'1 I'O CORRBSWOSSBENTg. I ø. A Gentleman of the Principality" has of late occfipied so ,arge a portion, of our columns, that tie mvsr. excuse, us for de ferritin till next week, the insertion of his letter to the Rev. T. Price*' The letter from Cardiff, especting the charge of money steiliii"> awaits examination. a Tif ''r""n"c"t'"n °.f A Lover of the Bards," has been reieivd- Hi have received a letter from Dublin, which, after attempin" to awaits examination. a The letter from Cardiff, especting the charge of money steiliii"> awaits examination. a Tif ''r""n"c"t'"n °.f A Lover of the Bards," has been reieivd- Hi have received a letter from Dublin, which, after attempin" to if extract meaning from the hieroglyphics in vain, we put aide as kj utterly illegible. j The New York paper mentioned by 0," exchanges wi h the J iVlEKI IN. ° ictkWg'" a'ld a letterJr0m air- Phi"potts, are reserved fr next it I "jjw I— I —mm
'FT TIMES OF l-IIGH WATER AT NEWPORT. ii' HIGH WAIKII DEPTH AT i BAYS. — — 1 MORN. EVEN. DOCK OA TE N OI O SEPTEMBER. H. M. H. M FT. IN. oil >i J 9 28 9 41 27 7 iT oa -r .ay 9 5f> 10 15 24 10 J ,UEF-Y, 10 25 10 56 21 11 N OI O SEPTEMBER. H. M. H. M FT. IN. oil >i J 9 28 9 41 27 7 iT oa -r .ay 9 5f> 10 15 24 10 J ,UEF-Y, 10 25 10 56 21 11 3 Zr' -r Jednesday 11 *2 II 20 20 4 '5 Or'.1 U/S(iay OH 10 19 7 9^ *nd'? 1 59 2 35 28 11 « Saturday 3 19 3 44 23 7 up a —
b o „ WEEKLY CALENDAR. 01 "D" 1 „ ™ />1 at -t; —jLigtiteentn Sunday alter Trinity. St. ivuttnew. pf Lessons for the Morning Service, Ezekiel 20, Mat- 1 ^ew 22. Evening Service, Ezekiel 24,1 Cor. 6. 7 23.—Autumnal Quarter begins. ] ooy s AGE—Last Quarter, Sept. 23rd, 26m. after 0 after.
j TREATMENT OF THE POOR. ar 1' AMIDST the subjects which can occupy the atten- t); tton of the Press, the condition and treatment of the poor ought to be amongst the most prominent: ^for,^—while all ranks have their rights and claims --the poorer men are, the more do they suffer from J those rights being infringed upon, and their claims neglected. We have already made some reference to the i(| investigation which has so long been going on with m aj aspect to the conduct of the master of the An- il dover Union Workhouse, though we forbore to t enlarge until the close of the inquiry. That inves- it tigation was conducted throughout by the assistant 3 Commissioner, in just the way that might have been I anticipated, namely, of course, with perfect impar- tiality towards the accused, and with an evident de- termination not to annoy and frustrate the complain- >1 '«// parties. Gross immorality and disgusting inde- ) cencies, besides various acts of mismanagement and j other improprieties, were deposed to by a number [ of witnesses; and it was admitted that the e^vvretched inmates, in their hunger, had gnawed the >^decaying bones they were employed in crushing lj^ll .this did not lead to a crimination, but, fortu- nately for him, as the weight of evidence became r yttiore heavy, the inquiry was suddenly and mar- vellously terminated at the same time that a most "niproper proposal was made to one of the com- plainants, namely, that he should select some one case, and proceed against the master for that alone. t< Now, in the name, not only of the poor of An- a"dover Union, but of the unfortunates throughout the ^kingdom, who may be compelled to avail them- selves of parochial relief, we protest against this n <inode of treating their wrongs. On behalf of the nAate"Payers also> to the mismanagement of whose Wnds these proceedings give encouragement, and oi^i the tax-payers ot the United Kingdom, out of lose pockets the high salaries are paiid, we Wrongly condemn the principle of the Commission- ne erg being invested with so much power; and as le regard the interests of the poor, and of those alwho pay to support them, we cannot but denounce .^recklessness which is evident on man A occa- I ions, about those subjects, on which we find occa- ii^otially, written reports, but which we find de- 'acing the system of the New Poor-law, notwith- F standing the asserted means of redress. Of the evils of the extended and not snfficiently- IesPonsible centralization is—the esprit cle corps, 'WIHch brings out all the influence of the central Power in support of its functionaries, without due ,e)regard to the propriety, or impropriety of their rjl^^duct; and which thus discourages and hinders N 3t local watchfulness and check that are so bene- jji where exercised, and without wlaich the itl ^'es of office are sure to fall into moro or less i<neglect, or wilful maladministration. A letter in the Times, of Monday last, from the if we mistake not, of a gentleman who is la- t« ,°"ring incessantly for the amelioration of the con- tu lt!on of the people, calls attention to the sort of ri-persons frequently appointed to the mastership, in ^pcordance with the Frenchified and semi-military r levvs ol the Commissioners INSPECTORS OF WvORKHOUSES. J' e. 4< « f0 the Editor of the Times. l6la no one abuse in the administration of.the Poor- has been brought to light by the Commissioners during the t<wve 11 years of their power, but, on the contrary, rmany griev- rfou^0-S ^ave been> their connivance> suppressed, and many in- >„^J/rlries instituted by them for the sole object of screening their jrteren^inSf officers, it has occurred to several persons that a bet- ^thod should now be adopted for the discovery of mal- botKtices in ulrons' b-v tlle appointment of men who would be foil m°re zealol^s a.n(i mo.re The advantages which to ins'i';ut^on inspectors of prisons nat urally point °f inspectors of unions. The penal character of the Hat an<^ ^le Pr'son W0U1<1 alone suggest a similar exami- cLjh 2^- The saving in expense would be large, fox the cost of rR? Poor-law commission is almost £ 30,000. a-year, while the rl' of the prison inspectors barely exceed £ 3,000. the conduct of these gentlemen has never been im- ,sfeached. Not a murmur has been heard against them but from a X* country Shallows and Slenders, whose capacity could not 1, re the improved diet of their prisoners.. tli the Commissioners were as impartial as they a e lh(?y could not five time enough for due examination On the A 04> mock inquiry they said that each assistant the charge ,i56° unions, with all their accounts; and, at. I have befc^ e 3 v l°Vv'n, many of these are as large as entire counti es and therebj dude an investigation but the most formal a nd supeificial J The abuses that reign in these houses have been long since jSen from the prisons. The inspectors, in lie a of concealing [ hem, denounced them, and in consequcnce, so much more 1 Quality prevails in them that the poor often seek as a favour lo be sent from the tyranny of the one to the equal rule ot the other. No such mortality as prevailed at Bridgwater has been *lown in them; no such crowding of the diseased children as 1 £ t Seven oaks no cruelty, except at Northleach, to the dying "ke that of Eton; no scrambling for gristle and -putrid bones, ,as on the treadwheel at Andover; no such neglect of medical attendance as at Aylesford, and in a hundred more instances. "Not less than 39,000 aged and infirm poor are imprisenea for Hfe within the workhouses, who never, but three or tour times a-year, behold the outside of their walls. They pine away the dregs of life under all the pains that age, aches, penury, md imprisonment can inflict; while in the prison, none so guilty who have not the perspective of freedom at the term of their »entt-nce. The contrast between the prison inspector a:nd the assist- ant,-commissioner has been before the world for an equal period, and we have seen that the first never seeks to screen governor, Kaoler, or wardsman. The other ever looks upon the master as chent—011c whom he is bound to bring off for thes credit of the ^stem. He has the same tenderness for him that the Com- missioners of Police have for theirs; he feels for the connexion, d is jealous of the honour of the cloth. ,h To keep the outside of the platter clean, to hide the rotteness tnd bones within the sepulchre, is the object of the Poor-law 'P°>iimission. An union master is in their eyes, if accused, 1m- peccable. It seeks concealment-it scruples at no evasion. How much differing is this from the fearlessness, honesty, and disclosures that the reports of the prison inspectors aftords. I may here, perhaps, question the propriety of cliosing, ser- gealits of the Guards or the line, as at Eton, Andover. and Jnatiy other places, for such a purely civil charge as that of lister of unions. To gaols and houses of correction, officers Df Reputation and.gentlemen are appointed. „ A halberd and a Waterloo medal are not the qualifications for a trust of this kind. A man may be good in the field, and for the house. He may bring with him all his campaign- habits —plunder, drinking, lust. He may exercise them *Tith iinpunitv for years, and at length be shielded, through the fav'our of his judges; he acts without controul, without ade- If reluctanth' convicted, he is but dismitted, not prosecuted for a thousand crimes; he forfeits no pension, and is looked ^POii as a martyr bv his protectors In the army, his evil pas- 6io*s were chained—in the union they have range. Here he is phs^lute as the Czar and his slaves were born free, which must £ ive additional zest' The petitions of his victims do not reach thetV,„ r i. • or if they do, they are refused. So perfecUs thiTsystem, 'that had it not been for the efforts °f the pPress noVe of S s reign of rapine dissoluteness and Vl°)ence, w ould have reached the world; and m how many other u«ions m y Sot at this hour, the same system prevail ? The p0°r happily possess in its courage and strength, a vindicator P.°werful enough to defy the combination arrayed against heir ^Shts and welfare° without him, these abominations had been ^erpetuated..• •>»8D Thfr"111 be ,1,eir S',Mi^'°de;,vr i, bound SpMS't then^ are arrayed againsyhem-ever ever partial. It looks with angry eyes uj on Aem 't exaggerates their faults, and extenuates the aggressions on henv Every officer that has ground them has been defended, and fp Pert^nac'Ously and zealously, as tuey thev ^aded themselves. They have become advocates, wh ^u«ht to have presided as arbiters. With what scorn would the fanned Judges of the land have looked upon the quibbles and distortions of this mimic authority, its superficial pedantry, attorney's practice. I say nothing of the president's unseemly pleasantry, his P°mtless faceticc, the indecorum of his court, his confession ot ^competence when he avowed his uttered nonsense—these ■Duvfi1 become by-words of scorn in the law-courts, and maice the *^blic pastime but I will conclude by asking him, in bnaus- canre's wor(is—" What trick, what device, what starting hole ,n they now find to hide them from this open and apparent ,B"faine ?" Your most obedient servant, Travellers' Club, Pall-mall, Sept. 13. P- «
¡, RUSSIA AND CIRCASSIA. OPPOSED, as we are, to war, and anxious to see peace and universal brotherhood prevailing through out the world, we cannot, when hostilities do take jJP»ace» but feel a preference for 918 or other of the parties, as the justice of their claims may predomi- nate. it is with such feelings that we look upon the long-continued warfare between Russia and Cir- cassia, and that we rejoice, therefore, in the recent intelligence of the decided repulse of the troops of the great northern Barbarian, in a campaign in which they boasted of obliterating, by their victo- ries, the stains upon their military escutcheon, of former defeats. The loss of babarian slaves, in the garb of soldiers, on this occasion, includinz the casualties of retreat, is estimated at more than 6000 men. It is a shocking thing that so many lives should be sacrificed to one man's ambition but it is better that the mischief should be on the side of the oppressor, than on the oppressed. For more than fifteen years have the struggles between the Russians and the hardy Circassians been going on and the little success which has attended the ope- rations ot the former, is a striking indication of their vast, but heterogeneous and ill-constructed empire. In 1831, Marshal Paskiewicz, after a severe campaign, was compelled to return to his despotic master, covered with the mohification of defeat. Diverted from this object of his ambition, by the last Polish insurrection, the Emperor left the mountaineers almost to themselves for a period of nearly four years, during which, like the march- men of our Scottish border, in feudal times, they poured down frequently upon the Russian territory, ravaging and sporting, and taking little heed of the 11 11 71 n reprisals which the Russian Cossacks sometimes made upon them. In the Spring of 1834, a systematic plan of at- tack was carried out bv General Weliaminoff; and, for six months, during which the Circassians lost two battles, and had several villages destroyed, the most strenuous efforts were made by the Russians. Their losses, however, were by far the greater, and, though the mountaineers had neither cannon nor bayonets, they kept up a guerill a warfare, with great success. The main operation of the Russians, in this campaign, was the erecting of two fortresses, which protected the principal southern entrance into their country. During the suspension of general operations, in the winter moths, the Circassian har- rassed their enemies continually and, it may be mentioned, as one instance out ot many, of their intrepid and daring conduct, that sixty of the Shapshaks actually rode 250 miles through the ter- ritory of the Russian Cossacks, in order to set fire to its capital Stawopol, and were not discovered until they had reached the gates, where they fought until death arrested the arm of each on the spot. In 1835 and 1836, the Russians renewed their en- deavours, but were not more successful. Since that period, there has been a vast sacrifice of life, and expenditure of treasure, and some ad- vantages have been gained by the Russians, but the bold and hardy mountaineers have not been sub- dued. The present season was to have witnessed their overthrow; but again, right has prevailed against might and, according to the latest ac- counts, Geueral Woronzof, has not only been re- pulled with immense loss, but obliged to retreat into the Russian territory. What makes this long resistance the more re- markable is, that Circassia is surrounded on three sides by Russian provinces, and the Russians pos- sess the Black Sea, the coast of which completes the boundary. The brave feHows suffered much from want of ammunition, but they have learned, during this war, to manufacture gunpowder, and their country abounds with the materials. What may be the result of the struggle it is difficult to predict. The geographical position of the country seems to favour the opinion entertained by some writers that the Circassians must eventually yield. There are, however, sources of weakness in the Russian Empire, the results of which will be very likely to direct the attention of its rulers from this fruitless contest, and to give the brave Circassians a protracted, if not a final independence.
LOCAL BTELLIftEm NEWPORT CATTLE MARKET-WEDSESDAY, SEPT. 17,- Price per lb. to sink the offal. s. (1. s. d. Beasts 0 to 0 6 Sheep 0 0.. 0 6 Calves 0 6 0 6J Pigs (per score).. 8 0.. Sti The arrivals or oeasts irom ireiana, in acumon to cnoseirom the locality, caused the market to be well supplied with beef, a gi eat portion of which was of very superior quality. Butchers seemed reluctant to purchase at late ptices, still a great num- ber of cattle were disposed of; There was not so large a num- ber of sheep as have appeared in recent, markets, still there were sufficient for the demand. A fair number of pigs were penned, among which there appeared some extraordinary good ones from Ireland a fair business done, and prices seemed to have an upward tendency. A few horses, of an inferior description, were shewn, some of which were disposed of. We are informed tint a first-class steamer will shortly be put on, to ply between this port aed Ireland, which will afford facili- ties for a more even supply of stock. Her station at Newport will be near the Cattle Market, an arrangement eminently calculated to promote public convenience. INCREASE OF TRADE,-Eight thousand tons of shipping arrived in this port on Tuesday last, to load coal for Ireland. CUSTOMS.—We are glad to hear, that in con- sequence of an increase in the number of officers in the land- ing department at the port of Liverpool, our townsman, Mr. John Britten, for sometime landing-waiter at this port, has been promoted to the situation of landing-waiter at the port of Liverpool. Mr. Britten has proved himself an efficient offi- cer, and whilst his friends rejoice at his promotion, they lament his departure from among them. NOTICE TO INNKEEPERS.—We beg to remind innkeepers, that although the new act for the licensing of houses for billiard playing excepts them from its provisions, yet it does not positively repeat that clause in their licence— shall not suffer any unlawful games, or any gaming whatso- ever therein and therefore they are still open to the penalty of £ .r> for allowing gaming, as an "offence against the. tenour of their licence. A gaming licence would, however, protect them from this penalty. NEWPORT MECHANICS'INSTITUTE.—An ex- hibition ot pictures, upon an extended scale, and comprising paintings from the be,t collections in our neighbourhood, for the benefit of this useful institution, was opened at Mr. Williams' Room, on Thursday last. We understand that an application is to be made to the Hon. Colonel Spencer, of the 37th, for the occasional attendance of the band of that gallant regiment during the season, which is likely to extend over three or four weeks. EARLY SPORT.—W. Rollings, Esq., 6f Castle- town, on Wednesdav last, shot a woodeock in a field near St. he has presented to W. Williams, jun.# Esq.. ot 1 lvoh House, in this town. EARLY CLOSING OF SHOPS. — We are glad to hear that the Drapers' shops in this town are to be closed on and after the ^oth mst., at eight o'clock every evening except aturday. Wc trust this praiseworthy example will be speedily followed by the other tradesmen of Newport. MELANCHOLY AND FATAL ACCIDENT.Wre regret to have to record a melancholy occurrence, attended with a fatal result, which took place in this town on Wednes- day last. It appears from the information we have received thta the unfortunate deceased, who had been for some years a servant of Mr. Moses Scard, of this town, was, on Wednesday, sent by his master with a cart-load of beans to Ebbw Mill, on the Cardiff-road and. on returning to Newport, whether from been incautiously riding on the shafts of the cart, or from any other circumstance, is not yet known, he fell under the wheel, and the cart passed over the middle of his body, which was shockingly crushed, and the spine was completely broken. The unfortunate man was immediately removed to his own house, and was placed under the skilful treatment of W. Brtwer, Esq.. surgeon but the injuries he had sustained were irreparable,—he died in a few hours after. The deceased was about 38 years of age, and was a man of sober and indus- trious habits. He has left a widow and three destitute children. We are informed that the sale of stock, hay, &c., under the management of our townsman, Air. II. M. Par- tridge, on Tuesday last, at The Moorbane Farm, Nash, the property of Mr. Thomas Milner, jun., was, notwithstanding the unfavourable state of the weather, one of the most successful sales that has taken place in the neighbourhood for some time, both for the number and respectability of the company of bidders and the prices realised. The arrangements forthe sale reflected the highest credit on the worthy proprietor. WILSON'S CONCERT.—The lovers of Scotch sonR. may expect a rich treat at our Town Hall, on Thursday evening next. The appropriateness of expression, brilliancy of ^ecution, and the perfect purity of tone, which have rendered Mr. Wilson so popular elsewhere, cannot fail to be appreciated by the numerous musical corps of Newport.
SEAMEN-REFUSAL TO SERVE. In a recent number we reported the proceedings in a case heard before the mayor and magistracy of this town, which ex- cited much notice amongst the shipping interest jf the nort and attracted the attention of thePPprfss [n other SriSe places. A statement of the matter has been laid before the legal conductors of that ably-edited paper, the Justice of the places. A statement of the matter has been laid before the legal conductors of that ably-edited paper, the Justice of tile Peace, who promptly replied to the communication and the following may be deemed a favourable instance of Justices' Justice:"— The magistrates, to whom I act as clerk, request your opinion on the following case lhree seamen signed articles at Bristol to proceed to sea in a ship called F. to the port of N and from thence on a foreign voyage. The captain, J. W., who is part owner of the vessel, signed the articles with the men at Bristol as the contracting party, and proceeded in the vessel as master to the said port of N. He then leaves the vessel, and puts the mate in command for the remainder of the voyage. The men do not like the mate, and refuse to go in the ship during the remainder of the voyage. They are brought before the magis- trates, and the reason they give for their "refusal" is, that they made their agreement with captain J.W., and not with the newly-elected captain. The articles were in the usual form, commencing thus An agreement between J. W., master, &c.f and the several persons undersigned," and were signed by J. \V. at foot. Your opinion is requested, First. Whether the introduction of anew captain on the voyage invalidated the articles as regards the men ? Secondly. If the reason they gave for their refusal was suffi- cient t9 entitle thwa to ftU fcc^ittal X. &, |
A.KBW55&. We think the introduction of a new captain on the voyage, or during the ex stence of the agreement, vacates the articles. The statutory agreement, indeed, binds the seamen to execute the lawful commands of the master," not the said master and afterwards, it will be observed, where the master covenants, the words "the said master," meaning the contracting master, are used. Bal then the words used in the 1st and 4th sccdons seem to confine the obedience of the seamen to the contracting master; "it saall not be lawful for any master of any ship to carry to sea any seaman as one of his crew or com- plement unless the master of such ship shall have first made and entered into an agreement in writing with such sea- man if any master or owner shall carry to sea." The word feml would also have been used if the master was at libertv to transfer the service. It is a very uncertain point, owing to the dubious terms of the statute, but on the wiole, we think, the justices acted ri-htly. =-
MON MOUTH. Mr. Wilson, the justly celebrated vocalist, gave a concert at Monmouth, on Tuesday last, which despite the unpropitious state of the weather, was most fashionably and numerously attended. The concert gave unmixed satisfaction. On Thursday last, a vestry meeting of the in- habitants of Over Monnow, Monmouth, was held in the vestry of St. Thomas's chaple, for the purpose of electing church or chapel wardens for that place of worship. It appears th..t by the I st and 10th of Victoria, chapelries are empowered to elect wardens, whose duties appear to be confined to the due obser- vance of Divine Worship in those chapels, and the collection of the pew rents. The Rev. J. T. Beddy, presided and after stating the object of the meeting, tiie Rev. gentleman pro- posed on his own part, the Rev. Dr. Jones, when Mr. Thomas Powell was chosen on the part of the inhabitants, and the pro- ceedings terminated.
CHEPSTOW. CHEPSTOW HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION. —We are gratified at the tone of commendation conveyed by some communicator s in reference ta our report of the lllteres: i; g proceedings on the iibove occasion. The Beacjn made a slight mistake in piaeini; the laurels of the Reporter on a htad alreac y well crowned with b iys. Our contemporary makes the amende thus:—" Tbtre was no intention (although sorrewhat vaguelv expressed) of giving Dr. Morris the credit of your report. Ail the acknowledgment intended to convey was, that we bad been favoured with the list of prizes by the Dr., who had a proof-slip sent him, wnicb he was good enough to correct." The eleventh anniversary of the opening of the Independent Chapel wa. held on Tuesday last. Aithoiiu'i th, weather was unfavourable, there was a numerous attendance of visiters. Divine service was performed thn e times in e course of the day, and sermons were preached bv the Rev.. Atkins, of Southampton, and the Rev. J. Glanville, of King wood. Mr. Wilson gave his entertainment to the inha- bitants of this town on Monday night, which was received by a numerous company with the most rapturoas applause. Ws did not suppose that one performer, unassisted (except by the piano forte), could have imparted so much interest to an Eng- lish audience through the. medium of Scottish song; but his explanatory reman s, in his allusion to the Rebellion and the adventures of Prince Charlie, together with his explanation of Scotch words and phrases, paved the way for the enjoyment of national meiody. His imitation of the bagpipes wa: excel- lent,—we still have the whiz-z-zing of that instrument in our ears. On Tuesday last, the teachers of the Church Sunday and Infant Schools, established in this town, gave their pupils a:i entertainment at the Old Poor-house. The room was tastefully decorated with choice flowers, and a crown, made of the most beautiful dahliahs, was much admired. The happy recipients qf their teachers' bounty did full justice to the good things plentifully piovided for them. The number of children who attended amounted to 1/5. Among them were several interlopers which gave occasion to the Kev, J. B. Gabriel to observe, that he hoped to find them at school in future, readv to receive the instruction which would be rea- dily afforded to them. The behaviour of the children was very orderly, and they testified their gratitude, when informed who had subscribed for their entertainment, by long and loud clapping of hands. The children were dismissed at six o'clock, when the teachers sat down to the refreshing Chinese beve- rage, and the evening concluded with the greatest harmonv. Altogether, it was a very pretty and pieasing affair.
CARDIFF. By our obituary it will be seen that the death of Mr. Wm. Prichard took place on the 16th inst., which causes a vacancy in the Town Council for the South Ward. THE WEATHER.—During this week we have been visited with strong westerly winds, accompanied with heavy rain; the Taff, as also the Ely, have been completely flooded, and the Marshes covered. Last night the tide was very heavy, and at the Bate Dock-gates there were 32 feet of water. The Docks, at present, are absolutely crowded with vessels. THE ST. LEGER.—We are happy to state that at the i, White Lion Inn Sweep" Mr. J. B. Stockdale has been the successful drawer of" The Baron," who won the stakes; and also Mr. Wm. Aubrey, Saint Mary-street, got Miss Sarah" as the second prize. Those gentlemen have been rather fortunate in horse-racing in the last Derby. Mr. Aubrey got the first prize, and in the last St. Leger Mr. Stock- dale got the second, besides drawing starting horses. At the Black Lion Inn, Mr. Richard Parry has been fortunate enough to get The Baron," and Mr. Thomas Williams (the founder of the Derby Sweep at the White Lion) Miss Sarah."
GREAT EASTERN AND WESTERN RAILWAY. The report of Air. Gravatt is highly in favour of the en- gineering features of the Ihic. Mr. (.ravatt"s preliminary sur- vey was made in April, and he is now able fully to confirm its leading points, and to carry it out satisfactorily in its details. While part of the country was supposed to be of a most un- promising character, namely, that between Abcrpergwm and and Abergavenny, the trial sections have proved that a good and sufficient railway can be made while the rest of the country is, on mere inspection, highly favourable for carrying out a line. The line he consider* to have easy inclines and easy curies, while the estimate is moderate, and there is no interference with property of at;y ornamental character. The lower part of the line in the Merthyr Tydvil district has always been regarded as particularly unsatisfactory but so far is a careful inspection of the country from bearing this out, that Mr. Gravatt says, that nothing but a too confident reliance un the mere judgment of the eye, unsupported by any actual measurement, confined probably to the view of the turnpike-road, and regardless of the advanced state of en- gineering science, cond have, prevented the present plan from being brought forward long since. Having now completed his plans and sections, Mr. Gravatt is able to prove that on his part of the line he has obtained, at a fair cost, gradients and curves as much as 50 per cent. easier tliai) on some other lmes, now profitably carrying on a large traffic in passengers and m,- nerals. A practical exemphhcation of this statement ,s to be found in a tramway constructed by Mr. Crawshay Ba.ley,, at his own expense, the gradients of which are much more difh- cult, while the line is obliged to creep round ravines, which a passenger line would pass by bridge or viaduct. Notwithstand- ing the difficulties of the country, Mr. Crawshay Bailey has, however, carried out his tramway at a small expense, and able to work it effectuaJiy, thus fully proving the practicability of a line between Abergavenny and Nantyglo. The Eastern and Western line will start at a higher point than Mr. Bailey's tramroad, but it will be cartied out much more effectually. Of course an undertaking of this nature has required a great deal of careful study, because it is proposed to pass through a mountain country, and to go along the range of mineral val- lie,, affording accommodation to each by a branch line. To effect, this great object, and one which naturally claims the sympathies of the ironmasters, who are, of course, desirous of increasing their means cf transport—bein < well aware of the advantages of getting ituo their markets by the quickest ami cheapest routes; while to open up a new market is to e eat*- new branches of trade, and greatly to increase the present supply. A line is now on the eve of publication, which will mocí. materially promote the Great Eastern and Western, and ex- tend its influence.— The liaitivay Rerald.
Boucher Haees. 11 Boucher Haees. 11 The Fitzwilliam Stakes of 10 sovs. each, with 50 added. Mile and;; half. 3 subs. •' Mr. Meikiam's br. h. Trueboy, 5 years (J. Hutchinson) 1 Major Yarburgh's h. c. Little John, 3 years ii Won in a canter by four lengths. Match for 200 sovereigns. Half a mile Mr. Clifton's b.h. Nottingham, 5 years.. (Whitehouse) 1 Mr. Jaques's br. m. Semiseria, 5 years 2 Won in a canter. The Champagne Stakes of 59 sovereigns each, h. ft. The second to save his stakes, and the winner to give six dozen of Champagne to the- Race Club. 42 subs. Lord G. Bentinck's Princess Alice (Abdale) I Mr. O'Brien's b.c. The Traverser 2 Colonel Anson's b.c, Iago 3 9 others started. Princess Alice won cleverly by a length, the Traverser beat- ing lago by a neck. Her Majesty's Plate of 100 guineas. Four miles. Mr. Cook's b.m. The Shadow, aged (T. Lye) 1 Colonel Cradock's b.c. Jinglepot 2 Won very easy. The Cleveland Handicap of 20 sovereigns each, h. ft., with 60 added. The second to save his stake, and the winner to pay 10 sov.s.. towards expenses. One mile (21 subs., 8 of whom declared.) Mr. Meiklam's br. c. Godfrey, 4 years, (T. Lye) 1 Lord Chesterfield's ch. h. Knight of the Whistle 2 Lord Eglinton's b. m. Quebec, 5 years 3 <:> A splendid race, won only by a neck. Sweepstakes of 500 sovs. each, h.ft. for two-year olds. 3 sub- Lord G. Bentinck's br. f. Ennui Tlatruan) 1 Lord Maidstone's b.c. Tom Tulioch 1 Won in a. canter by four lengths. A Plate of £50. f ar Horses that never won a Plate or Sweep- stakes. Heats, St. Leger course. Mr Dawson's b. f. by :-heet Anchor.(T. Lye) 1 2 1 Mr. Bell's br. c. Sowerby, 4 1 2 Lord Maidstone's ch.f. Deuce Ace, 2 dr. LordGlasgo N,v,s 3 dr. First heat won cievsuy u.r me auu cleverly by a length. The Two-year-old Produce Stakes (reduced to a match) o 100 sovs., h. ft. i Mr Jaques's bl. c. Pedigree rec. from Mr. Brooks's b. f. WEDNESDAY. The Municipal and Selling Stakes got over, the bell rang for < saddling for the only event that possessed any interest—the St. Leger—and shortly af'?r three o'clock the horses, having taken i their preliminary canters, were paraded'to the post, and started by Lord George Bentinck. Time will not permit us to give i more than the result. — T-pn 1 THE GREAT bl. LEGER STAKES, < Of 50 sovs. each, h. ft., for three-Far olds. The owner of the second horse to receive 200 sovs. out of the stakes, and the j third to save his stake. The winner to pay 100 sovs. towards ] exoenses. St. Leger Course. (101 subs.) Mr. Watt's The Baron (i*. gutter) X iVajor Yarbuieh's Miss Sarah (Hoanes) 2 Mr. Mostyn's Pantasa ..(Marlow) 3 The following also started, but were not placed Major Yarburgh's Red Robin ( rempleman) 0 Sir R. Bulkeley's Chcrtsey. (Car, wnght) 0 Lord Chesterfield's Twig Simpson) 0 Mr. Gully's Wcatherbit • ■• at) 0 Mr. Ferguson's Ciear-the-Way (Kobmson) 0 Mr. Lane Fox's June (j*0}') 0 Mr. St. Paul's Mentor Mr. A. Johnstone's Annandale (Marson) 0 Mr. Ramsay's Mid Lothian (II, Bell) 0 Mr. Painter na. The Pacha (Whitehouse) 0 Mr. Hesseltine's FitzalIen (Bumby) 0 Lord Miltown's Duc-an-Durras.• (G.Edwards) 0 Mr. Ramsay's Mid Lothian walked oyer for the foal (Stakes i 100 noyg. each. | f 100 noyg. each. | We are informed that good Ichaboe aiano is now being sold in the Liverpool market, in ]ar?e" quantities, at £ 7- 5s. to £ Ids. per ton- Holders of this valuable manure may look forward to obtaining good prices nex: season. The demand is lively to be much increased on account of the pro- ductive results this year. I!
WELSH NORMAL SCHOOL. A general meeting of the committee anr>oin'?d at the Llan- dovery Conference, was held on Wednesday the 10th inst., in the absence of the chairman, D. Charles, Esq., of Caer- marthen, the chair was ably occupied by W. \\T. Phiilios, Esq., Pontvpool, who is one of the mostactive members of the com- mittee. The Rev. D. R. Stephen presented the report of a sub- committee, appointed to inquire for premise. &c The con- sideration of the report broughtunder the consideration of the meeting the several subjects of premiss „3Srer rules and regulations, and the terms of admission to the'mstitu'tion. The building calle(I the Old Lion, which had been also used as a barracks, in Hign street, Brecon was offered the committee by a gentleman representing the Welsh Calvioistic Methodists, who have recently purchased the whole property connected with it. for the piupo^e of erecting a chapei in the adjoining piece of ground. The committee having inspected the whole house, rented it, and came to an agreementabout repairs, &c. Upon dne consideration and inquiry, it was then proposed by the Rev. David Charles, B.A., President of Trevecca College, and seconded by Mordecai Jones, Esq., "That Mr. Evan DavlFs, of Gelli, Caermarthenshire, and M.A., of Glasgow, be respectfully requested to become Priii- cipal of the Welsh Normal School." A long and very interesting interview with Mr. Davies sue- ceeded, and mutual explanations we. centered mto and aform of agreement was signed by Mr. Davies 0ll the one part, and the Chairman on the other. The gentleman thus elected as Principal, has been educated, first "nder Dr. W Davies, at Froodvale; then under Dr. Day, at Bristol i and has since gone through the whole curriculum at Glasgow. He is about proceeding to London to spend the remainder of the year there, at the Normal Schoob of the several leading educational societies. 3 Rules and regulation': were subsequently discussed and determined on. Mr. Stephen submitted L tile committee the dra't of an address, in Welsh, stating the character and claims of the Normal School; which, after some alterations, was adopted, and ordered forthwith to be printed. Mr. Charles, of Trevecc-3, kindly engaged to prepare an English address, On the basis of the Welsh one just adopted. ° Measures are bei-ig taken to fit up the premises, and fur- nish them, so as to be able to open the school on January 1846. Candidates for admission are requested to apply with- out delav to one of the secretaries, who are, the Rev. J. G. Avery, Wesleyan Minister, LlanEllv. Caerll1;¡nhenshire the Rev. David Rees, Independent Minister, of the sain0 place and the Rev. D. Rhys Stephen, Baptist Minister, of this town'. 0'
SOUTHWAUK ELECTION".—The nomination for tte election of a member for the borough of Southwark, took place on Wed- nesday, the 10th inst., the candidates being Sir William Moles- worth, Mr. Pilcher, and Mr. Miail. These gentlemen severally addressed the assembled multitude, but the confusion was so great as to render their speeches almost entirely inaudible. On ci I a show ci" hands being taken for the candidates, the majority was evidently in favour of Sir William when a poll was demanded on behalf of the other gentlemen. The result of the poll is given below :— Yor :Sir W, ,I; oleswonn "1943 Mr. Pilcher Mr. Mi all the mends ot the late air wimam ruueu, propose to erect a statue to his memory. The Lord Chancellor, and many of the great meil of the bench and the bar, are members of a com- mittee to carry out the object.
"THE HANOVER SIXGEIlS." To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin, Sin,—Had the complaint of "Spectator," hinted in the MERLIN of the 16th uft., been fully published, we would not have felt sorry, but would have enjoyed it very much. Ere this, we should have retarded the current of his 1, powerful language," in showing that his remonstrances were entirely false and groundless; and that both the terms "haughty and imperious," arc more applicahte to hImself than the" Hanover Singers." If we do not mistake Spectator," we are not surprised at his airs, being probably possessed of tittle know- ledge and no wisdom therefore, he is more to be pitied than envied. It was generally observed on the 7th of August, that the conduct, good taste, and order, evinced by the Hanover Singers," was highly commendable and praiseworthy. LUDUS MUSICUS.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,-Having been a constant reader of your valuable jour- nal for the last six years, I am proud to say I never found one instance when a subject was brought befcrj the public, through your paper, in which the least partiality was shown; on the contrary, I always found you willing to insert both sides of the question, leaving the public to judge for themselves. In your paper of the 6th inst., there appeared a letter, res- pecting the reniovul of a benefit society from the Old Red Lion, n e Charles-street, to the Travellers1 Rest, Thomas-street; and in that letter it is rspresented that the box was removed without the consent of the major part of the society. Allow me, through the same channel, to lay before the public the whole transaction, as it happened, and then it will be for them to judge whether we acted right or wrong, and whether we deserve the appellations which it has pleased the Lover of Justice" to be&tow u.pou us^-viz., Assailants and Pluuderers. Twelve months ago last July, I, with a few others, estab- v lished the above society and," for the first two or three nights of our meeting, we enrolled a goodly number of names, and the society bade fair to be an extensive one. Our funds began to accumulate, and the stewards thought it tlw uuty of the land- lord to give security for their safe custody. Accordingly, a month was allowed him to get it;—the month expired and no security appeared ;—another month was allowed to elapse, and, fo our astonishment, the landlord produced a security not worth a pin. The steward, John Roberts, told hitfl the sort of secu- rity we wanted, and if he could not get it, we should be under the necessity of removing the club. Accordingly, another month was allowed him, and then he produced one that was, I believe, satisfactory to all parties. We then went on, some- times rough, and sometimes smooth, till the end of the year, when, on the night we divided our overplus money, the land- lord was observed, when called out of the room, to lock the box and put the key in his pocket. This he had repeatedly done before. The then steward, John Parker, asked the landlord, when lie returned into the room again, what was his motive for acting in such a manner? He answered, that he treated us all as rogues. The steward said, if such is the case, we are no more worthy to meet in your house, and he immediately proposed a meetjng should be called to remove the box: Henery Jones se- conded it, and it was carried unanimously. On the Monday following I summoned as many as I could meet with to attend, aiui out ot about twenty-five that I summoned, fifteen attended, ine case was ballotted for, and we had fourteen for moving the box, and one against it, and three that could not attend, gave hen consent for moving it. I would here remark that, accor- imu to our article on this subject, if I obtained the consent of 1 major pan ot the society in favour of removing the box, without calling a meeting for that purpose, it would be quite legal for the stewards and myself to have demanded the box, and the landlord dare not refuse giving it up. This is the opinion of the barrister. ? & r Allowing that those whom I did not summon were all against removing the box, there were still two majority, the number being, altogetner, thirty-two, and not twenty-seven, as stated in my friend's letter. I now trust I have satisfied my friend, as well as the public generally, on this subject. I shall leave them to judge between both. it the public think that we have acted inconsistently, we are waling-10 be treated according to mv friend's designa- tion of us. But if it is their opinion, that we have acted like men, and in accordance to our articles, then we shall be con- tented with the assurance of securing their approval. Allow me, boiore I end, to say one w(,rd more. My friend said, 111 one part of his letter, that on the following club night the mempers met at their Club Room, and lo! the box was gone. fney travelled after it; and on the landlord, Mr. Old, observing these honest men approaching, he made Lis exit up stairs with the box. Allow me to tell my friend, that, when these honest men apprtfthed, club business was settled, and the box was on the eve of being taken awav, when in rushed eight or ten ot these honest men into the room, intending to have taken ayvay the box by force, but the attempt was foiled. 1 rusting this will be a satisfaction to all, and expressing my sorrow for haying thus trespassed on your paper, I would subscribe myself your very obedient, humble servant, SILAS TOOMER, Secretary to the society. Newport, September 17th, 18-15.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. He who knows not how to value the Welshman's love of country, deserves the pity of all mjen of sense and intelligence. National feelings aie natural to us all and amor pan its is ad- mitted to claim an empire more particularly ir. the hearts of the wise and good. The existence of periodi.icaJ demonstrations of this feeling argues well for the internal stiti of a country, and shews that the energies of the people are directed in right channels; it tends to so the political dL>cora, and binds all together by that community of innocent and laudable interests so es- sential to the well-being of a people." IfViiie.s Guide to the Town and Neighbourhood of Abergavenny. < SIR,-I must th¡l'I time address myself to the public, for • Mrs. Caudle is so entirely ignorant, and so utterly incapable of receiving information, that words would be wasted upon her hollow soul- a soul utterly and for ever dead to a noble senti- ment of Patriptic feeling, and a dmpleton ia her own esteem, lhe Cymreigyddion is an institution not so modern as has been supposed, and more nearly allied to the sympath,es of Vt elshmen than is generally believed. An eloquent speaker at hLn'K J;he Caermarthen Cymreigyddion, or Cam- bnan Society ot Dyfed, said—1"These meetings recall to our memory tne splendid davs of our race, when our bards and minstrels assembled in the halls of the palaces of our native ^1isCedne,;i,C0^tended tl* P"ze of poetry and of song. To briin o ™ h,?our ot' renewing the celebration of the Cam- rw.«iS piS £ ames> whieh have since j!Povv}'?' Gwynedd, and Gwent." From the earliest ages ot the world, '"milar^r11^ of mediocre importance" institutions of a rtX.«i?rituter in their principle, have been in operation, rnli«man he*it of the nation (which, after all, is the rower) the strains of the lyre, the songs of lationf hi0ns!,and t,le tales of the brave and good. Barbarous tit SIT their festivals in honour of what they esteem to be hern 1 "oblest being of human mould—their warrior Sha11 not we> who lay claim to civilization, speak S > %0f that which we love so highly-tne poetry ot ;d™ ? we not endeavour to resuscitate those sublime tohis wiH U3 s-trains wl'ich once strung the sinews of our chief- tains wit,i an iron fervour' Shall we not endeavour to exalt »n influence which, in the secret recesses of our souls, we all STf g6 t0be the liquid gem that instils a value into_tne -.up of our existence > With sorrow we know that the harp ia» been hung too Ion" in the hall of our people, neglected and ng0, eu~that its melody ceased for long, long years to be i7- Ut thanks to the giant-spii'it of Cambria, the Cym- reigyddion shall be the means of exerting a magic influence ,iPon the spirit of sono" "ndand a^in sl,aU eaCAh Je cheered with the "Vunlhig strains" of antiquity. A prophet 3f old said that "Arthur should re-appear —and he shall Prove a true prophet-Arthur shall re-appear, 111 a new garb- le mantle, of .the peaceful chivalry of intellect. The Welsh- man still retains tEirit of the chivalrous Arthur the ever- memorable words of Rio the Breton, are true—" King Arthur dead /lll(j ere th'is feeling is eradicated, each glorious mountain must be removed from before his eyes, tipped as it is with a thousand -i -npl'itioiis,—the foaming torrent must be turned from it" rockv course, rushing with the voice it did centuries ago,-the harp m«st 110 lon^:l' bureat,?et f° thrilling meToc v -each strain, each peculiar thought, language e NV I itself nuist be to'ro^en While we attend to the prosperity of the muse of Cambria, we will not forget its literature but exert every energy to arouse the desire lor research-an object which we have attained in no inconsiderable degree: works of great vaiu, havi been written published, wid we may add, ) Young Cambria is thriving well on the labours of the Cym- reigyddion. We will also look to the commercial prosperity of onr country, and see to it that while the hearts and minds of our people are cultivated, that their hearths shall be brightened by t !ie smile of industry and plenty. The Cymreigyddion differs from the bardic institutions, inas- much as it is more comprehensive in principle, and of greater utility ill effect; the former paid its exclusive attention to the minstrelsy of the land, the latter not only affords encourage- ment to the bard, but also gives a stimulus to trade, and thus endears their national institution to the people of Wales more closely, increasing the amount of interest they feel in iLs pros- perity. Societies of a literary and bardic nature are (I believe) in operation in the following places (though not so wide in their circle of operations, yet actuated by the same motive) -.—Liver- pool, Manchester, Bangor, Dolgelly, Bethesda, Ruthin, Ysceiviog, Llanrwst, Llanerchymedd, Swansea, Cardiff, Cow- bridge, Caermarthen, London, Abergavenny, and one or two others, which for the moment, I forget. Some others, from local 1 causes, have ceased to exist as Lumrei^vd-lion Societies, and have became true ivoi ile Lodges, which, 1 think, are more eir- cumscribed in their means of effecting good, though they offer a fair prospect for the future. The design 0!' these institutions, says Jones, in his prize essay On the Cliarucier of the Welsh as a Nation," is "The preservation of ancient British litera- ture, poetical, historical, antiquarian, sacred, :1I1d moral; the encouragement of the rising genius of the 11a' i* es of Wales in the departments of poetry, history, and general literature also the cultivation of penillion singing (a method of singing with the harp peculiar to the Principality), and in an especial man- ner the encouraging performers on the harp." To these objects the promoters of the Abergavenny Cymreigyddion have added the improvement of Welsh mansfacture in flannel and hats. That these associations, formed fur the sake of carrying out the same object, should be productive of a wide-spread influence upon the habits and character of the Welsh, it would be un- necessary for me to remark and it were as useless for me to hint that the foul breath of Mrs. Caudle," (I have had "a benefit" many time with it, I assure you,) though it were fouler than the thickest Stygian vapour that e'er arose, could possibly hinder their progress. Silly woman But to return. The Abergavenny Cymreigyddion was formed in the year 1832,. by a body of patriotic tradesmen in the town and its vi- cinity. By tradesmen alone the Society is carried on the com- mittee is entirely composed of men in the middle ranks of life and it is entirely an institution for the people. The Society i- encouraged by the wealth of the upper classes in Gwent and Morganwg, though not to an extent commensurate with its im- portance, as well as by our English neighbours—much to their honour. In reviewing its influence, I shall take, 1st, its lite- rature 2ndly, its music; 3rdly, its manufactures and, lastly, I will touch upon Cattwg's slander of Lewys Glyn Cothi and Davyddap Gwylim, and "Mrs. Caudle's" ribaldry about the rogues, vagabonds," &c. &c. Mind, my kind reader, I do not pretend to the great learning of Mrs. Caudle" in these mat- ters, but give you the facts of the case in all honesty and sim- plicity of heart, as they strike me. I shall be glad if you will correct me if I err, as my only objects are the elucidation of truth, and stripping Mrs. Caudle" of her frilled smalls." To the Cymreigyddiou generally the Welsh are indebted for nearly all their literature of a miscelianeouscharacterof modern production, ami the English for much of their knowledge of Welsh history, antiquities, and poetrv. These treasures, taken from the museum of the past, have, by the Eisteddfodan, b-en distributed to the French and Germans; and the enthusiasm fú:" Celtic research now felt by the last-named people (as I have before remarked) has been assisted by the valuable labours of Dr. Meyer and Professor Schultz, whose extraordinary talents have been drawn out by the Abergavenny Cymreigyddion. In this view we regard these institutions of peculiar value, as, while they foster the native geniusofthe Phncipaiity,by open- ing to it the stores of literary wealth, indigenous to the Welsh race, confer a benefit upon the world, by adding to the general stock of learning—a principle of action generous and laudable, and far above the conceptions of such snivellers as Cattwg Cattsvrdd" and Mrs. Caudle." Of course if the Aberg-avenny Irstitution is attacked, the entire nation is involved in the question; or, rather, every Cymreigyddion Society ill Cambria is inevitably included in the charge brought against one Insti- tution, inasmuch as they are constituted for the same purpose. If one is of 110 utility, the labours of all must be viewed in the same light. Those who attack the Abergavenny Institution I know are not aware of the meaning of their own words, and thus, in pity for their ignorance, they have remained unnoticed bv those who are more intimately allied to the workings of tne Society—a method of treatment which they deserved.. How- ever, i would request them to consider what facts ard principles are involved in the discussion before they utter another word. Welsh literature had its "dark age" in the past century— during which period little was done either to preserve and in- vestigate the ancient literature of Wales, or to create a desire in the bosoms of the people for original efforts. But amongst the many signs and wonders" the 19th century has produced, a revolution in the habits of our people is observable,—the star of our country's destiny blazes in the blue and smiling sky of hope,—and in a few years to come we may, in looking upon the past, and contemplating the present, adapt the beautiful words of Mrs. Hemans, and exclaim, At the dead hour of night, Marked ye how each majestic height Burned in its awful beams;- Red shone the Pternal snows, And all the land, as bright it rose, Was full of glorious dreams. And exultingly add— Oh eagles of the battle, rise I The hopes of Cambria wakes It ii your banner in the skies Through each dark cloud which breaks And mantles, with triumphant dyes. Your thousand bills and lakes!" Yes! with the powerful aid of the Eisteddfodan, we have noble hopes for the future. The bread cast upon the waters shall be seen after many daysthe seeds now sopn shall spring up and blossom in a thousand green and sunny spots. That the at- tention of the nation is not yet engaged in the acquirement of scientific knowledge is an evident fact; but the quibbling, snarling, piggish Cattwg" ought to know that the drinking at one stream of knowledge begets a thirst for a draught at another. Because the cottager knows but little of the course of the heavenly bodies, is it a teuton that he should know nothing of the history, the antiquities) or the minstrelsy of his country ? Because Cattwg" cantiot get pig"s»fry for his din- ner, (as being more in unison with his nature) is t[ a reason whv he should reject, a hearty feast of Welsh mutton? Is this your mode of reasoning? 0, silly Cattwg!" sit you down again urion your mother's lap, and ask her to teach you A, B, C Welshmen are not deficient in the spirit that gives the soul to a scientific nation, as I will hereafter prove; and let" Cattwg" or Mrs. Caudle" offer prizes for essays on scientific subjects at the next Eisteddfod, and I will engage he shall bear from his countrymen in language and sense not to be mistaken. The reason of the failure of the efforts which have been made to introduce scientific periodicals into Wales, is partly in the man- ner of their introduction, and in some measure the want of pa- tronage amongst the nobility. But takinj the position of the Welsh people for general information, as it now stands an ong t the rural population, and compare them with the agricu tura.1 populations of England, and it would require but little atten- tion to perceive that the balance lies in favour of the former or take the average number of literary, and thoroughly well- informed men in proportion to the population of the Princi- pality, and compare it with a similar average taken from the population of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and I would again affirm that the balance is in favour of the Welsh, i. e. in point of number, and taking them from the middle ranks of life. Then why should "Cattwg" turn round and snap at his countrymen, and exalt him of another nation as a paragon of excellence ? He should rather do his utmost (if he indeed possesses a principle of patriotism animating his bosom) to ex- cite the emulation of his countrymen for the acquirement of that branch of knowledge which he esteems as the sine gllu non of a nation's glory, rather than stir up their anger by his ribaldry. This would be likely to effect more good for his purpose, which he says is the melioration of the Welsh people, than the plan he is at present adopting. I will give the names of the more important works which 'have been issued by the Abergavenny Cymreigyddion, and append the publications of the Welsh M.S.S. Society, because of the connexion that So- ciety has with the former, and the profound contempt "Mrs. Caudle" seems to feel for it. From the Llandovery press :—" The ancient National Airs of Gwent alln Morgarnog, being a collection, (1' 11lelsh music, deùi- cated to the Queen," by Miss Jane Williams, of Aberpergwm. This work gained the prize at the fifth anniversary of the Aber- gavenny Cymreigyddion. An Essay on the Influence of Welsh tradition upon the Literature of Germany, France., and Scandi- naviaby Professor Schulz. This gained a prize of eighty guineas at the Eisteddfod of 1840, and was translated into En- by Mrs. Berrington. sister of Sir B. Hal), Bart., M.P. AAi\e^r.n y or Ancient Bardic Alphabet. We a i, 0pir'i°n of the Rev. T. Price, (Carnhuanawc,) on this excellent work:—"I must say that this essay is one of the most extraordinary and important productions that have ever come under my notice, either as a prize composition, or one of any other description, inasmuch as the author, in supporting • if-it ory of the Coelbren, does not merely establish the pos- sibility of its genuineness, by shewing its consistency with the alphabets ot ancient times, but he produces most distinct and decided evidences of its having been in use amongst the Welsh Bards as late as the fourteenth century. His authorities are drawn chiefly from the writings of the bards of Tir Iarll, in Morganwg, and particularly from those of Llywelyn Tion, who had made a collection from the libraries of the Abbeys of Neath and Margam, of Plas y Van and Ragland Castle; and in these ancient remains he finds not only mention of the Coel- bren, but absolutely instructions for forming the tablets laid down in the most minute manner; also tablets of the alphabet as it was used by Gwilym Tew Llawdden, and other bards, prior to the 16th century." To the following work I would call "Cattwg's" attention:—Philological proofs of the origiuul unity '? ;<< recent origin of the human race." by J. A. Johnes, Esq. Those of the Welsh M.S.S. Society, (either already pub- lished, or in the course of publication,) are The Liber Landa- vsnsis," a mo t important and valuable work Iolo Morganwg's iHiscell'lJIeolls collection of historical and other M.S.S. I he Heraldic visitation of Wales, by Lewis Dwuu," edited by Sir S. R. Mevrick. K.H., F.S.A., &c. The lives of the British saints (fom allcient M.S.S. in tile British Museum, and elsewhere." §c. Besides numbers of M.S.S., rich stores for future research; but Cattwg" will say these have nothing to do with science! But he admits that the Cymreigyddion is as readily open to those who wish to forward their countrymen in this particular brtnch of literature, as to ought else. Sir John Guest tried it: but Cattwg" says, he did not succeed. Now this was no fault of the Cymreigyddion, and wherefore pour out the spleen of his nature upon the respectable gentlemen who form the committee of that society. How dare he speak in such contemptous terms of those whose laudable and persevering labours have brought about so much good. Is Cattwg" so far above them in his own esteem, either in point of rank or intellect, as that he cannot afford a courteous word. He has kicked Mrs. C. over- board on one question; let him do it once more, and in all honesty recall his hasty words, and disclaim all connexion with such a course of conduct. Thu object of the society is the me- iio-ation of the condition of Wales. To this end their efforts have been directed, and noble results have been the consequence. The We.ah, from the remotest agesof antiquity, have ever been attached to their history, mnpic, and poetry; it is native to the soil; and hence we discover the cause of the peculiar vein of historic literature, which runs through the proceedings of the Eisteddfodan. The Germans are a metaphysical people: the English a commercial, and consequently a more matter-of-fact and scientific people, nationally considered and the Welsh are strangely attached to the records of their ancestry. A Scotch- man will leave his native land with scarcely a feeling of regret; an Englishman will plant a colony on a foreign strand, and for- get his native cliffs in his dream of gold; the Irishman, though warmer in his attachment to his native soil than either of the last-named, is too lively and reckless in his disposition to form that deep, silent, and eternal love for his green hills which ani- mates the Cambrian soul. His is the deep, hidden, current of feeling, that is irresistible in Hj|influence. If he leaves his native land— He drags a heavy chain, which lengthens as he goes," and the burthen of his matin and vesper, is his anwyl home like the Israelite he longs to lay his weary hones neath the walls of his Jerusalem The mountains and rocky glens, the torrents and glades are all endeared to him by some tale of the past -as they were to his forefathers a tale that he receives as his birthright—a spiritual entailed property, which he is taught to value and keep from the despoiler. Here is the secret of those wild, impassioned strains, which were sung by the min- strel of old here is the secret of the bravery ot those heroes whom Greece and Rome might have been proud to own." Then" Cattwg" need not wonder that the literary spirit of the country is evinced in this particular thing. He should know that "time works wonders," and that the increase of the ma- nufacturing efforts of the Welsh people will shew them the necessity of scientific knowledge, and thus they will be gradu-' J 'ed into it. Here, again, the CvmreigydduM1 v tenni comes in aid of Cattwg's" object, with its powerful influence; it is^ ormed for the encouragement of the manufacturing spirit ot country. What course would "Cattwg" propose to make I the Welse a scientific people? I will tell you, my kind public, tie would begin with reviling aU other avenues to information, and make them know that or nothing! Cattwg" says that the Welsh are plentifully supplied with theology! I will go further, and say the abuse of theology, by certain fanatics, has been a curse to many districts but this is no reason for there being no theology at all. Still let the stream of learning flow along—now a rivulet of history uniting with it—here a topo- graphical spring emptying itself—anon a sparkling brook of legendary lore dashing into it—then other springs sending forth their liquid purity for the thirsty inquirer—all shall unite into one, until the stream becomes a mighty river. Attention will, by this means, be called to intellectual culture, and thus the people will lead themselves to taste of the various waters, with- out (a la Cattwg) there being a necessity for pumping it down their throats, which, by the way, might induce nausea. It would not be wasted, perhaps, were we to mention a few of the literary productions of the Cymreigyddion in general, to give an idea of the extent of its influence. Reet's Welsh Saints," thick 8vo. John's cause of Dissent in Wales" 8vo.; Angla- raed's Llwyd's History of Anglesea Newcomb's History of Den- bigh Castle History of Ruthin Castle"Jones's chartlcter of the Welsh, as a nation;" Walter Davis's Traethawe on Rhy- didd also his Topographical Scenery of Powys&i Gwinedd." All these are prize essays of Cymreigyddion Societies. Cam- brian liegister "Cambrian Quarterly "Cambro Briton Cambrian Biography Cymmrodorion Transactions," six volumes; (rwuneddigion Transactions," &;c., fyc.; with hun- dreds of works in manuscript. Surely these are not feeble, in- effectual efforts of a people awaking from a comparative slum- ber of centuries they are the promises of great things. There are, we are glad to find, other means in operation for effecting the object "Cattwg" is desirous of obtaining. The establish- ment of a normal school in Brecon, on the system of the Bri- tish and Foreign school society will do much for South Wales, and a desire is felt throughout the Principality, for the liberal education of the young. Cattwg's" letters are heaps of contradictions; he writes for the sake of writing, no matter what quality it may be What in the world does he want ? Let him pull back the veil of his Llensiniau Mystery, for the leader is unmistakeable in his bray- ing propensities! dsinus portrat mysteria." o Your very obedient servant, EDWARD CAUDLE. Abergavenuy, September 15th, 1815. (
■t To th:, Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,—The Merlin has ever been forward in advocating public benefit and public reforms; such being the fact, shall I, sir, request that you will kindly take upon you to be the castigator in a case that most materially affects the health of the inhabi- tants of this town ? It is known to you that the water of our canal has been let out for these eight or ten days, in order to finish a certain culvert or common sewer, in consequence of which the bed of the canal has been quite dry. Judge of mv surprise, in walking do vn the canal bank, fromNewport to Pill, since the canal has become dry, to witness the carcases of some eight or ten dead dogs. I began to reflect within myself whether it could be in accordance with the sanatory regulations of towns that such horrid nuisances should exist. I heard, on inquiry from all parties concerned, that the letting out of the water cf the canal was deeply felt, the water being used for almost every household purpose,—and on further inquiry I learnt that the brewers of beer complained most of any. On hearing this I made most particular inquiries, and I found that the home brewed beer of our town was made entirely from writer taken from our canal, and that there was no other water used I bethought myself that these brewers, who are so in- terested in the water of our canal, ought to pay a visit to its banks, and there witness the shameful number of stinking carcascs of dead dogs. cats, &c., and then to bestir themselves as pubhc benefactors, in memoralising the Monmouthshire Canal Company to exercise any right which they may possess, to punish all persons who might be detected in throwing im- propei things inu> the canal, or who could be identified as the owneis of such animals whilst alive, as may be discovered to have been thrown into the canal; and that the company would be pleased to carry out any such right to punish offenders to the utmost extent. If, sir, you will kindly take upon you to notice this compla in so as to draw the attention of the company, and to shame delin- quents, the writer will have gained something, and the public much. » I remain, Sir, yours obediently, A BURGESS.
ABERGAVENNY CYMREIGYDDION. To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. Sir,It has been signified to me, that my letter, in the last MF.RI.IN, was not sufficiently comprehensive, and that I am called upon to extend my remarks to other charges brought against the Cymreigyddion and, in accordance with this sug- gestion, I am induced once more to trespass on your columns. Amongst these charges there is one which appears to form the foundation of nearly all the others, but which, neverthe- less, is of so general a character, that in order to disprove it, and fully vindicate the society, it will be necessary to enter into several details with some degree of minuteness. The main charge is that the society is endeavouring to bring back a state of" barbarism." Now, in my opinion, the reverse is the real fact; as the formation of a society, having for its objects those of the Cymreigyddion, is one of the strongest in- dications of an advance of civilisation and the man who would extinguish such a society is himself the abettor of barbarism. However gteat the evils that accompany civilisation, and they are great and numerous, yet it is universally admitted that the present century has brought with it a more extended diffusion of knowledge, together with a refinement of taste, andahigher developement of intellect; and it appears to me that this ad- vance of mind is in no instance more distinctly perceptible than in the formation of literary and scientific societies. Wherever we find a literary society established, we are as. sured that there are, in that locality, those who attach a value to mental cultivation, and exert themselves to promote it; and in proportion as such society meets with support, we may form an estimate of the taste and pursuits of the people. Half a century ago many things were treated with neglect and con. tempt, which have since become objects of national import- ance, and even cf legislation. We remember the time when antiquarian researches were confined to a few individuals, and remains of antiquity considered as rubbish, and treated ac- cordingly but now we find that antiquarian knowledge is ge- nerally cultivated as a science, and those objects that were once destroyed without compunction, are sought after with anxiety, and preserved with care and veneration—museums are formed for their reception—and volumes written in illus- tration of them. Here, then. we find the advance of mind; a veneration for the remains of former ages and, with this feeling, we claim to identify that by which the Cymreigyddion is actuated. Formerly, ancient manuscripts were considered of no value, beyond the quantity of parchment they may con- tain but now, vast sums of money are expended on then pur- chase—libraries are erected for their safe custody, and their contents perpetuated by the press. Here, again,is an indication of mental advance; and in these services the Cymreigyddion claims t08 participate. Formerly, philological investigations had but little interest, excepting in a very limited circle; but, at the present time, we find that societies are formed, not onlv for the study of languages, but also for the examination and analysis of dialects and local idioms. In this pursuit, again, we claim a kindred object; and if the Cymreigyddion were extinguished to-morrow, it would leave behind it lasting testimonials of the services it has rendered this branch of science. Half a century ago, national music was but little esteemed, excepting amongst those whose unsophisticated taste, and tenaciousness of ancient usages, rendered it an object ofvalue. But now a totally different sentiment prevails. Na- tional airs are sought after and noted down, with the greatest zeal and activity; and able, dissertations are written illustra- tive of their character and history. Chappell has, in a splen- did collection, given us the airs and ancient ballads of Eng- land Dauney has rendered a similar service to Scotland' whilst Bunting and More have been equally active in the cause of Ireland. In these pursuits, also, the Cymreigyddion claim to join; and are carrsing out in the Principality, the object which Parry and Jones so ably commenced; and that, too with spirit and success: inasmuch as they have not only saved fr in oblivion some of our most beautiful melodies, but have effectually succeeded in preserving amongst us that noble in- strument, the harp, and perpetuating it in the country, where I trust it will permanently remain, as one of the most inte: resting monuments of antiquity, that in any nation may have been rescue-i from the hand oftlme. These are some of the indications of real intellectual culti- vation, which in the present day are discernible amidst the accumulations of error and spurious improvement, that pre- sent themselves to our notice. It is in the promoting of these and similar objects that the Cymreigyddion claims its share of service. And I feel that I cannot too much admire and an plaud the public spirit of those enlightened tiadesmen of Abergavenny, who have come forward to establish this insti- tution, and have so liberally continued its support. Another point upjn which the Cymreigyddion is assailed is its patronage of the native manufacture of woollen as it is urged that calico can be had at a lower price. Now setting aside the sanatory difference betwixi cotton and woollen, and the superior quahty ot the latter as a promoter of health, to. geihei with the advantages it possesses in its better adaptation to the temperature of our climate, and the occupations of the rural population, I much doubt the greater cheapness of the other. Indeed, it is generally admitted that country-made woollens are, from their durability, the cheapest of the two. But allowing the advantage of pecuniary cost to be on the side of the cotton, are we to overlook the moral price at which it is obtained ? —the appalling national sacrifices which are daily offered up at its altar ? Are we to forget the mass of wretchedness, disease, and famine, which exists in those depo. sitories of misery, the great cotton manufactories ? Surely those who advocate the pernicious system of congregating ma- nufacturers in such places, for the sake of saving a few pence in a yard of cloth, can either not have well considered the claims of humanity, or else not have acquainted themselves with the facts which have of late occupied the attention of the legislature on this subject, and brought the evils of the manu. facturing system so prominently before the public. The rural manufacturer follows a healthful occupation, and furnishes to others the means of preserving health; whilst in the great cotton manufactories, thousands ot wretched bemgs are drag- ging on a miserable existence, in such deep degradation of mind and body, in such intellectual darkness and corporeal suffering, as to make it a positive act of charitable service, to I save even a single individual from entering one of those cities of the plague which have of late years sprung up amongst U8, and which disfigure and disgrace our country. I remain, &c., Cwmdu, Sept. 16, 1845. T. PRICE.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. '• If when 'twere done 'twere well done Then 'twere well it were done quickly." SIR,—It is always pleasing to men of business to see a man of business do his business in a business like manner; it is therefore, pleasing to all your readers, I mean all those who have at all interested themselves in this mighty discussion, to know the" Gentleman of the Principality is a thorough, gay, business-like man, and a downwngnt clever fellow, for he has carried out his determination, to crush that incarnation ot humbug, called the Abergavenny Cymreigyddion," which, ac- cording to his own shewing, has not only been done well, but done quickly; for in six weeks he has demolished without a single shilling expense, that whIch cost us poor Cymreigyddions twelve years' hard labour, and nobody knows how much money to build up. The "Gentleman has only one more part to play, and then his work will be done employ his ready pen and pro- lific mind, between this and the 17th of October, to write her epitaph; and if the Abergavenny Cymreigyddion be not seen on that occasion possessing more than her pristine vigour, he shall have the honor of reading the epitaph, and consigning her to the tomb of the capulets. In the Cymreigyddion, between A Gentleman" & Fenni," no doubt there has been some little trumpeting and a vast deal of rigmarole penned; and tho' the hits have been occasionally hard, yet the dash of fun and frolic thrown into his epistles, has done away with anything like an ill feeling therefore for the present we part, but we meet again at Phllippi. I would that I could dismiss "Cattwg" with the same kindly feeling. In his letter, last week, addressed t. Lady Hall, his observations on the tradesmen of Abergavènnyare so grossly insulting, that 110 one possewing the courtwy of a .1 iw- ■i — ■7 gentleman, could deliberately pen ar passage of that character A reply to it would be but adding to the insult. The Gentlemen ot the county know that the tradesmen of Abergavenny are men of worth, socially, morally, and politically, and appreciate them accordingly. Your well-deserved compliment to the Rev. T. Price, last week, was of course, read by Cattwg." »v FENNI. Abergavenny, September 18th, 1845.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR, In connection with the subject upon which I addressed you last week, there is another point extremely essential to the prevention of railway accidents, and to which public attention should be drawn I mean, the establishment of an instantane- ous and intelligible system of communication between the driver of the engine and the guard. Upon this subject, much has been written, and many plans proposed but none of those I have read appear to be free from objections, on one account or other. The last and most feasible one I saw was to have a cord running along the roof of the carriages composing the train, and, passing from the guard to the engineer, to have a bell attached to it, that the guard, in cases of necessity could ring. To this plan there are, in my opinion, several objections the principal one of which is, that, admitting the bell to be rung, and that it excited the attention of the engineer, it would tend rather to confuse him than otherwise, because, leaving him in ignorance of the instructions the guard wished to con- vey to him, he would be at a loss to know whether the case required him to stop instantly, or merely to gradually slacken his speed. Allow me, therefore, sir, through the medium of your columns, to suggest a plan, to which, so far as I am able to judge, I think there is no objection. Instead of a cord I would have a wire, to traverse the line of carriages, (terminat- ing in a coil at either one end or the other, to allow for any increase in the length of the train), connected to a small voltaic battery, at the guard's end, and with a bell and index at the other, forming, in fact, an electrical telegraph, on a small scale. On this index, I would have a code of signals placed, implying "stop," "go on," "look out," &c., or any other requisite form of words embodying the usual expressions made use of between the guard and the driver By a simple arrange- n ent tiie same instant that put it in operatior, w .11 ring the bell and point out the directions the guard wished to give. 1 am not sufficiently au fait in chemical knowledge to enter into the detail of the arrangement, but I feel persuaded that it may be easily effected, and confident that it could not fail to answer the purpose intended. I leave the plan 1 propose to the consi- deration of your scientific and engineering readers; and you may probably hear from me again, upon a subject which is now engrossing the attention of all parties—high and low—rich and poor. I am, sir, your obedient servant, Near Walsall, Sept, 16,1845. AMYNTER.
ABERGAVENNY CYMREIGYDDION. To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. beg leave to hand you below, the description of the lady's dress, moved and seconded at a committee of ladies, held by them, a few days ago, at Owen Glyndwr's Cottage, near Abergavenny. The dress is to be worn at the forthcoming Eisteddfod, not the Humbug and Nutshell Eisteddfod, as stated by a Gentle- man of the Principality," but at one of the most brilliant Eisteddfodu ever held in the Principality. This information, no doubt, will grieve the "Gentleman," and your celebrated cor- respondent "Cattwg." As for "Cattwg," and his stock of impudence, I will challenge any man, or even a "Mrs. Caudle," to compete with him, from Land's End to Menai-bridge, in Mou. The following Englynion are a perfect miniature of "Cattwg," in reference to his lying system :— Colyn y diawl yw celwydd-Gwenwyní¡, Wyn anwar afloydd Gyrr ar ei Faith daith trwy'r dydd, Eneidiau yn 8nnedwydd. Noder yr un a wedow-gas anair; Gwiw Syni'ed am dano, Nai brad yw eifwriad fo Du gelwydd paid a'i goelis «rlhftdjes' 1845.—" Full dress, made of the finest Rodney Pl.unel, with long sleeves and on? large flounce, 9uL['inR ofnbbon of the same color as the dress." The lady s hat.— A black beaver hat, with broad figured rib- bon and a leek on the left." The above fashionable dress is most respectfully dedicated to the ladle, of the Principality. I am, sir, yours most respectfully, r,, « e t owEN GLYNDWR. Owen Glyndwr s Cottage, September 17th, 1845.
DREADFUL FIRE, WITH LOSS OF LIFE IN LONDON. On Tuesday afternoon, between the hours of one and two a fire, attended with a large destruction of property, and fatal consequences to one, if not several persons, broke out upon premises belonging to Sir Charles Price and Company oil and colour merchants, situate in William-street, Blackfriari. The premises were of immense extent, spreading from William-street to the water-side. They were bounded on the west by the City Gas Works, and were flanked on the east by Messrs. Hoppe's, the Pig's Quay Coal-whaif. The fire originated, from some cause at present unknown, in that portion of the premises termed the turpentine warehouse, a large brick building, about 60 feet long and 50 feet wide, situate on the western side of the works, and adjoining Messrs. Hoppe's property. At the time the alarm was given the men employed on the works had gone to dinner; the only party in the yard ap- pears to have been one of the ostlers. He stated that for some time previously he had observed strong smell of burning, which he imagined arose from a foul chimney in the neighbour- hood, and therefore took no particular notice of the circum- stance. The first intimation he received of the premises being on fire, was by noticing a large body of black smoke issuing from the upper floor of the building before alluded to he Ïln- mediately ran up the yard shouting fire, but befoie he had time to get to the counting-house a powerful body of flame shot through the same part of the premise*. Owing to the com- bustible nature of the stock in the building, it at once became apparent that the fire could not by any possibility be subdued without the aid of the ensines. Information was therefore sent to the different stations belonging to the city parishes, the Lon- don Brigade, West of England, and County offices. With as little delay as possible the engines of St. Bride's parish, with those from the London establishment in Fariingdon-street reached the scene of the fearful conflagration. The New River mains in the neighbourhood yielded a good supply of f„r' 0 ? different land engines at once took the ad- they threw streams of water upon and into the blaz- river and bei'm? m»nn floatinK engine was brought up the brought into wtion. 7 upwards of 160 persons, it was also ceSfVom^he^rem^eson fearful D0»se was heard to pro- tine or spirits rushed thromrh .h ? cataract of ignited turpen* swiftness of lightning, and ^nounted'* V*d Hoor^1,h tl,e that time about thirty men were .Ll 6r?' fee' 10 tl,e air' At brigade engines, and, to escane fmi a pumping one of the many of the men had noalteroa?ivp hnt t devouring element. In an instant, a general rush was ,nto tlle Thames. into the river many precipitated tbemselvts h! J" Slde' and ran in the same direction, and on falii'. u^t'1e burningtuips floated along the surface, setting' i„ flam °g-lnt0 the water, it The scene at that moment was of a mn«i Q or.seve? barges. At a moderate calculation, there must have b £ ?n nlngi chara1f,er- dred persons standing upon the different erafrfn ty one h.un* escape from being devoured by the flames thev to the river, but even then they became surrounded w^?h fit ""a numher of small boats quickly put off to render a«! » A we,e to the shore. work, being consumed near ihe wreck was found th £ hodv^f1" man literally burnt to ashes. d the body of The amount of property destroyed is very considerable at a moderate estimate, it must extend to several thousand pounds
NEWPORT. Arrivals and Sailings for the week ending September 17 ARRIVED. Economist, Smith; Defender, Tullock; Concord, Williamson Joseph Cunnard, Williams, Quebec. Caroline Alice, Beynon' St. Johns, timber, deals, See.—Lady of the Lake, Edwards John Guise, Griffiths; Fanny, Crozen; Hedrais, Drosse; L Irnia Cheauvelan; Union, Wilkinson, Rouen. Hosiana, Koster-* Aguioria, Jones Anna, Steffens, Jersey. Gazelle, Maresquier' Brest. Wilbbe, Hegehnstrove, Antwerp. Die Buche Maaas* Nantes. Thos. and Elizabeth, Heard, Fecamp. Clytha, Pearce! Aquilas, ballast. Friendship, Washburn, Gloucester, timber.— Caerleon, Headford, Bridgewater, bricks —Newnham. Smith Gloucester, iron.—Flora, Evans, Aberdovey, alates —Ada Hutchings; Mary and Josephine Dart, Padstow, iron ore.- Caroline, Rowles, Bristol, tiles.—Independent, Pinnegar, Bris- tol, iron.-Actress, Me Gruth, Youghall, cattle.- Affiance. Biddle, Gloucester, hay.—John, Howells, Barrow, iron ore — Three Sisters, Skinner, Pwllheli, iron ore.—George Wvthers Gloucester, sundries.—Clara, Lewis, Neath, metal.-Lewis and Ann, Allen, Gloucester, cider.—Thomas, Hughes, ditto flour —Chyandone. Beckley Nautilus, Williams, Penzance'tin— Unity, Griffiths, Whitehaven, iron ore.—Mary Ann, Donovan Kinsale, cattle.—Catherine, Davies, Studwill Roads, iron ore' Union .Hughes PortmadocStephen.,Gloucester,* hay.—Ann & Elizabeth, Hambly, Bristol, sundries.-LeiKhton Jenkins, Barrow, iron ore.—Castle, Hollaway, Chepstow, cord- wood.—Vernon, Hughes Bristol, iron.—Laurel Reynolds Fowey; Orion, Davies, Barrow; Albion, Jones,'iron ore.— SA LED. Caledonia, Gavin; William and Hannah, Skerry, Hamburg railway iron.—Water Lilly, Duntsford, Nantes, pig iron — Derby^ Gibson Constantinople; Cuba Smith, Valparelso; Wil- ton, Willson, Cape of Good Hope, steam coals—Providence Schuer Swmemunde; Roseburry, Clark, Stettin, railway iron —Daphrne, Phillips, Maryport; Sarah, Tyre, Folkstone- Atla! Morgan, Swansea; Gem, Jones, Liverpool Blanch pin!' Dubta,; Truent, rnanfe.a 5 £ U,zabeth and Ann, Curtis, Pentwyn Unity' Griffiths, Beatrice and Catherine, Ellis, Richard Stamp Adel- PethJ?dCraNp bU,I}i FTavorite- Hoskin, Newh'aven; Pacific, John and M Ir°nPri £ ce, (s.p.) Hughes, Liverpool; diff- ar^> jtI^e,s' rt Talbot; Robert, Mindur, Car- and'Su*™ w Ipswich> 11011 and tin plates.—Ann Ann 5. n u-' Chepstow, junk.-Eaglet, Phillips, Maria Ann, Jones, Dublin; Brothers, Davies, Chepstow; 6ctavia, Taylor, Whitehaven; Tretonia, Furze, Newcastle; Griffin Youlden, Plymouth; Helmsiey, Parker, Faversham, iron and( tin plates.—-The Market Boats with sundries, and one hundred vessels with coal, for various ports.
BIRTHS, AND DEATHS. PUcV»?id-fhartheUd'<0" place, of a daughter. ci^eVo'At": "ifc °tMr- ■"«"» O—- rt MARRIAGES. On the 13th inst., at St. Paul's church v t> P. C. Bullock, Mr. Thomas Jo^s foremanL Iron ATir) CV. X Iorem^ to the Blaen&von port. Company, to Miss Sarah Thomas, both of New thfRe^ChS Ur'' at °apel Suney» hJ the Rev. P. B. Beath, brid^ ?ou"enay» M-A., of St. John's College, Cam- j' tj, a^ey, Surrey, to Emily second daughter of Wm. On the 16th inlt., at St. Mary's, Cheltenham, by the Rev. Richard Wilson Greaves, M.A., rector of Torting, Surrey, David Hoadley Gabb, Esq., to Sophia Wilson, only daughter of the Rev. Richard Greaves, of Pittville-parade. On the 16th inst., at Westbury-on-Severn, Gloucestershire, by the Rev. Wm. Crawley, John Stratford Collins, Esq., sur- geon, Newnham, eldest sou of the late Ferdinando, Stratford Collins, Esq., surgeon, Leominster, to Ann Diana Beale, only daughter of the late Theophilus Charles Beale. Esq., Moal House, near Newent. DEATHS. ^^4 i??4' Miss Elizabeth Baker, eldest daughter of Mr. G. Baker, High-street, Abergavenny. On the 7th inst., aged 42, Mary, the beloved wife of Mr. David Thomas, Angel-street, Cardiff. On the 8th inst., at Cardiff, aged 73, Wm. Minchin, master and commander, R.N. On the 13th inst., aged 74, Mr. Wm. Woodman, Llanishen, father of Mr Woodman, steam packet agent, Cardiff. On the 16th inst., at Cardiff, aged 58, Mr. Wm. Prichard, sèn., after-a lo»g and severe illness, deeply regretted by a nu- merous circle of finends and acquaintances. On the 16th inst., at his residence, Elton Court, Westbury, on-Severn, Gloucestershire, in the 73rd year of his age M*. Jamet Syms. His sufferings were severe and very protracted. Oil the 13th inst., of brain fever, at his residence, in Swansea, Evan James, Esa., youngest (OA of th« late JolUi Janes, Elf., of tantoar, in thM county.