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SUMMER.

«— A RIVER THOUGHT.

A SMILE,

MRS. CAUDLE'S CURTAIN LECTURES.

HOUSE OF LORDS.

HOUSE OF COMMONS.

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HOUSE OF COMMONS. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 18. Mr. Sergeant Murphy, on the recommendation of Mr. O'Connell, withdrew his bills for amending the Common Law Process in Ireland. On the motion of Mr. T. Duncombe, the Arrestment of Wages (Scotland) Bill was read a second time. The Small Debts Bill was on the suggestion of the Speaker, rejected as informal, and notice was given by Mr. F. Kelly to move for leave to bring in a new bill on Monday next. The other bills on the paper were postponed, and the ad. journed debate on the New Zealand Company's affair was reo sumed. The speakers were Captain Rous, Mr. Aglionby, Mr. Barkly. Sir R. Inglis, Mr. Hawes, Sir Howard Douglas, and Lord Howick. The debate was again adjourned. THURSDAY, JUNE 19. On the motion of the Earl of Lincoln, the Commons IncloSure and Drainage of Land Bills were read a second time, with the understanding that any discussion which might be deemed ne- cessary could take place on the bringing up of the report. The adjourned debate on Mr. Charles Buller's motion to go into committee to consider eighteen resolutions respecting New Zealand and ti.e New Zealand Company, was resumed. The speakers of the night were Mr. E. Ellice, Mr. Cardwell, Mr. Mang'es Mr. Colquhoun, Mr. Shiel, Sir James Graham, Lord J. Russell, and Sir R. Peel. The Premier regretted that the full sovereignty over New Zealand by right of discovery had not been asserted by this country instead of the inconveniont treaty which had been con- cluded with the Aboriginal chiefs, and from which all the diffi- culties of the colony had sprung. He maintained that Lord Stanley had given to that treaty that interpretation which accoided with the good faith and honour of the country, and that be had acted towards the New Zealand Company as liberally as his al ility, crippled as it was by the treaty with the native chiefs, permitted. The right bon. gent. ridiculed the eighteen resolu- tions propounded by Mr. Charles Buller, and cautioned the house fiorn taking the question out of the hands of the executive, and assuming the functions of administering the Government of New Zealand. With regard to the future policy of that colony, the Piemier intimated that municipal institutions, with powers of local taxation, would be that most applicable to it, and that the New Zealand Company should ba maintained as a great com- piny, directing the operations of trade and emigration. As a plan to obviate the difficulties arising from our recognition of the sovereignty of the chiefs, he intimated thai a system of regis- tration of lands in the possession of natives should be adopted, and a tax be put upon all wild lands, which, if not paid, those lands should become foifeited to the Crown. Mr. C. Buller having replied, the house divided. For going into committee 172 against it 223; majority 51. The Lords' amendments to the Railway Clauses Consolidated (Scotland) Bill, No. 2, were considered, and the compensation clause relating to Scotch landlords negatived. Adjourned. FRIDAY. Lord Iugestre moved that the report of the Oxford, Worcester, and Wolverhampton Railway Bill be received; which motion gave rise to one of the most animated discussions that has taken place in the House of Commons for a long time. The report assigned a preference of the broad gauge "over the narrow gauge," and its reception or rejection involved an opinion by the house favourable or otherwise to the general principle of a bioad or narrow gauge in the construction of railways. Mr. Cobden moved as an amendment That an humble ad. dress be presented to Her Majesty, praying Her Majesty to issue a commission to inquire whether, in all future acts for the con- struction of railways, provision ought to be made for securing one uniform gauge, and whether it would not be practicable and ex. pedient to bring existiog lines of railways in England, and lines now in course of construction, into uniformity of gauge ? and, if so, to report upon the best mode of carrying these objects into effect during the present session of Parliament." The honourable member expressed his opinion to be adverse to the decision of the committee of the Oxford, Worcester, and Wolverhampton Bill, and favourable to the principle of the narrow gauge. He con- tended that the greater portion of existing lines having been con- structed on the narrow gauge, it would be unfair to them, and productive of general inconvenience to change the system, or to permit new lines to be formed of varying guages. The amendment was seconded by Colonel Wood. He said that the Board of Trade having reported in favour of the nar- row gauge, a commission on this bill having reported against the narrow gauge, a commission of inquiry was absolutely necessary. Mr. Shaw, who was chairman of the committee on the bill, professed himself completely ignorant as to what was a broad or a narrow gauge, because be found that no two engineers could agree upon the point. But he felt persuaded that the proposed line was, upon its merits, the most desirable for the public. The right hon. gentleman hoped that the decision ot the committee would nopbe reversed in the house by means of an extrMidinary personal canvass of its members. Mr. Labouchere was prepared to support the decision of the committee, because he did not wish to endanger the passing of the Bill, but he thought the Government should give an opinion on the subject. Sir G. Clerk gave his support to the amendment, and to the decision of the Board of Trade in favour of the narrow guage. Sir R. Peel, after having explained the embarrassment in which he stood in giving an opinion as a private member of the house apart from his official station, said he should exert no in. fluence whatever in support of the resolution of the Board of Trade, or in support of the report of the committee on the Bill. He felt bound, however, to give this individual opinion, which was that it would be unwise to overrule the decision of the com- mittee on the Bill. He therefore supported the reception of the report, though contrary to the desire of his own constituents. Lord Ingestre said he should be ready to vote for an inquiry if moved for substantively, but not in a shape which would affect the throwing out of the Bill. After a very protracted and excited discussion, in an unusually crowded house, and at the important dinner hour a division took place,- For the bringing up of the report. 247 Against it 113 Majority 134 Mr. Lockhart then moved that the report be received that day six months, and another division took place- For the bringing up of the report. 79 Against it 43 The report was then received. On the motion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the house went into committee on the Customs Act, in order to give Mr. Ewart an opportunity of bringing forward his motion for a reduc- tion of the duties on butter and cheese. But the house having become nearly empty, Mr. E. Buller moved that the duty on tallow be repealed. The Chancellor of the Exchequer objected, and the motion was withdrawn. Mr. Parker's motion for the abolition of the duties on the im. portation of copper ore, and Dr. Bowring's motion for the repeal of the duty on pine logs, met a similar fate. The Assessed Taxes Composition Bill, the Bills of Exchequer Bill, and the Merchant Seaman's Bill, were read a second time. The West India Islands Relief Bill, and the Seal-office Aboli. tion (compensation to officers) Bill passed through committee. Adjourned.

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