Alliance for Mutual Defence. "OTECTION OF THE INDIAN FRONTIER .i THE OPEN DOOR IN THE' FAR EAST. Japan's Supremacy in Korea. BRITISH MESSAGE TO RUSSIA. The Foreign Office issued an Tuesday night the text of the new Anglo-Japanese Treaty. 1 It is as follows Agreefhent between the United Kingdom and Japan, signed at London, Auguat i2.a, 1905. PREAMBLE. I The Governments of Great Britain and Japan being desirous of replacing the agreement con- cluded between them on the 13th January, 19C2, by fresh stipulations, have agreed apon the following articles, which have for their object :— (a) The consolidation and maintenance of the general peace in the regions of Eastern Asia and 1)f India. (b) The preservation of the common interests of all the Powers in China by insuring the inde- peadance and integrity of the Chinese Empire, and the principle of equal opportunities for the ,commerce and industry of ail nations in China. (c) The maintenance of the territorial rights of the high contracting parties in the regions of Eastern Asia and of India, and the defence of 'their special interests in the said~regions. ARTICLE ONE. It is agreed that whenever, in the opinion of either Great Britain or Japan, any of the rightaand interests referred to in the preamble of this agreement are in jeopardy, the two Governments will communicate with one another fully and frankly, and will consider in coramon the messares which shoald be taken to safeguard those menaced rights or interests. ARTICLE TWO. If by a reason of unprovoked attack of aggressive action, wherever arising, on the part of any other Power or Powers either con- tracting party should be involved in war in defencoofits territorial rights or special interests mentioned in the preamble of this agreement the other contracting Power will at once come to the aaaistaoca of its ally and will > conduct the war in coaamon and make peace in mutual agreement with it. ARTICLE THREE. Japan possessing paramount political, mili- tary and economic interests In Korea, Great Britain recognises the right of Japau to take much measures of gadsnce. control, and pro- tection in Korea as she may deem proper and necessary to safeguard and advance those interests, provided always that each measnres are not contrary to the principle of eqnal oppor- tunities for commirfce and icdcstry of all nations. ARTICLE FOUR. Great Britain hating a special interest in all that coucerns the security of the Indian fron- tier, Japan recog mines her right to take Buch measures in the proximity of that frontier as .be may find oecesury for safeguarding her Indian posaewi ons. ARTICLE FIVE. The bigh contracting parties agree that inei-ther oft herd will, without consulting the amer, enter into separate arrangements with ..another Power to the prejudice of the objects described in the preamble of this agreement. ARTICLE SIX. An regards the present war between Japan and Russia, Jreat Britain will continue to maintain strict neutrality unless some other v Power or Powers should join in hostilities agains&Japan,in which case Great Britain will come to the assistance of Japan, and will wnduct the war in common, and make peace in matoal agreement with Japan. ARTICLE SEVEN. Bwccnditions under which armed resist- ance shall be afforded by either Power to the other in the circumstances mentioned in the present agreement, and the means by which such assistance is to, be made available, will be arranged by the naval and military authori- ties of the contracting parties, vvho "111, hom time to time, console one another fully and freely upon a'l.qaestions of mntual interest. ARTICLE EIGHT. The present agreement shall, subject to the provisions of Article VI., come into effect immediately after the d!\ta of its signature, and remain in foice for ten yeara from that date. In case neither of the high contracting parties ^lioald have notiifed 12 months before the axpi- .Xfttion of the said tea years the intention of ter- 'xuBatingit, it shall remain binding until the -ytXfiiiatioa of one year frota the day on "bjcb either of the high contracting parties shall have denounced it but if when the date fixed, for its 'expiration arrives either allay in actually engaged. in war the'alliancesball ipso facto continue until peace is concluded. In faith whereof the undsrsigaed, daly authorised by their respective Governments, have signed tbia agreement and have affixed thereto tbeir seals. Done in duplicate at London, the 12th day of jaugues, 1905. LANSDOWNE. Bia Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary 01 State for Foreign Affairs t, -TADASU HAYASHI, [ Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- tiary of his Majesty the Emperor of Japan at the Court of St. James's British Message to Russia. Accompanying the treaty the Foreign Office Aitaacd the following d espa te b, forwarded by Lord jpjansdowne to Sir C. Hardinge, the British 'Ambassador at St. Petersburg — I I Foreign Office, September 6,1905. ",8ir,-I enclose for vaar Excellency's infor- caution a copy of a new agreement concluded be. tween ELM. Government and that of Japan in substitution for that of the 30th Jannary. 1902. .You will take an early opportunity of eom- imunicating the new agreement to the Russian Government, It was signed on the 12th August, and you will explain that it wonld have been immedi- ately made public bat for the fact that negotia- tions bad at that time already commenced be. tween Russia and Japan) and that the publica- tion of such a document whilst those negotia- tions ware atillin progress would obviously have been improper and inopportune. The Russian Government will, I trust, jMcosnise that the new agreement is 801) inter- national instrument to which no exception can retaken by any of the Powers interested in the affairs of the Far East. "Yoa should call special attentioo to the 1bject. mentioned in the preamble as those by "Wbich the policy of the contracting parties is inspired. 4. His Majesty's Government believe that they i may connt upon the goodwill and support of all ,the Powers in endeavouring to maintain peace-in 'Eastern Asia, and in seeking to uphold the in- tegrity and independence of the Chinese Empira, and the principle ot equal opportunities for the icommerce and industry of all nations in that -country. On the other hand, the special interests of *he contracting parties are of a L-ind-npon which they are fully entitled to insist, and the f-,announcernent that those interests must be sale- guarded is one which can create no surprise, and used give rise to no misgivings. I call your especial attention to the wording Of Article II., which lays down distinctly that it Is only ia the ease of an unprovoked attack made pen one of the contracting parties by itnothor Power or Powers, and when that party is de- fending its territorial rights and special inter- ests from aggressive action, that the other party Is boand to corns to its assistance. Article III., dealing with the question of- .Korea, is dsserving of especial attention. It 'recognises in the clearest terms tha paramount "postiion which Japan at this moment occupies, and must henceforth occupy, in Korea, and her > right to take any measures which she may find 'necessary for the protection of her political, mili- itary, and economic interests in that country. It .38, however, expressly provided that such Vneasures must not be contrary to the principle ,Iof eqnsi opportunities for the commerce and Hndaltry of other nations. yi The new treaty DO doabt differs at this point (conllpicaollsJy from that of 1902. It has, how- ever, become evident that Korea, owing to its (cJose proximity to the Japanese Empire and its Inability to stand alone, mast fall under the con- f trol and tutelage of Japan. His Majesty's f Government observe with satisfaction that this part was readily conceded by Russia in the ,ILreaty of vaaee recently concluded with Japan, fieud they have every reason to believe that "similar views are held b7 other Powers with |xegas4 -he relations which should subsist (between Japan and Korea. Jlii Majesty's Government ventures to ^anticipate that the alliance just concluded, f designed as it is with objects which are purely VOICeful and for the protection of rights and interelt. tbs validity of which cannot be con- f cuted, will be regarded with approval by the 5Government to which yon are accredited. They are justified in believing that its cen- jtelnsion may not have been without effect in /facilitating tha settlement by which the war nas f been so happily brought to an end, and they earnestly trust that it may for many years to come be instrumental in securing the peace of the world in thcae regions which come within fitiacope. I am, Ac., (Signed) LANSDOWNE." (Signed) LANSDOWNE." •^RitilWHar 3aspatch was addressed to his Ambassador in Paris.
THE OLD AGREEMENT. 4-IThe,followinR is the text of the old agreement between Great Britain find Japan, signed on January 30th 1902 :— The Gov&rn siants of GreatBritain and Japan, actuated solely by a desire to maintain the status juo and general peace in the extreme East, being moreover specially interested in maintaining the. indepetderce ALd tectorial integrity of thsEmrjire of China and the Empire of Korea, and in securiog equal opportunity in thoae coantrias for the commerce and industry 0& all nations, bereby agree as follows 1— ARTICLE i.—The high contracting parties, having mutually recognised the independence of China aod Korea, declare themselves to be .entirely uninfluenced by any aggressive ten- dencies in either country. Having in view, how- ever, their special interests, of which those of Great Britain relate principally to China. while Japan, in addition to the interests which she possesses in China, is interested in a peculiar degree politically, as well as commercially and. industrially, in Korea, the high contracting parties recognise that it will be admissible for either of them to take such measures as may be indispensable in order to safeguard those interests if threatened either by aggressive action of any other Power, or by disturbances arising in China or Korea, and necessitating the intervention of either of the high contracting parties for the protection of the lives and property of its sub- ject- ARTICLE II. If either Great Britain or Japan, in the defence of their respective interests as above described, ahoeld become involved in war wfth snttfher Power, the other high contracting party will maiatain a strict neutrality, and use its efforts So psavaat other Powers from joining in hostilities against its allv. ARTICLE III.—If In the above event an# other Power or Powers should join hostilities against that ally, the other high contracting party will come to ita assistance, and will con- ,duct the war in common and make peace in mutual agreement with it. ARTICLE IV.—The high contracting parties agree that neither of them will, without con- sulting the other, enter into separate arrange- ments with another Power to the prejudice of the interests above described. ARTICLE V,-Whanever, in the opinion of either Great Britain or Japan, the above- mentioned interests are in jeopardy, the two Governments will commonicate with one another fully and frankly. ARTICLE VI.—The present agreement shall come into effect immediately after the date of its signature, and remain in force for five years from that dale. In case neither of the high contracting parties should have notified twelve months before the expiration of the said five years the intention of terminating it, it shall remain binding nntil the expiration of one year from the dav on which either of the high con- tracting parties shall have danoanced it. Bat if, when the date fixed for its expiration arrives, either ally is actually engaged in war, the alliance ahall, ipso facto, continaa until peace is confided.
REJOICINGS IN TOK10. Tokio, Wednesday.-In spite of the unpopu- laitity of the Cabinet which concluded it, tha Anglo-Japanese Treaty has been received with general satisfaction. The public does not hesi- tate to welcome the compact in its extended form. The greatest satisfaction has been caused by the disappearance of all reference to the maintenance of the independent and territorial integrity of Korea, as well as by the retention of pledges for mutual assistance in time of war. The extension of the scope of the treaty to India is unwelcome in some quarters, but the general feeling ia that the alliance will assure peace in the Far East for at least ten years.—Renter. Tokio, Wednesday.—Tokio, which has been downcast and gloomy recently owing to what are regarded as the unsatisfactory peace terms, has been visibly cheered by the publication of the terms of the new alliance with Great Britain. Many of the large business houses and public buildings were illnminated to-night.—Press Association Special Telegram. British Naval Visit. Hong Kong, Wedneada.T. At the conclusion of tbe China Squadron's visit to Dalny, Admiral Sir Gerard Noel, commander-in-chief, will pro- ceed on the 2nd proximo to the principal ports of Japan with six cruisers and two divisions of torpedo bouts.-Reuter. Kaiser and the Yellow Peril. Berlin, Wednesday.-The Berliner Taga- hIatt" states that the recent visit of the Japanese Minister to Count Boslow at Baden Baden was undertaken for the purpose of com- municating to the Chancellor a complaint made by the Japanese Government concerning the alleged remarks made by the Kaiser to certain American Congress men in Berlin recently on the subject of the yellow peril." Codnt Boalow Rave the Japanese Minister satisfactory explanation*. -Oentral News. French Newspaper Opinions. Paris, Wednesday.— Discussing the Anglo-- Japanese Treaty, the Temps this evening says the modifications which it contains appear materially and morally as the consequence of Japanese victories. Great Britain asks Japan to render throughout Asia the services which she has received from Great Britain in Eastern Asia. On tbe other hand, Great Britain recognises the fait aceompii In regard to Korea; and bows before Japanese supremacy established by force of arms In that country, tbo integrity and in- dependence of which she guaranteed three years aga. The arguments which the British Ambas- sador has put forward at St. Petersburg are tha:eby submitted to European opinion. Great Britain makes that opinion the judge, and that opinlon has a word to say ia the discussions. It senms to us that the Russian Government should jreet with satisfaction this mark of considera- tion. The formal affirmations which Sir Charles Hardinge has been instructed to convey and the known intentions of King Edward, whose personal influence can be plainly seen in this step, should be a valuable appeasement for Russia now at peace. Enrooe and Asia have passed through a troubled line, and it would seem that in the reaction all the world seeks to give explanations and effect under- standings. Britons and Russians can come to an noderstandiug as Japanese and Russians, Germans and French have done after their struggles. At the present;time there is no inevi- table war, and the field ia open to rapproech- ments. The Debate." discussing the same Bubjectj ments. The Debate." discussing the same subject, expresses the opinion that there is good reason to hope that the treaty will not create hostility between Great Britain and Russia, to whom the journal counsels patiance. Supposing that the two Powers do not succeed in defining and con- ciliating their respective interests in Asia, tbe Debats points out that it is only in the event of the treaty bringing Russia and Great Britain into violent antagonism that French policy would be involved and French interests com- promised. Looking solely at facts, without regard meentiment," the Debats concludes, we find in the treaty no teason to disquiet onr- Belvea. We have no ambitions in China. We are satisfied with the maintenance of the open door, and we see a reason for the safety of IDdo. China in an alliance which attaches Japan to a Power with whom we have excellent relations." —Renter.
STRONG GERMAN VIEWS; Russo-German Alliance Expected. Berlin, Wednesday B iening. -People hare are beginning to see in M. Witte's visit to Germany the precursor of the conclusion of an agreement, possibly in the form of a treaty between Ger- many and Russia, in order to counteract the situation created by the renewal of the Anglo- Japanese Alliance. The view is expressed in the newspaper articles to-night that Russia and Ger- many will be drawn closer together as a result of the alliance, to which all the papers concur in attaching the greatest importance The Lokaianzeiger," which is reported to stand in-close relations with the German Foreign Office, append. the following to its account of M. Witte's visit to Raminten It must be presumed that M. Witte's conversation with the Emperor William aims at transforming the Rosso-German understanding into a tangible treaty. When it is considered that/the ten. rlency of British policy must now be clearly perceived in öt. Petersburg and that M. Witte in full agreement with the Czar acted in Berlin and at Rominten as the advocate of closer rela- tions with Germany, if woald be difficult to find a more suitable moment for iniaring the interests of Russia and Germany by & treaty in view of the ra-grouping of the Powers which ia now taking place before our eyes immediately after the conclusion of the new Anglo-Japanese alliance. It is uncertain whether it will be possible to bring about a Busso-German under- standing on the assumption of including the Franco-Rossir,a alliance in this readjustment of the European balance of power, although such a complete understanding can bnt be of advant- age to all the three States concerned." The Tagcblatt says of the new trea ty While taking rank with the Triple and Dual Alliances, it is even more menacing in tbaleom- plete novelty of the provisions. The treaty com- prehends nearly the whole Asiatic Continent, and just as its limits are almost boundless so are its contents dictated by the utmost lack of con- sideration for others. The fiction that it is a defensive alliance can hardly be upheld. The alliances is really even more than offensive. Since the treaty refers to the maintenance only of British and Japanese territorial rights in China the alliance must be directed as much against Germany as against Russia. France and the United States must also fear for their inter- ests in the Far East, &o that the treaty iB a blow at European interests just as the Anglo-French MOfoSeèO agreement was." The joarnal then goes on a coalition of the Powers wbosa Asiatic interests are threat- ened, and, summing up, says Great Britain has forsaken her splendid isolation, bat at the cost of driving the rest of the world into the enemy's camp." The National ZeitnDR" remarks :-&1 Ger- many has no reason to be disturbed at the- njit- ance, which ensures the open door- Germany's steadfast aim in the Far East. Aa to France, while abe will bave to reckon with the allianca in Cochin-China. the Anglo-French agreement will preclude complications for Borne time to come." The "Vossfsche Zeitnng takes a similar view, saying Germany has only economic aims in Shantung. Therefore her position there i., not injured by the alliance."—Renter. _u-
TORN TO PIECES. ENGINEMAN HORRIBLY DISMEMBERED. Tboma«vLee, cnginpman with Martin Billing and Co., printers, Birmingham, while searching for a part of the engipa which by tbe noise required lubrication, was caught in the shafting, and met a horrible and instant death. Tbe top of his head was cut off a if by a saw, his brains were scattered about the engine, one leg t nas torn from the body, and there were other tetriblo injuries. His scalp was found in a tank.
:¡; Togo's Sunken Flagship. f •'1 COMMANDER ATTEMPTS SUICIDE. Tokio, Satarday.-The Jiji's special cor- respondent at Saaebo says :Captain Iwichi, the commander of the ill-fated battleship Mikasa, who was not on board the vessel when the outbreak of fire was discovered, bet imme. diately went on board and did his utmost to save the ship, though in vain, has since felt the loss very keenly. ana has been greatly depressed, The other day he collected the survivors of the Mikasa in a room of the Sailors' Training School and made some brief, but feeling remarks on the disaster which had befallen the ship which he said had become an object of universal admira- tion and respect after a series of many brilliant victories. He considered himself personally responsible for his heavy loss and advised his men not to lose heart. After his audience had left the room Captain Twichi jumped out of a window, evidently at- tempting suicide. He was severely injured in, the face, and now lies in the Sasebo Naval Hos- pital in a serious condition. -Press Association Special Service. THE RETVISAN REFLOATED. Tokio, Saturday.—The Rassian battimbip- Retvisan was refloated by the Japanese at Port Arthur yet terday. -Reater. PUNISHING TOKIO RIOTERS, Tokio, Saturday. -Following the drastic visits of yesterday, two arrests were made daring the night and early morning. Two of the persons arrested were in close connection with the "Nirokn Shimpo." The other persons arrested were mostly workmen. It is believed they are charged with inciting to rlo--Pre.. Association Special Service.
Dear Food in Germany. THE ELECTRICAL STRIKE. The strike of the workmen engaged in the electrical industry in Berlin seems destined to continue, the men having refused the terms of the employers, who have now decided to shut down a number of extensive works. The workmen pleaded for a minimum wage of 27. weesly on the plea of the dearsess of food. This was an increase of 15 per cent., which the employers said they could not afford in view of competition and the state of trade. Big Works to Shut Down. I Berlin, Tuesday, 9 p.m.—Upon the electrical workmen announcing their rosolve to continue the strike the company's issued a statement I declaring that they were compelled to their regret to shut down the following works on the afternoon of the 30th. The apparatus factories in the Alkerstrasse and Huttanstrasse, the machinery works'in the brannerstrasse, turbine factory in the Iluttenstrasse belonging to the AllgemeineEldhtrizitaetsgeseUscbaft, the pulley works belonging to the Siemens Halske Com- pany in cht- Helmholtytitritese, the dynamo works in the Franklinstrasse, and the cable works in Nonnendamm, belonging to the Siemens Schuc. kert Company. The statement will be posted up in the works concerned t o- morrow. --Router. Attitude of the Workmen. Bedin, Tuesday.-The electrical employees, now locked out And on atrike, have declared their dissatisfaction with the concessions made to them, and have raioived by an overwhelming majority at a meeting held thie afternoon not to resume work ondur the conditions proposed by the masters. It is feared that if a settlement is not reached at the last moment 40,000 men will be out. The 11 Tageblatt says tnat it was pro- posed at this afternoon's meeting to anticipate the action of the companies and appeal to the solidarity of the other employees to atnke before all tbe worka are close&-ttenter.
King Alfonso's Bride. I PRINCESS EN A RUMOUR AGAIN. The latest Court news from San Sebaatiau, says the Daily Chronicle Madrid correspon- dent, confirms the rumour of King Alfonso's coming marriage. The official declaration will, however, not be made until after the Royal visit to Berlin next month. The future Queen of Spain ia bayond doubt an English Princess, most likely a Battenbrsg. The marriage is to take plaee on May 17th, simultaneously with that of the King's sister, the Infants Maria Teresa with Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria. Forthcoming Announcement. Madrid, Tuesday.-From inquiries made here in the highest quarters I am able to state that no definite decision has been come to with regard to King Alfonso's choice of a bride. I am, how- ever, authoritateiy informed that an announce- ment will be made within the next six months. Among the upper ciasseb in Spain, among whom it is now generally known that the King's betrothal will be made known daring the next few months, a strong hope is entertained that the iutura Queen of J^iain will be chosen from among the English Princesses. Even among the Catholic hierarchy the choice of an English Piiacene is regarded very favourably, but it is pointed out that the question of religion is a considerable difficulty, and that whoever f. the King's future bride may be sbe must already be or piepared to become a Catholic. There is no doubt that since his viiit to England King Alfonso has corresponded with and sent some beautiiul gifts to an English Pri, bat tthe nanfe ia being kept a rigid eeefeto-Centra.1 News.
NEW NAVAL BASE IN THE FAR EAST. The vital importance of a -British naval base at Singapore from the political and strategic point of liew is obvious. The larger vessels of the ill-fated Baltic fleet passed through the Singapore Straits. Singapore, indeed, is the gateway of ocean traffic to the Pacific. Oar Eastern fleet consists of cruisers in three groops —the China squadron, the East Indies squadron, and the Australian squadron. For the last three years the flagships of the three squadrons have visited Singapore to enable the Admirals I to oonfer, and In future It will be tbe scene of the combination of the three commands. No one can glance at the map without realising tbd importance cf Singapore. It is the key to the China and Indian Seas, and the essential jump- ing-off "Jplace for the Eastern fleet in certain contingencies, situated as it is in the very centre of oar Empire -1 east of Snez," practically mid- way between India—which has its own naval bases- Australia and Hong Kong. while it Is about 5,400 miles from the Cape of Good Hope, whera we have the group of cruisers which acts as the connecting link between the great Western fleet and the Eastern fleet. Good docks are already in existence at Singapore, and for these the Government will pay a fair price, as fixed by the arbitrators also, the port is admir- ably defended, and no further expense in thia connection is necessary.
A SAD AND TOUCHING SIGHT. To the thoughtful, sympathetic person there can be few more sorrowful sights than that of a delicate, weakly child forced to sit apart watching with longing eyes aid envious heart the sports and pastimes of more vigorous companions. We all feel tender towards such children, and would gladly help them to get strong. There are thousands of little ones, puny and weak, nnable to join In the games of other children, who would be greatly benefited by a course of ADRier's Emulsion. The child may be scrofuloue or rickety, may be pale and anaemic, may be suffering from the after-effects of Bome illness such as measles or whooping cough, or may have soma constitutional or inherited WeakDOON in all such cases Angier's Emulsion may be used with the greatest possible advantage. Bland and pleasant (Ajmost Jilre cream), children like it and take it willingly, when they will not tonch other medicines; moreover, it is absolutely harmless and can be given to the most feeble infant with perfect safety. Its effect upon pany delicate .children is very quickly apparent. It makes them eat better, digest better, sleep better, and they rapidly gain in weight, strength, and colour. Angier's Emulsion is prescribed by the medical profession for all wasting diseases of children, and it is used in the children's hospitals. If you will send 3d for postage and mention this paper we will send you a free sample bottle. Of chemists Is lid, 2s 9d, aud 4s 6d. The Angier Chemical Co., Ltd., 32, Snow-hill, London, E.C.
An inquest was held on Monday on George White (51), Faaring-Btreet, Newport, who was II found alongside the railway near Lliswerry on Tuesday last. The evidence showed that deceased had been knocked down by the 7.30 express from Pcmtypool Road to Bristol. A verdict of Acci- dental death wits retained.
Owners Claim Relief. ENGUSH BOARD DISAGREES. Lord James of Hereford Called tn. SOUTH WALES DEPRESSION. Suggested Remedial Measures. An occasional correspondent writes The pre- sent depressed atate of tbe South Wales coal trade is a matter deserving the gravest con- sideration of the whole of the workmen engaged in tbe collieries, and indeed of the whole of the residents of South Wales. The reporta received from various districts week by week, and indeed almost day by day, of collieries being idle show the depressed state of the industry in a way that it is impossible to misunderstand or to explain Iaway, while the experiences of colliery owners and colliery salesmen seem to indicate that the depression is by no means likely to pass away, at least for some time to come. Coal, tbey assure me, can hardly besold for forward delivery at all. In view of the approaching termination of the Conciliation Board agreement, and the fact that within the but month the employers' and the men's representatives will meet to con- sider the drafting of a new agreement, it Is of the utmost importance to try and ascertain the causes of the present depression, and to endea. vour, if possible, to discover whether such causes are temporary or permanent, asd if any- thing can ba done to remove them. -Crom in- quiries which I have made from sources varied and well qualified to speak, I find there are at present three causes at least of tbe depression in the South Wales coal trade. The first of these, and in a certain sense at least-al it is to soma extent the cause of the second factor to which I will refer to—by far the most important of The Coal Tax. In spite of all special pleading it is now admit- ted even by our Consuls abroad that the coal tiaxi is severely crippling our export trade and in fact ousting us from many of the foreign markets. This is by no vneans to be wondered at for the tax means an increased cost of la per too to the buyers abroad and to that extent has made it easier for the coals of France, Germany. America. and elsewhere to compete with us. While it is admitted on all hands that Welsh coal, especi- ally for cersain purposes, is unequalled, it most not be Ion sight of that for other purposes even inferior coals may be used without any great disadvantage, and that even for those purposes for which the Welsh coal is far superior to ita competitors. except possibly where its smokeless- ness is a aine qua non, > it is a question of com- parison between value and price. To make a con- crete instance. If a ton of Welsh coal is equal in heating power to say 25 hundredweights of the coai competing with it and a ton of the Welsh coal including freight and coal ta^cannot ba delivered in the cordonting port under 25s a ton, whereas the consumers can buy a ton of the com- peting coal for 20s, the value of both is really the same. Take away the coal tax of one shilling, and Welsh coal can be Bold at 24s, and thus drive its competitor out of the market, as was the case before the coal tax was put on. Remembering the fact that the tax was imposed by tha present Government, a distinct promise from tbe leaders of the Liberal party that if they shouldcomainto power at the next General Elec- tion the coal tax will disappear with the first Badget would be bailed with satisfaction, For- tunately this wonld be a decision that the House of Lords could not intetfere with. The second causa is tbe more severe competition with the coal from other coalfields in the kingdom in th« home market. English eoal, finding the effect of the coal tax even more severely than Welsh goal in the foreign markete<of the world, has been largely driven to compete with the Weish coal in the home market. To do this, of coarse, the price has been reduced, and in this way more and more Welahcoal has to be sold at t Ion or to find itself ousted by its competitora. In tbia connection it must not be lost sight that the iCost of Production in the South Wales coalfield ia far higher than it is in any portion of the English coalfield. There are, of coarse, differences in tbe cost of production in tbe varions coalfields in England, but the difference between the average cost in the South Wales collieries and the dearest col- lieries in England ia great, and compared with that of the cheapest ia enormous. Is there a remedy ? I am strongly convinced that there is, and that it is to be sought for in cheaper modes of production, but in order successful tbe men and their leaders must help the owners to do ao. Unless that is done the owners most be content to put up with a restricted market and reduce tbeir outpn, with the consequent retah of still more irregular work or the throw- ing of hundreds of workmen cut of employment. It ia feared that in this respect tbere is some csueo of complaint by the employers, who allege that the men and their leaders persistently set themselves against any cheapening of the cost. I am not at the moment referring at all to the | question of wages, but to the use of various meofaanical and pother means of reducing ttaa cost. In the Eagliah coalfield, for instance, it is well known that the production of coal per man ia higher than it. is here, and those who knON both coalfields are quice positive that the Eng- lish coalowner gets more work done for a sovereign than his Welsh confrere. To. labour- saving machinery the English collier seems to take far more readily than the Welsh collier does. Aaan illustration of tbia, I was told a few weeks ago of a colliery in the Midlands where the output by ordinary baud labour was only two tons for each collier employed at the face. Coal-cutting machinery was introduced, and the oatpat is now six tons per man. Of course, the state of tbo roof and many other con- siderations in South Wales make it imposaiblQ to tree coal catting machines except in a fewseama and under the moat favourable conditions but where they can be used economy may thus be effected, and in their own interest the workmen should help the employers. Aoother cause of tbe depression is the fact that Electricity is more and more auperseding steam, and thus reducing the demand for steam coal. This is the case in numerous directions, and possibly in no direction ia it more so than in tha railway world. For instance, the Metropolitan and Dis- trict and similar railways, which were formerly large customers to certain collieries in South Wales, have adopted electricity for their sys- tems. In an ever increasing number of factories electricity ismore and more ousting steam. This reduces the quantity of coal used, and tbe coal aotually used is very inferior coal. Coal good enough for tbeir purpose is delivered in London for instance at lower prices than Welsh steam c)&.1 is sold at the pit's month. In all these direc- tions tha evil from the standpoint of the Welsh coalowner and:coal miner ia likely to grow, and is growing rapidly. Indeed, in certain other directions experiments are being conducted which threaten the supremacy of the Welsh coal, in an even more serious manner, especially in connec- tion with steamsbips, but at present these are yet only in the experimental state. I will not refer to them farther. Apart from the question of coal-cutting machinery, there are other direc- tions in which economies might be made in South Wales were it not for the persistent objec- tion of tbe men and their leaders to their intro- duction. Something, howevar, will have to be done, for tbe situation is Becoming Desperate, and in ibi8 connection it should be borne in mind that 30 per cent. minimum in South Wales means much more to tbe owners than the same fignre doea to the English coRlowner, where the labour cost of production ia so much less. The wages in the Midlands and other English dis- tricts are never above 38 or 3s 6d on the ton of coal, and 30 per cent, upon that is barely a shilling while in South Wales where the wages cost ia 6s, 7a, er 7s 6d the advance of 30 per cent. means from 24 to 2a 6d per too. This is a 3erious question, and while it is possible that the 30 per cent. minimum may be insisted upon in tbe new agreement the mon will only secure it on reduced earnings owing to irregalar work of two or three day* a week, at whioh no colliery can keep open permanently for the standing charges are too high and an end moat come to it. I am not by any means a pessimist, but I am bound to say that the preaont situation is a most serious one. We have in the past worked up a foreign trade with great rapidity owing to the fact that we arc able to supply a good article at a comparatively low Price, but we are now in danger of goipft to the other extreme, and in closing I Bay ie6 na R8t.rid 0f the coai tax, and let the men and leaders in every possible way assist the owners in the matter of economic working.
English Coal Board. WAGES REDUCTION DEMAND Referred to Lord James. The Coal Conciliation Board of the federated mining districts in and Wales on Wed- nesday met at Manchester and disagreed as to the application by the coalownera for a 5 per cent. redaction in wages, and the matter was re- ferred to Lord James of Hereford, the indepen- dent chairman, for decision. The meeting took pJace at the Queen's Hotel. It was an adjournment from the ordinary quar- tarly meeting ot the Boatd when the coaJowners submitted their application for a redaction of 5 per cent. This is the firBS occasion that a meet- ing of the Conciliation board hu been held out- aide London since ita formation after the Rose- bery agreement in November, 1893. The board meeting was preceded by private meetings of ths coalownors and the miners' representatives. The actual Bitting of the Joint Conciliation Board began shortly after 2 o clock, and with a abort adjournment for a further private conference of the separate sections of the board continued for IHtJe over two bonra. Mr A. Hewlett, Lancashire. chairman of the board, presided, and the coalownejs representatives present were istesars tl. tair- clougb, Lancashire F. J. Jones.and J. J. Addy, South Yorkshire A. Oarrer Brigg and W., E. Garfortb, West Yorkshire J. A. Longden, Fltz- herbert Wright, H. Weatlake, and A. J. Barnes, Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, and Leicester- shire H. Dennis, North Wales Captain Har- rison. Cunnock Chase F. RbYINortb Stafford- shire; and T. Ratciiffe Ellis, secretary. The miners' representatives present were Messrs Edwards, North Staffordshire; Ben Dean, W801salJ; S. Walsb, Lancashire W. Parrott, M.P.. J. Wadsworth, and F. Hall, Yorkshire W. E. Harvey and J. Haslatn,Derbyshire J. G. Hancock and Aaron Steward, Notts E. Hughes, 1 North Wales; Levi Lovett, Leicestershire and T. Aihton, secretary. "I Thecoalowners' section of the board submitted their case for a 5 per cent. redaction in wages. Which was based on depression in trade and a (all of 6d per ton in the average selling price of coal '^subsequent to the last reduction in wages. The j proposal for a reduction was atrenuoualy opposed by the men's representatives, wbo urged the more hopeful trade outlook and the increasing demand both for trade purposes and for domestic consumption due to the approach of winter and colder weather as reasons aeainirt any farther reduction in wages. Finding itim.possible to reach any agreement on tbe proposal bafors the board an adjoarn ment was taken and private meetionswere held by both of the parties. On the Conciliation Board resuming ita sitting the coalownera Die., Heated their proposals for a reduction in the form of the following resolution, which was moved by Mr A. Hewlett, Lancashire, and seconded by Mr H. Fairclongh, Lancashire: That the present rate of wages be reduced by 5 per cent. from the first making-op day after tbe-decillion of Lord James of Hereford has been received by the secretaries to the board, if hil;1 casting vote be in favour of a redaction." Upon this resolution the board was not agreed, and the meeting was adjourned for the attend- ance of Lord James of Hereford, the independent; chairman of the board. In accordance with the- constitution of the Conciliation Board tbe joint secretaries, Messrs T. Radcliffe Ellis and Thomas Ashton, will inform Lord James of Hereford of the failure of tbe parties to come to an agreement upon the resolution, and his Lord- ship will fix the time and place of the adjoarned 'I meeting at which the resoiutionof thecoalownors will b^conaidered. Lord James will preside over that meeting, and after hearing the arguments | for and against the redaction will give his cast- ingvote. v When the board was reconstructed Lord James suggested that a discretionary power ] shoald be vested in the independent chairman to ] vary the percentage of a redaction or an advance j of wages asked for by the parties, but tha board declined to agree to this and the independent chairman is bound to give his casting vote either for or against the resolution actaally submitted from the previous meeting of the board. The deciaion of tbe coalownera to press their resolution for a redaction to the vote of the in- dependent chairman has caused mucb disappoint- ment to the men's representatives, who were looking for either ita withdrawal or postpone- ment. Tbe wage rate in the federated districts is now 40 per cent. above the standard wage of 1888. If the coalownera' proposals for a reduction are supported by tbe vote of Lord James of Here- ford wages will be brought down to a minimum of 35 per cent. above tbe standard which was fixed when the board was reconstructed two years ago. From the boom period of a few years ago wages have been reduoed by 20 per cent. WORKINGS TO BE ABANDONED. The workmen in the Pencoed Colliery, Llanelly, have received notices, the company having decided to abandon the worKings. There are over 300 aolliers employed, and the news of the stoppage has caused the gravest anxiety in tbe neighbourhood. The proprietors are Me&sra Nevill, Druce and Co., and it is one of the oldest collieries in the district, the workings extending for many miles underground. It is the last of the many collieries of the neighbourhood with which the Nevill Company have been con. nected, all of which have been fiom time to time abandoned.
REMARKABLE ASSAULT CASE. Collier's Wife's Strange Story. At Pontypool PoliceCourt on Wednesday John Daviea (20), a private in the South Wales Bor. derers, was again placed in the dock charged with a criminal assault upon Rebecca Redwood, the wife of Joseph Redwood, collier, at Earls- street, Garndiffaitb, on tbe 21st inst. Mr Tf. G. Powell, solicitor, Brynmawr, defended. The evidence given at tha last bearing was to the effect that the prisoner, wbo was home at Garndiffaitb on furlough for a month previous to proceeding to India, effected an entrance to the houae, and assaulted the prosecutrix whilst she was in bed. The story of Mrs Redwood waa that the was awakened on the molding in question by a per- son in her bed. iShe spoke to him and said, Joe (meaning her husband), how be yon come here ?" and the reply received was, 1 came home all right." She then felt the shirt of the person and Bald, You are not my husband," and the man again replied, It's me, Beck it's all right." She got out of bed and called out" Murder," and the man jumped over the foot of the bed, ran down tbe staira, and ont into tbe street. HatclÍelof" Murder attracted the attention of several of tbe neighbours, and a Mrs Edmunds and a Mrs Price brought a ilght. On going downstairs she found a military pair of trousers with braces, and a soldier's cap. These she banded to tbe police, who arrived shortly after 1 a.m. She could not identify the man until he spoke in court last week. The pri- soner was a perfect stranger. Cross-examined by Mr Powell: She first thought that the man in bed was her husband. Directly she found the soldier's cap her sus- picion fell npon the prisoner or his cousin, they being the only soldiers in that part of the dis- trict. She could not now remember what the prisoner said to ber when she identified him. She bad never spoken to tne man. Mr Powell Be careful, Mrs Redwood. Is he not a friend of yonr bn<aband ? Has he not -worked with yonr husband, and been in jour bouse scores of times ?—No, he has not been in our bouse. Although the man was staying at his grand- mother's, a few doors from her boute, ehe had not even passed the time of day with him. She was on speaking terms with all the other members of the family. Sarah Ann Price said she beard the prosecu- trix call out that there waa a man in her room. Do get up." She wont into the hoose and found several other neighbours there. One of them waa holding a soldier's trousers and cap. Jane Ann Edmunds, said whilst sitting down, sewing she heard some one calling out "Mardar." She ran across the road and asked Mrs Redwood what was the matter. She said For God's sake bring a light if yon plsase." On going into the house with the light she found the trousera and the cap in the living room. Ann Watkins said about 11.30 on Wedneaday night prisoner came to her house and asked for ber boys. Se had no boots on and was wearing a cap similar to tbe one produced and a kbaki coat. After be bad left the house about tlve minutes she beard cries of Murder." Proceed- ing to the house of Mrs Redwood she found her much distressed and calling for her mother-in- law. Prironer to get to his grandmother's from Mrs Redwood's would have to pass tier house. Prisoner when arrested >m taken to Aber- syeban Police Station and handed over to Sergt. Jones. When charged he made no reply. Rees Stephens, a private in the South Wales Borderers, stationed at Tydworth, said he sold tha pair of braces produced to prisoner about a month ago. He identified them by his regi- mental number on one of the straps. Colour-Sergeant H. L. Phillips, of the 4th Battalion South Wales Borderers, stationed at Welshpool, said the trousers produced formerly belonged to him, and he gave them with other clothing to members of the E Company of the 2nd Battalion, to which company the prisoner belonged. He could not say whelhtr the pri- soner had the trousers or not. The Defence An Alibis- For the defeacs -Mr Powell said that no grand jury woald return a true bill in such a case as this. it was one of the most astonishing and audacious casea ever brought before a bench of magistrates. If there was a man in the bouse on the day in question, it with the consent and knowledge of tbe complainant. The defendant was then put into the box, and said he had known tbs prosecutrix for four or five years, and had been into her house on several ec- casions. He formerly worked,with her husband at the British Top Pits Colliery. The only pair of military troupers that be brought with bim be was still wearing. He was not in Mrs Ed- wards's houfle on the night in question. Walter Webb, uncle of the prisoner, said be went to bed at 11.30 on this niRbt, and the priso- ner followed in about ten minutei, and did not leave tbe house until taken by the policeman. Samuel Webb, the grandfather, proved finding tbe facings to the prisoner's coat in the bouse tbe next day. Prisoner waa committed for trial at the Assizes, bail being allowed.
BRITAIN DUMPS ON GERMANY. The Shipbuilding Outlook. Sir Charles Maclaren, M.P., presiding at a meeting of Palmer's Shipbuilding and Iron Com- pany at Newcastle said the only satisfactory feature of the shipbuilding trade of last year waa tbe increase of tonnage built, for there was no corresponding rise in prices and there were no signs of higher prices for ships. Germany was now building a greater tonnage than all the other Continental countries put together and her output this year would be a record. At J arrow they continued to secure orders from abroad and they had important Admiralty work in hand, including the contract for the battleship Lord Nelson of 16,500 tons displacement and 16,750 horse power. Daring the dull time they foand Germany a convenient dumping ground for steel bars. It had been decided to pay a dividend of 5 per cent. The report was adopted.
FUNERAL OF MR DANIEL COSSlETT. The funeral of Mr Daniel Cosslett, of the Yniston Farm, Leckwitb, one of tbe best-known farmers on the Bute estate, took place on Tues- day at St. James's Churchyard, Lackwith, amid general manifeatations of sorrow. At the bouse aaervice was conducted by the Rev. R. C. Lewya, B.A., Aberavon, formerly pastor of Salem C.M. Church, Canton, of which the de- ceased had been a member for 31 years. All tbe deacons a.nd tbe leading members of that church were among the moarners. At St, James s the officiating clergy were the Rev. Frank Williams, rector of Llandougb, and the Rev. D. Turner, curate. The chief mourners were Miss Edith Cosslett, blaster Ivor and Master Archie Cosslett (children of the de. ceased), Miss Margaret Cosslett (sister), Mr and Mrs Jabez Cosslett and children, Mr and Mrs Evan Cosslett ac.d children. Mrs Judah Coaslctt, Llanishen, and children, Mr and Mrs William Richards, Mr J. D. Davies (cousin), Mr William Davies (cousin), Mr and Mrs Morgan, Pendoy- ian :> Mr Ed. Cosslett, Castleton Mr John Williams, Coedkernew Farm Mr Sam Cosslett I and ,Mr Ed. Cosslett, St. Fagan's; an* Mr Walter Shirlev,
Police and Publican. I CARDIFF LANDLORD SUMMONED. At Cardiff on Satnrday the Deputy Stipendiary (Mr Milner Jones) continued the hearing of the case against Francis E. Collins, licensee of the Albion Hotel, Bate-street, who w&s summoned for keeping his premises open daring prohibited "hours on Sunday, September 3rd. j Inspector Bingham had on the previous day given evidence as to seeing several persons enter and leave the inn, and be was on Saturday cross .examined by Mr Hill, who defended. One of the .examined by Mr Hill, who defended. One of the coloured men who entered was, it appeared, in j the employ of the defendant; another person > j spoken of was the milkman. With regard to Con- 1 stable Griffiths, of the Docks Police Force, wit- ness said be had reported him to his chief. Mr Hill Do you know an inquiry has been held, and that the suspicion against Griffiths his been dismissed ?—I could not say. r In regard to a woman named Erickson, who had been seen leaving the inn with what ap- peared to be bottles in paper, witness said he was willing to admit this woman W employed at the ina.W itnesa expressed the opinion that a man. named Summers, who entered at 11 30 saber.came out at 12.43 drunk. WitneEiii formed bis opinion on the fact that Summers staggered.. Mr Hill: You are not able to give the nana police evidence yoa could not smell his breath ? (Langbter.)—No. Detective Little and Detective-sergeant Keliett .-Vorrobera,ted. Defendant waa called and explained that one of the persona who entered was the butcher, who came in about the beef witness had ordered be .did net have anything to drink. Witness had been to Summers's shop as usual to have a shave on Sunday morning, and the reason Sum- -iners came back with him wa3 that be wanted witness to write a letter for him to his daughter living in London. Summers was a friend of witness, and often came to tbe hause as a friend, He was quite sober when he left. Explaining the frequent visits made by the butchers next oor, witness said they had not been there long ind had not the usual utensils, and when they wanted a bucket or a frying-pan or anything of j that kind they came and asked for it. No drink W»B supplied to tbem. The two men on bicycles were bona fide travellers—colliers from Dfnas. He did not give Mrs Ericksou any pottles to take I out. Witness bad a lease on the premi?<=9 the lease had nine years to run, and his rent was £200 a year. Replying to MrEnaor, witness said Summers 1 had one bottle of beer with him, but did not pay for it. I Defendant's wife gave Bomewhat similar evi- I dence, denying that drink waa sold to anyone except bona fide travellers. John Galoni, musician, said he went to the J house to examine th piano,which bad gone wrong and the following Thursday tuned it. He did not pay for any drink in the hoose. Frederick Summers denied that he was drank when he came out, or paid for any drink while in the inn. Elizabeth Morris, cook with defendant, atated that the batchers came to borrow cooking utensils, &c. Other witnesses for the defence denied that they had drink in the bonie. Mr Robert Henry Lee, batcher, Penarth, said be had recently opened a butcher's shop near the Albion, and his men lived on the premises, and borrowed utensils from tho Albion. He had also instructed them to take any bits of stale meat left over from Satorday to Mr Collins on Sunday. Witness occasionally want to the Albion at mid- night on Saturday to wish Mr Collins good-night, and came in or Sundays but be was a bona-fide traveller then, having slept at Penarth the pre- vious night. Mr Hill, in defence, pointed out that defen- dant had kept the bouse six and a ball years without complaint, and had his capital locked up in the business. If there was a point to be stretched it should be stretched in favour of de- fendant. He also pointed out that tbera was no direct evidence of sale, and that the suspicious circumatancea had been whittled away one by one. A Second Charge. The magistrate intimated that he would-con- vict, and asked Mr Ensor, who prosecuted for the police, if he intended tooceed with the other summons which charged dofendant with allow- iilg bis house to be the habitual resort of women of bad character. Mr Enaor replied in the anirmativw. This case was then gone into. Inspector Wil- liam Burke and other police officers stated that they had seen women of bad character enter and leave the inn with men. Defendant said he lid not allow the women to Temaia longer than was necessary to take reason- able refreshments he had notices all over the place to this effect, and did not allow them e-.en to ait down. He asserted that he had been vic- I tiraiscd by the police officers. Replying to Mr Ensor, ha said be did not sug- gest tfce police officers had entered into a con- spiracy to get a conviction against bim, but it looked suspiciously like it, The c.we was adjourned. At Cardiff on Wednesday Francis E. Collins, of the Albion Hotel, Bute-street, was summoned for keeping his bouse open during prohibited) hours, and gaiao for bar boating women of ill- rcpate. Sir F, W. Ensor conductcd the prosecu- tion on behalf of tho police Mr Lewis Morgan (Lewis Morgan and Box) defended. The case was folly hoard last week. The Deputy Stipendiary said that with regard to the charge of keeping open dating prohibited hours the police had givan evidence fairly as to what they saw, and there would be a conviction. Referring to the second charge, his Worship said he passed the Albion, and from where the con- stables atood they could have seen all they said they saw. But in cases of this kind hia Worship was of opinion that, before a summons waB issued, there ought to be a pre- liminary warning. The police knew the women referred to to be of the disordorly class they knew their names, whereas the landlord, as he bad fairJy stated, might not have known their names or their characters. Consequently he was unable to test the evidence given by the police, and this placed him at a considerable dis- advantage. Bate-street was infested with dis- orderly women, and they might constantly be in a house. I have no reason, however, to disbelieve the evidence of the police in this case," continued the Deputy-Stipendiary, but I must say that I think some feeling has been displayed against the house I don't know why. I think Inspector Bingham showed some little feeling. I may be wrong, bat I think he did. It is the daty of the police to be very carefnl in tbelio cases and not to show any feeling at all, especially when they are highly placed officials." His worship then fined defendant f2 10a and costs in re3pect of each summons— £ 5 and costs in an. HEAD CONSTABLE INTERVIEWED. With reference to the opinion expreEaed by the Deputy Stipendiary that the police should give warning to publicans abont the character of people habitually resorting to theirlicensell premises before initiating lsgal proceedings, the Chief Constable states that it is the invariable custom at Cardiff to issue such notices, first verbally and then by letter, and in this particu- lar case three warning letters were sent and no departure was made in the conduct of the pio- aeeation. A DISCLAIMER. Messrs Morizan and Richardson write stating that the police obtained permission to enter their premises for an object totally different to that they afterwards accomplished- according to the evidence in the case of Tbe Police v. the Albion Hotel."
LAMPETER COLLEGE SCHOOL. Scholarships at St. David's College School have been awarded as follow :-tlasil Ivor Morgan, Newchurch Vicarage, Carmarthen (Falcondale), £ 10 Gwilym Davies, Cambrian Factory, Lamnetsr (part of Derry Orroond), £6 Evan Walter Davies, Drovet's-toad, Lampeter (Bryn), 16 Daniel J. Thomas, Ffosyffin, Cellan (Old Bank), £6; William T. Fvonr,, Troedy- rbiw, Llanon, Aberystwyth (Neuaddfawi), X5 George T. Gravell. Gordon-terrace. Kidwelly (Fowden). £5; John T. Davies, Fedw, Llangeitho (Mayor), X5 T. Ll. Davies, Girtheli Parsonage, Felinfach, R,8.0. (Abermeurig), 15 Stanley L. Price, Bridge-street, Lampeter (part of Derry Ormond), £ 4 Emrys Jones, Old Bank, Lampeter (part of principal's), £ 3: D. T. L. Stewart, Glenview, Lilian (part of principal). £2; John LI. Davies, Harford-sqnare, Lampeter, E2 William R. Lloyd, Deri Hoose, Lampeter, JE2 A. Lane Daviea, Bryn-road, Lampeter, X2 Arthur Sturdy, Bryn-road. Lampeter, E2 Denis Tyrrell Green, St. David's College, Lam- peter, 92 D. Robert Jones, Bryngeler, Lam- Peter iE2 1). Itees Jouaii, Bryn-road, Lampeter, S-3: T. R. L. Ellis, High-street, Lampeter, JE1 log D. D. Davies. Harford-sqaare. Lampeter, ;El Jos.
CARDIFF'S BLUE BOOK, The Bias Book of the Cardiff Corporation, which containa the borough treasurer's annual aecounts for the year ended 31it March, 1905, was iseued on Wedntsaay. Mr C. E. Dovey, F.C.A., the auditor, reports I have satisfied myself that the income from the various sources coming under my purview has been properly accounted for, bnt io some instances a more efficient Bystem of bookkeeping is essential to facilitate a thorough check. The whole of the petty cash books should form a part of the balancing in the general accounts. The cash held by officials I am satisfied is in order. Some of the books of the various departments could be materially altered to lessen the work." Mr Dovey points out that he has previously re- portej npon some of these points, and under- stands they will come up for consideration when the recommendations of Mr Bateson, the expert, are presented. The present financial position of the borough Was discussed so fully at the last Council meeting and at the Finance Committee on Monday as to make auotation from the figures in the Blue Book unnecessary.
At Swansea Police Court on Wednesday Dennis Griffin, labourer, of Graenbill, was charged with being drank and disorderly at the East Dock, and assaulting Dock Constable Smith. Defendant, it was alleged, was shooting that he would bill people, and making a great noise and disturbance. When tbe officer tried to persuade him to go home, be saddenly jumped up and kicked the officer in the lower part df the body, causing such intense agony that he bad to be medically attended to. Defendant admitted the drutykedness but said the officer was the aggressor. Defendant wea sent to prison for three months.
The above is the .Lion of St. Mark. Venice. OPK Bite the Doge's Chamber in the Palace was a heau this Won, with mouth open, into which person* secretly threw whatever was tc meet the eye of Doge. We place it at the head cf this column J™ indicate that public letters are received by us, also letters requiring answers on legal and gene* topics. I LEGAL ADVICE. By a Cardiff Solicitor. Bargain (Pair).—You may sue the dealer for tjW damages you sustained by reason of his conduce All the circumstances you mention will be tajw» into consideration in awarding damages whicn » appears will be substantial. cf Garden Wall (F. D.).—It depends upon the lease øI the premises whether the wall belongs to yoa your neighbour, but if it is a party wall be cauD^I compel you to pav half the cost of raising the W*" against your will. Conveyance (E. H. E.).—You have no right to insp*~J the assignment or conveyance, Dor do we see no* this would help you to establish a title. You cwj get a copy of the will if there is one at theDistncj Registry, or if the deceased died intestate would know whether you were entitled withoo reference to the convevance. | Pipes (T. D.).-(l) We should say that lead would preferable to the gal vauised pipe. (2) The porations and water companies make use of • lead piping so there cannot be much danger. we do not think thsy would be likely to clog. Party Wall (Ignoramus).—This depends entttw upon the provisions of tlie lease. Maoris v. Cardiff (I. J. J.).— Norman Biggs score"•• the River end of the field in this match. _g Licensed Hous> (Faiiplay)—The tenant of licensed house has to pay towards the compens** tion granted in cases where a licence has taken away in the same district. M. Guardian (Oaradog).—A guardian is not entitled vote for a salaried appointment for himself..j_- Double Rent (Arthur).—(1) You cannot claim done* rent in this case as it only applies to tenancies. (2) We think the tenants cannot cisto compensation. Welsh Harp Airs—Native or Borrowell P TO THB EBITOB. Sir,—Mr Grattan Flood haa we know a book to ahow that Welsh harp airs are large." drawn from Ireland. This is perhaps P&trioCJo, bnt certainly hard on Wales. And now coB* Mr Glyn Davies, who promises (or threaten that we are to bave in January. 1906, his making into English what we have im&gioer Welsh tunes. And his reasoning is delight There is no proof that adch and such It tape •• Welsh, argal it is English. Another Davie»^ Professor FlunKcon-h88 long accustomed a* his favourite heresy, the eisteddfod ia a znDDW making speculation pare and simple." Mr Glt. Davies illegitimatisen out Birs-" ea Net folant" in hymns stolen from Woegt; en serch hudol" a ganant ar don 1. Werddon. It seems Taffy's stealing propenait*" run even into tunes and tones. M Had it been an enemy that had done us tv* evil, peradventure we could have bidden him; bat it is thou, our familiar friend, compatriot, Glyn Daviea.—I am, &c., H. H. JOHNSQN, Rennes University, BriCt.D1. At Llanover, Abergavenny, Sept. 23rd. An Epitaph. TO THE EDITOR. Sir.—In the issue of South Wales News," September 16th, under Welsh GISAU* ings," the question is asked if an epitaph of f: Iowa, Here lies Ewenuy's hope, Eweø81 pride, etc. is still to be seen inEwenny char<?l. yard. The epitaph is to be seen in a' Carne" tomb, in tbe 'transept of the ch It refers to John Carne, the last oi that cular branch of the Came family, who died JøfJf 4th, 1700, age 15 years, 10 months and 11 del& The inscription is as follows — Bete lies Ewenny'a hepe, Ewenny's pride. In him both flourished, and in him both dyed, Death having seized him, lingered, loathe to v* The ruin of this worthy family," M It is to be noticed there is a alight difference-0 the worriing.-I am. &c., W. C. JOHN. The Bards and Welsh History. TO TIÓI EDITOB. Sir,—As some people seem to take seriously, as one knowing something of hiatorv, I am compelled to say a word or upon hi3 notice of The flame-bearers of history in your issue of September 2nd. w He begins by saying tbat the book has £ of padding UJV difficulty waa to get as as possible into the small space allowed me dG i state more than onee in the text, where I ( leave out the story of hero after hero, for wan ( of room. And the book ill addreased to boys Of Standards V, VII. of elementary aohooU. and the lower forma of cohnty schools, not to grown foUea. Bn" Cadrawa's ra^asnre as an historian may be taken at once by bis statement that the Iestyo, uncastor of tbe Princes waa son of Owen ap HoweJ Dda. It is precisw this mixing up of tha princes of Morgannoc with the piincea of Dynevor Dehenbarlh which landed South Welsh biator1 into Fach a mnddle. A littlo astonishing is his reading of wbaC ¡ calln the largo sheet." He says it shows to* » all the chief men of Wales descended Cunedda, who had twel.s sons." The large sh* really divides tbe hnnouis between Cunedda a» Gloinda, aud gives Cunedda three lioni, ,Garo" tha fourth, not appearing in it. Moreover, "j asems to think that the sheet sets oat to gi?e the sons of every man in it. If he had read th book with memory, he would know that the only reckons to give the lines of the princes counted for something, and a few proofs by ,|1 way. I I As to the spelling of Crng Hywel "-If I written in the book as Cerg uywel" that 1 a' because I must have found it so apeJled ia original,and as to all other spellings, is Cadra^T one of tboso who think oar ancentors bad of'* ono spelling, through ail tbo cectnries, for ouo name, or place, or man ? By that alone f may HltJe how much they know of the mattet. I am, &c., OWEN RUOSCOMYl»- e.s.-is it possibie that the bard.* private History of tllC Cymry" of their OWO If BO, may one imp'oi-e the Gorsedd barda publish it ? Here and there may, chance to 1a a grain of real wheat left among the chaff- as the noble motto of the Gorsedd is Y Zti yn erbyn y byd," I ask the bards, and Cadre*J ns a tiied leader amongst them, to ft0g old distorted tales that passed as history (• t often the guesses or suggestionaof enemies °^j| race), and assist us in disseminating the especially as that truth makei for an iu3r6BJLf self-respect amongst the Cymry, and a Pr° outlook into the future. And who shall P° the way to that future so ringingly as a bald f
CARDIFF RATEPAYERS' ASSOCIATION. Borough Engineer's Duties. At a meeting of tbo members of the Ratepayers' Association held on Wedneaday^ the Royal Hotel, Mr Goodyer presiding, » ment as to the relative cost of electric aD candescent gds lighting was sub-mi, ted,iiiad figood were quoted from fcoronghs whera the ,oetga descent light bad been adopted with advanf to the ratepayers. It was repolved that a t.ea°te' tion should be forwarded to the Corporate" .p. commending that they should in future age I candescent light instead of electric. ig( Tbe candidature of Mr Oswald one of tbe aproiniments of elective auditors considered. It was pointed out that he h«^ good work in ibe interests of the town iu thep and it was urged tbat all sbonld assist bim t0g^g returned on Monday oeic. Several members BPJ g strongly, advocHting that they should get friends to vote for him, and ultimately :Dtfl returned on 51orilay oeic. Several members BPJ g strongly, advocHting that they should get friends to vote for him, and ultimately :Dtfl decided tbat the members present should j,ft committee4 after tbe meeting to consider steps should be taken to further Mr ColeJDtI candidature, M Dr. Horder Baid he thought they Bhould 1 j,. some notice of the proposed appointment nection with tbe scavenging and wateri° £ partment of the Corporation. Pa.-soapily, to felt that Mr Harpur had so many and duties to perform that it would bei<nP for him to look after the work. If they the ladies of the town tbey wonld tell then* tbe scavenging and watering of the jjjjy always been most imperfectly doue, and_ Harpar to undertake t he overl ookinr of gliiisdep a .to 006 ment with his other duties seemed to b,0,, absurd. He (the speaker) then maiutimilled 16 011 thousands of pounds every year were the repairs of the Btreets. Day by day the usual procession of the watering-cart, 0p roller, and half a dozen or more men P^e streets that did not require it for one He had seen this the last day or two in C* town and Catbays. Mr Miiner supported Dr. Horder, and particularly of George-street. Mr Hern said the prooersolution of was that the work shoald be done by °° and under personal supervision, but many P did not agree with the contract system- Otto of The Chairman said it was not the ce b. the town tba.t required attention, bat Ibe streets. It was a perfect disgrace. nes^0" Ultimately it was agreed, as the was each a big one, to refer it to the *»* Committee for consideration.
CHILD'S PLIGHT. Father's Neglect. Tilot At Ponmaei (Gower) Petty SessiOIUI, C4 6001 day, AVilliam Ahlstedt, labourer, of was summoned for neglecting his child, tt> Mr Viner Leedar.wbo prosecuted 9JJP N.S.P.O.C., said there were five el^w -owing to serious neglect Wiliiam. was suffering from rickets. Defendant. alleged, was addicted to driuk, and had to allow the child to go to the bospitaii waa ceceasiary before this could be done cjjil warrant. Tha mother had asked to out of the hospital, and in answer to l j# fOj Do you want your child to bo a cr life?" merely repeated ber demand. or.(? was sent to piisoti for a month, Rnc' ohJ' was made for the fmilitr delenueo Of in the hospital lor three weeks. in the hospital lor three weeks.