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MAINDEE NEW CHURCH.

MAINDEE NEW CHURCH.

THE WELSH PHE5S. —THE WELSH…

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THE WELSH PHE5S. —THE WELSH PERIO- DICALS. [TO THE EDITOR OF THE ME'-TLTN AND SILUBXAX.] SIR,—Formation first of the Periodical was the Al- manack," und in Welsh literary history there is an Almanack Era." The old Welsh Almanack had almost all the characteristics of the subsequent "Cyhoeddiad Misol." There were poetry, "queries and answers," "enigmas" advertisements," and a traethawd" or two that is to say, the Almanack was a kind of literary medium and we could add they were conducted by men of genius and literary position. The Almanack was the only periodical organ for the interchange of thoughts. They eventually commanded a large circula- tion, and became very popular, and had a hundred years' run and the Almanack acted its part very creditably on the stage. Reading and the love of letters were pro- moted, the inherent slumbering scintillations of genius and aiccii were evoked, and their flashes illumine the gloom of the time. There are several names preserved which would have pa-sed into forgetfulness if the Almanack had not intervened. Several old pieces of antiquarian value, in verse and prose, are also preserved in the Almanack, and a general taste for reading and books was nourished. It was the Almanack that cleared the way and introduced the Cyhoeudiadau Misol" of the 19th century. These Almanacwvr were the pioneers, but, very discreditably to the Welsh nation, the history and auuo.-t the names of these men were suffered to pass into forgetfulness, and there is one principal reason fur this- they weie no founders of sects, neither were they the heroes of this or of that sect. If T. Jones, Amwythig, Shen Rhyddcrch, J. Harris, Cyd- well, Shon Prys o Ial, belonged to the Baptists, the Annibynwyr, the MeiJ.r.thtiaid, or the Wesley a id, their names should have received saintship, and introduced into the calendar. Lectures and Maricnadau would have brought in many a shilling. Y Parch Shon Rhydderch a'i ddydd y Parch Shoa Prys o Ial a'i ddydd! Perthyn i'n henwad n'i oedd o dyn mawr Mawr but they, unfortunate men, belonged to the nation their love, was love of country and who cares for national characters ? No wheel in Wales cm be put to go but by the steam of an aivaa." The Ei-teddvodau, until very lately, h Ye been considered national establish- ments, but although there be extra pretensions and hubbub about Cymry fu, Cymry fydd," evoked bv these bubblings of dwr trwbi," the English reader perhaps is not prepared to hear that hardly ever a single national literary character is given as subjects for competition; "Dyn F cnwad' is the "dyn" for the ",iarlielt," the au-dl," the •• gicyngalch" and the "anfar- woldeb and in tne enwod we include church and all but when the national centre of gravity shall be restored, these and such names shall recover their literary orbits. In our present letter we shall only give dates and list of authors in some future letter we shall give extracts, and we must add, although not very complimentary to our national pride, that the Almanack, in tone and in a our national pride, that the Almanack, in tone and in a literary sense, was superior to the present Talcen Slip slip-slop Magazines. 1.—Almanaciau Thomas Jones, A.D. 1680 to 1715— All 36 numbers. This Thomas Jones's almanack was the first in the Welsh firmamenthe was a printer and a bard, and his press issued a large number of books in the 17th century, but even his name seems not to be known to the authors of Eminent Welshmen This Thomas Jones was born at Tre'rddol, near Corwen. He was a tailor by trade, and went to London in the eighteenth year of his age. In London he succeeded, and kept a large estab- lishment, and he attended some of the great fairs of the kingdom. In the year 18S3 he appeared first as an Aimanacvvr. In the year 1696 he retired from his original trade, so as to let his genius run intc channels more congenial with the bent cfhis mind. He established a printing press at Amwythig (Shrewsbury), where he continued to remain until i713, and during that time he published some of the best and most valuable books of that age. In the Traethodydd he is thus referred to Efe oedd y cyntaf i gyhoeddi Almanacau, y rhai a alwai yn Newyddion Mawr addiwrth y Ser.' Dilynwyd ef gan John Jones, a chyhuddai Thomas Jones hwnw ei fod yn lladratta defnyddiau o'i Almanaciau ef. Sion Cain, Sion Prys, W. IIo .veil, yr hwn oedd yn arolygydd i'r Llwydiaid o'r Berthlwyd, a ddaethant y naill ar 61 a chyda naill y llall. Yn y Deheudir yr oedd Matthew Williams, daearfesurwr ae ysgolfeistr. Hyd oni chododd brenin yr Almanacwyr yn mherson Robert Lewis, 0 Gac-rgybi, yr hwn a fu yn Almanacwr am fwv na deugain mlynedd." In the year 1688, this author brought out a Dic- tionary in Welsh and English-" The British language in its lustre, or a Die ionary of Welsh and English— rronimy house, near the sign of the Elephant, Moor- tields, London, 16S7. Tho. Jones." From the fol- lowing Englyn, which he adds, the printer's devil seems to hive disturbed his equilibrium :— qi £ id c,es myn fwuioes vn fyw— Ar^rapbvdd Na chyffrwy i r,ad ydvw, ° Trwy ddiogi a meddwi mc-ddwy 1 n coegio'r byd cOPg vn baw But we shall give the list of Almanacks, and then return to the authors:- 1. Almanaciau J. Jones from 1710 to 17.:0, in all 40 numbers. 2. Almanaciau Sion Rhydderch—1716-1741 all 25. 3. Almanaciau Sian Prys 0 U.l i34-1i85, all 47. 4. Almanaciau Gwilym Howell, Llanidloes 1766- 1776, 10. S. Almanaciau Cain Jones, 1776-1795, 31. G. Almanaciau J. Harris, Kidweli, 1791. 7. Almanaciau J. Roberts, Caergvbi. 1750. 5. Almanaciau Mathew Willi-ens," 1 777. 1( ^.u, ^le eair, as we shall see aguin, the first Cyicugrawn" or -Magazine appeared, which brings in the second development in Welsh periodicals. "Hen addyej awenvUawl A saif i rai fo ar ,I, Emyn;:u tp; awulau gynt, Oofnodau cyfaiu ydyut, Aid leichog oedio^ a wdwyr j Or hen feirdd yr tiynaf wyr Ou1 bid uu yr oj.j y" bo, D.y a fyu waeyd a fyuo." '^VVRXERTH.

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GLAMOT^AXSHIRE