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BB—PBaeBiLu l-uju mh!hi»)bjwuii MJM ill mini >ii ill I ii'inwMJ of each other's farms, and the common cause of agricul- ture was advanced, because each had an opportunity of ■eeing the improvements mad^ by his neighbours. (Hear, hear.) He was glad to see that such institutions were increasing in all parts of the country, for the object they < had in view was a very laudable one, that of improving i the quality of stock, increasing the quantity of produce, and producing it at as low a cost as possible, for the s benefit of the people. It was true that some times the ] seasons were against them, but if farmers continued to pay that attention to the improvement of the soil which the importance of the subject deserved, it would be i attended with increased profit to them. With regard to stock the quantity and quality was continually increasing, i and those who had observed the advancement made by the country in this respect, during the past few years, could not fail being struck with it. If they were to go on improving as they had done, the produce of the whole kingdom would be increased in quantity, and the popula- tion of the country would be fed with food of good qua- lity, and at a fair price. (Hear, hear, and cheers.) There were several circumstances which militated against the interest of the farmer, among which, was the war in which we are engaged. We were engaged in a war, with a brave and powerful ally, to whom we must be faithful and true, with a foe, against whom the war must be car- ried on with the greatest energy. (Hear, and cheers.) If it were not to be so carried on, they would be but trifling with an alliance which had been formed with a great nation but the conduct of the brave men of that nation was a proof that their lives were not to be trifled with. (Cheers.) It was now generally believed that Englishmen were anxious for the termination cfthe war, but he hoped before that took place, such conditions would be made, as would provide for the peace of Europe. If such conditions were made, he, for one, would joyfully hail the day when peace was made. (Loud cheers.) hail the day when peace was made. (Loud cheers.) The Chairman said the next toast he had to propose was The Army and Navy." He would not enlarge upon what they had done, but he thought every one pre- sent would agree with him, that they had done their duty, and that to them, Englishmen were indebted for being at the present time in the peaceful enjoyment of their homes. (Cheers.) There were three gentlemen present who had seen service in the Crimea, and he would, therefore, couple with the toast the names of Captain Lindsay, and Godfrey and Frederick Morgan, (Great and prolonged cheering") The toast was received with the greatest enthusiasm and was followed by musical honours. t Captain Lindsay returned thanks, and said he hoped the British army would alwaytft'do its duty, as it had' in this and all other wars in which it had been engaged. Mr. Godfrey Morgan, after a short pause, .rose, and was received with loud and prolonged cheering, and repeated bursts of animated ^plaudits. He hoped the company would excuse him for appearing to hesitate to return thanks for the army, as he now no longer belonged to it; but, as his name had been coupled with the toast, he begged to return his sincere thanks for the way in which it had been received. There were many persons more ambi- tious than himself who tried a long time to lay claim to the title of a hero. He was afraid himself that he could not lay claim to the honourable title; but he thought he was very fortunate in being one of the six hundred, about whom so much bad been said and sung, and he had reason to thank the Almighty that his life had been spared. (Hear, hear, and great cheering.) For the present, his military career was at an end, and, although it had been but a brief one, he he had seen a great deal—perhaps more than others who had been longer in the service. (Hear, hear.) He had seen war in all its horrors, and had learned to appreciate doubly the comforts of home. Although we were at war, people at home could form no idea of its horrors—for here, the country still flourished, and the fields were covered with verdure, as they were .beforethe war commenced; but he bad seen the other side of the picture. He had seen land, which was flow- ing, as it were, with milk and honey, suddenly overrun with an invading army, who, in a few hours, destroyed the golden grain, burnt the homesteads, and perhaps made the owner a pauper and a slave. (Hear, hear.) When be thought of these things he could not help con- sidering that the English farmer had great reason to be thankful that his country was ;not made the scene of a devastating war. (Hear, hear.) There were many in the room, he had no doubt, who sympathised with his father in the anxiety he felt during the absence of himself and brother, who bad been out the greater part of the time v4rhe war had been raging. (Hear, hear.) He had returned home at the earnest entreaties of his father, who con- sidered that one such trial as he had been through was sufncient to prove the manhood of his son. (Cheers.) He had therefore returned to comfort his father, lest by disobeying him he should "bring down his grey hairs with sorrow to the grave." (Hear, hear.) He would not enlarge upon the llOrrors-Gf war; but sincerely hoped -they would never witness its devastating effects in Eng- land. He trusted he should have the pleasure of meeting them all again next year, when he would perhaps have some stock of his own to ehew them. (Loud cheers and laughter.) lie was afraid they had misunderstood him. (Laughter.) He meant by taking a leaf out of Mr. Scene, of Pencreeg's book. (Laughter.) He begged again to return them his sincere thanks for the kind manner in which his name had been-received. (Cheers.) Captain Frederick Morgan thought it was unnecessary for him to say much, after what had been said by his brother, and by Captain Lindsay, of his regiment. The gallant Captain jocosely said, that during the whole of the time that he was away, his only thought was how he was to get back again. (Much laughter.) He did not regret the time he had spent out there but he must say -that he was far happier when in England than when there, and far hnpp;er in Monmouthshire than in anv ether part of England; however, he would say, that 6 ™ he h°Ped he had done his duty (Cheers.) If he went out again, he should go with the same heart that he did before. (Hear, hear) There "(Chet) wfirf >r>»Dle.s» «re for tb, better! he again, he should be stronger had no? tlfo l %Samt t+,me"' he need DOt tel1 tbem that All hiV i W1^ ?°out again- (Hear>and cheers.) All he hoped was, that he should have the pleasure of imeeting them all again for years to come. (Cheers.) Ihe Chairman begged to propose the .health of the ■»«nW for the Boroughs,: OrawsLy Bailey, Esq. °<Lud. Mr. Bailey said he was very happy to see so large and •respectable a company on the present occasion. He iaS .sure there was not a better show in England than that -which they had that day witnessed. (Hear, hear.) If a-sfranger had heard the list of prizes read, he must cer- tainly think there was not such another meeting in Eng- land. He had not attended many such meetings, but the ,few at which he had been present, were not to be com- pared with this; the stock, he understood, was in admir- able condition. He had seen, himself, at shows, animals of such almost incredible dimensions, that if any gen- tleman had told him there were such animals, he would scarcely have believed it; but when they saw pigs that could not stand on their legs—(laughter)—and animals so fat that they were obliged to be helped to their troughs, he thought it was carrying it, perhaps, too far. (Hear, hear.) He was not a practical agriculturist, but he farmed, perhaps, as much land as rmost persons there, he farmed about 2,000 acres. (Hear., hear.) But he went upon the pounds, shillings, and pence principle, and if the farm brought him in money he was satisfied. Farm- ing could not be carried on without expense, and he would ad-vise tenants and others to drain and improve their lands now, against times which would perhaps be worse, when they could not afford to do so. (Hear, hear.) When it pleased God to stop the war, they would see corn cheap again. About three years ago, they had bad harvests, andrcorn began to rise in price. Last year the crops were not so very plentiful; some descriptions of land had good crops, but not all; and this year the crops were not good everywhere, and grain had risen to 90s. a quarter. He had seen some sold in Mark Lane lately at 888.9 and perhaps -some of the gentlemen present had'sold at that price in Newport: (No, no ) He was a strenuous Supporter of the war, and so long as they had their honourable ally to assist them, he would not be content to make ptace until Ru«sia would consent to give up the Crimea and Bessarabia. (A Voice "And pay the ex- penses.") The war had been carried on at a great expense to the country. The expenses for the last year amounted to dMO.000,000, and the taxes had to be increased but he did not think the increased taxes was any loss—it was only taken from one pocket to another. In Newport for instance, he did not think the inhabitants lost money by increased taxation, for they had a regiment of soldiers here, who spent money among them. If they were de termined to carry on the war, they must support it" (Hear, hear.) Whoever was prime minister while he had a seat, he (Mr. Bailey) would support him if he ear- ned on the war with vigour. (Hear, hear.) He had al- ways been independent in the House, and bad occasionally supported Lord Derby, but he did not intend to support hun if he did not act in a straightforward manner. kHear, hear ) He would support Lord Palmerston, if he bvT ir arry °n the war- k011, SerUleman concluded pb«;fl!ing o" the comPany to drink the health of their man 1?^ Gharles Morgan, Bart., who was a gentle- them TTS amon8st them, and who spent his money with London A"0VLT wen': home except occasionally to year. on, where duty called him for a short time every and followeiTu ^ece^ved with the greatest enthusiasm, Sir Charles iLP'?"S?dous cheering. could scarcely find resPon<ling to the toast, said he kind manner in whirfe8^0 ezPress bis thanks for the came, or to thank them f comPany bad received his had had that day. He hnd K NULNEROU3 meeting they proudest day in the year was w his father saI» that the meeting was held, and it wa* a ♦ v." whlch 'he aunual oeived the 8re„t« He had re- and would do every thins in V Person that day, character of the Cattle Show W;fi?Wer to sustain the he was quite of the same opinion V°A?eot *°.the war' they should not make peace until th^ r-• Bailey, that abia had been wrested from Russia. (Cheep3 )r" Mr. Godfrey Morgan proposed Absent friends in the Crimea, coupled with the names of Mr. John Lawrence ind Mr. Freke Lewis. (Cheers.) The Chairman said he would give them another branch )f the service, "The Navy," who had not done as much is they could have done through the stupidity of the Admiralty. (Hear, hear.) He had lately spoken to several captains in the navy, and they all regretted to dim that they had not been allowed to do more than they aad done, but their hands were tied by the Admiralty. Mr. Stirling, in returning thanks, said the Navy had not had the good fortune of the Army, but whenever called upon they had always done their duty, and he had no doubt would continue to do so. (Cheers.) During I the short time he had been in the navy, they had suffered hunger, sickness, and severity; but had, nevertheless, aone their duty and returned home. For himself, he was 1UTt WAu"8 t0 g° 0ut again- (Cheers.) Ihe Chairman next gave "The visitors," coupled with the name of Mr. John E. W. Rolls. (Cheers.) Mr. Rolls returned thanks, and said he was highly graiiaed with the show and with the whole of the pro- ceedings that day, and no greater pleasure had he ever received, than in meeting so large a body of the inha- bitants of Monmouthshire. (Loud cheers.) He begged to propose a toast which he was sure would be well received by every one present, The health of Lady Morgan." Received with great cheering, and followed by the S°T^ "i Here's a health to all good lasses." The Chairman rose to return thanks to the inhabitants of the town of Newport, for the handsome manner in which they had contributed towards the support of the show, by giving various prizes. He begged to propose as the next toast. The health of the Mayor and the Members of the Town Council of Newport." He did not know if Mr, Knapp was present, but he (Sir Charles) understood he had commenced farming in his neighbour- hood, and he wished him every success. He found, on inquiry, that the present mayor was not present, but they could not have a better substitute than the ex-mayor, who was present. (Cheers.) Mr. S. Homfrny said he had no doubt, as the mayor had commenced farming, that he would send stock for exhibition. lie had himself formerly been a large farmer, and had sent stock to the show, pnd he was glad to find that his successor had sent down such a mare and colt, as had that day been successful in gaining a -prize. He begged to return thanks on behalf of the inhabitants of Newport, who, lie was sure, would always be found ready to encourage such an excellent institution. (Cheers.) The Chairman proposed "The health of the gentlemen in the neighbourhood who had given cups" coupled with the names of Messrs. Powell, Relph, and Cartwright, and he begged to thank them for the kind manner in which they had come forward to support the show. Mr. T. Powell said he had never seen a more respect- able company since the commencement of the show, and he had subscribed towards it for thirty years, and hoped to do so as long as he lived. (Cheers.) Farmers had suffered from several causes during past years. He had himself suffered, though but a small farmer, and for years past he had lost money. There were no men more deserving than farmers, and he did not know why they should not have good times as well as the manufacturers and the cotton spinners. (Cheers.) Mr. Relph said he bad felt the kindness of the meeting when they drank his health with other gentlemen who bad gained prizes, and be was surprrsea they should wish to hear his voice again; but as they had called upon him 11 second time he would say a word or two upon agric- cultural prospects. He knew Mr. Powell was a man df great perseverance and ingenuity, and when he spoke, he (Mr. Relph) thought he had some new scheme in his head-some kind of patent-by which he was to ensure success to the farmers. The greatest credit that could fall upon any county was, that such a show should exist in it; and great advantages must result from it, for it acted as a stimulant to greater production, all striving to show for the best. It was not so much for the profit that was to be made—it was a race of skill, wherein one man set his agricultural knowledge against that of another; and although not profitable, was of ultimate advantage. In looking over a list of the members of the Royal Agricultural Society some time since, he felt sorry o n knowing as he did that there were so many good farmers in Monmouthshire, that this county was not represented there as it deserved to be. The motto of 'that society was, Practice end science," and it was a motto which every farmer should make his <ywn. He would recommend farmers to become membere of that society, the subscription to which was not large. If they did so, they would receive two volumes—worth more ,han the subscription—which would give them an account of the various theories propounded by agriculturists. If they joined the society for the benefit which they would reccive from that book only, they would be gainers by it. It should become the text book of farmers, and be to them what the Bible was to the Christian. He begged to congratulate Sir Charles Morgan on the return of his two sons from the Crimea; they were men of note, of whom their father must be proud. (Great cheering.) The Chairman proposed as the next toast, The tenant farmers of Monmouthshire." Mr. Price, of Bishttm, briefly responded. Mr. Bailey had given them what he (Mr. Price) might call a knock- down blow," but he could not say he agreed with Mr. Bailey. He thought that, if the war was over, and corn became cheaper, it would-be of advantage to the farmer as he would not have so nmeh to pay in tlie shape of taxes. (Hear, bear.) r Mr. Keene considered that the drainage of his land ought to be the first consideration of the far and must say that he had himself reoeived a great deal of benefit iom it. He intended to-continue drainage, as he was satisfied with the advantages which would result from it. It any portion of his farm were not drained to his satis- If any portion of his farm were not drained to his satis- faction, he would double drain and cross-drain it. He 'I had still enough of room for improvement in the wet land he occupied, although he was now growing root crops where it was thought they could not be grown before. (Hear, hear.) Crawshay Bailey, Kaq., begged leave to propose The town and trade of Newport." The trade of the town of Newport had increased greatly and they were now ship- ping 200,000 tons of iron and half a million tons of coal annually. It was to the advantage of the farmer to promote the interest of the town, and of the town to pro- mote the interest of the fanr..er, for the town could not live without the country, nor the country without the town. (Hear, hear.) They were now going to get larg-er dock accommodation, and that would be the means of further increasing the trade of the port. (Cheers.) Mr. Cartwright, in returning thanka on behalf of the town of Newport, observed that he had a short-time since read an extract from a lecture delivered by a:Fienchman in Cornwall, in which was contrasted the difference between the agricultural state of France and that of England, showing how the latter country, by increased labour and better management, was capable of producing more than the firmer. In England, they grew four quarters of corn to the acre, while in France they could get but :fifteen bushels off the 6ame .<quantity of land. In this country, on an average, a eheep and a half could live upon an acre of land, while in France only-three- fourths of a sheep could exist on an acre. In .England, it was calculated there were 200)800 beasts, and in France, because the country was larger, there were 660,000 yet the beasts of the latter country only ave- raged 2 cwt., while those of England were 6 cwt. (Hear, hear.) He was glad to find that England had not been idle, and that with her bad climate site had been able to do go much. (Cheers.) He hoped that when farmers were in the enjoyment of prosperity they would consider their main instruments of production—the labourers. He did not think the labouring classes were receiving sufa- cient wages. (Hear, hear.) He was sur-e the farmers' own interests would be best served by giving their la- bourers aciple wages, and providing comfortablecottagea for them. {Cheers.) Sir Charles Morgan and a large party, after the last toast bad been responded to, left the room.