f >1Vi'TM'firi wVm I, tutu "I. •. 11 urn 11 i -||)|— -V — TO CORRESPONDENTS. The Adventnresin a Steam Boat" in our next. Tit" hards Itho have •sent some eff usions shall, be duly remember edt L. L." must be authenticated. With this wook's publication we give a sup- plement to our r< ailers gratuitously, and shall have the plea- sure of doing so ( nail future occasions, when, as in the pre- sent case, matters oi local value, and important proceedings in the Principality, of too voluminous a character to be given in fui). within the dimensions of the paper (though a broad sheet,) yet too interesting to be abridged, reach us early in the week. ■■■I
TIMES OF HIGH WATClt AT NEWPORT. HIGH WVIKII DEPTH AT flAYS. MORN. EVEN. DOCK OATF: NOVEMAF.lt H, il. if. M FT. IN. 9. Sunday 2 1 2 3! 25 5 10, Monday 3 12 3 45 27 2 11, Tuesday 4 14 4 42 28 9 12, Wednesday. 5 8 ft 32 30 2 13, Thursday 5 51 (j 13 31 2 14, b rid ly ti 30 6 ftl 31 7 15, Saturday 7 6 7 26 I 31 ft
The MONMOUTHSHIRE HOUNDS will meet mi Thursday, 13th Penissa Pluid Toll-bar Monday 17th Llanarth Court Saturday, 20th Lanover Lodge Monday, Nov. 10th Tallycoed Wood At Ten o'clock. MR. MORGAN'S HOUNDS will meet on Monday, Nov. 10th Croscorneiun Wednesday.. 12th.High Cross Friday 14tli Duifryn At Half-past Eleven o'clock each day. WEEKLY CALENDAR. Nov. 9.—Twenty-fifth Sunday after Trinity. Prince of Wales born 1811. Lord Mayor's Day. Lessons for the Morning Service, Proverbs 15, John 1. Evening Service, Proverbs 19, 1 Thessalonians 5. 11.—St. Martin, llalf Quarter. 12.—Cambridge Michaelmas term div. m. 13.—Eclpse of the moon. MOON'S AGE—Full, Nov. 14th, 55m. after 0 morn.
USES AND MODES OF IMPKlSONM liNT. IT is one of the characteristic features of modern I society—and one which indicates a great improve- ment upon the general spirit of earlier times—that, amidst the various provisions which are made for the relief of human ills, even convicted criminals-- those who have offended against the rights and well- ies. being of society, and are suffering the punishment of such offences, are not excluded from conside- ration. The treatment of prisoners is undergoing a great change for the better, both as regards the wisdom and the kindness of the regulations to which they are subjected and large sums are being expended in the construction of prisons adapted for carrying out such objects. One of these new gaols is about to be erected in Birmingham, the first stone having been formally laid last week and in the | speech of the talented Recorder, Mr. M. D. Hill, [ on that occasion, there are some sentiments worthy 1 of notice. "They have found," he said, "by a f long experience, that that punishment is founded I on a vindicative feeling, which seeks only to vindi- I cate the offended majesty of society on a poor, erring, miserable creature, by producing misery to bis mind, and suffering to his body, and is, after his mind, and suffering to his body, and is, after all, but a weak and inefficient means of securing n society against a repetition of those offences which r, < had been the cause of that misery and suffering." 0 1 *< They designed to erect what might appropriately be called a moral hospital. They j sought to erect a building, and, as far as in them ay> so to conduct its arrangements, as to cure the unhappy persons who -where afflicted with those Cental and moral diseases which required the re,itedies that would there be administered." Fine Sentiments these. Without expecting too much in 'e way of reformation, it must be obvious that the n|aking-|c/ one great aim of imprisonment, instead 1 ° looking only to the infliction of punishment, is calculated, under a wise and judicious system, to f Co»fer much benefit upon society. We do not deny I iat when the laws of society are broken, the pri- mary business of those who execute those laws is ° vindicate their supremacy, and to protect the Community, by such punishment as may be deemed est; But in providing for the carrying out of that punishment, not only religion and humanity, but prud prudence, or, in other words, a regard for the wel- are of society, for the promotion of which, all laws r^hi °r to be, made, would suggest the desi- a leneness of attempting, concurrently, the refor- »' °ffender. Of the mode in which this so* 11 ^one» Mr. remarks :—" Man was a -r1 K kut' when collected in a little coramu- T'. by reason of his offences, that very social e wbich, in other circumstances, was the jl 7 lPn ant* promoter of all improvement and civili- on> became a poison; and each was made Ba°rse contact with his neighbour. It was neces- O > as a beginning in the work of reformation, to SeParate those who were thus brought together, so i. 1 each should not act for evil upon his neigh- ,t "our. Xliat prison would, therefore, be conducted t» what had been called the separate system but 0 audience must not for a moment confound that solitary confinement." The solitary system is n°w condemned by all humane men who are ac- ts tainted with its real working but the separate system appears to be calculated to do much good, though there is one point in the details which, we i. think, carries out the system too far, and that is the separation oi prisoners in the chapel, so as is prevent their seeing each other. At such a time, it appears to us restraint to that extent, might well £ removed providing, however, that prisoners de- y'i sirous of such seclusion,might have it. To return, i, however to the Recorder's address; the employ- er in en t of the prisoners is an importan t matter alluded •jj to. Another principle (said Mr. Hill) wh.ch $God had implanted in man was, that there could no healthy state of the human mind without employment. This had been provided tor, in the £ Arrangements of the prison. The prisoner s » habits of industry, if he had formed such would ■y] *»ot be destroyed by want of work. And it he had !■not formed such habits, they would there be sup- e plied, so that when he left the prison, he would have obtained a blessing \vhieh he never before ■#( possessed—the means of maintaining himself by honest industry," This is a matter of great importance. In the pri- nt. sons of the United States, as well as in some few 0 upon the continent, the employment of prisoners d has been carefully attended to, with very good re- !«1 9ults. In some of the former, indeed, the labour ot | ^e prisoners pays for the expenses of the estab- lishment; a system highly to be commended for ■' lts strict justice, as well as its economy. There was one remark of the learned Sergeant which lleeds some explanation. He said t is neces r; sary, for the well-being of the criminal himself, was one remark of the learned Sergeant which lleeds some explanation. He said t is neces r; sary, for the well-being of the criminal himself, i; that he should be retained under coercion till the l.ure was effected." This would seem to involve l>. 1 the idea of discretionary punishment which, as ap | Pears to us, could not be adopted without the I greatest danger of abuse and misciie he Chanfain of the Preston House of Correc- >, the Rev. John Clay, has also published a use- •- ful document with respect to those under h.s care. It is gratifying to perceive that in the northern ^"vision of Lancsahire, in which Preston is situated crime is on the decrease. The committals B' ln 1844 were 1549 in 1844 they were 1183, exhi- 7, bi«ng a decrease, in one year, of no fewer than e' 366, or more than one fourth. J he Chaplain, in T, .^ving these statistics, makes several observations y Lof general interest. Thus he remarks that while p' fhe number of young offenders in that local,,ty had h' So decreased as to be smaller than m 1830, the de- crease had not been so large amongst the girls as th^ boys. Tin, is an important circumstance, and one which calls for careful inquiry. the manufacturing districts, em 1- J,. )yed, earn much higher wages those of the males, than in the agr.cuUural part,. r,deed their wages often equal, and »ot iS'«ently absolutely exceed those of yo i~ ]sarne acre • and particularly those of operatives httDnd,'as for instance, the leavers and framework-knitters. Many a yo g Sirl, when trade is good, receives more than many u»an with a large family can earn. hey subject to any excess of want o enlP J t'Ueut jn Unfavouraqle times. In the manu ac ui g ]j;,stricts, too, there is much more emp o)nie' i3 females than in the agricultural. Still here is p >e fact, that though the number of criminals has decreased with the improvement in trade, the de- crease has not been so great among young female, ,)as- among young male offenders. It is to be re- gretted that the returns of all prisons are not equally i Detailed, and given in the like manner to the pub- t, i 1. '> 'T lie. In tile absence, however, of such data, we J are inclined to attribute the evil to two causes,—(he one the general and average want of an employ- ment for females (notwithstanding all that manu- facturers provide for them), and the other, the inferior education of the female sex. In referring, generally to the causes of crime, the worthy chaplain says :—" The head and front of the direct causes of moral disorder are now as it has been too long, drunkenness.' Men and wo- men are led into fuither crime by the previous crime of intoxication and children are exposed to every demoralizing influence by the neglect of their drunken parents and this opinion he confirms by a number of facts. How, then, is this prolific source of vice to be diminished ? In addition to the ordinary means of moral and religious culture, we must recommend, as we have done before, the promotion of suitable recreations, which may at- tract the people from pleasures of a grosser kind, and thus prepare them for these intellectual pur- suits, which can never be reached but by a transi- tion from the habits we condemn, and which, be- sides, it is foliy to hold up as the only occupations for wearied men, who must have amusement with- out effort, mingled with that which calls for mental exertion. With regard to prison discipline, the reverend gentleman attributes highly beneficial effects to two measures—the removal of the tread- wheel, and the individual separation of prisoners before trial. With regard to the latter, he says, that ot boys committed for the first time, who have had to mingle in a common yard with untried pri- soners of all kinds, 59 per cent have incurred, the penalty of transportation within two years; ivJiiht, of thirty-three hoys, who had been carefully keptjrolJl contamination, not one had relumed. Facts, like these, are valuable, and lead us to hope for the general prevalence of a better system of management in our prisons.
THE NEWPORT AND PILLGWENTLLY WATEll WORKS COMPANY. ONE of the most essential requisites for the health, cleanliness, comfoit, and safety of any individual, or of any number of individuals, is an abundant supply of good water. How deficient our own lo- cality has long been, in these respects, is well known to our local readers, and complaints would, no doubt, be frequently and generally made. were it not that habit has a surprising effect in recon- ciling men's minds to the endurance of evils, which, if they had now to bear, for the first time,would be deemed intolerable. The only way in which a town, situated like Newport, can obtain these advantages, is by means of public water works. All who have wells of pure water on their own premises, very naturally prefer such water to any other but the expense occasioned by the depth which is requisite, greatly limits the advantage here while, in the lower parts of the district, the brackishness of the water renders it unsuitable for drinking. The formation of such water works has been un- dertaken by a Company, whose announcement has already appeared in our advertising columns, and demands the candid and careful perusal of all who are interested in the welfare of the town. Of the promoters of this important undertaking, it is un- necessary for us to say a single word, as the provi- sional committee comprises the names of men dis- tinguished for talent, rank, pure principle, and for- tune, as well as others, who have been the pioneers of the prosperity of Newport. It is fortunate that the greater part of the town can have pure water from a height which will en- sure an ample supply,by the natural pressure of the fluid. Thp advantages of a constant, over an inter- mittent supply, need not be enlarged upon; and the superiority of natural over artificial means, for the production of such supply, is obvious. The uti- lity and great desirableness ot the end proposed by the Company, none, we presume, will question the means by which it is intended to attain that end, are now before the public. In order that such a project may confer the greatest possible amount; of good, it is necessary that the charges should be moderate but to enable the Company to make them so, and obtain a fair remuneration for their capital, their works must be very generally used. These two things will act and re-act upon each other. Generally, the use of water so supplied, is very limited, and the rates must, consequently, be high. We should like to see every house pro- vided, and, we may add, that with such general patronage, upper rooms might have water conveyed to them at a small additional cost, to the preserva- tion of health, and great convenience of families. The advantage of economic charges derived from general use, extends, it must be recollected, to the piping, as well as the supply of water. We intend to go into the subject more at length next week. in the meantime we would submit one suggestion, viz., the desirableness, if possible, of the same company undertaking the drainage and irrigation. The saving of expense—the efficiency and convenience occasioned in each of these depart- ments, where they can be combined under one ma- nagement, are very great.
FOREIGN AFFAIRS, If we were to follow the bad example of the French press, we should exult over the troubles which the policy of that nation has brought upon them ? but we have no sympathy with such a spirit and rather regret that their conduct has been such as to induce these calamities. The tribes of Algeria, hitherto friendly or neutral, are gradually assuming a hostile position, so that the whole country will be, ere long, in arms against them and it is but natural that such should be the case. Meantime, some of the papers are venting their vexation upon the English, by asserting that they furnish Abd-el-Kader, from Gibraltar, with supplies to carry on the war. Now, that traders in Gibraltar, or under the protec- tion of its batteries, may supply the chief with articles for which he pays them, is not unlikely, and is, at the very best, quite as proper as it would be for them to supply the French army. But the notion that our Government has anything to do with the matter, is perfectly ridiculous. We are very glad to see the expectations enter- tained by the American papers, that a measure is likely to be submitted to their Legislature, with the sanction ot the President, for reducing the duties on imported manufactures, to 20 per cent. ad valorem. The way to get these expectations realized, win be to make immediate concessions here, upon American produce, for its general consumption. Prussia has suffered from inundations in its most fertile provinces, and want, which is generally felt there, is on the point of transforming itself into actual famine In Pomerania, usually a scene of great abundance, the last crops are very mediocre." In Posen, anterior provisions can alone prevent a scarcity and the writer adds that he does not remember such numerous and general complaints since 1817. The situation of Galicia is still worse." In Hungary, as we stated some weeks ago, Government stores have been laid in. In Austria, Moravia, and Bohemica, this year's crops are below the average ones." Those of Saxony are" very far from abundant and the same is said of Brandenburgh, and Magde- burgh. In Bavaria, the growth has been injured by hail-stones and water-spouts, and a very humid atmosphere. In Wurtenburg, Baden, Westphnlia, and the Rhenish Provinces, the crops are described as having been more favourable but there potatoes have failed. Belgium and Holland (as we knew from other sources) are described as having had but bad crops." Those in France are to have been productive and in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, they are referred to 'as having been satis- factory. In conclusion, the Auyhsburgh Gazette says, In a few words, then, it may be said that, for many years there has not been so unfavourable a year as the present one and, if it be added that last year furnished only indifferent crops, in comparison with the preceding ones, this circumstance ought to give rise to measures being taken to prevent the I danger which threatens us." We may well echo the assertion, that something must be done and what is that something to be I For the last fortnight, men's minds have been kept in suspense by rumours of orders in council, to sus- pend the corn duties. Such a measure may be very well, as far as it goes but, now is the time to seize the opportunity of demanding, with loud and indig- nant voice, as a right which none can gainsay—as a measure imperiously demanded by the gloomy cir- cumstances of the time-the total and immediate repeal of the unnatural and immoral Corn Law, a prohibitory daty of 16s. a qr., with scarcity officially j declared over half Europe, and gaunt famine menacing onéthird of the Phnpire," is a fact which no Christian Government should tolerate for an hour.
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. NEWPORT DISPENSARY, NOVEMBER 5.— Recpipts, per treasurer, since the last meeting of directory October 1st, £ 1 ft. Is. 6d. Monthly Re¡¡vrt, ending Oct. 31. Under care. Sept, 1st 79 Admitted mi ice 105 1S4 Cured. 86 Relieved 15 Died 4 tinder care at. present 79 1S4 R. F. Woor.Lmr, Surgeon. (li:>rit Dock- t:eet, Nov. 5(h, 184.5. NEWPORT FAIR.—This fair, which is generally lar;re, was not so this year as to stock, with the exception of pigs which appeared in great numbers, and of good sort. We attribute the smallness of the fair, in a great, measure, to a in irket. being held weekly in Newport, instead of lnonihly, as w u; the case before the Newport Cattle Market was esta- blished. We noticed some excellent lieiters, of the Durham breed, fed by Mr. John Waters, Goldclili", which were soon disposed of at high prices. The prices were nearly as follows: beef, to sink the olVal, fro'ii .OJd. to 6 £ d. per lb. sheep, tid. to 0ld, pigs per score, Ss. 6d. to 9s. On the whole, we may siy'tv that every kind of stock sold well, and almost a clearance was effected. In the horse department, a great number were offered those of a useful description, either for carriage or saddle purposes, meeting a ready sale, at good prices.. LAUNCH. On Tuesday morning last one ot the most interesting launches ever witnessed in this poit, took place from the^building yard of Messrs. Willmett and Hall. A remarkably line barque. named the Defiance, 467 tons reu-jster, and 700 tons burden, whose model and general con st.ructioii reflect the highest credit on the above hrm, and, indeed, are worthy the ship buililiiig ciiHiacter of the port, then commenced her career upon the waters. the large con- course of persons wiio were present could scarcely have sup- posed that so immense a fabric as that before them could be made to glide into the river with as much safety and facility asasea bird from the shore; she did so without the slightest irregularity in the smoothness of her graceful and gentle motion, and loud cheers evinced the pleasure experienced by thespectators. The Defiance was built lor Messrs. Stockdale and Son, merchants, Liverpool; she will be commanded by Captain Wakecombe, and is intended tor the East India trade. A sumptuous dinner was given at the Westgate Hotel, in celebration of the event, at which about thirty gentlemen, comprising shipowners, officers of the customs, merchants, and brokers, assembled. The chair was occupied by Mr. Sfockd^le, jun., and Mr. Hall occupied the vice chair. The uood things and rich wines were in abundance, and speeches, Toasts, SOIIL'S, and good fellowship, which will long be re- membered in Newpoit, and spoken of in Liverpool, gave a charm to the evening. We understand that Messis. Willmett flail are laying down the keel for a similar barque to the Defiance. On Tuesday last, Messrs. Batclielor, Slade, Latch, and Co,, joint-owners of the ship, Joseph Cnnard, the finest and largest vessel that floats with "Newport/ on her stern, entertained a select party on board, with a Slllllp- tuous dejeuner. The weather was delightful, and the treat imparted the highest satisfaction to all present. This liable *hip has just discharged about 1,100 toads of timber from Quebec, and is bound to Savannah. NEWPORT MUNICIPAL ELECTION, NOV. L.— This day, generally so eventful in Newport, since the passing of the Municipal Act, passed over without a contest, properly so called, notwithstanding the notes of preparation which were heard in the West Ward. The gentlemen whose term of three years' representation for the East Ward expired, are Messrs. Dowling, W. Jenkins, and James Davies. The three were re elected- In the West Ward, Messrs. H. J. Davis, Townsend, and Garrett, were elected. Some parties, clever in their generation for practical jokes, who would be choice sharpshooters in a contested election, instead of allowing the worthy aldermen and the other proper officers to return to their tea, toast, and the newspaper, put persons in nomina- tion, without asking '■By your leave, or with your leave and ccnsequenily, the poll was kept open, and many enliven- ing sallies heard, till four o'clock, when the three named genttemenwereagain returned. The Lord Bishop of Llandaff has been pleased to appoint the Rev. Hugh Williams, M.A., Vicar of Bassal- leg, in this county, to the important office of Chancellor of the Diocese, vacant by the lamented death of the late Dean and Chancellor Knight. ) We understand that sermons will be preached at the Knglish Baptist Chapel, by the Rev. D. R. Stephen, on Sunday next, on behalf of the Sabbath School connected with that place ACCIDENT. A haullier, on the tram-road, named James, while attempting to link two large iron trams together, on the train road near the Monmouthshire Iron and Coal Wharf in this town, on Monday last, failed to accomplish his object, and fell down, when one of the bodies of the trams passed over his back, and crushed him very severely, ihe poor fellow was immediately taken up and conveyed to his home and we understand, that he is likely to recover, under the careful treatment of Mr. U. Wuollett, surgeon Nicti engaged in such hazardous matters should be extremely caie- ful. Mr. Alfred Williams, wine merchant, states that he was put in nomination for the West Ward, on Saturday last, without his consent. • „ THE FIFTH OF NOVEMBER.—The senseless celebration of Guy Fawkes was not productive of anything like the accustomed annoyance to the inhabitants of this town, on Wednesday night, There having been complaints last year, that tire-balls were flung into some houses, to the immi- nent danger of serious consequences, and that burning tar- barrels had caused several accidents, strict orders werf given by the proper authority to the police to prevent such dange- rous amusement; and the consequence was, that a little squib- bing about the top of Llanarth-street, and a night's detention of two or three very vicious lads, terminated the aff air, MUSICAL TUITION.—We perceive that Mr. Tilley, the efficient organist of St. Mary's Church, in New- port, intends opening a gentleman's sinking class in one of the commodious rooms of ;\11-. Desmond's Cigar Divan. We un- derstarid that Mr. Ti 1 ley's improved method of class-teaching is considered superior to litillaii'See Adv. SERIOUS A eCI DENT.-On Tuesday last, as Mrs. Morgan, wife of Mr. Evan Morgan, tailor, of this town, was entering the doorway of their farm, near Risca, called G. ibbath.she unfortunaetly slipped her foot over a smatt stone, fell, and broke her leg in three places, lhe sufferer is in a fair way of recovery, under the skilful treatment of Mr. Ko both an, surgeon.. TRAM ACCIDENT.—A man, named Pntchard, suffered dislocation of the hip. by a tiam accident, last week, at Pye Corner, Bassalleg but, after enduring agony a consi derable period, a village labourer—skilful in surgery-named William Phillips, of Penner, set his patient all straight again, and lie is now doing well. HORSE-STEALING.—A valuable black horse, two years old, was stolen from the stable of Mr. Morgan, farmer, at Tregwillim, on Saturday night last. Activp search was made in the surrounding neighbourhood, and, on Tuesday last, the horse was discovered in a stable at Victoria, where he had been left, most probably by the thief, who, apprehen- sive of pursuit, had decamped.A valuable grey mare was also stolen on Sunday night, belonging to Mr. Davies. Risca Mill|; and neither horse nor thief has since been heard of. FOWL STEALING.-—On Saturday night last, or early on Sunday morning, five valuable f.wls-three being of the Spanish breed, and two iight brown -were stolen from the premises of Mrs. Phillips, near the Machine, on the Cardiff road. The foul robbers have not yet been cap- tured, nor any trace of the missing birds discovered. Last Wednesday, a canal-boat, laden with iron rails, sunk in one of the locks of the Pontypool line, and was the occasion of preventing every boat requiring to pass up and down. from reaching their destination in time. LABOUR.-There is so great a demand for la- bourers, of almost every class, in Newport, that employers are obliged to resort to every species of solicitation, coaxing, even in some cases catching them with gin, &c., to get men. Tenements cannot be repaired, so many new houses and ware- houses are being built; and money is offered so fieely in the labour market, that only the highest bidder can hope to be slIcce,sflll. CHEPSTOW, FOREST OF DEAN, AND GLOU- OESTMI JUNCTION RAII.WAV.— We understand that the mana- g ng committee of this company have secured a most eligi- ble scite for a railway station at Ci.ouchsiF.R, in the purchase of an extensive property, immediately adjoining the Cattle Market, and the Cieat Western and Birmingham and Bristol Stations at Gloucester, We also understand that the surveys will he completed, and the plans and references deposited by the 30th instant. CKVMLIX, IN THE PARISH OF LLANHILLETH.—In these days of religious and educational advantages, when almost every group of houses lias its Sunday school and liotise of prayer, this village was for many years without the one or the other.— Ofbte, however, the inhabitants, with praiseworthy exertions, hired a room, and at their own sole expense furnished it with benches and other requisites, to serve the double purpose of a school and Episcopal chapel. That this was mueh wanted in the place may be readily inferred from the circumstance that ever since the room has been opened for the above purposes, it has been inconveniently thronged with school children in the forepart of the Sunday, and with grown-up people attending Divine Service in the evening. To remedy this inconvenience, and with a view of procuring enlarged accommodation, applica- tion has been subsequently made to societies and individuals of known benevolence, and by the untiring perseverance of the rector of the parish, the Kev. James Hughes, assisted by his beloved flock, a sum of JL304. has been collected. This sum, creditable as it is to those who have contributed it, is yet very inadequate to the pressing necessities of this case—and it is to be hoped that the benevolent of every denomination will kindly aid in furtherance of an object so generally desirable as that of a day school in Crumlin. -See Advertisement. NEWPORT ALMS-HOUSE. It haying been determined by the trustees of the almshouse, that it would be highly desirable to add to the present plan two dwellings over those at present in course of erection, in the court and to enlarge the efficiency of the charity, as well as to meet the extra expense, but there being no funds at their disposal for carrying into effect so benevolent an object, they (the trustees) have opened a subscription for raising an addi tional sum for these purposes; and the following amounts liavp been subscribed A. Croslield •> Joseph Latch.5 0 Edward Dowlmg.. 3 0 L. AllfYey 2 2 Thomas Hawkins.. '2 2 Win. Williams 5 0 Thomas Hughes 5 0 John Clements 2 0 Abraham Jones 5 0 Thos. Woollett 1 1
Tnr BWK OF ENGLAND.—At a late hour this afternoon fW 15.nU- of England advanced the rate of interest on bills at ninety-live days, discounted by them, to 3J per cent.—Third (DS')UTK WAH^VN'KSHIR I'. ELECTION— Lord Brooke, the son of Lord Warwick, was, on Wednesday, put in nomination, a n returned without opposition. The unexpected illness of Sir Robert Peel has caused a postponement to the circle that was to assemble at Drayton Manor this week. The answer to inquiries in Whitehall Gardens, was that Sir Robert was con. iderably fetter. The rigttt hon. baronet is attended py Dr. Seymour.
CORONERS INQUEST. On Tuesday last, a very general feelin^ of surprise was I caused through this town, in consequence of its being an- nounced that a coroner's inquest was about to be held on the body of Mrs. Rebecca Oliver, whose death had taken place, after about a fortnight's illness, on the Friday evening previ- ously. Very indignant observations were heard in many quar- ters agamst the party who forced on a proceeding, which seemed so uncalled for, so vexatious, and so harrowing to the feelings of the deceased's family. The following jury of respectable and intelligent inhabitants of the town were summoned to the Coroner's Court at the Old Rush Inn: Mr. Cairns, foreman Mr Powell Mr. Cunnington, Mr. Rennie, Mr. Lewis, Mr, Davis, Mr John'Hughes, Mr. H. Williams Mr .lames Watkins, Mr. John llowelh Mr. Charles Harden, Mr. Daniel Evans, and Mr. Moses Scard. The Coro- ner, Win. Brewer, Esq., stated, that in consequence ot a sus- picion having been entertained and prona^ated through the town, that Mrs. Oli ver had come bv her death unfairly, they had been enipannelled to make the proper mquirv they would proceed to view the body, and consequently hear'such evidence as might be brought forward, and would'then form their opi- nion whether the deceased died a natural death, or that that event was caused by any foul act. The Foreman Is there not some person here to bring forward evidence, or make any charge, should there be grounds for such ?—Coroner Mr. Ciapnerton is the person who causes this inquiry.- Mr. Clapperton then stated that his wife had called, and heard her mother (the deceased) make an observation which she thought was very suspicious —it was "Open me," or Let me be opened;"—The Coroner-' Gentlemen, it is well known that ill-feeling exists among the partv.—A Juror sug- gested that Mrs. ( laplwl ton should be sent for.—The Coroner observed there were other persons present, when these expres- sions were alleged to he made.—Others of the jury said they deemed it unnecessary to hurt private feelings, by calling mem- bers of the family.—Coroner: A nurse attended on the occa- sion, and she should he sent for.—A juror Mr. John Howells, suggested the body should be opened .—Foreman If the Coroner consideis that this course is necessary upon such very slight grounds, I concur in that step, unpleasant as it may be to near relatives but I see not any sufficient, reason to induce it.—Co- roner: After viewing the body, and hearing any evidence that may be adduced, it a post mortem examination be desired by the jury, 1 shall order it. The body was viewed, and certainly no exterior appearances indicated anything to excite even a shade of suspicion. The countenance, was calm and placid, as if in shunbei; and death's etlacing lingers" had not yet begun their work of ruin. Oil the return of the jury, Mary Williams, (widow) of New- port, was sworn, and examined: She had been employed to attend the deceased as nnrse; was suit for on Thursday night last, at half-past ten o'clock; found her very ill; she coughed and threw up much phlegm; she said it was sometimes near choking her; Dr. Jones was there on Thursday niglit, and twice on Friday morning he was sent for on Friday morning, as there appeared no alteration in Mrs. Oliver; this was at eight o'c ock, and he 8aw her just before she departed, which was at twenty minutes past six o'clock in the evening; witness was with deeeasetl thronghout the day tLem were also prespnt Mrs. Corner, Mrs. Tombs, and Sirs. Clapperton about twelve she began to lose her senses; never heard her sa'v o-ien me nor anything like it: did not see any one o-ive jjer anything' she was bound to hear Mrs. Oliver say it if it were said. Bv Mr. Powed she only went out of the"room to have her-tea for ten minutes, and M't. Mrs. Clapperton and Mm. Corner in the room with their mother; whilst, in the room, was close by the bed side, and had hold of the hand of deceased mo^t part of the time. By the foreman Mrs. Tombs (another daughter of the deceased) was taking tea with me when 1 was absent from the room; Mrs. Comer and witness gave the fle<?ea«rd her medi- cine: if anything were put in, witness must have seen it; deceased called frequently upon the Lord, and would not an- swer questions when spoken to. By Mr. Howell: She was not more restless than persons are when dying; lias seen several persons depart this life has not the least suspicion in the world anything wrong was given to Mrs. Oliver is in the habit of laying out dead persons; never saw a sweeter looking corpse in her life than that of the deceased observed nothing but civi- lity ainontr the sisters; the last thing Mrs. Oliver took was wine and water from the hands of witness her son, Mr. Ben- jamin Oliver, of Pontypoo), came up into the room, but she could not speak to him. Cross-examine,! |)V i\jr_ Clapperton: Mrs. Clapperton had no conversation with the deceased was not sensible all the day. Mr. Ciapperton Now, on your oath, did she not. speak to my wile ? Y es, she said send her out, send her out; upon which Mrs. Clapperton said, Does she mean me never heard Airs. Oliver say open me •" witness saw Mr. John Tombs this morning, but he only said, Mrs. Williams, you are wanting." By the Foreman": Saw nothing that, in her opinion, was suspicious. By a Juror: No other midicine besides draughts was given to her. The Foreman here observed when in apparently good health, that she would wish to be opened after death. ° Mr.Clapperton The words "mi»d, open me," signified some- thing more he was sure the observations were made to his wife. Mr. Warry, watchmaker, of Bristol, here came forward and begged to say that his wife is a sister to the deceased, and she had often expressed a wish to be opened after death. A post mortem examination having been ordered by the coroner, Mr. Jones, with Mr. James Harrhy, performed* that duty; Mr. Clapperton said he had nothing more to offer until they had heard Mr. Jones's report of the investigation. Some time having elapsed, Mr. Jones entered the room, and being sworn, deposed, that he had been lately attending Mrs. Oliver; was called in on Monday week, found her sitting- by the fire, complaining of spasms in the stomach and bowels—she was at the same time suffering from a bronchial attack, which she called influenza, from which latter ailment she had been suffering for a fortnight,—administered medicine which relieved the spasms. Next morning she Ja1.Joured untler an embarrass- ment of breathing, accompanied by a troublesome cough-saw her four or five times a day until her de^lh, she had lnflama- tion of the lungs; there was some slight improvement on Thurs- day, but on Friday morning very early found that the embar- rassment of breathing was much increased; she then gradually declined, and at 4 o'clock was collapsed. Had just made a post mortem examination—opened the thorax, found the lung of the right side and the costal pleura sufficiently inflamed to cause death; examined the other viscera minutely the contents of the stomach consisted chicfly of IJile-the upper orifice of the stomach was slightly inflamed, but not sufficient to cause death —the coats were otherwise as firm as those in health; the in- flamation of jthe upper orifice, it was obvious, arose from its contact with the pleura, it could be traced—had not the slightest doubt that there was sufficient inflammation of the right lung and the pleura to cause death. By Mr. Powell did not hear Mrs. Oliver express a wish to be opened, nor say anything that tended to raise a suspicion of foul play. Mr. Clapperton I am perfectly satisfied with Mr. Jones's explanation. Mr. Jones, in answer to several of the jurors: On Friday there was some aberration of intellect; Mrs Corner was her constant attendant, seldom going to bed it was impossible that any child could be more assiduous or affectionate Mrs. Tombs also evinced the tenderest sympathies, and was as frequent in her attendance on her parent as the care of her infant would admit of; Airs. Corner sat up every night, and lie (the witness) thought it proper to intimate to her that she was endangering her health by her repeated watching. Several of the jury here animadverted in very strong terms on the frivolous and unjustifiable measure adopted in this case by Mr. Clapperton. Mr.Evans It Mrs. Oliver had died poor, we should not have been brought here to-day from our business. Mr. Cairns A weaker case to warrant such a proceeding periiaps never occurred, and strong expressions should be used m wording the verdict. NIl". EVans: Oh, I see a gentleman here from the MERLIN, r v?'r i haVe no d,ml)C brother jurors, will give the public a laittitul account of the feelings we have expressed. the coroner briefly addressed the jury, properly commenting upon the total absence of any evidence to warrant a suspicion j that ceath occurred from any but natural causes, and the jury at once brought in a verdict of Natural Death," accompanied by their expression that there did not appear the slightest sus- picion of any improper treatment of the deceased.
FRIVOLOUS AND VEXATIOUS CHARGE AGAINST A MEDICAL OFFICER. On a former occasion, we unhesitatingly expressed our opi- nion as to the nature and actuating motives of the proceeding instituted against that experienced and highly-respectable practitioner, Mr. Batt, of Brecon and we have now the plea- sure of publishing documents from Somerset House, which render tardy justice to that gentleman. We understand the matter will not rest here, but may result in unmasking certain Janus-faced parties. (COPY.) Poor Law Commission Office, Somerset House, 30th October, 1845. r, I am directed by the Poor Law Commissioners, with reference to the case of Ann Thomas, deceased late a pauper in the Brecknock Union, ana who, at the time of her decease, was undaryour care as a medicel officer for the MerthyrJUistrict of that Union, to transmit for your information, a copy of a letter which the Commissioners have ad- dressed to the Hoard of Guardians and in which letter the Commis- sioners have expressed their opinion'upon the case, with reference to the neglect imputed to you in the verdict of the coroner's jury. Jam, Sir, your most obedient servant, W. G. LOMLKY, Assistant-Secretary. Mr. Thomas Batt, Medical Officer of the Brecknock Union. (COPY.) „ Poor Law Commission Office, Somerset House, 30th October, 1845. Sir,—With reference to your letter to the Poor Law Commissioners of the 30th of August last, enclosing copy depositions taken at an inquest held on the UGth and 27th of August last, on the body of Ann Thomas, deceased, late a pauper residing in the*parish of tirathbengy, in th« Brecknock Union, who died whilst under the ca.e of Mr, Batt, medlcat olhcer for the Merthyr Disiriet of that Union: The Commissioners desire to inform the Board of (iuarrlians that the ease uf Ann Thomas has beell, by direction or the Commissioners, care- fully investigated by their Assistant-Commissioner. Cotonet Wade, espe- cially in consequence of the verdict of the coroner's jury, imputing ne- glect to the medical officer, Mr. batt After an attentive perusal of the evidence taken at the investigation before the Assistant-Commissioner, the Commissioners cannot satisfy themselves that the medical officer received such information from Ann Thomas, with respect to her state, as enabled him to understand the true nature of her case; and there- fore (even if it is to be considered as a case which lie attende.i in his character of medicaionicer) they do not consider the charge of neglect as established against, him. Signed by order of the Board, (Signed) -—— Assistant-Secretary- 1. Vavis, Esq. Clerk to the Guardians of the Breckl10ck Union, or-
NI:A HI. FRIGHTFUL ACCIDENT. As a party of young men were returning to Neath last Sunday, in a car, from Aberavon, when near the town, the horse (a very spirited ani- mal) suddenly turned into a cross road, which caused the driver to fall, and unfortunately the vehicle passed over his body, inflicting dreadful bodily mjnries. and breaking one of his arms. The suflerer was immediately conveyed to a house close at hand, where (>Very attention was paid him by Mr. Powell, who was quickly on the spot, but, his recovery is tm fortunately very doubtful. All the rest escaped unhurt, but were almost paralysed with fright at the awful situation they were m. It would have been "better had these gentlemen at- tended to their religious duties before they went to drive about on the day which is intended for all men to go and bear the word of God. NoNCHAi.ANct.At the recent fatal coal-mine accident near Bristol, George Britian, the only survivor, although one of his arms was broken to pieces and his head and back cut in seve- ral phces, quietly took out. his pipe and began to smoke, which he continued to do till brought to the mouth ol the pit and within a couple of minutes after the amputation of his arm by Mr. Grace, of Downhend, he asked that gentleman if he might again smoke, and receiving an answer in the affirmative, be commenced blowim- a cloud out ofhis short pipe with the utmost composure It is not stated whether Bnttan had been mesmerised or not, but ceitainlv he exhibited a stoicism which a takir might envy, and an insensibility to pain which per- sons the most susceptible of animal-magnetic influence could scarcely l10pc to e' under any manipulation, however skilful, 1 'J'IIK PANIC.—Minv weeks since and Ions before there was tl,e ^Shiest opinion that the railways would throughout the empire gave way to the fearful extent at which they have already arrived, noticed a ve. yV"' observation in the introductory Part of the announcement^ ot a'fine investment oi land near Lsk seem of judgment jxUo and men of capital will do well to be early jn the fiohl in following such good advice. Jills desirable f,eel,old nrnne. ty presents a most iv.ting opportunity with tiie oveTwhdming'"although platisiWe schemes with which country 13 at p.tesent afflicted^ I
US K, SERIOUS ACCIDENT.—On Friday last, as Mr. Hawkey, the officer of excise stationed in this town, was re- turning home, when within a few yards of his residence, was thrown from his pony and severely hurt, by the animal be- coming rlanned at some fireworks which were let off' near the spot. Mr. Hawkey was carried home insensible, and now lies under mtdical treatment. It is to be hoped that the authori- ties will put a stop to such dangerous practices. USK FAIR.—On Wednesday, the 29th ult., St. Luke's Fair was fully attended. An immense number of horned stock was brought in, and sold at prices averaging 6d. per lb. Cheese averaged E3. "s. per cwt. Several tradesmen of the town were stationed at the different turnpike gates, to ascertain the accommodation that would be requred for the new cattle market. The following is the result:— Sheep. Pips. Cattle. Bridge Cates 230 22 .lHo 7, I'orthycaiiie Gate l'J4" 178 Pontsampit Cate 108 .r>-J • •»• 23f< Four Ash Gate [,0 52 33'f C'a-tle Parade Gate 601. 7. 110 2,674 267 1,041
USK FAR M E R S' CLUB. [Concluded from the SlIpplement.) The Chairman ceiled on the Hon. Secretary, for a list of the prizes, Ate., which ws3 then read by Mr. Clark, who had acted as secretary in the absence of Mr. Purchas, during the day's proceedings. The foil owin^ person* competed Cl -ss L — For ploughing Inlt an acre of ground within four hours, in the best and most workmanlike manner, with a pair of horses, without a driver. John Rees, SOli of Samuel Rees, lsi piize, £ 1. 10s.; Robert Evans, son of John Evans, 2nd piiz,, Cl»*.s 2.-1'0 the ploughman or servant of a member. Henry Atvhony, servant toJ. M'Kerrow, 1st priz?, £ 1. 10-. Benjamin Jefl eys, servant to Robert Jones,2nd prize. 15s. John Moigan, servant to C. H. Leigh, Esq., (very good ;) William James, dmo; Isaac Thoinns, servant to Ileory Evans; George James, dillo; Edwaid Roberts, servant to Reece Keene; James Mi'ner, servant tu Edward Stpwart Thomas Jones, s^ivant to I Edw Ifd Niarfeli Thomits Davies, servant to David Williams. 3 —To the son oi servant of a member, undei eighteen ye-ns of age. James Walters, servant to James Griffiths, 1st prize, t). 10s.; Henry James, servant to Henry Evans, 2nd piize, 15.; Win. Rees, eon of Samuel Rees; John Edmunds, son 01 John Edmunds. The judges awarded the first prize to J, It Edmuuds, but it was stterwards ascertained that he was, ci nsi.lciablv above the age, and consequently disqualified. Class 3.—To the son or servant of a farmer (being a member) ui der 18 years of age.—First prize, £ .1. 10s.; second prize, los. CI iss 4.To the plougllluan or servant of a member for ploughing, in the best and most workmanlike manner, half an FCi 01 limit. within four hours, with notexeeeding three horses at length, with a driving ?x>y.—Joseph Brace, servant to Rees Keene, first prize, jg)., boy, -is. 6d. Thomas Price, servant to Lva Jones, second prize, 10s.; William Watkins, servant to Ren am in Mat-fell, Leonard Read servant to W. A. Williams. Evan Fencott servant to William Neale, John Watkins servant to .1 imes George. ,'ohn Watkins' ploughing was considered vary well performed, and r's. was presented to him by the company. The whole of the ploughing was much superior to that of last year. Class it.—To the two mule servants or labourers of good char- acter, ot members of this club, who shall have lived in the same family, or on the same farm, the greatest, number of years consecutively, not less than five years—The first prize of was awarded to Richard White, servant to Mr. Morgan Wil- liams, of Peneoed, who had lived oil the same farui 32 years, of which "JO were with Mr. Williams. The second prize, of jf; was won by William Morgan, servant to Mr. Robert Jones, of Troy, with whom be bad lived *29 years. To the two in-door female servants, of good character, of members of this club, who shall have lived in the same family, or on the same farm, the greatest number of years couseeu- tivelv, not less than fhe.Only one entered for this prize, viz. Charlotte Lewis, who had lived in the service of Iltyd Nicholl, Esq., :)7 years, to whom the first prize, of £ "2., was awarded. Challenges for stock against all compet itors. Sir. Relplie, for the best in-calf cow, Henry Evans, 10s. t.wo-vear old heifer, Benjamin Marfell 5s.; yearling heiter, Benjamin Marfell bull calf, Benjamin Marfell breeding sow, os.: boar, no competition three pigs of the same litter, under three months old, no competition; best bunch ot Swedes, not fewer than six, and in the proportion of six from every acre grown, Edward Walters -s 6d. j turnips, Mr. Relphe, 2s. 6d. mangle wurzel, Edward Walters, 2s. fid. Mr. R. Purclias, for the best Southdown ram, Mr. Ridley, as.; Cotswold ditto, Mr. B. Marfell, 5s. To be shown on the morning of the plough- ing match. Mr. Clark then read a letter from Alexander Waddington. Esq., stating that he was unavoidably absent, and enclosing proposals for two cups, of five guineas each, and two sweep- stakes, for rams at the next anniversary. The lists were handed to the president, and laid before the members, and were received with demonstrations of pleasure. The president then proposed the healths of the gentlemen who proposed giving a cup (as soon as the successful competitor is fixed upon) for the best piece of Swedes. The healths of Alexander Waddington andW. Knapp, Esqrs. (Drank with honours.) Mr. Knapp responded, and offered an additional prize to he given next year of £ 2. lor a domestic servant who has lived the greatest number of years in the same family. The chairman next proposed the healths of the gentlemen subscribing to the separate fund. _Mr. McDonnell then rose and offered a cup of the value of £ ">. 5». for the best essay on the Cause and Remedy of the Potatoe Disease. To be given at the next anniversary. Mr. Relphe proposed giving a cup of the value of £ 5. 5s. to a ptoughman who should wm the first prize for two successive years. The chairman then proposed the health of Mrs. Evans and the Misses Evans, for their kindness and attention. Song, Mr. Toogood-" Here's a health to all good lasses." The chairman then proposed the health of the librarian, and informed the meeting there were many valuable works on agri- culture in his possession, which, he thought, would do great good to the members to peruse them. Mr. Purchas stated that lie eonld-nat-allow ike toagt to be drank without informing the members that it was to the libra- rian they were indebted for managing the proceedings, aftd writing the reports of the club during the year, and performing the office of secretary. Mr. J. H. Clark said, for the kind way in which his health had been proposed by the president, and the enthusiastic man- ner in which it had been received, he begged ihem to accept his sincere thanks. He was aware Mr. Purchas had a great many engagements to fulfil, and, therefore, could not be expected to be always at his post: he had done all in his power to render assistance, and further the interests of the club but he was sorry it had not fallen into more competent hands. He would trespass a few moments on their time the president had intro- duced a system which seemed to be generally approved of, of entering stock and agricultural produce for competition. He was no agriculturist, similarly situated to many he saw around him, hut at the same time he took delight in horticulture and he did not see why they should be debarred from participating in the proceedings. He would, therefore, challenge all com- petitors to shew garden produce, viz. onions, carrots, parsnps, &c., at the next anniversary for a small sum each, the stakes to go to the funds of the club. Song, Mr. Toogood—"The Peasantry of England." The chairman then proposed the Town and Trade of Usk," coupling with that toast the health of Mr. Jas. Williams, and complimented him upon the improvements he had made in the town, by not only erecting the most splendid shop in the county, but also on his public spirit in building a suitable market- place for the farmers' wives and daughters especially. Mr. Williams begged leave to express his sincere thanks on behalf of the town and tradesmen of Usk, and also for the honour paid him individually by the company. It would, at all times, afford him much pleasure to be of service to the town, if in his power; and, with regard to the allusion the chairman was pleased to make respecting the market, it had been formerly held in the open street, where the vendors and and purchasers were alike exposed to the inclemency of the weather they had now a nice snug market house afforded them, a convenient shelter, and he trusted the public would appreciate it. He thanked them again most cordially, and had much pleasure in drinking their very good healths. The healths of Mr. and Mrs. George were next drank, for the excellent entertainment which had been afforded. Mr. George responded, and made known some useful infor- mation relating to their sowing. Our limits will not aliow our further entering into the proceedings. The meeting was kept up with spirit until twelve.
USK COURT LEET. On Tuesday, the 28th of October, 1845, the Court Leet and view of Frank Pledge, was holden at the Town Hall, Alex. Waddington, Esq., Portreeve, in the Chair. Present,—the Rev. James Barnard Davies, Thomas Reece, and John Shepard, Esyrs. The undermentioned persons were sworn on the Grand Inquest :— James Williams, John Herbert, Jaines Henry Clark, William Morgan, Joseph Neale, Philip Herbert, William Jones, Edward Edwards, Thomas Wigginton, William Constance, William Edwards, William Thomas, Isaac Williams, Thomas West. William Stephens, William Edwards, William Thomas, Isaac Williams, Thomas West. William Stephens, I The following Jurymen, not answering to their names, viz.' William Bull, Thomas Dunn, William Crump, John Edwards, sen., Matthew Howell, Lysond W illiams, and Charles Evans, were fined. John Edwards, jun and George Morgan, excused. The Chairman having stated that the first part of the day's business to be gone through was to elect a Portreeve for the ensuing year, Mr. Shepard rose and said, he experienced great pleasure in proposing a gentleman well qualified in every re- spect to till the office of Chief Magistrate for the borough and he felt convinced that he had only to name Mr. Wadding- ton, who had discharged his duty in so satisfactory a manner, during the present year, and it could not fail to meet with unanimous approval. The Rev. J. B. Davies would, with pleasure, second the pro- position made by his friend Mr. Shepard, and if he did not express himself in the most eloquent manner, he did with great sincerity. Mr. Waddington was a gentleman lie highly es- teemed; and his kindness in convening meetings, whenever called upon by the inhabitants, presiding at them, and in every respect carrying out the duties of the office, had given general satisfaction," and, therefore, he had no doubt he would be re- elected Portreeve. <- The meeting quite concurred with the sentiments of Mr. Davies and upon the proposition being read, Mr. Waddington was unanimously re-elected for the ensuing year. Mr Waddington returned his sincere thanks for the eulo- giums passed upon him by the gentlemen by whom he was proposed and seconded, and to the meeting, for the honour conferred in re-electing him Portreeve, lie certainly did con- sider it a great honour to be selected to fill the office of Chief Magistrate of the borough and if he had not acted much in his magisterial capacity during the present year, it was from feeling he was not so much required in consequence of the very active Mao-istrates at their Petty Sessions (two of whom were then present) discharging their duties so efficiently, that his attendance was rendered unnecessary. The Portreeve then said, as it would take up the valuable time of the jurymen to examine the accounts of the Recorder for the past vear, which had been requested to be furnished for their inspection; he would therefore suggest that the Rev. J. B. Davies, Thomas Reece, and John Shepard, Esqrs. and Mr. Evan Jones, go through them, and report thereon to the jury- men on their return from perambulating the town. On the re-entering of the jurymen, the balance in hand was declared by the Portreeve, and amounted to £ ,}!. los., which be informed them had been directed to be expended by a com- mittee, appointed at a meeting of the Aldermen, Burgesses, and other inhabitants, at a meeting in September, in repairing the footpaths, &c., of the town. The committee requested Mr. Evan J ones to procure stone for the purpose. Mr. Jones informed the meeting that he had bespoke mate- rials for some time but there was a difficulty in procuring stones of,a. proper thickness and he thought it would be better to wait a short time for them, and to do it effectually, rather than lay down stones unsuitable but in a few days, he had no doubt, a sufficient quantity of stone would be delivered, when the work should be proceeded with immediately. The Foreman handed to John Waddington, Esq., the Deputy Recorder, the following presentment of nuisances:- James Prichard and his tenant, Joseph Neale, for a wall and duagluU ia Walket-street. A quantity of loose stones and tiles under a wall in Walker- street. James Prichard, for a foul open ditch running by the side of his hedge, in Walker-street, and extending in front of the houses near the Lower Mill. A large heap of ashes, and a heap of stones, on the Twyn, opposite the Nag's Head Inn. An iron railing round Jame Jones' house in Bridge street. James Richards, cooper, for a public nuisance in Bridge- street, by stopping up the thoroughfare and paving with a quantity of casks, and more particularly for causing fires to be frequently lighted in the street, to the great danger of travellers and the public generally. An open drain, running from a kennel belonging to the Rev. A. Williams, in Lower-street. A line of shambles standing out in the street opposite to Elisha Read's, near the Town Hall. The Surveyors of the Highways, for gross neglect of duty, in allowing ashes and filth to be deposited in the streets, and per- mitting pigs to wander about the town. The Jurymen begged to express a hope that the above-named nuisances may be removed as soon as possible, and that the Surveyors will, in future, pay more attention to their office, and upon the removal of the above nuisances, to prevent them again accumulating. The Portreeve remarked that a great convenience would be experienced by the inhabitants, if lamps were placed at the corner of the streets, which he thought might be done with the surplus money derived from the borough tolls.
ABERGAVENNY. The inhabitants of Abergavenny pay oeariy twice as much for gas as in places where coal is considerably more scarce, and consequently more expensive-Bristol, for in- stance—yet they are not favoured with having the town lighted until a month or six weeks later in the year than those places and even when the lamps are lighted, they are so feeble as to bear much about the same proportion to the lights with which the mail travels, as a farthing candle does to a catnphire lamp. In church, the dim religious light" they shed is so very dim, indeed, that the congregation cannot see to read their prayer-books; we would respectfully recommend their carrying lanthorns with them.— A Correspondent.
CHEPSTOW. The Rev. F. C. Ewald, on Tuesday last, preached a sermon at St. Aryan's Church, in aid of the London Society for Christianizing the Jews. The Rev. Gentleman (who is a Missionary at Jerusalem, and Chaplain to the Bishop there) was very earnest in his appeal to his hearers on behalf of the Society, and afforded some very interesting facts as regards the present state of the Jewish race. The Church was well attended. In the evening, there was a meeting at Chapel Hill for the same object.
MONMOUTH. The fifth of November was celebrated by the juvenile Guy Fauxes of Monmouth, with its accustomed and appropriate formalities. At Monmouth Monthly Market, which was held on Wednesday last, fat beasts sold from 5id. to 6d. per lb. Steers sold at good prices. Wether sheep fetched 6d. per lb., ;;nd ewes 5d. to 5jd. Pigs are advanced to enormous prices, being two-thirds higher in value than they were this time last year. A new Fair, which is to be held annually, took place at Skeiitritit, near Monmouth, on Monday last, and was tolerably well attended. This retired village had not contained so many inhabitants at one time for many an age. On Saturday last, Mr. Whiting was re-elected Town Councillor of Monmouth; and Messrs. Vaughan T. Watkins, and Cossens, were elected in the room of the retir. ing mem hers without opposition. This return was characte. rised by a mora) feature in Monmouth elections, not only in the absence of a contest, but by a blending of the two political parties, to return persons in whom they could place confi- dence, without predilections. We trust that this instance in. dicates an improved tone in the public feeling of Monmouth, and that, in matters where political considerations can avail nothing to either party, mere rival animosities will be hence- forth thrown to the winds.
CA RDIFF. MUNICIPAL ELECTION.—On Saturday last, the election of Town Councillors tookfplacejin both wards. In the ^outh, there was no opposition, and Mr. Wm. Vachell, Mr. Wm. Williams, and Mr. George Insole, were returned. In the North Ward, there were four candidates, and each seemed confident of success. The contest was brisk, and, at the close or the poll, the numbers stood thus :—Mr. George Bird, 86; Mr. R. L. Reece, 85; Mr. Griffith Phillips, 76; Mr. John Jenkins, 5S. The three first-named gentlemen were conse- quently returned; but it is our firm belief, had Mr. Jenkins been in the field a short time earlier, he would not have stood at the bottom of the poll. Mr. R. L. Reece was in London during the election, and for a fortnight preceding it; besides which, a gentleman who was much interested in his success, was Plevented from assisting him, from the situation he held as alderman of the ward and returning officer. NARROW ESCAPE OF SIX MEN.-On Wed- nesday last, six men in the employ of Mr. Lisle, iron founders, in this town, had a narrow escape of their lives. Mr. Lisle is erecting in the GasWorks, a new and larger gasometer, and the work had far progressed. Part of the roof wae-ttmted to the joists; and on Wednesday, about eight A.M., while the six men were on the top of the roof, one of the rivets broke, and brought down the whole; and we regret to add, that the poor fellows had a fall of about sixty feet. Two of them were very severely cut, the others not so much injured; and we have been informed that there is no danger at present of a fatal result. CONSECRATION OF SAINT MARY'S CHURCH. This day (Thursday) being Sxed for the consecration of the above church, a great number of the neighbouring gentry and clergy were in attendance to witness the solemn ceremony. They assembled at ten a.m., at the town hall, and proceeded to the place of worship in the following order:- Police. Mast^ and Boys of Free Schools, two abreast. Mistress and Girls ditto, two abreast. Visitors and Inhabitants, two abreast. Church Wardens of St. John's with wands. Clergy in Gowns, two abreast. Town Crier, with staff of office. Sergeants at Mace, with staffs. Mayor. Town Council. Church Wardens of St. Mary's, with wands. Building Committee of St. Mary's. Secretaries and Treasurer. Police. On arrival at the church, the usual hymn was sung, and Mr. Edward Stephens, of Llandaff, read the petition to consecrate, after which the following procession took place --Church Wardens of Saint Mary's, with wands; the Right Rev. Lord Bishop of Llandaff; the Venerable Archdeacon of Llandaff and the Clergy present. His lordship while passing through the aisles read the prayers of consecration, to which the clergy responded. After which the chancellor, the Rev. Hugh Wil- liams, read the deed of consecration, which his lordship signed and returned to Mr. Stephen the registrar. The Rev. Wm. Leigh Morgan, curate of Saint Mary's, read the prayers and the Rev.W. Twining, curate, Roath, read the lessens assisted by the archdeacon, at the communion table. His Lordship then preached a most eloquent sermon (which we are sorry time does not enable us to give even an outline) from the Gospel according to Saint John, 4th chapter and 20th verse, God is a spirit, and they that worship Him must wor- ship Him in spirit and in truth." The church was well attended and the sermon listened to with the greatest attention through- out at the close of which a collection of £98. 12s. 6d. was made in liquidation of a debt on the chureh of JE300. LLANDAFF CHURCH BUILDING SOCIETY. An adjourned meeting of the committee of this society, took place at the Free School, Cardiff, on Tuesday, the 4th instant. There were present, the Venerable the Archdeacons of Llandaff and Monmouth, Mr. Chancellor Traherne, W. Williams, Esq. of Llangibby Iltyd Nicholl, Esq., J. Bruce Pryce, Esq., E. P. Richards, Esq., T W. Booker, Esq., The Revds. R. Prichard, J. C Campbell, R. T. Tyler, H. L. Blosse, T. Stacy, W. Bruce, Hugh Williams, L. A. Nicholls, D. P. Thomas, W. Leigh, — Jenkins, — Morgan, and G. Thomas. Mr. Williams, of Llan- gibby was voted to the chair. After the resolutions of the former meeting at Newport, had been read by the secretary, the following statement of the ac- counts was submitted to the meeting: RECEIPTS. Amount of donations and subscriptions, for the year 1845 £ 174 7 6 DISBURSEMENTS. Printing 819 0 Salary to resident Architects 25 0 0 Grants made at the last meeting m"' 40 0 0 Balance in hand. ]00 8 G JEI7476 The following applications were then received by the com- mittee, and grants made to the several parishes requiring aid: 1. Proposed new church at Merthyr. It being explained that the lowest tender, for the erection of this church, exceeded the architect's estimate by JM <2., the sum of £ 30. was voted. 2. The restoration and repairs of the Parish Church, of St. Bt ids'-super Ely— £ 7. 3. Towards the re-building of Llanfabon Church-£15. 4. Towards the re seating of Lisvane— £ 10. I). Towards St. Martin's Chapel, Caerphilly. It being ex- plained that there was no repairing fund for the maintenance of this chapel—a vote of 1;7. 6. Towards building a new church in the recently formed and endowed ecclesiastical district of Skewen, in the parish of Cadoxton-juxta-Neat— £ 15. 7. Towards the general restoration of Coychurch-ES. 8 Towards the enlargement by rebuilding of the Parish Church of Trevethin £ 20. „ ™ „ 9. Tiie repair and enlargement of the Parish Church of Tin- tern Parva-LIO. i_ ™ 10. The repair and enlargement of the Parish Church of Caerwent— £ 10.. 1. e n 11. The restoration of the Parish Church of Llanfihangel- J 12. The re-seating, with increased accommodation, of the « Parish Church of Tregare- j67. << 13. The re-seating, with increased accommodation, of the Parish Church of Penrose— £ 7.. 14. The improvement and repair of the west end of Wonas- tow Church— £ 5. lo. The repair and improvement of the west end of the 1 Parish Church of Oldcastle— £ 5. ] 16. Towards a new window in the Parish Church of Tredun- noeh— £ 2. 17. The repair and improvement of the tower of the Parish Church of Wolves Newton-» £ 5. fL 18. The improvement of the porch of the Parish Church of < Raglan— £ 3. Total amount of the grants made at the present meeting, £ 1G7, anticipating the income of 1846 by the sum of £ 66. lis. 6d. exclusive of a donation of £iJ. presented at the meeting by the Rev. George Thomas. On a comparison of the treasurer s statement of the funds of the society, made at the last meeting at Newport, with the one before us, we are happy to announce an increase of £ 38; and in the confidence of a continually-extending measure of sup- port, the committee, has ventured to forestall the income of the following vear to the extent above-mentioned. They have been induced to take this step, in the full persuasion that the aim and object of this society are of such a nature, that when the result of their operations is fairly before the public; they cannot fail to obtain such a large increase of means as may justify a greatly-increased expenditure. A colliery explosion took place on Wednesday, at Warring- ton, in No. 3 coalpit, belonging to Messrs. Turner and Evans, by which, we regret to say, nine men lost their lives, and ten persons desperately burned.
To the Editor of tht Monmouthshire Merlin. SIB,—I am sure that you, and the friends oi peace and Christian unity, will regret to hear that the bad feeling caused by the church-rate contest a few months ago, and during which the MERLIN became a peace-maker, is now about to be re- vived. Several of the leading Dissenters have been summoned to appear before the magistrates, on Saturday; and I suppose we may expect to have the new church decorated with the spoils of Dissenters. CORRESPONDENT. Pontypool, Nov. 4th, 1845.
THE POTATOE DISEASE. To tk» Editor of the Monmouthshire Mnlin. Sitl,—The only apology I can offer you tor obtruding my remarks, must rest with the importance of my communication, whether good or bad. It is the practice of the cheap bakers of Newport to mix the flour with a portion of potatoes, and no doubt a proper propor- tion of those really valuable esculents must prove truly beneficial but what I complain of is, that my master, and other master bakers, will not PARE the skins from off the potatoes, on the ground of lpss of time; the consequence of which results in dispepsia in adult individuals, and serious illness to children. Let me implore master bakers to pare all potatoes before they are passed through the sieve, else the rinds will impregnate the bread, and make it taste like my master's, as if made of chatf or sawdust. Yours, &c., A JOURNEYMAN BAKER. «
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,—In a former letter I furnished the correct figures, in reference to the last census of the borough of Newport, and the parish of St. Woollos with the vulgarity, bullyism' and profanity of your Antiquarian correspondent t have nothing to do. I am, sir, your obedient servant, NUMBER RIGHT
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,—I beg a corner in the MERLIN, for the purpose of re- moving any earoneous impression which may have been made on the minds of the inhabitants of this town, by my having been put in nomination for the West Ward on the day of mu- nicipal election. This step was taken without my consent- indeed without my knowledge—by some gentlemen of facetious disposition, who were resolved that the 1st of November should not pass over without some amusement. Had I any notion of being again in the honourable position in which my fellow-townsmen formerly placed me, I should have sought their suffrages personally; but my time is now so closely occupied in disposing good and cheap groceries to the host of supporters who favour me with their custom in the west, that I at present have no ambitious pretensions. I am, sir, your most obedient servant, 113, Conmercial-street. CHARLES DESMOND.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,—Our town has been so long and so frequently gibed at by strangers, as a gas-lighted town, that we begin to be ashamed of it; and as it is oft times necessary to get a candle and lanthorn to find where the gas lamps are burning, it is in contemplation to erect an oil gas manufactory. Very truly yours, OVERTOWN. Abergavenny, November 6, 1845. n
NEWPORT, ABERGAVENNY, AND HEREFORD RAILWAY. A general meeting of the shareholders of the above company was held on Wednesday afternoon, at the offices, 65, Moorgate- street, for the purpose of considering the propriety of making certain branches or extensions of the main line of railway, and also for considering the most beneficial course to be adopted, under the circumstances of Parliament having conceded to the company of proprietors of the Monmouth Canal Navigation powers of making a portion of the original line, which lies be- tween Newport and Pontypool, and of the Monmouth railway company having purchased, or agreed for the purchase of, the same line of railway, together with other property of the com- pany of proprietors of the Monmouth canal navigation, and for considering the propriety of accepting the preference offered to this (the Newport, Abergavenny, and Hereford) company by the Monmouth railway company, in allotment of their shares, and in conferring on their committee powers to enter into nego- ciations and arrangements with the Monmouth railway com- pany, and to carry out, in the most beneficial manner, the railway communication originally contemplated.There were not more than a dozen shareholders present.—Captain Fitz- maurice, as chairman, explained at some length the nature of the transaction between this company and the Monmouth canal company. The former agreed to give f 20,000. to the latter for its interest in a certain portion of road now laid down with traui lines, and the traffic of which gave now, under great disadvan- tages, a handsome return. The Monmouth company got the same number of shares as if they held originally under the present line. Resolutions were passed approving of the course taken by the directors; and thanks having been voted to the chairman, the meeting adjourned.
CHAIRMANSHIP OF THE HEREFORDSHIRK QUARTER SMSIONS- —We hear that a memorial, signed by many of the Magin. trates of the county, is about to be presented to John Freer man, Esq., of Gaines, requesting him to undertake the offic. of Chairman of the County Sessions, vacated by the retire ment of Mr. Barneby, owing to ill health.—Hereford Journal CONFLAGRATION ON BOARD THB STEAM-SHIP MARMORA.— We have received, through an express from the Cove of Cork, the following important pactieulan -— Cove of Cork, Nov. 2nd, 11\. 30m. p.m. The American screw steamer Marmora, Captain Page, 36 hours from Liverpool for Constantinople, has just arrived here, her coals having ignited ten hours after she left the former port! She has this moment brought up at the Flag Ship, from which vessel marines and sailors have been sent to assist in extinguishing the flames, which, owing to the hatches having been closely battened down, have not yet broken through the deck. Signals h&ve been made from H.M.S, Crocodile, and a gun fired for the immediate attendance of firemen, engines, &c. "Admiral Sir H. Pigot is now going on board the Marmora, and it is reported she will be hauled alongside the Dock-yard Quay at high water (now young flood), when she will be scuttled." The Debats says-it does not appear to be Abd-el-Kader's intention to attempt the hopeless task of reconquering Algiers, or even to make a stand in the province of Oran, but to carry frTh^r^1. k"11 into Morocco the greatest possible number of' It savs that tifr l° himself a new state and new army to r^eive hemnn^ Urge of uncultivated land ready bourhood ofTaza and il^Wfmo°fMa,°"ia- in.the ,r!ei«b' soon be necessary for the iw»? Vy quarter. The Debuts adds-1 penet,ate int0 that » Abd-el-Kader has still a further object For a lomr time- tirs!1 h,x,Trrfl:' irk,o'ile >° M Fez, under instructors brought frorn^tv^^ TeSu'ar trooPs .in tain its authority. Abd el-Kader ha ™ u onJer to ma|n~ the., preparation, were bei„7 now endeavouring to place himself in n««v "V the Morocco court as one power with another? ^^11"™ longer consent to be considered as a bamci.i/i ? only by hisdeira; but as a sultan, surrounded byL peopTe and having an army at h.s command. froin thiI gravP™P0, tical complications may result. At present, the first object is to re-establish firmly on our territory that authority which has been momentarily shaken and to chase the EmiV out of it, and restore the people who have revolted, to subjection a,id peace. We are in the right way to accomplish this—our ge- nerals and soldiers are redoubling their devoted endeavour* to serve France, and she and her government will not hesi. tate to furnish our army in Africa with all the meant requiied to maintain our conquest and the honour of our nalÏon." The successor of Marshal Soult, as Minister of War, has not yet been definitively appointed, and there appears to be considerable difficulty in making the selection. The Constttu- tionntl says, that General de Lascours has accepted the office but the ministerial papers are silent on the subject, In the meantime, Marshal Soult has quitted the hotel of the Ministry of War. 3
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS. BIRTHS. On the 25th ult., at Place Turton, near Cardiff, Mrs. Phillip Woollett of a daughter. r On the 31st ult., at Cardiff, Mrs. Thomaa Williams, of a daughter. MARRIED. On the 6th inst., at the Welsh Baptist chapel, Charles-street, m this town, Mr James Roberts, (widower) foreman on the JiMrKry'S beKr.rprD<l*nygis"r„J')Sep1' ■» M-EH, On the 21st ult., at St. John the Baptist church, Gloucester Thomas Barton Snead, Esq., solicitor, to Emily Eliza, eldest daughter of Mr. W. M. Evans, solicitor, all of Gloucester. On the 23rd ult., at Ashcott, Lieut.-Colonel Gervas Powell Turbevill, of Glamorganshire, late of her Majesty's 12th regi- ment of Foot, to Sarah Ann, youngest daughter of the late George Warry, Esq., of Sliapwick, Somerset of ^that^p^aee^eW^t ^n^o^Capt'Lidded eddest daughter of the late Rev. Fulwar Craven Fowls, vical of On thJaSSh u °tcElk»tone> Gloucestershire. M? Wm H T ini y -t Paui>» by the Rev. C. P. Bullock, i i v solicitor, of London, to Margaretta Char- lotte, third daughter of Mrs. Langley, of Bristol. DIED. On the 31st ult., aged 62, Mrs. Rebecca Oliver, widow of the ri ^?r?e °hver, an old inhabitant of this town. Un the 6th mst., at the residence of her son, Capt. William *°u" £ >of the Rodney Arms, Newport, Mrs. Rachel Young, in Her 77th year. .^ni^e.^th a protracted illness, borne with Christian fortitude Mrs. Sarah Griffiths, in her 34th year. Edwardfc in8t*»-at St- Leonards, near Monmouth, Mr. Jas. On the 31st ult., William Jenkins, son of Mr. John Thomas mineral and land Green Meadow near Lged nine month8. otic". Md geieV«lly'»»pe«2'»nd "Smed ect, kindness of heart and inteSrtt^ f°r £ -11,-te,~ Hill, formerly of Prospect Hou9fltyFor a^oTseHes oi 'JUS lerived "fronf V°' n"\™?rc re8Pectal»'e youth of this county itonarv'jui 'tuition, the benefits of an accomplished and ,0t a ^ell-regulated moral discipline, ilmith f B Ml Ij4t l^e Bells Inn, Brecon, Mrs. Hannah smith, of Brilley, Herefordshire. The suitden decease of this 1111 table female is another drear exemplification of the truthful passage—" In the midst of life we are in death." On the 17th ult., at Trawscoed, Radnorshire, of consump- tion, John Dutton William Colt, Esq., second IOn of Sir Edward Vaughan Colt, Bart., aged 32. On the 20th ult., of congestion of the brain (brought on by eating nuts) aged nine years, Jamea Viney Robertson, the be- loved and only child oi Mr. James Robertson, of the Spa, near Gloucester, and grandson of the late Samuel Jones, Esq., ot the Upper Court, Lulsley, Worcestershire. n-wt.1!lh A" the Indies, of cholera, Elizabeth, the wife of 1Capt. Harvey Say, of the Indian Army, •laughter of the late Mrs. Nixon, of the Dome-house, Bognor, anAn\TJ £ w £ rau19«"olicitor, of Bristol. On the 29th ult., ill the West Mall, Clifton, aged 30, John, youngest son of the late Rev. R. p. Whallev, ra-tor of Yeovil- tou and illchester, in the cqunty of Somerset. On the 29th ult., at Long Ashton, in her 73rd year, Lretititia, wife of Mr. Dixon, sen., and daughter of the Rev. John Willes, EIq., of Cann Wood House, North Brewham, Somerset. On the 30th ult., at Gwehellog, aged 06, John Lewis, laborer. Lut week, at Usk, aged 73, John Bw», laborer.