Church Schools Crisis. ALLEGED MISREPRESENTATION Strong Reply to Whitehall. The Swansea Education Committee on Mon- day afternoon reassembled after tbe holidays, unci#-r- the chairmanship of Alderman Martin, when. the members were confronted with voluminous correspondence with respect to the local non-provided schools. This corres- pondence was divided into two sections^-one relating to the plan of the National Schools in Oxford-street, and the other to the question of the salaries of the teachers in the non-pro- vided. schools. It was decided to-first take the correspond- ence rela-ting to the Oxford-street Schools. This correspondence dated from April 10th last and covered a-period up till August. The Chair- man first drew attention to the resolution adopted by the Corporation that notice bo giveit to the managers of the Oxford-street (Church-of-England) School that if they do not on or before the 31st J uly give a satisfac- tory undertaking that the altera- tions and improvements in the school buildings "lwJl be proceeded with the Council would cease to maintain the school. On .y-ttgust 12th tÜe manager IJromi8d to sub- mit plans for the provision of not less than 20 square feet of playground space per child in average attendance on the level and on the roof. The Chairman explained tha t this letter did not contain the undertaking demanded. The managers, not having given a satisfactory undertaking, aoll not. having since tendered one. the resolution of the authority stood. Mr Cadwaladwr said a letter of the 24th May de- clared the Board of Bducation were prepared to consider the proposal to provide a roof play- ground subject to the limitation of 20 feet of playground-space. The managers accordingly drew fresh plans, and that phase ought to havp been considered very carefuily before the resolution was come to cutting off support to theschool. The Chairman though the committee should approve-of the decision of the Special Com- mittee, which laid it down that the undcrtak- ing submitted was not a satisfactory under- taking. lie moved a resolution to that effect, and it was .carried. with one dissentient. Alderman Tutton asked if any fresh plan had been sent in, and Mr Cadwalladwr aid he understood so. Mr Moy Evans drew attention to a telegram sent to the managers by Mr A. T. Davies. of the Welsh department ot the Board :—" Your letter of August 21st discloses serious mis- understanding on your part of President's decision on July 16th. ilis wiUinJCmes3 to al10w as little as 20 feet for playground was limited to existing site, and if more land was obtain- able, which WiJ.5 no disclosed to him, he would not have felt justiiied in allowing so little as 20 feet for playground. The Hoard's.suggest ion of what undertaking you might offer to local authority was limited to existing site. Are you prepared to give that undertaking thus limited?' If, said Mr Evans., the present proposal of the managers was proceeded with it would be a new school on a new site, and the Board re- quired that all new schools should have play- ground space of 30 feet and not 20 feet. Alderman Tutton said the authority had already ceased to maintain the schools, and therefore it'should not give any reason in the motion for adhering to its former decision. The motion confirming the committee's decision was carried by 11 to two.
MANAGERS AND WHITEHALL Charge of Misleading the Department. The Clerk called attention to correspondence with reference to the salaries of the teachers at the non-provided schools, and at the request of the chairman he read the following letter from the Board of Education (Welsh De- partment )-to the correspondent of the Church tchoots, dated August 29th :— Sir.—In reply to your letter of the 26th instant, I am directed to state that the Board of Education have now been furnished by the Local Education Authority with a copy of the letter addressed by the authority to the managers on April 22nd last in reply to the managers' letter of even date there- with. The-letter in question was as follows I am in receipt of your letter of the 22nd instant. In reply, I beg to refer you to my letter of the 18th instant, which clearly indicates the decision of the Local Education Authority in reference to salaries." 1 am tö remind Y01J that, in the managers' letter to the Board of the 22nd Aprilenc10sing a copy of the letter written by the managers to the Local Education Authority on that day. it wis a-tended that the ;eithority by the resolution p.tssed at their meeting on the 17th -Vp-d gave no guidance W t-he m&Dager::¡ÎTI regard 00 the. salaries nf I teacheps"\vhic!i we"e to he entered in the The Board were not; informed of the i *♦which the authority sent to the BVHt&ft&Ts or- rlr ?2nd April, and t'v, j consequently 1 i'^ t:■ authority admitted that-t he-, h..¡--1 no guidance to the managers in the matter. This conclusion, however, is directly con- tradicted by the authority's letter to the managers of the 22nd April, but that letter was not communicated to the Board by the managers, nor was any reference made to it. either in their letter to the Board of the 4th June or at the interview which the managers had with the President, of the Board on July 16th. at which the Board were- again requested to determine the matter under Section 7 (3) of the Education Act, 1302. on the ground that the managers had received no guidance from the Local Educa- tion Authority. With the information now in their posses- sion and subiect to :1nvexpla.nation which the managers may have to offer, the Board are of opinion that the letters from the Local Education Authority to the managers of the 18th and 22nd April taken together contained sufficient guidance to enable the managers to insert in the teachers' agreements the salaries which had, in fact, hitherto been paid to the several teachers concerned, and to which the Local Education Authority in- timated their consent.—I have. etc., Alfred T. Davies- The Chairman said this was a very grave eharge against the managers of having misled the Education Department. If the members would remember, the subject was one which rame up for discussion in the House of Lot-ds. and in that discussion it seemed that the Board had been led to believe what was not the tact. After that discussion their clerk wrote to the Board of Education on the 22 nd of August, stating that what the Earl of Crewe and Lord Salisbury were prepared to admit was not admitted by his authority because it had stated explicitly what salaries it would pay. In reply to this, Mr Alfred T. Davies, of the Welsh Depart- ment, wrote I am directed by the Board of Education, to express their regret that the specific inquiry (a) which the Board addressed to your authority in the official letter of July last has not received all earlier reply. Had facte been communicated to the Board as requested, the exact position of the matter wu'ld have been stated in the House of Lords last week more correctly than appears according to your present statement to have been the case." Then on the 29th. continued the chairman, when the Board had inquired into the matter, came the letter he had just read, vindi- cating the position of the local authority, and saving the Board had been misled. Pro- ceeding. he said the correspondence on the subvert of salaries closed with a letter the authority must deal with. It was dated September 5th. and was as follows, and addressed to the correspondent of the Church schools :— Sir,—In reply to your letter of 3rd instant. •I fl-m directed to state that the Board of Education understand that the Managers are continning to carryon the school a.'5 hereto- fore- In these circumstances the Board are prepared to continue their recognition of the school as a public elementary school for the current school year, and it is accordingly the duty of the LOfal Educa- tional Authority to continue to maintain the sJJfoool, and keep it efficient. Copies of your letter of 3rd instant and of the Board's reply are being Pent, to the Local Educational Authority.—I am. &c., J. E. Talbot. Where the duty of the authority came in he (tha chaD"nan) failed to see Griffiths It is the work of some junior cle*\ again. The Chairman We must not. sit under it. I propose' that we recommend that the Board of Education be informed that this authority has ceased to maintain the schools since the 31st of July, in the absence of an undertaking that this school shall be altered in accordance with the requirements of the Local Education Authority, whichrequirements were decided by th&1?oard of Education under Section 7, Clause 3, 6 the Education Act. in their letter of April 5th. 1907. as not unreasonable." Having regard to the fact that the requirements indi- cated had not been given, and that the authority had made no request to the Board to continue to recognise the school as a public elementary school, the authority must continue to refuse to recognise the school as a public elementary school. This was agreed to. with two dissentients. Alderman Tutton said the authority was act- ing under the law, and not under the direction o. the Board.
MR-PLOWDEN OBDURATE. ,> All the- Persuasive p-uwers of a woraa n were '•25wr I Attn Martin, a well-dressed, > ■Dunr- _pe:sc,Q ol: 53 years of age, who ap- bef.ore Mr Plowden at Marylebune on intbSl' K SaVe^erSeit from beiDS sent h°T-J Uh- just give me one the^Jedge/ and I will sign 1 think I can trust you any more, saidMr Plowden. O^r^t ypu might this once, and rUgo straight away to the hopfjelds." Mr I think the less you have to do wiih hops the better. (Laughter.) YesVbut do let me have just ofie chance rnore, she entreated. Mr_Pj2^dpp You most he tired yourself of! uTuiik. I must sond you nwav. Mr Plowden finaHy decided that she must go to the East Harling Inebriate Reformatory in Norfolk for three years.
REVISING BARRISTER'S HUMOUR. MrAnnesley Owen at Newport. Mr E. Annesley Owen, Revising Barrister, sat at the Town Hall, Newport, on Monday to revise the list of voters for a number of New- port wards. Mr Chris. Lennard appeared for the Liberals, Mr .T. T. Hughes for the Conser- vatives, Mr T. Doherty for the Catholic De- fence Association, and Councillor John Twomey Lor the Labour party. The Revising Barrister was due at the Court at 10 a-m., but at 10.20 a telegram was received from him that he could not sit until 5 o clock. On arriving Mr Owen, who was accompanied by his wife, apologised for his late arrival. He remarked he had been in the habit of opening the Courts in the afternoon, but had entirely forgotten that last year This, he said, was his 29th year as Revising Barrister in live counties, and during the whole of that period he had. not come across a more strenuously industrious a more experienced and a more exact assistant overseer than Mr W. J. Beesvon, who acted at Newport. Mr C. Lennard. Liberal agent, said the ;tgents had put in 2.143 claims, aud they had agreed on all with the excention of 505. They had put iu 262 objection3. and had agreed on all with the exception of 35. Both Mr Lennard and Mr Hughes welcomed Mr and Mrs Owen, and the Revising Barrister in reply said that having delayed the Court for five hours he thought there would be fewer verbal brickbats and reproaches Hying about if he brought his wife with him. (Laughter.) She sat at that Court not as a suffragette but because of the kind welcome they had alwavs extended to her. He was glad to meet Mr Twomey, the agent for the Labour party. The more people he knew at Newport the more he liked them.
LATCHKEY VOTERS. Test Case in London. Mr P. Tindale Robertson, revising barrister, heard arguments at St. George's, Hanover- square. tor and against a latchkey claim, which he treated as a test case. The claima-flt was a lodger named Cornell, who lived at Winchester-street. It was con- tended by Mr Granville Bankes, the Liberal agent, who supported the claim, that the claimant's landlord had signed a paper which declared that he had no control over the lodger's room". and that the lodger had a key to the front do r. Revising Barrister The only question which is material is whether the landlord has any control over the lodger's rooms. As to the question of the key I have not known a lodger who does not possess a key. Evidence was given by the Liberal canvasser, who. in reply to the revising barrister, said that he did not ask the landlord whether he had any control over the lodger in case of miscon- duct, and on this gound objection was taken to claim by the Conservatives, represented by Mr Lennox Irwin. The Barrister The question is whether the fact of the canvasser having seen the landlord and asked him one question, which is the only question of importance—whether the landlord had any control over the rooms or lodger—is sufficient to rebut presumption. The word control was used very largely last year, and no doubt would be this year in these matters- It was a word which was largely misunderstood. I don't think I can accept- the mere statement unsupported by evidence, and I don't think there is sufficient evidence to rebut presump- tion. -'1r Bankes I am g1ad you have decided that way. because it will save both parties a great deal of trouble a-nd expense. For myself, J don't believe in the latchkey claims. The claim was struck out.
MOTOR CAR FATALITIES. CRASH IN SCOTLAND. Indian Bank Secretary Badly Hurt, A serious motor-car accident occurred on Sunday afternoon at Berried ale, Caithness. Sir Wm. Cruickshank, secretary to the Bank of Bengal, with his wife, son, and daughter, was on his way north, travelling by motor, and when descending Berriedale Brae, the most dangerous hill in the district, lost control of the car owing to failure of a break. To avoid cer- tain destruction at the foot of the hill, he ran the car into a wall hv the roadside. All the occupants were thrown out, and the car was completely smashed and set alight. Sir William, his wife, and daughter were removed in an unconscious condition to Tangwell Cottage Hospital. near the shooting lodge of the Duke of Portland, and the Duke, learning of the accident, sent? a motor-car for the nearest medical assistance. Sir William Cruickshank, it is feared, is suffering from concussion of the brain. but the condition of the others, who are cut and bruised is not serious. Henry Fremeh, of Wliitechanel,was returning to London r nSunday night on his motor-cycle, and when at Hildenborough, near Tonbridge, he collided with another cyclist coming in the opposi.e direction. Both riders were thrown \ok>i-itly to the ground, Fremel1 receiving such injuries that he-died on Monday morning without having recovered consciousness. Mr Cyril Dowker Bury (35), civil engineer, of London, who was staying m the village holi- day resort of Borthygest. near Portmadoc, Wil," Cycling down Pengwryd Pass on Sunday afternoon when he collided with the motor- car of Mr TunniclifTe, Llandudno. Mr Bury, who was accompanied by his brothers. Dr. Bury, Leamington, and Mr Walter Bury, solicitor, London, was conveyed to Portmadoc, where he died. He sustained a broken arm and leg. The inquest was held on Monday night- The evidence showed deceased lost controlof his bicycle. A verdict of Accidental death was returned, the motorists being absolutely exonerated. Motor and Train Collide. Vienna, Monday.—A motor-car belonging to Herr Kreutaner, of Munich, collided at a level crossing at Piomberg to-day with a passenger train. The car wrecked, and Herr Kreutz- ner and his chauffeur were thrown a distance of several yards. Herr Kreutzmer was killed, but the chauffeur had a wonderful escape, being only slightly hurt.—Central News.
DIED UNDER CHLOROFORM. A Cardiff Misadventure. An unquiry into the death of Gwyn Lawrence, aged nine years, son of Mr Lawrence, builder, Wellfield-road, held at Cardiff on Saurday be-fore Mr Li. B. Reece (the deputy coroner). Dr\ Buckham said that the deceased had suffered from enlarged tonsils and adenoids, and it was quite imperative that these growths should be removed. Witness called in Dr. Blight on Friday. The lad was placed under chloroform, and the tonsils were removed. Then they noticed that he was not looking as he should do, and Dr. Blight performed artifi- cial respiration. Various restoratives were also used to establish breathing, and for some time these had the desired effect, but the lad finally collapsed. Deceased was in a weak, state, and his health had been greatly im- paired in consequence. Death was due to ch loroform. The jury returned a verdict of Death from misadventure, due to chloroform whilst undergoing an operation.
ALLEGED SACRILEGE. Haverfordwest Boys Charged. At Haverfordwest Borough Sessions on Monday three boys namei Bertie Watkins, Percy Watkins, and Harry Morgan were charged with being concerned in the theft of 14s IBd, offertories at St. Thomas Church. Mr Edward Eaton Evans gave evidence as to the amount collected at the morning services, and the clerk said that on entering the church in the afternoon his suspicions were aroused. and on comparing the money in the bag in the vestry with the entry in the register he found that 14s 11 Jd was missing. A little boy named Alfred Squelch, living at St. Thorn iri-green, said he saw the boy Bertie Morgan entering the church window by means of a plank. Morgan was in a tree watching. The magistrates adjourned the case for a fort- night to allow witnesses to be called for the defence.
BREC0NSHIRE FARM FIRE. A fire broke out on Sunday in a barn at Novadd Farm, Cwmdu, Breconshire (in the occupation of Mr Howell Powell), and con- tinued burning till Monday. Over 60 tons of this season's hay was stored in the barn, and the whole was destroyed, together with the barn. The fire was noticed by a man named Arthur .Tones some distance away, and he gave the alarm, but the fire had taken so firm a hold as to render any efforts at extin- guishiner it out of the question. There is little doubt that the fire was the result of .s Dor. tan eons combustion, although at first it was thought it must be the work of a tramp or incendiary. The barn stands in an isolated position from the other farm buildings. The barn and farm are the property of Lord Glanusk, and we understand that both build- ings and contents were insured.
SOCIALISM AND CHRISTIANITY. Address by the Rev. R. J. Campbell The Rev. R. J. Campbell, addressing a crowded meeting at Wrexham on Monday night in connection with the local Independent Labour party, said the Socialist movement was unlike any other thing—it was inter- national, and was making headway in every civilised country on earth. People were begin- ning to realise that the churches did not meet the exigencies of present day life, and were looking for some other agency. This, he felt convinced, was Socialism. It had already de- veloped an international conscience, and this would be the most potent factor in making for international f>eac2. People were finding present day business methods would not fit in with the Christian theories of to-day, and they I were leaving the churches and going out to preach the better and nobler Socialistic idea. True Socialism ,as the inheritor of the primi- tive Gospel.
MABON ON THE WAGE STANDARD. AN IMPORTANT STATEMENT. The annual demonstration of the East Gla- morgan District of the South Wales Miners' Federation, comprising Caerphilly, Llanbra- dach, Rudry, Abertridwr. Senghenydd, Bed- was. and Groeswen, took place at Caerphilly on Monday. Mr W.Abraham (Mabon), M.P., referred to the rapid growth of the Cnerphilly branch from just under 3,000 to nearly 5.003 members. He instanced the improvements secured in working conditions in the mines and appealed to the younger generation to persist in obtaining a rate of wage commensurate with their labou r and the danger involved. (Cheers.) As to the state of the coal market he did not think there was a ny commodity in greater demand at pre- sent than coal. The fact that the wages were high was. however, not the cause of the high price of coal. The figures quoted in the morn- ing papers for coal-not the best steam coal- showed 5 per cent, per ton in ad- vance of the price which warranted the maximum rate of wages. (Cheers). He urged the men to be regular at their work and thus prolong the season of prosperity. (Hear, hear.) They knew what was wanted, but they must also know how to get it. He did not think there were a couple of honest non-Unionists in the coalfield. The Federa- tioni.s were blamed for cocring men into joining the Union, but the masters had given them an option to sign an agreement on behalf of all or not at all. No non-Unionists were entitled to go down the pit without signing the agreement. The Unionists provided work for the non-Unionists, and therefore they were entitled to require them to join the Federa- tion. He asked all to be manly enough to join the Federation. (Hear, hear.) Regarding the market prices of coal ascertained for revi- sion of wages, the figures obtained were got from two sources—the Boa.rd of Trade and the audit. There was sometimes a deal of differ- ence between these statistics. The middlemen, however, get Is per ton in excess of what was actually due to them. In conclusion, he re marked on the unsatisfactory effects of basing wages on a low standard, and declared that they must either merge the present 30 per cent. minimum into the present standard or that the maximum must go. That was a. policy for the future which had been decided upon. (Cheers.) The motion was carrierl with acclamation. On the motion of Mr D. W. Jones a vote of thanks was accorded to the speakers. Replying to a question, Mabon said he believed that very shortly there would be unanimity between the two sections of the Labour party regarding the Labour Repre- sentation Committee.
ABERDARE DISTRICT. Mr Stanton and the Small Coal Question. The 8.nnu3,l demonstration of the Aberdare district of miners was held on Monday morning, some 6,000 to 7,000 being present. The colliers with brass bands marched in procession from Aberaman. Cwmaman. Cwmbach, Glynneath, and Hirwain to the Maket Hall, Aberdare, where a meeting was held. Mr M. J. Morgan, Giyn Neath. occupied the chair. Mr C. B. Stanton urged the men to be fully prepared to fight the employers on the ques- tion of small coal. They were on the eve of success. Mr W. E. Morgan (miners' agent, Swansea) considered a non-Unionis-t nothing better than a lunatic, who not only injured himself, but injured his fellow workmen. The Rev. W. A. Edwards, M.A.. rector of Llangan, said if people were actuated by the principles of the Sermon on the Mount they would join the Labour movement.
NON-UNIONIST PROBLEM. Big Conflict Imminent. New Board of Trade Regulation. The monthly meeting of the Rhondda miners was held at the Washington Hotel, Porth, yes- terday. Mr Tom Lewis, Cilfynydd, presided. There were also present Mr W. Abraham, M.P. (Mabon), chief ngent; Mr Watts Morgnn, agent and secretary and Mr Tom Evans, treasurer, the last-named being ex- tended a hearty welcome on his recovery from a serious illness. A resolution was submitted by one of the lodges that, having regard to the large number of non-Unionists in the district, uniform united action be taken by tender- ing notices throughout the Rhondda. coalfield in order to compel the non-Unionists to join the Federation." It was argued that sectional fighting had not borne good results, for the recalcitrants mi- grated to other collieries and returned to their former employment immediately work was resumed by those who had been endeavouring to get rid of the non-Unionists. Mr Watts Morgan stated that the execu- tive were determined to deal effectively once and for all with this question. With this object in view it had been resolved that general show cards should be observed at all the collieries in South Wales during the second week in September, and a report would he submitted to the general secretary. Huving regard to what the Federation did for the men, he rlid not think it. was unreasonable to compel all who benefited from its efforts to contribute toard" thc upkeep of itq m.i chinery. Through the instrumentality of the Federation the men, in the wage rate alone, had received the enormous additional amount in 13 weeks of £300,000, and this was only based upon a wage rate of £1 without- previous percentages. Then again they had the full benefits of the Compensation Act. During the last year the total contribution to the funds from the Rhondda was £12,181 12s 6d. There had passed through his (Mr Morgan's) hands no less than £30,815 in respect of contested compensation claims which had been fought and won by the Rhondda District of Miners. (Hear, hear.) Under these circumstances it was simply astounding that they were en- forced to spend further money in the direction of appointing watch dogs and detective.3 to look after men who were so oblivious of their obligations to the Federation as to abstain from paying the nominal sum of 3d per week to an organisation which had secured for the men all the benefits indicated. They had come to regard those who were not of the Federation as being against it, and there was no room, for buth parties in the collieries. (Hear, hear.) A resolution was adopted urging workmen to resist proposals to work underground without being registered, and strongly condemning the action of managers in this connection. Pontypridd Notices Withdrawn. Mr Ebsworthy presided over the monthly meeting of the Pontypridd (No.2) District of the Miners' Federation held at the Y.M.C.A. Rooms on Monday. Mr Ben Davies, the agent, reported that the non-Unionists at all the collieries in the district had been brought into line, and therefore the notices in each instance had been withdrawn. Some of the men employed at theMonachdyCollierv had refused to pay their proportion towards the check- weighers' fund, and the agent was instructed to institute legal proceedings for the recovery of the same. Mr Davies int.ima.ted that the management- at the Ocean Collieries, Y nysy- bwl, had undertaken that the men entitled to a draw on the blank Saturday would be paid, provided that a request be made for the money in reasonable time. The contributions amounted to £499175 4d.
RHYMNEY VALLEY DISTRICT. The monthly meeting of the Rhymney Valley district of the Miners' Federation was held at Bargoed on Monday. Mr David Jones, Tirphil, presiding. Councillor Evan Thomas (agent) reported 60 or 70 cases of compensation during the month, and said the number had greatly increased since the coming into force of the new Act. In two fatal cases £244 and £25.3 had been paid. The question of registration in the Parliamentary constituency was referred back to the lodges for further consideration of the best means of dealing with the matter.
GLYN COLLIERY CHANGES HANDS. Old Workmen Discharged. The Glyn Colliery, Ponrtypool, which has been at a standstill for the last eight weeks, has been taken over by the Ebbw Vale Com- pany, and work was resumed there on Monday morning. Owing to the provisions of the ,new Workmen's Compensation Act a number of the old employees who had met with accident prior to the stoppage and all over 60 years of age were not re-engaged. The colliery had been worked for a number of years by Messrs Blindell and Wakeford, Cardiff.
CARDIFF UNITARIANS. New Minister at West Grove Church. There was a good attendance afternoon and evening at the West Grove Unitarian Church, Cardiff, on Monday, on the occasion of the recognition services of the Rev. F. Blount Mott, the new minister. In the afternoon a sermon was preached by the Rev. John Page Hopps, of London. Tea was afterwards served in the schoolroom. In the evening Mr H. Woolcott Thompson presided over a public meeting, at which addresses welcoming the new minister, who comes to Cardiff from Southport, were delivered by the Rev. George Critchley, B.A., Rev- R. J. Jones, M.A., Rev. Simon Jones, B. A~> and the Hev. John Page Hopps, the latter of whom expressed the view that Unitarians were too exclusive in their work. They had, he urged, a message for the world without, and he spoke strongly in favour of mission work by the aid of a van. Addresses were also given by the Rev. J. Hathreri Davies, Mr John Lewis. Pontypridd, and Mr pritchard, Newport. Subsequently the Rev. F. Blount Mott returned thanks and delivered a thoughtful address.
A mixed choral competition took place on the Mumbles Pier on Saturday. The following choirs had entered :—Fabians Bay (Swansea), Trecynon Operatic Society (Aberdare), and Pemhrey and Bufry Port Harmonic Society. The first-named \rithflrew. The test piece was And He saved them out of their distresses (Jenkins' Psalm of Life,"), and the adjudi- cator. Mr Rhys Thi*tnas, Winnipeg, Canada, said he had no hasita? 'on in awarding the prize, ,£20 and a gold mtdal, to Trecynon. The Mayoress of Swansea (Mrs David Harris) pre- santed the prize to tta successful conductor, Mr W. Gwynne.
Llanelly Water Supply. FILTRATION SCHEME NECESSARY. At a meeting of the Llanelly Urban District Council on Monday night, Mr W. Bramweii Jones presiding, a letter was read from the Local Government Board acknowledging the receipt of plans and explanatory statement in connection with the Council's proposals for the il1:provement of the gathering ground of the water shed. The Board had considered the proposals, but they did not think, having re- gard to the nature of the gathering grounds, that any protective measures would be flnfficint in the absence of sand filtration. The Chairman T hope; this matter will not be re- ported. Mr Mathias Griffith (heatedly): I must protest against secrecy. You are worse than your predecessors. The Chairman You must, not interrupt me —my reason is that the J.iural Council are promoting a Bill in regard to gettiug water from another source, and anything said here to-night might be used to our detriment later on. Mr D. James Davies moved that the whole position tw considered at a special meeting of the Council.—Mr Gritiltbs That simply means shelving the question.—Mr Davies Not at all. —Mr R. Guest said the two questions had been mixed up. It had been decided by the Council that. whatever became of their powers to sup- ply the outlying districts, they were deter- mined to protect the urban inhabitants by adopting a scheme for tha prevention of pollu- tion. It was eventually decided to hold a special meeting of the Council. The Clerk reported that the fire brigade had been summoned to extinguish a ore at Pen- gaerissa Farm, which was outside the urban district, and the expenses amounted to £10 19s 6d. The owner, Mrs Protheroe, offered £5 in settlement. The Chairman thought final arrangements should be come to with the Parish Council in this matter. He did not think it right that the brigade should be called out to extinguish fires in the rural districts, seeing that they refused to contribute towards the brigade's maintenance, or be responsible for expenses incurred. The question was re- ferred to the Estate Committee.
Swansea Shipping Trade. A PAUSE IN THE BOOM. The monthly meeting of the Swansea Har- bour Trust was held on Monday, Sir Griffith Thomas presiding. Mr Glynn Price moved the adoption of the usual financial statement-, and said there had been a slight failing off of 5,000 tons in the trade as compared with the corresponding month of last year. Shipments, however, of coal and coke had increased 25,000 tons, and this, no doubt. would have heen greater but for the August holidays, and the National Eisteddfod, when a great many collier;, were not working. The imports were below the average, and as compared with August last year, which was a record month, was a decrpa-se of nearly 30,000 tons. The principal falling off was in copper ore, 6,500 tons pig iron, S,000 tons; wood good-. 1,800 tons, and grain, 2,003 tons. The financial result-was satis- factory. there being a surplus of £2,731- Mr Roger Beck, who seconded, said it was gratifying to note that tinpla.tes and galvanised sheets still here hold their own, the total gain for the eight months of the year being 22,000 tons. lie only hoped it would last—but he hoped with fear and trembling. The report was adopted. £9,000 Crane. On the recommendation of the General Pur- poses Committee it was resolved to place with Messrs Armstrong a contract for a 70 ton crane for the King's Dock at a cost of £9.000, the chairman saying the possession of such a crane would enable the Trust to deal with the heaviest class of traffic that would come to the Bristol Channel for many years.
SUICIDE AT CARDIFF, Walked Into the River. An exciting scene was witnessed at Taff Embankment, Cardiff, on Saturday evening about 6 o'clock, when a woman was seen to run down the river bank and throw herself into the Taff at a point about 30 yards on the southern side of the Great Western Railway Bridge. She was first seen by Charles Whit- combe, who told John Andrews, a gasman in the employ of the Great Western Railway Co., living at 4, Monmouth-street. The latter rushed intf the water up to his waist and pulled out the body. A crowd had quickly gathered, and P.C. Lewis Williams and others applied artificial respiration under the direction of Dr. Cantillon, hut all to no avail, and the hody was subsequently con- veyed to the mortuary. It has been identified as that of Elizabeth Hedges, wife of Philip Hedges, labourer, of 35, Monmouth-street, Grange. Further inquiries go to show that the de- ceased, who was about 43 years of age, was naturally of a cheerful disposition, but that during the past week or so she had appeared depressed- She was not feeling well, but it was not regarded as more than a had cold. Her daughter states that her mother had latterly appeared as though worried, and quite unlike herself, but she did not know she had any- thing to worry about, as things were all right at home. Mr E. LI. B. Reece (the deputy coroner) held an inquest at Cardiff on Monday into the circumstances attending the death of Elizabeth Hedges, who was drowned in the river Taff near the Wood-street Bridge on Saturday evening. Philip Hedges, husband of the de- ceased, a labourer living in Monmouth-street, Grangetown, said that three days previous to her death they had separated. Deceased had been depressed of late. A young gasman on the Great Western Railway, named John Andrews, stated that in consequence of what a porter told him he waded into the river up to his neck and brought the body of the de- ceased ashore. Artificial respiration was tried, but without success, and Dr. Cantillon, when called to the scene, found life was extinct. Re- called, Andrews said a gentleman who was fishing on the other side of the river told him he saw deceased walk into the water. The jury returned a verdict of Suicide whilst tempo- rarily insane."
GLAMORGAN JOINT COMMITTEE Praise for the Police. At a meeting of the Glamorganshire Joint Committee on Monday (Mr J. Blandy Jen- kins presiding) the Chief Constable submitted a report dealing with the Royal visit to Cardiff and Caerphilly, in the course of which be said he had received a letter from Mr Hurman complimenting the men, and stating that an official who had been present at many such ceremonies had said that he had never seen the public under more perfect control. Supts. Cole and Gill were in charge. Coat Tenders: An Irregularity. A question of some importance was raised by Mr John Evans, Caerphilly, when it tran- spired that the Stores Committee had not been called together during the past three months, but thatGeneral Tykr.one of the members, had opened certain tenders for benches and coaJs at the request of the Chief Constable. General Tyler explained that no other mem- ber of the Stores Committee had attended. The Chairman (Mr Blandy Jenkins), thought this was very likely if the Chief Constahle had not sent them out notices, and pointed'outthat the committee should be summoned by the clerk. Alderman Mathias failed to see why these tenders for coal, which amounted to about £700, should not be sent to the clerk. General Tyler said that he always attended when the Chief Constable sent him a notice. The Chairman It is not your fault. I know how it is. The Chief Constable And how di fficul tit is' to get people to come. It was then agreed that the tenders be not accepted until the whole committee had met, and that in future General Tyler should act as the convener of the committee.
DEATH ON THEBOWLING GREEN Tragic Incident at Pontypool. A tragic incident occurred at the Pontypool Bowling Green last evening. Shortly before 7 o'clock, during the progress of a prac- tice game in w^aich a number of local gentle- men engaged, ftlr Frank Evans, contractor, Bushy Park, Pontypool, when in the act of bowling fell on his face. Several of the players ran to his assistance and found him in a semi- conscious condition. Dr. Chambers, who was immediately sent for, rendered medical aid. Mr Evans, however, expired while being con- veyed to his residence. The deceased gentle- man was a prominent member of the Ponty- pool Bowling Club, and last season won the president's cup.
SOCIALISM, ANARCHY, MURDER. Catholic Dignitary's Outburst. The Catholic Truth SocietYalinual confer- ence was opened at Preston on Monday, when the Archbishop of Westminster spoke on the educational question. The Catholic school, he said, could not be maintained without State- aid. Socialism, anarchy and political murders were the natural retribution of those who denied religious teaching to the little child, and the blame would be with those who were per- suing the course to which the great Nonconfor- mist leaders had given constant, and loud- .spoken support- Catholics demanded Catholic. schools with Catholic teachers. If State-aid were withdrawn they passed from the region of mere injustice into that of open flagrant and religious persecution.
Thomas Kilby, coal Wimmer, aged 31, early on Sunday morning, afterdating tl]1, stumbled and fell from the top to tin bottom of a flight of stairs in a house m Swan- sea, where he was staying He sustained in- juries which proved fatal. f
Aberdare' Horse Show. HIGH QUALITY OF EXHIBITS. Favoured with fine weather, the A-berdare horse show on Monday proved a great success. The committee are to be complimented upon the excellence of their arrangements and the exhibitors upon the high quality of the horses 0 entered for competition. Mr A. P. Jones, high constable of Miskin Higher, was the president of the show. and the secretaries were Messrs W. n. Morgan and P. J. Caklicott, Tudor- terrace. Judges—Heavy horses, Mr D. Rees, Ferndale hcirness horses, Mr S. B. Carnley, Alford, Lincolnshire saddle horses, Mr T. Bowen Davies, Ye) vert oil-, Rugby shoeing, Messrs J. Stanley Saunders, Swansea, and Evan Owen, MeTthyr. The judges were enter- tained to luncheon, which was presided over by the high constable, he being supported by Mr D. A. Thomas, M.P.. Mr A. F. Please, the vice-chairman of the committee, the members of the committee, and a number of the exhibitors. Mr Carnley, in responding to the toas't of The judges." spoke in high terms, of the quality en the exhibits. PRIZE LIST. Bray or cart horse, mare or gelding, open-l. Thou. Sfleats. Whitchurch, Cardiff 2. A. Buchan and Co.. llhymney W. Whiting. Aberdare. Mare or gelding, not under 15 hands, for heavy load purposeg-l, A. Buchan and Co.; 2, W. Whiting 3 T. K. Lukey, Mountain Ash. Single harness, mare or gelding, not exceeding 14.2, light trade purposes, local.-l, T. E. Jerman, Dow- lam; 2, Jabez Gough, Mountain Ash 3, D. Bees Jones, Aberdare. Do. special class—1,1). Jones,Moun- tain Ash 2. T. E. Jones 3. J. Jones, Godre Aman. Mare or welding, over 14.2. for trade purposes loc:t1.-I3nd 3, W. Whiting 2, T. K. Lukey. Mare or gelding not exceeding 15 hands, for under- ground purposes, open -1, John Davies, Buttery Hatch Farm, Maesycwmmer 2, Powell Dutfryn Com- pany (per J. James, Aberaman Farm); 3, Thomas itichards, contractor, Ynyshir. Mare for breeding colliery horses, open.-I, John Morgan, Nantgoy Farm, Crumlin 2, E. T. Morgan, Bromisbin, Pontyclun; 3, James Jones, Danygraig- terrace, Mardy. Pony, not exceeding 13'2, to ,be ridden by a boy. open.-I, Tom J. Mathias, Llyn-y-fetyn, Cardigan 2, J. H. Tate, Grimsby 3, John Williams, Belle Vue, Penrhiwceibyer. I-lacic. mare or gelding, exceeding 13.2, loml.-I, D. Iteea Jone3, Aberdare 2, John Williams, Penrhiw- ceibyr 3, Richard Evan3, Penygraig. Hack, mare or gelding, over 14.2, local.—1 and 2, Tom Morgan, Maesycoed, Pontypridd 3, Miss Leigh, Glynbargoed. Treh arris. Mountain pony. not over 12.2. open.-I. M. Isaac, Aberdare 2, John Williams, Penrhiwceibyr 3, Wil- liam Thomas, 15, Park-place, Merthyr. Single hanesss, ruire or gelding, not under 13.2, loc,il.-I, D. Rees Jones 2, Richard Evans 3, D. Jenkins and Co., Aberdare. Single harness, mare or gelding, exceeding 14.2, local.—1, Dr. T. H. Morris, Tylorstown 2, Richard Evans 3, David Jones, Woodiand-street. Mountain Ash. Hack, mare or geld- ing, not exceeding 14.2, open. J. H. Tate 2. D. Res Jones 3, Richard Evans. Do., exceeding 14.2, 1, Mrs W. Chapman, Canterbury 2 and 3, T. Morgan, Pontypridd. Pony.. mare or geldine, not exceeding 13.2. open.— 1,T E. Jermin 2, T. J. Mathias 3, J. H. Tate. Single harness, mare or gelding, exceeding 13.2, open. -1, D. Evana, Henllan 2,1). R.Jones; 3, Mrs L. Batcher. Bristol. Do., exceeding 14.2. open.—1. Dr. G. P. Francis, Brecon 2, Dr. T. H. Morris 3. D. Jones. Mountain Ash. Tandem.I, Dr. Francis; 2, Adam Matthews, Swansea 3, T. E. Jerman. One-rnilo open trotting handicap in harness.—1, T. Morgan, Pontypool; 2, T. H. Davies, Aberdare '■ 3, T. Williams, Aberdare. Jumping, open.-I, Thomaa, Glenoross, Somerset; 2, F. V. Grange. Cheshire; 3, Arthur Jones, Mer- thyr. Do., consolation race.—1, Thomas, Glen cross 2, W. W. Grundy, Worcester 3, W. Fletcher, Ponty- pridd. 11 miles trotting handicap in saddfe (open)—1 R. Davies, Gwauncaegurwen, 100 yards 2, T. Vaisey, Pontypool, 40 yards 3. G. Gorman, Ynishir, 345 yards. 1, 1 miie galloping handicap (open)—1, P. Robinson, Pontlofctyn, 155 yards 2, Miss A. Gwilym, Pontrifas, 60 yards 3. W. Morgan, Pontypool, 90 yards. Shoeing competition, shoer of a cart horse. Out of 56 entrants the first priae and silver cup were won by B. Davie. Pontypool; 2, J. C. Mann, Birmingham 3, R. John, Kenfig Hill. Shopr of a horse suitable for colliery purposes, one hind shoe (open to collfery smiths only)-l, E. Jones. Hendre 2. D. H. Jones. Brecon 3, W. Rooke, Port Talbot. Shoer of a cob, one fore shoe-I, W. Dalton, Moun- tain Ash 2, Robert John, Kenfig Hill; 3. J. Evans, Blaengwynfi. Cart, horse shoe-I. A. S. Vaughan. Rhondda: 2, Henry J. Hanney, Cwmtillery. Bevelled or undercut cart horse shoe-I, J. Tucker, Cytnmer; 2, B. Davies, Mountain Ash; 3, B. J. Thomas, Cymrner.
HAY GROWN CHEAPLY. Mr Ernest Parke, of Kineton, again records interesting results from the grass experiments which he is carrying on under the advice of Dr. Dyer. The sixth hay crop, which, like most of the hay this year, was late, amounted when the land-a poor Warwickshire clay— was left to itself to 14cwt. per acre in one field and 17cwt. per acre in the other. Phosphatic manure alone, superphosphate in one field and basic slag in the other (owing to differences in the soil) gave aa average of nearly 40cvt. per acre, and nitrate of soda alone (licwt. per acre) an average of nearly 3ge.wf,. per acre. Where nitrate or superphos- phate or slag were used together the average yield was nearly 46cwt. per acre. being an in- crease of fully 30cwt. per acre of hay over that of the unmanured plots. As the average cost of the manures is well under 30s, it follows that the additional yield costs under 20s per ton to grow. The herbage on the various plots varies considerably, the best Cluality-a, good mixture of grasses and clovers—being that found where the mixed manures are used. After the hay is gathered the whole of each field is promiscuously grazed every year, with the result that. the anmanured portions (which are not fenced off) are, by natural means, sharing some of the improve- ment due to the richness of the manured por- tion. In the earlier years of the experiments these only yielded from a quarter to half a ton of hay per acre- Mr Parke considers, there- fore, that the difference in present yield be- tween the dressed and the undressed land does not indicate the full value of the improve- ment effected by the fertilisers.
LOW LIFE IN MERTHYR. A sturdily-built labourer, Enoch Davies, was sent to prison for three months at Merthyr on Monday for living on the shame of Mary Ann Rees. who said that her only home was the Ynysfach coke ovens. P.C. Moses Williams, when passing a vacant shop in Vulcan-road, Merthyr, early on Monday morning, heard voices inside. Entering thrbugh a back window he found three young girls and saw "three young men escaping through the door. The girls, Margaret Corcory (16), Olive Brauiley (18). and Ellen Norbury (16), were now brought before the magistrates on a. charge of sleeping out. The defendants were put back so that Mrs Evans, who volun- tarily does the missionary work at the court, coutd speak to them. On being brought back the Chairman said it was appalling that such young girls should enter upon immoral careers. As Mrs Evans had undertaken to look after them they-would be discharged, but he warned them that, if they came there again they would be sent to gaol.
JOSTLED AND PURSE STOLEN. Mrs Mary Ann Jones, Mary Ann-street, Dowlais, was in a crowd outside the American Stores on Saturday morning when she was jostled. Turning round, she saw a man disap- pearing in the crowd, and at the same time missed her purse containing X3 9s 2d. She gave information to the police, and within an hour Tnspector-Canton and P.Q. Hunter visited 21, Sand-street, where a Russian pole named Simon Jonas lived. They saw Jonas throw something between the couch and the wall in the front room. P.C. Hunter afterwards found that it was a purse containing £1 18s 6d. In- spector Canton meanwhile searched the man a.nd found lis 2d on him. He was arrested and charged with stealing the purse. He denied it, saying he was not in Dowlais at the time- He was subsequently identified by Mrs Jones from among five other men, and on Monday, denying his guilt, he was committed for trial by the Merthyr magistrates.
THOUGHTLESS COLLIER. At Aberavon on Monday TaliesinWilliams, a young conier employed at the Duffryn Rhondda. Colliery, was summoned for having a match in his possession in the mine. Mr Trevor H. Hunter (who appeared for the com- pany) said they did not believe defendant took the match down the mine intentionally, but they were compelled to bring the charge as a warning to others. Defendant said he did not know the match was in his pocket. The Chair- man said the case was a. most serious one. They had received a splendid testimonial in defendant's favour, but moral character had nothing to do with such a case. Defendant was fined £2 and costs.
ABERTILLERY DISTRICT COUNCIL. Recreation Ground Maintenance. Mr F. Athay, J.P., presided at the nionthly meeting of the Abertillery District Council on Monday. Dr. Muir, the medical officer, re- ported that the birth and death rates for the past month were 40-1 and 7 "2 respectively. Mr W. Harris was elected vice-chairman in the place of Mr Dan Lloyd, resigned. Mr T. Can. ning, Newuort, was engaged to report upon the Council's gas undertaking. It was decided, on the proposition of Mr A. C. WiUis, to appoints committee to select suitable sites for the erec- tion of houses under the Housing of the Work- ing Classes Act. A recommendation of the Pleasur e Grounds Committee that a charge be made of L3 and El los per match for first and second football teams respectively for the use of the park was negatived, but it was decided to ask the teams who now have the use of the park free of charge to give a donation at the end ot the season towards a fund for the main- tenance and improvement of the grounds, the question of making a fixed charge for the use of the ground to be again considered before the commencement of next season.
The Rev. Father O'Reilly presided at a meeting of Merthyr Tydfil Board of Guardians on Saturday. It was decided to consent to the addition to the workhouse of accommodation for children at a costnotexceeding ilW. Aid. David Evans submitted a resolution, which the board approved, that the necessi -ing with the question of vagra. 'ed upox the G v-ernment.
Lord Ninian Stuart. c MAIDEN SPEECH AT CARDIFF. Enthusiastic Meeting. HIS LORDSHIP EXPOUNDS HIS POLITICAL FAITH. There was a large attendance of members of the Council of the Cardiff Conservative Asso- ciation in the Conservative Club last evening to hear an address from Lord Ninian Crichton Stuart, brother of the Marquis of Bute, who had been approached with a view to hi? becoming Conservative candidate for Cardiff. The chair was occupied by Mr Her- bert Cory. Lord Ninian Stuart rose amid an enthn- siastic outbuist, the audience again rising. He thanked them fo" the demonstration, and said he had come on the invitation of their com- mittee to offer himself as a candidate for their support as a follower and member of the Con- servative party. (Hear, hear.) Be aceepted that invitation with the greatest pleasure because he felt he was not a stranger amongst them and because he was not altogether uncon- nected with that.great,important constituency which he would leel it the greatest honour to represent. (Cheers.) If they selected him and he were returned he would always seek in every way to further the interests of the people of Cardiff-(hear, hear)—and to study those commercial questions with which the city was intimately connected. He stood before them as a staunch supporter of the Conserva- tive and Unionist party, and a loyal FOLLOWER OF MR BALFOUR. (Cheers.) Mr Balfour's policy in placing Tariff Reform as the first constructive plank in Con- servative and Unionist policy he heartily endorsed. (A Voice: And you'll win on it.) Cardiff being one of those places in which commercial interests were accentuatedhe recog- nised that to represent it in Parliament was a duty of grave responsibility. When he spoke of Cardiff he referred to it collectively with its inseparable adjuncts of Cowbridge and Llan- trisant. He remembered the constituency as a boy, when he had spoken to many of those present, no doubt, in the language of his own country. (Applause.) Proceeding, he said the business methods of 70 years ago were still in use in this country. (Shame.) Other countries had thrown off those methods. It was true our trade was progressing steadily, but the business of other countries was pro- gressing much more rapidly. Were they to stand and look on while other countries, who had altered their methods, leapt in front of them ? (No.) Were they to let the trade of the country go to ruin through the rotten Radical propping up of Free Trade ? (No.) Lord Beaconsfield said Free Trade was the beginning of the disintegration of the Empire, and he (Lord Ninian) agreed with him. Should ho ever be called upon to represent them in Parliament he should in season and out of season further the policy of uniting by close commercial bonds the Mother Country and her Colonies. (Applause.) Among those who helped to make the trade of the country were THE WORKING CLASSES. Legislation had been called for many times for their betterment, and the problem was not yet solved. His view was that the social im- provement of the working classes meant the social improvement of the other classes. (Hear, hear.) Lord Beaconsfield in 1872 said the lirst consideration of a Minister was the health of the people—(hear, hear)—and in fur- therance of that policy the Unionist party had legislated for the housing of the working classes, while the Radical party had been de- veloping reactionary legislation for the dis- integration and dismemberment of the Empire and the disestablishment and disendowment of the Church. (Shame.) Those who lived by trade or helped to make trade by the work of their hands and sweat ot their brow had always had the helping hand of the Conservative party. (Hear, hear. ) The Unionist party had never shirked the responsibility of providing for the adequate defence of the country, the Navy when the Conservatives were in power being maintained at double the strength of any other Navy. The Army, too, was efficiently kept up, but to-day they had to listen to a warning note from no less a person than Lord Roberts. Proceeding to deal with < he educa- tion question. Lord Ninian said he was in favour of every child having an opportunity of being brought up in the faith of its parents. He was most thankful to the House of Lords for insisting on this, and for maintaining the integrity oi the Empire. His Lordship next referred to what he called the growing EVIL OF SOCIALISM. Fortunately, in the battle against Socialism they would have the support of the great friendly societies, and probably also of the Trade Unions, because through the agency of the great benefit and trades societies working- men had millions of money invested in the securities which the Socialists wishedito" nation alise. In conclusion his Lordship asked them for their absolute and whole-hearted support. (Voices, You will get it.) If he did gain their whole-hearted support, he thought they might confidently look forward to the time when Cardiff would once more return to Parliament a Conservative and Unionist member. (Cheers.) Sir John Gunn, after complimenting Lord Ninian on his excellent address, moved a vote of thanks to him, and suggested they accept him with acclamation. Mr R. Forrest. J. P., briefly seconded. Alderman R. Hughes, in supporting, said it was the largest meeting of the kind ever held, and was the first meeting in which ladies had been invited to participate. The vote was carried with great enthusiasm, the company singing, For he's a jolly good fellow." Lord Ninian, in response, mentioned in- cidentally that he had that night delivered the first political address he had ever made in his life. (Cheers.) He was told before he came into that room he was going to be met with sympathy and enthusiasm, but neither his wife nor himself had any idea they would witness such a demonstration. Mr J. W. Courtis felicitously moved a vote of thanks to LADY NINIAN STUART and other ladies present. Mr J. B. Ferrier, who seconded, referred in- cidentally to the prosperous times now being experienced in the coalfield, and warned his hearers that this prosperity would be succeeded by a period of depression. The company with which be was connected paid no dividend from 1875 to 1898, and, taking the average, he did not think coal companies to-day paid more than 5 per cent., though the last balance sheet of his company was a good one. (Laughter.) Councillor F- II- Gaskell supported, and the resolution was carried with acclamation. Lord Ninian briefly replied, and on the mo- tion of Dr. W. Taylor, seconded by AJderman W. J. Trounce, and supported by Mr W. T. Symonds, a vote of thanks to the chairman was passed, the company according the vote musical honours. The Chairman, acknowledging the vote, said Lord Ninian, when approached in London, said, I shall be ready to come down when you invite me, and sometimes when you don't. (Cheers.) I have pledged myself in London to contest Cardiff, and I shall be prepared night and day to work for your interests. Lady Ninian Stuart will also always be present to support me." (Cheers.) As Lord and Lady Ninian Stuart drove away they were loudly cheered. They had arrived in Cardiff from London by the 4.59 train, and were met at the station hv Mr J. Herbert Cory, J.P., Mr W. T. Symonds, J.P-, Mr J. W. Courtis, J.P., Mr Lewis Morgan, and Mr Thorn- ton, the Conservative agent. They will re- main in the city all the week, making the Angel Hotel their heardquarters-
SAVINGS BANK FRAUD. Lydia Sangwine was summoned at Marl- borough-street Mondavi for having obtained 20s by false pretences from the Postmaster General. Mr Mclntyre, of the Solicitors' Department. General Post Office, who prose- cuted, said the defendant obtained £9 com- pensation from a railway company on the death of her son, placed it in the Post Office Bank, and withdrew it in May last. She said she had lost her book, and a new one was issued. Inv July she produced the old book, which showed a balance to her credit, whereas in reality it had been transferred to the new book and withdrawn, and obtained.P.I. The account being examined, the fraud was dis- covered and a summons issued. Defendant said she was very sorry for having obtained the money in this way, and was willing to pay it back. Mr Denman fined her 40s or 21 days' imprisonment, and said that in so doing he was extending exceptional leniency.
STORY OF A SMALL LOAN. A woman who borrowed j64 15s from a moneylender in January last asked the magis- trates' advice Monday at the Tower Bridge Court. After paying back over X2 by April (she saidj she fell into arrears, and was summoned for 14 17s at the Croydon County Court. Within eight days she filled in a form stating that she would plead the Moneylenders Act, as the interest was excessive. She was informed that she was too late, but that she disputed. She heard no more about the matter until last Saturday, when a man, who demanded £ 7 18s, was put in possession of her home. She had not this money, and did not know what to do. If she paid the bailiff out she would have to pay ilO 2s for the loan of.El 1Ss. Mr Cecil Chapman said that if the action was decided in her absence, after she had given notice to defend it, it might be an improper judgment.. The Applicant: The court is closed until October 4th, and the man is in possession of my home. The Magistrate suggested that she might see Mr Registrar Fox at Croydon and ask that the execution be withdrawn pending a review of the judgment. ■ "II1 ..x:
FATAL EDELWEISS. Meiringcn, Tuesday.—Two young men named Ochlmann, of Dusseldorf, when searching for edelweiss on Sunday, fell over a precipice on the Erzegg, in Haslibery, with fatal results.— Reuter.
Rise in Coal Prices. VIEWS OF MR D. A. THOMAS, M.P. Arrant Nonsense in the London Press. Speaking at Aberdare Horse Show on Monday. Mr D. A. Thomas, M.P., referring to the coal trade, said that much arrant nonsense was indulged in by the London press, who said i that coal owners were making too much money y and charged too high prices for the coal. He agreed that the prices were at present quite high enough, and he did not want to see them go higher so as to prejudice the public against the South Wales coaJ trade, and he was afraid some prejudice was being fostered against the trade at present. The present high prices were due, he contended, to the general prosperity of the industries of the country. To attribute it to the removal of the coal tax was absolute nonsense. No doubt the remission of the tax. which had proved very burdensome and detri-, mental, had helped, but that would only advance the price Is per ton, whereas prices had gained about 5s or 63. It was also said that the high prices were caused.by the colliers taking too many holidays, and he would like to urge upon the colliers not to give any cause for this. He believed colliers were working better than ever, and they should remember that conditions had changed during the past six years. The colliers could not now obtain any advantage from high prices beyond the maxi. mum of 60 per cent., and the present prices were high enough to ensure that for them. They should therefore take advantage of the good time, and work as hard as they could. for there was no doubt if the output were de- creased it would greatly prejudice the legisla- tion promised in the next Session for a reduc- tion of hours in mines.
Upset at Sharp Angle. ABERDARE MOTOR-PARTY INJURED. Mr Illtyd Williams, draper, Aberdare, and Mrs Williams motored to Carmarthenshire on Sunday afternoon, and picked up at Aberaman Mr T. W. Griffiths, solicitor, and Mrs Griffiths. Mr W. J. Rosser, manager of Mr Williams's business, completcil the party. All went well until half-way between Trecastle and Llan- dovery. After clearing the steep descent and bridge at the bottom the car came to grief at a sharp angle further ahead. The occupania were violently thrown on the road, and all re- ceived injuries. Relief came from parsing cars, and the party were taken into Llandovery, I where they were medically attended. Mr Rosser had his left arm dislocated at the elbow, and Mr Griffiths was also injured in the same spot. The accident was such that it is strange fatal resutts did not follow. The car, a new. one purchased three weeks ago, is a complete wreck. Mr and Mrs Williams and Mr Rosser left during the night for Aberdare. Mr and Mrs Griffiths had gone on to Llandilo. Mr Williams and his manager appeared on Monday to be none the worse for the accident.
THE CHURCHES. Congregationalism at Barry. On Saturday Bethesda Welsh Congrega- tional Church, Barry, was re-opened, having undergone extensive alterations. A sum of £ 1,450 has been spent, including £320 for an organ. At the opening gathering the pastor (Ilev. D: H. Williams, M.A.) presided, and addresses were delivered by Mr D. Thomas. Aelfryn, secretary of the church, Revs. Ben Evans, Ingli James, C- J. Clarke, T. Pandy John, J- jvtydyr Evans, Christmas J. Lewis, B.A., Messrs J. Meikle, and J. Lloyd. In the evening aud throughout Sunday services were held, the Rev. D. H. Williams officiating. Carmel Chapel, Maestag. Carmel Chapel, Maesteg, upon the comple- tion of extensive additions, was reopened on Saturday evening by Mr D. Evans, Llynft Lodge, who was presented with a gold key by Messrs Thomas Bros., the contractors at the new building. A sermon was preached by the pastor, the Rev. W. B. Bowen. A memorial tablet, erected to the Rev. W. Morgan, the late pastor of the church, was unveiled by Mrs C. Sims-Rees, widow of Mr D. Sims-Rees. The pastor, was presented with an illuminated address and a gold watch. Carmel is the oldest Nonconformist church in Maesteg. All Non-Smokers. The autumnal meetings of the Bala Bangor Congregational College were held at Bangor on Friday under the presidency of Dr. Reginald W. Phillips, M.A. Mr Alderman Hugh Thomas, J.P. (Beaumaris), the treasurer, presented aja encouraging financial statement. The result of the entrance examinatir i was presented, id the following success! 1 candidates w, i a,(Imitt,ed: 'homas .It .a Jones, Po-nei E hosllanerchrugogo VV R. Willia Llanernhymedd William Morgan Lie d. Ystradgvnlais Bcrjamin D. Evans, Cwmavon I). J. Davies, Groeswen Morgan Price, Ystradgynlais David Jones, TJanba- darnfawr Jenkin R. Evans, Mydroilyn, Car. diganshire and Lewis Evans, Fforest Fach, Swansea. It was reported that all the success- ful candidates were non-smokers. A memorial tablet to the late Mr William Meyrick, for many years foreman at the Dowlais Works, Cardiff, was unveiled on Sun- day morning at the Memorial Hall, the centra of tbe CardifT Forward Movement, Cowbridge- road, by the Rev. T. M. Charles, the pastor. Mr Meyrick was one of the original members of the centre in Cowbridge-road, and for many years he acted as an elder.
AN ANGLERS' PARADISE. As previously announced Sowley Pond, the largest pond in Hampshire, covering 100 acres. which is within the demesne of Lord Montagu of Beaulieu's beautiful estate of Beaulieu Abbey, is to-day to be entirely drained and all the present denizens of its waters netted. Later on it is to be restocked with trout, and the finest trout-fishing centre in England will, it is expected, be thus created. One of the trophies of the pond is a 331b. pike, along with others weighing 311b. 281b., 241b., 231b., and 181b. respectively. For the purposed draining of the lake to-day--and the process is expected to take three days in all-a new channel 151ft. long has been created and a tunnel 60ft. long sunk 22ft. beneath the levol of the lake. The water will escape along a channel into the Solent, which is less than a mile away. Sowley Pond, or Hammer Pond, as it is sometimes called, was originally in the possession of the Cistercian monks, and derives its name Ham. mer from the use of its waters for driving the primitive steam-hammer used by tha monks in their own works which they estab- lished in connection with Beaulieu Abbey. The early fathers also used the pond as a pre- serve for their fish. Although it is so close to to the Solent ,Sowiey Pond is entirely a fresh- water preserve, and is fed by streams from the forest. Of course, where thirty-three-poundef pike existed it was impossible to begin rearing trout.
THE DOG AND THE VET. A remarkable instance of a dog's sagacity is described by Mr Marcus Stevenson, veterinary surgeon, who often gives evidence in cruelty cases at Hjghgate Police Court. One evening a fortnight ago a gentleman took a Japanese collie dog, which was suffering from a serious and painful affection of the left e;tl'. to Mr Stevenson's surgery in Canaden-roa4. Holloway. Mr Stevenson operated on the animaj. which was then taken by its master to his home over a. mile away. On the following evening the dog found its way, unaccompanied, to the surgery, and a* soon as the door was opened jumped up on the operating table a,ndwaited till the veterinary surgeon could attend to it. Mr Stevenson ex. amined its ear, and poured in some lotion, and the dog immediately left and went home Every evening since, punctually at 8 o'clock, the dog has visited the surgery by itself, and submitted to the same process, and has then gone home again.
APPENDICITIS. It is said that appendicitis first became pre- valent in the United States, where the steel flour rollers were in use, and not in this country until we had to get large quantities of flour from America. If this were so, we ought to find the nieces of steel in the contents of nearly all the diseased appendices that are removed, for however small they would not be able to escape a careful microscopic examination. On the other hand, it is certain that such particles are very rarely found, and it is astonishing what a variety of things seem to be able to set up an attack of appendicitis. Those most com- monly found are fruit pips and indigestible hard particles of food, althoagh occasionally pins, hail's, and even toothbrush bristles have been found to be the offenders. The truth is probably that the appendix becomes lowered in vitality and resistance from some local or constitutional circumstances, so that, the first irritating particle that lodges in it is sufficient to produce an attack of appendicitis.
MOTHER AND DAUGHTER. There was an affecting scene at IVIarylebone Monday, when Charlotte and Lottie Crunon, mother and daughter, Waverley-road, Pad. dington, were charged with being drunk and disorderly on Saturday. But I was nob drunk," said the daughter. I was waiting for my young man. and seeing my dear old mother being locked up, I, like a daughter with a love for her mother, said, Where she goes I go,' and whatever you do with her I hope vou'H do with me. '—Mr Plowden: I think if the mother pays 5s, or one day, the daughter may go.— Then let the daughter go with her mother,- said the daughter, clinging to her mother and crying. 11 Take me, too let me go with mother." They were separated with difficulty, but the daughter refused to leave the building until her mother had been released.
Mrs Mary Powell, wife of Mr Henry Powell, an employee of he Brynmawr Urban District Council, was fo ud dead in bed on Monday morning. -t