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ARAGO. THE New York Quarterly relates an anecdote of the late astronomer, which will be new to many. It seems that during the Bourbon regime, dissatisfied with his provincial glories as deputy from little Perpignan, he aspired to re- present Paris itself in the Legislative Chamber, and al- though thwarted in every direction by the Court and the officers of Government, he canvassed Paris and harangued the people on subjects the most difficult to discuss, with ifaipunity. Though dogged on every side by in- formers, greedily watching for a word of disaffection or of democracy, which might be used as a means of his overthrow, imprisonment, or banishment, he still suc- ceeded, by his adroitness, in conveying ideas, without clothing them in language capable of being made avail- able against him, even before a Parisian tribunal. On one of these occasions, when his eloquence and power had worked the multitude into an excitement not easily quelled, an individual addressed him from the crowd and demanded of him that he should inform the assembly whether he would advocate a republican form of Govern- ment. Arago again ascended the tribune, and thus con- tinued:— "Would I advocate a republic? Before I can answer a question like that, you must be more explicit, and let me know what you mean by a republic. Do you mean a republic like Athens, great in all the arts of war and of peace, its Demos the most cultivated people of the earth, but subsisting, without labour, upon the toil of a class ground by oppression to the very dust; a republic, rich in letters and arts, but poor in morals and religion a re- public whose ingratitude embittered the lives and has- tened the death of her chief benefactors and patriots? If such be the kind of republic to which you alluded, no, I am not a Republican. Do you mean a republic like Rome, whose only glory was in carnage, whose only triumphs consisted in the subjugation and oppression of neighbouring and distant nations ? If so, I am not a Republican. Do you mean a republic like Venice, a far more perfect oligarchy than Athens, whose only glory was in wealth of commerce, without the refining influence of letters and arts ? Or one like Holland, of which the same may be said ? If so, I would scorn to be a Repub- lican. Do you mean a republic like the United States of Aiflerica, where liberty and education go hand in hand; where the Christian religion exerts its benignant in- fluences where merit is rewarded by the applause of a grateful nation, and the laws are rigorously executed, whoever the culprit ? A republic where men dare say all that they think, or thiuk all that they feel ? If so, you know that to express a favourable opinion, would be to sign a warrant for my own defeat and imprisonment; pub- licly to advocate such a republic, is proscribed by the sove- reign and narty whom I have here to-day been opposing, in every way their stringent laws allow and I appeal to the multitude before me, whether the individual who asks me such a question, and seeks to make me commit myself in public, is not a coward ?" An enthusiastic shout, which might have been heard at the distant Neuilly, was the reply. i