glfiviiovt golitt JlntrtUgfurc. COUNTY POLICE—SATURDAY. /"Magistrates: Captain W. PHILLIPS, R.N.; and Capt. RUSSELL, R.M.M-] RISCA.—Benjamin Evans, a col'ier, beerhouse keeper, of Risca, supported by Mr. R. J. Cathca-t, laid a charge against his wife, Sarah Evans, aged 44 years, and Samuel Morgan, alias Lewis, aged 20, for absconding with £ 4 in money,his monev, she having secreted up war Js of £ 16 in the chimuev of her own house before eavm^. His wife had no authority to leave him,with the prisoner Morgan, nor to take money to PaY prisoner's railway fare to any place in the kingdom.—In answer to the prisoner, the prosecutor said he had never stated that he (prisoner) took away anv cbthe3.—The wife was sworn and said Whilst my husband is away at work I manage the beer- house, the British Lion, at Risca. „ 1 take and keep money and manage the bills. About fi -Ts weeks ago, I and the prisoner went a journey together, to Leeds first, and then to Newcastle. Left on Monday morning with- out the knowledge of my husband. Oi the previous Friday the prisoner was at my house. At that time he had some influence over me, and he then induced me to go away with him to the North of England. He asked me if I could get money to go with him. He threatened to expose me for some.hiQg that had had happened, to my husband. I wa; obliged to go because there was so much bother in Risca, and he would not keep avuy from the house. Want off on the Monday morning to the Risca station with £4 of my own money, or money which I was keeping in charge for my husband. Had more money in the house, and hid it in ',the chimney. At the station go: into the train, and prisoner accompanied me. He had no ticket, and asked me to give him money. Handed him 2s., which he paid in lieu of his ticket in tie carraige, at Bassalleg. When at Newport, I gave him £ 2, at the Western Valley's Station. -Pi isoner You gave me fl 17s., please Sarah.—Witness continued After that I went to the Mill-street station, and the prisoner took tickets for hims2lf, myself, and my little girl, for Leeds. There was a. sacond little girl who went free. He had not enough money, and then I gave him another £ 1, Went t,) Leeds with these tickets. Remained in Leeds all night, and on the following morning proceeded to Newcastle. Prisoner got the tickets, ard I gave him the remain !er of the £ 4. R maiaed. at Newcastle for a short time, and then went to Gjipor*. There I discovered I bad made a great mistake, :;n i wished to return to my husbanl. When the prisoner left Risca he had no money of his own, and oc e Friday before leaving, an arrangement was made by i im with myself to provide money to go the jouruey to N jweastlp.— By Prisoner Gave you all the money to p aj the train fare. I gave you £ 2 to buy thefirst tickets not £ 1 17=- as you say.—Prisoner: You only gave me £1 17 i., Sarah.-Sergt. Hah sworn I apprehended pri- soner on Thursday last, at his father's house at RicC3, under a warrant. He stated that he did not steal any money. She, meaning prisoner, induced me to go with her, and she took £ 4 odd. I had share of the money, as I had not a farthing of my own. Lived with the woman as man and wife for five weeks and three dnys at Gosport. Mr. Cathcart addressed the Bench, and read the law on the point, contending that the prisoner knew that the money was the property of the husband, and he had admitted that he was her adulterer. It was a very hard case for the husband, that this man should be going ftver the country in company with his wi/o at the hus- band's expense, if he was not able to obtain redress at the hands of the Bench.—The Chairman Prisoner is a mere boy compared to her.—Mr. Cathcart: That does not matter. Hi's old enough to know better. Why should the husband lose his money for his pleasure ? At a:: events it is a case for a jury.—The C lairman ad- dressing the prisoner said It certainly ii one of the most disagreeable cases that ever I had to deal with. But in consequence of the woman giving you th' money to buy the tickets, the case is dismissed against you.—Tho per- sons present manifested their approbation by "stamping," which was immediately suppressed. RISCA.—Edward Jones, of the Plough Inn, Risca, was charged with permitting gambling in his house.— Mr. Cathcart appeared for defendant, who had been previously before the Bench on a similar charge, and was fined £ 1 and costs. COEDKERNEW.—Thomas Williams was summoned for ridicg without reins on the turnpike-r<ad, in the parish of Coedkernew, on the 28th alt.—P.C, Adams proved the case, which was admitted by the defendant.—Ordered to pay 5a. and 7s. expenses. MAINDEE.—David Hobbs, a juvenile, was charged with having stolen growing peas, the property of John L. Southall, of the Queen's Hotel, at Christchurch, on the 2nd inst.-Pri.saner pleaded guilty. The cise was treated as a trespass, and he was ordered to pay -5s. MAIN DEB.—George Russell was charged with stealing i7 and a book, the property of Richard Webber, a buil ier, of Maindee, on the 16th ult.-Prosecutor said On :he day named I gave the prisoner S7 at the Grey- hound Inn, High-street, Newport, to take to my wife at Maindee, and to deliver it to her for the purpose of pay- ing some of my workmen. Prisoner had been in my em?! iV for about six or eight weeks, as a joiner and car- p:atsr. It was between four and five o'clock when I gave him the money. Also send the time book with him to show my wife the amount due to each man. Asked him to go as quickly as possible. Prisoner promised he would do so. Did not'get home till about 11 o'clock, and ttiea it was I found it out. Immediately sect for a police- man, gave information, and obtained a warrant fur h:s apprehension.—Cross-examined I put the money in your naked hand. It was not in a paper.—Prisoner You were pretty much like me-the worse for drink. All cf us were pretty well on. Had it not been for drink I should not have been here.—Prosecutor I told ycu it was the wages of the men, and my foreman is here to pr ;ve whether I was the worse for drink or no.- C&irles Price, a haulier, said On the 16th ult., I was hailing for Mr. Webber, and about fife o'clock I was coming home towards Newport, and one of the men with m", whea we met the prisoner. It was between the rail- way b;idge and the turnpike gate. He called to me, and asked if we wanted our money. The other man said, Waat money ?" Prisoner answered, Your pay if vou want it you'd better come back with me. Harry's foot is bsd and Mr. Webber is not coming home." He j cpeced his hand and I saw the money and the book. I knew it was the pay book. Saw the money distinctly. We di.t not tarn then, but about eight o'clock I went for my money, and found somq of the men all standing waiting to be paid. Asked the reason, because I said I had met. the prisoner with the money. Went to his l dgiags, and could not find him at all. He had not a:r:v¿å there.—Prisoner I never remember having seen you at aU. Don't remember a word about it.—Witness You w-re perfectly sober, and so was Mr. Webber when I saw him afterwards.—Inspector Sheppard said I re- ceived information of this robbery on the Sunday morn- ing from Mr. Webber. On the 19th ul a warrant was placed in my hands for the apprehension of prisoner. Iase-tei a no'ice of the robbery, and a description of the men, in the Police Gazette On Tuesday last I found him in custojy at Barnstaple, Devonshire. Read the wariaat to him, and charged him with having stolen the IEoney in question. Prisoner replied, "I bad some money from Mr. Webber, in a piece of paper, to take to his wife, b- he did r.ot know how much." Prisoner had spent the n-on^y, and all he had to show for it was a straw hat. H; (-aoressed his sorrow for having done it. as Mr. Webber had been a very good master to him. He should never have been guilty of it had he not been drinking.— Prisoner denied having told the inspector that he had spent the money.—Inspector Sheppard maintained that what he had stated was perfectly correct in effect, if not intb" exact words. Prisoner said he did not know where he wee: on the Saturday night, but in the morning he found b:mself between Cardiff and Swansea.—Prisoner was c rnmitted for trial at the next Assizes. LANGSTONE.—William Bingham was charged with hav'Lo- removed two cows,without a license, in the parish of Lingstone, on the 28th uh.—It appeared that a license had been obtained, but was handed over to another man. —Ttie Chairman dll not think the defendant intended to break the law, and he would have to pay 6s. expenses. ST. WOOLLOS.—Henry Wilson was summoned to show c ivtiy he should not contribute to the support of the il:eg' imate child of Catherine Cobert.— Mr. Bradgate appej.'r-i for the defendant. Complainant had no corroborative evidence, and the case was adjourned. RISCA,—Mary Evans, of Risca, sought to affiliate her ille§:V sate child on William Smith, also of 'Risoa, who d'd not appear.—An otder was made for 2s. per week, 105. midwife, and costs. BOROUGH POLICE.—MONDAY. es The MAYOR, W. W. MORGAN", and L. A. HOMFRAY, Esq.] William Wollf, said to be over 60 years of age, a water-cress seller, was fined 5a. for being drunk. C arles Anderson was charged with being disorderly ic DoOt-street, on Saturday morning.—P.C. Poule said abDut one o'clock on Saturday morning he saw defendant with a number of other young men making a great noise in Cross-street and Dock-street. Defendant was the ringleader of the party.-Ordered to pay the costs, 4s. 6d. Catherine Fitzpatrick, for using obscene language on Sunday mcrning, in Fothergill-street and CrOss-streat, was. on the evidence of P.C. Knight, disharged after being cautioned to conduct herself with more propriety. Mary Davies was summoned for assaulting Mary DitueL—The parties live in the same bouse, and a few words having arisen between them, defendant threw coxp'aiiar.t down and flung a quantity of water over her. I: a pears that defendant wished to get complain- ant oat of the house, and used means to frighten her out, this having failed, some severe measures were used.- Ordered to pay the costs. Patrick Collins and DanielMcCarthy, two lads of M ellon- street, were charged with playing foot ball in Dock-street, on Sunday evening, July 1st.—Defendant McCarthy did pot appear, he was said to be ill at home with the fever. -P.C. Freeguard proved the charge-Collinii denied being there. He said he was ill at home with the rheu. matic fever—Remanded till Wednesday to prove the truth of the boys statement. The licence of the Freemason's Arms, Dock-street, was transferred from John Taylor to John Price, late of the Cross Kays. WEDNESDAY. [Magistrates: W. WILLIAMS, and G. GETHING, Esqrs.] Alfred Davies alias Slenderman, was charged by P.O. L!an"try with having been drunk and disorderly in High-street and Marshes-road.—The officer said he saw Davies disorderly in the street and ordered him off. He went, but returned, and was in consequence taken into custody. Defendant assured the Bench that if they would give him another chance he would go "smack" out of the town to America, and then he would never trouble Newport or the country any more.—The case was adjourned to Friday to allow defeniant to make hims-lf scarce." William Lewis was charged with furiously driving a horse and cart through Commercial road.-P.C. Poole proved the offence.—Defendant said the horse was a jibber, and after she started it was difficult to hold her up. If he had pulled her up, the horse would have jibbed again.—Ordered to pay 6s. 61. costs. Mary Ann Jones and Elizabeth Jones were charged with assaulting Margaret Perry.-The parties are from Friar's-fields, and as complainant did not appear-the Bench struck the case out.—Just as the defendants were leaving the Court the complainant came running in, but was informed she was too late, much to her chagrin. Henry Holder, butcher, was summoned for creating a nuisance on the Marshes-road, by boiling a quantity of offal and offensive matter, to the annoyanoe of the neigh- bours.—Defendant did not appear, and the service of the summons was proved by Sergeant Bath.-Sergeant Winmill called at defendant's house in consequence of complaints, and found that the stench arising from the burning offal was abominable. — Ordered to pay 20s. costs. Joseph Alford and Charles Lewis, fish hawkers, who did not appear, were summoned for causing an obstruc- tion in High-street, by selling fish from a truck, on Saturday evening.—Sergeant Bath proved the service of the summons.—Superintendent Huxtable said prior to committing the offence complained of he had cautioned both defendants earlier in the evening in another part of High-street. Alford was nearly drunk and was very abusive.—Mr. Nugent Wells complained of the nuisance wiiich was carried on outside his shop on Saturdays. List Saturday a lady left the shop on account of the smell -Fined 10s each, or 14 days' imprisonment. Joseph Burrows alias A. Farrah, mate of an American ship, was charged under a warrant with a violent assault on William Berry.-Complainant said on Tuesday after- noon he was working as a shipwright on board the Italie. He was about to remove to another part of the ship according to the orders of the carpenter, when de- fendant, who is mate of the vessel, and had joined her about an hour and a half, began bullying" him, and told a man on board to keep close to his heels to see that he did his work. A few words ensued, and defendant hit him down and kicked him very severely about the face and head, giving him two black eyes and cutting his mouth.—Defendant did not deny the assault. H. supposed it was all true. He would not have struck the old man if he had not been insolent. However, he was sorry for the old man. Ha wished to call the second mate as a witness, but be was non est.-Another ship wright also made a complaint to the Bench of the con- duct of defendant, wbo had kicked him in the eye twice. —The Bench considered it a most unprovoked assault and fined defendant 40s., and cost 12s., or one month's imprisonment.—The carpenters asked to be allowed for their time, and the Bench made aa order for the pay- ment of 3'. 6 i. each out of the fine. Edward Barrington was summoned for being drunk and dlsorderly.-P.C- Poole saw defendant "punching another man, a cripple," in the face, and making a great noise.—Defendant said the man spoken of had pulled him out of the house and kicked him before the officer came.—Detective Curtis gave the defendant a very bad chara; teri—Santenced to 14 days' in default of paying a fine of 10s, Wm. Evans, of Machen, was fined 5s. for being drunk. Giorge Barrett, of Risca, was charged with break- ing out of the house of Charles Perry, and stealing therefrom 36s., his property. — Prosecutor said he managed the tap of the Hope and Anchor Inn, Dock- street, for Mr. Morgan. On Sunday night last the prisoner and another man came there about ten o'clock and had six or s,:ven pints of beer. About a quarter of an hour before shutting up time prisoner put his head on the table and went to sleep. The other man had his arm around his neck, and he (witness) pulled him off and turned him out. Left prisoner below when he went to bed, a little after eleven. Locked the house up,, and put the bar across the door, and bolted the inner door. Prisoner appeared sick, and he put a sack under him for a pillow. He took the till from the counter and reckoned 36s., which he put into his trousers pocket. The trousers he put on a box at the foot of the bed. At about two o'clock he fancied he heard a noise in the house and got up, but hearing prisoner snoring thought all was safe and went to bed again. At quarter to four a man named Daniel Long knocked at his window and told him his door was open. Got up, and finding prisoner was gone and that all appeared safe, went to bed again. Did not miss the money until he got up and put on his trousers at about five o'clock. The tobacco box was left in which the money was put. Gave infor- mation to the police, and obtained a warrant.-Prisoner said he was robbed in the same house of J61, and some- body upstairs must have had it, and so he took what he found.—D iniel Long, haulier, said he was passing the house and saw the door open, and prisoner leaving the house. Called up Mr. Perry and informed him of the circumstance.-Sergeant Hale, of the Monmoathshire constabulary, on receiving information of the robbery, and on enquiring after prisoner, found he bad gone by an excursion to Cheltenham. He appre- hended him on his return by the train, and charged him with breaking out of the house. He said I broke out of the house but did not steal any money. Searched him and his room, and found in a box £1 4a. 6d. A new pocket knife wrs found on him. After he got to the police station prisoner said, 1 shall not tell any more lies about it. 1 did go upstairs and get the money, and the money you have found is all that is left of it. I gave 49. for the Cheltenham ticket, and spent the rest in Cheltenham. Prisoner further said he had been robbed in the house, and had only 3J. left. He wanted to go by the excursion train, and being in drink, he was tempted to take the money.—Prisoner made no defence, and was committed for trial at the assizes.
COAL AND STEAM SUPERSEDED—A great deal of interest is attached to some experiments which have taken place at Liverpool to demonstrate the merits of a machine invented by Mr. James Smith, of Seafortb, and Mr. S. A. Chease, of Egremont* The invention offers a complete solution to the problem—How can we obtain Perpetual Motion? and if it be generally employed for the production of motive power, the calculation of the Royal Commission for ascertaining the position of our coal supply will be so seriously interfered with as to be almost valuless, for it may be found that before many years have passed away men will no more think of using steam to obtain motive power than they now do of rubbing sticks together to get fire. The invention is for an improved arrangement of valves and other appliances for a new description ofhydraulio engine for raising water and other fluids above their common level, the fluids so raised to be used as a motive power" The principle of the invention consists in constructing a reservoir having two compartments. The upper com- partment has a lift-pump for raising water, or other fluid, from the lower compartment, pro- ducing two different levels of the fluid in the one reservoir. Into the lower level of the fluid they insert a portion of a tank or tanks, allowing the fluid in the reservoir to have free play around them. Inside, and on the bottom of the tank or tanks, is fixed a box or boxes, each box having twosetsof valves, com- posed of gun-metal,one set opening to the flnid contained in the tanks, and the other set opening to the fluid con- tained in the reservoir. These valves are so arranged that when the pair or set of valves in communication with the fluid in the tank are open the other pair or set are closed, and shut off the comjnu- nication, and vice versa. On the upper side of the box or boxes is a circular aperture, around which is fitted a cup leather valve. This valve fits the lower part of an air-tight cylinder or float which is inserted in the circular aperture, and by means of connecting-rods the cylinder or float, is attached to the end of a lever or beam. The other end of the beam is united by two connecting-rods to the crank of the engine and the piston-rod of the lift-pump. On the shaft is fixed an ec- centric to work the gear which actuates the tank valves. On the head of the tank they fix a feed-pipe, which passes downwards into the upper compartment of the reservoir, having a valve attached to it, which is always kept beneatb, the high level of the fluid in the upper compartment of the reservoir, and thus acts as a syphon. They then fill the tank and feed-pipe with water, or some other fluid, and raise the fluid in the lower com. partment of the reservoir until, the tank valves are sub- merged. They then fill the upper compartment, which contains the lift pump, to within a few inches of the lid of the tank, when the engine is ready for use. The pro- duction and cause of motion may be thus described The floats being hollow, and merely filled with atmos- pheric air, are lighter than a space of equal magnitude filled by a column of water, and it, therefore, follows of necessity that when the tank-valves are open to the gra- vatic force of the fluid contained in the tank, that force acts on the bottom of the float and causes it to rise, and when the valve is closed against the action of the gravatic force in the tank, and open to the reservoir, the float falls, there being no power beneath to support it, thus produc- ing a reciprocating motion, which acting on the beam pro- duces rotation of the crank, and at the same time actuates the eccentric, causing the tank-valves to open and close and this motion is continued until the syphon-valve is closed, shutting off the atmospheric pressure by which the water or other fluid is forced into the tank by the syphon feed-pipe, and by which the water or other fluid is raised through the agency of the lift-pump into the upper oom. partment of the reservoir,—Mining Journat.
■ NEWPORT HARBOUR COMMISSION. The monthly meeting of the Commissioners of the port and haibour of Newport, was held at the Town > Hall, on Friday. Present; Messrs. Lyne (in the ohair); f Brown, Jones, Beynon, Moses, Homfray, Foote, Clapp, and Pryce; with Mr. C. B. Fox, clerk. Messrs. Clapp and Pryce, the newly-elected members, qualified before taking their seats. THE HARBOUR DUES For the month of June, 1866, were reported to be £ 124 13s. 2d-; for the corresponding month last year, JE118 14s. 9d.—increase L5 18s. 6d. THE BALLAST GROUND. A letter from Mr. Colborne, solicitor, was read, stating that the Rev. Mr. Leonard would renew a lease of the ballast ground for three years on the same terms as be- fore.-Acoepted. THE POLLUTION OF THE RIVER USX. The Chairman directed attention to this subject by reading the following report by a committee to the Usk Fishery Association :— THIRD REPORT. On Wednesday, June 13th, Messrs. Berrington, Lloyd, Roden, and Lyne, members of the Usk Pollution Com- mittee, inspected the Afon Llwyd, which empties itself into the Usk near Caerleon. Formerly this stream was one of the best tributaries to our river, whereas it is now polluted to such an extent from the various works on its banks as to endanger the entirety of the Usk as a salmo. river and your Committee apprehend that, unless some stringent measures are taken to prevent the rapidly in- creasing flow of deleterious matter into its waters, any attempt toward the preservation of salmon in the river Usk will be all but useless. CAEBLEON. — On our way up stream, the first place visited was Caerleon. Here William Waters, an old fisherman, renting the Association fisheries, informed us that, for the first tide in every "fresh," the water coming down the Afon Llwyd was so poisonous that nearly every fish running up the Usk, on meeting this water, turned and went back to sea, and that the stench at times was so great as to be almost unbearable, whilst the fish then taken in this locality tasted so strongly of tar as to be almost un- eatable. He complains chiefly of the refuse from the Pontypool, and Hill and Batt's Works. Mark Williams, of the Croft Farm, Caerleon, stated that at times the water was so impregnated with acid that it could not be used by him either for brewing or wash- ing. A farm labourer and a haulier gave similar evidence, with regard to the use of the water for horses. CAERLEON FORGE AND TIN WORE:s.-The next plaoe visited was Caerleon Forge and Tin Works, belonging to Mr Moggridge. The owner, and Mr Wm. Jones, the mana- ger, accom panied us overthe works, where great precautions are taken to avoid pollution. These precautions, we were informed, were inexpensive and highly remunerative, saving thereby one-third of the vitriol, and the whole of the copperas. Not a particle of acid is allowed to escape from their works, and the owner expressed great regret that the adjacent works above him did not adopt a similar process, as the pollution of the water by acids, &c., se- riously injured his works PONTHYR BRIDGE.—At Ponthyr bridge we found the water greatly discoloured, and the inhabitants of the lo- calily complained. PONTHYR WORKS.—Mr. Francis, the manager, also complained of the pollution of the Afon Llwyd, as at times preventing them using it for their works. Two tanks are erected here for receiving the acid. which is sent daily to the Caerleon Works for conversion into copperas, &c. GIB]ES VITRIOL WORKS — Some two or three years back the whole: of the fish in the Llantarnam Brook were destroyed by these works. This, however, has been re- medied bv means of a tank, and.they are, we believe, no longer injurious. HILL AND BATT'S WORKS.—The wire made at these works is pickled, a well-constructed brick tank receives the refuse, which is not used for manufacturing purposes, as atC ierleon, Ponthyr, and other works, but the out-flow from the aforesaid tank is allowed by means of a pipe to empty itself into the Llantarnam Brook, which is injurious and ought to be discontinued. We would suggest that the attention of the owners of the works should be called to this, with a request that they will construct a second tank to receive the over-flow of the first the cost would be very inexpensive. PONTNEWYDD TIN WORKS.— Pontnewydd Tin Works, belonging to VI essrs. Charles Conway, Brothers,-there is a small ill-constructed tank dug in the earth a few feet only from the Afon Llwyd. The works are being reno- vated, and the Messrs. Conway informed us that they were arranging for the conversion of their acid into copperas, &c. PoOTHYDRXS TiN WORKS.—Ponthydrin Tin Works,be- longing to Mr. William Conway,-at theirworks the acid is not converted, and the vitrol water empties itself into a badly-constructed tank, which we were informed was I seldom or never emptied, and from all appearances over- flowed, or found its, way under a water-wheel, whera a large quantity of tar was suffered to accumulate; the entire arrangement here was most unsatisfactory and re- quires careful investigation. PONTYPOOL IRON WORKS.—Mr. Richards, the mana- ger, accompanied your committee over their works, which in themselves are sufficient to pollute a stream many times the sizo of the Afon Llwyd, and thus the great injury to the Usk as a fishery river arises—not the slightest pre- caution being taken to remedy the ovil, the entirety of the refuse of the works (thousands of tons per annum) is indiscriminately cast into the stream by trams, &c., and otherwise there were no less than eleven ash tips, and in parts the bad of the stream was nearly filled up, waiting a fresh (heavy rain) to wash them away into the Usk, de. stroying the water for miles for household, farm, and other purposes, as also the bed of the river for spawning. In addition to which, the vitrol refuse was running un- interruptedly into the stream, sufficient in itself to destroy for miles every living creature not the slightest precaution is taken at the works to prevent pollution, and your com- mittee repeat, that unless steps are taken to prevent the wholsale ruin which the works are occasioning, even for miles below the tide-way of the Usk, all your endeavours to increase or even maintain the cultivation of salmon, will be thrown away. Your committee therefore desire earnestly to impress upon you the necessity of immediate action, whatever may be the cost, against the owners of the works. With them it is merely a case of providing tipping room for the deposit of their refuse, and of adopting a similar mode of utilising their acid, &c., as other works before mentioned have done, a course which we doubt not they will adopt when they find that action is really to be taken against them. < CHARLES LYNE, JOHN" LLOYD, A. D. BERRINGTON, E. B. EODEN. The Chairman then stated that what the Committee had to do was simply as to the fishery; but what this Board would have to do would be in referenoe to the river in a commercial point of view. He had no hesi- tation in saying that the deposit in the Afon Llwyd had become of a most serious nature. There had been a period when no person would dare attempt to cross under Newport bridge at any time, whereas now they might at times walk across without having the water over their knees. Mr. Fox You may see it. Mr. Lyno It was so patent they might see it. Then there was a complaint by Mr. Hill on behalf of Mr. Crawshay, which he was sorry he bad not with him, but any committee appointed by the Board should have it. He thought it time action were taken to prevent this crying evil. They were called upon through the Press, by merchants, and by others, to put a stop to it if they could; and in order to do so, if possible, he suggested the appointment of a committee to investi gate the matter- He was perfectly satisfied the con- servators and the other committee would join, assist them all in their power, and contribute towards the necessary funds in such proportion as might be thought fair to all parties He moved- That a committee, consisting of the Mayor, Messrs. Brown, Homfray, Batchelor, and Lyne, be appointed to inquire into the injurious effects of the deposit of spoil and refuse from the iron and other works upon or com- municating with the river Afon Llwyd, and other tributaries, being suffered to find its way into the Uak within the jurisdiction of this Commission, with full powers for the committee to take counsel's opinion if neccssary, and report thereon to another meeting." Mr. Jones inquired what powers the Board had to deal with the question. Mr. Fox That is a question to be inquired into. Mr. Lyne thought under the Act they had ample powers. Mr. Brown hoped Mr. Fox would be able to discover them. He had been looking for them for years. Mr. Fox: The difficulty with you is not as to the vitriol; but how the deposit affects the bed of your river. The water of the river you have nothing to do with. The Usk water cannot be drank from Caerleon down wards." Mr. Moses: The conservators are anxious the water should be made pure. Have they no power to prevant these things being thrown in ? Mr. Lyne They have power, and they will act. But it is a great thing to have unity of action, and they want you to join with them. Mr. Jones: All we have to deal with is the question of deposit. If we find the Works you allude to causing a deposit in the river, and causing an obstruction, the Commissioners will interfere. Mr. Brown: That goes to the root of the thing. Mr. Lyne: That is all I ask the Commissioners to do. We, the Conservators, will go as to the pollution of the river. We have power as to that, and you have power for the other in your Act. Mr. Jones: That there is a deposit is well known and if the thing can be remedied it is desirable. I second the appointment of the committee named. Mr. Lyne said his attention had been called to it by Mr. Brown. Mr. Brown said he had been fully impressed with the evil for years. He remembered that he used, in front of the Nantyglo furnace and mill andlforge, to catch with his hand beautiful trout. He should very much like Mr. Fox to look into the Act, that they might be well ad- vised on the subject. He wanted this to be not what might be called a farcical inquiry, but real practical busineM. The motion was then agreed to, and the members separated.
NEWPORT WATCH COMMITTEE AND BOARD OF HEALTH. The usual fortnightly meeting of these committees was held ui the Uorough Court, on Tuesday. Present. Alderman Davis (in the chair) Alderman Townsend, Messrs. Beynon, Moses, and Bolt. The Chief Superintendent read his usual report; and also laid before the Board a notice of resignation from P.C. King. THE APPOINTMENT OF TIMBER MEASURER. Board of Trade, Whitehall, 7th July, 1866. SIB,-I am directed by the Board of Tnde to acknow- ledge your letter of the 4th ultimo, addressed to the Home Office (and referred by that Secretary of State to this department), in which you urge, on behalf of the Corporation of the Borough of Newport, that a Bill may be introduced into Parliament giving to Corporations established under the Act of 5 and 6 Wm. IV., cap. 76, or to some other local body, powers to appoint Timber Measurers, as provided in sections 81-2 of the Harbours, Piers, and Docks Clauses Act, 1847. I I am to acquaint you, in reply, that this Board are of opinion that it is neither necessary nor desirable to give to Municipal Corporations powers to interfere in a matter in which merchants can combine and make their own arrangements. I am, Sir, your obedient servant, T. W. FARRER. The Town Clerk, Newport, Monmouth. The following communication was read :— THE NEW ROAD ON THE GOLD TOPS. The Chairman remarked that at the last meeting cer tain plans of proposed buildings on the Gold Tops had been approved, with a recommendation that the roadway be 40 feet wide. He had promised to use his influence to get that recommendation carried out. On conferring with Mr. Justice and the architect, he had, however, found that it was not practicable, nor, indeed, was it necessary that the road should be that width, inasmuch as the houses would have a frontage of 45 feet, so that there would be no crowding the space between the buildings would, in fact, be about 120 feet. Further- more, there would probably be but little traffic on the road. Mr. Bolt observed that as the roadway would be bounded by palisading on each side, it would be very easy to make it wider at any future time. THE GREAT WESTERN (FURTHER POWERS) BILL. It was stated that the members of the Parliamentary Committee had gone to London to prosecute the opposi- tion against this Bill. There was no report from the committee. INSPECTOR'S REPORT Gentlemen,—I beg to report that John Jones has been summoned before the magistrates for allowing part of his house in Friars' Fields to be overcrowded and in a filthy condition. He was fined 10s. Nine persons have been served with notices to re- move nuisances from their premises in different parts of the town. Respecting the nuisance complained of in my last re- port, caused by offal being thrown into the sewer, from the slaughter houses in Griffin-street; the owners have had ejects put, so as to prevent anything simiiar occurring in future. The common lodging houses are in a satisfactory condi- tion, and free from any contagious disease. The lime brushes have been lent out to fifty-seven per- sons in town and Pill during the last fortnight. Those at present in use are nearly worn out. I shall, therefore, feel obliged by your ordering me one dozen new ones. HENRY WILLIAMS. The lime brushes were ordered. THE RATES. The Collector reported that he had collected on the generifl district rate during the last fortnight j6384. There was no other business.
BRISTOL BANKRUPTCY COURT. A) ONDAY. [Before the Hon. T. M. WILDE, Registrar.] RE C. LAWRENCE, JUN MONMOUTH, BUILDER. An adjourned meeting was held to confirm a reso- lution passed urder the 110th section, accepting a secured composition of 6s. in the pound, and re-assign- ing the estate of the bankrupt. Mr. E. E. Salmon, from the office of Mr. Henderson, appeared for the as- signees, and Mr J. Inskip for the bankrupt. TUESDAY. RE W. H. DAVIES, LATE OF ABERGAVENNY, IRON- MONGER. This was a prison case, and the adjudication was made by the Registrar of the County Court of Mon- mouth who transferred the proceedings to the London Court of Bankruptcy. After two or three sittings, Mr. Commissioner Holroyd made an order removing the case to this court. This was the day appointed for last examination and discbarge. Mr. J. Inskip appeared for the bankrupt. No creditor attended to oppose, and the bankrupt passed his last examination and was granted an order of discharge.
LLANDAFF CATHEDRAL. SHALL IT BE COMPLETELY RESTORED? The following appeal for aid in re-building the South- western Tower, which will complete the Restoration of Llandaff Cathedral, has just been issued by the Dean, and we heartily commend it to the notice of our readers "Deanery, Llandaff, June 29th, 1866. We have now arrived at a period in the work of Restoration, when it seems to be necessary to look back upon what has been already accomplished, as well as to look forward, to what still remains to be done. It re- quires, however, some effort, even from those who have been long dwellers at Llandaff, and familiar with its scenery from their earliest years, to recall to mind the condition of our Cathedral as they first knew it, so changed and altered in its aspect now. At the time of the re opening in 1857, of that portion of the building which still remained under cover, nearly nine thousand pounds had been spent in the Restoration of the lady chapel and of the presbytery-in re-building the clerestory for which happily a pattern was yet left in one single bay amidst the ruin, which Time, more merciful than man, had spared-in the reconstruction and in the roofing of the choir and nave-in providing a stone pulpit of peculiar beauty, with carved figures from designs of Mr. W olner-a reredos, to supply the place of that trected by Bishop Marshall, which encroached upon the base of the Norman arch, and which seemed, even if its restoration bad been desirable, too much mutilated to be successfully replaced, though its relica have been carefully preserved in the Mathew's chapel- Sedilia richly wrought in Caen stone in their original position—buttresses which were needed for the sta- bility of the building, and which, at the same time, add to its beauty, by relieving the hitherto unbroken length of its exterior-massive seats of oak, which ac- cord well with the character of the structure. But when all this, and more than all this had been done, and it became possible to re-open once more the choir, and a limited portion of the nave for public worship, much was still wanting, even there, to give completeness to the work, such as—the re-construction of the roof of the side aisles and the laying of their floors with en- caustio tiles-the provision of an organ-of the bishop's throne-of stalls, both for the clergy and the choir- of the means of efficiently warming and lighting the building; matters of no slight importance for the com- fort of the congregation; and even if all this had been accomplished, the eastern portion of the cathedral, which was to be used for God's service, must still have been approached, as it had been for many a year, through a ruin at the western end, as complete, with its roofless nave and shattered aisles, as any of our deserted abbevs, which attract in their mouldering beauty the poet or the painter, and we should still have been subjected to the disgrace of leaving, to uncared-for destruction, in this our time of wealth and of abundance, one-half of the holy and beautiful house which our fathers had raised to God's honour, in their days of comparative poverty and straitness. But ive have rolled from us this reproa h, for on the very day of our partial re opening in 1857, it was resolved by the large gathering of the laity and of the clergy present on that occasion, that the work should at once go on, and that there should be no pause or resting-place until the Cathedral Church of the Dio. cese had regained once more, the full measure of its ancient beauty and proportion; and the work has gone on, nor has it ever been delayed for one, single day for want of funds, which the public, in redemption of their pledge, have largely and liberally supplied about ten thousand pounds, including the cost of the organ, having been already contributed and expended on its execution since that date. What has been alluded to as wanting in the eastern portion of the building in 1857. has been nearly all supplied. Throne and stalls, richly carved and inlaid, are there. The sound of an organ, so long unheard within our walls, again accompanies our songs of praise. Our side aisles are complete-both light and heat have been provided. But more than this, the ruin existB no longer. The interloping wall which for more than a century had cut the nave in two, has bean removed. The western front has been carefully repaired, atone by stone the roofless walls of the western bays have been re covered; the side aisles and the clerestory have been rebuilt the arcade of arches has been repaired, though it still tells by the stains of weather and by the prints of the clasping ivy, the tale of long exposure which it has so marvellously survived. The first stage of the south- western tower has been built on a foundation of concrete deeply sunk; the whole western portion of the nave and side aisles his been laid with encaustic tiles, the large accumulations of earth and rubbish having been first removed. The parapet has been continued from the eastern to the western end. The windows have been glazed; a handsome teak wood door, with iron work, richly wrought, has been set up at the main entrance from the west. The Cnapter House has been thoroughly re- stored, and with its lofty pointed roof breaking, as it does, like a transept, on the southern side, the extreme length of the Cathedral, now adds much to the beauty of the whole building, while it is in itself an object at once graceful and picturesque. Besides this, a new entrance has replaced the unsightly one of modern workmanship which had for some time disfigured the approach to the Lady Chapel on the south eastern side. And while such have been the results of public sympathy and support, we are indebted to a special subscription for the three pictures painted by Mr. Rosetti for the reredos; and a font? a lectern, and standard light for the presbytery, have been received as individual gifts, and three stained glass win- dows have been already inserted, and three more are in preparation—all the offerings of those who in preserving the memory of departed friends, wish to do something at the same time for the adornment of the House of God. It id a pleasant task to chronicle all that has thus been accomplished in the outward restoration of our church, and we do indeed thank God who has stirred the hearts of men to aid us in the work, while we gratefully acknow- ledge what we owe to them for their large and liberal sup- port, but it is even pleasanter still to be permitted to speak of choral services long intermitted at length restored,-of opportunities of public worship multiplied -of daily prayers renewed-ot more frequent celebra- tions of the holy CJmmunion-of a larger number j ofcommunicantg-ofincreasing congregations three times assembling on the Sunday,and stretching already far down into what but a few years ago was the roofless and ruined I portion of the nave-of occasional gatherings such as the meetings of the parochial choirs, when our walls j even in their now unbroken length can scarce contain the number of those who come up to join with us in a solemn act of worship in the mother church of the diocese, wherein all have a common heritage. These are, indeed, results which call for yet deeper feelings of thankfulness to God, and they are such as must gladlen I the hearts of all who have come forward to aid in in ] the work. There has been no waste here, and the J strictest utilitarian can scarce begrudge an outlay which has been so amply and so quickly repaid. But we must now turn to the future, for our work is not ended yet, and we seem to be but interpreting the public wish, if we determine to attempt without delay, what will be its crown and consummation-the rebuilding of the south-western tower, without which the unrivalled western front, and, indeed, the whole building, will still look maimed and incomplete, and lacking which, it will lack something not merely of beauty, but of strength and of solidity too. There are no doubt many minor details yet to be de sired. Such as suitable doors at the north-western and south-western entrances, the carving of corbels and of seats-the completion of the flèrJhe, and the restoration of the battlements of the northern tower, but all these are matters of far inferior moment,and will require no ex- traordinary efforts for their completion. The one great undertaking before us is the re-building of the south- western tower, whosa fall in 1722, wrought such destruc- tion on the fabric, and whose restoration will, we trust, ere long be the glory of our own day. We are well aware that this must be a costly enter- prize: but the cost is, surely, no reason either for aban- doning or even for delaying the task. In the present season of unexampled material prosperity, when espe- cially in our own district, wealth is rapidly accumulated on every side, there is no question of expense tor any secular undertaking, which promises either pleasure or profit to the projector, and we will not, therefore, for a moment believe that the costly character of the work will be treated as an impediment to its completion the large and liberal gifts which have hitherto been poured into our treasury forbid us to entertain the thought. Those who have thus far supported us, will not, we are persuaded, be content with an unfinished work, while others, who have not as yet made their offerings for the sanctuary, may not be unwilling to avail themselves of a fresh and seemingly the last opportunity of shewing their interest in our task. We have, therefore, obtained from our architect de- ta;led plans, estimates, and specifications for the rebuild- ing of the tower, and as soon as the necessary funds can be procured, the work will be at once begun but it is not intended to move a step until a guarantee is afforded, that it can be steadily pursued even to the end, so that those who give may have the satisfaction of feeling that they are contributing to a thorough, and not to a mere partial or piece meal undertaking. We dare not, however, stay our Laid, and some of those who have hitherto watched over the progress of the restoration, and laboured for its completion, may be par- doned if in failing strength and in declining years, they feel a longing, it may be a selfish, desire, to witness ere the close of life, its glorious termination, and to see the top stone brought forth with shouting, and the whole l'abiic once more appearing in all the fairness of beauty and proportion which gladdened the hearts of our fathers at its first erection. Under these circumstances we ap- peal once again to that liberality which has never yet failed us, and we ask for one more hearty earnest effort, to bring our undertaking to its final close.
WORKING :MEN'S LORD'S DAY REST ASSO- CIATION. 13, Bedford-row, London, W.C., June, 1866. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE MONMOUTHSHIRE MERIL^.] SIR.-I beg to forward the following, which I hope you may think of sufficient importance to occupy a cor- ner in your Journal. I am, sir, your obedient servant, CHARLES HILL, Secretary.
SUNDAY POSTAL DELIVERY. A copy of the following letter has been just sent to 11,000 clergymen and ministers in England and Wales:- Working Men's Lord's Day Rest Association, 13, Bedford-row, London, W.C., June, 1866. REV. AND DEAR SIR,-On behalf of 20,000 Post- office Officials who are employed in the provinces oil Sundays, we beg to solicit your co-operation in measures designed to bring about the discontinuance of the Sunday delivery of letters. In London, with its vast commerce and 3,000,000 of inhabitants, and numerous other tuwns and villages in England and Scotland, there is no Sunday delivery Of letters, and there is no good reason why the same rule should not be carried out in every town and village 111 the empire. .j But we cannot hope that the Sunday delivery of let- ters will be stopped until the public express their willing- ness to give the postmen the the Sunday rest, by request- ing that their own letters may not be delivered on Sun- days. When this has been extensively done, we trust that the way will be prepared for abolishing the Sunday deliveries entirely. We therefore hope that you will co-operate in the efforts now being made to induce persons throughout the country to sign the enclosed request for the non-delivery of their letters on Sundays. A return of the number of persons who have signed such requests will be moved for in Parliament; we hope, therefore, that you will use your influence with your congregation and friends, to induce them to sign requests for their own letters not to be delivered oa Sundays. 11 Any number of the enclosed papers will be sent to you, free of expense, by Mr. Charles Hill, Secre- tary of the Working Men's Lord's Day Rest Associa- tion, on the receipt of a note, in the enclosed stamped envelope, as to the number you will kindly causa to be circulated. We are, yours faithfully, JOHN C. MILLER, D.D. W. WELDON CHAMPNEYS, M.A. "WILLIAM CADMAN, M.A. 1 "BAPTiST W. NOEL, M.A. "JOSEPH ANGUS, D.D. WILLIAM BROCK, D.D. GEORGE SMITH, D.D., of Ponlar. From His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury :—" I have considered the case of the 20,000 servants of the post office, and shall be very glad to further their object as far as possible. I quite approve of the movement, and am doing what I can to aid them in carrying out their object." From His Grace the. Arehbishop of York I do not receive my letters on Sundays, and, though I have a large and important correspondonce to conduct, I have never perceived any inconvenience from there being no delivery on days of rest. You are at liberty to make use of my name as approving your object." From the Right Rererend Lord Bishov of Carlisle:- "I have much pleasure in sta:ing that for many years my letters have not been delivered on the Lord's Day. Not once has the least inconvenience resulted. You are at liber y to use my name in the good cause of obtaining for all our fellow subjects employed in letter carrying the rest which God has made their right, and which is so necessary for their moral and physical well-being."
-+- INTOXICATION AND THE PERMISSIVE BILL; [TO THE EDITOR OF THE MONMOUTHSHIRE MERLIN. J SIR,—The nineteenth century has originated no movement of greater promisa than the Temperance Reformation. At first, the abstinence pledge, which my father was one of the first to subscribe, extended only to spirits but, in course of time, all intoxi- cating liquors were included in the abstinence pledge and under the leadership of a host of devoted men, of whom Father Matthew may be taken as the type, teetotalism became a blessing to millions of men. women, and children. Oh! the power of "moral suasion!" So far from saying anything against it, 1 would that earnest persuasion, enforced by good example, were universal. But alas! after many ye8lt successful advocacy of total abstinence, it was fou° that thousands of drunkards who had taken the pledge, and with every desire to keep it, were tempted to break their pledge again and again. Thi." back' sliding" was forged into a reproach against teelotaliawt but the weapon, as used by the enemies of the pledge, cut both ways, and by disclosing the keenness of the temptation, naturally suggested the necessity for a more effectual shield. People began to ask, Who is the tempter ?" The answer was The Law." Yes, to our Ihame, the imperial law of this professedly Christian realm legalises this detestable traffic. Then it is for the people, for wllos'" supposed good the law was made, to obtain its abrogation. In 1852, a guileless Manchester Quaker, bearing the appropriate name of Nathaniel Card, was induced by the success of the Maine Liquor Law in some of the Free States of America, to originate a movement for the prohibition of the liquor traffic in Great Britain, and in 1853 was formed the Uuited Kingdom Alliance. This grand and beneficent organisation is hated by one-third if the people (the traffickers and their friends), ridiculed I>y another third (the moderate drinkers), and beloved )y the remaining third, who have faith in the justice ind policy of the prohibitory principle and working zealously, with well-regulated machinery and an abun- dant exchequer, it is not surprising that the adherents to jause are daily increasing. The advocacy of a Permis- iive Bill by the Alliance is a wise and const tutional po- iey. This Bill does not ask for power to close every public-house, and compel everybody to become teeto- ;a'lers; it does not interfere with private and individual aabit but it asks that the people may have power to protect themselves from the gigantic and horrible evils )f the drink traffic and asserts that protection to life, morality, and property, can be secured only by the pro- libition of the traffic, thus placing it under the ban of the law, instead of granting it legal sanction. The Per- missive Bill simply asks that when a large majority of the ratepayers of a parish object to the public sa!e of ill- toxicants, they shall hrve power to stop the issue or re- aeW il of liquor licenses and the Bill is so worded that it woud be inoperative in districts were there werenot a ma- iority of two thirds of the ratepayers in its favour. To ob- tain this majority in every parish is the work which the Uuited Kingdom Alliance has undertaken. As in the case of the great Free Trade agitation, it is just a ques- tion of educating an entire nation in the principles of moral and political economy. I am for giving the Permis- iive Bill a fair trial, because it is certain that its prinoipj* has worked well wherever applied, whether public'? the United Strtes, or privately in our own country> y the late lamented Prince Consort, and Lor<J a m iton, the Duke of Argyll, Sir Walter Tre^Iyan, a&a many other living philanthropists. Yours tru' y, Manchester. HENSY PITMAN.
INTERESTING TO LADIES.-At this season of the year, the important process of bleaching and dressing Lacet and Linens for Spring and Summer wear commences, wo would therefore particularly call the attention of our fair readers to the GLENFIELD STAKCH, an article of primary importance in the getting up of these articles. The GLENFIELD STARCH is specially manufactured for family use, and sucfi is its excellence that it is now exclu- siveiyusedinthe Royal Laundry, and Her Majesty's Laundress pronounces it to be the finest Starch she ever used. Her Majesty's Lace Dresser says it is the best she has tried, and it was awarded two Prize Medals for its superiority. The manufacturers have much pleasure in stating that they have been appointed Starch Purveyors to H.R.H. the Princess of Wales. The GLENFIELD STARCH is Sold in packets only,by all Grocers, Cuandlers &c., &c. CURB OF ASTHMA BY DR. LOCOCK'S PULMONIO WA- FERS-" 21, Silchester-villas, Clarendon-road, Notting- hill.—Having suffered from asthma, with tightness of breath, for the last five years, after trying almost all kindft of medicine and advice without benefit, one box of Dr. Locook's Wafers gave immediate relief.-GEORGE Witness, T- C. FIELD^ 63 Talbot- terrace, Nottiog-bin- DR. LocoOK'a PULMONIC WAFERS give instant relief to asthma, consumption, coughs, and all disorders of the breath and lungs. All throat affections are immediately relieved by allowing one occasionally to dissolve in the mouth. To Singers and Public Speakers they are inval- uable for clearing and strengthening the voice, and have a pleasant taste. Price Is. lid. per Box. Scld by all Druggists. CAUTION.—Every Box of the GENUINE med- icine has the words Dr. LOCOCK'S W AFERS in whito letters on a'red ground in the Government Stamp, with- out which Words ALL ARE COUNTERFEITS AND AN IMPO- SITION. [5—11 HOLLOWAY'S OINTMENT AND PILLS.- Urgent Necessity. Ihese preparations afford the best and cheapest means of removing all ordinary surgical and medical maladies both in this country and in its colonies. In the latter the Ointment and Pills are invaluable, for none but the careless would be without an antidote to the accidenta injuries and themany ailments to which the Settler be, more or less, exposed, when at a distance from a professional help. Sprains, cuts, burns, ekin disease ulcers, abscesses, and varicose veins are readly cure J Holloway's remedies: Varicose veins, bad legs, a host of other evils are immediately relieved and gra cured by the use of these healing and Purjfjin? re^eD„iiy which their moderate price and univeraftl diffusion n Pr plaoe within every iuyalixa reach.
THE CHOLERA. The following letter appeared in the Exeter Flying Po.t of the 27th ult.-— SIR,—No apology can, I am sure, be considered neces- sary from any man who at the present moment comes for ward with well authenticated evidenoe to prove the pre- venfability and curability, humanly speaking, of the Asia- tic cholera. From The huncet of last Saturday we learn that' The cholera is shewing itself all over the world. On the 26th and 27th ults. more than 100 deaths occurred at Djedda. Numerous cases have occurrad at Nantes, Rot- terdam, and Altenburg. Thirty-four cases occurred on board the Peruvi.an on her passage from Liverpool to New York, and twenty cases, with thirteen deaths, in quaran. tine at the latter port. Another steamer (the Union) from Liverpool, had twenty deaths during the voyage. Several cases are stated te have occurred at Liverpool in the most unhealthy part of the town, and one death, after a few hours' illness, at Marsh, near Huddersfield.' One of the papers recently stated that' It would seem from the occasional outbreaks of cholera that have taken place duriug the last few months, that there is some condition of the atmosphere peculiarly favourable to the spread of this epidemic' The coincidence of war (always generative of disease) with this atmospheric condition is a very for. midable fact, that may well make the most careless amongst us serious. Should summer be as close meteorologically as it is chronologically, there is every reason to fear that we shall see a great develop. ment of this terrible disease." Soon--too soon-then, must we expect to hear of the cholera creeping along the shores of the Mediterranean, decimating the armies of Italy, Austria, and Prussia, and descending on our own coun. try, either by means of the cholera wave, or introduced by importation. The fatality of this disease, and the rapidity with which it despatches its victims-the average duration being, probably, about twelve hours, and the per cent age of deaths .sixty—are considerations personal and potent enough to induce anyone to bail with satisfaction, and to investigate without bias, the evidence I am about to ad. duce. Happily, the remedy in question is one which has been employed by all the medical schools, and can give rise to no angry debate. The dominant school, sometimes called allopathic, have used it; and that comparatively small section of the profession called homoeopathic is also in the habit of prescribing it. But neither party, as a school, has thought of preparing it in the way in which Dr. Rubini—the author to whose labours in this cause I am about to refer-has found so invariably successful. For example, the ordinary spirits of camphor of the Bristol Pharmacopoeia consists of one part by weight of camphor to nine parts of spirits of wiue the homoeopathic prepa- ration, of one of camphor to five of spirits of wine • whereas Dr. Rubini's preparation consists of equal parts by weight of camphor and spirits, and to the power thus obtained he attributes his success in the treatment of the disease. And here I may say that the quantity of cam- phor which water will take up is small. To obtain, therefore, the saturated spirits of camphor of Rubini,' it is necessary to distil spirits of wine, and get rid of so much of its water as will bring it to sixty degrees overproof, in which condition it will dissolve and hold in solution its own weight of camphor. With thia saturated spirits of camphor' Dr. Rubini, an eminent Neapolitan physician, has treated in Naples 592 cases of Asiatic cholera without the loss of a single patient. Of these 592 cases 200 were cured in the Royal Alms House; eleven in the Royal Poor House, and 166 in the Third Swiss Regiment of Wolf. That the 377 cases treated by Dr. Rubini in these public in- stitutions were all genuine cases of Asiatic cholera, and some 'terribly severe,' and that all recovered—the'evi- dence of the following distinguished individuals, with their official seals attached, sufficiently attests-Il Gene- rale Governatore Ricci II Maggiore Commandante Nicola Forni; II Capitano Commandante Carlo Sodero Generale Commandante Fileppo Rucci; Colonel Eduardo Wolf. The method of cure' is as follows :—' When a man is seized with cholera, he should at once,' says Ru- bini, 'lie down, be well wrapped up in blankets, and take every five minutes four drops of the saturated tincture of camphor. In very severe cases the dose ought to be increased from five to twenty drops every five mi- nutes. In the case of a man of advanced age, accus. tomed to take wine and spirits, where the drug given in drops has no effect, give a small coffee-spoonfu: every five minutes, and in a very short time the coveted reaction will occur. Ordinarily, in two, three, or four hours, abundant perspiration vill come out, and their cure will follow.' The preventive method,' writes Dr. Rubini, 'is this, let those who are in good health, while living in accordance with their usual habits, take every day five drops of the saturated spirits of camphor upon a small lump of sugar (water must never be used as a medium, or the camphor will become solid, and its curative proper- ties cease), and repeat the dose three or four times a day. Spices, aromatic herbs, coffee, tea, and spirituous liquors should be avoided.' "Here, then, we have as strong a prima facie case made out as can be well conceived in favour of the preventa- bility and curability of the Asiatic cholera, and that by a remedy which is at once portable and inexpensive, and which both sections of the medical profession here- tofore employed, and can, therefore, raise no objection to employing again in increased potency indeed it may be said that all a priori reasoning would lead them to conclude, that spirits of camphor having been regarded by them as a proper remedy, and yet having failed to effect the desired cure, the spirits of camphor so used conld not have been sufficiently potent, and that re- course should therefore be had to a far stronger pre- paration. "FBKDEBIOK SMITH. York House, Pousauoes Jane 24tb, 1866."