N justness .^uresees. j J'J' ,J' N LEWIS TERRACE (O \.1. YARD AND N WEIGH BRIDGE. H. ROWLAND JONES. WHOLESALE AXD RETAIL COAL AND LIME MERCHANT, HA.8 on hand a ^supply of the best Ca.nnock JL L Chase, Wigan ami Newport Co&'s. Also Cilyrychen Lime for \V hitewasheg and Gardening purposes. Petroleum Wholesale anu Retail. Hoicks and Cement. CoaL and Lime delivered at all stations on the Cambrian nd Manchester ami Mdford Railways, in trucks from seven to ten tons at the very lowest prices for Cash.. n A trial is respectfully solicited. Agent for Queen Fe■: and Life Insurance Company. SCF \VEITZRR'S C O C 0 A TINA. Anti-Dyspeptic I 'oa rr Chocolate Powder. GUARANTEED Pl iug SOLUPLE COCOA Of THE FINES' QUALITY. The Faculty proncli .e I .j The most nutritious, perfectly digestible Br/erage for Breakfast, Luncheon, or Supper, and inv«4 .able for Invalids and Young ■J lildren." HIGHLY COMMENDED iiV THE ENTIRE MEDICAL PRK: Being without sugar, Ice, or other admixture, it suite all palates, keeps for yt-ars in all climates, and is four times tie-1 strength of )co,.ts thickened yet weakened with arrowroot, atari. &c., and in reality cheaper than each Mixtures. Made instantaneously with boiling water, a teaspo'-afal to a Breakfast Cup, costing less than one halfpenny. Ooc(}IJ.ti¡¡a p&uefwf* remarkc.ble mtstnining prop'ertieji, anIr for.early Breakfast. ID tine, at Is. 6d., 3s., 5s. Gd., &c.. by Chemists and 0 rocere. SCHWEITZER & Co., 10. Adam-atreet, Strand London, W.C. (b684 fllEA at WHOLESALE PRICES.—Why JL pay Grocers and Stores 2a. 6d. per lb., when you oan buy" direct from importers choice Congou Tea (whole leaf) fit h. 4d. per lb. Carriage paid. Cash on delivery. Sample post free 12 stamps.—The DIRECT rEA SUPPLY COMPANY, Customs Chambers. London, L.C d251 —.—— %( p Q\ I rA J 11M 2/9 AT /'¿;. 1;/6 £AC THE PHARMACOPCEIA An extra.) from the second edition (page 188) of tht- translation of the Pharmacopeia of the Royal Collegf of Physicians of London, by Dr G. F. Collier, publisher by Longman and Co.:— It is no small defect in this compilation (speaking of the New Pharmacopoeia) that we have no purgative mass but what contains aloes; yet we know that hsemorrhoidal persons cannot bear aloes, except it be ir" the form of COCKLE'S PILLS, which chiefly consist of aloes, scammony, and colcynth which I think are formed into a sort of compound extract, the avidity of which is obviated, I suspect, by an alkaline process, aud by a fourth ingredient (unknown to me) of an aromatic tonic nature. I think no better and no worse of it for its being a patent medicine. I look at it as an article of commerce and domestic convenience, and do not hesitate to say it is the. best made Pill in the Kingdom; a muscular purge, a mucous purge, and a hydrogogue purge combined, and their effects properly controlled by a dirigent and corrigent. That it doe" not commonly produce haemorrhoids, like most aloetic pills, I attribute to its being thoroughly soluble, so that no undisaolve-I particles adhere to the mucous membrane." c OCKLE'S ANTIBtLIOTJS PILLS OF PURE VEGETABLE INGREDIENTS ANDFEE FROM MERCURY. In use among all classes of society EIGHTY SIX YEARS. May be had throughout the United Kingdom, In bores at Is. lid., 28. 9d., 4a. 6d. 11 and 22a 4, GREAT ORMARD STREET. LONDON. RY LAURAWCE, r\^ O V & ■') j .1êG¿T::LU- ARE far and cool, and never tire the eye, and u-hiliS" » (Htbduhiy u". in Jin minatory symptoms, assist strengthen. and preserve the 8ight. SIR JULIUS BENEDICT, 2, Manchester Square, London, W., writes: — I have tried the principal Opti- cians in London without success, but your spectacles suit me admirably, both for reading and walking. The clearness of your glasses, as compared with others, is really surprising. I shall at all times recommend them. Hundreds of Testimonials have bpen received from per- sons whose sight has lwn ImnefiteA by their use. when all others huve failed, a tenythentd list of which can be seen on application to the agents for Aberystwyth— I WHEATLEY & SONS, MUSIC SELLERS, ABERYSTWYTH. All Spectacles stamped H. L. [c292 WORTH A GLINEA A BOX BEE C H M I 8 PILLS. .1 I H I .1. /b >d}\ pV PATENT W\ ui PILLS. A RE admitted by thousands tc ^'V be worth above a GVIKHA & Box for Vjilliovis and nervous dis- orders, such as wind and pain iu the stomach, sick headache, giddi- ness, fullness and swelling after meals, dizziness and drowineks, cold hiI1, flushings of heat, loss of appetite, shortness of breath, •ostiveness, swrvy, blotches on the ..kin, disturbed sleep, frightful dream*, and all nervous arrd t.rcljibling senaitiom, &c., &.c, The first dose will ive relief in twontv minutes. This, is 0" fiction, for they have done it in thousands of eases. Every sufferer i* earnestly invited to try one bo* of these Pills, and ey wiU be acknowledged to be WORTH A GUINEA A BOX. For females of all 8 £ cn these Pills are invaluable, as a few do of them carry off all across humours, open all obstructions, and bring about all that ill retjuired. No female should be without them. There is no medicine to be found to equal Beechani's Pills for remuvinjj; any obstruction or irregularity of the system. If taken according to the directions sriven with each box, they wiH soon restore fenialcia of all ayes to sound and robust health. For a wuak Stomach, impaired digestion, and all disorders of the Liver, they act like" MAGIC" and a few deses will be found to work wonders upon the most important organr3 in the human machine. They strengthen the whole muscular system, restore the long-lost complexion, briuif back the keen fcdffo of appetite and arouse into action, with the HOSE-BUD of health, the whole physical energy of the human fr&ine.-These are "FACTO" ad- mitted by thousands, embracing all classes of Society, and one art the bt-gt guarantees to the Nervous and Debilitated is, BKSCHAM'S PiLUi have the largest sale of any Patent Medicine in the world. BEECHAM'S MAGIC COUGH PILLS. As a remedy for Coughs in goneral, Asthma, Difflcuhy to Bvukthias;, Shortness of Breath, Tightness and Oppression of the Chest, Wheezing, &c., these Pills stand unrivalled. They speedily remove that sense of oppression and difficulty of breathing which nightly deprive the patient eI rest. Let any persons give Beechatn's Cough Pills a trial and the most violent Cough will in a short time be removed. Jptr CAL-ROIg.-The public are requested to notice that the words Beech am's Pills, St. Helen's, are on the Government. Stiamp athxed to each box of the Pills; if not on they are forgery. Prepared only and sold wholesale and retail by the proprietor, T. Beechom, Dispemring Chemist, St. Helen's, Lancashire, in boxes at Is. l id. and 2s. 9d. each. Send post free from the proprietor for 15 or 36 Stamps. Sokl by aU Drvggkts and Patent Medicine. Dealen in the United Kingdom. N.B.-Fun directiona a.re given with each box. [o4l7 OTICF.-If you want to know what any j 1 thing will cost Uj Print, s;jnd tctVis MANAOBB, I of the Ca?nbriaaNetrs >;ru>riwn Works Al^rysitwyth j flubliautans. J JUST PUBLISHED. PerkoxSal Holiness. (12 PAGKS.) By J. GIBSON. No. 2. I PRICE TWOPENCE. ALSU, Eternal SILENCES. I (12 PAGES.) I p r ICE T WOPENC E. Orders received at the I CAMBRIAN NEWS OFFICE, ABERYSTWYTH. Sold by Mr Edward Edwards, Great Darkgate- street, Aberystwyth Mr Win. Jenkins, Great Dark- gate-st-rcet, Aberystwyth Mrs Stephens. Btidge- street, Aberystwyth. uginc£j.5 J\,bbr££,StG. A CARD. D. P. DAVIES & DAYIS, AGRICULTURAL AND SANITARY ENGINEERS, ARCHITECTS, AUCTIONEERS, LAND AGENTS, SURVEYORS, AND VALUERS, ABERYSTWYTH LAMPETER. MESSRS. D. P. DAYIES & DAVIS beg to inform the Nobility, Clergy, Gentry, Agriculturists, and the Public generally that they have secured the services of Mr WM. MORGAN, of Cardigan House, Queen's-road, Aberystwyth, for many years with the late Mr Smith, to whom any commnni- ptioQ may be addressed, and it will receive prompt ,ention. [dl99 G. WILKINSON, SEEDSMAN, EGG MERCHANT, GAME DEALER, FRUITERER, &c., 8, NORTH PARADE, ABERYSTWYTH. Seeds. New Garden and Flower Seeds. Early Potatoes all best sorts. Choice Collection of Flower Seeds. /i W. begs to inform the Public that his '■jr. Seeds are all NEW, the quality and purity of I which cannck.be surpassed. A constant supply of the famous Yarmouth Bloaters, Haddocks, Kippers, &c. Also, seasonable Fruits and Vegetables, English and Foreign, of first quality, always on hand. OWEN & SONS, PARIS HOUSE, ( ABERYSTWYTH. Tailors, Hatters, Shirtmakers & Outfitters. Winter Suits of Dittoe from 55s. to 90s. Ladies' Cloth Jackets from 3.5s. to 63s. Waterproofs for Ladies and Geutlemen. Seal Jackets and Fur Capes made to measure. LIVERIES. LIVERIES. ) Those who employ Livery Servants arc invited to Bend for their quotations, which will he found lower than any House in the Kingdom. OWEN & SONS. BEE-HIVE DRAPERY I I ESTABLISH- MENT. IF you want tho best possible value that Ready Money can command in General Drapery, Goods, Ready-Made Clothing, &c., &c., Suits and Single Garments made to measure on the shortest notice—fit, style, and workmanship guaranteed—go to DANIEL THOMAS, GENERAL DRAPER, TAILOR, & OUTFITTER, LITTLE DARKGATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. Thrmz-Ready Money only. One Price for all. TST ALL GOODS MARKKD IN PLAIN FIGTTKES. CORRUGATED GALVANISED IRON ROOFING. 0N Al^?CATION CORRUGATED IRON CO., WOLVERHAMPTON. FOUND DEAD. AT this season of thy year, when vermin, especially of the rat species, will return in numbers from the fields and crowd into granaries, corn lltAeks, &c., your readers would do well to bear in mind that there is one certain remedy—and that is Sard- ford's Rat Poison, to be obtained Irein Sandford, Sandy, Beds. It is the most certain remedy I have ever tried.- Little pellets a.bout the sire of a pea are put in the rat-holes or in their runs. I destroyM over 200 rats from on" dressing with it. C. Cook. Orange Farm, Ellesmere, Salop.-Price Is. per box (Is. 2d. with postage), of SANDFOliD AND SON, Sandy, Bods. Also Mice Poison for dressing oorn stacks. Answers well. Kills Mice on the spot. Thirty-seven fonnd dead in the bouse by one packet. Send stamps aDd try. [e74 Settings. "r- ,r' "TraM or ^/j tra Brython." J TRE'RDDOL EISTEDDFOD, WHICH WILL BE HKLD FRIDAY, JUNE 25th, 1886. CHIEF CHORAL COMPETITION. Choir, not under 70 in number, that will render beat All we like Sheep have gone astray" (The Messiah). Prize, £ 20 Os. Cd. and chair for the Conductor. Con- ductors of the other choirs to receive JE1 On. Od. each. Programmes will be out shortly. Secty.- -7AS. JONK.H, Frice Trade Hall, Taliosin, Glandovey, R.S.O. p.,S.- -Anyone wiiibing to offei- a, Prize will kindly write to thu Secretary before March 6th. [e97 j -=======-========.=-=-=:=-===-===:-=== KEATINGS' COUGH LOZENGES cure COUGHS, ASTHMA, BRONCHITIS.—Medical testimony states that; no other medicine is so effectual in the cure of these 'angerous maladies. One Lozenge alone gives ease, one or two bed time ensures rest. For relieving difficulty o breathing they are invaluable. Sold by all Chamicw i Tina la. lid. and 2a. 9d. each. business ilcticcs jj JAMES' LLANBADARN MONNMEIsTAL WORKS, ESTABLISHED 1848. MARBLE Granite and Stone Monunients, 1- Headstones, and every other description of .Memorial Stones designed and executed to Postal address—Mrs. JAMES, Padarn View, Llanbidarn R.S.O., c125] Abeiystwyih. SPECIAL NOTICE. GREAT ATTRAt'TIONS GREAT ATTRACTIONS J. H. EDWARDS, DRAPER, 38, GREAT DARKGATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. [ I I JgEGS to announce that he has arranged for the sale of his Entire Drapery Sto; k above address previous to removing to other premises, No 2, North Parade, Sale to commence on Monday, March 22nd. TO SUFFERERS FROM WEN IN THE HEAD. JL. JONES, Cnwch Coch, Aberystwyth, • prepares an Ointment which certainly, safely, and speedily eradicates the above. Maney returned if not cured. J. L. J. will meet patients at any places fixed upon by them, if convenience suits. [c957 PRIVATE HOTEL (SUPERIOR). CAMBRIAN HOUSE, 1. TAVISTOCK SQUARE, LONDON, W.C. SITUATION CENTRAL AND CLOSE TO 'BUSSES ANB THREE IMPORTANT RAILWAY ST.&TION, Terms Strictly Moderate. MRS. DELA HOYDE, d724) Lateof Aberystwyth. NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. We cannot undertake to return communications. Communica- tion should always be legibly written in ink, and on one side of the paper only. Whatever is intended for insertion must be authenticated by the name and address of the oender-not necessarily for publication, but as a guarantee of good faith, t "THE FUTURE OF BALA. "-Olvyr's letter is very long, and what it contains could be put in a quarter of the words. Our space is worth something.
THE BALA POST OFFICE APPOINTMENT. NOTHING more discreditable to the Tory party ever happened in Merionethshire than the turning out of Mrs EVANS from the Post Oflice- at Bala, after her husband's death in order to confer the office upon a local Conservative who himself seems to have been in favour of the widow, for he signed a petition in favour of her being allowed to succeed her husband, whose duties she had for many years discharged to every- body's satisfaction. The appointment, N% e. pre- sume, is not a very valuable one, but it would have kept the poor widow from poverty and in some measure mitigated the bereavement which fell upon her on the first day of the New Year. The present holder of the office cannot be to blame for the loss sustained by Mrs EVANS. He had no power to influence the Treasury but, he could, if so minded, restore to the widow the place she has lost. The blame for this mean little job must reilt upon the influential Tories of the county, who, without caring for the widow, resolved to put a Conservative in the vacant place. We regret the occasion and condemn the method. but we have the greatest possible admiration for the faithfulness with which Conservatives serve their supporters on every possible occasion. There is much to be learnt by Liberals in many ways from the Bala Post Office appointment. We have been pointing out for years that Liberal members of Parliament, Liberal Lords Lieutenant, Liberal Governments, aud Liberal leaders of all. sorts are not by any means as faithful to their supporters as the Tories are. A Liberal might serve his party until he died of extreme' old age, but unless he pushed himself forward with an assiduity that would have ensured success in the absence of any claims, no honours, or rewards, or places would fall to him. Political activity and faithfulness amongst Liber&ls have too often to be their own reward. During the few months the Tories were in power last year and this they appointed more officials and disposed of more honours than the Liberals will appoint and dispose of in three or four years If a Tory had done half as much for Wales materially, educationally, and religiously, as Mr. DAVIB DAVIKS has done, he would have been recognized long since. What is true in.Mr DAVID DAVIF.S'S case is true in hun- dreds and thousands of other instances. The Tories are always on the watch for opportu- nities, and the result is that notwithstanding the fact that the Liberals have been in power three or four times as long as the Tories during the past thirty or forty years, Tory magistrates, Tory peers, anti Tory officials are in the majority. The way Conservatives sneer at Liberals who. seek any sort of recognition would lead guileless persons to imagine that Conserva- tives never seek place, or honour, or power, whereas they are always on the hunt. We see this sort of thing locally as at Bala, and we see it nationally, as in the case of Mr. DAVID DAVIES, whose life has been fuller of wonderful incidents than the people imagine. Liberal enthueiasm is great, we know, but official snubs, and gratitude that only consists in a lively sense of favours to come, are not diet on which it can be expected to thrive. The real government of the country is still in the; hands of the Tories, and this is just what think- j -u_ nig Liberals object to. Liberals win tactions, HH Tories get the places and honours. Torv influences are very strong nvn in Liberal governments The Bala appointment, is a very !iir instance of how Tories not only do not lose fair opportunities of rewarding partisans, but go out of their way to se*.k unfair oppor- tunities. The activity of influential Conserva- tives in the Bala Post Office appointment teadsj the Liberals of Wt^les a lesson whe-h i-. i:s quite time they should take seriously to hcarl.
YSTRAD SCHOOL BOARD ELECTION. THE School Hoard election for the Llanfihangel Ystiiid united dif-trict which comes off on Mon- day, March 22nd, is creating a degree of in- terest in the neighbourhood beyond what is common in contests of this kind. The reason for this '? not, far to seek. The ratepayers know that the ''lection has meanings beyond and apart from School Board matters pure And s mple, and the situation has been rendered more interesting by the action of Colonel LEWES, the chairman, who, on a recent occasion, when he found himself in a minority,. resigned his position. The fight has come to be regarded, and we think reasonably so, as a conflict for freedom. The resignation of the CHAIRMAN, when a majority of the Board ventured to differ from him, shows unmistakeably the sort of influ- ence against which the ratepayers fed them- selves called to protest. It is true that the cry of economy has been raised, but very few of those who will take part in the election are likely to be misled by this cry. The real issue is the one upon which the people will vote Landowners in these days must be prepared to wield very little influence beyond that which their own personal qualifications win for them. There was a time, not very long ago, when the resignation of a landowner in Colonel LEWES'S position would have thrown the whole district into confusion, but now the people quietly discuss what has been done and gradually reach sound conclusions upon which they act, strong in their knowledge of the secrecy of the ballot. We have no doubt Col. LEWES himself now sees that he acted unwisely, for lie is a good business man and would quickly de- tct similar folly in another. Owing to the action which has been taken by him, we think the ratepayers will act unwisely if they do not, in the most emphatic manner, support the action of the majority of the board. There are many reabons why this should be done and amongst them, that if it is felt by members of the board that they are expected to support the chairman, whoever he may happen to be, men of independent mind will refuse to represent the ratepayers, and anything like conscientious individual action will be at an end. Far more is at stake in this contest than outsiders are aware of, and more even than we can discuss. Those who have to vote, and whose interests are at stake, know all the circumstances,, and it is to be hoped they will make it clearly understood on the day of election that they have confidence, not only in the teachers, but in the members of the old board who formed the majority when the chairman resigned. It is easy on occasions of this kind to talk about harmony and unity, and the wisdom of living in peace, but unless minorities in public bodies are prepared to abide loyally by the decisions of majorities, it will be impossible to have peace, or to work together in unity. The election occupies considerable space in our columns this week, and we have had some difficulty in preventing those bitter personal allusions which add much to the acri- mony of a contest without contributing any- thing to the intelligent comprehension of the matters involved in it.
HARTINGTON AND CHAMBERLAIN. THE other day the Marquis of HARTINOTON delivered a long speech which had been looked forward to by Conservatives with great expecta tions. The action of the Marquis of HARTING- TON in severing himself from Mr GLADSTONE on the Irish question is unintelligible to the ordinary Conservative mind, unless he intended to throw in his lot with the Conservatives, a course never contemplated by him. The fact was made clearer than ever by his recent speech, that the Marquis of HARTINGTON is standing aloof as the future leader of moderate Liberals,, who he expects will guide the destinies of this nation whenever the reins of Government fall from thr; hands of Mr GLADSTONE, How is it that Tory newspapers do not sec this is a puzzle to us. If he were to act with the TorieR, or in any wav to himself from the Liberal party, his future career as a leading statesman might be said to be impossible, but his present position is secure, whether Mr GLADSTONE succeeds or fails in the great emprise on which he has entered. If 1\ff GLADSTONE putisfies the Iriah party, and retires from active political life, there will probably be, at any rate for some time, a demand for a moderate Liberal Government.. If he t fails, a] [not by any means impossible contingency, the demand for a Whig Government will be overwhelmingly strong, and the Marquis of HARTINGTON will probably come into power with a larger majority than has been known in recent times. During the past few weeks there have been indications that Mr CHAMBERLAIN, whose astuteness we think is over-rated, has seen the drift of the Marquis of HARTINGTON'S action, and is be- ginning to realise that his position as a Radical leader would be stronger if he were outside the Cabinet, fighting as a free lanee dur- ing the present juncture, than working willingly 5 13 y or unwillingly with Mr GLADSTONE in his great attempt to settle the Irish difficulty. Our con- tention from first to last is based on the assump- tion that the leading politicians in the House of Commons and the country are aware that two great factors are working together for the disruption of political parties as at present con- stituted. Whether Mr GLADSTONE succeeds or fails in his Irish policy, his political life cannot be much longer extended, and everybody knows that when that life terminates all the parties in the House of Commons will tend quickly to disintegration. It would be a mistake to imagine that the Liberal party only would be broken up under the circumstances suggested The Conservatives would probably be the first to bhow signs of disorganisation. Moderate Conservatives will be anxious to join with moderate Liberals to stem the Radical current, which Conservatives believe more strongly perhaps than Liberals, is in danger of overflowing the country. The interesting feature at present is the action that will be taken by Mr CHAMBERLAIN during the next few weeks, to put himself in a position equal if not superior to that occupied by the Marquis of HARTINGTON, who has not been slow to avail. himself of an opportunity to make it clear to the country that whilst lie is opposed to certain j Radical changes in Ireland, he is not going to act either directly or indirectly with the Tories, but intends to be true to the Liberal traditions of his house, confident that the future holds for him a great occasion. Close political students, however strong may be their predilections in, favour of Mr CHAMBERLAIN, must confess tIla4 -C,r. recently he has lost rather c'han gained gr0:d in public estimation. At the present moment u far larger number of people knew definitely what to expect from tfco Marquis of .HAKTIKGTON than from Mr CHAMBERLAIN, who souehow or other seems to expend himself iu epigrams, or to lose himself in generalities, '\Ve think then: is abundant evidence that in a short time CHAMBERLAIN will be openly pitted against the Marquis of whilst Mr JOHN I favuut, ..IT, UI' UU Mr GLADSTONE'S great attempt to pacify Ireland. The great game of politics was. never more interesting than j now, nor was there ever a larger number, or. more skilful players, engaged in it. At present.; the Marquis of HARTINGTON leads.
THE LAND AGITATION. LANDOWNERS who will take the trouble may; find in our columns this week abundant evidence that tenant farmers are in earnest in the eiibits they are making to obtain terms from their landlords on which they can satisfactorily pu.- sue the work of cultivating their holdings. Smooth words are well enough as far as they go, out when men are expending their capital • in paying rents, something more than smooth words are necessary, to give them satisfaction. I As the discussion proceeds it becomes clearer and clearer that the condition of farn ers is more desperate than was known, and that the need for action on the part of landlords is im- perative. Unfortunately we do not see that anything is being done by landowners to iiit-et farmers, and we fear that the agitation will pass out of its present perfectly harmless stage before anything is done. It is no use to abuse Mr. MICUAEL DAVITT, and it is absurd to go on talking about the pleasant relations) which exist between landlords and tenants, uti-- leas something substantial is going to be done to prove to farmers that these relations are not merely nominal. Mr. MICHAEL DAVITT only delivered three or four speeches in Wales, but these speeches seemed to have literally terrified landlords, who are in danger, as we feared from the first, of taking it for granted, now that Mr. DAVITT has gone away, that all danger is past. His visit brought the land movement to a premature head, and there is now going on a reaction, as far as landlords are concerned, but tenants are still moving forward, and the position of yesterday is not the position of to-day, nor will the position of to-day be that of to-morrow. Already there are indications of impatience, which may quickly lapse iuto anger. Landlords seem to be doing nothing, while farmers are meeting in every district, and discussing their grievances and diiliculties in language remarkable for its outspoken plainness. Any unprejudiced and disinterested spectator, looking at the attitude of farmers and land- owners must, we think, see that landlords are losing an opportunity, which, once lost, they will never again obtain. Whether they believe it or not, the agitatios is growing, and the determination, born of necessity, to obtain some change in their condition, is becoming more fixed every day. On the other hand, there are signs amongst landlords of irritation, which is in danger of expressing itself in caustic words which will burn and leave indelible mrrks What, we esk the landlords of Waiey, would they say was meant by letters and reports such as we publish this week, if those letters and reports had relation to some other country than their own 1 Would they not think that the time had come when wise land- owners should make haste to grant the reason- able requests of their tenants, in order to pre- vent the growth of unreasonable demands? Farmers, as one of our correspondents points out, have reached such a condition that they are quite indifferent what becomes of thoh. They not only make no profit, but are expend- ing their capital in paying rents, tithes, rates, and taxes, and they know, as sen-, sible men must know, that this is a state1 of things that cannot last long, and they point out that when all their capital is expended it will be even more disastrous for la, 1 lords than for the .tenants themselves. We were in hopes, after what has been s-aid by one or two landowners, that something would be done quickly to meet tenants so as to put a stop to an agitation which must bring loss and suffering upon all those engaged in it, if the battle is tti' be fought out, as now seems probable, to its bitter end. Thoughtful men wait with anxiety for further developments which will not, we presume, be much longer delayed.
— i) I'SESTA BLISliM ENT IN WAoES. 1J\. DILLWYN'S motion, that the English Church ) In the Principality is an anomaly and an injustice which ought no longer to exist, wa; only defeated by twelve votes in the House of Commons on Wednesday morning, whoa four hundred and seventy members wentinto the divis- ion lobbies. The significance of this vote will not I be mistaken by members of the Church of England who, however, showa marvellous inr.bil ity to comprehend the Nonconformist's desire for disestablishment. The principle has now been admitted, and the whole question in future is merely one of convenience. There is something positively ludicrous in the astonishment; of members of the Church of England that Non- conformists should desire to see the Church disestablished. "What difference does it make to you," they ask, "whether the Church is disestablished or not as long as you can do as you like in your own chapels, without inybody interfering with you." The position of inferiority is not considered for a moment, nor is the fact taken into account that large revenues intended for the whole nation's benefit arc used to pro vide incomes and gratuitous religion for a very select portion of the people. The disestablishment of the Church will get rid eventually of the word "dissenter," always a term of opprobrium in the mouths of Churchmen. Nonconformists arc determined to be on equal terms with mem- bers of the Church of England, as a mere matter of social equality. There is no reason why a people who maintain their religion "y their own free will offerings should in every p a'ish have over them a State parson, who in all sorts of ways presumes to act as the social and political, as well as the ecclesiastical superior, of the people he calls his parishioners At Aberyst- wyth there has been a long, stern, and i.ot unsuccessful fight against this ascendancy, but in places not far distant, the parson rules in way that are distinctly felt, although not very easily descrilwd. Then there is the political status the Church possesses by reason of its cc n- nection with the State and the pi-esence of the bishops in the House of Lords. As long as the j bulk of the people attended the Church of; England, no great injustice was done by the presence of bishops in Parliament, but now, when the bulk of the people do not belong to the Church, it is ridiculous that the bishops! of the Church should enjoy a political emi-1 nence refused to the greatest of Nonconformists in England. Members of the Esta'o-' lifched Church have been so accustomed! from their infancy to look doNN 11 Upon "dissenters" as their social inferiors that! "?- .C4,=- they can scarcely realize how the objects of their unconscious arrogance resent the inbred tOTlt", of inferiority, always the unfailing mark or caste, to which they are subjected.' In s0 ^al as Wales i? concerned, at any rate, the who!0 system received its death blow on Wednesday morning, r<„, <: the sooner the tinishing stroke is fi've-n the better it will be for the Church ber- MrvALBEUT CTHEY, who is one of those w y superior persons who would be patiently tolerated in the House of Commons i it were not for his aristocratic connection, made a speech which clearly manifests the spirIt which will eventually disestablish Church in Er gland, as veil as in Wales an" Seoii-md. Mr. ALKKRT GREY wanted to ktio%v Nonconformists did not accent a motion to reform dw Church of Kugland. Nonconformist8 care no more whether the Church of England s reformed than whether the Church of Rome is r-formed. What is the reform of the Church of England to No reform, however complete, in the Church of England would convert Nonconformists t.) the Church 0 h-ngland, any more than reforms in Church of Rome would convert both INOI" conformists and Churchmen into Cathcrlics, What its contend, is not that tlll Church ot England needs reform, but that it IS not the church of the people, any more than the- Church of Rome is the church of the people and all talk about reform is, therefore, utterly beside the mark. When men merely dissented from the Church of England reform would havt) brought about unity, but the Nonconformist8 of these days were born Nonconformists) and have a Nonconformist history of which many of them are justly proud. The only dIS- senters of these times are those miserable seekers after respectability who were born into Non- con form ity, but who for reasons which ,f .suppose are satisfactory to themselves dissented from NonconfoDnity. and became in many caseS the itiost, violent of Churchmen. There can be nO question, whether the Church is disestablished or not, thac the need for reform is very great? but; the internal affairs of the Church of Eng' land are of no interest to Nonconformists, who are only anxious that they should no longer he subjected to the disabilities and discomforl,S entailed by the absence of rehgious eqpality. They are quite willing to leave the i-tiati- agoment of the Church to Churchmen- We have no d"i>ire to magnify the importance of Wednesday morning's division, but we think it will be admitted that it has brought the jinrll struggle clearly within sight, and the only questions now to consider are when, how, and oil what terms, the change has to be made. That disestablishment cannot be delayed in Wales beyond the next Parliament is certain notwithstanding the oracular utterances of English daily newspapers, whose ignorance is only to be measured by their assurance- We do not believe that disestablishment will be delayed in Wales until England is ripe for a similar change. The condition of the two countries is entirely different, as it would be well for those who seek disestablishment in Wales to make quite clear. Too much stress is laid upon the inefficiency of the Church in Wales, and toO little upon the difference between the condition of the Church in England and its condition in Wales in relation to the people. In England the Church is strong in the rural districts and comparatively weak in towns. In Wales the Church is very weak in the rur-,tl districts, but. gathers a little strength in towns- | If Parliament can only once be made to under- I stand the actual position, there will be no | difficulty whatever in disestablishing the Church in Wales, years before the question is ripe in England The land question is daily growing in magnitude, but if that were out of the way dis' Establishment could be carried almost without struggle. The battle has been won, but t..}J., victory is not yet recorded.
LOCAL AND GENERAL NOT! —— > It is announced that Mr. W..J. IM;RAM. M.P.. !t; intimated his intention to romit at Lady-day ;,0 cent. of his rents then due from his Lincolnshi^ tenants. Landowners in some districts, at any rat<> are beginning to realize that tenants have loot tin h' capital, and that if the}' are. not liberally assisted la! will go out of cultivation and rents will also disappear- •* There ia much misery in this and other couiuru* which is »>eing attributed to all sorts of causes. N»' inxly, however, seems to think that the cause may he found in the wasteful use of the people's earning^ ip war material and ia the maintenance of large armies which only destroy—always destroy. When will tile people who starve leani that at least twenty million* sterling are wanted in this country alone every y in worse than useless war expenditure ¥ From tune to time thia country is told by tho< wl»" are supposed to be leaders of thought that llIglisl artisans lack skill, and are. inferior in ¡uti"tie :tl scientific knowledge. \Yed"i)>«t. adroit the truth e' the assertions, but v. <- ask wis-it inducements to handicraftsmen to reach highest possible excelle: rrii(; iu:iciter ot arts,"as we all know, is a person U tt.iy I ignorant of any art whatever. Ho often does not know the art of making a living. Again, the l:;tvd>- craltfrnan's skill, however great and curious, docs cotint tt tio iiiiirei-sities. A man may spend years m learning an art, but his knowledge, cntaitillg the C'ompldcst pc.8t1,Ic discipline of mind and hodV: and the deftest manipulation, is not deemed to Ile equal to the musi. fragmentary and useless kuow).,igC of Greek or Latin. When universities recognize the I arts, and when a man who knows how to make sc-lile" I thing is deemed to be as worthy as the man who only knows in three or four languages the naires of the things made, thero will be less occiiaion to complain of the want of oxcdlenee in the arts. Thorough l-n<o»" of the principles amt practice of any art ought to count more than dead languages in qualifying for 11 degree in arts. It is reported that the Central Chamber of Agrictd ture, after a discussion on the question of import <luties on foreign corn, by twenty-eight votes to tvvelvC passed a resolution in favour of such duties. The pro gress of free trade doctrines is slow in the agrit-tiltlifli mind, but such advances have been made that e\TT! what are called retaliatory tariffs are impossible. )1'- Bio ct the other day said in the House of Coinm"1^ that her !jj-:st:i's government had frequently åe- clared thai, in i heir opinion the principles of free tr;lae were beneficial to every country, but they would not ¡ forward the application of such principles by on a war of. tariffs, and he could, therefore, hold w;1 no hope of tie.'ir trying the effect of meeting forcig11 countries by a policy of retaliation. When will who urge retaliatory tariffs learn what retaliation J" this matter means, 1 C wo are to give more for eolll- moui i ics than they are worth merely to compel I lie" people to pay more for comrnoditicsthan they arc u <>rth» we iio not 808 where the advantage comes in. ^e to way to punish countries who resort to protection is bny their :h"up commodities and cease, to inanufacti-1 theni oi.^vlyor. If f'Vanco' is willing to sell sag*1' .tu r.s at wny should we not buy it,. That the L.II'T;it '-f i ranee should tax themselves in order sell to 7: below the cost of production is 1.J)SlIr. but it woe! bt» more-absurd still if we resolved to f a tax ou it. as to rnako it artificially dear. One (I Ittntl is al)lc to hold its own A a<5 i' d. "u ti.v: markets of the world is that ;■ th^ hay cho'f-p j>o Tv'alch uo not return a profit ao who produce them. We are safc ll I' 1 f. > t./ "tlop f",q America n' tlse fi trade.