TIMES OF lHGH WATER. AT NEWPORT. I IIIGII WATER I DEPTH AT DAYS* MOIIN. EVEN. DOCK GATE JUNE. H. M. "• M FT* IN- JUNE. H. M. Jr. NI FT. IN. 29 Sunday 1 43 '2 16 23 6 30, Monday 2 53 3 22 21 1 JULY 1,Tuesda y 3 58 4 22 24 10 2, Wednesday 4 52 5 13 26 (» 3, Thursday 5 40 5 57 27 7 4, Iiid-iy 6 22 6 33 28 3 5, Saturday 6 58 7 10 i 28 9 WEEKLY CALENDAR. June 29. Sixth Sunday after Trinity. St. Peter. Lessons for the Morning Service, 2 Sanrae-l 12, Acts 3. Evening Service, 2 Samuel 19, Acts 4. July I.-Oxford Act and Cambridge Com. 3.—Dog-days begin. 4.—Cambridge Easter Term ends. 5.—Oxford Trinity Term ends. Mood's AGE.—New, July 4th, 30m. after 4 afternoon.
DUELLING. The Portsmouth verdict of the jury in the case of r. Seton, will be vatiously viewed according to the ftght in which the practice of duelling may be re- garded by different parties hut we cannot doubt that it will have a salutary effect. Mr. Payne, who Attended professionally for Mrs. Hawkey, (and who is himself coroner for the city of London,) asserted, when he tendered that lady's evidence, that it would shew such provocation as would reduce the offence, if it should be proved against Lieutenant Hawkey, to manslaughter. The wife's evidence certainly did fix upon the deceased, conduct of an improper char- acter, viz.—repeated overtures, with the tact and per- tinacity of a reprobate and unprincipled roue. We cannot, however, shut our eyes to the fact, that a re- petition of those dishonourable proposals might have been prevented, had Mrs. Hawkey adopted that line of conduct from which a virtuous wife, who would recoil with disgust from the degrading proposition of a tempter, should never swerve. But to challenge a man in the hope of killing him is but the carrying out a spirit of a furious revenge; and we cannot doubt that under the guise of honour" and other pretences, it is in this spirit that many duels are fought; in fact, unless the party fire in the air, there is abundant proef of it. It differs only from the sanguinary retaliation for injuries received, which is practised among savages, in the fact of warning and preparation, and a fixed time being given to both parties. The circumstance of the injured man ex- posing his own Ufe to danger, while in itself absurd, does but strengthen the suspicion of malice at best, it shews anger predominating over reason. Duelling, Under any circumstances, is alike unchristian and bar- barous it is one of those customs which tend to destroy, in public estimation, that principle of sacredness of human life, which is most important to ..the well-being of society. The regulation by which the Commissions of Military Officers, fighting duels, whether principals or seconds, are forfeited, is good, where the party survives and suffers the punishment but it falls severely on the widow or children of one who falls. In that case it ought not to take effect ;-the loss of a husband or father is lamentable and wither- ing enough, without adding thereto the infliction of poverty—perhaps destitution, on the innocent be- reaved. For civilians, however, some fresh enactment is necessary the present general laws leave the matter too open while the degree of feeling yet en- tertained in favour of the practice exists, the opera- tion of the present law will be evaded by verdicts of manslaughter, and lenient sentences. A heavy fine, which should be paid in certain cases to the relatives of parties killed, with imprisonment to hard labour as an alternative, would probably, in addition to ren- dering the survivor ineligible for any government office, act as a sufficient safeguard until the practice shall become sunk into general reprobation. In the case of any member of Parliament, the public press cannot too strongly recommend for imi- tation, the example of Mr. Roebuck. Without ap- proving of his expressions with reference to the Irish members, (most of whom are his equals in intel- lect and his superiors in position ;) but on the contrary deprecating his attacks, and the spirit jn which they were uttered, which indeed the good sense of the Commons ought to have repressed, we must give high praise to the moral courage which enabled him, in such a sphere, to despise the savage "code of honour and on receiving. Mr. Somer's invitation to go out and be shot at, tQ treat it as a breach of privileges of the House. Mr. Somers, too, who comes from Connaught, the land of Sir Lucius O'Trigger, is to be commended for the readiness with which he apologised, and the whole proceedings are r' calculated to produce a very beneficial effect.
NATIONAL SECULAR EDUCATION. Apart from the vexed question of religious instruc- tion, that of national education, as it respects secular knowledge, is increasingly forcing itself upon public attention. There are few, now, who dare to advo- cate the perpetration of ignorance. The question now is, what kind of instruction, and suited to what ends, shall be given ? And here arise the various obstacles to any great comprehensive scheme. We remember the case was well put five years ago, by the Athenaeum, which, after alluding to the gradual escape of public opinion from the influential classes which was con- trolled, says- The end required from national instruction by (what, for Want of a better name, we must call) the people, is the free knd unshackled use of the human faculties-in one word, Cental independence; the end derived by the categories op- Posed to the people, is the maintaining of the masses in cer- tain given opinions. The people, therefore, in asking for edu- ction intend the development of all the sources of knowledge enjoyment incidental to humanity; the other party, while V demand the education of the people, really mean the Education of certain determinate principles and modes of bought, by means of determinate dictations, to be implicitly -—the honest, from a conviction that these principles arethe best for the objects of their instruction; but all with 44 equal conviction that they are necessary for the security of Property, and the maintenance of existing institutions." It is necessary, to a right perception of the diffi- culties of the case, and to a right course with respect to any plans of public instruction, that these two great divisions of opinion, which include numerous ttrinor shades, should be fully recognized and con- ZD stantly taken into account. One great reason why Existing established forms of instruction are so in- creasingly unpopular with a large body of the people, is the fact, that (as in the case of the Irish Orange seminaries, under the Kildare-place conclave) those forms are the vehicles of a teaching which inculcates an undue regard for authority—checks the spirit of free inquiry, and the tendency of the human mind to assert its natural dignity and claims. On the other hand, this very character commends these institutions to the possessors of power, to the adherents of pre- scription, and the opponents of liberal and popular principles. It is from a deep conviction on these points, that many thinking men oppose government education altogether,as dangerous to popular liberty. The Academic Bill for Ireland is plausibly objected to by some, on account of the appointment of pro- fessors by the government; but whilst the institu- tions are supported wholly by public money, this appointment, seems to us a necessary consequence. If they were only aided by the state, mere inspection, or perhaps a veto on appointments, might be deemed ,ait much as government could reasonably claim. The \east objectionable form in which the state can assist i the work of education, is that in which it aids the British and Foreign School Society; and the grant to that institution might be greatly increased, with- out exciting much, if any opposition. In those schools, the masters are appointed by a committee of the subscribers. At the same time, if the vastly larger grants made to the National Schools," which are purely sectarian, be continued, the sectarian schools of other denominations, which have much lncreased since Sir James Graham's unsuccessful measure, ought, in fairness, to be aided from the Public purse. Many of the latter, indeed,^ are as little sectarian, with respect to the religious instruc- tion taught in them, as the British. 0
JRISH LANDLORD AND TENANT BILL. The Government Commission, for enquiring into the relations between landlords and tenants in Ireland, from which so much social mischief has sprung—has, we find, terminated in a miserably petty and inefficient measure. It is simply to com- pensate tenants for improvements; a good, as far as ;.t goes, but one which might have been confer- red without so much expense and preparation. A commissioner is to be appointed, with the power of appointing assistants—another piece of centralization and patron aze,-a n ot[ii,-r extension j of the Gallican system of official influence spread- i ing through the land. The highest amount of compensation is to be £ 3. an acre for building, £ 3. foi draining, and -,Cl. for fencing or a maximum of £ 5. where all three j; have been effected. The compensation to be given only in cases of ejection. Lord Stanley stated the number of cultivpte.0, acres in Ireland to be 14,603,000, and the produce per acre £ 2. 9s. 3d.; the number in England 34.254,000, and the produce 94. 7s. 6i. Yet, lie said, the fourteen millions of acres in Ireland gave employment to 100,000 more labourers than the thirty-four millions in England. Hence he inferred that capital was wanted rather than space; and he thought there was ample capital among the tenantry, if its use were encouraged. Now there are other causes, besides inferiority in capital, which lead to the disparity of labourers. One is doubtless, the low rate of wages in Ireland another is the smaller proportion of pasture there and while the compensation on ejectment may check the evictions which are now so frequent, it must be recollected that it makes no provison for tenants who remain in their farms at enormous rents. Not that this can be remedied by direct legislation but the effect of so partial a measure is, we conceive, greatly overrated by its supporters. t, P' Compensation for buildings is to be estimated at thirty years purchase, diminishing a thirtieth every year; the removal of embankment fences, at twenty years purchase; and draining at fourteen years purchase. No mention is made of any provision for continuance in a family where the tenant may die after expending money. If there be any such clause introduced, it will be a just and judicious one. Ireland must have greater measures than this, if the present Ministry are to have, as they seem to predicate, the giory of raising her from her de- graded state.
F R E E M A SON S' DIN N E R, Tuesday last being the anniversary of St. John, the masonic body of the town assembled at the Westgate bofcel to pay the cúiltOluary honours to the occasion. Shortly before five o'clock the brethren began to at-riveand immediately after that hour, the chair having been taken by the W.M.. and the brethren being attired in their aprons aod mystic regalia of the ancient and honourable order, they sat down to an admiiable dinner, prepared by brother Hallen. The cloth having been removed and grace pronounced bv the Rev. Chaplain, the W.M. briefly reminded the brethren of the occasion which had called them together, and expressed his gratification at seeing, not only so many of the members of the Silurian lodge present, but also the large number of visiting brethren who had come to pay their tribute of respect on the solemn occasion. The W.M. then called upon the brethren to fill their glasses, and in announcing the first toast, said-" Brother masons, 1 believe you to be loyal subjects, and as such, I call for your enthusiastic response to the health of the sovereign. (Cheers.) Masonry, as you are all aware, and as our bitterest aspersers have not attempted to deny, is the essence of subordination— subordination, not only to the sacred injunctions which the illustrious institution itself imposes, but to the laws of the state, and to the rights, authorities, ard privileges of those charged with the administration of such laws. Alike the friend of mankind generally, and the equaliser of all classes within its own pale, it yet inculcates unqualified obedience to consti- tuted authority, and its highest boast is, that, while cultivating all ihe ennobling viitues which form its essence, and charac- terise its constitution, it spurns sycophancy on the one hand, and political collusion on the other. (Cheers.) r, therefore, without further preface, give you the health of our gracious Queen, and may she long live to enjoy the confidence and es- teem of a happy and devoted people." Drank with all the honours. Air, "God save the Queen," by the whole company. Toast, "Prince Albert and the rest of the royal family." Drank with the usual honours. Air, Hail, Star of Brunswick." The toast having been disposed of, the W.M. again called for a bumper, and in introducing the next toast, remarked, Brethren, the preliminary toasts of the evening being drank, I have now to call for a bumper to a pledge to which I am sure every member of the craft will do honour. I have to give you the illustrious head of our institution in England, Grand Master the Earl of Zetland. (Enthusiastic cheering.) Re. markable for the great and dignified position which he occu- pies in the order, for his excellence as a mason, and for the many virtues which adorn his private character, he has not only won for himself the love and admiration of every mem- ber of the craft in these realms, but the esteem of thousands who have not the great privilege of enjoying our confraternity. Allow' me, therefore, to call upon you for a cordial recepiion of the toast." Drank with full masonic honours. Glee, Prosper the art," by Brothers Cayallini, Moreton, and Hill. The W.M. again rose and said, Brother masons, I find the next toast on my list is one which commends itself to our fraternal favour this evening in a very eminent decree. It is no less than the health of our esteemed P.G.JVJ. Col. Tynte. I need not dilate upon stfeli a toast as this, 3js the worth ot that truly estimable, gentleman is known to, dlatii sure highly appreciated, by every brother in the province. I beg to express the high sense which I entertain, in common with all here, of the honour that has been conferred upon the pro- vince by Col. Tynte's acceptance of the dignified office which he holds, and of the distinguished advantages which the insti. tution generally must derive from the active co-operation of that esteemed officer. Drank with masonic honours. Song, "Entered Apprentice's song," by the W.M. The W.M., in proposing the next toast, said it was one which naturally followed the last, inasmuch as it was the health of the next senior officer, the D. P. G. M., Brother De Bernardy. The btethrcn of the Silurian lodge were well aware of the lively interest taken by that gentleman in every thing relating to the institution, and in an especial degree to the prosperiiy of their own lodge and he anticipated great things for the province at large from the accession of an officer so highly and deservedly esteemed. Drank with masonic honours. Song, "Fidelity," by Brother Macdonald. The proxy of the S. W. here stood up to propose the health of the W. M., and delivered himself at considerable length upon the character and exertions of that officer. He spoke in flattering terms of his labours for the general promotion of masonic interests, and of the deep concern which he at all times felt for the success of hi^Wvn lodge. He concluded by observing that the institution was highly favoured by the skill, industry, and talents of such an officer, and hoped that he would long be an ornament and aid to the best interest of t!:e order.—Drank with masonic honours. Song, Master's Song," by Brother Wall. The W. M. followed by proposing The Health of the Bro- ther who officiated as S. W.. and the Officers ot the Lodge;" to which those gentlemen replied in appropriate terms. Song, Senior Warden's Song," by Brother Alexander. The festivities of the evening were diversified by appropriate songs and recitations the healths were dtank of numerous members of the order, including the Rev. Chaplain, Brothers Bell, Nicholas, Shorthouse, Edwards, W. W. Morgan, _&e.; which were severally acknowledged in brief, but suitable addresses. After an evening spent in the enjoyment of true masonic unanimity, the brethren separated, highly gratified with the occasion.
CRICKET MATCH. THE NEWPORT AND CLIFTON CLUBS. The important match between these crack clubs, to which sporting gentlemen have been looking forward, for some days, with some anxiety and considerable interest, as involving a contest in %N,hich Greek was to meet Greek," came off, on the Newport Cricket Ground, on Monday last. 1 ^c1U„mer0,r.1and fashionable attendance, comprising many 1 8*ace tne seene; and the 75th band added an increased zest to the amusement of the day, by the performance of several favourite airs amongst which Cavallini's celebrated set of Medley Quadrilles were given. £ \cwPort Cluo, now the chief cricket society of Mon- mouthshire, upheld their high character 011 this occasion. Mr. E. Brewer, and others of the leading members were in capital play, and the fielding, on both sides, was considered ad- mirable. The gentlemen of the Clifton Club being obliged to leave per packet, in the afternoon, it was understood that the first innings were to decide the match, and when the packet bell rung, it was evident that the chance of the Cliftonians was as a cock boat to the Great Britain Steamer, the Newport Club having only six wickets down, and five runs to win. The following is the score CLIFTON. NEWPORT. Haythorne, b. Latch 27 D. Prothero, c. Attfield 7 Bernard, b. Dowell 2 Latch, not out 14 Attfield, c. Prothero 20 Nellthorpe, c. Bernard. 12 Lighton, b. Latch 6 Brewer, c. ditto 21 Jones, b. ditto 5 Dowell, c. Ray 8 Ray, b. Dowell 0 D. Harrhy, c. ditto 1 J. Protheroe, b. ditto 0 Rickey, b. Protheroe 7 Cunningham, b. ditto 1. j C. Cairns 8 J. Goodenough, b. ditto 0 J. Harrhy, G. Goodenough, not out 0 H. E. Hawkins, Courtnay, b. Dowell 0 Hayward, No balls 12 Wideditto. 13 Byes. 19-44 Byes. 22 105 100 in„S?,R0N7?'1,N<?"EST'—°n Tuesday last, an ■Rntrhan ° J ueatn ot a child named Robert a son of Caft. Butchan, of*the* barque1^peared thf .dec?aste.d> Newport Dock, was seen on Monffi w Hv :'T1\ow £ ing ,\n the of the sailors of the vessel, who was at wnX7 J Purce11' deck near the hatchway, and by some acrirl'pn^iv,"8 upon,^ fell down it, between the combings Lto n C PT »w twenty feet. The poor little sufferer wa, ? tCP w on deck, and Mr. Jelioida Brewer, surgeon hi ought attendance, found a serious fracture on th'p hnri WaS skull jad injur, on the about two hours. erdict—Accidental death —AT™ T*J v, and three children intended leaving London onTuesday week b? the express train, which met with so serious an accident but was a few seconds too late at the terminus, and came by the ncxt train. PROMOTIONS. 73rd Foot—Major-General Sir Robert Henry Dick K. C B to be Colonel, vice Lieutenant-General Lord Harris deceased' 75th Foot-Captain Richard Lane, from half-pay, Unattached! to be Captain, vice Basil Gray, who exchanges; Lieutenant George William Conyngham Stuart, to be Captain, by purchase vice Lane, who retires; Ensign Charles Couch to be Lieutenant' by purchase, vice Stuart; Hugh Fitzgerald Mahony, Gent' to fee Ensign? *>7 purchase, vice Couch. THE LASli.-WC understand that this degrad- "I in2 punishment was inflicted upon two soldiers, at the barracks, this week. The punished men, neither of whom we are glad to state belonged to the 75th regiment, were brought to head ) quarters, and tried by Court Martial, one for striking his cor- poral, and the other for falling asleep during sentry duty, crimes of the most serious character in a military point of view, and according to the articles of war. We do not learn that the in- flictions were severe, but, the demoralising effect is, of course, the same, and we trust that, at no distant period, this s,eif- debasing and brutalizing system will be discontinued in our service. The Ivorites, of this town, celebrated their anni- versary, &c., at the Bush Inn, on Tuesday last. Particulars of the proceedings will be given in our next number. The annual examination of the school at New- port, conducted bv the Rev. A. Anderson, M.A., in connexion with the diocesan board of education, took place on Friday the 20th inst. The pupils were examined by several members of the board, and acquitted themselves very respectably in the Scrip- ture and Catechism, Greek and Latin Classics, Euclid, Arith- metic, English Grammar, Geography, and other useful attain- ments. Prizes were then distributed to ten of the most de- serving boys. At the same time it was expressly stated, that none of the pvipils vere deficient, but that all had profited by the unwearied labours of the able master. SOUTH WALES RAILWAY.—In the House of Commons, on Wednesday last, the South Wales Railway Bill was, after a short conversation, ordered to be referred back to the Committee, leave being given to the Committee to sit on Monday next. The third reading ot the Newport and Pontypool Railway Bill is reported for this (Friday) evening. NEWPORT AND PONTYPOOL RAILW A Y.- Mr Barber requests us to state that that part of his evidence given in the London papers, relating to the comparison of the Monmouthshire Canal Co.'s roads with the Taff Vale Railway, is incorrectly reported-the gradients on the Taff Railway being superior to those of the Monmouthshire Canal Co.'s roads. NEWPORT CATTLE MARKET.—WEDNESDAY, JUNE 2.5, Price per lb. to sink the offaL s. (I. s. d. Beasts 0 6 to 0 Slieep 0 0 0 6 Lambs 0 6 0 61 Calves 0 4i.. 0 6 Pi-s (p,-r score) 7 0 7 6 The supply tliis day was good, and the prices were cheering. We noticed several fine beasts in capital condition for the shambles they were bred and fed by Mr. Davies, who re- sides near Youghal, and in consequence of the spirited cha- racter and conduct of the Newport butchers, were sent over to our market. It is gratifying to learn that the enterprising Irishman realised a good price for his cattle,^ few pt them being sold foi £ 28 lUs. each. NEWPORT WOOL FAIR.—The judicious un- dertaking of a Wool Fair at Newport took the period of its commencement on Wednesday last, and the beginning was truly most encouraging and auspicious. There was a great quantity of wool pitched, and many buyers, the chief of whom deserve mention, namely—Mr. Roger Keene, Whitson, Mr. Wm. Baker, Goldcliff, Mr. Hall, Cardiff, and Mr. Warren, of Bristol. The quality was generally good, and prices; ranged from 13s. to 14s. 6d. per stone. From the contemplated im proveinent- for this department of business in the new market, it is anticipated that the next year's market will prove an ex. ceedingly good one.
MONMOUTH. WHOLESALE ROBBERY.—On Saturday last, a young woman, named Elizabeth Neat, was charged before P. Galindo, Esq., mayor, with having robbed her mistress, illrs, Dubberley, of Agin court-square, of a quantity of property, consisting of table clothes, towels, pillow cases, wearinn- ap- parel, artificial flowers, ribbons, lace, and other things too numerous to detail. From the evidence of Miss Marv Ann Dubberley, it appeared that the prisoner had obtained permis- sion to go to Coleford fair, on Friday, and that during her absence witness saw several things in the prisoner's bedroom belonging to herself and sister, which made her suspect the girl had taken other articles, their property. On the return of the prisoner on Saturday morning. Miss Dubberley sent for her brother, and with him searched the prisoner's box, where'thpy discovered a large quantitv of valuable property, belongim* to Mrs. Dubberley. The prisoner, who was immediately o-iven into the custody of P.C. Stephens, admitted havino- taken the things, but said she did not intend to remove them from the house. At the station house, she gave the policeman a purse containing three sovereigns, which she said she had found on her road home from the fair. The prisoner said nothing in her defence, and she was committed for trial at the sessions. JONES'S ALMSHOUSES, MONMOUTH. On Tuesday evening, the undermentioned three persons were returned by the Town Council, to the Worshipful Company of Haberdashers, London, for their selection, to fill up the vacancy occasioned by the death of "William Cowle* viz., Edmund Rea, William Richards, and John Jones. BRISTOL AND LIVERPOOL JUNCTION RAIL- WAY. W e understand that the above important undertaking is in good estimation amongst parties most conversant with, and influential in, railway-transactions, and that the active and intelligent projectors are encouraged by success in everv movement hitherto made.
USK. A brick field has been opened on the Court farm at Llangattock, near Usk, for the convenience of the Ciytha tenantry, and Clayton's patent machine for making draining- tiles is usefully at work.
ABERGAVENNY. DISTRESSING AND FATAL ACCIDENT.— A most melancholy accident, fatal in its results, occurred on the inclined plane at Llanfoist, on Tuesday last. A little girl, of about fifteen years ofage, daughter of John Gunter, a labourer, was descending the line, and in spite of the oft-iepeotefi calls and cautions of the workmen, would perst in ng on a loaded tram, by a sudden jerk of which she was thr<$rn to the ground, and melancholy to relate, the whole train passed over her neck, instantaneously depriving her of life. Our readers will remember that, about two months ago, several robberies were committed in this neighbourhood, most probably by the same parties. About that time, a man sold to William Jones, of Llanfoist, a good overcoat, for which he received 8s. he also sold him a japanned tea-caddy, a Welsh Bible, a whip, and other articles all of which are now in the possession of that active officer, P. C. Patrick Cusack. All the articles have been claimed, except the coat, which contains two pockets on the right side and one on the left, is of a brown colour and good material. The audacious individual who disposed of them was arrested last week at Brecon, on account of a little matter in the way of house- breaking at Talybont. Should this fail to be proved, Cusack intends troubling him with six distinct charges of burglary in this neighbourhood, which on-dit he vill be sure to substan- tiate. ODDFELLOWSHIP- TEA PARTY.—The worthy oddfellows of Llanover had recently a very agreeable evenings' entertainment at the lodge room, on which occasion there was a very numerous attendance of members of the order and the female branches of their family; The kind Vicar, supported by P.G., NN'ni. Richards, and V.G., S. T. Harris, presided and P.G. T. James, acted as vice president, supported by P.G E Williams and D.G.M., James, of Prince Howell the Good Lodge, Blaenavon. Heart-warming and friendship-inspiring speeches were delivered, and the village singers, with their delightful harmony, would induce every one was there to go honfe quite assured that oddfellowship and the Llanover min- strels rendered this part of the world a real Utopia. At the last rent audit of Wm. Jones, Esq., of Clytha, ;£5. per cent. was returned to his numerous tenantry. In November last the same benevolent gentleman granted a similar boon, and kindly considering the agricultural distress of 1844, Mr, Jones returned £ 10. per cent, irom the midsummer rental of that year.
7'0 the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. The Cwm Celyn and Blaina Iron Company, against George Gale, who was convicted on the 11th of June instant, at the Abergavenny Petty Sessions, on the oath of Thomas Caddick, an agent for that company, before F. H. Williams, Esq., and the Rev, G. W\ Gabb, with having absented him- self from his service, he not having given notice to leave. SIR,-In your report of this case in your number of last week your reporter states that the case was clearly sifted, and the man convicted on the clearest testimony. I do not know Sir whether by the clearest testimony is meant the best testilony; but I take it that it is necessary for the purpose of a conviction, from which there is no appeal, that the evidence should not only be clear but unbiassed, as it is quite evident from the course pursued by Thomas Caddick in this case, that he was very anxious to procure a conviction; he was, as it were, the plaintiff in these proceedings, who, in all civil cases, are supposed to be so much interested in their own favour where the question is a few miserable pounds, that no plaintiff is allowed to be examined in his own case and although, perhaps, that principle could not be carried out in cases of this description, yet, I take it, where the liberty of the subject is concerned, and the tribunal before whom the man is tried have the double power of jury and judge, that the evidence should be corroborated by other disinterested testimony; which was not the case here, as there was no other witness called but Caddick. The charge against this man was, that he had absented himself from his work, on Saturday, the 7th day of June, and had refused afterwards to go to work; but it was admitted bv Caddick, in his cross ex- amination, that he had worked until half-past two on the 7th of June, and that his time for leaving his employment on that day was 3 o'clock, so that, as far as the 7th of June was concerned, there was only half-an-hour in dispute, the man persisting that he left in proper time. But the charge goes on to say that he had from thence refused to work. Now, Sir, the man denies this he states that he worked all night on the Monday night, and that there would have been nothing the matter between them at all, if Mr. Caddick had paid them according to his agreement; and I believe I should have been able to have shown this on his defence if I had had time given me for that purpose, but the man having been apprehended on the Tuesday morn- ing, under a warrant of F. H. Williams, Esq., on the oath of Thomas Caddick, and kept in close custody all day Tuesday, all night Tuesday night, and brought down to Abergavenny in uc,. custody next morning, he had no opportunity of communing with any person competent to advise him as to what would be necessary for his defence. I did not get instiuctions to attend for him until 8 o'clock on Wednesday morning, at a distance of 10 miles, and when I got into the room where the men were, I asked the' constable, Mi'- Addis, to permit me to see the war- rant who said Mr. Thomas, the other constable, had it, and when I asked Mr. Thomas, he said that some one else had it. I had not been in the room more than four minutes when the constable said that Gale's case was to be heard immediately, and he was then taken before the magistrates. After Caddick had given his evidence, I asked the magistrates if they would he kind enough to adjourn the case, on the grounds before ri which tliev refused; one of the gentlemen, I believe, stating that I ought to have applied for it before the case commenced, -and this is what I complain of I think where a man was apprehended under a warrant, and kept in close custody, when a summons would have answered every purpose, and when there was no dancer of the man's absconding, having a wife and was n g vi.ourhood that it would have been fair to have family in the neigliboui° Ishoul(l done so asm order to fiave proved that he worked have had nothing,to• dora Jun0) f]iat he his proper night, which I am satisfied, if the proceed- worked on Monday mght have been able to have mgshad not been hmnea was apprehended anSkepf^d confinement on the oath of CadLk, and is now suffering a month's imprisonment and hard labour, on the oath of Caddick, withoutbeing allowed proper means of making his defence I should state that the venerable vicar sat on the bench during these proceedings, whom no one aspects mere than I do and who, I firmly believe, wishes well to every work- ing man, but I observe he has not signed the warrant of com- mitment.. I am, si,, your .er™* Mpamouth, June 96th, J645.
CHEPSTOW. United Horticultural Society. The exhibition to which the public have for some time looked onvard w.th anxious expectation, took rlace 0:1 Wed- nesday last. the 2oth inst., within the wj]]s 0f thu magnificent renc o^the omen t;m,, Chepsto* Ca^; tte verdant courts cf vvhicn never, perhaps, presented a niure beautifd assem- ble than upon this very interest^ and we are happy to announce that the result, has l*en an ample reward ana a complete triumph for the zealous cations, andthe taste- ful and judicious arrangements of the honorary secretary and tne gentlemen of the committee The morning opened rather loweringl, but, as the day ad- vanced tnc sun shone out brilliantly, inViun- crowds to the centre of attraction, and the vehicles of the leading gentry and tne humotei classes,^ hom various parts, as thevapproached by the principal roaas to the town, evinced the <>-e'neral interest taken in the matter. 0 The show was held in the second court, which leadf to the chapel, a romantic and beautiful part of th wljicb, for picturesque grandeur and evidences of bygone fcudaUmagm- ficence, must be seen to be duly appreciated Two marquees were pitched for the display of ti.e varied treasures exhibited but the spaces thus enclosed appeared to us quite inadequate conveniently to accommodate the current of visiters that flowed to the fairy scene where Buds, of chaste Aurora bred Flowers, zephyrs to kiss Jealous of tile virgin bliss • Best of Flora's wide domain" Buth briefly bloom, and briefly reign 1" Gay banners and flags were displayed oil the wallf: and vari- ous parts of tÍJe CatJe-clrld with ivy, dark, and Inxudant- from which,views ot the romantic "Vatra the beautiful Pierce- field, and the stately U mdciiff, occasionally attracted the attention of delighted spectators from the immediate object of their visit; whilst others. who had never before entered the ruins of this once chief fortress of Monmouthshire, grand in its situation and antiquity, wandered through its ruined halls, over its massive walls, or inspected the prison-tower of the regicide Marten. The favourite band of the 75th Regiment one of the best in her Majesty's tervice, charmed the company bv their talented performances, whilst the eflect. to those who had left the gay and festive scene, solitarily to inspcrt. remote parts of the time honoured ruins, was indeed romantic. Echo, from her lonely seat, Did the swelling notes repeat— How unutterably sweet!" As a list of the ptiz. s is given bciow, it would be unneces- sary here to enumerate the exquisite specimens of floriculture which dazzled the gazing- eye on every side, causing a regret that productiofMjg^. lovely should die so soon; 01% <>j|haps, inducing one to exclaim with the poet to a blushing rose Go. on Mira's bosom fade, 3 Let that thy throne and tomb be maile." We particularly noticed a basket in the centre of the ground, containing a beautiful specimen of the Clithera Arbor^a* two* stands, exhibiting magnificent Kalmia Latifolia together with an incomparable tree, as it were, of Fuschia Eff-ul,,ens aloes of towering size, lemon and orange, trees, and ayariWof other plants, which both deligh.ei and astonished the amateurs of lo".an'cal studies. 1 Whilst the choicest treasures of the conservatory were there t) ciurm the eye and please the sense, the nuue"useful pro- ducts of the garden were not wanting. Pines, grapes. straw- berries, asparagus, peas, kidney beans in fact, everv vege- table, from the pine down to the humble esculent, potatoe, were displayed in astonishing growth and perfection to the wondering spectator. In this department, the nurserymen of Bristol; the respected Mr. Garaway, in particular, left all competition at a distance. Refreshments, iccs. confectionary, &c., in varied abundance, were supplied on reasonable terms, by Mr. Thomas HotFeli^ of Chepstow, who deserves much praise for his liberal catering W, 011 the occasion. We have heard various calculations as to the number of persons present, and believe that accuracy warrants us in fix- ing the visiters at a thousand. An arrangement had been av made with the proprietors of the favourite steam-packet the Wye, according to which that beautiful little vessel left Bristol at 6 o'clock, a.m., and re: urned at 7 o'clock in the evening with a living freight of upwards of 300 persons. About 5 o'clock "God save the Qiieeti" concluded the per- formances of the band, shortly after which the envious rain came down, dispersing those who still were casting longing and lingering looks behind. 3 But though now the joy 10; pait, Still the dear ideas last." The prizes were distributed as follow PLANTS. Judges:—Mr. Garaway, Mr..Gready, and Mr. Butler. First prize, Stove Plants, collection of throe, Coionel Lewis St. Pierre.— First prize, Greenhouse Plants, collection of foi,ir, Samuel Rayley, Esq.—First prize, Greenhouse Plants, collection of two, Robert Evans, Esq.—First prize, Greenho- se Plants, single specimen, Air. Perryinan.—Second prize, Greerdiome Plan's, single specimen, Robert Evans, Esq—First rize, Gera- niums, coUecii. n of six, Robert Evans, Ksq,—Second' prize, Geraniums, collection cf six, &liss Rigden.— First prize, btra- rnums, collection of three, S. Bavley, Esq.— Hrsl prize. Calceo- larias, Shrubby, collection of three, !Ilr. Perry ma 11.—Second prize, Calceolarias, Shrubby, colleclionof three, Mr. Peirymar). First prize, Calceolarias, Herbaceous, :Mr. Perryman.— First prize, Cape Ericas, collection of tlnee, Mr. Ferryman.—First prize, Fuschias, collection of four, Robert Evans, Flsq —Second prize, Fuschias, collection of four, Mr. Perrvtran.— First prize. Ornamental Basket of Plants, John Wintle, Esq -Second prize, Ornamentdl Basket of Planis, S. baryley Esq.—First priz,, Best ft Ige Plmt. R bart -Evans, Esq.—Captain Carter's Prize, tor the best e g't Gera .inms (Nurserymen), Greadyand Flammett. -Joseph lacey, Esq.'s Prizê, for the best eight Geraniums (for Amatlf.;), Robert Evans Esq. F EXTRA 1WMZFS. Ba k t of Geraniums, M iss Rigaen.—Basket of Plants, orna- mental, Samuel Bayley, Esq.—Paskst ot Plants, croamental. Hev. Edward Freke Lewis, Portskewitt.-lhsket of plants, ornamental, Miss Rigden.— Basket of plants, ornamental, Mr. Ferrym.n.—Scyphantbus Elegans, Mr. Ferryman.— Fus«hia Fttlgens, Mr. Perrynian.-Best Collection of Animals, ilir Per- ryman.— Fuschia, Robert Fv-ms. Esq.—Tree Miguio'nette, Rt. Evans, Esq—Krethrynn-4Mr. Perry—Se-edliiw?-; Geranium, Gready and Hammett.—Cactii Jenkinsonia, Mr. Perryman.-Balsoms, Colonel Lewis.—Cockscombs, S. Bayiey, Esq., and Robert Evans, Esq.—Amaryllis. Colonel Lewis.— 7 humber^ia, Colonel Lewis.—i iopasolem Tuberosa, J. Wintle, Esq.-Fusch la Corymbiaflora, SamuerBayley, Esq -Cletliei-a Arborea, James Jenkins, F^sq.—Mtlalcnea Hyperafioria, James Jenkins, Esq.- l,ei-non Tree. Hev. Edward Freke Lewis.—For an improved mode in the cultivation of Camillas, Mr. Perryman. T „ FLOWERS. Judges :—Mr. A. Maule, Mr. Hu-oins. and Mr. West. First and second prizes, Ranunculases, 12 blooms, Mr. Joseph Haii. Pill House.— 1st and 2d piizes, pinks, 6 hlooras, Mr. Fisher, Bath.—r 11st prize, Roses, 12 b'ooms, Mr. Perryman.—Second prize, Roses, 12 blooms, Mrs Bambridge. of St. Aryan's Park. —First prize, Roses, 6 blooms, Miss Riaden.—Second prize, Roses. o blooms, Mr. Perryman.-First prize, Pansies, 18 varie- ties, Mr. Fisher, Bath.—Second prize, Pansies, 18 varieties, Miss Rigden.-First p;ize, Ornamental Basket of Cut Flowers, Robt. Evans, J^sq—Second prize, ditto ditto, C. Bathurst, Esq. O F XT II A PRIZES. P. k Ornamental Basket of Fl iwers, Mr. Perryman.—Piuks, Miss Rigden, and John Wintle, Esq, Tko KMBr'EMATlCAL OEVICF, Thisile, and the Shamrock', Captain Story.— Device, Man in Scale Armour, Mr.Hartland. T FRUITS. Fire „ Ju<i?.es :~Mr. Butler and Mr. W. Maule- First n?i«eV-F,ne Apple' FviPley Queen, C. H. Le.gh, Esq.— ivw^ Grapes. B!ack Hambro and ditto ditto, White Frantn'' >e-.V" Edward Freke Lewis.-First pnze. Melons, Mav Di"b °Tre^lksh' S' Bavley, Esq.-First prize, Cherr.es, OnJpn lisq.—Fir«t prize, Strawbeirns, British Seedlino- R p!^ens> Ksq.-Second prize, Strawberries, Keen's c" ^ev* C. H, Morgan.—Currants. Red, Mr. Wason. I Xh cl' A05'8,1 GoorSe. Nectarines. Ekouge. C. H. •eign. tsq —AppleSt ilrs> Williams. Beachley-—1Cherries, R. G-aoe's APPle' Mo-rowQ.ieen. C. H. Leigh. E,q Mnr^n—r Hambl0'> ™d Wh,t, Frontignac, Rev. C. H. f Grapes, Biack Hambro'. and White Muscat, C- H. ijeign, j.sq _peaiS) Uvedaie, St. Germain Mrs. Seys.— Apples, Keen^S^ri Wellington. Shirehamplon.-Strawbernes, Keen s Seed ing C. Bathurst, Esq. and Miss Rigd.-ti,—Straw- berries, Alice Maude, Rev. F: F. Lenis.—Stravvbernes, Keen's Seedlings, Colonel Lewis.-Melon Egyptian Greenflesh, Rev. L. t. Lewis. Alelon, Colonel Lewis. VEGETABLES. Judges:—Mr. Hartland and Mr. Nelson. Cucumbers, best brace. C. H. 1 ei-h ESQ. Lettuces, four, Mr. George llassel1 BristoL-Onion" bUllch, Col()nell.ewl. iuimps, Mr. U elhnjston.—Carrots, Mr Gecr*e H»s?»l.—Cauli- It°pTerr 'h1SSJ S'deu--A°-at°es, Mr. Geo. Hasell.-Cahbaees, John Wimie Esq"0'"11 Peas> a,ld Baske'°' 'eseUt)lea' EXTflA. Carrots Col. tt A. Wellin^lon, NTI W.son, and ('ol. f,e,is.-Cabbac;es, Mr. Wellington—Turnips. John Uiutle, Esq.-Aspa,aus, Kidney Beans, and Celery, White, Mr. George Hasell.-Green Peas, Rev. J H. S. Burr. T, A r COTTAOKRS. Potatoes, Lettuces, Cabbies, Green Peas,and best Nosegay, Mr. John Hodges.
ACCIDENT.—On "Monday last, an accident, attended with serious consequences,'took place, near Beaufort- square, in this town. Mr. Lewis, the respectable builder of Ragland, was driving a spirited horse in a gip:, the animal became restive near t he wool fair, and dashed down the dan- gerous declivity at a fearful rate; Mr. Lewis was thrown out of the vehicle and much bruised, a woman carrying; an in'.ant was knocked down, fortunately without mnch injury to either but, we regret to say that a tine boy, named Quentin, met with a serious, if not fatal injury, the wheel of the gig having passed over bis bowells. The poor little sufferer is, we understand, closely attended by one of the eminent medical <rcntlcmen of the town, and everything that skill can do will be done, to prevent a fatal result. The Wool Fair took place on Monday last, and in its results indicated, so far, the improvement of trade. The quanllty ot wool oftered for sale was large, and buyers free. Average qualities fetched 14s., whilst some superior samples fetched los 6d per stone. The pleasure fair was much favoured by the fine weather, and well attended. DEATH BY DROWNING.-A fine lad, aged thirteen years, the son of Mr J Roberts, of Tinterne, was drowned whilst bathing in the Wye, at that place, on Saturday moSg thc" unl'ortunåte youth was not found tilitil Tuesday mornii-ig.
:SXaTH. < Thon,as On the 24th inst ff dlnrch by the Rev. J. Liverpool3'?1' A°^ ^°°mhead of the ship John Campbell, of Rodney Arms^nn °f °aPt' On Thursday las't^t Welch"xewton, Herefordshire, by the Re names Bourne, Benjamin B^h,'Esq., M P., of Rich- Eso of WCy' t0 Emma,J daughter of the late James Davis, June 12, John Brace^vS^E-q of YarkhiU Court, Here- fordshire, second son of Wm Vevers', Esq., Dormington, in the Xe Co°fT* t0 M»y, Onl ^daughter of the late W- Williams, La'telv ,'f ene' Carmarthenshire. r -p p Esq, organist§ Gmmh r't0 Harriet Amelia, only surviving daughter of J. E. > -Esq., solicitor, Hereford, DXSD. On Tuesday last, Mr. Evan Prosser, builder, aged 57, many years a respectable inhabitant of this town. f On the 15th inst at Llanelly, Breconshire, after some nAfS' ii,lness> Anne, wife of Mr. Landcastle, and relict of the Mr. Charles Passer, of Clare-street, £ netol.
HOUSE OF C0M310NS. The Aberdare Railway. The Committee, consisting of Mr. Beckett, chairman, Mr. E. Buller, General Johnson, Mr. Childers, and Mr. G. P. Phillips, met on the 18th June, 184.5, for the purpose of considering the above scheme. Mr. Williams opened the case for the promoters by stating the present was a project for making a Railway from the Taff Vale Railway to a certain tram-road leading from the Hirwain Iron Works to the Aberdare Canal, with a branch therefrom, to be called the Aberdare Railway. The capital of the company was £ 50,000., and the entire length of the line, including the branch, was 8J miles. The valley of Aberdare was extremely rich in coal, which was well adapted for steaming purposes. The present means of communication in the valley consisted of the Aberdare canal, which was connected with the Glamorganshire navigation. The coal in the valley was of a very superior de- scription, and several mines and works were about to be opened, so that in the course of a few years it was improbable that the canal could accommodate more than one quarter of-the increased traffic. The railway would therefore be of great advantage to the coal owners and others in the valley. These were the prin- cipal features of the case. Mr. Barber was called and proved that the traffic would pay five per cent. interest upon a capital of £ 50,000. There were no engineering difficulties on the line, no tunnels, the gradients were all good, and the curves light. Mr. James, Solicitor to the bill, was next examined. The capital of the company was £ 50,000. with power to borrow £ 16,600. on the usual terms of interest, but not until one half of the capital shall have been paid up. The number of shares was £ 1000. all of which had been subscribed to by parties in the neighbourhood. The deposits paid, amounted to £ 2,500. He had a list of the directors and principal shareholders, with their names and addresses:- Sir J. J. Guest held shares to the amount of £ 18,750. Crawshay Bailey 18,750. E. J. Hutchins 2,500. Thomas Evans 1,250. D.Evans 1,250. E.M.Williams 1,250. Ihese gentlemen were directors. Nine shareholders might be considered as holding altogether £ 1,750. out of the capital. The rest of the capital £ 2,550. was divided amongst a larger number. Of those holding £ 2,500. and upwards there were oiiin, three. At the close of the examination of the last witness the chair- man announced that the preamble of the bill had been proved. Mr. Barber, civil engineer, was then recalled and cross-ex- amined by Sir Thomas Phillips. The time occupied in the construction of the railway would be three years. He thought it might be constructed with case in 13 months. Two years would, be an amply sufficient time. lir. James here interposed and said, his learned friend had no precedent for such a case as he was trying to establish. The law on all railways was, that three years should always be given for the completion of a railway. Sir Thomas Phillips said it was of great importance that, these works should be constructed within a reasonable time. He asked the committee to give two years for constructing only eight miles of road, instead of eighteen months this he was about to suggest. A delay of twelve months in constructing le the railway might be a serious inconvenience to proprietors ia t.he valley, and prove an obstruction instead of assistance to their tr ffic, he would consent that the line should be made in a rea- sonable time. Mr. James said, the limits in the bill were the limits provided for by the general act and by the law, and further, lie was will- ing- to strike out the clause altogether. S'r Thomas Phillips We will undertake to sav that if the other side will insert Mr. Powell's and Mr. B. Price's names in the bill, we will undertake to make the railway in two years for thpn1. The Chairman said the Committee had decided that the period for the completion of the works should be limited to three years. The tolls clause was then about to be proceeded with, when Mr. E. Buller, M.P. asked Sir Thomas Phillips whether he would not reserve his objection to the toils until the maximum clause was come to. <• Sir T. Phillips said he would submit his evidence only one?, he was entirely in the hands of the committee. If they pleased lie would proceed to lay before them the facts on which they might form their opinion. Mr. James called Mr. 1. Highton, engineer of the Tab Vale Railway, who said, the Taff Railway had not proved a v'Ty profitable speculation to the shareholders. The old sharehold- ers had received a very small dividend, although the line had been opened six or seven years. The working expenses of the Taff Railway had been up to the 31st Dec" 1844, at least ol per cent.; but during the last six months they had averaged on 40 per cent. There had been a large increase of trafhc on the line. The expenses had been comparatively reduced by tae greater influx of traffic. The increase had come from Me thyr, and from two other branch roads loading to it. Ihe 1 a,i Vale Railway will have the whole of the trafhc of the Aberuare Railwav. Mr. Powell is the second largest shareholder on the Taff Vale Railway. The coal from Aberdare will have to go the whole wav to Cardiff, between 15 and 16 miles, and will pay the Tajf company the charges for that distance. The land- owners and coal workers are satisfied with the rates, or they would not have requested the branch to have becen extended. Looking at the respective position of the two lines, the Aber- dare and the Taff Vale, he was of opinion that the latter could be worked cheaper than the former, as long lines were always worked more economically than short ones. The amount of traffic over the branch will average three trains a day. Several circumstances have conduced to increase the trafric of the Taff Vale line. He thought two-thirds of a penny per ton per miie was a fair toll for the Aberdare Railway. The elements of com- petition existed: there was a canal running side by side with the railway. He did not know the position of Mr. Powell's ra, collieries. He thought a d. per ton for conveying the coal was a reasonable price because the establishment would be comparatively large. Only three trains per day would incui a much greater relative expense that if 30 or 40 trains were worked. In answer to questions from Mr. Buller, M.P., the witness sard the line was a descending line the whole way. The descent was very gentle, and the coal and iron stone would go down without the assistance of locomotive power by their own gravity. Sir T. Phillips then cross-examined Mr. Highton. The cost per mile for constructing the Taif I-ale Railway was f 20.000. The capital of the company was EC)00,000, and the length of the line was 30 miles, that gave £ 20,000. per mile for its cost. The dock was included in the estimate. The revenue from the clock ;was something, but he could not say what. His duties were the duties of an engineer and of general superintendent. He could not tell the proportion of cost of the dock, neither could he give any estimate of the cost unless he surveyed the dock. -It was a high water dock, and was near the terminus of the railway at Cardiff. The name of the dock was the Taff Vale Railway Company's dock. The Taff railway had 30 miles of tonnages. There was no more than 30 miles of tonnages t countervail £ 600,000. of outlay, o Mr. G. P. Phillips, M.P. The £ 600,000. covered every ex- pense and contingency of the line ? Mr. Highton. Yes, Sir. Cross-examination continued. The Taff Vale railway company had been offered by Mr.Fisher to work the line. The terms of the offer were to do certain works for 36 per cent. if the revenue was under EI,200, and 34 per cent. if the revenue was over £1,200. The offer was refused. An arrangement had been made between Sir John Guest and the company. He was charged nothing for having his iron brought down. He was r' 9 charged 4J. per ton per mile for iron ore, and for iron nothing, and for all other things according to the fixed prices. The proportion of iron ore to iron is as five times the amount of iron ore taken up.» So that five tons are brought down the line, and one ton is taken up, amounting to six tons, which are conveyed to and fro for d. per mile. He could not tell exactly what was the quantity of general goods conveyed. The whole quantity including everything, did not exceed certainly seven tons. It might be one ton, and seven tons of iron iron ore and other matters are conveyed at the rate charged for two tons. In answer to a question from Mr. Buller, M.P., the witness said that the charge remitted to Sir John Guest was only for locomotive power. He paid the toll and other charges, accord- ing to the usual rates. The quantity of iron brought down last year was 60,000 tons, and of iron ore probably one-third. The quantity of general merchandise varied according to the demands ot the locality. I Mr. Pooleyone of the directors of the Taff Vale railway, was next examine. He stated that Sir John Guest was the largest ironmaster in the district, and his traffic went the whole length of the Taff Vale railway. Sir John Guest was under an obliga- tion to travel his goods along the whole length of the line. He was also bound for a certain period to have his traffic conveyed by the tram road in the vicinity of the railway, and as an induce ment for him to remove his traffic from there on to the Taff Vale line, the charge for locomotive power had been remitted. The tram-road was quite a distinct scheme, to which he also paid for carriage; and in order that he might not be a loser by exchanging the mode in which his traffic was conveyed, he was charged nothing for locomotive power. Mr. Buller, M.P.—You have, in point of fact, relieved Sir John Guest of the charge of d per ton per mile. You pre- ferred carrying 60,000 tons at a penny rather than lose the traffic ? Witness.—Yes, Sir. Examination continued.—The gross revenue was three or four thousand per annum. He had seen the circular issued by Mr. Powell to the proprietors. He did not know that he con- tended with the company to have his traffic conveyed at less than the company's rates. He did not know that the company was bound to furnish him with carriages at the rate of the pro- pelling power. Mr. Powell had insisted on the right of using his own engines. The objection to this was, that being a single line of railway it would be dangerous to allow it. The first charge for carriages made was £ 15. per annum, which had sub- sequently been reduced to £ 12. per annum. Mr. Barber, the engineer, was then recalled and examined. --He was acquainted with iNIr. Powell's collieries His collieries lay between the railway and the canal, so that he has the option of going by railway or by the canal. The canal is his present mode of carrying the coal from Aberdare. He had heard the evidence of 1r. Highton, as to the proposed charges on this line. He considered that the expense on the Aberdare rile would be greater in proportion to those on the Taff line, as there would be less traffic. He had communicated with several landowners on the line when it was first started, and it was in- timated to them that it would be on the same plan as the Taff line. Cross-examined by Sir T. Phillips.—The gradients arc ail very favourable, and a more favourable line could not be ob- tained for working. The working expenses had been estimated at ten per cent, more than was usual. As it was a coal line it was necessary to provide for every contingency. The coal would in time become exhausted, and he had added £ 500. a- year to the working expenses on that account. He had no doubt he could construct the line for £ 30,000. Mr. Wavne was next examined. He was aware when the Ene was first projected that, it was intended to assimilate the rates to the Taff Vale Railway. The charges were perfectly satis- factory to him, but in answer to a question from Sir T. Phil- lips, he (Mr. W.jsaid he would have 110 objection to have them reduced. On cross-examination he said, be was not aware of any person who had petitioned against the tariff with the ex- ception of Mr. Powell. He was aware that Lewis and Williams were about to open a colliery to work 200 tons a-day. Mr. Wayne went on to say the traffic would certainly increase both in iron and coal. „ Mr. David Jones next examined. He was employed by Mr. Powell to survey a railway up the Aberdare valley but it went on in some part a different; side of the river to the proposed railway. The charges were to be the same as the Taff Vale line, which he had communicated to the landowners, and they were satisfied with them. Sir Thomas Phillips cross examined The line was about six miles, and his estimate of the expense was little more than £ 20,000. for the six miles. He had calculated the income at 1,000 tons per day, to go six miles, at 6d. per ton. He had proposed this to Mr. Powell. The line had been given up altogether. The charge was notMr.Powell shut his (witness's). It would give an income of £ 25. per day- From general mer- chandize, the income expected was £30. per day, making alto- gether a revenue of £ 9,360. per annum, from which 40 per cent, being deducted for working expenses, a clear net annual income of £ 5,016. upon the six miles would result, being rather more than 22 per cent, on the original outlay, If the traffic could be obtained at one penny ner ton per mile, the income would yield at least 22 per cent. on the capital expended. The Chairman wished to know whether Ml. Powell (the only petitioning party against the tariff,) would be satisfied with the same charges as on the Pontypool railway. Sir Thomas Phillips: Yes, sir. "We are reasonable pien, and notwithstanding that this railway is to be made for £ o,000. per mile, notwithstanding the gradients and curves are all easy, and notwithstandincr all the favourable circumstances under waich the line will be made, we shall be content with the same rates and tolls as are charged upon the Pontypool Railway. Mr. James was about to address the committee, when The Chairman said the committee were clearly of opinion that no higher rates should depended than those charged on the Pontypool Railway. His address could not alter the facts as they had appeared in evidence; but at the same time if he insisted on his right to be heard, the committee could not refuse to hear him. Mr. James said that the addresses of counsel frequently brought to the minds subsidiary lines. The Aberdare company wc.uld have to undergo a certain amount of expense, uselessly s cnt for any profit, and as it were entirely thrown away. Another important consideration that differed the Aberdare line from the Pontypool, was that the former line had a canal as a competing medium, of which the Aberdare company were not the proprietors. He was not acquainted with all the par- ticulars of the Pontypool case, but he felt satisfied that to apply the Pontypool tolls "to the line for which he appeared, would not be fair or just. "What was just in one case might be unjust in the other. Looking at the different circumstances of the two lines—the comparative small amouni of traffic on the Aber- dare line—the difference in tne length of line—a rate of toll that would yield only two per cent.—the proportional greater expense of the Aberdare line, and the competition existing in a canal running by its side; looking at all these considerations he lelt satisfied the committee would see that what might be a just and proper measure in the one case, would not be correct in the other case. Sir Thomas Phillips observed that his client, Mr. Powell, would lease the line for 21 years, and give them five per cent. After some deliberation, the Chairman said that the com- mittee had carefully considered all the objections that had been offered, but were not inclined to alter the views they bad already taken on the subject It appeared to them that all the rates should be assimilated to those on the Pontypool; but at the same time he begged to state it would have made no difference in their decision it' the Pontypool scheme had not existed. They had been guided entirely by considerations of general be- nefit in fixing the rates. They had tested in various ways, and by every possible means, the evidence of the traffic, which had been submitted to them, and their decision had been influenced solely by what they conceived to be principles of justice. Sir Thomas Phillips said it might be satisfactory to the com- mittee to know that there were gentlemen who were willing to take the railway off their hands, or were willing to lease it. Mr.. James suggested that the line should have the higher toll for the first 5 years, in order to enable the company to over- come the difficulties with which they would have to contend at first. It would be but just as the Pontypool company had the higher rate for the first five years. Sir Thomas Phillips contended that the higher tolls to be taken for three years after the passing of the Act was a very large and liberal allowance. Mr. James contended that the Pontypool line had no canal to'compete with, and other inconveniences to fight against which the Aberdare line bad. Sir T. Phillips said his learned friend was not to be let down at all, and he ought to be satisfied with the same rates as on the Pontypool Railway, which was confirmed by the committee. The tolls were then gone into and agreed to. Sir Thomas Phillips then said, it was proposed by the bill that the toil on coal and iron should always bear the same pro- portion to each other. The Aberdare Canal Act contains a similar provision to that contained in the Monmouthshire Canal Act, namely, that the tolls on the coals shall always bear a just and reasonable proportion to the tolls on the iron. They wanted to introduce a clause as to the restrictions which had been imposed by the legislature upon the communications in that district. lie would call attention to the fact, that four out of the six directors of the Aberdare company were iron mas- ters or the agents ofiron masters, and that justice would not be done to the community if a future period was not considered. It might be said that it would be difficult to protect the interest of future generations, but this difficulty could be solved by in- serting a prospective clause, to the effect, that if the railway should realise 10 per cent. 011 the capital, the tolls should be subject to revision The power was vested in the Board of Trade to do so, but he believed their power would not apply to the present line unless a clause having special reference to it was inserted in the act. Mr. Williams replied that the clause contained a provision tnat the tolls on coals should never exceed |d. in proportion to the tods on iron. lie did n,ot see why they were to have the obstruction, w hich his ^learned friend had proposed, put uoon their operations. The legislature, in their General Act, had^n- trociuced a provision amply sufficient to protect the public in this case as m all other cases. The committee had already agreed to put extremly low tods upon their traffic, and he con- tended the company should not be debarred of any ulterior ad- vantages that might result from their present speculation. The Chairman s lid that the committee were of opinion that the clause proposed by Sir T. Phillips would be rather a limita- tion. It was consequently not inserted. Sir Thom»s Phillips said he would now proceed to support Mr. Powell's petition. Mr. Powell was the lessee of land on the Duffryn Estate, which the proposed line would intersect, ex- tending to a distance of two miles He had been told there was some difficulty in point of form about the clause he intended to propose. He would however show that he was entitled to the clause from reasons which he would bring under the con- sideration of the committee. It was a matter of unimportance as to the phraseology of the clause, so long as the committee would go with him in its substantive effects Mr. Powell was the lessee of coal fields on Mr, Bruce Price's estate in the valley of Aberdare. The railway company proposed to cut off a length of two miles on that estate. The boundary of Mr. Bruce Price's estate is the river. On the side of the river, at the point where Mr. Powell meant to sink a coal pit, the rail- way will come. Mr. Crawshay Bailey's and Mr. Price's estates met in the bed of the river. The limits of deviation of the rail- way extended to the bed of the river; and it was competent to the company to carry their line along the river in Mr. Bruce Price's property. Mr. Price's tenant was about to sink a pit there, and no obstruction ought to be given to the conveyance of the coals to their proper destination. This was one of the objections to be made. He (Sir T. Phillips) would ask the committee to take care that the promoters of the bill should so make the railway as that they shall not interpose a small section of land between the pits and the line, and say this is not our property but belongs to Mr. Bailey, one of our directors. He wanted to guard against any difficulty that might arise from being toid that the property did not belong to the company, but to one of the promoters of the company. He would ask the conrtaittee to say that it was expedient that the coals pro- duced on the property of Mr. Price should have no'extra toll levied upon them, but should be conveyed to their destination at id. near ton, and also that the narrow slip of land should not be intersected, otherwise Mr. Bailey m;ght say, you shall not take these coals through my land without paying me way- leave,' and I will keep the railway a little way off from you unless you choose to come to my terms." He was:satisfied the committee would not permit this. The Chairman: You want power to come into the railway ? Sir T. Phillips Yes, Sir and it can be done in three differ cnt ways. First, let the railway be brought close to the fence or.sae.n.i/;]y let the CQY ma-k a bra.açb in19 the rivor; 01' thirdly, let us have the power of making a branch ourselves. Either one of these three modes is practicable. Mr. William; in reply, said the proposal of his learned friend was, that the railway ought to go near a projected work which Mr. Powell intended to open. In point of fact the railway did go on Mr. Powell's land, and yet it was asked that he should have power to go to the railway at a certain convenient point on Mr. Crawshay Bailey's land It was necessary that Mr. Bailey should have had notice given to him if any such branch as that contemplated bv his learned friend were to be made. He contended that it would be contrary to the standing orders,which provided that due notice should be given to every proprietor whose property might be in any way interfered with by the pas- sage of the railway, and as Mr Bailey had not received such notice, it was not competent on the Company, or any one else, to carry a branch across his land. Sir Thomas Phillips iaid the Committee could not be of opi- nion that Mr. Powell was not to have a sufficient access to the railway. His learned friend had said it was a question of stand- ing orders, but notwithstanding this, injustice, the Company were surely bound to one of three conditions, either to let him (Mr. Powell) make a branch or to make it for him or lastly, to bring the line close to the fence. His learned friend had also said the line went through our land, but it would be of no use, as they would have to go a mile and a half up to the pit to get the coals, and a mile and a half to carry them to the railway. All he wanted .to do was to hinder the Com- pany from saying to Mr. Bruce Price, your lessee shall have no opportunity of conveying his coals to the railway without paying extra I Mr. Hose, the clorr, read tne clause, ana also the amended tolls clauses, which had been assimilated to those in the Pon- typool Act. The Solicitor of Mr. Powell introduced again the clause amended (as was understood) to compel having the road made ^.within three years. Mr. Williams objected to its insertion, on the ground that it was a new clause. General Johnstone, M.F., said he saw no objection to give the power for making the branch either to one party or the other. Mr. Williams observed some difficulty might occur to prevent the branch being made within a particular limited time. The Chairman wanted to know on what grounds it was sup- posed the company would not make the branch. Mr. Powell's agent said there was some little difference be- tween the parties—that was all. The Chairman observed that was a ridiculous objection. The branch would be to the interest of the company to make it, who would certainly not be so foolish as to refrain from construct- ing it on the ground of a mere private squabble or pique. Some un-i.nportant routine business having been transacted, and the Chairman having said he would report the bill as amended, the committee adjourned.
FATAL ACCIDENT.— Whilst a person, named Thomas Bryn, was at work on Thursday last, in a heading in the co liery belonging to the Tredegar Iron Company, a stone fell from the roof, and so injured him in the back, that on Wed. nesday morning he expired. Everything that skill could sug- gest was done by A. liomfray, Esq., surgeon to the works, but. without efleci. Deceased was a steady and sober work- man, and was much respected. He has left a wife and several ehildn 11. La-t week, a little boy fell out of a railway carriage on the Manchester and Birmingham Railway, at the time the train was travelling at the rate of forty miles an hour, and. singular to state, was not in the least injured. Mr. Hamlet. of Frome, has succeeded in raising a remark- able early garden pea. It was planted in November last and became weil podded within the last week in May. The same parson has this year grown the Victoria rhubarb, of such ciior. 111011s size tb.it two only of the stems, without the leaves, weighed full 7ibs. The Court of Queen's Bench have decided that the coroner is not entitled to have a person charged with murder brought before him after lie has been committed by a magistrate in the same ease. Information has just been received of the discovery of an expensive coalfield in the Oregon territory. Tiif- USE of Iron.—It is generally acknowledged that one ma:: cannot exist independent of another, and the same maxim holds good iri reference to the independence ot nat'ons tliey arc forced to have recourse to each other, and thus all are compelled to exchange productions, and the diversity of com- merce gives employment to the labouring man an ^although the iron manufacturers of this country are dependent on a fo- reign market for the principal part of such produce, still home consumption ought to be encouraged, when for the benefit of the community at large. The present prosperous state of the iron trade is unquestionably the result of railway speculation and in future will much depend on the enterprising spint of the day. in the various uses to which iron m.ght be converted. In thai of ship-building it is likely to be the most useful from it, capability of resisting the different elements w.th wh.ch it might come-in contact, and in giving protection to merchan- dise, which vessels constructed with wood cannot afford. The immense destruction of property occasioned by fire, in most of our large manufacturing towns and cities would be rendered less disastrous if warehouses and other depositories for mer. chandise. were constructed of iron, formed in different com- partments, and made secure. How lamentable it is to hear of the almost daily occurrence ot some conflagration by which property to an immense amount is destroyed in this kingdom, when all public buildings would be more safe, as well as more durable, if constructed of iron, whilst the architectural beauty need not be diminished the pointed spire, however ornamen- tal, on all newly-elected or repaired churches, would be placed there with iron cheaper than any other material. The fame of our great statesmen and England's unconquerable heroes, might be perpetnated to the latest posterity in the erection of monuments constructed with iron, indeed the whole transac- tions connected with the British nation, in all her great mer- cantile pursuits might be recorded on iron. I myself have written upon paper manufactured of iron, and seen a book, with both leaves and binding of the same rnaterial.-Corres- pondent of the Aliiiiii., Joti?,nal.
NEWPORT TOWX-HALL.—MONDAY, 23. Present—Edward Dowling, Esq., Mayor. William Bagley was charged, by P.C. Pennymore.with drunk and disorderly. P C. Pennymo^ sworn, stated: On Saturday morning at about a quarter past twelve o'clock, I was on duty ai gwenlly. I went to the Royal Oak and saw Bagley, layu the tram-road, quite drunk. I took him up, but found h^| so drunk that he could not walk. He told me he livH George-street, but he could not shew me the house, I thel took him to the station-house Sergeant Harlow deposed'that the prisoner made a ■noise in the station-house at four o'clock in the morning. cursed and swore at such a rate that the neignbourhooM alarmed. One pound and tenpence was found in his poclH Fined 5s. and costs He paid the money, declaring every man woman, and child, should join the Teetotal So John Wilson was cnarged with a similar offence. ■Sergeant Harlow stated that between two and three o-c on Sunday morning, he found the prisoner, and two or ■others, cursing and making a great noise in Commercial-s Having requested him to desist, on his refusal, he took hi the station-house. Fined 5s. and costs and committed for a month in defaiH Jacob Jones was charged with a similar offence ■Sergeant HuxUole stated that on Friday eveniro- he sa\H prisoner very drunk and obstructing persons passing in <■mercial-street, and when at the top of Corn street he saw tiH fendant go to a horse, Mr. Duckham, of Pill was then rifl and get hold of uLa by the flank, which made him kick plunge. It appeared that the prisoner had been playing prank on another horse which a boy was riding and it nearly proved dangerous. He was taken into custody by ] table, and conveyed to the station-house. Fined 5s. and c or one month's imprisonment. Martha Thomas was charged, bv Sergeant Iluxtable I being drunk and disorderly. ■Committed for a month. H £ nn Wins tone, -who last year was in gaol for nine monthsH different offences, was again brought up, P.C. Pennymore stated that he was on duty in Comnwr street, on Saturday night, and about half past twelve o'cloc saw the prisoner come up the street very drunk. She^B against Edwards's shop window, and broke it. He then tookH into custody, and conveyed her to the station-house. Commilted for three months. ■Mary Ann Jones, another young lady of the same clasH the last, and. who boasted that she had only been three ti^| before convicted, was charged, along with a stanger in the tc^| named Jane Long, with exercising their profession as prr tutes, by endeavouring to entrap a "respectable" (r) man their net. M The charge was fully proved by P.C. Pennymore, and Ann Jones was committed for two months, and Jane Long^| discharged, and ordered to leave the town, it being her firstH pearance. ■Present—The Mayor and T. Hawkins, Esq. I James was charged bv Lachlan Coulon, a private in 75th Regiment, with an assault. ■The charge was fully proved, and the Mayor discharged defendant on paying costs, but cautioned him as to his fut conduct to soldiers on duty. H Elizabeth Stockham and Mary Williams were each fined and costs for creating a disturbance in Commercial-street.
THURSDAY.—.H'XE 26. I Present—Edward Dowling, Esq., Mayor, and T. Hughes, ll Elizabeth Yarwood complained of Maria Meyrick for an sault, and Maria Meyrick complained of Elizabeth Yarwo for an assault. H Being one as bad as the other, they were each ordered to ] their own costs. V Ellen Hart was charged with assaulting Ann Turner I lined 5s. and costs, or one month's imprisonment. I
TOWN HALL, USK.,—JUNE 20. I Present.-Rev. J.B. Davies, F. M'Donnell and T. Reece, Es Phillip Herbert charged Ann Williams with an assault up a child. The prosecutor and defendant were living in adjoinil ouses; the son of plaintiff was standing on a wall leaning I the roof of a building belonging to the defenda it, when shew alleged to have struck the child with a sticJ. The magistratB recommended the parties to settle the dispute out of court,■ould be the most likely way to prevent any ill feeling existiiB between them. The defendant consented to pay the expencj ..Mary Morgan charged Fredrick Roberts with disobeying tl order of the court in a case of bastardy.—Adjourned,
TOWN HALL, ABERGAVENNY.—WEDNESDAV Jna:, 2 Present.—Hon. P. Rodney, F. H. Williams, Esq" and Re G. W. Gabb. I Henry Bowen and Geo. Lewis, charged by P.C. Cusack wil being drunk and disorderly in the streets. was order to find bail for £5. and himself in £5. to keep the peace. Til Crown Inn, from whence they emerged, was reported as beiil no better than it ought to be. I
GRAND NAVAL DISPLAY AT SPFTHEAD. I PORTSMOUTH, MONDAY.—Her Majesty having signified hi intention to be present at the exercise of the squadion at head this morning, at an early hour the crews were "turn out," and every preparation made for the interesting eve J The day dawned beautifully, and a fine breeze from the N.N.\ll sprang up, which, as the day advanced, freshened into on still more invigùrating.. I At eight o'clock the signal was given to cross top-galla and royal yards, which was promply obeyed and the gear bentl A few minutes to ten the life-lines were run out, and otiiel preparations made for saluting her Majesty. I At about half-past eleven o'clock her Majesty and his Roya Highness Prince Albert embarked from Mede-under-Osbornel on board the royal yacht, which, at about 10 minutes to 12 male Spithead, when a general salute was fired from the fleet w.th yards manned. On the smoke clearing awav, the scent presented was one of the most enlivening description. Nu- merous large and small steam boats, crowded with weil-dressec company, followed in the wake of the royal yacht, and many beautiful vessels of the Royal Yacht Squad, on, Royal Southern Western, and Thames Squadrons, were also present., and addei increased brilliancy to a most interesting scene. The surtax of the water was also covered with a numerous flotilla of smal craft, which, with their gay patulous, heightened the. gaiety o the pictrnt. On the royal yacht becoming ationary at Spithead, tin Earl of Y arborough, Commodore of the Royal" acht Squadron left his yaqht, the Kestrel, and went on board the Victoria and Albert^to pay his respects to her Majesty. His lordshit remained on board. At twellty minutes Past twelve the seamen were piped down At lifi»^ar .f'» a°i t'le. Process of making sail commenced. Vincent 1 £ fS" 1 Ve *%na' w»s made from the flag ship (St gar fourth, Albion fit\h RoJnSeeC0-ndlVan|pard third,' Superb did not join in 'the exercre and CanoPus last" Thc then uraced forward on the larboard tack, set jib an 1 the Trafalgar was again firlot. °n the Starboard tack' in whk'h Rodney third, Vanguard fourth, Queen fifth Can. nl 1^°' The next signal was to fun topgallant'.aU,7"litTe reef the topsails and reefcourses haul down the standing jib, hoist the foretopmast-staysail and stow the jib. !n tbis t!,e Trafal gar was again first, St Vincent second, Albion third QnJ fourth, Vanguard fifth, Rodney sixth, Canopus last. Each of there manoeuvres did not occupy more than from three to five minutes in their performance, during which time her Majestyremaned upon the quarter deck of the royal yacht Lord Adolpbus Fitzclarence explaining the various evolutions to her Majesty. The Earl of Yarborough performed the same office for Prince Albert. About one o'clock the Superb, 80, Captain Corry, got under way, and made sail out towards St. Helen's, followed by the royal yacht, the Black Eagle, and other of her Majesty's steamers, and the yacht squadrons and other craft, the whole presenting a most beautiful and animating picture, the beauty of the day increasing the brilliancy of the sccne. The Superb went out in grand style, but the breeze freshen. ing when on the other side the Nab, she was compelled to shorten sail and take in her royals, topgallant-studdingsails, and foretopmast-studdingsails. Admiral Parker went out in her with his flag flying from her tnizen. At twenty minutes past one o'clock the dinner pennant was hoisted, and the exercise of the squadron at anchor terminated until the return of the royal visiters, about twenty-five minutes past three o'clock, when the royal yacht passed the Vernon, which manned rigging and cheered as the royol vessel passed. The signal was then made from the flag-ship to "furl sails, put the life lines 011, and man the yards," which was instantly obeyed, and a general royal salute was given, the crews of the various ships cheering most heartily as her Majesty passed them—not the less heartily for a good dinner. After saluting, the squadron again loosed sails, and at half-past four o'clock furled sails, except the Superb and Vernon. Her Majesty passed through the squadron, on her return to Cowes, at a quarter to four, and appeared highly pleased with the day's proceedings. The Black Eagle came into harbour about four o'clock; and soon after the roadstead presented its former appearance Her Majesty returned to town by the South-western Rail- way the following day.
• HALL ESTATE IN SUFFOLK The Auc folk tn Si™" ,C>r0wdedi 0nf 'fuesday by the capitalists of Suf- folk to w ltness the result of the memorable sale, it being (to use a famIhar exPresslon) one of the pet places in the county. This fine property comprehends the extensive manors and the large annual income derivable therefrom, with manorial rights, pri- vileges, and immunities, together with the royalties and all its consequential advantages. This, with the mansion and estate, was sold at the Auction Mart on Tuesday, independently of the timber, for thirty thousand guineas. Some of our readers may be curious to learn the origin of this celebrated place. The creation of Brandeston Ilall may be traced by historical record so far back as the year 15aO; it is erected in the style of our Queen Elizabeth; is seated on a lawn of great beauty with the river Deben quietly progressing through its park-like grounds, and full of trout. The woodland scenery is described as quite beautiful; the demesne extends to near 700 acres of land and as regards the sod the greater proportion, it is said, is of the highest quality of rich meadow and pasture, and the arable lands produce six and seven quarters of wheat per acre. It is let to a most respectable tenantry, and there is a circumstance of such rare occurrence as to be well worthy of record in these discontented times-the fact that the rent of f 1,100. for farms only is paid without deduction or complaining, and not one hlll/llg of arTeat. remained at the last audit. To this may he tn^97n quit-rents, which have reached from £ 100. o_ \year, and the residence and park-like grounds in x'?r^AA guineas a year more, altogether being bout ±,1,400. a year, and this is independently of the conse- quence a.nd value pertaining to the vast extent of sporting (to say nothing of the fishing), of which it possesses the sole con- trol. Mr. George Robins, we have learnt, is the purchaser of this fine property, solely (as we are informed) as an investment. The income, it should seem, will greatly exceed the interest yielded by Three per Cents, at par, which may not be considered quite so safe as terra firma. This has been Mr. Robins's pro- claimed opinion for the last ten years, and now he has himself set a good example and acted upon it. ENGLISH ABS^NT^ES. According to the official returns there are at present 28,000 English residents at Paris; and in othei parts of France, 75,550. Admitting that each person spends, on an average. 5f. per day. the amount will be 124,-22S,750f. per annum, or £4,960,150 British money. PROFIT. \V e stated a few weeks ago, that two large stur- geons, one weighing 2091bs., and the other 58lbs.,were taken in nets by some fishermen at the mouth of the Laune, off Kilior- gin, and being brought up bv Mr. Dodd, of that town, who deals in the exportation of salmon, were iced and packed up for London market. We have now to add that the said sturgeons were sold for upwards of forty pounds, and that their original cost was seventeen shillings aud pence.—Kerry Examiner.