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INDIA AND CHINA. "CALCUTTA, NOV. 23.—My letter this mail must be a short one. India is sutfering from one of those soasms of ciulness, which in hluglaml sometimes fol- lows the rising of Parliament. Civil action has been iuterrujited all through the mutinies, and military action is nearly over. The papers are iulfcd with re- ports of the festivities winch followed the icadingot the Proclamation, and the empire is as flat as an English country town. All over India the l'roclama tion has been received with a tame uniformity of appiova,, and all classes are preparing loyal addresses to her Majesty. They are, without aa exception, decorous and formal, being usually drawn up by English bar- risters, and signed by as many natives as happen to see them. Not that they are not genuine. As far as I can learn, all classes of the population most de- cidedly approve the change but address-writing is not the Asiatic way of expressing delight, and iu adopting an English fashion the natives lose their originality. The campaign languishes, for the enemy are beaten. Tort alter fort is surrendered or cap- tured, and the Begum is the only leader of importance Y left in Oude. Mithowlee was evacuated on the 8th of November, after a short bombardment; and Amethie, the strongest place in Oude, on the follow- ing day. The latter was menaced by Sir Hope Grant, and great resistance expected. The Rajah is a brave man, and was known to have some 8,000 troops and about 30 pieces of artillery. His fort is two miles round, defended by an almost impassable J'ungle, and provisioned for some mouths. The Rajah, lowever, had no heart for the contest, and was be- sides, like all the rebel leaders, eaten up, bullied, and insultel by his Sepoys. The Queen's amnesty pro- mised him life, the civil authorities added some con- solatory phrase about his estates, and he surrendered himself. His followers dispersed, and hundreds will accept the amnesty. Iudeed, I an told Southern Oude has made up its mind, and the people are coming in daily. Every man on surrendering his yms receives a written pass whish entitle# him to return to his village and live in peace till called on by civil authority. Of course he will not be called on unless he is mischievous, and a Hindostauee will never stir till he has got arms. In Bhojrore the same process is going on. Umur Singh has been captured some of his followers are coming in, and the remainder are wandering among the hills round Rhotas, without leader, place, or hope. Between Calcutta and Delhi the only rebel force left, more im- portant than a gang of dacoits, is that which obeys, or disobeys, according to the humour of the hour, the orders of the Begum. This force is in a trap with Colonel Troup on one side, Brigadier Rowcroft Oil the other, the Gogra in front, and the Nepaulese Terai behind. Tiley must yield or make a rush to pass Colonel Troup, and make for Rohilcund. They cannot raise that province again, and whatever th- y do are rather a nuisance than a serious danger. Tantia Topee, who has crossed the Nerbudda, and by the last accounts reached the Taptce with his cavalry, is far more formidable. The audacious dash by which he contrived to pass all the four field forces watching for him and cross the Nerbudda, is really most credi'able to his generalship. He has, however, none but mounted followers, and we have faced and conquered Mahratta leaders as able and ten times as powerful in the same region. The only real danger lies in the possibility of his reaching the neighbourhood of Poonah. The whole of that territory is dis- affected. and the Brahmins, deprived of all influence, and menaced by the Eoam Commission in their possessions, are ready to follow anybody who promise them even au hour of triumph". I should consider the revolt, as a national or military movement, finally at an end but for our fatal expe- rience of native ignorance. Nobody can tell at any given moment what any leader, however contemptible, or any class, however thoroughly beaten, may think itself competent to do. Eighteen men rose on us in Nagpore. The men in Chittagong had not a chauce even of life, and literally did not know in what corner of the empire they were stationed. The Sepoys at Mooitan must have been perfectly aware that escape was impossible, yet all these rose, and it is this igno- rance which perpetuates disorder. Any other race on e rth, with its army annihilated, its fighting classes disarmed, aud its leaders hung, would at all events postpone further effort but the man who from cer- tain given facts predicts the action of an Asiatic, is i sure to be wrong. Further war, however, seems im- possible. Even Indian ignorance cannot produce guns out of nothing, or an army out of discontented priests, and we have, I hope, at last only to contend with disorganisation. That may last some mouths, especially in Bundelcund, where a population, always hostile, has been exasperated by over taxation. Gradually even this will settle down, and this year should see the final termination of the Indian revolt. The only fact of the fortnight, beyond the surrender of Amethie, is the issue of a new interest Order. The interest on "Company's paper," the Tndian debt may henceforward be drawn in England, holders receiving not, a specified sum in cash, but bills for the number of rupees to which they would be entitled in Calcutta. The Order was so badly worded that the brokers at first imagined transfer in" England was disallowed. A second notification from the Treasury, however, removed the difficulty, and some large sums will be sent home. The price has not, however, risen so rapidly as expected, Company's Five per Cents, remaining at o j discount. I enclose both Orders.—Times Correspondent. CHINA.—Lord Elgin was to proceed up the Yang- tsze-Kiang on the Sth inst. The vessels of war that were to accompany his Lordship, are her Majesty's steamers Retribution, Furious, and Cruiser, and the gun-boats Love and Dore. It is said that it is his Lordship's intention to go up to Hankow, the furthest of the ports on the river to be opened to foreign trade. We are not here aware what the immediate object of the expedition is, but we would feign look forward to a beneficial result from it. As the expedition will have to pass Nankin, and other cities held by the rebels, it becomes a question who. ther its progress will be interfered with. It wa expected that the expedition would be absent at least three weeks. Latterly it has been reported that the lebels from Nankin have been committing Sreat destruction among the places in that neighbourhood. The United States' steamer Powhuttan arrived at Woosung, brought dates from Nagasaki to the 31st ult. There is apparently nothing important in the news. The British schooner Yindex was entered at Nagasaki after permission of the authorities had been obtained under the provisions of Sir James Stirling's treaty. At Canton matters, so far as trale is con- cerned, have improved considerably since the date of cur last. Several vessels have left with new teas, and others are on the point of getting away. For im- ports also the demand is increasing. The British Consul Las again resumed his post there.—Times.




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