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WELSH GLEANINGS. I j By Rhydycheinwr. The Government and the Wording Classes. Jfo subject has been more keenly contested, "°th in political science and in practical states- manship, in the present age than the proper "'bits of the functions and agency of govern- tftts. So many rash proposals were made after "•French Revolution by sincere lovers of im- j^vement, for attempting, by compulsory regu- :on, the attainment ef objects which can only be effectually compassed by opinion and dis- ^ssion, that a disposition was shown to restrict 46 interference of government within the Lowest bounds. Thus, while among foreign "tions the tendency to exaggerate the sphere of tovernment prevailed, in England the contrary tpirib, as John Stuart Mill pointed out, predominant. But the laissez faire the *Y is now discredited, and now the tide N 8et, in strongly in the other direction, jhis is seen not only in schemes of j^te education, the regulation of hours of J*0our, and of public provision for the poor, bub 81a variety of other ways, direct or indirect, as is |^own in the leading article of the-Genedl Gymreig ™s week on "The Government aDd Working Icn." The autumn Session," it says, is being vent in legislating for the working classes. At Resent working men have no share in the of the affairs of their own parish £ 'S they will obtain under the Parish Councils "• No one can foretell how much good will tesult from this Bill; it will create an inde- Pfident spirit in working men, and this will give 'rth to an intense desire for bettering e'r condition." The Gcncdl then points the immense importance to working of the Employers' Liability Bill, ^ich is discussed below. The Parish Councils obtains much attention in the Llan and where it is considered in its effects on hurch property, and is referred to in the Herald, the Cymro, the Tarian, the Baner, the Tyst, and ^er papers. The Employers' Liability Bill. T-ii-, another distinctive working men's mea- tqte overshadows even the Parish Councils Bill the current issues of the Welsh papers. The tondon correspondent of the Baner remarks that the Government did not take up this Bill with- ^t anxiety. Labour questions are invariably ^'fficn]t and perilous to deal with, and become \¡ore so when the friends of the working classes 'its divided among themselves. Thus it was on the present occasion. The Liberals were pretty ^"atjimous with reference to the general principle J* the Bill, that employers should pay compensa- '°n for any injury which happens to their work- b¡en through neglect. But among certain com- hnies there exists the commendable practice of Insurance, and the workmen of the London and "orth-Western Railway prayed to be exempt from tbe Bill, as their employers paid more ^der this system than they would have pay according to the provisions of the Bill. ^Vir cause was championed by Mr MacLaren, "Ilcl he was supported among others by Mr Lloyd ^eorge Mr Bryn Roberts, Mr Rathbone, and Frank Edwards. They, and many other liberals, thought that working men should have ^>e option, if they liked, of being exempt from tb. provisions of the Bill. The Government fanned in danger of being defeated, but Mr McLaren's amendment was defeated by 19 *otep." Mr Lloyd George, in his Parliamentary better in the Genedl, says :—" I never met with 60 many legislators in a fix. Many were swayed ^Ut conflicting motives, seeing that the working Masses themselves were not agreed. When Mr McLaren was speaking the indecisive members 8eetned to sway to his side; butMr Asquith'sstrong aad resolute speech turned the scale." "Svllydd y Ll:tn" waxes humorous over the ide.* of Mr Lloyd George opposing the Government. It is 'aid," says he, that the House of Lords are likely to throw out the Bill. But the Lords need lot be afraid on this occasion, for Mr Lloyd George will be a tower of strength on their side. tie is not ofteu so prudent as Mr Bryn Roberts, ^it a large number of the London and North- Western employees are voters in Mr George's Constituency. It will be amusing to see the (Jer¡¿d}. applauding the Lords. What will the &«ner do? Mr Lloyd George is a member after AIr Gee's own heart, but yet to have to praise the Lords in the Baner would be a severe shock his feelings." Gwleidyddwr," of the Tyst, pronounces Mr Asquith's speech in opposi- tion to Mr MncLaren's amendment to have keen "one of the very best ha ever deli- vered, and carried conviction into every Jnind." Seren Cymru, in its leading article, says Mr Asquith is one of the roost promising men tlf the d:ty. In the discussion on Mr MacLaren's ^Diendmsnt, Mabon brought in his vast experi- ence to show the danger of accepting such a ibourse, and his speech was a remarkably powerful One." The Cymro gives a good resumi of the Arguments for and against exempting particular passes of men from the Bill, and sayf. Thus 't will be seen that a great deal is to be said on bllth sides, and that it was a question of choosing tht least of two evils. It is said that the Lords ,fttend to lay the measure down in peace along ^ith Home Rule. How long, forsooth ?" The Vacancy in Anglesey. Candidates for the seat which is to be vacated V Mr 1. homas Lewis seem to be as numerous as blackberries in September. The North Wales Papers are intensely interested in the division, as It is feared that rashness may lead to the loss of a lieat to the Liberal party. About six likely ^-ndidates are mentioned, but it appears probable ,that either Mr Ellis Jones Griffiths, M.A., tJ.B.. Fellow of Downing College, Cambridge, or hIr Henry Lewis, merchant, of Bangor, the son ?f the sitting member, will be adopted. Sectar- ianistri may bring disastrous results, as in their choice of favourite candidates many papers seem tO be actuated by sectarian motives. The Baner a cool and judicious leader on the subject, 'kprecating undue haste, as there is no want Of suitable candidates. 'It mentions Mr Ellis Griffiths, Mr Henry Lewis, Mr William >^onea (of Oxford), Councillor Lewis Hughes, lilangefni, and Mr J. O. Jones ( Ap Ffarmur). J^r J. O. Jono3 has identified himself with the *au$e of Welsh agricultural labourers in North "ales. and is deservedly popular with that body. llr Wm. Jones is an eloquent speaker, but the frequent references to him as being of Oxford,' ltlld the oocasional addition of M.A. to his name, j* apt to give a wrong impression. Mr Jones has for four or five years past reading at Oxford, but has taken no steps to graduate. That Anglesey should hesitate seems strange; for in ^tr Ellis Griffiths it has an ideal candid ate, with a hre combination of excellent qualifications. He Is a native of the county, and is the son of a farra,ir. He was educated at Aberystwyth "nd at Cambridge, where he graduated 1,1 first-class honours, winning not cnly fellowship at Downing, but having occupied the proud position of president of the Union. He a member of the National Liberal Federation, written much on Welsh education and on ^elsh politics, and was Liberal candidate for the West Toxteth Division in the last election. He Would undoubtedly prove an immense acquisition 40 the Welsh party. Yet some of the Welsh DVers do not advocate his claims. The Celt f4vours Captain Owen Thomas, as does the Tyst. \111 the Baner, strangely enough, refers to ()RPtai-.i Thomas, who, it says, is the only Welsh- man on the Agricultural Commission, as the Cc Unionist" candidate. Scren Cymru announce T. Lewis's resignation, merely adding that it is likely that his son will bo liii successor." Other papers are discreetly silent.
Parliamenary History of Brecon. & (BY MR WILLIAMS, SOLICITOR, CARMARTHEN.] 1734.-Hün. John Talbot, third son of Charles, Lord Talbot, Lord High Chancellor (and Cecil, only dau. and heiress of Charles Matthews, of Castle Mynach, Glam.). He was born 1712, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's-inn 173—, and waa appointed Second Justice of Chester (an office worth JB500 a year) April, 1740, at the early age of 28, and also became Recorder of Brecon, for which he was member 1734-54. Mr Talbot was twice married, (1) May, 1737, to Henrietta Maria, dau. and co-heiress of Sir Matthew Decker, Bart., M.P., .who brought him a fortune of £12,000, and she having died September, 1747, he married (2), in August, 1748, the Hon. Cathe- rine Chetwynd, eldest dau. and co-heiress of John, Viscount Chetwynd. He was returned for Ilcliester 1754, and appointed a Lord Commis- sioner of the Board of Trade and Foreign Plan- tations, with a salary of £1,000 a year, December, 1755, in addition to his judicial appointments, but died September, 1756, aged 48. His eldest son-was created Earl Talbot 1784. 1754.—Thomas Morgan, junior, of Ruperra, Glam. (See Monmouthshire, 1763.) 1763, Dec.-Charles Morgan, of Dderw, vice his brother Thomas, returned for Co. Mon. (See Breconshire, 1769.) 1769, May.—John Morgan, of Tredegar, vice his brother Charles, returned for the county. (See Monmouthshire, 1771.) Thus these three brothers represented Brecon from 1754-71, in succession to one another, and they only left the representation of the borough in order to be returned for the more important county seats. And it will subsequently b9 seen that the Morgans, of Tredegar, furthermore held the seat from 1772 to 1832, without a break either them- selves or by those relating to them by marriage. 1772, Jan.—Charles Vann, of Llanwern, Mon., vice his brother-in-law, John Morgan, returned for Co. Mon. He was the son of Charles Vann, J.P. (who contested Glamorgan, 1754, and died Jan., 1755), and owed his seat at Brecon to his marriage with Catherine, younger daughter of Thomas Morgan, of Tredegar (see 1722). He sat for Brecon till his death, April, 1778. His son- in-law became member 1796. Mr Vann, who built Llanwern House at a cobt of B25,000, was descended from the same ancestor as the Fanes, Earls of Westmoreland, and the Vanes, Earls of Darlington. 1778.—Charles Gould (see county 1787). 1787, Dec. -Col. Charles Gould the younger (see co. Mon., 1796). 1796.—Sir Robert Salisbury, Bart., of Llan- wern, Mon. (see oo. Mon., 1792). Sir Robert and Col. Gould (now Col. Morgan) exchanged seats at this election, the colonel taking the Monmouth- shire seat, as the more important constituency, by reason of his having now become the heir to the head of the Tredegar family. 1812.—Charles Morgan Robinson Morgan, of Tredegar, returned at tho age of 20 years, having been born April, 1792. He was the eldest son of Sir Charles Morgan, M.P., 1787, whom he suc- ceeded as third baronet December, 1846, was educated at Ch. Ch., Oxford, when he was created hon. D.C.L. 1847, and married Oct., 1827, Rosa- mond, only dau. of General Godfrey Basil Mundy (son of the celebrated Admiral Lord Rodney). Mr Morgan was Bailiff of Brecon 1814, and again in 1831; High Sheriff of Monmouth- shire, 1821, and of Breconshire, being for many years a Justice of the Peace for both counties; was member for Brecon, 1812-18, 1830-2, and 1835-47, being an unsuccessful candidate in 1832; was Major of the Glamorgan Militia, 1849-59; and raised to the peerage as Lord Tredegar, April, 1859.. His lordship was made Lord Lieutenant of Breconshire, 1866, and died April, 1875, at the great age of 83. He was patron of six livings. 1832.—John Lloyd Vaughan Watkins, of Pennoyre. This popular member was the eldest surviving sou of the Rev. Tlios. Watkins, F.R.S., of Pennoyre was born 1802, educated at Harrow and Christchurch, OxfonJ, and was twice mar- nod—(1), June, 1833, to Sophia Louisa Henrietta, dau. of Sir George Pocock, Bart., and, she having died, May, 1851, he m. (2) Eliza Luther, widow of Brig.-Gen. S. Hughes, C.B. He took an active part in all matters relating to the county and borough, and though he fought au unsuccessful battle for the county in 1831 against Colonel Wood, who de feated him by 282 to 138, yet the following year he ousted Mr C. M. R. Morgan from the borough by 110 to 104, a narrow majority of six votes, and sat till 1835. After the passing of I hli Municipal Corporations Act, 1835, he was ap- pointed the first mayor of Brecon under the new constitution, Jan., 1836, and having served as high sheriff of the county 1836 he was made Lord- Lieut. Feb., 1847, and the same year app. Lieut.- Col. Commandant of the Breconshire Militia. Col. Watkins again sat for Brecon 1847-52, when he was defeated by Mr Rodney Morgan by 159 to 122, but on that gentleman's death in 1854, the colonel was chosen in his room without a contest and afterwaids held the seat without opposition till his death, Sept. 1865, being re-elected 1857, 1859, and 1865. 1835.- C. M. R. Morgan, of Tredegar, again returned. He was re-elected 1837 (defeating John Lloyd, of Dinas, by 156 to 102), and again in 1841, but retired from Parliament at the general elec- tion of 1847. 1847.-Col. John Lloyd Vaughan Watkins. 1852 -Charles Rodney Morgan, of Tredegar Park, who ousted the colonel by 159 to 122. This youthful member was the eldest son of the above mentioned C. M. R. Morgan, M. P. 1812, and was | born December, 1828. He was educated at Eton and jomea the Coldstream Guards at the age of 19 in 1847. He sat for Brecon till his early death, unmarried, at Marseilles in January, 1854. 1854, lteb,-Col, J. L. V. Watkins vice C. R. Morgan, deceased. 1866, Feb, -John Charles (Pratt), Earl of Brecknock, Vice-Col. Watkins, deceased, eldest son of George Citaries, second Marquis of Camden, was born June, 1840, became hon. M.A. Trinity College, Cambridge, 1859, D.L. lvenfc, 1860, and Breconshire 186—, ensign 33rd Kent Rifle Volunteers 1860, Major West Kent Yeomanry Cavalry 186—, r.nd married, July, 1866, the Lady Clementine Augusta Spencor Churchill, youngest daughter of George, 5th Duke of Marlborough, and sat but a few months for Brecon, as in August, 1866, he succeeded his father as third Marquis Camden. His lordship died at the age af 31 in May, 1872, and his son and successor, the present Marquis of Camden, came of age this year, when he was presented with the freedom of the borough of Brecon. (To be continued.)
Would you be good enough to tell me the name of this street, sir?"—"Yes, my boy St. Mary-street."—" I know'd it was."—"You knew it was I Then why did you ask me, you young sca:np ?"—" Cos I wanted counsel's opinion."
They had been out yachting, when a squall came up, and for a time it was doubtful whether they could continue their existence here or on some other planet. The ladies were frightened into hysterics, and not even the men of the party were without fear. Finally they were landed safely, and every one drew a deep breath of relief. For a few minutes there was silence. Then a feminine voice t-pn arked, devoutly, Thank Heaven Now let's go and curl < ur hair. It's all out." TIME ON THE WEIGH.-Scene, Scotch railway station. Inebriate excursionist, lookmg at dial of I weighing machine, pulls out his watch and ex- claims Either that clock of ma, watoh is four I*.
Tha Mangel Crop. In any season the loss of the mangel crop would be a serious matter, but in such a season as the present the blow falls with double force. The extent of the failure varies considerably accord- ing to district and to local circumstances. In some cases the plant entirely disappeared under the influence of the drought, and as mangel can- not be resown, as is possible in the case of turnips swept off by the "fly," the crop was lost. Where the plant did struggle on it is mostly only half a crop of under-sized roots, and the favoured localities where full average yields are recorded are few and far between. It so happens that, for climatic reasons, the cul- tivation of the mangel is almost restricted to that part of the country which suffered most severely from the drought. In Great Britain there were last year about 360,000 acres of mangel, but to this area the whole of Scotland only contributed 1.500 acres, Wales 8,000 acres, and the six Northern counties of England, excluding the Easb Riding of York, less than 9,000 acres. Whilst the mangel crop has cost less per acre than usual to pull this autumn, the product is already commanding a high price on account of its prospective scarcity when the time comes for feeding it to stock. Last week 258 per ton on waggon was being paid in a district where mangel is ordinarily to be bought for storing at 10s 6d per ton. It is unfortunately the case that carrots, largely used in feeding horses, are also a poor crop, and this should further enhance the value of mangel. To the many farmers who have lost their mangel through the drought, and who cannot afford to buy, the question arises as to how the deficiency can be made good, and probably the answer will in most cases take the form of potatoes. There is an abundant crop of potatoes, and cultivators are complaining of the unremunerative prices now current, while on account of the "growing out which took place during the October rains there should be plenty of tubers available at a very low price for stock feeding.-The Times. Fattening Bacon Pigs. Now that the acorn season is nearly at an end, farmers will put up their pigs in the styes for fattening. Pigs have bad a good time of it this autumn. The weather was fine for the picking up of waste grain about the harvest fields, and acorns have been abundant. Hence, both hogs and barren sows have arrived already at a meaty state, so that they only need topping up. The trade for bacgn is still brisk, so, considering the low price of feed, making bacon is rather more profitable than other branches of farming. Every November thousands of pig-s are put up for fattening, so that about Christmas, or soon after, they are ready for killing. Wheat cannot at present be used to greater ad- vantage than in making bacon, and the same may be said of barley that is not up to malting quality. The former contains considerably more nutriment than any other grain, and is the cheapest feed that can be used. It is only within the last few years that I have proved how wholesome wheaten meal is for fattening pigs. It may be given as a whole food, or it may be mixed with an equal quantity of barley meal. It used to be thought that wheat, if not liberally mixed with barley, or some other lighter feed, would prove too heating, but now I know from experience that such is not the case. Get some kind-fattening pigs, feot them almost wholly on best wheaten meal, and the corn will make a shilling more per quarter than if sold at market while bacon continues to make a good price. Of course the manure has to be taken into consideration wherever a dress- ing of pig manure is used it tells a tale for several years m the luxuriant crops. On many farms there is a lot of inferior barley that may be advantageously used to make bacon, and where both barley and wheat are on hand the better plan is to mix it. Bean and pea meals are apt to cause pigs to go off their feet," that is, to go lame. if not fed very cautiously there- fore, considering the relative price of the cereals and pulse, I have of late years in a great measure discarded the latter for making bacon. I doiib believe in cooked meals for fattening, because of the expense, and because the nutritive qualities of the food are lessened by cooking. It is advisable when cold weather sets in to mix the meal with warm water instead of cold, for this is easily done. When once it is given warm the animals do not like to return to cold food, Potatoes are excellent food for fattening pigs. 1 have used them largely for both bacon ana porkers. They should, ot course, be cooked, and thus form very cheap diet when worth only about 50s per ton. Swedes are sometimes given, but they are not sufficiently nutritious for fattening, although wholesome enough for stores. -Farm and Home. Vegetable Garden. Cottage gardeners who wish to make the most of their land and excel in growing vegetables must devote all their spare time in winter to preparing vacant land for next season's cropping. The first and most important matter is to pro- vide a good supply of nianurial compost. Ditch- cleanings and the paring of the sides of country roads, when mixed in a heap with a little fresh lime, make excellent compost for fruit of all kinds, and for top-dressing generally. Vines and tigs against walls will do much better if some of the compost were placed round the roots instead of the usua! dressing of manure. The best way to improve oold clay land is to dig out some of the clay and burn it; after burning, soreen it and use the rough portion for making stations under fruit trees or for ntling a. drain, and the finer material for warming and opening up the heavy land. Four inches of burnt or incinerated clay will have a marvellous effcct on cold heavy land. In trenching land at thi j season leave all the bad soil in the bottom of the trench. To bring it to the surface will injure the land for years. It will, in faci, have to be made good before plants will grow well upon it. Fruit Garden. Now that the leaves are all down, the fruit bushes and trained and other trees should have what is necessary in the way of pruning done to them. Sometimes the gooseberries are left till spring, in the hope that something may be saved from the depredations of the bud-eating birds but the better way is to get tho pruning done, and then dust the trees with a mixture of lime and soot, or the lime and soot may be mixed with water and a little soft soap added to make it stick, and then syringed ever the bushes with a coarse-rosed syringe. This same mixture with a little paraffin added may bo used with great! advantage on all fruit trees to nd them of moss and insects, and to cleanse and brighten tha bark, and so in- crease the health and vigour of the trees. Always do what is necessary to give the trees a bright, healthy bark, and then one may be sure thoy are healthy and vigorous. If strawberries have not received their autumn mulching, see to it at one", first clearing away all runners and weeds. If fin* strawberries are required there must be a constant stream of young plants coming on. It is generally considered that the finest fruit is borno on the yearling plants if they are planted early in August, and the heaviest crop the second year. Afterwards deterioration sots in and though well-cared-for beds may continue for several years to bear useful crops, yet those who wish for the best possibly results do not leave the plants long in the ground. Prune vines under glass and also outside as soon as the leaves fall. Flower Garden. Patches of lavender about the borders or on the lawn are always interesting. In the winter the grey foliage in contrast with the greons of the evergreens and the browns of tho leafless trees is very effective. Groups of the rad dogwood and the golden willow in the shrubbery, and clusters of variegated bollie-, might be used with ad- vantage even in small places. Roses are bein", planted extensively now, and though much has been written about the necessity of deep culture and liberal manuring, many roses are still planted with but littlo care, and so a sure source of trouble with insects is created and, besides, unless well cared for, roses will not thrive. Nearly everybody nowadays plants hybrid per- petuals to the exclusion of other classes. This is, ,1 think. » mistake Tea roses art hardy eaough if the beds are well drained and the soil lightened with leaf-mould and rotten turf. This suits tea roses better than strong manure.—Cottage Gar. dening. The Weather and the Crops. November weather thus far has been as much to the farmer's advantage as was October. The alternations of slight frost and mild showery weather have been excellent in their effects upon the soil, and where the early autumn-sown wheat is up, its aspect is decidedly encouraging. With regard to trade, English wheat has lost a little of its October stiffness at the markets, and while at about 27s for a fair average sample, it is better value than any foreign sort at the same price. Foreign wheat has been weakened by the fall of 6d in imported flour, the result of stocks of the manufactured article being out of due proportion to the unmanufactured. The actual prices quoted for imported wheat, however, do not show any retail change. It is simply a case of a greater difficulty of selling at the old prices. In the spring corn trade, out of 30 leading English mar- kets during the past week 18 have been firm for barley, 22 for oats, seven for pulse, and eight for maize. The rest have been more or less in the buyer's favour. Linseed advanced 3d per quarter for Calcutta.
The Household. — Teach Girls Housekeeping. It rests generally with the mother, the one most interested in the future welfare of the daughters, to teach them arts and household duties that may prove useful to them in the years to come. It is a good plan, therefore, to let daughters take the entire management of the household for a few weeks at a time. For the first week or so the mother might give a hint now and again, but the girls themselves should give orders to the tradespeople, and so on. The girls, on their part, should be particular to see that the meals are nicely cooked and served up at the proper time, and that all other household duties are performed in the same way as if mother had the control. A good practical knowledge of household matters is among the things that all girls should under. stand. Since the advent of the cleanly gas stove, with its numerous jets, which can be turned up or down at will, regulating the work in hand to a nicety, ladies are doing a great dtial more of their own cooking, fcc., than formerly, and this means to them a. saving of money. In a. house- hold of grown-up girls, the total of the weekly washing is to some mothers a serious item. There is nothing undignified in a young lady washing and ironing some of her laces, silk neckerchiefs, and handkerchiefs, &c. Extremes. A great many people are fond of overdoing thmgs. They carry practices and ideas to extremes, and indulge in the use of superlatives. Unqualified praise is seldom called for, neither is unqualified condemnation desirable, for the great poet found there was "good in everything." The general use of extremes is apt to arouse suspicion as to sincerity, and very justly so. In the wearing of rings and jewellery, a lavish display is often noticeable. This also is bad form, being a parade of mere personal wealth. Rings and jewels are all right if worn in modera- tion, but true refinement never indulges in excesses of dress or ornamentation. It is this overdoing of things that leads to difficulties, even as too much study may weaken your eyes or de. stroy your health, thus preventing, for a time at least, further acquirement of knowledge. In speech, also, superlatives are too often used, and they serve to awaken distrust. Exaggeration plays a great part in modern life. The use of superlative words often tends to destroy the impression that we wish to convey, simply cause we over Jo things. A light curb, a little thought regarding things of this life, seems to accomplish the end much better than going to any extreme, however strongly you may feel. Gruel. To make barley gruel boil four ounces of pearl barley, or one teacupful in three cupfuls of water boil it down to one quart. Strain and return to saucepan grate into it a little cinna- mon, if you like, and sweeten add from one- halt to three-quarters of a pint of fresh milk; warm up and use as wanted. For rice gruel take two tablespoonfuls of rice, six table pooufuls of cold water, 1% pints of new milk. Wash the rice and soak it in cold water one hour. Put it into a double kettle with the milk, and cook until the rice is well done, and strain through a wire sieve. It can be sweetened if desired. Or a thin better can be made of ground rice an] milk, stirred into a generous pint of milk or water, and allowed to boil ten er fifteen minutes. In case of summer complaint, brown the rice in the oven before cooking. To make gruel for the very delicate take a heaping teaspoonful of pearl tapIoca. to one quart of water. Wash the tapioca and put it into the water cold, and let it come to the boiling point slowly. Let it boil gently until the tapioca is very soft. Strain it and add a little salt and cream if the patient can take It. This gruel is relished, and has proved beneficial where all other nourishment has been rejected. Athletics at. Public Schools. The question whether athletics are not given too large a place in public schools is often raised, and Mr Odell, of Torquay, has collected the opinions of various head masters on the subject. Dr. Hornby, of Eton, states that the time reqmred for attaining high excellence in athletics is "a, serious obstacle to a reading man or a studious boy's engaging in them with a view to athletic distinction." He thinks the number of men who combine success in school or University studies with high athletic proficiency will be found to grow smaller and smaller. Commenting on the matter, the British Medical Journal expresses the opinion that ath- letics are not to blame for the unsatis- factory training given to boys in public schools— much of it is due to the fact ^hat public school teaching seems to be the only profession which a man need not learn." In respect of safety to health in athletic exercises, Mr Odell s reports are much as we should expect them to be. When wisely regulated, even enormous physical strain is well boras by boys and young men. But what are we to say of the regulations at Cheltenham College when its medical officer, Dr. Ferguson, writing enthusiastically of athletic sports, says — Fainting, with great subsequent cardiac irre- gularity, is common with plucky second-raters, not with the front rank. Depend on't, it's only the indifferent constitutions that break down." Poor second-raters." Hints. SALLY LUNN.—One pint flour, half teaspoonful of salt, two teaspoonful&iflf baking powder, half cupful of butter, two quarter-pint milk, Sitt flour, powder, and aSTt, rub in butter, add beaten eggs and milk, mite .into firm batter and bake in a quick oven. MEAT OMKLET.—One ofipful of cold meat finely chopped, two eggs, two'1 tablespoonfuls of milk, salt, pepper, a small bit of gutter. Beat eges, mix all together, pour in frying pan, which is heated, shake over fire for four tbinutM, double in the middle, turn jn a hot dish, and serve. HOT ROLLS.—Twp quarts of flour, one table- spoonful of sugar, Jine tablespoonful of butter, half cup yeasfy onrf^int scalded, in ilk, se* to rise until light| rise, and when wanted make into rolls, put a piece of butter between the folds. Bake in a quick oven. A SUPPER DISH.—Mince finely any cold beef, mutton, or fish of any kind that you may have left from a previous meal, chop an onion, and a few sprigs of nice parsley with the mince. Moisten with it little milk and put it in a pic-dish, havo ready some mashed potato, cover the mince with the mashed potato, put a few pieces of dripping on the top, and bake in a hot oven until nicely brown. Poff PASTE.—TO make puff paste, take lib. of flour, lib. of butter press the butter in a clean cloth to extract all the water and butter milk-It must be hard mix the flour to a rather stiff dough with cold water, put it cn your board and roll it out, not too thin, sideways and length- ways, nearly half a yard square. Cut the butter in pieces and lay on tho paste, fold in fonr, the ends inwards sprinkle freely with flour, roll out same as before, repeating the rolling and folding three times put in a cool place for a quarterof an hour. roll three times more, and use as wished; bake in a quick oven. STEWED BEEF WITH VEGETABLES.—A much- liked dish is made from a shin of beef, but the meat must be in one piece. Three pounds will require three hours of gentle stewing, and, after" being placed in the stew-jar, must be covered j with cold water and cooked gently in the oven for two hours. While this is proceeding, three carrots must be cleaned and sliced, one largo turnip also being cleaned and out into dice, and three large onions peeled. These must be added to the liquor, and the whole allowed to boil another hour, when it will need thickening in the usual manner, pepper and salt to taste being added with the flour. This dish must be served with a garniture of the boiled vegetables arranged rouud the meat, and gravy poured oyer all. ■ .3 I;. J
Andrew Fletcher, et Saltoun, m a letter to the Marquis of MontrosA, wrote :—" I knew a very wise man that believed that if a man were permitted t* make all the ballads he need not care wh. should make the laws of the natien."
A SATURDAY SERMON. The soul without imagination is what an ofc servatory would be without a telescope. As the imagination is set to look into the invisible and immaterial, it seems to attract something of theit vitality; and though it can give nothing to the body to redeem it from years, it can give to the soul that freshness of youth in old age which is even more beautiful than youth in the young. It always seems to me that, before we leave tbil: realm, deep affections take hold of the life te come by the hands of ideality, so that thit quality in the old hovers upon the edge and bound of life, the morning star of immortality. Thus it is with men as with evening in villagaw The lights in some dwellings arc extinguished soon after twilight, in others they hold till nine o'clock; one by one they go out, until midnight; but a few houses there are where the student's lamp, or lover's watching torch, holds bright tiU morning pours their light in the ocean of it own. So, such men bring through the flooded hours at darkness the light of yesterday into to-day, -nd am novec dMk, and never die. 11. W. Bnoan.
TEMPTING F A;;= thcle Treetop I don't see that Phil. Armour ever has the luck he Ann Why should n't he ?— Treetop When I was there they was J'1]°g hogs by the thousand, and it was the
DR. MARTINEAU. (From apha^o. hy Messrs. B. Dixon & Son, 112, Albany-street, N.W.) The great Unitarian divine is perhaps the most wonderful of the eminent octogenarians now living. In his eighty-ninth&ypar—he was born at Norwich on the 21st of April, 1805-he is four years the senior of the Prime Minister and of Oliver Wendell Holmes,'while Bismarck is as much as ten years his junior. Yet, although he has now withdrawn from ministerial and professional life, it is only quite recently that he delivered a long, closely-reasoned speech without the aid ot a note, and he is still writing in the reviews on such abstruse questions as the origin of the newly-disoovered Gospel of Peter. An autograph note which the writer of these paragraphs had from him a few days ago is written in a hand as clear and almost as firm as that of thirty years ago? and with the same sfirupulous attention to punctuation. Speaking of Dr. Martineau's first service at Paradise Chapel, Liverpool, now sixty-two years ago, one who was present on the occasion well remembers how the circular staircase of the somewhat conspicuous pulpit was quietly ascended by a tall young man, thin, but of vigorous and muscular frame, with dark hair, pale but not delicate complexion, a countenance full in repose of thought, and in animation of intelligence and enthusiasm, features belonging to no regular type or order of beauty, and yet leaving the impression of a very high kind of beauty, and a voice so sweet and clear -and strong, without being in the lest degree load, that it conveyed all the inspiration of music without any of its art or intention." The hair is no longer dark, nor the frame muscular and vigorous, but the eye has lost little of its light, and the figure, still straight as a lance, little of its activity. The Doctor is a regular attenditht of the Saturday Popular Concerts, and towards the end of last season, just at the completion of his eighty-eighth year, the present writer saw him threading his way through the crowd in Piccadilly, darting now to this side, now to that, with an agility which many a young man might envy without choosing to emulate. o ,J Dr. Martineau's name must always occupy an honoured place in philosophy. But it is with the preacher rather than the philosopher that we arq here chiefly concerned. H's most melodious voice, fit organ, if that be possibla, of the charming thoughts it had to express, is now never hliard in the pulpit. But in the memories of those who have once listened to it, though it were half a- century ago, its tones must always linger. A sermon of his was nothing short of a perfect work of art. Matter, manner, voice, elocution—every- thing was of the choicest and everything had the nicest congruity. The discourse would be read from beginning to end. But what reading1! As tha noble thoughts re-inspired the mind that had first in poetic cr prophetic rapture conceived them, the eye would light up, tho voice grow in volume, and the very form tower higher and dilate. To recall such a memory is enough to make onefling down the pen in despair. How can mere words set forth the effects of such preaching as this? For they were not effects produced by significant gesture or dramatic intonation, by anything that lends itself to graphic description. Yet neither was the spell wholly that of the thought, profound and poetic and spiritual as this was. Read a sermon from one of the Hours of Thought" volumes, and you must be stirred by the unspeakable beauty of the thought and the almost unique charm of the expression. Put you are not moved as you would have been had the thought come to you warm from the preacher's lips, uttered in his musical tones, and ennuciated with a scrupulousness that yet was always on the right side of refinement. No wonder is it that when Dr. Martineau was the minister of Little Poland-street Chapel he had- the most intellectually distinguished congrega- tion in London. In George Eliot's Life we read of the disappointment she felt en Sunday when she went to hear James Martineau." and fpuud his place occupied by another. And George Eliot was but one of many whom no preacher but he could have drawn to a place of worship. 1. In the two volumes already spoken of, Hours oi Thought on Sacred Things," Dr. Martineau, as the preacher and writer, is seen at his best. The Endeavours After the Christian Life," pub- lished many years earlier, contain much precious matter, which ministers will long turn to for ougbestion and inspiration. But occasionally there is a suspicion of over-elaboration.; and it is in the Hours of Thought" volumes that the preacher's genius touches its highest point. Parker," wrote George Eliot of the great American divine, whose thookgical posi- tion was so like Dr. Martineau's, though there was much difference in the spirit and temper of two men, Parker is, full of the poetry of religion; Martineau equally so, with a oloser style and incessant eloquence of expression, perhaps a perilous superabundance of it." The excessive opulence thus hinted at does mark some of Dr. Martineau's earlier work. (Thera are few who would not rejoice if such a fault could be im- puted to them ') But these words were written in 1853, nearly a quarter of a century before the first series of the Hours of Thought" appeared; and full as both volumes are of splendid eloquence, it must be a fastidious taste indeed that would charge against them any lack of self- restraint. In the writer's judgment, the sermons of Cardinal Newman alone among modern discourses deserve to rank with these of Dr, Martineau. Mr R. H. Hutton, the editor of the Spectator, himself au acute theological writer, who was brought up in the same faith as Dr, Martineau, but has long fallen back upon the old oreeds, speaks somewhere of ««9nteaQe8 of his "10 bim:tbat he seemed to be walking in the air rather than on solid ground. With such sentences the Hours of Thought" abound, and the reader who may not be familiar with the works may be glad to have a few of them set before him. Thus in the sermon on The Witness of God with Our Spirit," seeking to encourage those who have bean visited with assurances of spiritual realities to trust them, whatever others or their own lower moods may suggest, he says:—" If others cannot perceive the holy spirit that looks on as through the veil of life and nature-if in low moods of thought I lose the blessed presence my- self-why should I trust the blind heart instead of the seeing, and believe the Night rather than the Day? Is is more likely that the pure soul, from its own sunbeams, should weave ima- ginary sanctities, than that the impure, by its turbid clouds, should hide the real ones? There is no pnre admiration, no deep reverence, which has not to vindicate itself against a similar imputation." And in another sermon he thus sets forth Nature's blunt indifference to all con- siderations, moral or other, except the fulfilment of her own law?. Over Arctic wastes, or teeming cities, the sun is equally lavish of his flood, and glances alike from the sword of an Attila and the crucifix of a Xavier the full moon indifferently flings her purity into the windows of revelry and guilt, and paints the Saviour's image on the chancel floor where lonely sorrow and devotion kneels." This thought, unlike so many in the same volumes, is not new, but when before was it expressed with such poetry and music ? There is a good deal of verse which it is less easy for the memory to retain than this rhythmical and melodious prose. Dr. Martineau, always an ardent seeker after truth, has not in his long career been without opportunities of self-sacrifice. In his twenty- fourth year—which is nearer three-quarters than half a century ago !-he became junior minister of the Eustace-street Presbyterian (Unitarian) Maeting House, Dublin, having, after an educa- tion begun at Norwich and continued under Dr. Lant Carpenter at Brisoo), turned from mechanics and entered Manchester Now College, then at York, as a ministerial student. Follt years ago his settlement in Dublin, his senior colleague dying, he found himself unable con- scientiously to receive the regium donum to which he then became entitied and as his church did not share his scruples on the subject of concurrent endowment, and were not willing to forfeit in perpetuity the Government grant of B100 a year, there was nothing for him but to resign. The revolution in his philosophical views which came some years later, when he bad settled at Liverpool, and had been appointed Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy and Political Economy in his old college-by this time removed to Manchester—also involved no little sacrifice, directly of personal feeling, and indirectly and more remotely of academical status. He had been brought up in the experimental philosophy, but with deeper reflec- tion he came to feel its inadequacy, and gradually passed over into the ranks of the intuitionalism, even then in the minority so far as English thought is concerned, and now still more so. It thought is concerned, and now still more so. It was undoubtedly because of his power and in- fluence as the champicn of the unpopular school of thought that, having in the interval become Principal of Manchester New College, he just missed, by a casting vote, the Professorship of Mental Philosophy and of Logic in University College, London a result which so incensed his friond Professor de Morgan, the great mathe- matician, that. he resigned his own chair by way of protest. Dr. Martineau b'n long been far abive any honour which association with Uni- versity College could confer upon him, but the college is to be condoled with in having thus missed the chance of inscribing his illustrious name upon its roll. It was about this time, tha.t is to say in 1372, that a hundred or so of his nearer friends, moved, as they said, by mingled motives of gratitude, affection, respect, and admiration," presented him with some inscribed silver plate and asum of £ 5,800inthe desire "that thm shortcomings of the past might be repaired, however inadequately, in the case of one dis- tinguished example of the material injustice usually sustained in England by the instructors of intellect, and especially by the men who becoma pioneers and leaders of thought and opinion." And in the following year, when he retired from the pastorato of Little Portland- street Chapel, his congregation expresaed their gratitude for his ministry by a gift of £ 3,500. In philosophic circlos Dr. Martineau has nevtr pone without appreciation. John Stuart Mill was one of his admirer*, opposed as they were as thinkers, and once, by way of urging him not further to delay the publication of his Lectures, wrote him an historic letter, which suggests that immorality had becom" to him something more than the twilight hope which his more formal writings disclose. Mr Gladstone has mere than once testified his sense of Dr. Martineau's incom- parable services to religious thought and Tenny- son declared, as a member of the famous Metaphysical Society, which included nearly-all the eminent thinkers of the day—men like Mill and Huxley and Manning and "Ideal''Ward— that Dr. Martineau was tho greatest of them all. and Huxley and Manning and" Ideal Ward- that Dr. Martineau was the greatest of them all. Yet it was not till 1888 that Oxford recognised hid genius by bestowing upon him tho degree of D.C.L. Sixteen years before Harvard College had made him an LL.D., and later he received a T.D. (Doctor of Theology) from Leyden and a D.D. from Edinburgh. The virtues of Dr. Martineau's character have long been familiar to the world at large; its graces qre necessarily known to a narrower circle. To tho public he is the profound and penetrating thinker, the strenuous and brilliant champion of high and noble modes of thought, the eloquent and fascinating writer, the luminous and ^>olis!:ed speaker to those who have been brought into personal or pastoral relation with him hv is almost seer and saint. But of tho more intimate characteristics of a great and many-sided soul, tht- present is not tho place to speak. His precise place in hierarchy of English thinkers cannot for many a year be even approximately deter- mined, but everyone acquainted with his works will agrt* that never have we had a philosopher who has been more successful in making abstruse thought not meroly lucid but fascinating. Had metaphysicians always written as Dr. Martineau writes they would indeed be dull fools" who doubt the charms of "divine philosophy." Our space has goni, and much must b., left unsaid. But we may add that the portrait of the head of this sketch is from tho photograph of a portrait painted some years ago by Emsley. In his dislike of publicity Dr. Martineau has Attain and again refused to sit to the photographer. But in addition to the portrait to wnich th" artist has vainly striven to do juetice, thero is the more famous one by Watts, which suggests his more prophetic qualities. Jfittillg wail it that the mosi poetical and spiritual of our painters should apply his genius to the presentment of tb3 most I spiritual of our philosophers and the most poetical .f onr divines. H. NEXT WEEK :—
THE BFlLS BENEATH THE SEA. The sea is calm, the wind is fair, Nor ever a cloud doth lower— The good ship speeds with the blessed bells She bears to Boltreaux tower, The pilot crossed his breast and cried, Thank God the harbour's near, For vesper bells at TinUigel Ring out their music clear." Ay, thank the Lord for our good speed Across the doubiful sea "Fool sneered the captain, "thank thyself; God holds no helm for thee." The pilot crossed his brea t and cried, God pardon thee once more, And grant that we may safely come Unto the Cornish shore." The captain's oath was on his lips, Or ever the sun went down, And while the people thronged the cliffs Above the harbour town, A mighty wave swept o'er the sea, With dull and sullen roar The good ship trembled all her length As she sank to rise no more. Then o'er the whelming waters pealed (As tolling funerallmells For those lost souls) the soft sweet chimes Of the Forrabury bells. The moss creeps over Boltreaux church. Wherfl rmg: no vesper lay Still waits the tower its blessed bells, And silent stands to-day. For low beneath the Cornish wave, Where tangled wrecks lie deep, The Forrabury bells are hid And their sweet echoes keep. But ever 'gainst the billows toss And storm winds shriek In glee Their muffled chimes the blessed bells Still rinp beneath the sea. —Lucy Randolph Fleming, in Harper's Bazar."
THE MIGHTY SEA. Mighty sea! Chameleon-like thou changest, but there's love In all thy change, and constant sympathy With yonder Sky—thy mistress; from her brow Thou tak'st thy moods and wear'st her colours on Thy faithful bosom; morning's milky white, Noon's sapphire, or the saffron glow of eve;, And all thy batmier hours, fair Element, Have such divine complexion—crisped smiles, Luxuriant heavings, and sweet whisperings, That little is the wonder Love's own Queen From thee of old was fabled to have sprung- Creation's common which no human power Can parcel or enclose; the lordliest floods And cataracts that the tiny hands of man Can tame, conduct, or bound, are drops of dew To thee that could'st subdue the Earth itself, And brook'st commandment from the heavens alone For marshalling thy waves. « • • « • • Old Ocean was Infinity of ages ere we breathed Existence—and he will be beautiful When all the living world that sees him now Shall roil, unconscious dust, around the sun. Quelling from ago to age the vital throb In human hearts. Death shall not subjugate The pulse that dwells in his stupendous breast, Or interdict his minstrelsy to sound I In thundering concert with the quiring winds; But long as Man to parent Nature owns Instinctive homage, and in times beyond The power of thought to reach, bard after bard Shall sing thy glory, beatific Sea. CAMPBELL.
ON SEEING PEOPLE OFF. The sadness of saying good-bye has been sung by a thousand poets, and has been the theme of novelists without end. But how little, says Hearth and Home," has ever been said or sung of the extreme comicality of farewell, the intense humour that lurks around the saying of good- byes How funny good-byes are, and especially how funny they are at a station or on a steamer. The reserved are reserved no more-when the engine whistles, and tho guard shouts his hoarse injunction, Take your seats, please A wild rush of thoughts swells up in the mind. They remember all they oiight to have said within the last three weeks, or, it may be, three years. They remember Maria, that absent, shadowy woman whom we never see, but the whistle sounds. The friend in the carriage is allowed to draw up the window and settle into a corner seat, when. as sure as fate, the friend on the platform suddenly starts forward, glowing with lI.?;itatlOn, blatant with recollection, "Tell Maria "he or she-generally she—cries, and then the train moves off inexorably. The platform vanishes, the porters disappear, and Maria can never be told. That mysterious unfinished sentence, how often have we heard it. How often, as the train dashed out into the open country, have we considered who Maria might UP, what her aspect, what the thing she was to have been told. Wo look our companion fur- tively over, and try to draw conclusions. Pos- sibly Maria is her sister, or her mother,orher aunt. We picture her a delightful aunt, with nice grey hair and pink cheeks. But, no probably she is young, full of energy and excitement, held back from the realisation of some beautiful dream by the lack of that knowledee which ought to be at once imparted to her. Oh if she could but know what she ought to be told If she could— and then we suddenly remember the penny post, and we laugh our flights of imagination to scorn. It is difficult to see a person off at a station in a really artistic manner, with- out gush, yet without hauteur, m a fashion dignified, but without a suspicion of coldness. It is difficult to speak last words without chattering, to give last kisses without ■absurdity. The only way is to be natural with- out losing one's head, sympathetic withont violent emotion. People often laugh because they mustn't smile, and similarly they sometimes weep because they may not sigh. There is no reason why wo should not show regret upon a railway platform, and if we are able to tell our special traveller sensibly our sorry we feel that she is going, we shall probably not be so inclined to howl in private when the train has vanished, and we have nothing to do but go home. Some people, who have been most pleasant and kind to us during a visit, suddenly assume a layer of ice, when they arc seeing us off. Their geniality skips away, their bonhomie dies the death. They regard us frigidly, and scarcely seem able to bring themselves to speak to us. The fact is they fc-el awkward, and though they know how to welcome, have no idea how to speed tho parting guest. All they can do is to stare at us with round eyes, and say with abruptness, Would you like a bun ?" So friendship seems to end in brouud paper bag?, crumbs, and dried currants. If you can't see people off nicely, with ease and grace, don't see then; off at all. Depend upon it, thsy would much rather you didn't. It is such a pity to part badly when you have got on well, such a mistake to make a great blot on the full tltop to a neatly written and prettily expressed sentence. And, above all, remember what you desire Maria to be told before boxes are corded and tickets clipped. Then your friend's last view of you will be a pleasant one, and wiil leave an agreeable memory.
THE LAW AND LOVERS' VOWS. The Spectator, moved by the painful spectacle of the modern breach of promise case, proposes a novil expedient in order to ovtrcomn the diffij culties which such -uits present. It says Tl)(or. would be one very simple method of lighteninor tho task of the jury, which would also afford to youn«r women and their guardians a means of ascertaining wheth er the lover bad any serious intention of developing into a husband or not. Let no promise of marriage be held valid unless it is made in writing upon properly. Btamped papar. If the plaint If could produce a formal promise of this kind there would be no ne-'d to go into all tho history of a doubtful courtship, or to c;>nsid»*r any other factor in tho assessment of damages than the respective in- comes of the contracting parties. Of courso it will bs objected that such a proposition is injuri- ous to all the ronianco of courtship and marriage. But where, we would ask, is the romance in nine out of ten breach of promise cases that find their way into the law courts? These cases are hardly tWar brought except by people whose affections have not been rleppiyengaged in their acceptance of a suitor. For one young woman who now brings an action for breach of promise, at least nin: ar-* jilted and suffer in silence. Tha more th-ir affections have been engageçl the less can they b^ar to tell th* pitiful taieoftheirdisappointmcnt. and witness the poor little romanco of their life exposed to the ridicule and laughter of an unsym- pathetic world. If it once became an understood thing that tho ardent lover should offer such a proof of his good faith, then a ^irl would know well what to expect from a lover who withheld it. At any rate, parents or guardians of the lewer middle-class would not allow a youner man to grow too particular in his attentions"—as th^ir phrase runs—unless he showod a disposition to furnish this guarantee. Then, if the promises were unfulfilled, even the most modest and sensi- tive maiden could proceed against hor faithle-ss lover without loss of pride or dignity. There would be no need "to recite the history of the lover's wooing, to tell of kisses and .-mbrnces. to read eld lotters couched in the fond nnd foolish language of love, to lltybaro for the whole world to U'ape at all the sad wounds that love forsworn has inflicted. Thera would bs the written docu- ment. All that. the jury would hay) to decide \\ould be whether thv defaulting lovor had writ- ten it or not and if he had written it, what com-' pensation was owing to the woman he had dis- appointed.
Welsh Tit-Bits. Neu Wreichion Oddiar yr Eingion. [BY CADEAWD ] folo Morganwg. During his stay in Glamorganshire this time, he composed several very excellent odes, two of which he dedicated to the farmers of his native county. On one occasion, about this period, he was questioned by a friend as to what his religious sentiments were. He answered, in a string of verses, headed by the following expression "Slave to no party, bigot to no sect." We shall only grve here a few of tht verses as specimens of the ode :— You ask, dear friend, what religion I chuse, What modes of belief I profess For wanting religion, I grant it, the muse Is deprived of her beautiful dress. 'Tis not that religion impos'd on mankind By popes, crafty knaves, and Old Nick, A spurious religion that darkens the mind, That cankers the soul to the quick. Le bigots preach up what imposture hath taught, And falsehood Dromulge her decree Be mine the religion to act as I ought, Whilst hypocrites act as they please. On June 3rd, 1781, he married Margaret, the daughter of Rees and Elizabeth Roberts, of St. Maiy-hill. rhere has been acircumstanceconnected with Iolo's wife that appeared obscure. It was said that she was a considerable heires, and when she became Iolo's wife she was worth £ 1,000. There is still extant a letter of Iolo's, in which he mentions that his young wife had 30 acres of land, which wer", let at £1 an acre, which she could call her own. No doubt if she really owned this piece of land, she would have been fully worth the thousand pounds. This matter was made clear by my late excellent friend, Mr John Ho wells, of St. Athan's. Mr Howells much wished to disprove the assertions made that the Bard bad wasted his wife's estate, and he did so very clearly. It seems that Mrs Williams was, before she married, surnamed Mathews, Roberts, and Jenkins, and for the following reason. Mr Mansel, of Margam, on or about the year 1690, let out a large portionof his estate onleasesof99 years free of rent, on fines paid down, being in want of money at the time. The whole of the parish of St. Mary's Church was let in this way, a small farm of 30 acres and a cottage being leased to a man named Mathews. From him it passed to his son, who had an only daughter this girl had the misfortune of bearing a female child to a man named Jeiikiziq. She afterwards married a man by the name of Roberts, but had no family by him, and they both lie buried in the church at St. Mary's, having upon their grave a stone which is known as the lolo stone, the inscription having been done by the old bard, and it is remarkably well executed. Mrs Roberts bequeathed the lease to her illegitimate daughter, and this person was lolo's wife. Many persons who held under leases had almost forgotten the fact, and treated their holdings as if they were freeholds. The Mansels hav ng died out, there was consequently quite a panio when they were all served with notice1 that their leases were up by Mr T. Talbot, and Mrs lolo lost land and cottage, a few years after her marriage so much for the £ 1,009. In the year 1783, the bard and his wife went to live atLlandaff, where lolo entered into business very briskly and rather extensively, having a stone yard, a shop, and some interest in a small trading vessel between Cardiff and Bristol. The Episcopal City he finds in a short time unsuitable as a centre of all these operations, and in less than two years he removed to a more convenient station at Cardiff. The bard's career at Cardiff extended something over six years, and getting into diffi- culties, he removed from Cardiff owing to a com- pulsory winding-up of his affairs. It was at Cardiff that Tabesin, his son, was born, who. like his father, was a Welsh scholar, a bard, and anti- quary. lolo sheltered himself now from the etorms I of life at the secluded little village of Flemingstone. his old home, where he lived for the remainder of his life, except- ing a few years he lived (at Cowbridge and also at Cefn, as a bookseller. Until the year 1790 his poetical talents were comparatively unknown to the general public, but the election cf that date brought him to light. Those were the days of long and costly contests. Glamorgan, though it has enjoyed a peaceful slumber for long periods, has experienced sone terrible contests. The records of the political combats from 1790 till 1820, in this county, are highly in- teresting. lolo contributed his quota to this class of literature, and his ballad as for instance-" When Wyndham for liberty stood," would of itself be sufficient to turn any election. Right and left he deals his blows at his opponents, and, of course, his vehemence is highly appreciated by those who are on his side. We shall give his song, "Champion of Liberty," to the tune "Heroes of Old," in next week's issue. The Book of Baglan. Raglande (Continued). Sir William Herbert, of Troye, Knight, base sone unto Wm. Earle of Pembroke, ma. da. to Sir Simon Milborne, Knight. Sir Charles Herbeit of Troye, Knight, ma. Eliza, da. to Sir Grn. Reece. Knight. Sir Thomas Herbert, of Wonastowe, Knight, ma. Anne, da. to Lacye, of Warwickshire. Richard Herbert, of Treged, b. sone, ma. da. to Robert Powell, of Whitchurch, Esq. Joan, da. and co-h. of Sir Chas. Heibert, ma. George James, Esq. Blanch, da. and co.-b., ma. Oliver Lloyd, of North Wales, Esq., and hath issue, Charles Lloyde. Watkin Herbert b. nia. Catherin, da. and h. to Thos. Powell Prichard, of Skenfrith. and have issue, Charles Herbert and seven daughters. Harrye Herbert (son to Sir Thos. Herbert) ma. Lucye, do. to Wm., Earle of Wor. Christian ma. Wm., 2nd sone to Sir Wm. Winter, Knight. Joan nia. Harrie Lewis, of St. Peere, Esqr. Elizabeth Herbert. Charles Herbert, of All ton (sone of R. H., of Treget), Esqr., ma. da. to John Scudamore, of Horn. (?) Charles Herbert ma. the widow of St. John. William Herbert ma. Joan, da. to Cachmaid, of Muchtroye. His da. and sole h., Eliza, m. Peeter, sone to Wm. James Glim., h. of Llan- thewy Retherch, Esqr. Edmonde Herbert, ma. da. to Robert William, of the Priorie of Monmouth. Wm. Herbert Vayne, base sone to Wm. Earle of Pembroke. Jane Herbert, b. da. and h. to Wm., ma. Thos. Probert, of Pantglase. Walter Probert, of Pantglase, Esq., ma. Doritie, da. to Sir Christopher Baynam, Knight. Joan P'b»rt, ma. Walter Jones, of Dinginstowe, Esqr. Charles Jones, of Dinginstowe, ma. Elizabeth, da. ,to John Jones, of Treowen, Esqr. Charles Herbert, of Hadnock, Esqr., seconde spne .to Williain Herbert, of Oolbrock, Esqr., 01\ Jane, da. sulf Thoe. Huntley, Esqr., of Hadnock. Sir Richard Herbert, of Montgomery, Knight, ma. Jane, da. to GlIm. ab Rees ab Phillip ab Lin. ab Howell. Sir Morgan Herbert, Knight, died without issue. Richard Herbert, of Penkellye, Esqr., ma. da. of Edwin Games, of Newton, Esqr. Richard Herbert Ddu, ma. da. to Sir John Wogan, of Castle Gwies, in the Co. of Pembroke, Knight.
ETHEIJ Mr Dndely is delightfully interMt ing; d'yon know, he called me a duck. MACD Indeed, dear. I suppose be thought you no chicken.
Sensatorial courtesy has surprised the country by a bow to the will of the people, instead of to low! fractions of them.
-r ".b" GOSSIPS' CORNER. The* Czar of Russia has sent to President Carnot a gift of six thoroughbred horses. Pulmonary consumption caused the death of 163 persons in the Metropolis last week. It cost as much to send corn from Bristol t( Bath as it does to have it conveyed from New York to Bristol. The emoluments of Sir Forrest Fulton, the Common Serjeant, have been increased by 225C for the paj ment of clerk and chambers. At the Bank of England on Friday £38.000 is Russian coin was sold, JB70,000 was withdraws for Germany, and £10.000 for Holland. There are 50 miles of electric railway and 1,630 telephones in use in Grand Rapids, Michigan, an enterprising city of 90,000 inhabitants. Mr Isaac Sharp, the veteran Quaker preacher, is visiting the missionaries in the Indian terri- tory and the native tribes still existing there. The Working Men's Lord's Day Rest Associa. tion has arranged for upwards of 443 sermons tc be preached, mainly during the present month, in favour of Sunday observance. During the eight years following the War ot the Rebellion, there were constructed in the United States 36,500 miles of railroad, or more than half the then existing total mileage of the country. The directorship of the Veterinary Depart- ment of the Board of Agriculture, a post which is worth £ 1,000 a year, will become vacant at tht end of next month by the retirement of Pro. fessor Brown. Mr Meredith Jones, the chief manager of the North and South Wales Bank. has been presented with a portrait of himself and other articles upon the completion of his jubilee in the service of the bank. Several vocal numbers from Mr Haydn Parry's opera Cigarette seem to be much in vogue thi& concert season in various parts of the kingdom, particularly "Oh, I leva thee" and the vocal gavotte "Happy Home." Emperor William has taken steps to have the milk produced on his farms at Potsdam sold in Berlin. Carts bearing his name may be seen in the streets of the capital, the drivers of which retail the fluid to anyone. Prince Peter Trubetskoi, the Russian noble- man who is painting Mr Gladstone's portrait, is engaged to be married to a young English girl, Miss Ethel Wright. He stands 6ft. 4in. in his stockings, aud is an unusually handsome man. Some doubt having been expressed as to the Jewish origin of the late Dr. Schnitzer, known ae Emin Pasha, the Jewish Chronicle has made inquiries, and prints the records of Etnin'e birth, preserved in the synagogue of Oppelu, Prussia. Mr J. J. O'Kelly, some time member for Roscommon, is engaged in preparing a biography of his late leader, Mr Parnell. He has the assistance and co-operation of Mrs Parnell, who has placed at his disposal all the papers of the Irish statesman. Ismail Pasha—whose bad luck is traced by many Egyptians to his act, while Khedive, in letting Cleopatra's Needle come to this country- is not permitted to leave Constantinople without the surveillance of a medical man. who is also a diplomatic spy. About 85 per cent. of New England farms are cultivated by their owners, and chree-quarters of such farms are wholly free of mortgage indebted. ness. It need scarcely be added that farms do not go out of cultivation in New England. At Ohio Wesleyan University, whioh has at present more than 60 graduates or students it, foreign missionary service, a lecturer on Christiai missions has been appointed. This is tht first American college to make such an appoint ment. The death has occurred, at Genoa, of the Duk( of Galhera. He refused on his father's death tc adopt the title, but took the name of Ferrari, anc worked for a livelihood. His mother, conse- quently, left most of her wealth to charitable par poses. It is no wonder that American girls are irre- sistible if the following is a fair specimen of tbeii readiness in retort. An eminent personage, while conversing with a fair New Yorker. ventured tc express his energetic disapproval of the practice so universally adopted by ladies of wearing watches on their wrists. Well," she returned, I'm sure you have no objection to seeing clookt on our ankles." In a small room in the City the other day, not far from the famous corner" of Lombard-street was enacted the final scene in the great Overen( and Gurney crash, which convulsed the com mer cial world in the early sixties. Not half a dosor ot the 2.200 original shareholders of the banli attended to hear the account of tho 27 year: stewardship of the liquidators, and of thos twc or three who recalled the terrible panic of BIRcl Friday," one aged gentleman was so deaf that hI failed to hear a word that was said. Cigarette smokers in Paris were rather dis mayed to find that for years one of the hospita.1. there hvi contributed its quota in the manufac ture of cigarette papers. The Hospital assertt that the cotton wool and lint, after being used ir the wards, were regarded as the special perqui- sites of the servants, who sold them to manufac turers of the particular industry to which we hav, referred. This proceeding, which has now beei put a stop to, was carried out sub rasa, anJ, if may readily be surmised, was never widely known, or perhaps consumers of Parisian oigarettes woull have been fewer in number. The latest, and perhaps the most novel, case it proof of the right of Walss to claim equality wit! England is furnished by a correspondent. A few days ago it was stated, in connection witi the coming-of-age, atWhitnash, near Leamington, of triplets, that such an occurrence was unprece dented in England. The term England hen must not be taken as including Wales, for tbr. writer states that years ago he saw triplets &1. Bethesda, the children of one of Lord Penrhyn't quarrymen. The three girls, who are alive anc in perfect health," are now married, and they hope to celebrate their 29th birthday on Now Year's Day. A young Danish journalist, M. Watdpoaa.: Wiren, has just returned from a tour round the yorld under original circumstances. that he would make the voyage without spending a farthing of his own. To accomplish the feat, he engagoo himself on board th.4 steamboats as s .Jr.r, steward, or inapy other capftpity, N'ew York, Chicago, and San Francisod he wjni weloomod by brother journalists, who got up < subscription for him. He continued his voyagi gratuitously, and having visited Shanghai Singapore, Suez, Tunis, and Hamburg, finally reached homo! It is said the wager amounted tc £2,000, but the time he took to win it is not stated.