SEVEN MEN STARVED TO DEATH 1-THE '•I* In PATAGON1AN MISSION. s ber p ^e*r 'he readers of the MEIILIN may remem- bef* 8ion» 'ant'er A. Gardiner, R.N., Mr. Maidmeot, a mis- ei A c'ry' ^'H'ams, suioeno and miss onary John Pearce, n»0> Cor sailor; John Eiwin, a carpenter John Bryan, a we&t ^Sherman »nd J. Badcock, another Cornish fisherman, he'' Islai-d"' UDt^er "ie Patagonian Missionary Society, to Picton vef* i»v» 6 ,oulhe'n extremity of AmericB, to convert i!• e tl>* Chrf^' wl't' aQC' Dnc'v'ze(' regions to the truths of d i Or. Ihe ilxth of September, 1851, after witnessing the slow si ob deaths, one by one, almost under his immediate 'if died"0"' °f 1)18 8'1t cotDPitQ'on'» Corninander Gardiner aiso V^t1''6'*1 'ta,va,ion having swept them ali away. ff du T ^u?°* t,le French novelist, in cue of the dramas pro- n$fJh naS'oai'vt brain, places in ilie mouth of a criminal, if hu i°* 0""e^ t0 die on a certain day, records his feelings hour a of friol ?U|r' en his condemnation and hi* execution), the fpn U)U r^V1!D^S 8 man "lo '•oows his destiny. But the 6ad ntf j 18 eo^oor Gardiner and his companions—lecoids j *,U:e0 day by d iy. 8S 'he frightful work of slow Starvation went ,t 8m°a" 'hat 1,11,6 baQd of eoduriog men—have more hJ T„ :Z«1- p0Wer 10 ll'e,r Daked simplicity, then all the wild crav- h IOg8 Of Vlclor Hlloo's climinaL so Tha story is soon old. Captain Mofshead, R.N., was di- .j, b.V >«>e A Imualty to ascertain, on his way to the Pacific, >j,.9 'ile Gommander Gaidiner and his missionary par'y, in affl ,.ler'a del Fuego. His inquirits, previously to sailing, were J greeted to the Rev. G. P. D.spard, of Redland, Bristol, ponorory secretary to the Pataguniao Missionary Societv, who ,f?_t°"ned hicn that ihe party went out io September, 1850, in the J'l V0* .9 '?eri slores had been forwarded Io tliem Lsi sei its! ti'^ Islands; and tha! directions had also bee» '» £ Isl .i 'hey were uoalile to maia/aio 'heir station at Prct»o j m'hey would fall back ou Stateo Island, being provided ht s 'l 'la""c'tc's boats for that emergency. Captaio Morshead if ar,i*ed at Pictoo Island found no satisfactory response ei aft 'l1(lu rleS 5 hut a' length, when scruring thecoasi.and eD °i e' 'naoy hours of fruitless research, when they were ulcut to V8. 'P '^despair, some writmg was seen c>n a rock across a ii»er, I, i(, tfr anr-Rh' Captain Muis'iead, "we instantly made for, r 't tdl"id written, Go to Spaniard Harbour and on another ,>F in^' adj 'ir'inp' Ae 'ounc' 'he words written, Y JU wili fiod U* 0 «e ''4Q5a"' Ha< hour.' Here was a clue to the objects of their inar°I'' heY hastened io the spot indicated, and on the morn- fd be^ ° 'le '^I't °f J'tou uy, tiiis vear, saw the boat lyiog on the 'o winch they found so-ne books and pasers, wiih the f4 poor Gardiner and Maidment lying unburied on the J °|0Uad' Oa one of the papers was writien—"If you walk tit b°n^ l'#e ^eac^ for 8 roi!e and l)a!f, you will fiod us in the other a", hitn'ed up in the rootrth of a river at the head of the harbour, a, Q 11 e lontli side. Delay not-we are starving." Long ex- ill ?eif''n^ sui'plies aod perishing for want of them, no doubt the IP °'iiin lie men wrote these sad instruciions, intending to pass J" ,*>e i comrades ahead, when death overtook them in the el t "r their misery.—Captain Morshead followed the di- aj scitoo^ jtid touod tlie other boat, or its wreck, containing the of pm,u08 of two bodies, supposed to be those of the su'geon and 1,0 ea' e, the pa; ersshowing that the three others had been buried p J(| P'ev.ous y, altci their deaths by starvation. 10 I nm the pap rs fjund it appeared that the unfortunate party i* at the island on the 5th of December, 1850; that et .avi!,8 Pi'ched their tenia, they were compelled to re embark by g the miive* whom they went to convert; that they proceeded to CDP<>^ite shore, on the south oast of'J'ietra del Fuego that ie ,nd wave» »l«nost wrecked their boats; that they sailed 18 l! 'lom SP0' experiencing many vicissitudes, and be|R.-driveo away by the natives, that at leogih,the scurvy over- <akic^ one or two of them, they resolved to return, in March, to 1' "icto i's Island, to await the arrival of stores, which were ex- pect^d theie that the natives again dtove them away; and f( painted notices on the rocks, to direct those who might > Come after them, they removed to another place. Then com. 0 the work of slow starvation their stores were diminish- '< ik^ "le daily allowance was shortened sickness came upoD „ her aj^iavated by want of food, of shelter, and of hope ever rescued from their dreadful position and then—death. J About the middle of April, 1851, Captain Gaidiner begiDS to re- rn his diary, which has been pre«ervtd to us, that "they half provisions enough to last for two months, but some are 1 'ow*" They have but a flask and a half of powder; their I shiug net is washed away. They shoot an occasional fox, |! ge'*6s them for food and, besides, if they did notdesiroy be <aimal, he would do his best to steal the remainder of their nltt- giock of provisions. The scurvy breaks out among the part v. They ars druen to take refuge in a cavern but the tide in, and Captain G<rdiner and Mr Maidment, the caiechist, •re obliged to swim out for their lives, and take refuge upon a «IuT.p of rock, round the (use of which the waves of the South AtUaiic are breaking. Upon this rock the two poor creatures oed down to prayer. John Badcock, a Cornish fisherman, lea. By July 4, the party hive been seven weeks or. short al Owsnce; their only hope is in the expected ship from the Falk- and Islands but no ship comes. They greedily eat a penguin, a half-devoured fijh, washed upon the shore. Six mice *'8 spoken of in the journal as dainties. The garden-seeds have Bee = used for broth, and are all spent. Muscles and limpets Ire rhe next resource-and then rock-weed is boiled down to a jelly. Erwio, a carpenter, and Badcock, a Cornish fisher- eke I die. Two of the party, Mr Williams, the surgeon, and a third Cornishman, had gone away from the main body of tne party, for some object or other, probably for the disco- *e,.v of food. Their dead bodies were discovered at Cook's River, some distance off. The presumption is they must have Tied about the same time as Captain Gardiner himself, who 'i probably expired on the 6th of September. The last entry in niscury is on the 5th of September, and in this be mentions that he had not tasted food or water for four days. Mr Maid- tnent, the catecbist, had dit-d a few days before, U^ion this fearful calamity, the Timet indignantly observes:— Neither reverence for the cause ID which they were engaged, nor ( sdmitation of the lofty qualities of the leader of the party, can bnn f our eyes to the unutterable folly of the enterprise as it was conducted, or smother the expression of Ditmal indignation agaiast those who could wantonly risk io many valuable lives on •o hopeless an expedition. Surely there is distress and agony enough at home-surety there is ignorance and vice enough within the boundaries of the four eeae. When this distress shall have been alleviated-ithen this ignorance shall have beeo en- ,a, lightened-when this vice shall have been extirpated, will it not be time enough to think of dispatching missions to Cape Holt) 1 There is such a thing ai subordination even among act* of dii ty. What are we to think of that charity which disregards the claims of the suffering thousands who speak with English tongues, but -can had sympathy and money enough when there is a question of affordiog assistance to a parcel of scarcely human savages, separated from us, we may almost say, by the diameter of the globe 1 True, they may be living in the midst of savagery and brutality of the wildest kind, but at least they are not afflicted with that worst species of suffering—conscious degradation. They have not present before their eyes at every moment of the day a standard of comparison which adds intensity to every pang they suffer. We should be perfectly willing to accept the argument bgainst the promoters of these wild schemes, from their own point of view. We should be prepared to show them in our own large towns, and in the very centre of Biitish civiliza- tion, persons as ignorant of therudiments of Christianity, as the wretched stvages who persecuttd Captain Gardiner and III- companions amidst the lempes's of Cape Horo. The reports of the various commissioners connected will, the Associations for the Promotion of Christianity by various means in Ihe populous distncis of English towns, will supply them with ..11 requisite information. Let them go to the Bi*hop of London—let them go to Lord Shaftesburj—let ihem go to the neaiest inspector 01 police, and they can soon supply themselves with facts sufficient to quicken their missionary z.-al. We, who maybe supposed lo entertain the queslion rather in the spirit of statesmen or polinciuns, would say, Why do not you, who are blessed with abundant means, rather pluck a few hundreds or thousands of your suffering countrymen from certain dts-ruction. than wlllte your energits upon a horde of savages separated from you by every line of dematcat)onwh)t.hProvtdericeCinsHtbtt<€en human beings 1 What would you say to the wild Pntagomao who would, with a dry eye, abandon his unfortunate country- men to their ignorance, iheir brutality, and the r storms, and devote his hie to the purpose "f procuring pointed glass for the windows of St. Barnabas in Belgravia, or subscriptions for the erection of district churches in Bolton or in Sheffield ] Is it not io your power, by a slight exercise of your superior intelligence, = nd a slight expenditure of your abundant means, to remove ""aoy an English family to Australia or the Canadas, to lands here they will grow up without the awful temptations to which ey must inevitably be exposed at home, and where iheir child- en will meet with all profiiable instruction and teaching 1 Your mpafhies are not with them. Their sufferings are a common d everyday matter. It requires almost the pungency of a ro irvinceto lash your sluggish zeal into activity. The Pataoonian I ai d the negro are your brolhelS-Dot so your poor English low-country men." Strange as it n,ay appear, this is a lament ",t.de truth, and the result is neglect at home, and misdirected energy abroad.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. FRANCE. General Canrobert, one of the Military Commissioners on the insurgents, has addressed a second Report to the Presi- dent, in which hf describes the state of the departments of the Centre as being very demoralized, and says that out of 4076 condemned rebels, he has onty been able to pardon 7"27. The Patrie announces that the Minister of Police intends to prosecute all correspondents of foreign newspapers who pro- pagate false intelligence. Tile F at*ie says: The expense of the Budget of 1853, as compared with the receipts, show a deficit of 4,000 000'. but, according to all appearance, our troops will soon cea: e to occupy Italy, and that withdrawal will lead to a dimi'iuuon in the expense uf the war department." The Government has just Interdicted the entry into France of a journal pub ished at Jersey, which although printed in French, has all the appearance of an English paper. M, Fabre has been chosen as counsel to support the case of the Orleans family before the Council of State. The Moniteur du Loiret states that the files in that depart- ment during the first three months of the present year have amounted to 51, of which, 21 are attributed to malevolence; 16;to unknown causes; nine to imprudence; three to negli- gence and two to accident. A general ball was given on Fiiday night, at the Tuileries, by the Prince President. M. de Rayneval is come to Paris to advise with Govern. ment on the subject of diminishing the French army at Rome. ) he Constitutiouuel estimates the decline in the average prices of wheat at about 40c. below the avmages of the previous month. During the late mission of M. Quintin Baucliart, in the Southern Depaitments, be oamined 'he cases of 3,030 prisoners, of whom he set at liberty 1,377, and granted com- mutations to 1,047. ITALY. We learn by accounts from Turin of the 27th ult., that the c!,ief of the ArtiMery had just addressed to the Minis'er of War, a report, relative to the explosion on the previous day, cf the powder magazine of the Bourg Dora, from which we i-nake the following extracts — The powder exploded a' the moment when the workmen were quitting their woik, viz., at a quarter before twelve. The fire began spontaneously in a mixture of b'as ing powder, communicating i self to two magazines, erch contai, ing 5,000 kilogrammes of powder; thence it passed to cases filled with ,2,000 ki'ogrammcs, and thea to 3,000 kilogrammes, spread in the open air. The explosion of the latter set fire to two magazines con- taining tjUHpowd'er and blasting powder, exceeding in quantity 10 000 Kilogrammes. 4i The Duke of Genoa ari-iveii almost imtned alely on the scene of the disaster, and gave all the necessary directions. °, The King, accompanied by the Prince de L'ori^nan, ani- mated by his presence the labourers engaged in suppressing the lire, and exnicating the workmen. Up to the present time 35 ate known to be injured o whom 14 are dead. The most of them we'e crossing the canal on their way to dinner, when the shock threw them down, and they were buried in the ruins of the aJjoi;,ing buildings. P.S The fire has been extinguished. It is now supposed that the victims amount to 300, among them being many of the powder ma,prs and soldiers, whose barracks, situated close by the were overturned and destroyed. A great many of the adjacent houses have been destroyed, and sevpraj received serious damages, the walls being cracked in a fearfu manner. One wing of the hospi al Cantorlergo was ov^r turned, and many of the sick inmates buried in the ruins." PORTUGAL. The Queen of Portugal met with a most favourable recep- tion during her recent provincial tour. Her Maiesty's steamer Dragon has fallen in with a water- logged timber-ship, name unknown, and towed her into Lisbon. She will prove a rich prize. From a signal made by the Dragon, she is supposed to be a ship called the Gilmpr- ston but this is uncerlain, as there is some doubt about one ol the flags in the signal. The Janus and Antelope, with a party of men from the Vengeance, were busily employed at Cape Spartel, saving the Government stores washed ashore from the wreck of the Calne. GERMANY. A telegraphic de3patch from Carlsruhe announces that the iteredtary Grand Duke Prince Louis of Baden, has declared of his own free will that he renounces for ever the tuccession to the Ducal throne in favour 0' his younger brother. The lollowiiig anecdote of the late Grand Duke is worth transcribing: A few nights ago, whilst suffering dreadfully Irom the complaint which, according to all appearances; would prove fatal, he said to his medical altenèanl-" Tell me, deai Strickel, did you ever meet with any one who suf- fered so much as I do ?' iTes,"rep ied the doctor."Ihaw lately attendid a man who is afflicted with precisely the same complaint, and he has only straw to lie upon." Only s'raw eiacula,eo. the benevo'ent prince, ringing the bell over his couch, and telling the servant who entered to send one of the best beds of the palace, and all other necessaries, to the poor man whose address would be given by Dr. Strickel. THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. By the ship Agincourt we have received intelligence from the Cape to the lOlh oJ March. There is no mention of the MegiBra or the Hydra, wi h General Cathcart en board. The Legislative Council had voted J500 towards the relief of the sufferers from the loss of the Birkenhead. Sir Harry Smith was to have taken the Field on the 8th inst. in person. A considerab'e number of Burghers were expected to join. He had heard of his removal, but it had not altered his plans. Lady Smith was making every prepara'ion to leave on the arrival of the governor. "Reports have been received from Mr. Cole, Civil Com- missioner of Albert, dated the 17th instant. They state that the Burgher force under his direction had swept the whole of Tyopo's and Madoor's country, the Indwee river and its kloofs, the neighbourhood of the Bogota, the whole of Zurberg range, and both banks of the T'Somo. Twenty-five Kafirs and eleven Hottentots had been slain among the latter the no- torious Dirk Rabi and 1,000 head of cattle, 300 goats, 40 horses, and 12 stand of arms had been taken. "Lieutenant-Cotone) Eyre's reports reach to the 23d inst. Early on the morning of the 21st he moved in-two divisions on the Gulu mountain—the range which separates the Wolf Valley from the tributaries of Gulu River—aid completely surprised the enemy, capturing 54 head of catile on the sum- mit of the heights, and burning large numbers of huts in the very heart of the dense bush. The enemy, Kafirs and Hot- tentots, fled everywhere as the troops advanced. Immense quantities of cultivation at the sources of the Upper Keis- kamma, &c., were destroyed on the 21st and two following days. Rockets had been used with great effect, spreading terror among the enemy. From the heights of the Gulu, Colonel Eyre had observed. Colonel Michel operating in the Wolf Valley below. The co-operation of these two officers, therefore, has been perfect and most successful. It Reports to the 22d instant have been received from Major Kyle, up to which date the quantity of corn deswoyed by his column was computed at about 10,000 muids. He had met I with no opposition. I Major General Somerset reports that he has destroyed the "hote of the crops of the treacherous Soga, the mnrdeier of the military villagers, and those of others, in the valley of the Chumie, as well as veiy many on that side of the Amatola. Major-General Somerset has moveil to the old Konap j Post, prepara ory to the grand movement 0' expulsion from the Waterkloof to the Kei. 1 he troops of the second division, having completed their labour of devastation, are all ordered to head quarters to Ie equip for the field. Mr. Robert Ainslie reports the spirited repulse of an attack made bv some marauders on his farm. Spring Grove, on the morning of the 19th instant. A number of cattle, sheep, and goats were, in the first instance, driven off the greater part, however, of the former, and the wlio'e of the latter were re- captured, and the skirmish which look place between the captured, and the skirmish which look place between the small party of 13 Burghers and the enemy, 14 of the latter were sla i), and 20 lio!ses and several guns and assegais taken. Mr, Ainslie states, that the enemy did not fight with that spirit of determination which has been hitherto shown by them hut seemed more intent on get ing off with their booty.' Very little ammunition was found in the pouches of the slain." CALIFORNIA.—SACRAMENTO OVERFLOWED. [From the San Francisco Herald, March 15 ] SAORAMKNTO, SUNDAY, MAHCH 7. 1852.—This morning, between the hours of one and two, we were startled by the deep tones of the city alarm bell. 'I lie river, for the last twenty-four hours, had been rising rapidly, and fears were entertained last night that the city would again be inundated. Those fears we'e not unfounded. I he Mayor of the city gave notice that if the levee gave way during the night, the alarm be 1 would announce the fact, and summon the citizens to aid in repairing tile damage. _At two different places the levee failed to withstand the wild and impetuous rush of wator. The water swept agaiIlst it with il"l es;stibJe violence, carrying it along in its mad career, and- spreuding over the low and-, that immediately surround the city. The city bridge on Third street, was swcpt away a few moments alter lie water rushed into the Slough. Several small houses bui t on piles near the S'ough, were carried away, and it is rumourtd Ihat one of them was over- 1 turned. AI)oiit a mile above the ferry, the levee, for a distance of two hundred yards, has been swept away. Between Eleventh and Twelfth-streets, the water is three feet deep. At an early hour this morning, boats were in readiness, and engaged in taking families from houses already inundated. The rain continues to fall with unabated fury. The Mayor has issued a stirring appeal to the citizens calling on them to rally to the rescue. It is presumed from the present high stage of water, the who!e Valley of the Sacramento is overflowed. Vast amounts ot property, is is feared, ha e been swepj away by the flood. All communi-ation with the mines is entirely cut oIr for the present. The mail s'age started for Co'oma yesterday, Utll finding the roads impassab'e, -as comp.plled to return. Colomn was par ially overflowed on Friday morning last, and lie rivei, rising at the rate of six inches an hour. A rumour is rile in this ci'y, that part of Marysville has been swept away. ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS rFrom the Times and Transcript, I uesday. March 9.] The second day of the overflow commenced with no very bright prospects. During the night, the waters had continued to rise, and in the morning they looked very nearly as expan. sive as during he previous flood. It soon became evident, however, t; at the waters were receding, and the ciiizens went early to work to make the sidewalks passable, and were able before noon to present a dry footpath from the Orleans to the S'aeHou-e. j he lower portion of J street, and nearly all the built up part of I and Second-streets, were relieved of their watery incumbrance during the afternoon. On K street, IrOIll Second-street, out and from Fif h street, out on J, the scows, rafts, and various other floating apologies had full play, and certainly presented a most peculiar and lively appearance. The p.esence of ladies in some of the boats, gave additional interest to the scene. No very large individual losses of property are reposed in this city. 'I he merchants'stores have, but in eomparatve y few instances, been readied by the water, and time was afforded in all cases to protect the perishable contents. The life of a single person is not known to have been lost within the city, from any cause connected wiih the inundation. Several deaths hive been reported, but there is no positive evidence of such casualties. On account of the late floods, the entire transit trade of Stockton, Sacramento and Marysville was suddenly stopped ——so much so, that haif loaded teams put back their goods, and many who had ven ured a IeIV miles, were ob iged to re- turn, I his !o:ced each city to rely upon loan consumption, and San Francisco experienced a dull time for a fb'tnight. Although water had fallen very much during the tin days previulls to he sailing of the lennessee, communication stil. remained uncertain. Theliea'th of San Francisco is excellent. We hear of a few cases of sickness occasioiia-ly, but the principal c uses ol comp!ain' arises from ordinary co ds and influenzas. Murders and robberies have of late become alii:i ingly frequent in Cali ornia It has, therefore, been de,, pedient to call the Vigilance Committee into active operation again. There was a prospect of a row, before long, iri Sonorn. 'The Fren h expedition, which left San Francisco a sli n time since, instead 01 being intent on gold discoveries, actually went for the purpose of revolutionizing that country, and establishing an independent government but with no idea of Its ultimately being annexed to the United States. The people of California are very much annoyed at thin, and there is some talk of gettmg up an c.pediiion of 1,000 men (Americans) to go to Sonora. take possession of the country, and supersede the French I' is well known that the inhabitants of that. ountry are anxious to be independent. The diggers have been fortunate, lately, in considerable discoveries ol gold.
FROM FRIDAY'S LOND()\ (JAZETTE, APRIL 30. BANKlttJPTS. W. Wymark. Mistley, Essex, wharfinger, J. Gullick, Yalding, Kent, licensed c- ■ mmon brewer. j J. Warren, late 01 Old Brentford, manufacturer of brass,and of George-street, Hanover-square, dentist. W. T. (iibson, High-street, Islington, baker. W. Collins, Marlborough draper. 1 [IN THE COUNTRY.] J. Newhold, Burton-under-Needwood, Staffordshire, inn- keeper. A. Ai'Kerrovv, Kingston-upoo-Hull, draper. DECLARATION Op DIVIDEND- C. Bayliffe, Chippenham, Wiltshire, surgeon-firlt div. of 3s. IOJ., any Wednesday, at Miller's Bristol. W. Wood, Bristol, provision meicliant—firtt div. of 7s. 6d., any Wednesday, at Millet's, Hiistol. R. and F. It. llazaid, Bristol, victuallers-first div. of 8d., any Wednesday, at Miller's, Bristol. FROM TUESDAYS LO.VDON GAZETTE. BANKRUPTS. (X Ritchie, Oxford-stieet, jeweller. [IN THE COUNTRY.] W. A. Watson, Whitacre, Warwickshire, builder. F. James. Walsall, ironfounder. J. ) ary, Uttoxeter, StaffJidshire, brewer. S. Benjams, jun., Heieford, grocer. J.T. Woodbouse, Leominster, Me re ford alii re, ecrivener.
BRIBERY AND THE A I ING AT ELECTIONS. Io Mr. Rolen's L-rw and Practice at Elections ii the following —I he 5 and 6 Vict. c. 102, by sect. 22, recites that the pro- vi,ions of the Treating Act having been found inefficient 10 prevent corrupt treating at elections, it was expedient to extend its provisions, and then enacts that-, Every candidate or mem- ber, who shall. by himself, or by or wiih aoy other person, or in any manner d-rectly or indirectly, give or provide, orcauseor knowingly allow to be given or provided, wholly or partly at his expense, or pay wholly or in part any expenses incurred for any meat, drink, entertainment, or provision to or for any person, at any time either before, doripg, or afer, aoy such election, for the purpose of coriuptly influencing such person, or any other person, or for the purpose of corruptly rewarding such or any other person for having given or refrained from giving his vote at any such election, shall be incapable of being elected, or of sitting in parliament for the county, &c.,where the treating look place during the parliament for which auch election was holden.—" Upon this Act it may be observed that if a candidate or member knows of any treating going forward, and pay: any portion of the expense, or, though he did not know of it at the lime, yet contribute* 10 the cost of it afterwards, wbether it took place before, at, or after, the election, he will lose his seat for the place where the treaiiog took place, for the whole parliament. "—p. 263.
The Encumbered Estates Commissioners have distributed £ 2,041,000 since they commenced their labours. THB CHINESE JUNK, KBYING.—This vessel, which has excited so much attention during the last few years, will, it is said, with the whole of its valuable and interesting contents, be offered for sale by auction at the end of the present month, or the beginning of June. It Is at present lying in the West India Docks. MADAME MALIBRAN'S MODBL.-In her teens, Malamselle Garcia had a cracked, inflexible voice. Out of such nuproniis- ing materials was made the great singer. She took as her model the tone of musical glasses, and became so expert an imitator that she often deceived her friends, by pretending to rub the glass, and giving the music with her voice.—Cook's Musical Miscellany. J
HOUSE OF LORDS—FRIDAY, APRIL 30. Lord R desdale took his seat on the woolsack at five o'clock* The Earl of Malmesbury said, in explanation of his remarks, with respect to General Rosas, on the preceding evening, that oo order to receive that personage with official honours had been given, and that he had not been relieved from the payment of the customs duties, but that a general order io receive him re- spectfully had been given.-A short conversation ensued, and the subject dropped. The Copyright Amendment Bill passed through committee, and the Exchequer Bills Bill was read the third tima and passed. Their lordships then adjourned. MONDAY. The subject of removing the I ransatlantic packet station from Liverpool to Dublin, Has brought on by Earl Granville, who was desirous of ascertaining whether the change was to be made, as the Lord Lieuteonut of Ireland was slated to have intimated a wish to see it carried into effect. Lord Mooteagle moved that memorials to the Treasury on the subject, be laid on the table. This was agreed to. The Copyright Amendment Bill was read a third lime; and their Laidsliips then adjourned. TUESDAY. Lord Lyndhurst brought in a bill to remove the disqualifi- cations of Jews (especially referring to Mr. Salomon's case). Lord Campbell rejoiced at the measure, the noble author of which woald go do*n to posterity as the emancipator of the Jews. E .rl Derby would not oppose the introduction of the measure. The Marquess of Lansdowne expressed his pleasure at its introduction. Tiie b: 11 was read a first time, and their Lordships adjourned.
———-<-——— HOUSE OF COMMONS—FKIDAY, APRIL 30. The Speaker took the chair at a few minutes before four o'clock. Mr. W. Listen took the oaths and his seal for Worcester. Mr. W. J. Fox gave notice that when the Militia Bill was in Committee, he would move a clause to the effect that no man should be liable to compulsory military service, unless his name is on the registration list as an elector for some city, toumy or borough. THE BUDGET. The bouse having resolved into a Committee of Ways and Means, the Cliaocellor of the Exchequer proceeded to make his financial statement. Remioding the committee that an important branch of the revenue had ceased by lipse of time, and that a considerable deficiency would consequently ensue, the right hon, gentleman invited both sides of the house to dismiss all prejudg- ments and piejudicEP, and to join him in calmly surveyog the exsct financial position of the countiy. When a Finance Minister fouod himself in this condition, with a considerable deficiency in the public income, it was obvious that the methods by which Ihat deficiency should be supplied, must be the mos' practicable and tl<e least unpopular. The public revenue was m-ed by three mell.ads-by d ul ies upon foiei^o articles i r,porter), by duties upon articles of domestic manufacture, and largely by a sys'.em of direct taxation, A very considerable amount oi revenue was still obtained by'he first method, and, locking at what had been done in rhe present and preceding parliament? he did not think that the prospects of supplying the dificiency try increa-iag the customs duties, was very encourdglog. Since 1842, the reduction of those duties had been systematic and con- tinuous, its agtfrega'e amount in the last ten years being nearly £ 9,000,000. Had he a moie encouraging prospect by having recourse to duties upon articles of home manufacture 1 Two op uions prevailed es io the means by which the industry of thi- touoiry might be relieved; one pary advocated the repeal of i'us nms duties, another the remission or reducion ot ili sa of the excise what prospect of su< cess, theo, had a Chancellor ol the Exchequer whose means of so, plyiog a deficiency of income were lImited to these two important sour, es of the pub) c rf venue 1 Even those who con3idered a customs duty as the greatest of fiscal grievances, had e'tocet.durtog the last len yeai3, scaicely 1,6% repugnance to ra s ng a revenue on articles 01 domestic pro- duction. Whilst 1.9,000,000 of cuttoms duties had been re- pealed, in the same period, excise duties had been remitted to the amount of nf-nrly CI,500,000, and only that day week a p posa1 w is made to repeal more ol those dutitstj the exten of £1,400,000. A Finance Mimsti r, therefore, whl) proposed to Siii ply the deficiency by a customs or ao excise duty, would embirk upon a hopeless enterprise. What was the prospect in resptci to what was called direct taxation ? Domy the last ten years, eoosideiable experience had been had of the tamper of the house as to Ihis mode of raising the revenue. The ht- Slr K. Peel introduced the pr perty and income t tx apologetically, as necessiiated by an emergency he ltarned it upon a large basis of txemptiong, and it was so modelled that the mul'iiule should not leel the oppressiveness of the tax. It had, however, trecome 10 odious aud unpopular, that it had been renewed only provi-iionaliy, and was now submitted to the clitical scrutiny 01 a committee upstairs. The feeling ef the house in lespect to direcl t x-tion was, therefore, scarcely more encouraging than as to indirect taxation. At a member ii the property tax committee, he could say that they had received the amplest evidence from the ablest practical men as 10 subjecting income. of a temporary anil a permanent character 10 the same rales of a^sea^nteol but, it their suggestions were adop ed, he was sure thai schedule* A, B, and C, would not be less odious than schedule D. There was another point upon which the committee was almost unani mous, namely, that if taiation of this character was to form a permanent feature of the system of finance of this couniry, it could not rest upon a system of exemptions. Direct Uxatinn should be nearly as uoiversal in its application ti8 indireci tax- ation. But he could not shut his eyes to the fact of the abolition, last session, of one of the most considerable sources of direct taxation, by the repeiil of the window duties, which had sacrificed nearly f2,000,000, and the substitution of a house duty, which, by touching only 400,000 houses out of 3,500,000. practically announced that direct taxation, was intolerable, unless based upon a large sy-iem of exemptions. 'i he House hiving disapproved of all the three methods of raising revenue, he came now to consider the exact stale of the income and expenditure of the country. The late Chancellor of the Exche- quer had estimated the amount of 'he income for the year endiog 5'h ef April last, at £ 52.140,000; but the actual income was £5246B,317, exceeding the estimate by £340.000, no'uiiih- s'and nti a large remission of taxes. The Customs, estimated at £ 20,400,000, had yielded £20 673.000; the Extise, estimated at £14,000,000, had turned out £14543000; the Stamps, taken at 16 3i0,0n0, had produced jE6,346,000, for the taxes, calculated to give £ 4 348 000, owing to the repeal of the win. dow duties, only £3,691,000 had been received; the Piopt-riy nnd Income-lax, estimated at £5,830,000, had realised f5,283,000 the Post Office, instead ot £ 830,000 had pro- duced £1.056000; the Woods, estimated atftSOOOO. had yielded £ 190,000 the miscellaneous receipts aod old Mores, which had been estimated at £ 712,000, had produced £ 082,000. The estimated expenditure had been £ 50,247,000; the actual fXpenditure was £ 50,291 000. i he estimated expenditure for the current year, ending in April, 1853, was £ 51.163 979. namely, Debt and Ch«rgtsoo Consolidated Fund, £30,550,000, A>my, £ 6,491,893; Navy (including packet service), £ 6 493,000; Oidnance, £2,437.000; Civil Estimates, i.4,182 086 K"lfir War, £ 660,000; Militia, £ 350,000— total, £ 51,163 979. He now c ame to the sources of supply, and he took the r respective amounts as follow :-Custom, £ 20 572 000; Excise. £14,604000; Stamps, £6,339000; Taxes, i3 090 000; Property-lax (half a year) X2,641,500 Post Office. £ 9-38,000; Words, £ 235,000; Misce^nnenus, £260,000; 0 d Stores. £ 400,000—total income, J46 983,500. This would leave a deficiency of £ 2,180,479; but, without the moify of the Properiy-tax, the deficiency in 18£;3 would amouut Io £ 4,820,000. If that tax bad been continued for two years instead of one, its produce in the year ending the 5'h of April, 1853, might be estima ed at £ 5.1 £ 7 000, which would make the whole estimated income of the year 1852-53, 151,625,000, and as the estimated expenditure was X51,163 979, tttere would be then a surplus of income over expenditure of £ 461,021. It appeared to her Majesty's Ministeis that the course which, under the circum-tances, they should recurnmend-one which no prudent man, he thought, could hesitate in ildopling-was the continuance of the Property and Income-tax for a limited period. They would not shrink from the task of surveying the whole system of finance, with the hope of inducing the bouse to come to some clear and decided opinion as to the principles on which the public revenue should be raised. It would have beeo, he observed io conclusion, mo e agreeable to him to relieve the industry c\f tha country, and to attempt a fair adjustment of taxation upon right principles but his duty was only to place fairly before the house the condition of the public finances, and to offer the advice which her Majesty's Government had elt it their duly to tender. He accordingly moved a resolution to the effect that the Property and Iacome-tax be continued for one year. A lengthened discussion ensued, after which the motion was agreed to, and the house resumed. The Highway Rates bill was passed through Committee. The remaining business on the paper having been disposed of, the house was adjourned at halUpasl twelve o'clock until Monday. MONDAY. Sir J. Pakiogton obtained laave to briog in a bill for granting a iepresentative constitution 10 New Zealand. He obaerved that it was one of the most interesting of the British colonies, and deserved a constitution. After entering into its early history and progress, he stated most fully bit views of the intended franchise to be granted. It was proposed that the central legislature should consist of a governor and a non- elective body to be nominated by the Crown, the duration of the parliament of this central legislature to be five years, while the provincial councils would be elected for five years. The Upper Chamber would consist of not less than ten, nor more than fifteen members, and its sets are to override those of the provinces. It was further proposed that there should be a civil list. At present it amounted to £ 12,000 a-year, and il was not inlended to increase it. An additional sum of 17000 a-year would be reserved for native purposes, and geneially to such other purposes as may lend to promote the interest or increase the happiness of the people. The management of the Crown lands would be reserved to the Central Legitlattre in the manner proposed by Ihe late Government. Iherewascntyone other point which he need refer to, and that was the Lower Chamber of the Colonial Legislature. It wis proposed that it should be elective, each pr vtnciat council having power to aend three delegates to be returned for five years, and this central legislature would be empowered to make changes in the consti- tution, subject of course to the approval cf the Ciown. Haviog gone through Ihe principal features of the measure, he concluded by hoping the House would allow the bill ultimately to be passediotoa law, believing, as he did, that it came wiihin those necessary measures which the Government were pledged to introduce during the present session. Leave granted. Mr. Cjbden, on the motion that the House should go into comrniUee oo the Militia Bill, proposed an amendment to the effect that a return should be made of the Qit\at force of this country now abroad, with a view to bring home as much of that force as might be available, prior to adventuring upon any such measures as the Government proposed by the iMilitia Bill. The hon. member made a Jo"ng speech on his motion, showing that the great majority obtained by the Government on the previous reading, was in DO way composed of the representatives of the large centres of indusuy and intelligence while the mioority was composed largely of that class; and, also, that the voice of the country bad been pretty loudly expressed against the measure, in the eight or nine hundred petiiions which had been p esented. A long and animated debate ensued, which was adjourned to T uesday. The Registration of Births, Deaihs, and Mutriages Bill having been read a second time, end the other otderaof the day disposed of, the House adjourned. TUESDAY. The Merthyr Tydfil Water Woiks Bill was considered and agreed to. The Attorney Generlil sdid that in the event of the Grand Juries Abolition Bill being read a second time, be should move that it be referred to a select committee. The Chancellor of the Exchequer said ihsl on Monday he should a^k for leave lo biing ia a bill to assign the seats vacated by the disfranchisement of St. Albans and Sudbury. The debate on the Militia Bill was resumed. Mr. Cobden's amendment to the Bil!, was lost by a majority of 209. J The House agreed to go into committee on the Bill and the chairman havmg reported progress, aud obtained reave to sit aRcin on i bursday, the House adjourned. EDNESDAY. The Tenant Right (Ireland) Hill was lost, upon the second reading by a majority of 119, (fftt;r which, the House adjourned.
THE BUDGET. TO IHE EDITOR OF THE IUOHNINC CHRONICLE. Sir,—The "Iate" Protectionists ate aghast at. the confessione of their Chancellor of the Exchequer. His financial statement was neither OIOle nor Jess than an unequivocal testimony to the merits of the ifnancial and corrnieictal policy of the tale Sir Robert Peel. lie actually went out of bis way to answer the fallacies promulgated by the leadinp organs of the Government, touching the alleged taliinq-off of the income-lax. But he faintly sanctioned the Piotectioni-t creed in one respecr. He prophesred that rents and farmers' profits would decline for a period. But what of that 1 Did not ihe Whigs go farther? i )id ificy not actually in,ert a recognition of agricultural distress in the Queen's Speech ? And did not Lord Derby distinctly state at Bury that if the pvople at large prospered under free- trade, whilst some partial suffering fell to the lot of the agriculturists, he, for one, should endeavour heartily to rejoice at it. The cheers which hailed the fiist Caucasian I udget came principally from the Opposition benches. And well ihey might. The greater part of ft,' r. Disraeli's statements relating to the improved condition of the finances were borrowed, without acknowledgment, from Mr. G. C. Lewis's pamphlet. Your very obedient servant, April a0. ANII-HUMBUO.
An EXTRAORDINAziy DRAMA.—Lolla Monte* has engaged a young literary gentleman of New England, son of Mrs. Ware, one of our somewhat celebrated poetesses, to write a sort of epic drama for her, embodying the principal events of her wayward life, and introducing into the play the eminent cllaractHs with whom slip. has been brought Ifl contact. It will be in fhe acts, the first two embracing lier European life, in which will appear, as leading characters, Louis I ex King of iiararia his son, Maximilian II.; Count Pepin, private secretary 10 Louis Lieutenant lleald and his maiden aunt; fOugeue Sue; Dujanier, editor of Le Siccle. and other Parisian literary characters. In the thud act will be introduced Kossuth • Prince Bobo, tattooed in his native Aliican style; Hoarse is (ireeley, attired in the identical white cont; little Raymond, of the Times, and NJ. Arpinin, of the Cowrier des Etats Uuia. Of course Lola will play the leading role herself, THH LATE MR. W. Bean.—On Tuesday last, al the early age of 23, Mr. William Bean, oneof the tdllors of the Liierpnol Albim, passed into eternity. The deceased was the youngest sou of the late Mr. Thomas Bean, founder, editor, and prpptietor of the Albion, and to say that he was worthy of such a father, is to pay like highest possible compliment to both. 'I lie manage- ment of the paper now devolves on his sirn larlv-gift. d brothers, long associated with him in the editorial department. The lamented deceased has left a widow and infant rfuuphter to mourn his memory.-Liverpool Journal. [ We copy the lo. eJimz tilbote to the memory of a rarely-pifieH youih, the ^ore willingly for its generous and unselfish nature, so free as it is from the personal jealousy which too often exists between journalists ill the same city, and of the same politics ] Since the great fiie in Holme Fen, another of as;inil ir nature has taken place on the farm of Mr. Giffuid, of Wood W alton Fen. On Friday last it was perceived that the fire had ignited the upper and under strata of .some ground which was being cleared, spreading in all directions, and o rapid was its progress that all attempts to stay it were of little avail, chiefly thiough the great scarcity of water, drains and ditches being dry. The fire spread for more than a mile, although entrenchments were dug to arrest its progress, and it was not till Saturday afternoon that a mastery was effected. Gilland belonging to Earl Fitz-. william, 237 acres have been burnt, with everything growing /'ie ',u'l(''n £ s, corn-stacks, and stock were saved. Mr. T. Baker had 164 acres of productive land burnt to ashes, til some places to three or four-feet in depth-slock saved. At Mr. Ilailey's farm, ot March, the destruction was not confined to the land a large watei mill, three haystacks, and immense piles of turf for fuel were burnt to the ground partly insured, bill not to half the injury done. The farm in the occupation of Mr. Gifford has for this season at least been rendered valueless; alt hiegrowinncropsdestroyed. Mr Goodliffesuffered greatly, most of his young wheats hurnt besidesmany smaller occupiers of land, who are by this dire calamity reduced lo beggary. The injury at present it is impossible to calculate with certainty, yet the lowest computation pu's it at more than £0000. GENERAL ROSAS was received at Plymouth with honours uncalled for, at the least. Of this man, the Times says Blood flowed by his commands as fregly as water, and the extermina- tion ol his political adversaries was for years the ddily business of his government. But this blood was shed neither on the scaffold nor on the field. Theapproachofhismuteawasmore stealthy-the blow was struck more inentably. We quote the words of one who was not his enemy, when "e say that he visited the city of Buenos-Ayres like a destroying angel. His daggec struck his victims from behind an inscrutable and impenetrable shield. No man felt himself safe. No man went to bed with the assurance that he should be permitted to sleep out the night -for, like the fiercer animals, the night was his time of counsel and of action. N itlier friendship, relationship, past, service, nor even obscurity, was a secure protection from his mortal vengeance; and he only ceased to strike when the inordinate fear lie had inspired sat like Death upon the people, and ren- dered them absolutely prostrate to his will. And yet this man of blood and crime, an English Government debases itself to honftar How different the reception it gives to a Kossuth or a Mazzin; ALARMING OCCURRENCE AT THE ROYAL ACADEMY.— bout mid-day on Saturday a very alarming Occident, which might have been attended with the most disastious conse- quences, occurred in the apartments occupied by the Royal Academy, in the National Gallery. It appears that among the preparalions for the banquet in the evening, was the arrange- ment of a large number of gas-jets near the roof of the saloon where the dinner took place. Beneath these jets a large sheet of strained canvass was extended, in order to shut out the glare from the pictures on the walls. The man in charge of the gas was in the act of testing its action wtien a small quantity of ignited spirits of wine fell upon thecanvas,and in an instant the whole was in a blaze. Happily the fragile frame and the canvas were soon consumed, and, beyond the mischief occasioned by the desttuctionofthe taMecloths,and part ofthe dinner parapherna- lia where the debris fell,no damage happened.—Sunday Timet. '< What is the value of a ton of turnip;-?" is a question which has frequently been discussed. On a trial in the Doncaster County Court the other day, the value of an acre of turnips sold and eaten off the ground, was settled at JE5. 10s. LIVERPOOL, APRIL 30.—Within the last 36 hours moretban 100 sail of ships from foreign ports, independently of coasters, have entered the Mersey. More than 50 vessels, the great ma. jority from American ports. have arrived within the last 18 hours. LIVERPOOL, MAY 1.—The screw steaiu-ship, Great Britain, Matthews commander, sailed from the Mersey at 9 10 A.M. to- day for New York, amidst the cheers of thousands of persons assembled on the pier-heads to witness her departure. She took out 180 passengers, and, judging from the rate at which she steamed to Holyhead. there is no doubt she will make a very fine run out. She was off the Ormshead, distant about 33 miles from the Rock Lighthouse, in twohoursand50minutea; and passed Holyhead, a distance of 60 miles, in five hours and 50 minutes, and that, too, with a N.W. wind. ADVERTISEMENT.—An extraordinary cure of an Ulcerated Leg, by Holloway's Ointment and Pills.—Extract of a letter from Mr. Eastwood, of No. 4, Msrvell-street, Hull, to Professor Holloway :-$' Sir-For two years I was grievously afflicted with a bad leg, which was/ull of ulcers. I applied to several doctors and took their remedies, but without the least good; at length, happily for me, I procured some of your Ointment and Pills from Mrs. Noble, of this town, which had the effect of curing my leg in a brief space of time, in gratitude for which 1 make this.case known, in the hope that others may derive benefit by adopting a similar course."
h °a wgs reduced to the necessity of sleeping in but if Liverpool, aod often hid nothing to eai lielndiT k8 Pegged for. He was engaged io the Isabella, Weil jjtilot *?aD» a* 1 sea boy. Hard labour, night and day, was his oifc«f veil ° °De voy*§ei out a crew °' thirty-five, seventeen died tb'etch V '6Ver' aut* awo'!e 0Qfl moining wi,h a dead man on tbtittm ? °' ~*1 hey had died uoseen and uoobsei ved in their 4 In rnmocks lit nighl. In 1834; he was promoted to be second a a ^ear was S'1'P wrecked, and had both legs and Jji'he J0* ^en. 1° 1835, he was made chief mate. In 1836, hishe ,$ appointed to the command of the Olive Branch, his age d^Per^ '^511 ooiy nineteen end a half years. He was up the jif^njod'o80 H W'1'1 ^'S sh'P 'D unt^er ''ie command of Com- B'1 Ihe iclie«, was cut down there by a sabre wound across D0Mho|C the enemy that dealt the blow, with a pistol diMo ih n 6 re,lre<' from 'he sea in 1840. and was appointed agent tt'He! 6 e 8I'6 ^den C°a' Company in 1841. Maned, in 1842, rto^HetD wa,'» *isiei to the present L ird Provost of Glasgow. T^Doit'aS l'16 means °f ge,l'ng Hartlepool made an independent With' 9|!ar,et' DeW c'oc'" a°d wharves, and io 1844, left the place 8 bro Ji 01 mar'is of lhe energy which he and otheis had cc^soul ° f nf>roveme°t—though he was the life and iWered Mr L'ndsay removed ro London, and en- tl bu»i °n l^e e*Port coal and shipping lr»de, and by 1847, his n a linen was Worth £lO,QOO per annum uett. In 1849, he took f Part ner r L'D^say is a s;ood speaker-his style is easy, and |j ()°,Ce and clear, and his indomitable energy, aided _r l:eP',eated Convictions, and earnest aspirations for the iru- j" say enaeot °f his fellow-nun, i#part vitality and force to all lie t hours '1SS e<*ucate(l himself during the spare evening VOL'bours, and, nt'wvithslancing his busy engagements, he lirs, of ,j(l wl: ?ea,s< written various pamphlets and letters on questions sbin conce,n 'be shipping interest. In 1851, he published a ilf Mon'"8 WOrk" 0:1 ,he 2:id of APri,« 1852' he contested the i° li •' R naouthihire boroughs against C. Bailey, Eiq., supported by "s( 541 "S!ocr4,'c houses of Beaufort and Tredegar. lie polled 'l# «tr»r*°<e8' ^'le COH'es' C08' him £ 300. He was beaten b; natii meaQ» at a cost to his opponent of £ 12,000. He has the return °1 Mr Bailey. IBj^ the isiy £ ,,ve a history of his business affairs, in order thai 111 Dartmouth might understand his position. He own* all of the highest A. 1. class. He insured in his 11 If the j,a4rne' 88 8Q underwriter, last year, £ 2,800,000. Among year C7nft°f '8S' year's business, he states that he chartered, last i p,||' | Ships, to and from all parts of the world, but princi- rtif year n(^a aD(* '^e Mediterranean. Hi* house insured last H tract* ,<ers upwards of £ 3,200,000; shipped, as con- "hl porte°dU' ton9 coa'si 150,000 tonscf iron. They im- > half 10 t*1e'r 'hips, as biokeis, in one yesr, one million and a £ 500^0006 3 ^ra'n' I'hey turn over, as shippiDg bankers, '8 Pr^fT ^e,a''s we 'ia?e ',at' ^rom L > n d a y personally. He "u7 indus|U He thinks that bis example may promote t) is rei peiseverance under difficulties, and he §e i the 10 U5e "ie Povver he has so righteously acquired, fo hi> fello* man. In person he is about five feet seven '"if the n' th!1 4 "M'e 'w'01 "s'ew" as the sailors would call it, in U'i «nd s'iDU'<'er' His frame is wiry and elastic—his eye, keen d 1 .—is features good—expression, frank and intelligent bt tpW'( 'he#irof a self reliant and confident man. 11 is health U^J th u* l° ')e rohu«t, and his active spirit is caged in a sound go"? ougn »omewhat battered frame.— Western Times. aI)f