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ANALYSIS OF RETURNS OF THE FOUR WELSH DIOCESES, ENDING DECEMBER, 1849 L\TELY PUBLISHED, BY ORDER OF PARLIAMENT. 8T. ASA PH. PUBLISHED, BY ORDER OF PARLIAMENT. ST. ASA PH. Welsh Sery. English Serv. Total. No. of Churches 187 131 341 including 115 being an 23 weekly average of services more than two ser- vices each Sunday in each church. IIANGOR. WelshServ. English Serv. Total. No. of Churches. 253 26 279 1H5, an average of 94 double and 91 single services. LLANDAFF. WelshServ, Engliii Sel V. Total. No. of Churches. 86 2i7 363 258, an average of 103 double, and 153 single services. ST. DAVfD'g- Welisb Serv. English Serv. Total. No. of Churches. 45 entire f 480 £ 84 484, an average 20 once a of 100 double fortnight! an(l 384 single 2 once a services. month I 1 once a year. 46 services are returned as partial." •„ !u an.aly?'8 of returns of Welsh and English services, haw 6 nnclPality 18 certainly a strong proof that the Welsh f iy?.Mna reas9n to complain; and it is not surprising 8U»? a I"'8crahle supply of spiritual consolation the ambrlans have been driven to provide themselves with na- tive pastors, their cry for Welsh bishops and their petitions to I, »t f »hfeTrjSS n6 systematically disregarded. The i^'w^i C 1 n- denomination alone have about • ft' i 1™ tlle diocese of L'andaff, and the Calvin- istic Methodists 108 chapels; and the Welsh Baptists are equally numerous while the Independents have 217 Welsh St: Da,y|d Rdlocese, and the Calvinistic Methodists 242 Welsh chapels,—Sun. DELAYS IN THE COURT OF CHANCERY. '• THE BILL AND TUB ANSWER. SIR,—Having read, with great satisfaction, your very able article on the bill (introduced info the House of Commons by the Solicitor General Sir John Romilly) for reforming the Irish Court of Chancery. 1 am induced to crave corner of your valu- able journal for a few remarks on the evils of the English Court of Chancery, arising from an imperfect system, rather than abuses resulting from any misconduct on the part of those engaged in the administration of justice and I trust that no remarks which may fall from my pen, will be deemed as aiding an out- cry which has so long and so generally pervaded this kingdom, respecting the snail-paced progress of Chancery Reform. It is far from my intention to deny the utility of the most ancient and honourable court,"—on the contrary, I consider it, mabrg its practice, to be in principle, admirably calculated to administer full, as well as it has ever dispensed impartial justice for truly has it been said by that ancient but erudite lawyer, Sir John Doderidge, that It is a court of conscience, which giveth com- fort, considereth all the circumstances of the fact, and is. as it were, tempered with the sweetness of mercy it mitigateth the ngour of the common law, and leaving the inflexible iron rule, taketh the leaden Lesbian rule, and issueih this sentence full of comfort 10 the afflicted,—"Nullus recedat a Cancellaria sine lemedio. The great complaints against the Court of Chancery are, the delay and expense attending a suit in that court and these are uodeoiable concomitants of a suit in equity, from its institution to its end. The commencement of a suit in Equity is to file a bill, stating the circumstances of the case; and it may, perhaps, be well to notice here, for the information 01 your non-professional readers, thai a Bill in Equity is constituted of nine distinct points, viz.: — l he address—the introduction—the p,emlses-the confedera- ting part—the charging part—the clause of jurisdiction—the interrogating part--the prayer for relief-and the prayer for process. "Hence, (as Lord Redesdale has observed,) the in- discriminate use of these parts of a bill in all cases, has given rise to the common reproach, that every Bill in Equity contains the same story three times told,"t But however clearly and con- cisely these circumstances may be stated, the Bill need not be answeied under six week, or two months and on application to the Matter (here the suitor at almost the first stage is dragged into "the Master's Office,") six weeks or two months longer time is granted, almost as a matter of course. I will not pause to inquire, sir, why six weeks or two months should be granted to anstver tbe claim of a complainant, who must bave. 8S he 81 eges in his bill, frequently and unsuccessfully previously pre- ferred his claim to tbe defendant, but I may fearlessly ask, why ahoufd six weeks or two months iu addition be gianted to a party who is unable or unwilling to answer, and who only seeks delay ? These evils hlive been for years frequently commented upon, sir, by your powerful pen and I cannot perhaps better illustrate the matter of eoursism with which delay is, even in the first slage of a Chancery Suit, usually looted upon, than by citing from a number of your own valuable journal, the following comments 00 a case which occurred a few years back in the court of that erudite, impartial, and independent Equity Judge, Vice-Chan- cellor Knight Bruce. DELAYS OF EQUITY. We bave frequently animadverted en the glorious uncertain- ty of the law," and the vexatious delays in Chancery and we are pleased to perceive that these grievances, so truly discredita- ble, to say the least of it, to the admiaMtration of justice^ ate I beginning to be noticed by tbe advocate* ao^f practitianef* of tbe Coorts. From the following colloquy, which recently took place in the Vice-Chancellor's Court, it would seem that an allegation of deity excites rather risibility than surprise. In the case of TowDe v..BoDDing," the defendaot's counsel having applied for further time to file the answer, the plaintiff's counsel, Mr. EaD, said, "The defeodant ad vances the old allegation,namely, that be has a good defence to this "uit. If so, why has he not, eie this, put his excellent defence on the file of the Court 1 And not having done so, how can he now have the presumption to come to this Court, and ask it9 indulgence, after having delayed the plaintiff io the legitimate prosecution of his suit, nelirly three months 1" Vice-Chancellor K. Bruce: Can a Chancery suit be said to be delayed, because the bill has not been answered in three months? (Laughter.) Mr. Egan I consider, your Honour, that if a bill be suffered to remain unanswered one day beyond the period prescribed by the orders of the Court, it is a delay, and a most unjustifiable delay, Vice-Chancellor: So do I, but I fear that is not tbe generally entertained opinion. iVIr. Egsn To the discredit of the Court of Chancery, I believe that there are bills on the file which Lave remained un- answered for years. Vice-Chancellor: Let the defendant pay Mr. Egan's client all the costs of, aDd incidenlallo, this application, and also all the costs incurred by his contempt in not answering. Let the defendant file his answer without further delay, and let the cause proceed forthwith. Witb much truth, indeed, did his honour assert that such delays were a perfect deoial of justice, and ought not to eiist, But of what use are such remarks or animadversions, even from so high a quarter 1 It is not at all new to find judges passing censure on the laws whih they are themselves called on to ad. minister. The fault lies with the legislature, which appears to look with a reverential awe upon everything connected with the Court of Chancery. Abuses of the grossest and most flagrant kind are allowed to remain, and apparently for no other earthly reason than because, as Burke saId of the British constitution, they are "covered with the awful hoar of innumerable ages." -et us hope that something will ere long be done to reform such crying evils. Here, sir, it is apparent that were it not for the discrimi- nation and determination of an enlightened judge, an objec- tion 10 a defendant not answering in II reasonable time, would have been scouted as ridiculous in the High Court of Chancery. But what, as you justly remarked, can a solitary judge, however well intentioned, do in matters that are the pecaliar province, and io my opinion the bounden duty, of the legisliture 1 What has been done to amend such evils since ? Nothing! But let us hope, sir, (to a pply yourown appropriate language) that the bill of Sir J. Romtlly, thit illustrious son of an illustrious site, 'hat measure which has a larger and wider bearing than a mere application to Irish interests, may prove the precursor of a re- formation in that legal Inferno, that Moloch of unfortunate suitors, that curse to hundreds of thousands—the system pur- sued in the High Court of Chancery in Englaod.11 I have, sir, thus glanced at the bill and the answer. 1 have sbewn that the 6rst step in equity precipitates plsintiffand defendant into the Master's office." Should you so far indulge me, I will at no distant day glance at Parties to a suit in Chancery," A VOICE FROM TNN. The Lawyer's Light. A.D., MDCXXI., page 175. t The MONMOUTHSHIRE March, 1847. See Same case, 2 Coilyei's Chancery Reports, page 45. t Vide the MONMOUTHSHIRE MERLIN, 2nd March, 1850. n See Mitford's Treatise of Pleadings in Equity, chapter 1, page 47.