Fierce Riots in Canada. BROKEN BOTTLES AS WEAPONS. Grave Situation in Vancouver. After burning the Lieut4"nant.(Tovernor in Effigy the mob attacked the Chinese and Japan- ese quarters, and a number were seriously in- jured. one Japanese fatally. Damage to the amount of thousands of dollars was done. A 4Itrong force 0f police is patrolling the Asiatic sections, and no further trouble is reported to- iay. Considerable uneasiness prevails among the Chinese and Japanese colonies here, where a. branch of the Anti-Japanese League is in process of. formation.—Reuter. Driven Out of the City. New York, Monday.—Serious race rioting has occurred at Vancouver. British Columbia. On Saturday the white population drove about two thousand Chinese from their quarters and tmbsequpntlv wTPcked and looted their houses. doing damage to the extent of many thousands nf dollars. For a long time the police were quite powerless to stop the rioting, but later were able to frustrate an attempt by the mob to destroy the Japanese quarters. The expelled Chinamen have sought refuge rmtside the city and are in a pitiable condition of destitution. On Sunday the rioting was resumed and vpral Japanese shop: \I"re looted and their inhabitants maltreated and driven out of the :ity. The Japanese residents afterwards, how- ever. banded themselves toether and defended themselves with great vigour. Several people were badly hurt on both sides. A resumption of the rioting to-day is feared.— Central News. Japanese Cansul-General's Action. Telegraphing from Ottawa the correspon- dent of the Times said The incident has crpatd great excitement in the city and not a little perturbation inofficial circles here. Mr Ishii. the Director of Commerce and Trade in Japan, who is at present in Vancouver, tele- graphed details of the outbreak to the Japan- ese Consul-General, Mr Nosse, here, who imme- diately laid them before Sir \V. Laurier. Mr Ishii takes a moderate view of the situation, and expresses the belief that there will be no further disturbance. T'nder the Constitution, the duty of main- taining jaw and order devolves upon the pro- vincial authorities, and it is quite expected that they will realise the seriousness of the outbreak and guard against any recurrence. The Faeling of the Colonists. At a meeting held at Vancouver on August 14th to bring about the formation of an Asiatic Exclusion League, the following resolutions were passed :— One of the races now coming here is ex- ressivelv aggressive, and we fcar that. thpy look forward to ultimately controlling this part of Canada. Coming from rJ, country where the struggle To* existence is keener and the standard of Jiving lower than in any white nation, they Sasily displace the white man and his family. British Columbia is the western gateway the Dominion. If it is ever attacked on khat coast its defenders must be its own people. tf the masses are an a lien race with foreign 1ympathi. it needs no argunwnt to show how easily a foreign nation coutrl obtam a foot- hold here, and, once obtained, how difficult to dislodge. We ranootennccive that the nations affected by an act of exclusion could object to the measures, as. if they were threatened with similar conditions, they would speedily adopt iiimilar measures against IlS. The question to-day is easy of solution. In time. when these men are not only labourers, but merchants and manufacturers with large material interests in the country, their ingress ran only he prevented at the r/cpenso of the peaceful relations now existing between this tountry and Japan. That unless the Dominion Government take Immediate steps a request be made for aspecial session of the Prmincial Legislature and the re-enactment of Hon. Mr Bowser's Natal Act. A letter sympathising with the objects of the League was read from Mr Bowser, the Attorney-General of British Columbia. Bluejackets Attacked in Japan. r New York. Monday.—The Tokio correspon- dent of the New York Herald cables that four sailors belonging to the United States cruiser Chattanooga, now at Hakodate, had a dispute with a shopkeeper in this city on Saturday. Another Japanese joined in the dispute, and a fight occurred, as the result of which the Americans were severely handled.— Central News.
JAPANESE SCHOOL SET ON FIRE. Military Ready to be Called Out. Utta.v. Tuesday.—The latest intelligence from Vancouver has created something like consternation in official circles. The Japanev,^ Consul-General, ¡(' "r.^e, this morning re- ceived the folio wing te egram from the Consul, Mr Morikawa :— About 10.30 o'clock on Monday night rowdies set the Japanese primary school on fire, but the building was saved by Japanese. I at once interviewed the Mayor and made a demand that he should call out the militia whenever necessary." Mr Nosse promptly forwarded copies of this message to the Governor-General and Sir W. Laurier. Victoria. B.C.. Tuesday.—The militia is being held in readiness to assist the civic authorities of Vancouver in the event of re- newed rioting. All was quiet in the city last night.—Reuter. Treaty Rights of the Japanese. The Dominion Cabinet met to consider the anti-Japanese agitation in Vancouver. Mr Oliver, Minister of the Interior, who has just returned from British Columbia, explained that the feeling against an influx of large numbers of Japanese was intense. The people of British Columbia, however, fail to realise that the recent immigration is quite legal under the treaty of last year. This treaty accords substantial trade advantages to Canada, and of the nine provinces in the Dominion British Columbia is better situated than any others to take advantago of the pro- visions. Representations to this effect will be made to the provincial authorities, upon whom also it will he urged that the maintenance of the treaty rights of \Japanese residents is a matter of Imperial duty. In order to lessen the existing feeling among the white population, it is likely that negotia- tions will be opened with Japan through the British Government with the object of limit- ing the emigration of Japanese to Canada.— "Times." The Asiatic Problem. A representative of t h" Cpntral ews has recently investigated on the spot the problem of Asiatic immigration in British Columbia The news of the Vancouver rioting, he writes, u-L'st have caused hut little surprise to those personally acquainted with the situation, or to anyone who had happened to be present at the mass mecing held in the Labour Hall, at Vancouver but a few weeks ago, when the Asiatic Exclusion League was called into existence. It was possible at that meeting to gauge just how deep-rooted is the resentment occasioned in many quarters by the constant nflux of Asiatics. The extent to which Asiatic labour is employed in British Columbia, how- ever. is somewhat astonishing to the visitor. Most of the hotels in the Rockies as well as in Vancouver and Victoria have either Japanese or Chinese servants, and at least one-half of the operatives in the lumber industries of the province belong to the yellow race. Inquiry shows that white labour is not obtainable, and the Chinese or Japanese workmen are there- fore essential to the development of loc.al industries. It would seem that Vancouver first awakened to the" menace of the yellow man" on the occasion of Prince Fushimi's recent visit, when no fewer than 7,000 Japanese paraded the principal thoroughfares. It was estimated at the time that there was about the same number of Chinese in the city, making, gay. 14,000 Asiatics out of a total population of 50,000. A calculation was made that at the present rate of immigration the date would not be far distant when there would be an Asiatic majority on the Pacific coast. Such a state of affairs, it was generally conceded, would con- stitute a double danger. White labour would be driven out of British Columbia, and a posi- tion of extreme difficulty from the Imperial standpoint would be set up, seeing that the possibility, however remote, of an attack on the Pacific coast of the dominion must of neces- sity always be taken into consideration. The Chinese are subjected to a heavy head tax from which the Japanese are exempted. Y et strange to say there is far less objection to the Chinaman than to the Jap. The latter is considered aggressive, and to aim at the control of industry, and even of the Pacific coast. Since Japan loses control over her •migrants when they reach Honolulu she is unable to carry out her undertaking to limit their number to 480 per annum. Last year over 2,000 reached Vancouver, and over 800 Victoria, and these figures are believed to have been con- geerably exceeded during the current year. 365 arriving on a single August day. The .Provincial Government took action to check alien immigration, but that action was vetoed b the Fedpr Government in order that the exceUent relations between Britain and Japan mjght be maintained.
CASA BLANCA DAMAGES. French Government's Decision. Paris. Monday.—The Cabinet Council to-day discussed the latest news from Tangier, and went into the question of compensation for the damage done at the recent bombardment at Casa Blanca. Precedents in such matters were considered, particularly that furnished by the bombardment of Alexandria in 1882. It w decided that the Moorish Government should be held responsible, and the indemnities done for materia] losses should be fixed by an Inter- national Commission. M. Pichou. Minister for Foreign Affairs, was charged with the further .t.1, D
Death to Them." II' SOOLDS TAKEN TO MONTE CARLO. Stormy Reception- Marseilles, Saturday.—The two Goolds, hus- band and wife, charged with the murder of Emma Levin, were early this morning en- trained for Monte Carlo. The police tried to keep the news secret, hut a number of people saw the Goolds depart. Both seemed very feeble, especially the husband.—Central News. Vere Goold appeared to be as unconscious of his surr0undiugs as a drunken man. Mrs Goold, however, had more self-possession. As the prisoners were convved across t he s1.atio several angry cries were raised by passengers on the platforms. The crowd gradually grew until, when the train started, the prison car waf surrounded by several hundred persons.— Reuter. Scenes at Monte Carlo. Monte Carlo. Saturday.—The arrival of the chief actors in the great trunk tragedy this aftcrnoon wa marked by extraordinary seenes of popular excitement. *A telegram received by the Public Prosecutor of Monaco from Mar- seilles this morning stated that the documents in the case would be sent on by the train arriving at half-past four in the afternoon, but despite this official stratagem to prevent the transfer of the prisoners from becoming geneI" ally known, the news soon spread that the Goolds themselves were coming. Early in the afternoon crowds began to assemble in the vicinity of the station, and their numbers were swelled by incoming passengers who had journcyed from various parts along the coast specially to see the prisoners arrive. The throng was huge enough to suggest the popn- lar reception of some Royal personage, and the illusion was strengthened by the appearance at four o'clock of an imposing array of oiffcials, who took up their positions on the platform, and of a strong force of carabineei-s, police, and detectives, whom the authorities deemed it prudent to assemble for the purpose of main- taining order. The train was late, not arriving until five minutes past 5 o'clock. By that time the crowd completely filled the Avenue de la Gare and the Boulevard de l'Ouest, from which there is a good view of the station, and over- flowed into the adjacent streets. When the train, which was driven by M. Erbar, an inspector of the Paris, Lyons, and Mediterranean Co., slowed up, M. Maurel and M. Lavaud quickly entered the prison car, in which Goold and his wife had travelled under the guard of a chief detect ive and two warders from the prison at Marseilles. The prisoners were first conducted to the station superin- tendent's offices and there formally handed over to the Monaco authorities. Their appearance was the signal for an ex- plosion of hate and fury on the part of the crowd which had been waiting so 10Dg to see them. Groans, hisses, and shouts of" Death to the murderers rent the air. Madame Goold, who wore a grey dress and a blue veil, seemed to shrink before the storm. She stumbled and nearly fell and tottered weeping and half-faint- ing from the train. Her husband was a quieter, but an even more pathetic, figure. He had neither collar nor tie and his black jacket was extremely shabby. So bent was he as he crept along at the side of his guards that it was diffi- cult, to see his face, but the exprpssion seemed to be apathetic. He looked in fact oblivious of his surroundings. Formalities having been complierl with tbe prisoners were taken tn the goods exit. where three carriages were waiting. They were still kept apart, being placed in separate carriages with carabiniers and detec- tives beside them, Goold being in the first and his wife in the second. The drive to Monao Prison along the crowded station drive and past St. Martin Gardens, which was packed with people all shouting, shrieking, hissing, hooting, apparently anxious to execute summary vengeance on the pris- oners, must have been terrifying to the latter, but the prison was at last safely reached and Goold and hi." wiie were handed over to M. Hugues, director, and placed in separate cells.—Press Association Special Telegram.
Newfoundland Outcry. SIR R. BOND'S CRITICISM. St. John's. Tuesday.— In the course of an interview published this evening. Sir Robert Bond states that the terms of the new modus vivendi are virtually identical with those of last year's. The Premier declares the new agreement to be a disgrace to Bi-itish diplomacy and a shameful sacrifice of the interests of the people of the Colony. He asseTts that his protests during the negotiations in London after the Colonial Conference alone prevented the British Cabinet from concluding an in- finitely worse compact with the United States, and embodying in it a clause undertaking to prevent tlw serving of legal processes by the Colonial ar*" orities on British subjects on board Ami vessels in the Colony's terri- torial water Sir Robert says he hopes his correspondence with the Imperial Cabinet on this subject will Vo produced before Parliament. He declares that his Ministry has unwaveringly protested against the modus vivendi, and that it was he who first suggested referring all the disputes arising from the treaty of 1818 to the Hague Arbitration Tribunal. Both the Brit- ish and the United States Cabinets agreed to this, whereupon he offered if the terms of reference were promptly settled to allow the Colonial fishermen to sell herrings to American vessels in treaty waters as has hitherto been allowed. The Americans refused, preferring the greater privileges con- ferred in the modus vivendi, enabling Ameri- can skippers to hire Newfoundlanders for work on board their vessels. Sir Robert declares that the Ministry will still resist the modus vivendi by every constitu- tional means, and uphold the sovereignty of the laws of the Colony. They claim that they have won the support of the British Press, the majority of Parliament, and the support of the Premiers of all autonomous Colonies. They have further, he concludes, forced a reference of the whole question to the Hague Tribunal, and have secured an admission on the part oi the Imperial Cabinet that it must be clearly understood tbat tle modus vivendi confers no immunity on Newfoundland fishermen to dis- obey the laws.—Reuter-
Making for Revolution. IRISH BISHOP ON IRELAND. A Grave Indictment. Dr. Elliott, the Protestant Bishop of Kil- more and Ardagh, speaking on the Irish politi- cal situation at the annual synod at Boyle on Wednesday, said the politics prevailing in the streets and market places at present tended towards revolution ar d national disorder, in- volving injury to the civil and religious liberty of the minority of the population. What made the agitation more serious was the fictitious importance given it by parties which in turn held. the helm of State, who, in legislating for Ireland, were actuated more by a desire of vidory over their opponents than for the estab- lishment of peace and happiness amongst the population. The policy of benevolent doles and unique enactments had brought in return intense hatred of England and everything English. Civil bodies had removed the crown from the emblem of the harp, the flag had been cut down, and the National Anthem had been forbidden, The Army was treated with seorn and the ppople warned not to enter it. juries were affected by fear or favour, and the witness-box lost its sanctity. The moral sense of the nation had fallen to zero, for outrage was regarded as a virtue, and to be punished for evil-doing transformed u criminals into martyrs or heroes. Concl ding, the bishop said the Onion Jack was the best guarantee for the liberty and prosperity of the country, and under it there was ever a trysting place and a hopeful prospect for the energy, talent. and patriotism of Irishmen of all classes and creeds.
TWO SIDES TO A STREET. Sex Shops Advocated. A proposal that is not only new. but reasonable" is madcby Marmaduke in this week's Truth." There are two sexes and two sides to a street," he says. I propose that each sex should.have its own side of the latter. For instance, all the women's shops should be on one side, and all those that are for men on the other." Were his proposal adopted, the inconveni- ent crowding of the main streets would be overcome woman could not induce man to pay for her purchases or buy presents when with her in a shop he would not see the un- edifying garments exhibited in shop windows and woman would escape the annoyance of being admired by men unknown to her. Moreover, there should be different omni- buses and tramway-cars for the members of each sex. Incidentally, the system might re- call to reason the Sex on Strike, by driving woman back to home and her duties. At present, her only duty is not to be admirable, but to be admired."
HIS SHIP RUNS ASHORE. WELSH SKIPPER COMMITS SUICIDE. On Tuesday the schooner Ellen Roberts, of Carnarvon, went ashore in the Mersey Channel. She was on Wednesday towed off by a dredger. and brought into the river. When boarded the captain was found hanging by the neck from the rigging, and when the body was cut down life was found to have been extinct for some time. The crew of the schooner escaped in their own boat when the vessel stuck on the bank.
LEAP-FROG INJURY. Whilst playing leap-frog in the playground of Crwys-road Council Schools, Cardiff, during the interval between morning and afternoon school, Thomas Batton (10) fell and broke a leg. He was carried to hi?bouse at49, Harriet-
French Airship in War. ASCENT AT CASA BLANCA. Casa Blanca, Tuesday.—The French war halloon made an ascent to-day and sighted 600 Arab tents round Taddert, and also large bodies of the enemy, who are reported to have been reinforced by 1,000 men. The balloon is in charge of Captain Bienvenu and another officer, who were responsible for the success of the Patrie airship. The Arabs displayed much interest in ballooning, declaring it, to be a large tent which the French have fixed in the air. Large parties of Arabs approached the camp this morning exchanging shots with the outposts. A force was held in readiness to advance against them, but the enemy withdrew, hav- ing probably come out of mere curiosity to see the balloon at close quarters. The French will advance directly General Drude, who is still indisposed, feels fit to take the saddle. The total French force now amounts to 5,900, and 1,200 horses and mules. The Arab who, during the massacre in the town killed Mr Sassoon, a rich English Jew, and subsequently fled to Rabat, returned here to-day, thinking himself safe. He was, how- ever, recognised, and will be shot.—Press Association Special Telegram. French to Take Offensive. Paris, Wednesday.—The following semi- official statement was issued this evening :— Several newspapers have published tele- grams from Ca-sa Blanca asserting that General Drude has received instructions only to act on the defensive. We are in a position to declare that these telegrams are incorrect, and that on the contrary the Government has given instructions to General Drude to take the offensive, but without indicating any definite operations." M. Clemenceau this evening said he had received no despatches from Morocco to-day. The Premier added they had formally requested General Drude to take the offensive, but they were not competent to indicate any particular operations. It, was for the purpose, he said. of taking the offensive that we have sent reinforcements to Casa Blanca. Our pro- gramme is known. We want a rapid and limited operation, which will leave no doubt as to its offensive character. In conclusion, M. Clemenceau said We have sent General Drude all the reinforcements he wanted, and he now has them, We asked him when he intended to take the offensive, and we are awaiting his reply.-R(-uter.
Czar's Yacht on Rocks. MONARCH IN PERIL. Hangoe, Wednesday.—The Russian Im- perial y ac b t Standart ran onto some subiiierged rocks at half-past four this afternoon off Hangoe, to the west of this place. The Reval steam lifeboat has arrived on the scene, and the seven torpedo boats escorting the Imperial yacht are also standing by her. The Emperor and the Imperial Family remain on board.-Reuter.
Luggage Robberies. WELSH LADY CHARGED. Sad Story of Inebriety. Ciara Davis, a Welsh lady, well known in musical circles, and said to be the widow of a, St. Paul's chorister, was charged at Westmins- ter on Wednesday with stealing a hag and con- tents at the Victoria Station of the South- Eastern and Chatham and Dover Railway. Accused was arrested by the company's detec- tive inspectors walking off with the bag, which she had removed froma, track of luggage. De- fendant said the bag belonged to her husband, but it was identified by a gentleman en route to Colombo. Mr Greenop. solicitor for the accused, said he was sorry to sav that she was an habitual drunkard, and the only thing that could be said was that she took the bag iu a moment of mental aberration, caused by drink. She would consent to be set-t to a home, and per- haps his Worship wo^ld adopt the view that this would be t Je best termination of a sad case. The Magistrate: She is adopting a wise '"uurse, considering the orffence. Mr H. H. Fraser, solicitor representing the railway company, said of course they were pre- pared to protect their passengers in every way. They quite acquiesced in any course his Wor- ship thought best. He understood that all the pawntickets found on the accused related to her own property. Mr Francis: I will remand defendant for another week to corhplete arrangements to send her to a home. Well-dressed Woman Sent to Prison. The well-dressed woman, giving the name of Dorothy Legg, was again charged at Mary- lebone on Wednesday with stealing a lady's dressing bag and contents, value E5, from Paddington. Miss Selby, of Elm Side, West Drayton, re- turned from Ireland on September 1st and placed her luggage in the care of a porter while she had breakfast. On her return the bag was missing. It had contained a book of cheques, and one of these the accused gave to her landlady to cash. She was, arrested with the bag in her possession, cut at both ends, but though she admitted stealing it, she said she had no remembrance of anything afterwards. The prisoner was also charged with stealing a serge coat, which she was wearing when arrested. Her excuse was that she saw the policeman, and, becoming nervous, picked up the coat and walked off with it. She was sentenced to-three months' imprison- ment on each charge-six months in all.
ANTWERP DOCK STRIKE. Welshmen Improve the Occasion. Sunday passed off fairly quietly in Antwerp. The dockers received their strike pay, and also their rations of bread and potatoes. Having handed over the food to their wives the men betook themselves to the races near Hoboken. Meanwhile the blacklegs," who were housed in the depot ships, spent a restful day at home. Some of the soldiers guarding the quay suggested a football match to pass the time, but the strikebreakers refused, because it was Sunday. On one depot ship (says the special correspondent of the Chronicle ") is a Welshman who won fame down Cardiff way as a Revivalist preacher. On Sunday he held forth to his fellows on Sabbath desecration, and said strong things about Antwerp's Sun- day pleasure-seekers. The business of the port is seriously affected by the strike, among the sufferers being many English traders. The Red Star Liner Vaderland arrived at Dover from New York on Monday morning, and subsequently took on board 200 dock labourers for Antwerp.
MR BIRRELL AND BELFAST. The Use of the Military. At a recent meeting of Leicester Trades Council, a resolution was passed protesting against sending the military to Belfast. In reply, Mr Birrell's private secretary says :— Sir,-I am desired by the Chief Secretary to say that he has received your letter enclosing the terms of the resolution passed by your Council with reference to the late disturbance at Belfast. On the second reading of the Appropriation Bill on August 15th. the Chief Secretary made a full statement in reply to Mr Curran's speech. If you will refer to this you will find that Mr Birrell showed that the military were not called in to serve the interest of either party to the disputes in Belfast. The military were requisitioned by the local civil authorities with a view of assisting in the preservation of the peace of the citv, and in order to prevent the destruc- tion of valuable property. You will find also that the most deplorable loss of life that occurred was not in direct connection with the strike, but was one of the consequences of the very serious rioting which occurred during the evenings of Sunday, August 11th, and Monday, August 12th.
VICAR'S POSTSCRIPT. The Bishop of Exeter has counselled the clergy of his diocese neither to celebrate mar- riages with deceased wife's sister nor to allow their churches to he used for the purpose. The vicar of Dartmouth, the Rev. H. F. Tracev, has posted a copy of the bishop's com- munication in the porch of St. Saviour's Church, but has appended the following notice = I think it right to say in connection with the above that, with every respect for the bishop's wishes, I feel bound to be guided rather by what is now the law. In other words, I should not hesitate to marry those whom the law of the land declares eligible."
Sift HARRY MACLEAN. No News from Him far Many Days. Tangier, Wednesday.—Couriers sent to Raisuli with the reply to his terms for the release of Sir H. Maclean have not yet re- turned. No news has been received from Sir H. Maclean for 12 days, and his silence is supposed to be due to the absence of Raisuli, who has gone to Sheshuan (74 miles north-north-west of Fez) to gather followers and supplies and to obtain funds. There is no news from Fez re- garding the departure of the Sultan for Rabat. -Reuter.
There was a fatality at the Dowlais Colliery, Aberevnon, on Wednesday, runaway trams dashing against a workman named Charles Jones (19). of Holly Bush-road, Nelson. who wuat the time engaged with others in lifting LfiKialiaahcBi
BRITISH AIRSHIP. New War Ballaon Trials. SUCCESSFUL MANCEUVRES. In beautiful weather and in the presence of some hundreds of spectators who were not supposed to know anything about the affair, the first military airship or dirigible balloon to be built in this country was given its initial trial on Tuesday at Farnborough. The military authorities had made a very great. mystery of the whole thing, and the airship was built in strict secrecy, all informa- tion as to its character and expected capa- bilities being refused. Nevertheless, the fact that it was to be tried in the, open yesterday somehow leaked out, with the result that t he common around the balloon factory was thronged with representa- tives of the Press, photographers, and other spectators long before 10 o'clock, when the first sound of the engines of the airship within the huge shed was heard. After about an hour's waiting the great iron doors slid apart, and the airship was seen ready to leave its birthplace for its trip in the open air. A host of officers and men of the Royal Engineers swarmed round it, and a troop of mounted military police rode out and formed a wide cordon round the factory. Nevertheless, spectators could see quite well what was in progress, and their interest was brought to a high point when, about eleven o'clock, gangs of soldiers towed the great air- ship out into the sunlight, in the full view of all. and the mystery stood revealed. The airship proved to be a wonderful con- struction. The balloon itself is of enormous dimensions—some 100 feet long, with a diameter of about, 30ft.-ma.de of goldbeaters' skin, the envelope being constructed of thousands of small pieces ahout 3in. by 9in. The joining together of these is one of the most jealously guarded of Government secrets. THE SHIP DESCRIBED. A network of fine cords covers the balloon, whilst at regular intervals along its length broad bands of white canvas pass over and down on cach side. These bands are about 4ft. broad, and their ends are connected with the ends of the net of cords to a square aluminium frame some 10ft. below the balloon. This frame supports the car beneath which contains the engines, and also supports at the end the huge sail which acts as rudder. At each side of the car, made, of aluminium rods covered with canvas, are long arms to which the propellers are fixed. These propellers are like the blades of oars, and arc made of aluminium. Each propeller has two blades slightly curved, and when working revolves at a pace which just allows the eye to follow them. The canvas sail-like rudder at the end of the car stretches up to the balloon above, and is stiffened by bamboo rods. Above the car two torpedo-like cylinders carry petrol, by which the engines are worked, and a large skin or parchment tube joins up the car to the balloon. This has to do with an important.principle of the construction, for the engines are go con- structed that the exhaust vapour is turned into gas and is carried up the tube into the balloon above. COLONEL CAPPER AT THE HELM. The great machine was slowly towed out on to the open common, and the final adjustments made in the car. Standing at the engines in the fore part, was Mr Cody, the American inventor, in white canvas cap and overall in the rear, with his hands on the tiller ropes, was seated Colonel Capper, thtaerona-tit. He was in blue uniform, with a white covered service cap. In the centre of the car sat Captain King, of the Balloon Depot. R.E. It was seen that there wa.s no room for any one else, so that three is the full carrying capacity of the machine. Small bag-; of ballast, each of about three pounds' weight, were loaded into the car, and then the men let go the car and grasped the four towing lines and gradually allowed them to *un out. The balloon slowly ascended, and h ..ng poised in the air. Haul in cried the colonel through the megaphone, and the balloon came to earth again. Then the men put in more ballast, so as to just keep the car a few feet above the ground, and Mr Cody started the engines. The balloon moved slowly forward at about a mile per hour, but the engines were not then work- ing at full speed, the trial being simply to see that they were working smoothly. THE ASCENT. A few final adjustments were made, and then, with the Union Jack floating from the stern of the car the balloon was released. It rose steadily in the face of a south-easterly wind, to which the nose of the balloon was pointed, and after getting up about three hun- dred feet the engines were started, and the great balloon moved forward at a speed of about two miles an hour, and the spectators cheered enthusiastically. Rolling gently, like a vessel in a choppy sea, the machine gradually mounted higher, and, answering the movements of the tiller, travelled in a wide circle of about two miles circumference, moving over Laffan's Plain, Cove Common, and Jersey Brow. There the engines came to a sudden stop, and Colonel Capper was seen throwing out ballast. THE DESCENT: EXCITING MOMENTS. Then the machine gradually got lower and lower, settling amidst a thick belt of trees. The gangs of Engineers rushed wildly across the commons, and, seizing the tow-ropes in the nick of time, hauled it out of the danger that threatened it, and down to the open ground beyond. Mounted police galloped up and cleared the too inquisitive spectators away, and the machine was towed back to the shed, a mile away, through an artillery camp. That some- thing bad gone wrong was certain, but no one could approach those in charge to inquire what. There was no danger to the occupants of the car beyond the bare possibility of their being upset by the trees. The balloon was towed gently into the shed with the three men still in the car, and then the great doors slid back together and shut it from view. THE ENGINES FAIL. The airship rose half a mile, says the correspondent of the Press Association. In a steady breeze the engines worked with great power, sending the propellers round at a great rate: The head of the balloon was kept to the wind, and it travelled about 500 yards steadily and well. Then the rudder was altered and a circular movement was made. As the air currents and the power of the engines strove for mastery the balloon was seen to be rolling about, but the engines won, and a semi-circle of about two miles was described at an elevation of half a mile. The spectators cheered loudly, but their cheers died away as the engines were seen to gradually stop.and the balloon was left without propelling power. Evidently something had gone wrong, for the balloon, in spite of ballast being thrown out, rapidly settled down into some trees, whence it was hauled out by the gangs of Royal Engineers who had followed every movement of the machine. It was then towed back into the shed, and the doors were again closed. Another Ascent. Colonel E. Templer, the expert adviser to the W ar Office on ballooning, reached Aldershot after the trial of the airship had been com- pleted on Tuesday afternoon, and arrange. ments were made to repeat them accordingly in the late afternoon. The airship, after having a minor alteration made in its engine and adjustment, was again brought out of the shed and repeated its morning trial, complet- ing a circle of about three miles while nearly half a mile up in the air, and descended near Jersey Brow. It was then replaced in the shed to await trials. On inquiry at the balloon factory as to whether it was considered that the trials had been satisfactory, the reply was given that no information on the matter could be given to the Press, but from one of the staff officers who was present at the trial in the morning it was learned that all concerned are very pleased with the way the airship behaved, and that nothing serious went wrong with the machine on its first trip, and that the way in which it ans wered to its steering apparatus was one of the great and pleasing features of the trial. The lifting capacity is calculated at just over a ton, which, after deducting the dead weight of the car, engines, and apparatus, allows three men of average weight as a crew. Colonel Capper says that the reason for the stoppage of the engine of the new Army air- ship during the first trial at Farnborough was the breaking of the belt driving the cooling fan.
NEARLY A DISASTER. Fire on American Warship. Washington,Wednesday.—The Navy Depart- ment has just reported that a fire occurred on September 5th in the coal bunkers of the battleship Indiana, which is undergoing repairs at the League Island Navy Yard. A party of 11 men removed the ammunition from the adjacent 12in. and 6in. magazine, which, to- gether with the shell rooms, was dangerously heated. The loaded shells were so hot that they burned the hands of those carrying them. The fire was eventually extinguished, little damage being done.—Reuter.
IRISH PEERS AND THE VOTE. Earl of Cavan" Struck Off." At the Revision Court at Glastonbury on Wednesday the re vising barrister, MrThornton Lawes, struck off the list the name of the Earl of Cavan, who is the owner of Sharpham Park, Glastonbury. The objection urged by the Liberal agent was that, being an Irish Peer, the Earl was not entitled to a vote, and that he could only become a commoner by being elected as a member by a constituency.
"T"" Mr William Marfell presided at the monthly meeting of "Usk Urban Council on Wednesday. Discussion took place on the question of in- suring the fire brigade, and a quotation had been received, but this the Council considered very high, and it was decided to disband the brigade for tht time being, the clerk, in the I mgantinw. to obtain further auotations.
-11iI¡j -"u- -_Jf''IJi1'I: ;<?,¡;-¿' i .C'2;¡.:t, '\2;¡ '"h'V¡.?_ .L< 'i:f+: I piRE glAP QHESPER. ¿j ..8B'iJ PERFECTION i I THE BREAT HOUSEHOLD SOAP. I | DOWN TO D. I,. j I I Speaks I for all I I Itself. | ,j I The wrapper discount :-A 3d. tablet of finest Herb Toilet 1 Soap tor every 7 wrappers makes Perfection the best and I i most reliable value in the market.
LOCAL WILLS. Swansea Lady's Charitable Bequests. The late Mrs Winifred Baker Castle, of Mansel-street, Swansea, whose will has been proved at £ 7,257, has made the following bequest;? :— £ 150 each to the Swansea Hospital, the Cambrian Deaf and Dumb Institution, the w ansca, Blind Institution, the Swansea Orphan Home, the Merchant Seamen's Orphan Asylum, and Midler's Homes, Bristol. Of the residue one moiety is bequeathed to the Vicar of Swansea for the time being, to be applied to the general purposes of the church and the other moiety to the Swansea Blind Institution. The Monmouthshire Auditor's Estate. Mr William George Cox, of Braeside, 6, Stow Park-crescent, Newport, formerly of 9, Sun- bury Gardens, Rathmines, Dublin, Local Government Board Auditor for the Monmouth- shire district, who died suddenly in London on the 14tb August last, aged 60 years, left estate of the gross value of £1.422 14s 9d, of which the net personalty has been sworn at f,933 16s Id. Probate of his will dated 4th April, 1891, has been granted to his widow, Mrs Frances Elizabeth Cox, the sole executrix, to whom he left the whole of his property absolutely. Dr. Davey, Abergavenny. Mr Norris Fasham Davey, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., of Havering House, Abergavenny, and formerly of Romford, Essex, some time surgeon to the Millbank Prison, and author of several articles in the medical Press, who died on the 5th July last, aged 87 years, left estate of the gross value of £ 24,587 8s 2d, of which the net personalty has been sworn at £ 22,545 10s. Probate of his will and codicil, both dated 30th June last, has been granted to his son, Mr Francis Henry Davey, of 36, Kenil- worth-road, Ealing, London, and his son-in- law, the Rev. Jonathan Howell, of All Saints' Vicarage, Derby. The testator left Y,50 to each of the executors of his will, a further "I to his son-in-law, the Rev. Jonathan Howell, £ 50 to each of his daughters-in-law, Mary Ann and Mary Eleanor Davey, £1,000 equally between the children of his late son Norris, and to his daughter, Mrs Ellen Howell, shares and deben- tures of the face value of about £1.700 and 18 shares in Price's Patent Candle Co. He left an annuity of S,135 to his daughter Rosa, and an annuity of Y,115 to his daughter Annette Lucy. All other of his property he left equally between his four sons, Francis Henry, Peter, Edward Octavius, and Gerald Holberton Davey, giving his son Gerald the option of taking his silver cups, presentation plate, and certain other silver, at its probate valuation, as part of his share. Mr Thomas Davies, Swansea. Mr Thomas Davies, of 164, Grandison- terrace, St. Thomas, Swansea, who died on the 16th July last, left estate of the gross value of £805 18s 5d, with net personalty X767 15s 6d, and probate of his will has been granted to his sons, Mr John Davies, of 25, Delhi-street, St. Thomas, copper roller, and Mr Griffith Davies, of 2, Lambert-cottages, Port Tennant, Swansea. Mr G. Griffiths, Llanarth. Mr Griffith Griffiths, of Nantyrefach, Uanarth, Cardiganshire, farmer, who (lied on the 16th July last, left estate of the gross value of £ 3,665 4s 7d. and probate of his will, dated she 12th May, 1903, has been granted to Mr Griffith Griffiths, of Cuchaidd, Henfenyer, farmer. The testator left £ 100 each to Hannah and James Griffiths, £100 to his great niece Jane, J50 to his great niece Sarah, and he left the residue of his estate to his sister-in-law, Margaret Griffiths, and her four children. Mr Joseph Davies, Cardiff, Mr Joseph Davies, of 37, Diana-street, Cardiff, late of the Travellers Rest Inn, Maesycymmer, retired innkeeper, who died on 19th July last, left estate valued at £ 2,121 6s 4d gross, with net personalty iE2,071 10s 10d, and probate of his will, dated the 22nd November, 1906, has been granted to his sons, Mr Phillip Henry Davies, of 37, Diana'-street, commercial clerk and Mr Morgan Thomas Davies, of the White Hart Inn, Pontllanfraith. The testator left his houses, Nos. 5, 6, 7, Reiney's-row, Cardiff, to his wife, Mrs Ann Davies, and he left his house, No. 4, Reiney's-row, to his daughter Margaret, and to his wife he left 15s per week for life, and 5s per week for the maintenance of his grandson, Clifford Davies. until 21 years of age, and he left £5 each to his sons William and John. The residue of his estate he left to his sons Morgan and Philip. Mr J. Davies, Lledrod. Mr James Davies. of Rhydrefail, Lledrod, Cardiganshire, farmer, who died on the 21st February last, left estate of the gross value of L2,213 18s 7d, with net personalty il,256 5s, and probate of his will, dated 26th July, 1902, has been granted to his widow, Mrs Elizabeth Davies. The testator left his estate in trust for his wife and children, directing that should either of his children desire to leave home or marry such child is to receive S200.
NO SLUMDOM IN CARDIFF. Views of Aid. J. Jankins, M.P. Speaking on Wednesday night at Cardiff. Alderman John Jenkins, M.P., declared there was no real slumdom in Cardiff. People might be able to point to this place or that and say that it was not what, it should be, but speak- ing generally the city had no slumdom. It was his experience, however that the worst parts of Cardiff did not belong to the thrifty workers, who had managed to secure their own homes. Last Session he backed the Bill of Mr Donald Maclean, M.P., for leasehold enfranchisement, and he intended to work until the iniquity of the existing system was removed by law.
An accident occurred at about 1 o'clock on Wednesday to D. Crawley, living at 32, Lynd- hurst-street, Canton. While in the employ of J. Moon and Son, hay and corn merchants, Cardiff, on a warehouse in Penarth-road, he fell from a scaffold and sustained serious in- jury to his back and ribs. After treatment at the Infirmary he insisted upon being taken home, where later he relapsed into uncon- sciousness.
Watrproúf your Boots and harness Make them soft and as good as .new by using the best of all leather preservatives. DALES'.™ DUBBIM Allows polishing". Plcsint odour. 22 Exhlb* ltlon Highest Awards, Tins—2cU 6d., 1/- and 218. of Bootmakers. Saddlers, Iron. mon¡rers.Stoces,&c. MaJCufadll'Y.Du1Uli2ble.
MOTOR FATALITIES. Killed on His Honeymoon. Berlin, Tuesday—A Munich gentleman, Herr Otto Katsch, a well-known motorist, was on his wedding tour in an automobile travelling through Bavaria. When he was near Attenau the car skidded, broke a barrier, and was smashed to pieces. Herr Katsch and his chauf- feur were killed on the spot, while the young bride was seriously injured. At 70 Miles an Hour. New York. Wednesday.—A chauffeur, of Pittsburg, yesterday, took out a, partv of friends in his employer's automobile. While travelling at a speed of 70 miles an hour on the outskirts of the city. the car ran into the side of the road owing, it is believed, to a defect in the steering gear, and overturned. A woman was killed on the spot, and four other occupants of the car were badly hurt. A collision occurred here yesterday between two automobiles. Both cars were smashed up and the occupant of one of them,. Mr Christ, a well-known manufacturer, sustained fatal injuries.—Central News. Austrian Prince Killed. Forli, Italy, Wednesday.—Last night a motor-car belonging to Prince Wiviejsche, a Viennese noblema.n residing in Florence, was proceeding at a speed of about 25 miles an hour when, in trying to avoid some carts, it drove into a post and was overturned. The Prince and the mechanician- were killed, and the chauffeur, named Koessler, and another pas- senger injured, while a fifth occupant of the car escaped unhurt.—Reuter. Chauffeur's Alleged Manslaughter. At an inquest at Bromley (Kent) on Wednes- day on Edward Akers (19). of Peckham. the cyclist alleged to have been knocked down by a motor-car on Sunday, a verdict of Man- slaughter against the chauffeur, Henry John Copsey. was returned. A witness stated that the motor-car was being driven at from 30 to 35 miles an hour. Liverpool Merchant in French Moter Accident. Paris, Wednesday.—A message from Ver- sailles says that near Nogent-le-Roi a motor- car, in which was Mr Salisbury, a Liverpool merchant, overturned. The chauffeur was severely injured, and is not expected to recover. Mr Salisbury was badly bruised.—Central News.
A GREAT COMPOSER. Edward Greig will be sincerely mourned in Great Britain, for the music of no living com- poser enjoyed so much popularity in this country as did that of the lamented Norwegian. Greig was born in Bergen in 1843, his father, of Scottish descent being the British Consul, while his mother was at that time a talented Norwegian musician. At the Conservatoire at Leipsic, Greig found that he had to tread measured paths. It was no use breaking away from the lines set down by the classical masters. Greig noticed that his English Dr. Greig. companions were industrious, and he thought he could do no worse than patiently submit to the drudgery of hard exercises and elabor- ate fugues. After his marriage Greig settled in Christiania, and devoted himself to teaching. In his spare time, however, he enoyed the com- panionship of many notable people, among them Bjornson, some of whose works he set to music, Svendsen, and Ibsen. His activity was phenomenal. He taught, he composed, he toured. His first visit to England was in 1888, when he played at a Philharmonic Society s concert at St. James* Hall.
CYCLE REPAIRER IN TROUBLE. At Penarth Police Court on Wednesday, be- fore Dr. Howell Rees and Mr T. P. Thomas, a charge of embezzling 14s 6d from Mr Shorthouse, general dealer, of Glebe-street, Penarth, was preferred against George Cottle, of Maughan- street. Mr Cross (Messrs Harold Lloyd and Cross) appeared for defendant. Complainant stated that he employed defendant as a cycle repairer and to look after the cycle depot, for which he paid him a weekly wage of 25s. Defendant was occasionally sent out to collect debts, and on July 30th he was paid a sum of 14s 6d by Mr Luen, of the Golden Lion Hotel, Penarth, for which he did not account. There were other amounts which defendant ackow- ledged he had received, but had not accounted for. A remand until next Wednesday was granted, bail being allowed, prisoner in X5 and one surety of X5.
FAINTED IN THE WITNESS-BOX. Pitiful Stery at Mountain Ash. At Mountain Ash Police Court on Wednes- day Margaret Ann Davies, an emaciated woman, who was accommodated with a sea while giving her evidence, told pitiful story, alleging that her husband, Charles Davies, had repeatedly beaten her during the 16 years of their married life. When the wife com- pleted her evidence she fainted, and was carried out. Her husband was ordered to con- tribute 12s a week towards her maintenance.
SCALDED BY EGG-SAUCEPAN. Mr Lyndon Moore, coroner, held an inauest, at Newport, on Wednesday, on the body of Wm. John Keates, the 14 months old child of Mr and Mrs Keates, 40, Witham-street. The evidence shows that on Saturday the child tried to reach the saucepan in which an egg was boiled and in doing so pulled the water over himself. He was conveyed to the hospital where he died on Sunday morning, the cause of death beinf shock. the result of extensive scalds. The ury retti-rlnl a verdict accord ¡,1
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