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THE HEART—THE HEART!

TO A SISTER.

COLOUR IN DRESS.

-.---FACEIM

Newport Town Council Meeting.

THE IRON TRADE OF AMERICA.

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THE IRON TRADE OF AMERICA. Forty-five of the sixty-two couoties of Pennsylvania contain irou-woik*, aDd nine others cootnio iron and cllal within ih if limiis. Berks couoty has 41 iron-works; Lancaster, 30; Clarion, 30; Huntingdon, 28; Bliir, 27; Chester, 25; Venanago, 21; Columbia, 20; Centre, 20; Armstrong, 18; total in 10 counties, 260. The following is the amount of fixed capital invested in the following 10 connties Allegheny, 1,8.37 000 dolls; Atmstrong, 1,388,000 dolls Lancaster, I 273.000 dolls Chester, 1.248.000 dolls; Berks, 1.231,000 dolls; Clarion, 1,221.000 dot's; Cotumbia, 1,107 000; Blair, 922,000; Huntingdon, 896 000 Lmetoe, 702,000 dolls- II 825,000. At the time this investigation was made the total number of furaacet in operation was 304. The aggregate in. vestment in real estate amounted to 11,921.576 their capacity was to make 559,959 tons. The make in 1847 was 389,350 tons; io 1849, 243.370 tons; in 1850, 198,843 tons. Of the whole number of furnaoea io the State (304) 144 were out of blast on the 1st of May, 1850. Still later, on the let of Not vember of the same year. 167 furoartes, or 56 per cent, were out of bleat j 15 furnaces were eold by the sheriff, in the first four months of 1850, and other sales under execution have since taken place. A comparison of the make of 1851 with that of 1847 shows a decrease of 190,537 1001, or 49 per cent., in three yearw. Assuming that Pennsylvania makes one-half of all the iron produced in the Union, which is regarded as a fair estimate, the above rate of decresse would give 381,074 tons for the whole Union, or about 1000 tons mote than the amount of iron sod manufactures of iron and steel imported for that year. In the manufacture of railroad iron a similar decline is visible. In 1847, 40,966 tous of rails were made in 1849, but 18.973 —showing a decline in two years of 21,993 tons, or 54 per cent. The other rolling mills are almost solely engaged in manufacturing boiler-plates and cut nails, which have not been so seriously affected by foreign competition as some other branches. There are 606 nails machines in the Stale they pro. duce about 606,000 kegs, or 30,000 tons per year. There are 13 establishments in the State for the conversion of steel they produce about 6078 tona per annum. The total Dumber at- iron-works of all kinds in the State is 504; the capital invested is 20,502,016 doll*.

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