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Sir C. Morgan's Annual Cattle…


Sir C. Morgan's Annual Cattle Show. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 9TH. The venerable Baronet of Tredegar has acquired fresh civic laurels, by another anniversary of what may be deemed a most important agricultural institution, of which he is the zealous founder. It is impossible to consider the amiable, anxious, and generous feUngs and exertions of this venerable gentleman for the welfare of the farming interests, and, indeed, of all around him, and for the alleviation of poverty amongst the labouring clases, without admitting that to him maybe well ap- plied the language of a favourite writer, He who with a bene- volence warm as the heat of the sun, and diffusive as its light, takes in all mankind, and is sincerely glad to see poverty, whether in friend, stranger.or foe, relieved, and worth cherished, makes the merit of all the good that is done in the world his own, by the complacency which he takes in seeing or hearing it done." The career of Sir Charles Morgan is a bright example of the comprehensive blessings that may be conferred on the country, by those to whom providence has allotted a command of wealth and high station amongst their fellow men, and when- ever his span of human existence terminates, a period which we trust may be still far distant, his name will go down to pos. terity with the Cokes' and Spencers' as the best friends of those who live by the soil,—of agriculture, of which pursuit it has been said by an eminent authority, As mankind become more enlightened to know their real interests, they will esteem the value of agriculture; they will find it is their natural, their destined occupation." This interesting exhibition, which was better attended by visitors this year, than on any previous occasion, was looked forward to with great anticipations, chiefly in consequence of its being appointed to take place in the admirable new Cattle Market, built in Ruperra-street; and although the public ex- pectation of its being the finest cattle show yet held, was not rcaliiod year s exhibition having been superior, on the whole-yet there were many redeeming features in the present. It may be stated, that the time is not yet arrived, when the public may expect to see the vast .pace of the new market, com- pletely filled; and the great portion of the ground unoccupied on this occasion, may have tended materially to render the show apparently smaller than that of 1844. It was generally expected that there would have been a fine display of agricultural machinery from the well-known establishment of Mr. Stratton, of Bristol; but not single article was sent by that gentleman. We noted, however, some very excellent implements, which were manufactured in our own neighbourhood. There were several superior Scotch swing ploughs, and a first-rate harrow the workmanship of Mr. Evan Rees, of Pillgwenlly which at- tracted general observation. There were also some excellent iron ploughs and a scuffler, exhibited by Mr. Edmonds of the Waterloo. There was displayed a new and ingenious thrashing machine, invented by Mr. Stidder, of Moor-street Chepstow It was of two-horse power, and was fitted up on the most im. proved and ingenious principles. The maker warranted it superior to most existing machines for thrashing, and stated that it did not bruise the kernel. Mr. Stidder informed us that he has lent one of the kind to the farmers in his neigh- bourhood, during the last nine weeks, at a certain remuneration and he has calculated that the clear profits have been fl per week. This is certainly an inducement to agriculturists for a trial at least. Two chaff machines were also exhibited by the same manufacturer. They were described as being made to cut three lengths, having a self-acting mouthpiece, which pre. vents its being choked; and Mr. Stidder stated that each was capable of cutting seven hundred bushels an hour We are glad to find mechanical talent of this kind in our county. With respect to the stock exhibited, it may be remarked, that although the quality of beasts in general was not so good as at last year's exhibition, there were still some of a very superior sort. The short-horns of Capel Hanbury Leigh, Esq., of Pon. typool Park, were thought, by the best judges, equal to any in the kingdom—the bull—a most magnificent and majestic animal!—having won a cup at our last year's exhibition, and also the second prize at the last Royal Agricultural show at Shrewsbury, against all England. Sir Charles Morgan's stock were considered very neat, evincing much care, and of exquisite symmetry, but rather of less size than they have been of late years* The fat cow of Mr. John Hodges, of Magor, was greatly admired; though it was complained of her, that she carried rather too little flesh in proportion to her fine frame. We were sorry to perceive so few of the Glamorgan and Devon breeds in the exhibition, there being but six of the former, and three of the latter, brought for competition; and these were of rather inferior quality. The Herefords appeared to be the leading stock, among which there were many very choice and beauti- ful animals. Mr. Evans, of Llandowlais, exhibited a bull cow and {offspring, which were subjects of much attraction ani greatly commended. They well deserved the prize which they subsequently won. The stock heifers of Mr. Edwards of Llanarth, Mr. Marfell, of Trostrey, and others, were much praised and the priz; for this class of beasts was very closely contested, but Mr. Edwards bore away the palm. Mr. David Jones of Pentwyn, has again been a successful competitor. We believe this to be the third or fourth time Mr. Jones has won the cup given for the best pair of oxen. The two year-old steers of Mr. Williams, of Pencoed were deservedly lauded, and won for their owner another prize to add to the numerous and brilliant cups which already grace his board. We must not omit to mention the stock of Mr. Wm. Keene, of Goldcliff, grass fed only, several of his cows and heifers having been sold at from £27. to JE30. pet head: some of which were equal to stock stall.fed for twelve months. Let him go on aad prosper in this way. The show of sheep was much smaller than had been of late years. Some of those penned, however, were of very superior sort, particularly those belonging to Mr. Thomas Thomas, ofTye Draw, near Cowbridge, having been originally derived from the stock of Mr. Henry Collins, of Duffryn, near this town. The wethers of Mr. Broughton, of Splott, near Cardiff, were also very highly and deservedly praised. Pigs were much less in number than in late exhibitions; but those shown, were of a singularly fine sort and in marvellously high condition, The one shown by Wm Godhead, of St. Fagans, near Cardiff, was a phenomenon; and we are informed it was not even equalled by the one shown by Mr. Benjamin Thomas, of Cross Llang-vro farm, near this town, at the Court-y-Bella show, some eighteen years ago, a foot of which is hanging at this moment, in the kitchen of the Bridge Inn We also noticed one of extremely fine size and quality, exhibited by the Rev. Augustus Morgan, of Machen, which was particularly admired for its symmetry. More horses were exhibited than usual; but we are sorry to state that this kind of stock has made the least progress of any, since the establishment of the Tredegar Show. It is a general remark, that the breed of horses has been degenerating in this part of the county, during the last twenty years. We trust that some good sires will yet be brought into this quarter of the kingdom, which would be the means of restoring once more, some useful animals, both for the road and agricultural pur- poses. There were two towering exceptions, in two, perhaps, of the finest draught horses in the kingdom—a grey and a dark brown, which might claim the attention of Mr. Carter, as asso. oiates for his mammoth horse. Theife would be a sharp compe- tition amongst the brewers of London, for those fine animals. The sale by auction, at the close of the exhibition, was well at- tended, Mr. Pritchard, the eminent auctioneer, having, by cogent and clever arguments, and a display of thorough acquaintance with the value of stock, brought very satisfactory prices. Amonst those sold were a yearling Berkshire pig, hich ed the good figure of ten guineas; a three-year-old colt, £3.:> another, £32.; a two-year-old, £16.; another, £14.; a pony, £13; another, and one at f9. A bull calf, belonging to Mr. Mostyn, Llantarnam, fetched £16,; and another, belonging to the same gentleman, realised £12. V J -U, ~,rsUnd that Messrs? Edward and Albert Hieks, Frederick Clark, Robert Duckham, and John Morgan, butchers, 1, .u1-8 • 0Wn' are purchasers of much stock shown at this "kibition. Mr. Henry Spencer, of Taffs Well Inn, Gla- k-Kunshre' was the purchaser of the splendid Hereford cow, exhibited by Mr. John Hodges, of Magor. in consequence of the great facilities afforded in our new market, for carrying out the objects of Sir Charles Morgan's annual show, we hope next year to witness a decidedly im. and extend.d exhibition. We are given to understand, froln undoubtedly good authority, that a railway will speedily with the market; and that carriages l0T th,° conveyance of passengers, live stock, See., fee., a locomotive engine, will shortly be actively em- rendering advantages which will be of of Newport *nd importance to the town and neighbourhood T1ie exan»nation of the stock, bv the judge, Mr. Robins, of the Asp, near Warwick, was ooncluded about twelve o'clock, n £ r hour, several carriages, containing members i Jr!L- ?*ar and other distinguished personages, were driven mto the market and a fashionable assemblage was loon obsened apparently taking much interest in the scene "°und There were also many hundreds of our towns- folk, and visitors from the neighbourhood, present, who all evinced a great interest in this the noblest institution of which Newport can at present boast. We may add, indeed, it was a general congratulation, that by the exertions and philanthropy of Sir Charles Morgan—incited thereto by Mr. Homfrav, who has devoted so much valuable time to the objects, and we have no hesitation in saying, very grcally aided by the indefatigable and untiring endeaveun of Mr. Howard-this ad- mirably constructed market is now a credit to our town, and a ?he agriculturists of the countv. understand that Mr. Coleman will take with him, across the Atlantic, accurate drawings of our admirable Cattle Mart, with the view of urging the construction of a similar market in the neighbourhood of New York. THE DINNER Took place at the King's Head HoMt, on which occasion the room was quite inadequate to the accommodation of the unpre- cedently large number of gentry, respectable farmers, and tradesmen, who pressed forward to have the pleasure of meet- ing at the social board, the venerable founder and patron of the Tredegar Cattle Show. Some persons, fiDdingaU the seats engaged—as indicated by slips of paper, on which the names of the pre-engagers appeared, placed on the forks—removed their unstamped title-deeds, and kept possession from the right owners, calculating, no doubt, on the difficulties of ejectment in the crowded state of the place. We should recommend Mr. Lloyd to have the dinner next year, laid in the great room of the Town Hall, as on this occasion, we understand that upwards of a hundred persons were disappointed We need scarcely say, that the viands were abundant, and of the best description. Indeed, all who frequent the King's Head on such occasions, must acknowledge that Mr. Lloyd's table is rarely excelled. Sir Charles Morgan, as usual, presided, and performed the duties of chairman with a sustained spirit of good humour, and with an efficiency which, it was generally remarked, had not been exceeded on similar occasions, in years that are past, by the worthy Baronet. He was supported by General Millman. Mr. Coleman, the distinguished and talented visitor from Ame- rica, Colonel Tynte, of Kefn Mably, Colonel Spencer, of the 37th regiment, Mr. Cater, of Yorkshire,S. Homfray, Esq., Mr. Robins, of Warwickshire, &c. Mr. Octavius Morgan, member for the county, supported by a the Rev. A. Morgan and other gentlemen, was vice-president. Charles Morgan R. Morgan, Esq., M.P., of Ruperra Castle, was chairman of the second table, and at either side were his eldest son—a fine and intelli- gent lad-and gentlemen connected with the leading interests of the neighbourhood; whilst we had the pleasure of seeing around us, a numerous and most respectable gathering of agri- culturists-leading promoters of that important art which has been characterised by Franklin, as the most honest of human pursuits, «' wherein a man receivet a real increase of the seed thrown into the ground in a kind of continual miracle, wrought b7 *he hand of God in 'his favour, as a reward of his innooent Ufe, and his virtuous industry." glittering plate, in various patterns-prizes towards which many an anxious glance was cast-was conspicuously displayed, at the top of the room, and tended much to stimu late those who had not entered the 1UU of competition to try next year. The'chsf^0^ °' ^Ld'the health of our gracious Queen, which was drunk witli loyal feeling.—The heslth ol the R«ya{ Consort followed the Chairman *° f00* an agriculturist vTould receive the warmest applause from the com- pany.-ThlMjrfSS^ Royal Family were next remembered, and drunlk amidst loud eheeie. Sir Charles then proposed, Success to Agriculture, and to the numerous useful societies formed for its promotion."— Drunk with loud cheers, many gentlemen pointing their glasses, and direeting their attention to Mr. Purchas, the honest, ener- fetic, and experienced promoter and head of the leading armers' Clubs of this county. DISTRIBUTION OF PRIZES. Sir Charles next proceeded to the distribution of prizes, In the following order:— SIR CHARLES MORGAN'S SILVER CUPS. Best yearling bull, North Devon breed, .won by Charles M. R. Morgan, Esq., Ruperra Castle. Best two-year-old heifer, ditto..Mr. Wm. Keene. Goldcliff. Best yearling bull, short-horn breed..Mr. John Bland, Sully. Best two-year-old heifer, ditto..Sir C. Morgan, Bt., Tredegar. Best yearling but!, Hereford breed..Samuel Aston, Esq., of Lynch Court. Best two-year-old heifer, ditto..Mr. T. Galliers, Bridewood. Best yearling bull, Ayrshire breed..Mr. E. David, Fairwater. Best two-year-old heifer, ditto.. Ditto ditto Best yearling bull, Glamorganshire breed.. Mr. Wm. Wynne, St. Mary's Church. Best two-year-old heifer, ditto..Mr. David Thomas, St. Mary's Church. Best boar, under a year old..Mr. Godhead, St. Fagans. Best fat pig.. Ditto ditto Best ram lamb, long wool..Mr. William Jones, Breinton. SILVER CUPS GIVEN BY OTHER GENTLEMEN. Capel Hanbury Leigh, Esq—cup for the best yearling steer, bred by the exhibiter..Sir C Morgan, Bart., Tredegar. Frederick Justice, Esq—cup for the second-best ditto..Ditto. Col. Lascelles—cup for the best Glamorganshire fat cow..Wm. Powell, Esq. Thomas Powell, Esq—cup, value ten guineas, for the best year- ling heifer, bred by the exhibiter..C. H. Leigh, Esq. William Mark Wood, Esq—cup, value five guineas, for the second-best ditto, bred by, and being the bona-fid property ef, a farmer not farming his own estate..Mr. David Jones. Samuel Homfray. Esq—cup for the best two-year-old heifer, bred by the exhibiter, and being his property at the time of showing..C. H. Leigh, Esq. Gen. Munday—cup for the best fat cow, bred by the exhibiter ..Sir C. Morgan, Bart. George Morgan, Esq-cup for the best fat ox, under five years • •Mr. William Whapham, Bolviston. Philip Jones, Esq-cup for the best two-year-old bull, bred by the exhibiter..Mr. David Jones. Hugh Owen, Elq-cup for the best pen of four breeding ewes, long wool, bred by the exhibiter..Mr. T. Thomas, Ty Drew. Sir Benjamin Hall—cup for the best pen of four breeding ewes, mountain breed, bred by the exhibiter.. Mr. Matthew Fother- gill, Cefnruehtyr. Sir Digby Mackworth, Bart—cup, value ten guineas, for the best three two-year-old heifers in calf, bona-fidé the property of a tenant farmer in the county of Monmouth, for four months previous to the show..Mr. T. Edwards, Llanarth. Major General Millman—cup for the best ram lamb, South Down breed, bred by the exhibiter..Mr. John Lloyd, King's Head Inn [objected to]. Lady Hall, Llanover Court—cup, value five guineas, for the best pen of one black ram and three black ewes, Welsh breed, not to be under the age of twelve months, and to have been in the possession of the owner at least six months pre- vious to the show..Mr. Richard Fothergill, Tredegar. Joseph Bailey, jun., Esq—cup, for the best cart stallion that has covered m the county of Monmouth, in 1845.. Mr. David, Bndgwater. William Jones, Esq., Clytha-cup for the best brood mare, half-bred.. Mr. Evan Hopkins, Ty Mawr John E. W. Rolls, Esq—cup for the best pony, under five years old, bred by the exhibiter..Mr. William Ion, Ty Coch. Rev. Augustus Morgan—cup for the best galloway, under five years..Sir Charles Morgan. Charles Morgan, Esq—cup for the best three-year-old colt or filly, got by a thorough-bred horse, and bred in Monmouth- shire or Glamorganshire.. Mr. Thomas Edwards, Llanarth. Octavius Morgan, Esq—cup for the best boar and sow, of the improved Berkshire breed, under a year old..Rev. Augustus Morgan, Machen Rectory. PRIZES GIVEN BY GENTLEMEN OF NEWPORT AND THE NEIGHBOURHOOD. A piece of plate, value ten guineas, for the best bull, cow, and offspring, the offspring being under two years old, the cow being in milk, or within three months of calving, and she and her offspring having been bred by the exhibiter, and the bull, cow, and offspring being his property at the time of showing lcross breed excluded]..Mr. H. Evans, Llandowlais. A piece of plate, value ten guineas, for the-best fat cow, fed by the exhibiter, and being in his possession twelve months previous to the day of showing [cross breed excluded] ..Mr. John Hodges, Grange. A piece of plate, value ten guineas, for the best pair of oxen, bred and fed by the exhibiter, and being his property at the time of showing [cross breed excluded]..Mr. David Jones, Pentwyn. A piece of plate, value ten guineas, for the best pair of two- year-old steers, bred and fed by the exhibiter, and being his property at the time of showing [cross breed excluded]..Mr. Morgan Williams, Pen-y-coed. A piece of plate, value five guineas, for the best pair of year- ling steers, bred and fed by the exhibiter, and being his pro- perty at the time of showing [cross breed excludedl.. Mr. William Broughton, Splott. A piece of plate, value five guineas, for the best pair of yearling stock heifers, bred by the exhibiter, and being his property at the time of showing [cross breed excluded]..Mr. John Waters, Goldcliff. A piece of plate, value-five guineas, for the best pen, consisting of four yearling wethers, bred and fed by the exhibiter, and Property at the time of showing [cross breed ex- cluded].. Mr. William Broughton, Splott. A piece of plato, value five guineas, for the best pen of four yearling stock ewes, bred by the exhibiter, and being his pro- perty at the time of showing [cross breed excluded]..Mr. T. Thomas, Ty Draw. A piece of plate, value five guineas, for the best pen, consisting of four breeding ewes, under three years old, bred and fed by the exhibiter, and being his property at the time of show- ing [cross breed excluded]..Mr. R. Phillpotts. Hay's Gate. A piece of plate, value ten guineas, for the best piece, not being less than five acres, of Swedish turnips, growing within the county of Monmouth.. Mr. George Dowle, Caerwent. A premium of two guineas and a half, for farm servants and labourers, for the longest servitude under the eame master.. Mr. John Morgans servant, John Williams. A second premium of one guinea and a half, ditto..Mr. John Morgan's servant, Seth Williams. A third premium of one guinea, ditto..Mr. George Pritchard's servant, William Hughes. Half-a-guinea to the proprietor for the best couple of turkies.. none exhibited. Half-a-guinea ditto, for the best couple of geese..Mary Lewis, Liswerry. Half-a guinea ditto, for the best couple of ducks..Ann Waters, Christchurch. Half-a-guinea ditto, for the best couple of fowls..Ann Waters Christchurch. One guinea to the person having the greatest quantity of honey in 1845.. Mary Morgan, Bassalleg. The amiable Baronet, in presenting the various prizes to the successful competitors, mingled good-humoured and witty ob- servations, with congratulatory encouragement, and sterling advice. The first premium—a silver cup, given by Sir Charles —was won by the heir of Tredegar; and Sir Charles remarked that it was gratifying to him to find his son endeavouring so well to support the interests of agriculture—'cheers)—and he hoped that his own principles and conduct in respect to this, would be closely imitated by Mr. Morgan, of Ruperra Castle. (Cheers.) Sir Charles then highly complimented Mr. Evan David, Fairwater, than whom, he said there were few more intelligent agriculturists in Glamorganshire. There is ano- cup for you, Mr. David," said the chairman; and there is another for your wife." (Laughter and cheers.) Mr. David stated that it v. as the eighteenth prize he had the honour of receiving from the hands of the venerable chairman; and he hoped Sir Charles would live many years longer, and hoped that he (Mr. David) should be able to receive many other eups from his hands. (Cheers.) During a pause in the distribution of the prices, Col. Kemeys Tynte, of Cefn Mably, rose to propose a toast. He said, Sir Charles Morgan had remarked, that his hearing was not suffi- ciently good to enable him to distinguish all that was said; but it was a matter of congratulation that the worthy baronet's voice was still left him, to address his friends in language as kind and endearing as ever. (Cheers.) He (the gallant colonel) thought it would do that voice no harm, to have a little cessation—(hear, hear)—and he had therefore risen to propose a toast. There were many present whose abilities and elo- quence would do greater justice to the subject; but no one could be actuated with more sincerity than himself, in proposing it. (Cheers.) It is, gentlemen," said he, with much feeling, the health of that worthy baronet—my best and most valued friend. (Loud and continued cheers.) You will pardon me for not waiting to allow some other gentleman to give you this *oast. (Hear.) But I will not longer apologise. Whenever Sir Charles Morgan appears among us, nappy, smiling faces welcome him, and all acknowledge that his word is even beyond rr' 7,a'mest praise. (Cheeis.) Both in public and private life, he is esteemed and beloved by all who have the pleasure of acquaintance, and the happiness of his friendship. Not only is he known M the hospitable baronet, but also as an emi- nently successful agriculturist. (Loud cheers) Let me refer you to the large number of cattle shows he has so well supplied, and the triumphs he has achieved in this way, during years past. (Hear, hear.) And we may refer to the splendid market now erected, in which the exhibition was held to-day, as a proof that the noble exertions and example of Sir Charles, have had admirable influence among the breeders of this and the adjoin- ing county. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, you all know what is due to him. Let us, then, drink the health of the worthy Baronet of Tredegar, in bumpers." (Loud cheers.) The toast was drunk with several rounds of applause, which having at length subsided, Sir Charles rose, and stated that he was overwhelmed by the kind manner in which he had seen them receive the toast so flatteringly proposed by Mr.Tynte. Myinfirmitv of hearing," said the venerable president, I prevents my being able to reply to all that was said; but I am repaid by the cheering answer you gave the toast. I am glad to find that the cattle show, having been successful so many years, is going on prosperously, and pleasingly. There is now good and capacious accommoda- tion for all who bring their stock here, and I hope we shall find our agricultural friends studious of improving their breeds, against our next exhibition. (Cheers ) We are highly honoured this year by the visit of two distinguished gentlemen —our guest last year, from America, and Mr Cater, from Yorkshire. These gentlemen approve of our proceedings, and compliment us much on the acquisition we have gained by our new cattle market. (Loud cheers.) I have ever sought to keep up agricultural prosperity—to increase the welfare and comforts of my tenantry—and on these principles I hope to act to the close of my life. (Vehement cheering.) Gentlemen, I thank you much for the kind reception you have given the toast. (Loud cheers.) Sir Charles then resumed the distribution of prizes, and when about to present a cup to Mr. John Lloyd, King's Head, for the best ram lamb, Southdown breed, a gentleman present opposed the presentation, on the ground of the ram not being a true bred one. Sir Charles said the matter should be looked to and it was ultimately adjudicated in favour of Mr. Lloyd. Shortly after this, Sir Charles proposed the health of Lady Hall, passing at the same time, a high eulogy on that distin- guished Lady. The toast was greeted with much applause. Sir Charles then proposed The Newport Subscribers to the Cattle Show." (Loud cheering.) The Mayor of Newport, Joseph Latch, Esq., rose and re- turned thanks. w T On presenting a silver teapot to Mr. Evans, Llandowlais, for the best bull-cow and offspring, Hereford breed, Sir Charles said that as Mr. Evans had five daughters, he had now a teapot each for them. [He had won four previously.] (Laughter.) And on being presented subsequently. with a sixth tea-pot, Mr. Evans was advised to settle one of his daughters as speedily as possible, and present the last prize to the first grandchild. Each recipient of a prize was congratulated by his friends, and the scene was peculiarly animating; never did men look so well immediately after being cupped. At the close of the presentation, Sir Charles remarked that the meeting could not now do better than evince their sense of the merits of their judge, Mr. Robins, for his great exertions throughout the day in ably fulfilling his onerous duties, and for the general satisfaction which he had given. (Loud cheers.) The health of Mr. Robins, the judge, was then drunk, amidst immense cheering. Mr. Robins returned thanks. He felt proud for the honour they had conferred on him, and he wanted language to express his estimation of the manner the compliment had been received by the company. Mr. Robins then proceeded in a humourous strain, to advert to his merits as a judge, professing to think that Sir Charles did not mean to insult him by calling him an excellent judge of stock, though he acknowledged he thought himvelf really a good judge oihonee. And m describing hi, mode of breeding, training, &c., and enumerating the prizes his horses had gained, Mr. Robins suddenly left off description, and asked if any gentleman present was disposed to buy a horse or two of him. (Loud laughter.) In adverting to the breeding of stock, he said that he considered the Hereford the best for breeding; and were the North Wales and Glamorgan mixed, a decided improvement in the breed would be the result. (Hear, hear.) He had been in this county at a number of ex- hibitions, and he confessed he had never seen a county more improved by the Hereford stock. (Loud cheers.) Stock be- longing to Monmouthshire might now boldly be exhibited in Hereford, and if they did not bear away the palm, there would be a very hard run for it. He had seen Hereford stock in the market to-day, the excellencies of which were so great and so uniform, that he felt much difficulty in deciding which should have the prize. He at length thought that he would award it to the stock which he would best like to take home with him— (Laughter,)—and so he had decided. There were very good ponies exhibited, and some very prime galloways. There was also a fine stallion shown, but if he had less hair on his legs, he would be improved in appearance. After a few other re- marks, most encouraging to breeders and feeders of this county, Mr. Robins thanked the company for the honour they had done him, and drunk the good health of all. (Loud cheers.) • Sir Charles next proposed, The subscribers to the exhibi- tion," to which General Millman returned thanks. Sir Charles, in a complimentery manner, proposed the health of Col. Spencer, to which the gallant officer suitably replied. Sir Charles gave the health of one, whom he rejoiced to say was about to reside in this county—Colonel Tynte and begged to add the name of Mrs. Tynte to the toast. (Loud cheers). Colonel Tynte returned thanks with much feeling and elo- quence. He said he felt deeply the kind manner in which Sir Charles had proposed the health of himself and his excellent wife. (Hear, hear.) "For all know," said Mr. Tynte, "at least many of you, and especially such as have won teapots here to-day—(the value of a good wife and I am proud to say that in this respect I am truly blessed. (Loud cheers.) I hope I shall remain long in this county. I always looked upon it with respect and love. It was the home of my forefathers, amd, therefore, I loved it. I always regretted that my visits were abridged but now I hope to live and die amonst you. (Much cheering.) The objects of this meeting are important and salu- tary twenty years ago I had the pleasure of being the guest of the worthy Baronet at Tredegar, during one of the exhibi- tions and I do not hesitate to say that the improvement in the exhibition is twenty-fold at this time. (Hear, hear.) Wherever it was my fate to be, I always sought the advancement of the science af agriculture. I did this in public and in private for I considered it a sacred duty to watch over the Welfare of my tenantry, and do my utmost for them. (Loud and prolonged cheering.) I hope I may be permitted by Sir Charles to uffer a cup next year,—(Cheers,)—and I will even endeavour—being a bit of a farmer—to win a prize myself." (Hear, hear ) Mr. Tynte concluded by thanking the company, and wishing health and prosperity to all around him. Sir Charles said,—" I have another toast, gentlemen, to which I am sure you will do great honour. There is a gentle- man with us to-day from America. He was so gratified by attending our last year's show, that he could not omit being here to witness this, and join us once more. (Cheers.) I have read many of the interestng works he has written and as he is going to put them again into print, I shall do myself the plea- sure of purchasing all, and presenting a copy of them to every Farmers' Club, in Monmouthshire. (Loud cheers.) I give you the health of Mr. Coleman—cheer him well." Never did we witness a more hearty burst of gooù will. It was indeed startling, and seemed deeply to affect the honoured guest. After it had subsided, and glasses had been drained to the bottom, A voice Another cheer for America! (Tremendous cheer- ing) Mr. Coleman rose, and was greeted by another shout of wel- come. A few moments h'\ving elapsed, Mr. Coleman said: Sir Charles and gentlemen, I thank you warmly and sincerely for the compliment you pay me it is great, but unmerited. I am extremely obliged to you on per- sonal grounds, but more particularly because you have ho- noured my country. That went to my heart. It is very grati- fying to meet you assembled here together once more. I could not leave England without renewing the pleasures I experi- enced during my last visit—(cheers)—and, like Joseph of old when he met his brothers in Egypt, my first enquiry when I reached Tredegar, was, Is the old man still alive and well ?" (Cheers.) Thank God he is well! and still he possesses the same zeal for promoting the good of others—the same kind affection towards all—the same happiness in seeing others hap py—which always marked his path through his long and useful life. (Applause.) May Success attend your operations, gentle- men. I have seen, with great delight, your enterprise in con- nexion with the new cattle market. I have travelled through England, Ireland, and Scotland, and nowhere have I seen a better market than you possess and in saying this, it must be allowed, that there is not a better in the world. (Loud cheer- ing. ) Sir Charles has made ample and excellent provisions, and I can understand them all; but there was one which I ob- served, that filled me with great pleasure. I found in the large sheds, ample fires blazing at each end and this was, indeed, gratifying, for the wet and the weary came here and made themselves comfortable. (Hear.) I lately attended a large fair at Galway, in Ireland, and I was there asked by the distin- guished gentleman who was with me, if I should like to see a particular kind of stock always exhibited there. I replied I should, and we went together to see it. It was a kind of stock seldom exhibited here, but it is always shown there. It con- sisted of a long row of marriageable girls- laughter)—a stock of one hundred good-looking women. But they were not for sale: they were only to be had by those who were entitled to possess them. (Hear, hear.) And I thought to-day, that if your beautiful Welsh girls were to come into your market in a similar way, you would be sure to give them good dry footing, and a very warm welcome. (Hear, hear, and cheers.) I con- gratulate you on the condition of agriculture in this county. The wheat crop last year was a fair average crop. Oats and barley were abundant. The turnip crop was large. The pota- toe crop suffered much, but it was a very large crop. (Hear, hear.) I asked an Irish landowner the state of the potate crops in Ireland. He said they had suffered severely, and had lost a large portion, but there was four times the usual quantity in yield. (Hear, hear.) The condition of Ireland is still to be lamented; and I have no doubt the English, with their usual liberality ,will assist them. (Cheers.) Providence sends no unmixed evil. I believe the potatoe crop is the great curse of Ireland. What can you do with people who eat potatoes three hundred and sixty-four days out of the three hundred and sixty- five r (Hear, hear.) I have no doubt the worthy divine whom I see at the table will say, that people should be contented with their condition. No no one should be contented, who could make his condition better; and if men are willing to live and die on potatoes, there is no chance of their improvement. I congratulate you on the state of agriculture. The prices of pro- duce are all that farmers can hope for. We should consider high prices in two aspects—if they were occasioned by scarcity, distress would be the result; but if from a great demand, it must show the prosperous state of the country. (Hear, hear.) And I appeal to you, gentlemen, if there was ever greater pros- perity than during last year. Look at your noble dock. You thought, when it was formed, that it would be large enough for all the necessities of your port; and what is the truth ? Why, your dock is not large enough for the vessels that float in for your mineral wealth, and you want more room. Ships from every nation almost crowd within the already ample space of your dock, and you must increase your land accommodation. (Cheers.) Look at a single fact, to judge of the prosperity of your own counfy. There were upwards of seventeen thousand tons of coal passed down over the railway which runs through Sir Charles Morgan's park, in one month! All ranks of so- ciety are linked together. As any one branch of commerce flourishes, so must agriculture. (Hear, hear, hear.) I will allude to another circumstance. I understand the difference between making railroads, and speculating in railroad shares. The latter is a curse to the community. (Hear.) Any mode of getting money, except by honest industry and legitimate enter- prise, must prove a curse. (Hear, hear, hear,) I have been asked what were the advantages of railroads. Why I came from London to Swindou a few days since, and my fellow-travel- lers were six or seven drovers who had been to London. They took their cattle to the London market on Thursday—they sold them on Friday—and they were at home again on Saturday! and this was usually a ten days' business with them before they possessed the wonderful facilities offered by steam (Cheers.) The calculation in my country is this In driving a fat animal, one hundred miles to market, it loses one hundred pounds in weight—(hear)—whereas in taking it by railway to market, it loses nothing, and goes into the market as fresh as it left its shed. (Hear, hear.) Thus the saving of time and the non-depreciation of the animal by travelling, compensate fully for the additional expense of transit. (Hear.) I shall be asked when I reach my home, what struck me most forcibly in Eng land. I shall then answer at large; but I may say now that one thing strikes us all forcibly, and that is the "contrast in the human condition—the contrast of enormous wealth by the side of destitution, which cannot be exaggerated. (Hear, hear.) What is the remedy ? Is a poor man the worse because his neighbour is rich ? Certainly not. Is a poor man the worse for the wealth possessed by my distinguished and beneficent friend, Sir Charles ? Assuredly not. Government should give the poor man a fair chance to accumulate. (Hear and cheers.) Education is wanted The power of mind elevates men in their condition. Give this to every class. Exalt them in self-re- spect—in becoming pride—in laudable ambition to be greater and wiser. Loud cheers.) You have all heard of the subsoil plough—it does not disturb the top of the soil. No it loosens the subsoil, and by bringing it into contact with the air, and the blessed sun, which both enrich it and the upper soil. We want the great subsoil-plough Education to do this for us— (Loud cheers,)—and when both soils come in contact, both shall be enriched. (Applause.) Gentlemen, you alluded to my country—you demonstrated, by hearty cheers, your affection for my land. I hope I regard that country well. The child that does not love its mother, had better never have been born. (Hear.) But in loving my native land, God forbid that I should desire to see her prosperity, at the expense of others (Cheers.) You may have often seen, while ploughing your fields, that the sun shone down on your plough, while over another portion of the field, a dark cloud was hanging; and while thus observing, the cloud came over every part of the field, and all was sud- denly cold. Let the cloud come over any part of the earth, and all must suffer. We like England. We like it better daily Her sons are brave, and intelligent, and honourable. (Loud cheers.) We are proud, as Americans, of descending from you. God forbid then that war should ever blast our union of hearts Gotf forbid that war should ever break up our ties of consan- guinity destroy the bonds which unite us Tremendous cheer- ing.) Nay! God forbid that we should ever go to war about a territory, in respect of which we may ask, when each country claims it as its own-What right has either country to (Hear, hear.) Suppose the Esquimaux and the Ojibbeways, whom I lately saw in London, should return to their respec- I tive countries, and commence a quarrel respecting London, which they had visial,.and which each party claimed to be theirs, by right of aBcovery—what would be thought of it. (Laughter.) And the only difference in the two cases, is this, —they are heathen, and we are Christians, and, as Christians, we think we have a right to lay our hands on all we desire to have possession of. (Hear, hear.) The Government should be taught the true principles of government.) Hear, hear.) I honour the soldier who stands up bravely in defence of his country; but I detest him who fights, not for his coun- try's sake, but for unjust conquest. (Cheers.) The great ob- ject of a government should be, the protection of its country's liberties—the diffusion of its enhghtenent-the encourage- I ment of human industry—and the maintenance of mutual peace. (Hear.) Gentlemen, I fear I am tiring you-(, go on,)—and allow me now to say,that I deeply feel the honour you have this day done my country and myself. Oh I assure you I am deeply thankful for thei kind attention with which you have regarded my address I shall—if it so please God-re- turn to America, laden with a debt of gratitude which no words of mine can express. I shall go back with delight, which will acquire new vivacity, whenever I remember the happy occasion I have enjoyed this day, and call to mind the effects which I witnessed of the successful application of wealth and Industry, on behalf of the agricultural interests. (Cheers .) The example of Sir Charles Morgan, I am proud to say, is by no means sin- gular in your kingdom. Gentlemen, farewell! may God bless YOU J The distinguished guest whose talents und admirable prin- ciples would adorn and elevate the representative Congress of his country—sat down amidst the most enthusiastic cheers of his delighted auditory. Sir Charles Morgan next proposed the health of Mr. Cater —an eminent Yorkshire agriculturist—and the toast was re- ceived with loud cheers. Mr. Cater returned thanks. He did not know that he had done aught deserving so nigh a compliment, or why his humble name had been distinguished by Sir Charles at all. "I am a total stranger," said Mr. Cater, and after the eloquent and beautiful address which has just been delivered to you by Mr. Coleman, it would ill become me to intrude myself, to any great length, on the meeting. However, gentlemen, if you are dis- posed to listen, I will take the liberty of making a few remarks on what I have seen in my journey through the lower part of Wales. (Hear, hear.) Your stock, as exhibited to-day, is ,=.1:). greatly to be commended. In Breconsliire and Carmarthen 1 shire the stock is generally very bad. They ought to »dnHt i cross of the short-horn breed, and they would speedily perceive a decided improvement." Mr. Carter then contrasted the ne- gligent mode of taking care of stock in the parts of Wales he had adv|rted to, with the system adopted in Scotland: and < censured the former as negligent, unproductive of good, and highly reprehensible. He said he had not seen any stock in in these parts of Wales- Indeed, it appeared to him, that there was a prejudice against fat cows—(a faugh) owner?kePt them thin and poor, that they might pro- lul T (Hcar' hear- an<i laughter.) They should l e turnip crop more generally, and an improved flock of sheep wouid be the result They ought, like wise, to wpf0<inC,fs'oHg w00! sheep, which could better stand the 7 I improy,n2 ^e turnips and sheep, a great and rnmnlnv ^ngC would soon be apparent. Thanking the M?r»tyJn m^aeiin^bich they had received his name, JK-SRUSSBTSKiSr1*of M'-Morg' tle, and re.umed his seat. This toast was rer.ived with cheering, a the close of which, Mr. Morgan rose and returned thanks. He did not know where Mr. Cater had been travelling exactly. It did not say much for the show they had iust witnessed, the hon gentle- man good-humouredly observed, if Mr. Cater's remarks Applied to a near locality. (Hear, hear, and laughter Cater joined.) Mr Robins, who wa, a better'judge tLn Mr' Cater—(a laugh)—had given a very different points. Mr. Cater had truly been very far west, where culture was not so well known as in our neighbourhood. After what Mr. Robins had expressed, in his judgment Mr would be satisfied, that the observations they had heard ^ell far short of an accurate description of the stock usually pro- duced m this part of Wales. The meeting must have Wn 2 b7 Mr- Coieman's excellent speech, to which all had listened with such rapt attention. Such a speech was one of the many good effects of meetings like the present! (Cheers.) The hon. gentleman concluded by assuring all that he felt much gratified in witnessing so large and respectable an attendance to-day, both at the exhibition, and at the dinner • and stated, that as long as he lived, the annual show which his' venerable parent had instituted, should have his best counte- nance and support. (Loud cheering.) Mr. Coleman again rose, amidst cheers, and said he begged leave to propose the health of Lady Rodney and the other lad^s of the Tredegar family; and he looked to the bottom of the table to hear the toast acknowledged by an honourable bachelor. gZna"4 "itk m,UieJ k™0°™' S" Ch*'lM Mr. Octavius Morgan M.P., vice-president, rose and aaid he was proud to be called on to acknowledge the honour done Lady Rodney and the other ladies of the family, who were always deeply interested in the gratifying proceedings of the annual exhibition. (Cheers.) Colonel Spencer rose to propose the health of the grandson of Sir Charles-Master Charles Morgan, of Ruperra Castle Ie and," said the gallant Colonel, may he make as good a man as his grandsire." (Loud cheers.) The toast was pledged in bumpers, and elicited several rounds of cheering. Master Morgan returned thanks, in a clear voice, without any embarrassment. He was very much obliged for the honour: and it was the second time he had the pleasure of acknowledging the kind expression of feeling exhibited towards him. He hoped to follow in the footsteps of his honoured grandfather ky doing all lie could to promote the welfare of the tenantry ana Vhe best interests of agriculture. (Loud cheers.) worthy baronet, better deserved their hearty cheers. Though Mr. Leigh was absent from illness, he was sure that his heart was that day among them. (Cheers.) The toast was drunk amidst loud applause; immediately after which, Sir Charles rose, and retired, accompanied by Mr. Cole- man, the Rev. J. Coles, Gen. Millman, Mr. C. Morgan, Mr. O. Morgan, and several other gentlemen. Sir Charles bowed to, and shook hands with, the upstanding ranks through he retired, and said: "I hope to live to the next year, ana meet every one of you, gentlemen, here again. Health and happiness to every one, good bye." ,\he company follewed the venerable Baronet with good wisnes and loud acclamations to the door, and then re-seated themselves, and appointed W. S. Cartwright, Esq. to the vacant chair. TESTIMONIAL TO SIR CHARLES MORGAN. It is gratifying to find that the gentlemen assembled after the departure of Sir Charles, commenced a liberal subscription towards erecting a statue of the venerable Bart in the cattle market. The project emanated from that very clever agriculturist Mr. David,of Fairwater, who observed that in order to promote the object in view, and which he was happy to find so cordially met by the gentlemen present, he thought it would be desira- ble that the public should know the grounds upon which this testimonial was recommended. M-D-.d said Mr. chairman and gentlemen, I am fully sensible that I am taking great liberty in thus presenting myself to your notice, in occupying the time and attention of this respectable meeting, but, gentlemen, I trust you will bear with me a short time while I make a few observations which I cou- sider to be intimately connected with the object of our meeing. I am particularly anxious to address my brother farmers on the occasion, as I consider my remarks will apply more imme- diately to them. We have, gentlemen, as you all know, met here for from twenty-five to thirty years, to become the reci- pients of the splendid bounties of the worthy patron of this show, and I do think the time has now arrived when we ought to make some acknowledgment of the obligations, and that it should be done in some substantial and imperishable form. Posterity will no doubt do ample justice to the memory of the worthy baronet. But, gentlemen, I do sincerely hope that you will not leave this debt to posterity to pay. The obligation has been conferred upon you, therefore do not I entreat you allow posterity to reproach you for such want of gratitude. We have come here annually, gentlemen, for the long period I have named, and carried home with us splendid trophies similar to those now before me, and which we shall with pride and exulta- tion hand down to our children, and I therefore do hope, that by an united effort, we shall present t o our liberal patron a similar testimonial, which may in like manner descend to his children, and his children's chlidren, as the spontaneous offer- ing of a grateful and discerning public, in acknowledgment of the benefits conferred by him upon the agriculture of the country. (Much cheering.) In what part of the kingdom, and I think I may add, in what part of the world, has such a splen- did exhibition been kept for so long a period, by, I might almost •ay> the exertions of one single individual ? It is true, that our Bedfords, our Cokes, and our Althorps, did institute similar meetings, but they only existed for a time, when the novelty was discontinued. (Cheers.) Not so with the px;«ton/.f *rOW 6entlemen. The Tredegar show now, after an life and vicrn^^Warj Si °^ a quarter of a century, is still in full who so recen»T' an4. zeal and liberality of the worthy patron, SSttLJXhSeqgi^CthKair' iS 6ti?1 W,arm and -aKed this day exnress *?./>», *• greatest pleasure to hear him sent sLTe^tnL«ntl™fentS; If also compare the pre- grounds for rejoicing At thft ^rmcr.. Period, we shall find good things brought hete from ZV true we had a few good short-horns, from Mr ? Parts- Two or three fords, from Mr. White; and t^, or th° °r tliree »°°d Here" by some others. Now, gentlemen other good animals for, insteadof some halfi^cen goid^hinlT v«y different; a hundred. What were we told THO T Tre have half- experience in such things has been °fthi? d,y' wh°*e that in the last twenty years, the oualitv n/^easiVe has improved full twenty fold. Ig thia JL? ,toc^ shown conclusive. And let me* add/that the the m<Mt plied with this superior stock from the *hows are sup- hood, instead of from a distant part of the ""{ghbour therefore, the fruits of the untiring zeal e8e are» our worthy patron, or, rather, I^mSt ^/T^T1106 °/ reaped from seed sown twenty years ago T .Z'™ gentlemen, that I have already your time. (Cries of«'No, no.and go 1,^° however, detain you longer, but conclude with »n v. that you will approve of the proposal I h!v« made Pe will set about this good work immediately,« while'it is th« dav*- Let the evening of a long life, devoted to^kcU of uUralltv aL benevolence be cheered by the pleasing reflection that such good deeds han at last been duly appreciated, not only by those who have been the recipients of his bounty but il<n w the public at large. (This address was received throughout with the greatest applause.) 8 Mr. Matthew Fothergill begged to second the proposal made by Mr. David, with the greatest pleasure. Sir Charles Morgan had the strongest claims for such a tribute. He had Ions wished that something of the kind should be done before, and he now most cordially joined in it, and would do all in his power to promote the measure. It is needless to say that the proposal was adopted with much applause, as before stated a subscription was commenced in the room, and a committee formed to promote the obieet. The Chairman in proposing the health of Mr. David, with many thanks to him for bringing forward the measure, said that it had his most cordial approbation, and. although not an agriculturist himself, he would do all that lay in his power to carry it out. Drank with much cheering. A "right merrie" evening was spent by the party who re- mained Songs from the practised voices of the Chairman, Mr. John Phillpotts, Mr. Toogood, of Pontypoal, and other gentle- men, and toasts and sentiments made all go "joyous as a mar- riage bell, till a late hour. It was intended to have held a meeting for the inauguration of the Newpott Farmer's Club, at the close of the dinner, but the matter was deferred for a few days.

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