THE HEART—THE HEART! THE heart-the heart I oh let it be A true and bounteous thing; As kindly warm, as nobly free, ■; As eagle's nestling wing. Oh! keep it not, like miser's gold, Shut in from all beside But let its p,ecious stores unfold, In mercy, far and wide. The heart-the heart that's truly blesS Is never all all its own No ray of glory lights the breast That beats for self alone. The heart—the heart! 011 t let it spare A sigh for others' p:1Ïn The breath that soothes a brother's care Is never spent in vain. And though it throb at gentlest touch, Or Sorrow's faintest call, 'Twere belterit should ache too much, Than never ache at all. The heart—the heart that's truly blest. Is never all its own No ray of glory lights the breast That beat3 for self alone. ELIXA COOK.
TO A SISTER. OH, MY EILY OV, my sister Teaching ever what is right, Truthful less >ns—precious treasures. Far more beautiful thalllight. No Aspisia's tongue is thine, bva; Thou no I)rule-no scolding quean; But thou knowest woman's duty, And thou dost the same, I ween. Purity is thine, and sweetness, Great gcod sense and love of lore; Half Minerva, half Griselda- Cheerful, pious-who asks more 1 Sweetest maiden bathfcd ever In the poet's purest springs, Thy young spirit keeps its whiteness," Light around our hearth it flings. God, the giver of the flowers, Planted beauteous ones and good In thy bosom-all are blooming- Thanks, great bardic brotherhood ? Thou has fed on Fiction's pastures, Drank the stream of History; Their great truths thy soul have nourished.— Rocks and shoals they marked for thee. Bless ye, holy bards and sages. Ye who till the minds of men Souls enlighten d, homes made happy, Lands uplifted, cry Amen Tipperary. A. O'L.
COLOUR IN DRESS. LET us note lie colouis on the dresses of the first six ladies we meet. What do we see first ? a fancy straw bonnet, lined and trimmed with rose colour, an orange shawl, and a lilac muslin dress. the next wears a blue llonnel, lilac visite, and pink dress. A third has a violet bonnet, pink bows inside, sky-blue strings, and a green veil. Now we follow a lady in a cool muslin dress, a while shawl chequered with peach bios- morn and green, the bonnet peach blossom trimmed simply wi:b ruches of nirrow tulle. Here, our companion exclaimed is an exception to yourgeneralrule -it is impossible that two colours could be better contrasted or harmonised. Stay, we replied let its see the lady's face, and ascertain whether the same harmony is preserved throughout the costume. We ac- cordingly quickened our pace, passed the lady, looked in her face, and saw—bright amber-coloured bows inside her lilac bonnet, and broad strings of yellow ribbons with a stripe The very thought of such a combination of colour sets one's teeth 01 edge. Who comes next ? A Quaker lady, with her elose and prim drab silk bonnet lined with white, which is threw i.into shadow by the close fb.m of the bonnet, and is se parated Iron, her fine complexion by her smooth bands of hair, and the neat ruche of gauze; she wears a drab silk dress. and a plain white sl>a*I, offer which is turned a collar of the whitest and most transparent lawn. It is positively a relitfto the eye to rest upon the quiet dress of this lady, after the thock it has received from the inharmonious contrasts we have just described. Formal and s:itf. as the bonnet worn by the ladies belonging to the sect of Friends is in shape, we cannot for a moment as to hesitate which is the most lady-like and becoming dress indeed, it is somewhat difficult to imagine that Q i k r ladies, who have the use o' their eyes, hare never, between the days of George Fox and our own time, made the importint discovery that the semi neutral colours which thev so geneta ly adopt are becoming to the complexion. If this were not the fact, why should Titian, Vandyck. and other gteat painters, introduce a drab coloured scarf or veil around the bust of single figures, and in contact with the skin 1 and why should this contrivance be adopted by modem painters also ? It is known that the effect of the drab scarf is to maVe the flesh tints look brighter by contrast A few general ob- servation.) connected with the subject of colour, as applied to dress, occur to us. We shall mention the fo lowingBlack and daik dre-ses have the effect of making the persons wear. ing them appear smaller than they really are for this reason they are 8«,table for s'out persons The skme may be ob- f u resPpc' fo black shoes, which diminish the apparent tize Ot the loot. The contrary effect takes place with r.gatd to whit. and light coloured dresses, which make people look larger than they really are. Very stout persons should, there- fore, dress in black and dark colours. Large patterns make the figure look shorter, without diminishing the apparent size. The immense patterns which are now so much the fashion, are only tit for wndow 01 bed curiainj, or, at least, for a lady or gigsn ic proportion5, who wears a hoop. Longitudinal stripes, in dress if not too wide, are considered to add to the height of the figure; they may, therefore, be worn with good effect by poisons of low stature. Horizontal stripes have a contrary effect, and are far from graceful.—Art Journal.
FACEIM havp dpviJUfES Fi°R Tr*E ^IL.ITIA*—The non-resistance patty have devised a plan for cutting out the Minni6 Rifle. The tailors-whose zeal for the defence of their native land is uni- form-are to form throughout the country, corps of sharp- shooters, who will be armed with the Needle Gun. The ball of this terrific weapon is to be of cotton, and the needle gun is to be charged with a thimble. Should the French invade us, Our heroes, arising on every side from their shopboards, will march upon them with the goose step, determined either to new their foes up with cotton, or to be themselves worsted in the attempt This mode of providing for the national safety has been devised by the advocates of non-resistance, in order to carry out their wise and magnanimous views on the principle of "a stich in time. Pitneh. THE EARL OF DERBY'S DIGGINGS.—Various important re- flections are suggested by the statement of Lord Derby, in his speech at Goldsmith's Hall, that be had discovered a British mine, yielding abundance of gold in the form of statesmen. The first is a familiar proverb, which may be illustrated by the re- mark that what pretends to be gold, turns out sometimes to be brass. Some may think that the Premier has rather disco- vered a. mare's nest-or the nest of another quadruped-than a gold mine. Among the officers of state there is a gold stick but we have yet to learn whether or not the Derby cabinet is simply composed of sticks of an ordinary kind. Perhaps his lordship has discovered the philosopher's stone, and has thus been enabled to convert certain leaden ore into a field of pre- cious metal; and, if country gentlemea may be regarded as pigs of lead, he may be considered to have driven his pigs to a pretty market; at least the pigs themselves will th nk so, should that market turn out to be Free Trde. The noble earl's alacrity at turning things to gold reminds us of Midas, and the resemblance may perhaps be thought to be completed by the style of jokes that he has got lately into the habit of making after dinner. We agur favorably from this disposition to jocu- larity. ft promises that his lordship will become aFree Trader perceiving Protection to be no joke. At least he will see that JAZZ'S MnZ Z 0(k™»ment°1,5tl £ 0''i- JSX 'Zmss&sr„ PUN UPON DUN.—On Sir James Eyre admonishing a natient upon one occasion for his supposed habit of eating too fast and telling him that bolting" the food was a bar"' to diges- tion, he said, You speak ironically.' doctor A bookselling friend in Rome had in his warehouse many eopies of a work which was unnecessarily prolix, and he said get throSU2li it !USC M & ^"ieade,as no man living could ever A traveller on a journey having lost his way, observing a herd boy lying on the grass, asked-" Which is the way to ?" AO which the reply was given by the boy merely lifting up one Of his legs, and saying-, '< That way!" « Well," exclaimed the m. i £ 'ir?Ck Zhh the 8ingular laziness of the boy, « show 41 Weel th *kan that, and I'll give you half-a-crown." into mr pouch!" Was the reply. told of many lea^iT fol.lo.wulS anecdote, which has been told of many learned men, originated with the painter Barrett. .His only pets were a cat and a kitten, its progeny A friend ™rZeTp mid8, Xh6 ,u0tt0nQ door, Sed him for what purpose he made them three. Barrett said it was for his cats to go in and out.^ repljed his friend, would not one do for both You silly man, answered the painter, how could the big cat get into the litle hole?" "But," said his friend, "could not the little one go through the big hole?" thaf Bald Barrett' 80 she could' but 1 never thought of WELL MANAGBD.-A:well-known:manager, whose:name need not be given, was put to his wit's end, by the receipt of a letter from his principal Tenor, to the effect that he would not sing that evening, unless the previous week's salary were paid in- stanter. The exchequer was empty. However, about five in the evening, a messenger brought post haste, to the singer, a note, enclosing a cheque for £ 20. It was just after banking flours, and just in time to save the evening's performance. The singer, restored to good humour, appeared, and went through his part as usual; and, presenting the cheque at the bankers next morning, found- no effects,—Cocks'Murical Mhcellany.
Newport Town Council Meeting. TUESDAY. t The quaiterly meeting of the Town Council was held at th' Town Hall; present, H. J. Davis, Esq, mayor, chairman Messrs Hughes, llomfray, Latch, Renoie, Burlon, Townsend, Mullock, Edward. Williams, Jenkins, Dowling, Knapp, Llewellm, Batchelor, Evanl, Dnies, Iggulden, and Turner. The Town Clad, read the minutes of the committee meetings, held since the last quarterly meeting of the council, and said as Mr English had presented his last report, it would perhaps bd received at once by the council.—This was agreed to. Mr Batchelor said the committee appointed to confer with the Caaal Company, as to the intended crossings of the public streets, &c, had a report ready for presentation, through Mr Williams, the surveyor. Before this matter was entered upon, however, The Town Clerk said he had written to Mr Thomas, farmer, respecting the application recently made for costs incurred by P.C. Bith, io a case directed by the former persan. No reply had been received. Mr Townsend stated that Mr Lgwi,.i, if present, would be enabled to make out a good case for Mr Thomas, who really did not appear responsible as to the costs. Mr Llewellm wished to know the amount of the Board of Health rate uncollected. The Town Clerk could not state the sum at that moment, as the collector was not present. Mr Llewellin observed that the members of the council cams there to ascertain the state of affairs and it was desirable when a question as to their financial position was asked, their officer should be there, prepared to answer it. Mr Renoie suggested that the total amount the rate was cal. culated to produce, should stand at the head of the account; and then it would be seen, from the entries of receipts below, what balance remained uncollected. Other members expressed their approval of this plan and Mr Llewellio moved, Mr Rennie seconded, and it was resolved That the amounts and dates of the last rate be placed in IC. counts for the future." The Town Clerk said this practice was uniformly adopted in the ledger, as appeared, on its production. The Suiveyor, being called upon by Mr Batchelor, then read the report of the committee appointed to confer with the Canal Company, as to the intended railway crossings, to the Dock- street terminus, in Mill-street, High-street, &c. 271h April, 1852. Meeting, King's Head :—Present,Messrs Homfray.Batchelor, Reooie, Lyne, and Harrison and Mr A Williams, town sur- veyor, on behalf of the Council. MILL-STREET Mr Hennie proposed; on behalf of the com- mittee, that the "Inclination of the roadway, at Mill-street, if altered on west side of bridge, be not less than one in thirty, and if altered on east side of bridge, not worse than at present. HIGII-STUEET.—That the road at High-street, if altered, Ilull be level on the west side of the railway, within the part altered, and not worse in inclination on the east side.—That a continuation of Market-street be provided 30 feet wide, from the point where limiis of deviation cross Market street to High- street, near Masters's shop, in lieu of the road along the canal side. ROADS TO WHARFS.—That the level crossing and bridge over the c3nal to the Moderator Wharf and Ebbw Vale, be main tained. Mr Rennie proposed that the company should give the public a road, of about 22 feet wide, from Skinner-street to Llaoarih-street, along side of railway or canal. The com- mittee proposed to withdraw any opposition to clause for taking off restriction as to position of station, if other points were conceded. The Town Clerk then read the following letter, from the com- pany's solicitors:— Bristol, 1st May, 1852. DEAR SIR,— We believe that you ere professionally con- cerned in the petition of the corporation of Newport, against this bill, and we therefore beg to inquire what course the pe- titioners intend to take. The parliamentary committee appointed on the 16th ultimo, to conduct the bill, have carelully considered the siipulations proposed to Mr Harrison, and advised with Their parliamentary agents thereon, and they cannot consent to introduce any clauses in their bill, to meet these stipulations. They trust that the corporation will rely on tbeir making the works, in the best way to suit public convenience, and in every respect in conformity with the Lands and Railway Clauses Consolidation Acts. We shall be iu committee, on Tuesday, the 18th inst, and therefore request the favour of aa early communication. We are, dear sir, yours truly, "SAVERY, CLARE, AND CO. Thomas Woollett, Esq, Solicitor, "Newport Moomoulhshile," Mr Rennie suggested that the meeting should now proceeded to discuss the question, whether they should oppcae the com- pany or not. Some coovijriiiioa having anaued, respecting the gradient* which would be caused by the several crossings, Mr Rennie said, that as one of the parties deputed to confer with the company on this matter, he solicited rhe allenlloo of the meeting for a few minutes, He wished to make a few ob servations on the purposed alterations of roads, &c, by the com. pany, and the requiiements of the council committee. But filSl, he would observe, that he was not factiously opposed to the bill or the company, in this matter. (Hear, hear.) He then pro reeded to show that the proposed crossings at Mill-streei aod High-street, were objectionable in regard to the levels which would be made, and the gradients likely to be caused in the ap- proaches thereto, especially in High-street; and stated that if the company deprived the public of the road which now led from the canal bridge in High street, along the side of the canal to the British school, where it led to the market, and ihus formed an important public road, the company ought certainly to substitute « new road for it, next to Mr Master's prem;ses, along by the Steam Packet Ion, and so on to the market. Now, the company might say the Lands Consolidation Clauses Act, would compel them to provide a road for any road they should take away, provided the former had been a public road. It might be set up in this case, peihaps, that the road in question, had not been a public one. But he thought it had looj; enough been a public thoroughfare, to make it a road in which the public had a vested right; and whether they were entitled to have a new road substituted for it, and whether they would claim it. he would leave the meeting to say. The Mnyor My opinion is, we are entitled to it, and ought to have it and when 1 saw Mr Harrison on the subject, he raised nc objection on the point. Mr Rennie thought so likewise. Then as to Skinner-street- he thought the corporation had a right, if not for a highway, at least for a footpath but it was necessary to look after it at present, before too late. For it surely would be better 10 secure whatever right of the town were involved, at present, rather than by a cosily proceeding hereafter, before the Lord Cbancellor or other expensive tribunal. The Mayor believed there never was a public road from Skinner-street down the side of the canal. Mr Llewellio thought there was a clause in the old act of the company, that those roads of the company should be considered as easements, &c. Air. Homfray said there was power obtained by the act re- ferred to, to uke tolls of the public for horses crossing and pass- ing over the company's roads and this was to all intents prt- serving the rights of roads in the company. Mr Jenkins observed that it would appear, the public having obtained rights by encroachments, the meeting intended to ask the company not merely to confirm those lights, but also to sub- stitute new roads lor those of the company, which were taken Itfr their o-a purposes. Mr Rennie said they should alsoask for a road to be preserved to the public for crosstog to the Moderator Wharf. Mr Jenkins thought there was no dispute about that. Mr Rennie said the. notwithstanding it might not be dispu'ed there was nothing in the plan, or in the clauses, to show thai I such crossing was preserved to the public and unless it WHS propeily understood at present, it would be too late to see about it when the ri-,ilway was made. And then as to Cross-siteet- there was another public road there, crossing the company's properly Mr Homtray That is an old parish road-one of the easements." Mr Reooie proceeded: They wanted the company to give the corporation two roads into lown, as level II I bey were at pre- sent and the new road to the market iot ead of thereat by the canal side which the railway would oceupy as well as a roadway from Skiuzker-otreet to Llonarth-strest. There waa a road at present from Skinner-street, along in front of Mr Batchelor premises, and down to the entrance of Friar's Fields, wido enough for a can; then followed a peice of road which could only be used as a footpath for a short distance and then again a roadway wide enough for a cart to the bottom of Llsnarth-street. Well, they asked the company to give them, for ibis public way, a new toad 22 feet wide from one street to another. They understood from Mr Xiyne, the agent for Mr Herbert, that the land for a roadway from Dock-street to Llanarth-s'reet, would be given to that gentleman by the com- pany and they now asked the company to give them a con- tinuation of that road, to Skinner-street, as well. Mr Jenkins: Mr Herbeit exchanged—foot for foot of land. Mr Rennie: But there is only a small portion of the road we ask for, that we are not entitled to. Mr Jenkins You are not entitled to 22 feet all the way. Mi W Evaos: Does Mr Rennie's proposition embrace the corner of Corn street (Mr Edward's officI.) 1 That corner would be requirtd, if the toad was formed from Skinner street. The Mayor: But the canal would diverge just at that point. Mr Homfray, to Mr Jenkins If you fill up the canal, to mnke y'r line, you will not require to lake down the corner, to make a 22 feet roadway. Mr JtJokira The canal my be diverted or filled up, and perhaps not. Whenever the line is made, it will not be for passengers, but only for goods traffic. Mr Rennie thought as the company showed no indications of a disposition to concede anything, the corporation most watch them. He for one, as a member of the council, would allow no railway to pass through the town, without closely watching the interests of the public in refeience thereto. Mr Jenkins observed that the corporation were protected by the Consolidation Clauses Act and in reference to an observation by Mr Rennie, as to proceeding before the Lord Chancellor, remarked that locnl nugistrates might be appealed to, and a penally for the emission of what should have been done, could be daily levied, so long as the wrong remained. The meeting was asking the compauy to mike concessions as la roads which were not known to be public roads; and the company was asked, not only to say they were pubtic, hut to improve them cooside* ably. And at what compensation to the company was this to be done. The corporation «ould not oppose the taking off restriction as to position of stition clause. No other compeosation could be ascertained. 'But that was Dot of moment to the company; for if it could not be obtained, they should let the matter s'and. Toe Mayor IUigelted that the letter of the company's soli- citors did not remove the impression, that whatever advantage could be taken by the the company, would be. (L-iughter.) Nlr. Jitmes Davies thought it was a most iogeuiously-wriiten letter. Mr. Llewellin, in reference to an observation as to the roads in question being public, contended that they were public by common and statute law and the corporation should maintain its rights respecting them. As to proceeding before local magistrates for a remedy, the company might then oppose, and raise the question of right which the local magistrates would say should first be decided, before they could inteifeie. The company were now going to make good roacis for themselves from one eod of the town to the other; and as they would require aome of the corporation roads, they should provide yood 8ubltitutes, and meet the corporation liberally. If a conciliatory course were not admitted by the company, the corporation had no alternative but to oppose them. Mr. Jenkins: Supposing you go before the Commons com- mittee, as to those roads-the committee would not oider the roads to be enlarged. Mr. Llewellin; But surely, they would direct that the roads should be as good as they are at present. Mr. Jenkins If there is any factious difficulty success- fully raised to their through the town, the company loust with- draw the bill, Mr. Rennie would ask Mr. Jenkins-not as one of the com- pany, but as a member of the couflcd-was there anything unreasonable in asking for a road from High-street to the market,in lieu of that which the company would lequire by the canal side ? Mr. Jenkins said if the latter were a public road, then it would not be unreasonable that rhe company should provide another for it. But the matter hioged on Ihe question, whether it was a public road or not. Mr. Llewellin suggested that it would be much cheaper !o oppose the bill now, and thus obtain their rights, than to do so before the Lord Chancellor. Mr. Latch said there had been much discussion on this matter, and he would now piopose that the council confer wi h the company, with a view to an amicable arrangement. He submitted the following resolution alter its amendment by the Mayor:— "That the committee be riqufsled to confer with the Monmouthshire Railway and Cdn..1 Company, respecting the matters referred to in, their report and that th y be authorised to take such steps, and incur such expenses, as they may deem necessary, either by negotiation or opposition iu parliament, for the purpose of obtaining such clauses in the till now before parliament, as they deem espedient for maintaining the rights, and for the safety and benefit, of the public." Mr. James Davies seconded the resolution, and said they could not do better than re-err;power the former gentlemen, who had already been engaged as a committee on the mailer. 1\11. Batchelor remarked that as he had some; private nego- tiations also pending with the company, on his own account, he would suggest that Mr. Llewellin take his place. Mr. Rennie also observed, that as he had been opposed to the company in personal matters, it would be well to substitute another committee-man fur himself. Mr. Dowhng andoibergen,letqen urged that the present com- mittee should continue their ser»:"es, and that Mr. Llewt-llin would be a good auxiliary. Ao immensity of good might hedont- and a severe infliction of expense prevented, by continuing the negotiation—by holding out the olive branch. Mr. Jenkins said the company had not the slightest objection to Mr. Rennie's continuing negotiations on behalf of the coun cil-indeed, they would prefer him to continue. The Mayor said he had heard many members of the canal company speak of Mr. Rennte as having acted in a most straight- forward manner. Mr. Llewellin would serve the committee with great pleasure but he thought all at that board had an equal interest in the affairs of the town, and should not allow private matters to inter- fere with their public duty. On the motion of Mr. Lewis Edwards, seconded by Mr. Thomas, Mr. Llewellin was added to the committee, ltlr. Jenkins said he did not concur i,it the last portion of the report of thf) committee, and should therefore enter his pio- test against it: that if, hereafier, expenses should be incurred by the parliamentary opposition, (which exuenses, lii.e those of windiug up St. Paul's clock, they might find the corporation had no authority to pay), it should not be said he had agreed with the proposition to incur them. A long conversation followed, in which Mr. Latch and other gentlemen urged the advisability, on each tide, of settling the maiter amiably between the aouncil and the company and it was at length arranged that some influential gentlemen of the parliamentary committee of the o mpany, and who were now in the neighbouihood-^namely Mr Prothero, Mr Jenkins, Mr. Conway, &c,, should be met by the council committee on Thursday, when every means should be adopted to tffect an amicable adjustment of the matters in question. Mr. Edward Thomas proposed that the watch committee and other reports should be received nnd confirmed, aLpd that E5 should be given to t)allimore as the rjward offered J)y the watch committee for the conviction of 'he child. tnurdereis." Mr. Moses Scard, amongst the spectators outside the bar, cried out: Gentlemen, I protest against that—it is a most ir. famous thing. Mr. Batchelor: It is a most impudent thing that any one not a member of this board should speak in that manner here. A Councillor: Call the Sergeaot-at- Arms. (A laugh.) Mr. Scard apologised, and the proposition of Mr. Thomas was agreed to. Mr. Llewellin then moved that £ 6 6i-, charged Mr. Lindsay for the use 01 the Town Hall during the late election, should be remitted. The Mayor spoke against the motion, and complained of the matter being brought on, he having arranged with Mr. Llewellin, that as the hall 'Aa3 requited for a private meeting of Mr. Lindsay and his fr ends, the customary charge should be made, as he did not agree with the propriety of allowing either party having the use of the hall gratuitously. A proiracttd and somewhat stormy discussion followed, in which several members protested against the refusal of a public hall for the use of a put-lie meeting during an election, and others contended that the Mayor had exercised a proper dis- cretion in acting as he had. particularly as a motion had been formerly passed and entered on the book, giving a discretionary power, in cases where the room was required, to the Mayor for the time being. No order was made on the question, the motion having been withdrawn and the meeting then adjourned to Saturday to re- ceive the report of the committee deputed to cooler with the Monmourhshire Railway and Canal Company and parliament- ary committee. The bje-laws for the regulation oftodgins-homes and slaugh- ter-houses »ere adopted on the motion of Mr. Tomer, and se- conded by Mr. Latch and the meeting then adjourned.
THE IRON TRADE OF AMERICA. Forty-five of the sixty-two couoties of Pennsylvania contain irou-woik*, aDd nine others cootnio iron and cllal within ih if limiis. Berks couoty has 41 iron-works; Lancaster, 30; Clarion, 30; Huntingdon, 28; Bliir, 27; Chester, 25; Venanago, 21; Columbia, 20; Centre, 20; Armstrong, 18; total in 10 counties, 260. The following is the amount of fixed capital invested in the following 10 connties Allegheny, 1,8.37 000 dolls; Atmstrong, 1,388,000 dolls Lancaster, I 273.000 dolls Chester, 1.248.000 dolls; Berks, 1.231,000 dolls; Clarion, 1,221.000 dot's; Cotumbia, 1,107 000; Blair, 922,000; Huntingdon, 896 000 Lmetoe, 702,000 dolls- II 825,000. At the time this investigation was made the total number of furaacet in operation was 304. The aggregate in. vestment in real estate amounted to 11,921.576 their capacity was to make 559,959 tons. The make in 1847 was 389,350 tons; io 1849, 243.370 tons; in 1850, 198,843 tons. Of the whole number of furnaoea io the State (304) 144 were out of blast on the 1st of May, 1850. Still later, on the let of Not vember of the same year. 167 furoartes, or 56 per cent, were out of bleat j 15 furnaces were eold by the sheriff, in the first four months of 1850, and other sales under execution have since taken place. A comparison of the make of 1851 with that of 1847 shows a decrease of 190,537 1001, or 49 per cent., in three yearw. Assuming that Pennsylvania makes one-half of all the iron produced in the Union, which is regarded as a fair estimate, the above rate of decresse would give 381,074 tons for the whole Union, or about 1000 tons mote than the amount of iron sod manufactures of iron and steel imported for that year. In the manufacture of railroad iron a similar decline is visible. In 1847, 40,966 tous of rails were made in 1849, but 18.973 —showing a decline in two years of 21,993 tons, or 54 per cent. The other rolling mills are almost solely engaged in manufacturing boiler-plates and cut nails, which have not been so seriously affected by foreign competition as some other branches. There are 606 nails machines in the Stale they pro. duce about 606,000 kegs, or 30,000 tons per year. There are 13 establishments in the State for the conversion of steel they produce about 6078 tona per annum. The total Dumber at- iron-works of all kinds in the State is 504; the capital invested is 20,502,016 doll*.
Funeral of the late Rev- D. Rhys Stephen. The mortal remains of Ihe late Rev David Rhys Stephen, were removed from S-vansea to Newport, in a special South Wafes railway carriage, on Friday morning last, and arrived in this town at twenty minutes past ten o'clock. A large number of persons were assembled at the station, awaiting the arrival of 'he traij but in roosequence oflhe train on the Western Valleys railway not arriving till a quarter to eleven o'clock, as many more were yet to come to join the mournful procession, it was not at once formed. It was one of the last expressed wishes of the deceased, that | he Should be buried in the Newport Cemetery, where one or t.0 of his children had previously been interred and, in deference to that wish, his request was strictly complied with. About eleven o'clock, the assemblage of persons who congre- gated about the King's Head and the railway station, was con- siderably tncrefsed several of the relations of the rev. deceased, as well as many of his personal friends, and members of his church, having arrived from Risca, Myoyddytlwyn, Blaina, and oihfr places on the line of the Western Vnlleys railway. The railway authorities had, we understand, in consequence of pre- vious notice, provided additional carnages for the occasion. The relatives of the deceased, and the ministers of the town and cnuo y, were accommodated with waiting rooms at the Klng's Head and the Carpenters' Arms HOlel"and Mr John Lloyd, of the former house, with his usml geuerosity, placed at the command of those who directed the funeral, a hearse and four horses, 10 convey the body to the tomb. Shoitly alter eleven o'clock the hearse was taken to the station. The bearerf, six persons chosen from the congregation at Ahercarn, of which the deceased wo. up 10 his demise, the pastor, then removed the holy from ihe carriage to the hearse, and the melancholy pro. CESSION was formed, in the following order Ministers of the Gospel, between forty and fifty in number. J. Hawkins, Esq, surgeon, and E. Dowling, E-q. THE BODY, 10 a hearse, drawn by four horses. Chief moutneis—Benjamin Stephen, bio^her, and Joseph Harris Stephen, sou oi D. R. S-, Mr Morgan, father-in law, and other relatives. Friends of the deceased, two aud two, followed by a large body 01 the inhabitants of the town and neighbouihood. Several of the shops iu the route of the pro>e*sioa were closed, and a deep gloort, appeared to be cast over the 10wo generally. There were hundreds who could not forget the eloquence of that tongue, now still in di ut h, whiah but a year ago, when the low n- hall was cramoie-i with its thousand visitors, at thu first New- port Eisteddfod, thrilled and chtfrmtd tlie multitude, aod who now recalled, with melancholy reminiscence, the ardent bursts of pairioti^m, and the heari-s'iriing defence ol his aspersed fjiher land, whtth constituted G-vyddy o^yson the presidiog genius of the E s'edJfod. Stout hearted men, as, befo:e now, they had nulled under the magical influence of his soul-swaying »iaiory, weit, arid sighed, and groaned at the s»d scene. Woinen, loving and devoted women, sobbed aloud at the last -.ervices '0 be rendered to one who madetheclaims of the female character the first object ol his solicitude, whether in connection with religion, the development of the mental faculties, or the social relations and general obligations of life. Childten and youlh, for whose entertainment and morallldvancemenl he had sedulously laboured, and many of whom he had h4d the honor 01 in his iVl >ster > great name,and leading to succeed hiin- seil to the work from which he had been called away,—mourned in anguish their departed friend. Amongst ihe hundreds of spectators who thronged the streets, nothing could exceed the respectful order Qiaintained for scarcely a voice was heard above the low murmuring of piiiietic regret, investing tne scene with a quiet sorrow, and subduing all hearts to the influence of a sympathising grid. On arriving at the Cemetery, S ow-bill, the body was taken from lite hearse, and home directly to ilbe grave. This agaio was done in accordance with the directions of ihe deceased, who specially ordered thai his body should be borne straightway from the iiouse 10 Ihe tomb. Addresses were delivered at the grave, in Welsh and Enolisli, by the Revds Join Davies, of Ahercarn, and James Evans, of Caerleoo, re-peciivily and the references made to the defatted, elicited repeated bursts of sorrow from the assembly. The Rev James Evans closed the proceedings with prayer. As is customary, funeral services will be preached generally 'hroughout the county, in commemolalion of the lamented event, on Sunday evening next, when simultaneous prayer will be offered up on behalf of the bereaved family. At the. Eae'i-h Bai),Isi Chapel, the sermon will be pietchtd by the R, v David Evans, 01 Swansea at the Charles-street Chapel, and the Baptist Temple, in this town, the ministeis of the ic spectre places will officiate. The duties ft undertaker were kindly performed, gratuitously, y Mr Philip John and Mr Warr; Mr John Palmer very kiodly also offered to assist. For these, us well as the kind- nesses of 1\1, Lloyd, Mr Lgulden, and otheis, grateful thanks are ju-tly due and warmly given. Thus were the last offices of public respect aod es'eem paid to a noble and worthy character; noble in that sense which marks the higlwrSt forms of nobiiily,—greatness of intellect, and magnani-i-ily of heart; and worthy in that light which re- flecis the lushest honours, and the finest renown, on su h as. like Divid Rhys Stephen, patiioiically ser.e their generation, zealously and manfully fulfilling the stringent iojuncnon, Whatsoever thy hand finde'h to do. do it with thy might." "He bore his great commission in his look, Willi eloquence innate his tongue was armed, Though imish the precept, yet the pe. pip charmed, For letting down the golden chain from high, He drew his audience upward to the sky." MEETING AT THE KING'S HEAD. A numerously-attended meeting of the Dissenters of the county, was held on Friday afternoon last, at the King's Head Hotel, on the subject of the steps to be taken, lor collecting a permanent fund in aid of the family of the late Rev. David llhys Stephen. Much zeal and affection was expressed on the occasion, and after Mr. W. Downing Evans had explained fully the measures which had been adopted by the Central Committee,in this town, the following resolutions were unanimously passed:- Ilesolved,—['hat this meeting pledges itself to act in con- cert with the Central Committee, just formed in this town, for the purpose of realising a fund for the efficient and permanent support of the widow and orphans of the late Ilev. D. Rhys Stephen." Resolved,—"That the Rev. James Evans, of Caerleon, be requested to apply to the Secretary of the Widows' Fund, on behalf of the widow or the late Rev. D. Rhys Stephen that the Rev. Thomas Thomas, of Pontypool, be requested to apply to the secretary of the fund arising from the sale of the Selection Hymn Book: and that the Rev. David Jones, of Cardiff, be requested to apply to the Committee of the Baptist .Magazine, in the same behalf." Resolved,—That this meeting wishes to present its best thanks to E. Dowling, Esq., for his kind offer of the pages of the MKHLIN newspaper, for the use of the committee of the Permanent Itelief Fund of the widow and family of the late Rev. D. II. Stephen, and also, for the deep interest which he has evinced in the movement itself."
SOUTH WALES RAILWAY—MINERAL TRAFFIC. [TO THE EDITOR OF TIIE MINING JOURNAL.] Sm,—In your Journal of the 17ch Ayril, there was a long article, which presses with lome severity upon the managing commitee of this railway, for the deficient arrangements they have made for the conveyance of mineral produce along their line. I am not personally intere»'ed in the undertaking, nor have I a word to ofler in extenuation of the very extravagant tariff which has been determined upon by this company for the conveyance of coal. I would merely wish to remaik, for the information of those of your readers who may be interested in the general question, and yet reside at a distanee from the locality, that so far us the through trnflic is concerned, for the carriage of heavy merchandise, a difficulty presents itself, and one of no light or trivial character—the rail is broken at Chep- stow, and all hravy goods conveyed upon it require to be UD. loaded, and again reloaded after traversing two miles of as hilly and difficult a road an can well be found in the neighbourhood of any town in the kingdom. Nor will this difficulty be sur- mounted until the completion of the iron tubular bridge over the ) Wye, at Chepstow. I This cannot be said to be now nearly fioished, but still it is in a slate of forwardness, and, from what I can learn, there is every probability of the entire line being completed, and opened in July or August next. The complaints alluded to will then, it is to be hoped, terminate; and the shareholders in the meantime may congratulate themselves on the great influx of traffic which must inevitably accrue to their line from the recent content which has been given by the Admiralty to the establishment of Milford Haven 81 10 American packet station, backed as this great enter. prise very naturatty is, by Great Western influence and engineering skill- April 28. X. Y. Z.
ROGER EDWARDS' GRAMMAR SCHOOL, AT USK. [TO THE KDITOn ] SIR,-I hope to befavoured with a share of your impartial liberality, lo make a few remarks on the above school. Being an old inhabitant of Usk, I complain, with many others interested, of a new arrangement of ihe trustees, not to admit any boy into the school under a charge of £ 2 per annum. From 1624, when this excellent institution was founded, down to a recent date, the grammar school was raEE to all classes and many are they who can testify to the great advantages ihey received under lhal favourable circumstance but it now appears that boys in the 19th century, are not to be favoured with that education which was freely offered to them in the 17th,—and therefore the old advantages must be protected or inquired into. I hope the trustees will not overlook the effect of their new plan when they make their observations on the present scholara and will hesitate before they persevere in depriving the poorer boys, expressly included and cared for by the benevolent founder of the free-school in Usk. April 28tb. Yours respectfully, PITER.
TRIUMPHANT RECEPTION OF MR. LINDSAY, A"* DARTMOUTH. '*° [FROM THE "WESTERN TIMES."] It being known that Mr. W. S. Lindsay, Ibe eminent shiMi owner of London, intended to visit Dartmouth on Tuesday l»|t,*o in compliance with the wishes of a large portion of the t,lectolklof to state his political opinions, ihe inhabitants were all on qui vive. Many of the houses were decorated with banners, bells rang merrily, and at five o'clock a procession was consisting of upwards of a hundred electors, and more •.?' thousand non electors, to welcome the bon. gentleman on b JJ1 arrival at the Sand Quay. The procession wgs an imposing ot. —and a number of banners, with appropriate inscriptions, add' r to the animation of the scene. Mr. Lindsay came fiom to* with Mr. Nosh C11ft. As soon as the honourable genllerosf^'j cartiage was desciied on the Toiquay road, a salute ol canoW" was fired, and he was welcomed with most enthusiastic pl>iUot^*c on stepping from the passage boat. Mi. Lindsay was escort' to ihe Castle Hotel, aod at seven o'clock a mee ing of elect" waa held in the large public room on the Kingsbridge road. room was densely crowded in every part—the reformers muste^J* very strong—and at least two hundred of the constituency! about two thirds of the whole, were present. There was ocC'|ia siooally some interruption from a few of the old torie?, but I^'I honourable candidate's eloqutnce, in the end, subdued them (I b attentive silence; and many who went to hoot, icmained II, a cheer. We believe that at least twelve hundred persons we^ present—certainly the room was so crowded that no more cou' he admitted. II In the course of his address, Mr. Lindsav said GentJemelS I have come here at the request of a very large number 01 yo^i body to explain my political sentiments, and to ttate that 1 *'■ I here to offer my services as your representative, if you consid^'11 me a competent and fit man to represent you. I am not eag"*J for a seal in the House of Commons, and I have frequeoi'M declined that honour. Noar many of you, gentlemen, who a different opinion from ice, will say—" Mr. Lindsay, how c>' that be, when, on a very recent occasion you contested lW8 Monmouth Boioughs, and that contest you lost." Gentlem^ I true I did con'est these boioughs, and lost, but I entered ia'v that contest on a great principle—lo test whether intimidati't and corruption weie to triumph over truth. (Cheeis.) I hes'j that Ihe Monmouth Uoroughs were a great siok and pool"* iniquity and corruption I was told that it was useless for me I. t go down, as the iron hand of oppression would be much "j 3 strong for me, and therefoio I had litt e idea of being returDe11 for those boroughs, but I deteimined to go down, and claim ot ■ right as an Englishman to express my opinion on the plat/oi?f and I was allowed to do so. I went to the poll, and though' j was a peifect stranger, much greater than I am here, and thoug' n y oppooeot wu the head of t!¡e grealeal iroD maslers' bouse I' the county, employing 5000 men in the district, and wio, backed by the ducal house of Beaufort, Ly ihe influential hous* of Tredegar, and by all the aiistocracy of the neighbourhood, r obtained a large majority of promises, and, it was acknowledge", —(cheers) — polled more than any other stranger would ha*' done, acting on the same ptincipies. I was justified in offeii'j myself in that borough. I attended meetings ten times as noil as this has bien. I was determined my voice should be heard 1 the advocate of Ihe great cause of progress and reform, andj say the electors of the Monmouth Boroughs have been tauiJ, something connected with the great principles of reform, and gill government, which ihey will hand down to their children, a", their children's children. (Cheers.) I was taunted that' p should be beat, but had the people teen allowed to esercise to free right* of Englishmen, neither the House of Beaufort, House"of Tredegar, nor the influence of all the iron roasteis England, could have prevented my return as their membet. (Cheen.) Gentlemen, I had a duty to perform, I exposed II system which is sinking home to the vitals of every Englishm* I showed to a demonstration that the people were not allowei to vote according to their own free will, that they were not their own masters- that they were under dictation—that they werl, compelled to vote as the Beauforls, and the Tredegars, and to, Baileys old them to vote. I exposed that system—and did not well, gentlemen, now, on the eve of a general eleciion, f exposing tha' systematic demoralization ol the peoplel (CheefH I said to them, as I say to you io Dartmouth—God have meJ" on you, and on the country, if your votes become a marketso, commodity. (Cheers.) My mission was performed, and I fJL turned wiih the heartfelt good wishes of every honest man'j the boroughs, whether he suppoited me or not. It went to Wi heart, when I left, lo see ihe sorrow of Ibe people—m»w thousands went out to see me off, and their last words werC* God bless and thank you I (Cheers.) Having thus explaitic, that he was not anxious for a seat in pailiament-that he bøí nothing to gain, but all lo lose by it, he stated that having ceived a lequisition, signed by a majority of the electors, he h* responded to their courtesy, and was there to pay his respects- tbem. Mr. Lindsay then proceeded at great length to expound V political principles, with which our leaders are alrea^ familiar; and passed on to say—Then as to the question f manning the merchant navy, he had had a bill before hIm, which there was a charge agninst him, tb&t he wished to redu" tiie wages of the British seamen; he denied that in tot* (Cheers.) He was a British sailor himself—many a time h»| tiis hands been cut and worn in his duty. He had psss't through all giades, from a sailor boy to tbe commander of » Indiaman; he knew and could feel, therefore, for the Bri[iA sailor-he should be the last man to oppress them, and if ever bl had a seat in the House of Commons, they should find that theil old shipmate in the forecastle was a staunch advocate of that rights. A misconstruction had been put on a paasage of a reced woik which he had published, and it was said that his avowel object in s"pporting Free-trade was to reduce the wages of th1 seamen. No one who knew him would say he wanted to dfprel the British sailor-sailor aa he had been, living among aail,,f as lie, had done, he could appeal to them whether the sailors ø England were not more eager to be employed in the service t W. S. Lindsay than in that of most other men. He could rerel. to his list of commanders; he was proud 01 the class of men iii had got, and the applications he had got from commanders f^ employment, would show that he treated them well. (CheerS'' losuchastate was bis ships, that he had never had occasiol to discharge a master, many of the men now in his service b' ri-en to that rank their ships were their homes, and he w'f never required to inspect them, all which showed that he paId them well, and treated them well, because it was his interest 1,1, doso. "AnEtector had said-" Mr. Lindsay is a meie common-place ship-broi'' -he does not own a too of shipping." Now, instead of beiog a common-place ship-broker, he would tell them that at 35, fof he was no older, what was the amount of business which the firm, which he had established, and was at the head of, and the acting partner in, transacted. During the last year alcnO their charters executed amounted to upwards of 700, andil-t* year it bade fair to be larger. The amount of their insurances was three millions sterling; they had shipped, as contractor upwards of 100,000 tons of coal, and upwards of 150.000 toal of iron. They had imported in the famine year, as brokers, One million five hundred thousand quarters of corn. Then as to the next charge, that he was no ship-owner, and did not own a toO of shipping. In consequence of this statement he bad been ia-r duced to copy out a list of the ships in which he owned a pro, portiooate rate, and was managing owner of all, a large ani: high class of British-built ships. He then read a li,t 01 ]I. vessels, besides steameis and others, ranging from 860 to 31» tons burthen, the total tonnage being 21,002—'he largest poriiell of which he owned himself, and was manager for the whole, After some further observations, the hon. gentleman sat dowD amidst vociferous cheeiing. j A resolution was then carried unanimously, pledging thfitf votes and interest in favour of Mr. Lindsay. At the dinner to Mr. Moffatt, M.P., that gentleman said -All that is in my power now, is to endeavour to obtain fIJI, Dartmouth a far more efficient representative than mYlelf., Several gentlemen applied to me. I gave them civil answers, bill, I confess I waited with some anxiety the result of the contest lot the Monmouthshiie Boroughs, because I felt certain that M'1 Lindsay, beyond all others, was the man best fitted ft r DarU mouth. (Cheers.) Gentlemen, he is here—I was true to yotlj when I first came among you, aud Mr. Lindsay's presence show' that I am true to you on leaving. Clmmeose cheering.) Aofl 1 trust the time will come when you shall say that, by introj duciog William Shaw Lindsay, I have deserved well of Daif] mouth. (Cheers.) Mr. Moffatt then, at some length, referrt'j to Mr. Lindsay's high character aod position in the city, b>M great knowledge of every subjectconcected with commerce, navi f gation, and shipping, hit energetic and forcible character, bit strenuous attachment to Free-trade and Reform, and the im, meose shipping trade which be carried on. Such was the extent of his transactions, that ports, like Glasgow or Sunderlandi might be proud of such a representative, and even the vast po,t. of London might be benefitted by the shipping over which tit had control. For these reasons be was not only incomparably the best man to represent a sea poit like Dartmouth, but the, whole shippiog interest of the United Kingdom would be bene" fitted by having so enlightened, able, and zealous am advocstf in the House of Commons. (Applause.) REMARKABLE CAREER OF MR. LINDSAY. Mr Lindsay is a remarkable man, and, with a degree of ntsg- nanimily which is at once a proof of the innate manhood ikud nobleness of his nsture, he places his history fairly before the, world, in order that the struggling eons of toil may be cheered on in the path of self-deoial, and through those adversities OD4 vicissitudes which chequer the course of every man who is cast on the world to fight the battle of life. Mr Lindsay was born on the 19th of December, 1816. Ht was left an orphan in 1820, to the cold support of proud relations,, who satisfied their consciences by sustaining him till 1829. He left Scotland in June, 1831, with four-sod-sixpence in hit pocket, to push bis fortune as a sea boy. He worked his'pas* sage to Liverpool, by trimming the coals in the coal-hole ol the- steamer. He found himself destitute and fuendkss in Livtr- pool, and seven weeks elapsed before he got a ship. Forfou*