Neu Wpeichion Oddiar yr Eingion By CADRAWD. If Eistaddfod Fawr Caerfyrddin." This Eisteddfod, ever since known as the grand or the great Carmarthen Eistedd- fod, was held in that ancient.and, up to the be- ginning of the 19th century, the largest, town in Wales, in the year 1451, under the patronage of Groffydd ap Nicolas, of Dinevor. Gruffydd was the grandfather of Sir Rhys ap Thomas, a man of exceptional influence in the Prin- cipality, and being of a hot, fiery temper or spirit, he is said to have been often involved in quarrels with his powerful neighbours. Among Gruffydd's antagonists," we are informed in history, were the Duke of Buckingham, Rich- ard Duke of York, Jasper Earl of Pembroke; and though this great Welshman frequently engaged in disputes with the English, we find him joining the Yorkists, and taking part with him against Jasper Earl of Pembroke, at the battle of Mortimer's Cross. February 2nd, 1461, whither he led some eight hundred chosen Welshmen, where he himself was mortally wounded, dying in the honour and hour of victory. The Welsh bards were exceedingly loud in their praises of Gruffydd ap Nicolas while living we have very many elegies written to men after their death, and there is reason to believe that in the 15th and the two succeeding centuries a good many of the elaborate ele- gies by Welsh poets during that period were paid for by the relatives of the departed, and for this class of poetry it is possible the acltnowiedgment was more liberal than for any other kind. In the case of Groffydd ap Nicolas we have the best poems relating to him and presented to him during his life-time, which goes far to prove that he was popular with his own people and respected not only because of his high position, but also on account of his real worth. I cannot help quoting a few lines here from the MB. poem by Rhys Uwyd ap Rhys ap Rhiccart, a bard of Tir laru, which be ad- dressed to Groffydd. Some of the lines have found place in our collection of Welsh Proverbs, and are often quoted, though the whole poem to my knowledge has never been published:- 44 Tyfaist drwy gariad difalch, Tir a choed deri a chalch, Wrth was da yw dy an wyd, Wrth rhyw ddyn Arthuraidd wyd Owell rhy draws heb gydnaws gwau, Yn rhyw dre na rhy druan Argoel yw ni lywir gwlad Oni chair ofn a chariad." Another great bard of Tir larll, Gwilym Tew Hen, of whom oar biographical dictionaries have nothing more to say than that he floarisbed so and so, and his works are extant in manuscript, wrote a masterly Cywydd to Gruffydd ap Nicolas, and Doctor Davies, of Mattwyd, has fitted some lines from this poem into his Flares Pretarum Britannicorum," under a mistaken name. This poem is of much historical valae, and it refers to the conflict between Gruffydd ap Nicolas and the noblemen referred to above. The poem commences :— Gair angel i'r gwr yngod,* Gruffydd o Drefnewydd nod Beth amlaf ddeuty'r afon, O'i blaen hi o h'ai lawn hon Tir a choed tyrrau i chwi A'r tai hyd Aber Towi Ti a gefaist wyf gyfiawn Gadair a dysg gyda'r ddawn." What an excellent character to a gentleman we find in these lines from the same ode :— Taro nghefn teyrn anghyfiawn A'i dreio wnaed a'i droi*n iawn, I I wau trist y rhoed win trwm, I gadarn y rhoed godwm Cadarn cadarn i'th farnwyd, Ac Oen o aur i'r gwau wyd." The following lines are familiar to the Welsh reader, for I krfow of no other lines in the langiage more often quoted; though the author appears to be unknown they are ascribed to Gruffydd Tew Hen by Dr. Davies: Gair o'th enau gwyrth uniawn, Gair isel yw grasol iawn Y llyn dyfnaf o'r afon, Isaf fis haf yw ei son Y doeth ni ddywaid a wyr, Nid o son y daw synwyr, A fa doeth efe a daw Annaeth ni reol eimaa A dd'wetych di ni ddowtia A ddel o'th law fe ddaw'n dda Dy wen yVr pump llawenydd Dy galon yn ffynon ffydd, Dy dafod wr da difetb, Dy ben yw'r pen ar bob peth." What a treasure it would be in the hand of the Welsh literati if a complete collection of the poems (which are locked up in our dusty .Welsh MSS.) addressed by our poets in all ages to members of this ancient family was printed, with suitable notes and comments. The same might be said of the Herberts, the Morgans, the Mansels, the Stradlings, Ac. Let me here suggest to Earl Cawdor, the living represen- tative of Gruffydd ap Nicolas, the propriety of offering a prize for the best collection of Welsh poems addressed at all times to members of the Dinevor family at the coming National Eis- teddfod at Carmarthen. I find that coming in contact with the per- sonality of so distinguished a character as Gruffydd ap Nicolas has caused me to divert from the subject I had intended to write on, viz. the great Eisteddfod of Carmarthen of 1461. In the Welsh MS. in the British Museum there is a very complete and interesting account of this great assembly, commencing with an account of Dafydd ap Edmund, of Hammer, in Flint; and how he came to the Eisteddfod, accompanied by his servant! On their journey they came to a mansion in Car- diganshire of very attractive appearance, which bore evidence that some notable person was living there. Dafydd called and inquired if he and his servant could say there for the night, that they were travelling for some days on their way from their home in Pwll Gwepra in Flint- shire to the Eisteddfod which was announced to be held at Carmarthen, under the patro- nage of Gruffydd ap Nicolas. Dafydd was at once admitted, and his servant and their 8DimaIs attended to. In the mansion was an- other bard who on thesame errand had arrived aame time before Dafydd ap Edmwnd, in the person of Ieuan. ap Hywel Swrdwal, who as soon as he heard Dafydd speak concluded ttiat he was a bard of repute. Ieuan toJd the gentleman of the mansion what his suspicions were, who told him to test him by addressing him with a few lines of poetry, to see what his answer would be. Then Ieuan Swrdwal ap- proached Dafydd and enquired of him the name of his horse. Dobyn" said Dafydd, and Ieuan in answer said— Dewis di oddiar dy stol, A'i Dobyn s'i dan ebol," to which Dafydd, ap Edmund replied— 1M 0 Dduw p'un oraa i ddyn Ai dau ebol all dobyn t" leoanat once communicated the answer to the gentletnan, and both concluded at once that he was a distinguished bard, of very ready wit (parod ei awen). He was then at once invited to the hall and introduced to the company at the mansion, where he was shown much hospi- tality and respect, and the servant with him as weXL They again suspected the servant that he also was a bard, from the fact that the ritmA he had on was of silk, whereas the one his master wore was of wool, of home spun grey, aad Ieuan again addressed the servant with the following lines of Cywydd :— H Ai gwas wyd, i*th hug sidai1, Ne'r glew o gler y glog wlan t" which means—" Are you only serving yourself, or, if the man in the grey cloak is your master in truth ?" To this the-servaut answered in impressive tone Ni emrir gwych yn œmoetb, o bydd gwas i'r disas doeth Ac iach ei farn, gwych a fydd, Wastadot yn was dedwydd." Ieuan returned from the searont to the cantfesnan of the mansion, and said lie waa not sure which was the maa* an the servant; but this I know," ssdd he, the chair will go from Car- marthen on the shoulder of one of the two." The servant tamed out afterwards to be Gatyn Owain, who at onetime was Dafydd ap Bdmwnd's disciple. (To be Coutiuued*) "Neaf by—at hand.
8EAMEN'S FOOD. There has been rather an acute dispute between theTNsrt ofJLondon Sanitary Authority and the Bwud of Trade about seamen's food inspection, and the question has a wider appli- cation than appears on the surface. It seems that one of the inspectors on visiting a steamer examined the crew's provisions as the result of a complaint. He found much of it was unfit for human food, and notified the Board of Trade, but a reply was received that as the complaint had not come from the crew, they were unable to take any action in the matter. It was then pointed out that in the case of vessels arriving in this country at the termination of a voyage the men were only too anxious to get ashore, and were not inclined to spend their time in making complaints even if, as was doubtful, they werre aware of the pro- cedure available for taking action under the Merchant Shipping Acts. To this the Board of Trade replied that the statutory requirements and the present system afforded adequate pro- tection against the supply of bad or insuffi- cient provisions to crews, although it might reasonably happen that the food at the end of a voyage was not satisfactory. It is thus evidently the view of the Board of Trade that the requirements of the Merchant Shipping Act are met if the provisions are inspected before being taken on board, no matter what may happen to them afterwards. The result of th" controversy is that a movement has begun to secure on amendment of the Act in hit aspect.
TIMBERMEN'S DISCONTENT. "Claims Ignored." PROPOSED NEW ASSOCIATION. Much dissatisfaction, as previously an- nounced, exists among the timbermen and other classes of colliery workmen, outside the coal cutting workmen, in the Aberdare district with the new wage agreement for the South Wales coalfield, it being contended that their claims have been ignored. On Monday morning a further meeting of tim- bermen and rippers was held at the Royal Ex- change Inn, Aberdare, to receive the result of the recent ballot for and against the formation of a Timbermen and Rippers' Association. Mr David Bees presided. At the outset Mr John Williams, Cwmaman, the acting secretary, announced the following ballot figures For Against Cwmavon and Fforchwen 264 59 Cwmneol 64 31 Aberaman Colliery ? 58 FYorchaxnam. 53 56 Treamn-n 20 16 Bwllfa No. 124 44 BwD:fa No. 2. 94 12 Bwllfa No. 3 33 11 742 287 Three collieries had not taken a ballot, but it was pointed out that even if these three went against the proposal the present majority in favour of a separate association would not be seriously affected. Attitude Towards Federation. It was urged by several of the delegates pre- sent that no one should be entitled to mem- bership of the proposed new association unless he be clear on the books of the Federation. Replying to this the Chairman said that a large number had expressed themselves deter- mined not to contribute further to the Federa- tion. This gave rise to a. long discussion as to whether the new association should he.* run independently of the Mmersf Federation, or whether contributions should be paid into the colliery lodges as at present. A delegate from the Bwllfa Colliery said he was of opinion that the better policy would be to remain affiliated to the Federation. It was true they had not had fair play, and when their complaints came before a particular workmen's committee one person was heard to remark that he did not know what the night men really wanted. There was a feeling at the Bwllfa that they should have a committee of their own as night men. They could get the services of the agent by remaining affiliated to the Federation. They could contribute to the Federation and allow all expensesto be incurred from the central fund. If they separated it would only mean a split of strength, whereby they would have sectional struggles, and they would be losers by so doing. After further discussion it was resolved to hold a mass meeting on Saturday next, when steps will be taken to arrive at a decision on this point. The officers and committee will also be elected then.
Federation Conference. DRAFT AGENDA OUTLINED. Abnormal Place Question. A large number of important matters are down for discussion at the eleventh annual conference of the South Wales Miners' Federa- tion, at Cardiff, on the 23rd May. There is a desire in some lodges that the Central Fund accounts and the Federation books shall in future be audited by a public or chartered accountant, and notices of motion to this effect have beengiven on behalf of the Ynyshir Standard Lodge and the Pontypridd and Rhondda District. This district will also sub- mit a proposal for an indemnity scheme for insuring checkweighers, colliery examiners, etc., against accident, and for providing fidelity bond guarantees for district and lodge secretaries. The Ogmore and Gilfaeh distrrctwill more that in future the costs of taking ballots at the collieries be borne by the central funds. The Maritime Lodge, with a view to strength- ening the funds, will propose that henceforth members of the Federation shall continue paying their subscriptions while on strike and receiving strike, sick, or compensation pay. A suggestion for issuing a weekly newspaper or Labour journal on behalf of the Federation will be submitted by the Garw district and the South Griffin Lodge, Blaina. A alight verbal alteration in the 20th rule of the M.F.G.B. will be proposed by the Mon- mouthshire Western Valley district. The South Griffin (Blatna) Lodge has given notice also of the following motions :—" That we deem it most essential that during the new Parliament improved facilities should be given' to our Labour M.P.s to attend to Parliamen- tary duties That we protest against the high percentage of attendances by oar South Wales Executive members at our national and international conferences and congresses, and that the entire representation in future be limited to six or eight." The abnormal places question will be dis- cussed on the following motion from the Aber- dare district:— That the miners of Scotland, England, and Wales meet their respective coalowners and demand a fair living wage be paid to all colliers working in abnormal puces, failing to get which, that a national conference be called with a view of calling a national stop- page to enforce our just demands for the same.
FEDERATION NOMINATIONS. The Executive Council of the South Wales- Miners' Federation sat for a long time at Cardiff on Monday to prepare the agenda for the next conference, to be held on the 23rd of, May. The proceedings, though of a very pro- tracted character, were much in the nature of- routine work. Mr W. Abraham, M.P., pre- sided, and Mr W. Brace, M.P., occupied the., vice-chair. Mr John Williams, M.P., was alsoc present, together with Mr Thomas Richards, M.P. (secretary), and Mr Alfred Onions (trea-y surer). Abercynon Dispute.-A deputation attended, from the Abercynon Colliery reporting that in consequence of certain alterations having been made by the owners in the wages of the riders and the hauliers working the afternoon shift,this class of workman had been on stop since Mon- day last. It was resolved that the workmen be advised to return to work, and the question in dispute sent to the Conciliation Board for consideration. Pentre Stoppage.—It was resolved that Messrs W. Abraham, M.P., Thomas Harris, -and Enoch Morrell be asked to interview the management of this colliery, where the work- men are alleged to have been locked out, with a view to trying to ettept a settlement. Mabon's Day.—It was resolved to ask the, management of the Gilwon Colliery, Cwm- twrch, and the Cwmgors Colliery, Gwattncae-* gurwen, to meet a deputation with a view to* consider the matter in dispute relative to the., observance of Mabon's Day, with a view to. trying to effect a settlement. In this district, Mabon's Day was observed until the new? agreement,came into force, but now the man-j agement object to the practice, and the men" are idle. The Next Conference.—The draft agreements for the annual conference was considered aodLi agreed upon. The nominations of the officiate* were:— President, Mr W. Abraham, M.P. Vice-Presidents, Mr W. Brace, M.P., and Mr- James Winstone. Treasurers, Mr Alfred Onions, Mr James,, Winstone, and Mr George Barker. Conciliation Board Members—The-election* of men's representatives on the Oancibatiou, Board was deferred, pending a proposal to in- crease the number from 24 to 28, so that all the, members on the Executive Council might be elected on the Conciliation Board.
AN IRISHMAN'S RECITAL Eloquence in Cardiff Police Court A new actor has been discovered. To the Cardiff police belongs whatever credit may attach to the discovery. Rejoicing in the,, name of John Strapagnan and a Hibernian^' accent, full-flavoured and as rich as any in ConnemtLra, the new actor from the rather' limited stage of the dock entertained the, Cardiff magistrates (Messrs F. H. Jotham and Dan Radcliffe) to a dramatic recital. Inspired by the accounts given by P.C.a. Thomas Simmons and William Price of the way in which he kicked them when they obeyed the request of his wife to eject Mm from her house m Stuart-stareet on Saturday night, he-started his recital. With bewildering itaency he alleged that while he stood within, his own door he was seised bythe-eollar aztdj dragged backwards into the street. Then» crouching down on the floor, he described with blood-curdling detail the manner in which, as he alleged, the policemen jumped upon him, stamped upon his face, and otherwise made a mat of him. Two big-bodied men like> them," he exclaimed, with a gesture of dis- gust, pointing to the burly constables. Don't squash the head off one, sez L" he proceeded, and be a disgrace to the town. It's awful the way things is going on, as I can, tell yez," added the man, quivering with emo tion. The magistrates remained unmoved by the recital, having had evidence that Strangham was separated from his wife, and that his children ran screaming into the street in terror at the sight of him. I only want to go back and live with my wife and children," was the defendant's final plea. The magistrates fined him 20s and costs, or 14 days.
BREAKING AND ENTERING CHARGE. At Aberavon on Monday H. dark,la bonrer was remanded for a week on a charge of breaking and entering the pay offices and coal- houses at some new buildings near the Central Schools, Port Talbot, early on Saturday morn- ing. P.C. Pincott found prisoner breaking one of the offices open with a pickaxe, and he had considerable difficulty in securing him. r
Gwyneth Vaughan. VERSATILE WELSHWOMAN'S DEATH. We regret to announce the death at Pwllheli on Monday, of Gwyneth Vaughan, the well- known Welsh novelist and lecturer, after a long and distressing illness. She was born at Talsafnau, Merionethshire, being the daughter of Mr Bennett Jone3, a descendant of Sion ap Bendictus. Her mother claimed Owen Gwynedd as an ancestor, and there still remain in the fanfrily relics that formerly were possessed by the renowned Owen. This connection witlythe old Welsh chieftain is responsible for her name of Gwyn- eth, her baptismal name being Angbarad. Authoress and Public Speaker. There is probably no name more familiar in modern Welsh literature than Gwyneth Vaughan's. She won fame as a novelist and lecturer, and some of her books have stood the test of time, and are as popular to-day as they ever were. She was a keen observer, and her sympathies with the poor and oppressed found vent in her writings. Unlike the majority of Welsh writers she did not confine her efforts to the Welsh, but wrote extensively to English and American journals and established for herself a good connection with the wider jour- nalism of London. She translated into the Welsh the works of Drummond. She could speak French and Italian, and was a poet of no mean order. At the Gwynedd Chair Eisteddfod she won the prize for the elegy on the late Rev. David Richards, Carnarvon. Gwyneth Vaughan, Authoress and Welsh Nationalist. As a public speaker, however, she came into direct touch with the people, and she enjoyed a. very wide reputation as a lecturer on Welsh literature ajldt traditions, as well as a temper- ance propagandist. There is scarcely a good cause, national or otherwise, in which she was not keenly interested. She held advanced political and social views; and was fearless and eloquent in their expression. She frequently took to the pulpit and preached the Gospel. She occupied the position of secretary to the Welsh Union of Women's Liberal Associations, and was North Wales secretary of Undeb v Ddraig Goch, a society formed to foster Welsh in the home. Keen Eisteddfodwr. It is the Eisteddfod which she loved, and her zeal for that institution and the Gorsedd was matter of common comment. She was prouder of her connection with the Gorsedd than hardly anything else, for she used to be the only lady privileged to address the crowd from the Logan stone. A picturesque figure she was, clad in the quaint regalia of the ancient Order, speaking to the throng in her beautiful, perfect accent, for no one spoke Welsh with greater simplicity and accuracy than the deceased lady. On one occasion she said, I love our Eistedd- fod, because of the possibilities of a nation whose national festival is of such an ennobling character. And more still do I love the Druidic circle of the Bards, for there is perfect equality between man and woman. We are only re- quired to be worthy." She was elected in 1894 a member of the Carnarvon Board of Guar- dians, being about the first lady guardian in the kingdom. She also occupied a seat on the Rural Council. Final Desperate Struggle. But despite all honours her great talents brought her, Gwyneth Vaughan was poor. She was left a widow to fight for a living and edu- cation for her four children. Her gallant fight against adversity is known to-day, for it is only a few months ago that sympa- thetic friends issued appeals on her behalf when her hand failed to respond and she could write no more. So well did she work for her children (in whose behalf she travelled this country and the United States advocating temperance principles and women's rights), that her eldest son, Arthur Hughes. graduated at the University of Wales, and two others were in a fair way of following suit. When, however, she had reason to hope that the battle was over, disease came and spoilt her plans, and her hopes were turned into bitter disappointment. Her son Arthur, with his B.A. and his first class honours in Welsh, was laid low with nervous prostration her brilliant daughter lost her hearing with only twelve months between her and graduation in the same Univfersity, and was compelled to leave college, thus sacrificirtg her scholarship, whilst her third son is also suffering from ill- health.
1 Council Chairmen Mr GEORGE HARRIS, CI airman of Bridgend Council.. Mr BEN DAVIES, Chairman of Rhondda Council. Mr HENRY THOMAS, Chairman of Pontar- dawe Council. (D. M. Edwards, Pontardawe4
BRYNMAWR WIFE'S PLAINT. At Brynmawron Monday Geo. Bunn, collier, Brynmawr, was summoned by his wife, Emily for neglecting to maintain her. Complainant said that she was married to defendant on June 19th, 1909. After they were married they lived at her father's house for five months, the ar- rangement being fthat defendant should find the coals and her father the food and lodging. During that five months the defendant only paid 12s for coals. In November last they went to live at Abertysswg, but her mother fetched her home in January, owing to there not being sufficient food in the house. A child was born on the 2nd of February, and defend- ant had told her that he would not maintain her but would maintain the child. The de- fendant said it was all the fault of the mother- in-law. He was ordered to contribute 10s a week and to pay the costa.
The Whtle t. the Salvors SIR S. T. EVANS'S JUDGMENT. An important judgment was given on Monday by Sir S. T. Evans, as President of the Ad- miralty Division, in the case in which the owners, masters, and crews of the steamships Cloch, of Penzance, and Hero, of Bristol, claimed salvage remuneration in respect of services rendered to the Russian barque Mer- cator in the English Channel in February last, after that vesssl had been in collision with the steamship St. Bede off St. Catherine's Point. Mr Dumas, who appeared for the owners of the Cloch, said that the case came before the Court as an application for judgment by default, no defence having been put in by the defendants. The subject matter of the salvage —the barque and her cargo—had been sold and the net proceeds. JE252 17s 5d, were in court, The President regretted that the amount was so small, as he regarded this as a valuable salvage. The difficulty was as to the amount of the award, Had it not been said that one- half of the salved property was the maximum compensation ? Mr Dumas submitted that in undefended cases the Court could award more than a moiety if it thought that the circumstances justified such a oourse. The President asked why the principle should be different in undefended cases. Mr Dumas said that in cases where owners had parted with their property and showed no expectation of getting it back a very much higher proportion was given. Mr A. D. Bateson (for the owners of the Hero) also pressed his Lordship to award, if not the whole of the proceeds, then the greater part of them. The President, giving judgment, said he had his own views on the subject, which he hoped at some more favourable opportunity to ex- press. In the present case he proposed to award the whole of the proceeds to the salvors, and he was glad there were precedents for so doing. The fund available would be divided equally between the two seta of salvors. His Lordship made an order for costs on both claims.
Budget Battle's Close. The battle of the Budget was renewed, happily for almost the last time, on the second reading of the Finance Bill. Mr Austen Chamberlain assailed the Budget on grounds and in a style with which the country has been familiar for many months. He put his objec- tions to it with a certain degree of force, but it was impossible for him to invest an exhausted controversy with any fresh interest. The main part of his speech was directed at the licence duties, which he said were so heavy as to be, not taxation, but confiscation. Mr O'Brien moved the rejection of the Bill in a speech in which he assailed the Budget in terms of extreme and even unintelligible violence. He even objected that old age pensions would create an insuperable difficulty in the finances of an Irish Parliament. Mr Redmond and his party would, he declared, not even have secured bare Home Rule plus bankruptcy, and he prophesied that national bankruptcy with- out Home RuJewouldbe the result of the work of Ireland's representativea. Mr Herbert Samuel easily disposed of Mr O'Brien's finan- cial objections to the Budget. It only imposed on Ireland a burden of £435.000 a year, and in return she received £2.800,<XX>. He also an- nounced that in the next Budget arrangements would be made for spreading the payment of the licence duties-over a longer period so as to avoid hardship on the licence-holders. Chancellor's Masterly Reply. The Chancellor of the Exchequer, replytng on the whole debate, made a spirited and masterly answer to his critics. They had been told by the hon. member for Cork that this Budget placed a burden of two millions on Ireland, but he had never produced a single figure in sap- port of that statement, which was a mere fig- ment of his imagination. It was a trifle mean when they made no objection to old age pen- sions to say now that they objected to paying anything towards their cost. He was surprised that the Opposition had said nothing about the grievances of the publican till the fourth day of the debate on this question, considering that he was the one who put men in the frame of mind to support Tariff Reform at the election, and say" damn the consequences." This was rather astonishing. Most of the criti- cisms of the licence duties w ere grossly ex- aggerated. They had heard the usual talk of the depreciation of the credit of the country and the price of Consols. That was, he re- minded them, due mainly to the large borrowing occasioned by the rejection of the Finance Bill. He thought it was rather mean of the party opposite to complain of the results of their own wrong doing. The Leader of the Opposition followed, and declared that the contention of the Government that agricul- tural land would not be taxed under this Bill was a hollow invention and shameless sham. His great objection to the Budget was that it taxed different forms of property un- equally and deaft arbitrarily with the owners of special kinds of property.
WORK FOR WOMEN. UTILITY OF THE LABOUR EXCHANGES. At a meeting with the object of emphasising the advantages that the Labour Exchanges can provide for women workers was held at the Cardiff Labour Exchange on Monday. Sir William Crossman presided, and there was an attendance of ladies interested in the Women's League, the I.L.P., the Co-operative Societies, and other organised bodies of women. An appeal was made by Miss Marshall, organising officer for women's work under the Board of Trade, that the ladies present would endeavour diligently to spread the knowledge of the usefulness of the Exchanges by making it known that there were separate departments in each of them for women. She pomted out that there were already 93 Exchanges in operation all over the country, and by Angust it was hoped the number would be increasedto 200 or more. It was further hoped, explained Miss Marshall, that in time the Post Office would undertake the work of registration in those places where no Exchanges could be established. The facilities of the Exchange were at the disposal of every class of woman worker excepting only domestic servants. Miss Marshall desired it to be known that if a woman worker was brought into communica- tion with an employer through the medium of the exchange, it would not prejudice her in the eyes of the exchange officials if she returned and said tjbat the terms offered were not good enough. She emphasised the importance of young people being given \a definite training m some particular trade, and showed that there was not at present a sufficient number of trained young people for the vacancies noti- ftedat the different exchanges. Miss M. D. Jones, of the Welsh Division of Labour Exchanges, expressed a hope that an impetus would be given to the formation of technical classes, as there was a demand for skilled workers. BARRY EXCHANGE OPENED. The Barry Labour Exchange was opened on Monday in the premises secured in Dock View-road, Barry Dock. Promptly at 7 o'clock Mr F. W. J. Angus, who is m charge of the exchange, opened the premises, and half a doscen men registered themselves, and through- out the day considerable additions were made to the list.
RESULT OF LANDSLIDE. Water Main TrtuWe at Pontlottyn. For the past few days great scarcity of water has been experienced in the Rhymnery Valley, chieny in Bargoed, Tirphil aDd BritD-, dir. The cause of the water stoppage is a further burst of the Rbymnev and Aber Valley Water Co.'s mains about a quarter of a mile below Pontlottyn, near Troedyrhiwfuwch village. This trouble is the result of subsi- dence near the spot where the mountain waa recently reported to be moving.
STRANGE TRA6EDY. A tragedy of an exceptional character ^occurred at Chebsey, near Stone, on Monday. David Mold, age 23, employed at Siemens, electrical engineers, Stafford, fired a revolver at his sweetheart, Sarah Ann Latham, of Chebsey. Fortunately he missed her. Producing a bottle ircontaining carbolic acid and spirits of salts, he a quantity, and aftrewards jumped into, the river. He was rescued and convoyed to. Stone Workhouse Infirmary, where b8 (Bed" lat-r in the day. Biø action isattobataMsto the refusal of consent by the girl's parents to their marriage. When searched a hae num- of cartridges were found in his pockets.
SHOP HOURS ACT AND BAZAARS. At Swansea on Monday Messrs Macks and. Spencer, described as I hardware dealejs," were summoned for keeping their penny bazaar open at 7 JO on a Wednesday evening, in contravention of the Shop Homs Act. It ap- peared that the chief-constable, in a letter to defendants, had prior to the date of the alleged offence expressed the opinion that places of a aimnikr character did not come within the pro- visions of the Act, and the magistrates, taking into consideration that letter, and that defen- dants kept a general bazaar, decided to dis- miss the summOD8.
BRECON CHAUFFEUR FINED, I At Brecon on Monday Frederick James Fox, under chauffeur to the Hon. R. C. Devereux, Tregoyd. Breconshire, was summoned for driving a motor-car at Brecon, on April 6th,.in a manner dangerous to the public. The evi- dence for the prosecution was that defendant drove down High-street at a very fast speed in the day time. Defendant paid be did not esceed 10 miles an hour. The Bench imposed a fine of £2 inclusive of costs, the Chairman (Alderman Lewis Williams) stating that the conviction would, of course, be endorsed on his licence.
Letchworth Baby. JURY'S VERDICT: WILFUL MURDER. The resumed inquest concerning the death of Margaret Ruby Anna Young, the child whose dead body was found buried in an allotment garden at Letchworth Garden City, was held on Monday afternoon at Letchworth by Mr F. Shillitoe, the coroner for North Herts. The allegation is that the infant is the ille- gitimate child of Frederick George Beeton, a Great Northern Railway clerk who was arrested on a charge of murdering the child, following his release from a term of imprison- ment for kidnapping a child at Canning Town. His intention, the prosecution allege, was to replace the buried child by the one he had kidnapped. The accused formerly rented the allotment where the body was found. The inquiry was adjourned three weeks ago in order that an analysis of the body might be made, the jury stating that in the absence of evidence of that ana- lysis there was not sufficient evidence to enable them to state the cause of death. The prisoner, who is at St. Albans Gaol, did not appear at the inquest. Mr Pearce was present on behalf of the Treasury, and the accused was repesentcd by Mr F. A. Stern. Superin- tendent Reynolds, of Hitchin, had charge oj the case. The Coroner said since tha lasfc^inquirv he bad received a report from Dr. Wilcox, the Home Office analyst. Portions of the adipose tissue, the spleen, and other parts of the body were submitted to him. Dr. Wilcox had re- reported, I have conducted an analysis, and I have.found no poison in the organs." Dr. McTardon, a local practitioner, was then called at the request of the coroner. The Coroner If death had occurred from drowning, signs of sucH a death would entirely disappear in the couse of five or six months t- Ye3. Would they disappear in a shorter time than one month ?—Very likely but at any rate they wduld disappear in three months. Was there any sign of disease when the body was examined ?—No. The Coroner, in summing-up, referred to the evidence of a witness (a fellow prisoner with Beeton in Wormwood Scrubs) which related to a conversation with the accused, and was to the effect that Beeton said he had drowned it. and had burned the cape and bonnet, and wished he had done the same with the body. He said he buried the body about the 6th or 10th September, and was afraid it would be found, and he had buried it about the middle of the plot and planted cabbages on it. He said he had stolen a child in London. The Coroner went on to say that that evidence was corroborated. Mr Stem said the statement made by the fellow prisoner he should contend was not an accurate account of what Beeton really did say. What Beeton said was that he had done away with the body, not that he had killed the child. The doctor's evidence on that point was of a negative character, and was perfectly consistent with the view that the child might have been suffocated accidentally. The Coroner said the whole thing had to be taken together. The jury then retired to consider their ver- dict, and after being away three-quarters of an hour, the foreman entered the court and con- sulted the coroner. He then re-entered the room in which the jury were assembled, and after an absence of an hour and a quarter the foreman of the jury announced that their ver- dict was as follows ;— The jury is of opinion that Frederick George Beeton wilfully caused the death of Margaret Ruby Young. Beeton was committed to the on the coroner's warrant on a charge pf wilful murder.
Alarming Explosion. HAVERFORDWEST IN DARKNESS. A serious explosion occurred in Bridge- street, Haverfordwest, on Monday. Shortly before 6 p.m. a terrific report was heard, followed by the crash of glass in all directions.' The explosion was heard a quarter of a mile away. Excited and alarmed people hurried to the spot from all directions. It was found that an explosion had occurred on the premises of Mr Philip Hercovici, who carried on the business of a picture framer and paperhanger. Mr and Mrs Hercovici and their two children were at tea in the kitchen at the time, and were greatly staStled by the explosion, which occurred in the front room of the shop. For several hours they had been aware of an escape of gas. but they were unable to find a plumber to repair the leakage. Fortunately, the street had been closed to vehicular traffic owing to repairs, and no one was passing at the time of the explosion. Mr Hercovici's premises were reduced to a complete wreck, and apart from damage to the house, which is considerable, he estimates his loos at JE300. On either side of the street. haM-tt doaen tradesmen had tbeirpl&te-glaes windows blown in, and, simultaneously, a fire-broke out on the premises of Mr Rees next door. This, however, was quickly extinguished by the occupants. How the explosion occurred is a mystery. A few minutes after the explosion Bridge- street presented an extraordinary appearance of wreckage. In consequence, of two small reports which were heard shortly after the explosion the police refused the public access to any shop within some 20 yards of the damaged premises. Later it was publicly announced that the gas supply would be cut off for a time, and in view of the contretemps tn which householders and business people were situated, there was a great rush for candles.
BURIALS IN CARDIFF. At a meeting on Monday ofCaniift Parks and Open Spaces Committee (Alderman Trounce presiding) the Cemetery Manager (Mr G. Willis) reported that of 19 burials without service four were of adults and 15 of infants. Three of the adults were of non-Christian raees, and obviously a Christian service over their, remains would be incongruous, and some difficulty might be found in getting any- one to conduct such a service. The infants were probably buried without service on the ground of expense, or because they had not been baptised. A service means a fee of 5s, and this has doubtless been a determining factor in many of the 19 cases. There is no legal requirement for a service of any kind, this being quite optional, and rightly so." The Chairman remarked it was a serious matter that there should be burials of Chris- tians without a service. Councillor WilHam Jones said that having regard to the way in which some of the ser- vices were conducted the 5s fee was worth saving. Councillor Jabez Jones said the 5s was often very difficult to get, and, besides, they should respect the convictions of those who did not think a burial service was necessary. Councillor William Jones I would rather save 5s than have some of the routine services which are conducted. The matter then dropped. MUSIC FOR CARDIFF PARK8. Professor David Evans, Mus. Bac., in a report to the Committee stated that a little more variety in the musical entertainments at Roath Park would be very acceptable to the public, and if the necessary accommodation was provided, he would recom- mend a freer use of choirs, and even of soloists. Reporting on the band tenders, Professor Evans (who is musical adviser to the Corpora- tion) wrote :—" If local brass bands coold only come up to the' standard of the best outside ones, I should naturally recommend you to give them the prefeBettce. So long, however, as tbeyiare content to remain inferior to them. I most, in the best interests of music, and the reputation of the parks, recommend as hereto- fore the engagement of the leading outside brass bands." The Committee directed Mr Harpur. (city engineer) and Mr Pettigrew (paaekswipfamtendant) to submit a scheme for the provision of a suitable structure for choral uriwgmg j»«*»■ the band stand in Roath Park. Mr Pettigrew said that choirs attracted vary large crowds, The bowling season in the parks will open on theJOthmet., providing that the weather conditions in the meantime are favourable. On the proposition of Councillor J. Mander itj was decided that the greens should nofefee opened until.2 pan. each day.
T AMPERtNQ WITH TAXI-METER Cardiff Man Charged. _.n unusual case was down for hearing at LlaftlaS on Moadmy, when Arthur William Spittle, of Clive-street, Cardiff, was sum- mooed for tampering with a taxi-meter. 'i Mr L. 1L Alan Pratt, who appeared for the prosecutor, Mr Frederick Guy, who carried GŒ business as the Southern Motor andTaxi- Cab Co., said it was the first case against an employe for tampering with a taxi-meter so as to prevent the registration of charges of fares. The taxi-cab in question was hired out on Easter Monday by a gentleman to go to an address in Wnitchurch-road. The taxi-cab went as far as Pentyrch, where a serious accident occurred, and the occupants were thrown out, and one or two sustained Serious injury. In fact, one had not yet recovered from the accident. After the cab was overturned it was discovered the taxpneter had been tampered with. Not only had the taximeter itself been interfered with, but the communication which connected it with the machinery and a bolt had been re- moved. This bolt was found the next day under the driver's seat. Mr Henry Baker, business manager for Mr Guy, said after the accident at Penfcvrch, when he examined the car he found the clock of the taximeter not working, and he examined the transmission gear. The gear which communi- cated between the front wheel of the taxi was not registering. He found the star-wheel, a most essential part of the gear, had been deliberately taken off, and consequently the clock rendered inoperative. The gear could not have been put into such a condition by an accident. The amount registered by the taximeter was 6d. On that evidence Mr Pratt applied for a warrant for the arrest of defendant, who did not appear. This was granted.
SPEECH BY MR BALFOUR. THE TARIFFISTS7" DELEGATION. The Tariff Reform League on Monday after- noon gave a luncheon in the Hotel Metropole, London, to 61 working men who had returned that morning from a tour in Germany. Mr Balfour said he did not see why, in political controversies, it should be thought necessary to clog all the pathways of knowledge and muddy all the springs of controversy. Surely any person might oppose Tariff Reform or free imports without grossly perverting the facts and the civilisation of a great neighbour- ing and friendly country. (Hear, hear.) Why should German civilisation be dragged into our controversies, to be bespattered with the mud of our own preposterous controversies ? He declared that that was discreditable to the public life of this country. (Hear, hear.) The delegation had seen things with their own eyes in Germany, and would not therefore be the prey of every unscrupulous agitator that went about from meeting to meeting telling the people that if any modification was adopted in the tariff system in this country it would degrade their lives to the level of the Germans. (Laughter.) He wished in many respects we could degrade our lives to the level of the Germans. (Hear. hear.) He was not one-of those who said Germany had not got anything to learn from Great Britain, but he said most emphatically that Gaeat Britain had much to learn from Germany. (Cheers.) This country had got before it gigantic problems of social reform, and in that matter he spoke for all parties in the State. He hoped we might be able to deal with them in the same spirit of serious earnestness (as dis- tinguished from mere platform froth).which had marked German policy, and he further hoped that our success would be as great in many respects as the German policy had admittedly and deservedly been. Germany had been endeavouring to learn from Britain with a more open mind than Britain had been prepared to devote to German problems of civilisation.
TARIFF MENACE TO TRADE. Vigorous Campaign Foreshadowed. The Master of Elibank, M.P., the Chief Liberal Whip, speaking at the City Liberal Club on Monday, mentioned that in London and the home counties out of 142 seats only 35 were held by Liberals. They were ignoring the rest of England. Scotland, and Wales, and de- voting the whole of their attention and ener- gies in trying to wrest from the Tory party certain of these seats which they had no busi- ness to occupy. (Laughter.) Tariff Reformers placed Birmingham trade interests against those of the rest of the country. India was never mentioned by Tariff Reformers. A general scheme of Tariff Reform and Retalia- tion might destroy her foreign markets, and thus impair her ability to pay her debts to Britain. The inevitable shock would be felt by Lanca- shire and be reflected in the great business centres of the world. If the great Free Trade firms of this country were to supply the means of combating Tariff Reform they could kill it with thegrea-testcase. (Applause.) If Free Trade firms even in a small way were to set aside a mere fraction of their profits toptotect their own interests in the same way as Tariff Reformers were attempting to advance their own interests at the cost of the consumer they would r.fsver hear anything more of Tariff Reform. (Applause.) The Lords, as Lord Lansdowne very practically confessed, threw out the Budget to help Tariff Reform. To-day they, at the bidding of their Lordships, were on a road in which there was no turning bade, and there must be no timidity. He felt no dis- quietude about the future, and believed the Liberal party was as staunch, steadfast, loyal, and determined to do its duty as ever it was. (Applause.) Financial freedom by leave of the Lords was no freedom, and .the present mockery of free institutions must cease" (Ap- plause.)
Dover Cliff Sensation. MAN AND WOMAN BLOWN OVER. A sensational affair was discovered at Dover on Monday, a -man and woman being found at the foot of the Eastern cliffs locked in each others arms. At the top of the cliff was a lady's muff. The couple were taken to the hospital, where the man recovered consciousness and gave his name as J. Railton, 2, First-street, Chelsea, and that^ of the woman as Elizabeth Curtis, of the same address. The latter is 21 years of age. Railton states that the wind blew them over the cliffs on Sunday night. He also said they hacJbeen staying at Deal tor a few days prior to Sunday. In the mill's pocket was found a blood-stained razor, but the police are tn- clined to think the blood is due to his injuries. The couple were found on the reclamation works just below the cliff railway lift. They must have got over, or through, a fence to have reached the edge of the cliff at this point. A very strong south-westerly wind was blowing on Sunday night, which is right on shore at this place. The woman has not recovered consciousness. The man's in- juries are to the bead, and a broken leg. The woman has both her legs broken and has sustained severe scalp wounds. She is in a serious condition. It is stated the woman went to the edge of the cliff to look over, and was caught by a gust of wind. Railton tried to save her and both fell.
MARK TWAIN'S EARLY DAYS. Told by a Welshman. In an interview with a correspondent, Mr J. W. Thomas, solicitor, Aberystwyth, who was a fellow-Pressman of the late Mark Twain in California in 1866, describes some incidents in the life of the great American in those early days. Mr Thomas bas"trsvened much in his day, and in the year 1866 be'left-Panama to join the staff of the Sacramento Union," then, as now, one of the leading newspapers of the West. He was accompanied by a printer named Johnson, a native of Nashville, who some time previously had worked in the same office as Sam Clemens in Virginia (Sty, Nevada. Johnson also secured a post on the M Union," and here he renewed his aoquaint- ance with Clemens, who held the poet of city reporter. Clemens was also a compositor, and when required to do so set up his own reports. Mr Thopaas was introduced by his friend Johnson to Mark Twain. To him Mark. or Sam as he was then called, appeared to be more sarcastic than witty, and England and the English came in for a good deal at his satire. In fact, Sam had an especial distatse for the English, and Johnson introduced Mr Thomas as a Welshman. It was on account of this prejudice against England that Mr Thomas did not at that time have much esteem for Clemens, although at the gatherings of the Printers' Union he was the conversa- tionalist of the hour. In his ridicule of the Waverley Novels demons was particularly severe. Clemens was soon afterwards appointed special correspondent of the Union" at Honolulu, and Mr Thomas has a vivid recol- lection of his send off by the literary men of ,-Sacramento and San Francisco. There was a conversazione at the Printers' Union, and the next day Clemens departed by the China maiL From Honolulu he contributed his famous letters to the Union under the pseudonym of Mark Twain." When he returned to 'Frisco Mark Twain announced a lecture to be delivered in the Union Hall, Montgomery- street, on his experiences in the Sandwich Islands. The posters announcing the lecture said the trouble will begin at.7 p.m." Mark Twain said the people laughed at this, and took it for a specimen of his humour, but he declared it was the greatest trouble of his life, and that there was very little humour shout it when he appeared on the platform aid looked down upon a sea of upturned faces. I was one of those upturned faces," said MrThomas. To Mr Thomas Mark Twain never appeared as a sociable maiv They were both of the same age, but Mr Thomas claims he was the greater globe trotter, having had experience m New Zealand, Australia, Chili, Peru, and the Pacific Coast getieraDy, and he was besides a thorough Britisher. Mark Twain knew a lot about the States, but, said Mr Thomas, I was a full match for him, and we could never hit it off!" The great tie between the satirical American and the robust Britisher was Johnson, who was a Southerner without prejudice.
TRAMWAYMEN'S UNION. Councillor G. T. Jackson, JJP., general secre- tary of the Amalgamated Association of Tramway and Vehicle Workers, in the 20th annual report, states that during the past year the membership increased from 14,833 to 15,391. Of the 558 new members 200 were enrolled at Cardiff, Porth, andPontypridd, these at present being the strongest branches in the 'Association. The income of the branches in the Cardiff district last year amounted to £633 3s 5d, as compared with £351 19s 6d the previous year, being an increase of £ 281 3s lid. The capital of the association now stands at £33,97908 8d, as compared with £30,636 13s 2id at the commencement of the year, being a total increase of £3,342 7s 5Jd. A number of branches have been successful during the year in obtaining improved condi- tions of service, including the members of the Porth branch, who obtained the following :— An advance of wages for motormen and con- ductors to the amount of one halfpenny per hour on the minimum, to Id per hour on the maximum double time on Bank Holidays, Good Friday, and Christmas Day time and a quarter for Sunday labour and spare men to be paid a minimum of tl per week as motormen, and 18s per week as conductors. The association was established in 1889, and will celebrate its 21st anniversary at the annual conference to be held at Manchester on August 10th, 11th and 12th next. The amount of money paid to and on behalf of members as benefits since the formation of the association is £ 108,937 12s 4d.
By D. EMLYN EVANS. SCHOOL SINGING. A letter from the Royal Academy of proposing that school teachers should be s^w for a course of lessons in voice production was recently laid before the Montgomeryshire Education Committee. Opionions may possibly vary in regard to the appositeness of the chairman's first remark, viz., that though they belonged to a musical nation there seemed to him to be something of greater important to them as an educational authority than musical instruction. But he added tbaB inasmuch as the committee were already send" i ing teachers to the summer short course Aberystwyth, where music was in the syilaboS, that sufficiently met the case, without tb taking any further action an argument tha* seepaed to have commended itself to tbf" majority of the committee. A lady member, however, of acknowledge" ability, if somewhat peculiar views, radically differed from aU and sundry concerning tb8 school music question, it being her belief that one oi the best things they could do was to banish the teaching ot singing from the eJr mentary schools entirely. Experts on the sub" ject said, so the lady contended that tb* years from 12 to 16 were the least suitable for encouraging children to exercise their voiced at all, and as a proof of the statement on* authority said it was a striking fact th** scarcely any cathedral choristers when therf came to mature age had any voice." Also tha* many of the great singers of the present day never began training until 16 or 17, and conj siderably over that age in the case of men* Finally asserting her firm belief that it waN the teaching of singing in school that had spoil* so much of the singing of the present day." Such views and tions as these afe,indeedt more peculiar, flying as they do right in the face of acknowledged fact and the opinion of experienced musical edu("ati0T\i"tS generally. Of course, there are difflult e to be met with in training young voices (as 1 are in training adults) and the results may n< • be always satisfactory, but that does not justify the contention that the proper and only remedy is the banishment of singing froCt children's schooLs altogether. It is also begging the question to assume that so much of the singing of the present day is spoilt," W the alleged cause what it may. That therema1 be more or less bad singing in our day schooJl is granted much of it, at least, being due to lack of system and poor management, priate music (now, however, improving with the more liberal selection of suitable National airs, etc.), and the want of teachers who hav# had a certain amount of training in the art ua singing, and correct voice production—just the question raised by the communication sent out by the R.A.M., and which originated this dis* cussion. But should any one require evident of the ability of Welsh children to sing, him attend some popular eisteddfod which ID" eludes a juvenile choral prize in its list of sub" jects, when he will probably listen to very con* vincing proofs on the question—and it is hardly necessary to explain that the children of on* competing choirs all attend some day school ct another. When to Sing. Apropos the assertion respecting cathedra choristers, a correspondent in a Montgomery* shire weekly contemporary says that "With* out regarding the fact that Madame Patt" began to sing at the age of five, and has sun £ ever since until to-day, and that the greal tenor Edward Lloyd, started as a cathedr" cLo ister, let me remind your readers of tbØ following excellent vocalists who are fit to appear on the platform of any concert rooØ in Europe, each and all of whom started theit rnqfical career as choir boys in one of tbØ smallest cathedrals in Wales ;—Messrs. Setb Hughes, tenor of the Moody-Manners Co off* pany Llew. Roberts, solo bass, DurhaU* Cathedral: Charles James, solo bass, Cheated Cathedral Dan Jones, tenor, Christ Church* Dublin; J. R. Morgan, alto soloist. Trinity Chapel, Dublin W. Hughes, Svlo tenor, ear" lisle Cathedral; and R. Morris, bass soloistJ King's College, Cambridge. These gentlr men," the writer proceeds to say, stand i* the very foremost rank of Welsh singers, aø- not one of them would for a moment defl7 the immense advantages they received frOIØ their early training 5 and adds that "bJf experience has been that if we want to ha9Ø sound, dogmatic, teaching on any srabjeA commend us not to the man of experience, but to the dabbling amateur." We imagine that most people will agree wit* the sentiments of the editor in hie Not- by jlJI Way, when he says that he should greatly dë- plore it if he thought this lady-member's via#* were held by anybody else. "Songless school* would be as desolate as songless woods. It ill the instinct of every healthy child we hope- especially of every healthy Welsh child—f sing. Being healthy Welsh children they sinflf like Tennyson's linnet: because they must He thinks it would be but little short of atrocity to attempt to banish the their young voices from the schools." consoles himself with the thought that the lady holds some curious notions, and which, pee; haps, should not be taken very sAriocisiy- Be that as it may, it is pretty certain that sácII notions as the above are totally at variant with the opinions held by the vast majority of Welsh people, alike among practical e*tflr cationists and the public at large. The Prince of Wales in "Gwtad Y Delyn." An interesting little incident which occurrt^ in connection with his Royal Highness' W- visit to Lake Vyrnwy, has rather escaped tIJ' attention of the ubiquitous and lynx-eyed p reporter. At the hotel awaiting the arrivm of the Prince were the Lord Mayor of Lïver "pool, the Lady Mayoress, and members of tfcj Corporation. There also were the Vicar Llanwddyn, Rev. John Williams, and M* daughter, Miss Ethel Williams, with her harpl an instrument on which she is an accomplish^ player, having some important eistedcø- prizes to her credit for its effefctive manipulW tion. The prince on being told of her preseoiC* at once expressed his wish that she presented to him. This having been done byttg Lady Mayoress, his Royal Highness with fcp accustomed graciousness cordially shook with the young lady, conversing with her musical subjects, and especially the tabyn "—harp—of Wales. Subsequtmdt Miss Williams played several pieces, her fatbjt^ was introduced to the prince, and no doufcj father and daughter were delighted with th^* day's experiences.
UNITARIANS IN WALES. Negligence of Wealthy Member*, The annual meeting of the Sooth-Gast waJ/fll Unitarian Society was held at the Chapel, Swansea, on Monday, when the pr«4| dent, Mr Gomer U. Thomas, J J., occopie* the chair. The committee's report, presented by Rev. Simon Jones, showed that the time propitious for propagating the. faith b^d W? Unitarians, and that successful waodk haA bajfj done in South Wales during the past year. lw. treasurer's report was not cotisidesed satasftjj' tory, there being an adverse balance of Mrs Reid, of Swansea, suggested the immed»aJj clearing away of this, and promised £ 5 toward' its liquidation. The President, in the course of his addrefljh said if they could only Uconvince nitarians their duty to attend their chapels in Wa»J their strength would be found mfl* greater than it was supposed to be. would not show themselves publicly. In tb*J directum they were not progressing as tb4 should like to do. Referring to the srD*r salaries paid Unitarian ministers, he though that reflected badly upon them as Unitarian^ and especially upon the wealthy their^congregations. He also criticised wealtW and other Unitarians who did not bring their children in the faith, and mentioned the great difference between them and ortar dox Nonconformists was that while they shipped Christ Unitarians believed in imi»r tion of Christ. First Lady President. Mrs Reid, of Swansea, was elected presid-t She is the first lady who has held that tion. Mr Gomer LI. Thomas, JJP., was elect*? vice-president, Mr Ernest Williams treasurer, and the Rev. Simon Jones and ™ John Lewis Joint secretaries.
BREACH OF CONTRACT. At Aberavon on Monday the Fonhir Collfajj Company, Bryn, PortTalhot, sued Wm. MOTT and Wm. J. Davies, hauliers, employed at Øl colliery, for £5 damage? each 'or brev«-'b ri contract. Mr E. T.Evans appeared for yj company, and Mr Evan Daw defei There was a counter-claim for 6s 6d, the dt-C, dants alleging that i.hev could not go to v&Z because the roads vffere not in order. Mr said that on Good S^iday the defendants to the colliery, but left work after 7 0'C1"*S complaining that the horses were no'- work. The horses were examined that but found to be allright.The damage was raa £ ft up by the loss of 45 tons of coal not being cot- Walters, fireman, admitted that the dants told him on the previous day that roads were bad, and that one of the horses rubbing against the roof. He admitted the roof was ripped on the Friday the <* fendants went home. bØ Wm. Moyle, one of the defendants, sftl complained of the condition of the top on c day in question, also on the day previous and during the fortnight previous. It .óf human to use a horse in such a place. the rules of they Coal Mines Act provided sufficient room should be allowed to horse to work without rubbing the roof.. After a long hearing the Bcnch held that Jj evidence was most conflicting and the case. They made no order on the coun claim.