Evans family of Radnor, Bristol, and London, a family which produced generations of great Baptist preachers. Another great minister there was Thomas Morris, of Charles-street, Newport, who wrote many boots of biography both in English and Welsh.
BARONET'S SON'S SUICIDE. At Leeds on Monday an inquest was held on Mr Frank Irwell Leech (24), who died at a local hotel. Deceased was a son of Sir Bosdin Thomas Leech, of Timperley, Cheshire, and was an electrical engineer, travelling much on the Continent. He was found dead in bed, and it was stated that the cause of death was gas inhalation. Evidence was given that de- ceased's letters indicated no suicidal tend- ency. His business had not answered as well as expected, but Mr Leech was not in pecuni- ary difficulty. He had money of his own. A verdict of Suicide during temporary insan- ity was returned.
MAROONED WELSH BOYS. Anxious to see a cross which marks, the spot where a boy lost his life some years ago, five little Welsh boys walked out at low tide to a frightfully important rock near the Little Ormes Head, Handudno. Nearly eight hours later they were found marooned on the rock, which was completely surrounded by water. They were sighted from the shore, and fiv6 men immediately rowed off and brought the adventurous spirits to land. This took place on Sunday, and on Monday the boys seemed little the worse for their experience, though somewhat chastened in spirit by the fright they had received.
At Abergavenny Elijah Davies, a hawker, was fined 40s for wilfully taking fish from pri- vate waters belonging to Mr B, N. Pawtett-ai Iia&foist. Uanfoist.