WHEN WILL SUMMER COME AGAIN ? How the bitter whirlwind roars „ With the snow storm in its train Fast the fleecy deluge pours When will summer come again ? When will harvest's golden brow, O'er the valley and the plain, All its glorious lustre throw ? When will summer come again ? Now the woods are stripped and bare Bare the valley and the plain Blearhed the hills that were so fair Will they ere look green again ? Oh for wandering in the woods, Oh for sunshine on the main !— Limpid billows,—sparkling floods When will summer come again ? Earth is like an aged man, White his locks with winter's stain And the stars are pale and wan When will summer come again ? Oh for lonely glade and bower, Oh for pleasure's smiling train,- Bua and blossom, fruit and flower When will summer come again ? Ic'd in armour is the stream, Glitt'ring like a silver vein Half congealed, the solar beam Strives to pierce the clouds in vain. When will balmy breezes blow,- Songsters warble many a strain ? When will little wild flowers grow ? When will summer come again ? Dakeyne.
THE FISHERMAN. The waters rush, the waters roll a fisherman sits angling by He gazes o'er their glancing flood with sleepy brow and listless eye And while he looks, and while he lolls, the flood is moved as by a storm, And slowly from its heaving depths ascends a humid woman's form. She sings, she speaks,—" Why lure, why wile, with human craft and human snare, My little ones, my helpless brood, to perish in this fiery air ? Ah couldst thou guess the dreamy bliss we feel below the pur- ple sea, Thou woulJst forsake the earth and all, to dwell beneath with them and me. The moon, the sun, their travel dene, come down to sleep in Ocean's caves They reascend their glorious thrones, with doubled beauty from the waves. Ah! sure the blue ethereal dew, the shining heaven these waters shew, Nay, even thine own reflected face, must draw thee, win thee down below." The waters rush, the waters roll about his naked feet they move An aching longing fills his soul, as when we look on her we love. She sings to him, she speaks to him alas! he feels that all is o'er, She drags him down his senses swim the fisherman is seen no more .'0,
BILLIARDS. Mrs Caudle has been told that Caudle has "taken to play" at Billiards. Oh, you're very lale to-night, dear. It's not late? Well, then, it 1911 t, that's all. Of course, a woman can never tell when i's late. on we.e !tt-e on Tuesday, too a little late on the frnday before; on the Wednesday before that-now, you needn't twist about in that manner; I'm not going to say anything-no, for I see it's now no u<e. Ooce, I own, it used to fret me when you staid out but that's all over: you've now brought me to that state, Ciudle-and it's Notir own fault, entirely-that I don't care whether you ever come home or not. I never thought I could be brought to think so little of you but you've done it: you've been treading on the worm for these twenty years, and it's turned at last. Now, I Iiii not going to quarrel; that's all over: I don't feel enough for you to quarrel with,-I don't, Caudle, as true as I'm in this bed. All I want of you is—any other man would speak to his wife, and not lie there like a log-all I want is this. lust tell me where you was on Tuesday 1 You were not at dear mother's, though you know she's not well, and you know she thinks of leaving the dear children her money; but you never had any feeling for anybody belonging to me. And you were not at your club no, I know that. And you were not at any theatre. How do I know ? Ha, Mr. Caudle, I only wish I didn't know. No; you were not at any of these places but I know well enough where you were. Then why do I usk if I kno-w ? That's it: just to prove what a hypocrite you are jost to show you that you can't deceive me. So, Air. Caudle, you've turned billiard-player, air. Only once 1 That's quite enough you might as well play a thousand times; for you're a lost man, Caudle. Only once, indeed. I wonder, if I was to say Onty once,' what would you say to ine 1 But, ol course, a mau can do no wrong in anything. And you're a lord of the creation, Mr. Caudle ;'and you can stay away from the comforts of your blessed fireside, and the society of your own wife and children—though, to be sure, you never thought anything of them—to push ivory balls about with a long stick upon a green table-cloth. What pleasure any man n take in such stuff must astonish any sensible woman. I pity you, Caudle And you can go and do nothing but make cannons'—for that's the gibberish they talk at baHiards wheo there's the manly and athletic game of cribbage, as my poor grandmother used to call it, at your own hearth. You can go into a billiard-room you, a respectable tradesman, or as you set yourself up for one for if the world knew all there's very little respectability in vou' -you can go and play billiards with a set of creatures in mus. lachios, when you might take a nice, quiet hand with me at home. But no anything but cribbage wit), your own wife » CAUDLE, it s all over now you've gone to destruction. 1 never knew a man enter a billiard-room that he wasn't lost for ever. i h.re wa. my uncle Wakdi e a better man never broke the bread of lIfe; he took to billiards, and he didn't live with allnt a month afterwards. A A nd that's whal YOIJ call a man who leaves his wife-a lucky fellow'? But, to be sure what can I expect 1 We shall not be together long, now it's been some time coming, but, at last, we must separate and the wife I've been to you But ( know who it is it's that friend, Prettyman. I will call him a nend, and I'm by no means a foolish woman you'd no more have thought of billiards than a goose, if it hadn't been for him. No, it's no use, Caudle, your telling me that you've only beeB one, and that you can't hit a ball any how—you'll soon get over all that; and thenyou'll never be at heme. You'll be a marked man, Caudle; yes, marked: there'll be something about you that'll be dreadful; for if I couldn't tell a billiard- player by his looks, I've no eyes, that's all. They all of 'em look as yellow as parchment, and wear mustachios-I suppose you'll let yours grow, now though they'll be a good deal troubled to come, I know that. Yes, they've all a yellow and sly took ju.t for all as if they were first-cousias to people that picked pockets. And that will be your case, Caudle in six months, the dear children won't know their own father. A Well, if I know myself at all, I could have borne anything but billiards. The companions you 'II find The Captains that will be always borrowing fifty pounds of you I tell you, Caudle, a billard-room 's a place where ruin of all sorts is made easy, I may say. to the lowest underllandlog,-so you can't miss it. It's a chapel of ease for the devil to pleach in—don't tell ni,: not to be eloquent: I don't know what you mean, Mr. Caudle, and I shall be just as eloquent as I like. But I never can open my lips-and it is n't often, goodness knows !—that I 'm not intuited. No, I won't be quiet on this matter; I won't. Caudle on any other, I wouldn't say a word-and you know it—if you didn't like il; but on this mailer, I will speak. 1 know you can't play at billiards and never could learn-I dare say not; but that makes it all the worse, for look at the money you '11 lose see the ruin yoa ')) be brought to. And nicely you 'II be eaten up. Don't talk tome; dear aunt told me all about it. The lots of fellows that go every day into billiard-rooms to get their dinners, just as a fox sneaks into a farm-yard to look about for a fat goose,-aOlI they 'tt eat you up, Caudle; I know they Will. Billiard-balls, indeed Well, in my time, I've been over Woolwich Arsenal-you were something like a man, then, for it just before we were married-and then, I saw at) sorts of balls; mountains of 'em, to be shot away at churches, and into people's peaceable habitations, breaking the china, and nobody knows what—I say, I ',e seen a)) these balls-t,,ell, I know I've said that before; but I choose to say it again—and there 's not one of 'em. iron as they are, that could do half the mischief ot a billiard belL That 'a a ball, Caudle, that 'a gone clean thiough many a wife's heart, to say nothing of her children. And that's a ball, that night and day you 'II be destroying you, family with f),)n't tell me You 'll not play When a man's once given to .t—as my poor aunt used to nY-lhe devil's always tempting him with a ball, as he tempted Eve wiih an apple. I shall never think of being happy any more. No: that's quite out of the question. You ')) be there every night-I know you will, better ihau you, so don't deny it—every night ovMthat wicked gieen elolh. Green, indeed It's red, crimsoTied Candle, if you could only properly see it—crimson red with the hearts those balls have broken. Don't tell me not to be pathetic -t shall as pathetic as it suits me. I suppose I may speak. However, I v. done. It's all settled now. You 're a billiard. player, and I m a wretched woman." I did not deny either posilion," wrilesCaudle," and for this reason-I wanted to sleep.—Punch.
CRUEL TREATMENT OF HER MAJESTY'S SHIPS. Housed by the numerous accounts we have received, from the different dockyards and ports, of the inhuman conduct of the surveyor of the Navy and his myrmidons towards his offspring and generally to the unfortunate vessels placed under his caie and despairing of any resulis from official inquiry, we despatched our own Commissioner to investigate the facts of the case-and have much pleasure in subjoining his report, which will, we doubt not, excite universal indignation against those who have thus shockingly abused our gallant defenders. The Victoria and Albert examined.—" Was built at Ports. mouth. Is about two years old. Knows Sir Robert Symonds. Has good reasons to know him. Was treated with kindness at first, and handsomely dressed- Had as many as three coats of paiut, sides gilding. Was ordered out of harbour last year, w ten un it to move. 1 old them she was unfit; but was hauled out of ilock by force. Resisted as well as she could, and nearly went aground in the harbour was made to move on. Moving caused her great pain violent wrenchings in all her join's, and a sensation of weakness in the boiler. Doesn't think she'll ever Zbt over her first attack. The Surveyor said it was all sham and humbug; that she could go if she liked and that, ,f she didn't, he would trim her Looked upon that as a threat. Was always ill-lreaied from that time; has had her engines taken out and put ,n again but experienced no relief. If anything, felt wo,»e ,lmn HaJ,a «ho"»ess of steam, which compelled her to stop every two or three hours. j,as b*fcn the habit ol rolling about, as i( d.unk-, could not help it i, was from weak- ness. All she aaks is to be allowed to fall to pieees quietly as she knows she is past the doctors. Feels as if she is going fast- except when at sea." The poor creature's feeble movements and evident sufleiing from the various operations she has been subjected to were pain- fully apparent while she was under examination. At the con- elusion, she wheezed out of court with great difficulty and our Commissioner has since heard that she is laid up from coming here, as. indeed, she always is after the slightest exertion. The Vanguard examined.—" Was built at Pembroke is ten years old. Ö Always heard Sir Robert Symonds was her father. Has been in the Mediterranean. Went as well as she could. Had not her full allowance of provisions. Complained, but was told it was to make her more active. Felt very much the worse for that trip. The weather was fine, but always suffered at sea, whether smooth or not. Is sure she never went ten knots an hour whoever says so says what isn't true couldn't do it. When made to go fast, felt as if her back was broke. Has refused to obey her helm. Thought she had a right to do so-feeling very uneasy. When she refused to obey her helm she was thrown into the trough. It was the steersman did it. Hutt herself very much. Was made to go to sea in July last, with the Superb, the Caucasus, and some others. Was kept very short of provisions, because she was always behind the rest. Was abused for swim- ming deep. Found it very hard to keep her head above water at all. Hopes she mayn't soon be sent to sea again. Feels that, if she is made to go out in bad weather, she' soon break up—and doesn't care how soon it is. Has bad her head cut two or three times, but feels as heavy as ever. Has heard them talk about trimming her. Tried to go ashore once or twice, but wasn't allowed. Any ship would have tried to go ashore that had been treated as she had' Wishes there was a war-perhaps she'd be put out of her misery." This poor creature was so unlit for work, she could hardly staad upright under the slightest canvass; and the way she laboured and strained, while under examination, was perfectly dreadful. The Superb examined.—" Was built at Pembroke, in 1842. Was fitted out in 1843. Wouldn't take her stores on board refused to do so because she couldn't carry 'em. Is not quick in her movements, and was generally unable to keep up with her companions. Has sustained a severe strain when last out, and feels she ought to be laid up-but believes they intend getting more work out of her. Doesn't know how she's to do it. Her frame is weak, and she feels altogether unsound. Has often wished to be cast away outright. Couldn't well be a greater wreck than she is at present." A greater contrast could not well be imagined, than that afforded by the miserable trio just mentioned, and a hale old lady, named the Canopus, who was in court during the investigation, a fine specimen of French health and agility, though she dates from the last century. She has been accustomed to travel in company with Vanguard and Superb, and outstrips invariably her youthful but yet decrepit companions, while the style in which she stows away her piovisions and water excites the wonder and admiration of all who have seen her. This she owes to her strength of constitution, and the judicious treatment she received while in the cradle. We trust the pailiament in this country will take some steps to protect our wooden walls from the dreadful treatment of which the above examination but imperfectly discloses the appalling partieu I ars.- P UIIC!t.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,—In the Mining Journal, of last Saturday, Mr. Deakin, of Bluenavon, has, in a very laconic manner, put down my railway bridge across the mouth of the river Severn as an impos- sibility. I am sorry my worthy neighbour neglected to assign a single reason for jumping to such a conclusion. Will he per- mit me to supply the deficiency? I should then say that he is in total ignorance of the locality in question, and also of my mode of proceeding in the matter, or he never would have called the proposed undertaking an impossibility, however much it may appear to be, as he terms it, a monstrosity." For the information of Mr. Deakin, and all persons who may incline to his opinion on this business, I beg permission, through the medium of your talented paper, (the proper medium for dis- cussing subjects interesting to the inhabitants of Monmouthshire and South Wales,) to observe that the Severn, at low water, flows through a gut, called the Shoots, only two hundred yaids wide and from the southern shore of this gut, an accumulation of rocks, termed the English S ones, stietches nearly across the entire bed of the Gloucestershire side of the Severn, which rocks are, or easily may be. laid dry for three or four hours every tide. Now, upon these English stones it is proposed to build this monstrous bridge, which, consequently, would have a dry rock foundation for its piers throughout its whole length of two, and not six, miles, as my friend Deakin would represent; and I ap- peal to any experienced country mason, or to any man of com- mon sense, to say whether it would be impossible to construct a bridge, of the length just named, upon dry ground, and a good foundation ? Until thi& conclusion be come to, and fair reasons given, by plain, practical men, such as mabworthy neighbour is generally acknowledged to be (only rather tiard of belief, in the matter of things be has never seen, and, therefore, obstjnate, a trifle or so," as an emeralder would say,) I shall continue to advocate my proposed bridge across the mouth of the Severn, and recommend it as an undertaking which the absolute wants of the country now imperatively call for—an undertaking to ac- commodate mote than a million of people! I would just ask Mr. Deakin how far across the bed of the Severn, from the Monmouthshire side, his floating bridge," with the moosiroas" speed of twenty miles an hourwould be able to proceed at low water I This would be "ride and tie," with a vengeance. The passengers would be carried about one mile, and then have to make up the difference of three miles, on foot. over rocks, stones, sand, mud, sea-weed, and pools of salt water, from an inch to ancle deep! I remain, Sir, yours, respectfully, S. B. ROGERS. Nantyglo, October 22, 1845. 0
To the Agriculturists in the Neighbourhood of Caerleon. GENTLEMEN,—Taking, as I do, a lively interest in all things that may, in any measure, cooduce to the improvement of this my native town and its locality, is my apology (if, indeed, any be required,) for addressing you on a topic which, from my know- ledge of you as a body, I am inclined to think you consider to be of great importance. The spirit of honest emulation in agri- cultural pursuits, as in all other branches of the industrial arts, tends to develop the otherwise unexercised faculties of the mind, and, to excite this spirit, should, in my opinion, be the aim and effort of every member of the buman/amily. Thus, then, I may, perhaps, be excused, if I remind you of yorfr apparent apathy, as regards yourselves and that while the farmers, &c., in the neighbourhoods of U!4k and Monmouth, and Chepstow and Newport, can boast of their clubs, instituted for the purpose of holding discussions, &c., on subjects solely pertaining to the improvement of the soil, and those connected therewith, you are quite inactive, and viewing with seeming indifference their pro- gress in the onward march to the goal of perfection. Possessed, as we unquestionably are, of a soil as genial as any Possessed, as we unquestionably are, of a soil as genial as any 10 this country, we should in no wise lack making use of appli- ances and inventions, as done in other parts lellt favoured, inas- much as although Dame Nature has bountifully blessed us with land, which, in its present state is extremely fertile and produc- tive, we shall yet find upon enquiry, that the ingenuity of man is capable of further directing and assisting us in the develop- ment of its resources. I would, then, with all deference, suggest to you the propriety of immediately calling a meeting for the purpose of taking into consideration the necessary steps to be taken for the formation of a Farmer's Ciub, to be held in this town,for, by this means, you would not only be enabled to meet together to impart to each other the knowledge which you have individally acquired, but you would also gain the advantage of having at your command the various publications relating to agriculture, as their cost to the members of a society collectively would be comparatively trifling, however expensive such an outlay may appear when made by a single jodiv idual. lo additioo premiums beingperiodiraliyjoffeied by the society, would be the means of inciting the husbandmen in your employ to double diligence, in order the better to enable them to distinguish themselves when called upon to compete for these rewards of merit and skill, thus would you be benefitted in a pecuniary point of view. Besides this, theie is every reason 10 suppose that the neighbouring landlords aDd gentlemen would enrol themselves amongst you, and with their libraries and purses afford you every co-operation in the furtherance of an object, at once so useful and desirable. Let me, therefore, urge upon you the proptiety of being" up and doing," (or I leel convinced that once stimulated to exer- tion, you lack neither the enterprising spirit nor energy which characterizes our neighbours, nor the laudable desire to compete with them in their honourable rivalry for pre-eminence as agri- culturists. I am, gentlemen, your humble servant, Isca Silurum, Oct. 23, 1845. JULIUS.
IRELAND. r DUBLIN, OCT. 25. rHE POTATO DISEASE—Taken altogether, ihe reports to-day are less unfavourable than any that have yet appoared. In the King's county, and seme other districts, where the disease has but recently developed itself, considerable alarm prevails, and the injury is represented as most serious; but in Westmeath and other counties. where the blight has been for several weeks, it is stated that there is an appaient cessation-ihat Ihe injury is not so very extensive as had been supposed, and that wheie potatoes, partially affected, have been sioied in dry and waim houses, or subjected to careful treatment, they have become com- paratively sound. But, nevertheless, a very large portion of the crop is already completely .Iestroyed. a fifth at least, and there is no speculating upon the amount of damage that may still be done. ————
GOVERNMENT COMMISSION. Professors Li ndley and Day fair, together with Profeesor Kane, of this city, will sit at the board room of the Dublin Society House, Kildare-street, on Monday next, as a commission from government, to inquire into the extent and nature of the disease, to institute a series of experiments on the subject, and to report to the government.
THE ORANGE MANIMESTO. The Evening Mail contains the following letter — I> Blessingion, October 13, 1845. My dear Lord Roden,-I received yours, and the proposed address, of which it is needless to say that I approve most highly. I am sorry that I shall not be able to attend at Belfast on the 17th'; but hope you will have as good an attendance as on the 19th ultimo. I need hardly also say that 1 trust that the feelings there expressed by so influential body have undergone no change, and thai, on the contraiy, they are prepared to carry out future measures with redoubled vigour and firmness. Ours is a cause that must rise with the occasion, aod I wish I could look forward to the same caution and discretion on the part of our brethren of the lower classes; but I hope that they will look before they leap, and, by laying aside old recollectioos, trust to older and wiser heads, to be guided out of the whirlpool of treachery on the one side, and expediency on the other, which surrounds them. Let them recollect that the present is the be- ginning of a fresh era in the history of onr wrongs, and that on their steadines depends the fate of our common religion in Ire. land, and, perhaps, the union of the two countries. Let them earn the reputation, from the English, of a thinking and steady race, determined to vindicate their rights. We have long enough, I think, winked at the subversion of Protestantism, and if they do not help us to carry out proper views of moderate but effective resistance, we shall be in statu quo, and laughed at for ou; fee. bienes". Let ours, then, be the united pull of one body.- I beg you will sign the address for me and believe ever most truly yours, *• DowNSHmg. To the Earl of Rodea, Donegal Arln., Belfast." CHEPSTOW. A correspondent wishes to know what court he is to apply to for the recovery of a debt under £ 5. Is it to the County Court ? And is that court to be removed from town to town throughout the county, or fixed at Newport? There was formerly a Court of Conscience held in Chepstow, under the jurisdiction of the Duke of Beau- fort. Can it be revived ? The Act says, that applications and proceedings need pot be made by counsel or attorney. Must the Chepstow creditor appear personally at Newport, or wherever the Sheriffs Court may be held ? If so, the expenses attending the journey, loss of time, &c., would exceed a debt of 40s., and the creditor may as well forego his demand. The County Court of Monmouth is held monthly, and alter- nately at Monmouth and Newport, and is limited to debts undei 40s. The Small Debts Act (8 and 9 Vic., c. 127), is not avail- able until judgment has been obtained in the County Court, or in one of the superior Courts of Common Law at Westminster' when the Commissioners of Bankruptcy, or other judge acting under the Small Debis Act, will make an order for payment, 81 well of the original debt as the costs of obtaining the judgment, Personal attendance is not necessary previous to obtaining judg- ment. The Newport Borough Court, which will be soon revived, is to be stationary, and in all probability will embrace a very extended jurisdiction. With reference to the Chepstow Court of Conscience, an ap. plication to the Duke of Beaufort who answers letters with urbanity or to Mr. Wyatt, Troy House, would be advisable at a preliminary step. PONTYPOOL. On Tuesday, Oct. 14. the children of the Infant School, to th number of 160, were regaled with tea, cake, &c.; the generou. treat of their philanthropic patron and patroness, the Lord-Lieua tenant and Mrs. H. Leigh, at whose sole expense the school i suppoited. Several of the principal gentry were present on the occasion, who appeared much to enjoy the delightful fete- and well they might. The children were not examined on the occa sion but, from their general behaviour and smartness, we pre- sume were well prepared for such an exhibition. The room was tastefully decorated with evergreens, &c and the demonstration was, on the whole, very creditable to Mr. and Mrs, Whiteley, by whom the institution is governed. BRECON SESSIONS. At the recent Breconshire Quarter Sessions, John Walker and John Rixen, both ol Newport, were found guilty of stealing a quantity of slates from the premises of Messrs. William Williems and Co., limber and slate merchants, at Brecon. Walker was sentenced to be transported for seven years, and Rixen to twelve months' imprisonment and hard labour. CARDIFF. EXTRAORDINARY ESCAPE OF FOVR MEN FROM DnowNiNG.— Lately, Mr. ). Rees, assistant-tide-surveyor to the Customs, wn!) J. Davies, Emanuel Hosxington, and J. Rees, went out in the Custom-house boat, on duty, and when in Penarth roads they met with au overwhelming squall, which capsized the boat, the wind blowing from W.N.W. the whole of the crew were precipitated into the water, but cluug to the boat, when the schooner, Sir C Napier, of Southampton, seeing them in a perilous situation instantly made way to the rescue, and, in their course, the wind blowing great guns, ran right across them, and cut the boat nearly in two. As soon as the schooner, had passed over them, they lowered their boat and saved the four sinking men. The boat has since been picked up and brought into poit. Oa Wednesday week, Captain Rosewall, of the Maitha, of Saint Ives, left the Bute Dock, Cardiff, and got into the roads, when, unfortunately, the vessel came in contact with another craft, which so swung her round, that the tiller of the rudder struck the captain on the head aod knocked him senseless 011 the deck. He remained there for some hours, the ciew'not knowing what was best to be done and at last they brought him to the Grifliin in a state of total insensibility. Mr. Thomas Evans, the surgeon, was sent for, who immediately administered relief.
TOWN-HALL, CARDIFF.—MONDAV. OCT. 27. Present—Henry Morgan, Esq., and the Rev. T. Stacey. RECEIVING STOLEN PROPERTY. Thomas Griffiths, locksmith, Cardiff, was charged with receiving three keys, the properly of Lord Bute, the same being stolen property. Sarah Rushworth, sworn, said I live at Cardiff castle, in the employ of Lord James S:uart, as kitchen-maid. On Saturday last, about three p.m., I left the kitchen for a quarter of an hour or thereabouts, and shut all the doois. When I returned, I found one door open. and went to shut it, and missed the key. The key was in it when I left the kitchen. I missed the keys out of othei two doors. I found a parcel lying in the kitchen from Mr. Mitchell, shoemaker it had been brought there while I was absent from the kitchen. The keys now produced are those that were missing. The castle and the keys are the properly of Lord Bute. Richard Green, sworn, said I am twelve years old, and in the employ of Mr. Mitchell, shoemaker, as errand boy. On Saturday last, I was sent to the castle with some shoes, and on my way I met Edmund Matthews, by Mr. Allen's shop, in Duke. stieet, and we went together. Matthews told me, if I could get any keys to bring them, and he knew where to sell them. When we got to the lodge gate, the woman would not let Matthews in, but I went down the steps to the kitchen, and put down my parcel. I was alone. I saw three keys in three locks, and took them out, carried them away, and sold them to the man. Matthews was waiting outside the castle for me. We said nothing, but went together to a nailor's shop by Mrs. Fairclough's, a little beyond the Hayes. I saw the prisoner, and asked him if he wanted any keys. He said, yes. I showed them to him, and he took them and gave me two-pence. Matthews said nothing all the time. I had the money, and gave him one half-penny of it; he was quite satisfied, and did not say he ought to have more. Griffiths did not ask me where I had the keys from. About a month ago I met him, and he asked me if 1 had any keys to sell. I told him 1 had none. I never had anything to do with him before. Edmund Matthews, aged eleven years, said On Saturday last I met Green up town he bad two parcels. I told him nothing, but went with him to the castle gate, when the woman turned me out. He went in, and came out again with a parcel and three keys, and said be was going to tell the keys. We went down to the apple boat, at the wharf; but before we went there, we went to Thomas Griffiths' shop, in the lane. We saw the prisoner, and Green asked him if he would buy the keys. The prisoner said he would. Green then gave him the keys, and he said he would give two-pence for the lot. Green took it and gave me one half-penny. Griffiths did not ask where the keys came from. Mr. John Mitchell, sworn The boy Green was in my employ as errand boy. On Saturday last I sent him to Cardiff caslle, with a pair of shoes for Mrs. Vaughan. I also sent another parcel at the same time, and previous to Ins returning, a lady came to my shop, and asked if my boy was in. I said he was not. She then left; and, fancying something was wrong, I asked Mrs. Mitchell to call her back, and ask her what she wanted with him. Mrs. Mitchell did so, and was told he had taken three keys out of doors in the kitchen at the castle. I then went to look for him, and met him coming round the corner of North- street. I took him into the shop, and asked him what he had in his pocket; he said "pudding." I asked him what he had done with the keys of the castle, and he said he had not seen them. I then asked him where he had the money to buy the pudding with, and he said his mother gave it to him. I took him to the castle, examined the doors, saw no keys, and pressed him to tell the truth. He denied having seen them, and I threatened to take him to Mr. Slockdale and he then said he had taken them and told them. Alter hearing other evidence, Mr. Morgan gave the prisoner the usual caution, when he said: I buy fifty keys of a day sometimes, from housekeepers sending children with them. Mrs. Davis, of the wharf, sent a child with some the other day, I also buy them fioin travellers. My business is in the lock line. I did not know those keys Mere stolen. Committed toquaiter sessions, to be held at Cardiff. Admitted to bail. Robert Jones, paioter, and Edmund Morris, clerk to Mr. T. G. Phillpolis, were charged by Francis Pumell, ahetiff's bailiff, with an assault. Mr. Llangley conducted the prosecution, and Mr. Morris defended himself. Fiancis Pumell, examined by Mr. Llangley I received instiuclions from you last week, to put a distress in Robert Jones' house, and 1 took Robert Thomas with me. On Wednes- day last, about three p.m., we went to his house in Working- street, aod levied on ibe goods named in ihe inventory now pro- duced. 1 gave a copy of the notice to his wife, in a quartet of an hour after the inventory was made out. Mr. Morris objected to the inventory being put in as evidence, as he had no notice to produce the copy. Mr. Morgan said this was an original document, and could be put in. Mr. Evans then read it, which showed that the distress was for arrears of rent, f4. 18s., on a house occupied by Mr. Robert Jones, in Womanby-street. Francis Purnell, continued We left the premises about nine p.m., by pure forcc of arms. Mr. Morris said that Mr. Morgan had authorised them to turn them out. Jones pulled, and Morris pushed behind, and bundled me out, and held a candle in his hand. Robert Thomas soon came out. I had the warrant with me when they turned me out. Cross-examined by Mr. Morris: I was sent to Working-street, to destrain. I knew the debt was arrears of rent due on a house in Womanby-street. I don't know whether the houses both belong to the same Mr. Harris. You put only one hand on me, and held the candle with the other. Jones did ask me to go out. I said I was there by the authority of Mr. Llangley. You asked me if I had Mi. Harris's authority for distraining, but 1 cannot say whether Jones did or not. I pulled back as much as I could when Jones was pulling me out. I can't say whether you were sitting down when Jones look hold of me, but you were standing up when you took hold of the candle. When asked as to my authority for distraining, I said This is all mv aulhoiity," and showed the warrant. Jones then told me to go out unless I showed mote authority. Mr. Llangley, sworn: Mr. Wm. Hanis, cabinet-maker, Cardiff, requested me to put in a distress for him for £4. 18s., arrears of rent due to him by Robert Jones, on the premises then occupied by Robert Jones, in Working-street, as goods fraudu- lently removed within thirty days from Womanby-street, where he had rented a house from Mr. Harris, for the occupation of which the £ 4. 18. were due. I received these instructions the same day aa I sent Purneli in. Cioss-examined by Mr. Morris I received no written instruc- tions from Mr. Harris. Mr. Morgan said. as his name had been mentioned, he would explain that one night last week Jones came to him, and said the bailiffs had come into his house and made a distress without showing their authority for so doing, and Jones wanted him to send a policeman to send them out. He told him that he would not listen lo any exparie statement of one side only, and if any person came to levy on his own goods without pioper authority, he would turn them out; but be (Jones) might use his own discretion. Mr. Morris then stated that the £4. 18s. were due on a house in Womaoby.street-tbat there were sufficient goods left on the premises 10 pay the amount—that there had been no evidence produced as to a fraudulent removal—and that the bailiff's bad no right on the premises in Working-street, for a debt due on the premises in Womanby-street. The Magistrates concurred with Mr. Morris's opinion, and dismissed the case. MR. HUDSON AND THB MANCHESTER AND LEEDS RAILWAY COMPANY.— The Standard says, We believe we are in a posi- tion fully to confirm the rumours which have been prevalent for some days past in railway circles, to the effect that negociations are in progress between the hitherto hostile companies presided over by Mr. Hudson and Mr. Houldsworth. We can also add that these negociations are only a part of a grand scheme for a general pacification between the great companies, as well with a view to their mutual protection as for the purpose of meeting the demands of the public for increased railway accommodation. Mr. Hudson, we understand, has enleied into the matter with great zeal; and the Manchester and Leeds Company have evinced an equally conciliatory spiiil, their only anxiety being that every interest shall be fully considered and provided for. We hope that in a few days the matter will have so far advanced as to eo. able us to enter further iota details.
DOMESTIC NEWS. A man, named Brooks, is in custody in Bath, charged with having five wives No fewer than 2,800 tickets had been disposed of for the Athenaeum soiree, at Manchester, and the demand was un. precedentedly great. The Original omnibus, the propeity of Mr. R. Dobbins, which has now been running between Cheltenham and Glouces- ster upwards of forty years, will, in a few days, close its career; the competition caused by the railway having for some time made it a losing speculation. It is expected that the leading members of the cabinet will assemble in London about the second week in November, and it cannot be denied that most grave considerations await them. By that time they will be in full possesssion of the information which, in the meanwhila, will be sedulously procured from all parts of the country as to that most vital of all questions, the food of the people, in fact, the means of sustaining life among millions of our humbler fellow beings. THE LATE FIGHT FOR THE CHAMPIONSHIP.— An action is com- menced against the stakeholder in this contest, by Caunt, to re- cover back his stake of £200, and which was paid over to Ben- digo the case will be tried in the CoutI of Exchequer in the next term. A HopEruL YOUTH !-The son of a nobleman, not 100 miles from Dublin, lost £ 270 in a match at rackets on Sunday week, at the new racket court. Limerick which sum was paid part in cash, and the remainder by a bank order at sight. A GOOD PROPOSAL.-A Saturday's contemporary says—" It has been suggested that the amount of subscriptions now being gathered in for the Hudson lestimoial should be invested in found- j ing alms-houses, to be called the Hudson Almshouses,' for the widows and orphans of those who may lose their lives in the ser- vice of railways, or by accident upon them.—Tyne Mercury, RAILWAYS IN INDIA.-The airival of the Hindostan steamer with Mr. Siinms, Mr. Stephenson, and the railway surveyors who accompanied him, has given new life to the railway proceedings. Nothing can exceed the earnest anxiety of the Governor-General upon the subject, and all is bustle and activity. A commission, consisting of Colonel W. N. Forbes, Colonel Cheape, Captain Green, and Captain Goodwyn, with two civilians, and two mer- cantile men, has been already deeided upon, DEATH OF .MR. COSIMISSIONEtt BOTELER.— Leeds, Thursday. —The case of Mr. Boteler, the Bankruptcy Commissioner, was an utterly hopelesa one, and the anticipation of a fatal result was realised this morning by the death of that learned gentleman, at his residence, at Oulton, near Leeds. He has giadually sunk since the amputation of his leg 011 Tuesday. BROKERS' CIIARGKs.-The following are the tales of commis- sion charged by London brokers for buying and selling shares, with rules of conduct generally observed in the shsre transac- lions :-Shares under f5 value, t". per share; ditto of £5 and under £ 20 value, 2s. 6d. per share ditto of J20 and underf50 value, 5s. per share; ditto of £ 50 and upwards, 10s. per cent. on the cost of the shares. RAILWAY EncrNES.—We have heard that an ingenious disco* covery has been made which will gieaily modify the danger of the engines and cariiagea of railways jumping off the rails when the velocity is increased. The inode of the invention has been submitted to General Pasteyand Mr. Poiter, of the Board of Trade, by whom it is greatly approved, and it will be brought before Parliament immediately after the opening of the session. The model is placed in the possession of Mr. Northouse,parlia- mentary agent, preparatory to its introduction to Parliament.- Morning Herald. DISEASE IN THE POTATO CROP.-—AS much alarm is fell as to the consequences of the ail-but universal failure of this important esculent, we feel it right to give as much publicity as possible to the fat I, that a very large amount of farinaceous matter maybe extracted from the decayed roots, if immediate steps be taken to do so. In connection, therefore, with this subject, we have pleasure in stating that on Friday last Professor Ilenslow gave an instructive address to the workmen engaged at Messrs. Raoitomet* foundry—a very large number of whom devoted a portion of their dinner hour to listening to the professor. After his remarks, Professor Henslow look a raw potato, peeled and grated it, &c.; and in ten minutes' times presented it to the workmen in a very palatable farinaceous shape. Many of the woikmeu tasted it, and expressed themselves highly gratified with its agleeable nnd wholesome character, and with the simple man- ner in which it was made.-Ipswich Express. It is said that the patronage of Mr. Hudson has been obtained for the Manchester and Southampton Railway, by a grant of 25,000 shaies IRON STEAM SHips.—tneconstrucnon of iron steam snips is now making rapid progress in England, and paiticularly at Liver- pool. In the extensive yard of Messrs, James Hodgson and Co., there are no no less than five iron steamers building. One an iron steam ship, of 1,400 tons burden, the first of a new line of steamers to run between New York and Liverpool; her engines will be of 180-horse power, wiihihe screw propeller; she will be fitted up in the first style for passsenger and freight accommodation. Also another iron steam ship, of 600 tons, to run between Liverpool and Rio de Janeiro, the first of a new line of eight; her engine power is to be 100 horse, with the screw propeller. Also a third iron steamer, of smaller tonnage, intruded for Buenos Ayres, with the screw propeller. They have also several other smaller iron ships now building. THE POTATO DISEASE.—It is four or five weeks since I first called attention to the appearance of the potato disease in some districts on the eastern coast of Ireland, especially in places four or five miles from Dublin. People here were generally iocredu- lous as to the existence of such a disease but meantime it was spreading in all ditections, and now there are few counties in which the potato crop has not been more or less affected. It is now manifest that the disease is greatly influenced by the state of the atmosphere. During a week or two of fine weather there was a decided check, and farmers indulged ike belief that the pestilence had ceased it certainly was not extending. But after a week's heavy rain we have accounts of the appearance and spread of the disease in almost all of the country. A letter from Ardee, county of Louth, gives the following de- plorable account:—" I am sorry to inform you that this dire calamity is still making fearful strides, and the state of the po- toto crop at present is calculated to cause the most serious alarm in districts which, a fortnight ago were thought to be exempt from it. The greatest panic prevails at present. The ravages com- mitted in a single week, nay, a single day, are surprising. The only theme which occupied the different persons that came to our market on Tuesday was the fearful state of the potato crop. I know one gentleman who purchased for his men a ton of oat- meal to have ready as a substitute. He declared to me it was pitiful to see the poor people actually crying about their crop— their all."—Dublin paper. DUTY ON COALS BY RAILWAY.—IO the Coal Act, of last session (8 and 9 Vic. c. 101) continuing the duty on coals from the 31st December next for a period of seven years, there is a new provision with respect to coals conveyed by railways. By Ihe second clause it's declared that the dutynow imposed shall be extended upon all coals culm, and cinders, brought to any place within the port of London, or within the cities of London and Westminster, and the borough of Southward, or to any place within the distance of twenty miles from the General Post-office, by any railway already constructed or heretofore to be construc- led. 1 lieie is a pioviso that railway companies, their workmen and agents, and other jteisons using their railways, shall not be prevented from bringing by such railways, to any points of the railways nearer to London than the aforesaid distance, such quantities of coal and coke as sball be required to be used, and shall be bond jide used for the purposes of the engines of the company, not exceeding 500 tons in a year. It is further pro- vided that in the event of coals being brought nearer than the distance, which shall be used other than for the engines, or more than 500 tons shall be brought iu one year, such company shall forfeit to the City of London, for every ton, the sum offlOO. to to be recovered in one of Her Majesty's superior courts. The fluctuations which take place in the value of railway pro- perty are often the subject of remark. We will instance a Scotch line, called the Glasgow and Barrhead Railway. The shares in this line were selling six or seven weeks ago, at £ 6., including the deposit of f2. 10s.; they rose in a very short lime to .E24., and then as suddenly fell back to £17. but, strange to say, they again look a start, which has, we believe, no parallel in any description of joint-stock properly. They bounded up in a few days from £ 17. to X40. Those who were fortunate holders, to any extent, of the scrip of this line, must have realised large for- lunes in the brief space of a few weeks. A holder of 250 shares at par must have realised little short of £ 10,000. by the transac- tion.-Fi(e Herald. A society, having lor its object the protection of railway pro- prietors from risk, on the principle of insurance society company. is advertised, with a capital of £ 3,000,000. in 30,000sharea of jEtOO. each. The title of the company is the Railway Gllar. antee Society. RAILWAY SHAR69-A certain gentleman of large properly, and who had figured. if he does not now figure, as a railway di- rector, applied for shares in a certain projected lailway. Fifty, it seems, were allotted to him. Whether that was the number he applied for or not, deponent sailh not but by some means, nothing got added to the 50 and made it 500. The deposit for the said 500 was paid into the bankers', the scrip obtained, and before the mistake could be detected and corrected-for no doubt it was only a mistake, or at most a lapsus penux—the shares were sold, and some £ 2,000. piofit by this very fortunate acci- dent found its way into the pocket of the gentleman.—Herepath's Joumul.
CLERICAL PURCHASERS OF RAILWAY SHARES. The defence by the Rev. Dr. Townsend at the Sunderland dinner, of clergymen charged with speculating in railways, was one of the features of the festival that deserves to be distinctly brought out. It is manifestly unsuiled to the sacred calling of a clergyman that he should engage io gambling speculations, and be running a race for wealth with his flock, whom he is constantly admonishing against paying too much legard to worldly gains but there is a wide distinction to be made between those who purchase railway shares as a profitable investment of their capital, and those who buy scrip one day for Ihe purpose of speculating for a rise, that they may sell again to advantage. This gambling in shares is, indeed, very seductive, and against such a diversion of the mind from regular business, it is the duly of the clergyman to remonstrate, which he could scarcely do if himself embarked in the same hurry scurry after riches. The investment of capital in raIlways is as legitimate an operation for the clergyman as ihe layman, and it is such that Dr. Townsend defends. His observations are so much to the point as to deserve the prominence of being reproduced in this part of our journal: —He had seen it asserted in the Times that railways were not a legitimate speculation, nor a justifiable outlay of capital. What! at a time when the funds were only paying 3 per cent., were those who lived in retirement on such propeity to be blamed for coming forward and embarking in projects which, while they increased their own incomes, diffused capital and employment throughout the entire country ? This he had always observed- that those who were loudest in deciying railways were always the first to purchase shares for the rise, and to sell them when they had attained a premium. (Cheers.) lie had seen it stated, that last year £ 2,000,000. had been added to the profits of those who held railway shares. What was that but an actual increase of £ 2,000,000. to the capital of the country ? (Hear.) Under such circumstances, he did not thiuk lhat anything would justify the bishops and clergy io withholding their sanction and appro- bation from the. railways, both existing and in contemplation throughout that great coiinlry, calculated as they were to add to the prosperity and material enjoyment of their flocks. They were, in his opinion, meet objects for the approbation and sup- port of the pastors. (Hear, hear.) He, for one, was not afraid to say, that he rejoiced in the lull. development of the railway system. (Cheers.) It was spreading, not only in England, but throughout the continent—-over the world, in fact. Froin London to Edinburgh, from St. Petershurgh to Moscow, from Brussels to Cologne. tile railways weie spreading, cariying civili zation and Cluisiianiiy in theii train, and making all the people of the world as one united family- (Cheers.) 10 sbow the bene- ficial tendencies of railways, lie might mention that the lei minus of the Newcastle and Berwick Railway would be built on the foundation of the old castle of Berwick the one a formidable barrier against the inlercouráe of neighbours, the oilier lhe best means of bringing them into constant and friendly intercourse. (Cheers.)—Steam Timet,
Corn Trade. The fine weather experienced during the past fortnight has in some measure allayed the uneasiness previously felt respecting the fate of that portion of the crop so long exposed in the fields, and within the last eight days harvest operations have been re- sumed. That all the corn not secured previous to the 13th Sep- tember must have been materially injured by the almost constant wet weather which prevailed from that time till the termination of the first week in the present month, is greatly to be feared and though the grain may. under the improved aspect of affairs, be carried in rather better order than appeared probable a fort- night ago, still it is much to be apprehended that the result of the harvest will prove even worse in the northern parts of the kingdom than is unfoilunalely the case in the southern districts. As yet, little can be koown as to the extent of the deficiency in the more backward parts but judging from the almost univer- sal complaints of the yield from those counties where a compara- tively good return was expected, there is too much reason to con- c:ude that the total growth of wheat will this year fall very far short of that of average seasons. The trade in the article has, nevertheless, lost some portion of ths animation by which it has of late been characterised, not, we believe, from any change of opinion respecting the deficiency in the yield and quality of the crop, but owing to a somewhat economised consumption in con- sequence of the very rapid and material rise which has already taken place in the value of bread aluffs. This is a perfectly na- tural state of affairs an advance of 15s. to 20s. per qr. in the space of a couple of months, must, it may readily be conceived, cause many sellers to come forward, whilst parties having stocks on hand may be expected to feel a disposition to work them up pretty closely before entering into fresh investments at so greatly enhanced rates. Nothing has, however, transpired to allow us to hope that the reports of the defective nature of the wheat crop have been in the slightest degree exaggerated on the contrary, every day furnishes fresh evidence that the yield per acre, as well as the weight and quality, are to the full as inferior as was at any time anticipated would be the case. We observe from some of our Scotch letters that a new source of uneasiness has sprung up in that country, viz., the safety of the turnip crop. There are well authenticated teports that this bulb has been attacked by a worm to an extent threatening ma- terially to detract from the produce; but as these complaints apply only to a particular district, we trust the mischief will prove of a local character. The potato disorder, or murrain, as it is there termed, seems to be quite as serious in the noith as in the south, and the excitement occasioned thereby had, by the latest advices, in no degree abated. At Edinburgh, on Wednes. day, all descriptions of grain weie in active request. The value of wheat underwent a further rise of 2s. per qr. Barley was quoted is. to 2s. higher than on that day week, and a similar enhance- ment took place in prices of oats, beans, and peas. The advices from Glasgow, of the same date, are of an equally exciting cha- racter, and quotations are now higher in the northern than in the southern markets. From Ireland the letters confirm to the fullest extent the pre. vious statements regarding the potato rot; in many districts which were supposed to have escaped, the disorder is reported to have shown itself; in addition to which, a further cause of un. easiness had arisen, owing to the manner in which the potatoes, apparently sound when dug, had afterwards gone off; this cir- cumstance having given rise to a doubt whether the seemingly healthy portion 01 the crop would keep through the winter, holders of corn had refused to sell except at the very high terms, and im- portant as has been the recent rise in prices in the English mar- kets, the upward movement on the other side of the channel has more than kept pace with the advance here. At none of the leading consuming towns is good wheat ob- tainable, at present, much under 70s. per quaiter still the general weekly aveiage of the kingdom but little exceeds 58s. per qr. That the duty must sooner or later fall to a very low point is now deemed cerlaio, and with this prospect there is little probability of any part of the bonded stocks being for some time entered for home consumption. The nominal top quotation of flour is now firmly fixed at 60s. per sack, and the bakers have paid the enhancement more readily than is usually the case. Ship flour has also been in good request, and has commanded very full terms. American in bond has found takers at 30s., and Canadian free at 35s. pet bariel. The market has been spariugly supplied with barley, and hav. ing, in addition to a pretty active inquiry from the distillers and mahsters, experienced a speculative demand for this article, fac- tors have been enabled to realise enhanced terms. The recent advance in the value of malt has been well support- ed, and fioin present appearance we deem a further rise by no means improbable. The arrivals of oats have fallen short materially of the weekly consumption, and the continued unfavourable accounts from all quarters relative to potatoes rendering an unusually large con- sumplton of oatmeal probable, prices have tuo up very rapidly. ma<'e on Wednesday were generally at Is. per quarter over Monday's currency, and on Friday a further rise to fully lhe same extent was established. Fine corn brought 35s. per quaiter on the latter day common new Irish sold at 30s., and for foieign feed as much as 25s. to 26s. per quarter was paid in bond. Some very low returns from Wales caused the last general average to be only 23s. 5d. per quarter; but there can be no doubt that the recent important rise in prices must soon influence the returns sufficiently to occasion a fall in the duty. Beans have come to hand sparingly, and lhe business done in Ihe article has beeo at rates not previously obtainable. Peas have commanded prices nearly as high as those realised when the excitement caused by the export demand was at its height, say 55s. to 57s. for while boilers, 54s. to 58s. for large blue, and 44s. to 46s. for maples.—Mark-lane Express.
POTATO DISEASE. To the Editor of the Evening Clnomck* Sir,—I have to request the favour of your giving insertion to the enclosed letter of Mr.Tatlersall.ofGrosvenor-place. Chlorine is easily made by mixing three parts salt, one of manganese, and two of oil of vitriol, in an earthen vessel. Many bushels of po- tatoes can be disinfected at an expense of a few shillings. Your obedient servant, Medical-hall, 168, Piccadilly. HENKY REECE. Dear Sir,—I examined the potatoes submitted by you to chlorine, and then kept in a warm dry place. The potatoes were from my farm at Willisdon, where thefcrop was first taken up. More than one third of them were thrown away as good for nothing; soon after the others began to decay: those sent to you were all infected with the prevalent disease; they are now completely healthy. In one, where the disease had previously destroyed two thirds of the potato, the decay had been stayed a clear line of demarcation was established between the healthy and diseased portion, which had quite dried up; the bad smell was entirely gone. The potato, when cut open, was sweel and healthy, though the entire portion which the disease had spared could not have been a third. The remedy is so cheap and simple, and a large quantity may be cleaned with so little trouble, that I think it ought to be made known to the public. I placed my potatoes in thin layers on hurdles in a close room, and then applied the chlorine. With many thanks for the trouble you have taken, Believe me, yours truly, Grosvenor-place, Oct. 23, E. TATTERSALL. H. lleece, Esq."
EUGENE SUE AND THE MANCHESTER ATHENAEUM The Manchester Guardian gives a letter fioin Eugene Sue, in reply to an invitation of the Directors of the AtheoæUID. The following is a translation Sir,—1 have received with the most profound and respectful gratitude the invitation which you have done me the honour to forward me, in the name of the directois of the Manchester Athenaeum. Unfortunately, a nervous illness, which is attri- buted to overwork, and which requires incessant care in conse- quence of the pain which it gives me, preclude* me (to my keen- est regret) from coming to England for the purpose of being pre- sent at the annual soiree of the Athensum. Have the goodness, Sir, to be my interpreter with the direc- to is of the Athenaeum, and to assure them how I am touched and impressed with the fl itleriug distinction which they have deigned to accord me, for it would have been (ome an honour as great as it was unhoped for to have been associated with such eminent wiiters as Messrs. Dickens, Taltourd, Disraeli, Jerrold, Smythe, &<. knowing, at the same time. Sir, that I should only have owed this honour to the lively aympathies inspired by those ideas of social progress which I possess in common (and I am doubly proud of it) with these dtstinguished literary men; as to my works, they are too imperfect to meiii such a recompense. Will you have the goodness, sir, to arsure the directors of the Athenseum that I shall never forget this proof of their fiiendly esteem, and that I shall always endeavour to remain worthy of it. "Accept, Sir, the aaaurance of my most distinguished consi- deration. EuosMB SUE." M. Sue appears to have been highly gratified with this invi- tation, as will be seen by the following letter, addressed to the directors of the Athenuum. bv Mr. Charles Dickens Devonshire-terrace, Oct. 17, 1845. DEAR SIRS,—M. Eugene Sue has begged me to write lo you and acknowledge with many heartfelt thanks the receipt of your flattering invitation. He requests me to assure you of his high and unfeigned sense of the houour you have done him, and earnestly entreats me to add that he is gratified by your recog- nition of him, a French writer, in England-rerloioly beyond his power of expression in a foreign language, and to an extent not at all easy of expression in his own. His state of health, however, does not admit of his attending the soiree at Manchester. He has been very unwell, and is eo. joined to 3eek repose, in pursuance of which advice he has al- ready left Paris in search of temporary change and quiet. If I could convey to you an adequate idea of M. Eugene Sue's anxiety that I should do my very best to thank you on his behalf, and to flati I strong words' for that purpose, you- would Ileel with me that your remembrance of him has met with a sin- cere and quirk response. I have the honour to be, Gentlemen, your faithful servant, CHARLES DICKENS." A JOKE SPOILED.—Ao unfortunate misprint in the report 0 the proceedings at the Manchester Athenaeum soiree has com- pletely spoiled an excellent joke of Sam Lover'c- He is repre- sented as saying that he was nearly in the same piedicament as Mr. Dickens (who was unable to attend on account of the deli- cate state of his wife's health), as he had been detained at Bed- dicombe. Now Mr. Lover had been making a professional tour in Devonshiie, aDd what he said was that he had been detained at Babbicombe.
The overland mail from Bombay arrived on Friday, with dates to the 15th September; the following is the summary of the rail- way news:— Railways were proposed at each of the Presidencies, and with the greatest hopes of success. The utility of one from Bombay to Bengal will become manifest, from the fact that the mid. monthly mails of the 24th of July were conveyed in a steamer from Aden to Bombay, and thence sent express to Calcutta, where they arrived thirty.six hours before those sent by the steamer direct from Aden. Amongst the miscellaneous items of intelligence we may men- tion the establishment of a new bank at Bombay, which is called the (otnirercial Bank, and the incorporation, by an Act of the legislative, of the Assam Company, for the cultivation of tea. The engineer officers have also bean actively engaged in ob- taining such information as they conceived could be of service to the cause, and among other valuable results may be specially mentioned the decision to which these gentlemen have come in regaid to the practicability and ease with which the line can be carried across the hilly range, after leaving the alluvial plains of Bengal, a point on which opinions were expressed "elY confi. deoily to the countiy, until the correct levels were taken by the engineer officers in cliaige of lhat portion of the road. I an, not conversant wiih the details or technical terms sufficiently to give the particulars, but it appears to be regarded as a point of consi- derable consequence by the oflicers who surveyed the ground, and by those interested in the railway, as removing any doubts which might have previously existed in regard to the engineering obstaole.. to be encountered. J
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. AMERICAN NEWS. ARRIVAL OF THE CAMBRIA IN NINE DAYS FROM HALIFAX. LIVERPOOL, TUESDAY EVENING. We have received this evening, by the royal mail steamer Cambria, Capt. Judkins, New York papers to the 15th, Boston, 16th, and Halifax, the 18th instant. The Cambria has made an excellent voyage of eleven days from New York, and nine from Halifax. She met there the Hibernia, which reached that port in thirteen days. The Great Britain had the misfortune to run short of coal after a short stormy passage of seventeen days from Liverpool lo New York, and was obliged from want efcoat to put into Holmes Hole, Nantucket, where she was suppied by a schooner which happened to be lying there. It was errone- ously supposed, from her firiog guns of distress, that she bad gone on shore, but this was not correct, and she arrived, as before stated, at New York, on the morning of the 17tb. The number of passengers (about 100) by the Cambria was increased by two on the voyage-ibe lady of one of the passengers being safely delivered of twins on Sunday last. The intelligence in these papers is not important. All talk about a war with Mexico had ceased-indeed, that devoted country is in such an unsettled state, that domestic rebellion cannot be kept down. much less a weir be undertaken against Texas or the United States. The trials of the anli-renters in Delaware county had termi- nated. Two of the men engaged in the shooting of the Sheriff Steele were sentenced to be executed on the 29th of November, and seventeen others to various terms of imprisonment. The Mormon troubles had subsided, but not until an effectual demonstration had been made by the local authories, who were prepared to put them down by force, by the strong arm of the law. Lynch law, according to the papers, had been put into requisition in the case of some Mormons near St. Louisville. Some of the New York papers are occupied with speculations on the expected modifications of the tariff by the ensuing Con. gress, and it seems to be generally conceded that Mr. Polk is in favour of lelurning to the Compromise Act, or an ad valorem duty of 20 per cent. on all articles introduced. The American Posi-office bad adveitised for tenders for carry- ing the imils to Liverpool, Cowes, Havre, Lisbon, and other places, by steam. Only Americans are eligible. CANADA.—A serious fire broke out at Montreal on the 14ili, It originated in a building in Queea-streei, occupied as a coffee manufactory and coppersmith's shop, where it would demolish a few small woollen buildings in the vicinity. The fire spiead rapidly from building to building, over nearly the entire block, from Queen-street, on the north, to Prince-street, on the south, fiom Wellington-street east, to Gabriel-stieet west; one house at the corner of Queen and Gabriel-streeis, and part of a building at the corner of Queen and Wellington streets, were saved in a damaged condition the part of the one at the corner of Queen and Wellington-streets, was cut in two, and the burning end severed Irom the other. The fire ciossed Prince-sireet, consumed the nest block through to Nazareth-slieet, and crossed Nazareth- stieet, burning one or more buildings on Ihe soulli side of that street; two or three were blown up to anest the fire. Tbe buildings consumed weie many of them of a rather ordinary kind, occupied by families in the humbler wslks of life the distress and privation, therefore, caused by this fire, are great. COMMERCIAL INTELLIGENCE. The following is the latest commercial news New York, October 15. In money mailers all is easy. The banks have a moderate and steady business demand for discount". Fancy stocks are station- ary, because, perhaps, much of the capital usually afloat and applicable to short loans on stock has been absorbed in the first- rate bonds and mortgages which the fire insurance companies have been obliged to part with in order to pay the losses thrown on them by ihe great fire in July. All apprehension, and indeed all rumours, of war with Mexico are now at an end, and as the stated time for the assembling of Congress is now approaching, there will probably be DO new Executive demonstrations in lexas or elsewhere. New York papers, of the 13th Sept., announce the arrival at that part, of the Great Western. The Herald says — The favourite of old Neptune and the Americans, the Great Western, Captain Matthews, has arrived, and relieved us of the little anxiety that we began to feel for her reputation for speed. She sailed from Liverpool on the 23td ull., and experienced constant and heavy westerly gales. This satisfactorily accounts for the length of her passage. One hundred and forty-five passengers have come out in her— a larger number then ever before came in an ocean steamer The French Consul at Bahia has addressed a remarkable re- port to Ihe Minister of Foreign Affairs al home, announcing the discovery, at the distaule of eighty leagues from that capital, of an abundant mine of diuionds—a source of incalculable wealth to the province. It lies in a desert place, uninhabited, and scarcely accessible,-and was discovered by mere accident, The head of a rich English company has already exported, it is said, nearly £ 200,000 worth of its produce; and as the working of the mine is left 10 any one who will, there is a race at presnt fo its tresures. Eight or nine thousands emigrants, from all parts of Brazil, have already pitched their lenis 011 the savage and un- wholesome spot :-and to the inhabitants of a crowded European state, the very thought of a jewel-mine to be ransacked at plea- sure-dimoods. to be had for the fetching—is a temptation likely, we should think, to attract adventurers, even if the Upas tree stood in the way.
OMNIBUS. QUERIES,—Why is a railway like a blanket 1-Bec. its laid upon sleepers. Why is Mrs. Caudle like Sampson of old ?— Because she is able to jaw a thousand Philistines 10 death. Why do Americans ride from a theatre ?—Because they are generally carried away by their feelings. HOOSIKR WEBDtNo.- The ceremony of tying the nuptial knot is very much simplified in the Hoosier state, as the following scene will show What is your name, Sir?—Malty. What is your name, Misa ?— Polly. Matiy, do you loye Polly 1-No mistake. Polly, do you love Matty ?—Weii, I reckon. Well, then, I pronounce you man and wife, All the days of your life." POWBR.—Mr. Boullon, the partner to the celebrated James Watt, having waited upon George III. to explain to him one of the improvementa of the steam-engine which they had effected, the king said to him, "Whal do you sell, Mr. Boulton 1" The honest engineer answered, "Wbal kings, sire, are all fendo -power." Free ibioking does not always mean thinking freely it is more commonly free from thinking. How TO UNDERSTAND THE CURRENCY QUESTION.—Open your window at one end of the room and your door at the other on a stormy day-and your knowledge will be complete. CUNNING AND KNAVERY.—Qunning leads to knavery it is but a alep from one to the other, and that very tlippery • lying only makes the difference add that to cunning, and it is knavery RECEIPT FOR LINING OLD PICTURES—To fasten the canvasses together in lining old pictures, equal quantities of cobbler's paste and glue, applied hot may be used a few drops of creosote should be added to prevent vegetation. OXFORD, OCT. 20.—The report of Mr. Albany Christie, Fellow of Oriel College, having resigned his fellowship is con- firmed. This makes a third vacancy in that society in a week, Mr. Woodmason, of Littleroore, and his family, have joined Mr. Newman in his secession to the Catholic communion. It is believed that other secessions are on the point of takiog place The report of Mr. Crawley's conversion is piemature. America could support nine hundred and thirty millions of people without being so densely populated as Europe now is. The population of Europe is 203 000,000; of America, 54,000,000. It ill usual to run race horses for plates," and to sail yachts for "cups," but we have noticed a very grand affair repeatedly in the papers of late, viz., The River Plate." We wonder if the river plate is a prize to be run for by the Royal Thames yacht competitor; and it won by either what will be done with the prize 1 Punch puts "the momentous question in the Queen's mouth," parodying the picture so designated—"Dearest Albeit, have you any railway shares? Instead of the momentous, we should call ibis the st<i £ gering one. SERVING THE PtopLE.—AH who serve the people are poorly paid. To be very usefully employed is to be degraded. The e harder the occupation, in general, tbe worse it is paid. FLATTERING RESEMBLANCE.—A southern Adouis, no way celebisted for his personal aUraeliool, 00 completing a somewhat protracted toilet one morning, turned to his servant and inquired —"How do I look, Cesar I,, Plendid, Massa, plendid was ebony s dehghted answer. Do you think I'll do. CæslU 1" (giving him a piece of ailver.) "Guy, Massa, nebber see you look so fierce in all my life you look just aa bold as a lion." You never saw one, Caesar." "Nebber see a lion, Maaaa* Guy, I see Massa Peyton's Jim ride one ober to de mill obefy day. "No, you fool, that's a donkey." "Can't help dat, Ni Resa-you jist like him. THa MARCH OF RAILWAYS.—Coat-heavers discuss melons at a "penny a slice," and chimney-sweepers and liipemen are deeply learned ia the mysteries of cuttings. Nay, they eclipse the very tailors in this respect. Everybody is growing absurdly rich. "A gentleman in difficulties" is a thing unheard of, engineejing diiffculties having usuryrt the place. There is a "James Plush, .Esq. in every house, and so dieadfully do footmen distress Ibeoltielve8 with their railway studies, that they are all sick, and the "ills which fiesh is beii to" have become peculiarly the ills of the valets. So universal is the fever that it would not surprise us if Jack Ketch himself were to seek an investment in some of the new liDes.-Go.a-lfead Journal. NOTES OF A NATURALIST IN OCTOBER.—Amongst the birds that now pay us flying visits will be found Ihe Royslon crow, field-fare, short-eared owl, black grouse, and flocks of redwings and woodcocks. The skylark is heard uolil the middle of the month, and linnets resume their notes, but the chief songsters now aie the wren, the robio, the woodlark, and the blackbird. It is about this season that the viper, the snake, and other hyber- nating animals and reptiles, retire to their winter quarters, where they pass the cold months in a state of torpor, somewhat analogous to sleep, and now do the hedge-hog, field-mouse, dormouse, squirrel, and common shrew, prepare their winter beds, and rayupa store of provision. Whiting begin to be in roe the trout and salmon spawn, near the aources of rivers, whilst the herring spawns towards the end of the month, and, as it has justly been observed, we cannot but admire the benevolence of Divine Providence, in thus bringing this and other species of fish to the shores within the reach of man, at a time when they are in the highest perfection, and best filled for his food. Skates, having nuw cast their purses or bags, which contain their spawn, now become very poor and thin. NOVEL MEDICAL PRACTm.—The Signora CarpeDeta of Turin is ordered to drink asses' milk but being too weak to take any medicine, they administered it to the ass !—Milan Gagaxette. GRACE DARLINC.—Tbe long-coniemplated monument to the memory of the late Grace Horsly Darling is about to be erected in Hamburgh churchyard. Sir William Templer recommends timid people to put a small piece of myrrh in the mouth, in cases of danger of coniagiou from fever. We learn from Hanover, that the Princess Royal has resolved to nurse her own child. It appears that the Princess has received a great number of elegant and costly presents from the royal family of England on the occasion of her Iceouchemeol.- Galignani't Messenger. Intelligent, as most certainly the community now are, com- paiatively with the state of society in former times, still there appears to have been one essential matter oveilooked in the search for intelligence and happiness. How often do medical men re- commend exercise to their patients for indigestion, liver com- plaints, cosiiveness, sick head-aches, &c. Females leading an inactive life, and thousands of both sexes are, through then sundry avocations, debarred fiom that exercise in a pure atmos- phere which is essential to health; to all such, therefore, we would recommend the use of that excellent Family Medicine, Frampton's Pill of Health," which, as a restorative, a gentle aperient, and a promoter of a healthy action of the system, stands unequalled in public estimation. PORTHIT OF QDEEN ISABELLA.—The appearance of. Q Isabel Maria to the eye of a stranger is that of a precocious somewhat careworn and sickly girl—exceedingly pale, and < nothing either expressive or interesting in her countenance. If you look more closely you will see a shade pass and then over her brow and features, indicative of waywardi of disposition, and of a character somewhat spoiled by desti and you will not be far mistaken if you draw this conclusion. Queen Isabel is said to be of a rather wilful nature, s ject to pettish fits ;;at times not a little obstinate, and deficien intelligence as well as in temper. These qualities are inlieri in part from both father and mother. If she has thrown 1 whole soul mto her Camarilla, it was likewise a maternal failil for Mendizabel in his official interviews with Queen Christ had frequently to lock out the listening Camarilla; the charge laid at Olozaga's door. Queen Isabel has bl very imperfectly and irregularly educated. That she should little enlightened is not surprising that she should be defici in ordinary knowledge is a mere corollary of her inadeq tutoring. She was not altogether three months in the han Oloeaga, whose instruction was confined to her political « cation; and under the guidance of Arguelles, to whom she < previously intrusted, she was rather indocile and refractl About the couit they say that she is capricious, wilful, disil tada; and fibbing, an ordinary characteristic of her age in yo girls, is alleged to be very much the contrary of being disdaii by her. BIRTHS EXTRA ORDINA Ry.-The wife of John Scully. Ii ur James'l> was delivered of one son 1,ner k e,e 0 clock on Monday morning; of another at clock; and another at aquarler past 4 o'clock. The child are likely to do well and havle received the names of Sim< Peter, and Jude. The father is a poor man, a shoemaker, can ill afford to sustain such a sudden increase of family.
LONDON MARKETS. CORN EXCHANGE, MARK LANE, Mow, OCT. 27, J0 The arrivals of wheat last week were large, and we bavi good supply of fresh samples to this day's market. The tit has been dull to-day, and the best dry samples sold early at prices of this day week; and the general run of samples, ow to their inferior condition, were sold at Is. per qr. decline. 1 have not had much doing in free foreign or bonded wheat, a prices are unaltered Flour meets a demand at late rates. barley of all descriptions is Is. per qr. dearer. Beans and grey peas are each Is., and white peas 2s. per < dearer. r The arrivals of English and Irish oats are moderate and < foreign oats now coming in are generally going to granary bond. We have had a free sale for oats this morning, at 2s. qr. advance on bonded and fiee since this day se'nnight. CURRENCY PRR, T YF P PU T A 1. UR.DT,»R. -& WHUT,Essea; & Kent, new red 58 62 While 64 n „°,1<!1'red 64 68 Ditto 66 RvE.old 34 38 New BARLEY. griodiug,32 35 mailing 34 38 Chevalier..40 lrish 28 30 Bere MALT, Suffolk and Norfolk 68 63 Kingstone and Ware 60 — Chevalier 65 OATS, Yorksh & Lincolnsh, feed 30 31 Potato "'10 V..fl,.ll& Cork, black. a> 30 ciS?Ihi.V.S Dublin 29 Wesiport.,29 VVateiloid, white 28 30 Black 25 Newry. 30 32 Galway 27 28 Scotch, feed 29 31 Potato .29 28 31 Limerick 26 Londondeny 30 31 Sligo 27 BE.Ns r.ck,new. 44 48 Old, smlll.52 PEAS, Grey 44 46 Maple .45 White. 52 54 Boilers — FLOUR, Town-made.55 60 Suffolk50 oar sack ni 'iUOl Stockton & Norfolk 48 Irish ..50 52 iv F(^REIGN GRAIN AND FLOUR IN BOND. WHBAT, Dantzic 54 56 line 60 Hamburg o 50 5 Rostock 62 54 BARLEY. 25 26 2*T%"ttnw 24 28 Feed 44 48 PEAS 42 46 FLOUR, American, per barrel.. 28 30 Baltic.21 SEED MARKET, MONDAV, OCT. 27. I he seed trade was quiet, there beiug no response here to tl lucreased rates quoted in Germany aod France for red and whi1 cloveiseed; but Trefoil is a better sale. C'anaryseed was h» higher, and was in fair request. HOP INTELLIGENCE. BOROUGH, MONDU, OCT. Z1 There has been a firm market for hops, and tbe" duty is es mated at about £165.000. PROVISION MARKET, MONDAY OCT 27 a JVSbSitcon'LdT Irefland were but I' During the past week il™"1 g° 5°** 4-,52° C"ks butW ««r!iiear,SV^Lrell"ed- »'<« clos«l ,e?,% Cork 98s" on board 94s* to Ms- landed f V;„ ~s- 10 —s* » 96s. to 97s.. Limerick, 91s. to 93s. „ 92s. to 95s I VVaterlord.. 90s. to 94s. 91s. lo 95s'. I liest l)uln)i c In inn- »» I t ,r 7 "■w ,a» »• IOIU4S. 1 In the bacon market we have no material alteration to noti<*1 Prime fresh cuied meets a steady sale, at 50s. to 54s landed ascording to size, &c. It ts reported some sales of Waterlog heavy bacon have been made for shipment in November and fi'1 following months, at 45s. to 46s.on board. I In hams and lard no change to notice in price or demand I Stocks aud deliveries for week ending Opinio IQ I BUTTER. BACON. I Stack. Delivery. j Stock. Daliira,. I 1843 41,380 17,210 S^TO 3 IW) I 1844 31,710 13,210 5,080 2 590 I 1845 34,510 6,670 5;540 3 650 I BUTTER. BACON, CHEESE, AND HAMS. IRISH BUTTEH (new)a s. CHEKSE, pei cwt. s. per cwt. — Double Gloucester 62 < per cwt. — — Double Gloucester 62 Cailow, new, on brd 100 •— Single ditto 4ft H p'f? ,*• Cheshire 5<; 1 Cork, 1st 98 — HAMS. ENGLISH BUTIKR. Irish 56 D Dorset, per firkin 54 — Westmoreland. 66 FOREIGN. York «« 1 Prim, Friealaud, ct. 98 — BACON na'w* 1 Ditto, Kiel 98 -1 Middles „ 48 SUGAR.—BRISTOL OCT. 29th 1845.-There is a t stagnation in our marnei ana tue sales of tbe week do not road 50 hhds. Tbe importers having confidence in the stability'' prices do not piess sales, and lower rates would not be accepted There is but little doing in Rum, the stocks in first hands beiA very small. —— > SMITH FIELD MARKET—OCT. 27. very small. —— > SMITHFIELD MARKET-OCT. 27. The attendance of buyers being numerous, the primest Scotfl: Devons, Herefords, runts, &c., commanded a very steady sal" at prices fully equal to those obtained on Monday last. 7& middling and inferior breeds were not quite so active as on thai day nevertheless, previous rates were well supported and good clearance was effected. The numbers of sheep neie again small, owing to wbich ,h* ""»•«- some instances, an upward tendency. The demand for veal was active, and the rates were quite 44. per 8lbs. higher than On this day Althoug It we had an average supply of pigs on offer, the well supported. e ,n quotations Per Bibs., to sink the offal. &0 ,t .I J s. a. a. a.. Coarse and Inferior PrimecoanewmJ I Beasts 2 6 2 8 led Sheep i fi 4 4 Second quality do.2 10 3 4 Prime South Do'wns F Prime large Oxen.3 6 3 10 ditto .4 10 5 ø; Prime Scots, &c..4 0 4 2 Large coarse Caf»es4 4 4 .6. Coarse and Inferior I Prime small diuo *» O 1 Sheep .3 8 4 0 Large Hogs .3 10 4 6 Second quality do.4 0 4 4 1 Neat small P«rkera.4 8 5 Lambs. 4s. 6d to 5s, 6d. Suckling Calves, 18s. to Os. and quarter-old Store Pies 16, to 20s. each. Beasts, 3,954 Sheep, 26,250; Calvea f)<5> Pigs, 317. ^a,ve*» LATEST CURRENT PRICES OF METALS. LONDON, OCT. 24, 1845. £ s. IRON—Bar a Wales 9 5 0 London in o 9 Nail rods ••••• j Hoops(StaL) 12 0 ?,heet » .7.7.7 13 0 ^arS ft || IA fl) Scotch p»g t> Clyde 0, Russian c CCND. n n psi S 2 s Gourieff .« 1<; I Archangel .7.7.7 14 10 H Sweedish d, for arriv 0 0 4 s°tfVpo1 "7.7 12 o j Steel, fagt 16 15 g kegse Ifi n i Coppsa—Tile/•••• r. £ J I lough cake- 93 0 #1 Best selected 95 Q Ordinary sheets 0 QlOt bottoms 0 01 li TIN—Com. blocks# .cwt, 4 15 bars a i £ ft Refined 5 Straits h .7.7" 4 10 • Bauca, 412 0 TIN PLATFS—Ch., 1C. i iox j 0 ix o o i cokMc J J # IA 1 14 II LEAD—Sheet fc ai Pig, tefined 20 15 common lft 1/- A Spanish, in bd •••111*7" o 0 0 American ft n Q ""EL 23 ó ZINC—(Sheet) 7« export -in a 0 QUICKSILVER.. J.W; 6 REFINED METAL V. tl' 70S a Discount 21 per cent. b Net cash. c iiUi-mm* 2J per cent, d Ditto, e In kegs J and f-inch. Discount 5 percent, g Ditto 2} pei cent, h Net cash, in bond i Dis» count 3 per cent, k Ditto 21 per ceial, Net cash' bond m Discount It per cent. n discount II per cent "Fct hOlDe use it is £3:t. per ton. REMARKS. IRON.—Business very limited this week. Welsh and Stafford- shire prices maintained; best Scotch pig 7s. 6d, to 10s. Per to,, lower than last week. In foreign, nothing fresh. COPPEH, the demand continues good, at late advance. TIN.—English has advanced 2s. per cwt. this week • the stocfc is still very low. Foreign follows English in price.' None in first hands. TIN PLATES firm, and prices rising. LEAD.—Demand very good, and stock bare. SPELTER —Quotations nominal; nothing doing for export.
PRESENT PlueE OF TIN PLATES. I NEWPORT. OCT. 25. s. d. 4* a d f No. 1C. per bo* I 11 0 Wasters.) 2 0 o. IX. per box I 17 0 « » n ) No.lXX. per bo* 2 3 0 n 3 .» "I BRISTOL HAY MARKET, OCT. >8 Hay pei ton 2 7 6 To 4 O M Straw per Dozen 0 j 2 y j S Newport, Saturday, November 1, 1845. j PrnAe\!v i8^( P"shed [cr the Proprietor, E D W A R ft .V m /• HiK, 111 the Parish of St. Woolos, iff the MERLIN Oenertl Minting Office, situate in Corn-street.3 the BorouRh of Ncwpoit.by WILLIAM CHRISTOPHERS! of No l.Chailes-street, in the said Borough. 1 Mr R B«kJr*!era8, Newton and Co- Warwick-square cot-IJM M s E et"8lr G' Reynell, 43, Chanj m • S*1Peacon, Coffee-house, No. 3, Walbrook near tbe Mansion House, where this paper ia regularly filed* !• !•