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High-Grade PLOUGHS THE LIGHTEST DRAUGHT PLOUGHS MADE. BEST FOR ALL CONDITIONS. UNEQUALLED FOR PERFECTION OF DESIGN, "LONG LIFE" WEARING PARTS AND ALL-ROUND ADAPTABILITY. FOUR FURROW TRACTOR PLOUGH. Immediate delivery from Stock of Single, Double, Three and Four Furrow Ploughs for Horse and Tractor use. ANOTHER COCKSHUTT SUCCESS!—Awarded the Silver Medal (highest award) at the Royal Society of Dublin Show after demonstration before the judge&-June, 1919. Catalogue and all particulars from :— R. A. LISTER & CO. LTD. Telephone: DURSLEY, GLOS. Telegrams: Pio. 7 Duraley. Established 1867. "Machinery, Danley." I I The Ideal Country Stores. I i WOODWARD & SON, GENERAL MERCHANTS, New Bridge Stores, Llangwyryfoq i I Near Aberystwyth. I Woodward's now have two motor delivery vans giving to the countryside delivery service second to none and equal to the big London stores. a Compare Woodward Prices and Woodward Service with competitors. The Ideal Country Stores. A^F-DENNIS'S-I ■■nK "LINCOLNSHIRE" POWDERS CURE ALL DISEASES OF PIGS. Soon rspay their small cost. Sold everywhere, 10d. per duz. post II. from the Sole Proprietor, SSS J. W. DENNIS, Clwmitt. LOUTH, Lisa. NEW —— ST. DAVID'S HOTEL, HARLECH. Ckwe to famous Links and Seashore, Garage, Inspection Pit, Stables, Billiards, Excellent Cuisine. Write for descriptive booklet, —— FINEST SEA and MOUNTAIN VIEWS. SHAFTESBURY ifEMPERANCE HOTEL, MOUNT PLEASANT, LIVERPOOL About Five Minutes walk from Lime Street and Central Stations. Moont Pleasant Cars from Landing Stage stop at the Door. Telegrams: "Shaftesbury Hotel, Liverpool." Home-like and Moderate. Welsh spoken. HOTEL GWALIA DPEB. WOBURN PLACE, LONDON, W.C. CENTRALLY SITUATED. Within 5 minutes walk of Euston Station and 10 Minutes from Paddington Station by under- ground to Gower-street Station. 130 ROOMS LUXURIOUSLY FURNISHED. Passenger Lift to all Floors. Bed, Breakfast, Morning Bath, and Attendance, 6s. each Person. Telegraphic Address: "Gwaliatel," London. Telephone: City 5010 and 5011. .134. Managing Director: JOHN JENKINS. SPRING CLEANING. Goodlass PURE PAINTS, Bird Brand, WASHABLE WATER PAINT and FRESCOLINE, STAINS. VARNISHES, Ac. R. WILLIAMS. Manchester House. BORTH DAVID WILLIAMS Builder and Undertaker, 12, PROSPECT STREET, ABERYSTWYTH. EXPERIENCED WORKMEN EMPLOYED. Estimates given for every description of work. LIVERINE THE FISH MEAL. MAKES HENS LAY I Now being sold by all Ppultry Food Dealers. MANUFACTURERS: LIVEKDTE LIMITED. GRIMSBY. Cupis's Constitution Balls. Send a postcard for our ILLUSTRATED HANDBOOK tfiving full particulars and treat- ment of various diseases. gratis and post free. »» rc>r Grease, Swelled ►4 /IT'CfOOl Cocked Heels. HU1 OVU Couxhs. Colds, Sore Throats. Disordered Liver. Broken Wind. Influenza. Loss of Appetite. etc.. etc i 1 ^or Hide-bound Starintj I 'nrr Ift Coat. Hove or Blown VJUlU LJ.V? Distemper. Roideinic Surfeit. Conditioning Preserving Health. Scouring in Calve etc. For Rot or Fluke, and X M OOT"l >n Health. kJUCU U Assisting to set into • Condition. Scouring in Lambs, etc. Prepared upwards of 50 vears bv the late FRANCIS CUPaSS M R.C.V.s. Diss. -40RFOI.K Sold in Packets 1/9 and 3/6 each. 7 small Packets 1C/6, or 7 large 21/- by Chemists and Medicine Vendors, or from Francis Cupiss, Ltd., The Wilderness, Diss on receipt of amount. HAIR DESTROYER JAMES' DEPILATORY. Instantly removes Superfluous Hairs from the Face, Neck or Arms, without injury to the akin. Of most chemists; or, free from obser- #ation, post free on receipt of Postal Order for &% 3d., 2s 9d., or 5s.—Mrs G. JAMES, 268, Caledonian Road, London. N. 1. I YOU BUY YOU BUY THIS MACHINE ON MERIT. | THE IlSTER ■ *0y TSf Cream Separator For Perfect on of Design. Material and Workmanship this Separator. made throughout in our works by British Workmen, cannot be surpassed Made in 4 Sizes Capacities 25 to SO Gallons. MODERATE PRICES. IMMEDIATE DELIVERY. Write for Catalogue to Sole Makers': R. A. LISTER & Co. Ltd. (Dept. S. 16.) DURSLEY, Glos. Telecrams Telephone: "Machinery Durstty." No. 7. Dur»iey Telep hon e- No. 54. Telegrams-Hartley, Merchant, Aberystwyth. Hartley's — GRAIN STORES Queen Street, ABERYSTWYTH BUYER AND SELLER OF OATS, WHEAT, BARLEY, MAIZE, FEEDING MEALS,1 CAKES, Etc. 11t Free AD PAINTING uted WHEELS HE-RUBBERED on the Premises while you wait. E. Thomas and Sons, Coach Builders, SOUTH GATE, Aberystwyth. BUILDERS OF FLOATS, GOVERNESS CARS, and TRAPS of every description Agents for Worthington's Oil & Gas Engines J. VEAREY, 17, Northgate Street, ABERYSTWYTH, Fresh Supplies of Vegetables, Fruit, Flowers, & Home-Grown Tomatoes, From our Own Gardens. PRESH EVERY MORNING FOR THE BEST PIANOS, PLAYER-PIANOS, ORGANS, &c. Dale, Forty & Co., Ltd. HIGH STREET. CARDIFF. Send for Catalogues. Tel. i 103 i
Farmer's Column. POTASH SALTS FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES., T; Government has recently acquired from Grnr.any a quantity of PO tash salt, in exchange for foxl, and arrangements have been made by tha Board cf Trade, in conjunction with Eoard of Agriculture, for the distribution of 40.000 tons for agricultural purposes. The sale of the material will be undnr the direction of an Official Committee, to be called the Potash Distribution Committee, on which the Bc,ard pf Trade and-the Departments of Agri- culture for England, Scotland and Ireland will be. represented with representatives of trade interests. The following maximum selling prices (per ■■01, not cash) have been agreed:—For sales. to farme.rs delivered to nearest railway station in Great Britain or Ireland in lots cf not loss than 4 tons Salts, £ 12. 10s; Muriate )f Potash, £ 20 12s 6d; Sulphate of Potash, 1 23. 6d. Manure mixers, merchants, de,i.!P-rs, and co-operative societies will he I allowed a discount rn -these prices of 7s. 6d., per ton on potsr,h salts, and 10s. per ton on the muriate and sulphate of potash. The potash will be sold at the above basis prices, and a proportionate increase or decrease ,ill be made for higher or lower quality a- shown by analysis cf a representative sample of each consignment.. Farmer should p'ace their crcfers without delay with their usual dealer or cooperative society. For ;;ale:_| of f\mall quajy.it.ief-; made ex- merchants' store the Board wnlcl regard as reasonable the following maximum additions to tho price charged for four ten lotq :1 ton and over, 10s. per ton; 2 cwt and over but less thrn 1 ton, Is. per cwt; 1 cwt and over but less thas 2 cwt. 2s. per cwt; 281bj. and over but less than 1 cwt, 3s. per cwt; 14 lbs. and over but less than 281bs., 4s. per cwt. POTATO GROWERS WARNED. The Board of Agriculture has issued a state- ment warning farmers, gardeners, and allot, ment.hodors to examine clo^oiy all potato crops during lifting for the presence of wart di- easo. This disea-e has caused verv serious losa in tho North and the Midlands, and is reported to have made its appearance in the. south-western counties. All potato grower* should co operate with the Board by reporting suspected cases at once. Owing to the pre. valene- of wart (li-ease in Montgomeryshire ;md Denbighshire the Board of Itiire has certified the whole of those counties as infected arCllS under the Wart Disease of Potatoes Order of 1913. wit.h effect from January lst, 1920. After that date occupiers of land in the infeefcad areas must plant only those varieties of potatoes approved its immune from wart disease. ROYAL COMMISSION ON AGRICULTURE. Sir William Peat presided over the sittings of the Commission on Tuesday and Wedne-day. Mr Albert Buckle, reoresenting Cleveland Chamber of Agriculture. Yorks. stated that in his opinion a minimum guarantee of 7O3. per quarter should be given in order to maintain te present area of wheat and that guarantee should be unaccompanied by any obligation to grow any social proportion pf that crop. He advocated the de-control of milk. urging that a. free market would b. in the national inter- est as ancouraging production. The cost of production of milk during the coming winter would be very hip-h. and he fearod that farmers rr.iorht be tempted to produced meat instead of milk in existing conditions. Wheat, being sub_ ject to foreign competition, he placed in a different category from milk as regards guaranteed prices. There was some lack of labour in Cleveland, and wages were above the minimum rates; but he had no complaint to make against its efficiency Mr. R. C. Bourne described the effect of the increase in wages and the shortening of hours of employment on the organisation and costs of production of a 440-acre farm in Hereford- shire. He specially drew attention to the effect of overtime, necessitated by shorter hours, in raising the actual cost of labour above the nominal rate of wages. Mr. M. D. Banniator, agricultural valuer, gave estimates, based on actual cost; from a number of Sussex farms, showing the cost of growing co-cals- and other crops. Tho present heavy costs of farming, coupled with uncer- tainty, were causing much of the heavy land in Surrev. Sussex and Kent to be seeded down The capital neceissary for grass farming wag about JE8 per acre, only while twice that amount was required for tillage. That pro- vided an additional inducement to lay land down to grass. Controlled prices had had a detrimental effect on dairying in Sussex, which had increased up to a year or two ago; but many farmers were now Selling milking stock and going in for breeding. In reply to questions about the purchase of their farms by tenants, Mr. Bannister thought 60 per cent. of the farmers who bought ob- tained two-thirds of the purchase money on --n-rtme. Mr. T. C. Goodwin, member of the Cheshire Chamber of Agriculture, thought some guarantee should be gi'n to secure the farmer against some of the risks of keeping the present acreage pf land under arable cultivation. It would also restore confidence to the farmer in tho repeated pro- mises made to him from high quarters, of a-;Uy^arjoai in his present uncertain position. Otherwise he thought that the land would go down to griss again in as littla time as it had boen ploughed up. Mr. Percv W. Clarison, representing the Choshire Milk Producers Association, said the production of milk on his farm from May, 1918 to May, 1919 resulted in a loss, but it was due, to some extent to losses among his cows. Controlled prices for milk last winter were too low to allow a profit, and if the production of milk were to be stimulated farmers must have either cheaper feeding stuffs or better prices for milk. There had been some difficulty in getting the necessary labour as youngr men who decided to get married frequently hid to leave the country districts owing to lack of cottages. Mr. James Sadler. secretary of Cheshire Chamber of Agricultuie and Cheshire Milk Prorlucer-s Associaticn, drew attention to the special circnmsancos of dairy farming in con- nection wth labour. He favoured opportunity for recreation being given to farm labourers, but said the necessity for two milkings daily ad^ed to the difficulties attending half-holidays and shorter hours. Something might be done by organisation, but unless labour were avail-- able, dairy farming would be eiven up and the milk supply would suffer. He favoured a puarantoed price being given for chee-e as like'v to stimulate dairy farming and to I stabilize the milk supply. Though most farmers might prefer freedom from control, he thought there were certain advantages in continuing fixed prices, if bssed on actual cost_ insrs. Something might also be done by Improving transport faci!i'i?s, thus reducing the serious losses at present falling upon producers by milk going sour.
CROPS !" WARTIME
CROPS WARTIME Part II. of -he Agricultural Statistics for 1913, issued by the Board of Agriculture, contruns interesting details concerning the results of the ba-ves 13 gathered dtirirg the v.-ar with many facts and figures for Wales. The total crops of cereals, including beans I and peas in the United Kingdom in each vear of the war wero, in thousands of quar- ters. as follows:— 1914 1915. 1916. 1917. 1918. Wheat 7.804 9,239 7,472 8.040 11643 Barlev 3.C63 5,862 6 613 7,185 7,760 Oats 20.661 22.3C8 21.334 26,0?1 31,196 Beens 1.120 942 892 474 931 Po-s 374 3CO 261 278 441 The figure for Wales arc:— Quarters Acreage 1917-1913. 1917—1918. Wheat 209.173 356.000 63.615 95.966 BarW 336947 414000. 95.1? 6 105,948 Oats 1,051.661 1,678,000 246,120 365,502 Bc"ns 3 569 9.7CO 1,063 2,663 Peas 1503 1.900 588 710 Potatoas 197,672 220,OCO o4,645 37,225 T.-mips and Swedes 749,701 785,000. 50,818 52,302 Mangolds 218,918 243.C00 11.928 13.215 Fo" various r«a^ors, the cereal year 1916-17 was the most difficul, in regard ta the main- tenance of food supplies which the nation had to faoe during the war and the bad harvest of 191R was a material fa cor in the situa- tion. The conduction of a low yield of wheat wit.11 CO" of the worst potato cr on rcord was esrecial'y unfortuna.'e. Had the yield of the two cops been normal, and. still more, had th"v b~en equal to the exeeot-cnallv good vie.of 1918, the difficulties of the situation would have been lessened. A prediction r :-t:m;e crops less by a million and a half tins than <he avnrago at a time when the r^due+iein of imports was imreriiivo nercss- arily led to a s ringenry in supplies. Sir R.Henry Rpw. K.C.B.. who sifrrja the reports, pav3 tha. th* mll.ntp.,an"p in sriite of c^at difficulties, of the herds of the cou"t*"v may be recorded i-, the grea cst argicultural achievement of the war. T,TVB WTCTGHT PT»TCF-S. The Food C^mm'tteg 1-,a. i s..<0 a general lieen<> iinler the Live Stock (Sales) Order orov'din? for an increase in the tviccs r"id to the farmer rf 45 oer cwt.. in the maximum prices of 1st, 2nd. and 3rd gradCl ca,tt'e during the month of Sentember._ and an increase of 1 -3d ner lb. in the maximum dead wiigh.t price of Class A cattle. Tho wholesale and reitail prices of meat arc unchanged. A
SETTER PUDOINHS AT tSS COST "ATORA" Beef Suet makes milk puddings far creamier and nicer than does an egg. Doctors recommend it for growing children. "ATORA" is reallv economical, lilbs. go as. far as 2 lbs. of ordinary butcher's suet as "ATORA" contains no waste, skin or moisture, and is ready for instant use. It saves time and monev, and is a really nutritious food for yountr and old. Use Shredded "ATORA" for nuddings and mincemeat, and Block "ATORA" for frvin?- and cooking. Sold by all Grocers in lib. and lh. cartons. HUGON AND CO., LTD., Openshaw Man- chester.
Aberayron Sessions. MILK CASES. Wednesday, August 27tJI, before Colonel Vaughun lLU (h j chair), Cap alU George Prye, John Jones, John M. Howell, E Lima Jones, D. E. Thomas, J. E. Jones, and D. G. Munro Hughes, Esters. P.C. Dav;e" charged Margaret Jones, farmer, Lioog-fach, Aborarth, with having aliowed the carcase of a cow to remain unburied.- Defendant was fined 10s. Evan Davies, Golden Lion, Llanarth, butcher waa charged by P.G. Oliver wi.h having driven a carnage without light at 10-50 p.m. on tho 5th July.-Fiiied 10s. David Harries, 14, Tabernacle-street, was charged by P.C. Davies with having ridden a bicycle without a light on the- 15t. Augst. -Fined 2s. Ed. Thomas Evains Synod Stores, Llanarth, grocer, was charged by P.C. Oliver wi J1 ing driven a cart without light at 10-30 p.m on the 20th August, and Thomas Evans, iarmer. Pan yrwyn PLIanbaullaxn Trefeghvys, was 3:ni:larly charged by P.O. Evan Lewis. Each defendant was fined 5s. W. Williams, Rock-street, was changed by P.S Thomas Thomas with ha.ving sold milk not of <he quality demanded. Defendant was fined JS2 2s. and analyst's fee.-T. L. Enoch, Abermarles, was charged by P.S. Thomas with a similar (offence. Mr. C. Denham Evans appeared for defendant.—Mr. Enoch said as far as he knew the milk was sold as it came from the cow. His seller was a stranger. When ho came homo »hat afternoon he was under the influanco of drink. He handed over the third of the sample takan by the police and left the farm -J;e same night and defend- ant had never seen him s;nce.-Fined 30s. and analyst's fee.—M. A. Harding, Market-streer, charged by P.S. Thomaa wih a similar offence. Mr. C. Denham Evans defended. Mrs Hai-d- inge swore ihat she sold -he milk as she bought it from Pengarreg. She had no cow of her own.—Mr. T. Lloyd Evans, Pongaxreg. swore that at the time of the complaint the cow-hø had one cow only—was under treat- m".lt by a veterinary surgeon to which he attributed the quai«v of the milk.—Fined 10s. and Analyst's fee.—Morgan Parry, New Black Lion, was charged by P.S. Thomas with a rimdar offence. Mr. C. Denham Evans defended. Mrs. Parry and Jennie Morgan, servant, swore tha, thi milk was sold as it came from the cow.—Sergeant Thomas said defendant accepted the offec of the police. The cows were milked in "he presence of the police; but the bottle containing the samjjif* was broken in transit.—The case was dis- missed Sergeant James, New Quay, charged Wm. V Morgan, 3, Gilbert-street, Llanelly, a visitor at New Quay wi li having stolen a. silver wntoh, value £3 10s., from Henry Moller, Morwylfa, Now Quay, a restaurant keeper. Mr. Cameron of Lianelly defended. Moller swore that on the 4 h August, about a quarter to elevctn at night, he was in the shop wi -h four or five Now Quay boys when a gang of men visitors entered and asked far chips and lemonade. Telling them that tho chips were sold out, they curred and swore and refused xo leave. He went oub to look for the Sergeant, and when he came back the men were gone but t.he boys were there. He noticed tha. his watch, which was haingin- on a. naii in the wall was missing. The follow- ing day ho gave information to the police.— J"lm Dennis Jones, 1, Marine-tenrace, a boy of about fif een years of age, said he saw defendant with three or four others coming into the shop in a drunken s. ate 3Jid when Mo.!er went out defendant took the wecb and put it in an inside pocke"John P. Jones. ano/her boy, corroborated the previous wit- ness's evidence. He pointed the defendant out to the police a day or -.wo after the occur- rence.—Evan T Williams, another boy who was at the shop, asked 'O identify tlia defendant in Court, did so from STnong a group of vcunsr men.—Defendant wens into the box and denied the charee. He admitted having been at the shop earlier in the evening and D. Llewellyn Jones, Bryn Rogers, Rose Cottage, Llanelly, swclre that they were with (inforidani all day and he could not possibly have taken tho watch without their knowjedge.—Sergt. James sta'ed that he failed to find the missing watch. —The Bench accepted the evidence for the prosecution as true as to what actually hap- pened in the shop, but dismsised the charge because they were sft.sfied that defendant had I no felonious intent in taking the watch.
!Price of Milk. I [
Price of Milk. SERIOUS PROSPECTS. Mr. M'Curdy, ('parliamentary secretary to the Vf,ni?i,ry of Food), addressing a meeting of -io C insu-nen' Council, made an important stata- mon. on. milk prices in the coming winter ami the power of local authorities. "In a few d lj-3, he said, *'w« may expect an announce, ment of -.he wholesale milk prices which will be fixed by the Food Controller for next win- The mSitter has been fully di-cussol with "•ha Consumers' Council and with the re rel; fent?,tives of agriculture, and som6 a^iiiit^ ments may g .ill have to be made. But we mustt be prepured for a retail prico of Is a' quart next win.-er throughout the country. A f Is per quart is a price pregnant wito -possibilities of public dissatisfaction and un- rest, but I am afraid it cannot be avoided. Indeed, producers will probably consider thai it ought to bo higher. The increased coats of production, on -he other hand, and the in- i.ere. tS of the consumer, on the other hand, havo received most anxious and painstaking consideration by the Food Con roller, who will no doubt himself deal with this question whan the new schedule is published. There are cer- tain consequences of '.hi5 increase in the price of milk which we ought at once to consilor if unnecessary hardship and suffering is to be ided. A price of Is per quart means a ()"n- siderable increase in the number of working- class families unable to afford an adequate supply of milk. LTnlem steps are taken to mciet the difficulty the child population of tho United Kingdom will bo the principal sufferers. The milk supply of the country has never been adequate to our needs. For forty years the production of milk has not kept pace with tho growth of the population. Up to fivd years of ago doctors tells us, every child ought to have a quart of milk a day. The children of the well-to-do, classes may get it* The children of the working classes do not. Dear milk means increased infant morta.!ity and there is nothing that can take its place In the coming- winter steps must bo taken to see that the increased price- of milk shall not moan the massacre of the innocents. The remedy is not to fix lower prices than are necesstry to give the farmer a profit. We cannot afford to starve the farmer. A fair price to the farmer is essential to any chance of increasing, or even maintaining, our present milk supply but in this matter the local authorities have powers conferred on them by an Order of the Ministry of Food made last yoa-r, which should nvt be overlooked. Subject to such conditions as may be laid down by the Food Controller, any local authority may arrange for the supply of milk 1br children under five yetrs of age, and in necessitous cases swell milk may bo sold a-b !(-;s than cost price, or mryy bo supplied freo. Until there, is a bier fall in the price of milk it may be necessary, and I believe it will be n3ces.«,ry, for local authorities to exercise in a liberal and sympathetic spirit the powers whicii th r/ already possess for ensuring that the children of Great Britain shall not be allowed to suffer by reason of the economic crisia through which the world is new passing. The Consumer's Council afterwards adonted -,be following resolution. That the Con- sume-s' Council having heard Mr M.Curdy's statctmeait, view with alarm the suggestion that the winter price of milk may increase tho retail price to the public to Is per quart, and are convinced that it will cause great un- rest in the country and immense suffering, particularly amongst tha infant population, and urge on the Qo-vernment the absolute nocessity of taking steps, forthwith to keep the price down to such a level as will enable the children of the pcorer classes t\) got sufficient supplies."
TALYBONT ENGTNEERING.-Tlio numerous friends of Mr. Bee-tie Owen grandson of the late Mr. Jenkins, Hcnhafod, will be glad to learn of his success in obtaining ninety-live marks out if a possible 100 at a recent examination. He holds a certificate of being first-class qualified member of the British Society of Engineers—M. B. S. E
Rickets and Wasting. ANOTHER LITTLE SUFFERER MADE W £ LL AND STRO240 BY DR. CASSEL S TABLETS. ¡ j' Mrs John, 33, Wellington-street, Chatham, says: "I am more than pleased to tell you of the benefit Dr. Cassell's Tablets have been to my little girl, Nellio. At two and a-half years she could not say a word nor put her feet to the ground. She was terribly waited, too, just a little shadow, and always fretful and peev- ish. I had medical advice for her. and tried everything I could think of, but it was all .;10 use. Doctors said it was rickets and that she would not bo able to walk for years. Her little legs were twisted, and, oh, so thin. However, in the end, I got Dr. Cassell's Tab- lets and soon could see an improvement. Pre-eiitly she could waik a little, and now, fix months later, she .runs about and chatters all day lonç; Dr. Cassell's Tablets are the perfect modern home remedy for Nervous Breakdown. Nerve and Sninal Paralysis, Malnutrition, Wasting, Anaemia, Sleeplessness, Indigestion, Kidney Trouble, and Premature Decay. Specially suitable for nursing mothers and women cf middle age. Sold by chemists and stores in "11 rwts of the world. Prices: Is. 3d. and 3! tho 3s. size being the more economical. Free information on any case, sent on request. Dr. C^s'ell's Co., Limited, Chester-road, Man- chester.
HINTS FOR ALLOTMENT 4. HOLDERS.i…
HINTS FOR ALLOTMENT 4 HOLDERS. i "1J "t. •: By SPADE-WORKER. HARVESTING ONIONS. One of the most important tasks of the moment is to attend to the harvesting of the spring-eown onions, for should a period of wet weather set iv, the thorough ripen- ing of the bulbs muy be rendered impos- sible. Pull up the onions just as they are and lay them out on firm material, such, for example. as a gravel path or boards they must be arranged thinly, not iu heaps, so that the sunshine and air may have free play round them. If the weather should prove wet, means must be taken to keep the onions dry by putting them in a frame, greenhouse, or sunny window, or by cover- ing them with a glass "light"; the latter must be raised on bricks, for it is essential to have the bulbs exposed freely to the air. If they are placed in a frame or greenhouse ventilation must be given freely. There is no doubt that the keeping properties of tho bulbs depend very largely upon the way in which they are treated at harvesting time. PLANTING SPRING CABBAGE. One cannot very well have this first-class vegetable throughout too long a season in spring and early summer, and it is worth while taking special pains to ensure a few cabbages as early in the spring as practic- able- From a sowing made late in July it will soon be possible to select some of the best seedlings for permanent planting; the more quickly they are established in their final poeition the earlier they are likelier to "turn in." As a rule, spring cabbage can be relied upon to thrive on ground that has been cleared of onions or peas; the soil is in ("gwod heart," without beimr unduly rich, and moderately firm, and those are the oon- ditions which suit spring cabbage perfectly. If the plants are put out on newly-dug and freshlv-manured ground they are apt to make'soft, vigorous growth, which may be damaged by severe frost. It is an excellent plau. to surround the roots with sifted ashes as a precaution against ground pests. Planting in shallow drills is also advisable. for later on the plants can be earthed up slightly as a protection against cold and wina. PRIZEWINNING HINTS. Some of our readers, I am glad to say. possess fruit trees, and all those who fin« it practicable to do so (will be well advised to plant some in the autumn. gag-handled Saw for Pruning Fruit Trees. Mr. T. Moverley points out, in connection with the pruning of tall fruit trees, that thin work is often troublesome, and especi- ally if the branches arc not strong enough to bear a ladder. Mr. Moverley (to whom a prize of "Garden Work for Every Day" is awarded) desribes and illustrates how to make a saw that is just the thing for this purpose. Take the handle off an old saw, then get a shaft 6ft. long and liin. thick. 4 Saw part way down the shaft and fit in the blade (as seen in the middle skeLcli), secur- ing it by two small bolts and screvsp. I CLEARING THE GROUND. ( It Is not at all uncommon at this season j~df the year to see on allotments rows of peas from which all the produce has been gathered and of which the haulm is dying down. It is very wasteful to allow tho ground to be encumbered in this way. The sticks should be pulled up and placed in one heap, the haulm being pulled up and placed in another heap. The former are not, as a rule, of much value for use another season, and the most economical way of dealing with them is to break them up for firewood; the haulm may be burnt or allowed to decay and then dug into the soil. On the site of the rdws of peas, various winter greens may be planted; none of these should be thrown away, for they will prove invaluable during the coming winter, which appears likely to be a time of rising prices. If all the winter greens have been put out, turnip seed can be sown to produce turnip tops, spring cab- bage can be planted, or a few leeks may be put out, though it is getting late for those. Even if the land is not cropped it is far better to have the peas removed and to get the soil dug over than to leave it in its present state. CAULIFLOWER AND BROCCOLI. These two vegetables are so similar in ap-\ pearance that many people believe them to be identical. But, apart from their appear- ance, every vegetable trrower knows that they differ widely. The cauliflower is a vegetable of summer and early autumn, and is not really hardy, while broccoli is a vegetable of late autumn, winter, and springs Cauliflowers are considered to be of more delicate flavour than broccoli. At this season cauliflowers often "turn in" more quicklv than they can be used, and it is worth knowing that they will keep for some days if pulled up and hung head down- wards in a cool shed. PRIZE COMPETITION FOR ALLOT. MENT HOLDERS. Every week two prizes are offered for the best allotment hint or recipe. The prizes consist of useful gardening books. All en- tries for this competition must be addressed "Spadeworker," care of Editor of thif paper. ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. W. R. B..writes: When extreme measures have to be taken against pilfering I recom- mend the following: Stretch strong twine, 15in. high, across paths and crops, and fasten old fish hcoks on the string 2ft. apart. This costs the pilferer a troueer-leg or a jacket-sleeve. S. C.-As you did not plant the straw- berries until April the wonder is that any of them bloomed this year. They may be quite good and safe to layer from, and I should risk it. But to be certain, you must buv fresh plants. It is really too late to layer now; this ought to have been done in Julv or early August. Planting should be done without delay. Some Gardener.—The soil from the alleys is thrown on the asparagus beds in winter; the frost and rain will break it down in time for spring sowing. I "Spadoworker" is-open to give practical advice, free of charge, to readers of this paper. Replies will be sent by powt if a stamped addressed envelope is enclosed. Address your inquiries to "Spadeworker," earc of Editor.
TRECAROM FUNERAL.—The funeral took place at GwnRws, Strata Florida, on Friday of Mr. David Jones Ferndale, son of the late Mr. David Jones, Allddu Cottage, Tregaron. Deceased, who was fifty-eight years of age and died on the previous Tuesday had resided at Fernda'e for many years. The Rev W. J. Williams, Gwnnws, officiated, and the chief mourners were Mr. John Jones, Alltddu, and Mrs. Jones, Tregaron, brother and sister. There were also present many cousins and friends from Ferndale.
I — mi 1 I After the official addresses of welcome to t'h.e I Princo f Wale.9 on his visit to Toronto last I wook a Welsh choir sang "God Bless the Prince of Wales," and an addra s in Welsh was read to him. Th.3 Prince replied in a short impromptu speech, and earned an outburst of chegring by his pronuncia.ticn in Welsh of "Hen Wlad ly lN'hadau." The Prince devotort most of .the day to visiting- sick and wounded' sold, iers. Three largo hospitals were inspected, the Prince chatting sympathetically with many men and inquiring as to their wounds and <Je>oora_ tions. j
Profiteering. ADMINISTRATION OF THE ACT. Tha scheme for the admi-ni-stration of the Prrofiteering Act by the Board of TracTo is complete. Steps hp.ve been taken to form special investigation committees to inquire into the abnormal cost of production of stan- dard commodities such as clothes, boots, hosiery, household utensils, furniture, building materials, and house fittings, and to report as to what ought to be reasonable average prices. The committees arc appointed in consultation te with the representatives rf the employers and workpeople in the trades concerned. The Board of Trade will publish or otherwise cir. culpjto the result of their findings as soon as possible for the information of the public. It is intended to make n immediate investi- gation into the alleged operations of rings and combines in the fish trade, and the alleged destruction of cargoes of fish for the purpose of maintaining prices. The central tribunal rnr the investigation and adjudication of charges of profiteering in respect of wholesale bu^ineos is being formed. The President iof the Board of Trade has invited the assistance of representative as. sociations of employers and workpeople, of tho Consumers' Council, the Parliamentary Committee of the trade unions, and other representative bodies to assist him in nomina- ting the membeirs of the tribunal. Invitations have been issued to local authorities to form committees for the investigation of complaints in respect of retail transactions as contem. plated by the Act, and to the chairman of county councils to assist in the nominations of apocal tribunals. Circulars were issued to local authorities ad- vising them of their powers and how to set un local tribunals to deal with comolaints. A local authority is under no compulsion to set up a. profiteering tribunal: but it is for the public who have comnlaints to make to see tint they are afforded this protection. The expense, of the tribunals will b, met out of th" rates. Fines imposed on profiteers will also be applied in aid of exnenses. Not only may a profiteer be fined ur* to £200. T sent to pri<<-n. he may ba compelled to repay to the comnlainant anv f:um wi,iii was in excess of the -easonable prioa. Where com. nanv is the offender, the chairman and every managing director and every officer concerned ivo to be deemed guilty, unless th(w can prov* fbp,t the offence tnok place without their kr"wlnrl!?" or consent. Tradesmen are no lonwer t be al'ower' to mark their "ools "Government eontnM'ed or ice" or "Government fixed price. thu- ugg-eqtin. to customers that thft price nnmPrl is authorised bv the Government and cannot be departed from. The most srlarin? case was f-he ma.ritin^r of inforior. Fn^lish annlos. w^th no mo-e t,V>.s>n 11.r1 a Ih.. "Government r,ntroll-(-! orice Qi lb." The Minist^ of Food ia ;qgiiinp,, -An order maVir" it com^-d^orv on trado-s to put the word "miximnm" before "orice" on all notice*, so thnt the public msy know th-vt, though this is the maximum tv't'ee that can be eharged, a tradesman mav sell at much le s as he r^es. Tea is the only article for which the Ministry ever fixed price belo-y which the shopkeeper was not allAwed to fell. Once a?ain there apneas to have been a "indole of the fruit, crco nrob'em (writes a London gorre-oondienit), IL"ifl ,e cwm'.rv i threatened with a iam famine. The Fo^d Controller, having first allowed the frftit to be sold to jam manufacturers without rfesWotion of price subsequently jinncnc^d that no increase would be allowed in the price of ;am. The manufacturers finrl themselves faced with t'h orospeot of a. heavy loss in view nf t,ne hi^h nrice-" at which they have purchased the, fruit. Consequently they are making less iam. What the public will' wnnt to know is W118.t is being '>ne with t.he fruit which is not to be turned into iam. Increased prices of jam will affect the following varieties, which may be d to 1).<1 pe- uonnd dearer in th. forthcoming schedule -lil-ek cuyvnyit, strawberry and gooseberry. raspberry and gooseberry, "rMpberry and red Consequently they are making less iarn. What t.ho public will' want to know is what is being '>ne with t.he fruit which is not to be turned into iam. Increased prices of jam will affect tho following varieties, which may be £ d to lAd pe- uonnd dearer in t'^> forthcoming schedule bl»ck curr'ant, strawberry and gooseberry. -raspberrv and gooseberry, ra.spberry and red currant," gooseberry, red curran^ an0 rasp- berry. ) Maximum retail prlcCa of Is 4d. flEW lb to be fixed for fresh or pickled tongues, and lid ner lb for homeless cheeks, whether home- killed or imported. TIlom has been "0 much speculation in cattle cakei nnd meals that the Food Controller pro. hibits deaMngs in these feeding staffs, and also their manufacture, except under licence issued by the Ministry. Executions will he made in tho case of contracts already entered into of purchasers who buy for their own cattle and of meinufactij-ercm of less "than twenty-five ton, per month. Tn view of t'ho fuel shortasre, many house- wives are wondering how they are going to --k household meali next winter. The Ministry of Food ir. nlive to the close relation between the coal scaroity and the cheap food problem.
NEW QUAY. ORGAN RECITAL.—On Sunday, Miss Bromut sub organist Trinity Church, Aber- ystwyth, gave an organ recit.ala the Parish Church. Miss Connie Thomas, A.R.C.M., gave violin sovos and Mrs. Lloyd sang. PEACE CELEBRATIONS.—Tho Urban Council thank al., who assisted in making 11-ic celebrations on July 19th a success by giving their personal services or lending articles. MILITARY.—Cadet Douglas Harries, Gun- ner George Short H.M.S. "Valiant," Lieut. Lu <her Evans, R.X.F., and Private Richard Hughes are home on leave. Mr. Picton Jones, Rock-street., has been promoted to captain. He is a chaplain with the Australian Forccs. Private John Oscar Ollson, Francis-s rect, has arrived in this country. fram Russia where he ha.d been en active service. LIFEBOAT DAY .-Collection for the Life- boat Institution, postponed from last week, was made on Tuesday week and a substantial sum was received. The lifeboat was launched in tho afternoon and an exhibition of lifc- savinjj and artificial respiration was given. OBITUARY.—The death took placo with unexpected suddenness last week at Laburnum Hall, Pennant of Mrs. Elizabeth Thomas, wife of Captain Jenkin Thomas, J.P.. Park- street. Mrs. Thomas was spending a holiday at Pennant wi',h her sister. The funeral took place on Tuesday week, interment being made at Llanllwchaiarn Burial Ground. NEW QUAY URBAN COUNCIL, The Urban Council met on Tuesday week, present. Councillors D. E. Thomas (chairman), J. P. Davies (vice-chairman); J. O. James, Evan Evans, T. Ogmore Davies John Varies, J T. Jones, and Captain Williams; Messrs. J. 'W. Thomas (dark), and T. Harfora (sur- veyor). Mr. J. P. Davies read a report by th" Road Commi'tee respecting brook running through Black Lion Fields. A complaint had been made bv members of Bethel Chanel that 'he river damaged their walV—It was decided to remove the grating nearer the mmrth of 'lIe culvert, and the Surveyor was instructed to see thai the work was oarried out without delay. The question of the Post Office was re- opened. At the previous meeting a letter from the Postmaster General was read stating that he did not see his way to open the Post Office for telegrams on Thursday afternoons, as he could not see that any inconvenience was caused by its being closed.—Mr. J. P. Davies thought the best plan would bo to ask the authorities 14, send an Inspector down to in- terview the Council as the matter could be morp fully explained than in a It-ttt-,r.-Capt. Wil.'iams felt that the matter was an import- ant one for New Quay and a scandal not- to bo able to -receive telef-nms on Tlitii-Fda ^ftorno'-ns. The best thing the Postmaster General co'd do would ho to <-0r>d down an Inspector. I1, was no use for him to say t po inconvenience. There was. Exp' and delay were caused and a tClram did not serve its purpose if not immediately de- livered. The population of New Ouav -on- sists largely of seafarin? men and it is they who kep' the pvice together. A vote of than^i t, the Mer^an'.i'e Marine was passed in the House of Commons the otb" day. Was it •>o mli-li to ask the authorities to open the Post Office at New Quay for telegrams on Thu-sd^v afternoon. He proposed that the Clcrk sh^'dd again write and that J,he Coun- cil should leave no stone unturned Itntil it succeeded in its object.—J. T. Jones seconded 'ho proposition which was agreed to. Mr. T Harford rtat.cd t.hat owintr tr scarcity of timber he had been unable <o pu "p the wicket ",nte near the Council School He was idvised to put i. up before the schoo e-^rened Mr. Pat-irk, Black Von Hotel, was thanker 'ir the lean of the fieM for peace ce/ehra tir*r,s.—The cost of '.he ce'eb-^n.f ions wjj: £ 40 3s lid., surplus sold S3 2s 5d., sir1, bal ance -C37 Is 6d
AUDIBLE LIGHT. This dc-e-, not refer t,~> the spluttering candj, but to a remarkable electrical invention whic has recently been made by means of which tl blind are enabled to read by sound. Thi" invention is an application of the well known! principle whereby the rf'istanc(J nf selenhtn electric cell can be vai-icri by alter a tions in the intensity of the light impinTin upcn the plates. In this particular applicatior variations in the light are produced^ by reflec tion frc-m the printed pages of a hook, ove which tho apparatus is passed. Every differen printed lotter will cause a slight, alteration it tlici 4vflccted light, and tlie.se variations i? the li^ht' will, by varying the resistance c the selenium call, induce corresponding fluctt ations. in the current of electricity generate by the cell. By connecting the co'l to what is in effect' telephone receiver, the blind man is enable to recognise each individual letter by the s:;ur! produced a/s the instrument passeg over tl j successive, lineg of print. Electricity, whirh has already given us tl tolegTaph, the telephone, and above all t^t i: wonderful agent of health, convenience at comfort—the electric light, has now, if rcr-t speaks truly, conferred upon tho blind t- • j ability to read from ordisary books.
r! "TT«a >TI- ■->«. r ^orA«CHE« 3-5PEEogea*4 The Special I'^RASTra i Every Saleigh Is built on special tracking « thus ensuring perfect ali<nment i #• ajii aild that touch of 4*thoroaghbredncsa" „ which is characteristic t^e Kaleigh. I THE ALL-STEEL BICYCLE; | V Beware of cheap, garret-made bicycles, see • 1 Gink the Kaleitfh trademark aud deal only throutf a « I '•T//T 1 AA °ur authori-ed agents Your life depend# « u ou your bicycle and you can depend « '"The pleasure of ^L J °Poa the rigid* rapid, reliable Raleigh. i riding a Raleigh M ( is like riding a J f Aberystwyth.—C. Evans, 15. Nortbaate Street « thoroughbred r 1 Aberdovey—W. D. Evans horse after I Abergynolwyn—J. Davies having ridden a » 1 Taliesin-J. R. Jones hack."M is a/ I Towyn-R. R. Davies. Idris Works. Station Eva VVhite W st. t Road. < Dysarigalen J Criocieth-R Davies. Eifion Hardware Store B ti 111 n a k 111, | 1 if ) Queen's County I J I «_ „ < if 1 Cycling for Health and Points for Cyclists* < /J Lf ftSir Prank Bowtien. Bart. F.K.G.S.. &c.. ( ™ 100 pp. l/ cloth, of Agents and Bookstalls, RALEIGH CYCLSe«ur« MOTTIMOHAM • r ftiiwrBTTiinftii<M»fl<iiiJ«Tir 111 "Milfflbftil ■ f r i.t fir lit iWAiifc
Poultry. FAYAROLLES. Fashions in poultry change just the same as in most other things, for the populai breed of to-day is not considered good enough when' some new variety comes forward. There is much to be said for any new breed becauso when a fresh one is brcuglii out there is a combination of breeds to produce sorrio definite end or colour and in this crossing there must M more strength and stamina than yoo get in some of the older varieties which have beeax closely bred for years hence the new ones w give better results for a time and the chiekena will be hardy and more easily reared owing to this infusion of outside blood. In the keeping of new breeds some of the old ones have been lost or at least sadly neg- lected and in this last list would oome the Favarolles, although they must be reckoned as one of the best all round varietios we have. With so many competitions and tests for laving the breed which come out on top are sure to go ahead and they become popular, while some :of the old and trusted breeds go under anti seem almost forgotten. There ani a big list of breeds to-day and some men say there aro far too many varieties, but with such a diversity of opinic-n there should be room for all. The average man wants a good all round fowl, one which will lay a good many eggs,, make a useful table, bird and yet raise liim a few chickens in the spring. It ill not everyone who runs an incubator, so that when a few chicks are wanted a sitting hen is necessary and if only Leg-horns are kept these are useless for the hatching and by the way no good for table. But the Favarolle is a sound all round fowl which ean be kept under any condition, and there results will prove satisfactory in every way. Onn of the first things a novice should consider is whether the chickens are hardy and easy to rear before he takes on any breed, and then will the variety meet all his needs. Now tho Favanolles will grow fast as soon as hatched and at six weeks old can look after itself very well. As a rule tha eggs prove very fertile for ■.Ithough they are foa the heavy side, they are pretty active and this means some ^trang chicken^, Lake every othor b o&d' they do best WMl seiecled for layihg, and when they have haem picked out because pf r$wds made. It is a common tliip.g to find hefl3 laying 200 eggs in tho year and I have known individuals produce 240 in tho twelve month* Naturally this can only be done when the birds hare been bred for laying, and 'the best sorted out for breeding each year. The principle applied to ether breeds of a sharp head, keen eye, and cleaft face will be a safe guide in selecting the layers, while actual colour will not make much difference. Too these points should be added a wide back and long breast then you combine both the laying and able qualities, so that, the Cockerels will make fine table birds and the pullets good layers. There may be some objection to tJU) feathered leg-, so as this is so slight, it need not be considered. More important is that thn leg is white like the skin and this makes them attractive when plucked ready for sale. The muff and beard, small foatliers round the head and throat only adds to their quaintness and is a feature of the breed which no one need fear as to colds ,ror any trouble of that sort. When brooding for the quality points tb- colour is not much important and yet it is just as well to select some that have the correct colour. Tho rnlv advantage of this is that' the floclr looks better asd naturally it is a better adver- tisement %or the breed. Although tho salmon is the roost common we have the white and blue both cf which being self colours aro easy to understand-
KHItDUL VALLEY. FUNERAL.—The mten(lance at the funeral at Trehan is of Mrs. Elizabeth Jvald, who died at the age of tlfy-Lwo years en Friday wfok was large nd reprosv.iiauve. Deceased and hor husband had lov'ded at 21, Thomas- street, for the past three years, and prior to that lived in London. The deceased was tke wife of Mr. Morgan Evans, owner of Do»- lawr Farm. The service at the house w as taken by the Rev. Evan J aac, sc,nior Wes- layaai minisaer, Treharris Circuit. The officiat- ing ministers at the chapel were the Rev. lorwerth Jones (Baptist) who assisted the Rev clvan Isaac, as also did the Rev. Mr. Lloyd. I'he service at the graveside was taken part in by the Revs. Mr. Lloyd Evan Isaac (W.), and lorwerth Jones (B.). The chief mourners were Mr. Morgan Evans (husband), Mr. Dd. Morgan Evans, Master I. 0. Evans (sons), Mrs. Jones, Treharris, and Mrs. Sims, Treharris (sisttvs), Mr. Richard Evans brothor, Treharris; Mr. and Mrs. Evans, Cross Hands (bro jher-in-law and suter-in-law) Sir. H. Thomas, Dolfawr; Mrs S. A. Hughes (cousin), Miss Alice Sims, Treliairis (niece), Mr. Thomas Evans, Treharris, and Mr, Thomas Evans, Dowlais, (cousins;, and many relatives. BETHEL CHAPEL.—On Sunday, tho Rev. Gabriel Hughes, fo&merly assistant minister in the local circui- and chaplain to tho Forces during the war. officiaited at Bethel. MINES.—Gwaith Coch and Gothic Mines are expected ao restart as soon as the necessary
DEVILS BRIDGE WELCOME HOME.—The numerous friends of Mr. David Davieis, son of Mr. and Mrs. Davies Winlianwen, will be glad to learn of his safe return from the war after a distinguished career. Through his bravery and daring he won the Military Medal. Mr. Davies joined the 1st Sou-h Wales Borderers and we are all proud of him, wish- ing him a bright future career. A WELCOMED VISITOR.—Mr. James, son of the late Rev. Mr James, formerly vicar of Yspytty Cynfyn, attended service at St. Iago's Church on Sunday. He has qualified for holy orders, but is at present engaged in the scholastic profession in England. He is spending a holiday wi li his cousins at Ochr- hos Farm.
i7. g iii i 'l 011 11. ¡ -'lg llw Nl0/664 I White^ | i Coutil. I pin H I CORSETS | are justly renowned for their fit, com- | fort and good style. They are built up = to a high standard, not down to a low price, and every pair is guaranteed. | From 411j to 23/6. I Ol full pre-war quality in every detail, and = British throughout. There is a style for every g figure, and a price for every purse. Stotked by leading drapers everywhere* Write for illustratedzolder to the Piiakers = CHAPPELL ALLEN & Co., Ltd. Fitu House, 8,Well St.,London,E C. 1 j xMmmwHtsiHWHismiaiHiiwiaiuMtutaiuiswwitiiiiiijaiuiaunaiiiiaiuiP j Digestive Failure j The Cause THE body depends for nourishment upon tho regular working of special internal processes. When these internal processes. When these vital functions fail digestive troubles follow. The Remedy is light nourishing food; nothing is more suitable than the 'Allenburys' DIET. It is concentrated nutriment- pure, rieh milk and whole wheat in a pleasant and easily digestible form. Simple Preparation Made instantly ready for use by adding Boiling Water Only. A DOCTOR writes. "Dear Sir8-1 used your DIET with complete success in a case of most in. tractable vomiting. it being the first and only substance the patient retained, hut after its use for a few days she was able to ascend the dietary scale in a steady rise till she was eating well again." For Adults. D77 Obtainable ef all Chemists t L Allen & Hanburyi Ltd., London. 10 W14S Agricultural and Garden Seeds. Agent] tor Carter s Special Guaranteed Seeds. Eggs, Butter in any quantity taken. Cash payments on receipt of Roods. J. J. MORRIS, Grocer & Provision Dealer, Tea Warehouse, LLANILAR. Ellis's Pharmacy Dispensing of English and Foreign Preecriptions. Medical and Surgical Requisites. ROBERT ELLIS, Pharmaceutical Chemist, 53, Terrace Road, Tel. 71. ABERYSTWYTH Have it Re-tyred II I 11 It Do it Now. v; J Prams, Push Chairs, Bath Chaits, Wired on Tyres with Patent Core. Chairs, &c., on Hire. Furniture stored or bought for cash. All classes of repairs. J. C. STYLES, furnisher 10, Terrace Road (Near Sta-tiowj Aberystwyth. NOTE NEW PRICES 7ju., i/3,*W5ffl RAT PfilSON' BARLEY. Chemist, PBRTH „ .jd./ Agents— E. P. Wynne, Chemist, Aberystwyth; J. W. Evans, Chemist, Llandyseul; T. Jones, Chemist, Tregaron; R. Evans, Chemist, Lampeter; J. R* Jones. Chemist, Newcastle Emlyn; E. 1J,m. Jones Chemist, Aberayron; H. Davies, Mach- ynlleth; W. J. Evans, New Quay; D. Joms, Llaofyllin; J. Davies, Utmybythor.