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EDITORIAL NOTES. In the passive resistance movement it is most essential not to lose sight of the fact that the essential thing is to secure the efficient educa- tion of all the children of the country. Cardinal VAUGHAN diei on Friday, aged seventy-one. Very few people in Wales know how great and general have been the efforts of the Roman Catholic Church during the past twenty years to influence Wales These efforts have been made in many directions and have not been altogether fruitless. Tobacconists all over the district will be interested in a case arising out of the recent tobacco war tried before the Lord CHIEF JUSTICE in the King's Bench on Monday. It was a claim of Ogden's Limited, against two of their customers, carrying on business at Cardiff, for goods sold and delivered. The i defence was that the plaintiffs had broken their agreement with the defendants regard- ing the bonus which was to be paid. His lordship decided in favour of the defendants' contention. This is a very serious matter for the plaintiffs. A "scientific palmist" has been fined at Llandudno for having unlawfully pretended to tell fortunes. It seems to be getting more difficult every day to make a living illegally. » In another part of the paper we publish details of the earthquake which was felt in the northern part of our district on Friday morn- ing last. No life was lost, and no serious damage was done, but a good deal of alarm was felt. A case of watering milk was heard at Bar- mouth on Friday. The offence was denied, but a fine of a pound and costs was imposed and the magistrates, who did not seem to believe the defence, hoped the case would be a warn- ing to others. I The retirement of Mr S. SMITH from the re- presentation of Flintshire was announced. Then it was stated that there was no truth in the announcement. The probabilities are that if Mr S. SMITH retired nobody would be par- ticularly sorry. These rumours do not arise from the outside. At the Aberystwyth Petty Sessions on Wed- nesday, a young man was fined five shillings and costs for having taken an edible crab measuring less than five inches across the broadest part of the back. The magistrates said that in future cases, the full penalty of £2 and costs would be imposed. The destruc- tion of immature crabs is a great mistake and must be prevented if possible. On Monday, the Feast of the Martyrdom or Decollation of St. Winefride by Prince CARADOC was solemnized at the Roman Catholic Church at Holywell. There was not a single miracle throughout the day! This is all very dis- appointing, especially as there is no lack of water at the well just now. The amount of miraculous water that is being allowed to run to waste is very serious. •* Mr CHAMBERLAIN and his friends under- took to finish the African war for X10,000,000 and then spent e250,000,000, in addition to 25,000 lives. The outlay greatly exceeded the estimate. In the fiscal dodge which he is now trying to work this sort of looseness will not do. Starving people at home will not be accepted as quietly as killing people in Africa, as he will discover. There are, at last, signs of political activity in the country. # Slowly the railway companies are beginning to realize that they might do a profitable business in parcel carrying. Nothing in the world is so conservative as a railway, as is seen by their rat-hole ticket-selling arrange- ments. A parcel van might easily be attached to every passenger train, and a large business might be done, but the railway company will do nothing until somebody has proved to it that a suggested scheme will pay! Railway companies, in spite of all the experience of the Post Office, insist on charging according to distance. Distance is of no consequence, as railway companies ought to have learnt by this time. Dear food is bitter in the mouth even in Germany. There has been a general election in Germany, and Protection has been hard hit. The correspondent of the Times, writing from Berlin, says The tariff question has played a great part in the elections, and it is doubtless true that nearly four millions of Socialist and Radical electors are determined that their daily bread shall not be subjected to inordinate taxation in order to maintain a landed class which is largely bankrupt, and which claims a prescriptive right to civil office and military rank." We are not afraid that the people of this country will be in favour of dear food, but nothing must be left to chance. -■> » # The London Daily News is finding it neces- sary to get itself advertised. We are not surprised. There is a lack of intelligence in the paper pitiful to see. It is in the hands, apparently, of the Independent Labour Party, and is playing down in the most stupid way to the silliest sort of wild-cat Socialism. What the Daily Neios requires is more journalistic skill and judgment. When the British Weekly has to bolster up the Daily News another change is not far off. London is in sore need of a Liberal newspaper. The Daily News is paying for the insertion, as an advertisement in the provincial papers, of the British Weekly's puff of itself. President ROOSEVELT says that an extended experience in politias has taught him that "the one man whom it is perfectly safe to tell an important secret to is a newspaper "man, because he not only shares with other "honourable men the desire to keep the secret but he knows how." We always prefer not to be told any secrets, because when we are not supposed to know anything we can publish all we are supposed not to know, whereas when we are told secrets we have to observe the bond, to the great injury of the paper. Besides, secrets are only premature knowledge, and, as a rule, are not worth much. One of the pleasures of news- paper editing is knowing what the clever people think are secrets. A Leeds alderman says that the Angel Gabriel himself could not keep a public-house straight. All that is required of the publican is to keep his house according to law. This is done by thousands of publicans all over the country. Another speaker said that the trade" was equally bad whether carried on by a bishop in lawn sleeves or a publican with a carbuncled nose. Sleeves and noses have no- thing whatever to do with morals. These are the sort of utterances which bring about all kinds of difficulties. A man has quite as much right to go to a public house as to a teetotal meeting, and it is no more wicked to' drink a glass of beer or wine or spirits, than to drink a cup of tea. Temperance in the country is increasing, and would increase still more rapidly if it were not for unwise intemperate fanatics. » Un Friday, at the quarterly meeting ot the Y, Montgomeryshire County Council, Mr C. J. NEWELL drew attention to the high death rate in the county, which, he said, was something like twenty per thousand of the population, or 1*6 higher than the average of England and Wales, including the large towns. The CHAIRMAN said that there was a greater population probably in the county above the age of sixty-five than in other places, because the young people left the country and went to the towns, and that would cause the death-rate to go up abnor- mally. This would probably account for their high death rate and not the unhealthiness of I the county generally. The explanation will not meet the case. First, Montgomery- shire is not in worse plight than Cardigan- shire, Merionethshire, and other counties in the Principality, so Montgomeryshire may take any consolation that is to be got out of that fact. Instead of the migration of the young being a reason for a high death rate it is somewhat to the contrary, as where there is a low birth rate there are fewer children, and the highest death rate is among children. There is more to be said in view of the fact that where the people go away into large towns, as from the rural districts of Wales, many of them come back to die. After every possible allow- ance is made, the fact remains that the small towns and rural districts of Wales are not in a satisfactory state. Filth diseases are almost always present. Water supplies are inadequate and contaminated, drainage practically does not, exist, ventilation is neglected, house refuse is not removed, and the people just die, poisoned by their own filth. In large towns, the neglect that prevails in the country would breed epidemics and there would be panic. In Wales, children die of diphtheria or scarlet fever and older people die of consumption-one here and one there—and nobody is alarmed I We have been protesting for many years against the insanitary conditions of the rural districts and small towns of Wales and, at this late period, the CIIAIRMAX of the Montgomeryshire County Council accounts for a scandalously high death-rate by the emigration of the young to towns! In the House of Commons on Monday, the first clause of the Finance Bill, repealing the corn tax, was agreed to by a majority of 384. Mr RITCHIE was roundly abused. The question of gambling with the food of the people is still before the country, and it is for the people to say whether they will have food taxed in order to please Mr CHAMBERLAIN. Hay harvest has begun in the neighbourhood of Aberystwyth. The crop is heavy, but some of the cut grass does not appear to be quite ripe. Old stocks are not depleted, for although the season has been inclement, there has been nothing to prevent animals being out. There has been very little rain during the week, but there has not been much sunshine, and the temperature has been low for the time of the year. Professor JEBB, at a Bangor meeting, sug- gested that the time might come when Cardiff would require a university for itself, with the result that the present federal University of Wales would be broken up, with serious con- sequences to Aberystwyth. Ah, yes, so it might about the time when the coal supplies of the Cardiff district are becoming exhausted. Aberystwyth is not alarmed. The only thing that really frightens Aberystwyth is the dread that somebody will build an embankment and convert Cardigan Bay into dry land again. Has Professor JEBB heard of that scheme The great obstacle to the scheme for taxing food in order to please the colonies is that the colonies will not be pleased. The colonies tax our manufactures in order to establish manu- factories of their own, and it is not likely that they will consent to any scheme that will re- tard the growth of their own trade. Then there is the question whether the millions of the large towns in this country will consent to buy dear food in order that the colonies may be pleased. This scheme may be best described as a scheme for undermining the throne of England by driving the poor into riot and re- volution. There has been a case of hard swearing at Ruthin. After the evidence had been given on the claim and counterclaim, the JUDGE said he had listened for two hours to the case and had never been more shocked. Every single thing said about the other side was said to be a lie, and, worse than that, the lies were supported by concocted books-inventions. He had never heard a worse case. He was, how- ever, going to rely on the books, which he preferred to the stories tald, and would give judgment for plaintiff on the amount claimed, and judgment for defendant on the counter- 'O. claim, but would allow no costs on either side. This was the right sort of decision. The pity is that he did not send both parties to prison for a lengthened period. There is great extravagance among the poor of this country in funerals. Even the relatives of paupers insist on respectable" funerals—no matter who has to pay. Last week the Rev C. FOTHERGILL, curate of Stanwix. was asked to subscribe towards the cost of a hearse to take the child of some very poor people to the cemetery. Mr! FOTHERGILL volunteered to carry the coffin himself, and he did so, handing it over to a friend at the cemetery gates, nearly a mile away, and then himself conducted the service. The poor are afraid of their poverty being seen, and some sort of loyalty to the dead makes them regardless who pays the funeral expenses. There is far too much ostentation and parade at funerals. The poor are not alto- gether to blame. Here is a case for the Independent Labour I Party. At Lanchester, on Thursday, the Consett Iron Company summoned 250 of their workmen at the Langley Park Colliery for absenting themselves from work on May 20tli, the owners claiming 5s damages from each miner. The abstention arose out of a dispute as to a change in the hours of work. The contention on behalf of the de- fendants was that the owners could not change the hours of work whenever they liked in the face of established custom, but he acknowledged that the defendants had not given fourteen days' notice to terminate their employment, and the Bench gave ^judgment for the plaintiffs, with 5s damage against each man. Notice of appeal was given. The notion is exploded that employers are to do as the workmen please and the workmen are to remain uncontrolled. Is breaking stones in workhouses a cure for vagrancy ? Certainly not. The stone-breaking may drive vagrants to other resorts than work- houses, but it is no cure for vagrancy. Vagrancy is an outcome of social and labour conditions, and is no more to be cured by stone-breaking than a bad drain can be cured by a sprinkling of rosewater. The vagrant should be labelled and 'ultimately be forced to work. Liberty to go through the country in search of work should not be limited, but the vagrant should nnd his passage hindered and ultimately made impossible. Every person who wanders through the country should be forced to carry with him a certificate which should give his record, and the confirmed vagrant would soon be forced into some labour colony provided for him. It is disastrous that child- ren should be dragged through the country and learn nothing but vagrancy. The subject has never been grappled with. At the meeting of the General Purposes Com- mittee of the Bradford Liberal Association held the other day, a very :comprehensive re- solution was passed on the protection move- ment:—"That this Committee affirms its un- alterable faith in the principles of free trade. It holds that the prosperity of the country and generally of all classes of the people is owing to those principles having prevailed during the past fifty years. It believes that any interference with free trade will lead with certainty to disaster and to a return to the miseries and privations which the people "suffered under protection and which have been forgotten by the present generation. It holds that any attempt to enforce a scheme of preferential duties with the colonies will not only be disastrous to the general trade of the country and will raise the price of food, but will also destroy the excellent and cordial relations which now exist between the colonies and Great Britain." The forego- ing embodies the common sense of the people. ♦ Miss EMBLETON read a paper at the last meeting of the Linnean Society at Burlington House, London, on one of the pests that attack palms and ferns. The particular pest dealt with is a small fly, and it is not unlikely that Miss EMBLETON will take the place of Miss ORMEROD, who did so much to assist those engaged in agriculture and horticulture in I checking insect pests. Miss EMBLETON has been most successful in her career and has al- ready done some notable work. We are sure that Miss EMBLETON could give the horticul- turists and agriculturists of the country a great deal of most valuable information, and it is to be hoped that by means of the newspapers she will put her knowledge into forms that will be available by the ordinary farmer and gar- dener. Every season has its lessons. Any widely-circulated newspaper might make a reputation by publishing the sort of in- formation that Miss EMBLETON has at her fingers' ends. # A correspondent in another column asks if Mr J. D. REES, the new Liberal candidate for the Montgomery Boroughs, is the gentleman who championed the Conservative and Unionist cause in the Peckham division of Camberwell at the last County Council election. This is a plain question that ought to receive a plain answer. Montgomery Boroughs have had quite enough of the carpet-bagger. It seems from what a local newspaper has published, that Mr J. D. REES has travelled in almost all the un- civilized parts of the world, but that is not the sort of qualification that will go down with the Liberal electors of the Montgomery Bor- oughs, who would be much more interested in his Peckham experiences if he has had any. Colonel PRYOE-JONES is a Conservative and must give way to a Liberal if a Liberal can beat him, but nobody wants to see him opposed by a Peckham Conservative, if Mr P. iw j is a Peckham Conservative, or even a sort, of I political twicer. If there must be a contest, in the Montgomery Boroughs ai the next general election, the candidate adopted by the, Liberals ought not be to a stranger and of doubt fn 1 colour. There are surely plenty of lot a) nwn rondy to stand if they thought there was any tln.Lce of winning.







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