i 1- »■lw 'ILAJJWH II tf U « ■■■ll.-ll. ur !■Notices to Correspondents. ( In pursuance of a rule to be inflexibly observed, we cannot 1 insert the lottei of' Inquirer," without his name and a j proper authentication. Personal character ought to be a J "acred thing. A report of the anti-church rate meeting at Pontypool, shall j appear in our next. Sincerity" and A Druid" shall appear in our next number. -l"
P HIGH WATER \T NEWPORT. HLGLJ W A I KIT UEPTH AT DAYS* — MORN. EVEV. DOCK GATE JUNE. H. M. H. Ni FT. IN. H. Sunday 8 19 8 30 27 10 S>. Monday 8 52 9 5 27 0 10, Tuesday 9 29 9 41 26 1 ) I, Wednesday 10 2 10 111 25 2 t 12. Thursday to 41 10 58 24 o W 1' rid iy II 25 11 30 23 8 14,.Saturday II 58 0 32 I 23 4 1__«—.
WEEKLY CALENDAR. June .Third Sunday after Trinity. Lessons for the Morning Service, 1 Samuel 2, Mark 9. Evening Service, 1 Samuel 3, 2 Corinthians 6. 12. Trinity Term ends. MOON'S AGE.- First Quarter, June 13th, 43m. after 3 morn.
THE REGIUM DONUM. This payment is so little understood, and such confused notions are entertained with respect to it, that a few words of explanation may be useful; and particularly as it has been so often mentioned in the Maynooth Bill discussions, and will yet be brought in question in the debates in various places, upon the voluntary principle, which are obviously destined to be more frequent than heretofore. In the first place, it is necessary to observe that the grant made under this name in Ireland is quite distinct in its origin, as well as widely different in its amount, from that made in England. Indeed, the term is often used in Parliament, with exclu- sive reference to the former. During the Protectorate, a number of Presby- terians were in possession of Tithes in Ireland. At the restoration of Charles II, they were de- prived of these Tithes by the Legislature. It was, however, therefore, politic to give them some compensation and it was deemed judicious to grant this, npt as a permanent right, but as a matter of favour, and paid out of the King's property; and hence its name, "Royal Gift." When the hereditary revenues of the crown were surrendered to the public service, and the Civil List" granted instead, this payment became chargeable upon the consolidated fund, and is every year rated with the supplies. It is granted to Presbyterian Ministers, on application from householders attending their ministry, and is pro- portioned in amount to their congregations. Its present amount is nearly 935,000. The English Regium Donum was originally a grant from the privy purse of the Sovereign, to refugee Protestant Ministers, banished from Catholic countries in consequence of their religion. As persecution on the Continent diminished, of course the necessity for such a provision decreased also. But, in the reign of George II, when the Stuarts were endeavouring to regain the throne of their ancestors, and when Protestantism and loyalty to the reigning Monarch were represented as synonimous, the Protestant Dissenters, then comparatively few in number, warmly supported the King, and he, in return, directed the sum of 91,600. to be paid annually to poor Ministers of what are called the Three Denominations," viz., the Presbyterians, Independents, and Baptists. The principal dissenting bodies have long pro- tested against this grant, as inconsistent with the voluntary principle; and it has been proposed to pension off the present recipients but it would be difficult so long as Government offered it, to prevent new claimants from arising. +
LOCAL COURTS. The desirableness of Local Courts, the institution of which has been long advocated by reflecting men, lJut impeded from factious or interested motives, is receiving fresh illustration from the pressure of busi- ness in the existing law courts, which is said to be so great that the present number of judges cannot get through it. In this, as in many other cases, the application of common sense would remove much that is difficult. The appointment of new judges which has been sug- gested will not answer the end, while it will increase the patronage of the executive-always an evil— and augment the expenses of the State. It will be a mere temporary palliative, like the increase of Judges in 1830, from twelve to fifteen One great source of the evils now experienced by parties con- cerned, is in the absurd regulation, that all actions of any amount must be commenced in one of the Courts at Westminster, and carried on in some way or other, and at vast expense, under its control. No doubt, legal gentlemen, interested in that expense which is so detrimental- to the public, can find special pleas In the support of this system but it is palpably ab- surd it is ore of those time-tolerated tresspasses upon common sense,at which the improved knowledge of the country will, at a more advanced period of intellectual culture, look back with astonishment, Pitying the stultified submission to pecuniary loss, by their good easy ancestors. A has a difference with B involving litigation, and, in order that right may be done between the contending parties, agents in murky inns of court must be expensively consulted, and a train of charges, the enumeration of which would swell these few observations to an extent far beyond the limit even of the longest leading article of the Times, up to the period when a jury of Cocknies, after over- looking a sparring match between some Sergeant Busfus and Counsellor Swettesworth, is called upon to decide upon the true merits of the case between the plaintiff and defendant, residing at the parish of Mynvddyslwyn, or at the land's end What :he country requires is, that local courts should be held, either with permanent judges, or even on the circuit system but these courts should be possessed of complete jurisdiction, subject of course to appeal; and many of the expensive regulations now in force-operating frequently as a barrier to justice-ought to be entirely abolished. Without going into detail beyond our province, we may safely affirm, that for an action involving, say £25., or from that to £ 50., to cost from £50. to £ 150., is, on the face of it, contrary to justice and reason. There has been much talk about law reform during the last few years but little has been done, compared with what remains to be effected. -+-
LORD RADNOR'S POST OFFICE BILL. The first impulse of every generous and honest heart, with regard to any such system as that of opening letters passing through the post-office, by Government officials, is one of unqualified disap- probation. As to all the arguments about the possi- bility of danger from its disuse, and the benefit, under some circumstances derivable from it, they are equally applicable to the pass-port system, to Lettres de cachet, or to any other of the odious plans of continental despotism, from which, in this country, we are happily free. The common-sense principle upon which almost all parties would oppose the resumption of such practices is, that the good which may sometimes result is too small and infre- quent to justify the positive evil, the constant annoyance, and the danger to the liberties of the people, which such a system would involve. The same principle is applicable to the question in dispute. The strongest argument we have seen in favour of the modified retention of the degrading practice was the following, founded on analogy, which was put during the discussion on Mr. Duncombe s motions, by some "liberal" member _A man's person may be seized, and often necessarily, on suspicion why, then, should his correspondence be exempt from a similar liability ? There is a good deal ot force in this argument. But, in our opinion, the executive ought not to have, and cannot safely have, the summary power to do either one or the other of these acts. If the power of Retaining letters be retained at all, the authority for such detension, and that for the arresting any individual, at the instance of Government, ought, ie think, to issue from a judge, acting under some well-defined Act of Parl1^' jnent, and a full report Qf t,)e proceedings ought to be presented to the Legislature, within a short d egls a ure, 'W period. 6 Lord Radnor's Bill was objected to by some Peers on hIS own ude of the houle, as well as by the Government, on the ground that while it did not go to the abolition of the practice, it contained incon- sistent provisions. The second reading was rejected bv 55 to 9. Some alteration, however, appears to be inevitable, as the Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench declared in his place in Parliament during the debate, that the practice is not legal. The Statute of Anne which has been relied upon, is a restraining one, and its chief force, therefore, is in its recognition of the previously existing practice, which is traced up to Cromwell, no very good source certainly for the assertors of any question of Con- stitutional Law. The penny-postage act only indemnifies clerks opening letters under the Secretary of State's warrant. Lord Denman said He trusted that no one in the House would suppose that the Crown had the alleged right;" and, again, It was not known in Black- stone it was not known to his brother, Mr. Justice Coleridge." Lord Campbell also expressed his opinion that the practice was illegal; and though the Lord Chancellor, and his ready supporter, Lord Brougham, gave a contrary opinion, it is manifest that the law must be defined. We are gratified by Lord Deuman's condemnation of the most odious exercise of that power—that put forth on behalf of foreign kingdoms. He considered any interference for foreign powers, in questions of this kind, highly objectionable. It was said that this interference was necessary for the preservation of the peace of Europe, but he did not think the interference would preserve peace, on the contrary, it might lead to war; for it they were to interfere with the private correspondence atfthe instance of Rome, or the King of Naples, how could they refuse it to the King of the French, or the Emperor of Russia ?" We feel confident that the present system will not long survive. -+--
OUR TRADE WITH CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES. The apprehensions we alluded to lately, with respect to the effect of recent American legislation upon Canada, are confirmed by the viewst taken amongst the mercantile body at Liverpool, connected with the trade to our American Colony. The United States Congress has granted to its merchants a drawback of the import duty (except 21 per cent.) upon all manufactures, groceries, &c., imported into the United States, which shall be re- exported thence to Canada. The natural tendency of this measure will, of course, be. to extend immensely the trade of the union with Canada, and that, in many instances, to the disadvantage of British commerce, while the New York forwarding bill will greatly increase the un- favourable effect upon the Colonial shippmg and carrying interests. Now, there is nothing in these measures of which we have any right to complain they are, in fact, the wise and prudent regulations of a foreign power, for the good of itsKown people. That people will now be able to compete with us to an extent which they could not before. The question is, in what way the consequent loss can be made up? and to the Liver- pool merchants we might naturally have looked for some wise and suitable answer. But what is their reply ? It is enough to make one blush to state that these gentlemen know of no better measure than to lay heavy duties in Canada upon goods from the United States, and that they have actually memo- rialised 'her Majesty's Ministers, to take steps for carrying into effect this notable plan That is, because the colonists are about to sustain a heavy loss, they are therefore to undergo an additional loss in the shape of an extra price for American goods, or an inevitable rise in other goods, if those from the States should be excluded; Such are the follies to which the protection principle leads minds, not otherwise deficient in sense. May we not say, in the words of a living writer, Feel every man for a tail" who countenances such absurdities ? As to frightening the Americans out of their good measures by such retaliation, it is about as feasible as the attempts of our ultra-protectionists to intimidate Sir Robert Peel into a repeal of his fiscal measures. The thing must be met in just the opposite way. First the Colonial Legislature must remove such impediments to their trade as it lies within their power to take away and then the Imperial Govern- ment should, as we have suggested, open up, by a diminution of the burdens on the import of Cana- dian produce, an increased trade with this country. We shall resume the subject next week.
THE CUKREN CX_, "? Lord John Russell, in the debate upon his nine resolutions, justly asserted the necessity of improving the physical condition of the people, before much could be done in the way of general education and amidst the various measures which had greatly affected that condition, his Lordship instanced the Bank Restriction Act of 1797, and alluded to Peel's Act of 1819, as a return, though late, to the right system, adding, that little could now be done in this department to repair the mischiefs which had been entailed upon the poorer classes. Without going into the subject at large, we cannot but express our belief, that a great deal might be done to improve the condition of the producing classes by one simple measure, and that of a negative kind, viz., the repeal of the law which fixes the price of gold.
SCENE IN THE HOUSE OF LORDS ON MONDAY EVENING. It would appear from the following account of winged words, which flew from bench to bench, as the Iron Duke with much fervor and intrepid bearing, moved the second reading of the Maynooth Bill, that he may expect some hard fighting, before he accom- plishes, a great political victory. Non sine pulvere laurus." T/ e Duke of Nfwcastle-My lords, I rise to order. -I beg to apologise to the noble duke and the house, for attempting to interrupt him, but preliminary to this discussion I would put this question to the noble duke—whether he has the Queen's permission to make this proposition to the house? (Cries of Order, order.) "Lord Brougham.—This is not speaking to order. (Hear, hear.) This is the most disorderly thing I ever witnessed in my experience of Parliament. The noble duke has not been speaking to order. This ought to have been after the speech of the noble duke (Wellington) (Hear, hear.) "The Duke of Newcastle again rose, amidst loud cries of 'Order,' and said, I wish to put the question, as it affects the Act of Succession, as it affects individuals, and as it affects the nation. (Order, order.) "Lnrcl Brougham.—I never will sit here and allow any man to say that we have not a right to enter on,to continue,and to close any discussion without the leave of the Crown. The leave of the Crown is required only in one case, but it may be given at any period of the discussion of the measure, and that is when such measure affects the revenues or the patrimonial interests of the Crown. The puke of Newcastle having felt it his duty to make the interruption, must say he thought the present was a most im- proper discussion."
SECOND READING OF THE MAY- NOOTH BILL. The Lords met at five, and after mutual explana- tions between the Bishop of Cashel and the Marquess of Normanby on the subject of the clause of the Right Rev. Prelate, to which the noble Marquess had alluded on a former evening, the order of the day, for the second reading of the Maynooth Bill, was read. Their Lordships were addressed by the Earl of Clancarty, the Duke of Cleveland, Earl Spencer, the Bishop of Norwich, the Earl of Mornington, Lord Colchester, Lord Monteagle, the Bishop of St. David's, the Earl of Charleville, and Lord Stanley, after which their Lordships divided, when there appeared for the amendment, 59, against it, 155 majority against the amendment, 96. Their Lordships then divided on the original motion, which was carried by a majority of 157, larger than when it was affirmed in the Commons.
LOCAL INTELLIGENCE. NEWPORT CATTLE MARKET.—WEDNESDAY JUNE 4. Price per lb. to sink the offal. T, s. d. s. d. Beasts 0 6 to 0 6| Sheep (m the wool) 0 0 0 7i Ditto (out; 0 0 0 6 Lambs •••»*• A CL A 7 Calves J 5J" J I Pigs (per score) 7 6 8 0 stock'6 excentintr'hpT'e'V^aus Weli suPP!ied with all kinds of The onh*fatKJ' Wh-ch Sti11 kcePs remarkably scarce. rate nuililv mit■i ? Murphy. 1 heso being of first- a fair Quantity of himin s*leeP an(^ lambs there was pies were sdd oTn^0^ u As usua1' a ^t number of K not one^was £ £ 1^7& of which met customers at fair prices S°me We are given to understand that the "RPV Hpnrv Griffiths, President|and Theological Tutor f hTi' a I College, Brecon, will preach, next Lord' 6 I"dePend.ent and evening, at the English Baptist Chapel to™™* SIGNOR E»OAVALLINI's GRAND CONCERT.— On Wednesday evening last this singularly gifted artist., whose farce as the prince of clarionet players, had travelled before him, made his bow to a Newport audience, and the anticipations, however great, that might have been entertained of his extra- ordinary powers, were more thad ratified; we regret, however, to say that though rich the musical treat provided on this occa- sion, for his audience It proved, alas! no benefit to him," as the large room of the Towu-hall was but thinly attended. A few of the leading families of the neighbourhood were present, who appeared properly to appreciate the most truly classical and brilliant concert ever given in this town, and whose only regret was, that the signor and his little lot of stars" were not patronised more in accordance with their deserts. Mdlle. Bertucat, a young lady musically educated at Milan, possessing all the piquancy and animation of the southern clime, and of manners pleasing and unembarrassed, evinced talents and cul- tivation, versatile and refined, as a singer and a harpist. Such combined qualifications are rare indeed. In song' Mdlle. Ber- tucat's voice is full and flexible, and the cadenzas which she in- troduces, are executed in a clever and beautiful manner. As a performer on the harp, we have heard nothing to approach her since the visit of Bochsa, and in the pathos and tenderness of her tones, she far excels that master. The aria from Ernani, the duet from Puritani, with Signor Sanelli, and the aria in Lucia di Lammermoor well displayed her talents as a leading cantratrice, and the Fantasias Nel Roberto il Diavolo and La resta Villerecca, which drew forth peals of applause, were brilliant proofs of her high cultivation of the harp. Signor Sarelii presided at the piano, with great taste and ability, and vni r several arias, but his forte is more at the instrument than us a singer. Signor E. Cavallini repeatedly played on the clarionet, producing feelings of astoninishment and delight on the part of his audience, who applauded him to the echo his Fantasia from Don Pasqualle, and the selections from Son- nambula and e Canto Greco, were master pieces of performance. The band of the 75th regiment, under its leader, Sig. Cavallini, gave their effective aid on the occasion, and the colonel and officers patronized the concert Signor E. Cavallini gives his concert this evening (Friday) at Cardiff, and we understand that some leading families in the neighbourhood of Newport •ire makinu- kind efforts to effect more cheering results to the Signor for°aiH)ther concert, at our Town-hall, which may pro- bably take place on Monday evening next.
NEWPORT AND PONTYPOOL RAILWAY. The committee assembled on Thursday, at twelve o'clock, and soon afterwards proceeded to business, Mr. Beckett in the chair. Mr. T. Marsh, engineer to the Monmouthshire Canal Com- pany, was called, and examined on behalf of the promoters of the bill. He stated that he had carefully surveyed the line, and it was intended to commence at a point in the town of Nevvport —it would then advance in a northern direction, and terminate at a place called Poutyiaoile; from here was a branch travelling north to Pontypool, called the Pontypool branch, and which was two miles long. Throughout the entire length of the line, which is twelve miles long, coals and mineral-fields abound in very considerable quantities. Another branch was intended to be made, called the Newport branch, the object of which was to convey the minerals to the port for exportation. The terminus was most conveniently situated for the accommodation of the town of Newport.^There was a short tunnel on the line, of about llO yards in length, which was necessary to be made, in order to avoid the inconvenience of crossing a turnpike road on the level. The severest gradient on the line was 1 to 80. The strata through which the tunnel would be worked is very favourable, consisting, for the most part, of red sand-stone and marl, the average was £ 10,000. per mile. The total expense of the land necessary for the works was estimated at £ 8,600., the cost of the earth-word would be £28,274. He considered £12,000. as a sufficient estimate for the entire works. The working expenses had been calculated at the usual rate of 40 per cent. on the gross revenue. The conclusion of this evidence terminated the case for the promoters of the Bill. No opposition to the general interests of the line was offered, and The Chairman said that the committee were of opinion that the preamble of the Bill had been proved. The proofs were then put in bv the Parliamentaty agent, and the clauses were about to be proceeded with. when ■A.rThomas Phillips suggested that the opposed clauses should be postponed, and the unopposed clauses be proceeded with, in order not to occupy the time of the Committee longer than was necessary. The clauses for tolls were opposed by Mr. Whateley, on behalf of the iron-masters in the districts through which the proposed railway would pass. It was endeavoured to show that the tolls demanded by the Company for the conveyance were too exorbi- tant. The clauses, however, were eventually passed, with a few slight alterations- The ChairmaQf Rt the conclusion of the examination of the witnesses, stated that the Committee had not vet sufficient evi- dence with regard to the charges on the Taff Vale Railway. It was lotiirated by Counsel that the further evidence should be forthcoming to-morrow, and the Committee adjourned.
MONMOUTH. The Monmouth Monthly Market was held on Wednesday last. No fat beasts were offered for sale; cows and calves went off very slowly fat sheep were sold from 6d. to 6!d, lambs 6d. per lb. The prices were lower than they were on the preceding market day. The Chemists of Monmouth and other towns in this county have petitioned Parliament against a clause in the Amended Medical Bill of Sir James Graham, which wouid deprive them of the power of recommending remedies for the most tnfiino eases, and even renders them liable to fine for suggesting the proper dose of medicines thpy retail. The Rev. Thomas Burgess Abbott has been ordained at Monmouth by the Right Rev. Doctor Brown, on which occasion his lordship delivered an affecting and very eloquent discourse.
ABERGAVENNY. For e'en in the tranquillest climes, Light breezes will ruffle the blossoms sometimes." THE COLD WATER CUKE.—On Sunday night last, in consequence of some unpleasantness having arisen be- tween Mary Williams, servant of Mr. James Ellis, baker, of Abergavenny, and her mistress, the father of the former was sent for to see if parental authority could effect an equitable ad justment, and that peace might exist as unruffled as before. Between eleven and twelve o'clock, however, it was discovered by the anxious father that the giri had vanished, leading her candle in the bakehouse. She was vainly sought for in the house, and it was then too late and too dark to continue their search. On the same night, however, or early on Monday morning, two men were passing by the canal, and heard some one groaning. They followed the direction of the sound, and found on the bank a lot of female attire, and discovered, struggling in the water, the aforesaid Mary Williams, who, to remove the cause of the ill feeling, had resolved on drowning herself as a peace-offering, She was extricated from her pe- rilous situation, and carried to an adjoining house, where she soon recjvered her wonted strength of body and mind, and declared she never would again try to make away with herself LLANOFER COURT.—Since the hand of death removed, in his youth, the heir of Llanofer, and deprived the aristocracy of Monmouthshire of one of its most promising flowers, this mansion has been in a state of gloom, and the shroud of sorrow with which that melancholy event enveloped the family, has caused feelings of regret amongst the trades- people and those of the humbler classes. But happily man is so formed, that the wound which the removal of even an only son occasions is healed by religious consolation and time which gradually and benignly assuages the poignancy of grief. We are glad to find that their soothing Ifiuences are beginning to be experienced by the respected family of Llanofer. 1 hose of the tradesmen of Abergavenny who usually serve Llanofer Court participated, with their wives and daughters, on Wed- nesday last, of their courtesy and hospitality. The party, numbering nearly thirty, was most cordially received by the Rev. John Evans, vicar 0f Llanofer and after partaking of wine and cake, which was laid out in the hall, the housekeeper conducted the visiters over the house. Amongst the paint ings, which were greatly admired, the portraits of Sir Benja- min and his lady attracted most attention. In the library is a beautiful marble bust of the former. A ramble through the I pleasure grounds was proposed and reaiiily acceded to by all. They are all laid out in the most tasteful style imaginable and in consequence of the late genial weather, nature appeared in her most cheering apparel. The fountain, throwing its wa- ter to a height of 10 or 12 feet. so very small are the drops ejected, that it has at a distance all the appearance of a cloud. After tea, the shrubberies of Mrs. Waddington were perambu- lated and an invitation to go over her house was politely con- veyed by the worthy vicai, and readily accepted. Here there are many beautiful family portraits. On the return to the Court, a profusion of refreshments covered the dininp-room table, and while the party were enjoying the good things, a train of female domestics entered the room, and presented each visiter with a bouquet of flowers. The visiters left about half-past eight, after having spent a very delightful day. The kindness of her ladyship is a subject in many a home. This visit reminds us of the days when a more social feeling existed between the higher and middle ranks of society than is gene- rally to be found in our times. If similar invitations were given by the former, they would be gratefully felt by the latter and we should hear less of bickering against, those whom pro- vidence has more highly favoured than others, and see less misery amongst our poorer neighbours.—A Correspondent. <+--
POLICE INTELLIGENCE. DIVISION OF NEWPORT.—SATURDAY, MAY 31. [At Messrs. Birch and Davis's Office.] Present—Rev. James Coles, Rev. H. Williams, and John Russell, Esq. Mr. William Graham, of Usk, inspector of weights and mea. sures appeared to prosecute informations against the under mentlOned parties for having in use light and unjust weight8 namely :—Sarah Young, of Machen, shopkeeper. Richard Forster, of Bassalleg, shopkeeper. Henry Charles, of Bassalleg, shopkeeper. John Jones, of Castletown, innkeeper and coal- dealer. The inspector seized half a dozen weights more or less defi- cient, from Mrs. Young, and none of them were stamped.— Fined 10s. and costs. Forster and Charles were each fined 10s. and costs for an ex- actly similar offence. Jones was fined 10s. and costs for using seven bricks in weighing coal, instead of a half hundred weight. The bricks were twelve ounces short of the quantity. I
TOWN-HALL, NEWPORT.—MONDAY, JUNE 2. Present—Edward Dowling, (mayor,) Thomas Hawkins, Thomas Hughes, and William Brewer, Esquires. Charles Charles, the master of a trow, called The Atlas," trading in the Channel, was placed before the court, char0-ed with obtaining a large quantity of sailors' apparel, to •'t jackets, waistcoats, trousers, shoes, shirts, &c., from the KpVvant girl at the Ship Inn, Pillgwenlly, by pretending that rr hard Rennels, the owner of the goods, had sent him for hie with intent to cheat and defraud the said Rd. Rennels. t ï: H. J. Davis conducted the case for the prosecution. bard Rennels, being sworn, said I am a sailor, and came to Newport on the 20th May last, bringing my bag of clothes to 1 p Friday morning, the 23rd of May last, I brought wnti m from aboard, and carried them to the house of oms Pearce, called the Ship Inn, at Pillgwenlly. Mr. Pearce i- V a nip to take them into the back kitchen to the maid. I l them there, and Mary Ann Manehip showed me where to t0°AvwL and I placed them upon some empty casks in the put the clothes were tied Up m the bag, namely five shirts, statue. coat) and an oi! skin coati fivp pairg of two jac istcoats, two pair of shoes, and a number of tXfLrticles of wearing apparel I cannot enumerate. On the M following I went for my clothes, and found they had Monday but the bed was there still. I had not autho- been taken hatever to go to the Ship Inn for the bag of r!Zthesny There was also in the bag a book with my name in it. fa u.e^itefLrtth.shjPi™, »a the clothes in it ate the •> booL My «• marked. MrMTw^ vThip r?nt 1 a domestic gerrant with 1 Mr. Thomas Pearce, who keeps the Ship Inn, at Pillgwenlly. I recollect Rennels ^ringing a bag of clothes and a bed to my master s house last Friday week. I told him to put them on TWrUm? rT "V StabIe' *'herc I afterwards saw them, El Prosecutor when he brought the clothes, and they had some jeer together. On the following evening, being Saturday, between 9 and 10 o'clock, the prisoner came again to our house and asked for .« that voune man's bag of T tr m ib there'" b>' whic*i I understood him to mean Renntl s, for no other person had left clothes there. I gave the prisoner a candle to go and get the clothes He went below, and saymg he could not find them I went to show him where the bag was. When he came up with the candle I s&id he was not the person that brought the clothes. He aid he was not, but that the young man would fetch th^ remainder on Monday morning and pay for the standing of them I said there was nothing to pay, but I did not know whether it was right to let him have them. He replied that it was all right,-and took away the bag of clothes I am quite sure he is the same man. the perVoenamine P1'Ls°ne^ I am quite sure you are Thomas Hopkins sworn said I am a police Officer of the borough of Newport, I receved a warrant on Wednesday morn- ing last, signed by one of the borough magistrates, to apprehend the prisoner. I proceeded to Bristol with the prosecutor, and had my warrant backed there When we landed at Bristol, the prosecutor pomted out to me the prisoner on board of a vessel m Bathurst Basm and_ after getting the warrant backed I re- turned to Bathuist Basin and found "the prisoner and his vessel had left, Pnsoner is „he master of a trow called the Atlas From information I received I proceeded down to Cumberland Basin, and when I got there I saw the trow going down the river near the proposed Suspension Bridge I hired a boat and went after him, and a little below that place I overtook him. The prisoner immediately addressed the prosecutor saying I have got something on board belonging to you." I got on board the vessel, and on looking down the cabin I saw the bag of clothes I now produce. I Pointed it out to the prosecutor and he claimed it as the one he had lost. I went down into the cabin and brought the bag up on deck. The prisoner then stated that a man with a blue frock coat and a shiney hat had brought the bag on board his vessel at Newport, and said he was going to Busted with him, and would be on board in half- an-hour; that he had waited more than an hour for him, and finding he did not come he came away and left him. After that he said, he had not opened the bag, and was taking it back to N ewport just as he had it on board. He afterwards handed me up the oil case coat which was in the cabin, and stated the man had also left that on board I took him back to Cumbedand- Basin and from there to the Bristol station house. The next nornmg I orought the prisoner to Newport. When I saw the prisoner at Bathurst Basin, the trow was loaded with timber, and was getting under way. 1 returned to Bithurst Basin in about three-quarters of an hour, and from the distance she had got when I overtook her she must have left almost immediately after I went away. When I took him into custody he said he was bound for Newport. William Brown called by the prisoner, said: I am a timber merchant, and the owner of the trow Atlas. When I took the cargo of Timber on board at Bristol, I intended it to come to the Ebbw Vale Wharf, Newport. The Atlas cleared out for Newport, but afterwards went to Cardiff. Carter has been in my employ about a month. The prisoner being duly cautioned as to what he said, stated A person came to me on Saturday night week and asked me if 1 would give him a passage to Bristol. I said I would and he gave me the bag and oil skin coat. The coat was not in the bag when he gavc it to me He asked me how long it would bl before I should go, and I told him half-an-liour. I waited an hour or better for him, but he did not comeback, and I never saw him afterwards. On the Monday and Tuesday following I askett several sailors whether they had seen a man who had missed his passage from Newport, but could get no intelligence, and I was going to bring them back to Newport and give them to the police. ° The Court was more disposed to believe the evidence of Mary Ann Manehip, who swore positively to the prisoner being the person who took away the clothes, alleging that he was sent for them by Rennels the owner, than to listen to the idle tale of the prisoner about the man with a shiney hat and blue frock coat," and therefore committed him to the ixt sessions to take his trial for the offence. Moreover, the statement of the pri- soner to Rennels, that he had got something on board belonging to him, contradicts his story.
THURSDAY, JUNE 5, 1845. Before E. Dowling, Esq., Mayor, T. Hawlâns, and T. Hughes, Esquires. ° James Hendy complained of a violent assault against John Welch. ° Hendy being sworn said, that on Monday last he was sent down to a ballast stage by the Harbour Master; that he went down there, and that the defendant came up to him, and without speaking a word, knocked him down and kicked' him in the mouth when he was down. Complainant then called William Cook who said, he was a seaman and was on board the Isabella, of Bideford, on Monday evening, about six o'clock Welch came over to lend a hand with the vessel- he was a little in liquor. The complainant came down to tell the captain to bring his vessel to the next berth, when he saw Welch go up to Hendy and strike him and knock him down; he also saw him kick him in the mouth, when they cried out shame. Witness also stated that Welch used most shocking language, unfit to be mentioned. ° The defendant confessed striking the complainant, and stated in defence that he had had been under the commissioners much longer than Hendy, and he thought he had as much right to live as he. The Mayor severely lectured Welsh on his conduct and fined him 10s. and 14s. Cd. costs. Two or three charges of drunken and disorderly conduct, on the part of impure females, chiefly from the" fields" the re- cital of which would not be particularly edifying to our readers, were summarily disposed of, and tlie court rose with a gratify- ing belief that morals are mending in the holy land." -=-
CARDIFF POLICE.—SATURDAY, MAY 31, 1846. Present—Henry Morgan, Esq. Thomas Elliott baker, was charged by James Rees with hav- ing, on Sunday morning, robbed him of jE5, &c. James Rees sworn: stated I have been a forrester or wood- man but now am a despenser of medicine. I came to Cardiff on Wednesday last, or Thursday. I met prisoner in the Bute Arms, we had some conversation and something to drink. Lodged at the Three Horse Shoes; he offered to come and see me home as I was a stranger. When we got there we found the door shut, and they were gone to bed. I said what shall we do ? He replied, you need not fret about a bed. I'll find you a respectable place to sleep—if not, you shall sleep with me. We then left, and went to a cook shop. and had some supper, .¡¡.n.d I paid for it. I afcked the man in the shoo if I eoijld sleep, he said the beds were all engaged. Prisonerthcn told me to come with him. We went off together, and came to a place called China Row; we went to a door, he knocked and it was opened immediately. Previous to my going in I felt for my money, and found five sovereigns, in a piece of blue paper, and some loose silver, 6s. to 10s., in the same waistcoat pocket. When we got in there were several girls, and a man with a great deal of hair on his face, in the room. Prisoner and the man entered into conversation. I was sleepy, having been drinking. I sat on a chair asleep, and was awoke by the man with the hair on his face, catching hold of me by the hair, and bending my head over the back Of the chair. Prisoner then searched my pockets, and took out all they contained. He then took off my coat; I begged for my life; they let me go. I went without my hat and coat; I found a policeman soon after, and went back; I found my coat in the house, but my money, papers, W1g, &c., Were all gone. In the course of the scuffle prisoner told me I had broke a glass and I must pay for it. I was left pennyless. Joseph Conins Harris proved that they came to his house about twelve o'clock at night, and had some supper. That they were both drunk, but complainant was most so. That he paid tor the supper—viz.. 10d., and asked for a bed, when prisoner told him to come and he would find him a respectable place to sleep at, or he should come and sleep with him. Mary Ann Jones stated that she kept the house in question. That prisoner and complainant came there. about two o'clock in the morning; complainant asked for lodgings. She told him she could not accommodate him. He then wanted beer, and took out four pence, saying, that was all he had. I would not send for the beer. There was a glass on the table he got in a and struck the table with his fist, and broke the glass. 1 than asked him to pay for it. He searched all his pockets himself, and said he had no more money, but he would leave his coat for it till the morning. He took out a lot of papers, herbs. &c., and put them on the table with the coat, and went away, ElllOtt said he would take the papers, cap, wig, and herbs, to keep for him, which he did. w. Rollins, P.C., proved the complainant coming to him, and telling him he had been robbed. He weilt with him to the J?nes> which is a brothel, and found the coat. She told him prisoner had the other things; but she saw no money. We went to prisoner's lodgings and found him in bed, with the cap, wig, papers, &c., in his pocket. I took him into custody. Prisoner made a statement which was taken down, and he was committed to the Qurter Sessions.
MONDAY.—JUNE 2, rseut-Henry Morgan, Esq., and Rev. James Evans. llliam Badger charged Mr John Winstoue witn an assault It would appear this fracas arose out of a dispute respecting wages. Badger stated that about three weeks ago, he was lll. the market, when Mr. Winstone came up to him, and said we had better settle this affair ourselves, and not let the lawyers have it. Now I'll give you £2 and let it end. Badger said, why should I take £2. when £3: 18s 10d. is due to meif you will talk to me like a man, I'll" settle with you. When Win- stone said if you say that again I'll knock you down. j said it again, when he sprung upon me and throatled me. Winstone Did you not say that is just what I wanted you to do, I've got you now ? Badge: I can't say on oath.. John Morish I saw Winstone push Badger against the wall —it was not violently. I can't say what was said between them. Mr. Winstone stated that he had employed him at 18s. per week that he was constantly having draws, and when he sent in his account, he charged 21s. per week. He would not pay him, whereupon Badger gave it to an attorney who served me with a process. My attorney advised me to give him £ 2., rather than have any further litigation. Defendant gave him the money, when he became insolent, and was pushed back but not violently. Fined as., and 7s. costs—paid. Mr. Donovan compla.id against Benjamin Traherne for using abusive language to him in the street. The police-constable in attendance was ordered to caution Traherne, and in the event of his repeating the offence he would punished. Wm. Llewellyn was charged by Benjamin Davis with robbing him of £2. 12s. and watch &c. Prosecutor did not attend, and prisoner was bound over in his own recognizances of £00. to appear when called on.
THURSDAY.—JUNE 5. Present—Henry Morgan, Esquire. Captain Dornford of the Bute Dock, complained against Thomas Hayes, master of the schooner Argonaut, for running nto the Bute Dock under sail, contrary to the Act of Par- liament. f ^we^Le"'is Is employed at the Bute Dock, under Mr. Dorn- « Vk Tuesday evening last he was on the pier-head, and saw the schooner Argonaut coming up the cut with her sails set; when she came abreast the dolphin, whichisoutside the dock, she hauled her jib down that was the last sail she had up; the saiis were clued up, but not furled; when a vessel has her sails clued the wind has an effect on them, and on this oc- casion she came in at the rate of five knots an hour Mr. Dornford then examined the witness who said the main- sail was not furled the goose-wings were loose, and by their }>eing so it gave the vessel an impetus of from eight to nine knots an hour. u Mr. Dornford said he did not wish to press the charge, for the full penalty, but he could not let it pass unnoticed. The Captain said he was sorry, but when he saw the gates open he thought he could come in- Mr. Dornford said he was afraid the middle gates would have been knocked down. t a wilful «e or mas- ters came before him. he would inflict the full p n lty. Captain Dornford complained against two captains, whose names did not transpire, for entering the cut previously to the red ball (a signal at the dock for docking), had been £ °jsted. The captains said they were strangers, and did it in igno- rance.. The case was dismissed by their each putting 10s. m the infir- m Joyhn0Edwards and John Davis charged with playing ball and breaking t^ Ump in M^y Amw-street, wm Whaged with a caution.
I The late Fire and loss of Life. FINDING OF THE BODY OF MRS. ROUND. On Friday morning, as early as five o'clock, workmen, em- ployed in the service of the directors of the Globe Insurance- office were set to work upon the ru\ns. By six o'clock the shoring was finished; the walls, however, especially the interior one, appearing much out of the perpen- dicular, and, consequently, very dangerous. At that hour, despite the impending and fearful appearance of the whole building, ten men in the service of the London Fire Establish- ment began to turn over the rubbish on the ground floor in the back room. and in the rooms immediately contiguous to the stair-head, just over the hall ceiling. About eleven o'clock, Mr. Loder, the principal engineer of the western section of the brigade, received information from one of the men engaged on the upper floor, that he had found a body. Mr. Fogo, the foreman, being informed of the fact, the circumstance was kept exceedingly quiet, and only those informed of it who were immediately concerned in the dis- covery. The Earl of Huntingdon was upon the spot at the time, and upon viewing the remains his lordship appeared to feel the deepest emotion. As soon as possible, after finding the body, information of the fact was communicated to the family, and the official persons connected with the offices of insurance. A shell was speedily procured, and the remains deposited therein and conveyed to the workhouse of St. George, Mount-street, Grosvenor-square, .where the others lie, to await the adjourned inquest. ADJOURNED INQUEST. On Friday afternoon, at three o'clock, pursuant to adjourn- ment, Mr. Bedford, coroner for Westminster, and the jury reassembled at the Rising Sun, Charles-street, Grosvenor- square, further to prosecute their inquiries into the deaths of Mr. William Raggett, aged 62; Miss Anne Raggett. aged 37 Anne Jones, aged 28; Martha Barnes, aged 40; and Mrs. Susan Constantia Round, aged 56. Mr Davis thought the remains supposed to be those of Mrs. Round, were really those of Mrs. Barnes, a servant. The jury were again sworn with respect to the remains sup- posed to be those of Mrs. Round, and proceeded to view the body, which lay in the deadhouse of St. George's workhouse. They were so dreadfully blackened and burned, that the possi- bility of identifying them was out of the question. The jury- room was densely crowded, and the sons of Mrs. Round were present. Mr. Edward Shepherd, surgeon, said he examined the bodies got out of the ruins, two females and a male. Benjamin Rich sworn: I am a servant to Mr. William King. On Monday night last I was sleeping at Raggett's Hotel, where my master and his lady and his sister had taken apartments. We arrived in town at half-past five o'clock on Friday after- noon last. I was awoke on Monday night last, shortly after twelve o'clock, by cries of "fire," and I opened my bedroom window, which was in front on the second floor, and looked out into the street, and saw people there shouting fire." I ran to the room door, and opening it, the flames rushed into the room. I then got out of the window and hung by the sill for some time, until the fire scorched, my hands, and caused me to fall into the balcony. Whilst I was hanging I saw Miss Raggett, Miss Round, and her lady's maid at the next window to the one from which I was hanging. Miss Raggett called out For God's sake, Rich, save me. We shall all be burnt to death." I then saw her get out of the window, and on to the parapet; and after I had scrambled from the balcony into the street, I saw her getting on to the fire escape, which had then arrived, but she fell, and I was carried away. By the jury The fire-escape had not arrived before I fell, and when it did they were about three or four minutes before they could get it up. There was only one fire-escape that I saw. They put it up between the windows instead of against the window itself, so that no one could easily get on it. Miss Raggett, when she fell, was not on the parapet, but was getting from the window to the fire-escape. The fire escape did not arrive for at least twenty minutes after I first heard the alarm of fire. There were not many of the police about that I saw at the time. I think the reason the escape was not fixed so quickly as it ought to have been was, that the wheels on which it rested would not work well, and let it turn round. I do not know the width of wall between the windows. Mr. Frederick William Raggett was here recalled, and gave evidence corroborative of that of Mr. Davis, as to the identity of the bodies. Mrs. Elizabeth King recalled: After I saw the fire on the staircase on Monday night, I am not aware that I saw either Mr. Raggett or Mrs. Round on the stairs. I remember being carried down the stairs myself by two men, but nothing after, except that 1 saw my brother and sister, and a number of other people at the various windows. t Mr. Henry Raggett sworn: On Monday night last, the 26th of May, I was waiting up with my brother for the return of the Earl of Huntingdon and Mrs. Round, from the French plays. Mrs. Round came home about a quarter past twelve,iand shortly after I went up stairs and returned again, and on my return down stairs I heard a cry of "fire," and saw flames issuing from Miss King's bed room on the drawing room floor. We call-d out fire," and rushed up to my mother s bed room and brought her down stairs, but in doing so I became overpowered and fell. I was removed by some one and recovered, and waited for about twenty minutes before the first fire-escape came. When it did come they worked it in a very bungling manner. As no one appeared ready to ascend I ran up the escape, as I had seen some females at the second floor window. Whilst I was going updone female fell from the top, 'over me, and on to the pavement. The female who fell, I afterwards found to be my sister. By the jury: There was a man who went up the escape two or three steps, but he came down again. The escape was so fixed that a female could not get from the window on to it un- assisted. I cannot say if the police were negligent, but I saw some of them in the hall springing their rattles. Had ordinary ladders been brought and placed in the balcony against the upper windows, no lives would have been lost there. I attribute my sister s death solely to the improper manner in which the fire escape was fixed. There was no trap door, I believe, at the top of the house. One of my brothers and a sister made their escape by getting out of the attic window on to the roof of the next house. Charles Robinson examined: I was head waiter in the ser- vice of the late Mr. Raggett, and was at home there on the night of the fire. I should say at least half an hour elapsed after the fire broke out before the fire-escape came. When it did, the man appeared not to understand how to work it any more than any one else. I will not undertake to say he was intoxicated. < By the jury: If other ladders had been brought I believe life would have been saved. A man was sent to a livery stable keeper in the neighbourhood for the loan of some, but he re- fused to lend them. Mr. W. Willbox deposed to having heard the shout of fire" on Monday night. Saw ladies at the window who wished to get out, but the others were pulling them back. A cab with a gen- tleman fortunately came along; it was stopped, and witness and the gentleman galloped for the fire escape. The keeper was abusive, and did not seem to know what he was about, and threatened to knock witness down. By this man's conduct at least four minutes were lost. The chairman of St. James's Fire Escape Society, said after the evidence he heard, he begged to inform the jury that so unfaithful a servant as the man who had the charge of the es- cape, should be instantly dismissed. The fireman said that he did not always find people like the last witness, run for the fire-escape, and he understood that they generally ran for an engine first, because the reward was larger than for the escape. The chairman said that the St. James's Society paid rewards of the same amount. Police Constable Conning corroborated the evidence of Mr. Willbox. Mr. Braidwood, the superintendent of the brigade, stated that each engine carried two ladders, and they could be joined together, and put up with safety to the height of 36 feet. The coroner here inquired if the jury were satisfied with the evidence, or wished for any further evidence. A juror remarked that although further evidence was not necessary, he thought the jury ought to come to some resolu- tion likely to remedy the evil arising from the want of proper management of fire-escapes. He thought it exceedingly de- sirable that the whole of the evidence should be laid before the Home Secretary, for they had proof here that the fire-escapes had saved life; but in the poorer neighbourhoods, where the people were unable to support afire-escape, an alarming amount of life might be sacrificed; at least he thought the Home Secre- tary ought to be memorialised. John Fisher, police constable 48 C, said, on Monday night last I was on duty in Dover-street, and my attention was at- tracted by flames issuing from the windows of Raggett's Hotel. I ran into the house, and up the first floor landing which was all in flames. I then saw a female dressed in black tumbling down the stairs. I lifted her up, and she exclaimed "Oh, there are more up stairs." I then took off my coat and rushed up stairs a second time, but was forced to return on account of the smoke almost suffocating me. When I got down I assisted some of the people to get out of the windows from the balcony. Mr. Superintendent Beresford,in answer to the jury, said the police had strict orders, whenever a fire took place, always in the first instance to do everything possible for saving human life. There being no further evidence, the jury, after a short con- sultation, returned a verdict of Accidental Deathto which they unanimously added the following :—" The jury request that the coroner will write to Sir James Graham, her Majesty's secretary of state for the Home Department, for the purpose of calling his especial attention to the evidence given at this inquest, in order that government may take some means of preventing, in future, such awful sacrifice of human life." The coroner said the request of the jury should be attended to, and the proceedings terminated.
Fire and Loss of Life in Fenchurch- street. On Sunday morning, shortly after one o'clock, a very destruc- tive fire, attended with fearful loss of life, broke out in the lower part of the spacious range, in the occupancy of Messrs. Satchell, hatters, situate at No. 1.58, Fenchurch-street, adjoining the Fenchurch Chambers. The premises in question are situate on the northern side of Fenchurch-street, two doors from the eastern corner of Lime- street, and adjoining the capacious building known as Fenchurch Chambers. The establishment of Messrs. Satchell and Robert- son consisted of a four-story brick-building, the loiver part oc- cupied as a shop,and warehouse of large dimensions abutting in the rear, on the houses on the east side of Lime-street, the whole of which are the property of the Pewterers' Company. T hefirst persons who gave the alarm of fire were two police- men, Redding, 579, and Dolby, 586, belonging to the Tower- street station. They were standing together at the corner of Rood-lane, when a loud crash of glass directed their attention to the premises of Messrs. Satchell and Robertson, and which they observed to be on fire. The whole of the shop appeared in one blaze, and the flames were breaking through the window over the ahop-door and fan-lights over the shop shutters. Their cries of "fire," and the sound of their rattles brought other officers to the spot, and awoke the inmates. The subsequent conduct of the police, however, showed a gross dereliction of duty, for had proper steps been taken in forwarding intelligence to the nearest fire station instead of to those who, to the dis grace of the city of London, have charge of what are most in- appropriately C:1.11ed." parish engines, there is no doubt the melancholy loss of life which ensued might have been avoided. In about five minutes after the alarm, several of the inmates were observed escaping from the roof on to those of the ad- joining houses, and scarcely had they done go, when a female was observed in a frantic state at one of the third floor windows with a child in her arms., The crowd now raised a cry to the police, see! there is a woman! For God's sake try and save her." Incredible as it may appear, this appeal to the police was in vain. Not only was there no fire escape, or even a ladder brought, but no attempt was made to procure one. Had exer- tions in this respect been made, they would have been of the Utmost importance. Throughout the progress of the flames the most painful anxiety was manifested by the populace, from the various ru- mours afloat as to the number of persons supposed to be missing and buried in the ruins, and it was not until the fire had been considerably lessened in intensity, that anything positive on this point could be ascertained. Mr. Braidwood, between three and four o'clock, ascertained that those who had effected their escape were, Mr. Satchell, his daughter, a little girl four years of age, Mr. Robertson, his partner, and the maid servant, all of whom were most hospitably received by ± Ir. Harris, the surgeon. After diligent search had been made in every direction, it was discovered that Mrs. Satchell and one of her children were missing. „ It was not until near five o'clock that the flames were suffi. ciently subdued to enable any search to be made for those said to be missing. At that time, however. Mr. Braidwood gave di- rections for the scaling ladders to be plAced against the front of the building, in order that some of the firemen might ascend to the third floor, a portion of which had not as yet fallen in. Bridges and Piercy, two of the brigads men, were the first to -f 1i i 1 ascend the ladderi, which were placed agaiatt the wtstara wle. dow, where Mrs. Satchell had been observed with her child by the crowd during the early progress of the are. On reaching the window, the gestures of the firemen proclaimed that that which had been feared was too trbe. One of them instantly descended and repriced to the superintendent that there were the remains of two bodies, blackened and burned in a frightful manner (those of Mrs. Satchell and her child, twelve months old), lying imme- diately under the window. The origin of the fire appears to be shrouded in mystery, as according to the statement of the servant girl, the gas and every thing else likely to cause it, was carefully extinguished only one hour before the house was in a blaze. The exact extent of damage, as set forth in the official report made by the superintendent, is as follows :— The warehouse and dwelling of Messrs. Satchell and Robert- son, hat manufacturers, 158 Fenchuroh-stjeet, completely de- stroyed, the only remains of the interior, consisting of a portion of the upper floors, being saved. Supposed to be insured. The premises comprising Fenchurch chambers, No. 159, occu- pied by numerous merchants, viz., Messrs. Hyam and Ansell, merchants; Messrs Duncan and Co., wine merchants; Mr. J. W. Gordon, merchant; Mr. W. D. Kiss, solicitor; Messrs. Champions and Co.; the London Shipping Company, &c., most of whom are Dot insured. The building is insured for £2,000 in the West-of-England. INQUEST ON THE BODIES. Mr. W. Payne, coroner for the city of London, and a jury of 17 inhabitants of the ward of Langbourne, assembled at the Ship Tavern, Lime-street, to inquire into the circumstances connected with the deaths of Mrs. Isabella Satchell and her child, After hearing evidence, the jury returned a verdict of Accidental death," adding, that it was their determination to petition the corporation to establish efficient fire-escapes throughout the city, and that they be placed under the control of the police."
HOUSE OF LORDS. MONDAY, JUNE 2. The Duke of Wellington moved the second reading of the Maynooth Endowment Bill, which was supported by the Duke of Cambridge. Lord Roden moved an amendment for a select committee to inquire into the character of the education given at Maynooth, with the avowed object of getting rid of the measure. Earl St. Germains (Lord Elliot,) Lord Beaumont, and Lord Clifford spoke in favour of the measure, and the Bishop of Cashel for the amendment, after which the debate was adjourned. TUESDAY, JUNE 3. The Debtor and Creditors Act Amendment Bill passed through committee, on the motion of Lord Brougham. The adjourned debate on the Maynooth Bill was resumed by the Earl of Hardwicke, who strenuously supported the measure. The Earl of Carnarvon followed on the same side. He said the deepest depth of gratitude was due to the government for having sacrificed many political friends and supporters, rather than shrink from carrying measures such as they believed would be for the permanent interests of the country. The Earl of Winchilsea, in the strongest terms condemned the measure, which he pronounced to be the greatest act of national suicide ever committed. He opposed it because it was an Act in reality for the endowment of the Roman Catholic re- ligion because it was inconsistent with the oath which her Majesty had taken at her coronation; and because some of the doctrines supported by the members of the Roman Catholic religion were disloyal, anti-social, and intolerant. The noble Earl in the course of his energetic and animated speech, lashed Mr. Gladstone for the insidious and Jesuitical" language held by him in the House of Commons, and said he believed that that right hon. gentleman must have been brought up in some seminary of Jesuits. Lord Winchilsea concluded by warning the right rev. bench, to remember their sacred duty, and not to forfeit the esteem of the people by supporting that iniquitous Bill. For his own part he would rather see the church separated altogether from the state, and the voluntary principle adopted, than see the endowment by the state of two churches so anta- gonistic to each other as the Reformed and Roman Catholic Churches. He supported Lord Roden's amendment for a com- Ma"noothmqUire class-books and doctrines taught at The Marquess of Normanby spoke in favour of the Bill. With reference to the books taught at Maynooth, he admitted that there were passages in some of them which were no^uchasit was Prudent or proper to teach there; but it should be remem- bered that they were not so taught; and, at all events thev ought to judge of the tree by the fruits which it bore. He had taken great pains to inform himself as to the moral conduct of the students of Maynooth, and he thought that the majority of their lordships would agree with him that there was no defi- ciency of moral conduct on the part of those educated at that establishment. The noble Marquess, in the course of his speech, read what purported to be a charge made by the Bishop of Cashel in his first visitation in 1843, attributing to the right rev. prelate most violent language towards the Roman Catholic Church. The Bishop of Cashel interrupted Lord Normanby, and said that what the noble Marquess had just said was, from begin- ning to end, an abominable falsehood." Lord Normanby having persisted in attributing the senti- ments, if not the exact words, to the Bishop of Cashel, a curious scene of disorder arose. The Archbishop of Dublin denied that those could fairly be charged with latitudinarianism who refused to oppose this bill. If it had not gone against men's consciences to grant £8,000. to Maynooth, the granting of £28,000. could not so shock them. Although an annual grant heretofore, it was in fact a permanent one, for no minister would have dared to stop it. He had as strong a feeling as any of those individuals who petitioned the house as to the sanctity of an oath, but he could not agree that they had a right to denounce him because he did not interpret the oath just as they did. He had vowed to banish away all strange doctrines contrary to God's word." Now there were different ways of doing this. Was he to drive them out by secular coercion—by penal laws—at the point of the bayonet > Was he to do this—a minister of him who forbade his followers the use of the sword ? Sooner than do this he would relinquish his profession—his Church—and endeavour to maintain himself by manual toil in the humblest station of life. This was a question of expediency, and he was willing to give his best sup- port to the measure. Lord De Rose spoke in favour of the Bill. The Bishop of Exeter opposed it. The right Rev. Prelate at great length and with great ability proceeded to demonstrate that the doctrines inculcated at Maynooth College taught belief in the dispensing powers of the Roman Catholic Church, in the power of deposing temporal Sovereigns, and in the justification of deceiving magistrates by the committal of gross perjury. To endow this "perjury-teaching college" the Bishop of Exeter said he would be no party. But he was willing to grant educa- tion to Ireland. If the government chose they might do so in connection with the bill now before the other house of parlia- ment. Let them have three or four colleges, and let there be added to them a place and plan for the education of the Roman Catholic clergy. Lord Brougham thought those who maintained that the state should put down a system of education which taught idolatry, superstition, and abominable doctrines, had good ground for their argument; but the right Rev. Prelate, in recommending the establishment of four colleges in place of one, where Roman Catholic priests would be furnished for the Papist Ministry, had a very extraordinary foundation for his reasoning. It was true that very bad doctrines were to be found in the books read at Maynooth, but, if they were raked up, very bad doctrine also might be found in the books read by the divines of the Estab- lished Church. As to doctrines of persecution, of burning for heresy, &c., the greatest preacher of persecution that ever lived was John Calvin, who was not only a preacher but a prac- tiser of it-and a murderer. The noble and learned lord con- tended that the cry that the proposed grant was the first en- dowment was perfectly absurd, because the preambles of former Acts declared the grant to bean "endowment" in express terms. On the motion of the Earl of Clancarty the debate was again adjourned, admist a scene of unusual excitement—the majority of their lordships having desired to terminate the debate that night.
HOUSE OF COMMONS. MONDAY, JUNB 2. The house resumed the adjourned debate on the second read ing of the Irish Colleges Bill and after a lengthened discussion, in which Lord John Russell declared that without the concur- rence of the Catholic Hierarchy the measure would be null if not positively noxious, the second reading was carried by 311 to 46. Sir T. Fremantle said, that a question had been put to him by an hon. member some days ago with respect to Mr. O'Dris- coll's re-appointment to the magisterial bench in Ireland. He now begged to state that he had received a communication from the Lord Chancellor of Ireland, informing him that he had thought it his duty to issue a sltpersedetrS against that gentleman. TUESDAY, JUNE 3. The time for presenting reports on private bills was extended to the 13th instant. In reply to a question from Sir R. Inglis, Sir Robert Peel said that the alleged copy of the treaty agreed to by the French and English commissioners relative to the suppression of the slave trade, published in the newspapers, had been published without either the authority or cognizance of Government, and certainly was not a copy of the English draft of the treaty. With respect to the treaty itself, the certi- fication would take place in about ten days, and immediately after he would have great pleasure in laying it on the table. Mr. Hume moved an address to the Queen, praying her Majesty to grant a pension to Sir Henry Pottinger as a reward for his civil and diplomatic services in China. The hon member confessed that he had great doubts about the propriety of his motion. Lord Sandon and Sir J Hobhouse urged the valuable services of Sir H. Pottinger, and called on the Government to overstep strict precedent m this case, and to advise the crown to give some extraordinary reward to a man who had performed such extraordinary services. Sir R. Peel argued that there was no precedent for granting a pension for civil or diplomatic services of a less duration than ten years but then it was not absolutely necessary to be bound by precedent. I think it is of importance," said the right hon. baronet, that a precedent should not be lightly drawn, that it should not be said that the House of Commons is usurp- ing that which is a prerogative of the Crown—the reward of its servants. But, considering that which I take to be the general feeling of the House—considering that Sir H. Pottinger has been withdrawn from one service, that of the East India Com- pany, and appointed to another—considering that, therefore, we have not had an opportunity of granting a pension to him on account of the duration of his services—and considering, above all things, that the case of this distinguished man has recommended him in a peculiar degree to the grace and favour of the House of Commons—we do not feel it imperative on us to oppose this grant on the part of the Crown. I should be sorry that there was a division of opinion uPon a subject of this kind, and certainly do not mean to oppose the resolution and, in compliment to the wishes of the House ot Commons, I shall take upon myself the responsibility of advising her Majesty to make some provision for Sir Henry pottmger. After remarks from Lord J. Russell, Lord. alIDerston, and other hon. members, in support of the proposition, the address WMr.gweardt0submitted to the jJ1S committee to inquire whether there are a^y peculiar burthens affecting the landed interest of this cotmtry. or any peculiar exemptions enjoyed by that interest, and to ascertain their n&Mres Herbert opposed the motion on the part of the Govern- Tyrrell, and supported by Mr. Cobden, Mr. V. Smith, and Dr. Bowring. On a Hivisinn there were For the motion .109 Against it Majority 73
BRITISH ASSOCIATION.—We continue to receive information which leads us to anticipate a very brilliant meeting of the Bri- tish Association in Cambridge next month. The attendance of distinguished foreigners is expected to be greater than on any former occasion. A programme has been issued to members, from which we leara that the general committee will meet on Wednesday, the 18th ot June, at one o'clock, for the election of sectional officers, &c- From Thursday, the 19th, to Wednes. nay, the 25th of June, inclusive, the committees of sections will meet daily at ten precisely and the sections will meet from Thursday to Tuesday, at eleven precisely. General evening meetings will be held on lhursday, the 19th, and on Wednesday the 25th, at eight o clock. A room will be provided for the re- ception of philosophical apparatus, and specimens of natural and artificial products, which may be brought for the purpose of illustrating particular communications, or for exhibition to the members generally.—Cam&ruif* ChrmieU.
d The New Barracks, at Bristol. Thursday last, the occasion of laying the foundation stent of the New Barracks, was observed as a gala day in Bristol and delightful weather gave full enjoyment to the anniniatiac scene. 5 The venerated order of freemasons were assembled from vari- ous quarters, in grand paraphanalia I The provincial grad lodge was opened at one o'clock. j members of each lodge assembled in due masonic order, under its banner, according to the instructions of the master of .?!! and the procession moved forward at two o'clock; bTOthe^Bames*^11^ as it passed the house of thouwnds10^11^ Wa* order procession, gazed on by TV r>- POLICE. Rl«ht Worshipful the Mayor of Bristol. TV,. „ The High Sheriff. Pnlnnal T ^en^er# of the Town Council. Colonel Lord John Somerset, Inspecting Field Officer of the District and Staff. Officers of the 75th Regiment. TV nr Police. The Workmen employed in the Building, two and two. A BANNER. Band of the 75th Regiment. „ y »V Wlth Drawn Sword Vuiting Brethren, not Members of any Lodge in the Province nor of a Provincial Grand Lodge, two f nd tio? the Juniors preceding. The Brethren of the Four lodges in the Province the The Banner of the Lodge. Inner Guard. Members, two and two. Master of Ceremonies with wand. Senior and Junior Deacons. Secretary and Treasurer. Senior and Junior Wardens. Worshipful Master. Provincial Grand Tyler with Drawn Sword. The Architect bearing the Plan and Elevations. The Contractors for the Building. Banner of the Provincial Grand Lodge. A Cornucopia, with Corn, borne by a Master Mason. Provincial A Ewer, with Wine, borne by Provincial Grand Steward *^tcr ^"on. Grand Steward. A Ewer, with Oil, borne by a Master Mason. Grand Pursuivant, with Baton. Assistant Grand Organist, and Grand Organist. Past Grand Directors of Ceremonies. Assistant Grand Director of Grand Director of Ceremonies. Ceremonies, with Wand. with Wand. Past Grand Superintendents. Grand Superintendent of Works, with Plate bearing inscription. Past Grand Deacons. Past Grand Secretaries. Assistant Grand Secretary, Grand Secretary, hearing the with the Book of Constitu- Sacred Roll. tions on a Cushion. Past Grand Registrars. Grand Registrar, with Bag and Seal. Grand Treasurer, bearing the Coin to be deposited in the Stone. Visiting Brethren, Members of Provincial Grand Lodges. Past Grand Wardens. he Corinthian Light, borne by a Master Mason.- ihe Column of the Junior Grand Warden, borne by a Master Mason. Junior Grand Warden, with the Plumb Rule. The Doric Light borne by a Master Mason. The Column of the Senior Grand Warden, borne by a Master Mason. Senior Grand Warden, with the Level. Junior Grand Deacon. The Standard of the R. W. Frederick Charles Husenbeth, Deputy Provincial Grand Master of Bristol. The Ionic Light, borne by a Master Mason. The Mallet, borne by a Master Mason. Past Grand Chaplains. The Volume of the Sacred Provmci«l Grind J; >l» 3qu.r« »nd d^ Q d S«w^. Co=e.,o».C„t.h,o» Mason. Provincial Grand Chaplain. The W. Bro. Charles Jasper Selwyn, Commanding Royal En- gineer of the District, with the Square. Grand Sword Bearer with the Sword of State. Right Worshipful Deputy Provincial Grand Master. The Senior Grand Deacon, with the Trowel. Provincial Grand Steward. Provincial Grand Tyler, with Drawn Sword. POLICE. The fúlIowing invitation was lent to the Silurian Lodge, Newport «<TN «• ,-R. "Bristol, 27th May, 1845. .1. ?eaij 411 °ther,—We are directed to inform you that the foundation stone of the Bristol Barracks, at Horfield, will be laid with masonic rites, by the R. W. D. P. M. Bro. Husen- beth, assisted by Bro. Major Selwyn, P.M., Commanding Royal Engineer of the District, on Tuesday, the 3rd June next, at two o clock precisely, on which occasion your atttendance is requested. B aer, By order, ARTHUR HA.RE PALMER, ) „ THOMA.8 D. KING, J Grand Secretaries. To the R. W. Master, Warden, Officers, and Brethren .of the Silurian Lodge,lNewport, Monmouthshire." » On receipt of the above invitation, the worshipful masters, wardens, officers, and brethren of the Silurian Lodge, No. 693, of Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, held at the Westgate Hotel, Newport, met at four o'clock, A.M., on Tuesday, the 3rd instant, at the Screw Packet Wharf, Newport. The proprietor being a member of the craft had previously decorated the Severn steamer with masonic nags, and had engaged a band of music. At about half-past four the brethren went on board, accompanied by a great number of ladies and gentlemen, in- habitants of the town and surrounding country, the band play- ing the Freemasons' March, whilst the vessel steamed down the river, and the day being bright and beautiful, the passage was very delightful On arriving in Bristol, both sides of the river were lined with expectant friends, to greet and welcome their Newport brethren to the ancient city. The "free and accepted" proceeded to brother Edward Ward's, of the Adam and Eve Tavern, Wine- street, where an excellent breakfast was provided after which the brethren marched to the school room, at Horfield, where they met the Bristol, and visiting brethren, and joined the pro- uion. After the visiting brethren (not members of any lodge in the province, or of a Provincial Grand Lodge), followed the Silu- rian Lodge, from Newport, in the following order:—Banner of the lodge; inner guard; members two and two; senior and junior deacons, with wands; secretary and treasurer, with wands; senior and junior wardens; two past masters worship- tyler, with drawn sword: then followed the four ljoagea^ in the Province, according to the programme and the procession took place the same as in the programme. Guns were firing on the ground at intervals, during the cere- thn>J ^nich nine cheers for the Queen and Prince Albert, for lhe D- Q- Master, and one more as you lik » cheers for the Ladies, the whole were heartily turned to v procession then formed as before, and re the brethrpn j °f. bro" F- Barnes, when the whole of throu<rh and w?6*6- ri8kt and left, the Grand Lodge passed turnef to the sch^rroom^an^tr' "1 °J breth!"en ref th* Silurian and then separated, the members of nort. retumedt!wJ Wltb several ladies and gentlemen of New- ^ernwhere i^ward Ward's, at the Adam and Eve to after barked, «d the win/rVng in t)Z a very rough passage backto Newnort tT • h<?y whole of the passage, and manTnf tb- r"n dI dunng th! the visitation of seasickness 7 vo>'a«ers experienced It is calculated that near fiftv tkn, .1 Two large galleries were built, commanding a full view of the ceremony, and both were filled with j V tickets, given by the brethren of the DITTERENT To'd^ Theri could not have been much less than two thn„cii There those galleries, and about one thousandZnfe^ ladie* oa gallery*, fitted up for the purpose, way by tickets. Every lady or gentleman from Newport who applied, was accommodated with a ticket. the superintendent of the Bristol Police, two inspectors four sergeants, and about fifty police constables, and a great number of sergeants and constables of the Gloucester ConstabXrv were present to keep order, and did their duty well. The celebrated band of the 75th performed during the d»v and the Colonel and several officers of that regiment were nre' sent on the interesting occasion.
S P 0 R TIN G. THE OAKS. Prince George of Cambridge and the Prince of Saxe Weimar were present, u were nearly all the noble and distinguished individuals who were spectators on the Derby day. The start took place about a quarter to three, and soon those about the winning-post saw the competing cavalcade swiftly crowning the hill, the colours of the jockey caps and jackets sparkling in the sun. They were quickly round the comer, down the hill, across the road, and in front of the grand stand there Refraction darted like a ray of light from the se- cond rank, and snatched the Oaken prize from its compeers in the most gallant style imaginable. t is a most singular fact that she was ridden by a brother of the lad that rode the Merry Monarch. The Oaks Stakes of 60 FOvtt. ach, b. ft., for three-year-old fillies, nst. 710. each ;the second to receive J00 sovs. out of the stakes, and the winner to pay 100 sovs. towards the police regulations of the course. Last mile and a half. 128 subF. Duke ofRichmond's Refraction, by Glaucus,. ,.(H. Bell) I Mr. Bennett's Hope (Marlow) 2 Major Yarburgh'sM^ Sarah (J.Holmes 3 Lord Chesterfield's Lady Wildair (Whitehause 4 nnv»& i? was accomPlished at the first attempt, and, a 7 -fJ1101"* than a qu«ter of an hour after the w\a •* j »unmn8\ The lead was taken by Hope, Lady Hdair, and Lancashire Witch following her, with Caroline, eiracUon, Longitude, Miss Sarah, and Glee, in waiting on ifm* ran in this way at an indifferent pace to the turn, where Caroline and Lancashire Witch were beaten. At the road Miss Sarah took the lead from Hope, and carried the running on to the stand, where Refraction went up, took up the running, increased her lead as she went on, and won easily by a couple of lengths; Hope, who had followed her, beating Miss Sarah for second by a length; Lady Wildair a good fourth; Glee fifth Sir C. Monk's filly sixth and Longitude seventh. The others wet e beaten off.
AFFAIR.-The inquiry int0 the charge* ^ifacv to^r^nlV11 ^onday la»t, in connexion with the con- spiracy to prevent his horse from startinjr for the Derby, took ^h^nerson 7 lastJbefo" the stewards of the Jockey Club. SfnPn.v 8Um?0ncd « request of Mr. Gully wer. Mr worthSw'^KV0n Willi*™. Mr. Har graves, ir. Bloods- bridge JTW, »-1DgS' EndMr Barratt, (publican at Stoek- been «elSf V we.re examined, bit the press having thp row 1 are not ln a position to give a statement of the revelations that were made. We have reason to believe, however, that the confessions of William Day and his imme- late agent, Barratt, seriously inculpated Messrs. Stebbings and ttloodsworth, and established inoontestibly that had not Mr. Gully made so timely a discovery of the plot, old England would have been perfectly safe," and his backers would not have had even a start for their money. Wc presume the evidence will accompany the verdict, which, we believe will be made public m j o,!l-imc L meantime, it is but fair to Messrs. Bloodsworth and Stebbings ta atate that they gave the most positive denial to the evidence of the two approvers. 0
• KEAVISTDE DIVORCE BILL.—The Heaviside Divorce Bill, Ln,w T 1 ? House of Lords on Monday, is entitled, A bill to dissolve the marriage of Richard Heaviside, Esq., with Mary, his now wife, and to enable him to marry again; and for other purpose." It will be remembered that Mrs. Heaviside 11 Captain Heaviside, one of the magistrates of Brighton), eloped some years since with Dr. l*rdner, the well- known author. The bill was read a first time, and • second time on June 3. The Duke of Wellington, it is well known, h*» in his poeket fifty ot aixty piesU*, W u»e e* all WWMWW.