[. }(fnwk\ .yi V r-_U,-? t t I ,TF H. XI. FT. IN. ioundV 6' 10 6 35 32 7 i Mont 7 0 7 24 34 3 j Tuesday 7 34 8 5 34 3 I Wednesday 8 23 8 43 33 8 | Thursday 8 58 9 18 32 2 i Ktid.iv 9 30 9 51 30 1 ^Saturday 10 3 10 24 27 7
V WEEKLY CALENDAR. ttg. 17.—Thirteenth Sunday after Trinity, Duchess of Kent born 1796. Lessons for the Morning Service, 2 Kings 19, Acts 16. Evening Service, 2 Kings 23,1 Peter 2. PON'S AGE—Full, Aug. 17th, 17m. after 1 afternoon.
fee iftonmoutftsfttte Merlin. NEWPORT, FRIDAY, AUGUST 15,1815. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SESSION. is a wearisome task to review the proceedings of body which acts upon every principle but that of •omoting the public weal, and which does good only J>- Is impelled by the force of circumstances still )od has assuredly been done, and our brief recap- ulatory notice of the late Session inspires far differnt flitigs to those resulting from former retrospections. rIth regard to Foreign affairs, there has been a large iiount of petty diplomacy but, on the whole, very '.tie has been done to raise the national character in e estimation of other countries whilst towards pain and Brazil, the Government has acted in an liriendlv and disingenuous manner, pursuing, in any cases, a policy which must react injuriously fon our Commerce. They have, however, exerted iemselves to maintain the inestimable blessings of tace, and, so far, they deserve praise. > The Irish Legislation of the Session has certainly ten distinguished by a new character—that of con- ization. This is a new feature of Toryism the pre- rttt Government and Parliamentary majority, have, to to ex'nt which they have adopted, and we honor '•em for it, departed from their own bad principles, IÙ borrowed those of their liberal predecessors. The measures of the Session, affecting Trade and ommerce, we cannot but look upon with much nnplacencv, short as they fall of our views of what (requisite. Useful in themselves, they are far more Important for what they prefigure, and for the shock lich they have given to the prestige of monopoly. jhe most remarkable feature in the case is the barter from whence these changes have sprung— fit they have come from a Government hitherto tposed to them, and that, by the influence of that Overnment they have been suffered to pass by Jgislators still averse to their being carried into feet. At the same time we believe that the mighty ^rts made out of doors, for the attainment of Free *ade, though not yet visible in a Parliamentary ajority, have had much to do in producing the more durable prospects which now lie before us. So ea.t, indeed, has been the result of the dissemina- >n of sound principles upon these points, that the d lbeory of monopoly is being abandoned, even in *arters where it might have been expected to have und a refuge to the last. Thus even the Quarterly the mirror of Conservatism, is relaxing, 1,6 the talented Fraser goes so far as to disown e protective principle altogether, and gravely to S^rt ^at it came in with the House of Hanover, • that Sir Robert Peel, in abandoning it, is but tuning to the faith of the Tories of olden time 'r it is a sign of progress that a Ministerial Mem- !r of good standing has given notice of a motion for Ie admission of Indian Corn, free of duty. With £ >a*d to Commerce, then, we look upon the Legis- *ion of the Session, notwithstanding all its faults, pleasure, from the cheering vista of the future *)ich it opens. As it respects Education, the present JllIstry are imitating the policy of those whom they •Perseded. Those measures which affect Religion have been st,ttguished by an advance in the direction of a J>eral and tolerant policy. This has been the spirit tJJe acts relating to both the Catholics and Jews. 1 l«ese respects we must commend the Government Ir flInging aside the bigotry of their party, and tereby promoting, so far as they have gone, the rogress of sound principles, and the peace and irmony of the Empire. ( n the whole, and taking all circumstances into count, Ave conceive that our national prospects are r more cheering than they were and that the future ay be brighter than the past, we expect every man "is sphere, however limited, perseveringly to up- and inculcate those principles of justice, jerality, and kindness which, as we have already en, have partially forced the barriers of opposing rcumstances, leaving puritanical intolerance and -acelesa bigotry derided in their defeat by all right- mded Inen. ———♦———
WAGES-MASTERS AND MEN. E very much regret to learn, from one or two frresP°ndents in the Hill Districts, that an increase Wa8es does not appear to produce increased com- home, for the families of the opertives. ?e ing, ag jmprove(j condition of the Psses Ought to be the primary object of ajournal- 'Rf11* rout'ne public duties, we have F Orr0ly advocated such measures as, in our opinion, r e<^ to this great result; and, in continuing this Jrrse» We shall not hesitate to tell the working JfS«es of their faults occasionally. 1 Atn0I)g other pleasing fruits of the incessant et- made, for some years, for the diffusion of correct Triples, is the more accurate perception which is gaining ground amongst the operative class.es, regard to wages, and the consequently improved lt<! of feeling amongt these classes, towards their 'Ployers. A striking instance of this has been ^ifested at Bolton, during the proceedings of a reat operative tea-party, held there a few days ree? at which many employers were present. i-ft lias been the aim of the mischievous demagogues r° not long since exerted a considerable influence, *t whose pestiferous power has almost ceased to fIst, that the interests of the employers and the flployed were essentially opposite, and that the Iiount of wages was regulated by the justice or m. IstIce, the benevolence or avarice, of the former. Easy as it is to disprove these assertions, any lament from those who may be supposed to pertain prejudices in favour of the employers, JJght be received with suspicion by the workmen. here we have the replies from the latter Jernsel Yes. The chairman of the meeting above alluded to, an Nrative spinner, in the first general toast, declared ■Jat their interests are inseparable." Another irking man pithily remarked, "In times of de- cession, they (the masters) were only, as it were, Me |whip in the hands of circumstances, and they ere obliged to lay it on, whether they would or not." he same speaker, however, went further into the aestion, and showed what it was that really did bring )WI1 wages. "Last year they exported£25,oOO,OOO. prth of cotton yarn and mannfactured goods that &s the chief source of their prosperity. But, when Ie foreign market failed them, then down came tges. Supply and demand were the ö 'gulators, not the masters. The monopolist papers delight irwepresenting our •reign trade as contemptible. The amount of Kports is a reply and the importance of the foreign ade to this, the main branch of our manufactures, better understood bv those connected with it. The ltIle speaker said, Of the spinners employed, five 'orked for foreign countries for one whose work was burned at home and of the weavers, six cuts were '°Vcu for foreigners for every one sold in the home larke, He contended then, that the rate of 'a8es depended chiefly on the foreign market. In 843, their exports of manufactured goods were •22,000,000.,and now they had risen to£25,OOO,OOO. l'1d to that rise was attributable the ability of the testers to give them better wages." In illustration of this principle, we notice, with ^sure, that last week the master cotton spinners Ashton met and resolved to advance the wages of ^e,r hands, five per cent., to commence on the 18th pstant; and that three firms in Oldham have ad- anced their card-room hands, Is. per week. The old notion, for want of a better, which so often |ets the free-trade advocate, of the rate of wages ?«ng lowered by the fall of the price of food, was fealt with by the same individual, in the same prac- cal manner. "It had often been said, that upon the nee of bread depended the rate of wages but tha /"I JheF*Spinner th«»~»—mdeirrmfft&n of I strikes "—" Thanks to the march of intellect, thanks to the improved intellic ence of the age, they were now better able to appreciate their true position they had begun to look at the markets, at the price of the raw material, at the amount of supply and demand. Suppose 500 spinners were walking the streets in idleness, they and their fami- lies were not the only sufferers they would place 5,000 factory workers in the same position as themselves, who had nothing whatever to do with the dispute, whilst the whole trading community suf- fered more or less. Let them, then, avoid strikes." Whilst, however, the general rate of wages is controlled by general laws, upon which employers and workmen are alike dependant, yet, when we come to details, it cannot be denied that much may be done by the former, for the benefit of the latter, and individuals must not be permitted to shelter themselves under general principles, in the commis- sion, as is too often the case, of acts of needless hastiness. For instance, as to the time of a reduc- tion of wages.—this is often precipitated by selfish fear. The opposite was the case among the master cotton spinners of Bolton, and how important were the results. When," said one of the speakers, "these reductions did take place, it was not until nearly every other manufacturing town in the district had resorted to them. Aware of the necessity of the case, the men at once submitted." Again, after the cloud had passed, and the spinners asked for an in- crease of wages, we are told, those masters who were the last to resort to reduction, came cheerfully for- ward, and were the first to make an advance of five per cent. This was the first important step—the first fruit of the new order of things. Trade continued to improve and he believed that before many places had got an advance at all, the spinners i:i Bolton received a second increase of five per cent." And this course of mutual consideration has been pursued, even so long since as 1840, a time including a period of unprecedented distress, during which the fearful condition of this very town was graphically described under the title of the siege of Bolton," and during which, also, the great strikes of 1842 took place throughout the north. Surely, to take no higher ground, the pecuniary advantages resulting from the avoidance of so much mischief, were very cheaply purchased by postponement, for a short time, of the reduction of wages. But this was not all; a delegate from Manchester to this tea-party, stated, that the example of Bolton had operated beneficially there and then, how momentous to have brought about such a state of harmony and good feeling, in contrast to the opposite state of things prevalent in some places. Surely, the example of Bolton should have much weight with those who take upon them- selves the great responsibility of commencing a re- duction of wages, a step which should never be re- sorted to until it has become absolutely necessary. The expansion of that spirit which so strongly pervaded the Bolton meeting, would be a great na- tional blessing, and it is to be hoped that it may spread throughout the land. We have gone into matter which we had no intention of touching when we first sat down, on the subject of an improvident expendilure of wages, and have only left ourselves room to advise, (with the best wishes for their welfare,,) the workmen of our mineral districts not to throw away, like demented beings, in folly or vice, the pro- duce of their toil, but to husband their resoucces, and, like rational men, light up the blessings of peace and comfort in their humble dwellings, and to U put by," from their abundance, some little preparation for the day of sickness and adversity. —
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. NEWPORT CATTLE MARKET—WEDNESDAV, AUGUST 13. Price per lb. to sink the offal. P. d. s. d. Beasts 0 5J to 0 6 2 Sheep 0 6 0 6 £ Lambs 0 6J.. 0 Calves 0 5 0 6 Piffs (per score,) 7 6.. 8 0 In consequence of the fair, which will take place on Friday, the 15th inst., the market was small, very little stock of all kinds appearing—that which did, sold beijkly, and a clearance was soon effected, there being a number of butchers from the hills who were anxious to provide for Saturday's market. CORNS AND OTHER. PEDAL ANNOYANCE. -Dr. Rendall (see his advertisement) has been doing wonders in relieving suiTerers (without pain) from the above afflictions. Persons who heretofore used to walk as if treading on hob nails, have been stepping, with the lightsome pace of male Taglionis, to the newspaper office, to make known their good fortune. If the state doctor had as successfully removed thf corn-laws which starve, as Dr. Rendall does the excrescenses that merely pain, he should have a statue as high as Twm Barlwm. AUGUST 12TH.—There were great preparations for the grousing campaign, in this neighbourhood, and de- tac.hments were early on the move to our own hills, and those of Breconshire, but we have not as yet seen any of the trophies, or indeed heard of the feats of field. NEWPORT DOCK.-);Ve are gratified to record the following statistical proof of the increase of trade ir this port, taken from the books of that admirable means of our progressive success, the Newport Dock—a concern, the growing prosperity of which must be hailed with pleasute. Monthly receipts—June, 1844, £ 497 June, I84i>, £ 813. ihis simple fact speaks volumes. NEWPORT RACES.—The setting in of the long- desired fine weather, and .the improved state of the course, have induced the promoters of the races to make renewed ex- ertions, in order to give full eclllt to the announced meeting they are aided by several gentlemen well known on the turf. and with a prompt supply of the little matters opposite sub- scriber's names, and some additions to the list, there is little doubt of all coming off in "capital form." It was last year recorded in the MEKIIN that not a single charge resulting from the races, was brought before the magistrate. We trust that si- milarly creditable proof of general good conduct will be af- forded next races. A highly respected resident in the parish of Llangibby. states that our correspondent, who complained that hay had been recently hawled in that parish, on the Sab- bath day, has told a fib. We have to caution our readers not to give money to any applicants who mav state they are relatives of persons killed in the Duifryn colliery, Aberdare. The pro- prietor has very kindly allowed the widows seven shillings per week, with other advantages, and has refused the assistance of some gentlemen who offered to subscribe for the same object. GRAND EQUESTRIAN DispLAY.—On Tuesday last, Mr. Cooke, the. chieftain of a pre-eminent band of eques- trians, visited Newport. His precursors had erected a capa cious pavilion in a field belonging to Mr. Nicholas, on the Caerleon road, where the "Olympic Wonders" were to be exhibited and at about 12 o'clock the great man himself entered the town, driving ten Arabians in hand,—his band, in green uniform, playing favourite airs. The exquisite, plated harness, and indeed the whole turn, out, were exceedingly at- tractive. The unique cavalcade was followed by a miniature state chariot, with royal appendages, petty coachman and footman, in regal liveries, drawn by four Lilliputian ponies, containing that wondrous little actress, Miss Kate Cooke, to whom the vehicle was presented by her most gracious Majesty. This little love of a creature seemed, to Fancy's eye, as Queen of the Fairies, or a blood relation of General Tom Thumb. Other objects rendered the display verv attractive, arid the turning round of the ten high mettled steeds, in front of the Westgtte, by Mr. Cooke, was considered an unrivalled feat. The within-door performance evinced great and varied talents, amongst which the astonishing little Kate Cooke, with her half-reasoning pony. Black Diamond, was the most interest. ing. Mr. J. Buckley, the star rider from America, witched the audience by feats ofdaring horsemanship. Mr. G. Cooke, and a host of ether artists, drew down thunders of applause. The attendance on the first two exhibitions was rather thin, but the second day made up for the deficiency. The pavilion, on Wednesday evening, was full to overflowing, the entertain ments being under the patronage of the Mayor of Newport. At a recent meeting of the Commissioners, Mr. Moses Scard was declared the successful candidate for the two contracts for cleansing, scraping, sweeping, &c., of the streets, at JE120, per annum, for three years, and also for Macadamising and keeping the roads in repair, for the same period, at 3s. 4d. per cubic yard of stone, under the inspection of two commis- sioners, who take the duty in rotation every two months, in conjunction with the surveyor. Mr Scard has entered into a contract for the due performance of the above works, under sureties of £ 300. THE WHARTON BARONY.-The following is ;'Q Vi"V ep<lrt° ,'n!r <0lnrr"ttee °f Privileges as to the case ™ claimants to the Wharton barony, to thp t\up°IIVajld1Presented on Thursday evening « p J V16 noble chairman, the Earl of W™v Res?lve:d, that the Barony of Wharton is a VI ytr and 011 the 26th of November. 2d Edward \I., m the year 1548, and is descendable to heirs- Wlwt j, d™th of Philip James, the sixth Lord harton, »n 1 <31, without issue, the said barony fell into abey- ance between his two sisters and co-heirs Ladv Jane COUP ™1 Lady Lucy Mon-ice, tha, Lady L„cy uZ'iteZlZtot iZi in the jeai 1739, eight years after her brother; that upon the death of Lady Jane Coke (v. ho survived her sister), without issue in 1761 (thirty years after her brother), the said barony fell into abeyance between the descendants of the three rlnio-h ters of Philip, fourth Lord Wharton, Elizabeth II -vy and p^j. ladelphia Wharton; that the petitioner, Charles Rem?ys Re- meys Tynte, is one of the co-heirs of the said barony, as being descended from, and sole heir of Mary, one of the said rla.,ou- ters of Philip, fourth Lord Wliarton; that the petitioner Alex- ander Dundas Rose Cochrane Wishart Baillie, with Mrs Ma- tilda Anpore, are two other of the co-heirs of the said barony, as being descended from Philadelphia, the youngest daughter of Philip, the fourth Lord Wharton and the Right Hon Peter Roberts Lord Willoughby D'Eresby, and the Most Noble Geo. Horatio Marquis Cholmondeley, are two other of the co-hcirsof the said barony, as being descended from Elizabeth, the only daughter of the said Philip, fourth Lord Wharton, by his first marriage; and consequently that the said barony is now in abeyance between the said petitioners and the said noble lords. SSr touching terra tirma, some of the iligant pigs had Wtner "suffered too severely from sea-sickness, or were fretting ior the land they left behind them. Kind care, however, and ge- nerous food—perhaps, indeed, a few words of consolation in their own vernacular—mainly assisted in bringing them to a comfortable grunting state of convalescence. One creature, I however, of the emigrant tribe, refused all consolation, and seemed to lament his hut at home, where he was tenderly reared, to pay the rent; and the importer having tried ali re- storative means which a knowledge of the animal's natural history dictated, gave him into the hands of a pig doctor, who, unused to the tender offices of porcine pathology and pity, sold him to a butcher as mild a mannered man as ever st'iek a sheep or felled an ox and thus poor grunter died— Far from the land where his forefathers dwelt." By foreign hands his dying eyes were c1osed, By foieign hands his dacent limbs composed." Upon a post vnrriem examination, which always takes place in the practice of such gentlemen, and very searchingly too, he found the symptoms of a lingering malady, which induced him to send the subject back to the seller. But how was it done ? Why, at the dead waste and middle of the night." the stiff and stark pig was piaced against the door of the man that tin dertook to cure, but sold the patient. The pig doctor was then sonorously enjoying calm nature's sweet restorer, balmy sleeo, whilst, his better-half, tmlike Mrs. CUL^patheti- cally dreamed pleasing thoughts of past success and future profits- Morn at length arrived, and with it the honest reso- lution, early to rise to daily toil, tor daily bread. The wife, ever thoughtful and kind, Where'er woman is, there is happiness too." opened the door in order to procure milk for breakfast; but no sooner had she unbarred the entrance to their humble dwelling, than in tumbled the corpse, and then arose from earth to sky, Oh Joe, Joe, Joe! Oh millia murther! Oh come down honey, for I am kilt and murthered entirely. Call in the polis, the Town Clerk, all the justices, and the Mayor himself, for I shall never get uverit." Then above stairs there was he putting on the unmentionables in hot haste, whilst the screetehing of a favourite cat, upon whose tail he strongly trod in his anxiety, increased the confusion,—down rushed Joe, and. running to the rescue of his helpmate, tumbled over the deceased, and, upon recovering himself, cried out, "Oh ye tief of the world, the d— come jumping for yc- what brought ye here ? Then gathering himself up, both ran out and called the watch. That tidy and steady man, P.C. Harris, on his beat, hearing the outcry, came to render suc- cour and assistance, and on reaching the domicile or the ho- nest couple, who were crying out rhieves and robbers, said, "Why, 'tis not a plun-der-er, but a p-i-g," and good naturedly took the defunct transgressor on his back to the station-house, where he was hung up. On the arrival of that spruce and excessively polite person, the Superintendent, at head-quar ters, an odour, more like those anti elysium fields called Friars, than of the sweet south breathing o'er a bank of vio- lets, assailed his olfactory nerves. The sergeant was sum- moned- Has a nasty prisoner been brought in here ? Has the act of suicide been committed ? Or what is the entry upon the charge-sheet in pursuance of this ofFence-ive smell V' la reply to which, it was said tint P.C. Harris had left a very disagreeable prisoner in the next room, which he had found annoying a respectable family in the lower part of the town. The "murder was soon out; and it being ascertained that, like the head in the oriental tale, no man would own it, and that the P.C, had been harrassed from morn to dewy eve in endea- vouring to find an owner, he was ordered (and the report will appear before the watch committee) to hury it; and cousc- quently, at the midnight hour. Harris, with a chosen few of the Praetorian band, proceeded from the station house in slow and sad array, four of them bearing each a leg of the defunct pig, Harris leading the way, lantern in hand, as chief mourner, to the ballast bank, where, By the struggling moonbeam's misty light, And the lantern dimly burning," they left the poor exile of Erin. It is to be regretted that some common-place persons, who have not sentiment in their souls, have since vulgarly asked Mr. Harris, Who buried the pig V—A Correspondent. ROBBERY.—About four o'clock, on Wednesday evening, a boy went to Mr. Burfield's servant, at his house, in Castle-street, Pillgwenlly.and stated that her master wanted her at Mr. Polak's the Great Western Clothing Establishment, to convey some bundles home. The girl left, home for town, and, whilst absent, an entrance was made into the house by the back window, and a chest of drawers broke open, from which a cash box. containing, as it is said, a £ 100. Bank of England note, and about sixty-five sovereigns, were carried away. °The police have received some information, which may bring the plun- derers to justice. OUTRAGEOUS ASSAULT.—About one o'clock on Wednesday morning, two men knocked at the door of Mr Parfitt, dock master, Pillgwenllv on his opening which they asked for a light. Mr. Parfitt reprimanded them for taking such a liberty at that hour in the morning, when they became very abusive. They were desired to leave, but refused: and one of them getting inside of the door, Mr. Parfitt laid hold ot him by the collar, calling out for the police, and for a person named "Bill Reed,"—they immediately knocked down Mr. Parfitt, and kicked him so severely while on the ground, that he was obliged to let go his hold. It appears that there was a master of a vessel near the scene of outrage, and saw the ruffians run away; but he excuses his apathy on the plea of his being a non-intrusionist," and the old niaximHliat^' they who in quarrels interpose, will often wipe a bloody nose, but although he has thus saved his nose, his character, as an Englishman, for bravery appears not stainless, t rom a Correspondent. THE WESH MAIL.—Mr. Niblett, the spirited contractor, has received instructions from the Post-office Au- thorities, to be prepared to despatch the Bristol and Swansea Mail on and from the 1st of September next, from this city at eight in the morning, instead of at six, us heretofore; the mail to arrive at Swansea by seven in the evening, affording time to passengers to refresh before proceeding by the six o'clock train to town.—Bristol Gazelle. NEWPORT RACES.—The Ordinary on the first day of the races will be held at the Westgate Hotel; on the second day, at the King's Head Hotel. The Ball will take place on Thursday night, at the Town Hall. Dancing will com- mence at ten o'clock. Miss HERON, THE CELEBRATED INFANT POWER.—This wonderfully-gifted young lady, whose preco- cious talents and truthful personations of the range ofcharac. ters identified with the lamented Power, has been witnessed by crowded audiences in the leading cities of the kingdom, is now in Newport, and will this evening give a grand dramatic entertainment at the Theatre, in Commercial-street. During the evening Miss Heron will go through her best personations —" Tim More," in the Irish Lion the "Four Mowbrays; and" Doctor O'Toole," in the Irish Tutor, with the favourite song of the Groves of Blarney. We are quite sure that the patronage of the gentlemen of Newport will not be sought m vain on this occasion, in favour of a talented young Irish lady. "LIVE YND LET-LIVE."—The following sensible letter ap- VT c n-vners and, as it condemns an evil pears in the Salisbu j p p gla<piy. gjve piace in which is not indigeno nr)ears to be a growing practice, our columns:- 0f procuring their articles of among families 'grocery, &c.-frora London, in- consumption-such.. diapery « have an perhaps, as a humble tradesman with some few person, de- pending'on me for support, respectfully to suggest, that such a practice is impolitic in more than one point of view In the first place, they cannot get theirgoods cheaper, supposing qua- lity the same, as any gentleman may easily prove, who will take site trouble to reduce the thing to figures; and m the second, the general prevalence of such a method of dealing would be a molest serious damage, and, indeed, actual expense to the local community, by rendering it impossible for us to live under the heavy rent, rates, and taxes, which we have to meet. Bristol new Guildhall, a unique structure, a monument of the civic and architectural taste of the nineteenth century, has nearly attained completion. But, by some gaucherie or other, the niehes are too small for the statues intended to decorate its front, or the figures are too large for the niches, which amounts to the same thing, only that it is easier to chop off a portion off a niche than to. reduce the anatomical proportions of a statue. i':t present, the royal, legal, and civic authorities are very scur- vvly treated, shockingly cramped for elbow-room; and the millet and chisel are actively at work to make them more com- fortable AIYLEGED DEATH OF MR. ALDRIDGE, THE AFRlcAX ROSCIUS. Correspondent of an Irish paper (the Kerry Evening I'ost), in'a letter dated Llanidloes, July 28, states that whilst Mr. Aldridi^e was returning at night in his carriage from a gentle- man's seat in the neighbourhood, the horse took fright at the p-lire of the iron-works, and the whole equipage falling over a urecinice 120 feet high, Mr A the postillion, and the whole of the horses' were killed, but the footman who had alighted, and was trying' to restrain the horses, escaped.—^o day when the occurrence happened is stated, and it is worthy of notice that we cannot iM any account of the accident in the papers pub, lished in coi mties adjoining Montgomeryshire, either of the 2nd or 9th insta nt.—We have hopes, therefore, that the statement will turn out to be untrue or greatly exagerated. -»
MONMOUTH. SUDDEN: DEAJH.-On Wednesday last, a man named Meredith, whilst reaping in a field at the Hendre, sud- denly feil down in an apopieticnt,and immediately expired. THE LATE GEN. VALIANT. — The Indian In- f-plliccnce of the last month contained the obituary of the late Maior General S'tr Thomas Valiant. The Star of the 23rd Aunl contains the following nouce of the afflicting event :— •' It is with sincere- regret that we have to announce the death, by cholera of Major-General Sir Thomas Yalliant, K.C.B., which event occurred, after a few hours illness, at his residence in Fort William, at P.M. yesterday. We understand that I- Y-oTTinitis will be interred with the funeral honours of his t this evening .—April 23. The remains of the .Major-Gen- were interred yesterday evening in the burial ground i tn the Fort, and which is behind the Suddar, with f, algmilitary honours. This is one of the most sudden a we have had for some time. Sir Thomas was dmmg out onMorday evening perfectly well he took his usual ride on "'il,/ ,-nnrmntT was seized between ten and eleven o clock, i ^ed at about half-past five. He had been complaining and ex pi back, and had determined on proceeding to Europe, but recovered so thoroughly that he had abandoned Europe, i It was a ease of spasmodic cholera, in its the idea of doing =o. *■«< ,V0M0NM0UTH"C0UNTV GAOL-The Convicts a »n trinsoortation at our late Assizes were removed sentenced to tiara he Milbank prison, prepara- Tal rle'"n,r f Snpetator," of Ragland, complains of the P i • o-rinns conduct, as he alledges, of the Hano- haughty and impenou6^n_iist,n^ uses very strong lan- «*» »his °,mc-
PONTYPOOL. xir u uppn ffiven to understand that Mr. We have __JFt £ .ct of London, has lately been to in- Wyatt, the cminent ar Qf Trevethin. After a most spect the fabric of tlie p he has given it as his opinion, careful survey of the; wallsnmust taken down and re- that almost the enurt involve a very considerable pecu- built. This, of course, however, that the friends of niary outlay. It is to o .> n(r'in ordei that the inhabitants the church will be up and tjlc stigma of worshipping of Pontypool may be ros™»d from the ippelra)10^ m a sanctuary which is little comfort so, than a barn.. o 5. lath ,iH as Tohn Stevens, cow-keeper On the IB til U • attending the cattle, he to C. H. Leigh, Esq., ".a1lVkd u.^ down, and gored him was beset by a bull, which knocked tt.» u
an.«n<J, S"' J On 8 *• -t order of Forester Davis, Winning Bv court was named So. 1939^ On this in- teresting occasion, Air was taken by brother John Downton. P.D.C.R., of 13ow 1 ais district, and the vice-chai. t was occupied by brother Honry Richards, of court No. 1872 The proceedings having begn gone.,throuph in due form and solemnity, twenty-three respectable persons were duly initiated into the mysteries of Forestry, and several others were named as candidates for that distinction. This court promises a flourishing existence. ANNUAL EXAMINATION AT COURT-Y-BELLA SCHOOL, PARISH OF BEDW ELTY. Having learnt that the annual examination of this interests ing school was to take place yesterday (Thursday), we re- solved upon attending, in order to furnish our reaaers with some particulars of the progress of the in-tituticn. It may not be known to all that this school was estabiished about four years ago, by Sir Thomas Phillips, and has been supported to the present time by the bounty of that liberal and t-xceiient I gentleman. Situated in a locality once characterised by the grossest ignorance and depravity/and where, thfreioie. edu cation was more especially needed, this school cannot iail to prove a source of inestimable advantage to the population in hat neighbourhood—and must become the means of gen"i»e and permanent! improvement. It inubt be exceedingly satis factory to those who fed inteiested in the extension of educa- tion, to perceive that, whilst vigorous and untiring efforts are being made by some for the improvement of our commercial condition, and whilst others are absorbed in creating sources of profit lor their own emolument, there are some generous in- dividuals who seem to act upon the cor.viction that the culti- vation of the minds of the humbler classe8, is an object de- serving of attention, and must necessarily, be'the means of raising them from depraved and debasing habits, and alluring them to a decent and virtuous deportments^ The Court-y- Bella School, we are happy to learn, has, Head v. furnished evidences ot the correctness of these observations—and from the present number of its scholars, and its general etiiciency promises yet more effectually to ameliorate and improv the labouring population in the parish of iiedvveity The total number of children belonging to the school is about 195 uf these, 125 boys anti girls attend daily, 4J addi tional on Sundays, and 25 additional from six to: eight o'clock on Monday and Thursday evenings. All workmen employed by Sir Thomas Phillips, and their children, are eligibie|fbr ad- mission. without payment, whilst others are admitted by the payment of a small sum weekly. The management of the school is entrusted to Mr. and Mrs. orsioid persons who seem well qualified for the discharge 01 their arduous, though interesting duties. On arriving at the school, which was not until some time after the examination had commenced, we found Sir Thomas Phillips presiding; and amongst the company assemb.ed we noticed the Rev. Messrs. Jones, of liedvveity ■Davis of Pen- tvpool; Hughes, of Monythusloyne Yorath, of Newport &c When we entered, the Rev. Mr. Jones was examining' the children in SCUIPTURE HisroRY.-This part of the examination was confined principally to the history ot Abraham and his im- mediate descendants; and, although some of the ouestions proposed were of rather a difficult nature, and sofm/of them hardly familiar to the children in the form .n which they were put byjMr. Jones, nevertheless they were ansiveied. oa the whole, with considerable readiness and accuracy. 11 js pa x oi the examination being concluded, the children".sano- a 1 ymn afrer which the llev. Mr. Davis requested them to u d a chapter from the New Testament, and then proceedtu cv examine them on Scripture generally, proposing some ques- tions of a doctrinal and rather abstruse character; but these were answered with very little hesitation, and passages of Scripture, bearing upon each particular point, were adduced by the children with an aptness which showed that they had been well instructed in the truths of the Bible—-in its meaning as well as in its phraseology. The children we, e then supplied with their tdates, and each directed to wiite a sentence rela- tive to some drawing they might fix upon among those sus- pended about the toom-• she object h mg to teach them to express their own ideas of these several subjects. A few of the children complied with this direction, after a little hesita- tion, whilst others merely wrote passages whicn they had been t ught in the course of their scholastic exercir-es. TJie master However, explained that the children had been accustomed to write principally from dictation, and were, in a great measure unaccustomed to write in the manner directed. A I!ITlJMhTTC was the next department of learning upon which the children were examined. The sums to be worked were given principally by the master, and were afterwards submit- ted by the children to Sir 1. Phillips, for examination. A few errors were detected; but the calculations generally, some of ivhich were rather complex, were found to be correct. A number of questions in mental arithmetic were then put by Sir T. Phillips, which were readi y answeted, and especially some that were proposed to the girls. This was succeeded by a hymn from the children, who were then led through a veiy discursive examination on "GEOGRAPHY.—The Rev, Mr. Hughes was requested to con- duct this part of the proceedings. The children seemed very familiar with the leading features of th.s branch of learning, answering the vurious questions put to them with astonishing quickness and correctness. The countries of Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, were named by the direction of the master, and without hesitation or the slightest inaccuracy. The Holy Land then formed the topic of examination, and with its position, its general characteristics, the situation of its principal rivers and mountains—its cities, and the localities distinguished by re- markable events, the children evinced a complete familiarity. Another hymn having been sung by the children, the littli girls, with faces beaming with delight, under the direction of fhe mistress, walked round the room, and exhibited specimens of their needle work, for the inspection of the ladies. These were received with marks of general approval, and were, we understand, highly creditable to the little exhibiters. The examination having been thiiS coviciuded,— Sir Thomas Phillips delivered the following appropriate and affectionate address to his little auditory. My dear children, it affords great pleasure to meet on such an occasion as this but much greater is the satisfaction we experience from the assur- ance that you have conducted yourselves, during another year, in a manner creditable to yourselves, and satisfactory to your instructors. It pleases us exceedingly to observe your cleanly and becoming appearance; and much more so when we perceive that that is associated with orderly habits, which may ccrtainly be regarded as resulting Irom the discipline to which you have been subjected in this school. You may rest assured, dear children, that this training will be an inestimable blessing to you in alter life and, in proportion as you are attentive to the instruction given to you now, in proportion as you endeavour ot conform your lives now to the excellent moral and religious precepts inculcated upon you here, in the same proportion will your future lives be rendered happy and useful. It it be true that order is a first rule or law of heaven then we may congratu- late ourselves upon acting in accordance with that law and we certainly find a strong argument for continuing to do so, in the evidences of its importance with which we are surrounded in this school, as well as in the satisfaction and advantage which naturally accrue to ourselves from the observance of that rule I cannot forbear saying that on the whole, the examination, of this day, has been exceedingly satisfactory to us ail but it will, laaeed, be more satisfactory to us to perceive that the lessons you receive in this school, are treasured uu in your minds, and lorm the principles upon which you act in after years. This, you may be assured, is of great importance indeed, this is one ol the ends contemplated 111 calling you together here, to receive instruction; and only in proportion as this end is answered, will our aim be accomplished, and the benefit intended for you received. All depends upon the use you make of the instruc- tion you are now receiving, in the course of your future lives; and this, you cannot fail to perceive, rests with yourselves. All learning may be rendered beneficial in this life—may be made promotive of the good and comfort of those who acquire it; and though we would not for a moment undervalue that truth, or attempt, in any way, to diminish its importance, yet we must say that that is one of the least momentous consideration con- nected with the instruction you are now receiving—the great and paramount end being to teach you your duty to eaeli other, and especially your duty to God. Your after lives will afford ample testimony as to how far these great and serious results are brought about, and to what extent vou profit by the tuition you receive in this school. But," my dear children, remember, in addition to these things, that in proportion as our privileges, in moral and religious instruction increase, and to the extent to which our advantage was greater, in the same proportion, and to the same extent, increases our responSIbilIty to God; and by him, at the last day, shall we be cailed to account for their improvement or misuse. As I have before remarned.weare much pleased to notice your present proficiency in learning and your good conduct; but do not forget that we shall look to after years principally for the good, the foundation of which is now being laid, and shall hope to see you upright and honest in yourdeportment.and exemplifying the precepts by which good, Christian, people are governed. But before I sit down, 1 must express the gratification I feel in seeing your parents and friends present upon this interesting occasion. To them I am sure it must be a source of real pleasure to see you brought up in habits which are likely to conduce to your subsequent ad- vantage, and likely so to influence your future lives, as to make you obedient to them, and also to reader vou honest men aud women and good Christians. I shall now proceed to distribute the rewards; tuesc are necessarily limited in number, because we give them only to such children as we consider to be dis- tinguished from the others by good behaviour and proficiency in learning. Those of you, however, who do not get prizes upon this occasion, must not be discouraged, as it is to be liopou tuat, at some future examination, you also will be found deserving of special favour; and you may depend upon it that youi merit will not pass unnoticed. But I must not conclude this audress without remarking that I think you ought to be specially thank- ful to your master, whose duties are exceedingly arduous, and who seems to feel a great interest in promoting your welfare. He certainly must have taken great pains to bring your minds into that state of cultivation in which we have the pleasure to find them; and you certainiv cannot be too thankful to him for his untiring exertions. And remember, I make these ob- servations no less with regard to the mistress than the master. I cannot have any doubt that she has" been equally diligent; though I must confess that I felt myself incompetent to juuge of the productions of the little girls, who havt: been exhibiting their specimens of needle work upon the present occasion. I he duties of the master and mistress of a school, like this, involve serious responsibilities and may, perhaps, be regarded as only infenonn importance to those solemn duties ot the Chustian ministry, though we have need to lament that it is seldom con- templated in this grave aspect—seldom regarded with a view tc its future and nnal consequences. I snail now call up the children, who have been, recommended, by the m&stei, tor prizes, and whose names are upon the list now before me. Sir Thomas then proceeded to call the children, who were considered to be entitled to prizes and up came a host of intel- ligent-looking boys and girls with smiling faces and sparling eyes, each with a medal sW round the neck, as a mark of distinction, to receive the rewards of their well-tested merit. The prizes consisted of new and excellent books, some of which were large and costly, among which we observ ed a His tory of the Christian Church, Lives of Eminent JMinisters- several Bibles, &c., &c. These gifts were received by the children with appropriate marks of gratitude; and Sir Thomas Phillips, m awarding them, made suitable observations as to the use which taey were expected to make of them —a careful perusal of their contents, by the recipients, being: the object contemplated m their be- stowment. This interesting ceremony having been gone through, the business of the day concluded. The Rev. Mr. Hughes offered up a suitable concluding prayer, which was immediately °ucceeded by a parting hymn from the children, the lines having been written, we should suppose, specially for this occasion. opnarated and f) K-}'flU)rs> wh° were rather numerous, then the children were afterwards plentifully regaled Mth tea and cake, generously provided by Sir 1 nomas Phillips.
SUNDERLAND ELECTION. A gentleman reached our office just before gomz to press announcing the unpleasant mtelligencetha i^Jhomson h.s been beaten by majority of M '■The F"ends ietU their aid,
t ABERGAVHNNY. I ODD-FELLOWSHIP. iradav last the brothers of the Gwenynen Gerddi Gwent -</of Oddfellows, celebrated the anniversary of its formation by sTdinner, which was held at the lodge room, at the King's Head Inn. In the morning the members went in procession to church, bearing the insignia of their order, preceded by a splendid brass band, which attended from Hereford for the oc- casion. After a very impressive address, delivered by the llev. H. Peake, they returned, and having marched through the town, sat down to an unusually good entertainment, provided by mine host, Charles Jennings, King's Head Inn. The visitors were unusually numerous, and together with the brothers of the lodge, numbered nearly one hundred they sat down to a very excellent dinner, plain and substantial, such as oddfellows, and their fellow John Bulls, love; and to the credit of the good man of the house, it must be recorded, that he provided cooks who well knew what to do with the produce of a good larder After the cloth had been removed, Charles O'Brien, Esq., of Llwyn Gwyn, was unanimously called to preside over the meet- ing, and a more judicious selection could not have been made. Though moving in a rank of society above the general grade of the order, which is emphatically the working man's society, he seemed thoroughly conversant with all the benefits ch this noble institution so fully confers on its members. He read a letter from the worthy vicar of Llanover, regretting that cir- cumstances, over which he had no control, prevented his being present. After the usual loyal toasts had been responded to, (and they were responded to, in the way Welshmen drink the healths of those they love,) the Chairman gave c* The Man Chester Unity," and, as many visiters were present, gave an exceedingly7 interesting account, of the rise and progress of "Odd- fellowship," from the introduction of the order in the reign of Titus Ceasar, above 1800 years ago, though it was then known by another name. Upon presenting the thanks of the brethren to the Rev. Henry Peake, for the very excellent sermon he had preached, the Rev gentleman's health was drank cordially. In replying to this toast, Mr. Peake spoke, though possessing a. very imperfect knowledge of the rules of the order, in lauda- tory terms of odd-fellowship—judging as he did from the re- spectability of its members—and in alluding to an observation of the chairman, (who, it would be observed from his speech, was not of the same creed as himself,) said, that as a member of the Established Church, his feelings and predilections were all In its favour, but nevertheless, whereyer he met wIth a man whose conduct was that becoming a christian, he hailed him as a brother." The Honorary7 Members" was next proposed, which was ably replied to by Mr. Watkins, draper. Mr. Hiley Morgan made a few observations on the same toast, and concluded by proposing the health of Mr. James Jones, brewer, who replied in a speech fraught with the most tender feeling to the widow and orphan, whose interests are so intimately identified with the order of qddfellows. Several admirable speeches were delivered in the course of the evening, and the party broke up at an early hour. A FATHER?—On the evening of Monday last, James Andrews, by profession a nailer, hud a quarrei with his helpmate, and to give additional power to his eloquence, and lo impress her with a due sense of his authority as a "lord ot the Creation," caught up a red hot nail-rtdoul of the fire, and inti- mated to her, that unless she used moie discretion in her beha- viourtowaids him, he would there and then finish her. The wo- man upon (his, not unnaturally, beat a retreat, closely foiiowe,1 by her lord, brandishing his formidable weapon. The daugiiier irtciposed to save her mother from his viohnre, and while she raised her hand to shield her. he thrust the led-hot rod quite IOloLlgh It. pinning it to the wall. For the credit of laimaaitj, lYe would hope that the coward was either diunk or mad. A SHOCKING BAD ROAD.—A correspondent who early this week was thrown from his horse, at Mamliilad oitch." bitterly complains of the disgraceful state of the roau from Llanellen to that spot. He '-wonders that in this advanced day of improvement in locomotion, that the Imp oi communication between two such important places as New- port and Abergavenny should be as bad nearly as a break neck mountain pass." He has escaped with life, but with a broken rib or two, and the deterioration of a good horse, by broken knees.
CHEPSTOW. EQUESTRIANISM.—This town was all alive on Mondav last, in expectation of the arrival of Mr. Cooke, with histroonof equestrians. It was uncertain by wbidl road he would come from Coleford, so that those who went out to mee. them on the Gloucestershire side were disappointed, as tlvy took the Monmouth route, and arrived at Chepstowsoonairer 12 o'clock. After parading through the town, Mr. Cocke drove his ten horses in hand, and made his turns at the corners of the streets very neatly, accompanied bv his brass band, and the miniature chariot, wherein was Miss Kate Cooke. ) The troop then prepared for their performance at the pavilion, which commenced at two o'clock, and a. am at seven. The feats of horsemanship were of the same character as those of Sauds and others—no great novelty. Mr. Buckley was the stnr. He went through his evolutions, in a scene called The sea," aided by the brass band introducing the wild ravings of a tempest with considerable, effect. Mr. G. Cooke, also, was much applauded for his fearless riding and the little child, Miss Cooke, came in tor her share of public favour. Alto- gether the affair went, off with spirit. The pavilion was well attended. The Granville Society of Oddfellows held their annual feast on Monday, after attending divine service. The flags of the order, and the dresses of the members, were much admired. ACCIDENT.—On Saturday last, a sad accident occurred in our port. A lad named Fletcher, about 17 years old, was employed in putting a stock of coals on board the John Dalton. lately launched, when, by some mischance, he slipped and fell from the stem of the vessel into the 'oal scoop. He was s much bruised that he died shortly after, being carried home to his family. THE LATE RAILWAY ACCIDENT.—Mr. Charles Dean, the civil engineer, of Gandy-street, Exeter,who had his leg crushed by the collision, which took place of the London and Birming- ham Railway, near Chalk fnnn, on the morning- of Tuesday, the 29th ult., expired on Tuesday morning, from the effects af that dreadful occurrence. He was forty-eight yea's of age, and is understood to have left a widow and family to deplore his loss. AN inquest was opened, and adjourned to Monday last, when, in the course of proceedings, a jnror was suddenly taken ill, and unable to attend to his duties. Under these cir- cumstances, the inquiry was again further adjourned to Thurs- day.
CARDIFF. CARDIFF MECHANICS' INSTITUTION. An adjourned meeting of this body was held on Monday evening. W. Nicholl, Esq., took the chair; who, after review- ing the proceedings of the former meeting, said he had much pleasure in reading the following letter, which he had received since he last met them :— Bristol, 7th August, 184.5. Sir,—We this morning brought the subject of the Cardiff Mechanics' Institute before the Directors of the Bristol Steam Navigation Company, who have desired me to express their regret of your disappointment, in not being supplied with a steam-packet on Monday last, and to offer for your acceptance the use of a steam-packet on any day you may name, free of expense; and that Captain Jeffrey is authorised to arrange matters with you. (Signed) J. LUNELL & CO. W. Nicholl, Esq." The Chairman recemmended the adoption of it. Mr. C. Yachell said, the party proposed by the Wesleyans was first and that Mr. Price offered the packet for £15; and before they would lose it, they would get up a subscription to pay the extra £ o, so that the committee would not be at a greater expense than £ 10; but he -was deputed to offer the in- stitute £ !0 for the vessel, and that would be putting £ 10 in the funds of the institute, and let the other profits go to the Wes- leyan Day School Committee. As it was for the cause of edu- cation, it would be doing it in an indirect way. Mr. Webber, and several others, contended that they were not in a position to let the packet. After a very lengthened and uninteresting discussion, it was proposed by Mr Wm, Price, that the Wesleyan Day School Committee give the institute £ 12 for the use of the packet on the 19th, subject to the sanction of the Directors of the Bristol Steam Navigation Company. Mr. Webber moved as an amendment, that the institute take the packet on the J8th, and proceed to Ilfracombc The proposition was carried; and, on the following day, the Wesleyans sent to inform the Committee that they had aban- doned their excursion, and the Committee have issued bills that the members of the Institute go to Ilfracombe on Monday next. We wish them every success.
ODD-FELLOWSHIP. On Tuesday last, the Independent Order of Oddfellows, Man- chester Unity, Cardiff District, held their anniversary. The day was most propitious, the first fine day we have had for some time. The town. at an early hour, showed that something was agog, from the different Lodges' colours, of ail descriptions, fluttering in the breeze, and all seemed bustle and animation. About ten o'clock the brethren were to be seen dressed in holi- day attire, wending their way to the Market House, the place of rendezvous pnd all having assembled, about. 300 in number, thev formed a procession, and walked to tlie Castle grounds as follows :— Band. they formed a procession, and walked to the Castle grounds as follows :— Band. Dispensation Castell Caerdydd. Banner of the Benevolent Lodge, No. 2,208. Conductors, bearing silver crooks. Tilers, with Battle Axes. Brethren of the Blue Degree, two and two. Conductors, bearing Doves. Brethren of Blue Degree, two and two. Outside Tilers, with Swords. Brethren, two and two. Wardens, wearing Black Scarfs. Secretary, with Cross POLS, Vice-Grands, two and two, bearing Regalia. Noble Grands, two and two, wijli Regalia. Provincial Grand Master, bearing the Seven Stars. Deputy P.G.M., with the Sun. Past Prov Grand Master, and Brethren of the Purple Degree, with Regalia, brought up the rear of the procession. After having walked round the Castle grounds, they went to Church, when the Rev. T. Stacey preached an appropriate ser- mon from 30th chapter of Proverbs, 8th and 9th verses, which was listened to with the most marked attention After which, they proceeded rourd town, and returned to the Market House at two o'clock, where they left their regalia and dispersed to their respective lodges, where a sumptuous feast awaited each the Chairman gave the Uneeu, B „ 'JU Save the Queen Prince Albert 15"m> For he's a hearty good fellow" "Prince of Wales 3 times 3, Band WeSSif <' The Queen Dowaser' was next given, ar.d »» eisn air. being an annual contributor of drank with great applause, she uexis » pendent Order P S. Robert Phillips, in a neat speech, gave = K • I V thp order, when it was shewn that a buef statistical account of the or ^SO^oages^had^eeh^pen^d^haMn^e^ast^q^rter^of Sere wouldbe tn th^year.m that the floating capital at present that Odd-felSIp required only to f thoroughly !know:o to rectors!Ci Son» by BroThS W^Id English Gentl^' The Chairman" gave The District Officer^ Biother R. Phillips then gave The Marquess and coupled with Lord and Lady James," drank with g^appiause. 'The health of the Surgeon," rS' includine "Tti° the Town and Trade of Cardiff," with others, and t|„ Jhe Host and Hostess,' were given during the evening, and the com- pany did not separate till a late hour. rnhn cn At the Viscount Cardiff, held at the h™se °vith t w formed the company, and were highly deligh tertainment. P.G. John Jenkins presided, supP°"ed by P-G- George Lev&n, and all went off with the greatest good humour. At the Bute Arms, things were got up in host and hostess Taylor's usual good style, and 40 did justice to the produce of the pantry. N.G. Jos. Elliott presided, and kept the ewn^any together till a late hour ably supported by Bro. Dockton. At the Sunderland Bridge every thing was got up in first-rate style, and reflected the highest credit on host andhostess How- ells, and every thing was done to contribute to the comfort of the guests. \^ho numbered about thirty. Dr. Paine did the du- ties of the chair, supported by Mr. Winstone, who contributed much to the harmony of the evening. And though last, not the least, at the Bunch of Grapes, the tables groaned under fish, flesh, and fowl, and proved that Mr. and Mis. Divid were no novices in catering: 30 sat down to dinner. Mr. Thomas Williams presided, and Mr. J. G. Bird acted as Vice. All gave the greatest satisfaction. We have not space to enumerate all the toasts and songs. Suffice it to say. that they were to the effect of those mentioned above, and an evening of unalloyed pleasure was spent; and one and all seemed to vie with each other in contributing to the general enjoyment.
DETERMINED SUICIDE. On Monday last, about three o'clock in the afternoon, George Henry Grandin, master and part owner of the schooner Mary, of Jersey, destroyed himself at the Rummer Hotel, Cardiff, by shooting himself with a pistol. He had called there, and, after having some brandy, asked to lie down on the bed for a short time, and, having got permission, he went to bed, and while there, perpetrated the act. He presented a most horrifying spectacle; he had placed the pistol, (which was loaded with swan shot,) under the right ear, which was entirely blown off, and also that side of the head thrown completely to the other side, exposing the whole of the brain. His countenance was placid, and he seemed to have died without much pain. At six o'clock an inquest was held, before R. L. Reece.Esq., coro- ner, when George Dorey was sworn, and said I am mate of the Mary, of Jersey we came to Cardiff from Ulverstone, on the 26th of July; we left Jersey on the 30th of March last, and have since been one voyage to Spain the rest of the time we have spent in the coasting-trade. I have been in the vessel five months I'm a native of Jersey, and joined there deceased was also a na- tive I know his friends in Jersey he is married, but has no family he married a Miss Priston, a native, about 12 months ago he was part owner, but not a sailor; I always sailed the vessel; he looked generally steady; he was a very close man, and kept everything to himself; we have been here a fortnight; he was occasionally on board, and last Wednesday and Friday nights he was not on board at all. I don't know what money he had, either in his pocket, or on board; he was to receive money from the Dowlais Company, but I don't know whether he had it. [Mr. Win, Davis, ship-broker, said he knew that he had the freight advanced by the Dowlais Company, and that he had paid it away to his men and oth2rs.J Mate continued.—He had a letter yesterday from Jersey; I think it came from his wire; I am sure it was not from the own- ers; it looked like a woman's writing I can't say the contents at all annoyed him there was no change in his manner. I don't. know where he was the two nights he was on shore he drank hard at times—both spirits and beer I never saw him so drunk that he could not walk, but I have often seen him fresh. I can't say he led a steady life here. The vessel has not been successful; he did not behave well towards the pecuniary mat- ters of her. Coroner What was found on his person ? Mr. Stockdale: 7s. 6d. in silver, and 3d. in copper, and a bill paid for discharging iron ore, of fl 2s. 2d. Mr. Williams, ironmonger, said he paid him 11s. for the pis- tol, powder, and shot. Mr. Davis: He had £1. from me this morning; and what, he spent for the pistol, and the balance found in his pocket, will nearly make the amount. I can account for the money he has had I am certain he has not been robbed; the I amount he spent is not more than the general run of captains. Mate; He was rather tipsy last night; he left the vessel at nine yesterday morning, and came back to dinner; he then left, and came back about eight in the evening. I think he used to orink on board; I know he opened a cask and drank some last night; he left the vessel this morning at six o'clock; he took no breakfast; I never saw him since till now. A Juror here stated that on Friday last he went into Mr. Dawkins' ship-broker's office, and saw deceased there in a very excited state, and conducting himself like a madman. It would appear that Mr. Dawkins had chartered the vessel to Stettin, in the Baltic, and to take from the Dowlais Company 115 tons of iron; that the vessel was only able to take 106 tons, although once she took 108 tons in; that the Dowlais Company insisted on her taking the other nine tons, or paying the freight; they suggested, as there was a vessel in X ewport going to Stettin, for him to send the nine tons to Newport, and he to be at the expense, and the freight that he would have had had he taken it to Stettin, would pay the other vessel. He seemed to be greatly enraged with Dawkins, who said, Well, I'll go down with you, and try and get you off the nine tons," and when he went, the agent told him he must take all, or find another vessel to do so. Mr. Davies said lie knew that to be correct. The mate said the vessel was quite laden enough for the voyage. John Williams, ironmonger, stated, that about 11 A.M. de- ceased cameVo his shop, and bought a pistol, the one now pro- duced, a quarter of a pound of powder, half a pound of swan shot, and somacaps; he gave a sovoreign to jiay for them; they cost in all eleypn shillings. I asked him what he was going to do with the pistol, and he said he was going to shoot birds off Lundy Inland. H&^was not tipsy, but I smelt liquor. The Ccroner desirad the room to be searched,to see what had become of the powder, &c., and, in a few minutes, Mr. Farish, the landlord, returned with a canister of powder, a parcel of shot, and some caps, and stated he had found them under the pillow in bed. Janet Niven, sworn: I am niece to the landlord. About ten o'clock, this morning, deceased came in and had a "joey" of brandy; he then went out, and, on returning, he asked for a shept of paper. I told him the post-office was opposite; he again went out, and came back, and another man with him; they went into the room adjoining the bar they had pens and ink, but I did not see them write. The other man went out, and de- ceased stayed for a short time, and, when going out, asked me for two wafers. He returned about one o'clock, and asked if he could lie down on a bed for a short time. I told him he could, as soon as the girl had shook it up: he did not seem to understand me. I told him again, and he then went up; he had nine pennyworth of brandy up stairs; I did not take it up after he had been up near two hours, I heard a report I took no notice of it at the time. I thought something had fallen, and in about ten minutes after, I went up to change my dress there was a smell of powder; I told the servant to go into the room where he was, and see what was the matter she was afraid, and I went in and found him shot. I was so afraid that I fell down stairs. My uncle then went up. Mr. Farish stated, tha twhen he went up, the pistol was grasped in his hand, resting on his chest. He took it out, and sent for a doctor. The servant having given her evidence, the Jury returned a verdict that he came by his death from a pistol shot fired by himself while in a state of temporary insanity.
N E A T H. CADOXTON-JUXTA-NEATH.—The hay crop in this neighbourhood presents a most melancholy appearance. The rain fell for nine days continuouily, and the farmers have been daily engaged in turning the hay, in order to prevent it rotting. The hay of the Salt Marshes has been completely carried out to sea by the flood and high tides. The poor people of the neighbourhood of Neath are apprehensive that the produce of acorns this season will fall very far short of the quantity necessary for fattening their pigs for Chistmas. It is calculated that it would cost them 30s. in barley for each plump pig, if disappointed of their acorn crop, which the laws of Abbey kindly allow them to gather. A LUCKY RECOVERY.—On Saturday last, as Mr, Williams, agent to Joseph Price, Esq., of Pwll Faron Colliery, lately in the occupation of Mr. Henry Vigors, mer- chant, was returning from the Neath bank, with a large sum of money, for the purpose of paying wages, riding at rather a rapid pace, the bag forced an exit through his great coat pocket, and on proceeding about a hundred yards, he perceived that he rode rather lighter, and putting his hand to feel for his treasure was shocked at finding a vacuum. He immediately returned' an anxious and disconsolate man, the road he had come and fortunately found a farmer's wife who had just dismounted and in the act of lifting the money bag; he thanked his fair friend for her attention to his interest, and went his way rejoicing.
Ollt MITER BOX. To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SiH,—Rome has been famed for arms, Carthage for its rivalry to that once mistress of the world, Athens for its fine arts and learning, Ireland for its bogs, its tories,and its great wolf dogs, as Swift says, and. by the columns of your much-read MERLIN, last week, I find that Usk, at the present time, is celebrated for its street wandering, houseless, masterless;pigs-joyous grunt- ing highway roamers-who imprudently take the wall both from beau and belle, from portreeve and burgess, and who, with nnringed noses, rake up the gutters, sending forth the effluvium of those fragrant localities. 1 have made these preliminary observations, in order, sir, to acquaint you with an event in my life, which took place on Usk bridge, and which recurs to me whenever I hear or see a member of the swinish multitude. On a fine summer's day, as I was leaning over the parapet of the bridge, watching the salmon seekers in their piscatorial pur- suits, on the bosom of the lovely Usk—the early part of the morning having been showery, I had a Mackintosh on—and I while thus standing, with my attention fully engaged, an un- mannerly brute, de grege porci, stole up silently, and com- menced making his morning meal upon my outer garment. For a considerable time the grunter continued, unobserved by I mr, plying his grinders; but having eaten his way up to my pocket, and made a commencement at some bread and cheese therein contained, I suddenly turned round, from the strange- ness of the senseation, and lo to my astonishment and disgust, there stood the :1nimal, audaciously looking up at me,with the fragments of my india. rubber integument protruding from his mouth. The figure I cut was indescribably ridiculous; and my mortification was increased by the convulsive explosions of laughter from a harper, named Isaac Cheeks, and some other persons who stood opposite me, enjoying the sight and fun, an who had witnessed the whole scene, without having the 800 nature, or, perhaps, power of warning me of the affair, i niy cane for vengeance, but the brute cunningly evaOea tne blow, made off, and thus saved his baton, leaving my Mackin- tosh, on one side, nearly a spencer, and I wended my way to mine inn, determined, some day or other, to expose the conduct of the pigs of this locally and as it appears, since then, that time has not mended their manners or education, I have thus made a clear breast of my indignation. I am sir vour constant reader, am, sir, your c0CH-Y-B0NDDU. Newport, August 7th, 1845.
I VICTORIA IRON WORKS. To the Editor of the SIN,—At considerable personal inconvenience, I attended the meeting of the Monmouth and G'amorgan Banking Company, on Monday last, in the ^fJleLelves in the Mining Jour- have ot late been states. Judge, then, nal. as your coriespondeot V.ocW j of my surprise, neither £ ™d inions at ,he meeting. Theob- holder, nor any one of thelrop^ c HonTBin., whoM name is associated with the Victoria Iron Wotks, came in for his resolution was come to, to ngm » ourselves to be <lon^^edieDt humble servant, 1 AM' A SHAREHOLDER. Bristol, 13th August, 1845.
CWMRE1GYDDION SOCIETY. To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR —If anY of the respectable tradesmen of Abergavenny choose to imagine that they are the independent acting committee of the Cymreisj'ddion Society, I have too much regard and esteem for them to attempt to deal with such an hallucination. I repeat, however, that the whole management of the Society's affairs has'been for some time past, and is now, conducted sub road bv a smgle individual, for the promotion of personal objects, and not from any national or,palnollC feeling. I can easily con. ceive thit honest men, ofplam understanding, are no match for an artiul tactrtian, whose whole life has been one perpetual in- trigue, to acquire popidarity.influence,WM consequehcBrtfie least possible cost to himself. The ladies and gentlemen of the Principality a.re now wide awake to the manoEurres of thu Silu- rian Machiavel, and tney will no longer, under the absurd pre. tenceof encouraging Welsh music and the manufacture of Welsh flannel, open theii purses to promote his views. I gi' e full credit to the statement of Mr. Bevan, that he was the original founder of the Abeigavenny Cymreigyddion but I fear that, like the Mantuan bard, he must be content to exclaim, Hos ego versiculos feci-tulit Alter Honores." And now, sir, a few words for Fenni, the facetious trampeter of the Cymreigyddion and its proceedings. None love. moie than 1 do, the sweet simple melodies of my native land. John Diaconus, in his life of St. Gregory, tells us that the an- cient Germans and French, in attempting to sing (he Gregorian chaunt, were wholly unable to express its sweetness—when they sang, it was rather thunder than musical notes. Their rude throats, instead of the inflection of pleasing melody, formed such rough sounds as resembled the noise of a curt jolting down a pair of stairs. Such music, sir, have I been compelled to listen to at meetings of the Cymreigyddion Society and if it be a sign of bad taste and want, of patriotism, not to admire those horridly discordant ululations, I must plead guilty to the impeachment. In the delusive pages of romance, the Lard and the minsltel are no doubt very fascinating persouages but refening to his- tory, we find them every where described as a most abandoned, corrupt, and profligate sot of men—the abettois of robbery, vio- lence, and every other ciime. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth, their credit was sunk so low in public estimation, that in an act against vagrants, they were included amongst the rogues, vaga- bonds, and sturdy beggars, and subjected to the like punishment. At all times, they appear to have been the sordid flatleiers of the great, and the promoters of every kind of debauchery and wicked- ness amongst the lower classes. With regard to the manufacture of Welsh flannel, which is said by Feoni to have been successfully promoted by the Cym- reigyddion Society, I have little to say, Flannel made of wool grown 10 W ales, will, 1 presume, be Welsh flannel wherever produced; and unless the poor artisans ot the Principality can successfully compete with the large capitals and powerful ma- chinery of Yorkshire and Lancashire, their labours must end, sooner or later, in disappointment and ruin. 1 believe that the establishment of flannel manufactories in Wales, on a small scale, will be "a mockery, a delusion, and a snate." Fenni accuses me of penning rigmarole. What figure of speech does Fenni indulge in, when gtavely informing the public that Louis Phillipe, King of the Fiench, did really and truly send, to represent his majesty at Abergavenny, three or four yeomen ofBrittanny. I thought no one would again have ventured to revive that .barefaced imposition upon the credulity ol Gwellt and Morganwg. Oh shocking I!" So says Fenni, and so say I. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, A GENTLEMAN OF THE PRINCIPALITY.
FLORICULTURAL SOCIETY. To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin SIR,—Frequently within the last two or three years 1 have been asked by gentlemen, farmers, and others, if it were not possible to get up a flower show in this, as in other towns, and have invariably replied that no other difficulty presented itself to my mind than that of procuring some one of influence who would introduce the subject to the notice of those who feel all interest in floriculttiral and horticultural pursuits, and who would also take an active pHt in the management of the society when formed. In the neighbourhood of Abergavenny and Crick- howell are many gentlemen who feel anxious to see a society of the kind started, and who would render any assistance to make it populat; but, unfortunately, all decline to take the lead. Under these circumstances, I have, in my business transactions, named the subject to many of my customers, and with scarcely an exception have received assurances of their becoming sub- scribers, and from many, in our immediate neighbourhood, of their willingness to act as a committee. In the event of the no- bility and gentry of the counties of Monmouth, Brecon, and Hereford, upon solicitation, becoming the patrons of ft, it is pro- posed to call it The Abergavenny and Crickhowell Floricultu- ral Society," and its object will be to promote floriculture and horticulture amongst amateurs, gaideners, and cottagers, and by way of starting it, to have a dablia show in Abergilvenny, ill September. It is purposed to have three flower shows annually, to be held in Abergavenny and Crickhowell, alternately, in the months of May, July, and September, and, if deemed more ad- visable to request his grace the Duke of Beaufort, to kindly grant permission to have the July meeting in Ragland Castle.— It is hoped rules, by which the society will be governed, will be ready tor circulation before the end of the present month. Ladies and gentlemen who are disposed to further the object are very respectfully requested to signify their intention either to Geo Jones. Esq., Crickhowell, or the writer. In conclusion, with my best wishes that this neighbourhood may stand high in the estimate of all those who love floriculture, I am, sir, yours very obediently, Cross-street, Abergavenny. JAMES SAUNDERS. August 13th, 1845.
MACGOPUS IN SEARCH OF PALEY. To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,—I had long since planned to myself a tour through the principality and now that railways send travellers on their way so speedily, have pushed my purpose to resolve. I soon reached Bristol, and the packet shortly afterwards landed me in the pic- turesque town of I' Well," said I to a friend, as walking from the river towards the town, we are safely landed in Wales;" "No such thing" returned he; "Whetearewetheni" In England;" "How can that be,—we havepassedthe boundaries, Severn and Wye;" "No matter, we aie still in England." Such was the dialogue that passed between us, which ended in a small wager; but, I found, upon enquiry, that I had lost my bet. Wales has been transformed into England, as far as Monmouthshire is concerned, by Act of Parliament. I was very pleased with the appearance of the town, and, as I intended remaining there a few weeks, the first thing I sought wasa comfortable domicile, which, having secuied in the outskirts, I began to look about. The people here do not speak Welsh" said I to my landlady O, no sir, they are mostly foreigners here now;" "Foreigners! where from ?" "Bristol and other places about." I learnt from the good woman that those who were not born on the Welsh side of the Severn, were deemed as coming from foreign parts, that is, from the different shires into which England is divided. I perceived, on perusal of the guide books, that, although the names of towns and villages plainly enough discovered that these parts naturally belong to Wales, 1 must travel, further, into the bowels of the land," ere I meet with the abongines. Bu' to my story. Walking about the town, I noticed several shops, apparently those of booksellers: two or three reading- rooms were adveitised on the public walls, with II Guides," in- numerable. Here then,—thought I—I shall be quite at home, this is a liteiary town, and I can enjoy myself here, with a fa- vorite author, m quiet seclusion." Flattering myself with this idea, I went forth, on the following morning, in quest of a work which I thought easily procurable, and, accordingly, I applied to a bookseller, whom I shall describe as No. 1. Pray have you, in your library, a book called Paley's Theology V Looking about for a short space, the answer was, Not that I remember, sir, but here is a catalogue, perhaps you may fancy something •e *n r l ..over a 'ist of two or three hundred novels, piin- ctpally of the old or Leadenhall school, some of them dated as far back as 1765. I could not see any thing like the book I wanted, and was going further on my way, when No. 1 arrested my attention, by saying, "Sorry, sir, that 1 have not got the °°-.i70U ^UIre' perhaps, you may want some scented soap, or oti er per ornery. Having no immediate necessity for such articles, I left the shop and proceeded to No. 2. <' Pray have you Paley s Theology m your collection of books 1" The man stared at me for a short time-" What did you say, sid" Have *.ou,5 «°S, f edTha 7 sT^ol°gy V' Peeley.sThe what, .irr Paley s Theology Paley's The-o-lo-gy." This he seemed to comprehend. No, sir. 1 never heaid of the gentle- man." I found here nothmg but novels, some of these of more modern date than those mentioned before. As I was leavinir No. 2, he accosted me thus: Sorry, Slr, I cannot accommodate you with the book, but, perhaps, you would like to be shaved." At first I thought the man intended to insult me this however was not the case, he was very civil, and I found that he actually wasatonsor, I declined his services as I always perform the operation myself, and went on my way, humming the old sone •• My Grandmother, the burden of which is— I For shaving and tooth-drawing, bleeding, cabbaging, and sewirg, Dicky Gossip, Dicky Gossip, is the man." I next passed over to No. 3, with the same question, Have you Paley's Theology V' No, sir, they do not study Paley Locke, or such like authors here. I might keep such a book here until the worms devoured it before I should find a customer for it." indeed then what books do yon keep V A medley, sir such as the standard novels, some voyages, travels, a little poetryj and a few useful periodicals, but I findi a better sale for such es- tablished works as George Barnwell, Dick Tuipin, Blue Beard, Jack the Giant Killer, &c." By further conversation with No. 3, I learnt that books were then not much patronised there, Perhaps the future generation will have a better taste for know- ledge, Despairing of success by making further inquiries for Paley, I was going away from No. 3, when he inquired if 1 was an agri- culturist, as he could recommend to my notice a new manure. superior to guano, for which he was the agent. My answer was in the negative, and I proceeded to my lodgings ruminaung on the droll circumstances that had occurred. 1 had been in search of Paley's Theology, instead of which 1 was offered by three booksellers—some choice SOAP-all easy sHAvt-^aod some ex- cellent MANURE.. There are some other peculiarities belonging to this very pretty town, which, perhaps, I may heieafter notice, that is, if yon wiil allow me space in your oserul and amusing columns. In the meantime, I subscribe myself, Youtsobedientty. Utopia, 12th August. 1845.
BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS. BIRTHS. On the 31st ult., the wife of Mr. Thomas Lewis, draper, Newport, of a son. On Sunday, the 27th ult., Mrs. Tudor, of Abergavenny, of a son. On the 2nd inst., at Llangibby, the wife of Mr. Joseph Plaisted, of Crick, of a daughter. On the 10th inst., at King's-square, Bridgwater, the lady of John Farquhar, Esq., of a daughter. MARRIAGES. On the 13th instant, at St. Wonllos Church, by the Rev. Edward Hawkins, vicar, Mr. John Peddie, of London, to Miss Cordelia Isabella Leake, of Commercial-street, Newport. On the 7th instant, by liccnse, at Trevethin Church, by the Rev. Thomas Davies, M.A., incumbent, Mr. Michael Lister, of the British Iron Works, engineer, to Miss Williams, Trevethin. On the 14th inst., at St. John's Church, Cardiff, by the Rev. T. Stacey, M.A., Henry James Paine, Esq., surgeon, Cardiff, to Eliza, eldest daughter of Edward Evans, Esq., surgeon, Duke-street, Cardiff. On the 6th inst, at St. Mary de Lode Church, Gloucester, D. Gingell, Esq., surgeon, of Brecon, eldest son of D. Gingell, Esq., M.D., of Morton, near Thornbury, to Margaret Elizabeth, second daughter of R. Jackman, Esq., Gloucester. On the 7th inst., at How Caple, by the Rev. H. A. Stilling- fieet, the Rev. Francis John Biddulph, late of Amroth Castle, Pembrokeshire, to Juliana Mackworth Stillingfleet, third surviving daughter of the Rev. H. A. Stillingfleet, rector of How Caple. DEATHS. On Sunday last, Mr. David Davis, of the William the Fourth Inn, m this town, a person long and deservedly esteemed for hoaesty of character and friendly disposition. Lately, at Newport, Mrs. Mary Jones, aged 70 years. On the 5th instant, at Merthyr, formerly of this town, Mr. David Martin, shipwright, aged 59 years. On Saturday last, the Dean of Llandaff, one of the brightest ornaments of the Church. On the 8th inst., Mr. Joseph Evans, of Caerleon, aged 71 years, having patiently endured a long and agonising illness, surrendering to the Redeemer his trusting spirit, with a hope full of joy and immortality. On the 13th inst., at Christchurch, Mr. Wm. Edwards, aged 74 years. On the 13th instant, Mr. Wm. Stibbs, hair dresser, Cardiff, aged 45. On the 5th 'instant, near Lanstephen, in the county of Car- marthen, Mr. Thomas Williams, one of the brave fellows who were with Captain Brooks in the Shannon frigate, taking the American frigate Chesapeake. On the 9th inst., at Ross, Mr. John Meek, aged 74. On the 7th inst., at Widemarsh-street, Hereford, of inflam- mation, aged 60 years, respected by all who knew him, Mr, George Hockings, late master of the work.house school. He had served 25 years in her Majesty's 39th Regt, of Foot, and fought-and bled for his country in many battles, amongst which was that of Waterloo.