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BRECONSHIRE ELECTION".

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j General -iUir.i ONE IN "CONTEMPT."—Forty-four yoirs since a young joinerlived with all only sister in a village in the south of England. The girl was seluced by a rich tradesman, a butcher iu the neighbourhood, and the latter, fearing the vengeance of the brother, who was then an active, powerful young man, had him arrested on a forged obli- gation, and thrown into Winchester gaol. The prisoner was poor, and within stone walls, and had no redress but to tile a schedule and become an insolvent ? but this he resolutely refused to do, alleging, and with truth, that he owed no money, and that to swear he did would be per jury. Time went on, his persecutors both died miserably, but he was still a prisoner. There was a legal form to be complied with, and without that he must remain a prisoner all his life. During his long incarceration lie became a complete lawyer; corresponded with every Lord Chancellor, from Lord Eldon downwards, and having suffered the pains, at Itst began rather to enjoy the dtgttity of martyrdom. At last he got a habeas," as he calls it, and was removed to the Queen's Prison, after thirty-nine years in Winchester gaol, and there he has re- mained for the last five years, being forty-four years' im- prisonment in all, and is likely to remain for the rest of his life, as his determination against acknowledging the false claim is as obstinate as ever. During the forty-four years his maintenance must have cost the country £2,000, besides his proportion of the £5,000 a year which the Queen's Prison authorities get for keepiug him and others in safe custody. But if we add to all this the forty-four years of skilled labour of a strong industrious artisan, we shall then come nearer to a practical estimate of the public profit arising from imprisonment for debt —Daily News. THE COURT-MARTIAL ON THE DESERTER TO THE RUSSIANS.—The proceedings and finding of the general court-martial which assembled at Chatham garrison on the 26th ult.,for the trial of the traitorThomas Tole, a private in the 1st battalion 7th Royal Fusiliers, who when serving with his regiment before Sebastopol, dseerted to the Russian enemy, having been confirmell and approved by the Commander-in-Chief, the sentence of the court was read on Thursday. The prisoner deserted to the Russians in January, 1855, and it was doubtless the information he then gave which led to a general attack on the English lines shortly after. At the termination of the war the prisoner, being afraid to return to England, remained at St. Petersburgh until last year, when he was s,lnt homo by Lord Wodehouse, and was shortly afterwards appre- hended in Manchester, and charged with being a deserter. Owing, however, to the difficulty of proving that he was a deserter, he was released, but further proof having been obtained, he was again arrested, and brought to trial. The Court found the prisoner guilty, and sentenced him to be kept him in penal servitude for life. After the sentence ha,1 been read, the prisoner was removed in charge of a strong escort, and will be sent to the convict estab- lishment at Millbank. The A frican of Algiers states that an enormout lioness, supposed to be twenty years of age, was lately killed at Chemorra, twenty-five miles from Batna, by M. Una-t- saing, a proprietor in that town. The same intrepid rival of Gerard lately fell in with four lionesses in one night, who were assembled round the same carcase. He killed two of thero on the spot, and wounded the other two who got I off Oneof thelatter was, however, tricked and despatched by some Arabs, and the other was fuun I several days after. THE STEPHENSON MEMORIAL.—The subscriptions to this memorial now reach 2s,; the sum which it is contemplated to raise being fixed at £ .3,000, and as soon as £4,.500 shall have been subscribed a meeting will be called to decide on the character of the proposed monument. It would certainly appear marvellous that although so many owe nearly all their prosperity to the genius of George Stephenson, the subscription list should fill so slowly, but it is only another instance of the selfishness of the commercial community generally. We trust, however, that no further delay, will occur, but that the iron trade and the railway interest will alike contribute to immortalise the memory of so great a man. Whenever the committe may be in a position to call upon the subscribers to decide on the description of monument, to be raised, it is to be hoped the proposition to found a School for Colliers will not be lost sight of, so that the rising and future generations of colliers may not have the same difficulties to contend with as those successfully surmounted by their illustrious fellow-labourer.—Min nJ Journal, LIBEL AGAINST A NEWSPAPER PUOPBIETOR — At the Sheffield Assizes Mr. Harrison, proprietor of three newspapers there published, brought an action against Mr. Pearce, proprietor of a rival journal, for libel. Mr. Harrison learned that he was paying his working compo- sitors more than other proprietors in the North they belonged to the Letter-press Printers of Sheffield, and he found the restriction? of the society vexations to him in the conduct of his business so lie looked abroad for other hands, at his own time giving the society men notice to quit his employ. He was thus enabled to ob- tain a number of new printers on his own terms, freed from the restrictions of the society but the discharged printers and their associates did not submit to their own expulsion in contented quiet. The Society of Letter- press Printers issued a statement of the case the po- pulation of Sheffield comprises a large proportion of working men, and Mr. Harrison found the circulation of his papers so seriously affected that, as he said in court, it is almost ruin to me." Against the conse- quences of the steps taken by the letter-press printers, Mr. Harrison brought this action for damages on the score of a "libelf" consisting of the placard above men- tioned an action was brought against the proprietor of the Sheffield Daily Telegraph, in whose columns it had been published. Mr. Pearcedefendedhimself by justify- ing libel." The placard is a long statement of the events we have related, but it is not limited to a state- ment of the facts in question, and it was the transgression of that limit, by imputation on personal character and conduct, which formed the foundation of the charge of libel." The jury returned a verdict for the plaintitf with X500 damages. But the judge was asked to stay execution on the ground of misdirection and with reference to damages: the council for the defendant contending that to justify the damages the witness ought to have proved that all the damage arcse from the posting of the placards. BURNING A CHILD'S EYE OUT.—A shocking case of injury to a child ca.ne before the Sheffield magistrates last week. A pocket-blade forger, named Thomas Ledger, aged 21 years, was charged under the Act for the Protec- tion of Women and Children, with assaulting Thomas Addy, aged seven years, the son of poor parents. The defendant works in a yard near the Sheffield Ragged Schoo'» fcnd 00 Friday, Addy and some boys about his own a"e who attended the ragged school, went to play in the yard- During their play, several of them looked through the shop window at the workmen within. The defendant threw at them some red-hot cinders, from which they escaped without rec iving any injury. Shortly afterwards, they went to look through the window again, whereupon the defendant, in the language of one of the boys, "b .bbed" the red-hot end of an iron rod through a broken pane The iron entered Addy's eye and burnt it out. The poor little fellow fell down in an agony of pain, and was aken up by a neighbouring woman, the defendant rendering no assistance. The boy was afterwards taken home and attended by Mr. Allanson, who certified that the eye was quite destroyed, The defendant said the lads threw bits of stone through the window and were very annoying. He merely put the iron through the window to frighten-them and did not see Addy, who jumped up to the broken pane at the moment. The magistrate gave ths father of Addy the option of having the defendant sent to the House of Corraction, or made to pay a fine. The man said he was extremely poor, and did not wish unduly to press the charge. The Beuch therefore, ordered the defendant to pay £5 to the boy's father, or be committed for two m mths. PARENTAL ADVICE.—Mr. James, in addressing the jury in the Bail Court, in a recent trial of ejectment in which the defence was that rent had been received by the plain tiff's attorney, said they must not be surprised at Mr. Ashley having received the money, because one of the first things told to an ariicled clerk was-never refuse money take any that his offered, and the right owner will turn up some day or other, but if he does not you will not lose anything. It was something like a story he bad heard of a gentleman whofollowed the respectable called of a thimblerig professor at races-he was about to die-he called his son to him and said, My boy, your respected parent is about to die-I can't leave you any- thing except the table, the thimbles, and the little pea, but I can give you some advice. If you are at the races and there should be a row, and the police should come, grab the stakes.' A public meeting ot merchants and manufacturers was held at Birmingham on Wednesday, to consider the propriety of memorialising the Government in favour of the repeal of the excise duty on paper. A committee was appointed to draw up a memorial for presentation to the Chancellor of the Exchequer against the con- tinuance of the duty. DEATH OF LORD POLTIMORE.—Considerable sensation I was caused in Exeter on Sunday night by the report of the death of Lord Poltimore from an inflammation of the lun<*s, after a short but very severe illness, at his seat at Poltimore. The noble lord was 72 years of age. On the 7th of September, 1831, be was elevated to the peerage by the then Whi" Government for zealous service rendered in the cause of Reform. The noble lord was a courtly, kind- hearted gentleman, and was exceedingly popular among the tenantry and labourers on his estates. Ins Lordship was married twice-first, to Emma Penelope, only daughter of the Rev. Ralph Sneyd, precentor of St. Asanh, by whom he had one daughter, aud a second time to Caroline, eldest daughter of Lieutenant-General Fred. Buller, of Pelynt aud Laureath, by whom he bad the pre- sent son and heir, Augustus Frederick George Warwick Bampfyld, who was born on the 12th of April, 1837, and who will succeed to the family estates and title. The non. baronet attained his majority last April, and a short time I ago he married the sec 'nd daughter of Mr. Uiohard. Crin ley Sheridan. The Bishop of Oxford has offered a prize for tbe best essay on the following subject :—" The best method of promoting reverence and devotion among school children during Divine worship." Competitors for the prize arc confined to the Diocesan Association of Schoolmasters, which consists of about 150 members, and is (It-signed to extend the sphere of action of the Diooesan Board of Edu- cation, by the increase of unity and sympathy amongst the promoters and teachers of Church schools in the diooeiQ of Oxford. THE MUKDERER ATKINSON.—After his acquittal on the ground of insanity, on Saturday last, the prisoner, coolly walked from the bar into the dock, where he was engaged for nearly two hours intently reading a book Sine; his trial lie has put o!f a;i the° assumed "imbecility" which he displayed before the medical witnesses, apd conducted himself with as much ra- tionality, intelligence, and acuteness as any prisoner In custody.—Leeds Mercury. Accounts have been received from Bangkok, the capi- tal of Siam, to the 26th October, which mention the arrival there of M. de Castelnau, the French consul After the official reception, the King invited the consul to a grand banquet, which was served in a hall having on one side a large aviary containing the most magnifi- cent birds, and on the other a large courtyard in which were a number of elephants, some of theru almost in a wild state. Military music played during the entertain- ment. When the consul left the palace, the King <rave orders that he should be conducted to the grand pagoda of the palace, which contains innumerable ornaments and gigantic idols in gold and glittering with precious stones. A QUESTION OF WIDOWHOOD.—In the Court of Chancery on Monday, the case of "Haviland c. Mortiboy," came before the Lords Justices of Appeal. This appeal from a rlecision of the Vice-Chancellor was partially opened, and was then referred for hearing to tie fultCourtofAppfa). On the surface the case was this: —A tradesman died intestate, and his widow (or a lady who so represented herself) became administratrix of his personal estate, and as widow she received half of the same. She died, having appointed Mr. Mortiboy her executor, and the suit was instituted by some of the next of kin of the deceased tradesman, claiming to have returned the moiety of his personal estate which she had received; and the case made was, that before she married the tradesman she had previously married ano- ther person then alive. The Vice-Chancellor made a decree in the plaintiff's favour, and the defendant ap- pealed.— Ihe Lords Justices, who were applied to to have a viva voce examination of witnesses and a jury, de- clined to do so, but directed the case to be brought before the full Court on the 17th of January, when the pleasure of the Lord Chancellor would be taken as to th•> assist- ance of a jury being obtained. Truth is stmnge, sti anger than fiction as it is said, and possibly it may be so when it can be discovered what is truth. In this romance of real life a lady passing as the wife of a com- mercial traveller, lived in the neighbourhood of the New-load. Her leputed husband she represented to be necessarily absent many days together on account of his occupation, his visits to the lady being about once a week. After living in this manner for about six years she be- came acquainted with a piano-forte maker (at that timf a journeyman and afterwards a master), and influenced it is supposed, by the "grand passion," -he assumed his name for several months, at the end of which she became his wife, the parish church of St. Pancras being the sene of the transaction, and the date the 26th of February, 1824. For some reason, wh illy enveloped in mystery, or for no reason, the ladv contracted matri- mony, lawfully or unlawfully, at Marylebone church, with the tradesman whose widow and administratrix she professed to be, on the 8th of March, in the same year, 1821. Various theories Atere started to account fur this course of proceeding one was that the husbands of February and March were one and the same man by different names, but this was rebutted by one of the female witnesses, who deposed that he of February was a mechanical-looking man," while lie of March was in all respects like a gentleman. Another theory was that the hero of the February marriage, being the object of the lady's ardent affection, though poor, was secured by her lest her consort of March, a wealthy man, should in course of time, become dissatisfied, and so she should be able to fall back upon her February spouse as an honest woman." The commercial traveller of the first six years' cohabitation was alleged to be in trutti a noble- man, but there was no evidence to show whether he was more like a mechanical-looking man" or a gentle- man." Amid a conflict of testimony, the Vice-Chancel- lor felt bound to pronounce in favour of the February marriage, and he decided accordingly that the lady was in truth the consort of the piano-forte-maker, and not the widow and administratrix she claimed to be. The prosecution of the Saloon Omnibus against the London General Omnibus Company, adjourned "from the 18ch ult., was resumed on Tuesday at the Westminster 1 olice-court, which was, as on previous occasions, densely crowded, and the gentlemen of the bar were as numerous as before. After sever, I witnesses had been examined, the case was adjourned till Thursday, when it was unexpectedly brought to a close by an arrangement being entered into for submitting the question to the ar- bitration of Sir R. Mayne, pending whose decision the proceedings were adjourned for a month. TERRIBLE CRIME AT PALERMO,—We nad in the Oat Deutsche Post A frightful crime has been com- mitted at Palermo. The Procureur General Raineo has assassinated his wife by stabbing her with a poignard, and she, too, in the eight month of her pregnancy. She had been married 15 years. Her husband, who was the father of two daughters, of whom the eldest was 14 years of age, seems to have eon carried away by a tit of jealousy. After committing the act he threw himself into the sea and perished. A so called will, written by h)a. own hand, bequeaths all his fortune to the eldest of his daughters, aA disinherits the youngest." 11 DORX TO BLUSH UNSEEN,"—Under this head we find the following paragraph in the Banff Joumal. While strolling by the banks of the Avon, we entered a shep- herd's humble cot, and were not a little astonished at the scene which greeted our view. A rude shelf bung at the side with suc.i books as tuese—Puchannan's History of Scotland, the British Poets,. Goldsmith, Locke, &c., all bearing marks of careful perusal. The shepherd also showed us some of his drawings, in which lurked the genius of taste and beauty, and some pieces of poetry, which bore evident marks of the inspiration of tiie nine.' Surely examples like this go far to show that the shep- herds among the bonny Highlands of Scotland have not far degenerate since the days of Buchanan and Brown." ANOTHER MAZEPPA.—A mo3t serious accusation against an officer in charge of an Arab bureau has just been brought to dght, and will, doulrless, immediately attract the attention of the Prince Napoleon.— M. Clement Duver- noris, formprly a writer in the Press", who has lately become 1 he editor of a coioni il journal called Algerie Nouvelte, states that on the 8:h of August last a AJ. Gauthier-, being a creditor of a Kabyle obtained from the commandant of the district an oi'der for payment tantamount to afifa Lieutenant Wagner, the acting director of the bureau of Bougie, gave a counter order, aud on M. C^authier complaining, positively refused to atotv ihe goods of the Ka'»yle debtor to t.e sold and threatened 10 have ?he suitor turned out of his house by his troops. M Gauthier thereupon, in his turn, threa'encd to horsewhip the Lieutenant upon which the latter bad him tied to the bacii of his horse, like Mszeppa, and set on a the soldiers to drive the horse towards a forest. M. Gauthier by a violent effort broke his bonds and made off pursued by several cavalry soldiers, who fired upon him. A cuurt- inartial is ordered. It is extraordinary the affair should have been hushed up so long. COST OF THE INDIAN WAR. —The year of mutiny 18o7"58 cost the empire in round numbers nine and a-half millions sterling. That at least is the official statement, but so extraordinary are some of the items of the account that we are tempted to disbelieve even a. blue-book. It will be perceived that the decrease in the land revenue is just £ 2,tQfr>0di), being £200.000 more than the actual loss on the land revenue of the North-West, which amounted to £ 1,800,000. This, and the loss on the salt in the same presidency, formed the only serious revenue loss of the year, .nd 50 per cent, even of these is made up from the increased profit on opium. A fact more iodicative of the strength of our revenue system we have rarely seen. In a convulsion such as has seldom been recorded in history with the "North-West Provinces "actually lost," the revenue declined by a sum less than 7 per cent on the gross income of the State—less by hundreds of thousands than the revenue loss produced in England by the recent monetary panic. I lie fact is a pleisant one for the holders of Indian fnnds. The revenue which passed almost unscathed through 183/ will scarcely be affected by anything short of our expulsion. It is furtunate that it is so, for the ex- penditure shows four great items of increase. The civil expenditure has increased by a million and a half, prin- cipally from carrying to that account the £1171 649, tile cash actually taken by the mutineers from the treasuries. The military expenditure, notwithstanding the disappear- ance of the old army and the old pension list, has been enlarged by four millions and a quarter, the cost of mili- tary buildings by half a million, and the home expendi- ture by two millions and a half. The total of excess over last year, after stopping public works, is seven millions, Nor can this represent the whole truth. No outlay had in this year been made for property destroyed, for com- pensation, or for the new police corps, three most serioua items. The expenditure for police, indeed, had scarcely increased a pound. Nor apparently had the transport bill been paid. The whole charge is put down at £ 77G,000, or about £ 19 a-head—an impossibility. Even if part of the cost of transport were paid out of the next item, "Payments on account of Her Majesty's troops serving in India, £ 1,175,000," the total will not be in excess of the truth. Taking the whole account, however, as it stands as a fair representation of the fact, it justifies the foreboding of our correspondent C." We lost last year nine trillions and a half. This year we have as much to lose, initios the cash stolen, hut plus the pay of about j0,000 new levies and police, plus some 600 new staff appointments, plua the rehabilitation of nearly exhausled aisenals. There is ten more millions added to the former. Add at least five millions for property to ba lanewed, for compensation, and for accouuts left unad- justed, and the mutiny, even it it ends this cold weather, has added 25 millions to the debt. That is, at 5 per cent. £ 1,250,000 to the permanent burden. Add the cost of 45 extra battalions of Europeans, or say,with our new masses of Knglish cavalry, not less than £ 3,500,000 u-year. Add the £000,000 of the old deficit in 18.57. and we have in- creased interest of debt, tl,250,000 increased mjlitary cost, £3,500,000; old deficit, £ 900,000 total, £ 5,650,000. In other words, a permanent deficit of fiva millions and a half, to be met by the surplus of Oucte, when it comes, and the profits of the half-dozen jaghires and pensions forfeited before Lord Stanley restored Dhav,—of India,

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