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FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE, ) FRANCE. The discussion in the French Chamber of Deputies on the state of the navy was continued till the close of the sitting on Saturday,and adjourned till Monday. In the course of the debate the Minister of Marine was repeatedly attacked by op- position members for his neglect of the navy. These members, however, it must be admitted, are fully supported in their state- ments by the report of the committee on the Marine Budget made to the Chamber. That report represents the navy as of little or no use for practical purposes in case of a war, as will be seen from the following extract;—"In placing under your: eyes the comparative position of the effective force of the navy according to law, and the real effective afloat and in our dock- yards, you will be struck, as we were, with the state of our feeble resources for future events that is to say of our ships on the stocks; of the little progress that has been made in their construction, and of the absence of that reserve which had been provided for by the royal ordinance of the 1st of February, 1837. What effect would be produced were we to state in figures the real amount and condition of our ships afloat; This is a fit time to observe that it is not the quantity, but the quality, which ought to be sought for; but we shall not expose the miserable condition of our navy. We appeal to the Ministers, and we call on them to hasten the moment when our sailing and steam navy shall have attained its natural peace establish- ment, regulated by two acts of the Legislature. If the French nation be satisfied to hold a very inferior rank amongst the maritime nations of the world, let her remain as she is but if she wishes to hold the elevated rank which she has ever occu- pied, let her impose some sacrifices upon herself, for we declare, with regret, that to remain in our present position would be to condemn ourselves voluntarily to impotency." If this report is well founded, M. Lacrosse was fully justified in making the following motion-" That at the opening of the session of 1846, a special and detailed account shall be distri- buted to the Chamber of the naval conscription, the condition of the crews of the line, the ships of the fleet, the stores in the arsenals, and the ships onthe stocks." An animated discussion took place on this motion, and M. Billault gave additional life to it by moving as an appendix to it that the return should also show our means for attacking the neighbouring coast." The French Government are preparing a postage Reform, similar to our present cheap system. SPAIN. The Madrid Gazette of the 16th contains a dispatch from the Captain-General of Catalonia, announcing that Cabrera, the notorious Carlist General, with his Aide-de-Camp, had been seized by the French police, near Narbonne, while attempting to make his escape in a fishing boat, to the Spanish coast, in order to raise a rebellion against the existing dynasty. In consequence of this event a circular has been addressed, by order of her Majesty, to all the provincial authorities, com- manding them to watch the machinations of the enemies of public repose, and to repress their attempts with all the se- verity of the law, as being contrary to the lawful rights of the Queen and to the constitution of the State We have received Madrid papers of the 17th instant. It appears doubtful if there be any truth in the account pub- lished in the Madrid Gazette of the taking of General Cabrera by the French authorities. Certain it is that the event has not been announced by any of the French papers, which ought to have been the first to know if it had been true. UNITED STATES. LIVERPOOL, TUESDAY, FOUR, P.M.—The New York packet ship Cambridge, Captain Barton, has just arrived from that city, with NewYork papers to the 3rd, and made the passage in 21 days. The steam ship Great Western, with Liverpool dates the 17th of May, arrived at New York on the 1st instant, and the steam ship Cambria, with dates of the 20th, arrived at Boston on the same day. This arrival comprises only two days later than that brought by the Britannia, and the chief object of interest is an awful and destructive fire at Quebec, the particulars of which are fur- nished, in advance of the American papers, by the New York correspondent of the European Times, which is thus detailed:— GREAT FIRE AT QUEBEC—TWO THOUSAND HOUSES DESTROYED. I regret to announce to our English readers that a dread- ful fire has taken place at Quebec, where, it seems, 2,000 houses have been destroyed, and 12,000 persons rendered houseless The fire commenced shortly before midday on the 28th of May, in a tannery in St. Yalliere-street. The day was remarkably warm, and the heat and dryness of the few days previous had rendered the roofs of the outbuild- ing in the neighbourhood, and those more remote, highly sus- ceptible of ignition. The adjoining and opposite dwellings were soon involved, and in an inconceivably short space of time the burning flakes, carried afar by the then rising wind, had ignited some buildings in the neighbourhood of St. Roch's Church—a considerable distanee from the outbreak of the fire. The wind gradually freshened from the west, with a coming storm, and it was evident that all human endeavours to arrest the progress of the fire, in a locale studded, for the most part, with wooden buildings, alone would be useless—an impression but too fatally verified. Onward swept the flames, street after street fell before them. A species of whirlwind seemed to aid its fatal advances—for in advance, in the rear, on every side, the raging element developed itself with momentarily increas- ing fury. Spots that to the shrieking and affrighted refugee were now apparently safe, in a few minutes subsequent were wrapped in a vast sheet of flames. r) "From eleven in the morning until midnight did this area fire hold uninterruptersway, until its career was arreste in St. Charles-street—nearly one mile from the place of its out- break !-at the broadest point the breadth of the burnt wstnct is about one-third of a mile. Between 1,500 and 2,000 houses are supposed to have been consumed, and it is calculated thot 12,000 persons (one-third .f the population) are this day houseless. Most of these peop.c hare lost their all, the rapidj advance, and sudden capricious directions taken by the flame, not only rendering it impossible to save any portion of the property in the dwellings, but in a vast number of instances barely allowing the inmates sufficient time to escape living. The church ofSt Roch's is in ashes, The convent is saved. St. Peter's chapel is also burnt, The large brewing establish- ments of Messrs. Lloyd and Lepper and M'Cullum are con- sumed, and the line of wharfs from Munn's to the one at the foot of Hope-hill. On these were an immense quantity.of deals, which were all consumed. "At this point the fire was arrested by throwing down the piles of deals, and, on the town side, by blowing up two houses. This operation was conducted by Lieutenant-Colonel Warde, of the Royal Engineers, and some of the officers and men un- der his command. "Two Methodist churches were also burnt. The Artillery Barrack was three times in danger. A general meeting had been called, attended by 3,000 persons, at which between £3,000 and £4,000 were collected on behalf of the sufferers. At Montreal steps were being taken to aid the unfortunate persons who have lost their all by the calamity. The most painful event was the destruction of the hospital, to which, as being considered entirely out of the reach of the conflagration, numbers of sick persons of all classes were car- ried the building became ignited by the flakes of fire carried from a distance by the wind; the unfortunate inmates, unable to help themselves, perished miserably. The losses by the mercantile lower town people will be heavy. Almost all the bakers are burned out—M'Conkey, Cla- rihue, Tourangeau, &c., and nothing saved. Wrhat renders matters more disastrous is, not one house in ten of St. Roch's was insured, and those insured are principally at the Mutual In- surance Company, which being composed of persons residents of St. Roch's, the company is defunct; for if one man owes his neighbour 10s., and his neighbour owes him 10s., and neither have wherewith to pay, both are ruined. Every exertion was made to relieve the unfortunate suf- ferers. Lord Metcalfe forwarded ,£2,000 for their relief; the Catholic Bishop sent JE500, and the Hotel Dieu £500. The good bishop had addressed a circular letter to his clergy, im- ploring subscriptions for the poor families thus deprived of a home and an asylum, and suggesting the calling of public meet- ings in every parish, together with contributions of clothing, money, and provisions. The loss of life, according to one of the accounts, exceeds one hundred persons, and the loss of property is said to be above £ï50,000. Eighteen schooners were burnt at the Palais. There is nothing left like buildings,' says one of the letters from the scene of the conflagration, from where you begin to descend Cote les Bras at Tourangeau's, running down the large street toward the Marine Hospital; everything on the right until you reach the water, thence to the two distil- leries, M'Callum's and Lloyd's, these included, is destroyed, the fire ending, or rather being arrested, at the point where the roads St. Paul-street and Hope-hill diverge. The loss in round numbers cannot be easily ascertained, but half a million will not cover the losses, nor perhaps We regret also to find that a most destructive fire had oc curred in New York, whereby 100 buildings and twenty horses were consumed; 400 families have been entirely bereft of their homes or the means of support. Many, in fact all of them, for they appear to have been poor Irish families, are pent up in cow or other outhouses. The scene is described as truly lamentable. The Washington Union publishes letters received from Mexico by the United States brig Somers, arrived at Pensacola, from authentic sources, stating that the negociations between Mexico and Texas, concerning recognition of the independence of the latter, are complete, so far as the Executives are concerned. The terms are said to be, that Mexico acknowledges the inde- pendence oi Texas, guaranteed by France and England, pro- vided Texas rejects annexation with the United States or any other country. It is supposed that if this agreement shall be carried into full' effect, there will be no war between Mexico and the United {States. In commercial matters there is nothing to report since the departure of the Britannia.from Boston.

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