I NOTIFICATION OF INFECTIOUS I DISEASES. I Charges Against Cardiff Nurses. At the Cardiff Borough Police-court on Tues- day—the Stipendiary Magistrate (Mr T. W. Lewis, Dr. Paine, Mr Spencer, and Mr R. Bird on the bench—two cases were heard having refer- ence to the measures taken by the corporation for preventing the spread of* contagious diseases. In the first case Miss Annie Elliott, a nurse at the Nursing Institution, Stanbrool: House, Cathedral-road, Cardiff, was summoned for conveying an infectious case in a public vehicle without giving dne notice to the driver while in the second case Mrs Emily Boddington the lady superintendent of the institution, was charged with refusing to give up to the sanitary authorities certain infected clothing. Mr F. C. Lloyd, deputy town clerk, ap- peared for the prosecution. He said the summons against Miss Elliott was taken under the 126th section of the Public Health Act, charging her with exposing a child suffering from a dangerous infectiousdisease in a public con- veyance without notice to the driver. The section in question provided that "any person who while suffering from any dangerous or infectious disease, wilfully exposes himself without proper precau- tions against the spreading of the said disease in any street, public place, house, shop, or convey- ance, or enters any public conveyance without previously notifying to the owner or driver that he is so suffering or being in charge of such person shall expose such sufferer." The defendant was alleged to have been in oharge hf the parson suffering. The infectious disease in question was diphtheria, which Was one of a number of infectious diseases oheduled in the Act. It was of a somewhat dangerous charaocer, the proportion of deaths of persons attacked being even as great as 30 per cent. The most important preventative measures art: isolation and disinfec- tion. In this case the person attacked was a child who, while in a highly infectious condition, was removed in a public con- veyance without the slightest intonation that she was infectious. The caouian when he was hired was told that he was required to fetch a gentleman, whereas it was a child who was re- moved. Tiie cab had not been disinfected for a week after by reason of no notice having been given to the driver. The child was not taken to an isolation hospital, but to a nursing home, where persona were received suffering from all diseases. The defendant was not an ignorant person — she was a trained nursp, and tiierefore fhould understand the danger to which she was exposing persons who were subsequently using the cab. Wm. Henry Matthews, of Ryder-street, said he was the father of the child Beatrice Matthews, who was four years of age. On the 17th April, while suffering from diphtheria, she was conveyed from Green-street to Staubrook House, Cathedral- road, in a cab by the defendant. He did not tell the defendant that the child was suffering from diphtheria, but from the general tone of the con- versation he led her to believe that the case was one of an infectious character. The Stipendiary Did anyone tell Miss Eiliott the case was one o! diphtheria t Witness I have no doubt in my own mind that abe knew it was an infectious case. Samuel Davies, a foreman driver to Mr T. H. Webb, cab proprietor, Cathedral-road, deposed to driving the child in charge of the defendant from Queen-street to the Cathedral. No intimation whatever was conveyed to him that the ohild was suffering from a contagious disease. Mr Edward Walford, medical officer of health for the borough of Cardiff, stated that diphtheria was a dangerous infectious disease. The Stipendjary If any person suffering from diphtheria were driven in a cab is the next person Using tho cab liable to become infected ? Dr. Watford Yes I think so. Mr Edward S. Smith, surgeon, practising in Cardiff, deposed to attending the child Beatrice Matthews, who was suffering from diphtheria. The Stipendiary (to defendant): The case has been clearly proved against you. I take it you do not deny the facts of the case 1 Defendant: I did not know it was against the law. Had it been scarlet fever I should have given notice, but being diphtheria I did not think it was necessary to mention tt. A fine of £5 and costs was inflicted, or in de- fault defendant was ordered to prison for one month with hard labour. A similar summons had been issued against Mrs Emily Boddington, the lady superintendent of Sfcanbrook House Nursing Institution, but on the application of Mr Lluyd this was withdrawn, and she was proceeded »g»inst for refusing to give up the clothing of the sick child to the sanitary authorities. In answer to the bench, Mra Boddington admitted the charge, but said the articles were disinfected in the hou*e, where they had every possible convenience for doing 80. Mr Lloyd said this was a charge which he must press. It was taken ont under the Infectious Diseases Prevention Act, 1890, which had been adopted by the Cardiff Urban Sanitary Autority. By section 6 it was enacted that any !cc*l authority, or the medical officer of health tOt" such authority, might, by giving notice iu writing, require the owner of any bedding, clothing, or other articles which had been exposed to an infec- tion or any infectious disease to causti the same to be delivered over to the officer of the authority for removal for-the purpose of disinfection and any person who failed to comply with the require- ment should be liable to a penalty not exceeding £10. George Thomas, inspector of nuisances to the Cardiff Urban Sanitary Authority, stated that, acting under instructions from the medical officer of health, he proceeded to the Nursing Institu- tion, Cathedral-road, on the 13th Ap. ii, and a»ked for the clothing of the child, Beatrice Matthews. Defendant refused to give the articles up. She said ehe would not allow anything to bo taken out of the house, urging that they were quite capable of disinfecting their own things. The facts of the case were not denied, defen- dant being fined £5 and costs.
AFFAIRS OF A CWMBRAN CONTRACTOR, The first meeting of creditors to the estate of Henry Bolt Sketch, builder and contractor, of Woodside, Cwmbran, was held on Tuesday Rt the offices of the official receiver, Newport. The gross liabilities were £2,454 18-1 6d, but of this amount over £1,200 was secured, and the amount expected to rank for dividend was thus reduced to £ 1,157 18s 6cl assets, £ 27312s 6d deficiency, £864 Jj-i. The debtor commenced business 25 years ago at Newport in partnership with his brother, with a capital of £1,500, This lasted for five year", when the debtor received from his brother an undertaking to pay £ 2,700 as his share, hut the brother became bankrupt, and no dividend was paid to the creditors. After the dissolution of partnership, the debtor continued business on his own account at Cwm- btan, which be had commenced four year;; previ- ously, but in 1378 filed his petition for liquidation. The late Mr Bolt provided £1,000 to buy back the assets of the estate, and was repaid by debtor to the extent of £9ro. The debtor attributed his failure to losses in trade, and stated to the official receiver that he first became aware of his insolvency three years ago, but had since been gradually paying off his creditors. Not being in a position to make an offer to the creditor?, the debtor hits been adjudicated bankrupt.
ALARMING FIRE AT CAERPHILLY Abooli 10 p.m. on Monday a fire broke out at Jones's bakery, Arcade, Caerphilly. The fire waa first seen by some people who were passing along the street at the time, the family being ignorant of the danger they were in until they were aroused by the shout of Fire and the knocking at the door. In a short time the police were on the scene with the reel and hose, and a quantity of water was poured upon the burning roof, and by the combined efforts of the police and the people the fre was subdued after two sacks of flour and some provisions had been destroyed. It is sup- posed that the tire originated in the chimney of the bakehouse.
FIRE ON THE MARGAM ESTATE. On Sunday, about mid-day, a plantation on the Margam estate (about half-a-mile from the resi- dence of Miss Talbot, Margam Abbey), was observed to be ablaze. A number of men were soon on the spot. but despite the vigorous efforts put forth, the fire was still burning on Monday morning, and ^has completely destroyed a planta- tion of about 20,000 young trees, doing damage amounting to seveial hundred pounds. It is supposed that the plantation was wilfully set on Bre.
LORD ABERDARE. Lord and Lady Aberdare leave Prince's Gardens during the present week to spend Whit- suntide at Aix-les-Bains. Lord Aberd vre is in sxoeUent health, notwithstanding his arduous duties as President of the Aged Poor Commis- sion.
A Frenchman must be 40 years old to be a senator, and 25 to be a deputy. They are obaMA fey direct veto of the people.
THE ARREST OF CARDIFF DIRECTORS. Prisonars Again Remanded, Wyadham William Lewis and Thomas Henry Lewis, were on Tuesday arraigned on remand —before the Cardiff Stipendiary magistrate (Mr T. W. Lewis). Dr. Paine, Mr Spencer, and Mr R. Bird—charged on a warrant with, that being directors of a certain public company, to wit, the Match Manufacturing Company, Limited, they did unlawfullyand fraudulently take for their own use and benefit a sum ef JB145, the moneys of the said company, between the 17th and the 24th of February, 1893. Mr A. F. Hill, solicitor for the prosecution, said he must ask their worships for another remand till Friday next, the 12th inst. The principal for the prosecutIOn-the person on whose information the warrant was originally issued—had mot with an accident. He had broken his rib, and was confined to his bed. He had the doctor there, who would tell the bench when he was most likely to be able to attend the court. Mr John Hugh Rees, M.D., medical prac- ¡ titioner, of Penarth, then entered the box, and stated he had been in attendance upon Mr Onver Walkey, who had sustained an accident, and was conhned to the ln>use, and quite unable to attend the court that day. The Suppndiatv (to Mr Hill): Than you say this witness's evidence is absolutely necessary for the prosecution's case ? Mr Hiil Absolutely necessary. The Sujienciiary And on that ground you apply for a remand ? Mi Hill That is so, your worship. Thotiias Lewis I should like to gay a word on thisappticatiun. The Stipendiary Oh, certainly. J Thomas Lewis YVd received this letter while awaiting in prison, being a copy of a letter written by Messrs Hili and Son, to the Head Constable. It reads :— Re W. W. and T. H. Lewis. Dear Sir,—Will yoti kindly communicate to the prisoners that it is our inlellJnll 011 Tuesday next to apply for a further veiiiaiiu till the following Friday nil the ground that the informant, Oliver Walke;, h is met wirh an accident and broken his rib. He. is unaole to leave his bei by juesday, but expects t., oe able to 0 so on the day we have named. We do lIot purpose to offer any, v iclcnee, The Stipendiary: Is tint the letter from the solicitor for the prosecution? Thomas Le vis Yes, sir. The Stipendiary Well, it's a very proper intimation to convey to you. Thomes Lewis: But I wish to say that as yet no charge has been made against UiI, and we have had no opportunity to ati-wer any charge. The Stipendiary No, you will have that on Friday. Is there anything else you wish to say ? Thomas Lewts Well, I deny there is any charge against us to assert. The Stipendiary No—to deny it, because it has not been asserted yet. That will be done on Friday, Thomas Lewis What has the attendance of a witness to do with the making of a specific charge ? The Stipendiary It is impossible to support a charge without the attendance of witnesses. There is no better ground for making such an ap- plication as this than the compulsory absence of witnesses. You are remanded till Friday. Wyndham Lewis How about the witnesses we have subpceuaed ? Will it be necessary to have them summoned again ? The Stipendiary Go down, sirs. You are remanded. The Clerk All those witnesses who have been summoned to attend the court to-day will be good enough to give their attendance here on Friday next. The prisoners were then remanded in custody. We understand that Mr Charles Clarke, Cardiff, has been appointed secretary of the Match Manufactui ing Company.
OBTAINING A BABY BY FRAUD. A Singular Prosecution. Mary Boyle (30), alias Green, alias Campbell, alias Kemp, is by trade an ironer, living at Olney-street, Walworth. She was charged on Monday, before Mr Hopkins at Lambeth, with stealing a male child, aged six weeks, and £3, the offspring and money of Mabel Louisa R 'er!. Mary sobbed loudly when placed in the dock, and as she appeared to he in danger of fainting she Was allowed to sit during the hearing. Detective-sei geant Chick stated that on Sunday uight, in company with Detective Burgess, he went to the prisoner and asked her if she was Mrq Green? She rephed, "No; my nnme is Boyle." Witness said, "I am a police officer. I am going to take you to the station for identification for stealing a child and £3 from » lady on Monday afternoon. I want to go up to yourroom." She said, "Have you a warrant'" Witness replied, "No, I have not," and she then said, You won't gu up. I know nothing about any baby, and I know what I am about." Witness took her to the station, where she was placed au»o..g-il other women, and identified by the prose- cutrix, Miss Reed. Detective-inspector Harvey then told her she would be charged WIHI stAAl. ing the child, to which the prisoner replied, I did not steal it." How can you call it stealing when it was given me. to adpj^i?" In- spector Harvey asked the prisoner where the child was, and she answered, I will not tell yon if you keep me here for 25 yes»rs. What do you call stealing ?" Inspector Harvey then said. You told this lady that you had been confined of a dead baby seven weeks ago, and that you were the wife of a tea merchant at Eastbourne, and that you wanted the ohild to adopt so your friends wonld think it was your own." The prisoner replied, It's well off. It's in a minister's family at Leicester, and it will be wet! looked after." Mr Hopkins now asked whether anything had been found out about the child. Inspector Harvey Nothing whatever, your worship. We have found the clothing. The prisoner has had other children, sir, and there was an inquest on one of them only a few weeks ago.—The prisoner was remanded.
CARDIFF LIBERAL ASSOCIATION Exeoutive Meeting. A meeting of the executive council of the Cardiff Liberal Association was held on Tuesday evening, at the offices, 53, Queen-street, under the presidency of Mr Rees Jones, J.P. There were also present Mr E. R. Moxey, Mr j,ewis Williams, O.P., Dr. Edwards, J.P., Councillors W. E. Shackell, F. L. Short, B. John, T. Andrews, M. Morgan, and W. Lewis. Messrs T. Webber, J. Holloway, H. Jones, E. Robert.?, C. Burgess, Allen Upward, R. Davies, J. H. Davies, W. Bailey, S. MiUlon, M. J. Pearce, C. Harding, John Nonr.an, the Rev John Morris, and Mr R. N. Hall (secretary and agent). The minutes of the previous meeting having been read and confirmed, a letter was read from Mrs Robert Davies, acknowledging the receipt of the vote of condolence with her, passed by the executive upon the occasion of the death ot her husband. She thanked the council for their kind expression of sympathy with her in her bereave- ment.—Mr K H. Moxey, the treasurer, presented the report for the year, ending the 25th March last.—The President proposed that the report be received and adopted, and presented for final con- firmation to the annual meeting of the Liberal Thousand.—CJU- cillor Shackell seconded the resolution, which was carried unanimously.—It was decided that the annual general meeting of the Liberal Thousand be held on the second Monday in June, and that in the meantime the various wards of the borough be called upon to hold their annual ward meetings for the purpose of elrcting representatives to I servo upon the Thousand.—This concluded the business ot general interest, and a vote of thanks to the president brought the proceedings to a close.
A GREAT SWANSEA AR3ITRA- TION. The award has b^en rece ved at Swansea in the great arbitration between the Great Western Railway Company and the harbour tru t. The railway compiny claimed in respect of certain lands at the Eist Dock coinpulsorily acquired by the trust £31.000, and the trust counterolaimed for £ 11,(00. speni about 15 years ago in laying foundations for Great Western Railway tips at the E ist Dock, and interest since 1879 The counterclaim was admitted. The arbitratorawards the company £15,000, from which is tobedfducttd the counterclaim. There is also an allowance made the company for interest. This allowance the trust does not admit, and consequently the matter will again come before the courts, when an application will be made by the trust for the question of interest to be again remitted to arbitration, it being contended that, if interest is due from the trust, it is due from the company on the counterclaim.
PROPOSED POOR-LAW UNION FOR BARRY. Considerable feeling exists amongst the leading public of Barry and surrounding parishes in favour of the formation of a separate poor-law Union for that district. A public meeting in snppoit of the movement will be held this even- inie (Wednesday), under the auspices of the Barry Chamber of Trade, at the assembly-room of the Victoria Hotel, Holton-road, Barry Dock, at which it is expected there will be a large attend- ance of country guardians and the general public, together with Mr Oliver H. Jones, J.P., Fonmon Castle (the deputy chairman of the Cardiff Board of Guardians); Major-General Lee, J.P., Dinas Powis and Mr D. T. Alexander, president of the Barry Chamber of Trade.
A ROYAL ROMANCE. Another impending mesalliance in the Russian Imperial family is reported, the Graftd Duke George, who was sent to the Caucasus owing to illness, being, it is rumoured, determined to marry a young Circassian lady, who is a clerk in a telegraph office. The Emp e"s is naturally ad- verse to the marnage, but as the Grand Duke is not expected to recover, and is moreover deeply attached to the fair Circassian, it is expected that he will receive the imperial sanction to marry her.
WKDDING. KKEPER, AND EXQASKMKNT RINGS.— Great Variety at Tftinxh Bros., High-street, Cardiff Steedman's Soothing Pow<W-s for children cutting their teeth have now been in use over 50 years. They relieve feverish heat, prevent fits, convol* ions, etc., and preserve a healthy tate of the constitution during the period of teething. Manufactured only at Walworth, Sarrey. Hold evenfwhere. Please observe ttae Ell in Stefdauw. 15033
¡ MR ALBERT SPICER AND THE OONGREGATIONAl CHURCH, The proceedings of the snnual assembly of the Congregational Union of England and Wales were resumed on Tuesday a.t the City Temple, Mr Albert Spicer, M.P., chairman of the Union, presided. After a. devotional service, the CHAIRMAN rose to deliver his address, taking for his subject "The Congregational Church and their opportunity; a Voice from the Pew." Having reviewed the work of the Churches, he went on to speak on social questions. To what extent, he as ed, were they trying, 10 the daily practice of their Churches, to help men in their social surround- ings? He recognised to the full that the work of our churches first and foremost was to try and save men from their sins but when they had accepted Christ as their Saviour what was to be the influence of the C.iurch's teaching on their conduct and Ufe ? Were they to be sincerely desirous of saving thpir fellow-men from their sins and then go direct from their services to homes they were sustaining on a scale higher than they could afford except by use of the extreme benefit of a lower market price of labour ? Were they to be known as defenders of true evangelical faith and, at the same time, supporters of those who resolutely and systematically opposed every suggestion that meant the removal of privilege from the few and the extension of these privi- leges tc the people as a whole ? Hfj was tnxiom 'I that they should save men's souls; but he believed they would be more successful in that work were they more solicit us for the welfare of their bodies. Th^y had to remember that a further extension of democratic principles had taken place,and they might say, *p-&king generally, the people, as a whole, were enfranchised. As a result, they were beginning to hear the wants of the newly-enfranchised expressed in a way that had not beni possible before. As Churches, they had not ignored those wants altogether in the past, so far as they could be remedied by the bestowal of material help iu many diffitrobt ways; but now those newly-enfranchised classes, to whom this help had been administered, were beginning to say, "It is not charity we want, but justice." (Cheers.) And he thought many were feeling the trurh ot that remark. How was all this to bo altered? By labour bureaux, by f Trades Unions, by limitation of the hours of labour ? These might all do something, but, II after all, the true remedy was to try and increase the opportunities of labour. How could that be done till, at any rate, the land of the country was open to labour? (Loud cheers.) This was impossible while the laws of our country gave landlords the power to use the land in the way they considered best for their own interests, but which in many cases was not in the interests of the people. This, II to his mind, was the economic difficulty whioh, until righted, would throttle every enterprise that aimed at helping that portion of the oommunity I' which everybody admitted needed their consider- ation and help. This difficulty would only be removed when the earnest-minded men and women who composed the Churches had become convinced that it was an injustice and were ready to do their part in removing it, even 1f, in doing so, it meant a sacrifice of some of their present advantages for the general welfare of the people. Mr Spicer'a address was loudly applauded.
CARDIFF BANKRUPTCY COURT. At the Cardiff Bankruptcy Court, on Tuesday, several debtors were examined by the Official Receiver (Mr T. H. Stephens) before Mr Regis- trar Langley. RIt JOHN GRIFFITHS, grocer, Whitchurch.— Debtor, for whom Mr Kensolo appeared, com- menced business in August, 1890, with a capital of j620 borrowed from his sister's husband, which he had since paid back.—Examination closed. RE GEORGE BOLD, greengrocer, Pontycwmmer. The debtor, represented by Mr T. J. Hughes, Bridgend, carried on business as a greengrocer, his customers being principally colliers. He had been in difficulties for the last 12 months, and had paid about JB40 in county-court summonses.— Examination clmed. RK J. B. MUMDT, wholesale fruiterer, Cardiff.— Complaint wa* made by the official receiver and by Mr Evans (Evans and Taylor, Bi-is'ol) for the trustee, that the debtor had not yet furnished certain particulars whioh he had been ordered by the court to furnish. For the debtor, Mr George David urged that the bankrupt had done his best iu the matter, but he was almost illiterate. After the debtor had been examined by Mr Evans respecting a payment of JB500 to Messrs Morgan ana Biermann, the examination was adjourned for one month, RK JOSEPH HONEYWEIX, oattle dealer.—The debtor had been four times under examination, and the registrar now ordered the examination to be closed. Its ARTHUR Hy. LKYSHON —Although a gas fitter, the debtor attributed his failure to carrying on business as a butcher, with which trade he was unfamiliar. He borrowed £25 to start the butchering business in February last, but he had already personal liabilities. The failure was for a comparativelv small amount, and the examina- tion was closed. RH FRANK H. WILLI A U 3, solicitor, Cardiff.— The Official Receiver said the debtor had not furnished full particulars of his accounts. Mr Williams pleaded that there was a lot of work in making out costfi. There was ene long bill, he said, which wont right through a chancery suit, and which had to be drafted and carefully revised. The Official Receiver said the debts owing to the estate were put down at £ i,977.— Examination adjourned for a month. RK WILLIAM BEKTRAM, general stores mer- chant. Cardiff.—The debtor said he had been in business in Cardiff for 7% years, mainly supply- ing tinwovks with goods used in those works. He oame to Cardiff w!th £250, Hewasnowowing £11100, his assets being £70. His last audit was I m March, 1891, when he was perfectly solvent, and had about £500 to the good. When there was a boom in the iron trade inj83990 he entered into big contracts, believing prices would continue to advance. Unfortunately prices came down to a very low point, and he lost very con- siderably. Then, the tin works in South Wales were greatly affected by the McKinley Tariff, and for goods which he had bought in anticipa- tion of selling he could not get orders. When the audit of 1891 was made by Messrs Roberts and Sons he was overstocked and ever since he had had to contend with difficulties. In his deficiency account the item of j3350 appeared for legal expenses. In December, 1891, and January. 1392, he deposited warrants with his bankers for goods which he had at Swansea. Asked why, under these circumstances, he did not cause a careful investigation into his affair-s to be made, the debtor descrilted the ques- tion of the official receiver as uncalled for.—The Registrar You are here to answer the official receiver's questions. Don't let me have any impertinence. Answer the questions at once.— The Debtor I had no intention to bo imperti- nent.—The Registrar: If you continue to be impertinent I shall adjourn the examination and send you somewhere else.—After the debtor had given further evidence the examination was ad- journed, to enable h'rri to produce his trading account from March, 1891, to the date of the receiving order. RE JABEZ and JOSEPH ROUTH, boot dealers.— 'Ihe former debtor said that he and his Ifi-other commenced business in the travelling boot trade in 1887. The gave JS435 for the "rounds." Matters went on all right until the strike occurred at Abertillery, which lasted for 12 months. The firm commenced to be pressed about 12 months ago. being seriously affected by the stoppage of the Tredegar Iron Works and by the strike at EblJw Vale. All their business was up the Hills." Th-y attributed their failure to the bad condition of trade there. They owed £383 to Mr Frederick H. Will'Mm-1, solicitor. Their total indebtedness was £1,269, •ud their assets amounted to JS400, chiefly con- sisting of book debts. In reply to Mr P. II, Williams, the debtor said the money owing to him (Mr Williams), was for teg-tt expenses, court lees, and moneys advanced.—The examination of both debtors was closed. NEWPORT CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.* The monthly meeting of the Newport Chamber of Commerce was h«ld at the Town-hall on Tues- day, Mr L. B. Moore presiding.—It was decided to leave the question of the advisability, or otherwise, of inviting the International Maritime Congress to'pay an official visit to Newixirt to the executive committee.—In answer to Mr Mordey. the Secretary stated that the decrease of Nt-wport experts and imports was 155,250 tons, whilst Cardiff, Barry, and Swansea showed an increase of foreign exports for the period —Mr Mordey thought that some action should be taken by Newport to represent to the receivers of oargoes on the Continent that much of the coal sold to them as Cardiff coal was Monmouthshire coal, and could be purchased at Newport at a much lower rate than at Cardiff; in 1391 485.788 tons of coal from the Monmouthshire Western Valleys was shipped from Cardiff, whilst in the following year 580,000 tons of Monmouthshire eoal were shipped at Cardiff. The Secretary (Mr S. Williams) said that in addition to the figures given by Mr Mordey, one million tons of coal per annum were conveyed by rail through the Severn Tunnel from Monmouthshire. Ultimately the matter dropped, it being understood that the question would be considered at the next meet. ing of the chamber, when a scheme would be submitted for effectively advertising Newport's facilities and the qualities of Monmouthshire coal.
CARDIFF SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION The annual prize distribution in connection with the Cardiff Sunday-school Union for the soholars' Scripture examination in March last took place on Tuesday evening in the Jectnre- hall of the Young Men's Christian Association, St. Mary-street, Cardiff. In the absence of the mayor of Cardiff, Mr Haywood presided. The annual report, which was read by Mr C. Hughes, showed there were 27 schools in the Union, and they had one representative on the committee of the parent society in London. The prize list showed that the Presbyterian Church was very much to the fore, as shown by the results of the examinations. Next cams Roath-road Wesleyan, followed by Richmond-road Congregational and Tredegarville Baptist Chapels. The first and second prizes in the senior division were tnken by Roath-road Chapel. The scholars of the Presby- terian took the first and second in the npper- middle division, and tho first in the lower division, the second in this division beingdivided amongst Richmond-road, Tredegarville, and Roath-road. The premier award ;n the junior I divisiou was taken by the Presbyterian Chmch, and the second by the Richu>ond-road. After an 1 address by the Chairman, he distributed the ) prises to the obildrsa, v
OPENINfi CEREMONY. Scene at the Institute. LONDON, Wednesday. The opening of the Imperial Institute by the Queen to day wilt rank high among the nienior- able and picturesque functions which have signalised her Majesty's eventful reign. Foreign rulers and princes were not invited to take a conspicuous part as they did so effectively at the celebration of the Queen's Jubilee. The pro- ceedings, however, were not less significant, inas- much as they impressively illustrated in many aspects the vast extent and varied elements of our great and undivided reahn. The palatial edifice known as the Imperial Institute is itself, iu its design and purposes, a lasting symbol ot the unity of the Empire. It was, therefore, in accordance with the fitness of things that its inauguration should be made to emphasis8 the same object lesson. All the elaborate arrange- ments, down to the minutest details, harmonised with this idea. They were happily carried ont with unalloyed SUCCGSK, enhanced by the enjoy- ment of one of the sunniest days which have of late given unaccustomed brightness to this pre- mature summer. This propitious weather was of the more importance because only a very small proportio:: 01 those who desired to attend could possibly secure the privilege of admission 10 the Institute, and had to be content with such a view of the Royal procession aacould be had at various points along ttn attractive and convenient route. In view of the fact that the Queeu has b>5eo residing at Buckingham Palace since Mond-t, and that it was from thence that her Majesty was to proceed to the Institute, it might have been expected that here the spectaturs would have assembled in large numbers, but the con- course of people at this point was smaller than has been seen on previous State occasions. The fact was that there was but little opportunity for the general public to see what was taking place. strong body of police, three or four men dt-ep, and before them lines of the Royal Horse Guards Blue,kept clear a large space in front of the outer entrance gates, and the outside crowd had, therefore, hardly tin- chance of a glimpse of the R >yal procession when it started on its progress. The people who, from half-past nme o'clock, had been thronging to this point from all parts, consequently passed on to positions of gieater a ivantage in Constitution-hill and Hyde Park Corner, and many located themselves within the railings in Green Park. There abouts there was nothing attempted in the way of decorations, and. indeed, none were needed beyond the leafy surroundings of St. James's Park and Green Park, whose greenery threw into greater prominence than any artificial arts could have done the military splendour and regal pomp of the procession. Beyond the gradual massing of the crowds and the arrival of the various military contingents, which were to form the guards of honour, and the Royal escort, there was bnt little to attract attention until half an hour before noon. Within the quadrangle of the Palace, forming a guard of honour representative of the three kingdoms, were detachments of the Civil Service, the 1st Middlesex, the London Scottish, and the London Irish Rifle*. On the right of the main entranco were the escort of Life Guards, with their drawn swords, polished helmets, and cuirasses flashing in the sunshine. Imposing, however, as they appeared, greater interest was naturally bestowed upon the other portion of the escort stationed to the left of the entrance, whose strange, though richly-coloured uniforms formed a striking contrast to those of the Guards. This escort consisted of representatives of the various indian native troops, among others the Bengal, Hyderabad, and Madras Lancers, the Prince Albert's Own Poonah Horse, and others. It also included a group of Canadians and a de- tachment of Australian Cavalry from New South Wales and Victoria. The Indians, men of stately bearing, wore tunics of different hues with silk sashes and turbans, and some bore lances and others carried swords. The Australians, fiup, &talwart soldiers, with bronzed faces, wore a tunic unifoim of a brown colour, with red facings, and had on Tyrolese hats, ornamented with tufts of dark green cock's feathers. Some of them carried lances, to which pennons were attached. When all these had taken up their positions, the Duke of Connaught came out of the Palace and made a brief inspection of them. Soon after- wards his Royal Highness, with the Duchess of Connaught and attendants, took his departure for the Institute, being preoeded by the IXike and Duchess of dinburgh. At a quarter to two attention was diverted from the scene around the Palace by the approach of a brilliant equippage along the Mall from the direction of Marlborough House. This proved to be tho State carriage, containing the Prince of Wale- Prince George, the Duchess of Teck, and the Princess May. Accompanied by military escort, they drove off direct for the Institute, and their appearance between the lines of spectators m Constitutioli- hill was greeted with enthusiastic cheering, which their Royal Highness acknowledged by l-owmg. Five or ten minutes later a fanfare of trumpets from the Queen's trumpeters announced the departure of the Queen's procession. First came an escort ot the Royal Lite Guards, the foiir open Mate carriages prawn by bay horses. These con- tained the equerries, the lords and ladies in- waiting, the keeper of the Privy Purse, Sir Henry Ponsonby, and other Court functionaries. Nexc CKmea carriage drawn by four buys, containing the Lord Chamberlain, the Lord Steward, Prince Christian and Prince Henry of Ba tenberg, both in uniform. The Colonial escort and a section of the Guards here fell in. Lastly came the Queen's carriage, followed by a further detachment of the Guards. Her Majesty's cairiage was the gorgeously decorated vehicle which is only used on high State occasions. It was drawn by six cream-coloured horses with gold and purple trappings, ridden by pustdionaand led by grooms in scarlet livery. Her Majesty was accompanied by Princess Christian and Princess Henry of Battenberg. Dressed in black with mauve trimmings, and carrying a sunshade trimmed with lace, her Majesty appeared to be in excellent health, and she smiled and bowed in response to the cheers which were raised as soon as the crowds caught sight of her. The procession formed an imposing spectacle as it slowly moved up Constitution-hill to Hyde Park Corner.. There were indications at an early hour in the morning that an enormous number of people would assemble in Hyde Park to witness the Royal pageant; and, long ere the time appomted for the departure of the procession for the Palace, dense throngs of eager spectators blocked the roadway between (Jonscitution-hill and Hyde Park Corner, and lined the route along the whole length of the Mouth-road. Certainly at this portion of the route ladies formed the larger portion of the crowd, and the bright hues of feminine attire were con- spienous on the balconies overlooking Picea- dilly, the Row, and the tonth-road, m the long row of carriages which were drawn np on the north side of the road and even on the roofs of the lodges at various park gates. It was a patient and orderly assembly, and tha stronK force of police and military in attendance had no diffi- culty in keeping the route clear. the first picturesque element introduced mto the already brilliant scene was the arrival of the 2nd Life Guards, precedod by their band, their burnished accoutrements flashing brightly in the sunshine. They werequickly followed by the King s Dragoon Guards, who formed up to keep the large: space just itllJifje the gates at Hyde Park Corner. A detachment of the Norfolk Regiment, the 3rd Grenadiers, and the Coldstream-, together with a contingent of bluejackets from H.M.S. KxeeMent, lined the rest of the route thiongh the park, while bodies of the 17th Lancers barricaded the* pproaches to the various gates, I here was much to interest the sightseer pnor to the parsing of the procession. Carriages were being con- tinually driven at a rapid, pace towards the Institute, their o--oup-'nts being members of the Diplomatic Corp*, ecclesiastical dignitaries, and persons of note ill political circies. One carnage contained Indian princes 111 their goigeous native attire, who were objects of much curiosity to the crowd. The arrival of thfl detachment of the Royal Artillery with their guns, who wett; going to tire a salute announcing the opening or the Institute, wa-- another incident that occupie I the attention of the OtUWI1. Nevertheless, it was a long and trying wait. The heat was intense, and the services of several corps of m«i belonging to the St. John Ambulance Association were frequently called into requisition. The first Roval pjrsonage to P'8'1 through the I park was the "Duke of Edinburgh, who ..as warmly welcomed. The Duke of Connaught. who quickly followed, was also cheered. The Prince of Wales, with the Duke of York, the Duchess of Teck, and Princess May came next, and their appearance was the signal for another and a still more enthusiastic outburst of cheering. It was not until about 12 o clock that the Queen's carriage was drawn slowly into the park. Her Majesty's progress along the South-n»ad was marked by loud manifestations of rejoicing, hand- kerchiefs and hats being waved with boisteious enthusiasm along the whole line of route. This was especially the case at the Albert Memorial, the base of which was occupied by a multitude of people. Passing through Queens Gate, which was beautifully decorated with Venetian poles, bunting, and festoons of floral design, and whence handkerchiefs were waved from almost every window, the Royal procession turned into Institute-road amid loud acclamations. The immediate vicinity of the Imperial Insti- tute was early in the day a centre of attraction. Institute-road and the adjacent thoroughfare, Queen's-gate, were made beautiful with Venetian masts, from which were suspended festoons of bunting. Facing the handsome pile, the opening ceremony of which was about to be performed by Royalty, was a huge gallery of seats, extending from one end of the road to the other, and capable of accommodating about 25,000 spectators. There were other stands, all draped in crimson to the right and left of the main entiance to the Institute, provided perhaps for another 10.000 or 12,000 ]Jeop!e. Nearly all the mansions in the neighbourhood displayed some kind of( adornment, and Royal standards and Union Jacks fluttered from many windows. As early as nine o'clock expectant sightseers commenced to arrive on the scene, and the possessors of tickets for the stands, which fetched fancy prices, lost no time in securing their seats. The weather was beautifully fine. Even at this early hour the sun shone with brilliancy. About an hour and a half later the various peisonages of rank and imJlortance invited to witness the inauguration commenced to arrive, and drew upat the main entrance. Here the way was kept up the spacious s^eps by lines of the Royal Life Guards and the Life Guards Blue, while further on in the vestibule were stationed detachments of the Yeomen-of-the-Guard and of the Gentlemen at- Arms. Institute-road was flanked on each side with guards of honour, bluejackets, and Scots Guards, whilst behind them rose tier after tier of paily-attired ladifs, who, with their escorts, had )»v this time filled up f he whole of the Mats t opposite to and to the right and left of the building. The arrivals formed one long stream of brilliant military and naval uniforms and Court dresses, interspersed with the gorgeous attire of Oriental y piinces and various foreign potentates. Amongst those early on the scene was the Lord Chief Justice of England (Lord Coleridge) in his robes, and there followed Sir Wm. Harcourt (Chancellor of the Exchequer), Lord Cross, the Earl of Rosebery, Mr A. J. Balfour, Mrs and Miss Gladstone, the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire, Lord and Lady Brassey, Earl and Countess Spencer, the Duke and Duchess of Westminster, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Mr Mundella, &e. Lord Roberts, on driving up with Lady Roberts, received a special recognition, and several cheers were raised in honour of the gallant general. The Lord Mayor's magnificent coaoh attracted much notice, and for a time diverted attention from the imposing equipages of the ambassadors. Russia, Turkey, Germany, Austria, Italy, France, China, and other countries all sent august (representatives. The Chinese Ambassador and the lady members of his family, diminutive in stature and most magni- ficently robed, were the objects of a great deal of attention. The Chinese Minister's wife was principally attired m violet silk. Her con- spicuously long mbe caused no little inconveni- elleeas she ascended the flight of steie leading to the vestibule. The Indian Princes formed a striking contingent, with their bejewelled turbans and heavy gold hco. The Duke of Cambridge, on driving up, was received with some cheering. The Dtlko of Fife aho came in for sp cial recog- nition. Then followed several Royal personages, including the Duke of Edinburgh in naval uniform, and the Duchess of Edinburgh, the Duke ot Coimanght in military dress, and Prince Louis of Battenberg in a naval uniform. Next the strains of God bless the Prince of I Wal es" are heard in the distance, almost drowned hy a roar of cheering, which travels nearer and nearer. An escort of Life Guards appears on the scene, the guard of honour lowers colours, and the Heir Appavent's carriage, horsed with four mettlesome steeds, da-dies up amid loud cheers. With his Royal Highness were the Duchess of Tr-ck, Prince George, and Princess May. The Prince of Wales looked remarkably well in a field marshal's uniform. When Prince George placed himself by the side of his affianced bride and escorted her up the steps, followed by his Royal father and the Duchess of Teck, the spectators cheered again and again, whilst many ladies waved their handkerchiefs. Then followed other equipages, bewildering in number and dazzling in the gorgwitness of their equipment. The hour was now approaching half- past 12, however, and the spectators were anxiously looking out for toe august central figure of the day's proceedings. Thus it was perhaps that Prince Christian and Prince Henry of Battenberg, who drove up to the Queen s private entrance at the eastern end of the builit- ing, passed almost unnoticed. A few minutes later the National Anthem is heard, followed by a distant roar of cheering. A glance in the direction from which the tumultofgladsomesounds proceeded shows that the Queen's carriage, horsed with its half-dozen cream coloured steeds, has turned the corner from Queen's Gate into Institute-road. The windows of everv house are occupied, and many people have scaled the roofs of adjacent buildings. A brilliant spectacle con- fronts her Majesty as she enters this handsome avenue. The gay decorations, the waving plumes, shining breastplates and gold lace of the soldiery, the brilliant costumes of thousands of fashionably-attired women, go to make up a striking pioture. The Queen-Empress made a triumphal progress through lines of troops, backed on each side by her loyal subjects, whose cheers she acknowledged with many gracious bows and with occasional smiles. The plaudits of the people must have been still ringing' in her Majesty's ears as the carriage disappeared from view between the eastern gates, and halted at the entrance specially reserved for the Queen.
THE OPENING CEREMONY. Address by the Queen. As the scene of the day's historic cercmony the great hall of the Institute was naturally a centre of special interest. This part of the building is a temporary structure, which will ultimately be re- placed by one more lasting and substantial. A drawback arising from this condition is that it lacks the grandeur of architectural setting which lent additional dignity to the opening of the Tiiw Courts, and still more to the Jubilee, Service in Westminster Abbey. It is smaller than was the great hall of the Indian and Colonial Exhibition winch the Queen also opened, and which stood upon the same site, at Kensington as is now appro- priately occupied by the Impsrial Institute. But, although only erected for the ocoasion, the h-Ul had been so furni lied and adorned as to art- fully disguise its somewhat flimsy character. Much might be written about the fine display of national and Colonial flags, banners, and designs which hung from the root or were disposed along the walls. But, whilst pleased with the geueral effect of these accessories, everybody was a great deal more concerned in watching the celebrities who filled every pait of the building. Although the proceedings were not timed to begin until half-past 12 o'clock, a large number of the Fellows of the Institute, with other more or less dis- tinguished guests, arrived at least two hours earlier, and took their appointed places. Every seat was numbered, and many stewards were in attendance to guide visitors, so that there wllsno difficulty m getting properly located. WliHa all had assembled the gathering was indped a brilliant one, not only from the rank and distinction of those who composed it, but also on account of the rich colours and varied styles of the uniforms and costumes worn by officials. Mr Justice Hawkins was the first of the judges toarnve. His lordship was soon joined by his brethren of the bench, all attired in their scarlet robes and full-bottomed wigs with the exceptionof the Lords Justices, who wore robes of black and gold. About eleven o'clock the Lord Mayor of London, accompanied by the Sheriffs and high officers of the City Corporation, arrived in civic state. It was said that the Lord Mayor of Dublin and the Lord Provost of Edinburgh also attended, and no doubt they did, but it was im- possible for strangers to identify these municipal dignitaries amid the throng of more widely-known or more picturesque personages who now begun to arrive in quick succession. Cue of these, a smiling Oriental in characteristically gay attire, the brother of the Gaekwar of Baroda, chats with Mr Childers and other public men with whom he is apparently on the best of terms. The venerable Duke of Rutland, wearing the Riband and Star of the Garter, came early, accompanied by his amiable duohess, as did also Mr Joseph Chamberlain and his wife, who was dressed with noteworthy elegance. Mr Lewis Morris, whose ode on the opening of the Insti- tute is embodied in the official programme, next attracts attention—not that he is at all tieglige ttfterthe manner of poets or because "sicklied o'er with the pale cast of thought," butbecnuse of the courtly manner which seems to befit this Welsh stalwart. Cheers greeted the arrival of the Marquis and Marchioness of Salisbury, the former of whom wore the insignia of the Order of the Garter, as did also the Duke of Devonshire and the Duke of Abercorn. The Duke of Devonshire was accom- panied by the duchess, who. unlike most of the noble Indies present, was attired in black. The Japanese Minister and his wife, accompanied by a secretary, next were an interesting group, the gentlemen wearing a kind of glorified Windsor uniform with numerous stars or orders, and a brave show of medals. The Corps Diploniatiqut also included the leading Ambassadors, Ministers, Charge d'Affti res, councillors, attaches, and j .sHcrctaries, all wearing the distinctive garb of their office, and very showy this was in many instances. One of the most- noticeable in this respect was the Chinese Minister, who was accompanied by his "ife and daughter. Th^ae ladies, tiue types of their race, wore the richest of Chines,j dresp, and were the objects of much notice, all the more so as the only other occasion on which they have appeared in public in this country WAS at one of her Majesty's rece it drawing-rooms. The Earlof Kosebery, who was accompanied by his pretty daughter, looked m the best of health and spirits. His lordship, like other Knights of the Garter, wore the riband and star of that exalted order. I Soon after his arrival, as befits the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, he crossed over to that portion of the hall reserved for the Corps Diploma- tiquf, with several of whose members he con- versed. Lord Randolph Churchill aud Mr Arthur Balfour arrived about the same time, both wear- iug levee dress with Jubilee medals, as did also a number of other leading politicians, including several members of the past and present Cabinet. Among the general company there was much gtussing as to the identity of evidently importaut personages who commanded special deference, but most of those already named could at once be recognised. Another visitor easily identified was Sir Frederick Lighten, the courtly president of the Royal Academy, who showed up m black velvet Court dress to great advantage. Several Oxford University dons appeared in robes of black and red. The Duke of Westminster wore the scarlet uniform ot » Lord-Lieutenant, and Earl Northbrook, as a I former Viceroy, wore the pale blue riband or sash of the Order ot the Star of India. The Queen's mnnshi, a stout Oriental, who is said to be teaching her Majesty Hindustani, was promi- nent in a uniform resplendent with gold, and a long turban of silken material. Celebrities in various walks of life now arrive in such quick succession as to be quite bewilder- ing, and people began to ask themselves whether there was any really notable person who was not present. The only one generally noted as con- spicuous for his absence was the venerable Prime Minister. Some Opposition wags suggested in whispers that Mr Gladstone had probably seized the opportunity to rush several clauses of the Home Rule Bill through the Honse of Commons. However that may tw, Mrs Gladstone attended with her daughter, and had It most respectful reoeption. One feature which mu £ » fiave struck Parliamen- tarv observers was that the arrangement of the I audience corresponded oddly with the location of parties in the Houses of parliament. On the right-hand side were the leading members and supporters of the Government, whilst opposite them were scattered the principal members of the Opposition from both Houses. The correspond- ence in this respect even went BO far as the provi- sion of a crass gangway, below which Mr Chamberlain and several of his political associates sat, but in this instance the Liberal Unionists were placed on the Conservative side of the House. Some jocular observers added that in the person of the Ambassadors the opinion of civilised Europe was evidently with the Glad-tomans, beside whom they sat, to which others jocularly replied that law and order, as typified by the judges, were no les-i clearly on the side of the Conserva- tives. Badinage of this kind helped to fill up the long wait, but there was also an amplitude of other means available to banish tedium and beguile the interval of waiting < prior to the advent of the Royalties. One noteworthy incident was the arrival in State of the three Indian princes, the Maharajah of Bhavnagav, the Rajah of Kapurthala, and the Thakore Sahib of Gondal. These Oriental magnates were magnificently apparelled, and were attended by a considerable native retinue in the costume of their country. The assemblage found much to admire in the grandly-bejewelled turban of the portly Maharajah, and not less in the extremely rich and delicate raiment worn bv the wife of the Thakore of Gondal, who was accompanied by her little son and daughter m English dress. The latter fat. alongside Lord Salisbury, the Indian visitors having reserved for them a place of honour. Shortly after twelve o'clock, the enly vacant part of the hall was the Royal dais in the end, in the centre of whioh, under a gorgeou3 tanopy, was a golden armchair—a relic of the Indian Mutiny—which once belonged to Runjeet Smgh. This served as a throne for her Majesty, and in front of it was a small table, upon which was placed the silver model of the Imperial Institute presented to the Prinoess of Wales by the Corporation of London on the cele- bration of her Royal Highness'* silver wedding. Near by, or on ono side, stood the Archbishop of Canterbury, in his robes, attended by his chap- tain and on the other side the Home Secretary. At half-past 12 o'clock Sir Henry Ponsonby came' and conducted Mr Asquith to the Roval pavilion, where the Queen had now arrived. Immediately a procession advanced up the hall. It consisted of the governing body and other distinguished persons, including a few of the minor princes and Court officials. Soon after they got seated the leading functionaries returned to the porch, and there awaited the Queen, whose approach was heralded by a flourish of trumpets, and by the band phlyng the National Anthem, under the eondnotorship of Sir Arthur Sullivan. The advent of ner Majesty was greeted by the whole audience rising, the gentlemen bowing and tho ladies curlweying fliI. the Queen slowly advanced with the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh on either side, whilst the Court functionaries-including the Lord Cham- berlain, the Lord High Steward, Vice Chamber- lain, the Master of the Horse, a", well as gentle- I men ushers-in-waiting, silver sticks-in-waiting, crrooms-in-waiting, lords-m-waiting, &c.—walked backwards, bowing as the Sovereign advanced. A prominent figure in the procession was Lord ) Herschell, the Lord Chancellor, who is the chairman of the governing body of the Institute. The Queen took a seat at once on the chair of StAte, having the Prince of Wales on her right hand, in fiel.i marshal's uniform, and the Duke of Edinburgh, 10 admiral's uniform, on her left hand whilst behind were grouped the Duke of Connaught, the young Duke of Albany and his sister, the t'uke of Fife, Prince Henry of Battenberg, and others of the Royal party. Special attention was naturally attracted to the Princess May of Teck, who looked charming. She was neatly and simply attired in a costume of dark heliotrope, and was escorted into the room by her affianced, the Duke of York, who looked manly and well in his navai uniform. The scene of rich and glowing colour upon I which the Queen gazed from her chair of State waa one such as even motiarchs are not often privileged to witness, and will long be remem- bered by all who were present. The Prince of Wales read an adejreas, which stated at the outset that the governing body of the Imperial Institute approached her Majesty with the expression of their heartfelt affection and loyalty. In the auspicious year in which her Majesty celebrated the 50th anniversary of her accession to the Throne she was pleased to lay the foundation.stone of that building. It was then confidently anticipated that every class and race, every country and every Colony, in the Empire would unite in this tribute of love and loyalty. That anticipation had been fully realised. All parte of the British Empirehad contributed to the creation and support of this memorial of a reign that would ever be illustrious in England's history. This Institute would be an enduring emblem of the unity of the Empire, and of the common bond of affection and loyalty which made its people one. The varied productions, the vast capabilities, and the many resources of the many countries of which the Empire consisted would be there illustrated, and each part of the Empire would thus be in a position better to understand and appreciate the wants and capacities of the others. In order to. promote that object a departmen t of com- mercial intelligence had been established, where full and accurate information would be available of the development and trade of the empire. It was hoped that all of her Majesty's subjects, from every part of her dominions, would there find facilities of social intercourse, and that the f iendly relations already existing between them would thereby be increased and strengthened. They ventured to express an opinion that the Institute would not only be a record of the pro- gress of the empire and the marvellous advance which the people had mado in com- mercial prosperity during hur Majesty's reign, hut that it would also tfcnd to increase that prosperity, to stimulate enterprise, and to pn mote the acquisition of that technical and scientific knowledge which was now so essential to industrial enterprise. They knew that this subject was dear to her Majesty's heart, and, in conclusion, they trusted the Institute would bo found effectually to perpetuate the memory of the constaufc care and solicitude which during her Majesty's long reign her Majesty had devoted to her extended and world-wide empire. SPEECH BY THE QUEEN. Her MAJESTY, m reply, then read in clear and distinct tones, whioh were easily heard all over the hall, the following speeoh, which was handed to her by the Hume Secretary :—" It is with very great pleasure I am here to receive this addres". which my dear son has presented to me on behalf of the governing body. This Institute has been founded by your exertions and the efforts of those around you, and with the aid of my people in every clime and country, as evidence of the universal loyalty of my subjects. I recognise this Institute as a fitting symbol of the unity of the Empire, and it is to me a matter of profound satisfaction that the fusion of the many diverse countries under my rule should be the means of uniting them more closely together. The In- stitute is intended to promote this end, and I declare it open, with the earnest wish that it may never cease to flourish in unity and loyalty." An Imperial march, specially composed by Sir Arthur Sullivan, was then performed by the large orchestra, who occupied the gallery at the further end of the hall. The Prince of WAMtS next announced that he had received her Majesty's commands to declare the building open and inaugurated. This declara- tion having been made, it was announced by a flourish of trumpots. The Qaeen was then presented by the Lord Chancellor with a key composed of precious stones and metals con- tributed by the Empire of India and the American, Australasian and African Colonies. On her Majesty's behalf the Prince of YVales fitted the key into the lock of the model in front of him, and this completed the circuit of an electric signal to the ben-chamber of the Queen's tower of the Institute, where a specially-composed peal was rung on the Alexandra peal of bells, whilst at the same moment the battery of the Royal Horse Artillery, stationed in Hyde Park, fired a Royal salute. A benediction was pronounced by the Arch- bishop of Canterbury, nfter which Madame Albanisang "God Save the Queen," accom- panied by the orchestra. Meantime the Court functionaries had gathered m front of the im- provised "throne, and the procession was t'e, formed. The Qiieen. who carried a stick, and walked with some difficulty, was assisted by the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh a* she descended the steps of the dais, and was escorted from the building attended as before, with the addition of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Aru.s in their resplendentumforms, and by the Yeomen of the Guard. THE RETURN JOURNEY. On the return journey the Royal procession again evoked the same enthus Ratic demonstra- tions of loyalty that had marked its progress fiom Buckingham Palace to the Imperial Institute. The carriage, however, which most attricted the attention of thy public, was that in which sat t'is a vis the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Teck and the Duke of York and his fiancie, the Princess May. Opposite the Albert Memorial in particular they re- ceived a magnificent ovation from the dense masses of people who lined the stately flight of steps by which that noble monument of the nation's regard for the Prince Consort is approachPd, There was Art-petitifm of this scene of enthusiasm at Hyde Park Corner, and both Prince George and the Princess May appeared to be highly delighted at the unmistakable hearti- ness of the reoeption that was accorded them along the entire line of route. Outside the gates of Buckingham Palace the approach of the Royal procession was hailed with a tremendous cheer, and once again the betrothed Royal couple came in for the lion's snare of the popularity. ODE ON THE OPENING OF THE IMPERIAL INSTITOTK, MAY 10TH: 1893. Six years have fled, since rose among the flowers The vast Pavilion with its courtly throng, And 'mid the trnmpels' blare, to praver and song, Where soars to-day a. coronal of towers, The Empire swept along. Long years To-day the same Im erial hand Which laid the granite, holds a golden key Fair token of the visible Unity Which shall encir le while these proud walls stand. Our Britain, land and sea. To-day our dream embodied greet* onr eyes, A. thousand toiling hands and brains have wrought, The worker's willing strength, tiie provident thought, And lo the aery domes and towers arise Clear on the vernal skies. Not of our colder Northern Art sedate, ( But lighter, blending East and West in one, A ftower of Fancy quickened by the sun, Yet keeping still, to guard our ftegal state, The I.ions at the gate. Here, In the stately chambers everywhere, And corridors with veinfefl marbles, fine, The treasures of the wood, the sea, the mine, AU kindly fruits our wide dominions bear, And corn, and oil, and wine, With all the gains enfranchised Labour brinra, Are ranged to-day, to deck these ordered halls Whereon no shadow <>f tho unsheat hed sword falls Rut Peace, an angel, folds her golden wings, And Commeree, smiling, calls. Dream, Prince, the dream dear '.0 thy Sire and tbee Fulfil it. F&te Here let the toiler come And find sure (guidance to his waiting home And honest work, and rear in day to ba New Britain* over sea. Here let t.he daughter-nations, East and West And North and .South, take counsel and discerS How fair their mighty ino her is, and yearn With love renewed, content awhile to rest Safe on her fostering breast. Till, drawn together nearer, they shall bind CIos bonds of love for all of British blood Then our broall «ul>ject realms in brotherhood, Then oni great alien kinsmen, heart and mind, Then, if Heaven wiU, mankind. PeaJ joy-bells unawakened yet, nor cease I Peal till our isles and continents rejoice I Fling far and wide a new barmoniouil voice t While, through long ag<$yet, our realms increase In Unity and Peace I LEWIS MOBBI8.
The Coal Trade. Serious State of Affairs in Dean Forest. The state of affairs in the Dean Forest ooal trade continues to be critical. It is estimated that the number of men at present employed is about one thousand under the maximum. The nn- employed are receiving from the Federation the Bum oi 10s each, with is addition in respect of a child nnder 12 years of age Where men do two days' work, however, 3g 4d 13 deducted, and if three days' work are put in in ono week no allow- ance from the funds is made. The associated masters, having Ascertained the men's determined Rttitude against 20 per cent reduction, have met to consider the Miration, and an adjourned meet- ing was held m Gloucester on Saturday, but the decision arrived at, if any, has not transpired. Botne of the masters say that if the reduction is fiot accepted there must be a dosing up" of the collieries. There is half a million Of capital at u..k. and shareholders, having received nothing last year, would not find money to keep the eol- Jjeries going. The trtiri-ndous shrinkage in the Amount of money in circulation is causing mneh ioneera amongafc the trading community. Rhondda Coal Trade. Onf "Rhondda correspondent writes:—"The Sports in the Press two or three days ago that th- seven faet seain had beeii found in the Celli Collieries were absolutely false. The pit will have to be sunk at least 60 yards more before the seven feet seam wiil he struck. Is was only five Weeks ago that sinking operations were com- 2nenced there for the purpose of going down to the seven feet vein. There were no rejoicings at nil in the district as described in the different erroneous reports. The workmen in the FernhiH Colliery are employed under a day-to-day contract since the beginning of this month. Slight of tho colheries in the distriet are still Idle. The other pIts are working regularly." Restitute Colliery Workmen at Merthyr. On Saturday, at the Merthyr Board of Suardians, Mt D. P. Da vies, J.P., presiding. it was reported that there were 12 applications for relief by workmen formerly connected with the South Pit, Plymouth. It will be recollected that at the previous meeting of the board, it was alleged that about 25 wagemen Were rendered idle inoonsequence of the dispnte between the the colliers in the six feet seam and the employers, and that they could not get work elsewhere because they were not furnished with certificates of discharge. After discussion it was finally resolved to ape point a committee to deal with all the cases. Several of the applicants had already been re- lieved. The Eight Hours Bit!. A meeting of the joint committee, comprising the executive of the South Wales and Monmouth- shire Miners' Federation, the representatives of the men on the Uliding-scale Committee, and the members added by the recent conference at Cardiff, was held at the Bute Arms, Aberdare, on Tuesday to consider and draft out a set of rules suitable for the proposed new organisation. Mr D. Morgan, miners' agent, Aberdare, occupied the chair, Mr Evan Jones, Mountain Ash, being vice- chairman. After a protracted deliberation the suggested rules were agreed to, and were ordered to be printed and issued, to reach each colliery and to**gt» with the view of being fully discussed before their final adoption. We learn that the most material points in the new rules are laid •down on the lines decided upon at the late con- ference at Cardiff, viz., the payment by each Member of 2d per week, 3d per lunar month to be remitted to a central fund, and the remaining 5d to be kept in each district. Incase of a strike, I ■9ach district to be responsible to support five per I .sent. of their members. The whole of the moneys remitted to the central fund to be paid through Ahe N:tN."n»l Bank of Wales, and to be paid out ■>nly by cheques upon that bank, signed by the '^sponsible officials of the society. It was also decided to convene a conference to adopt these >nles, at Aberdare, ou the 19th June. At the jlose of the discussion on the rules, Mr W. *Kvans, Rhondda. referred to the question of the ifiight H 'jurs' Bill. He said that as there was J /•cme difference of opinion among the miners of .oouth Wales and Monmouthshire on this sub- yet, r,nd ^specially as there was an allegation '/jade that this divergence of opinion was pretty '/jade that this divergence of opinion was pretty general, Mr W. Abraham (Mabon) felt that it t-ohid be desirable to take a ballot on the subject t) as to ascertain without the possibility --If a doubt what were the views of the colliers hereon.—The Chairman said he was thoroughly 3a favour of the eu^gi^tion. The difference of opinion was as tCKlhg baWk-to-bauk ebnse, and if A ballot was taken this point should be clearly <hown on the ballot papers so that the meu Ion Id record their votes distinctly.—Other dele- gates, representing the Aberdare and Merthyr jistrict, agreed, and expressed a wish that the further consideration of the Bill should be delayed until such a ballot had taken place.- Mr Morgan Weeks objected to this proposal. He said they, as leaders, represented the men's views as being in favour of an eight hoars' bank-to- bank, and to ask the men to ballot again would be a werok procedure, and snould the ballot show that the men were opposed it would be a snub to them as leaders.—The Chairman said that he con- sidered the question such an important one that if the men had changed their views upon it the leaders should think more of the interests of their constituents than of any personal snnb.—A large majority or the committee, however, objected to the taking of a ballot, and the subject dropned.
THE TINPLATE TRADE. Stoppage of the Carmarthen Works. I The 56 willmen who on Friday went out on Atrike owing to the refusal on the part of the manager to remit fines for the breakage of a roll, held an informal meeting at the Eagle Inn, Priory-street, on Friday evening, but, pending instructions from the Tin-plate Workers'Union, no further steps were taken. On the same even. ing the rest of the employees, about 164 in num- ber, met at Ross's Coffee Tavern, and decided to follow their felIow-workmen?s example. The Carmarthen Tin-plate Works are now at a standstill, the employees, 200 odd, being out on strike owing to the firm determination of Mt John Lester, the managing partner of the com- pany, to remit neither of the two tines recently imposed for an alleged breakage of a roll: Three intelligent workmen wishing to rebut certain of the statements made by the manager, arranged for an interview with our representative. Their spokesman said I observe that Mr Lester declares that fines undoubtedly had a salutary etfect.' We believe that they had no effect whatever. We can give you instances to prove the contrary. In the firsc place. I would point out that the time before last a rollerman was fined a promise was made that his fine should be remitted if he broke no rolls during the follow- ing tbra- months. What happened ? Why, within the next three days a roll which that man woa working did break. I can tell of oases where man who was tined for breaking a roll :n one month was unfortunate enough to be the 5ict>in of a breakage in the succeeding month. I fliention these points to prove that the break- iges are not due to carelessness, and the fines >ave not by any means a salutary effect in fact, they do not regulate the rolls at all. The loss cf labour: and, consequently, of wage, is enough to induce a man to be careful. Mr Lester savs that 'no man would be liable to a fine if it was found that a roll had been damaged through no fault of his it would not be reasonable to do that.' A fine having been imposed a month ago, eight rollennen waited upon the manager, and he said be was determined to inflict a penalty, no matter whether a roll was broken through careless- ness or not. It was no use,' he adèed, 'to prolong the discussion on how the rolls were broken. Scientific men in Manchester had been trying to solve the ques- tion, and they could not agree as to how they did break.' One of thc deputation then a«ked, Are you going %o make laws yourself ?' To this Mr Lester gave a reply in the affirmative, emphasis- ing the statement that he would fine them whether the rolls were broken through careless- ness or not." The manager appears to have atated that the experiment of overlooking breakages had been tried at the Carmarthen Works, but it was a failure, and the loss in consequence was very great f'—'• Well, about seven months ago, two of us were fined. We had the fines back, how- ever, because we would not work. He could find no fault with the rollermen. From that period until about a month ago not a single roll was broken. That shows that rolls are not damaged through carelessness or that the imposition pre- vents breakages. YeM, we are prepared to adhere to the statements which we have made to you, and, if necessary, to publish our names and addresses, which we give to you now aa a guarantee of good faith.' Mr Lester states further that the millmen had not given him formal notice through their own deputation of a strike.' Not a formal notice certainly, but we (the deputation, comprising eight workmen) told liim that if he would not agree to settle the question, and not make a fuss about it, we must communicate with the executive of the Tin-plate Workers' Union and abide by their decision. He theii told us he would, b* glad to see Mr Thos. Phillips, the general ] secretary of the Union. We accordingly wrote to J that gentleman, with the result that when he dis- cassed the matter with Mr Leeter, the latter said I ;t would be a waste of time to prolong their con- 7ersation on the question. He intended to pursue I >he old coarse, and inflict the jBl fines. The >»atter was then left in the hands of the Union, whom we are relying for guidance during this Strike." We learn that 56 mill bands went out on Fri- The others, who finished work on Monday, ^timber about 164.
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SEQUEL TO THE CARDIFF SHIPPING DISPUTE. On Tuesday, at the Cardiff Borough Police- court—before the stipendiary magistrate—aship:s engineer, named Ambrose 8lamin, sued Thos. J. Gailaghan, of Pier Head Chambers, manager of the Boileau Steamship Company. Limited, for two days' wages, at the rate of £ 2 p<?r week, and compensation for deJayiu payment of bis wages. Mr Joseph Herny Jones was for the plaintiff. and Mr F. Vaughan (Vaughau and H<.rnby) dcfeud d. The plaintiff stated that on the 10:h March he joined the ship at Barry as third engi- neer at £2 per week. On the 13th of the same month he proceeded to-the t,flhe uf the owners at Newport with the chief engineer, and was I told that he would not he allowed to ship unless he took a Federation ticket. This he refused to dll, and the vessel sailed with- out him. He was first sent to Cardiff for the lis 5d wages due to him, and thence back again to Newport. For the defence it was urged that the plaintiff could have had the money any time had he applied for it. As a matter of fact, when the ship sailed, the captain left the money at the Barry office of Messrs GuereS and Co. The defendant was ordered to pay lis 5d for the two days' wages, £2 6s compensation, and the advocate's fee.
Under an assumed name, that is but a. trans- position of hi3 own, Mr Herbert Gardner, the author of Time Will Tell, played on Tuesday afternoon at the Trafalgar-square Theatre, has made several contributions to dramatic literature. Our Bitterest Foe, which is still a favourite with amateurs, is but one of the mauy pieces from tho pen of Mr G. Herbert," who is no other than our present Minister of Agriculture. There was no engagement between the Duke of York and Princess Victoria until Tuesday last. All the announcements on thesubjeot which have apjieared in various journals were purely specula- tive. For obvious dyoastio considerations the early marriage of the Duke of York has been a great object to the Queen and the Priuce of Woles since his brothel's death. The Duka asked the Queen's pci'mission to marry Princess Victoria on Sunday week, and he went to Richmond and proposed to her on Tuesday. Mr Robert Buchanan writes in this month's Idler :—" I entirely agree with Mr Grant Alien in his recent avowal that literature is the poorest and the least satisfactory of all profes- sions I will even go further, and affirm that it is one of the least ennobiing. With a. fairly ex- tensive knowledge of the writers of my cwn period, I can honestly say that I have scarcely met one individual who has not deteriorated morally by the piir.-niit of hteiary fame." Such word from an eminent literary man like Mr Buchanan, are not pleasant reading for those who have hopes for the future of English literature. By the death of Maria Marchioness of Alles- bury, a figure that has been prominent in society circies for leany years will be missed. A woman of splendid physique, though of tho same age as Mr Gladstone, she wore her burden of years with wonderful ease, and seemed only the other day to have solved the secret, if not of perpesual youth, at least of a perpetual middle age. As recently as a week ago she called on the Duchess of Teck, anj seemed ill her usual g..od health and spirits but the treacherous eas. winds oaugiit her, and she died fr. m pneumonia after an ^tremeiy ^hort illness. "Lady A." will be missed and mourned by a wide circle of friends. His Highness Jagajit Singh, Maharajah of Kapurthalla, who has b<-ou spending a. few days at Florence, and is now in London for the open- iug 01 the ImpHfiat Institute, is one ot tho most polished and enlightened ruler3 in India. His State, although small, is exceedingly well governed, and the capital is rich in beautiful buildings. The new palace is lighted by elec- tricity, is very artistically furnished, and is a perfect treasure-house of valuable and rare curios. The Maharajah is an excellent sportsman, his horses and dogs—of which ho has a great number —being nearly all imported from England. He is also the only prince in India who rides a tricycle. A new departure was inaugurated by the authorities of the Guy's Hospital Medical School last week. On Wednesday a brilliant company assembled at Honor Oak Park to formally open Guy's Clubs Union Cricket Field and Pavilion. The field, which is nine acres in extent, is the freehold property of the medical school, and on it there has been built a substan- tial club-house. It can be reached within 20 minutes of leaving the hospital, and the bringing of cricket, tennis, football and athletics gener- ally so easily within the reach of the students should do much to solve the difficult problem of getting rid of their exuberant spirits in a thoroughly healthy manner. On Sunday the Foreign Secretary, Lord Rose- bery, attained his 46th birthday. He succeeded his grandfather, the fourth earl, in 1868, and in 1878 was married to the daughter of the late Baron Meyer de Rothschild, M.P. She died three years ago. Ho was educated at Eton and at Christ Church, Oxford; and made his iirat publio speech in 1871, when he seconded the Address in the House of Lords. In 1878 he was elected Lord Rector of Aberdeen University, and in 1880 Lord Rector of Edinburgn. Lord Rosebery'd tirst political appointment was that of Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department in 1881. III 1886 he became Foreign Secretary for the tirst tune, and won general approval at home. A "steam man" is the latest American uovelty. The inventor, Professor George Moore, of Scotch, English, Irish, and Dutch extraction, according to our American authority, made a similar apparatus with partial success a number of years ago, but his present venture is larger, and intended to draw a waggon. The iigure, six feet high, is encased in metal, and looks like a knight ill mediseval armour, with helmet and visor, smoking a cigar. The cigar, however, is an escape pipe, and the plumes of the helmet veil the top of the chimney. The furnace and boiler are contained inside the trunk, and the moving mechanism m the rest of the body. The man walks briskly at a pace of four or five miles an hour. Chicago people, not satisged with the novelties assembled at the great fair, are credited with the intention of erecting in a leading thoroughfare ot their city" II. tall budding, ill which there shaH not be a stone, brick, or pi'ce of timber." The promoters of the plan simply project the con- struction of a tenement of an alloy of 90 per cent, of aluminium and 10 per cent, ot copper, fast- ened in the form of sheets over a wall of steel- framed fireproof material. There will, of course, be glass windows, and as the vitreous substance is to be used to a greater extent than is custo- mary in large buildings it is expected that the structure, which is to cost$700,000, will form an imposing spectacle, especially when the sun .shines on the glass frames, 22 feet wide, and the bright aluminium plates. It will, ill fact, be the Cincagoans' Crystal Palace. That no European country of any importance fails to equal or exceed the aunual literary product of the United States is the opinion of a writer in tho Philadelphia Press. Four thousand and seventy-four new books and 788 new editions was the total last year for America, while in Great Britain, with only a little over half the popula- tioo, the figures were 4,915 and 1,339 in France these numbers were more than doubled, and in Germany more than trebled. Still worse remains. The United States not only publishes fewer books than other countries, but among those a larger proportion are mere ephemeral novels. Last year these amounted to over a tifth. In Germany they were less than a tenth, in England a fourth. This means that the serious work of investiga- tion in scieuce, in history, and in all practical fields is being done better and more completely in Germany than anywhere else." Lord Sudeley, who celebiated his silver wedding on Monday, is a peer of more than ordinary distinction. He went through a long period of active service in the Navy before he settled down into the peaceful life of a member of Parliament and coumy magnate. His naval career embiaced the very severe Baltic half of the Crimean War. He was present at the siege of B >marsund, where he won the Baltic medal. He also obtaimd the China nmdal for his share ui tÍle opium war. Hi< naval career ended in 1863. when he took to politics and the law. As M.P. for Montgonety lie sat in thtl House of Commons for fourteen years. until the death of llis brother removed him to the House of Lord". His wife is a Tolle- mache, a cousin of the ptesent Earl of Dysart. She is • very charming and gracious lady, and her hospitalities in the fine house at the corner of Buckingham gate are Well known and appre- ciated by London society.—Morning Leader. Mr Robert Buchanan tells a grim tale of his early struggles m the Idler. He can scarcely re- member tiie time wltt>lI the idea of winning lè\llIe as an author had not occurred to him, aud so he determined very early to adopt the liter.uy pro- fession. He arrived at King's-cross R-iiiway Station from Glasgow with the conventional half- crown in his pocket, and went through a very hard experience, living in a garret in Stamford- street. Sometimes, for a fortnight together, I never had a dinner—save, perhaps, on Sunday, when a good-natured Hebe would bring me covertly a slice from the laudlord's joint. My favourite place of refreshment was the Caledonian C'ffee-housa ill Covent-garden. Here, for a few coppers, I could feast on coflee and muffins— muffins saturated with butter, and worthy of the goda Then, issuing forth, full-fed, glowing, oleaginous, I would light my pipe and wander out into the lighted streets." A Prince or Princess" (says the Spectator) "must occasionally submit to reasons ot State; but, nevertheless, a king without a wife he cares about is a very unhappy kind of being. He rarely conies in contact with other close relatives, who are usually married away all over the world, he can have no male intimate friends—the difference of grade being too violent, and the deep suspiciousness of Royalty as to the motive of courtiers attachment being too inourable-and if he has female friends there is sure to be scandal, usually, though not always, justifiable. That does not matter much. politically, on the Con- tinent, where monarchy is, to a great extent, independent of charaoter, and where the feeling that virtue is rather a bourgeois kmd of attribute still lingers; but a disreputable Court in London would soon be a Court shaking in every breeze. A well behaved, honest Court is the best security here for the Throne, as we have seen all through Q teen Victoria's reign and the best guarantee for that—the only guarantee, indeed, which works—is that the Queen shall ba the King's closest friend." Why should the lit rary man, the doctor, and the stockbroker or the merchant not play cricket after forty-five ? What I" to become of his dinner hour, is it asked ? If a better luncheon were taken at mid-day. and a lighter dinner at six in the evening, there is no reason whatever why a man of forty-five, and up to sixty-five or seventy, should not be in the cricket-field at half-past seven and play briskly until nine or half past. The contrast between the youthful Englishman and his middle-aged parent is sometimes start- ling. The former is all life and fun the latter is a moving mountain of ponderosity and fat. It is all for want of outdoor exercise and recreation. Twenty-five yearn ago the solemn father of to-day was the fun-loving son of a nnddle-aged father. If anybody had then shown lum in a prophetic mirror the figure he would cut at the end of a quarter of a century he would have committed suicide in sheer vexation and disgust. But all this rotundity, wheeziness, irritability of temper, incapacity for work and general disgust with life and all thmgs in it can be cured, cured easily, and cured for ever and the cure for the vast j majority of cases is one or two hours daily exercise and recreation in the open air.-The BospUai, I Professor Huxley receives 200 guineas for each of his articles for the Nineteenth Century." The Maiq-ii? of S ilUbury always breakfasts at nine o'clock. His meal consists of cr.9 poached E::gf; and one ra-her of bacon. l'ew persons would su spect how numerous » body is that of professional organists in thil country. Sir George Grove, occupying the chair at the annual dinner of the College of Organists, I of which he is president, stated that their membership was nearly 1,100, and it ought tc be ten times as large, considering that there are 12,000 organists in England, and that some 40C candidates are examined every year by the college. The" Cyfai II a'r Frye-hones" for this month is an excfipt-i .nally good one. There is very little prospect of the Welsh dying out when there art so many of the daughters of Cambria who are able to write so weii. A pracefu)iy- written article by Miss Ellen Hugues, on "Yrlltn F,:rcl! deserves notice. The editors of the nmgHzln6 have also put in -cme very interesting work. A new ",tune bridge, which is to be known as the Pont dc Mirabeau, wil! soon be thrown over the Seme at Grenell". Tiie central arch will have a spall of a hundred metres, and b" sup< ported by two piles of m.tsoniy twenty melius loog. Mirabeau, when the Tiers Ktiil sat at Versailles, used to stay at an inn at Greneiie, opposite the place wher.* the bridge is to be ooilt. A new .-story of the General Po-t-Office is told by the Post." A letter addressed "To my lather in London was received at St. Martin's- be,Grand, and after consideration was placed in a pigeon-hole marked "F." That day a bniiy countryman marched up to the counter and said, Ha you gotten a let ter from my son ?" VVhat name7" said the ofn -ial. A be Farmer Style- was the reply. "No such name here," rejoined lie. The Yorksbiivman -vi,a:cl!c-d his head, looked perplexed, and at length blurted out, "My son before I wanted, said, I'll be. sure to write to my father ill London. The official at once grasped the situation, weut to the pigeon-hole, and de- livered up the expected letter. A Vienna correspondent writes: Tiie news of abundant rain in all parts of the monarchy, and especially in Hungary, outweighs in importance present political events in the allied Empire. The cold and rain continue, and there is the constant, fear of the temperature going below freezing point at a moment when moisture is so great that the plants would suffer above and below the surface. Telegrams irom Puigue show that iu itie parts, these fears have been confirmed. Extensive (i-Ids of young beetroot for the manufacture o\ sugar are hidden under several inches of snow. From Hungary incessant rain is announced, nnè from Roumania the beginning of lfoods, whiot have in some parts interrupted railway trattic. Mr Robert Lincoln, who took his leave of thf Court of St. James's during the past week, has not inherited many of the characteristics of hh distinguished sire. He was a melllber of Genera; Grant's staff of the Army of the Potomac, and at the close of the Civil War left the service tc resume his interrupted studies at Harvard. After graduation he began tho practice of law at Chicago, and soon won a considerable reputation as an advocate but gradually he got engulfeo in politics. He was Secretary of War under Presidents Garfield and Arthur, and obtained an excellent record as an administrator. His ambition, however, aims high, and he has oon fidence that his lucky star will yet lead hllll tc the White House. His friends believe his con- fidence to be justified.—jJ/omj'? Leader. The death of Maharajah Duleep Sing's popular young son will be generally regretted in both London and Paris. Prince ) uteep Sing was both in manners and feelings an Englishman, and always strongly disapproved of his father's attitude towards the English Government in the famous feud now at an end. Four or five years ago Prince Duleep Sing, then fresh from hi! University experiences and army training, was generally to be seen at premieres, and was wonl to give very smart parties in his flat, furnished with some degree of Oriental splendour. Of late he has resided almost entirely in the Riviera and at Paris, where his father has settled since lie gave up his wild notions about Russian assistance, and made his peace with Lord Salisbury, to a great extent through his son's intervention. Clovelly and Westward Ho are visited annually by hundreds of people who have learned to know these places filst in the pages of Charts Xingsley's Elizabethan romance. To many of these it will be intert-sung to leavn that Lucas Malet with her husband, Mr William Harrison, the rector ol Clovelly, has just erected a monumental brass in Cioveily Church to Canon Kingsley's memory, bearing the inscription: "June 12th, 1819— January 23rd, 1875. In memory of Chariot Kingsley, rector if Eversley, callon of West* minster, poet, preacher, novelist, son of Charleir Kingsley (sometime rector of this parish), and of Mary Lucas, his wife. This brass is erected bj his daughter, Mary St. Leger Harrison, and his son in-law, VV llliam Harrison, rector ot CtoVfify. 1893." Mr Harrison was curate to Charlet Kingsley for five years. — The World. The nightingales (writes a correspondent) art- still haunting Taff's Well. Large numbers C people continue to come nightly irom Cardiff an,, other districts to hear the sweet nocturnal sonf sters. Their melodious notes were much e'earei and m )re distinct on Friday and Saturday thar, 011 any night since they have visited u-. i'his ii attributed to the fact that the weather durinj those two days was hotter than it has hitherto been. In the solitude of night and the stillness of the small hours of the morning their aweet and melodious warblingsare most entrancing. Anyone who has heard them and also had the pleasure of hearing the late Kns Morlais rendering his favourite solo, Yr Eos," is forcibly reminded of the fascinating effect of that famous soJOIst' swelling strain, Mae'n canu, mau'n canu, mae'n canu yn y nos." The de tth of General Corse, the postmaster of Boston, Massachusetts, would, at first sight, appear to have little interest for English readeis, and yet a little sentence of seven words, wriitt.' in a telegram sent by him on a inemoruble ncca- sion, has found its way to every part of the w v.rid Thirty years ago General Sherman, leading thf Northern soldiers, was surprised by an over* whelming force of Confederates. For a time i' looked as if the Union army wou'd sutfel annihilation, but just as their courage was r' the -tri, i lowest ebb. a telegram was received from Gen J. M. Corse containing these words, "Hold thf fort, for I am coming," and with the timely arrival of reinforcements the tide of batt'e wai turned. Moody and Sankey took up this rin; iof, phrase, set it to a popular air, and it has sine*. travelled far and wide, until probably it bat girdled the globe. Thedeit-hof Maria Marchioness of Ailesbury has removed one of the most remarkable womet of her generation. She was 84 ye;us u same age as Mr Gladstone and, like him, she had the gift of a perennial youth. The Mar* o i oness had a tall, digni ied, upright figure. He* conversation was brilliantly viv.ic.otis, Ulld scin- tillated with a bright wit. "Lady A. as -lie was called—was more than once declared to be the true type of a grand dame and the descrip- tion was wise. If her manners weie perfect, her virtues were ch irming. Maria Marchioness believed in one politician—and thai, e.mpiiatically/ She spoke of Mr Gladstone with a sincerity thai gave an added beauty to her singu'arly deef voice. When the unthinking wonld asperse th. motives of the Premier, then Miria Mar Miioness would remonstrate in pityni«r woiidel at the scoffer's inability to app>eciate Mr Glad' stone's greatness. To her Lord Beaconsneld wa? naught but a melancholy harlequin to her MI Gladstone was always a true m'tll and a greal patriot.
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