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THEI ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION…

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THE I ATTEMPTED ASSASSINATION OF THE FRENCH EMPEROR. The details of the horrible attempt made last week to massacre the Emperor and Empress of the French prove that the design has been long premeditated, and a number of persons must have been concerned in it. The Merlin of Saturday last contained a copy of the telegram which made known the occurrence, and we now present the fullest particulars connected with it, which have appeared in our contemporaries. A uni- versal feeling of horror has been excited by the dastardly attempt, and our own papers congratulate the Emperor on his escape as heartily as the French journals. The Times' correspondent, writing from Paris on Friday, says:- "It was known some days previous that His Majesty purposed visiting the Opera last night. As is customary on such occasions, the entrance of the Rue Lepelletier was illuminated with gas stands, the house of the Court tradesman that stands at the right baud as you enter from the Boulevards, and also the front of the theatre. As is usual, a crowd of people thronged the Boulevards and the street to see the cortege. About nine o'clock the Imperial carriage arrived, preceded by another with the attendants, and followed by an ordinary escort of Lancers. The Emperor, Empress, and General Roguet, the Aide-de- Camp on duty, occupied the same carriage. On arriving at the theatre, near which some groups of spectators were standing, a loud explosion was heard, followed at the interval of a few seconds by another, and again a third-the last the loudest of all. A rush of the people on the Boulevards took place down-the Rue Lepelletier, anxious to know what was the matter. For some minutes all was confusion, but the mounted guards on duty did their utmost to prevent the crowd from filling the streets. It was known that the Emperor had been fired at, and rumours flew about of something still more disastrous. So far as the Emperor was personally concerned, however, all apprehensions were soon removed, and an immense and enthusiastic shout told those who were at a distance that His Majesty was unhurt. In order to tranquillize the people the Emperor, on quitting his carriage, presented himself at the door, and again on the b2cony. On entering his box he and the Empress were, as you may suppose, most enthusiastically cheered. The assassins had provided themselves with hollow projectiles of the most deadly description, and con- trived to fling them on the ground under the carriage, where they instantly exploded, and spread destruction ¡ among tlie bystanders. One of the carriage horses was killed on the spot, the other wounded; the carriage itself was broken to pieces; General Roguet, who sat in front, was wounded slightly, it is said, and the two footmen who stood behind, dangerously hurt. A bullet, or fragment of the shell, passed through the Emperor's hat, but did not touch him. The Empress was also untouched. At the moment of the ex- plosion, which was tremendous, the row of gaslights running down the front of the theatre, and those at the wings, were extinguished; for some time the place was in utter darkness, while the windows of three or four houses opposite were dashed into frag- ments. I need not dwell on the consternation which prevailed. As quick as lightning the news flew to every corner of the city. All Paris appeared to be in movement. The night was dark and cold, though not wet, and, thronged as the Boulevards were before, crowds now poured ceaselessly down the great thorough- fare from every street in sight, and all in the direction of the Rue Lepelletier. A squadron of mounted Paris guards from the Minimes Barracks, Place Royale, came at a gallop up the Boulevards to rein- force the ordinary pickets on duty at the theatre, and the cavalry of the barracks on the Quai d'Orsay, armed to the teeth, mounted their horses, and re- mained in the court-yard ready for any emergency. Many houses on the Boulevards were lighted up, the balconies and windows thronged with spectators, all betraying the most intense anxiety. Detachments of horse cleared the Rue Lepelletier and the neighbour- ing passages, and some occupied the side paths to prevent any one from slipping along. From the Palais Royal came Prince Jerome and his son, Prince Napoleon, and the Princess Mathilde, to assure them- selves of the safety of the Emperor. The people were also re-assured on finding that the Emperor re- mained at the Theatre. His first act was to send for medical assistance for the wounded; and these are, I fear, very many. Several Lancers of the escort who were nearest to the carriage were seriously wounded, one or two are said to oe killed. The number of persons more or less hurt is probably not less than 60. Several of these, however, are very slightly so; and four or five have either succumbed already or arc not expected to live. Among the wounded are some of the sergents de ville and other persons on duty for the occasion, but by far the greater number are those who were in the street as simple spectators. The projectiles employed in this work of destruction are described as of the most formidable kind. It is said that not less than 20 of them were meant to be used. Four were flung under and close to the car- riage only three exploded. The remainder were, no doubt, flung away as the assassins escaped. At the moment of the explosions a man was seen to rush to the carriage armed with a dagger and revolver; he was caught fall in front by a sergent de ville; the murderer made a desperate attempt to escape, and, during the struggle, wounded his captor. He was searched, and another revolver was found on him. Another man was also arrested on the spot, carrying a carpet bag, in which pistols and daggers were found, and a small box. He had in his pockets 270 francs in gold. A third, a well-dressed man, in white gloves, who was seen to raise his hat, and wave it, perhaps as a signal, was also arrested. The number of persons taken into custody, I am told, amounted to 27 up to two o'clock this day, three or four of whom are be- lieved to be the chiefs. They are most of them, if not all, Italians. One of them was a Colonel in the Roman (Republican) service. In consequence of a telegraphic despatch received yesterday from the French Minister at Brussels, one person was arrested before the Emperor went to the Opera. The Roman Colonel is named Pierri, or, at least, such is the name on his passport, which was regularly vised by the Bel- gian consul. The name of another of them is Orsini or Corsini—all probably feigned names. One of them speaks English. They have all been under close examination, and arc not allowed to communicate with any one. The Emperor went this morning (Friday) at eight n o'clock to the Hospital Lariboisiere, accompanied by an aide-de-camp, to visit the wounded. Throughout the day numbers have crowded to the Tuileries to in- scribe their names and offer their felicitations on his Majesty's escape. T-. The assassins are so far disappointed that the Em- peror and Empress personally have won immense popularity by this netarious attempt. You should have witnessed the burst of enthusiasm which greeted them on their appearance in the imperial box-an en- thusiasm which rose to the most intense pitch when the Empress advanced to salute the assembly, her dress still stained with the blood of the attendant, that flowed from her cheek, and her features betraying no emotion but that of joy for her husband s preser- vation and gratitude for the fervid demonstrations of which both were the object. You should have seen the countless multitude that thronged the Boulevards And that filled every house from the grouudfloor to the topmost story, the spontaneous flood of light which illuminated their way, and the unbroken shouts which hailed them as they passed slowly on their return homeward. The appearance of Paris that night will not be soon or easily forgotten. Every man felt as if he himself had escaped some terrible catastrophe. And then, the welcome their Majesties met from the crowd when they visited the wounded in the hospital yesterday morning, and their passage through the city yesterday afternoon at the moment it was most crowded, in an open carriage, moving slowly, and unaccompanied by a single guard The assassins have done the Emperor Napoleon great ser- vice. May they thus be ever disappointed The present is the third attempt by similar means on the person of a French Sovereign within the last 57 years. The first was the infernal machine of the Rue Nicaire, intended to blow up the First Consul on his way to the opera. The second was that of Fieschi and Morey, in 1835, against Louis Philippe, on his return by the Boulevard du Temple, and which cost the lives of 18 persons, among whom was Marshal Mortier, Duke of Trevise and the last that of Thursday night, perhaps still more destructive. From all that can be gathered it would appear that the projectiles employed were bombs made of thick glass, having several tubes advancing slightly from the outward surface, and provided with detonating caps, so as to explode either in falling, by being trampled on by the horses' feet, or by being crushed by the wheels of the carriage, should the fall not have proved sufficient to ignite the caps. The inte- rior was entirely filled with old nails, pieces of iron, slugs, and bullets, which, when the explosion took place, were scattered with immense force in every direction. It is easy to comprehend how dreadful an amount of destruction three of these terrible missiles must have caused, when discharged in nearly the same spot and in quick succession, among the dense crowd of spectators who had collected to witness the arrival of the Imperial cortege. The carriage of their Majesties, it appears, contrary to custom, was obliged, just before arriving at the opera, in conse- quence of a brougham being slightly in the way, to go somewhat more slowly than usual, and this circum. stance, slight as it is, may have contributed to the preservation of their Majesties. The scene which presented itself immediately after the explosion was most awful, as not only were human beings and horses killed, 61 persons were wounded, some most danger- ously. The pieces of iron flew on every side to a vast distance, marking the front of the houses and the pillars of the theatre to a great height, and breaking a considerable number of windows. The stupor at the first moment was indescribable, as no one could tell what had really occurred, and the persons who saw their neighbours falling around them, did not know but at the next moment it might be their own turn. Within the theatre, also, the alarm was ex- treme. The noise of the detonations being heard inside a great number of the audience rose and en- deavoured to depart, thinking that an explosion of gas had taken place in the house. It was in the midst of the general consternation, and when as yet the real nature of the imminent danger which their Majesties had incurred had not transpired, that the august person- ages made their appearance, and a knowledge of the dreadful attempt beeame disseminated like lightning through the house. Then arose such a shout of con- gratulation as no person that heard it will ever forget, followed by the most energetic expression of indignation. The following is from the Univers:- France will experience a deep sentiment of conster- nation and shame on learning the fresh attempt on the life of the Emperor. The sect of assassins which exists among us is the most distressing humiliation of our epoch and of our country. The attempt of the 14th of January, 1858, will rank among the most atrocious mis- deeds. It is the second attempt of the kind made within the last 25 years. Can it be conceived that the same generation should witness two such monstrous and das- tardly crimes; that the perversity of Fieschi and of Morey should have found imitators? God persists (s'obstine!) in saving us. The Emperor has escaped unhurt from the crater opened beneath his feet. France would have been assassinated with him. What terror would at this moment reign in Paris, in France, in the world, had this one man periahed Should the assassins have issued from the spot from where they have before proceeded, the den must be swept. For the honour of France, and for the security of the world, no spot should be allowed to exist on earth where the prince of assassins can with impunity marshal his agents and prepare his plots. Are we to be the nation that plots and suffers the majority of regicides ? Shall we not be delivered from this terror and from this disgrace ?" The Moniteur publishes the following article :— "The crime at which all Paris still shudders, and which will excite the indignation of the whole world, appears to be the result of a vast plot concocted in other countries. In fact, the Government received from Jersey, 80 long as June last, the following information ;—' The plot consists in the manufacture of fulminating grenades, kruTwn8 • They are a P°wer hitherto un- pirriatrp wt, are .ln.tend0d ,to be thrown underneath the carriage, where their striking against the pavement will cause their explosion and the destruction of the carriage.' On the other hand, a fresh manifesto of Mazzini appeared in the Italia del Fopolo of Genoa. Lastly, the reports recently received from London by the French Govern- ment stated as follows:—'A man named Pierri, who is a native of Florence, and formerly an officer in the Italian Legion, has just quitted England for the purpose of car- rying into execution a plot concocted against the life of the Emperor. This Italian is a man of from 40 to 45 years of age, small in staturt, thin, dark, and of a sickly hue. He speaks French badly, with a strong Italian accent, but speaks English very well. He is a violent, sanguinary, and very determined man, who was obliged to fly from his own country in consequence of several murders, and among others that of a priest. Before leaving England Pierri had several interviews with the French refugees in London.' A later account says: Pierri has passed through Brussels, where he saw several refugees. He has proceeded to Paris by way of Lille, accompanied by an elderly man whom he took up at Brussels, and carrying with him a machine of hollow cast iron, made on the Jacquin system. It is remarked that this man travels in first-class carriages, alights at the first hotels, and appears to be well supplied with money.' This same Pierri, whose description was in the hands of the police agents of Paris, was arrested on the evening of the attempt, near the Opera, a few minutes before it took place. Unfortunately, his accomplices were already at work, and it was not possible to prevent their guilty The Droit has the following just observations :— v> ,t in 6 in -^ance divided by political questions, K £ CTTn0 polltlCal poiat i8 involved. The crime of the 14th of January is not, and cannot be, anything else than a number ot murders, complicated by an in- famous attempt to assassinate the Emperor and Empress. We are agreed on all questions of assassination; and the whole of France, uniting her voice to that of Justice, will include in one universal malediction those who have rendered themselves guilty of so odious and cowardly an offence. It is remarked by some curious people that the performances at the Opera on the niglu of the crime were Guillaume Tell Gustave (the King of Sweden, assassinated at a fancy ball), Al(zi-ie Stuart (put to death by Quecn Elizabeth), and a fragment of La Muette de i>ortici (whjch records the insurrection of Naples under Masaniello, iu 1547). What is not less curious is the Proverbe, by M. de Vigny, per- formed principally by amateurs at the apartments of irrince JNapoleon at the Palais Royal the same even- ing i was entitled Quitte pour la peur. It was not half Over when the news came to the Prince ot the ;:?r According to the Moniteur, the number of wounded According to the Moniteur, the number of wounded at present ascertained is 102 thus divided—47 ci- vilians, 12 Lancers of the Imperial Guard, 11 of the Imperial Guard, 11 of the Municipal Guard of Paris 28 police agents of different ranks, and 4 belonging to the household of their Majesties. Of the 12 men of the Lancers seven received wounds, the five others are only slightly injured. Of the 11 of the Municipal Guard one is wounded mortally, four seriously, and six slightly. Three of the footmen who were behind the carriage of their Majestries were struck by several projectiles; their injuries, though serious, do not inspire any uneasiness. The Emperor's coachman slightly wounded, displayed much presence of mind. n

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