IVotices to Correspondents* I We have again emphatically to request that advertisers who adopt the MF.RI.IN as a means ot publishing their busintss- notices to the cvnntry and the Principality, will ftvour us earlier in the week. Krom our urgelv augmented circulation, we are obliced t> go an hour earlier ti press, and a heavv pi st on Frwi;.y si-'lv <hr tnges the system of the Office. Much local ii,alter (including the police nev.s of Monday,) is dis- placed !,y the above cause. local ii,alter (including the police nev.s of Monday,) is dis- placed hy the above cause. 1 I \1 KS i) V 111 vi ii W A 1 liK. AT N F £ VV PO RT. I HIGH WAIKK DEPTH AT DAYS. MOHN. BVKN. DOCK GATE JUNE. H. M. [F. M FT. IN. 22 Sunday 8 15 H 37 33 0 23. Monday 8 68 9 21 32 2 • 54. Tuesd" v 0 43 10 9 30 9 25. :>VVuiiesday 10 32 10 51! 29 0 26, Thursday li 20 11 30 27 7 27 liid.y 11 44 o 9 2f» 2 28, Saturday 0 37 1 12 24 3 L
WEEKLY CALENDAR. June 22.—Fifth Sunday after Trinity. Lessons for the Morning Service, 1 Samuel 15, Luke G. Evening Service, 1 Samuel 17, Galatians 6. 0 24.—Midsummer Day. Nativity of St. Johli Baptist. *»ooyf's AGE.—Last Quarter, June 26th, 27m. after 3 after.
£ i)e iBoumautftsfntf itterlut- NEWPORT, FRIDAY, JUNE 20, 1845. SOUTH WALES RAILWAY. In another part of the paper it will be seen that the Parliamentary proceedings on the Bill for this undertaking, have met with some retardation in eon sequence of the adverse report of the Admi- ralty Surveyors sent down into Gloucestershire to look over the levern," and give their judgment upon Mr. Brunei's grand project of a bridge across that river, the most important link in the direct chain of communication between the Metropolis, the Principality, and the leading districts of Ire- land. The shares, on the arrival oftlie mail in this town yesterday, were somewhat depreciated, and a few paities with whom we have spoken on the sub- ject, expressed vague notions of a heavy fall in 'price, but there certainly does not appear lo be any Jground for serious alarm. So far as fact and argu- imbntare concerned, the progress of the scheme be- t; fori the Parliamentary Committee has been tri- •vfnphant; and it is not yet certain that the 'Admiralty will persevere in their opposition. It is known in the best informed circles that Mr. Bru- nei's line is a favourite one with the highest among her Majesty's Advisers, who have a happy facility of working out measures in the face of difficulty, qlld who may be induced to co-operate with the great engineer in this dilemma. The Government Departments are notorious for their narrow and limited views, often preferring the convenience of some inferior branch of the public device, because it happens to be under their control, to >|he more wide, general,' and comprehensive requirements of great public interests. But if even the intended route were to be di- verted,-—if the cuckoo cry of impeding the Severn navigation prevail, — if the addition of fifteen Wiles, by being brought to Gloucester, be involved, still the intended line, will, of course, be made, and the more we took at the project, the more we are convinced of its vast importance. When we consider that, as Mr. Brunei calculates, parties may go from London to Fishguard, 260 miles, in five hours, and may reach the bay of Wexford in five hours more when we consider that the opening tor us of a direct high road, and our commanding [position between the metropolis, and the most fer- tile and commercial parts of Ireland, which will be eli'ected by this line, we think that every Mon- mouthshire man must exult in the project, and spontaneously exert himself to ensure its success. Then with respect to the mineral riches, the in- exhaustible treasures of our hills and vallies, what advantages present themselves in this vista We n, .t')\V nothing here of dear coal; in fact its cheap- Hess is the great complaint; but our readers are avvare of its high price as we approach London of the limits which that price puts upon consump- t'on of the privation of comfort to the poor, es- pecially where wood is every year decreasing; of the R%rniented cost of processes requiring much fuel, and even of the prevention of manufactures, from !the same cause. To such districts, our thousands of acres of coal, comprising some of the finest in the kingdom, and capable of an indefinite supply tar centuries to come, will, by the South "Wa»es Railway, be available; and wffilst the parts of the country to which we have alluded will be thus benefited, an equal or superior advantage will result to our own districts. For every load of coal we shall have a return made, while employment will be augmented, and expenditure increased; and the same reasoning will apply to other minerals. An intelligent writer observes that- British manufactures derive great benefit from the Welsh mines and it is to be regretted that the'commu- nication with them is not facilitated by similar im- provements to those which are indenting the king- Z!l dom with iron roads." Iron roads we shall have to free us from a state almost bordering on isolation. By these means we shall obtain an enlarged and flourishing hill population, which will invite a direct import trade whilst the vessels that convey foreign products to our port, can always have back Cargoes of steam coal for the great steam naviga- tion depots of the world.
I THE MAYNOOTH PROVISION. his prudent and politic measure is now the law Df the land. Wellington has gained another great co»stitutional victory, and oh, extreme of bathos fear that the Duke of Newcastle has broken his hean. He once said he should do what he liked with his own, and may peril his existence in a world IJOt Morth living for, since the British Legislature £ as pensioned popish Professors But we really he may survive the shock in order to witnegs tie useful working of the law, and to have an opportunity at some future day, to become the old 41an eloquent" in praise of the iron Duke.
Recovery OF SMALL DEBTS. the Act was passed, abolishing imprison- ffifnt for debt under £ 20., while we did not oppose ;t> we expressed an opinion that no efficient snbsti- lute was provided and that great encouragement g'ven to dishonesty. The Working of the Bill has justified our expecta- ions at)(j numerous complaints are being made ol he losses to which tradesmen are subjected in fact, hruughout the country the complaint is, and unfor- nnate y those honest people who speak from •xpeneuce, that the measure favoured unprincipled venturers and swindlers, and grievously exposed fair t-aders and conscientious men to the machinations of tlunaerers. Sir James Graham has promised another Act, a ha t of which is now going the round of the press, o amend the amended Act of last session but un- :ss parties whose interests are affected bestir them- elves, SOme fresh blundering will be the only result. '1 he present legislature is notoriously incompe- rllt to deaj with matters relating to trade and while D many tradesmen never meddle with politics," nd so lIlanv others are always ready to give their otes to any suckling statesman who may happen to tave interest in their locality, though he may know hout as much of the business and requirements of j "<e c0untry, as the horse which he rides, such ,re *i,sjterous anomalous Acts as load the British >t:»tute Books, will follow in the natural order of ause and effect For a long time debtors were -ea t .ed with severity—misfortunes were punished crirnes Now a reaction has taken place, and reditors are the suffering parties. Some years since, Urriorous writer described the Old Bailey Junes as what he made one of the foremen call e Zig-Zag System and which the same gen leman explained to be the alternate conviction and cqulttal of prisoners, which he said ensured an vciage of justice, and was far better than being per- Jexed with the evidence in each particular case. ar) jiar, though less frequent, have been the oscilla- ioi^s 0f the legislature, between those who owe lotiev, and those to whom it is owing. At present, ot only are the debtors in the ascendant, bnt fraud ?ts at defiance the most just and reasonable claims. "We are of the same opinion now as when this Act assed—viz. that the mere fact of their being in- ehted should not be a ground of men's imprisonment t'tat an adequate protection against fraud was reatty needed. Sonie people, in ignorance of the state of the poor, Jppantly assert that tradesmen should refuse credit. iut this would involve a denial of the necessaries of fe to thousands, who must enter our already crowded J work-bouses* sacrificing their few goods, which they might never be able to re-place, and vastly augment- ing the burden of the poor-rate. We strongly advise tradesmen in every locality urge upon Parliament, through their representa- tives, such practical measures as are called for by their own experience for in that way alone will an efficient law be obtained. We understand that some of the leading tradesmen ol the town have a petition to the legislature on foot.
REPORTING LAW-CASES. The suppression of the name of Sergeant Talfourd from the circuit reports of the Times, though dis- claimed by the barrister who furnished them, has led to discussions in the profession as to the propriety of forbidding the practice of reporting to the members of the bar, not so much on account of this case, which of course is not a sufficient argument against the practice, but on the ground of its being beneath the dignity of the profession. Should this resolu- tion be adopted, some barristers who have little else to do, wiJllose considerable emoluments, not merely by reporting the business of the law courts, but in other departments in which they are sometimes employed. Three judges now on the bench, a few members of the legislature, and various eminent men, living and dead, have been engaged in this occupation. Leaving, however, the Layers to settle the matter amongst themselves, our object is to notice the con- tempt thrown on reporting—an honourable as well as highly-nseful employment; one which is becoming of increasing importance; one, which in any depart- ment requires for its proper exercise consider- able information and judgment, and in some cases, talent of a high order. This contempt, however, shewn by the arrogant and inflated professionals, and by many others in every way inferior to those whom they so slightly regard, is shared, in various degrees, by ;).11 connected with the newspaper press, and indeed with literature generally. Without going deeply into the causes which produce this state of things—a state so different from that which obtains in the second great kingdom of the world, where the peers of the realm pillars of the state" and the mind of the Cabinet are selected from the ranks of those who wield the lever of the public ptess, we may no- tice one of a practical kind—viz. the non-assertion, by the individuals thus treated, of their true position. The newspaper press, if actuated by a proper esprit de corps, might do much to elevate itself in public estimation. Men of learning—gentlemen—should not be made the obsequious tools of arrogant opu- lence, or of knavish political adventurers. The Bri., tish Union observes—" It should teach the members of the newspaper press to assert and maintain their own importance as a class. In no country are news- paper writers so slightingly looked upon as in Eng- land. A second-rate commercial clerk takes higher rank than they although their minds and pens are directing the operations and influencing the destinies of the nation itself." Mr. D'lsraeli spoke in a similar strain at a meeting held not long since in London. The Morning Chronicle, conducted by a barrister, talks of the reporting of such cases by barristers as essential. Undoubtedly they are better able to under- stand the technicalities, and to give an intelligible report of proceedings which are encumbered with a vast deal of what to many readers must appear bar- barous jargon, useless fiction, and absurd repetition. Nevertheless, we do not see any necessity for the press bowing to a body by which it is to be con- temptously treated and it is our dccided opinion that the proper way to meet the insolent proposition to which we have alluded would be at once to cease from the employment of legal gentlemen in reporting, and to entrust law cases to our own reporters." This would involve, of course, a choice of more able members of the profession but we are confident that there are plenty of men to he found, who with a very little experience, would furnish the general reader with such law intelligence as is requisite.
MR. VILL1EUS' MOTION. In point of numbers, Mr. Villiers had two less this year than last, in favour of his motion but any triumph on this score is ridiculous, since there were seventy-four less to vote against him. Besides the more sagacious supporters of the present system, in- cluding the Ministry, well know that the process of public opinion is not to be tested by the division list. It is notorious that the present House of Com- mons was in a large proportion elected upon protec- tionist principles, and it is equally manifest that an immense alteration in feeling on the part of the pub- lic has taken place within the last four years. The division this year was characterised by the accession of Lord John Russell, Lord Ebrington, and Mr. Cavendish; and the Ministerial defence, the weakest ever made, was, in effect, an admission that the question of time was the chief point in differ- ence; in fact, that "as population increases, protec- tion must decrease." The free-traders have but to persevere temper- ately, and to attend to the registration, and they may reasonably anticipate success at no very distant period.
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. RAILWAY COMMITTEE. Newport and Pontypool Railway. THURSDAY, JUNE 5. Mr. Marsh engineer to the Monmouthshire Canal Company, wa.s examined on behalf of the promoters. He had carefully surveyed the line. It was intended to commence in the town of Newport, advancing in a Northern direction, and terminat- ing at Pontvmoile. From this place there would be a branch to Pontypool two miles long, throughout the length of the line, two miles, coal and mineral fields abounded. Another branch was intended to he made, called the Newport Branch, the ob- ject of which was to convey the mineral to the port for expor- tation. The severest gradient on the line was one in 80. The total expense of the land necessarv for the works was estimated at £ 8,600- The cost of the earthwork would be £:!S,2ï4. The working expenses had been calculated at 40 per cent. This closed the case for •he promoters, and as there was no opposition, the preamble of the bill was declared to have been proved. Some discussion arose upon the clauses, and their further con- sideration was adjourned. FRIDAY JUNK 6. On the re-assembling of the Committee this morning, at twelve o'clock. Kir T, Phillips addressed the Committee on the railway tolls, and laid a tabular statement of the whole expenses of the rail- way, and its contemplated improvements, before them. The expense ot the new railway would be JE:120 000. and the Im- provements would cost. £-1-0,000. The original capital of t!\°l 0c°mPaI)y was £ 240,000. The amount of debts was ±,41,8<}/ making a total of £ 441,837. A sum of money amount- ing to <w,U00. had been borrowed, and the gross total of capi- tal, speaking m round numbers, about .£500,000. The present price of the shares lJ1 the market would be worth £ 200,000., more. The income of the railway derived from the carriage of iron at l,d. per ton, tin at Id., and coal at ;;d. per ton, would r 98" and,f?om passengers the gross amount would be £ 2,99.». 4s., from wnieh 40 per cent., being deducted for work- ing expenses, a net annual income of £ 5,^80. 15s. would be the result. Mr. Keating called Mr. Barber, who deposed generally as to the probable revenue which would result from the Newport and nonniw0L, ma^e) it was estimated at about £ o0,000. 1 lie witness also showed the superiority of the pro- posed new line over the Taff Vale Railwav. Mr. Brown and Mr. Cartwright gave evidence as to the com- parative rates of tolls of the two lines Counsel having addressed the Committee on the tolls clause of the Newport and Pontypool Railway, the Committee ad- journed till twelve to-morrow. SATURDAY, JUNE 7. On the re-assembling of the Committee this morning at twelve o'clock, the room was ordered to be cleared, in order that the Committee nrght decide on the evidence that was placed before them yesterday for the regulation of the tolls on the proposed line. On the re-admission of strangers The Chairman stated that the Committee, after mature deli- beration on the subject before them, were anxious to express their opinion on three points with respect to tolls, namely, as regarded coal, iron, charcoal, and limestone. The dues upon coals for the present should not exceed 3s. 4d. per ton, and after the expiration of five years the tonnage should be reduced to ^d. Upon charcoal, limestone, and stone for building, it was proposed the charge should remain at Id. per ton per mile, and for the use of locomotive power the rates should be reduced to §d and Ad, for use of earriages. The upshot of that would be 14d. for the whole charge for tonnage per mile. The present charge tor iron should be reduced to ljd. per ton. Haulage and waggons to remain as at present, and at the expiration of feve years the whole expense to be diminished to Ltd, per ton per mile; the present tolls continuing at 2d. The Committee Jw b^teTWe1 C0mC,t0 V-nS de«sion from the discussion that had taken place at the different points. To the tolls for TSC' Pasf^rs; no opposition had been r n\l In V pr°SPnt rat?S-at 2d P" mile, and Id. addi- tional locomotive power, were fair and moderate, the Committee would reserve any alteration. Mr. Pare having been called to give evidence as to the usual rate of tolls for merchandise and passengers, deposed that, the charges on tac toll clause were perfectly (air, and were in fact lower than similar rates on other railways. The clause was then made part of the bill Mr. Williams appeared to oppose on behalf of the Brecon and Abergavenny Canal. He contended that sufficient com- pensation had not been provided for by the clause in the bill which gave power to the Railway Company to alter stop uP: and destroy, part ot the works on the Newport Canal' in which the parties for whom nc appeared were materially interested. No equivalent had been oflered for the great inconvenience that would be occasioned. Not hœc tnfedere veni. Law and justice were on his side, and he trusted the Committee would order such alterations to be made in the clause, as would satisfy the fair and reasonable demands of his clients Evidence having been heard, the committee suggested that words to the following effect should be introduced into the clause as the subject was a matter of compensation for time, that the branch to Snatchwood should be constru<;ted#vithin nine months after the opening of the minn Une. The Committee were occupied during the remainder of the ilay in passing clauses, which, with a few alterations, were made part of the Bill. The committee adjourned till twelve o'clock on Monday. MONDAY. JUNE 9. The committee having amended and passed various clauses of an unimportant nature, and aifecting only the interests of parties locally concerned in the construction of the proposed line, the bill was ordered to be reported. The Newport and Pontypool Railway affects the whole of the canals and tramroads of the Monmouthshire Canal Company. The following are the chief features in the Bill, which passed the committee on Monday last—the present rates of the com- t pany to remain in force for three years from the passing of the Act. These rates are-- For tonnage, or way leave, only 2d. per ton per mile on iron. Id. 11 on coal. At the expiration of this time the company are to become carriers, and the following are the maximum rates to be allowed Iron..Tonnage, ljd.—.Locomotive-power, gd.—Carriages, bd Total 2d. per ton per mile. Coal..Tonnage, jd.—Locomotive-power, fd.—Carriages, £ d. Total lid. per ton per mile. These rates remain in force for two years only, when the fol- lowing rates will form the maximum :— Iron..Tonnage, Id.—Locomotive-power, |d.—Carriages, Jd. Total lid. per ton per mile. Coal..Tonnage, Ad.—Locomotive-power, Rd-Carriages, åd, Total Id. per ton per mile. In course of the investigation before the committee, it was nroved that the present cost for transit only along the tramroads amounted to Jd. per ton per mile haulage and td, per ton per mile for trams—in all Id.
BRIDGE OVER THE SEVERN.—In the House of Commons on Monday evening, the following conversation took place relative to the proposed bridge over the Severn.— Captain Berkeley said he wished to ask his hon friend opposite, the Secretary to'the Admiralty, if the bridge over the Severn, which had already been objected to by the Board of Admiralty, as calculated to obstruct the navigation of that river, would be allowed to be erected? Mr. Corrie (who, from the excessive noise in the house, was almost wholly inaudible) was understood to say that measures would be taken to prevent any interference with the interests of the public by the contemplated construc- tion. Mr. lluine observed, that by a rule of that house, no bill which was objected to by the Admiralty, could pass without the sanction of that Board. He believed, however, that when the bill in question was opposed by the Admiralty, their ob- jection was contravened in consequence of their not appearing in person or by counsel before the committee; he wished to in- quire whether the letter from the Admiralty prohibiting its erection, was not sufficient, to prevent the passing of the bill. Mr. Beckett was understood to say, as Chairman of the Com- mittee before whom the bill was heard, that no appearance being made, the preamble of the bill was declared proved. Mr. Hume said lie hoped the question would not rest there because it was a matter of very great importance. The clause had been intro- duced to remedy great inconvenience, and if the subject were properly understood the bill would not be allowed to pass. RAILWAY COMMUNICATION WITH THE DEAN FOREST.—The memorial, a copy of which appears in our adver- tising columns, has been presented to the Commissioners of Woods, Forests, &c., very numerously and respectably signed by proprietors and occupiers of coal and iron mines and stone quarries in the Forest of Dean. MINERAL PRODUCE OF SOUTH WALES — On his examination before the committee of the South Wales Ilailway, Mr. Backland stated that, during last year 220,000 tons of iron, and 600,000 tons of coal were exported from New- port, and from Merthyr to Cardiff no less than 180,000 tons of iron annually, and that this trade was increasing daily. From Newport and Cardiff iron ores were exported in considerable quantities, and from the latter ilace there was a large export trade to Ireland. From Bristol and Gloucester there were ex- ported to Cardiff, in the year ending June, 1844, 80,000 tons, and from Cardiff to the other ports 10,000 tons, which did not include coals. The total quantity of iron produced during the year in the district was from 450,000 to 500,000 tons, which at the low average of 18-il, was £ 4,500,000. in value. The tin plates produced in that part only of the district through which the proposed railway would pass, was between 27,000 and 28,000 tons, over £ 800,000. in value. There were 55,720 tons of cop- per ore imported into the country last year, of which 43,734 tons were smelted at Swansea, and the total value of wrhich was about £ 2,000,000. The whole metallic manufacture of the dis- trict amounted in one year to between £ 9,000,000. & £ 10,000,000. while there were laige quantities of timber and charcoal pro- duced in Herefordshire. NEWPORT HARBOUR LIGHT HOUSE.—We are glad to announce that a communication of a very satisfac- tory nature in reference to tne above subject has been received from the Trinity Loard. Our readers are generally aware that a memorial had been addressed by the Harbour Commissioners to the Trinity Corporation, representing the disadvantageous situation of the present light-house, and soliciting that a new light-hoiis?, of similar construction to those at the MapfinSand and at Fleetwood, might be erected 1650 yards S. by E. from the mouth of the Usk. It appears that the authorities at the Trinity Board suspended proceedings in the matter, pending experiments which are still in progress in respect of'the best mode of obtaining a permanent foundation for structures in situations similar to that pointed out bv the Harbour Commis- sioners of Newport; and the Trinity'Board have instructed Mr. James Walker to "examine the said proposed situation, and report his opinion as to the description of buiiding which, in the event of the Board's determining to accede to the prayer of the memorial, it may be most advisable to set up." FIRE ENGINE.— On Friday evenina; last, at a meeting of the Town Commissioners, amongst other business of importance then transacted, a resolution was carried, in pursu- ance of the report of a sub-committee appointed to negociate with parties in London in reference to providing the town with an efficient engine and appurtenances, "That a powerful en- gine," constructed according to recent improvements, should be purchased, and that measures should be adopted to place the engine under competent management; so that in case of fire, the police force of the town, when properly drilled in the working of the same, might be enabled immediately to act." On the motion of the Mayor, seconded by Mr. Llewellin, a vote of thanks was cordially passed to the sub-committee for the very zealous and able manner in which they had discharged the duty confirled. to them, and for the ample details which they fur- nished. The gentlemen composing the said committee were Messrs. Hughes, Win. Evans, merchant, and Latch. We re- gretted, ou former occasions, being obliged to use hard words to the Board of Commissioners for apathetic conduct, when the public requirements imperatively called for activity and the ex- ercise of judgment; but we have now the pleasurable office of bearing testimony to the active and useful services of that body on recent occasions. The board indeed are at present properly designated" Improvement Commissioners." SOLDIER'S FUNERAL.—On Saturday evening last,the remains of a gallant soldier,QuarterMasterSerjt. Brooks, were buried in the Old Church-yard on Stow Hill. The funeral presented features of peculiar solemnity; nearly the whole of the 75th Regiment stationed in this town, headed by Colonel Iiallitax and the Officers, in full uniform,were present; and the entire band of the regiment, under the direction of Signor Ca- vallini, played The Dead March in Saul," and other slow and affecting airs, during the whole line of procession. Brooks had been in the army for 36 years, and had served his country in many a hard fought field; independentlj' of which, his good conduct and amiability of disposition had gained him the respect of his officers and the attachment of his companions in arms. To many, a soldier's funeral is only one of the military pageants at which they gaze with idle curiosity; they turn from the scene with careless indifference, and their momentary feelings of awe are changed to mirth, as rapidly as the solemn dead march is succeeded by gay and lively strains, on the return of the troops from the gJ-aVe-'side of a comrade. But there are others, on whose hearts the funeral note strikes with a saddening and long unforgottcn tone, whose lot it may nave been to watch the bier of one belonging to them borne to the narrow house ap pointed for all jiving—who have seen time, instead of war, con- quering the strong arm and the stout heart. A deceased sol- dier is carried to the grave with more honours in time of peac" than during the horrors of war, when the volley is often fired over his still breathing body on the battle field, the conflict being over;—and we believe the honours paid to him whose long services have in this case terminated, were justly his due. The pathetic and beautiful burial service was read by the Rev. Mr. Woodward, the troops standing round in solemn silence and as they slowly and sadly laid him down," we noticed the tear-drop trickle over many a manly cheek. Three vollies of musketry, followed by the roll of the drums, concluded the hero's obsequies. CHANGE OF POST Houps.—We are happy at being able at length to announce that the long-desired altera- tion in the period of the arrival of London letters, is at hand. It is finally determined by the authorities at the General Post- office that the metropolitan and north mails for this district are to commence being forwarded from Gloucester instead of Bris- tol, on the lltli of July. The mails will leave Gloucester at two o'clock A.M., and will arrive in Newport about half-past six. SALE OF THE MARSHES MOWING GRASS ANI) AFTERMATH.—On Monday evening last, this event, looked forward to with so much anxiety by the inhabiting Burgesses of this town—" Such as are up-rising and down-lying from the feast of Christmas, a year," took place at the Carpenters' Arms Inn. The Mayor presided on the occasion, assisted by the Town Clerk, and Thomas Hawkins, Esq., a magistrate and burgess, was present during the proceedings. The room was crowded by ancient inhabitants and the venerable widows of deceased freemen, as well as by those whose freedom had been taken up" in moremodernjtinies. Mr. Long jvas the Tlobins of the evening, and quite delighted his numerous clients by his humorous and eloquent expatiation on the luxuriant crop which he had the honour of submitting to public competition each lot was of course, infinitely superior to the one previously sold, and the last, Mr. Long stated, was worth the whole of the former put together, presenting as it did a grass, which for richness of quality and fragrance, was fit to feed her Majesty's far-famed cream-coloured horses. Upon the ivhoie, we never saw a knight of the hammer, more anxious to swell the biddings; and the result of his exertions is a great feather in his cap. The net amount of the four lots was £ 106, a larger sum than has been obtained at any of the annual sales for the last half- century. The last year produced but £ 68. The Pill quarter after a great deal of competition was knocked down at £ 13.; Crindau reached £ 18. the Middle £ 19. and the Mill quarters £ 92. 10s. The lattermath of the four quarters, after a spirited cross-firing of bidding, was sold at £ 33. The whole of the lots were purchased by Air. Win. Townsend, merchant, and his competitors were Mr. Iggulden, Mr. Jenkins of the Crown Inn, and some of the leading butchers of the town. The burgesses beciint' right merry at the result, and even the countenance of that cvnical nestor, Mr. Thomas Davis, for once relaxed into a contented smile. The division (no easy task) which took place immediately after the sale, was completed before twelve o'clock In another part of our paper is an advertisement of a new annual fair about to be established in our improving It'is to be held on Wednesday next, the 25th instant, tn he called the Newport and South Wales Annual Wool and Cattle Fair The New Market has been erected in a very s lJerior manner, and at a great expense. Competent persons, t v, ntfended inform us U-1S equal, if not superior, both r,r?vtent and accommodation, to any building of the kind in thp"vi/oHom Wre wish the spirited proprietors and inhabitants of Newport every success in their undertaking. NEWPORT CATTLE MARKE'T.7ER>NrsnAy, June IN Price sink the onal. s. a. s. a. T, 0 6 to 0 6J Beasts 0 0 0 ti '^heeP 0 6 0 6J ':a;r,bs 0 41.. o« Calves 7 /) 7 j; D: <mre ) U O i ,.f the fair to be held on the 2oth mst., the I ,n Tas .ather hmited, and yet equal to the de- show of stock rather unfavourable for slaugh- mand. The weaihe oung ra jn ,he marketi and no termg, there were »• Tlieie was a clearance el- arrivals trorn Ireland thifa this wppk a lected in sheep and lambs. Pi^ were again this week a Fsqt5 1°lanv[hanselsupposed to weigh twenty-six pounds per ouSrter Thevle'e purchased by thatspinted butcher Mr. s cei of Taff s Well. Some superior Southdown weathers, spencer, oi la Smith. Esq., Maesglaes, were like- wise1 penned^and were also purchased by Mr Spencer, for the Merthyr market. A supply of are ex- pected to arrive from I. eland in lime for the next market. But few horses made their appearance. THE RENDEZVOUS.—^IN our last publication we inserted a paragraph touching the annoyances experienced by the public oy the uproarious conduct of the loose sons of Neptune, who have joined her Matty's naval service, and who previously to leaving their country for their country's good, pass their time in not and revelry at, and in the neighbourhood of the above place. On Monday last, a Captain Price, an ex- perienced disciplinarian m her Majesty's navy and who is placed at the head of the recruiting service in the West of England, called upon the Mayor on the subject of the paragraph, and assured him that in future due care should be taken to pre- vent a recurrence of the annoyance complained of; that any offender against the peace of the town should be dealt with ac- cording to law, and that in his (the Captain's) unavoidable ab- sence an officer should be placed over the recruiting party in this town. The new comet, mentioned by astronomers as a beautiful object, near the star Capella, due north, has been anxiously sought tor with, and without Masses, from Stow Hill. and other elevations near our town but in vain. The eccentric stranger people consider as the cause of the late heat, and some go so far as to apprehend a burning whisk of his tail. 3 THE WEATHER.—Glorious summer weather has indeed at last blessed our land, and the country has put on its rejoicing robes of gladness and abundant fertility. The labours of the tillers and sowers of the soil will be fully rewarded -and we trust also that the hearts of the poor will be enabled to sing for joy. Fine crops of grass have already been cut in different parts of this county. We are happv to state that our beautiful neighbourhood promises ainp'p work foi the sickle and Ihe scythe. Thursday and Friday of last week were truly tropfeal days on Friday the thermometer was upwards of 80 in the shade, and in the sun we perceived it as high as 118. It has since been average summer weather, tnd the copious rain which has since fallen increases the cheering anticipations of farmers, many of whom anticipate a general harvest of extra- ordinary abundance.
PONTYPOOL. It must be truly gratifying to the friends of reli- gion, as also to all true lovers of peace, law and order, to know that the church-rate recently made in this' parish, is in a fail- way to be brought to a speedy consummation The collector has already succeeded in placing in the hands of the authorities about three-fourths of the entire sum which the rate will pro- duce. The churchwardens, with their accustomed energy and zeal, have ordered the wall on the eastern side of the church to be removed, and the new burial ground to be enclosed. We have reason also to know that as soon as the preliminary ar- rangements can be made, the necessary repairs, for which the rate was granted, will speedily be accomplished.—A Corres- pondent. The anniversary of the Loyal Rose of the Valley Lodge of ihe Independent Order of Oddfellows, Pontnewynydd, was celebrated on Saturday last A procession of upwards of 150 of the brethren, gcod men and true, left the lodge room at twelve o'clock, and paid a visit, to William Williams, Esq., of Sn .tchard House, where they were hospitably entertained with refreshing draughts of good beer. On ieavitig that cenilenian's villa, they proceeded in regular order, all attired in their accus- tomed paraphernalia and headed by an efficient band from New- port, to Irevethin chmch, where an admirable discourse was delivered to them. I hey returned thioui>h the park i f C^ H. Leigh, Esq., the Lord l ieutenant of the countv, and halted be- fore ihe mansion of th ,t respected gentleman-the band playing several national and exhihra ing «i,s-" The fine old Enelish gentleman, tic., concluding wish "Uod snve the Queen." On their departure, they made the park echo wi.h nine hearty cheers furtheestet-rned lady and gentleman of the mansion "Havin • returned lo the lodge, they sat down to a bountiful and substan- tial dinner, prepaied by that excellent caterer, host Thomas ureenway, which seemed to be duly appreciated and the satis- faction expressed left no doubt that the hosi had succeeded in pleasing his gues s. After the cloth was removed, the'duties of the N.G. were aidv discharged by brother P y. HichHrd Green- way, and those of the V. Ci. by P. G. John Fothergill. The toasts given were—i he Queen, Prince Albert. The Queen Dow- ager and the Royal Family, The Independent Order of Odd Fellows, loot and branch, Capel Hanburv Leigh, Esq. Wdliam Wiiliams, Esq., ^c. ihtse were follow-, d by a Variety of «ooi! songs, plea-itn; speeches, c\c., and the evening was spent with the greatest hilarity. -+-
USK. The Wool Fair, on Friday, the 13th inst., was thinly attended the price averaged from Its. to 15s. per ton.
ABEKGAVENNY. CORONER'S INQUEST.—On Wednesday last, an inquest was held at the King's Arms Inn. before Thomas Hughes, Esq., on the body of .fohn Walter Thomas. It ap- peared in evidence that the deceased had been for several months past in a very declining state of health, that his mind was occasionally much depressed, and that he was heard very earnestly to express a hope that God would preserve to him his senses. His frame was so emaciated with disease that had not the melancholy event occurred, it is supposed that he could not have survived many days. On the return of one of his nurses, who had left, his apartment but a short time, ,he found that he had severely wounded his throat with a razor. Mr. Adley, W. Steele, Esq., and his son, were almost imme- diately in attendance, sowed up the wound, and did everything to mitigate the unhappy man's, sufferings, but the act was a fatal one. He died the next morning. Verdict,—Temporary derangement. PRECOCIOUS STRAWBERRIES, !—To-day we observed in the shop-window of Mr. Saunders, fruiterer, &c., a quart of most delicious strawberries, and g'een peas ill abundance. Mr. Saunders is perhaps in favour with Phoebus and gets more than hi; share of the vivi ying influence of the sun to fall upon his garden, which is a picture of luxuriance. THE CASTLE.—Dwringlast spring a desperate attempt was made to improve the appearance of the castle walk, which issued in the substitution of new gates for the old ones at the entrance this certainly ivas an improvement, but it ought only to be the beginning of good thrngs it is a pity indeed that so beautiful a walk should be so sadly neg- lected its attractions for instance would be greatly enhanced by the eradication of a cart load or two of the nettles and weeds that abound below the path; In laying down fresh turf where the grass has been trodden away, &c. The old ruin, with its ivy wreath, "the garland of eternity," deserves more attention than has lately been paid to it. CRICRHOWELL.—Disgraceful Cruelty,-A va- luable pointer dog, the nropcrtvof an esteemed gentleman in this town was poisoned early on Monday morning last. The animal was seen by several persons to come out of the pas- sage of a tradesman, and after going across the street, to stagger and drop down dead. We forbear, at present, to say more in immediate allusion tolthe parties strongly suspected, and on good grounds too, to be implicated in the commission of this heartless act, but we learn that the owner of the dog, and a number of gentlemen in the neighbourhood have taken the matter up, and are resolved to have justice done in the case. It is regretted that in such a locality as this a society does not ex'st, similar to one established a few years ago, in Abergavenny, for the prosecution of offenders and felons, holding out rewards for their apprehension. Societies, such as these, have been found to answer, particularly in agricultu- ral districts, and we recommend that a meeting be called, and trust some influential persons will come forward with a propo- sition tor the establishment of a society of this nature. We are happy to state that very favourable ac- counts have been received of Sir Benjamin Hall, who met with wit^Vb;ma;CClTj nj ^ast Wf'ek> in consequence of his horse falling in Tfn'o-Kt'V e Fark. Sir Benjamin was fortunately close to jvnipfitsbridge Barracks at the time and had every attention shown him as well as having the immediate assistance of the surgeons of the regiment. Sir Benjamin has now left his bed and is pronounced out of danger.
MONMOUTH. FREE GRAMMAR SCHOOL. On Monday and Tuesday last, the public examination of the pupils of this senool took place before the Visiters of the Insti- tution. A very improved method was adopted on this occasion, m devoting two days to the examination, instead of one as formerly, when the business was necessarily conducted in a more cursory manner from the shortness of the time devoted to it. The" encrahle Archdeacons Williams and Crawley kindly un- dei took the auty of this examination which v/as of a searching and mmute character. At its close the Archdeacons were joined by other visiters, and after the selection of the prizes Archdeacon Williams addressed the pupils. He noticed the great care which had been bestowed upon the examination, and was much pleased to find that progress had been made by the lads during the last half year. The school now contained Many promising youths, to some of whom he would proceed to award prizes, and lie hoped that all of them would use the advantages afforded them in that Institution with future diligence and success. Tile first prize was given to Master Nathaniel Oliver, whose mathematical papers gave great satisfaction; as also did his classical attainments, his scripture examination, and the report of his general attentive conduct. The second prize was awarded to Master Parsons, who was commended for his drawing, Latin, Greek construing, and for his scripture history. Master Buttery obtained the third prize, as a reward for his Latin whose examination in Caesar, and in construing Delectus, had been very creditable; as also was his proficiency in Roman history, in Euclid, and in scripture questions. William Ben^tej i received the fourth prize, for Latin con- struing and scripture history, the latter of which he was particularly proficient in and his general conduct had been uniformly good. James Townsend was next rewarded for his general good con- duct, and his successful examination in Latin accidents. Master Vaughaii, for geography, writing, scripture history, and good conduct. William Hillman, as the most proficient in his class. Master Martin, for scripture questions and Roman history. Master Mrholis, for Euclid, Latin, and good behaviour. Mailer (ale, for scripture history Master W illiams, for ihe same, and catechism. William lie "an, for writing, and William Davis, for ciphering also obtained suitable prizes, and were severally commended? Archdeacon Williams remarked that the junior boys were very deficient m their examination, and repeatedly reminded the lads that upon the present, and upon all future occasions, the most marked and special regard had been and would be paid, to their Scripture attainments for sorry the visiters would be, were any pupil* to lea\ e the school ignorant of God's word and will. Archdeacon Crawley acquiesced in the sentiments which had been deavered, and exprc^ed his gratification at the progress which the bovs harl r Aftor -in n i aa1rnade ill their classics. w,Jcr aoknowledgmen*; by the head-master, the Rev.— Watherstone, of the kind services of the rev. archdeacons, the proceedings terminated Thirteen new admissions were subsequently made, and four complete!8 rPJected fror» the prescribed number of pupils being
ACCIDENTS—On Friday week Mr. W. Wye- sham, butcher, Whitchurch near Monmouth, had his leg broken Hi lman sL'Sbytheklck °'f » cow' and °? T'fid,ay laStfMr' his Wp fTrvi?or Excise at Mor. ath, whilst mounting aud fractured his leg. Monmouth Wool I air was held on Wednesday and'c\ttlP1f C-° 0f woul averaged 14s. 3d. to 15s. 6d The hor.e riM .? ^lr was scantily attended. tallowing obituary has been obligingly com- municated to us by Jos Price Esq., an intimate friend of the datedS( i~}V,xtrac"t of a lctter'from Messrs. Bagshaw and Co dated Calcutta, 28th April, 1845, to Joseph Pnce, Esq., of Monmouth.—" it js witJ reat reo-ret we have to announce the took^ dt ath of Sir Thomas Valiant, which melancholy event took place on the "23rd instant, after three hours illness hom cholera. • Sir Thomas Yaliant was a naUve of Monmouth, ere> at the period of his departure, he was much and generally respected. MONMOUTHSHIRE ASSIZES. The Assizes for this county will be held on Thursday, the 31st July, before Lord Chief Justice Denman and Mr. Justice Pattssou.
I SERIOUS CHARGE AGAINST AN ASSISTANT OVERSEER. On Wednesday last A. Austin, Esq., Assistant Poor Law Commissioner, attended at the Cross Keys, in the parish of Goodrich, to inquire into charges preferred by the Overseers of the parish of English Bieknor, against Mr. Richard Elsmore, an Assistant Overseer for the parish of Goodrich. A complaint had been made to the authorities at Somerset-House some time since, who had made inquiries into the allegations, which not being satisfactory the present investigation was ordered. The charges were— 1. The relieving the paupers 8 weeks, in money, without the authority of the Board of Guardians. 2. For neglecting to give notice to the relieving officer or guardians of the relief. 3. For having received from the overseers of English Bicknor f8. 5s 6d., on account of the parish of Goodrich, for which no credit is given in his accounts, and that no notice of the transaction appears in the accounts. 4. That part of the relief was from his own shop. 5. That the sum of £ 8. os. 6d is exorbitant, and includes a charge for a funeral that ought not to have been included. The evidence in support of the charges was to the effect that a pauper, named George Evans, residing at Goodrich, became chargeable on that parish that Mr. Elsmore, in the month of November last, procured an order of removal in the usual way, before two magistrates, which order became suspended in con- sequence of the pauper and his family being ill with fever; that on the morning preceding the order of removal being made one of his children died, and was therefore chargeable to the parish of Goodrich for burial. The pauper was paid during the opera- tion of the suspended order in money, contrary to the statute, which money was expended in Mr. Elsmore's shop, at Good- rich, for bread, sugar, soap, candles, flour, or anything that was wanted; one pair of sheets and a blanket were also provided, a pair of boots, and some ale—these latter by order of Dr. WTilmot, of Ross, in his official capacity for that district; the pauper had likewise several pounds of meat during the 8 weeks of the sus- pended order, and the sum twtal charged by Mr. Elsmore amounted to XS. 5" Gd, It further appeared that Mr. Elsmore never acquainted the relieving officer of the district of the case, or the kind of relief he was giving, nor did he report the same to the board of guardians of the Ross Union. The relieving officer did not inform Mr. Elsmore he was doing wrong, although he knew the particulars before the suspended order was can- celled. It was stated in reply to the above allegations, that Mr. Elsmore had received a letter from the overseers of English Bicknor, authorising him to pay the pauper as. a week, but that finding it insufficient for their maintenance, he had supported the pauper and his family to the amount claimed. Mr. Elsmore was asked by the commissioner to produce the letter in question, and upon a non-compliance with this request, he was told that the commissioner should consider that no such letter was in ex- istence, and report the same to the board above accordingly. The proceedings terminated, having occupied nearly four hours in the investigation.
CARDIFF. WHITE LION DERBY DINNER. This annual dinner took place on Thursday se'nniglit, when about 70 gentlemen sat down to a most sumptuous and substan- tial feast. The tables were strewed with the choicest delicacies of the season, and the wines were of the first quality. Mr. Geake occupied the chair, Mr. Mark Marks the vice-chair. The cloth being removed, the Chairman gave— The Queen," three times three. Prince Albert," three times three. The Army and Navy." The Sergeant-Major of 6th Dragoons acknowledged the toast. The Chairman then proceeded to the business part of the meeting; viz., distributing the prizes. The winner of the first prize, £ 25. lOs" was Mr. Thomas Haddock; and the second. £ S. 10s., Mr. Stockdale. Those who drew "starters," each received 10s. 4d.—This being done, the Chairman gave— The health of the two winner," drank with applause. Mt. Haddock eloquently acknowledged the toast. Song by Mr. Lewis, When the Bees sleep in the Rose." Toast, by Mr. Lewis. Song, by Herr Van Joel. The Vice-Chairman gave The Town and Trade of Cardiff Mr. Pride replied Song bv Mr. Marks, "England, the Land we live in.' Song, by Mr. Haddock, "The Death of Abercrombie." The Chairman, in a well-merited complimentary address, gave The Host and Hostess," which was well received. Herr Von Joel then gave an imitation of the farm yard, which gave great amusement. Song, "Death of Nelson," by Mr. Hodge. Mr. Edmunas, in an appropriate address, gave— The Chairman," which was drank with three times three. Son?, by Mr. Haddock, The Red Cross Knight. Mr. Geake, in a very eloquent address, which our space will not permit us to give, returned thanks. Song, bv Mr. Robotham. The Chairman then gave "The Founder of the Dei by, Mr. Thomas Williams," drank with great applause. Mr. Williams returned thanks. Von Joel gave his imitation of birds, which elicited the great- est applause. He must be heard to be appreciated. The Chairman gave The Health of the Vice-Chairman." Mr. Marks suitably replied. Song, bv Mr Riches, -'The White Squall." Mr.°Marks then gave The Palladium of English Liberty, the Press," coupled with tne name of Mr. Broome, who briefly replied Next followed "The Turf," and other toasts and songs, Herr Von Joel entertaining the company at intervals on the guitar, until a late hour. Mirth and jollity reigned throughout the evening, every one apparently satisfied with the proceedings.— Previous to the company breaking up, a St. Leger was formed, to be drawn for early in September.
INQUEST.—On Saturday last an inquest was held at the Shoulder of Mutton Inn, on the body of William Williams, shoemaker, aged 31. William Nicholl sworn, said— I am a mason, and live in Cardiff. I know the deceased, he is a native of Llandybear, in Caermarthenshire. Yesterday morn- ing I was at work in Frederick-street,—about four in the morn- ing deceased came to me, and we had some conversation; he asked me to go down and see the soldiers embark I said I would not, and he then left; I went down about 11 o'clock to the dock, and saw the soldiers go on board. I was coming up about 12 or 1 o'clock, and I saw deceased going into Mr. White's shop. I called him, and we then went together to Mr. Jones's, of the Bute Dock Hotel, and had a pint of beer each. He then asked me to go across the Dock, and go home that way. When we got to the long dyke he asked me to go and bathe, but I said I could not swim he said lie could not, but would go in as the tide was receding, and it was not deep. He undressed and went in, and I stayed with his clothes. After he had been out on the mud some distance I undressed, all but my shirt, and followed him; I got up in water above my thighs, and then took off my shirt and went towards him. We were abreast of each other, but about twenty vards apart, when suddenly we dropped into fifteen feet of water. I rose to the surface, and so did he. We sunk again, and rose again. He said, Oh, William, we'll be drowned; Lord have mercy on me." I sank again, and the third time when I came up I could see his hair only above the water. I endeavoured to swim, and I got on a bank on the other side of the deep water, which is only about ten feet wide. I stood there with the water up to my chin, and the corpse of poor Williams was soon floating about with the tide. The fisher- men came to me after being there nearly two hours. When the tide left the corpse was about seven feet from me I took hold of it and brought it out, and the fishermen brought it home. Christopher Mouls corroborated the evidence. Accidentally Drowned.
MELIN GRIFFITH FLORAL AND HORTICULTURAL SHOW. On Wednesday week, a very pleasing exhibition took place at Wain-Troda, near Whitchurch. The day was most favourable for the occasion, and the attendance numerous. This society is under the patronage of T. W. Booker, Esq., of Velindra, a gentleman at all times most ready to support and patronise in- dustry The square in front of the Three Elms Inn was en- closed' and under a spacious marquee were exhibited the vegetables, chiefly grown by the cottagers 111. the employ of Mr. Booker, and their abundance and luxuriance certainly created astonishment, even amongst some of the clever horti- culturists of Cardiff. Potatoes, of large growth, were there in profusion; green peas, kidney beans, cucumbers, (some two feet long), turnips, carrots, and last, though not least, came the Welsh leek of enormous size. A beautiful assortment of flowers were tastefully arranged in the large room, which was otherwise elegantly decorated at the top, composed of moss and flowers, was the imperial crown, with the letters V. R. on either side in the centre was a grand arch, and at the bottom the Prince of Whales' plumes and motto Ich dien." The plants exhaling their sweet perfume around were tastefully distributed through the room, and formed in their different hues a rich and rare scene. The nosegays showed that the hands that arranged them were not those of a novice. The judges went round and gave their opinion, which appeared unanimous amongst them, the Melia Griffith band playing :at intervals. The company was most numerous and respectable and seemed to enjoy the treat; all was going on comfortably, when in came that far- famed imitator of the feathered tribe and brute creation, Herr Von Joel, w ho astonished the assembly by his wonderful powers. The dinner was laid in the large room of the Three Elms Innj to which eighty sat down, it comprised substantial good things, and all the delicacies of the season peas, beans, cucumbers young potatoes, and at the dessert were some dishes of cherries. Mr. Thomas Haddock was called to the chair, Mr. William Haddock acted as vice chairman; Mr. Eli Evans and Mr. Davies did the honours of the other table. After the cloth was removed Mr. Haddock gave the usual loyal toasts. Success to the Melin Griffith Horticultural Society was received with great enthusiasm. The Chairman then proceeded to declare the following prizes as awarded by the judges :— AMATEURS AND COTTAGERs.-Vegetahles,-Cucumbers, W. Lewis, H. J. Davis; Peas, H. J. Davis; Potatoes, D. Evans, W. Lewis, John Evans Brocoli, T. White, G. Lewis; Cabbage, G. Lewis; Asparugus, II, J. Davis; Onions, T. Haddock, W. Lewis, John Evans; Leeks, D. Evans Turnips, D. Evans, II. J. Davis, W. Lewis Rhubarb, D. Evans, H. J. Davis Lettuce, G. Lewis, W. Levis, T. White; Salads, G. Lewis, H. J. Davis; Baskets of Vegetables, six sorts. W. Lewis, G, Lewis. GEXTLEMI:N'S GARDENERS, AMATEURS, AND COTTAGERS.— Flou;prs.- Geraniums, single specimen, W Lewis, D. Evans: Geraniums, six sorts, D. Evans, W. Davies Greenhouse Plants, T. White, T. White; Panseys, D. Evans, G. Lewis Wall Flowers, T. White, W. Haddock; Brompton Stocks, J. Daw- kins, Harris; Calceolarias, W. Davies, T. White Nosegay, D. Evans W. Haddock; Device, Harris; Basket of Cut Flowers, Harris' W. Davis; Cactus, T. White, W. Davis; Coxcombs, Harris, W. Davis. MARKET AND GENTLEMEN'S GARDENERS.—Peas, W. Davies, gardener to Mr. Beaumont, Llandaff; Cauliflower, G. Nill, gar- dener at Llandaff Court; Kidney Beans, Harris, gardener at Llandaff House; Cucumbers, W. Day-is, gardener to Mr. Beau- mont, Llandaff; Cabbage, Ditto, Ditto; Potatoes, John Old- field. gardener at Velindra; Rhubarb, J. Dawkins, gardener to W. Coffin, Esq.
RHYMNEY. A MAN DROWNED.—On Sunday, the 15th instant, the inhabitants of Rhymney Iron Works were greatly alarmed by hearing the report that a man named Rich. Barlow, a tailor by trade was drowned, while bathing in the office pond; and soon after the rumour became general, hundreds were seen hastening from every part of the neighbourhood to the pond, anxious to know the event, which unfortunately was fatal, to the regret of the neighbourhood. It appears that the fineness of the day enticed him to the water in the morning and after- noon, and according to the statement of those present, the ill- fated iran went in rather far, and not being a good swimmer, he sunk, after much struggling. A brother of Barlow, who was on the spot, instantly jumped in, with his clothes on, to render all the assistance he could, and having gone within reach of the drowning man, the latter grasped him, which nearly caused the death of both. Many persons instantly did all they could to rescue the poor fellow, but two hours elapsed before the body was taken up, and this was done in the presence of no less than 2,000 of the inhabitants. It is hoped that this fatal circumstance will have due effect in preventing persons running the risk of a similar untimely end, particularly on the Sabbath day. DREADFUL ACCIDENT.—^EEPTY lament having to record a distressing accident which took place on Wednesday se'nnight, at Rhymney Iron Works, m a balance Pit known as the Llanllesk pit. It is customary among the underground workmen, when going to their work in the morn- lngs, to descend these pits on the bucket, so as to save ten minutes' or a quarter of an hour's extra walk-and such was unfortunately the case on the present occasion. The bucket being filled by as many of the men as it could contain, was let down in the usual manner. Other workmen, on top, rather impatient to be let down, entered the other bucket, and before two of the men had left the one at the bottom, an over balance took place-the machinery started-the unfortunate men were confused with apprehension, and, in desperation, made attempts to escape. Wheu the bucket had ascended to a considerable height, they let themselves down before the landers were able to stop the machinery. Distressing to relate, one industrious man, named William Edmunds, was killed on the spot; the other, John Lewis, frightfully injured, lived until about eight o'clock the same night. The former has left a wife and child, and the latter a wife and two children, to lament the loss of affectionate husbands, by this dreadful event.
0. THURSDAY.—JUNE 19. Present—E. Dowling, Esq., (Mayor,) and J. S. Allfrey, Esq Cornelius Hale, the keeper of a beer-house, in Cross-street, in this borough, was charged by P.C. Haywardwith being dis- orderly in the streets, and assaulting him. P.C. Hayward sworn, stated: On Monday night, between eleven and twelve o'clock, I was on duty in Commercial-street, at the bottom of Hill-street. I saw the prisoner and four sailors come out of a gin-shop there. I went to them to persuade them to go on quietly, and, after a good deal to do, they went as far as Cross-street, and then the prisoner tucked up his shirt sleeves, flung off his hat, and said he was a Gloucester man, and would fight any one. He caught me by the collar, and struck me. I then got the assistance of Park, and we got him to the station-house. John Anthony Park stated that he was present and saw the whole of the transaction heard Hale say he owed the policeman a grudge this twelve months, and if he attempted to come near him, he would get him down, and then the sailors should pitch into him. Witness deposed to the assault, and that he was immediately charged to assist. Hale was severely lectured by the Bench,and fined 20s., with 9s. costs. George Bell, mariner, charged by Sergeant Huxtable with being stripped on Pill-road, ready to fight, and about thirty sailors around him, at half-past eleven o'clock in the night, was fined 5s. and costs.—Committed for fourteen days. It was stated the prisoner had entered the Navy. John Frederick was fined 5s. and costs, and committed for non-payment. This prisoner, who had just returned from Usk Gaol, was charged with being drunk, and kicking the doors of the inhabitants of Commercial-street, at one o'clock in the morning. John Wratts was fined 2s. 6d. and costs for furious riding. Superintendent Hopkins appeared against him, and stated that the defendants rode a horse over the bridge when a great number of people were present seeing the packet sail, at a fear- ful pace, and on being called after, did not stop, but proceeded on, still urging the horse, up High-street. It appeared that he had been cautioned before for taking horses to water, without a bridle. OBSTRUCTION OF THE PUBLIC HIGHWAT. Thomas Gaters, foreman at Mr. Davies's tanyard, on the Marshes-road, appeared to answer a charge preferred against him, for obstruction, by allowing a large qhantity of bark to lie half-wav across the carriage-road leading into town. Thomas Prothero, Esq., appeared to support the information upon public grounds and deposed that on Tuesday last, about three loads of bark had been left on the road, extending so far towards the centre of the same, that it was with great difficulty he could get his carriage to pass. Mr. Davies, who was in Court, stated that the fault was not so much attributable to his man as to the persons bringing the bark, who, instead of waiting to have it thrown over the wall, discharged their loads by the road-side. He was, however, told by the Bench that it was his duty to prevent such a dangerous nuisance, and that the person whom he employed in superintending the getting in the bark, must be ne"lect6d endangerinS the safety of passengers by such gross Mr. Prothero, added that he had no wish to press the charge against the deiendant, whom he believed to be a steady and in- dustrious man. J Gaters, after being cautioned by the Bench, was ordered to pay 2s. 6d. to the Newport Dispensary, and the costs. +
TOWN HALL, ABERGA VENNY.-JuNE 11, 1845. Present—T. H. Williams, Esq., Rev. W. Powell, and Rev George Gabb. Thomas Caddick, agent for the Cwm Celyn and Blaina Iron Company, preferred a complaint against George Gale, Joseph Howells, Edward Jones, Daniel Worthington, John Harris, James Jones, John Price, and John Morgan, for leaving their work last week without giving due notice. Gale was the first called to answer the charge. Mr. Secretan appeared for Caddick, and Mr. Owen for the defendants, when the case was very fully sifted, and he (Gale) was convicted upon the clearest evidence, and was sent to the House of Correction at Usk for hard labour for one month. Mr. Secretan assured the bench that it was exceedingly pain- ful tor Levick, the manager of the works, to bring the charge against his men but added that he (Mr. S.) from the state in which the mining district was at this moment, felt bound to state to the bench, & to express in the strongest terms their sense of the unlawful conduct of Gale. The venerable vicar, who has for so many years proved himself to be the workman's true friend, in the most impressive manner pointed out to him the folly of acting illegally, and insisted in the strongest terms that for the well-being of society, including men as well as masters, that the law must be obeyed. The poor fellow at once saw that he had done wrong, and earnestly pleaded for mitigation of punishment. Mr. Levick did not feel disposed to press the charge against the others if they expressed contrition for their conduct which after some short consultation with their legal adviser, they did' when the chairman very feelingly pointed out to them the leniency with which they were treated by their employers. The men seemed to appreciate the kindness evinced towards them, and expressed their sorrow for what had passed.
WEDNESDAY.—JUNE 18. Present — The same Magistrates. Mr. W. Morgan, brewer and maltster, of Abergavenny, was charged by the Board of Excise with attempting to evade the duty upon a quantity of malt. Mr. E. L. Powell appeared for the prosecution, and Mr. W. F. Batt, for the defence. Mr. Powell stated that the offence consisted in having the couch-frame so formed as to contain a greater quantity of coin than appears to the guager. To explain the matter more clearly to the Bench, a model of the frame was produced. Mr. Powell read a clause in the Act stating that the three sides of the frame were to be made immovable, while the fourth was left open, but in Mr. Morgan's frame, of which that produced was a model, one of the sides was so formed, that by pressure it would give, and instead of being a straight line, formed a curve, that would allow of a greater amount of malt being pressed into it, than if it were straight and immovable, as it should be. John Hoddel sworn, stated that he was an officer of Excise. On the 6th of February last he surveyed Mr. Morgan's malt- house twice, during the morning alone, and again in the after- noon, in companv with Mr. Knaggs, the surveyor-general, and another officer that soon after they went in Mr. Knaggs dis- covered a curve in the couch-frame, which he (witness) had no- ticed in the morning; the board had given six-tenths of an inch in the centre. Witness stated that he was a young officer, and had only surveyed malt once or twice before; could not say how much more grain it could contain on account of the curve than otherwise. Mr. Hoddel gave his evidence hesitatingly, and seemed to understand so little about it, and the Magistrates not thinking the evidence sufficient to support the charge, they objected to hear the other two officers' evidence, because it would occupy so much time to no purpose, and dismissed the case. Mr. Batt said that he would rather the case were gone into than dismissed, for he was sure the charge could not be proved. The officers of Excise gave notice of appeal from the decision of the Bench at the first Quarter Sessions after twenty days following the present. John Collard was charged, by J. Blewett, with using abusive language to him on Friday, June 6, as he was going through the turnpike-gate, at night. It appeared from the evidence of William Watkins that the complainant used bad language to Collard's sister, and strnnt him first.—Case dismissed. UCK Thomas Herbert, Thomas Marooney, James Williams and J. Finnigan,were charged by P.C.;Cusack,with being disorderly in the street at night. The two former only appeared to an swer the charge and were dismissed on promise of reform and paying costs. Joseph Bowen was charged, by J. Taylor, with robbing his house of some bacon and eggs, on Saturday morning last at four o'clock. Dismissed for want of sufficient evidence. »
USK TOWN-HALL.—JUNE 12. Present-Rev. J. B. Davies, and Thomas Reece, Esq. William Davies, toll-collector, Langwm, charged Nicholas Nicholas, and Edward Nicholas, of the parish of Matherne, with passing through Langwm turnpike-gate, and refusing to pay toll for two horses.] The prosecutor applied to the magistrates to be allowed to settle the case out of Court, which was not complied with as such cases were frequently occurring. The prosecutor ulti- mately refused to bring the case forward, and was ordered to pay the sum of 16s. costs, which was handed over. A short time since a boy was summoned by Mr. Symes the renter of Usk tolls, on a similar charge, which the magistrates allowed to be settled between the parties but having after- wards understood that a sum of money had been extorted from the defendant, Mr Symes was summoned to answer to the charge, and ordered to pay part of the expenses, and to re- fund a portion of the money, the magistrates being determined to put a stop to the practice of obtaining money by such means. George Lucas charged William Jones, of Trostrey, for at- tempting to spear a salmon on Sunday, the 1st of June, in the river L sk, the property of the Lessees of the said river. The prosecutor clearly proved the case, which was acknow- ledged by the defendant. Convicted in the mitigated penalty of 40s., and 10s. 6d. costs, or be imprisoned one month with hard labour. Mary Thomas, of the parish of Panteague, charged Wil- liam Powell, for refusing to pay the sum of £ 5 16s. wages due for one year's service. Ordered to pay.
CARDIFF POLICE —MONDAY, JUNE 16. Present—Henry Morgan, Esq and the Rev. Thomas Stacey. David Rowland, tailor, Merthyr, was fined £4 15s. and 5s. costs, for ill-treating his wife, and in default of payment two months' imprisonment. There were no other cases of interest
THURSDA Y.-JUNE 19. Present—Henry Morgan, Esquire. John Harrington and David "Walters were chasged with emptying a privy, in Castle-street, during the day. Walters said they only took up a paving stone, when the nuisance rushed out upon them, It was not their intention to have opened it. Case adjourned.. Miss Stockwood charged William Miles with throwing a stone at her on Sunday list, and cutting her head. She stated that he and other boys were in the habit of insulting her and her sister when out. The Magistrates said they would not allow such proceedings, and discharged the boy, under promise that his parents would punish him.
Necessity or Free Wit) has in former times agit3ted the public mind more than in the present day. Boerhave says, "It has been either by chance or necessity that all the great discoveries In Medicine have been made but still he has left the question of Necessity versus Free Will undecided. And although Blair's Gout and Rheumatic Pills are manifestly one of the greatest discoveries with which the world has been blessed, it certainly has not brought us nearer to the decision of this important question, Holloviay's Pills and Ointment. A. solemn decleration was made the 23rd day of May,> at the Mansion-house, before the Lord Mayor, Sir John Ptrie Richard Cloake, stoker, in the employ at the office of the Morning Advertiser, daily news- paper, declares that for a coasiderable time he was afflicted with ulcerated wounds on his ankles, which frequently incapa- citated him from attending to his duties in csnseqaence he was admitted an out-door patient at the following institutions :—s- Bartholomew's and KiHg s College Hospital an<t lastly at the Dispensary in Chancery-lane, but without obtaining relief; he also declares that he then used Hollo way's PiUs and Ointment, which radically cured him after every other means had failed.
lo the Editor of l'ie Mouinoutlisbirs .1il'iltrt. SIR.—I am one of the p.-n-ons H-o was .-barged and con- victed before the Uev. David .1 ,n, N oa TueMlay. the 10th instant, on the oath ot !'iioni.t> D.u ie. with having taken two pigeons, the property of tlie sa:d Thomas Da\ies, a report, of which appeared in tne „f Saturday la,t. As 1 have nothing but my character to depend upon, I trust you will allow me to lay beloie your readers tlie full particulars of this case, in ordei that I may relieve it from the aspersions which maL j"™18! A P'geoi> match was to tike place on Monday, the 9th instant, and 1, and another young man, named Waters, bought, for the purposes of the match, ten .pigeons of Mr. Wilkuis, and four o! Mr. Thomas. We had taken the pigeons to the ground, and the match was about to commence when Mr. Hodder, a police-ofticer, and Davies came up, searched our basket, and took out two of the pigeons, which Davies said were his upon which we were immediately handcuffed taken to the station-house, and confined there all night, bail having been refused for our appearance the next St be,"S aP.Prehen^dI toldtlie police-man that I had bought ten of the pigeons from Wilkin*, four of Thomas, and had one of my own, there being at the time they searched fifteen in the basket. On the following mornino- we were taken before tha Rev. David Jones whence eom^pTainant swor^ that the pigeon then produced, was his that he knew it by its colour, and by a mark in the wings which had been cut nine months since. We, in our defence, called Mr Wilkins to examine the pigeons, who proved that he had sotd me a pi- geon exactly similar to the one then produced but he would not undertake to swear to it. as he did not believe any indivi- dual could positively swear to a pigeon, yet he felt assured in his own mind that was the pigeon he bad sold to us. Not- withstanding Mr. Wilkins't\ testimony, we were convicted in the penalty of twenty shillings each, the magistrate stating that the case was fully proved against us. But though we could not prove our innocence to the satisfaction of the rev. magistrate, the pigeon has done for us what we could not do for ourselves, for on the next morning the very identical pigeon which Davis had so positively sworn to, returned to Mr. Wil- *1''S (the person from whom we purchased them) and Mr. VV ukins is now prepared to swear that the pigeon which returned to his house is the same that he sold to us, and which Davies swore to by a mark made on the wings nine months since. Such. sir. are the plain facts of the case, and I take the liberty of laying them before the public in the MERLIN. We have been unjustly handcuffed on a public ground, locked up in a common prison, for a whole night, and brought down handcuffed through the public streets the next morning, for an offence, which, it is clear, was not fully proved against us," and of which we are entirely innocent, as it is not Jikely that Mr. Davies's pigeon would have fled back to Me, Wilkins's house. Hoping, sir, you will allow the above a place in your co- lumns, as a means, at least, of substantiating our moral cha- racter and honesty. I remain, sir, your's respectfully WM. THOMAS. Trosnant, Pontypool, June 19th, 1845.
To the Editor of the Monmouthshire Merlin. SIR,—Being a constant reader of your valuable paper I re- gretted very much to observe a paragraph in your last week's journal respecting the Monmouth Lodge of Druids. The at- tempt there made to bring that respectable body into ridicule and contempt has entirely failed. Your correspondent, who is well known, seemed very anxious to induce the public to believe that the Druids had excited ridicule by appearing in the primitive costume of their order. Had he attended Di- vine service on that day the respected vicar who preached the sermon would have given him to understand the meaning oi the costume of the order in which they appeared. Or, had he sent to you for publication what I have been given to un- derstand was committed to his care, instead of writing his own personal feelings on the subject, he would have been generally commended in the town, and would not have called forth an almost universal feeling of disgust against himself. I should not have troubled you with this had I not heard some very severe comments on the paragraph, and did I not think it would injure the circulation of your paper, and J trust you will therefore devote a small space to the above. I am, sir, your constant reader, and a well-wisher to every secret order founded on good. loyal, and philanthropic prin- ciples. SINCERITY. Monmouth, June 3rd, 1845.
SPORTING. ASCOT RACES.—THURSDAY. Her Majesty's Plate of 100 guineas; three yrs, 7st 21b tour yrs, 9st 21b; five yrs, lOst; six yrs and aged, lOst 5lb. New mile. Once round and a distance. Minotaur i Dead heat for 2nd between Pomare and ch f by Sir Hercules. The New Stakes for 100 sovs. each, with 100 added for two yrs old colts, 8st 71b; and fillies, 8st Jib winners 51b extra. T.B.C. Jubilee colt I StilII' 2 Thirty-two ran. Won by a head. The St. James's Palace Stakes of 100 sovs. each. Old mile. Idas r ] Lyons. 2 THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA'S CUP Of 500 sovs. added to a Sweepstakes of 20 sovs each for three yrs old, 6st 101b four, 8st 51b five, 9st; six and aged, 9st 31b mares and geldings allowed 31b. About two miles and a half. Emperor 1 Foig-a-ballagh 2 Alice H awthom 3 Cowl. 4 No others started. FRIDAY. The races on this day attracted a small company, chiefly of the sporting classes, and was as good as it was plentiful. The weather, saving a smart but most acceptable shower just be. C'rift racf» was fine, but overpoweringly close and sul- TL.p, lacing commenced at half-past one, with nhlc .CS o Stakes of 100 sovs. each, 60 ft, for three-vr- quartere. 6 subl'6 fill'e8' 8st 21b' Mile and th^ee fe°rrREwe»r,?,^ood Pigeon 1 t ^"Ikeley's Cineielli 2 Lord chesterfield's Triumvir I T^Ukes of fiv^o^beachPfateu°f 50 sovs' added t0 a Sweep- fit 8st foTbTr and5 31bs; twice, 61bs extra. wi TTT JfS* One mile—131bs. he W,nner t0 be sold for Mr. A. W. Hill's Beaumont ) Mr. Mostyn's t'. by Gloucester. « Colonel Peel's f. by Slane ..I!* ••••• Mr. King's The Artful Dodger a Mr. Treen's Wild Roe |* Lord Exeter's Lyons ] Lord Chesterfield's Triumvir » Colonel Peel's Physalis ] Mr. May's My Mary Ann 9 The Wokingham Stakes of 5 sovs. each, for three-yr-olds and upwards, handicap, divided into three quarters of a mil* First class. 17 subs. ,c' Lord G. Bentinck's Discori I Lord Exeter's Wee Pet 2 Baron Rothschild's colt 3 Lord Chesterfield's Stitch ![ 4 The Wokingham Stakes. Second class. Heats. Mr. Howe's ch c by Ratcatcher 0 1 Lord Exeter's Jet 0 2 Deciding heat-2 to 1 on Turquoise colt, which won easily by a length. The Wokingbam Stakes. Third class. 12 subs. Lord Stradbroke s Evenus 1 Mr. Howe's Khorasan 2 Mr. Ramsbottom'8 Brush 3 The Brigade Stakes of 10 sovs. each* No race Sweepstakes of300 sovs each, 100 ft. Twice round. 3 subs. Mr. Coombe's Keeley walked over.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. FRANCE. The C»nstitutionnel contains the following light reading re- specting Don Carlos :— s e It is a curious and positive fact that want ofmonev is Der- haps, the 1most for which Don Clarlos has lately renounced the throne of Spam. Don Carlos had long lived at Bourges, in a state bordering on embarrassment; the liberality of the Government was merely confined to supplying him with a re^dence and for some months past it was provided in the buildings belonging to the palace of the ArchbishoD of Bourses ne .i'a.! ou of ■tteP««.>de, »» b.comf„gt3rl^TC t0 pr°P°se arrangement with the Spanish Government^ His attempt does not appear to have been very successful. When the prince shall have received his ^Tpr^J StT Rom deJiver*d ^m, Don Carlos will Dlace in the Lower Aln« v' 1t0 ^reoulx, a little watering flace iu the lower Alps, where the physicians have advised the davs ao-itatprl .v • question has been for some Sedtotltl\ r,the Prmce of the Asturias shall be per- will not onrmt. ^1S rations. It appears that the Government act of departure. The transmission of Don Carlos's with rntV, °n ^abinets of Europe has been attended driivlr!^? circumstances. The Marquis de Villafranca p • ,° the King of the French, on the pait of the Spanish ei a letter containing the act of abdication, and an appli- cation for passports. The letter was addressed, Au Roi dts, uincais Monsietir vipn Cousin. Nothing prevented its being opened, and it was so. But the address of the letter sent by Don Carlos to the Queen of England was, a la Heine d' Angle- te"e, Alatame ma Sirur. Lord Cowley would not receive it, and the Marquis of Villafranca was compelled to renounce forward- ing it to Queen Victoria, through the medium of her ambassador at Paris. The letters for the It mg of Prussia and Emperor of Austria were also addressed MonsUur mon Frere. The ambas- sadors of those two powers kept the letters, but, before they sent them ou, they demanded instructions on the subject at Vienna and Berlin. The question of the Queen of Spain's marriage has made no progress whatever, in consequence of the recent events. 1 he French Cabmet is more ardent than ever in favour of its candidate, the Count de Trapani." JV^nal18^6s, th,at the carpenters of Paris, to the num- ber of 3,000 or 4,000, had struck for an advance of wages. They demand an increase from four francs a day to five francs, and urge that, taking the year round, the pay of an able-bodied man did not average three francs, while all the necessaries of life r were rising in price. No business was done in the funds at Tortoni's on Sunday.
TURKEY AND GREECE. We have intelligence from Constantinople to the 27th ult., and also from Athens to the 30th. After several conferences respecting the disturbed state of Syria, the Divan, with the con- currence of the Foreign Ambassadors, had dispatched fresh instructions for the Turkish authorities in that quarter, with a view to put an end to the collision between the Druses and the Maromtes. The intelligence from Athens is not satisfactorv- The Minister of Finance had laid before the Chamber the annual estimates, which showed that the receipts exceeded the expen- diture, but W these estimates no allusion whatever was made to the payment of the interest on the Foreign loan. Street brawls and attempts at assassination had become frequent at Athens. Colonel Stratos, the commander of the frontier troops of western Greece, had been wounded in a nocturnal attack, which he attri- butes to General Grivas, Inspector-General of the Army The friends of the parties give very different versions of the affair. A Military Commission had been appointed to institute an inquiry, with the assistance of the public prosecutor. The King ana Quwett were on a tout in the Peloponnesus.